Numbers of people diagnosed with COPD

How many people in the UK have a diagnosis of COPD?

An estimated 1.2 million people are living with diagnosed COPD – considerably
more than the 835,000 estimated by the Department of Health in 2011. In terms
of diagnosed cases, this makes COPD the second most common lung disease in
the UK, after asthma. Around 2% of the whole population – 4.5% of all people
aged over 40 – live with diagnosed COPD.

Our research also suggests that prevalence is growing. The number of people
who have ever had a diagnosis of COPD has increased by 27% in the last
decade, from under 1,600 to nearly 2,000 per 100,000. This could mean that
more undiagnosed cases are being found, or that the disease is becoming more
common. Changes in record-keeping could also be a factor.

However, prevalence increased by 9% between 2008 and 2012, while record-
keeping practices remained the same. Earlier research has indicated that up to
two-thirds of people with COPD remain undiagnosed. New research is required
to see if this is still valid, and to ascertain the current prevalence of the disease.

Estimated numbers of people ever diagnosed with COPD 2004–12

2004200520062007200820092010201120120500,0001,000,0001,500,000

Year Number of people in the UK with COPD

2004 991,263

222.113 2012 1.681 2007 1.Year Number of people in the UK with COPD 2005 1.975 2010 1.562 2009 1.567 2008 1.176.018.732 2006 1.094.456 2011 1.047.126.685 .161.201.

24 2.5001. Number of people ever diagnosed with COPD per 100.404 1.31 1.21 1.009 2.35 1. This was seen throughout the years 2004–12.719 1.858 6 5 6 4 6 8 .147 1.107 1.2501.40 2.806 5 7 8 6 2 9 200 2.354 1.895 2.How many people have been diagnosed with COPD in each region of the UK? There was a higher proportion of people diagnosed with COPD in the north of the UK – Scotland and the North East and North West of England.48 2.0001.661 1.7502.05 1.457 1.33 1.5002.888 4 0 0 0 6 8 200 2.34 2. 2004–12 East MidlandsEast of EnglandLondonNorth EastNorth WestNorthern IrelandScotlandSouth EastSouth WestWalesWest MidlandsYorkshire & Humber2004200620082010201202505007501.451 1.99 1.29 2.694 1.202 1.799 1.0002.000 Nort Sout East East of Nort Northe Sout West Yorkshi Yea Lond h Scotla h Wal Midlan Engla h rn h Midlan re & r on Wes nd Wes es ds nd East Ireland East ds Humber t t 200 2.713 1.22 1.614 2.32 1.740 1.08 1.7503.000.41 1.091 2.522 2.2502 .

47 2.063 2.08 1.116 2.50 1.055 1.576 1.44 1.818 1.37 1.319 1.61 2.840 1 0 7 9 0 9 201 2.46 1.115 2.217 1.54 1.69 2.008 2 0 2 2 8 3 .083 2.07 1.670 2.893 8 1 9 7 3 6 200 2.274 1.40 1.59 2.916 2.07 1.60 2.811 1.079 2.806 1.53 2.900 1.872 1.42 1.853 1.17 2.629 1.778 2.39 1.784 1.13 1.630 1.985 9 1 9 8 2 8 201 2.763 1.61 1.74 2.882 7 7 6 7 2 5 200 2.10 1.868 0 7 2 9 9 8 201 2.63 2.58 2. Nort Sout East East of Nort Northe Sout West Yorkshi Yea Lond h Scotla h Wal Midlan Engla h rn h Midlan re & r on Wes nd Wes es ds nd East Ireland East ds Humber t t 200 2.767 2.325 1.252 1.754 1.36 1.090 2.54 2.369 1.749 1.42 2.817 1.909 2.821 2.39 1.45 1.869 2.895 1.51 2.576 1.

4) Upwards of 24 million people suffer from some form of COPD currently in America.8 million women had chronic bronchitis compared to 3. approximately 3 million people lost their lives to COPD around the world. 8) Female smokers are 13 times more likely to die of COPD than women who have never smoked. 2013 marks the first year ever that we are able to see the COPD prevalence rate for all 50 states thanks to the new data put forth by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s BEHAVIOR RISK SURVEILLANCE SURVEY (BRFSS). but only about half that number have been diagnosed. . In 2011. 6.S. 5) Approximately 65 million people worldwide have moderate to severe COPD. For men. The map below shows the prevalence rate for each state. 3) Estimates are that by the year 2030.7%) than men (5. Many people with breathing problems don't realize they are the result of COPD.3 million men in the same time period. Globally. according to the World Health Organization. which is the nation’s largest telephone health survey. it is the 5th leading cause of death.2) today. 2) COPD is the third leading cause of death in the U. 9) Women are diagnosed with chronic bronchitis at approximately twice the rate of men.COPD Statistics Across America COPD affects over 24 million Americans and our community stretches across all 50 states. That number represents 6% of all deaths globally for that year. beaten only by cancer (2nd leading cause) and heart disease (leading cause). In 2012. the risk is 12 times that of their non-smoking male counterparts. 6) More than 90% of COPD-related deaths occur in low and middle-income countries. COPD will rise to the 3rd leading cause of death worldwide unless urgent action isn't taken to reduce tobacco use. 7) COPD is more common in American women (6.

with 2.Women are more vulnerable than men to lung damage from cigarette smoke and other pollutants. but not any longer. 15) It is estimated that 90% of people with COPD are current or former smokers.6 million cases of emphysema reported in 2011. 13) Over 800. Because COPD has long been thought of as a man’s disease. the tobacco industry intensely targeted women. Of the 4. Their lungs are smaller and estrogen plays a role in worsening lung disease.000 hospitalizations each year in the U.1 million for men. compared to 2. 14) Both Alabama and Kentucky have COPD prevalence rates that are over 9%. as women age. 12) In the United States. many doctors still do not expect to see it in women and miss the proper diagnosis. This resulted in a huge increase in women smoking. one in five hospitalizations of people over the age of 40 is due to COPD.S. 3. more than 90% of them were in people who were 45 years or older. including COPD. 2.In the late 1960s. COPD in Women Deaths resulting from COPD in women are higher than in men. There are a few reasons why this happens. 1. Women outrank men here as well currently.10) Emphysema used to primarily affect men.Women are often misdiagnosed. 11) Emphysema is usually slow to develop.7 million cases ever reported. . are related to COPD. We are still seeing new cases of smoking related diseases.

4 billion on indirect mortality costs. 8. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that there were about 62 million people with moderate to severe COPD in 2002.8]. between years 2000 and 2010. and the number of people dying from COPD is growing. 90% of COPD deaths still occur in low– and middle–income countries (LMIC)in the future . the World Health Assembly. about 4%–10% of adults were diagnosed with non–reversible and progressive airway obstruction (a basic feature of COPD) in population–based surveys across many European countries. COPD causes serious long-term disability and early death.9 million) [7. with smoking indicated as a major risk [12].14]. over 2. The burden of COPD has been reported to be high in some high–income countries (HIC).5 billion spent on direct health care. For example. in 2012. representing about 3% of total health care expenditure [13. exposures to combustion products of biomass fuels and environmental pollution [9. Despite this initiative. but millions more may have the disease without even knowing it.6]. including 29.7 million adults were estimated to have COPD in 2011. endorsed a new health goal (the “25 by 25 goal”).9 billion on COPD. with about 135 000 deaths reported [15]. but neglected global epidemic [4]. At this time there is no cure. the US government spent nearly US$ 49. More than 11 million people have been diagnosed with COPD. which focuses on reduction of premature deaths from COPD and other NCDs by 25% by the year 2025 [2]. particularly due to high prevalence of smoking in these settings [11]. COPD was responsible for about 5% of global disability–adjusted life years – DALYs (76. In 2010.0 billion on indirect morbidity and 12.7 million) – and 5% of total deaths (2. In a follow–up to the 2011 United Nations (UN) high level political declaration on non- communicable diseases (NCDs) [1].10]. In the United States (US).6 billion Euros in 2005. experts have reported that COPD remains a growing [3]. According to the 2010 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. respectively [15]. Meanwhile. with the total number of COPD cases predicted to increase to about 200 million in 2010 [5. The European Union (EU) reported that the direct cost from COPD was over 38. in the absence of interventions that address the risks – especially tobacco smoking. it has been estimated that despite a high prevalence of COPD in some HIC. COPD is currently rated the fourth most common specific cause of death globally and predicted to be the third by 2030.COPD is the third leading cause of death in the United States. The WHO has estimated that in many HIC up to 73% of COPD deaths are related to tobacco smoking [6].