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5–10.

Determine the components of the support reactions at the 6 kN
fixed support A on the cantilevered beam.

30
SOLUTION 30
1.5 m 4 kN
A
Equations of Equilibrium: From the free-body diagram of the cantilever beam, Fig. a, 1.5 m 1.5 m
Ax, Ay, and MA can be obtained by writing the moment equation of equilibrium about
point A.

:
+ ©F = 0; 4 cos 30° - A x = 0
x

A x = 3.46 kN Ans.
+ c ©Fy = 0; A y - 6 - 4 sin 30° = 0
A y = 8 kN Ans.

a+ ©MA = 0;MA - 6(1.5) - 4 cos 30° (1.5 sin 30°) - 4 sin 30°(3 + 1.5 cos 30°) = 0
MA = 20.2 kN # m Ans.

Ans:
Ax = 3.46 kN
Ay = 8 kN
MA = 20.2 kN # m

397
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5–11.

Determine the reactions at the supports. 400 N/m

3 5
B
4
A

3m 3m

Solution
Equations of Equilibrium. NA and By can be determined directly by writing the
moment equations of equilibrium about points B and A, respectively, by referring to
the beam’s FBD shown in Fig. a.

1 4
a+ ΣMB = 0;   (400)(6)(3) - NA a b(6) = 0
2 5
NA = 750 N Ans.

1
a+ ΣMA = 0;  By(6) - (400)(6)(3) = 0
2
By = 600 N Ans.

Using the result of NA to write the force equation of equilibrium along the x axis,

+ ΣFx = 0;  750 a 3 b - Bx = 0
S
5

Bx = 450 N Ans.

Ans:
NA = 750 N
By = 600 N
Bx = 450 N

398
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*5–12.

Determine the horizontal and vertical components of 4 kN
reaction at the pin A and the reaction of the rocker B on
the beam.
B
A
30
SOLUTION
6m 2m
Equations of Equilibrium: From the free-body diagram of the beam, Fig. a, NB can
be obtained by writing the moment equation of equilibrium about point A.

+ ©MA = 0;
a NB cos 30°(8) - 4(6) = 0
NB = 3.464 kN = 3.46 kN Ans.

Using this result and writing the force equations of equilibrium along the x and
y axes, we have

:
+ ©F = 0; A x - 3.464 sin 30° = 0
x

A x = 1.73 kN Ans.
+ c ©Fy = 0; A y + 3.464 cos 30° - 4 = 0
A y = 1.00 kN Ans.

Ans:
NB = 3.46 kN
Ax = 1.73 kN
Ay = 1.00 kN

399
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5–13.

Determine the reactions at the supports. 900 N/m

600 N/m

A B

3m 3m

Solution
Equations of Equilibrium. NA and By can be determined directly by writing the
moment equations of equilibrium about points B and A, respectively, by referring to
the FBD of the beam shown in Fig. a.
1
a+ ΣMB = 0;  600(6)(3) + (300)(3)(5) - NA(6) = 0
2
NA = 2175 N = 2.175 kN Ans.

1
a+ ΣMA = 0;  By(6) - (300)(3)(1) - 600(6)(3) = 0
2
By = 1875 N = 1.875 kN Ans.
Also, Bx can be determined directly by writing the force equation of equilibrium
along the x axis.
+ ΣFx = 0;      Bx = 0
S Ans.

Ans:
NA = 2.175 kN
By = 1.875 kN
Bx = 0

400
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5–14.

Determine the reactions at the supports.

800 N/m

3m A

B

1m 3m

Solution
Equations of Equilibrium. NA can be determined directly by writing the moment
equation of equilibrium about point B by referring to the FBD of the beam shown
in Fig. a.
a+ ΣMB = 0;  800(5)(2.5) - NA(3) = 0

NA = 3333.33 N = 3.33 kN Ans.
Using this result to write the force equations of equilibrium along the x and y axes,

+ ΣFx = 0;  Bx - 800(5) a 3 b = 0
S
5

Bx = 2400 N = 2.40 kN Ans.

4
+ c ΣFy = 0;  3333.33 - 800 (5)a b - By = 0
5

By = 133.33 N = 133 N Ans.

Ans:
NA = 3.33 kN
Bx = 2.40 kN
By = 133 N

401
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5–15.
Determine the reactions at the supports. 5 kN

2m

A B

6 kN 8 kN
2m 2m 2m

Solution
Equations of Equilibrium. Ay and NB can be determined by writing the moment
equations of equilibrium about points B and A, respectively, by referring to the FBD
of the truss shown in Fig. a.
a+ ΣMB = 0;  8(2) + 6(4) - 5(2) - Ay(6) = 0

Ay = 5.00 kN Ans.

a+ ΣMA = 0;  NB(6) - 8(4) - 6(2) - 5(2) = 0

NB = 9.00 kN Ans.
Also, Ax can be determined directly by writing the force equation of equilibrium
along x axis.
+ ΣFx = 0;  5 - Ax = 0  Ax = 5.00 kN
S Ans.

Ans:
Ay = 5.00 kN
NB = 9.00 kN
Ax = 5.00 kN

402
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*5–16.

Determine the tension in the cable and the horizontal and
vertical components of reaction of the pin A. The pulley at D
D is frictionless and the cylinder weighs 80 lb.
2
1

A B
C
SOLUTION
5 ft 5 ft 3 ft
Equations of Equilibrium: The tension force developed in the cable is the same
throughout the whole cable. The force in the cable can be obtained directly by
summing moments about point A.

T152 + T ¢ ≤ 1102 - 801132 = 0
2
a + ©MA = 0;
25
T = 74.583 lb = 74.6 lb Ans.

: Ax - 74.583 ¢ ≤ = 0
+ ©F = 0; 1
x
25
Ax = 33.4 lb Ans.

2
+ c ©Fy = 0; 74.583 + 74.583 - 80 - By = 0
25
Ay = 61.3 lb Ans.

Ans:
T = 74.6 lb
Ax = 33.4 lb
Ay = 61.3 lb

403
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5–17.

The man attempts to support the load of boards having a
weight W and a center of gravity at G. If he is standing on a 4 ft
smooth floor, determine the smallest angle u at which he can
hold them up in the position shown. Neglect his weight. G
4 ft

u
SOLUTION
a + ©MB = 0; - NA (3.5) + W(3 - 4 cos u) = 0

As u becomes smaller, NA : 0 so that, A B

W(3 - 4 cos u) = 0 0.5 ft 3 ft

u = 41.4° Ans.

Ans:
u = 41.4°

404
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5–18.

Determine the components of reaction at the supports A and P
B on the rod. L L
–– ––
2 2

SOLUTION
B
A
Equations of Equilibrium: Since the roller at A offers no resistance to vertical
movement, the vertical component of reaction at support A is equal to zero. From
the free-body diagram, Ax, By, and MA can be obtained by writing the force
equations of equilibrium along the x and y axes and the moment equation of
equilibrium about point B, respectively.

:
+ ©F = 0; Ax = 0 Ans.
x

+ c ©Fy = 0; By - P = 0
By = P Ans.
L
a + ©MB = 0; Pa b - MA = 0
2
PL
MA = Ans.
2

Ans:
Ax = 0
By = P
PL
MA =
2

405
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5–19.

The man has a weight W and stands at the center of the
plank. If the planes at A and B are smooth, determine the
tension in the cord in terms of W and u.

B
SOLUTION L
u
f
L W
a + ©MB = 0; W a cos f b - NA(L cos f ) = 0 NA = A
2 2

:
+ ©F = 0;
x T cos u -NB sin u = 0 (1)

W
+ c ©Fy = 0; T sin u +NB cos u + - W= 0 (2)
2

Solving Eqs. (1) and (2) yields:

W
T= sin u Ans.
2

W
NB = cos u
2

Ans:
W
T= sin u
2

406
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*5–20.

A uniform glass rod having a length L is placed in the smooth
hemispherical bowl having a radius r. Determine the angle of
inclination u for equilibrium. u
B
r

A

SOLUTION
By observation f = u.

Equilibrium:

L WL
a + ©MA = 0; NB (2r cos u) - W a cos ub = 0 NB =
2 4r

+Q ©Fx = 0; NA cos u - W sin u = 0 NA = W tan u

WL
+a©Fy = 0; (W tan u) sin u + - W cos u = 0
4r

L
sin2 u - cos2 u + cos u = 0
4r

L
(1 - cos2 u) - cos2 u + cos u = 0
4r

L
2 cos2 u - cos u - 1 = 0
4r

L ; 2L2 + 128r2
cos u =
16r

Take the positive root

L + 2L2 + 128r2
cos u =
16r

u = cos - 1 ¢ ≤
L + 2L2 + 128r2
Ans.
16r

Ans:
L + 2L2 + 12r 2
u = cos - 1a b
16r

407
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5–21.

The uniform rod AB has a mass of 40 kg. Determine the
force in the cable when the rod is in the position shown.
There is a smooth collar at A.
A

3m

60

C
Solution B
Equations of Equilibrium. TBC can be determined by writing the moment equation
of equilibrium about point O by referring to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a.

a+ ΣMO = 0;  40(9.81)(1.5 cos 600°) - TBC (3 sin 60°) = 0

TBC = 113.28 N = 113 N Ans.

Ans:
TBC = 113 N

408
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5–22.

If the intensity of the distributed load acting on the beam A
is w = 3 kN>m, determine the reactions at the roller A and w
pin B.
30
B
3m

4m

Solution
Equations of Equilibrium. NA can be determined directly by writing the moment
equation of equilibrium about point B by referring to the FBD of the beam shown
in Fig. a.
a+ ΣMB = 0;  3(4)(2) - NA sin 30° (3 sin 30°) - NA cos 30° (3 cos 30° + 4) = 0

NA = 3.713 kN = 3.71 kN Ans.
Using this result to write the force equation of equilibrium along the x and y axes,
+ ΣFx = 0;  3.713 sin 30° - Bx = 0
S
Bx = 1.856 kN = 1.86 kN Ans.

+ c ΣFy = 0;  By + 3.713 cos 30° - 3(4) = 0

By = 8.7846 kN = 8.78 kN Ans.

Ans:
NA = 3.71 kN
Bx = 1.86 kN
By = 8.78 kN

409
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5–23.

If the roller at A and the pin at B can support a load up A
to 4 kN and 8 kN, respectively, determine the maximum w
intensity of the distributed load w, measured in kN>m, so
that failure of the supports does not occur. 30
B
3m

4m

Solution
Equations of Equilibrium. NA can be determined directly by writing the moment
equation of equilibrium about point B by referring to the FBD of the beam shown
in Fig. a.
a+ ΣMB = 0;  w(4)(2) - NA sin 30° (3 sin 30°) - NA cos 30° (3 cos 30° + 4) = 0

NA = 1.2376 w

Using this result to write the force equation of equilibrium along x and y axes,
+ ΣFx = 0;  1.2376 w sin 30° - Bx = 0
S Bx = 0.6188 w

+ c ΣFy = 0;  By + 1.2376 w cos 30° - w(4) = 0 By = 2.9282 w

Thus,

FB = 2Bx2 + By2 = 2(0.6188 w)2 + (2.9282 w)2 = 2.9929 w

It is required that
FB 6 8 kN; 2.9929 w 6 8 w 6 2.673 kN>m

And
NA 6 4 kN; 1.2376 w 6 4 w 6 3.232 kN>m

Thus, the maximum intensity of the distributed load is
w = 2.673 kN>m = 2.67 kN>m Ans.

Ans:
w = 2.67 kN>m

410
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*5–24.

The relay regulates voltage and current. Determine the force 50 mm 50 mm 30 mm
in the spring CD, which has a stiffness of k 120 N m, so
A
that it will allow the armature to make contact at A in figure 10° B A E B
C C
(a) with a vertical force of 0.4 N. Also, determine the force
in the spring when the coil is energized and attracts the
armature to E, figure (b), thereby breaking contact at A. k k

D
D

SOLUTION
From Fig. (a):

a + ©MB = 0; 0.4(100 cos 10°) - Fs (30 cos 10°) = 0 (a) (b)

Fs = 1.333 N = 1.33 N Ans.

Fs = kx; 1.333 = 120 x

x = 0.01111 m = 11.11 mm

From Fig (b), energizing the coil requires the spring to be stretched an additional
amount

¢x = 30 sin 10° = 5.209 mm.

Thus

x¿ = 11.11 + 5.209 = 16.32 mm

Fs = 120 (0.01632) = 1.96 N Ans.

Ans:
Fs = 1.33 N
Fs = 1.96 N

411
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5–25.

Determine the reactions on the bent rod which is supported 100 lb
by a smooth surface at B and by a collar at A, which is fixed
to the rod and is free to slide over the fixed inclined rod. 3 ft 3 ft
200 lb  ft
A

3 2 ft
5 4 13
5
B 12

SOLUTION
12 5
a + ©MA = 0; MA - 100 (3) - 200 + NB a b (6) - NB a b (2) = 0
13 13

:
4 5
+ ©F = 0;
x NA a b - NB a b = 0
5 13

3 12
+ c ©Fy = 0; NA a b + NB a b - 100 = 0
5 13

Solving,

NA = 39.7 lb Ans.

NB = 82.5 lb Ans.

MA = 106 lb # ft Ans.

Ans:
NA = 39.7 lb
NB = 82.5 lb
MA = 106 lb # ft

412
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5–26.

The mobile crane is symmetrically supported by two
outriggers at A and two at B in order to relieve the
suspension of the truck upon which it rests and to provide
greater stability. If the crane and truck have a mass of
18 Mg and center of mass at G1, and the boom has a mass 6.25 m
of 1.8 Mg and a center of mass at G2, determine the vertical
reactions at each of the four outriggers as a function of the
boom angle u when the boom is supporting a load having a
mass of 1.2 Mg. Plot the results measured from u = 0° to G2
the critical angle where tipping starts to occur.
6m
SOLUTION
θ
+ ©MB = 0; - NA (4) + 18 A 103 B (9.81)(1) + 1.8 A 103 B (9.81) (2 - 6 sin u)
G1
+ 1.2 A 103 B (9.81) (2 - 12.25 sin u) = 0

NA = 58 860 - 62 539 sin u A B

2m 1m 1m
Tipping occurs when NA = 0, or

u = 70.3° Ans.

+ c ©Fy = 0; NB + 58 860 - 62 539 sin u - (18 + 1.8 + 1.2) A 103 B (9.81) = 0

NB = 147 150 + 62 539 sin u

Since there are two outriggers on each side of the crane,
¿
NA
NA = = (29.4 - 31.3 sin u) kN Ans.
2
NB
NB¿ = = (73.6 + 31.3 sin u) kN Ans.
2

Ans:
u = 70.3°
=
NA = (29.4 - 31.3 sin u) kN
NB= = (73.6 + 31.3 sin u) kN

413
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5–27.

Determine the reactions acting on the smooth uniform bar, B
which has a mass of 20 kg.

4m

A 30º 60º

Solution
Equations of Equilibrium. NB can be determined directly by writing the moment
equation of equilibrium about point A by referring to the FBD of the bar shown in
Fig. a.
a+ ΣMA = 0;  NB cos 30°(4) - 20(9.81) cos 30°(2) = 0

NB = 98.1 N Ans.

Using this result to write the force equation of equilibrium along the x and y axes,
+ ΣFx = 0;  Ax - 98.1 sin 60° = 0
S Ax = 84.96 N = 85.0 N Ans.

+ c ΣFy = 0;  Ay + 98.1 cos 60° - 20(9.81) = 0

Ay = 147.15 N = 147 N Ans.

Ans:
NB = 98.1 N
Ax = 85.0 N
Ay = 147 N

414
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*5–28.

A linear torsional spring deforms such that an applied couple
moment M is related to the spring’s rotation u in radians by
the equation M = (20 u) N # m. If such a spring is attached to
A
u
the end of a pin-connected uniform 10-kg rod, determine M  (20 u) N  m
the angle u for equilibrium. The spring is undeformed 0.5 m
when u = 0°.

Solution
a+ ΣMA = 0;   - 98.1 (0.25 cos u) + 20(u) = 0

Solving for u,

u = 47.5° Ans.

Ans:
u = 47.5°

415
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5–29.

Determine the force P needed to pull the 50-kg roller over P
the smooth step. Take u = 30°.

u
50 mm A
300 mm

B

Solution
Equations of Equilibrium. P can be determined directly by writing the moment equation of
Equilibrium about point B, by referring to the FBD of the roller shown in Fig. a.

a+ ΣMB = 0;  P cos 30°(0.25) + P sin 30° ( 20.32 - 0.252 2 - 50(9.81) 20.32 - 0.252 = 0

P = 271.66 N = 272 N Ans.

Ans:
P = 272 N

416
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5–30.

Determine the magnitude and direction u of the minimum P
force P needed to pull the 50-kg roller over the smooth step.

u
50 mm A
300 mm

B

Solution
Equations of Equilibrium. P will be minimum if its orientation produces the greatest
moment about point B. This happens when it acts perpendicular to AB as shown in
Fig. a. Thus
0.25
u = f = cos-1 a b = 33.56° = 33.6° Ans.
0.3
Pmin can be determined by writing the moment equation of equilibrium about point
B by referring to the FBD of the roller shown in Fig. b.
a+ ΣMB = 0;  Pmin (0.3) - 50(9.81)(0.3 sin 33.56°) = 0

Pmin = 271.13 N = 271 N Ans.

Ans:
Pmin = 271 N

417
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5–31.

The operation of the fuel pump for an automobile depends
on the reciprocating action of the rocker arm ABC, which
is pinned at B and is spring loaded at A and D. When the
smooth cam C is in the position shown, determine the E 30°
horizontal and vertical components of force at the pin and
the force along the spring DF for equilibrium. The vertical F
force acting on the rocker arm at A is FA = 60 N, and at C
it is FC = 125 N. FC = 125 N
FA = 60 N
B C
D
A
SOLUTION
a + ©MB = 0; - 60(50) - FB cos 30°(10) + 125(30) = 0 50 mm 20 mm
10 mm
FB = 86.6025 = 86.6 N Ans.

:
+ ©F = 0;
x - Bx + 86.6025 sin 30° = 0

Bx = 43.3 N Ans.

+ c ©Fy = 0; 60 - By - 86.6025 cos 30° + 125 = 0

By = 110 N Ans.

Ans:
FB = 86.6 N
Bx = 43.3 N
By = 110 N

418
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*5–32.

Determine the magnitude of force at the pin A and in the B
cable BC needed to support the 500-lb load. Neglect the
weight of the boom AB.

8 ft

22 35
C A
SOLUTION
Equations of Equilibrium: The force in cable BC can be obtained directly by
summing moments about point A.

a + ©MA = 0; FBC sin 13°(8) - 500 cos 35°(8) = 0
FBC = 1820.7 lb = 1.82 kip Ans.

+
Q ©Fx = 0; A x - 1820.7 cos 13° - 500 sin 35° = 0
A x = 2060.9 lb

a + ©Fy = 0; A y + 1820.7 sin 13° - 500 cos 35° = 0
Ay = 0

Thus, FA = A x = 2060.9 lb = 2.06 kip Ans.

Ans:
FBC = 1.82 kip
FA = 2.06 kip

419
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5–33.

The dimensions of a jib crane, which is manufactured by the 3m
Basick Co., are given in the figure. If the crane has a mass of
800 kg and a center of mass at G, and the maximum rated A
force at its end is F 15 kN, determine the reactions at its
bearings. The bearing at A is a journal bearing and supports 0.75 m
only a horizontal force, whereas the bearing at B is a thrust 2m G
bearing that supports both horizontal and vertical components.

F
SOLUTION
B
a + ©MB = 0; Ax (2) - 800 (9.81) (0.75) - 15 000(3) = 0

Ax = 25.4 kN Ans.

+ c ©Fy = 0; By - 800 (9.81) - 15 000 = 0

By = 22.8 kN Ans.

:
+ ©F = 0;
x Bx - 25.4 = 0

Bx = 25.4 kN Ans.

Ans:
Ax = 25.4 kN
By = 22.8 kN
Bx = 25.4 kN

420
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5–34.

The dimensions of a jib crane, which is manufactured by the 3m
Basick Co., are given in the figure. The crane has a mass of
800 kg and a center of mass at G. The bearing at A is a journal A
bearing and can support a horizontal force, whereas the
bearing at B is a thrust bearing that supports both horizontal 0.75 m
and vertical components. Determine the maximum load F that 2m G
can be suspended from its end if the selected bearings at A
and B can sustain a maximum resultant load of 24 kN and
34 kN, respectively. F

SOLUTION B

a + ©MB = 0; Ax (2) - 800 (9.81) (0.75) - F (3) = 0

+ c ©Fy = 0; By - 800 (9.81) - F = 0

:
+ ©F = 0;
x Bx - Ax = 0

Assume Ax = 24 000 N.

Solving,

Bx = 24 kN

By = 21.9 kN

F = 14.0 kN Ans.

FB = (24)2 + (21.9)2 = 32.5 kN 6 34 kN OK

Ans:
F = 14.0 kN

421
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5–35.

The smooth pipe rests against the opening at the points of
contact A, B, and C. Determine the reactions at these points
needed to support the force of 300 N. Neglect the pipe’s
thickness in the calculation. A

B 0.26 m
C 30

0.5 m 0.5 m
30 0.15 m
300 N

Solution
Equations of Equilibrium. NA can be determined directly by writing the force equation of
equilibrium along the x axis by referring to the FBD of the pipe shown in Fig. a.
+ ΣFx = 0;  NA cos 30° - 300 sin 30° = 0  NA = 173.21 N = 173 N
S Ans.
Using this result to write the moment equations of equilibrium about points B and C,
a+ ΣMB = 0;  300 cos 30°(1) - 173.21 cos 30°(0.26) - 173.21 sin 30°(0.15) - NC (0.5) = 0

NC = 415.63 N = 416 N Ans.

a+ ΣMC = 0;  300 cos 30°(0.5) - 173.21 cos 30°(0.26) - 173.21 sin 30°(0.65) - NB(0.5) = 0

NB = 69.22 N = 69.2 N Ans.

Ans:
NA = 173 N
NC = 416 N
NB = 69.2 N

422
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*5–36.

The beam of negligible weight is supported horizontally by B
two springs. If the beam is horizontal and the springs are A
unstretched when the load is removed, determine the angle 600 N/m
kA = 1 kN/m kB = 1.5 kN/m
of tilt of the beam when the load is applied.

C D

3m 3m

Solution
Equations of Equilibrium. FA and FB can be determined directly by writing the
moment equations of equilibrium about points B and A, respectively, by referring to
the FBD of the beam shown in Fig. a.

Assuming that the angle of tilt is small,
1
a+ ΣMA = 0;  FB(6) - (600)(3)(2) = 0 FB = 300 N
2
1
a+ ΣMB = 0;   (600)(3)(4) - FA(6) = 0 FA = 600 N
2
Thus, the stretches of springs A and B can be determined from
FA = kAxA; 600 = 1000 xA xA = 0.6 m

FB = kB xB; 300 = 1500 xB xB = 0.2 m
From the geometry shown in Fig. b

0.4
u = sin-1 a b = 3.82° Ans.
6
The assumption of small u is confirmed.

Ans:
u = 3.82°

423
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–37.

The cantilevered jib crane is used to support the load of 8 ft
780 lb. If x = 5 ft, determine the reactions at the supports. B
Note that the supports are collars that allow the crane to
T
rotate freely about the vertical axis. The collar at B supports a
force in the vertical direction, whereas the one at A does not. 4 ft
x

SOLUTION 780 lb

Equations of Equilibrium: Referring to the FBD of the jib crane shown in Fig. a, we A
notice that NA and By can be obtained directly by writing the moment equation of
equilibrium about point B and force equation of equilibrium along the y axis,
respectively.
a+ ©MB = 0; NA(4) - 780(5) = 0 NA = 975 lb Ans.
+ c ©Fy = 0; By - 780 = 0 By = 780 Ans.

Using the result of NA to write the force equation of equilibrium along x axis,

: ©Fx = 0;
+ 975 - Bx = 0 Bx = 975 lb Ans.

Ans:
NA = 975 lb
Bx = 975 lb
By = 780 lb

424
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–38.

The cantilevered jib crane is used to support the load of 8 ft
780 lb. If the trolley T can be placed anywhere between B
1.5 ft … x … 7.5 ft, determine the maximum magnitude of
reaction at the supports A and B. Note that the supports T
are collars that allow the crane to rotate freely about the
4 ft
vertical axis. The collar at B supports a force in the vertical x
direction, whereas the one at A does not.
780 lb
SOLUTION A

Require x = 7.5 ft

a + ©MA = 0; - 780(7.5) + Bx (4) = 0

Bx = 1462.5 lb

:
+ ©F = 0;
x Ax - 1462.5 = 0

Ax = 1462.5 = 1462 lb Ans.

+ c ©Fy = 0; By - 780 = 0

By = 780 lb

FB = 2(1462.5)2 + (780)2

= 1657.5 lb = 1.66 kip Ans.

Ans:
Ax = 1.46 kip
FB = 1.66 kip

425
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–39.

The bar of negligible weight is supported by two springs,
each having a stiffness k = 100 N>m. If the springs are
originally unstretched, and the force is vertical as shown,
k
determine the angle u the bar makes with the horizontal,
when the 30-N force is applied to the bar. 1m 2m

C B
k
30 N

Solution
Equations of Equilibrium. FA and FB can be determined directly by writing the
moment equation of equilibrium about points B and A respectively by referring to
the FBD of the bar shown in Fig. a.
a+ ΣMB = 0;  30(1) - FA(2) = 0  FA = 15 N A

a+ ΣMA = 0;  30(3) - FB(2) = 0  FB = 45 N
Thus, the stretches of springs A and B can be determined from
FA = kxA; 15 = 100 xA xA = 0.15 m

FB = k xB; 45 = 100 xB xB = 0.45 m
From the geometry shown in Fig. b,
d 2 - d
= ; d = 1.5 m
0.45 0.15

Thus
0.45
u = sin-1 a b = 17.46° = 17.5° Ans.
1.5

Note: The moment equations are set up assuming small u, but even with non-small
u the reactions come out with the same FA, FB, and then the rest of the solution goes
through as before.

Ans:
u = 17.5°

426
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*5–40.

Determine the stiffness k of each spring so that the  30-N
force causes the bar to tip u = 15° when the force is applied.
Originally the bar is horizontal and the springs are
k
unstretched. Neglect the weight of the bar.
1m 2m

C B
k
30 N

Solution
Equations of Equilibrium. FA and FB can be determined directly by writing the
moment equation of equilibrium about points B and A respectively by referring to
the FBD of the bar shown in Fig. a.
a+ ΣMB = 0;  30(1) - FA(2) = 0  FA = 15 N A

a+ ΣMA = 0;  30(3) - FB(2) = 0  FB = 45 N

Thus, the stretches of springs A and B can be determined from
15
FA = kxA; 15 = kxA xA =
k
45
FB = k xB; 45 = kxB xB =
k
From the geometry shown in Fig. b
d 2 - d
= ; d = 1.5 m
45>k 15>k

Thus,
45>k
sin 15° = k = 115.91 N>m = 116 N>m Ans.
1.5

Note: The moment equations are set up assuming small u, but even with non-small
u the reactions come out with the same FA, FB, and then the rest of the solution goes
through as before.

Ans:
k = 116 N>m

427
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5–41.

The bulk head AD is subjected to both water and soil- D
backfill pressures. Assuming AD is “pinned” to the 0.5 m
ground at A, determine the horizontal and vertical B
reactions there and also the required tension in the C F
ground anchor BC necessary for equilibrium. The bulk
head has a mass of 800 kg.

6m
4m

118 kN/m A 310 kN/m
SOLUTION
Equations of Equilibrium: The force in ground anchor BC can be obtained directly
by summing moments about point A.

a + ©MA = 0; 1007.512.1672 - 23611.3332 - F162 = 0

F = 311.375 kN = 311 kN Ans.

:
+ ©F = 0;
x Ax + 311.375 + 236 - 1007.5 = 0

Ax = 460 kN Ans.

+ c ©Fy = 0; Ay - 7.848 = 0 Ay = 7.85 kN Ans.

Ans:
F = 311 kN
Ax = 460 kN
Ay = 7.85 kN

428
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5–42.

The boom supports the two vertical loads. Neglect the size
of the collars at D and B and the thickness of the boom,
and compute the horizontal and vertical components of
C
force at the pin A and the force in cable CB. Set
F1 = 800 N and F2 = 350 N.
5
3
4

SOLUTION
1m B
a + ©MA = 0; - 800(1.5 cos 30°) - 350(2.5 cos 30°)

4 3
+ F (2.5 sin 30°) + FCB(2.5 cos 30°) = 0 1.5 m D
5 CB 5
F2
FCB = 781.6 = 782 N Ans.
30

:
+ ©F = 0; 4 A F1
x Ax - (781.6) = 0
5

Ax = 625 N Ans.

3
+ c ©Fy = 0; Ay - 800 - 350 + (781.6) = 0
5

Ay = 681 N Ans.

Ans:
FCB = 782 N
Ax = 625 N
Ay = 681 N

429
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–43.

The boom is intended to support two vertical loads, F1 and F2.
If the cable CB can sustain a maximum load of 1500 N before
it fails, determine the critical loads if F1 = 2F2. Also, what is
C
the magnitude of the maximum reaction at pin A?

5
3
4

SOLUTION
1m B
a + ©MA = 0; - 2F2(1.5 cos 30°) - F2(2.5 cos 30°)

4 3
+ (1500)(2.5 sin 30°) + (1500)(2.5 cos 30°) = 0 1.5 m D
5 5
F2
F2 = 724 N Ans.
30
F1 = 2F2 = 1448 N A F1

F1 = 1.45 kN Ans.

:
+ ©F = 0; 4
x Ax - (1500) = 0
5

Ax = 1200 N

3
+ c ©Fy = 0; Ay - 724 - 1448 + (1500) = 0
5

Ay = 1272 N

FA = 2(1200)2 + (1272)2 = 1749 N = 1.75 kN Ans.

Ans:
F2 = 724 N
F1 = 1.45 kN
FA = 1.75 kN

430
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*5–44.

The 10-kg uniform rod is pinned at end A. If it is also
subjected to a couple moment of 50 N # m, determine the B
smallest angle u for equilibrium. The spring is unstretched k  60 N/m
when u = 0, and has a stiffness of k = 60 N>m.

2m
u
0.5 m

50 N  m
A
Solution
Equations of Equilibrium. Here the spring stretches x = 2 sin u. The force in the
spring is Fsp = kx = 60 (2 sin u) = 120 sin u. Write the moment equation of
equilibrium about point A by referring to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a,
a+ ΣMA = 0;  120 sin u cos u (2) - 10(9.81) sin u (1) - 50 = 0

240 sin u cos u - 98.1 sin u - 50 = 0
Solve numerically
u = 24.598° = 24.6° Ans.

Ans:
u = 24.6°

431
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–45.

The man uses the hand truck to move material up the step.
If the truck and its contents have a mass of 50 kg with center
of gravity at G, determine the normal reaction on both
0.4 m
wheels and the magnitude and direction of the minimum
B
force required at the grip B needed to lift the load. 0.5 m

0.2 m G 0.4 m

60
0.4 m

0.1 m
Solution A

Equations of Equilibriums. Py can be determined directly by writing the force
equation of equilibrium along y axis by referring to the FBD of the hand truck
shown in Fig. a.
+ c ΣFy = 0;  Py - 50(9.81) = 0 Py = 490.5 N

Using this result to write the moment equation of equilibrium about point A,
a+ ΣMA = 0;  Px sin 60°(1.3) - Px cos 60°(0.1) - 490.5 cos 30°(0.1)
- 490.5 sin 30°(1.3) - 50(9.81) sin 60°(0.5)
+ 50(9.81) cos 60°(0.4) = 0
Px = 442.07 N

Thus, the magnitude of minimum force P, Fig. b, is

P = 2Px2 + Py2 = 2442.072 + 490.52 = 660.32 N = 660 N Ans.

and the angle is
490.5
u = tan-1 a b = 47.97° = 48.0° b   Ans.
442.07
Write the force equation of equilibrium along x axis,
+ ΣFx = 0;  NA - 442.07 = 0  NA = 442.07 N = 442 N
S Ans.

Ans:
P = 660 N
NA = 442 N
u = 48.0° b

432
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5–46.

Three uniform books, each having a weight W and length a,
are stacked as shown. Determine the maximum distance d
that the top book can extend out from the bottom one so
the stack does not topple over.

a d

SOLUTION
Equilibrium: For top two books, the upper book will topple when the center of
gravity of this book is to the right of point A. Therefore, the maximum distance from
the right edge of this book to point A is a/2.

Equation of Equilibrium: For the entire three books, the top two books will topple

a
a + ©MB = 0; W(a-d) -W ad- b = 0
2

3a
d = Ans.
4

Ans:
3a
d =
4

433
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5–47.

Determine the reactions at the pin A and the tension in cord 26 kN F
BC. Set F = 40 kN. Neglect the thickness of the beam.
C
13 12 5
3
5
4

A B

2m 4m

Solution
12 3
a+ ΣMA = 0;   - 26 a b(2) - 40(6) + FBC(6) = 0
13 5
FBC = 80 kN Ans.

+ ΣFx = 0;         80 a 4 b - Ax - 26 a 5 b = 0
S
5 13

Ax = 54 kN Ans.

12 3
+ c ΣFy = 0;            Ay - 26 a b - 40 + 80 a b = 0
13 5
Ay = 16 kN Ans.

Ans:
FBC = 80 kN
Ax = 54 kN
Ay = 16 kN

434
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*5–48.

If rope BC will fail when the tension becomes  50  kN, 26 kN F
determine the greatest vertical load F that can be applied to
C
the beam at B. What is the magnitude of the reaction at A 13 12 5
for this loading? Neglect the thickness of the beam. 3
5
4

A B

2m 4m

Solution
12 3
a+ ΣMA = 0;   -26 a b(2) - F(6) + (50)(6) = 0
13 5
F = 22 kN Ans.

+ ΣFx = 0;         50 a 4 b - Ax - 26 a 5 b = 0
S
5 13

Ax = 30 kN Ans.

12 3
+ c ΣFy = 0;            Ay - 26 a b - 22 + 50 a b = 0
13 5
Ay = 16 kN Ans.

Ans:
F = 22 kN
Ax = 30 kN
Ay = 16 kN

435
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–49.

The rigid metal strip of negligible weight is used as part of an 50 mm 50 mm
electromagnetic switch. If the stiffness of the springs at A
and B is k = 5 N>m, and the strip is originally horizontal
when the springs are unstretched, determine the smallest k B
force needed to close the contact gap at C. C
A
k 10 mm

SOLUTION
©MB = 0; FA = FC = F

©Fy = 0; FB = 2F

x 50 - x
= (1)
yA yB

2F kyB
=
F kyA

2yA = yB (2)

Substituting into Eq. (1):

x 50 - x
=
yA 2yA

2x = 50 - x

50
x = = 16.67 mm
3

x 100 - x
=
yA 10

Set x = 16.67, then

yA = 2 mm

From Eq. (2),

yB = 4 mm

FC = FA = kyA = (5)(0.002) = 10 mN Ans.

Ans:
FC = 10 mN

436
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5–50.

The rigid metal strip of negligible weight is used as part 50 mm 50 mm
of an electromagnetic switch. Determine the maximum
stiffness k of the springs at A and B so that the contact at C
closes when the vertical force developed there is 0.5 N. k B
Originally the strip is horizontal as shown. C
A
k 10 mm

SOLUTION
©MB = 0; FA = FC = F

©Fy = 0; FB = 2F

x 50 - x
= (1)
yA yB

2F kyB
=
F kyA

2yA = yB (2)

Substituting into Eq. (1):

x 50 - x
=
yA 2yA

2x = 50 - x

50
x = = 16.67 mm
3

x 100 - x
=
yA 10

Set x = 16.67, then

yA = 2 mm

From Eq. (2),

yB = 4 mm

FC = FA = kyA

0.5 = k(0.002)

k = 250 N/m Ans.

Ans:
k = 250 N>m

437
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5–51.

The cantilever footing is used to support a wall near its 20 000 lb
edge A so that it causes a uniform soil pressure under the
footing. Determine the uniform distribution loads wA and 0.25 ft
8000 lb
wB, measured in lb ft at pads A and B, necessary to support
the wall forces of 8 000 lb and 20 000 lb. 1.5 ft

A B

SOLUTION wA wB
2 ft 8 ft 3 ft
a + ©MA = 0; - 8000 (10.5) + wB (3)(10.5) + 20 000 (0.75) = 0

wB = 2190.5 lb/ft = 2.19 kip/ft Ans.

+ c ©Fy = 0; 2190.5 (3) - 28 000 + wA (2) = 0

wA = 10.7 kip/ft Ans.

Ans:
wB = 2.19 kip>ft
wA = 10.7 kip>ft

438
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*5–52.

The uniform beam has a weight W and length l and is C
supported by a pin at A and a cable BC. Determine the
l
horizontal and vertical components of reaction at A and
the tension in the cable necessary to hold the beam in the B
position shown. A

SOLUTION
Equations of Equilibrium: The tension in the cable can be obtained directly by
summing moments about point A.
l
a + ©MA = 0; T sin 1f - u2l - W cos u a b = 0
2
W cos u
T = Ans.
2 sin 1f - u2

W cos u
Using the result T =
2 sin 1f - u2

:
+ ©F = 0; W cos u
x a b cos f - Ax = 0
2 sin 1f - u2

W cos f cos u
Ax = Ans.
2 sin 1f - u2

W cos u
+ c ©Fy = 0; Ay + a b sin f - W = 0
2 sin 1f - u2

W1sin f cos u - 2 cos f sin u2
Ay = Ans.
2 sin f - u

Ans:
W cos u
T =
2 sin(f - u)
Wcos f cos u
Ax =
2 sin(f - u)
W(sin f cos u - 2 cos f sin u)
Ay =
2 sin (f - u)

439
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–53.

A boy stands out at the end of the diving board, which is
supported by two springs A and B, each having a stiffness of
k = 15kN>m. In the position shown the board is horizontal.
If the boy has a mass of 40 kg, determine the angle of tilt
which the board makes with the horizontal after he jumps
off. Neglect the weight of the board and assume it is rigid.
1m 3m

A B
SOLUTION
Equations of Equilibrium: The spring force at A and B can be obtained directly by
summing moments about points B and A, respectively.

a + ©MB = 0; FA (1) - 392.4(3) = 0 FA = 1177.2 N

a + ©MA = 0; FB (1) - 392.4(4) = 0 FB = 1569.6 N

F
Spring Formula: Applying ¢ = , we have
k

1177.2 1569.6
¢A = = 0.07848 m ¢B = = 0.10464 m
15(103) 15(103)

Geometry: The angle of tilt a is

0.10464 + 0.07848
a = tan - 1 a b = 10.4° Ans.
1

Ans:
a = 10.4°

440
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5–54.

The 30-N uniform rod has a length of l = 1 m. If s = 1.5 m,
determine the distance h of placement at the end A along the
smooth wall for equilibrium.
C

SOLUTION
h
Equations of Equilibrium: Referring to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a, write
the moment equation of equilibrium about point A. s

A
a + ©MA = 0; T sin f(1) - 3 sin u(0.5) = 0
1.5 sin u l
T =
sin f
B
Using this result to write the force equation of equilibrium along y axis,

15 sin u
+ c ©Fy = 0; a b cos (u - f) - 3 = 0
sin f
sin u cos (u - f) - 2 sin f = 0 (1)

Geometry: Applying the sine law with sin (180° - u) = sin u by referring to Fig. b,

sin f sin u h
= ; sin u = a b sin u (2)
h 1.5 1.5

Substituting Eq. (2) into (1) yields
4
sin u[cos (u - f) - h] = 0
3
since sin u Z 0, then

cos (u - f) - (4>3)h cos (u - f) = (4>3)h (3)

Again, applying law of cosine by referring to Fig. b,

l2 = h2 + 1.52 - 2(h)(1.5) cos (u - f)
h2 + 1.25
cos (u - f) = (4)
3h

Equating Eqs. (3) and (4) yields

4 h2 + 1.25
h =
3 3h
3h2 = 1.25
h = 0.645 m Ans.

Ans:
h = 0.645 m

441
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5–55.

The uniform rod has a length l and weight W. It is supported
at one end A by a smooth wall and the other end by a cord
of length s which is attached to the wall as shown. Determine C
the placement h for equilibrium.

h

s

A
SOLUTION
Equations of Equilibrium: The tension in the cable can be obtained directly by l

summing moments about point A.
B
l
a + ©MA = 0; T sin f(l) - W sin u a b = 0
2

W sin u
T =
2 sin f

W sin u
Using the result T = ,
2 sin f

W sin u
+ c ©Fy = 0; cos (u - f) - W = 0
2 sin f

sin u cos (u - f) - 2 sin f = 0 (1)

Geometry: Applying the sine law with sin (180° - u) = sin u, we have

sin f sin u h
= sin f = sin u (2)
h s s

Substituting Eq. (2) into (1) yields

2h
cos (u - f) = (3)
s

Using the cosine law,

l2 = h2 + s2 - 2hs cos (u - f)

h2 + s2 - l2
cos (u - f) = (4)
2hs

Equating Eqs. (3) and (4) yields

2h h2 + s 2 - l2
=
s 2hs

h = s2 - l2 Ans.
A 3

Ans:
s2 - l 2
h =
A 3

442
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*5–56.

The uniform rod of length L and weight W is supported on L
the smooth planes. Determine its position u for equilibrium.
u
Neglect the thickness of the rod.

f
c

SOLUTION
L
a + ©MB = 0; - Wa cos ub + NA cos f (L cos u) + NA sin f (L sin u) = 0
2
W cos u
NA = (1)
2 cos (f - u)

:
+ ©F = 0;
x NB sin c - NA sin f = 0 (2)

+ c ©Fy = 0; NB cos c + NA cos f - W = 0

W - NA cos f
NB = (3)
cos c

Substituting Eqs. (1) and (3) into Eq. (2):

W cos u cos f W cos u sin f
aW - b tan c - = 0
2 cos (f - u) 2 cos (f - u)

2 cos (f - u) tan c - cos u tan c cos f - cos u sin f = 0

sin u (2 sin f tan c) - cos u (sin f - cos f tan c) = 0

sin f - cos f tan c
tan u =
2 sin f tan c

1 1
u = tan - 1 a cot c - cot f b Ans.
2 2

Ans:
1 1
u = tan - 1 a 2 cot c - cot f b
2

443
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5–57.

The beam is subjected to the two concentrated loads. P 2P
Assuming that the foundation exerts a linearly varying load
L
–– L
–– L
––
distribution on its bottom, determine the load intensities w1 3 3 3
and w2 for equilibrium if P = 500 lb and L = 12 ft.

w1

w2
SOLUTION
Equations of Equilibrium: Referring to the FBD of the beam shown in Fig. a, we
notice that W1 can be obtained directly by writing moment equations of equilibrium
+ ©MA = 0;
a 500(4) - W1(12)(2) = 0
W1 = 83.33 lb>ft = 83.3 lb>ft Ans.

Using this result to write the force equation of equilibrium along y axis,
1
+ c ©Fy = 0; 83.33(12) + (W2 - 83.33)(12) - 500 - 1000 = 0
2
W2 = 166.67 lb>ft = 167 lb>ft Ans.

Ans:
w1 = 83.3 lb>ft
w2 = 167 lb>ft

444
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–58.

The beam is subjected to the two concentrated loads. P 2P
Assuming that the foundation exerts a linearly varying load
L
–– L
–– L
––
distribution on its bottom, determine the load intensities w1 3 3 3
and w2 for equilibrium in terms of the parameters shown.

SOLUTION w1

Equations of Equilibrium: The load intensity w1 can be determined w2
directly by summing moments about point A.
L L
a + ©MA = 0; Pa b - w1L a b = 0
3 6
2P
w1 = Ans.
L

1 2P 2P
+ c ©Fy = 0; a w2 - bL + 1L2 - 3P = 0
2 L L

4P
w2 = Ans.
L

Ans:
2P 4P
w1 = ,w =
L 2 L

445
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–59.

The rod supports a weight of 200 lb and is pinned at its
end A. If it is also subjected to a couple moment of
100 lb # ft, determine the angle u for equilibrium. The 100 lb ft 2 ft
spring has an unstretched length of 2 ft and a stiffness k 50 lb/ft
of k = 50 lb/ft. u
A
3 ft
3 ft B

SOLUTION
a + ©MA = 0; 100 + 200 (3 cos u) - Fs (6 cos u) = 0

Fs = kx; Fs = 50 (6 sin u)

100 + 600 cos u - 1800 sin u cos u = 0

cos u - 1.5 sin 2u + 0.1667 = 0

Solving by trial and error,

u = 23.2° and u = 85.2° Ans.

Ans:
u = 23.2°
85.2°

446
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*5–60.

Determine the distance d for placement of the load P for
equilibrium of the smooth bar in the position u as shown.
Neglect the weight of the bar.
d

P
u

a
SOLUTION
+ c ©Fy = 0; R cos u - P = 0

a
a + ©MA = 0; - P(d cos u) + R a b = 0
cos u
a
Rd cos2 u = R a b
cos u

a
d = Ans.
cos3 u

Also;

Require forces to be concurrent at point O.

a>cos u
AO = d cos u =
cos u

Thus,

a
d = Ans.
cos3 u

Ans:
a
d =
cos3 u

447
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5–61.

If d = 1 m, and u = 30°, determine the normal reaction at
the smooth supports and the required distance a for the
placement of the roller if P = 600 N. Neglect the weight of
the bar. d

P
SOLUTION u

Equations of Equilibrium: Referring to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a, a

a
a+ ©MA = 0; NB = a b - 600 cos 30°(1) = 0
cos 30°
450
NB = (1)
a
a+ ©Fy¿ = 0; NB - NA sin 30° - 600 cos 30° = 0
NB - 0.5NA = 600 cos 30° (2)
+Q ©F = 0; NA cos 30° - 600 sin 30° = 0
x¿
NA = 346.41 N = 346 N Ans. .
Substitute this result into Eq (2),
NB - 0.5(346.41) = 600 cos 30°
NB = 692.82 N = 693 N Ans. .

Substitute this result into Eq (1),
450
692.82 =
a
a = 0.6495 m a = 0.650 m Ans. .

Ans:
NA = 346 N
NB = 693 N
a = 0.650 m

448
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5–62.

The uniform load has a mass of 600 kg and is lifted using a F
uniform 30-kg strongback beam BAC and four wire ropes
as shown. Determine the tension in each segment of rope 1.25 m 1.25 m
and the force that must be applied to the sling at A.
A
B C

SOLUTION 2m

Equations of Equilibrium: Due to symmetry, all wires are subjected to the same
tension. This condition statisfies moment equilibrium about the x and y axes and 1.5 m
force equilibrium along y axis.
1.5 m
4
©Fz = 0; 4T a b - 5886 = 0
5

T = 1839.375 N = 1.84 kN Ans.

The force F applied to the sling A must support the weight of the load and
strongback beam. Hence

©Fz = 0; F - 60019.812 - 3019.812 = 0

F = 6180.3 N = 6.18 kN Ans.

Ans:
T = 1.84 kN
F = 6.18 kN

449
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5–63.

Due to an unequal distribution of fuel in the wing tanks, the
z
centers of gravity for the airplane fuselage A and wings B
and C are located as shown. If these components have
weights WA = 45 000 lb, WB = 8000 lb, and WC = 6000 lb,
determine the normal reactions of the wheels D, E, and F
on the ground. D B
A
C
E
SOLUTION
F y
©Mx = 0; 8000(6) - RD (14) - 6000(8) + RE (14) = 0 8 ft 4 ft
6 ft 20 ft
8 ft 3 ft
©My = 0; 8000(4) + 45 000(7) + 6000(4) - RF (27) = 0 x 6 ft

©Fz = 0; RD + RE + RF - 8000 - 6000 - 45 000 = 0

Solving,

RD = 22.6 kip Ans.

RE = 22.6 kip Ans.

RF = 13.7 kip Ans.

Ans:
RD = 22.6 kip
RE = 22.6 kip
RF = 13.7 kip

450
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*5–64.

Determine the components of reaction at the fixed z
support A. The 400 N, 500 N, and 600 N forces are parallel
to the x, y, and z axes, respectively.
600 N
1m

400 N 0.5 m 0.75 m

0.75 m
Solution A 500 N
x
Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a
ΣFx = 0;  Ax - 400 = 0  Ax = 400 N Ans. y

ΣFy = 0;  500 - Ay = 0  Ay = 500 N Ans.

ΣFz = 0;  Az - 600 = 0  Az = 600 N Ans.

ΣMx = 0;  (MA)x - 500(1.25) - 600(1) = 0

(MA)x = 1225 N # m = 1.225 kN # m Ans.

ΣMy = 0;  (MA)y - 400(0.75) - 600(0.75) = 0

(MA)y = 750 N # m Ans.

ΣMz = 0;  (MA)z = 0 Ans.

Ans:
Ax = 400 N
Ay = 500 N
Az = 600 N
(MA)x = 1.225 kN # m
(MA)y = 750 N # m
(MA)z = 0

451
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5–65.

The 50-lb mulching machine has a center of gravity at G. z
Determine the vertical reactions at the wheels C and B and
the smooth contact point A.

G

4 ft
SOLUTION 1.25 ft
C 1.25 ft
Equations of Equilibrium: From the free-body diagram of the mulching machine,
Fig. a, NA can be obtained by writing the moment equation of equilibrium about the x A B
y axis.
2 ft
1.5 ft
©My = 0; 50(2) - NA(1.5 + 2) = 0 y

NA = 28.57 lb = 28.6 lb Ans.

Using the above result and writing the moment equation of equilibrium about the
x axis and the force equation of equilibrium along the z axis, we have
©Mx = 0; NB(1.25) - NC(1.25) = 0 (1)
©Fz = 0; NB + NC + 28.57 - 50 = 0 (2)

Solving Eqs. (1) and (2) yields
NB = NC = 10.71 lb = 10.7 lb Ans.

Note: If we write the force equation of equilibrium ©Fx = 0 and ©Fy = 0 and
the moment equation of equilibrium ©Mz = 0. This indicates that equilibrium is
satisfied.

Ans:
NA = 28.6 lb
NB = 10.7 lb, NC = 10.7 lb

452
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5–66.

The smooth uniform rod AB is supported by a ball-and-socket z
joint at A, the wall at B, and cable BC. Determine the
components of reaction at A, the tension in the cable, and the C
normal reaction at B if the rod has a mass of 20 kg.
0.5 m

B

2m

Solution
A
Force And Position Vectors. The coordinates of points A, B and G are A(1.5, 0, 0) m,
B(0, 1, 2) m, C(0, 0, 2.5) m and G(0.75, 0.5, 1) m
1m 1.5 m y
FA = - Axi + Ay j + Azk x

rBC (0 - 1)j + (2.5 - 2)k 1 0.5
TBC = TBC a b = TBC c = - TBC j + TBC k
rBC 2
2(0 - 1) + (2.5 - 2) 2 11.25 11.25

NB = NBi

W = { -20(9.81)k} N

rAG = (0.75 - 1.5)i + (0.5 - 0)j + (1 - 0)k = { - 0.75i + 0.5j + k} m

rAB = (0 - 1.5)i + (1 - 0)j + (2 - 0)k = { - 1.5i + j + 2k} m

Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a, the force
equation of equilibrium gives
ΣF = 0;  FA + TBC + NB + W = 0

1 0.5
( - Ax + NB)i + aAy - TBC bj + c Az + TBC - 20 (9.81)d k = 0
11.25 11.25

Equating i, j and k components,
- Ax + NB = 0 (1)

1
Ay - TBC = 0 (2)
11.25
0.5
Az + TBC - 20(9.81) = 0 (3)
11.25

The moment equation of equilibrium gives
ΣMA = 0;  rAG * W + rAB * (TBC + NB) = 0

i j k i j k
† - 0.75 0.5 1 † + † - 1.5 1 2 † =0
1 0.5
0 0 - 20(9.81) NB - TBC TBC
11.25 11.25

0.5 2 0.75 1.5
a TBC + TBC - 98.1bi + a TBC + 2NB - 147.15bj + a TBC - NB bk = 0
11.25 11.25 11.25 11.25

453
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5–66. Continued

Equating i, j and k Components
0.5 2
TBC + TBC - 98.1 = 0 (4)
11.25 11.25
0.75
TBC + 2NB - 147.15 = 0 (5)
11.25
1.5
TBC - NB = 0 (6)
11.25

Solving Eqs. (1) to (6)
TBC = 43.87 N = 43.9 N Ans.

NB = 58.86 N = 58.9 N Ans.

Ax = 58.86 N = 58.9 N Ans.

Ay = 39.24 N = 39.2 N Ans.

Az = 176.58 N = 177 N Ans.

Note: One of the equations (4), (5) and (6) is redundant that will be satisfied
automatically.

Ans:
TBC = 43.9 N
NB = 58.9 N
Ax = 58.9 N
Ay = 39.2 N
Az = 177 N

454
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5–67.

The uniform concrete slab has a mass of 2400 kg. Determine z
the tension in each of the three parallel supporting cables
when the slab is held in the horizontal plane as shown. TA
TB

TC
15 kN A
B

x 0.5 m
2m 2m y
1m
C 1m
Solution
Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD of the slab shown in Fig. a, we notice
that TC can be obtained directly by writing the moment equation of equilibrium
about the x axis.

ΣMx = 0; TC (2.5) - 2400(9.81)(1.25) - 15 ( 103 ) (0.5) = 0

TC = 14,772 N = 14.8 kN Ans.

Using this result to write moment equation of equilibrium about y axis and force
equation of equilibrium along z axis,

ΣMy = 0; TB (2) + 14,772(4) - 2400(9.81)(2) - 15 ( 103 ) (3) = 0

TB = 16,500 N = 16.5 kN Ans.

ΣFz = 0; TA + 16,500 + 14,772 - 2400(9.81) - 15 ( 103 ) = 0

TA = 7272 N = 7.27 kN Ans.

Ans:
TC = 14.8 kN
TB = 16.5 kN
TA = 7.27 kN

455
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*5–68.

The 100-lb door has its center of gravity at G. Determine the z
components of reaction at hinges A and B if hinge B resists 18 in.
only forces in the x and y directions and A resists forces in
the x, y, z directions.

B
24 in.
SOLUTION
Equations of Equilibrium: From the free-body diagram of the door, Fig. a, By, Bx,
24 in. G
and Az can be obtained by writing the moment equation of equilibrium about the x¿
and y¿ axes and the force equation of equilibrium along the z axis.
A
18 in.
©Mx¿ = 0; -By(48) - 100(18) = 0
By = - 37.5 lb Ans.
30
©My¿ = 0; Bx = 0 Ans. x y
©Fz = 0; - 100 + A z = 0; A z = 100 lb Ans.

Using the above result and writing the force equations of equilibrium along the
x and y axes, we have
©Fx = 0; Ax = 0 Ans.
©Fy = 0; A y + ( -37.5) = 0
A y = 37.5 lb Ans.

The negative sign indicates that By acts in the opposite sense to that shown on the
free-body diagram. If we write the moment equation of equilibrium ©Mz = 0, it
shows that equilibrium is satisfied.

Ans:
By = - 37.5 lb
Bx = 0
Az = 100 lb
Ax = 0
Ay = 37.5 lb

456
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5–69.

Determine the tension in each cable and the components of z
reaction at D needed to support the load. B
3m

6m C

2m

D
x
A
y

Solution 30

Force And Position Vectors. The coordinates of points A, B, and C are A(6, 0, 0) m,
B(0, -3, 2) m and C(0, 0, 2) m respectively.
400 N
rAB (0 - 6)i + ( - 3 - 0)j + (2 - 0)k 6 3 2
FAB = FAB a b = FAB c d = - FABi - FAB j + FABk
rAB 1(0 - 6)2 + ( - 3 - 0)2 + (2 - 0)2 7 7 7
rAC (0 - 6)i + (2 - 0)k 6 2
FAC = FAC a b = FAC c d = - FAC i + FAC k
rAC 1(0 - 6) + (2 - 0)
2 2 140 140
F = 400 (sin 30°j - cos 30°k) = {200j - 346.41k}N

FD = Dxi + Dy j + Dzk
rDA = {6i} m

Referring to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a, the force equation of equilibrium
gives

ΣF = 0;  FAB + FAC + F + FD = 0

6 6 3
a- FAB - FAC + Dx bi + a- FAB + Dy + 200bj
7 140 7
2 2
+ a FAB + FAC + Dz - 346.41bk = 0
7 140

457
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5–69. Continued

Equating i, j and k components,

6 6
- FAB - FAC + Dx = 0 (1)
7 140
3
- FAB + Dy + 200 = 0 (2)
7

2 2
F + FAC + Dz - 346.41 = 0 (3)
7 AB 140
Moment equation of equilibrium gives

ΣMD = 0;  rDA * (FAB + FAC + F) = 0

i j k
5 6 0 0 5 = 0
6 6 3 2 2
a- FAB - F b a- FAB + 200b a FAB + FAC - 346.41b
7 140 AC 7 7 140

2 2 3
-6 a FAB + FAC - 346.41bj + 6 a- FAB + 200b k = 0
7 140 7
Equating j and k Components,

2 2
- 6 a FAB + FAC - 346.41b = 0 (4)
7 140
3
6 a - FAB + 200b = 0 (5)
7

Solving Eqs. (1) to (5)

FAB = 466.67 N = 467 N Ans.

FAC = 673.81 N = 674 N Ans.

Dx = 1039.23 N = 1.04 kN Ans.

Dy = 0  Ans.

Dz = 0  Ans.

Ans:
FAB = 467 N
FAC = 674 N
Dx = 1.04 kN
Dy = 0
Dz = 0

458
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5–70.

The stiff-leg derrick used on ships is supported by a ball-and- z
socket joint at D and two cables BA and BC. The cables are
attached to a smooth collar ring at B, which allows rotation B
of the derrick about z axis. If the derrick supports a crate
having a mass of 200 kg, determine the tension in the cables
and the x, y, z components of reaction at D.
7.5 m
6m C

6m

D
y
2m 1m
Solution
A
2 6
ΣFx = 0;      Dx + T - TBC = 0 3m 4m
7 BA 9
3 3 x
ΣFy = 0;      Dy - TBA - TBC = 0
7 9
6 6
ΣFz = 0;      Dz - TBA - TBC - 200(9.81) = 0
7 9
3 3
ΣMx = 0;   TBA(6) + TBC(6) - 200(9.81)(4) = 0
7 9
2 6
ΣMy = 0;   TBA(6) - TBC(6) + 200(9.81)(1) = 0
7 9

TBA = 2.00 kN Ans.

TBC = 1.35 kN Ans.

Dx = 0.327 kN Ans.

Dy = 1.31 kN Ans.

Dz = 4.58 kN Ans.

Ans:
TBA = 2.00 kN
TBC = 1.35 kN
Dx = 0.327 kN
Dy = 1.31 kN
Dz = 4.58 kN

459
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–71.

Determine the components of reaction at the ball-and-socket z
joint A and the tension in each cable necessary for
2m
equilibrium of the rod. C
2m

D

A
3m
B
x E
3m
Solution 3m
y
Force And Position Vectors. The coordinates of points A, B, C, D and E are
600 N
A(0, 0, 0), B(6, 0, 0), C(0, -2, 3) m, D(0, 2, 3) m and E(3, 0, 0) m respectively.

rBC (0 - 6)i + ( - 2 - 0)j + (3 - 0)k 6 2 3
FBC = FBC a b = FBC £ § = - FBCi - FBC j + FBCk
rBC 2 2
2(0 - 6) + ( - 2 - 0) + (3 - 0) 2 7 7 7

rBD (0 - 6)i + (2 - 0)j + (3 - 0)k 6 2 3
FBD = FBD a b = FBD £ § = - FBDi + FBD j + FBDk
rBD 2 2
2(0 - 6) + (2 - 0) + (3 - 0) 2 7 7 7

FA = Axi + Ay j + Azk
F = { - 600k} N

rAB = {6i} m rAE = {3i} m

Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a, the force
equation of equilibrium gives

ΣF = 0;  FBC + FBD + FA + F = 0

6 6 2 2 3 3
a - FBC - FBD + Ax bi + a FBD - FBC + Ay b j + a FBC + FBD + Az - 600bk = 0
7 7 7 7 7 7

460
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5–71. Continued

Equating i, j and k components,

6 6
- FBC - FBD + Ax = 0 (1)
7 7

2 2
F - FBC + Ay = 0 (2)
7 BD 7
3 3
F + FBD + Az - 600 = 0 (3)
7 BC 7
The moment equation of equilibrium gives

ΣMA = 0;  rAE * F + rAB * (FBC + FBD ) = 0

i j k i j k
†3 0 0 † + 5 6 0 0 5 = 0
0 0 -600 6 2 3
- (FBC + FBD) (F - FBC) (F + FBD)
7 7 BD 7 BC

18 12
c 1800 - (FBC + FBD) d j + (F - FBC)k = 0
7 7 BD

Equating j and k components,

18
1800 - (F + FBD) = 0 (4)
7 BC

12
(F - FBC) = 0 (5)
7 BD
Solving Eqs. (1) to (5),

FBD = FBC = 350 N Ans.

Ax = 600 N Ans.

Ay = 0 Ans.

Az = 300 N Ans.

Ans:
FBD = FBC = 350 N
Ax = 600 N
Ay = 0
Az = 300 N

461
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*5–72.

Determine the components of reaction at the ball-and- z
socket joint A and the tension in the supporting cables DB
and DC. 1.5 m
B

1.5 m

C

D

Solution 1m A
1.5 m 800 N/m 3m
Force And Position Vectors. The coordinates of points A, B, C, and D
are A(0, 0, 0), B(0, - 1.5, 3) m, C(0, 1.5, 3) m and D(1, 0, 1) m, respectively. x 1m
1.5 m
3m
y
rDC (0 - 1)i + (1.5 - 0)j + (3 - 1)k
FDC = FDC a b = FDC £ §
rDC 2(0 - 1)2 + (1.5 - 0)2 + (3 - 1)2

1 1.5 2
= - FCDi + FDC j + FDC k
17.25 17.25 17.25

rDB (0 - 1)i + ( - 1.5 - 0)j + (3 - 1)k
FDB = FDB a b = FDB £ §
rDB 2(0 - 1)2 + ( - 1.5 - 0)2 + (3 - 1)2

1 1.5 2
= - FDBi + FDB j + FDBk
17.25 17.25 17.25
FA = Axi + Ay j + Azk

F = { - 2400k} N

rAD = (1 - 0)i + (1 - 0)k = {i + k} m

rF = {4i} m

462
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*5–72. Continued

Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD of the assembly shown in Fig. a.
Force equation of equilibrium gives

ΣF = 0;  FDC + FDB + FA + F = 0
1 1 1.5 1.5
a- FDC - FDB + Ax bi + a FDC - FDB + Ay bj
17.25 17.25 17.25 17.25
2 2
+ a FDC + FDB + Az - 2400bk = 0
17.25 17.25
Equating i, j and k components,
1 1
- FDC - FDB + Ax = 0 (1)
17.25 17.25
1.5 1.5
FDC - F + Ay = 0 (2)
17.25 7.25 DB
2 2
FDC + FDB + Az - 2400 = 0 (3)
17.25 17.25
Moment equation of equilibrium gives
ΣMA = 0;  rF * F + rAD * (FDB + FDC) = 0

i j k i j k
†4 0 0 † + 5 1 0 1 5 = 0
0 0 -2400 1 1.5 2
- (FDB + FDC) (FDC - FDB) (FDC + FDB)
17.25 17.25 17.25

1.5 3 1.5
- (FDC - FDB)i + c 9600 - (FDC + FDB) d j + (FDC + FDB)k = 0
17.25 17.25 17.25

Equating i, j and k Components

1.5
- (FDC - FDB) = 0 (4)
17.25
3
9600 - (FDC + FDB) = 0 (5)
17.25
1.5
(FDC - FDB) = 0 (6)
17.25
Solving Eqs. (1) to (6)

FDC = FDB = 4308.13 N = 4.31 kN Ans.

Ax = 3200 N = 3.20 kN Ans.

Ay = 0 Ans. Ans:
FDC = FDB = 4.31 kN
Az = - 4000 N = -4 kN Ans.
Ax = 3.20 kN
Negative sign indicates that Az directed in the sense opposite to that shown in FBD. Ay = 0
Az = -4 kN

463
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5–73.

The bent rod is supported at A, B, and C by smooth journal z
bearings. Determine the components of reaction at the bearings
if the rod is subjected to the force F = 800 N. The bearings are
in proper alignment and exert only force reactions on the rod. C
A
2m

2m B

30 1m 0.75 m
x
Solution
60
Equations of Equilibrium. The x, y and z components of force F are y
F
Fx = 800 cos 60° cos 30° = 346.41 N

Fy = 800 cos 60° sin 30° = 200 N
Fz = 800 sin 60° = 692.82 N

Referring to the FBD of the bent rod shown in Fig. a,

ΣMx = 0; - Cy(2) + Bz(2) - 692.82 (2) = 0 (1)

ΣMy = 0; Bz(1) + Cx(2) = 0 (2)

ΣMz = 0; - Cy(1.75) - Cx(2) - By(1) - 346.41(2) = 0 (3)

ΣFx = 0; Ax + Cx + 346.41 = 0 (4)

ΣFy = 0; 200 + By + Cy = 0 (5)

ΣFz = 0; Az + Bz - 692.82 = 0 (6)
Solving Eqs. (1) to (6)

Cy = 800 N Bz = - 107.18 N = 107 N By = 600 N Ans.
Cx = 53.59 N = 53.6 N Ax = 400 N Az = 800 N Ans.
The negative signs indicate that Cy, Bz and Az are directed in the senses opposite to
those shown in FBD.

Ans:
Cy = 800 N
Bz = 107 N
By = 600 N
Cx = 53.6 N
Ax = 400 N
Az = 800 N

464
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5–74.

The bent rod is supported at A, B, and C by smooth journal z
bearings. Determine the magnitude of F which will cause the
positive x component of reaction at the bearing C to be Cx = 50 N.
The bearings are in proper alignment and exert only force
C
reactions on the rod.
A
2m

2m B

30 1m 0.75 m
Solution x
60
Equations of Equilibrium. The x, y and z components of force F are y
F
Fx = F cos 60° cos 30° = 0.4330 F

Fy = F cos 60° sin 30° = 0.25 F

Fz = F sin 60° = 0.8660 F

Here, it is required that Cx = 50. Thus, by referring to the FBD of the beat rod
shown in Fig. a,
ΣMx = 0; -Cy(2) + Bz(2) - 0.8660 F(2) = 0 (1)

ΣMy = 0; Bz(1) + 50(2) = 0 (2)

ΣMz = 0; -Cy(1.75) - 50(2) - By(1) - 0.4330 F(2) = 0 (3)

ΣFy = 0; 0.25 F + By + Cy = 0 (4)

Solving Eqs. (1) to (4)
F = 746.41 N = 746 N Ans.

Cy = -746.41 N

Bz = - 100 N

By = 559.81 N

Ans:
F = 746 N

465
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5–75.

Member AB is supported by a cable BC and at A by a z
square rod which fits loosely through the square hole in the
collar fixed to the member as shown. Determine the
components of reaction at A and the tension in the cable 1.5 m
needed to hold the rod in equilibrium.
3m A
400 N
y
C

200 N

Solution
x 1m
Force And Position Vectors. The coordinates of points B and C are B
B(3, 0, - 1) m C(0, 1.5, 0) m, respectively.

rBC (0 - 3)i + (1.5 - 0)j + [0 - ( - 1)]k
TBC = TBC a b = TBC • ¶
rBC 2(0 - 3)2 + (1.5 - 0)2 + [0 - ( -1)]2

6 3 2
= - TBC i + TBC j + T k
7 7 7 BC

F = {200j - 400k} N

FA = Ax i + Ay j

MA = (MA)x i + (MA)y j + (MA)z k

r1{3 i} m r2 = {1.5 j} m

Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD of member AB shown in Fig. a, the
force equation of equilibrium gives

ΣF = 0; TBC + F + FA = 0

6 3 2
a - TBC + Ax bi + a TBC + 200 + Ayb j + a TBC - 400bk = 0
7 7 7
Equating i, j and k components

6
- T + Ax = 0 (1)
7 BC
3
T + 200 + Ay = 0 (2)
7 BC
2
T - 400 = 0 (3)
7 BC

466
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5–75. Continued

The moment equation of equilibrium gives
ΣMA = O;  MA + r1 * F + r2 * TBC = 0

i j k i j k
( MA ) x i + ( MA ) y j + ( MA ) zk + † 3 0 0 † + 5 0 1.5 0 5 = 0
0 200 - 400 6 3 2
- TBC TBC TBC
7 7 7

3 9
c ( MA ) x + T d i + 3 ( MA ) y + 1200 4 j + c ( MA ) z + TBC + 600 d k = 0
7 BC 7
Equating i, j, and k components,
3
( MA ) x + TBC = 0 (4)
7
( MA ) y + 1200 = 0 (5)
9
( MA ) z +TBC + 600 = 0 (6)
7
Solving Eqs. (1) to (6),
TBC = 1400 N = 1.40 kN Ans.
Ay = 800 N Ans.
Ax = 1200 N = 1.20 kN Ans.
( MA ) x = 600 N # m Ans.
( MA ) y = - 1200 N # m = 1.20 kN # m Ans.
( MA ) z = - 2400 N # m = 2.40 kN # m Ans.
The negative signs indicate that Ay, ( MA ) x, ( MA ) y and ( MA ) z are directed in sense
opposite to those shown in FBD.

Ans:
TBC = 1.40 kN
Ay = 800 N
Ax = 1.20 kN
( MA ) x = 600 N # m
( MA ) y = 1.20 kN # m
( MA ) z = 2.40 kN # m

467
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*5–76.

The member is supported by a pin at A and cable  BC. z
Determine the components of reaction at these supports if
the cylinder has a mass of 40 kg. 0.5 m

B

1m
A
D 1m y
Solution 1m 3m
Force And Position Vectors. The coordinates of points B, C and D are B(0, -0.5, 1) m, x
C(3, 1, 0) m and D(3, - 1, 0) m, respectively. C

rCB (0 - 3)i + ( -0.5 - 1)j + (1 - 0)k
FCB = FCB a b = FCB c d
rCB 2(0 - 3)2 + ( - 0.5 - 1)2 + (1 - 0)2
6 3 2
= - FCBi - FCBj + FCBk
7 7 7
W = { - 40(9.81)k} N = { -392.4k} N.

FA = Ax i + Ay j + Az k

MA = ( MA ) x i + ( MA ) z k

rAC = {3i + j} m  rAD = {3i - j} m

Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD of the assembly shown in Fig. a. the
force equation of equilibrium gives
ΣF = 0;  FCB + W + FA = 0;
6 3 2
a - FCB + Ax bi + a - FCB + Ay bj + a FCB + Az - 392.4bk = 0
7 7 7
Equating i, j and k components

6
- FCB + Ax = 0 (1)
7
3
- FCB + Ay = 0 (2)
7
2
FCB + Az - 392.4 = 0 (3)
7
The moment equation of equilibrium gives
ΣMA = 0;  rAC * FCB + rAD * W + MA = 0
i j k i j k
5 3 1 0 5 + †3 -1 0 † + ( MA ) x i + ( MA ) Z k = 0
6 3 2 0 0 - 392.4
- FCB - FCB FCB
7 7 7

2 6 9 6
c FCB + 392.4 + ( MA ) x d i + a - FCB + 1177.2bj + c - FCB + FCB + ( MA ) z d k = 0
7 7 7 7

468
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*5–76. Continued

Equating i, j and k components,
2
F + 392.4 + ( MA ) x = 0 (4)
7 CB
6
- FCB + 1177.2 = 0 (5)
7
9 6
- FCB + FCB + ( MA ) z = 0 (6)
7 7
Solving Eqs (1) to (6),
FCB = 1373.4 N = 1.37 kN Ans.
( MA ) x = - 784.8 N # m = 785 N # m Ans.
( MA ) z = 588.6 N # m = 589 N # m Ans.
Ax = 1177.2 N = 1.18 kN Ans.
Ay = 588.6 N = 589 N Ans.
Az = 0 Ans.

Ans:
FCB = 1.37 kN
( MA ) x = 785 N # m
( MA ) z = 589 N # m
Ax = 1.18 kN
Ay = 589 N
Az = 0

469
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5–77.

The member is supported by a square rod which fits loosely z
through the smooth square hole of the attached collar at A
and by a roller at B. Determine the components of reaction
at these supports when the member is subjected to the
x
B
1m 2m
y
2m

Solution C
300 N 500 N
Force And Position Vectors. The coordinates of points B and C are
B(2,0,0) m and C(3,0,-2) m.
400 N
FA = -Ax i - Ay j

F = {300i + 500j - 400k} N

NB = NB k
MA = - ( MA ) x i + ( MA ) y j - ( MA ) z k

rAB = {2i} m  rAC = {3i - 2k} m

Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD of the member shown in Fig. a, the
force equation of equilibrium gives
ΣF = 0;  FA + F + NB = 0
( 300 - Ax ) i + ( 500 - Ay ) j + ( NB - 400 ) k = 0

470
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5–77. Continued

Equating i, j and k components,
300 - Ax = 0  Ax = 300 N Ans.

500 - Ay = 0  Ay = 500 N Ans.

NB - 400 = 0       NB = 400 N Ans.

The moment equation of equilibrium gives
ΣMA = 0;  MA + rAB * NB + rAC * F = 0

i j k i j k
- ( MA ) x i + ( MA ) y j - ( MA ) z k + † 2 0 0 † + † 3 0 -2 † = 0
0 0 400 300 500 - 400

3 1000 - ( MA ) x 4 i + 3 ( MA ) y - 200 4 j + 3 1500 - ( MA ) z 4 k = 0

Equating i, j and k components,

1000 - ( MA ) x = 0   ( MA ) x = 1000 N # m = 1.00 kN # m Ans.
( MA ) y - 200 = 0   ( MA ) y = 200 N # m Ans.
1500 - ( MA ) z = 0   ( MA ) z = 1500 N # m = 1.50 kN # m Ans.

Ans:
Ax = 300 N
Ay = 500 N
NB = 400 N
( MA ) x = 1.00 kN # m
( MA ) y = 200 N # m
( MA ) z = 1.50 kN # m

471
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5–78.

The bent rod is supported at A, B, and C by smooth journal F1
z
bearings. Compute the x, y, z components of reaction at the
bearings if the rod is subjected to forces F1 = 300 lb and 45
F2 = 250 lb. F1 lies in the y–z plane. The bearings are in 1 ft
proper alignment and exert only force reactions on the rod.
A
C
4 ft

SOLUTION B 5 ft

F1 = (- 300 cos 45°j - 300 sin 45°k)
2 ft
3 ft 30 y
= {- 212.1j - 212.1k} lb
45
F2 = (250 cos 45° sin 30°i + 250 cos 45° cos 30°j - 250 sin 45°k) x
F2
= {88.39i + 153.1j - 176.8k} lb

©Fx = 0; Ax + Bx + 88.39 = 0

©Fy = 0; Ay + Cy - 212.1 + 153.1 = 0

©Fz = 0; Bz + Cz - 212.1 - 176.8 = 0

©Mx = 0; -Bz (3) - Ay (4) + 212.1(5) + 212.1(5) = 0

©My = 0; Cz (5) + Ax (4) = 0

©Mz = 0; Ax (5) + Bx (3) - Cy (5) = 0

Ax = 633 lb Ans.

Ay = - 141 lb Ans.

Bx = - 721 lb Ans.

Bz = 895 lb Ans.

Cy = 200 lb Ans.

Cz = - 506 lb Ans.

Ans:
Ax = 633 lb
Ay = - 141 lb
Bx = - 721 lb
Bz = 895 lb
Cy = 200 lb
Cz = - 506 lb

472
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5–79.

The bent rod is supported at A, B, and C by smooth journal F1
z
bearings. Determine the magnitude of F2 which will cause
the reaction C y at the bearing C to be equal to zero. The 45
bearings are in proper alignment and exert only force 1 ft
reactions on the rod. Set F1 = 300 lb.
A
C
4 ft

SOLUTION B 5 ft

F1 = ( - 300 cos 45°j - 300 sin 45°k)
2 ft
3 ft 30 y
= { -212.1j - 212.1k} lb
45
F2 = (F2 cos 45° sin 30°i + F2 cos 45° cos 30°j - F2 sin 45°k)
x
F2
= {0.3536F2 i + 0.6124F2 j - 0.7071F2 k} lb

©Fx = 0; Ax + Bx + 0.3536F2 = 0

©Fy = 0; Ay + 0.6124F2 - 212.1 = 0

©Fz = 0; Bz + Cz - 0.7071F2 - 212.1 = 0

©Mx = 0; - Bz (3) - Ay (4) + 212.1(5) + 212.1(5) = 0

©My = 0; Cz (5) + Ax (4) = 0

©Mz = 0; Ax (5) + Bx (3) = 0

Ax = 357 lb

Ay = -200 lb

Bx = -595 lb

Bz = 974 lb

Cz = - 286 lb

F2 = 674 lb Ans.

Ans:
F2 = 674 lb

473
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*5–80.

The bar AB is supported by two smooth collars. At A the D
connection is with a ball-and-socket joint and at B it is a B
rigid attachment. If a 50-lb load is applied to the bar, z
determine the x, y, z components of reaction at A and B.
C
6 ft

Solution 6 ft 4 ft

Ax + Bx = 0 (1) E 50 lb
5 ft
By + 50 = 0
x 3 ft A
By = - 50 lb Ans.
y
Az + Bz = 0 (2) F

MBz = 0 Ans.
MBx + 50(6) = 0
MBx = - 300 lb # ft Ans.
BCD = -9i + 3j
BCD = -0.94868i + 0.316228j
Require
FB # uCD = 0
(Bxi - 50j + Bzk) # ( -0.94868i + 0.316228j) = 0
-0.94868Bx - 50(0.316228) = 0
Bx = - 16.667 = - 16.7 lb Ans.
From Eq. (1);
Ax = 16.7 lb Ans.
Require
MB # uCD = 0
( -300i + MByj) # ( - 0.94868i + 0.316228j) = 0
300(0.94868) + MBy(0.316228) = 0
MBy = - 900 lb # ft Ans.

Ans:
By = -50 lb
MBz = 0
MBx = -300 lb # ft
Bx = -16.7 lb
Ax = 16.7 lb

474
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5–81.

The rod has a weight of 6 lb>ft. If it is supported by a ball- z
and-socket joint at C and a journal bearing at D, determine
the x, y, z components of reaction at these supports and the D
moment M that must be applied along the axis of the rod to
hold it in the position shown.
60
A 1 ft
B
x 0.5 ft
45

1 ft
M
C
Solution y

ΣFx = 0;      Cx + Dx - 15 sin 45° = 0 (1)

ΣFy = 0;      Cy + Dy = 0 (2)

ΣFz = 0;      Cz - 15 cos 45° = 0

Cz = 10.6 lb Ans.

ΣMx = 0;   - 3 cos 45°(0.25 sin 60°) - Dy(2) = 0

Dy = - 0.230 lb Ans.

From Eq. (2);

Cy = 0.230 lb Ans.
ΣMy = 0; - (12 sin 45°)(1) - (3 sin 45°)(1) + (3 cos 45°)(0.25 cos 60°)

+ Dx(2) = 0

Dx = 5.17 lb Ans.

From Eq. (1);

Cx = 5.44 lb Ans.
ΣMz = 0; - M + (3 sin 45°)(0.25 sin 60°) = 0

M = 0.459 lb # ft Ans.

Ans:
Cz = 10.6 lb
Dy = - 0.230 lb
Cy = 0.230 lb
Dx = 5.17 lb
Cx = 5.44 lb
M = 0.459 lb # ft

475
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5–82.

The sign has a mass of 100 kg with center of mass at G. z
Determine the x, y, z components of reaction at the ball-and-
socket joint A and the tension in wires BC and BD.
1m D
2m
C
SOLUTION 1m

Equations of Equilibrium: Expressing the forces indicated on the free-body 2m
diagram, Fig. a, in Cartesian vector form, we have
A
FA = A xi + A yj + A zk
x B y
W = {- 100(9.81)k} N = {- 981k} N G

(- 2 - 0)i + (0 - 2)j + (1 - 0)k 2 2 1 1m
FBD = FBDuBD = FBD ≥ ¥ = a- FBDi - FBDj + FBDkb
2(- 2 - 0)2 + (0 - 2)2 + (1 - 0)2 3 3 3 1m

(1 - 0)i + (0 - 2)j + (2 - 0)k 1 2 2
FBC = FBCuBC = FBC ≥ ¥ = a FBCi - FBCj + FBCkb
2 2
2(1 - 0) + (0 - 2) + (2 - 0) 3 2 3 3

Applying the forces equation of equilibrium, we have

©F = 0; FA + FBD + FBC + W = 0

2 2 1 1 2 2
(A xi + A yj + A zk) + a - FBDi - FBDj + FBDk b + a FBCi - FBCj + FBCkb + ( - 981 k) = 0
3 3 3 3 3 3

2 1 2 2 1 2
a Ax - FBD + FBC bi + a A y - FBD - FBC b j + aA z + FBD + FBC - 981bk = 0
3 3 3 3 3 3

Equating i, j, and k components, we have
2 1
Ax - F + FBC = 0 (1)
3 BD 3
2 2
Ay - F - FBC = 0 (2)
3 BD 3
1 2
Az + FBD + FBC - 981 = 0 (3)
3 3
In order to write the moment equation of equilibrium about point A, the position
vectors rAG and rAB must be determined first.

rAG = {1j} m

rAB = {2j} m

476
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5–82. Continued

Thus,

©M A = 0; rAB * (FBC + FBD) + (rAG * W) = 0
1 2 2 2 2 1
(2j) * c a FBC - FBD b i - a FBC + FBD b j + a FBC + FBD bk d + (1j) * ( - 981k) = 0
3 3 3 3 3 3

4 2 4 2
a FBC + FBD - 981 bi + a FBD - FBC b k = 0
3 3 3 3
Equating i, j, and k components we have

4 2
F + FBC - 981 = 0 (4)
3 BC 3
4 2
F - FBC = 0 (5)
3 BC 3

Ans:
FBD = 294 N
FBC = 589 N
Ax = 0
Ay = 589 N
Az = 490.5 N

477
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5–83.

Both pulleys are fixed to the shaft and as the shaft turns z
with constant angular velocity, the power of pulley A is
transmitted to pulley B. Determine the horizontal tension T 200 mm 50 N
in the belt on pulley B and the x, y, z components of 250 mm D
reaction at the journal bearing C and thrust bearing D if 300 mm u
u = 0°. The bearings are in proper alignment and exert only
force reactions on the shaft. 150 mm
C B y
80 mm
SOLUTION x A
T
Equations of Equilibrium:
65 N
©Mx = 0; 6510.082 - 8010.082 + T10.152 - 5010.152 = 0 80 N

T = 58.0 N Ans.

©My = 0; 165 + 80210.452 - Cz 10.752 = 0

Cz = 87.0 N Ans.

©Mz = 0; 150 + 58.0210.22 - Cy 10.752 = 0

Cy = 28.8 N Ans.

©Fx = 0; Dx = 0 Ans.

©Fy = 0; Dy + 28.8 - 50 - 58.0 = 0

Dy = 79.2 N Ans.

©Fz = 0; Dz + 87.0 - 80 - 65 = 0

Dz = 58.0 N Ans.

Ans:
T = 58.0 N
Cz = 87.0 N
Cy = 28.8 N
Dx = 0
Dy = 79.2 N
Dz = 58.0 N

478
© 2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*5–84.

Both pulleys are fixed to the shaft and as the shaft turns z
with constant angular velocity, the power of pulley A is
transmitted to pulley B. Determine the horizontal tension T 200 mm 50 N
in the belt on pulley B and the x, y, z components of 250 mm D
reaction at the journal bearing C and thrust bearing D if u
300 mm
u = 45°. The bearings are in proper alignment and exert
only force reactions on the shaft. 150 mm
C B y
80 mm
SOLUTION x A
T
Equations of Equilibrium:
65 N
©Mx = 0; 6510.082 - 8010.082 + T10.152 - 5010.152 = 0 80 N

T = 58.0 N Ans.

©My = 0; 165 + 80210.452 - 50 sin 45°10.22 - Cz 10.752 = 0

Cz = 77.57 N = 77.6 N Ans.

©Mz = 0; 58.010.22 + 50 cos 45°10.22 - Cy 10.752 = 0

Cy = 24.89 N = 24.9 N Ans.

©Fx = 0; Dx = 0 Ans.

©Fy = 0; Dy + 24.89 - 50 cos 45° - 58.0 = 0

Dy = 68.5 N Ans.

©Fz = 0; Dz + 77.57 + 50 sin 45° - 80 - 65 = 0

Dz = 32.1 N Ans.

Ans:
T = 58.0 N
Cz = 77.6 N
Cy = 24.9 N
Dy = 68.5 N
Dz = 32.1 N

479
© 2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–85.

Member AB is supported by a cable BC and at A by a square z
rod which fits loosely through the square hole at
the end joint of the member as shown. Determine the C
components of reaction at A and the tension in the cable
needed to hold the 800-lb cylinder in equilibrium.
2 ft A

x
6 ft B
SOLUTION
3 ft
3 6 2
FBC = FBC a i - j + k b y
7 7 7

3
©Fx = 0; FBC a b = 0
7

FBC = 0 Ans.

©Fy = 0; Ay = 0 Ans.

©Fz = 0; Az = 800 lb Ans.

©Mx = 0; (MA)x - 800(6) = 0

(MA)x = 4.80 kip # ft Ans.

©My = 0; (MA)y = 0 Ans.

©Mz = 0; (MA)z = 0 Ans.

Ans:
FBC = 0
Ay = 0
Az = 800 lb
(MA)x = 4.80 kip # ft
(MA)y = 0
(MA)z = 0

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