Er. UMVED SINGH (9027187359) P.L. SHARMA ROAD MEERUT
POTENTIAL TEST SERIES (2016) IIT-JEE (MAINS)/AIIMS/AIPMT/CPMT

Direction: total energy (TE) are measured as function of
1. The Test PAPER consists of 35 questions displacement x. Which of the following statements is
2. There is only one correct answer. true?
3. You will be awarded 4 Marks if you have darkened only the bubble (1) KE is maximum when x = 0
corresponding to the correct answer and zero mark if no bubble is (2) TE is zero when x = 0
darkened. In all other cases, minus one (– 1) mark will be awarded.
(3) KE is maximum when x is maximum
(4) PE is maximum when x = 0
Best of Luck for Your Competitive Exams 7. Two particles A and B of equal masses are
suspended from two massless springs of spring
constants k1 and k2, respectively. If the maximum
1. If a spring has time period T, and is cut into n equal
velocities, during oscillations are equal, the ratio of
parts, then the time period of each part will be amplitudes of A and B is
T
(1) T n (2) (3) nT (4) T (1) k1 / k 2 (2) k1/k2
n
2. In a simple harmonic oscillator, at the mean (3) k 2 / k1 (4) k2/k1
position 8. The bob of a simple pendulum executes simple
(1) kinetic energy is minimum, potential energy is harmonic motion in water with a period t, while the
maximum period of oscillation of the bob is t0 in air.
(2) both kinetic and potential energies are maximum Neglecting frictional force of water and given that
(3) kinetic energy is maximum, potential energy is the density of the bob is (4/3) × 1000 kg/m3. What
minimum relationship between t and t0 is true?
(4) both kinetic and potential energies are minimum
(1) t = t0 (2) t = t0/2
3. A child swinging on a swing in sitting position,
stands up, then the time period of the swing will
(3) t = 2t0 (4) t = 4t0
(1) increase 9. A particle at the end of a spring executes simple
(2) decrease harmonic motion with a period t1, while the
(3) remain same corresponding period for another spring is t2. If the
(4) increase if the child is long and decrease if the child is period of oscillation with the two springs in series is
short T, then-
4. A mass M is suspended from a spring of negligible
mass. The spring is pulled a little and then released
(1) T = t1 + t2 (2) T2 = t12 + t 22
so that the mass executes SHM of time period T. If (3) T–1 = t11 + t 21 (4) T–2 = t12 + t 22
the mass is increased by m, the time period
10. The total energy of a particle, executing simple harmonic
m
becomes 5T/3, then the ratio of is motion is-
M
(1)  x (2)  x2
3 25
(1) (2) (3) Independent of x (4)  x1/2
5 9 11. A particle of mass m is attached to a spring (of
16 5 spring constant k) and has a natural angular
(3) (4) frequency 0 . An external force F(t) proportional
9 3
5. The displacement of a particle varies according to the to cos  t (   0 ) is applied to the oscillator.
relation x = 4(cos  t + sin  t). The amplitude of the The time displacement of the oscillator will be
particle is proportional to-
(1) – 4 (2) 4 m 1
(1) (2)
(3) 4 2 (4) 8 20  2
m( 20  2 )
6. A body executes simple harmonic motion. The
potential energy (PE), the kinetic energy (KE) and
1 m
(3) (4)
m( 20  ) 2
( 20  2 )

CLASS-TEST -2016 MEDICAL/ENGG. ENTRANCE EXAMS (OSCILLATIONS & WAVES)

Er. UMVED SINGH (9027187359) ई. Dedicated to teaching
Er. UMVED SINGH (9027187359) P.L. SHARMA ROAD MEERUT
POTENTIAL TEST SERIES (2016) IIT-JEE (MAINS)/AIIMS/AIPMT/CPMT
12. A particle of mass 0.3 kg is subjected to a force F = x = 2  10–2 cos  t metre. The time at which the
–kx with k = 15 N/m. What will be its initial maximum speed first occurs is-
acceleration, if it is released from a point 20 cm (1) 0.5 s (2) 0.75 s
away from the origin? (3) 0.125 s (4) 0.25 s
(1) 3 m/s2 (2) 15 m/s2 20. A point mass oscillates along the x-axis
(3) 5 m/s2 (4) 10 m/s2 according to the law x = x0 cos(wt –  /4) If
13. The function sin2(wt) represents the acceleration of the particle is written as- a
(1) a periodic, but not simple harmonic, motion with a = A cos (wt + d), then-
period 2  /w (1) A = x0, d = –  /4 (2) A = x0w2 , d =  /4
(2) a periodic, but not simple harmonic, motion with a
period  /w (3) A = x0w2, d = –  /4 (4) A = x0w2, d = 3  /4
(3) a simple harmonic motion with a period 2  /w 21. A 2 kg block slides on a horizontal floor with a
(4) a simple harmonic motion with a period  /w speed of 4 m/s. It strikes a uncompressed spring
14. Two simple harmonic motions are represented by and compress it till the block is motionless. The
  kinetic friction force is 15 N and spring constant is
the equations y1 = 0.1 sin  100 t   and y2 = 10,000 N/m. The spring compresses by-
 3
(1) 5.5 cm (2) 2.5 cm
0.1 cosπ t. The phase difference of the velocity of
(3) 11.0 cm (4) 8.5 cm
particle 1, with respect to the velocity of particle 2
22. Two springs, of force constants k1 and k2, are
is-
  connected to a mass m as shown. The frequency of
(1) (2) oscillation of the mass is f. If both k1 and k2 are
6 3
  made four times their original values, the frequency
(3) (4) of oscillation becomes
3 6 m
k1 k2
d2 x
15 If a simple harmonic motion is represented by
dt 2
(1) f/2 (2) f/4
+ ax = 0, its time period is
(3) 4f (4) 2f
2 2 23. A particle of mass m executes simple harmonic
(1) (2)
  motion with amplitude a and frequency n. The
(3) 2  a (4) 2   average kinetic energy during its motion from the
16. The bob of a simple pendulum is a spherical hollow position of equilibrium to the end is-
ball filled with water. A plugged hole near the 1
(1)  2ma2n2 (2) ma2n2
bottom of the oscillating bob gets suddenly 4
unplugged. During observation, till water is coming (3) 4  2ma2n2 (4) 2  2ma2n2
out, the time period of oscillation would- 24. If x, v and a denote the displacement, the velocity
(1) first increase and then decrease to the original value and the acceleration of a particle executing simple
(2) first decrease and then increase to the original value harmonic motion of time period T, then, which of
(3) remain unchanged the following does not change with time ?
(4) increase towards a saturation value aT
(1) aT + 2  v (2)
17. The maximum velocity of a particle, executing v
simple harmonic motion with amplitude 7 mm, is aT
(3) a2T2 + 4  2v2 (4)
4.4 m/s. The period of oscillation is- x
(1) 0.01 s (2) 10s 25. A mass M, attached to a horizontal spring, executes
(3) 0.1 s (4) 100 s S.H.M. with amplitude A1. When the mass M passes
18. Starting from the origin a body oscillates simple through its mean position then a smaller mass m is
harmonically with a period of 2s. After what time placed over it and both of them move together with
will its kinetic energy be 75% of the total energy? A 
amplitude A2. The ratio of  1  is
1 1  A2 
(1) s (2) s
6 4 1/2
 Mm 
1/2
 M 
1 1 (1)   (2)  
(3)
3
s (4)
12
s Mm   M 
19. The displacement of an object attached to a spring M Mm
(3) (4)
and executing simple harmonic motion is given by Mm M

CLASS-TEST -2016 MEDICAL/ENGG. ENTRANCE EXAMS (OSCILLATIONS & WAVES)

Er. UMVED SINGH (9027187359) ई. Dedicated to teaching
Er. UMVED SINGH (9027187359) P.L. SHARMA ROAD MEERUT
POTENTIAL TEST SERIES (2016) IIT-JEE (MAINS)/AIIMS/AIPMT/CPMT
26. Two particles are executing simple harmonic motion 31. The period of oscillation of simple pendulum of
of the same amplitude A and frequency w along the length L suspended from the roof of the vehicle
x-axis. Their mean position is separated by distance which moves without friction, down an inclined
X0(X0 > A). If the maximum separation between plane of inclination a, is given by
them is (X0 + A), the phase difference between L L
(A) 2  (B) 2 
their motion is g cos  g sin 
  L L
(1) (2) (C) 2  (D) 2 
4 6 g g tan 
 
(3) (4) 32. A particle executes simple harmonic motion
2 3 between x = –A and x = +A. The time taken for it
27. A wooden cube (density of wood 'd') of side 'l' floats A A
in a liquid of density 'r' with its upper and lower to go from O to is T1 and to go from to A is
2 2
surfaces horizontal. If the cube is pushed slightly T2, then
down and released, it performs simple harmonic
(A) T1 < T2 (B) T1 > T2
motion of period 'T'. Then, 'T' is equal to
(C) T1 = T2 (D) T1 = 2T2
 d
(1) 2  (2) 2  33. For a particle executing SHM the displacement x
(  d)g g
given by x = A cos wt. Identify the graph which
 d represents the variation of potential energy (PE) as
(3) 2  (4) 2  a function of time t and displacement x
dg (  d)g
28. If a spring of stiffness 'k' is cut into two parts 'A' and PE
PE I II
'B' of length lA : lB = 2 : 3, then the stiffness of III
IV
spring 'A' is given by
5 3k
(1) k (2) (t)
2 5 x
2k
(3) (4) k (A) I, III (B) II, IV
5 (C) II, III (D) I, IV
29. If a simple pendulum has significant amplitude (up
34. A simple pendulum has time period T1. The point of
to a factor of 1/e of original) only in the period
between t = 0 s to t = ts, then t may be called the suspension is now moved upward according to the
average life of the pendulum. When the spherical relation y = K t2, (K = 1 m/s2) where y is the
bob of the pendulum suffers a retardation (due to vertical displacement. Theperiodtime now
viscous drag) proportional to its velocity, with 'b' as becomes T2. The ratio of is : (g = 10 m/s2)
the constant of proportionality, the average life time
6 5
of the pendulum is (assuming damping is small) in (A) (B)
seconds :- 5 6
2 0.693 4
(1) (2) (C) 1 (D)
b b 5
1 35. The mass M shown in the figure oscillates in simple
(3) b (4) harmonic motion with amplitude A. The amplitude
b
of the point P is
30. An ideal gas enclosed in a vertical cylindrical
container supports a freely moving piston of mass
M. The piston and the cylinder have equal cross
sectional area A. When the piston is in equilibrium, k1 k2
the volume of the gas is V0 and its pressure is P0.
P M
The piston is slightly displaced from the equilibrium
position and released. Assuming that the system is
completely isolated from its surrounding, the piston k1 A k2 A
executes a simple harmonic motion with frequency. (A) (B)
k2 k1
1 AP0 1 V0 MP0
(1) (2) k1 A k2 A
2 V0 M 2 A 2  (C) (D)
k1  k 2 k1  k 2
1 A P02
1 MV0
(3) (4)
2 MV0 2  AP0

CLASS-TEST -2016 MEDICAL/ENGG. ENTRANCE EXAMS (OSCILLATIONS & WAVES)

Er. UMVED SINGH (9027187359) ई. Dedicated to teaching