SUSTAINABLE OPERATIONS

RESEARCH BASED ASSIGNMENT ON

a. “SUSTAINABLE OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT”
b. ” THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEAN OPERATIONS
AND SUSTAINABLE OPERATIONS.”
c. “ENVIRONMENT ENERGY AND SUSTAINABILITY”

1

economic and environmental objectives – the triple bottom line – within operations of a specific firm and operational linkages that extend beyond the firm to include the supply chain and communities. it is followed by future research directions. importance and pervasiveness of OM sustainability concerns. it discusses about the overview of special issue. Developments in the sustainable OM literature. the well-being of workers and communities. STRUCTURE OF THE PAPER The research paper gives an introduction to sustainable operations management. We define sustainable OM as the pursuit of social. and other broad social demands. Later. Given the growth. This need for currency is a reason for this special issue in the International Journal of Operations and Production Management (IJOPM). 1. This is followed by the ways in which sustainable OM field is evolving. the pioneers of sustainable OM have made significant contributions to the field. There has been an increase in the number of papers on different topics in 2 . Then. Conclusion was explained at the end of this research paper. “SUSTAINABLE OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT” INTRODUCTION Organizations are having an overwhelming interest in managing corporate social responsibility (CSR) and sustainability as part of their operations management. This response is triggered by climate change and other environmental concerns. MAJOR FINDINGS In the last 20 years. OM practices and research must respond to demands to address sustainability. a special issue focusing on these efforts is overdue. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY The research methodology involves the usage of secondary data with review and analysis of the literature review of articles related to sustainable operation management and supply chain management in IJOPM since 2001.

GAPS  Different types of environmental measures (waste and pollution reduction. Given this situation. Appropriatness of the research methodology:  Only literature review is carried out. Sustainability is considered as a valuable aspect as it provides the scope of existence without affecting future. is rapidly degrading. which is not that much appropriate  It is not adequately supported as it lack statistical data regarding the topic. and our understanding of sustainable OM has broadened and deepened. Which is very crucial in present scenario. etc. most would agree. Also statistical analysis is not carried out for two papers  The timeframe used to measure all the constructs was the same 3 . of the natural environment. The OM discipline is in a position to lead other business disciplines in sustainability research and practice. sustainable OM research is still driven by the profit paradigm. reduction of hazardous materials. social initiatives (related to employees versus the external community) and economic factors (sales versus costs) could have been analysed  The study is a cross sectional  All data were collected from the key respondent which contains certain disadvantages  The results can’t be generalized to all sectors. recent years. So the topic is very relevant. CRITICISM Relevancy of the topic: Human life is dependent upon the natural environment. they look forward to seeing the next exciting developments in sustainable OM being published in IJOPM. which. and enhancement. This special issue continues the sustainability leadership position of OM. linking sustainability with organisational and financial performance.). Business enterprises are a dominant form of social organization and contribute to the worsening.

action formation. manufacturing plants in these industries still need to obtain positive financial gains (in terms of reduced manufacturing costs) from this process. and outcome assessment. there is a positive impact on social and environmental performance. According to renowned climate scientist James Hansen: “Our global climate is nearing tipping points. the prognosis for many on planet earth due to lethal planetary overheating is grim. however. which was followed by research methodology. regarding the external or supply chain programs. our results show that supply chain assessment has no impact on the triple bottom line. analysis. Results show that in the assembly industry. social and economic performance. and there is a potential for rapid changes with effects that would be irreversible—if we do not rapidly slow fossil fuel emissions during the next few decades. internal environmental programs have a positive impact on the three components of the triple bottom line: Environmental. In the case of social programs. results and conclusion. whereas supply chain collaboration contributes to improve all of the three pillars.”13 The body of peer reviewed climate science studies is unequivocal: anthropogenic climate change is a reality.LOGICAL FLOW The research article logical flow starts with a brief introduction. CONCLUSION Sustainability in OM is one of the most important global challenges of the 21st century. Information systems are an important but inadequately understood weapon in the arsenal of organizations in their quest for environmental sustainability by enabling new practices and processes in support of belief formation. 4 . Changes are beginning to appear.14 In the absence of expeditious action to decrease greenhouse gas emissions. Finally.

” THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEAN OPERATIONS AND SUSTAINABLE OPERATIONS. The adoption of lean operational practices and independently the uptake of business practices related to sustainability and corporate social responsibility continues to grow. or middle of an organization. Several researchers suggest that sustainability develops most effectively when a singular view of sustainability is applied throughout the company. Past research has hinted at relationships between these two areas .suggesting that "lean is green. however. There is. while others advocate that sustainability requires only moderate behavioral changes. bottom-up. Some researchers suggest that a paradigm shift is necessary to incorporate more sustainable ways of thinking. In the first paper “The relationship 5 . Almost all research linking lean operations or lean supply chains to sustainability issues have focused exclusively on environmental impact.” INTRODUCTION Companies are rapidly switching to accepting sustainability as an organizational imperative. others contend that differentiated views of sustainability emerge within the various subcultures of an organization. 2. The lean mantra of waste reduction and "doing more with less" is immediately apparent as delivering environmental benefits. little convergence on how organizations become sustainable. Business leaders now recognize that sustainability has moved beyond the corporate social responsibility agenda to become an integral part of core business strategy and success. Researchers also disagree about whether sustainability is best implemented from the top-down. STRUCTURE OF THE PAPER The research paper start with the need of sustainability in an organization.

The sustainable operation management has resulted from public awareness of environmental degradation pushing businesses to redefine long term success incorporating environment and social factors alongside the economic factors.between lean operations and sustainable operations”. mining or a bank and that is they all perform operations. Then they have identified two levels of lean operations: one at the workplace (centered around operational improvements). transparency. procedures. This is encapsulated in the development of a stage-based theoretical model of lean-sustainability. workforce treatment. They end up by finding the necessity of green in lean operations to attain sustainability. manufacturer. The paper specifies the internal and external policies. Further. and one at the strategic operating level (focused on the strategy process and broader organizing philosophy of the company). multi-case analysis (n =5). CRITICISM Relevance of the subject: There is one common theme across all organizations irrespective if the business is a government agency. tools. they have clearly shown how to fully integrate sustainability issues with lean operations. MAJOR FINDINGS / RESULTS  The paper “The relationship between lean operations and sustainable operations” reports that lean operations meet a wide range of sustainability outcomes beyond environmental benefits including supply monitoring. and strategies for implementation of lean and sustainable operations management. and community engagement. This has influenced business to 6 . it is proposed that lean implementation and sustainability performance are in fact interlinked. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY The paper “The relationship between lean operations and sustainable operations” uses a longitudinal multi-year (up to four years observation).

Results being adequately supported: The sources are mentioned in the paper which support the results but no adequate examples are provided for further clarification. the need of sustainability. But all the issues encountered were analyzed properly and solved. Also. the result could be accurate to an extend whereas in exploratory methodology. the results may vary with the view point of the people being interviewed. the issues regarding implementing it and the future benefits. the incomplete definitions are problematic as it fails to classify lean properly making it difficult to identify the true sustainability benefit and can lead to incorrect negative associations being identified. Appropriateness of the research methodology used: The papers have used more of case analysis and exploratory approach. In second paper only three organizations are taken into consideration which is not enough to generalize the result. Logical flow of the content: The papers have a proper logical flow – clearly starting with the introduction of the topic. Since multiple cases are being referred. people and profit.no longer just think about the financial bottom line but to think about the triple bottom line - planet. Gaps/Contradictions: The first paper is based on past research and studies which may not be relevant with the current scenario. 7 .

therefore. The primary activities that contribute to their footprint are the production. “ENVIRONMENT ENERGY AND SUSTAINABILITY” INTRODUCTION The research paper “Environment Energy and Sustainability” talks about the impact sustainability has on people. data collection method and measures are defined. companies need to operate in a prudent and responsible manner and take care of employee health and safety and the quality of life of the external community. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 8 . the sample. The term sustainability integrates social. Later. Then. transportation. A broad perspective on triple-bottom-line integrates profit. firms have to account for the energy and other resources they use and the resulting footprint they leave behind. Studying sustainability from the Operations Management field is essential for two fundamental reasons: First. Then it describes the literature review and hypothesis development. STRUCTURE OF THE PAPER The research paper begins with the introduction to sustainable operations: their impact on triple bottom line. profit and planet. recycling and remanufacturing of current products and the design of new products. where the data is analyzed using hierarchical regression model. it is clear that OM can contribute to reduce this footprint Second. it discusses about the research methodology used to analyze the different hypothesis made. it is followed by analyses and result part. In this section. which defines different hypothesis. environmental and economic responsibilities. people and the planet into corporate culture. strategy and operations. c. In addition to this major results were mentioned in this part and conclusions were explained at the end of this research paper.

starting with some general information (size. The IMSS-V sample consists of 678 manufacturing plants from 19 countries. Regarding the impact of external action programs.  The research paper includes data taken from the fifth round of the International Manufacturing Strategy Survey. For the purposes of this study. etc. They were mailed or e-mailed to the Director of Operations/Manufacturing or the person with the equivalent position in the organization. industry. it is not in the expected direction. the better the environmental performance.) and then focusing on different strategies. Questionnaires were administered simultaneously in each country by local research coordinators.3%. quality. This suggests that the higher the firm. A significant amount of variance in environmental. social and economic performance is explained by the implementation of internal action programs. with an average response rate of 18. programs (organizational. supply chain. These results show that the effect of the implementation of environmental and social programs on the triple bottom line is similar irrespective of firm size. whereas the coefficient for supply chain collaboration is significant at the 10% level. The coefficient for supply chain assessment is not statistically significant in any of the three models. In the IMSS questionnaire. etc. they did not consider responses from Portugal and Ireland due to the small number of cases in those countries. Also 4 hypotheses were formulated and analyzed using hierarchical regression analysis. lean. MAJOR FINDINGS Though internal-socially oriented action programs have a statistically significant effect on economic performance. the addition of these variables to the regression equation explains a very marginal amount of incremental variance in the three regression models (environmental.) and performance. questions are divided into various sections. social and performance). This mirrors the findings of much of the general environmental management literature that suggests that small and medium size enterprises experience less pressure to adopt these practices. CRITICISM Relevancy of the topic: 9 .

and enhancement. Sustainability is considered as a valuable aspect as it provides the scope of existence without affecting future which is very crucial in present circumstances. the topic is very relevant. which.  Questionnaires were conducted to collect necessary data  Hypothesis were formulated  Appropriate statistical tests were conducted on the data Results are adequately supported as the hypothesis formulated were analysed using the statistical test and the conclusions were drawn from that results for the second research paper. etc. social initiatives (related to employees versus the external community) and economic factors (sales versus costs) could have been analysed  The study is a cross sectional  All data were collected from the key respondent which contains certain disadvantages  The results can’t be generalized to all sectors. results and conclusion.). Appropriateness of the research methodology: The research paper involved methodology as follows:  Suitable sector and population were selected. Therefore.Human life is dependent upon the natural environment. most would agree. CONCLUSION 10 . Also statistical analysis is not carried out for two papers  The timeframe used to measure all the constructs was the same LOGICAL FLOW The paper followed a logical flow as it started with brief introduction. is rapidly degrading. which was followed by research methodology. Business enterprises are a dominant form of social organization and contribute to the worsening. GAPS  Different types of environmental measures (waste and pollution reduction. of the natural environment. analysis. reduction of hazardous materials.

internal environmental programs have a positive impact on the three components of the triple bottom line: Environmental. The relationship between lean operations and sustainable operations. there is a positive impact on social and environmental performance.Results show that in the assembly industry. Vol 35. 2010. Bradford. whereas supply chain collaboration contributes to improve all of the three pillars. Rich. Robert Klassen. manufacturing plants in these industries still need to obtain positive financial gains (in terms of reduced manufacturing costs) from this process. and Stefan Seuring  [1] Piercy.  Garner. Joseph Sarkis. International Journal of Operations & Production Management. David. Environment Energy and Sustainability. REFERENCES  Sustainable operations management Helen Walker. Nial. In the case of social programs. Finally. however. regarding the external or supply chain programs. The New Straits Times Press (M) Berhad. our results show that supply chain assessment has no impact on the triple bottom line. 315-282. Nick. 60 11 . social and economic performance. 2015.