Designation: C125 − 15b

Standard Terminology Relating to
Concrete and Concrete Aggregates1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation C125; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (´) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the U.S. Department of Defense.

1. Scope* C143/C143M Test Method for Slump of Hydraulic-Cement
1.1 This standard is a compilation of definitions of terms as Concrete
they are used in standards under the jurisdiction of Committee C219 Terminology Relating to Hydraulic Cement
C09. C294 Descriptive Nomenclature for Constituents of Con-
crete Aggregates
1.2 Other terminology under the jurisdiction of Committee C403/C403M Test Method for Time of Setting of Concrete
C09 is included in two specialized standards. Terms relating to Mixtures by Penetration Resistance
constituents of concrete aggregates are defined in Descriptive C494/C494M Specification for Chemical Admixtures for
Nomenclature C294. Terms relating to constituents of aggre- Concrete
gates for radiation-shielding concrete are defined in Descrip- C511 Specification for Mixing Rooms, Moist Cabinets,
tive Nomenclature C638. Moist Rooms, and Water Storage Tanks Used in the
1.3 Related terminology for hydraulic cement is included in Testing of Hydraulic Cements and Concretes
Terminology C219. Additionally, the American Concrete Insti- C638 Descriptive Nomenclature of Constituents of Aggre-
tute (ACI) has a standard terminology for the concrete indus- gates for Radiation-Shielding Concrete
try.2 In the event of conflict between definitions in Terminology C939 Test Method for Flow of Grout for Preplaced-
C125 and definitions in the ACI standard terminology or in Aggregate Concrete (Flow Cone Method)
Terminology C219, definitions in Terminology C125 shall C1074 Practice for Estimating Concrete Strength by the
govern for Committee C09 standards. Maturity Method
1.4 When a term is used in an ASTM standard for which C1077 Practice for Agencies Testing Concrete and Concrete
Committee C09 is responsible, it is included herein only if used Aggregates for Use in Construction and Criteria for
in more than one Committee C09 standard. Testing Agency Evaluation
NOTE 1—The subcommittee responsible for this standard will review C1240 Specification for Silica Fume Used in Cementitious
definitions on a five-year basis to determine if the definition is still Mixtures
appropriate as stated. Revisions will be made when determined necessary. C1437 Test Method for Flow of Hydraulic Cement Mortar
The year shown in parentheses at the end of a definition indicates the year C1610/C1610M Test Method for Static Segregation of Self-
the definition or revision to the definition was approved. A letter R and a
Consolidating Concrete Using Column Technique
year indicate when the definition was reviewed. No date indicates the term
has not yet been reviewed. C1611/C1611M Test Method for Slump Flow of Self-
Consolidating Concrete
2. Referenced Documents E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for
2.1 ASTM Standards:3 Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
C94/C94M Specification for Ready-Mixed Concrete
3. Terms and Their Definitions
absorption, n—the process by which a liquid is drawn into and
This terminology is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C09 on tends to fill permeable pores in a porous solid body; also, the
Concrete and Concrete Aggregates and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee
C09.91 on Terminology. increase in mass of a porous solid body resulting from the
Current edition approved Dec. 15, 2015. Published February 2016. Originally penetration of a liquid into its permeable pores. (R2008)
approved in 1936. Last previous edition approved in 2015 as C125–15a. DOI: DISCUSSION—In the case of concrete and concrete aggregates, unless
otherwise stated, the liquid involved is water, the increase in mass is
Available from American Concrete Institute (ACI), P.O. Box 9094, Farmington
Hills, MI 48333-9094, http://www.terminology.concrete.org.
that which does not include water adhering to the outside surface, the
For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, or increase in mass is expressed as a percentage of the dry mass of the
contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm.org. For Annual Book of ASTM body and the body is considered to be “dry” when it has been treated
Standards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page on by an appropriate process to remove uncombined water, such as drying
the ASTM website. to constant mass at a temperature between 100 and 110°C.

*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard
Copyright © ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United States


entrapped. velopment of a system of microscopic air bubbles in concrete or mortar during mixing. (R2015) sieve and retained on the 75-µm (No.) titious material. (R2008) cement. n—granular material. n—see high-density aggregate. 4) sieve.4 and 3.0.5-mm (3⁄8-in. (2011) 2 . air-entraining admixture. These materials are not similar. ment. ranging between 1120 kg/m3 [70 lb/ft3] and 1920 kg/m3 [120 lb/ft3]. increasing the water content or that maintains the slump with a reduced amount of water due to factors other than air entrain. Requirements for properties and grading dance with a standard. or iron blast-furnace slag. air content. high-range. n—aggregate with bulk density less water insoluble. n—admixture that either in. magnetite. evaluation.irconcrete. (R2008) mortar. air. chemical admixture. (R2008) admixture capable of producing at least 12 % reduction of water content when tested in accordance with Specification air-cooled blast-furnace slag—see blast-furnace slag.75-mm (No.” as is appropriate. n—an independent entity. www. mortar. n—a material other than water. (R2008) suspension.75-mm (No. either in a natural condition or after processing. n—deprecated term. exclusive of pore space in aggregate particles. shale.” “slag products of coal or coke combustion. that are a concrete mixture at a specified temperature required to incorporated intentionally into a cementitious mixture dur- produce a maturity equal to the maturity achieved by a given ing mixing by use of an air entraining admixture. and it is not useful to group them under a single term. Definition (1) is applied to an entire aggregate onstrated the competency to perform specific tasks in accor. 4) sieve ingredient of a cementitious mixture to modify its freshly and predominantly retained on the 75-µm (No. use “pozzolan. n—(1) aggregate predominantly retained the testing agency being evaluated. n—(1) aggregate passing the 9. such as: pumice. heavyweight aggregate. n—an admixture in the form of a liquid. n—of testing agency. diatomaceous shale. scoria. a a hardened cementitious mixture. n—air voids. n—aggregate that is neither high retarding admixture. or with bulk density typically water-reducing admixture. or water-soluble solid. volcanic cementitious materials. (R2008) of reaction of cementitious materials thus increasing time of DISCUSSION—This term refers to aggregate with relative density setting of a cementitious mixture. 200) sieve. (R2008) high-density aggregate. (2014) lightweight aggregate. typically between 10 and 1000 µm age. to a portion of an aggregate. The name of the slate. or concrete. (2015) of cementitious mixtures exposed to cycles of freezing and thawing in DISCUSSION—The specified temperature is taken typically as the wet environments. 4) sieve. n—an admixture that increases the DISCUSSION—The definitions are alternatives to be applied under differing circumstances. usually expressed as a percentage of total volume water-reducing admixture. and diatomite. aggregates. used with a cementing medium to form hydraulic-cement concrete or mortar. such as sand. ilmenite. and mainly irregular in shape. For example.3. Definition (2) is applied setting and increasing early strength development of a cemen. (R2008) air. setting. 200) sieve. differing circumstances. Definition (2) is applied to a portion of an aggregate. apart from coarse aggregate. that has the capability to on the 4. (R2008) authority. 4) the batch before or during its mixing. (2015) should be stated in the specifications. entrained. and end specific material should be used. n—admixture that causes the de. such as: barite. n—an admixture that decreases the rate nor low density. cemen. fine aggregate. normal-density aggregate. n—a water-reducing of the paste. n—the volume of air voids in cement paste. iron. that are incorporated uninten- tionally into a cementitious mixture during mixing and aggregate. n—air voids. air- C494/C494M and meeting the other relevant requirements of cooled. perlite. a process by which an DISCUSSION—The definitions are alternatives to be applied under evaluation authority attests that a testing agency has dem. crushed handling. creases the slump of freshly mixed mortar or concrete without normalweight aggregate. and fiber reinforcement that is used as an sieve and almost entirely passing the 4. expanded or sintered clay. and aggregate. (2015) typically ranging between 2.com C125 − 15b accreditation. than 1120 kg/m3 [70 lb/ft3]. or concrete. Specification C494/C494M. cinders. (2012) stone.” or “finely divided aggregate. concrete cured for three days at an elevated temperature may have an air. or hardened properties and that is added to (2) that portion of an aggregate passing the 4. or slag. (2012) curing period at concrete temperatures different from the DISCUSSION—Entrained air is used primarily to increase the durability specified temperature. air void—see void. or steel. finely divided materials such as pozzolanic materials.75-mm (No. admixture. Requirements for properties and grading titious mixture. n—aggregate with relative density greater than 3. n—see normal-density aggregate. Entrained air may affect workability and strength of temperature used for standard laboratory curing. mineral admixture. n—see low-density aggregate. or (2) that portion of an provide an unbiased evaluation of the technical activities of aggregate retained on the 4. gravel. (2011) should be stated in the specification. typically 1 mm or larger in size equivalent age of seven days of curing at the standard laboratory temperature. equivalent. or mixed. tuff. limonite. n—the number of days or hours of curing of (1 mm) in diameter and spherical or nearly so. (R2008) concrete and concrete aggregates testing agencies. Definition (1) is applied to an entire aggregate rate of reaction of cementitious materials thus reducing time of either in a natural condition or after processing. for example. (R2008) DISCUSSION—This term has been used to refer to different types of low-density aggregate. vermiculite. (R2008) accelerating admixture.75-mm (No.

n—hydraulic-cement concrete propor- made subsequently with the instrument or system. by the intended methods. and these services are offered by various evaluation or a mixture of inorganic materials that sets and develops authorities. strength to serve some defined purpose or resist a stipulated surement standards or certified reference materials and the loading without failure. n—granulated blast-furnace slag that has been ground to cement fineness. n—a liquid that. specific test methods or practices. slag. limits of segregation. or surface of newly-placed concrete. reflects heat. a newly placed cementitious mixture impedes the evaporation of water and. n—the nonmetallic product. hardened. consisting hydrates and is capable of doing so under water. granular mate. self-consolidating. hydraulic. rice husk ash. slag cement. n—concrete that can flow performing only the first step is the process of standardization. SCC. n—of aggregate. cellular.irconcrete. a procedure to determine and blast-furnace slag. n—a cement that sets and hardens by C1610M provides a procedure for determining the degree of aggregate chemical reaction with water and is capable of doing so segregation under static conditions and the Appendix of Test Method under water. the mass of a unit volume of binding medium within which are embedded particles or bulk aggregate material (the unit volume includes the fragments of aggregate. n—concrete which possesses enough of its calibration. pervious. (2011) tioned with sufficient. cementitious mixture. air-cooled . (R2008) corresponding indications from a measuring instrument or system. n—a lightweight hydraulic-cement concrete calcined. Test Method C1610/ cement. (2010) cellular concrete—see concrete. attest in writing that an individual is qualified to perform rial formed when molten blast-furnace slag is rapidly chilled. n—of measuring instrument. (R2008) measuring instrument or with verification of a measuring instrument. (R2008) essentially of silicates and aluminosilicates of calcium and cementitious material. n—an inorganic material and accreditation. strength by chemical reaction with water by formation of blast-furnace slag. n—the material resulting from both. n—the low density cellular material obtained by controlled processing of molten blast. (2010) 3 . cellular. the volume of the individual particles and the volume of the binder is formed from a mixture of hydraulic cement and voids between the particles). supplementary. (2013) as by immersion in water. (2012) solidification of molten blast-furnace slag under atmospheric DISCUSSION—Some examples of supplementary cementitious materi- conditions. with or without additions. often a vibratory roller. under original workability so that it can be placed and consolidated specified conditions and following a standard procedure. (R2008) compound. (R2008) titious mixture through hydraulic or pozzolanic activity. Calibration should not be confused with an adjustment of a while fresh by a roller. (R2008) C1611/C1611M describes a non-mandatory technique for assessing the degree of segregation under flowing conditions. blast-furnace slag. Sometimes the first step alone is mistakenly called calibration. these materials are used in combination with portland cement. DISCUSSION—Project specifications shall indicate the acceptable seg- regation based upon a specified test method. n—a mixture (mortar. n—of a fresh cementitious mixture. adj—heated to a temperature less than the melting having a homogeneous void or cell structure attained using point so as to bring about a decomposition. (R2011) certification. the relative that is a hydraulic cement. n—an inor- other bases. roller-compacted. subsequent cooling may be accelerated by appli. expanded. or blast-furnace slag. n—concrete that has developed sufficient relationship between the quantity values provided by mea. n—the glassy.com C125 − 15b DISCUSSION—Two acceptable methods of evaluation are inspection cementitious material (hydraulic) . n—a composite material that consists essentially of a bulk density. fresh. phase transition. (R2008) or removal of a volatile fraction of a solid material. (R2013) concrete. and consistency. (R2008) DISCUSSION—This term replaces the deprecated term unit weight—of aggregate. (2011) mobility or ability to flow. (R2008) establishes metrological traceability by determining: (1) the concrete. forms a membrane that its emergence from. in the case of white caused by the settlement of the solid materials within the pigmented compounds. or furnace slag with water or water and other agents. (SCM). a process that. when applied to the bleeding. and (2) the estimated uncertainty of measurements concrete. n—concrete compacted materials. www. but concrete. silica fume. (2010) mass. interconnected macro- DISCUSSION—Calibration takes into account systematic error (or bias) scopic voids that allow water to flow through the material of the measuring instrument or system as well as random error that is under the action of gravity alone. In tests around reinforcement and consolidate under its own weight of concrete and concrete aggregates. (2015) associated with the use of the measurement instrument or system and error associated with the measurement standards or certified reference concrete. (R2008) pozzolans. distributed. standardization of measuring without additional effort and without exceeding specified instruments or systems is often sufficient. (2012) concrete. granulated. (R2008) steam or compressed air or both. cement. gas-forming chemicals or foaming agents. that is developed in a molten condition simul- ganic material that contributes to the properties of a cemen- taneously with iron in a blast furnace. n—of technician. concrete. RCC. In practice. in hydraulic-cement concrete. (R2008) water. such as grout) containing hydraulic cement. n—the autogenous flow of mixing water within. and natural cation of water to the solidified surface. curing. concrete. als are fly ash.

because permeable pores are not included in the defining volume. crushed. 600-µm (No. sampling. expressed in units of degree-days or degree- water. engineer. also expressed in Hz or samples/s. (2011) curing. the term density (SSD) would be the density of a po. n—of aggregate. (3⁄8-in. mold.5°F]. n—action taken to maintain moisture and temperature DISCUSSION—An individual who only supervises a multiple-choice conditions in a freshly-placed cementitious mixture to allow type of written examination but does not evaluate the competence of the hydraulic cement hydration and (if applicable) pozzolanic candidates to perform specific procedures is not considered an exam- reactions to occur so that the potential properties of the iner. n—mass per unit volume of a material (preferred over the area between the concrete temperature and the datum term unit weight). or container by reducing the volume of voids. crushed. n—a particle of aggregate for which with absolute density or apparent density. The delimiting term is not used flat piece (of aggregate). (2013) temperature from the plot of measured concrete temperature DISCUSSION—For materials with pores that can become filled with versus time. 37. networks.). entrained. (R2010) the flow cone method described in Test Method C939 is used for grout. 4).36-mm (No. For example. (2015) rate. tamping. the ratio of the width to thickness of its circumscribing rectangular prism is greater than a specified value (see also density. 300-µm (No. n—a particle of aggregate for difficult to quantify and empirical test methods have been adopted to which the ratio of the length to width of its circumscribing provide indicators of consistency. (see moist room) (2011) density (SSD) refers to the ratio of density (SSD) to the density of frequency. (R2010) stated temperature to the density of distilled water at that stated temperature. (2011) DISCUSSION—Except for self-consolidating concrete. The examiner requires requisite technical qualifications to exercise mixture may develop. different modifiers and delimiting terms are used removal system. such as aggregate. also referred to as registered profes- (2009) sional engineer. 8). entrapped air—see air. a factor obtained by For example. practices. and flat piece (of aggregate). is accomplished by inputting mechanical energy. For example. n—the ratio of the density of material at a elongated piece (of aggregate)).75-mm (No. n—(1) an individual with the requisite technical qualifications to conduct and score impartially an examina- crushed gravel—see gravel. 50).com C125 − 15b DISCUSSION—This characteristic of fresh cementitious mixtures is elongated piece (of aggregate) . 9. For example. n—the finely divided residue that results from the assumed to be 23°C [73. the slump test de. curing. n—an individual who is consolidation. 30). n—of cementitious mixtures. consolidation entrained air—see air. n—a moist room in which the humidity is controlled to the ratio of apparent density to the density of water and relative by atomization of water.5-mm (11⁄2-in.0-mm (3⁄4-in. typically by rodding.18-mm (or an abbreviation) is used in parentheses to define the moisture (No. 1. factor. Specific apparatus and methods for consolidation are defined in the relevant C09 Standards. coarser than each of the following sieves (cumulative able pores. or strands of natural or manu- Solid portion of material absolute factured materials. generate stress waves is in contact with the test surface.). apparent relative density refers fog room. (R2010) for relative density depending on which density of the material is used in calculating the ratio. tion of a person’s ability to perform specific test methods or crushed stone—see stone. www.µm If permeable pores are included in the volume. (2) an individual designated by a certification body to conduct and score certification examinations. n—the maturity index computed as density. which can be distributed uniformly Solid portion of material plus impermeable pores apparent throughout a fresh cementitious mixture. percentages retained). different modifiers are applied to the term hours. 19. if a temperature is not stated. also referred to as sampling referred to as contact time. 4. tapping. relative. 100). (R2010) rous material in its SSD condition. governing jurisdiction. curing compound—see compound. for a porous material ported by flue gases from the combustion zone to the particle (such as aggregate). rectangular prism is greater than a specified value (see also scribed in Test Method C143/C143M is used for concrete. These de- limiting terms are oven-dry (OD) and saturated-surface-dry (SSD).irconcrete. 16). 2. impact. the rate at which the points that comprise the duration. n—as applied to digital data acquisition water. a delimiting term (No. or some combination of these actions.). examiner.5-mm condition of the permeable pores when mass is measured. n—the time that the impactor used to waveform are recorded. the process of licensed to practice engineering as defined by the statutory increasing the density of a fresh cementitious mixture in a requirements of the professional licensing laws of the form. the flow table method described in Test Method C1437 is used for mortar. 150-mm (6-in. (2015) density depending on which portions of the material are included in defining the volume.). (2015) 4 . The modifiers shown on the right are used: fibers. the term apparent density would be the mass of the adding the percentages of material in the sample that is solid material divided by the volume of solid material plus imperme. it is fly ash. vibration. licensed professional. instruments. (2010) judgment in scoring a candidate’s ability to perform a specific proce- dure. the inverse of the sampling interval. n—slender filaments. temperature-time. and dividing the sum by 100: 150. 75-mm (3-in. (2013) combustion of ground or powdered coal and that is trans- DISCUSSION—As discussed for the term density. (R2010) Solid portion of material plus permeable and No modifier is used impermeable pores fineness modulus.). which may be discrete or in the Included in the Volume Modifier form of bundles. entrapped.

or description of aggregate. (2011) (R2010) interval. impact-echo. (E135) (2011) DISCUSSION—The certificate provides traceable values and associated 4 International Vocabulary of Metrology—Basic and General Concepts and uncertainties of the properties of the material and must be retained with Associated Terms (VIM). evaluation of the performance of test procedures for each standard submitted by the testing agency for review. n—a material whose proper- ties are based on average values obtained in an interlabora- granulated blast-furnace slag—see blast-furnace slag. (2011) gravel. n—nondestructive test method based on instruments. and (4) a summary report that lists which the entire amount of aggregate is required to pass. manufactured. 3rd Ed. accompanied by an uncertainty at a stated level of confi- dence. see maturity index. of a indicative of the maturity at the end of that period. or review of the agency’s quality system based on criteria listed description of aggregate. (R2010) for. which has fragments. (R2010) between load-bearing members. n—a material. mortar. 5 . n—an enclosed room for storage and curing of a cementitious mixture by bleeding. (2011) lated from the temperature history of the cementitious mixture by using a maturity function. tory study or proficiency testing program that involves the granulated. hardened. and other properties. n—in specifications maintained. n—a mixture of cementitious material and water. A sieve opening so designated is the nominal maximum size expressed. reference. At original installed volume. deviations from the standards under review. the time difference between any two adjacent the use of a short-duration mechanical impact to generate points in a waveform. n—for curing test specimens. n—a comprehensive evaluation of a there has been a sufficient supply of water for hydration or pozzolanic testing agency that includes: (1) an examination of testing reaction of the cementitious materials during the time interval used in the calculation. (R2010) DISCUSSION—This term is usually used to describe the extent of grout (nonshrink). consensus reference. sufficiently homogeneous mechanical devices to break gravel particles into smaller and stable with reference to specified properties. but need not. hydraulic-cement. n—the product resulting from the use of material. water and high relative humidity can be controlled within specified containing calcium hydroxide at saturation level and in limits. 2008. maturity is dependent on the curing history. www. DISCUSSION—Consensus reference materials can be used internally by tion and abrasion of rock or processing of weakly bound laboratories for periodic verification of measuring instruments or conglomerate. n—coarse aggregate resulting from natural disintegra. n—the extent of the development of a property of a voids. the measured temperature history of a cementitious mixture during the curing period to calculate an index that is hardening. when hardened under be applied to the evolution of other properties which are dependent on stipulated test conditions. certified reference. See Practice C1074. in Metrology. n—gain of strength.iso. that is used primarily to fill maturity. one or more of whose property values are opening through which all of the aggregate may. (2014) been established to be fit for its intended use in measurement or in examination of nominal properties. with or without aggregate or admixtures.htm. www. and for which each certified property value is of the aggregate.. (R2010) maturity function. hydraulic. material. the smallest sieve opening manufactured sand—see sand. the smallest sieve opening through in Practice C1077. (R2010) hydraulic cement—see cement. n—as applied to digital data acquisition method. through which the entire amount of the aggregate is permit- ted to pass. gravel. accompanied by DISCUSSION—Specifications on aggregates usually stipulate a sieve a certificate. (2015) laitance. Two widely used maturity indexes are the temperature- equipment for conformance to applicable tolerances. use of standardized measurement systems. and concrete specimens in which temperature lime-saturated water. laboratory. n—material. the term can also grout that produces a volume that. is greater than or equal to the the chemical reactions which occur in the cementitious materials. (2011) cementitious mixture. n—a mathematical expression which uses hardened concrete—see concrete. (see Specification C511) (R2010) contact with solid calcium hydroxide so that saturation is nominal maximum size (of aggregate).org/sites/JCGM/JCGM-Introduction. n—an indicator of maturity which is calcu- Terminology C219).irconcrete. (see aggregate ) (2011) measurement processes. (R2010) cementitious mixture as a result of hydration that occurs after final setting (for the definition of hydration. n—a hydraulic-cement relative strength development of concrete. DISCUSSION—The calculated index is indicative of maturity provided inspection. pass so certified by a procedure that establishes traceability to an that a stated maximum proportion of the aggregate may be retained on accurate realization of the unit in which property values are that sieve. (2) an time factor and the equivalent age. (VIM4) (2011) grout. (2011) paste. (3) a maximum size (of aggregate). crushed. n—in specifications for. However. (R2010) material. fresh. Developed by Joint Committee for Guides the material. (2015) transient stress waves and the use of a broadband receiving transducer placed adjacent to the impact point. often used as a transfer medium any age. n—a layer of weak material derived from cementi- tious materials and aggregate fines carried to the surface of moist room. sampling.com C125 − 15b fresh concrete—see concrete.

n—those spaces in a specimen that do shrinkage. roller. sampling. n—see frequency. n—a fresh or hardened mixture of hydraulic segregation. slag. pumicite. causing a lack of the following: supplementary cementitious materials. n—shotcrete in which most of the structure where the lateral dimensions are at least six times ingredients. iron blast-furnace slag. the magnitude of autogenous shrink- erties. any prismatic shotcrete. that may reduce the rate of hydration or stop rate. not subjected to external forces prescribed time. (C1240) (2013) sand. The restraint may. due to chemical ceous earth. (2012) age is less than the chemical shrinkage after setting occurs because the pozzolan. also referred to as record length. composed repeated insertion of a rod. opaline shale. self- DISCUSSION—In the production of concrete. Water in hardened paste after the addition of mixing water. (R2012) period. n—fine aggregate produced by crushing mass. or hydraulic-cement each other. microsilica). (2013) paste. See bulk density of aggregate. The spaces between water and unreacted cementitious materials. n—consolidation of a fresh cementitious mixture by silica fume. measured typically from the time of final setting. n—a mortar or concrete that is projected pneumati- equals the number of points in the waveform multiplied by cally at high velocity onto a surface. but without free water on the surface. sampling. The formation of partially water-filled internal pores (see chemically react with calcium hydroxide at ordinary tem. which shotcrete. wet-mix. n—the unintentional separation of the constitu- cement. air voids introduced consolidating. ferro-silicon alloys (also known as condensed silica fume or compacted. While autogenous shrinkage results from chemical shrinkage. (2013) plate. and diatoma. of uniformity in their distribution. (2015) pozzolan. sampling. (R2012) flow during a slump-flow test. manufactured. with or without any ents of concrete or particles of an aggregate. humidity of a sealed cementitious mixture. and water. natural. n—the average diameter of the spread concrete sand. however. including water. n—fine aggregate resulting from natural disintegration slag cement—see cement. occurring considered to be part of the cement paste. n—the process. www. n—a raw or calcined naturally occurring aggregate particles and the hydrated cement paste network restrain the material that behaves as a pozzolan. SCC—see concrete. hydration. (2013) pores. self-desiccation. (R2012) admixtures. (R2012) DISCUSSION—Slump flow of self-consolidating concrete is measured saturated-lime water. impermeable. products occupy less volume occupied originally by the the term pores refers to the spaces within particles. n—the duration of the waveform. (2013) time. that results in a gradual includes chemically bound water and water in capillaries. (2009) mostly of amorphous silica produced by electric arc furnaces as a by-product of the production of elemental silicon or roller-compacted concrete. autogenous. and mineral fines with particles finer than the 75 µm (No. chemical. lead to cracking. adj—the condition in which the dried by heating in an oven at 110 6 5°C [230 610°F] for permeable pores of a specimen are filled with water to the sufficient time to reach constant mass as defined by the test extent achieved by submerging the specimen for a prescribed method. n—shotcrete in which most of the mixing water is added at the nozzle. (2012) shrinkage. (2013) DISCUSSION—For a material composed of particles. in finely divided form and in the presence of water. are mixed before introduction into the thickness. during mixing are often considered to be part of the cement paste. n—see lime-saturated water. (2015) shotcrete. (R2012) slump flow. such as aggregate. hydration products. permeable. (2015) rodding. development of rigidity of a cementitious mixture. DISCUSSION—Examples of natural pozzolans include volcanic ash. RCC—see concrete. cement. n—as applied to stress-wave testing.irconcrete. (2015) self-consolidating concrete. (2013) the sampling interval. (2013) and under constant temperature. shrinkage. n—the reduction in the internal relative tuff. in turn. air voids are not setting. self-desiccation) results in menisci that give rise to internal tensile peratures to form compounds possessing cementitious prop. opaline chert. stresses that cause the bulk shrinkage. 6 . shrinkage. dry-mix. 200) sieve. metakaolin. n—those spaces in a specimen that become occurs during hydration due to chemical shrinkage within a filled with water when the specimen is submerged for a sealed cementitious mixture. In the analysis of fresh and hardened concrete. and abrasion of rock or processing of completely friable sandstone. using Test Method C1611/C1611M. after a self-consolidating concrete has ceased to concrete. due to chemical reactions. n—a siliceous or siliceous and aluminous material DISCUSSION—The word "sealed" means that exterior water is not able that in itself possesses little or no cementitious value but to travel to the interior and fill the empty pores resulting from chemical will. (2015) the delivery hose. adj—the condition that results when a specimen is saturated-surface-dry (SSD). n—the reduction in bulk volume that pores. obtained from two measurements perpendicular to rock. gravel. (2015) particles are called voids. n—very fine pozzolanic material.com C125 − 15b oven-dry. shrinkage. n—the reduction in volume of cementi- not become filled with water when the specimen is sub- tious paste that occurs during hydration because the reaction merged for a prescribed time.

the relative testing performance of ment standards.irconcrete. (C403/C403M). test. for to test equipment when its performance is compared to that the mortar sieved from the concrete to reach a penetration resistance of of an accepted standard or process. instruments. For cementitious mixtures. and relative density is preferred because it is more descriptive of its curing temperatures between 0 and 40 °C.6 MPa]. density. after it applies the same energy as a specified number of blows of a initial contact of cement and water. after initial contact of cement and water. amplitude. n—the product resulting from the use of 500 psi [3. (SCM). n—a numerical technique used to convert repeated blows to the surface of the mixture with a specified digital data from the time domain to the frequency domain tool. required for the mortar manually-operated hammer. n—a test performed to determine whether an frequency that is obtained from the waveform or time. proficiency. establishes: (1) the relationship between the is usually defined as the elapsed time to attain a specified level of quantity values provided by reference standards or reference resistance to penetration by a probe. (R2012) mechanical devices to break rocks. (2015) tapping. n—the elapsed time from the addition of are sufficiently well established to be used for standardiza. n—the elapsed time. An example of case (2) standardization is 4000 psi [27. Practice C1074 suggests a value of 0 °C for dimensionless quantity is the same as relative density. ment of the definition of a measurement unit. depends on the of the same volume of distilled water at that stated temperature. n—see preferred term. Specification C94/C94M permits a check test on a new sample for comparison standard. does not address all sieved from the concrete to reach a penetration resistance of of the elements of uncertainty of measurement and does not lead to traceable measurements. participating testing agencies for the purpose of comparing. time of setting procedure. mixing water to a cementitious mixture until the mixture tion of an apparatus or for assessment of a measurement reaches a specified degree of rigidity as measured by a method. with no admixtures. lishing metrological traceability through calibration of other measure. Standardization. (2013) 7 . with stated quantity value and its measurement uncertainty. (2013) and used in stress-wave or chemical spectroscopy methods. distributes homogenous samples of a material for testing by ence to assign measurement results to other quantities. sieved from the concrete to reach a penetration resistance of stone. (SCM)—see cementi. n—a plot of relative amplitude versus test. (2011) testing. metrological. n—the elapsed time. a value of -10 °C has been used for the of mass of a volume of a material at a stated temperature to the mass datum temperature. a process that. datum. setting of concrete is determined by Test Method C403/C403M and is ing instrument or system. The best value to use. (R2012) adjusting the number of blows of a mechanically-operated hammer so time of initial setting (of concrete). thereby estab. check. n—a measuring system. n—the temperature value that is used for (2013) calculating the temperature-time factor. (R2012) standardization. contributing to the measurement uncertainty. For example. individual lot of a product conforms to specified require- domain data using a Fourier transform technique. however. n—a test performed on a new specimen for comparison against a previous test result. start of discharge. (2014) stability. or they may permit the new from the aggregates. or large cobble- traceability. The term concretes made with Type I portland cement. therefore. (2015) ments. or systems.5 MPa]. n—property of a measurement stones into smaller fragments. deprecated term—use preferred vibrator. (2011) specific procedure. the ability DISCUSSION—Standards may require a new sample be obtained to of self-consolidating concrete to resist separation of the paste prepare the specimen for the check test. n—striking the side of a mold to close voids in a fresh cementitious mixture created by rodding or an internal unit weight. temperature. (2014) result whereby the result can be related to a reference supplementary cementitious material. Some C09 standards use the terminology relative density particular mixture may be established experimentally as described in (specific gravity) to assist in the transition to the preferred term. n—consolidation of a fresh cementitious mixture by transform. (R2012) specimen to be made from the same sample. DISCUSSION—Standardization in case (1) is a simplified form of time of final setting (of concrete). the testing agencies. or certified reference material providing embodi. reference—an object or device for which properties time of setting. DISCUSSION—Development of rigidity during setting is a gradual and continuous process. (2011) 500 psi [3. (2011) standard. n—a process in which an organization DISCUSSION—A measurement standard is used frequently as a refer. www. relative. or (2) the adjustment to be applied defined as the elapsed time.com C125 − 15b specific gravity. the time of initial materials and the corresponding indications from a measur. supplementary. measurement. n—of aggregate. n—of self-consolidating concrete (SCC). through a documented unbroken chain of calibrations. (VIM4) (2011) tamping. after calibration that accounts for systematic error (bias) but does not initial contact of cement and water. crushed. (C403/C403M). (2011) DISCUSSION—The peaks in the amplitude spectrum correspond to the dominant frequencies in the time-domain data. acceptance. For example. material against a preliminary test result obtained from a sample taken near the measure.5 MPa]. Fourier. on an anonymous basis. Practice C1074 spectrum. required for the mortar evaluate random error. each tious material. and the time of setting is defined arbitrarily in under specified conditions and following a standard terms of a given test method. boulders. The best value for a meaning. (2009) term bulk density—of aggregate. This particular concrete mixture. n—of measuring instrument. (2015) DISCUSSION—The term specific gravity has been defined as the ratio DISCUSSION—Historically.

entrained and air. 100 Barr Harbor Drive.com/ 8 . mold.irconcrete. Danvers. that property of freshly mixed DISCUSSION—This term. which you may attend. concrete. concrete that affects the ease with which it can be mixed. or through the ASTM website (www. (2009) portland cement. or container. stated as a decimal (see also water-cement ratio).org (e-mail).astm. (Approved Dec. is applicable to cemen- internal or external vibrating device to assist in consolidating titious mixtures that contain cementitious material other than only the mixture in a form. titious mixtures that contain only portland cement as the cementitious material. stated as a decimal (see is a plot of voltage versus time. Keywords supplementary cementitious materials. 222 Rosewood Drive. n—a recorded digital signal from a transducer that cement in a cementitious mixture. terminology SUMMARY OF CHANGES Committee C09 has identified the location of selected changes to this standard since the last issue (C125 – 15a) that may impact the use of this standard. n—of measuring instrument. (2015) also water-cementitious material ratio). the process of ob. water-cement ratio. exclud- ing water absorbed by the aggregates. If portland cement is the only cementitious with air (see air. at the address shown below. 2015. such as a blended hydraulic cement. water-cementitious material ratio. use the term water- cementitious material ratio.) (1) Added definition of paste. www. (2015) workability.com C125 − 15b verification. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards. This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years and if not revised. 15. Individual reprints (single or multiple copies) of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above address or at 610-832-9585 (phone). (2014) cement. or a combination of portland cement and separate addition of 4.copyright. or service@astm. cement. use the term water- cement ratio. definitions. (2013) mixture.1 aggregates. and struck off. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsible technical committee. Tel: (978) 646-2600. PA 19428-2959. (2012) material contained in the cementitious mixture. abbreviated as w/c. http://www. 610-832-9555 (fax). n—the ratio of the mass of taining objective evidence to confirm that values indicated water. n—the ratio of the mass of water. n—of concrete. or a combination of portland cement and separate addition of other supplementary void. n—agitation of a fresh cementitious mixture by an DISCUSSION—This term. n—a space in a cementitious mixture that is filled cementitious materials. excluding water absorbed by the aggregates. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards and should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. MA 01923. United States. air. Permission rights to photocopy the standard may also be secured from the Copyright Clearance Center. West Conshohocken. is applicable to cemen. consolidated. 4. PO Box C700. entrapped). abbreviated as w/cm. to the mass of portland waveform. This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International. to the by a measuring instrument or system are within a specified mass of cementitious material (hydraulic) in a cementitious range of known values of a reference standard. For cementitious mixtures containing blended hydraulic placed.org). (2015) vibration. either reapproved or withdrawn.