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5–10.

**Determine the components of the support reactions at the 6 kN
**

fixed support A on the cantilevered beam.

30

SOLUTION 30

1.5 m 4 kN

A

Equations of Equilibrium: From the free-body diagram of the cantilever beam, Fig. a, 1.5 m 1.5 m

Ax, Ay, and MA can be obtained by writing the moment equation of equilibrium about

point A.

:

+ ©F = 0; 4 cos 30° - A x = 0

x

A x = 3.46 kN Ans.

+ c ©Fy = 0; A y - 6 - 4 sin 30° = 0

A y = 8 kN Ans.

**a+ ©MA = 0;MA - 6(1.5) - 4 cos 30° (1.5 sin 30°) - 4 sin 30°(3 + 1.5 cos 30°) = 0
**

MA = 20.2 kN # m Ans.

Ans:

Ax = 3.46 kN

Ay = 8 kN

MA = 20.2 kN # m

397

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–11.

Determine the reactions at the supports. 400 N/m

3 5

B

4

A

3m 3m

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. NA and By can be determined directly by writing the

moment equations of equilibrium about points B and A, respectively, by referring to

the beam’s FBD shown in Fig. a.

1 4

a+ ΣMB = 0; (400)(6)(3) - NA a b(6) = 0

2 5

NA = 750 N Ans.

1

a+ ΣMA = 0; By(6) - (400)(6)(3) = 0

2

By = 600 N Ans.

Using the result of NA to write the force equation of equilibrium along the x axis,

+ ΣFx = 0; 750 a 3 b - Bx = 0

S

5

Bx = 450 N Ans.

Ans:

NA = 750 N

By = 600 N

Bx = 450 N

398

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*5–12.

**Determine the horizontal and vertical components of 4 kN
**

reaction at the pin A and the reaction of the rocker B on

the beam.

B

A

30

SOLUTION

6m 2m

Equations of Equilibrium: From the free-body diagram of the beam, Fig. a, NB can

be obtained by writing the moment equation of equilibrium about point A.

+ ©MA = 0;

a NB cos 30°(8) - 4(6) = 0

NB = 3.464 kN = 3.46 kN Ans.

**Using this result and writing the force equations of equilibrium along the x and
**

y axes, we have

:

+ ©F = 0; A x - 3.464 sin 30° = 0

x

A x = 1.73 kN Ans.

+ c ©Fy = 0; A y + 3.464 cos 30° - 4 = 0

A y = 1.00 kN Ans.

Ans:

NB = 3.46 kN

Ax = 1.73 kN

Ay = 1.00 kN

399

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5–13.

Determine the reactions at the supports. 900 N/m

600 N/m

A B

3m 3m

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. NA and By can be determined directly by writing the

moment equations of equilibrium about points B and A, respectively, by referring to

the FBD of the beam shown in Fig. a.

1

a+ ΣMB = 0; 600(6)(3) + (300)(3)(5) - NA(6) = 0

2

NA = 2175 N = 2.175 kN Ans.

1

a+ ΣMA = 0; By(6) - (300)(3)(1) - 600(6)(3) = 0

2

By = 1875 N = 1.875 kN Ans.

Also, Bx can be determined directly by writing the force equation of equilibrium

along the x axis.

+ ΣFx = 0; Bx = 0

S Ans.

Ans:

NA = 2.175 kN

By = 1.875 kN

Bx = 0

400

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5–14.

Determine the reactions at the supports.

800 N/m

3m A

B

1m 3m

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. NA can be determined directly by writing the moment

equation of equilibrium about point B by referring to the FBD of the beam shown

in Fig. a.

a+ ΣMB = 0; 800(5)(2.5) - NA(3) = 0

NA = 3333.33 N = 3.33 kN Ans.

Using this result to write the force equations of equilibrium along the x and y axes,

**+ ΣFx = 0; Bx - 800(5) a 3 b = 0
**

S

5

Bx = 2400 N = 2.40 kN Ans.

4

+ c ΣFy = 0; 3333.33 - 800 (5)a b - By = 0

5

By = 133.33 N = 133 N Ans.

Ans:

NA = 3.33 kN

Bx = 2.40 kN

By = 133 N

401

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–15.

Determine the reactions at the supports. 5 kN

2m

A B

6 kN 8 kN

2m 2m 2m

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. Ay and NB can be determined by writing the moment

equations of equilibrium about points B and A, respectively, by referring to the FBD

of the truss shown in Fig. a.

a+ ΣMB = 0; 8(2) + 6(4) - 5(2) - Ay(6) = 0

Ay = 5.00 kN Ans.

a+ ΣMA = 0; NB(6) - 8(4) - 6(2) - 5(2) = 0

NB = 9.00 kN Ans.

Also, Ax can be determined directly by writing the force equation of equilibrium

along x axis.

+ ΣFx = 0; 5 - Ax = 0 Ax = 5.00 kN

S Ans.

Ans:

Ay = 5.00 kN

NB = 9.00 kN

Ax = 5.00 kN

402

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*5–16.

**Determine the tension in the cable and the horizontal and
**

vertical components of reaction of the pin A. The pulley at D

D is frictionless and the cylinder weighs 80 lb.

2

1

A B

C

SOLUTION

5 ft 5 ft 3 ft

Equations of Equilibrium: The tension force developed in the cable is the same

throughout the whole cable. The force in the cable can be obtained directly by

summing moments about point A.

**T152 + T ¢ ≤ 1102 - 801132 = 0
**

2

a + ©MA = 0;

25

T = 74.583 lb = 74.6 lb Ans.

: Ax - 74.583 ¢ ≤ = 0

+ ©F = 0; 1

x

25

Ax = 33.4 lb Ans.

2

+ c ©Fy = 0; 74.583 + 74.583 - 80 - By = 0

25

Ay = 61.3 lb Ans.

Ans:

T = 74.6 lb

Ax = 33.4 lb

Ay = 61.3 lb

403

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–17.

**The man attempts to support the load of boards having a
**

weight W and a center of gravity at G. If he is standing on a 4 ft

smooth floor, determine the smallest angle u at which he can

hold them up in the position shown. Neglect his weight. G

4 ft

u

SOLUTION

a + ©MB = 0; - NA (3.5) + W(3 - 4 cos u) = 0

As u becomes smaller, NA : 0 so that, A B

W(3 - 4 cos u) = 0 0.5 ft 3 ft

u = 41.4° Ans.

Ans:

u = 41.4°

404

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5–18.

**Determine the components of reaction at the supports A and P
**

B on the rod. L L

–– ––

2 2

SOLUTION

B

A

Equations of Equilibrium: Since the roller at A offers no resistance to vertical

movement, the vertical component of reaction at support A is equal to zero. From

the free-body diagram, Ax, By, and MA can be obtained by writing the force

equations of equilibrium along the x and y axes and the moment equation of

equilibrium about point B, respectively.

:

+ ©F = 0; Ax = 0 Ans.

x

+ c ©Fy = 0; By - P = 0

By = P Ans.

L

a + ©MB = 0; Pa b - MA = 0

2

PL

MA = Ans.

2

Ans:

Ax = 0

By = P

PL

MA =

2

405

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–19.

**The man has a weight W and stands at the center of the
**

plank. If the planes at A and B are smooth, determine the

tension in the cord in terms of W and u.

B

SOLUTION L

u

f

L W

a + ©MB = 0; W a cos f b - NA(L cos f ) = 0 NA = A

2 2

:

+ ©F = 0;

x T cos u -NB sin u = 0 (1)

W

+ c ©Fy = 0; T sin u +NB cos u + - W= 0 (2)

2

Solving Eqs. (1) and (2) yields:

W

T= sin u Ans.

2

W

NB = cos u

2

Ans:

W

T= sin u

2

406

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*5–20.

**A uniform glass rod having a length L is placed in the smooth
**

hemispherical bowl having a radius r. Determine the angle of

inclination u for equilibrium. u

B

r

A

SOLUTION

By observation f = u.

Equilibrium:

L WL

a + ©MA = 0; NB (2r cos u) - W a cos ub = 0 NB =

2 4r

+Q ©Fx = 0; NA cos u - W sin u = 0 NA = W tan u

WL

+a©Fy = 0; (W tan u) sin u + - W cos u = 0

4r

L

sin2 u - cos2 u + cos u = 0

4r

L

(1 - cos2 u) - cos2 u + cos u = 0

4r

L

2 cos2 u - cos u - 1 = 0

4r

L ; 2L2 + 128r2

cos u =

16r

Take the positive root

L + 2L2 + 128r2

cos u =

16r

u = cos - 1 ¢ ≤

L + 2L2 + 128r2

Ans.

16r

Ans:

L + 2L2 + 12r 2

u = cos - 1a b

16r

407

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–21.

**The uniform rod AB has a mass of 40 kg. Determine the
**

force in the cable when the rod is in the position shown.

There is a smooth collar at A.

A

3m

60

C

Solution B

Equations of Equilibrium. TBC can be determined by writing the moment equation

of equilibrium about point O by referring to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a.

a+ ΣMO = 0; 40(9.81)(1.5 cos 600°) - TBC (3 sin 60°) = 0

TBC = 113.28 N = 113 N Ans.

Ans:

TBC = 113 N

408

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–22.

**If the intensity of the distributed load acting on the beam A
**

is w = 3 kN>m, determine the reactions at the roller A and w

pin B.

30

B

3m

4m

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. NA can be determined directly by writing the moment

equation of equilibrium about point B by referring to the FBD of the beam shown

in Fig. a.

a+ ΣMB = 0; 3(4)(2) - NA sin 30° (3 sin 30°) - NA cos 30° (3 cos 30° + 4) = 0

NA = 3.713 kN = 3.71 kN Ans.

Using this result to write the force equation of equilibrium along the x and y axes,

+ ΣFx = 0; 3.713 sin 30° - Bx = 0

S

Bx = 1.856 kN = 1.86 kN Ans.

+ c ΣFy = 0; By + 3.713 cos 30° - 3(4) = 0

By = 8.7846 kN = 8.78 kN Ans.

Ans:

NA = 3.71 kN

Bx = 1.86 kN

By = 8.78 kN

409

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–23.

**If the roller at A and the pin at B can support a load up A
**

to 4 kN and 8 kN, respectively, determine the maximum w

intensity of the distributed load w, measured in kN>m, so

that failure of the supports does not occur. 30

B

3m

4m

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. NA can be determined directly by writing the moment

equation of equilibrium about point B by referring to the FBD of the beam shown

in Fig. a.

a+ ΣMB = 0; w(4)(2) - NA sin 30° (3 sin 30°) - NA cos 30° (3 cos 30° + 4) = 0

NA = 1.2376 w

**Using this result to write the force equation of equilibrium along x and y axes,
**

+ ΣFx = 0; 1.2376 w sin 30° - Bx = 0

S Bx = 0.6188 w

+ c ΣFy = 0; By + 1.2376 w cos 30° - w(4) = 0 By = 2.9282 w

Thus,

FB = 2Bx2 + By2 = 2(0.6188 w)2 + (2.9282 w)2 = 2.9929 w

**It is required that
**

FB 6 8 kN; 2.9929 w 6 8 w 6 2.673 kN>m

And

NA 6 4 kN; 1.2376 w 6 4 w 6 3.232 kN>m

**Thus, the maximum intensity of the distributed load is
**

w = 2.673 kN>m = 2.67 kN>m Ans.

Ans:

w = 2.67 kN>m

410

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*5–24.

**The relay regulates voltage and current. Determine the force 50 mm 50 mm 30 mm
**

in the spring CD, which has a stiffness of k 120 N m, so

A

that it will allow the armature to make contact at A in figure 10° B A E B

C C

(a) with a vertical force of 0.4 N. Also, determine the force

in the spring when the coil is energized and attracts the

armature to E, figure (b), thereby breaking contact at A. k k

D

D

SOLUTION

From Fig. (a):

a + ©MB = 0; 0.4(100 cos 10°) - Fs (30 cos 10°) = 0 (a) (b)

Fs = 1.333 N = 1.33 N Ans.

Fs = kx; 1.333 = 120 x

x = 0.01111 m = 11.11 mm

**From Fig (b), energizing the coil requires the spring to be stretched an additional
**

amount

¢x = 30 sin 10° = 5.209 mm.

Thus

x¿ = 11.11 + 5.209 = 16.32 mm

Fs = 120 (0.01632) = 1.96 N Ans.

Ans:

Fs = 1.33 N

Fs = 1.96 N

411

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5–25.

**Determine the reactions on the bent rod which is supported 100 lb
**

by a smooth surface at B and by a collar at A, which is fixed

to the rod and is free to slide over the fixed inclined rod. 3 ft 3 ft

200 lb ft

A

3 2 ft

5 4 13

5

B 12

SOLUTION

12 5

a + ©MA = 0; MA - 100 (3) - 200 + NB a b (6) - NB a b (2) = 0

13 13

:

4 5

+ ©F = 0;

x NA a b - NB a b = 0

5 13

3 12

+ c ©Fy = 0; NA a b + NB a b - 100 = 0

5 13

Solving,

NA = 39.7 lb Ans.

NB = 82.5 lb Ans.

MA = 106 lb # ft Ans.

Ans:

NA = 39.7 lb

NB = 82.5 lb

MA = 106 lb # ft

412

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5–26.

**The mobile crane is symmetrically supported by two
**

outriggers at A and two at B in order to relieve the

suspension of the truck upon which it rests and to provide

greater stability. If the crane and truck have a mass of

18 Mg and center of mass at G1, and the boom has a mass 6.25 m

of 1.8 Mg and a center of mass at G2, determine the vertical

reactions at each of the four outriggers as a function of the

boom angle u when the boom is supporting a load having a

mass of 1.2 Mg. Plot the results measured from u = 0° to G2

the critical angle where tipping starts to occur.

6m

SOLUTION

θ

+ ©MB = 0; - NA (4) + 18 A 103 B (9.81)(1) + 1.8 A 103 B (9.81) (2 - 6 sin u)

G1

+ 1.2 A 103 B (9.81) (2 - 12.25 sin u) = 0

NA = 58 860 - 62 539 sin u A B

2m 1m 1m

Tipping occurs when NA = 0, or

u = 70.3° Ans.

+ c ©Fy = 0; NB + 58 860 - 62 539 sin u - (18 + 1.8 + 1.2) A 103 B (9.81) = 0

NB = 147 150 + 62 539 sin u

**Since there are two outriggers on each side of the crane,
**

¿

NA

NA = = (29.4 - 31.3 sin u) kN Ans.

2

NB

NB¿ = = (73.6 + 31.3 sin u) kN Ans.

2

Ans:

u = 70.3°

=

NA = (29.4 - 31.3 sin u) kN

NB= = (73.6 + 31.3 sin u) kN

413

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–27.

**Determine the reactions acting on the smooth uniform bar, B
**

which has a mass of 20 kg.

4m

A 30º 60º

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. NB can be determined directly by writing the moment

equation of equilibrium about point A by referring to the FBD of the bar shown in

Fig. a.

a+ ΣMA = 0; NB cos 30°(4) - 20(9.81) cos 30°(2) = 0

NB = 98.1 N Ans.

**Using this result to write the force equation of equilibrium along the x and y axes,
**

+ ΣFx = 0; Ax - 98.1 sin 60° = 0

S Ax = 84.96 N = 85.0 N Ans.

+ c ΣFy = 0; Ay + 98.1 cos 60° - 20(9.81) = 0

Ay = 147.15 N = 147 N Ans.

Ans:

NB = 98.1 N

Ax = 85.0 N

Ay = 147 N

414

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*5–28.

**A linear torsional spring deforms such that an applied couple
**

moment M is related to the spring’s rotation u in radians by

the equation M = (20 u) N # m. If such a spring is attached to

A

u

the end of a pin-connected uniform 10-kg rod, determine M (20 u) N m

the angle u for equilibrium. The spring is undeformed 0.5 m

when u = 0°.

Solution

a+ ΣMA = 0; - 98.1 (0.25 cos u) + 20(u) = 0

Solving for u,

u = 47.5° Ans.

Ans:

u = 47.5°

415

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5–29.

**Determine the force P needed to pull the 50-kg roller over P
**

the smooth step. Take u = 30°.

u

50 mm A

300 mm

B

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. P can be determined directly by writing the moment equation of

Equilibrium about point B, by referring to the FBD of the roller shown in Fig. a.

a+ ΣMB = 0; P cos 30°(0.25) + P sin 30° ( 20.32 - 0.252 2 - 50(9.81) 20.32 - 0.252 = 0

P = 271.66 N = 272 N Ans.

Ans:

P = 272 N

416

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–30.

**Determine the magnitude and direction u of the minimum P
**

force P needed to pull the 50-kg roller over the smooth step.

u

50 mm A

300 mm

B

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. P will be minimum if its orientation produces the greatest

moment about point B. This happens when it acts perpendicular to AB as shown in

Fig. a. Thus

0.25

u = f = cos-1 a b = 33.56° = 33.6° Ans.

0.3

Pmin can be determined by writing the moment equation of equilibrium about point

B by referring to the FBD of the roller shown in Fig. b.

a+ ΣMB = 0; Pmin (0.3) - 50(9.81)(0.3 sin 33.56°) = 0

Pmin = 271.13 N = 271 N Ans.

Ans:

Pmin = 271 N

417

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–31.

**The operation of the fuel pump for an automobile depends
**

on the reciprocating action of the rocker arm ABC, which

is pinned at B and is spring loaded at A and D. When the

smooth cam C is in the position shown, determine the E 30°

horizontal and vertical components of force at the pin and

the force along the spring DF for equilibrium. The vertical F

force acting on the rocker arm at A is FA = 60 N, and at C

it is FC = 125 N. FC = 125 N

FA = 60 N

B C

D

A

SOLUTION

a + ©MB = 0; - 60(50) - FB cos 30°(10) + 125(30) = 0 50 mm 20 mm

10 mm

FB = 86.6025 = 86.6 N Ans.

:

+ ©F = 0;

x - Bx + 86.6025 sin 30° = 0

Bx = 43.3 N Ans.

+ c ©Fy = 0; 60 - By - 86.6025 cos 30° + 125 = 0

By = 110 N Ans.

Ans:

FB = 86.6 N

Bx = 43.3 N

By = 110 N

418

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*5–32.

**Determine the magnitude of force at the pin A and in the B
**

cable BC needed to support the 500-lb load. Neglect the

weight of the boom AB.

8 ft

22 35

C A

SOLUTION

Equations of Equilibrium: The force in cable BC can be obtained directly by

summing moments about point A.

**a + ©MA = 0; FBC sin 13°(8) - 500 cos 35°(8) = 0
**

FBC = 1820.7 lb = 1.82 kip Ans.

+

Q ©Fx = 0; A x - 1820.7 cos 13° - 500 sin 35° = 0

A x = 2060.9 lb

**a + ©Fy = 0; A y + 1820.7 sin 13° - 500 cos 35° = 0
**

Ay = 0

Thus, FA = A x = 2060.9 lb = 2.06 kip Ans.

Ans:

FBC = 1.82 kip

FA = 2.06 kip

419

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–33.

**The dimensions of a jib crane, which is manufactured by the 3m
**

Basick Co., are given in the figure. If the crane has a mass of

800 kg and a center of mass at G, and the maximum rated A

force at its end is F 15 kN, determine the reactions at its

bearings. The bearing at A is a journal bearing and supports 0.75 m

only a horizontal force, whereas the bearing at B is a thrust 2m G

bearing that supports both horizontal and vertical components.

F

SOLUTION

B

a + ©MB = 0; Ax (2) - 800 (9.81) (0.75) - 15 000(3) = 0

Ax = 25.4 kN Ans.

+ c ©Fy = 0; By - 800 (9.81) - 15 000 = 0

By = 22.8 kN Ans.

:

+ ©F = 0;

x Bx - 25.4 = 0

Bx = 25.4 kN Ans.

Ans:

Ax = 25.4 kN

By = 22.8 kN

Bx = 25.4 kN

420

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–34.

**The dimensions of a jib crane, which is manufactured by the 3m
**

Basick Co., are given in the figure. The crane has a mass of

800 kg and a center of mass at G. The bearing at A is a journal A

bearing and can support a horizontal force, whereas the

bearing at B is a thrust bearing that supports both horizontal 0.75 m

and vertical components. Determine the maximum load F that 2m G

can be suspended from its end if the selected bearings at A

and B can sustain a maximum resultant load of 24 kN and

34 kN, respectively. F

SOLUTION B

a + ©MB = 0; Ax (2) - 800 (9.81) (0.75) - F (3) = 0

+ c ©Fy = 0; By - 800 (9.81) - F = 0

:

+ ©F = 0;

x Bx - Ax = 0

Assume Ax = 24 000 N.

Solving,

Bx = 24 kN

By = 21.9 kN

F = 14.0 kN Ans.

FB = (24)2 + (21.9)2 = 32.5 kN 6 34 kN OK

Ans:

F = 14.0 kN

421

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–35.

**The smooth pipe rests against the opening at the points of
**

contact A, B, and C. Determine the reactions at these points

needed to support the force of 300 N. Neglect the pipe’s

thickness in the calculation. A

B 0.26 m

C 30

0.5 m 0.5 m

30 0.15 m

300 N

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. NA can be determined directly by writing the force equation of

equilibrium along the x axis by referring to the FBD of the pipe shown in Fig. a.

+ ΣFx = 0; NA cos 30° - 300 sin 30° = 0 NA = 173.21 N = 173 N

S Ans.

Using this result to write the moment equations of equilibrium about points B and C,

a+ ΣMB = 0; 300 cos 30°(1) - 173.21 cos 30°(0.26) - 173.21 sin 30°(0.15) - NC (0.5) = 0

NC = 415.63 N = 416 N Ans.

a+ ΣMC = 0; 300 cos 30°(0.5) - 173.21 cos 30°(0.26) - 173.21 sin 30°(0.65) - NB(0.5) = 0

NB = 69.22 N = 69.2 N Ans.

Ans:

NA = 173 N

NC = 416 N

NB = 69.2 N

422

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*5–36.

**The beam of negligible weight is supported horizontally by B
**

two springs. If the beam is horizontal and the springs are A

unstretched when the load is removed, determine the angle 600 N/m

kA = 1 kN/m kB = 1.5 kN/m

of tilt of the beam when the load is applied.

C D

3m 3m

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. FA and FB can be determined directly by writing the

moment equations of equilibrium about points B and A, respectively, by referring to

the FBD of the beam shown in Fig. a.

**Assuming that the angle of tilt is small,
**

1

a+ ΣMA = 0; FB(6) - (600)(3)(2) = 0 FB = 300 N

2

1

a+ ΣMB = 0; (600)(3)(4) - FA(6) = 0 FA = 600 N

2

Thus, the stretches of springs A and B can be determined from

FA = kAxA; 600 = 1000 xA xA = 0.6 m

**FB = kB xB; 300 = 1500 xB xB = 0.2 m
**

From the geometry shown in Fig. b

0.4

u = sin-1 a b = 3.82° Ans.

6

The assumption of small u is confirmed.

Ans:

u = 3.82°

423

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–37.

**The cantilevered jib crane is used to support the load of 8 ft
**

780 lb. If x = 5 ft, determine the reactions at the supports. B

Note that the supports are collars that allow the crane to

T

rotate freely about the vertical axis. The collar at B supports a

force in the vertical direction, whereas the one at A does not. 4 ft

x

SOLUTION 780 lb

**Equations of Equilibrium: Referring to the FBD of the jib crane shown in Fig. a, we A
**

notice that NA and By can be obtained directly by writing the moment equation of

equilibrium about point B and force equation of equilibrium along the y axis,

respectively.

a+ ©MB = 0; NA(4) - 780(5) = 0 NA = 975 lb Ans.

+ c ©Fy = 0; By - 780 = 0 By = 780 Ans.

Using the result of NA to write the force equation of equilibrium along x axis,

: ©Fx = 0;

+ 975 - Bx = 0 Bx = 975 lb Ans.

Ans:

NA = 975 lb

Bx = 975 lb

By = 780 lb

424

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–38.

**The cantilevered jib crane is used to support the load of 8 ft
**

780 lb. If the trolley T can be placed anywhere between B

1.5 ft … x … 7.5 ft, determine the maximum magnitude of

reaction at the supports A and B. Note that the supports T

are collars that allow the crane to rotate freely about the

4 ft

vertical axis. The collar at B supports a force in the vertical x

direction, whereas the one at A does not.

780 lb

SOLUTION A

Require x = 7.5 ft

a + ©MA = 0; - 780(7.5) + Bx (4) = 0

Bx = 1462.5 lb

:

+ ©F = 0;

x Ax - 1462.5 = 0

Ax = 1462.5 = 1462 lb Ans.

+ c ©Fy = 0; By - 780 = 0

By = 780 lb

FB = 2(1462.5)2 + (780)2

= 1657.5 lb = 1.66 kip Ans.

Ans:

Ax = 1.46 kip

FB = 1.66 kip

425

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–39.

**The bar of negligible weight is supported by two springs,
**

each having a stiffness k = 100 N>m. If the springs are

originally unstretched, and the force is vertical as shown,

k

determine the angle u the bar makes with the horizontal,

when the 30-N force is applied to the bar. 1m 2m

C B

k

30 N

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. FA and FB can be determined directly by writing the

moment equation of equilibrium about points B and A respectively by referring to

the FBD of the bar shown in Fig. a.

a+ ΣMB = 0; 30(1) - FA(2) = 0 FA = 15 N A

**a+ ΣMA = 0; 30(3) - FB(2) = 0 FB = 45 N
**

Thus, the stretches of springs A and B can be determined from

FA = kxA; 15 = 100 xA xA = 0.15 m

**FB = k xB; 45 = 100 xB xB = 0.45 m
**

From the geometry shown in Fig. b,

d 2 - d

= ; d = 1.5 m

0.45 0.15

Thus

0.45

u = sin-1 a b = 17.46° = 17.5° Ans.

1.5

**Note: The moment equations are set up assuming small u, but even with non-small
**

u the reactions come out with the same FA, FB, and then the rest of the solution goes

through as before.

Ans:

u = 17.5°

426

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*5–40.

**Determine the stiffness k of each spring so that the 30-N
**

force causes the bar to tip u = 15° when the force is applied.

Originally the bar is horizontal and the springs are

k

unstretched. Neglect the weight of the bar.

1m 2m

C B

k

30 N

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. FA and FB can be determined directly by writing the

moment equation of equilibrium about points B and A respectively by referring to

the FBD of the bar shown in Fig. a.

a+ ΣMB = 0; 30(1) - FA(2) = 0 FA = 15 N A

a+ ΣMA = 0; 30(3) - FB(2) = 0 FB = 45 N

**Thus, the stretches of springs A and B can be determined from
**

15

FA = kxA; 15 = kxA xA =

k

45

FB = k xB; 45 = kxB xB =

k

From the geometry shown in Fig. b

d 2 - d

= ; d = 1.5 m

45>k 15>k

Thus,

45>k

sin 15° = k = 115.91 N>m = 116 N>m Ans.

1.5

**Note: The moment equations are set up assuming small u, but even with non-small
**

u the reactions come out with the same FA, FB, and then the rest of the solution goes

through as before.

Ans:

k = 116 N>m

427

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–41.

**The bulk head AD is subjected to both water and soil- D
**

backfill pressures. Assuming AD is “pinned” to the 0.5 m

ground at A, determine the horizontal and vertical B

reactions there and also the required tension in the C F

ground anchor BC necessary for equilibrium. The bulk

head has a mass of 800 kg.

6m

4m

118 kN/m A 310 kN/m

SOLUTION

Equations of Equilibrium: The force in ground anchor BC can be obtained directly

by summing moments about point A.

a + ©MA = 0; 1007.512.1672 - 23611.3332 - F162 = 0

F = 311.375 kN = 311 kN Ans.

:

+ ©F = 0;

x Ax + 311.375 + 236 - 1007.5 = 0

Ax = 460 kN Ans.

+ c ©Fy = 0; Ay - 7.848 = 0 Ay = 7.85 kN Ans.

Ans:

F = 311 kN

Ax = 460 kN

Ay = 7.85 kN

428

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–42.

**The boom supports the two vertical loads. Neglect the size
**

of the collars at D and B and the thickness of the boom,

and compute the horizontal and vertical components of

C

force at the pin A and the force in cable CB. Set

F1 = 800 N and F2 = 350 N.

5

3

4

SOLUTION

1m B

a + ©MA = 0; - 800(1.5 cos 30°) - 350(2.5 cos 30°)

4 3

+ F (2.5 sin 30°) + FCB(2.5 cos 30°) = 0 1.5 m D

5 CB 5

F2

FCB = 781.6 = 782 N Ans.

30

:

+ ©F = 0; 4 A F1

x Ax - (781.6) = 0

5

Ax = 625 N Ans.

3

+ c ©Fy = 0; Ay - 800 - 350 + (781.6) = 0

5

Ay = 681 N Ans.

Ans:

FCB = 782 N

Ax = 625 N

Ay = 681 N

429

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–43.

**The boom is intended to support two vertical loads, F1 and F2.
**

If the cable CB can sustain a maximum load of 1500 N before

it fails, determine the critical loads if F1 = 2F2. Also, what is

C

the magnitude of the maximum reaction at pin A?

5

3

4

SOLUTION

1m B

a + ©MA = 0; - 2F2(1.5 cos 30°) - F2(2.5 cos 30°)

4 3

+ (1500)(2.5 sin 30°) + (1500)(2.5 cos 30°) = 0 1.5 m D

5 5

F2

F2 = 724 N Ans.

30

F1 = 2F2 = 1448 N A F1

F1 = 1.45 kN Ans.

:

+ ©F = 0; 4

x Ax - (1500) = 0

5

Ax = 1200 N

3

+ c ©Fy = 0; Ay - 724 - 1448 + (1500) = 0

5

Ay = 1272 N

FA = 2(1200)2 + (1272)2 = 1749 N = 1.75 kN Ans.

Ans:

F2 = 724 N

F1 = 1.45 kN

FA = 1.75 kN

430

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*5–44.

**The 10-kg uniform rod is pinned at end A. If it is also
**

subjected to a couple moment of 50 N # m, determine the B

smallest angle u for equilibrium. The spring is unstretched k 60 N/m

when u = 0, and has a stiffness of k = 60 N>m.

2m

u

0.5 m

50 N m

A

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. Here the spring stretches x = 2 sin u. The force in the

spring is Fsp = kx = 60 (2 sin u) = 120 sin u. Write the moment equation of

equilibrium about point A by referring to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a,

a+ ΣMA = 0; 120 sin u cos u (2) - 10(9.81) sin u (1) - 50 = 0

**240 sin u cos u - 98.1 sin u - 50 = 0
**

Solve numerically

u = 24.598° = 24.6° Ans.

Ans:

u = 24.6°

431

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–45.

**The man uses the hand truck to move material up the step.
**

If the truck and its contents have a mass of 50 kg with center

of gravity at G, determine the normal reaction on both

0.4 m

wheels and the magnitude and direction of the minimum

B

force required at the grip B needed to lift the load. 0.5 m

0.2 m G 0.4 m

60

0.4 m

0.1 m

Solution A

**Equations of Equilibriums. Py can be determined directly by writing the force
**

equation of equilibrium along y axis by referring to the FBD of the hand truck

shown in Fig. a.

+ c ΣFy = 0; Py - 50(9.81) = 0 Py = 490.5 N

**Using this result to write the moment equation of equilibrium about point A,
**

a+ ΣMA = 0; Px sin 60°(1.3) - Px cos 60°(0.1) - 490.5 cos 30°(0.1)

- 490.5 sin 30°(1.3) - 50(9.81) sin 60°(0.5)

+ 50(9.81) cos 60°(0.4) = 0

Px = 442.07 N

Thus, the magnitude of minimum force P, Fig. b, is

P = 2Px2 + Py2 = 2442.072 + 490.52 = 660.32 N = 660 N Ans.

**and the angle is
**

490.5

u = tan-1 a b = 47.97° = 48.0° b Ans.

442.07

Write the force equation of equilibrium along x axis,

+ ΣFx = 0; NA - 442.07 = 0 NA = 442.07 N = 442 N

S Ans.

Ans:

P = 660 N

NA = 442 N

u = 48.0° b

432

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–46.

**Three uniform books, each having a weight W and length a,
**

are stacked as shown. Determine the maximum distance d

that the top book can extend out from the bottom one so

the stack does not topple over.

a d

SOLUTION

Equilibrium: For top two books, the upper book will topple when the center of

gravity of this book is to the right of point A. Therefore, the maximum distance from

the right edge of this book to point A is a/2.

**Equation of Equilibrium: For the entire three books, the top two books will topple
**

about point B.

a

a + ©MB = 0; W(a-d) -W ad- b = 0

2

3a

d = Ans.

4

Ans:

3a

d =

4

433

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5–47.

**Determine the reactions at the pin A and the tension in cord 26 kN F
**

BC. Set F = 40 kN. Neglect the thickness of the beam.

C

13 12 5

3

5

4

A B

2m 4m

Solution

12 3

a+ ΣMA = 0; - 26 a b(2) - 40(6) + FBC(6) = 0

13 5

FBC = 80 kN Ans.

+ ΣFx = 0; 80 a 4 b - Ax - 26 a 5 b = 0

S

5 13

Ax = 54 kN Ans.

12 3

+ c ΣFy = 0; Ay - 26 a b - 40 + 80 a b = 0

13 5

Ay = 16 kN Ans.

Ans:

FBC = 80 kN

Ax = 54 kN

Ay = 16 kN

434

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*5–48.

**If rope BC will fail when the tension becomes 50 kN, 26 kN F
**

determine the greatest vertical load F that can be applied to

C

the beam at B. What is the magnitude of the reaction at A 13 12 5

for this loading? Neglect the thickness of the beam. 3

5

4

A B

2m 4m

Solution

12 3

a+ ΣMA = 0; -26 a b(2) - F(6) + (50)(6) = 0

13 5

F = 22 kN Ans.

+ ΣFx = 0; 50 a 4 b - Ax - 26 a 5 b = 0

S

5 13

Ax = 30 kN Ans.

12 3

+ c ΣFy = 0; Ay - 26 a b - 22 + 50 a b = 0

13 5

Ay = 16 kN Ans.

Ans:

F = 22 kN

Ax = 30 kN

Ay = 16 kN

435

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–49.

**The rigid metal strip of negligible weight is used as part of an 50 mm 50 mm
**

electromagnetic switch. If the stiffness of the springs at A

and B is k = 5 N>m, and the strip is originally horizontal

when the springs are unstretched, determine the smallest k B

force needed to close the contact gap at C. C

A

k 10 mm

SOLUTION

©MB = 0; FA = FC = F

©Fy = 0; FB = 2F

x 50 - x

= (1)

yA yB

2F kyB

=

F kyA

2yA = yB (2)

Substituting into Eq. (1):

x 50 - x

=

yA 2yA

2x = 50 - x

50

x = = 16.67 mm

3

x 100 - x

=

yA 10

Set x = 16.67, then

yA = 2 mm

From Eq. (2),

yB = 4 mm

FC = FA = kyA = (5)(0.002) = 10 mN Ans.

Ans:

FC = 10 mN

436

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–50.

**The rigid metal strip of negligible weight is used as part 50 mm 50 mm
**

of an electromagnetic switch. Determine the maximum

stiffness k of the springs at A and B so that the contact at C

closes when the vertical force developed there is 0.5 N. k B

Originally the strip is horizontal as shown. C

A

k 10 mm

SOLUTION

©MB = 0; FA = FC = F

©Fy = 0; FB = 2F

x 50 - x

= (1)

yA yB

2F kyB

=

F kyA

2yA = yB (2)

Substituting into Eq. (1):

x 50 - x

=

yA 2yA

2x = 50 - x

50

x = = 16.67 mm

3

x 100 - x

=

yA 10

Set x = 16.67, then

yA = 2 mm

From Eq. (2),

yB = 4 mm

FC = FA = kyA

0.5 = k(0.002)

k = 250 N/m Ans.

Ans:

k = 250 N>m

437

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5–51.

**The cantilever footing is used to support a wall near its 20 000 lb
**

edge A so that it causes a uniform soil pressure under the

footing. Determine the uniform distribution loads wA and 0.25 ft

8000 lb

wB, measured in lb ft at pads A and B, necessary to support

the wall forces of 8 000 lb and 20 000 lb. 1.5 ft

A B

SOLUTION wA wB

2 ft 8 ft 3 ft

a + ©MA = 0; - 8000 (10.5) + wB (3)(10.5) + 20 000 (0.75) = 0

wB = 2190.5 lb/ft = 2.19 kip/ft Ans.

+ c ©Fy = 0; 2190.5 (3) - 28 000 + wA (2) = 0

wA = 10.7 kip/ft Ans.

Ans:

wB = 2.19 kip>ft

wA = 10.7 kip>ft

438

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*5–52.

**The uniform beam has a weight W and length l and is C
**

supported by a pin at A and a cable BC. Determine the

l

horizontal and vertical components of reaction at A and

the tension in the cable necessary to hold the beam in the B

position shown. A

SOLUTION

Equations of Equilibrium: The tension in the cable can be obtained directly by

summing moments about point A.

l

a + ©MA = 0; T sin 1f - u2l - W cos u a b = 0

2

W cos u

T = Ans.

2 sin 1f - u2

W cos u

Using the result T =

2 sin 1f - u2

:

+ ©F = 0; W cos u

x a b cos f - Ax = 0

2 sin 1f - u2

W cos f cos u

Ax = Ans.

2 sin 1f - u2

W cos u

+ c ©Fy = 0; Ay + a b sin f - W = 0

2 sin 1f - u2

**W1sin f cos u - 2 cos f sin u2
**

Ay = Ans.

2 sin f - u

Ans:

W cos u

T =

2 sin(f - u)

Wcos f cos u

Ax =

2 sin(f - u)

W(sin f cos u - 2 cos f sin u)

Ay =

2 sin (f - u)

439

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–53.

**A boy stands out at the end of the diving board, which is
**

supported by two springs A and B, each having a stiffness of

k = 15kN>m. In the position shown the board is horizontal.

If the boy has a mass of 40 kg, determine the angle of tilt

which the board makes with the horizontal after he jumps

off. Neglect the weight of the board and assume it is rigid.

1m 3m

A B

SOLUTION

Equations of Equilibrium: The spring force at A and B can be obtained directly by

summing moments about points B and A, respectively.

a + ©MB = 0; FA (1) - 392.4(3) = 0 FA = 1177.2 N

a + ©MA = 0; FB (1) - 392.4(4) = 0 FB = 1569.6 N

F

Spring Formula: Applying ¢ = , we have

k

1177.2 1569.6

¢A = = 0.07848 m ¢B = = 0.10464 m

15(103) 15(103)

Geometry: The angle of tilt a is

0.10464 + 0.07848

a = tan - 1 a b = 10.4° Ans.

1

Ans:

a = 10.4°

440

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5–54.

**The 30-N uniform rod has a length of l = 1 m. If s = 1.5 m,
**

determine the distance h of placement at the end A along the

smooth wall for equilibrium.

C

SOLUTION

h

Equations of Equilibrium: Referring to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a, write

the moment equation of equilibrium about point A. s

A

a + ©MA = 0; T sin f(1) - 3 sin u(0.5) = 0

1.5 sin u l

T =

sin f

B

Using this result to write the force equation of equilibrium along y axis,

15 sin u

+ c ©Fy = 0; a b cos (u - f) - 3 = 0

sin f

sin u cos (u - f) - 2 sin f = 0 (1)

Geometry: Applying the sine law with sin (180° - u) = sin u by referring to Fig. b,

sin f sin u h

= ; sin u = a b sin u (2)

h 1.5 1.5

**Substituting Eq. (2) into (1) yields
**

4

sin u[cos (u - f) - h] = 0

3

since sin u Z 0, then

cos (u - f) - (4>3)h cos (u - f) = (4>3)h (3)

Again, applying law of cosine by referring to Fig. b,

l2 = h2 + 1.52 - 2(h)(1.5) cos (u - f)

h2 + 1.25

cos (u - f) = (4)

3h

Equating Eqs. (3) and (4) yields

4 h2 + 1.25

h =

3 3h

3h2 = 1.25

h = 0.645 m Ans.

Ans:

h = 0.645 m

441

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–55.

**The uniform rod has a length l and weight W. It is supported
**

at one end A by a smooth wall and the other end by a cord

of length s which is attached to the wall as shown. Determine C

the placement h for equilibrium.

h

s

A

SOLUTION

Equations of Equilibrium: The tension in the cable can be obtained directly by l

**summing moments about point A.
**

B

l

a + ©MA = 0; T sin f(l) - W sin u a b = 0

2

W sin u

T =

2 sin f

W sin u

Using the result T = ,

2 sin f

W sin u

+ c ©Fy = 0; cos (u - f) - W = 0

2 sin f

sin u cos (u - f) - 2 sin f = 0 (1)

Geometry: Applying the sine law with sin (180° - u) = sin u, we have

sin f sin u h

= sin f = sin u (2)

h s s

Substituting Eq. (2) into (1) yields

2h

cos (u - f) = (3)

s

Using the cosine law,

l2 = h2 + s2 - 2hs cos (u - f)

h2 + s2 - l2

cos (u - f) = (4)

2hs

Equating Eqs. (3) and (4) yields

2h h2 + s 2 - l2

=

s 2hs

h = s2 - l2 Ans.

A 3

Ans:

s2 - l 2

h =

A 3

442

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*5–56.

**The uniform rod of length L and weight W is supported on L
**

the smooth planes. Determine its position u for equilibrium.

u

Neglect the thickness of the rod.

f

c

SOLUTION

L

a + ©MB = 0; - Wa cos ub + NA cos f (L cos u) + NA sin f (L sin u) = 0

2

W cos u

NA = (1)

2 cos (f - u)

:

+ ©F = 0;

x NB sin c - NA sin f = 0 (2)

+ c ©Fy = 0; NB cos c + NA cos f - W = 0

W - NA cos f

NB = (3)

cos c

Substituting Eqs. (1) and (3) into Eq. (2):

**W cos u cos f W cos u sin f
**

aW - b tan c - = 0

2 cos (f - u) 2 cos (f - u)

2 cos (f - u) tan c - cos u tan c cos f - cos u sin f = 0

sin u (2 sin f tan c) - cos u (sin f - cos f tan c) = 0

**sin f - cos f tan c
**

tan u =

2 sin f tan c

1 1

u = tan - 1 a cot c - cot f b Ans.

2 2

Ans:

1 1

u = tan - 1 a 2 cot c - cot f b

2

443

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–57.

**The beam is subjected to the two concentrated loads. P 2P
**

Assuming that the foundation exerts a linearly varying load

L

–– L

–– L

––

distribution on its bottom, determine the load intensities w1 3 3 3

and w2 for equilibrium if P = 500 lb and L = 12 ft.

w1

w2

SOLUTION

Equations of Equilibrium: Referring to the FBD of the beam shown in Fig. a, we

notice that W1 can be obtained directly by writing moment equations of equilibrium

about point A.

+ ©MA = 0;

a 500(4) - W1(12)(2) = 0

W1 = 83.33 lb>ft = 83.3 lb>ft Ans.

**Using this result to write the force equation of equilibrium along y axis,
**

1

+ c ©Fy = 0; 83.33(12) + (W2 - 83.33)(12) - 500 - 1000 = 0

2

W2 = 166.67 lb>ft = 167 lb>ft Ans.

Ans:

w1 = 83.3 lb>ft

w2 = 167 lb>ft

444

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–58.

**The beam is subjected to the two concentrated loads. P 2P
**

Assuming that the foundation exerts a linearly varying load

L

–– L

–– L

––

distribution on its bottom, determine the load intensities w1 3 3 3

and w2 for equilibrium in terms of the parameters shown.

SOLUTION w1

**Equations of Equilibrium: The load intensity w1 can be determined w2
**

directly by summing moments about point A.

L L

a + ©MA = 0; Pa b - w1L a b = 0

3 6

2P

w1 = Ans.

L

1 2P 2P

+ c ©Fy = 0; a w2 - bL + 1L2 - 3P = 0

2 L L

4P

w2 = Ans.

L

Ans:

2P 4P

w1 = ,w =

L 2 L

445

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–59.

**The rod supports a weight of 200 lb and is pinned at its
**

end A. If it is also subjected to a couple moment of

100 lb # ft, determine the angle u for equilibrium. The 100 lb ft 2 ft

spring has an unstretched length of 2 ft and a stiffness k 50 lb/ft

of k = 50 lb/ft. u

A

3 ft

3 ft B

SOLUTION

a + ©MA = 0; 100 + 200 (3 cos u) - Fs (6 cos u) = 0

Fs = kx; Fs = 50 (6 sin u)

100 + 600 cos u - 1800 sin u cos u = 0

cos u - 1.5 sin 2u + 0.1667 = 0

Solving by trial and error,

u = 23.2° and u = 85.2° Ans.

Ans:

u = 23.2°

85.2°

446

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*5–60.

**Determine the distance d for placement of the load P for
**

equilibrium of the smooth bar in the position u as shown.

Neglect the weight of the bar.

d

P

u

a

SOLUTION

+ c ©Fy = 0; R cos u - P = 0

a

a + ©MA = 0; - P(d cos u) + R a b = 0

cos u

a

Rd cos2 u = R a b

cos u

a

d = Ans.

cos3 u

Also;

Require forces to be concurrent at point O.

a>cos u

AO = d cos u =

cos u

Thus,

a

d = Ans.

cos3 u

Ans:

a

d =

cos3 u

447

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–61.

**If d = 1 m, and u = 30°, determine the normal reaction at
**

the smooth supports and the required distance a for the

placement of the roller if P = 600 N. Neglect the weight of

the bar. d

P

SOLUTION u

Equations of Equilibrium: Referring to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a, a

a

a+ ©MA = 0; NB = a b - 600 cos 30°(1) = 0

cos 30°

450

NB = (1)

a

a+ ©Fy¿ = 0; NB - NA sin 30° - 600 cos 30° = 0

NB - 0.5NA = 600 cos 30° (2)

+Q ©F = 0; NA cos 30° - 600 sin 30° = 0

x¿

NA = 346.41 N = 346 N Ans. .

Substitute this result into Eq (2),

NB - 0.5(346.41) = 600 cos 30°

NB = 692.82 N = 693 N Ans. .

**Substitute this result into Eq (1),
**

450

692.82 =

a

a = 0.6495 m a = 0.650 m Ans. .

Ans:

NA = 346 N

NB = 693 N

a = 0.650 m

448

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–62.

**The uniform load has a mass of 600 kg and is lifted using a F
**

uniform 30-kg strongback beam BAC and four wire ropes

as shown. Determine the tension in each segment of rope 1.25 m 1.25 m

and the force that must be applied to the sling at A.

A

B C

SOLUTION 2m

**Equations of Equilibrium: Due to symmetry, all wires are subjected to the same
**

tension. This condition statisfies moment equilibrium about the x and y axes and 1.5 m

force equilibrium along y axis.

1.5 m

4

©Fz = 0; 4T a b - 5886 = 0

5

T = 1839.375 N = 1.84 kN Ans.

**The force F applied to the sling A must support the weight of the load and
**

strongback beam. Hence

©Fz = 0; F - 60019.812 - 3019.812 = 0

F = 6180.3 N = 6.18 kN Ans.

Ans:

T = 1.84 kN

F = 6.18 kN

449

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–63.

**Due to an unequal distribution of fuel in the wing tanks, the
**

z

centers of gravity for the airplane fuselage A and wings B

and C are located as shown. If these components have

weights WA = 45 000 lb, WB = 8000 lb, and WC = 6000 lb,

determine the normal reactions of the wheels D, E, and F

on the ground. D B

A

C

E

SOLUTION

F y

©Mx = 0; 8000(6) - RD (14) - 6000(8) + RE (14) = 0 8 ft 4 ft

6 ft 20 ft

8 ft 3 ft

©My = 0; 8000(4) + 45 000(7) + 6000(4) - RF (27) = 0 x 6 ft

©Fz = 0; RD + RE + RF - 8000 - 6000 - 45 000 = 0

Solving,

RD = 22.6 kip Ans.

RE = 22.6 kip Ans.

RF = 13.7 kip Ans.

Ans:

RD = 22.6 kip

RE = 22.6 kip

RF = 13.7 kip

450

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*5–64.

**Determine the components of reaction at the fixed z
**

support A. The 400 N, 500 N, and 600 N forces are parallel

to the x, y, and z axes, respectively.

600 N

1m

400 N 0.5 m 0.75 m

0.75 m

Solution A 500 N

x

Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a

ΣFx = 0; Ax - 400 = 0 Ax = 400 N Ans. y

ΣFy = 0; 500 - Ay = 0 Ay = 500 N Ans.

ΣFz = 0; Az - 600 = 0 Az = 600 N Ans.

ΣMx = 0; (MA)x - 500(1.25) - 600(1) = 0

(MA)x = 1225 N # m = 1.225 kN # m Ans.

ΣMy = 0; (MA)y - 400(0.75) - 600(0.75) = 0

(MA)y = 750 N # m Ans.

ΣMz = 0; (MA)z = 0 Ans.

Ans:

Ax = 400 N

Ay = 500 N

Az = 600 N

(MA)x = 1.225 kN # m

(MA)y = 750 N # m

(MA)z = 0

451

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–65.

**The 50-lb mulching machine has a center of gravity at G. z
**

Determine the vertical reactions at the wheels C and B and

the smooth contact point A.

G

4 ft

SOLUTION 1.25 ft

C 1.25 ft

Equations of Equilibrium: From the free-body diagram of the mulching machine,

Fig. a, NA can be obtained by writing the moment equation of equilibrium about the x A B

y axis.

2 ft

1.5 ft

©My = 0; 50(2) - NA(1.5 + 2) = 0 y

NA = 28.57 lb = 28.6 lb Ans.

**Using the above result and writing the moment equation of equilibrium about the
**

x axis and the force equation of equilibrium along the z axis, we have

©Mx = 0; NB(1.25) - NC(1.25) = 0 (1)

©Fz = 0; NB + NC + 28.57 - 50 = 0 (2)

**Solving Eqs. (1) and (2) yields
**

NB = NC = 10.71 lb = 10.7 lb Ans.

**Note: If we write the force equation of equilibrium ©Fx = 0 and ©Fy = 0 and
**

the moment equation of equilibrium ©Mz = 0. This indicates that equilibrium is

satisfied.

Ans:

NA = 28.6 lb

NB = 10.7 lb, NC = 10.7 lb

452

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–66.

**The smooth uniform rod AB is supported by a ball-and-socket z
**

joint at A, the wall at B, and cable BC. Determine the

components of reaction at A, the tension in the cable, and the C

normal reaction at B if the rod has a mass of 20 kg.

0.5 m

B

2m

Solution

A

Force And Position Vectors. The coordinates of points A, B and G are A(1.5, 0, 0) m,

B(0, 1, 2) m, C(0, 0, 2.5) m and G(0.75, 0.5, 1) m

1m 1.5 m y

FA = - Axi + Ay j + Azk x

rBC (0 - 1)j + (2.5 - 2)k 1 0.5

TBC = TBC a b = TBC c = - TBC j + TBC k

rBC 2

2(0 - 1) + (2.5 - 2) 2 11.25 11.25

NB = NBi

W = { -20(9.81)k} N

rAG = (0.75 - 1.5)i + (0.5 - 0)j + (1 - 0)k = { - 0.75i + 0.5j + k} m

rAB = (0 - 1.5)i + (1 - 0)j + (2 - 0)k = { - 1.5i + j + 2k} m

**Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a, the force
**

equation of equilibrium gives

ΣF = 0; FA + TBC + NB + W = 0

1 0.5

( - Ax + NB)i + aAy - TBC bj + c Az + TBC - 20 (9.81)d k = 0

11.25 11.25

**Equating i, j and k components,
**

- Ax + NB = 0 (1)

1

Ay - TBC = 0 (2)

11.25

0.5

Az + TBC - 20(9.81) = 0 (3)

11.25

**The moment equation of equilibrium gives
**

ΣMA = 0; rAG * W + rAB * (TBC + NB) = 0

i j k i j k

† - 0.75 0.5 1 † + † - 1.5 1 2 † =0

1 0.5

0 0 - 20(9.81) NB - TBC TBC

11.25 11.25

0.5 2 0.75 1.5

a TBC + TBC - 98.1bi + a TBC + 2NB - 147.15bj + a TBC - NB bk = 0

11.25 11.25 11.25 11.25

453

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5–66. Continued

**Equating i, j and k Components
**

0.5 2

TBC + TBC - 98.1 = 0 (4)

11.25 11.25

0.75

TBC + 2NB - 147.15 = 0 (5)

11.25

1.5

TBC - NB = 0 (6)

11.25

Solving Eqs. (1) to (6)

TBC = 43.87 N = 43.9 N Ans.

NB = 58.86 N = 58.9 N Ans.

Ax = 58.86 N = 58.9 N Ans.

Ay = 39.24 N = 39.2 N Ans.

Az = 176.58 N = 177 N Ans.

**Note: One of the equations (4), (5) and (6) is redundant that will be satisfied
**

automatically.

Ans:

TBC = 43.9 N

NB = 58.9 N

Ax = 58.9 N

Ay = 39.2 N

Az = 177 N

454

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–67.

**The uniform concrete slab has a mass of 2400 kg. Determine z
**

the tension in each of the three parallel supporting cables

when the slab is held in the horizontal plane as shown. TA

TB

TC

15 kN A

B

x 0.5 m

2m 2m y

1m

C 1m

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD of the slab shown in Fig. a, we notice

that TC can be obtained directly by writing the moment equation of equilibrium

about the x axis.

ΣMx = 0; TC (2.5) - 2400(9.81)(1.25) - 15 ( 103 ) (0.5) = 0

TC = 14,772 N = 14.8 kN Ans.

**Using this result to write moment equation of equilibrium about y axis and force
**

equation of equilibrium along z axis,

ΣMy = 0; TB (2) + 14,772(4) - 2400(9.81)(2) - 15 ( 103 ) (3) = 0

TB = 16,500 N = 16.5 kN Ans.

ΣFz = 0; TA + 16,500 + 14,772 - 2400(9.81) - 15 ( 103 ) = 0

TA = 7272 N = 7.27 kN Ans.

Ans:

TC = 14.8 kN

TB = 16.5 kN

TA = 7.27 kN

455

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*5–68.

**The 100-lb door has its center of gravity at G. Determine the z
**

components of reaction at hinges A and B if hinge B resists 18 in.

only forces in the x and y directions and A resists forces in

the x, y, z directions.

B

24 in.

SOLUTION

Equations of Equilibrium: From the free-body diagram of the door, Fig. a, By, Bx,

24 in. G

and Az can be obtained by writing the moment equation of equilibrium about the x¿

and y¿ axes and the force equation of equilibrium along the z axis.

A

18 in.

©Mx¿ = 0; -By(48) - 100(18) = 0

By = - 37.5 lb Ans.

30

©My¿ = 0; Bx = 0 Ans. x y

©Fz = 0; - 100 + A z = 0; A z = 100 lb Ans.

**Using the above result and writing the force equations of equilibrium along the
**

x and y axes, we have

©Fx = 0; Ax = 0 Ans.

©Fy = 0; A y + ( -37.5) = 0

A y = 37.5 lb Ans.

**The negative sign indicates that By acts in the opposite sense to that shown on the
**

free-body diagram. If we write the moment equation of equilibrium ©Mz = 0, it

shows that equilibrium is satisfied.

Ans:

By = - 37.5 lb

Bx = 0

Az = 100 lb

Ax = 0

Ay = 37.5 lb

456

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5–69.

**Determine the tension in each cable and the components of z
**

reaction at D needed to support the load. B

3m

6m C

2m

D

x

A

y

Solution 30

**Force And Position Vectors. The coordinates of points A, B, and C are A(6, 0, 0) m,
**

B(0, -3, 2) m and C(0, 0, 2) m respectively.

400 N

rAB (0 - 6)i + ( - 3 - 0)j + (2 - 0)k 6 3 2

FAB = FAB a b = FAB c d = - FABi - FAB j + FABk

rAB 1(0 - 6)2 + ( - 3 - 0)2 + (2 - 0)2 7 7 7

rAC (0 - 6)i + (2 - 0)k 6 2

FAC = FAC a b = FAC c d = - FAC i + FAC k

rAC 1(0 - 6) + (2 - 0)

2 2 140 140

F = 400 (sin 30°j - cos 30°k) = {200j - 346.41k}N

**FD = Dxi + Dy j + Dzk
**

rDA = {6i} m

**Referring to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a, the force equation of equilibrium
**

gives

ΣF = 0; FAB + FAC + F + FD = 0

6 6 3

a- FAB - FAC + Dx bi + a- FAB + Dy + 200bj

7 140 7

2 2

+ a FAB + FAC + Dz - 346.41bk = 0

7 140

457

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5–69. Continued

Equating i, j and k components,

6 6

- FAB - FAC + Dx = 0 (1)

7 140

3

- FAB + Dy + 200 = 0 (2)

7

2 2

F + FAC + Dz - 346.41 = 0 (3)

7 AB 140

Moment equation of equilibrium gives

ΣMD = 0; rDA * (FAB + FAC + F) = 0

i j k

5 6 0 0 5 = 0

6 6 3 2 2

a- FAB - F b a- FAB + 200b a FAB + FAC - 346.41b

7 140 AC 7 7 140

2 2 3

-6 a FAB + FAC - 346.41bj + 6 a- FAB + 200b k = 0

7 140 7

Equating j and k Components,

2 2

- 6 a FAB + FAC - 346.41b = 0 (4)

7 140

3

6 a - FAB + 200b = 0 (5)

7

Solving Eqs. (1) to (5)

FAB = 466.67 N = 467 N Ans.

FAC = 673.81 N = 674 N Ans.

Dx = 1039.23 N = 1.04 kN Ans.

Dy = 0 Ans.

Dz = 0 Ans.

Ans:

FAB = 467 N

FAC = 674 N

Dx = 1.04 kN

Dy = 0

Dz = 0

458

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5–70.

**The stiff-leg derrick used on ships is supported by a ball-and- z
**

socket joint at D and two cables BA and BC. The cables are

attached to a smooth collar ring at B, which allows rotation B

of the derrick about z axis. If the derrick supports a crate

having a mass of 200 kg, determine the tension in the cables

and the x, y, z components of reaction at D.

7.5 m

6m C

6m

D

y

2m 1m

Solution

A

2 6

ΣFx = 0; Dx + T - TBC = 0 3m 4m

7 BA 9

3 3 x

ΣFy = 0; Dy - TBA - TBC = 0

7 9

6 6

ΣFz = 0; Dz - TBA - TBC - 200(9.81) = 0

7 9

3 3

ΣMx = 0; TBA(6) + TBC(6) - 200(9.81)(4) = 0

7 9

2 6

ΣMy = 0; TBA(6) - TBC(6) + 200(9.81)(1) = 0

7 9

TBA = 2.00 kN Ans.

TBC = 1.35 kN Ans.

Dx = 0.327 kN Ans.

Dy = 1.31 kN Ans.

Dz = 4.58 kN Ans.

Ans:

TBA = 2.00 kN

TBC = 1.35 kN

Dx = 0.327 kN

Dy = 1.31 kN

Dz = 4.58 kN

459

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5–71.

**Determine the components of reaction at the ball-and-socket z
**

joint A and the tension in each cable necessary for

2m

equilibrium of the rod. C

2m

D

A

3m

B

x E

3m

Solution 3m

y

Force And Position Vectors. The coordinates of points A, B, C, D and E are

600 N

A(0, 0, 0), B(6, 0, 0), C(0, -2, 3) m, D(0, 2, 3) m and E(3, 0, 0) m respectively.

rBC (0 - 6)i + ( - 2 - 0)j + (3 - 0)k 6 2 3

FBC = FBC a b = FBC £ § = - FBCi - FBC j + FBCk

rBC 2 2

2(0 - 6) + ( - 2 - 0) + (3 - 0) 2 7 7 7

rBD (0 - 6)i + (2 - 0)j + (3 - 0)k 6 2 3

FBD = FBD a b = FBD £ § = - FBDi + FBD j + FBDk

rBD 2 2

2(0 - 6) + (2 - 0) + (3 - 0) 2 7 7 7

FA = Axi + Ay j + Azk

F = { - 600k} N

rAB = {6i} m rAE = {3i} m

**Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a, the force
**

equation of equilibrium gives

ΣF = 0; FBC + FBD + FA + F = 0

6 6 2 2 3 3

a - FBC - FBD + Ax bi + a FBD - FBC + Ay b j + a FBC + FBD + Az - 600bk = 0

7 7 7 7 7 7

460

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5–71. Continued

Equating i, j and k components,

6 6

- FBC - FBD + Ax = 0 (1)

7 7

2 2

F - FBC + Ay = 0 (2)

7 BD 7

3 3

F + FBD + Az - 600 = 0 (3)

7 BC 7

The moment equation of equilibrium gives

ΣMA = 0; rAE * F + rAB * (FBC + FBD ) = 0

i j k i j k

†3 0 0 † + 5 6 0 0 5 = 0

0 0 -600 6 2 3

- (FBC + FBD) (F - FBC) (F + FBD)

7 7 BD 7 BC

18 12

c 1800 - (FBC + FBD) d j + (F - FBC)k = 0

7 7 BD

Equating j and k components,

18

1800 - (F + FBD) = 0 (4)

7 BC

12

(F - FBC) = 0 (5)

7 BD

Solving Eqs. (1) to (5),

FBD = FBC = 350 N Ans.

Ax = 600 N Ans.

Ay = 0 Ans.

Az = 300 N Ans.

Ans:

FBD = FBC = 350 N

Ax = 600 N

Ay = 0

Az = 300 N

461

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*5–72.

**Determine the components of reaction at the ball-and- z
**

socket joint A and the tension in the supporting cables DB

and DC. 1.5 m

B

1.5 m

C

D

Solution 1m A

1.5 m 800 N/m 3m

Force And Position Vectors. The coordinates of points A, B, C, and D

are A(0, 0, 0), B(0, - 1.5, 3) m, C(0, 1.5, 3) m and D(1, 0, 1) m, respectively. x 1m

1.5 m

3m

y

rDC (0 - 1)i + (1.5 - 0)j + (3 - 1)k

FDC = FDC a b = FDC £ §

rDC 2(0 - 1)2 + (1.5 - 0)2 + (3 - 1)2

1 1.5 2

= - FCDi + FDC j + FDC k

17.25 17.25 17.25

rDB (0 - 1)i + ( - 1.5 - 0)j + (3 - 1)k

FDB = FDB a b = FDB £ §

rDB 2(0 - 1)2 + ( - 1.5 - 0)2 + (3 - 1)2

1 1.5 2

= - FDBi + FDB j + FDBk

17.25 17.25 17.25

FA = Axi + Ay j + Azk

F = { - 2400k} N

rAD = (1 - 0)i + (1 - 0)k = {i + k} m

rF = {4i} m

462

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*5–72. Continued

**Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD of the assembly shown in Fig. a.
**

Force equation of equilibrium gives

ΣF = 0; FDC + FDB + FA + F = 0

1 1 1.5 1.5

a- FDC - FDB + Ax bi + a FDC - FDB + Ay bj

17.25 17.25 17.25 17.25

2 2

+ a FDC + FDB + Az - 2400bk = 0

17.25 17.25

Equating i, j and k components,

1 1

- FDC - FDB + Ax = 0 (1)

17.25 17.25

1.5 1.5

FDC - F + Ay = 0 (2)

17.25 7.25 DB

2 2

FDC + FDB + Az - 2400 = 0 (3)

17.25 17.25

Moment equation of equilibrium gives

ΣMA = 0; rF * F + rAD * (FDB + FDC) = 0

i j k i j k

†4 0 0 † + 5 1 0 1 5 = 0

0 0 -2400 1 1.5 2

- (FDB + FDC) (FDC - FDB) (FDC + FDB)

17.25 17.25 17.25

1.5 3 1.5

- (FDC - FDB)i + c 9600 - (FDC + FDB) d j + (FDC + FDB)k = 0

17.25 17.25 17.25

Equating i, j and k Components

1.5

- (FDC - FDB) = 0 (4)

17.25

3

9600 - (FDC + FDB) = 0 (5)

17.25

1.5

(FDC - FDB) = 0 (6)

17.25

Solving Eqs. (1) to (6)

FDC = FDB = 4308.13 N = 4.31 kN Ans.

Ax = 3200 N = 3.20 kN Ans.

Ay = 0 Ans. Ans:

FDC = FDB = 4.31 kN

Az = - 4000 N = -4 kN Ans.

Ax = 3.20 kN

Negative sign indicates that Az directed in the sense opposite to that shown in FBD. Ay = 0

Az = -4 kN

463

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5–73.

**The bent rod is supported at A, B, and C by smooth journal z
**

bearings. Determine the components of reaction at the bearings

if the rod is subjected to the force F = 800 N. The bearings are

in proper alignment and exert only force reactions on the rod. C

A

2m

2m B

30 1m 0.75 m

x

Solution

60

Equations of Equilibrium. The x, y and z components of force F are y

F

Fx = 800 cos 60° cos 30° = 346.41 N

**Fy = 800 cos 60° sin 30° = 200 N
**

Fz = 800 sin 60° = 692.82 N

Referring to the FBD of the bent rod shown in Fig. a,

ΣMx = 0; - Cy(2) + Bz(2) - 692.82 (2) = 0 (1)

ΣMy = 0; Bz(1) + Cx(2) = 0 (2)

ΣMz = 0; - Cy(1.75) - Cx(2) - By(1) - 346.41(2) = 0 (3)

ΣFx = 0; Ax + Cx + 346.41 = 0 (4)

ΣFy = 0; 200 + By + Cy = 0 (5)

ΣFz = 0; Az + Bz - 692.82 = 0 (6)

Solving Eqs. (1) to (6)

**Cy = 800 N Bz = - 107.18 N = 107 N By = 600 N Ans.
**

Cx = 53.59 N = 53.6 N Ax = 400 N Az = 800 N Ans.

The negative signs indicate that Cy, Bz and Az are directed in the senses opposite to

those shown in FBD.

Ans:

Cy = 800 N

Bz = 107 N

By = 600 N

Cx = 53.6 N

Ax = 400 N

Az = 800 N

464

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5–74.

**The bent rod is supported at A, B, and C by smooth journal z
**

bearings. Determine the magnitude of F which will cause the

positive x component of reaction at the bearing C to be Cx = 50 N.

The bearings are in proper alignment and exert only force

C

reactions on the rod.

A

2m

2m B

30 1m 0.75 m

Solution x

60

Equations of Equilibrium. The x, y and z components of force F are y

F

Fx = F cos 60° cos 30° = 0.4330 F

Fy = F cos 60° sin 30° = 0.25 F

Fz = F sin 60° = 0.8660 F

**Here, it is required that Cx = 50. Thus, by referring to the FBD of the beat rod
**

shown in Fig. a,

ΣMx = 0; -Cy(2) + Bz(2) - 0.8660 F(2) = 0 (1)

ΣMy = 0; Bz(1) + 50(2) = 0 (2)

ΣMz = 0; -Cy(1.75) - 50(2) - By(1) - 0.4330 F(2) = 0 (3)

ΣFy = 0; 0.25 F + By + Cy = 0 (4)

Solving Eqs. (1) to (4)

F = 746.41 N = 746 N Ans.

Cy = -746.41 N

Bz = - 100 N

By = 559.81 N

Ans:

F = 746 N

465

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–75.

**Member AB is supported by a cable BC and at A by a z
**

square rod which fits loosely through the square hole in the

collar fixed to the member as shown. Determine the

components of reaction at A and the tension in the cable 1.5 m

needed to hold the rod in equilibrium.

3m A

400 N

y

C

200 N

Solution

x 1m

Force And Position Vectors. The coordinates of points B and C are B

B(3, 0, - 1) m C(0, 1.5, 0) m, respectively.

rBC (0 - 3)i + (1.5 - 0)j + [0 - ( - 1)]k

TBC = TBC a b = TBC • ¶

rBC 2(0 - 3)2 + (1.5 - 0)2 + [0 - ( -1)]2

6 3 2

= - TBC i + TBC j + T k

7 7 7 BC

F = {200j - 400k} N

FA = Ax i + Ay j

MA = (MA)x i + (MA)y j + (MA)z k

r1{3 i} m r2 = {1.5 j} m

**Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD of member AB shown in Fig. a, the
**

force equation of equilibrium gives

ΣF = 0; TBC + F + FA = 0

6 3 2

a - TBC + Ax bi + a TBC + 200 + Ayb j + a TBC - 400bk = 0

7 7 7

Equating i, j and k components

6

- T + Ax = 0 (1)

7 BC

3

T + 200 + Ay = 0 (2)

7 BC

2

T - 400 = 0 (3)

7 BC

466

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5–75. Continued

**The moment equation of equilibrium gives
**

ΣMA = O; MA + r1 * F + r2 * TBC = 0

i j k i j k

( MA ) x i + ( MA ) y j + ( MA ) zk + † 3 0 0 † + 5 0 1.5 0 5 = 0

0 200 - 400 6 3 2

- TBC TBC TBC

7 7 7

3 9

c ( MA ) x + T d i + 3 ( MA ) y + 1200 4 j + c ( MA ) z + TBC + 600 d k = 0

7 BC 7

Equating i, j, and k components,

3

( MA ) x + TBC = 0 (4)

7

( MA ) y + 1200 = 0 (5)

9

( MA ) z +TBC + 600 = 0 (6)

7

Solving Eqs. (1) to (6),

TBC = 1400 N = 1.40 kN Ans.

Ay = 800 N Ans.

Ax = 1200 N = 1.20 kN Ans.

( MA ) x = 600 N # m Ans.

( MA ) y = - 1200 N # m = 1.20 kN # m Ans.

( MA ) z = - 2400 N # m = 2.40 kN # m Ans.

The negative signs indicate that Ay, ( MA ) x, ( MA ) y and ( MA ) z are directed in sense

opposite to those shown in FBD.

Ans:

TBC = 1.40 kN

Ay = 800 N

Ax = 1.20 kN

( MA ) x = 600 N # m

( MA ) y = 1.20 kN # m

( MA ) z = 2.40 kN # m

467

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*5–76.

**The member is supported by a pin at A and cable BC. z
**

Determine the components of reaction at these supports if

the cylinder has a mass of 40 kg. 0.5 m

B

1m

A

D 1m y

Solution 1m 3m

Force And Position Vectors. The coordinates of points B, C and D are B(0, -0.5, 1) m, x

C(3, 1, 0) m and D(3, - 1, 0) m, respectively. C

rCB (0 - 3)i + ( -0.5 - 1)j + (1 - 0)k

FCB = FCB a b = FCB c d

rCB 2(0 - 3)2 + ( - 0.5 - 1)2 + (1 - 0)2

6 3 2

= - FCBi - FCBj + FCBk

7 7 7

W = { - 40(9.81)k} N = { -392.4k} N.

FA = Ax i + Ay j + Az k

MA = ( MA ) x i + ( MA ) z k

rAC = {3i + j} m rAD = {3i - j} m

**Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD of the assembly shown in Fig. a. the
**

force equation of equilibrium gives

ΣF = 0; FCB + W + FA = 0;

6 3 2

a - FCB + Ax bi + a - FCB + Ay bj + a FCB + Az - 392.4bk = 0

7 7 7

Equating i, j and k components

6

- FCB + Ax = 0 (1)

7

3

- FCB + Ay = 0 (2)

7

2

FCB + Az - 392.4 = 0 (3)

7

The moment equation of equilibrium gives

ΣMA = 0; rAC * FCB + rAD * W + MA = 0

i j k i j k

5 3 1 0 5 + †3 -1 0 † + ( MA ) x i + ( MA ) Z k = 0

6 3 2 0 0 - 392.4

- FCB - FCB FCB

7 7 7

2 6 9 6

c FCB + 392.4 + ( MA ) x d i + a - FCB + 1177.2bj + c - FCB + FCB + ( MA ) z d k = 0

7 7 7 7

468

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*5–76. Continued

**Equating i, j and k components,
**

2

F + 392.4 + ( MA ) x = 0 (4)

7 CB

6

- FCB + 1177.2 = 0 (5)

7

9 6

- FCB + FCB + ( MA ) z = 0 (6)

7 7

Solving Eqs (1) to (6),

FCB = 1373.4 N = 1.37 kN Ans.

( MA ) x = - 784.8 N # m = 785 N # m Ans.

( MA ) z = 588.6 N # m = 589 N # m Ans.

Ax = 1177.2 N = 1.18 kN Ans.

Ay = 588.6 N = 589 N Ans.

Az = 0 Ans.

Ans:

FCB = 1.37 kN

( MA ) x = 785 N # m

( MA ) z = 589 N # m

Ax = 1.18 kN

Ay = 589 N

Az = 0

469

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–77.

**The member is supported by a square rod which fits loosely z
**

through the smooth square hole of the attached collar at A

and by a roller at B. Determine the components of reaction

at these supports when the member is subjected to the

loading shown. A

x

B

1m 2m

y

2m

Solution C

300 N 500 N

Force And Position Vectors. The coordinates of points B and C are

B(2,0,0) m and C(3,0,-2) m.

400 N

FA = -Ax i - Ay j

F = {300i + 500j - 400k} N

NB = NB k

MA = - ( MA ) x i + ( MA ) y j - ( MA ) z k

rAB = {2i} m rAC = {3i - 2k} m

**Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD of the member shown in Fig. a, the
**

force equation of equilibrium gives

ΣF = 0; FA + F + NB = 0

( 300 - Ax ) i + ( 500 - Ay ) j + ( NB - 400 ) k = 0

470

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5–77. Continued

**Equating i, j and k components,
**

300 - Ax = 0 Ax = 300 N Ans.

500 - Ay = 0 Ay = 500 N Ans.

NB - 400 = 0 NB = 400 N Ans.

**The moment equation of equilibrium gives
**

ΣMA = 0; MA + rAB * NB + rAC * F = 0

i j k i j k

- ( MA ) x i + ( MA ) y j - ( MA ) z k + † 2 0 0 † + † 3 0 -2 † = 0

0 0 400 300 500 - 400

3 1000 - ( MA ) x 4 i + 3 ( MA ) y - 200 4 j + 3 1500 - ( MA ) z 4 k = 0

Equating i, j and k components,

**1000 - ( MA ) x = 0 ( MA ) x = 1000 N # m = 1.00 kN # m Ans.
**

( MA ) y - 200 = 0 ( MA ) y = 200 N # m Ans.

1500 - ( MA ) z = 0 ( MA ) z = 1500 N # m = 1.50 kN # m Ans.

Ans:

Ax = 300 N

Ay = 500 N

NB = 400 N

( MA ) x = 1.00 kN # m

( MA ) y = 200 N # m

( MA ) z = 1.50 kN # m

471

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–78.

**The bent rod is supported at A, B, and C by smooth journal F1
**

z

bearings. Compute the x, y, z components of reaction at the

bearings if the rod is subjected to forces F1 = 300 lb and 45

F2 = 250 lb. F1 lies in the y–z plane. The bearings are in 1 ft

proper alignment and exert only force reactions on the rod.

A

C

4 ft

SOLUTION B 5 ft

**F1 = (- 300 cos 45°j - 300 sin 45°k)
**

2 ft

3 ft 30 y

= {- 212.1j - 212.1k} lb

45

F2 = (250 cos 45° sin 30°i + 250 cos 45° cos 30°j - 250 sin 45°k) x

F2

= {88.39i + 153.1j - 176.8k} lb

©Fx = 0; Ax + Bx + 88.39 = 0

©Fy = 0; Ay + Cy - 212.1 + 153.1 = 0

©Fz = 0; Bz + Cz - 212.1 - 176.8 = 0

©Mx = 0; -Bz (3) - Ay (4) + 212.1(5) + 212.1(5) = 0

©My = 0; Cz (5) + Ax (4) = 0

©Mz = 0; Ax (5) + Bx (3) - Cy (5) = 0

Ax = 633 lb Ans.

Ay = - 141 lb Ans.

Bx = - 721 lb Ans.

Bz = 895 lb Ans.

Cy = 200 lb Ans.

Cz = - 506 lb Ans.

Ans:

Ax = 633 lb

Ay = - 141 lb

Bx = - 721 lb

Bz = 895 lb

Cy = 200 lb

Cz = - 506 lb

472

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–79.

**The bent rod is supported at A, B, and C by smooth journal F1
**

z

bearings. Determine the magnitude of F2 which will cause

the reaction C y at the bearing C to be equal to zero. The 45

bearings are in proper alignment and exert only force 1 ft

reactions on the rod. Set F1 = 300 lb.

A

C

4 ft

SOLUTION B 5 ft

**F1 = ( - 300 cos 45°j - 300 sin 45°k)
**

2 ft

3 ft 30 y

= { -212.1j - 212.1k} lb

45

F2 = (F2 cos 45° sin 30°i + F2 cos 45° cos 30°j - F2 sin 45°k)

x

F2

= {0.3536F2 i + 0.6124F2 j - 0.7071F2 k} lb

©Fx = 0; Ax + Bx + 0.3536F2 = 0

©Fy = 0; Ay + 0.6124F2 - 212.1 = 0

©Fz = 0; Bz + Cz - 0.7071F2 - 212.1 = 0

©Mx = 0; - Bz (3) - Ay (4) + 212.1(5) + 212.1(5) = 0

©My = 0; Cz (5) + Ax (4) = 0

©Mz = 0; Ax (5) + Bx (3) = 0

Ax = 357 lb

Ay = -200 lb

Bx = -595 lb

Bz = 974 lb

Cz = - 286 lb

F2 = 674 lb Ans.

Ans:

F2 = 674 lb

473

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*5–80.

**The bar AB is supported by two smooth collars. At A the D
**

connection is with a ball-and-socket joint and at B it is a B

rigid attachment. If a 50-lb load is applied to the bar, z

determine the x, y, z components of reaction at A and B.

C

6 ft

Solution 6 ft 4 ft

Ax + Bx = 0 (1) E 50 lb

5 ft

By + 50 = 0

x 3 ft A

By = - 50 lb Ans.

y

Az + Bz = 0 (2) F

MBz = 0 Ans.

MBx + 50(6) = 0

MBx = - 300 lb # ft Ans.

BCD = -9i + 3j

BCD = -0.94868i + 0.316228j

Require

FB # uCD = 0

(Bxi - 50j + Bzk) # ( -0.94868i + 0.316228j) = 0

-0.94868Bx - 50(0.316228) = 0

Bx = - 16.667 = - 16.7 lb Ans.

From Eq. (1);

Ax = 16.7 lb Ans.

Require

MB # uCD = 0

( -300i + MByj) # ( - 0.94868i + 0.316228j) = 0

300(0.94868) + MBy(0.316228) = 0

MBy = - 900 lb # ft Ans.

Ans:

By = -50 lb

MBz = 0

MBx = -300 lb # ft

Bx = -16.7 lb

Ax = 16.7 lb

474

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–81.

**The rod has a weight of 6 lb>ft. If it is supported by a ball- z
**

and-socket joint at C and a journal bearing at D, determine

the x, y, z components of reaction at these supports and the D

moment M that must be applied along the axis of the rod to

hold it in the position shown.

60

A 1 ft

B

x 0.5 ft

45

1 ft

M

C

Solution y

ΣFx = 0; Cx + Dx - 15 sin 45° = 0 (1)

ΣFy = 0; Cy + Dy = 0 (2)

ΣFz = 0; Cz - 15 cos 45° = 0

Cz = 10.6 lb Ans.

ΣMx = 0; - 3 cos 45°(0.25 sin 60°) - Dy(2) = 0

Dy = - 0.230 lb Ans.

From Eq. (2);

Cy = 0.230 lb Ans.

ΣMy = 0; - (12 sin 45°)(1) - (3 sin 45°)(1) + (3 cos 45°)(0.25 cos 60°)

+ Dx(2) = 0

Dx = 5.17 lb Ans.

From Eq. (1);

Cx = 5.44 lb Ans.

ΣMz = 0; - M + (3 sin 45°)(0.25 sin 60°) = 0

M = 0.459 lb # ft Ans.

Ans:

Cz = 10.6 lb

Dy = - 0.230 lb

Cy = 0.230 lb

Dx = 5.17 lb

Cx = 5.44 lb

M = 0.459 lb # ft

475

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–82.

**The sign has a mass of 100 kg with center of mass at G. z
**

Determine the x, y, z components of reaction at the ball-and-

socket joint A and the tension in wires BC and BD.

1m D

2m

C

SOLUTION 1m

**Equations of Equilibrium: Expressing the forces indicated on the free-body 2m
**

diagram, Fig. a, in Cartesian vector form, we have

A

FA = A xi + A yj + A zk

x B y

W = {- 100(9.81)k} N = {- 981k} N G

(- 2 - 0)i + (0 - 2)j + (1 - 0)k 2 2 1 1m

FBD = FBDuBD = FBD ≥ ¥ = a- FBDi - FBDj + FBDkb

2(- 2 - 0)2 + (0 - 2)2 + (1 - 0)2 3 3 3 1m

(1 - 0)i + (0 - 2)j + (2 - 0)k 1 2 2

FBC = FBCuBC = FBC ≥ ¥ = a FBCi - FBCj + FBCkb

2 2

2(1 - 0) + (0 - 2) + (2 - 0) 3 2 3 3

Applying the forces equation of equilibrium, we have

©F = 0; FA + FBD + FBC + W = 0

2 2 1 1 2 2

(A xi + A yj + A zk) + a - FBDi - FBDj + FBDk b + a FBCi - FBCj + FBCkb + ( - 981 k) = 0

3 3 3 3 3 3

2 1 2 2 1 2

a Ax - FBD + FBC bi + a A y - FBD - FBC b j + aA z + FBD + FBC - 981bk = 0

3 3 3 3 3 3

**Equating i, j, and k components, we have
**

2 1

Ax - F + FBC = 0 (1)

3 BD 3

2 2

Ay - F - FBC = 0 (2)

3 BD 3

1 2

Az + FBD + FBC - 981 = 0 (3)

3 3

In order to write the moment equation of equilibrium about point A, the position

vectors rAG and rAB must be determined first.

rAG = {1j} m

rAB = {2j} m

476

© 2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–82. Continued

Thus,

**©M A = 0; rAB * (FBC + FBD) + (rAG * W) = 0
**

1 2 2 2 2 1

(2j) * c a FBC - FBD b i - a FBC + FBD b j + a FBC + FBD bk d + (1j) * ( - 981k) = 0

3 3 3 3 3 3

4 2 4 2

a FBC + FBD - 981 bi + a FBD - FBC b k = 0

3 3 3 3

Equating i, j, and k components we have

4 2

F + FBC - 981 = 0 (4)

3 BC 3

4 2

F - FBC = 0 (5)

3 BC 3

Ans:

FBD = 294 N

FBC = 589 N

Ax = 0

Ay = 589 N

Az = 490.5 N

477

© 2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–83.

**Both pulleys are fixed to the shaft and as the shaft turns z
**

with constant angular velocity, the power of pulley A is

transmitted to pulley B. Determine the horizontal tension T 200 mm 50 N

in the belt on pulley B and the x, y, z components of 250 mm D

reaction at the journal bearing C and thrust bearing D if 300 mm u

u = 0°. The bearings are in proper alignment and exert only

force reactions on the shaft. 150 mm

C B y

80 mm

SOLUTION x A

T

Equations of Equilibrium:

65 N

©Mx = 0; 6510.082 - 8010.082 + T10.152 - 5010.152 = 0 80 N

T = 58.0 N Ans.

©My = 0; 165 + 80210.452 - Cz 10.752 = 0

Cz = 87.0 N Ans.

©Mz = 0; 150 + 58.0210.22 - Cy 10.752 = 0

Cy = 28.8 N Ans.

©Fx = 0; Dx = 0 Ans.

©Fy = 0; Dy + 28.8 - 50 - 58.0 = 0

Dy = 79.2 N Ans.

©Fz = 0; Dz + 87.0 - 80 - 65 = 0

Dz = 58.0 N Ans.

Ans:

T = 58.0 N

Cz = 87.0 N

Cy = 28.8 N

Dx = 0

Dy = 79.2 N

Dz = 58.0 N

478

© 2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*5–84.

**Both pulleys are fixed to the shaft and as the shaft turns z
**

with constant angular velocity, the power of pulley A is

transmitted to pulley B. Determine the horizontal tension T 200 mm 50 N

in the belt on pulley B and the x, y, z components of 250 mm D

reaction at the journal bearing C and thrust bearing D if u

300 mm

u = 45°. The bearings are in proper alignment and exert

only force reactions on the shaft. 150 mm

C B y

80 mm

SOLUTION x A

T

Equations of Equilibrium:

65 N

©Mx = 0; 6510.082 - 8010.082 + T10.152 - 5010.152 = 0 80 N

T = 58.0 N Ans.

©My = 0; 165 + 80210.452 - 50 sin 45°10.22 - Cz 10.752 = 0

Cz = 77.57 N = 77.6 N Ans.

©Mz = 0; 58.010.22 + 50 cos 45°10.22 - Cy 10.752 = 0

Cy = 24.89 N = 24.9 N Ans.

©Fx = 0; Dx = 0 Ans.

©Fy = 0; Dy + 24.89 - 50 cos 45° - 58.0 = 0

Dy = 68.5 N Ans.

©Fz = 0; Dz + 77.57 + 50 sin 45° - 80 - 65 = 0

Dz = 32.1 N Ans.

Ans:

T = 58.0 N

Cz = 77.6 N

Cy = 24.9 N

Dy = 68.5 N

Dz = 32.1 N

479

© 2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

5–85.

**Member AB is supported by a cable BC and at A by a square z
**

rod which fits loosely through the square hole at

the end joint of the member as shown. Determine the C

components of reaction at A and the tension in the cable

needed to hold the 800-lb cylinder in equilibrium.

2 ft A

x

6 ft B

SOLUTION

3 ft

3 6 2

FBC = FBC a i - j + k b y

7 7 7

3

©Fx = 0; FBC a b = 0

7

FBC = 0 Ans.

©Fy = 0; Ay = 0 Ans.

©Fz = 0; Az = 800 lb Ans.

©Mx = 0; (MA)x - 800(6) = 0

(MA)x = 4.80 kip # ft Ans.

©My = 0; (MA)y = 0 Ans.

©Mz = 0; (MA)z = 0 Ans.

Ans:

FBC = 0

Ay = 0

Az = 800 lb

(MA)x = 4.80 kip # ft

(MA)y = 0

(MA)z = 0

480

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