span tables FOR

JOISTS AND RAFTERS
2015 EDITION

American Softwood Lumber Standard
(PS 20-15) Sizes

Updates and Errata
While every precaution has been taken to
ensure the accuracy of this document, errors
may have occurred during development.
Updates or Errata are posted to the American
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components.

span tables FOR
JOISTS AND RAFTERS
2015 EDITION

American Softwood Lumber Standard
(PS 20-15) Sizes

While every effort has been made to insure
the accuracy of the information presented,
and special effort has been made to assure
that the information reflects the state-of-
the-art, neither the American Wood Council
nor its members assume any responsibility
for any particular design prepared from this
publication. Those using this document
assume all liability from its use.

Copyright © 2015
American Wood Council
info@awc.org
www.awc.org

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table
No. Description of Tables Page

Explanation of Tables .......................................................................................................................................1

FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITS

F-1 Live Load of 30 psf plus dead load of 10 psf...........................................................................................................4
F-2 Live Load of 40 psf plus dead load of 10 psf...........................................................................................................5
F-3 Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ..........................................................................................................6
F-4 Live Load of 60 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ..........................................................................................................7

F-5 Live Load of 40 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ..........................................................................................................8
F-6 Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ..........................................................................................................9
F-7 Live Load of 60 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ........................................................................................................10

CEILING JOISTS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITS

C-1 Live Load of 10 psf plus dead load of 5 psf .......................................................................................................... 11
C-2 Live Load of 20 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ........................................................................................................12

RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITS

R-1 Live Load of 20 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ........................................................................................................13
R-2 Live Load of 30 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ........................................................................................................14
R-3 Live Load of 40 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ........................................................................................................15
R-4 Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ........................................................................................................16

R-5 Live Load of 20 psf plus dead load of 15 psf ........................................................................................................17
R-6 Live Load of 30 psf plus dead load of 15 psf ........................................................................................................18
R-7 Live Load of 40 psf plus dead load of 15 psf ........................................................................................................19
R-8 Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load of 15 psf ........................................................................................................20

R-9 Live Load of 20 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ........................................................................................................21
R-10 Live Load of 30 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ........................................................................................................22
R-11 Live Load of 40 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ........................................................................................................23
R-12 Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ........................................................................................................24

RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITS

R-13 Live Load of 20 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ........................................................................................................25
R-14 Live Load of 30 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ........................................................................................................26
R-15 Live Load of 40 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ........................................................................................................27
R-16 Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load of 10 psf ........................................................................................................28

R-17 Live Load of 20 psf plus dead load of 15 psf ........................................................................................................29
R-18 Live Load of 30 psf plus dead load of 15 psf ........................................................................................................30
R-19 Live Load of 40 psf plus dead load of 15 psf ........................................................................................................31
R-20 Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load of 15 psf ........................................................................................................32

R-21 Live Load of 20 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ........................................................................................................33
R-22 Live Load of 30 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ........................................................................................................34
R-23 Live Load of 40 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ........................................................................................................35
R-24 Live Load of 50 psf plus dead load of 20 psf ........................................................................................................36

Commentary ...................................................................................................................................A-1

.

Since the change bending design values (Fb). MOISTURE CONTENT These span tables for joists and rafters are calculated The listed dry sizes are based on lumber at 19 on the basis of a series of modulus of elasticity (E) and percent maximum moisture content. Additionally. ROOF LOADS Use of these span tables requires reference to the applicable design values for the various species and Rafter spans are tabulated for the most common grades of lumber.96 Size Dry Size R-21 1.05 0. use straight line 2 x 8 1-1/2 x 7-1/4 interpolation.06 0. compression in dimension that occurs in wet service conditions has perpendicular to grain design values (Fc⊥) are included already been accounted for in the fully adjusted design as a consideration for selection of joists and rafters.84 0. rafter sizes. For roof live provide such values for the most commonly used framing loads less than 20 pounds per square foot (psf).96 0. These span 5.07 0.14 1.99 R-17 1. SPAN MEASUREMENT tables assume installation of at least three joists or rafters that are spaced not more than 24" on center.94 2 x 4 1-1/2 x 3-1/2 2 x 6 1-1/2 x 5-1/2 For intermediate values of roof live loads. Tables W-1 and W-2 of Design Values roof loads.89 0.96 R-9 1.07 0. The value. bending design values spans and required E values tabulated for 20 psf shall (Fb). for all species and grades of nominal 2-inch framing lumber customarily used in construction.17 1. These sizes R-1 1. LUMBER SIZES Table Multiply tabulated Multiply required number span by E-value by Tabulated spans apply to surfaced (S4S) lumber 12 psf 16 psf 12 psf 16 psf having dimensions which conform to the American Softwood Lumber Standard.12 1. Straight-line interpolation shall be permitted further information on span measurements including for intermediate spans and design values. supports. LUMBER DESIGN VALUES 6.06 0.96 0. 2 x 10 1-1/2 x 9-1/4 2 x 12 1-1/2 x 11-1/4 AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL . a chart which converts horizontal distances to sloping distances.05 0.12 1. loads from the governing building code. For sloping rafters the span is measured along properly sheathed and nailed on the top edge of the joist the horizontal projection.99 are as follows: R-5 1.17 1. 2.14 1.89 0. For roof live loads of 12 psf or 16 psf 3. Tabulated spans are the distance from face to face of The calculated spans assume fully supported members. SCOPE 4.84 0. SPAN TABLES FOR JOISTS AND RAFTERS 1 EXPLANATION OF TABLES 1. The commentary provides or rafter. tabulated spans are applicable to lumber in dry range of values in the tables provides allowable spans or wet service conditions. Modulus of elasticity (E).94 Nominal Actual Surfaced R-13 1. PS 20-10. and compression design values perpendicular to be permitted to be adjusted in accordance with the fol- grain (Fc⊥) therein are based on the National Design lowing table: Specification® (NDS®) for Wood Construction and incorporate adjustments appropriate for repetitive- member use under various durations of load. The loads are based on adjusted roof snow for Joists and Rafters. a supplement to these span tables. or vice versa.

for the joist or rafter shall be deter- mined from Table 9. and braced that they have the necessary strength and rigidity. tied. 8. The required Fc⊥ value shall be permitted to be adjusted in direct proportion to alternate total loads using factors tabulated in Table 9. a lumber grading or inspection bureau or agency recognized as being competent by the Board of Review of the American Lumber Standard Committee or the Canadian Lumber Standards Accreditation Board. Adequate bracing and bridging to resist wind and other lateral forces shall be provided. All members shall be so framed.1.67 plf on the joist or rafter. Fc⊥. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS The quality of wood products and fasteners and the design of load-supporting members and connec- tions shall conform to the NDS. AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL .2. or certificate of inspec- tion issued by. REQUIRED COMPRESSION PERPENDICULAR TO GRAIN The required compression perpendicular to grain design value. LUMBER IDENTIFICATION The tabulated spans in these tables apply to lumber identified by the grade stamp of. anchored. 9. The table assumes a total load of 66.2 EXPLANATION OF TABLES 7. The commentary outlines several examples that include provisions for determining required compres- sion perpendicular to grain design values.

10 20 15 0.65 50 15 0.00 1.23 0.80 50 20 1.44 1.68 2. 4) See A.00 1.2.96 1.2 24 10 5 0. 2) Total uniform load is assumed to be 66.35 40 15 0.84 1.20 1. Adjustment factors are tabulated in Table 9. psf On-center spacing. Live Dead 12 16 19.36 0.90 1.05 1.95 20 20 0.5 3.40 1.68 0.20 1.44 1.98 1.32 1.80 0.10 1.80 0.40 1.30 1.60 0.56 1.05 30 15 0.3 for 2 span floor joist requirements.96 1.50 40 20 0.45 0.53 0.20 1.30 0.75 1.60 1.45 20 10 0. AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL .83 1. ft 1.75 1.1 Required compression perpendicular to grain design values (Fc⊥) in pounds per square inch for simple span joists and rafters with uniform load.08 1. Bearing Length.67 plf.80 60 10 1. SPAN TABLES FOR JOISTS AND RAFTERS 3 Table 9.5". Table 9. 3) Alternate Fc⊥ values are possible by adjusting the tabulated values in direct proportion to the desired load. in. Span.20 1.5 2 30 22 18 15 13 4 59 44 36 30 25 6 89 67 53 44 38 8 119 89 71 59 51 10 148 111 89 74 63 12 178 133 107 89 76 14 207 156 124 104 89 16 237 178 142 119 102 18 267 200 160 133 114 20 296 222 178 148 127 22 326 244 196 163 140 24 356 267 213 178 152 26 385 289 231 193 165 Notes: 1) Bearing width is assumed to be 1.60 0.40 Note: Multiply Table 9.20 30 20 0.68 2. in.90 1.90 1.2 Adjustment factors for alternate loading and spacing conditions for determining required com- pression perpendicular to grain design values (Fc⊥) for joists and rafters.60 0.50 50 10 0.20 1.0 2.0 3.72 0.10 60 20 1.90 30 10 0.05 1.1.92 2.70 0.5 2. Loads.20 40 10 0.1 values by adjustment factors to obtain required compression perpendicular to grain design values.

10 12 . E.10 23 .449 1.7 11 .8 18 . TABLE F-1 4 4 FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITS DESIGN CRITERIA: Deflection .0 1.4 21 .3 11 .7 22 .6 16 .0 19 .693 and 24.0 8-6 8 .7 11 .3 2.2 10 .10 13 .238 1.2 16 .5 19 .11 9-2 9-4 9-7 9-9 9 .0 10 .773 1.5 16 .615 1. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.7 Council 24.4 13 .8 2x10 Tables American 19.0 18 .2 24 .10 9-2 9-6 9-9 10 .6 17 .3 15 .9 25 .1 1.6 16.506 1.4 21 .0 14 .5 15 .1 15 .1 12 .3 23 .7 14 .598 1.4 12.8 15 .646 1.7 24 .11 Joistsand 12.0 15 .4 13 .2 19 .10 13 .5 15 .5 24 .0 17 .11 15 .5 16 .10 16 .10 19 .150 1.7 18 .165 1.2 Span Span 12.2 14 . Joist Size Spacing Modulus of Elasticity.9 19 .8 0.3 23 .4 19 .3 16 .721 1.11 9-2 9-5 9-8 9 .216 1.5 17 .0 18 .2 2x 8 19.067 1.9 20 .4 10 .9 14 .6 13 .195 1. Fb .6 21 .7 24 .0 24 .5 11 .10 16 .6 12 .0 21 .392 1.5 14 .2 8-0 8-4 8-8 8 .7 13 . in 1.449 1.0 21 .10 20 .10 13 .0 9 .0 766 829 889 947 1.6 11 .7 10 .5 18 .4 18 .11 18 .315 1.0 2.0 17 .058 1.6 12 .182 1.4 17 .6 1.11 23 .3 20 .0 .458 1.6 15 .4 12 .273 1.059 1.9 11 .7 15 .6 10 .1 12 .1 22 .4 12 .1 18 .1 10 .398 1.324 1.0 15 .0 18 .9 12 .6 21 .0 13 . Strength .7 24.4 11 .10 10 .824 Rafters Rafters Note: The required bending design value.0 15 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.8 25 .For 30 psf live load.5 22 . .6 18 .3 22 .11 20 .10 17 .5 American Wood Tables for 24.018 1.6 13 .345 1.125 1.9 10 .0 12.4 1.0 11 .2 15 .9 2.11 11 .1 12 .4 13 .5 17 .10 22 .11 20 .2 814 881 945 1.411 1.7 10 .1 19 .292 1.4 13 .3 10 .3 18 .0 15 .504 1.3 11 .3 11 .0 17 .5 17 .2 2.8 21 .10 10 .1 11 .5 12 .11 22 .3 24.011 1.239 1.2 13 .9 20 .3 1.5 21 .1 20 .5 18 .007 1.1 2.9 13 .366 1.10 12 .593 Fb 19.9 1.6 23 .7 26 .3 12 .4 11 .9 12 .2 19 .000 psi (in) (in) 0.0 12 .8 10 .4 14 . .6 14 .10 11 .8 1.0 11 .0 17 .149 1.11 12 .7 17 .2 19 .5 1.7 11 .3 20 .2 10 .0 877 949 1.3 15 .9 19 .448 16.6 14 .6 13 .6 19 .407 1.3 17 .5 22 .669 1.1 12 .11 14 .8 21 .8 15 .1 10 .3 18 .105 1.9 16 .0 12 .112 1.0 14 .3 19 .8 12 .549 1.004 1.11 14 .6 15 .561 1.11 13 .7 12 .10 16 .4 14 .8 21 .11 16 .364 1.0 7-5 7-9 8-0 8-3 8-6 8-9 8 .3 11 .11 22 .549 1.0 11 .9 11 .5 10 .1 16 .2 1.0 696 753 808 861 912 962 1.11 20 .8 17 .0 12 .9 16 .1 25 .2 13 .1 for Joists 2x12 19.0 15 .000.9 22 .1 14 .5 10 .8 21 .11 10 .9 19 .0 13 .9 15 .1 21 .4 14 .333 1.8 18 .10 16.2 11 .1 13 .7 21 .282 1.2 20 .0 19 .7 19 .1 10 .Live load of 30 psf plus dead load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.3 2x 6 19.9 19 .9 16.9 18 .9 12.10 14 .9 15 .5 16 .2 14 . in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.3 17 .4 20 .0 9-4 9-9 10 .1 13 .9 13 .084 1.499 1.3 10 .6 21 .11 11 .9 17 .7 1. Limited to span in inches divided by 360.7 17 .1 23 .4 17 . - Wood Council 16.11 16 .11 15 . .10 14 .6 13 .5 15 .0 21 .11 17 .6 10 .0 17 .0 17 .266 1.2 16 .5 19 .212 1.8 18 .

376 1.2 16 .11 9-3 9-7 9 .11 8-2 8-4 8-6 8-8 8 .4 12 .0 14 .1 21 .Live load of 40 psf plus dead load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.3 10 .11 10 .10 10 .0 14 .436 1.161 1.11 15 .4 14 .9 15 .9 19 .186 1.5 24 .187 1.388 1.494 16.1 12 .5 15 .5 18 .11 16 .0 15 .8 24.357 1.6 10 .4 13 .5 13 .10 16 .4 10 .5 14 .2 14 .0 18 .5 17 .4 15 .10 9-2 9-6 9-9 10 .10 12 .5 16 .9 17 .6 17 .3 12 .9 19 .7 11 .10 9-0 9-2 9-4 9-6 9-7 9-9 12.10 8-1 8-4 8-7 8-9 9-0 9-2 9-4 9-6 9-8 9 .698 1.306 1.598 1.4 14 .233 1.10 14 .6 16 .8 14 .2 12 .0 2.4 18 .7 12 .7 24 .9 19 .11 10 .0 13 .119 1.598 1.9 10 . TABLE F-2 Span FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITS DESIGN CRITERIA: Deflection .4 16 .0 10 .11 15 .644 Fb and Rafters 19.8 1.9 25 .4 12.5 17 .10 Paper Joists 2x12 19.0 11 .4 10 .407 1.11 18 .1 13 .9 2x10 Tables 19.9 2.0 14 .2 10 .11 20 .5 15 .3 12 .039 1.2 19 .10 21 .3 12 .9 18 .6 14 .10 20 .8 18 .410 1.2 13 .9 13 .000 psi (in) (in) 0.0 11 .5 1.0 17 .202 1.10 11 .0 10 .000.495 1.7 11 .7 12 .722 1.8 0.0 12 .8 11 .277 1. E.278 1.8 16.9 15 .6 1.314 1.6 13 .2 10 .8 13 .776 1.4 20 .2 2x 6 19.0 10 .0 905 979 1. Limited to span in inches divided by 360.7 14 .6 21 . Fb .9 21 .1 20 .0 8 .367 1.0 8-6 8 .8 12 .3 16.5 18 .5 18 .148 1.6 10 .2 2.1 12 .1 2.9 1.6 10 .2 10 .4 19 .551 1.6 19 .092 1.6 18 .9 11 .0 7-9 8-0 8-4 8-7 8 .5 22 . Strength .4 20 .0 1.10 12 .2 15 .0 16 .8 15 .6 24.6 15 .6 20 .10 22 .10 SpanTables AmericanAmerican 12.456 1.8 17 .7 13 .10 9-1 9-4 9-6 9-9 9 .2 14 .882 Note: The required bending design value.5 14 .547 1.0 11 .3 11 .6 Council 24.0 11 .220 1.2 21 .6 12 .0 10 .4 1.747 24.649 1.11 15 .11 12 .0 13 .11 15 .10 14 .611 1.3 12 .5 Forest & forfor 12.3 14 .8 17 .036 1.0 17 .6 19 .8 2x 8 19.8 12 .0 16 .0 13 .6 14 .496 1.4 10 .2 840 909 975 1.0 14 .11 16 .7 17 .6 12 .0 15 .9 16 . in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.3 11 .10 23 .0 24 .1 1.8 13 .8 16 .4 13 .10 13 .504 1.11 11 .8 10 .9 19 .10 17 .1 19 .2 10 .050 1.3 23 .11 17 .1 19 .4 11 .10 13 .For 40 psf live load.11 18 .1 18 .0 16 .3 15 .333 1.6 21 .4 19 .4 17 .10 13 .3 1.8 11 .11 20 .1 19 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.0 21 .1 14 .11 12 .8 12 .3 11 .3 13 . 55 .2 13 .1 Wood 16. Joist Size Spacing Modulus of Elasticity.5 16 .5 19 .323 1.7 18 .0 17 .5 15 .5 11 .554 1.5 17 .829 1.3 16 .1 12 .10 16 .9 11 .0 790 855 917 977 1.442 1.10 14 .7 1.2 22 .667 1.2 7-3 7-7 7 .0 718 777 833 888 941 993 1.8 15 .3 15 .255 1.3 17 .3 2.7 19 .0 6-9 7-0 7-3 7-6 7-9 7 .6 22 .11 Joists Association and Rafters 12.4 11 .0 13 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.2 11 .4 14 .2 16.2 9-7 10 .7 11 .11 16 .9 20 .8 19 .0 11 .0 13 .7 14 .1 12 .2 17 .10 24.251 1.140 1.452 1.1 15 .3 18 .6 21 . in 1.043 1.11 22 .7 16 .1 18 .6 14 .1 18 .0 17 .2 1.0 17 .11 15 .4 11 .093 1.2 20 .0 11 .101 1.

11 21 .3 2.4 20 .11 10 .1 10 .11 15 .604 1.0 936 1.10 16 .4 13 .724 1.11 22 .3 17 .4 14 .7 19 .1 1.7 11 .11 10 .3 11 .10 24.6 18 .2 21 .11 9-2 9-6 9-9 10 .2 8 .026 1.000 psi (in) (in) 0.179 1.0 10 .10 9-0 9-2 9-4 9-6 9-7 9-9 24.351 1.2 869 940 1.243 1.1 15 .3 11 .7 21 .8 13 .Live load of 50 psf plus dead load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.10 14 .2 6-9 7-0 7-3 7-6 7-9 7 .892 1.11 14 .2 2.10 13 .946 Rafters Rafters Note: The required bending design value.8 23 .10 16 .837 1.10 12 .8 19 .For 50 psf live load.11 12 .078 1.10 17 .9 19 .6 Joists 12.5 17 .5 13 .0 12 .11 20 .11 12 .4 15 .3 13 .4 14 .11 8-3 8-6 8-9 9-1 9-3 9-6 9-9 9 .074 1.502 1.6 12 . .3 12 .546 1.7 20 .653 1.2 10 .1 14 .9 2. Strength .600 1.0 11 .2 15 .11 19 .1 16 .11 8-1 8-3 8-4 8-6 8-8 8-9 8 .7 13 .4 14 .7 14 .807 and 24.275 1.2 15 .8 15 .5 13 .9 17 .0 17 .5 11 .0 12 .7 18 .008 1.0 10 .10 11 .0 18 .0 11 .2 16 .2 10 .10 19 .2 16. in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.7 11 .6 15 .11 20 .2 1.9 12 .138 1.1 18 .7 14 .1 13 .10 14 .5 American Wood Tables for 24.2 14 .10 9-1 9-3 9-5 9-7 9-9 9 . in 1.545 and 16.2 11 .261 1.11 16 .3 14 .5 10 . Fb .298 1.11 Council 24.3 15 .1 11 .2 16 .6 10 . Joist Size Spacing Modulus of Elasticity.8 18 .0 7 .7 14 .10 17 .379 1.5 10 .0 19 .368 1.011 1.8 2x 8 19.4 2x 6 19.5 15 .666 1.2 12.3 22 .322 1.0 18 .1 12 .7 12 .10 14 .9 18 .3 12 .0 817 884 949 1.3 1.5 13 .0 16.8 13 .6 1.3 11 .359 1.11 11 .1 2.5 16 .7 1.1 19 .423 1.071 1.458 1.5 12 .5 17 .6 19 .4 13 .700 Fb 19.2 10 .1 12 .7 11 . 6 6 TABLE F-3 FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITS DESIGN CRITERIA: Deflection .4 12.5 2x10 American 19.0 14 .0 23 .6 10 .5 12 .0 14 .0 6-3 6-6 6-9 7-0 7-2 7-4 7-7 7-9 7 .2 17 .10 14 .3 12 .9 1.9 18 .8 15 .4 1.4 10 .0 16 .4 11 .4 18 .7 12 .8 10 .6 10 .4 Wood Council for Joists 16.1 13 .9 21 .8 15 .5 1.8 13 .8 11 .1 17 .555 1.8 1.8 11 .4 14 .6 19 .2 10 .0 743 803 862 918 973 1.781 1.10 16 .0 15 .9 10 .5 16.1 17 .10 16 .2 2x12 19.8 12 .11 10 .0 18 .2 10 .4 16 .2 15 .3 18 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.1 18 .2 16 .129 1.7 13 .9 15 .491 1.10 11 .012 1.11 15 .413 1.8 14 .1 11 .5 18 .8 0.11 15 .0 2. Limited to span in inches divided by 360.404 1.3 13 .506 1.5 16 .11 9-3 9-7 9 .9 15 .086 1.10 15 .485 1.653 1.0 13 .0 9-6 9 .3 19 .8 17 .11 Span SpanTables 12.7 14 .756 1.3 11 .6 16 .228 1.8 18 .455 1.9 11 .187 1.4 19 .0 13 .436 1.5 15 .0 11 .7 16 .157 1.11 12 .3 20 .293 1.226 1.2 14 . E.10 10 .11 9-1 12.2 13 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.11 8-2 8-4 8-6 8-8 8 .10 13 .5 17 .10 17 .2 12 .705 1.321 1.1 12 .5 11 .9 11 .607 1.10 14 .5 18 .0 10 .0 7-2 7-6 7-9 8-0 8-3 8-5 8-8 8 .8 16 .3 13 .3 16 .4 14 .130 1.0 8-3 8-7 8 .547 1.4 11 .0 16 .0 13 .10 11 .10 13 .11 17 .201 1.0 1.5 11 .000.0 13 .

761 1.11 10 .1 2.483 1.5 10 .1 13 .708 1.11 12 .7 14 .1 10 .110 1.2 16.0 13 .268 1.3 12 .0 11 .1 14 .10 7-1 7-3 7-6 7-8 7 .8 11 .8 17 .2 14 .11 15 .1 16 .3 SpanTables American 12.2 897 971 1.5 14 .9 1.11 15 .6 10 .0 15 .1 10 .9 11 .0 767 830 890 949 1.721 1.336 1.11 15 .0 12 .11 9-3 9-7 9 .0 2.1 12 .867 and Rafters 24.9 11 .10 16 . Limited to span in inches divided by 360.781 1.0 13 .11 12 .5 16 .11 10 .4 14 .2 10 .11 10 .551 1.1 15 .10 10 .11 7-1 7-3 7-5 7-7 7-9 7 .8 14 .3 17 .11 14 .5 1.0 5 .2 16 .7 21 .7 11 .535 1.413 1. 77 .7 12 .6 13 .9 15 .503 1.11 20 .1 11 .5 17 .0 7-5 7-9 8-0 8-3 8-6 8-9 8 .11 17 .2 6-4 6-7 6 .8 16 .4 Forest Wood forfor 12.7 14 .3 20 .0 11 .11 13 .5 18 .2 11 .9 11 .396 1.2 15 .840 1.226 1.1 12 .4 21 .218 1.11 11 .450 1.607 1.658 1.5 17 .2 19 .6 13 .3 1.5 Joists Association and Rafters 12.3 18 .6 14 .0 11 .10 8-0 8-2 8-3 8-5 8-6 12.757 Fb 19.4 1.8 13 .8 15 .597 1.10 8-0 8-2 8-4 8-6 8-8 8-9 8 .For 60 psf live load. in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.011 Note: The required bending design value.005 1.0 9 .404 1.11 12 .8 17 .6 11 .0 17 .167 1.2 10 .4 12.3 12 .2 15 .0 967 1.4 13 .6 13 .6 13 .4 11 .0 13 .4 17 . Span TABLE F-4 FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITS DESIGN CRITERIA: Deflection .10 12 .0 15 .10 16 .8 21 .6 14 .2 13 .9 18 .6 17 .366 1.0 14 .460 1.122 1.2 15 .000 psi (in) (in) 0.1 18 .6 11 .11 Joists 2x12 19.11 & Paper 16.0 14 .9 19 .8 13 .0 16 .5 16 .3 13 .955 2.7 10 .5 2x10 Tables 19.8 12 .0 13 .10 16 .114 1.5 15 .10 14 .2 10 .11 16 . in 1.11 9-2 9-4 9-7 9-9 9 .4 10 .6 12 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.Live load of 60 psf plus dead load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.8 16 .897 1.284 1.0 17 .1 1.3 2.6 1.4 19 .2 10 .0 21 .6 18 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.5 13 .6 13 .4 10 .9 10 .044 1.176 1.0 10 .167 1.7 10 .6 12 .10 9-0 9-2 9-4 9-6 9-7 9-9 2x 6 19.3 16 .2 17 .3 10 .7 10 .7 13 .9 13 .0 7-9 8-1 8-5 8-8 8 .1 19 .11 14 .814 1.3 12 .000.10 13 .4 11 .1 12 .425 1.0 11 .4 14 .107 1.5 10 .4 12 .303 1. Fb .267 1.9 Council 24.11 15 .660 1.0 8 .596 16.0 12 .470 1.5 16 .0 14 .041 1.9 13 .11 9-2 9-4 9-7 9 .0 13 .541 1.3 11 .8 11 .11 9-0 9-2 24.9 18 .11 17 .707 1.7 12 .10 2x 8 19.240 1.6 15 .9 2. E.5 15 . Strength .11 11 .195 1. Joist Size Spacing Modulus of Elasticity.506 1.8 1.11 18 .5 11 .046 1.653 1.3 14 .341 1.10 10 .0 844 913 980 1.8 19 .11 14 .9 14 .10 12 .0 1.3 15 .4 13 .2 8-5 8-9 9-0 9-4 9-7 9 .4 18 .1 24.4 11 .0 13 .9 19 .5 16 .0 16.1 16 .7 10 .8 11 .2 2.7 1.8 17 .4 14 .3 11 .8 0.3 12 .5 American 24.598 1.8 11 .10 14 .9 17 .0 6-9 7-0 7-3 7-6 7-9 7 .0 9 .7 19 .9 16 .9 16.11 12 .4 15 .317 1.2 13 .365 1.556 1.10 10 .2 15 .8 15 .0 17 .11 8-2 8-4 8-6 8-8 8 .2 1.11 18 .11 6-2 6-4 6-7 6-9 6 .1 11 .061 1.

251 1. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.506 1.8 0.857 1. Fb .0 2.101 1.3 17 .4 19 .3 12 .805 1.480 1.1 14 .2 10 .0 18 .4 12.4 17 .3 12 .9 19 .9 10 .11 18 .0 15 .3 15 .6 1.0 14 .6 16 .3 16 .501 1.3 11 .1 18 .0 10 .1 12 .0 11 .368 1.0 17 .10 Span 12.2 14 .8 10 .2 13 .795 1.2 1.0 13 .0 17 .5 11 .6 19 .11 12 .0 13 .9 11 .0 10 .933 2.4 1.1 15 .9 16 .10 16 .4 19 .377 1.5 17 .10 Council Joistsand 2x12 19.0 13 .3 13 . in 1.0 11 .4 14 .000 psi (in) (in) 0.2 20 .6 10 .170 1.9 15 .5 19 .3 12 .4 15 .173 1.10 10 .10 9-2 9-6 9-9 10 .6 18 .10 16 .321 1.2 22 .534 1.600 1.0 15 .8 13 .5 Wood Council for Joists 12.8 2x 8 19.862 1.11 16 .918 1.11 15 .464 1.8 19 .747 1.6 13 .11 20 .7 18 .10 14 .9 19 .1 18 .1 19 .310 1.7 12 .1 20 .For 40 psf live load.3 11 .8 16 .038 2.8 12 .4 13 .0 862 932 1.11 9-3 9-7 9 .5 17 .9 17 .066 1.2 16 .1 19 .4 11 .7 13 .6 21 .0 7-9 8-0 8-4 8-7 8 .Live load of 40 psf plus dead load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.7 11 .9 Tables for 2x10 19.10 13 .10 20 .918 1.568 1.864 1.2 10 .6 19 .8 14 .0 24 .5 1.258 Note: The required bending design value.090 1.1 1.7 14 .1 12 .8 Tables American American Wood 16.10 9-0 9-2 9-4 9-6 9-7 9-9 12.3 14 .174 1.2 10 .2 21 .11 15 .195 2.7 14 .9 13 .5 24 .2 1.10 9-1 9-4 9-6 9-9 9 . Joist Size Spacing Modulus of Elasticity.6 21 .000.0 1.7 11 .11 15 .4 13 .6 15 .5 15 .000 2.4 14 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.3 1.11 17 . in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.1 13 .2 2.587 1.3 16.6 22 .9 19 .5 18 .0 17 .10 13 .6 14 .2 19 .0 17 .11 10 .3 10 .8 24.0 949 1.10 12 .10 11 .129 1.11 15 .026 1.6 14 .7 1.8 18 . Strength .794 1.2 14 .7 11 .4 10 .4 11 .2 2x 6 19.3 2.8 12 .11 15 .6 10 .4 11 . .973 Rafters Fb 19.0 12 .11 16 .7 24 .9 20 .0 16 .10 17 . Limited to span in inches divided by 360.688 1.0 17 .3 15 .3 23 .8 15 .0 13 .131 2.629 1.7 12 .0 8 .1 12 .097 Rafters 24.7 17 .9 25 .978 2.11 10 .191 1.0 11 .2 12 .3 11 .5 16 .1 12 .4 10 .5 17 .424 1.2 15 .6 24.4 12 .8 17 .11 16 . 8 8 TABLE F-5 FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITS DESIGN CRITERIA: Deflection .0 11 .5 22 .10 Span 24.442 1.10 14 .666 1.1 16.11 20 .0 21 .086 1.7 16 .343 1.8 17 .5 15 .4 14 .311 1.742 1.393 1.9 15 .640 1.2 11 .0 14 .4 16 .0 16 .731 1.6 10 .0 13 .9 18 .10 23 .4 20 .0 16 .11 18 .9 21 .10 8-1 8-4 8-7 8-9 9-0 9-2 9-4 9-6 9-8 9 .11 22 .9 1.10 13 .246 1.4 18 .3 18 .0 6-9 7-0 7-3 7-6 7-9 7 .5 15 .11 and 12.6 24.10 12 .8 11 .3 12 .000 1.260 1.1 21 .11 12 .6 14 .5 13 .2 17 .8 12 .724 1.0 1.6 17 .423 1.2 7-3 7-7 7 .8 1.11 11 .243 1.577 1.0 14 .0 10 .0 14 .0 10 .10 14 .4 10 .9 19 .5 18 .6 21 .1 2.2 16.0 11 .8 13 .9 11 .5 16 .0 8-6 8 .6 12 .0 11 .8 11 .5 18 .7 19 .793 16.2 10 .1 18 .008 1.2 13 .2 9-7 10 .651 1.11 8-2 8-4 8-6 8-8 8 .9 2.5 14 .1 19 .4 20 .8 15 .533 1.692 1.5 14 .10 21 .066 2. E.6 20 .6 12 .10 22 .

874 1.5 12 .585 1.5 18 .3 17 .5 2x10 Tables 19.1 13 .6 19 .6 16 .013 1.0 14 .10 9-1 9-3 9-5 9-7 9-9 9 .4 16 .11 11 .11 16 .0 13 .430 1.596 1.815 1.989 2.2 13 .3 2.7 14 .0 10 .752 1.1 12 .11 12 .1 14 .9 21 .2 14 .698 1.2 16.10 17 .0 10 .7 18 .701 1.0 6-3 6-6 6-9 7-0 7-2 7-4 7-7 7-9 7 .6 12 .2 10 .5 15 .7 12 .2 16 .7 1.0 10 .8 11 .6 1.11 15 .10 16 .10 16 .8 12 .0 18 .3 12 .5 11 .2 15 .2 10 .005 1.011 2.9 18 .8 13 .11 19 .198 1.2 17 .11 15 .3 13 .8 2x 8 19.11 SpanTables AmericanAmerican 12.1 13 .0 16 .9 11 .8 17 .10 15 .049 2.1 1.11 10 .9 19 .609 1.3 11 .9 15 .7 16 .11 15 .9 17 .0 11 .2 14 .3 13 .0 13 .4 14 .2 1.0 16.1 19 .For 50 psf live load.2 10 .637 1.488 1.0 1.10 24.2 Paper Joists 2x12 19.8 15 .1 2.253 1.3 12 .4 14 .11 Council 24.8 13 .11 12 .401 1.5 16 . Joist Size Spacing Modulus of Elasticity.3 18 .10 9-0 9-2 9-4 9-6 9-7 9-9 24.11 8-2 8-4 8-6 8-8 8 .4 20 .2 2.10 16 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.3 22 .4 14 . E.181 1.0 954 1.10 14 .8 15 .10 13 .6 Joists Association and Rafters 12.328 1.9 12 .8 0.0 16 .5 13 .5 10 .000 psi (in) (in) 0.541 1.943 2.10 10 .984 Fb and Rafters 19.11 9-2 9-6 9-9 10 .10 16 .3 20 .5 24.11 8-3 8-6 8-9 9-1 9-3 9-6 9-9 9 .2 16 .5 16 .6 10 .3 19 .0 9-6 9 .1 16 .11 20 .4 11 .3 11 .4 13 .10 14 .0 15 .7 21 .1 17 .11 9-1 12.258 1.11 9-3 9-7 9 .9 2.872 1.2 11 .509 1.2 16 .4 14 .10 17 .10 14 .077 2.4 Wood 16.11 12 .3 11 .107 1.1 15 .804 1.3 14 .11 14 .1 17 .7 20 .2 6-9 7-0 7-3 7-6 7-9 7 .8 16 .4 10 .0 11 .10 11 .10 19 .4 14 .7 13 .8 18 .4 15 .802 16.4 11 .10 14 .5 17 .1 10 .576 1.3 11 .000.4 1.2 10 .3 13 .2 1.0 13 .375 1.5 16.5 1. in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown. Fb .5 13 .7 13 .8 10 .9 18 .5 12 .4 13 .6 19 . Strength .757 1. TABLE F-6 Span FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITS DESIGN CRITERIA: Deflection .6 15 .9 10 .11 8-1 8-3 8-4 8-6 8-8 8-9 8 .3 15 .6 10 .3 16 .3 1.1 11 .0 1.0 17 .0 19 .5 10 .385 1.092 1. Limited to span in inches divided by 360.8 1.1 11 .7 14 .7 11 .5 11 .1 18 .8 11 .135 1.4 19 .0 18 .542 1.9 15 .8 13 .4 2x 6 19.7 11 .071 1.514 1.11 10 .867 1.6 10 .8 14 .0 12 .432 1.6 18 .5 17 .10 13 .0 13 .7 11 .5 11 .8 19 .271 Note: The required bending design value.10 17 .10 12 .0 7-2 7-6 7-9 8-0 8-3 8-5 8-8 8 .928 1.11 22 .207 2.1 18 .11 17 .675 1.032 1.5 17 .10 13 .10 11 .740 1.0 8-3 8-7 8 .317 1.5 18 .0 18 .179 1. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less. in 1.9 1.10 14 .7 14 .1 12 .267 1.0 14 .450 1.2 8 .318 1.108 24.8 23 .11 20 .2 12 .2 15 .0 7 .7 14 .0 23 .096 1.2 Forest & forfor 12.0 11 .9 11 .350 1.804 1.11 10 .3 12 .250 1.0 866 937 1.7 12 .660 1.0 2.11 21 .928 1.8 15 .649 1.7 19 . 99 .4 18 .4 12.0 12 .472 1.8 18 .5 13 .5 15 .Live load of 50 psf plus dead load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.1 12 .2 15 .176 1.733 1.143 2.10 11 .2 10 .2 21 .

6 13 .4 10 . .8 21 .824 and 16.334 1.9 1.4 15 .1 10 .4 11 .1 10 .7 14 .4 14 .6 18 . 10 TABLE F-7 10 FLOOR JOISTS WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITS DESIGN CRITERIA: Deflection .721 1.2 10 .026 1.344 1.11 11 .11 11 .268 1.11 9-3 9-7 9 .1 15 .2 2.8 14 .3 13 .1 2.044 1.084 1.4 12.9 17 .000 psi (in) (in) 0.3 20 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.3 1.1 11 .6 11 .0 1.826 1.6 13 .489 1.3 2.9 16.669 1.9 16 . in 1.8 0.6 13 .10 13 .212 1.2 10 .4 14 .1 19 .10 14 .9 11 .3 12 .9 11 .9 19 .10 10 .468 1.4 11 .018 1.11 17 .7 19 .6 12 .8 17 .7 12 .8 16 .11 20 . Limited to span in inches divided by 360.298 Rafters Rafters Note: The required bending design value.0 11 .0 12 .0 12 .837 1.10 16 .11 WoodCouncil for Joists 16.8 11 .6 13 .149 1.195 1.5 16 .0 11 .11 6-2 6-4 6-7 6-9 6 .718 1.2 19 .773 1.6 15 .169 2.0 8 .333 1.0 11 .000.0 2. in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.11 17 .418 1.6 10 .11 15 . Strength .5 10 .4 1.8 11 .7 12 .615 1.3 11 .9 2.9 13 .4 21 .2 15 .1 11 .5 16 .0 9 .9 11 .9 19 .10 16 .0 13 .273 1.0 5 .11 10 .2 17 .11 14 .11 9-2 9-4 9-7 9-9 9 .109 1.10 8-0 8-2 8-3 8-5 8-6 12.133 and 24.11 14 .1 12 .10 9-0 9-2 9-4 9-6 9-7 9-9 2x 6 19.0 965 1.6 13 .0 15 .7 10 .11 12 .2 11 .11 2x12 19.8 11 .761 1.9 18 .3 16 .10 12 .10 7-1 7-3 7-6 7-8 7 .604 1.013 2.11 18 .0 13 .9 Council 24.9 18 .9 14 .11 8-2 8-4 8-6 8-8 8 .7 13 .9 13 .5 15 .8 17 .506 1.680 1.2 6-4 6-7 6 .5 17 .5 14 . E.7 10 .10 14 .1 12 .2 15 .5 11 .5 10 .967 2.5 16 .10 10 .Live load of 60 psf plus dead load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.6 17 .754 1.0 10 .366 1.0 13 .4 12.3 12 .2 15 .11 9-0 9-2 24.561 1.11 12 .5 1. Joist Size Spacing Modulus of Elasticity.695 1.894 1.0 15 .3 18 .9 10 .1 16 .11 14 .0 13 .035 2.120 1.4 18 .392 1.11 10 .8 16 .7 1.532 1.0 9 .3 15 .0 11 .008 Fb 19.6 11 .3 10 .7 14 .0 16 .11 15 .11 15 .6 14 .4 19 .2 1.8 1.826 1.11 12 .402 1.7 10 .5 15 .0 14 .2 13 .1 12 .4 17 .11 15 .5 16 .4 14 .11 12 .074 2.2 16.11 10 .5 American Wood Tables for 24.4 12 .190 1.559 1.5 Joists 12.9 15 .265 1.3 11 .4 11 .8 19 .5 18 .10 2x 8 19.657 1.8 15 .0 16.234 2.11 13 .2 16 .0 1.1 14 .3 12 .0 13 .3 Span SpanTables 12.282 1.952 2.10 16 .4 10 .951 2.11 18 .2 1.8 13 .8 15 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.778 1.448 1.10 8-0 8-2 8-4 8-6 8-8 8-9 8 .1 16 .0 6-9 7-0 7-3 7-6 7-9 7 .0 17 .0 14 .449 1.11 9-2 9-4 9-7 9 .2 14 .8 17 .527 1.10 12 .193 1.For 60 psf live load.5 13 .889 1.10 10 .8 11 .1 18 .7 10 .6 12 .2 15 .1 13 .8 13 .595 1.1 24.1 1.7 11 .0 877 949 1.0 17 .11 16 .6 1.0 13 .4 13 .3 17 . Fb .7 21 .5 17 .8 12 .102 2.3 14 .0 7-9 8-1 8-5 8-8 8 .2 10 .6 14 .897 1.2 8-5 8-9 9-0 9-4 9-7 9 .0 21 .0 14 .5 2x10 American 19.0 17 .105 1.2 10 .3 12 .0 7-5 7-9 8-0 8-3 8-6 8-9 8 .628 1.11 7-1 7-3 7-5 7-7 7-9 7 .2 13 .4 13 .

11 9-2 9-5 9-8 9 .4 1.0 20 .11 16 . E.0 18 .0 11 .150 1.For 10 psf live load.6 15 .5 24 .0 12 . . .0 14 . .5 11 .537 1.5 18 . .4 17 .0 26 .5 17 .129 1. .759 1. . .2 832 900 965 1.11 10 .3 10 .2 15 . .8 21 .265 1.682 1.7 10 .239 1. .2 American 24.6 11 .2 25 .1 19 .3 12 . .6 10 . .082 1.4 21 .7 11 .3 23 .7 13 .174 1.3 11 .5 10 .0 21 .302 1.5 .9 11 .040 1.7 10 .10 10 .3 2.2 16 .0 711 769 825 880 932 983 1.7 25 .8 16 .539 1.8 20 . 11 11 .8 21 .3 1.0 10 .423 1.090 1.706 1. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.9 14 .5 14 .8 23 .11 23 .2 18 .0 23 .2 15 .191 1.10 17 .651 1.6 19 .8 23 .10 19 .363 1.9 15 . . .9 13 .11 .2 22 .2 18 .11 20 .0 15 . - & Paper 16.6 21 .033 1.4 22 .3 11 .3 10 .321 1.3 20 .3 2x 6 19.3 11 . .4 Forest Wood forfor 12.3 13 .394 1.0 .2 21 .1 24.11 9-4 9-8 9 .3 24 . .10 12 .3 19 .533 1.633 1.9 11 .4 16.0 7 . .4 10 .2 13 .5 22 .2 25 . in 1.0 9 .2 13 .11 11 .10 23 .2 16.9 16 .0 20 .4 16 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.11 11 . - Council 24.294 1.5 1. in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.11 22 .0 24 . Strength . .3 18 .0 22 .0 1.7 21 .0 18 .8 18 .4 12.310 1.1 2.7 15 . .3 14 . .11 20 .438 1.9 10 .5 .4 16 .5 20 .9 12 .0 19 .2 15 .8 18 .5 26 .11 17 .1 16 .6 12 .2 21 .2 21 .10 24 .9 1.0 12 .10 10 .3 13 .029 1.2 8-5 8-9 9-1 9-4 9-8 9 .3 22 .243 1.8 24 .6 19 .583 1.11 18 .11 24 .11 20 . .0 11 . - Joists 2x10 19.10 11 .0 14 .9 12 .11 22 .490 1.8 .7 25 .1 14 .8 25 .8 14 .7 21 .5 18 .7 10 .108 1. .7 15 .10 21 .9 25 .6 22 .0 8 .2 2.812 1.7 16 .9 19 .6 1.2 17 .864 Note: The required bending design value.442 1.11 13 . .5 19 . .6 18 .2 17 .2 17 .11 20 .8 17 .7 11 .4 13 .8 24 .480 16.8 15 .026 1.6 19 .731 and Rafters 24. - 16.11 22 .8 0.1 18 .0 17 . .2 12 . Joist Size Spacing Modulus of Elasticity. .11 10 .4 24 .375 1.10 23 .3 23 .8 24 . . Limited to span in inches divided by 240.481 1. .9 2.6 16 .4 23 .5 12 .8 17 .Live load of 10 psf plus dead load of 5 psf determines the required bending design value. .10 8-1 8-5 8-8 8 . .429 1.0 783 847 909 968 1. .396 1.6 19 .1 14 .1 1.0 21 . . .595 1.1 11 . .2 10 .11 12 . .000.629 Fb 19.208 1. .9 14 .5 21 .9 19 .7 25 .344 1.0 2.2 23 .221 1.6 21 . . . .8 SpanTables American 12.1 16 .8 1.6 16 . . Span TABLE C-1 CEILING JOISTS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITS DESIGN CRITERIA: Deflection .3 24 .8 12 . .5 18 .2 1.10 25 . .137 1.082 1. . .176 1.0 20 .0 .0 23 .8 22 .481 1.9 25 . - Joists Association and Rafters 12.0 896 969 1. .583 1.4 22 .11 17 .2 24.266 1.4 12 .1 19 .8 19 .1 16 .354 1. - 2x 8 Tables 19. .8 17 .3 12.2 12 . Fb .9 22 .5 19 .0 24 . . .11 2x 4 19. .000 psi (in) (in) 0.4 17 .0 16 .7 1.3 10 .

793 1.995 2.5 15 . .11 20 .4 22 .8 21 .3 13 .640 1.6 10 .5 14 .733 1.6 21 .5 15 .3 22 .0 12 .7 23 .145 1. Limited to span in inches divided by 240.8 23 .9 13 . 12 TABLE C-2 12 CEILING JOISTS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITS DESIGN CRITERIA: Deflection .7 20 .0 25 .2 13 .651 1.10 14 .7 14 .1 2.664 1.1 Span SpanTables 12.4 16 .2 17 .931 1.010 2.000 psi (in) (in) 0.4 11 .2 20 .134 1.10 8-1 8-5 8-8 8 .2 2x 8 American 19.6 1.0 10 .3 13 .3 20 .1 2x 6 19.4 12 .9 13 .8 19 .812 1.2 16 .052 Fb 19.10 17 .3 17 .0 19 .349 Rafters Rafters Note: The required bending design value.4 16 .433 1.694 1.293 1.216 1. - 2x10 19.5 13 .0 12 .5 17 .0 14 .631 1.1 24 . Strength .Live load of 20 psf plus dead load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.2 15 .2 18 .4 16.120 2.10 16 .0 13 .4 19 .For 20 psf live load.3 12 .220 1.1 19 .1 10 .9 15 .10 16 .0 18 .10 16 .0 1.595 1.0 14 .0 23 .3 2x 4 19.539 1.283 2.9 20 .866 1.6 22 .423 1.3 15 .9 13 .9 25 .864 and 16.11 17 .5 17 .0 19 .0 986 1.5 11 .0 18 .0 7-1 7-5 7-8 7 .7 19 .0 1.10 21 .8 12 .6 20 .3 22 .4 1.1 16 .817 1.10 8 .310 1.6 15 . .9 2.374 1.481 1.11 9-1 9-3 9-4 9-6 9-8 24.1 15 .939 2. .058 2.5 14 .0 11 .7 20 .5 18 .11 American Wood Tables for 24.500 1.4 12. .396 1. - WoodCouncil for Joists 16.10 22 .8 16 .8 14 .108 1. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.9 19 .7 23 .866 1.6 10 .5 26 .594 1.2 23 . Joist Size Spacing Modulus of Elasticity.561 1.6 19 .080 2.0 9-9 10 .10 13 .9 18 .5 25 .7 22 .2 20 .11 7-2 7-5 7-8 7 .1 17 .10 11 .10 14 .8 15 .7 1.0 2.11 19 .8 1.363 1.706 1.0 .2 11 . E.3 13 .3 18 .10 17 .6 12.8 0.10 8-1 8-3 8-5 8-7 8-9 8 .5 20 .149 2.6 14 .1 21 .2 1.040 1.2 17 .0 7 .9 21 .067 1.11 11 .11 15 .0 20 .1 25 .1 1.048 1.129 1.6 18 .11 20 .11 21 .2 24. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.2 16 .11 15 .2 6-8 6 .0 12 .5 1.3 16 .2 10 .9 22 .2 20 .3 24 .8 13 .11 12.0 896 969 1.0 18 .10 14 . in 1.239 1.2 11 .756 1.3 19 .7 12 .4 14 .0 16 .995 2.1 22 .7 25 .9 19 .8 24 .3 10 .7 15 .5 10 .181 and 24.6 13 .174 1.3 18 .11 13 .9 1.717 1.000.9 18 .5 17 .8 16.3 16.10 .8 14 .5 12 .4 24 .9 10 .9 14 .0 17 .3 2.10 25 .9 18 .11 10 .2 2.8 15 .936 1.1 13 .5 19 .2 18 . in pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.2 10 .10 17 .8 Joists 12.7 21 .449 1.2 15 . .5 18 .5 Council 24.10 10 . .6 15 .2 1.217 2.10 21 .3 14 .11 23 . .1 14 .302 1.8 23 .9 12 .800 1. .4 23 .11 22 .566 1.221 1.3 14 .1 11 .11 8-1 8-4 8-7 8-9 8 .9 19 .877 1.1 14 .8 24 .6 12 .6 16 .11 24 .11 7-1 7-3 7-6 7-8 7 .8 18 .9 14 .522 1.10 8-0 8-1 8-3 8-5 8-7 8-8 8 .3 12 .2 17 .0 16 .2 21 .8 12 . Fb .0 6-2 6-5 6-8 6 .296 1.5 17 .6 22 .3 1.8 21 .6 19 .5 13 .7 10 .3 22 .10 16 .480 1.8 18 .11 9-2 9-5 9-8 9 .11 23 .364 1.0 12 .3 19 .11 9-1 9-4 9-6 9-8 9-9 9 .8 17 .2 23 .11 11 .9 16 .11 15 .4 13 .3 21 .0 12 .759 1.

11 12 .57 0. . - E 19.0 22 .53 0. .5 16 .5 15 .11 19 .5 13 .11 18 . - Association 24.39 0.10 15 .0 7-1 8-2 9-2 10 . .81 1.10 13 .6 20 .43 2.10 20 .4 12 .2 14 .24 0.86 0.7 12 . .67 0.0 0. .3 22 . .91 2.10 20 .4 26 . is limited to 2.2 14 .9 19 .3 16 .40 1.48 0.10 16 .94 1.3 14 .10 17 .80 1.0 10 .9 14 .23 1.4 13 .9 20 .0 10 . .0 12 .2 14 .0 14 .11 21 .10 22 . . .7 18 .3 17 .60 - 24.5 20 .11 18 .10 1.2 23 .9 18 .4 19 .3 11 .6 20 .37 1. .6 13 .10 . - 16. .10 23 .8 21 .17 0.11 19 .65 1.11 19 .0 .5 .1 21 .12 0.4 18 .11 18 . .0 6-2 7-1 7 .2 12.13 0.1 18 .7 25 .6 22 .6 23 . .11 17 .6 12 .7 13 .1 17 .11 12 . - and Rafters 12.4 14 .10 .2 7-5 8-7 9-7 10 .44 0.4 12 .5 25 .0 20 .67 0.9 19 .11 0.11 11 .0 23 .38 0. .56 1. - American 2x10 19.0 8-1 9-4 10 .11 8-7 9-2 9-9 10 . . .26 0.35 1.2 14 .3 13 .10 11 .10 15 .98 1.6 16 .9 24 .28 2.9 18 . .65 1.5 21 .10 25 .0 10 .7 .97 2.6 20 . Limited to span in inches divided by 240. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.0 23 . .6 15 .10 22 .11 16 .8 13 .9 15 . .18 2.6 16 .2 9-5 10 . in 1. - Council 2x12 Joists 19.10 13 .5 16 .10 6-6 7-1 7-8 8-2 8-8 9-2 9-7 10 .For 20 psf live load.5 16 .19 0.70 0.3 21 .0 13 .4 23 .73 1.1 20 .4 22 .0 6-7 7-8 8-7 9-4 10 .7 11 .64 0.4 17 . Fb.6 16 .11 2.1 17 .8 20 .2 13 .11 23 .35 1. . .8 16 .3 18 .6 11 .7 - 24.22 1.8 12 . .0 0. .11 18 .48 0. - 2x 6 19.0 13 .9 23 .11 12 .11 16 . Deflection .3 13 .09 1.7 17 . .6 15 . . - Joists 16.47 .0 8-5 9-9 10 .9 11 . E.3 14 .3 11 .9 19 .48 Note: The required modulus of elasticity.7 14 .11 24 .6 21 .7 .4 13 .11 8-8 9-5 10 .0 9-4 10 .33 0.24 0.0 10 .11 17 .33 2. .2 23 .5 25 .4 15 .9 14 .9 15 .4 12 .2 23 .3 10 .6 11 .61 1.10 .6 17 .89 2.7 18 .11 21 . .11 24 .3 11 .2 0.11 17 .88 0.3 17 . Span TABLE R-1 RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength . - Forest Wood 24.9 25 . - Tables 16.3 14 .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.6 22 .0 10 . .6 18 .10 1. .2 .1 25 .0 5-0 5 .6 - 24.0 25 .6 21 . .2 25 . .0 11 .10 15 .2 .1 12 . .3 20 .5 10 .2 11 .8 15 .2 5-7 6-6 7-3 7 .75 0.31 2.24 1.10 12 .55 0.29 0.6 12 .1 15 .9 17 .1 19 .58 0.7 13 . .0 0.51 1.8 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 (in) 12. . .82 0. .77 0.1 10 .2 15 . .11 24 .75 1.6 14 . . .5 22 .94 1. - 2x 8 19.3 17 . .6 million psi and less. .4 11 .11 21 .5 17 .48 .10 23 .11 13 .2 23 .7 20 .3 16 .11 14 .9 19 .1 17 . .4 15 .6 18 .3 18 .21 0.8 21 . .5 16 .1 13 .1 12 .0 24 .7 22 .8 20 .9 24 . .10 16 .4 14 .21 1.44 0.14 2.35 0.7 14 .03 2.9 14 .8 21 .80 0. .2 18 .3 20 .9 14 . and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.8 13 .48 1.9 16 . 13 13 . .15 0.2 18 .000.11 13 .7 19 . . .8 15 .3 13 .0 13 .50 1.4 14 .0 16 .3 14 .10 22 . .5 16 .27 2. .10 13 .31 0.0 23 .10 11 .0 14 .Live load of 20 psf plus Dead Load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value. - 16.3 15 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.3 .8 17 .11 forfor & Paper 12.10 15 . Rafter Bending Design Value.11 13 .9 12 . .6 14 . - and Rafters 16.95 2. .3 19 .2 16 .9 SpanTables American 12.09 2. .9 19 .3 11 .99 1.10 25 . .10 11 .5 23 .8 15 .2 12 .3 16 . .07 1.8 11 . .

2 16 .0 10 .2 8-2 9-5 10 .10 13 .41 Rafters Note: The required modulus of elasticity. .9 12 .10 21 .21 2.4 17 .6 million psi and less.4 19 .2 4 .9 23 . .8 21 .0 8 .8 24 .3 16 .53 - 24.60 .1 13 .6 24 .2 12. .10 15 .08 1.3 20 .12 2.9 18 .5 13 .5 14 .3 14 .10 15 .6 10 .12 0.84 0.11 10 .11 10 .10 20 .3 17 .9 14 .3 23 .11 19 . - Tables American 16.52 1.11 9-4 9-9 10 .8 22 .3 20 .10 14 . E. . - and 16.2 0.8 14 . - 16.36 1.23 0.6 24 .5 23 . .15 0. .11 0. in 1.95 1.0 17 .3 15 .6 11 .57 1.11 11 .4 25 .9 19 . .1 15 .11 8-4 8-8 9-1 9-5 9-9 10 .10 16 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.8 14 .85 0.11 12 . and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.4 23 .7 14 .61 1.For 30 psf live load. .8 15 .8 12 .3 18 . 14 TABLE R-2 14 RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .6 15 .8 15 .6 15 .0 5-4 6-2 6 .8 Wood Council for Joists 12.61 1.28 0.10 15 . .3 11 .9 18 .0 5-9 6-7 7-5 8-1 8-9 9-4 9 .8 18 . .5 17 .2 12 .0 7-4 8-5 9-5 10 .4 11 .0 0.2 9 .8 - 24.8 15 .04 2.0 25 .6 12 . - E Rafters 19.3 12 .4 21 . Rafter Bending Design Value.4 25 .6 22 .8 .41 2.37 0.13 0.76 1.10 11 .7 14 .0 19 .2 17 .4 26 .2 23 . Fb.4 12.42 2.6 22 .4 14 . .11 17 .10 17 .8 21 .0 10 . .10 13 .11 12 .5 16 .11 18 .23 0. .2 18 .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table. .0 12 .11 20 . - 2x 8 19.4 14 .7 16 .0 12 .0 14 .0 0.8 13 .3 Span Span 12.3 17 .6 12 .4 10 .44 1.000.4 14 .86 2.6 11 .3 17 .6 15 .3 11 .2 10 .0 .11 11 .54 0.11 22 .0 11 .6 16 .0 23 .3 13 .66 0.11 20 . .21 1.11 7-6 8-2 8-8 9-3 9-9 10 .8 16 .1 15 .47 1.7 12 .9 14 .3 19 .6 12 .7 12 .25 2.8 16 .1 11 .69 1.3 15 .7 19 .3 16 .4 19 .06 1. .05 1.6 21 .98 2.0 23 .5 13 .0 8 .08 1.80 0.4 13 .18 1.8 11 .10 13 .5 20 . .46 1.3 11 .5 .11 20 .10 16 .8 16 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.6 11 .7 13 . - 2x12 Council 19.75 1.5 12 .9 19 .2 19 .84 1.4 20 .18 0.3 18 .1 11 .11 18 .6 13 .5 18 .4 16 .7 11 .0 4-4 5-0 5-7 6-2 6-8 7-1 7-6 7 .11 10 .0 .5 14 .32 1.1 15 .7 14 . Limited to span in inches divided by 240.0 24 .73 0.62 0.31 1.34 0.10 14 .9 22 .92 1.3 13 .5 16 .6 16 .0 17 .8 13 .11 12 .38 0.2 15 .10 13 .11 .68 0.7 15 .11 19 .10 16 .11 8-8 9-5 10 .6 19 .3 11 .2 11 .4 12 .11 .11 17 .11 7-5 7 .33 1.6 11 .11 17 . is limited to 2.37 2.19 1.11 12 .6 16 .47 0. .10 20 .65 0.8 10 .4 14 . .8 21 .11 24 .78 0.6 23 .1 25 . - American Wood 2x10 Tables for 19.08 2.0 10 .2 .11 10 .26 0. .2 25 .7 12 .7 11 .11 13 .2 14 .0 14 .05 2.70 1.32 0. - 2x 6 19.Live load of 30 psf plus Dead Load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.57 0.3 12 .96 1.4 17 . - 16.10 13 .8 25 .10 5-7 6-3 6 .2 14 . - 16.55 0.11 18 .8 17 .2 6-5 7-5 8-3 9-1 9-9 10 .2 22 .8 18 .1 24 .0 20 .60 .0 0.9 - 24.11 15 .4 17 . .10 19 .27 2.6 21 .30 0.9 11 .0 10 . Deflection .0 8-1 9-4 10 .43 0.2 15 .6 11 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 (in) 12.2 13 .6 12 .11 8-5 8 . .11 19 .11 . - Joistsand 24.0 7-0 8-1 9-1 9 .6 - 24. .90 2.22 2.16 0.43 0.2 16 . .9 12 .0 14 .75 0.8 24 .92 2.0 6-2 7-1 7 . .46 0.4 11 . .7 21 .2 21 .4 11 .8 19 .8 11 .20 1.1 21 .6 11 .9 17 .8 15 .1 10 .0 14 .7 25 .11 12 .3 .0 20 .1 14 .4 12 .52 0.10 20 .2 18 .20 0.6 20 .6 18 .8 23 .2 23 .92 1.9 22 . .8 13 .2 17 .

6 15 .22 0.31 0.11 6-4 6-9 7-1 7-5 7-9 8-1 8-5 8-8 9-0 9-3 9-6 9-9 10 .27 0.3 12 .6 SpanTables AmericanAmerican 12.9 18 .7 17 .3 24.3 11 .3 20 .8 13 .9 18 .61 1.91 1.8 .3 16 . - Council 2x12 Joists 19.44 0.5 15 .0 14 .10 14 .0 3 . .2 .88 1.4 11 .1 16 .1 24 . - and Rafters 16. .6 19 .5 16 .9 .9 12 .9 17 .For 40 psf live load.0 23 .10 8-4 8 .59 0.3 10 .7 20 .4 19 .11 15 .11 13 .18 0.2 26 .92 1.00 1.4 14 .0 20 .2 0.2 13 .4 17 .10 16 .7 13 .1 15 .6 11 .4 24.4 19 .96 2.10 16 .11 14 .0 10 .0 0. .7 13 .11 8-4 8-8 9-1 9-5 9-9 10 . .6 20 .6 15 .12 1. .11 2.9 18 .6 19 .0 20 .5 11 .68 1.0 7 . is limited to 2.69 0.10 12 .11 12 . - 2x10 19.11 9-4 9 .19 0.0 5-6 6-4 7-1 7-9 8-5 9-0 9-6 10 .9 22 .0 16 .11 17 .3 10 . - Tables 16. - 2x 8 19.0 13 .3 13 .0 17 .6 14 .7 22 .53 0.0 12.4 25 .1 13 .8 Forest & 24.1 15 .37 1.8 13 . Rafter Bending Design Value.2 14 . . Deflection .4 12 .03 1.3 10 .11 18 .6 12 .3 16 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.25 1.7 14 .10 0.2 20 .11 0.15 1.8 11 .50 1.11 10 .0 12 .3 23 .26 2.7 14 .4 12 .29 0. .10 20 . .0 .5 14 .11 16 .11 10 .7 13 .0 11 .4 16 .2 14 .48 .3 13 .30 Note: The required modulus of elasticity.62 1.81 0.6 15 .11 17 .0 5-2 5 .42 2. E.7 14 .9 22 . and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.11 20 .0 10 .1 19 .2 4-4 5-0 5-7 6-2 6-8 7-1 7-6 7 .0 11 .0 14 .11 14 .10 24 . - 16.6 and Rafters 12.10 12 .0 22 .50 0.6 16 .11 .0 16 .36 0.2 Association 24.6 10 .58 24.3 15 .8 23 .6 19 .4 10 .1 13 .2 23 .6 12 .8 12 .6 24 .11 19 .0 11 .6 15 .8 11 .0 10 .12 2.7 22 .30 1.3 17 .0 6-3 7-3 8-1 8 . .41 0.11 17 . .75 1.6 11 .11 16 .9 18 .3 21 .99 2.1 21 .94 2.6 11 .9 18 .14 0.3 20 .27 1.02 2.0 12 . Span TABLE R-3 RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .3 19 . - 2x 6 19.45 1.89 2.8 10 .62 0.26 1.3 11 .2 21 .8 15 .5 17 .76 0.8 25 .8 11 .67 1.4 11 .8 21 .9 18 .000.4 11 .7 13 .31 2.2 15 .0 8-0 9-3 10 .40 1.1 13 .81 1.65 0.Live load of 40 psf plus Dead Load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.83 1.51 0.11 11 . in 1.6 21 .10 16 .54 0.8 17 .16 0.48 .5 24 .11 12 . .0 7-3 8-4 9-4 10 .6 23 .8 14 .01 1.8 11 . - 16.10 15 .4 22 .10 10 .71 0.11 15 . .11 19 .0 14 .4 11 .12 0.11 10 .11 11 .63 0.6 25 .0 14 .2 8 .80 0. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.6 21 .54 1.7 13 .3 11 .3 10 .9 11 .3 15 .1 21 .6 million psi and less.9 14 .0 .0 6-6 7-7 8-5 9-3 10 .9 .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.2 5-9 6-7 7-5 8-1 8-9 9-4 9 .1 14 .11 18 . Fb.0 22 .22 0.3 18 .5 12 .11 12 .15 2.11 14 .3 17 .11 .6 11 . .7 17 .88 1.8 21 . Limited to span in inches divided by 240.0 11 .6 21 .6 13 .6 15 . .4 12 .8 15 .9 14 .5 23 .03 1.0 10 .2 7-4 8-5 9-5 10 .35 0.3 13 .77 1.7 12 .8 19 .4 17 .1 18 .0 12 .6 forfor Wood 12.8 16 .32 0.10 13 .11 4-6 5-0 5-6 5 .39 1.7 16 .0 9-3 10 .24 0.11 6-7 7-3 7 .6 23 .3 12 .0 9-9 11 . 15 15 .6 20 . .2 21 .75 0.4 16 .30 2.2 25 .0 0.2 18 .44 0.14 1.0 4-9 5-6 6-2 6-9 7-3 7-9 8-3 8-8 9-1 9-6 9 .3 13 .6 20 .1 11 .8 15 .54 1. (psi) Spacing Size (in) 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 (in) 12.0 16 .6 11 .6 13 .11 9-2 10 .41 0.11 17 .7 12 . - E 19.3 11 .2 12 .11 9-7 10 .15 1.11 17 .4 18 .11 13 .1 11 .0 0.2 17 .1 13 .16 2.2 11 . - Paper Joists 16.3 13 .11 12 .5 18 .2 15 .

11 14 .10 15 .8 16 . - 16.11 18 .10 15 .74 1.6 10 .8 14 .11 12 .6 22 .1 12 .3 15 .69 1.11 11 .000.21 0.47 0.21 0.11 11 .6 10 .42 0.95 1.8 15 .2 10 .11 8-4 8-8 9-1 9-5 9-9 10 .20 1.14 0.2 21 . Limited to span in inches divided by 240.0 8 .9 17 .3 - American Wood 2x10 Tables for 19.3 14 .92 2.8 18 . .11 11 .4 10 .4 12 .11 7-3 7-7 7 .6 11 .11 12 .4 16 .09 1.42 1. - and 16.11 17 .Live load of 50 psf plus Dead Load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value. Deflection .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.71 0.7 13 .9 14 .3 13 .3 .6 14 .0 23 .1 15 .59 1.5 16 .11 8-2 8-5 8-8 8 .0 5-9 6-7 7-5 8-1 8-9 9-4 9 .11 7-9 8-5 9-1 9-9 10 .9 18 .3 11 .0 7-4 8-5 9-5 10 .11 16 .11 11 .6 million psi and less.9 24 .11 15 .00 2.8 12 .85 2.7 18 .11 12 .9 17 .10 12 .19 Rafters Note: The required modulus of elasticity.52 0.3 16 .1 14 .For 50 psf live load.3 17 .8 20 .35 0.0 Joistsand 24.6 21 .10 24.0 4-4 5-0 5-7 6-2 6-8 7-1 7-6 7 .11 20 .1 10 .19 1.3 15 .9 18 .1 20 . 16 TABLE R-4 16 RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .0 - 2x 6 19.59 0.39 0. .98 1.2 6-8 7-9 8-7 9-5 10 .10 15 .11 9-2 9-5 9-9 10 . Fb. E.2 0.66 0.5 15 .2 13 .8 17 .60 0.4 11 .4 10 .10 14 .6 18 .7 13 .07 1.0 11 .9 19 .20 2.3 21 .1 11 .11 13 .0 7-3 8-5 9-5 10 .8 13 .0 11 . .0 17 .27 0.68 0.3 19 .49 0.4 13 .6 15 .6 12 .11 12 .54 1. .1 18 .6 13 .1 10 .1 12 . and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.96 1.10 1.2 11 .2 4-0 4-7 5-1 5-7 6-1 6-6 6 .83 0.0 6-0 6 .3 11 .17 0.3 18 .24 1.12 0.10 7-1 7-5 7-8 7 . is limited to 2.8 13 .0 21 .6 18 . .11 24. - Tables American 16.10 17 .8 - 2x12 Council 19.6 19 .87 0.3 10 .6 11 .10 - 2x 8 19.11 19 .04 2.0 14 .5 11 .42 0.8 10 .9 14 .1 17 .9 19 .0 5-0 5 .15 0.6 20 .60 1.11 20 .5 23 .46 1.3 11 .4 .4 14 .6 12 . in 1.5 12 .3 Span Span 12.8 20 .0 10 .15 2.83 0.62 0.5 25 . Rafter Bending Design Value.2 16 . - 16.5 18 .4 11 .11 19 .9 18 .9 22 .3 13 .10 13 .0 10 .0 23 .0 10 .5 15 .3 16 .9 19 .89 2.6 11 .31 1.2 8-1 9-5 10 .5 10 .9 12 .34 0. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.73 1.8 15 .3 11 .0 10 .39 0.35 2.5 21 .2 5-3 6-1 6-9 7-5 8-0 8-7 9-1 9-7 10 .1 24 .3 14 .10 11 .3 24.3 18 .5 14 .8 12 .3 14 .5 12 .10 10 .08 1.26 0.11 8-3 8-7 8 .0 10 .11 0.31 0.6 12 .0 13 .11 Wood Council for Joists 12.2 23 .3 11 .11 17 .10 20 .06 2. .6 16 .11 17 .18 0.5 12 .6 12.76 0.8 16 .10 .6 23 .33 1.8 15 .8 13 .8 21 .56 0.6 24 .36 2.11 9-2 9-5 9-7 9 .0 0.33 1.9 13 .5 22 .2 25 .11 10 .2 11 .10 11 .45 24.0 14 .53 1.86 2.9 16 .11 11 .6 . .46 1.2 14 .3 17 .18 2.01 2.11 14 .7 11 .5 13 .10 13 .11 10 . - 16.0 6-7 7-8 8-7 9-4 10 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.4 13 .4 19 .3 17 .38 1.5 12 .52 - E Rafters 19.2 18 .30 2.10 13 .23 0.10 16 .72 0.11 12 .5 17 .4 19 .7 12 .7 14 .4 16 .3 19 .6 15 .6 11 .77 0.6 10 .0 3-7 4-1 4-7 5-0 5-5 5 .10 6-2 6-6 6 .6 21 .50 0.0 0.11 13 .1 20 .6 15 .10 11 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 (in) 12.0 12.11 13 .9 14 .2 16 .0 22 .5 14 .10 6-6 7-1 7-8 8-2 8-8 9-2 9-7 10 .4 14 .21 1.7 16 .10 0.5 16 .54 .9 12 .10 22 .87 0.3 16 .6 15 . .79 1.2 15 .0 15 .0 8-5 9-9 10 .9 11 .3 13 .0 0.6 11 .98 1.67 1.2 12 .1 12 .10 16 .29 0.0 4-8 5-5 6-1 6-7 7-2 7-8 8-1 8-7 9-0 9-4 9-9 10 .

6 11 .11 8-8 9-4 10 .10 13 .3 25 .2 13 .70 0.6 million psi and less.Live load of 20 psf plus Dead Load of 15 psf determines the required bending design value.35 0.3 13 . - Tables 16.17 1.70 1.9 21 .3 13 .44 .0 15 .2 18 .30 0.73 1.9 11 .1 18 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.15 0.11 19 .88 0. .4 - 24.8 13 .56 1.11 8-6 9-0 9 .8 18 .7 25 .6 17 .4 9-8 10 .7 17 .1 14 .2 15 .10 0.0 6-7 7-7 8-6 9-4 10 . .3 14 .0 23 .9 15 . .11 24 .0 4-8 5-4 6-0 6-7 7-1 7-7 8-1 8 .6 18 .3 12 . .07 1. .4 18 .98 1.0 15 .55 1.9 14 .10 15 .0 20 .9 13 . .1 22 .26 0.8 16 .8 15 .1 11 .8 22 .2 24 .8 21 . in 1. .41 2.6 21 . .2 21 .65 0. .0 . . . .0 19 .0 13 .10 16 .4 22 . and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.5 10 . .31 1.53 0.4 19 .11 20 .2 10 .10 21 .83 1.19 0.10 22 .0 9-6 11 .8 23 .2 22 .9 - 24.2 13 .23 0.9 17 .5 19 .7 19 .96 1.78 0.1 11 .4 25 .4 23 .5 19 .5 15 .7 25 .81 1.88 0.50 1.75 0.11 17 .8 12 .11 14 .34 2.0 10 . - 16.85 0.1 16 .7 12 . .4 13 .For 20 psf live load.5 20 .1 22 .2 - SpanTables 24.10 18 .44 1.4 12 .11 23 . .9 11 .0 8-8 10 .11 0.10 20 . E.93 2.46 0.11 24 .8 13 .2 19 .2 23 .54 0. - Council 16. .10 9-0 10 .96 2.97 2.11 12 .20 1.5 15 .67 1.8 20 .86 0. .9 13 .9 25 .1 12 .0 0.3 16 .5 18 .3 13 .0 10 .10 9-8 10 .38 0.98 1.4 15 .11 16 .8 15 .61 1.7 19 .0 18 .4 13 .2 11 .13 0.0 23 .9 19 .0 12 .8 12 .8 16 .8 21 . - 2x 6 19.16 0.9 16 . .0 15 .31 1.0 0.3 21 .4 21 .0 11 .5 15 .3 25 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 (in) 12.9 19 .0 12 .25 0.07 1.9 12 .10 12 . .9 25 .3 13 .8 14 . . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.2 18 . . - Association 24.26 2.4 14 .11 8 .0 18 .1 13 .8 14 .1 23 .6 15 .2 14 . . .0 17 .5 11 .8 24 . .3 16 .1 16 .3 22 .2 20 . .3 13 .10 .2 23 .0 19 . .42 0.09 1.3 21 .7 15 .9 20 .48 - 24.6 13 . .5 24 .0 17 . .9 14 .7 20 .2 14 .9 24 .06 2.3 17 . .2 26 .5 11 .7 11 .7 17 .2 15 .8 14 .1 13 .1 11 .5 .3 24 .0 20 . . . .9 17 .6 18 .6 12 .2 19 .19 0.11 23 .37 1.66 1.5 forfor Wood Paper Joists 12.0 23 .12 0. .0 7 .64 0.6 14 .11 22 .68 0.10 12 .2 20 . . .19 1.4 17 .5 19 .11 11 .6 9 .0 15 .27 0.10 10 .10 20 .0 20 .78 0.4 15 .7 23 . .4 16 .9 .10 23 .7 23 .22 2.12 2.3 14 .11 18 .8 18 . .9 13 .1 24 . .0 0.80 1. .4 14 . .6 18 .2 12 .3 17 .11 10 . .6 14 .4 12 . .7 25 .3 21 .8 16 .0 13 .5 20 .75 0.24 1. .3 12 .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.5 14 .10 11 .4 18 .1 19 .6 8 .11 2.43 1.6 16 .7 13 .11 12.35 0.0 11 .5 13 .5 22 .3 15 .0 12 .7 11 .44 0.0 10 . - Joists 2x12 19.56 . .4 20 .7 16 .5 10 .7 12 .0 11 .1 11 .09 0.2 21 .0 5-8 6-7 7-4 8-1 8-8 9-4 9 . .35 Note: The required modulus of elasticity.0 9-7 11 .2 20 .11 9 . Rafter Bending Design Value.28 2. - 2x 8 19. .9 17 .6 21 .2 5-2 6-0 6-9 7-4 7 .4 26 .11 19 .0 16 .0 22 .51 0.3 15 .3 22 .45 0.39 1. .2 21 .0 7-6 8-8 9-8 10 . - 16. - 2x10 Forest & 19.1 12 .7 17 .3 23 .1 15 .5 17 .4 18 . .5 14 .38 0.11 .10 16 . Fb.3 15 .21 0.59 0.0 15 . - and Rafters and Rafters 12.8 16 .31 0.9 .0 16 .5 10 .2 6 .0 6-2 7-1 7 .8 15 . is limited to 2.97 2.2 19 .6 17 .2 25 .8 21 .0 .51 1.4 17 .2 0.5 22 .9 13 .09 2.85 1. .55 0. .0 12 .6 . Span TABLE R-5 RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .2 11 . . . . - E 19.8 15 .28 1. .5 AmericanAmerican 12. 17 17 .10 16 .8 14 .20 2.6 .3 24 . . Deflection .5 15 .11 1.5 12 .8 . - 16.6 17 .000.3 11 .2 8-9 10 .7 17 .4 19 .61 0.2 15 .97 1.7 13 .4 12 . Limited to span in inches divided by 240.9 25 .2 13 .5 13 .10 7 .3 16 .

7 12 .8 23 .41 Note: The required modulus of elasticity. Rafter Bending Design Value.10 9 .99 2. .10 12 .11 16 .10 1.9 17 .14 1. .5 20 .75 1. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.10 18 .0 11 .6 - 24.7 18 .1 20 .11 20 .3 12 .1 11 .0 10 .48 .12 1.10 .4 16 .71 1.4 20 .0 6 .3 15 .03 2.51 .10 0.7 13 .4 12.10 18 .2 4-7 5-4 5 .0 8-5 9 .3 20 .0 23 .0 8 .1 16 .5 22 . .1 13 .3 13 .10 10 .89 2.6 21 . .39 0.2 25 .11 14 .3 11 .10 1.8 .6 8 .10 21 . .5 17 . . .2 16 .3 11 .7 10 .89 1.66 0. .3 19 .10 22 .11 8-4 8-9 9-2 9 .63 0.10 11 . .11 .4 12 .99 1.3 15 .10 13 .9 19 .0 13 .4 14 . 18 TABLE R-6 18 RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .8 17 .6 17 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.8 20 .6 13 .0 0.10 12 .8 18 .1 17 .7 13 .1 12 .11 14 .11 11 .0 4-1 4-9 5-4 5 .9 18 .17 0.19 0.54 1.3 13 . . E.2 6-1 7-0 7 . .0 21 .2 23 .6 19 .0 13 .5 10 . - 2x 6 19. .4 9 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 (in) 12.11 0.6 20 .4 11 .2 22 .3 17 .8 10 .9 17 .1 10 .2 .78 1.86 2.11 . - 16.72 1. - Tables American American Wood 16.02 2.11 18 .18 2.1 12 .9 18 .3 17 .3 10 .9 .81 0.11 14 .55 - Rafters 24.11 15 .0 23 .11 19 .90 1. .11 16 . .11 15 .6 million psi and less.8 19 .52 0.8 12 .5 12 .1 17 .10 12 .10 14 .9 14 .2 9-6 9 .25 0. .35 1.8 19 .0 13 .8 15 .21 1. .2 and 12.4 23 . . - 16. .10 10 .9 12 . .57 0.11 19 .3 18 .11 17 .8 15 .Live load of 30 psf plus Dead Load of 15 psf determines the required bending design value. Fb.9 10 .28 0.43 1.2 14 .0 10 .33 2.10 6-8 7-6 8-2 8 .77 0.0 10 .3 11 .10 .48 0.4 16 .1 17 . .11 9 .4 21 . .8 13 .3 11 .0 5-0 5 .11 12 .11 14 .1 21 .5 15 .For 30 psf live load.0 20 .7 15 .54 0.0 11 .3 11 .9 19 .56 1. .0 16 .10 23 .7 10 .2 24 .15 2. .6 12 .15 0.9 17 .72 0.7 13 .9 19 . - 16.6 25 .3 15 .7 .4 14 .6 12 .0 10 .1 12 .9 10 .44 0.09 0. Limited to span in inches divided by 240.9 10 .10 6-6 7-1 7-8 8-2 8-8 9-2 9-7 10 . .3 16 .3 13 .8 21 .7 13 .6 17 .01 1.7 11 .10 11 .7 13 .11 10 .10 11 . and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.11 24 . .4 10 .8 12 .6 9 . - Rafters E 19.41 1.10 10 .10 15 .000.9 15 . - 2x 8 19.1 13 .4 20 .11 17 .14 0.2 24 .8 17 .11 17 .5 19 .0 15 .5 16 .3 Span 12.27 0.61 1.7 11 .8 15 .41 2.8 13 .11 9 .7 13 .3 18 .6 15 .6 21 .8 16 .35 1.10 9 . . - 16.11 11 .7 15 .36 0.9 16 .36 0.0 5-5 6-3 7-0 7-8 8 .4 21 . .1 12 .66 1.10 13 .4 16 .0 0.24 0.7 9 .10 11 .8 25 .1 19 .77 0.4 10 .8 23 .10 8 .2 7-9 8 .8 14 .5 10 .6 21 .11 8 .7 12 .00 1.2 15 .90 1.10 25 .23 1.0 5 .4 17 .02 2.4 20 .11 20 .3 23 .10 6-3 6-8 7-1 7-6 7 . - Council Joistsand 2x12 19.3 21 .9 14 .1 14 .3 13 .8 Wood Council for Joists 12.2 9 .11 10 .0 8-5 9 .9 24 .6 11 .2 13 .3 22 .1 17 .80 0.8 13 . . .45 0.19 0.9 - Span 24.3 23 .2 0.22 0.39 0.4 15 .5 23 .70 0.2 18 . .10 13 .6 15 . - 24.88 0.46 0.6 11 .10 9 .31 0.4 14 .10 11 .8 15 . in 1.6 13 .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.0 6-7 7-8 8-7 9 .0 7-8 8 .10 22 .4 16 .5 25 .9 20 . .8 22 . .59 1.4 22 .11 12 .55 0. .5 14 .28 2.8 - 24. .11 16 .26 2.4 18 .9 14 .5 18 .90 2. .10 9-6 10 .5 16 .47 1.13 0.6 11 .01 1.11 13 .4 14 .0 9-9 11 .9 24 .5 16 .5 25 .61 0.4 18 .9 14 .1 18 .3 8 .11 11 .11 18 .10 8-2 8 .11 6-6 7-0 7-6 7 .11 12 .22 1.3 14 .7 16 .5 13 .3 13 .6 20 .3 9 .10 15 .32 0.18 2.10 22 . - Tables for 2x10 19.6 13 .1 11 .4 15 .6 23 .1 12 .3 21 .9 24 .9 19 .28 1.1 16 . is limited to 2.10 11 .2 25 .10 18 .31 1.34 2.7 24 .0 0. .85 1.10 12 .3 14 .2 12 .12 2.1 19 .6 20 .4 10 .8 .10 13 .48 1.0 15 . .11 16 .8 25 .1 21 .67 0. Deflection .7 11 .8 22 .8 22 .

2 15 .00 1.6 18 .1 12 .9 12 .17 0.7 16 . - 16.7 9 .6 13 .99 2. .5 18 .11 11 .2 15 .6 10 .5 15 .68 1.3 17 .7 12 . in 1.8 18 .76 0.7 18 .10 0.0 4 . .5 22 .1 19 .0 10 .3 17 .8 12 .6 13 .4 12 .8 AmericanAmerican 12.11 12 .80 0.11 15 .6 13 .37 2.5 12 .0 16 .000.10 16 .9 16 .1 .10 11 . .0 12 .52 1.6 24 .63 1.5 10 .1 14 .11 11 .9 16 .38 0.15 0.Live load of 40 psf plus Dead Load of 15 psf determines the required bending design value.1 .15 2.4 23 .4 22 .5 16 .31 0.11 12 .4 20 .69 0.3 11 .89 0.71 0.5 21 .7 12 .4 12 . .7 8 .2 14 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 (in) 12.2 10 . .9 23 .7 13 .65 0.10 13 .11 9 .52 - 24.7 19 .9 10 .10 6-4 6-9 7-2 7-7 7 .10 6-5 6 .2 15 .19 0.66 0.9 12 .5 16 .11 8-0 8 .11 .6 16 .8 10 .11 9-3 9 .7 19 .10 15 . .5 11 .2 10 .6 13 .5 24 .3 15 .10 18 . E.96 2.15 2.5 13 .0 6 .2 11 .11 7-6 8-0 8 .13 1.6 - 24.33 1.7 22 .1 22 .98 1.1 16 .7 13 .25 2.6 12 .3 15 .09 0. .79 0.0 6-3 7-2 8 . - 2x10 Forest & 19.10 10 .11 11 .10 10 .10 10 .8 16 .0 6-0 6 .0 9 .11 13 . .88 1.10 14 .1 15 .0 0. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.3 13 .0 5-3 6-1 6-9 7-5 8-0 8-7 9-1 9-7 10 .0 7-8 8 .11 19 .0 19 .6 14 . .10 14 .1 14 .2 10 .3 19 .99 1. and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.4 13 .31 0.70 1.39 0.6 million psi and less.5 14 .11 11 .6 13 .10 10 .7 22 .11 14 .11 9 .86 0.72 1. - Tables 16.10 9 .5 17 .0 10 .30 1.3 16 .10 14 .1 17 .4 21 .4 21 .5 12 .7 17 .8 15 . - 2x 8 19. 19 19 .47 0.5 23 .6 12 .7 11 .10 13 .7 16 . .40 1.2 5-6 6-4 7-1 7-9 8-4 8 .3 12 .11 22 .21 1.3 16 .0 24 .1 12.09 2.1 16 .5 11 .7 9 .75 1.6 10 .56 0.4 19 .9 18 .54 0.5 13 . .0 10 .11 9-9 10 .10 10 .1 15 .25 0.6 .2 20 .9 19 .14 0.1 16 .1 18 .2 20 .11 16 . Rafter Bending Design Value.6 21 .2 16 . - E 19.43 0.5 9 .2 24 .6 15 .6 25 .09 1.9 12 .3 11 .7 25 .10 10 .9 12 .6 10 . .6 14 .22 1.0 13 .9 20 .6 10 .9 13 .1 17 .38 Note: The required modulus of elasticity. Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.5 15 .7 20 .23 0.11 17 .99 1.62 0.6 17 .8 21 .4 18 .23 2.2 - 24.1 9-4 9 .31 2.0 24 .35 0.0 13 .6 12 . Limited to span in inches divided by 240.89 0.12 2.9 21 .26 1.4 11 .10 1.83 1.33 1.2 22 .11 7-5 7 .10 11 .46 1.0 17 .9 12 .9 11 .59 1.2 7-0 8-1 9 .6 10 .8 18 .8 15 .28 0.51 0.6 21 .6 11 .5 17 .54 0.0 0.7 20 .0 10 .76 0.3 13 .2 10 . .0 21 .4 10 .00 2.11 11 .9 .8 11 .10 14 .2 13 .1 11 .2 20 . Fb.11 22 .29 2.11 17 .11 14 . Span TABLE R-7 RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .0 24 .10 12 .For 40 psf live load.86 2.7 19 .11 17 .45 1.9 20 .6 13 .1 17 .0 12 . .60 .1 20 .10 11 .3 10 .5 14 .6 15 .3 .9 23 . - 2x 6 19.8 11 .8 8 .9 25 .7 20 .11 13 .5 13 .11 13 .8 12 .5 13 .11 14 .12 0. .9 9 .9 forfor Wood Paper Joists 12.57 1.6 18 .11 7-9 8-6 9-2 9-9 10 .11 0.44 0.0 11 .10 15 .3 12 . .1 19 .10 14 .48 . - Council 16.2 8-6 9 .11 8-3 8 .5 11 .1 20 .0 7-7 8 .9 and Rafters and Rafters 12.2 .1 - SpanTables 24. .8 15 .10 10 .0 18 .2 16 .0 9-3 10 .8 18 .46 0.41 1.2 13 .0 12 . - 16.11 17 .0 21 .10 15 .54 1.10 9 .2 21 .9 20 .0 17 .5 14 .60 0. is limited to 2.8 18 .5 15 .0 3-8 4-3 4-9 5-3 5-8 6-1 6-5 6-9 7-1 7-5 7-9 8-0 8-3 8 . .9 .27 0.00 2.2 4-2 4-9 5-4 5 .0 - Association 24.4 23 .9 21 .21 0. .4 19 .09 1.35 0. - 16. .45 2.7 12 .0 23 .0 12 .10 9 .0 4-6 5-3 5 .3 14 .87 2.10 8-3 8-8 9-1 9 .19 0.2 18 .3 13 .7 10 .10 14 .0 13 . Deflection .1 12 .10 10 .6 8 .83 1.0 12 .11 5-8 6-4 6 .5 22 .6 16 .2 25 .0 18 .9 14 . - Joists 2x12 19.0 0.4 19 .0 17 .19 1. .5 17 .4 9 .1 8 .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.2 0.0 8 . .0 12 .3 18 .6 10 .

10 7-3 7-8 8-0 8-4 8-8 9-0 9-4 9-8 9 .6 22 .10 9-0 10 .4 .6 12 . E.10 6-3 6-7 7-0 7-4 7-8 7 . - 16.6 15 .10 15 .1 11 .9 19 .17 2.11 8-1 8-4 8-7 8 .0 9 .1 16 .1 10 .07 2.1 19 .000.6 14 .5 12 .0 0.11 14 .10 10 .4 11 .0 11 .3 16 .2 18 .1 14 .6 21 .10 7-1 7-4 7-8 7 .3 15 .68 1.7 16 .7 11 . in 1.0 4-2 4 .10 25 .55 0.10 20 .10 6-4 6 .11 14 .2 6-5 7-5 8-3 9-1 9 . - Rafters E 19.3 12 .1 21 .6 18 .2 11 .2 5-0 5 .6 11 .34 0.10 11 .4 13 .7 16 .2 12 .0 18 .7 15 . - Tables American American Wood 16.10 4-5 4 .58 0.09 0.5 13 .9 17 .8 9 .9 16 .8 15 .7 16 . Fb.9 13 .3 14 .10 15 .11 6-5 6 .11 19 .27 0. - 2x 8 19.0 4-6 5-2 5 .1 .36 1.4 12 .59 Rafters 24.13 0.9 18 .3 15 .9 11 .45 2.77 0.7 17 .0 10 .For 50 psf live load.2 20 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 (in) 12. . - Council Joistsand 2x12 19.9 13 . .37 0.6 11 .10 7-4 7-9 8-3 8-7 9-0 9-4 9-9 10 .3 24.0 23 .5 18 .30 1.10 14 .4 19 .91 2.53 1.6 22 .18 0.26 0.6 10 .1 17 .11 5-5 5 . and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.10 7-4 7 .78 1.0 13 .9 13 .9 11 .10 10 .0 12 .3 13 .4 11 .9 13 .8 21 .1 Span 24.1 14 .10 9-3 9-8 10 . - 2x 6 19.31 0.3 16 .6 23 .26 1.10 11 .5 24. .1 16 .2 15 .10 5-5 5 .11 19 .53 0.7 12 .25 2.10 9-1 9-4 9-7 9 .41 1.16 0.1 13 .11 15 .2 18 .2 12 . .96 1.3 10 .2 24 .0 11 .9 13 .1 22 .3 16 .9 20 .87 0.71 1.6 16 .7 19 .30 1.5 14 .11 12 .18 1.87 0.1 10 .11 21 .0 16 .0 10 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.10 12 . . .97 1.1 15 .21 0.7 23 .0 11 .6 10 .7 22 .1 13 .74 0.11 6-3 6-6 6 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.74 0.2 23 .7 10 .0 9 .6 .42 0.5 24.09 2. . .2 18 .3 13 .0 18 .6 million psi and less.6 19 .3 17 .0 19 .10 11 .41 2.10 20 .6 24 . .11 .0 11 .95 2.11 10 .9 13 .1 22 .3 14 .1 11 .0 5-9 6-7 7-5 8-1 8-9 9-4 9 .2 7 .9 18 .11 17 .0 12 .3 11 .04 2.9 11 .6 14 .2 3 .Live load of 50 psf plus Dead Load of 15 psf determines the required bending design value.10 15 .0 6-4 7-4 8-3 9-0 9-9 10 .55 1.9 11 .1 17 .0 11 . .5 12 .15 0.1 12 .10 13 .31 2.6 11 .59 1.6 13 .1 13 .0 8-1 9-4 10 .9 12 .5 20 .2 15 .37 1.19 2.1 11 .1 13 .6 18 . Rafter Bending Design Value.22 1.8 18 .7 11 .7 14 .7 19 .1 14 .8 13 .4 20 .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table. is limited to 2.6 11 .09 2.2 12 . .1 19 .52 0.6 18 .8 .11 17 .06 1.4 10 .1 17 .85 0.2 24 .84 0.5 12 .11 0.50 1.8 15 .11 12 .3 Wood Council for Joists 12.7 16 . - Tables for 2x10 19.9 20 .5 10 . - 16.5 14 . - 16.16 1.3 11 . Limited to span in inches divided by 240.10 6-6 7-1 7-8 8-3 8-8 9-2 9-8 10 .1 18 .78 1.11 and 12.0 7-0 8-1 9 .11 12 .6 15 .9 14 .0 17 .06 1.34 0.94 2.77 0.2 20 .0 5-6 6-4 7-1 7-9 8-5 9-0 9-6 10 .4 14 .10 10 .53 .37 0.0 0. .10 10 .4 17 .10 5-7 6-3 6 .38 2.7 13 .10 1.2 16 .10 13 .0 18 .6 11 .9 23 .4 17 .67 0.10 15 .18 1.7 12 .4 19 .24 0.0 11 .6 .4 13 .7 .58 .7 16 .10 15 .10 13 .95 1.0 22 .42 1. .11 10 .19 0.64 0.11 8-4 8 .2 15 .9 20 .10 17 .50 0.5 11 . Deflection .43 0.2 0.63 0.23 2.6 12 .1 10 .11 14 .11 19 .97 1.10 12 .10 5-3 5-7 5 .65 1.60 0.48 1.10 14 .10 9-0 9-3 9-5 9 .94 2.10 0.3 13 .11 21 .64 1.07 1.11 16 .6 11 .8 24 .11 8-3 8-6 8 .82 1.11 15 .69 0.11 15 .11 10 .0 4 .5 10 .5 19 .5 16 .8 11 .3 .5 12 .0 3-5 3 .1 22 .12 0.32 Note: The required modulus of elasticity.9 16 .0 0.2 12 .3 14 .3 16 .7 11 .3 17 .10 17 .45 0.46 0.7 18 . 20 TABLE R-8 20 RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .8 20 .9 13 .7 17 .0 7-0 8-1 9-1 9 .3 14 .11 4-5 4 .1 10 .3 12.5 12 .8 14 .11 12 .23 0.3 14 .6 Span 12.4 22 .6 20 .81 1. - 16.0 8-7 9 .8 11 .4 12 .30 0.4 13 .0 13 . .

and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.0 11 .41 0.7 25 .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.4 11 . E.15 24.1 11 .36 0.6 12 .2 9 .9 17 .1 21 .10 13 . .7 12 . Deflection .1 14 .64 0.6 21 .3 16 .7 16 .5 21 .8 17 .28 0.0 17 .6 11 .5 13 .25 0.7 24. in 1.11 12 .0 5-4 6-2 6 .10 20 .11 .11 10 .31 0.5 16 .10 13 .69 1. - Tables 16.6 15 . .2 25 .11 11 .56 0.0 10 .1 - 16. .10 15 .8 18 .6 11 .85 1.11 18 .11 17 .7 14 .6 20 .1 21 .4 21 .10 20 .9 18 .96 1.27 1.4 25 .11 forfor Wood Paper Joists 12. (psi) Spacing Size (in) 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 (in) 12.7 12 . Rafter Bending Design Value.88 0.3 SpanTables 24.5 13 .8 15 .9 14 .4 13 .22 2.2 AmericanAmerican 12.3 14 .38 0.0 8 .11 8-4 8-8 9-1 9-5 9-9 10 .48 0.11 7-5 7 .0 6-2 7-1 7 .51 1.8 21 .15 0.8 16 .10 2.11 7-6 8-2 8-8 9-3 9-9 10 .28 2.3 17 .32 1.11 8-5 8 .1 15 .97 1.6 11 .3 11 .07 1.10 13 .7 11 .82 1.Live load of 20 psf plus Dead Load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.11 22 .10 13 .0 19 .8 10 .2 25 .61 0.0 25 .15 0.10 20 .11 17 .2 11 . . .35 0.36 1.8 11 .11 12 .2 15 .3 13 .0 2x 6 19. .23 0.11 12 .6 19 .5 12 .8 15 .72 0.0 10 .10 17 .5 20 .2 14 .4 17 .0 14 .3 20 .5 14 .2 18 .31 0.43 0.88 0.4 15 .0 17 .07 1.60 1.8 11 .1 15 .4 12 .0 12 .5 18 .8 22 .0 .71 0.6 12 .8 14 .3 16 .61 1.3 23 .9 12 . .11 16 .4 12 .61 0.8 13 .4 14 .8 21 .42 2.4 14 .3 12 . .8 .4 11 .10 16 .10 15 .9 22 .5 23 .4 14 .2 10 .5 22 .20 0.1 2x 8 19.8 19 .8 24 .8 16 .52 0.8 14 .0 4-4 5-0 5-7 6-2 6-8 7-1 7-6 7 .10 13 . Limited to span in inches divided by 240.1 15 .45 0.5 17 . .3 20 .8 17 .6 21 .6 13 .6 22 .57 0.0 23 .6 11 .11 20 .4 25 .05 1.13 1.28 1. .6 18 .3 24 .6 13 .3 15 .0 14 .5 23 .3 11 .2 14 .8 18 .1 25 .2 21 .2 .5 14 .4 20 .3 19 .70 0.18 1. .1 24 .4 14 . - 2x10 Forest & 19. Fb. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.53 0.8 21 .2 6-5 7-5 8-3 9-1 9-9 10 .9 10 . 21 21 . .0 0.9 18 .0 17 .3 11 .2 17 .11 20 .80 0.0 8 .39 1.13 1.2 22 .50 1.0 23 .11 20 .57 - 16.3 17 .1 13 .14 2.3 18 .0 14 .13 0.11 22 .41 1.25 0.10 0.6 24 .4 16 .0 20 .11 0.5 17 .4 23 .11 17 .7 11 .3 16 . .8 21 .9 23 .6 16 .2 23 .3 13 .1 24 . - Council 16.7 16 . .4 17 .9 18 .9 18 .4 25 .3 15 .9 12 .24 1.6 21 .9 19 .3 20 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.2 15 . .0 0.7 24 .10 14 .22 1. .11 11 .10 16 .1 12.11 8-8 9-5 10 .7 12 .4 19 .9 14 .10 11 . .11 24 .4 14 .2 19 .10 21 .6 million psi and less.10 16 . Span TABLE R-9 RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .3 11 . - Joists 2x12 19.6 16 .48 1.8 .03 2.8 24 .11 18 .09 0.7 21 .10 25 .10 13 .11 15 . is limited to 2.6 11 .2 23 .6 24 .4 11 . . .11 9-4 9 .86 2. .2 16 .1 10 .9 11 .17 0.35 E 19.8 21 .11 10 .01 1.4 19 .3 18 .71 1.0 8-1 9-4 10 . .10 19 .47 1.97 2.9 19 .28 0.1 15 .3 17 .8 15 . .19 0. .2 17 .11 21 .0 14 .7 13 . .5 10 . . .91 1.17 1.10 20 .11 10 .5 14 .5 16 . - and Rafters and Rafters 12.80 0.8 25 .12 0.11 19 . .6 18 .98 1.0 7-0 8-1 9-1 9 .80 0.8 12 .50 0.7 15 .11 12 .08 0.10 15 .11 18 . .72 0.4 26 .0 10 .11 19 .10 14 .92 Note: The required modulus of elasticity.8 15 . - Association 24. .7 12 .2 0.64 0.000.8 23 .2 18 .91 2.7 14 .2 13 .11 10 .6 10 .79 0.11 12 .6 16 .10 19 .89 0.8 23 .9 14 .2 12 .73 1.3 16 .6 23 .10 17 .58 1.00 2.0 5-9 6-7 7-5 8-1 8-9 9-4 9 .9 15 .11 23 .3 12 .4 12 .73 1.10 .0 10 .37 1.2 8-2 9 .8 16 .0 0.8 13 .2 23 .5 19 .8 16 .10 - 16.0 12 . .6 12 .7 19 .4 10 .0 7-4 8-5 9-5 10 .44 0.6 15 .6 15 .0 19 .22 0.2 16 . .0 14 .61 1.4 17 .11 19 .6 11 .For 20 psf live load.6 24.6 12 .9 22 .2 18 .10 5-7 6-3 6 .11 13 .8 13 .6 22 . .07 0.1 11 .2 4 .80 1.0 24 .7 14 .37 0.0 20 .

1 15 .94 1.6 11 .0 22 .46 0.3 10 .23 0.3 19 .6 15 .29 2.6 12 .0 8-0 9 .2 Span 24.0 14 .11 12 .1 15 .7 16 .11 9 .3 12 .81 1.9 10 .05 1. 22 TABLE R-10 22 RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .11 17 .7 12 .6 11 .37 1.3 20 .68 0.6 13 .7 22 .2 15 .4 10 .3 11 . .6 20 .8 15 .5 11 .36 1.3 13 .6 18 .6 16 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.7 13 .0 Tables for 2x10 19.2 25 . - 16.4 11 .03 1.69 0.10 24 .11 14 .3 15 .6 13 .9 18 .11 6-4 6-9 7-1 7-5 7-9 8-1 8-5 8-8 9-0 9-3 9-6 9 .0 11 .1 25 .84 0.9 14 .26 0.5 24 .9 19 .4 16 .3 10 .8 16 .3 2x 6 19. - Council Joistsand 2x12 19.16 0.7 13 .93 2.11 9 .7 20 .0 16 .3 16 .22 1.25 1.2 13 .1 15 .4 12 .11 18 .For 30 psf live load.22 0.05 1.0 7 .0 5-6 6-4 7-1 7-9 8-5 9-0 9-6 10 .0 14 .0 17 .0 20 .3 13 .9 18 . .49 0.11 12 .41 0.6 25 .52 1.10 15 .0 23 .6 20 .0 10 .0 10 .0 16 .6 10 .8 21 .86 0.9 18 .11 6-7 7-3 7 .10 10 .1 16 .6 13 .1 24 .2 23 .1 11 .1 13 .09 1.8 11 .7 14 .77 0.7 14 .11 10 .11 10 .10 16 .4 12 .85 0.10 13 .0 14 .7 22 .5 23 .3 10 .94 1.5 11 . .9 22 .6 15 .0 3 .2 11 .7 10 .4 22 .2 19 .11 9-2 10 . .8 .4 11 .6 11 .54 0.3 23 .2 25 .15 1.Live load of 30 psf plus Dead Load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.11 15 .8 22 .31 1.40 0.8 12 .7 13 . E.10 8 .11 17 .33 1. .6 11 .41 1.70 1.9 11 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 (in) 12.11 11 . .0 13 .5 18 .8 15 .11 19 .09 0.9 18 .97 1.17 0.3 13 .2 5-9 6-7 7-5 8-1 8-9 9-4 9 .95 1.2 18 .0 6-6 7-7 8-5 9-3 10 .6 11 .1 21 .15 1.6 21 . .77 0.8 11 .2 13 .3 15 .39 2.95 2.3 12 .2 7-4 8-5 9 .9 14 .11 16 .3 17 .1 21 .5 17 .59 1.2 15 .61 0.0 9-9 11 .4 12 .3 10 .4 14 .9 12 . Limited to span in inches divided by 240.7 Wood Council for Joists 12.5 16 .8 21 . .7 .4 12 . .27 0.11 16 .11 17 .4 19 .4 17 .56 0.11 13 .2 26 .11 15 . - 16.11 10 .0 20 . .6 21 .2 20 .66 0.8 12.61 1.7 15 .5 23 .84 1.0 12 .11 24 .33 0.0 14 .3 13 .7 16 .30 0.11 13 .5 17 .2 14 .11 24.1 13 .1 19 .0 0.10 12 . Deflection .7 14 .05 2.44 0.2 21 .9 18 .0 16 . in 1.75 0.3 13 .4 19 .18 2.7 12 .3 10 .6 12 .4 17 .4 11 .8 13 .47 0.0 11 .0 23 . .7 14 .58 1.11 18 .11 14 .2 23 .0 4-9 5-6 6-2 6-9 7-3 7-9 8-3 8-8 9-1 9-6 9 .53 Rafters E 19.08 0.6 15 .0 6-3 7-3 8-1 8 .7 13 .0 12 .11 12 .3 11 .31 0.8 17 .6 24 .2 14 .5 Span 12.1 18 .6 21 .4 18 .73 1.6 million psi and less.09 0.10 13 .11 17 . - 16.10 16 .11 11 .11 20 . - Tables American American Wood 16.5 12 .1 24.1 13 .76 0.5 15 .4 25 .10 14 .4 8 .11 4-6 5-0 5-6 5 .14 0.11 19 .3 19 .21 1. and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.0 0. .0 9-3 10 . Rafter Bending Design Value.11 19 .8 25 .3 11 .3 15 .20 0.6 14 .31 Rafters 24.10 20 .11 .0 7-3 8-4 9-4 10 .0 17 .72 1.6 19 .6 19 .2 12 .06 Note: The required modulus of elasticity.52 0.2 22 .2 8 .4 11 .6 23 .9 17 .6 23 .8 15 .8 21 .6 19 .0 12 .86 1.12 0.11 14 .6 20 .9 18 .0 0.2 14 .4 9 .10 and 12.33 0.73 1.0 10 .2 21 .0 10 .1 21 . .2 18 .11 17 .1 13 .11 .13 0.0 11 .18 0.0 11 .10 17 .12 2. is limited to 2.60 0.10 16 .9 14 .8 13 .24 0.6 18 .1 11 .57 0.9 18 .11 12 .3 17 .62 1.5 10 .7 24 .46 1. .11 15 .37 0.0 5-2 5 .3 16 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.000.8 19 .44 2.10 15 .11 8-4 8-8 9-1 9-5 9-9 10 .3 18 .38 0.5 14 .10 2x 8 19.6 25 .60 .0 .8 14 .9 .12 1.1 14 .6 23 .4 16 .7 12 .6 20 . .10 12 .8 23 .49 1.7 17 .25 2.1 20 .86 0.8 10 .47 1.11 0.6 14 .0 22 .26 1.0 14 .9 22 .6 15 .2 0.8 23 .8 11 .6 21 . - 24.3 21 .8 20 .7 13 .66 0.2 17 .3 11 . .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.86 2.6 15 .3 11 .2 4-4 5-0 5-7 6-2 6-8 7-1 7-6 7 .3 16 .0 11 .00 2.99 2. - 16.14 2.3 20 . Fb.8 11 .7 17 .11 13 .

0 10 .11 forfor & Paper Joists 12.41 0.62 0.0 0.1 11 .9 14 .11 17 .3 19 .61 0.40 0.95 1.0 8-5 9 .28 2. .11 13 .1 10 .96 1.4 19 .11 17 . - Tables American 16.11 11 .4 13 .1 20 .06 1.9 8-5 9-1 9 .3 10 .11 14 .1 21 .2 23 .24 0.6 10 .3 17 .4 13 .1 24 .3 20 . in 1.09 0.8 12 .1 10 .6 11 .10 7-1 7-5 7 .10 12 .4 11 .88 0.67 0.10 17 .3 13 .6 15 .54 0.78 0.7 17 .96 2.8 20 .22 0.3 19 .47 0.11 .0 17 .6 11 .27 1.0 11 .09 0.6 12 .9 19 .7 12 .4 10 .98 2. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.3 11 .10 17 .8 13 .54 1.11 12 .3 18 .7 16 .6 15 .6 15 .0 4-8 5-5 6-1 6-7 7-2 7-8 8-1 8-7 9-0 9-4 9-9 10 .61 1.87 0.5 13 .11 12 .5 15 .17 0.9 19 .9 13 .5 12 .10 23 .11 12 .10 11 .11 11 .0 4-4 5-0 5-7 6-2 6-8 7-1 7-6 7 .11 19 .5 22 .7 16 .11 15 .2 5-3 6-1 6-9 7-5 8-0 8-7 9-1 9-7 10 .6 22 . .7 13 .11 8-3 8 .5 23 .10 11 .2 0.8 11 .6 11 .07 1.0 10 .9 12 .08 0.6 15 .6 million psi and less.6 20 .0 6-0 6 . E.8 16 .5 18 .3 14 .2 12 . .6 13 .0 13 .1 2x 6 19.72 1.63 1.10 13 .75 1.11 11 .0 23 .0 10 .0 0.5 10 .3 13 .5 15 .10 16 .2 11 . and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.6 21 .9 24 .10 15 .2 15 .2 4-0 4-7 5-1 5-7 6-1 6-6 6 .6 18 .3 11 .34 0.8 7 .1 12 .11 10 .10 13 .3 18 .11 0.48 .21 2.8 15 .5 14 .10 15 .3 11 .33 1.3 14 .1 17 .7 14 .6 21 .84 1.0 0.2 16 .9 10 .8 18 .10 10 .5 15 .13 0.9 11 .0 3-7 4-1 4-7 5-0 5-5 5 .88 2.4 18 .0 24. (psi) Spacing Size (in) 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 (in) 12.4 14 .3 13 .9 14 .3 16 .3 11 .3 17 .6 14 .8 12.7 18 .0 12 .77 0.3 15 .49 0.4 10 .0 10 .9 18 .8 14 .6 11 .5 23 .3 11 .4 16 .0 6-7 7-8 8-7 9-4 10 .11 12 .8 25 . .23 1.10 13 .0 8 .1 14 .43 1.10 1.11 14 .51 1.8 13 .0 21 .11 16 .9 18 .11 20 .0 14 .1 20 . - Council 16.10 13 .39 1.11 11 .38 1.Live load of 40 psf plus Dead Load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.11 24.11 12 .8 21 .2 11 .11 11 .1 15 .12 0.86 0.2 14 .03 2.2 16 .11 7-3 7-7 7 .9 14 .3 21 . - Joists 2x12 19.5 16 .3 16 . - 16.11 13 .87 0.11 13 .3 19 .10 6-2 6-6 6 .11 10 .28 1.34 0. 23 23 .17 0.04 1.9 18 .8 10 .5 10 .67 0.6 10 .27 0.5 14 .0 10 .9 19 .3 15 .17 1.6 12 .34 24.6 11 .11 8-4 8-8 9-1 9-5 9-9 10 .5 10 .5 10 . is limited to 2.2 9-5 9 .08 2.8 15 .9 14 .11 9 .6 21 .75 1.10 16 .6 23 .58 0.1 12 .6 16 .0 23 .9 17 .35 1.3 17 .4 9 .0 21 .11 20 .11 19 .4 11 .9 and Rafters and Rafters 12.6 17 .10 22 .7 13 .49 1.6 10 .11 2x10 Forest Wood 19. Fb.8 17 .0 5-0 5 .6 19 .5 21 . .2 13 .7 8 .8 12 .8 20 .0 American 12.2 18 .9 22 .8 21 .3 10 .3 13 .11 19 .76 0.60 1.7 12 .97 1.5 12 .0 22 .53 0.0 14 .9 10 .70 0.10 16 .20 0.3 16 .2 25 .6 13 . Deflection .0 10 .7 13 .24 0.11 24 .48 0.10 20 .10 11 .4 14 .09 Note: The required modulus of elasticity.48 1.42 2.9 17 .2 10 .2 8-1 9 .4 22 . Limited to span in inches divided by 240.45 0.000.64 1. . .31 0.7 9 .10 14 .4 Association 24.7 11 .5 10 .57 0.38 0.15 0.3 13 .6 11 .9 10 .8 8 .33 2.28 0.2 2x 8 19.22 1.89 2. .5 21 .11 14 . .11 8-2 8-5 8 .4 19 .86 1.2 6-8 7-9 8-7 9 .3 14 .78 0.6 12 .5 25 .11 18 .1 15 .11 7 .0 7-3 8-5 9-5 10 . - 16.4 16 .For 40 psf live load.3 11 .5 12 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.0 5-9 6-7 7-5 8-1 8-9 9 .9 16 . Rafter Bending Design Value.11 17 .10 6-6 7-1 7-8 8-2 8-8 9-2 9-7 10 .0 15 .5 11 .2 21 .2 .3 17 .1 12 .18 2. Span TABLE R-11 RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .99 1.10 .56 E 19.8 15 .8 20 .01 2.31 0.8 13 .3 16 .0 11 .9 . .5 12 .5 17 . - 16.15 2.4 12 .76 1.5 23 .0 7-4 8-5 9 .4 12 .5 16 .6 18 .6 24 .8 .2 25 .17 1.11 17 .10 15 .19 0.8 16 .10 15 .69 0.000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.6 21 .8 SpanTables 24.14 1.9 12 .39 0.11 9-2 9-5 9 .11 18 .0 23 .1 18 .

6 21 .11 10 .5 10 . Rafter Bending Design Value.0 15 .8 16 .9 17 .6 Span 24.1 11 .60 1.2 25 .6 15 .8 23 .4 18 .71 1.10 23 .6 12 .0 17 .1 10 .11 8-5 8 .45 0.9 14 .3 21 . Fb.3 15 .0 14 .9 16 .24 0.11 12 .0 12 .3 11 .26 1.77 0.0 10 .10 17 .87 2.0 19 .10 8-9 9 .6 14 .87 0.5 10 .31 2.8 11 .13 0.3 11 .9 11 .7 11 .8 15 .7 15 .9 12 .31 0.10 7-1 7-4 7-7 7 .4 12 .2 14 .00 2.0 6-2 7-1 7 .8 12 .52 0.1 10 .6 million psi and less.76 0.2 6-2 7-2 8-0 8-9 9 .10 1.1 11 .39 0.10 13 .11 9-4 9-8 10 .3 21 .2 19 .1 13 . .6 15 .11 22 .6 18 .2 3-8 4-3 4-9 5-2 5-7 6-0 6-4 6-9 7-0 7-4 7-8 7 .05 1.0 12 .42 1.95 1.11 16 .94 2.49 0.18 0.9 12 .10 12 .2 10 .56 0.8 11 .3 14 .4 18 .5 19 .1 18 .8 16 .85 0.11 20 .37 0.1 16 .10 4-3 4-8 5-0 5-4 5-8 6-0 6-4 6-7 6 .1 9-4 9-6 9 .2 22 .5 19 .0 3-3 3 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.22 0.9 12 .0 15 .5 11 .32 1.3 21 .6 24. in 1.13 2.10 20 . Limited to span in inches divided by 240.09 0.5 10 .8 22 .27 1.69 0.3 12 .0 Span 12. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.8 12 .0 5-6 6-5 7-2 7 . - Tables American American Wood 16.3 14 .7 25 .08 0.8 Council Joistsand 2x12 19.2 15 .9 13 .10 12 .4 17 .9 21 .7 19 . .3 16 .2 15 .3 16 .87 0.11 19 .9 13 .33 0.6 17 .31 0.10 13 .1 11 .11 11 .3 23 .7 15 .7 10 . - 16.7 20 .10 7-6 8-1 8-8 9-2 9-8 10 .0 15 .5 14 .41 0.0 8-3 9-6 10 .0 9-6 11 .5 19 .0 10 .9 13 .69 0.46 .0 19 .10 5-7 6-3 6 .2 20 .59 1.3 12 .4 16 .8 10 .19 2.0 14 .96 2.Live load of 50 psf plus Dead Load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.5 15 .7 11 .4 17 .10 18 .6 16 .40 0.3 16 . . - 16.7 17 .3 24 .0 13 .87 2.3 13 .62 1.8 21 .9 9 .11 17 .8 8 .7 19 .6 16 .0 13 .6 12 .0 4-0 4-8 5-2 5-8 6-2 6-7 7-0 7-4 7-9 8-1 8-5 8-8 9-0 9-4 9-7 9 .8 22 .14 0.0 6-9 7-9 8-8 9-6 10 .2 0.2 18 .6 17 .6 11 .7 11 .5 14 .7 19 .22 1.1 2x 6 19.74 1.7 17 .0 15 .34 1.6 11 .0 0.10 9-3 9-8 10 .3 12 .0 5-4 6-2 6 .2 11 .27 0.4 12 .0 13 .61 0.9 .17 0.8 9 .53 1.4 22 .7 10 .4 13 .7 13 .10 14 .16 1.10 13 .2 17 .6 10 .86 0.11 8-8 9-4 10 .2 18 .2 12 .9 24 .11 16 .54 Rafters E 19.0 17 .0 0.26 2.8 11 .16 2.4 12 .10 9-0 10 .10 11 .73 1.06 1.000.38 1.8 14 .8 14 .10 11 . .10 8-1 8-3 8-6 8 .2 11 .11 8-3 8-6 8-9 9-0 9-3 9-6 9 .17 0.0 19 .21 1.04 1.2 4 .2 20 .8 16 .10 12 . is limited to 2.2 21 .77 0.3 16 .23 0.6 11 .11 20 .6 17 .75 0.2 10 .0 10 .9 19 .0 16 .07 Note: The required modulus of elasticity.10 7-5 7 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 (in) 12.95 1.09 0.11 24 .8 15 .5 15 .47 1.12 0.9 15 .63 1. and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.98 1.7 Wood Council for Joists 12.57 0.40 2.0 14 .4 15 .1 11 .8 13 .50 1.11 18 .6 13 . E.11 17 .48 1.1 11 .11 2x 8 19.5 9-0 9-7 10 . .9 13 .11 18 .3 23 .9 18 .34 0.1 17 .07 2.10 8 .10 20 .7 15 .5 10 .4 11 .16 1.2 19 .0 4-4 5-0 5-7 6-2 6-7 7-1 7-6 7 .3 12 .0 11 . .27 0.9 22 .1 14 .6 16 .37 1.66 0.54 0.8 20 .47 0.2 19 .0 0.0 7 .10 21 .5 18 .7 12 .11 9 .6 11 .01 2.11 0.60 0.2 11 .4 13 .4 .2 13 .0 15 .0 24. Deflection .4 Tables for 2x10 19.11 12 . . - 16.8 14 .3 14 .10 12.4 10 .9 18 .5 11 .1 10 .1 11 .10 12 .8 15 .10 10 .7 10 .6 12 .3 13 .2 and 12.1 .4 15 .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.10 16 .47 0.3 15 .4 13 .2 11 .8 15 .0 12 .32 Rafters 24.96 1.6 14 .82 1.For 50 psf live load.13 1.2 10 .6 17 .7 24. .0 15 .3 13 .0 6-9 7 .2 7-6 8-8 9-8 10 .10 13 .11 8-4 8-8 9-0 9-4 9-8 10 .74 1.85 1. - 16.4 14 . 24 TABLE R-12 24 RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .5 14 .8 12 .2 .7 11 .4 20 .5 13 .11 11 .11 14 .66 0.20 0.0 4-8 5-4 6-0 6-7 7-1 7-7 8-1 8-6 8 .0 15 .

11 11 .1 12 .25 0. - 24.0 0.1 15 .11 24 .11 12 .7 9-2 9-9 10 .00 2.6 18 .11 17 .11 7-2 7-5 7-7 7 . .0 2-7 3-2 3-8 4-1 4-6 4 .0 0.6 12 .4 10 .000.3 16 .82 0.50 0. - and Rafters 16.5 13 . - 16.7 18 .11 18 .10 6-5 6 .11 13 .10 20 .1 10 .3 16 .42 2.10 6-6 7-1 7-8 8-2 8-8 9-2 9-7 10 .71 1.10 11 .9 10 .6 . - 2x 8 19. Limited to span in inches divided by 180.47 2.61 0.3 14 .10 11 . .5 10 .82 1.6 20 . .11 16 .8 .9 25 .3 19 .9 19 .18 0.6 22 .1 12 .52 1.7 17 .3 10 .4 14 .7 20 .10 .31 2.3 19 .30 1.60 1. .6 10 .10 23 .0 9-3 9-5 9-7 9-9 9 .4 17 .09 0.29 0.2 4-7 5-7 6-6 7-3 7 .14 0.6 11 . - forfor 16.74 0.4 14 .33 0.46 1. - 24.11 19 .3 16 .9 14 .08 2. .9 15 .57 .11 21 .36 0.5 16 .5 22 . .11 8-8 9 .2 14 . .5 23 .1 .8 9 .0 10 .6 .0 8 . .4 11 .0 14 .11 . . .36 0.8 21 .1 10 .5 16 .10 11 . .26 0.4 12 . Fb.11 18 .6 14 .3 13 .10 20 . .2 14 . .9 11 . .6 14 .1 18 . .2 15 . .0 20 .2 14 .8 15 .7 15 .7 13 .7 25 .8 15 .10 0.0 9 .93 1. .70 1.6 16 . .9 15 .10 17 .21 2. .8 15 .9 11 . E.5 23 .8 11 .9 14 .3 11 .91 1.10 22 . .9 11 .73 1.0 6 .24 1.8 17 .8 17 .06 0.4 11 .4 12 .7 12 .0 13 .10 15 .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.28 0. - Paper Joists 24.33 0.4 10 .5 10 .6 19 . Deflection .7 18 .34 2.44 0. - 2x 4 19.80 0.11 1.6 15 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.13 1. .56 0.4 18 .01 1.11 19 .3 15 .5 17 . .48 . - 24.4 25 .10 15 .11 14 .11 13 .7 13 . .3 22 .1 20 .4 11 .9 14 . - 24.31 1.34 2.2 24 .3 17 .11 21 .10 .1 17 .1 11 .5 9 .0 5 .11 10 .11 13 .1 12.0 .93 1.7 11 .6 20 .1 13 . .11 3-7 4-1 4-7 5-1 5-5 5 . . . .58 1.11 10 .10 18 .0 0.4 10 .11 Tables Forest & 12.3 21 .1 19 .9 16 .0 3-2 3 . .11 24 .9 18 .4 15 .9 24 .24 1.2 14 .7 14 .08 0.7 20 .For 20 psf live load. .6 16 .12 0. .8 11 .51 0. .15 0.5 24 .5 10 .60 0. .22 2. .10 7-1 8-2 9-2 10 . Rafter Bending Design Value.10 8-3 8-8 9-0 9-5 9-9 10 .10 8-2 8-5 8-9 9-0 9-4 9-7 9 .1 17 . .2 13 .2 23 . - 2x 6 19.4 12 .11 18 . .22 0.15 2.1 17 .0 13 . .00 2.5 10 . .9 15 .9 19 .8 21 .86 2.60 and Rafters Note: The required modulus of elasticity.0 17 .10 15 .11 4-6 5-1 5-6 6-0 6-5 6-9 7-2 7-6 7 .2 23 .1 11 .7 10 .2 6-1 7-5 8-7 9-7 10 .18 0.1 10 . .11 17 .0 16 .05 0.3 20 .11 17 .7 15 .7 24 .9 19 . .11 16 .10 22 . .9 19 .0 10 .63 1.05 0. (psi) Spacing Size (in) 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 (in) 12.36 1.4 14 . - 16.21 1. .66 0.10 13 .5 15 . .5 10 .4 15 .6 14 .1 19 .5 20 .6 11 .20 0. .28 2.4 15 .48 1. .3 11 .10 23 .58 0.5 21 .6 17 .05 1. - E 19.8 20 .43 0.0 4-1 5-0 5 .95 2.11 22 .0 5-0 6-2 7-1 7 .4 13 .41 1.5 16 .35 1.11 19 .9 22 .8 13 .71 0.10 15 .14 2.10 .57 1.6 million psi and less.4 22 .40 0.2 14 . .01 1.3 13 .2 0.2 18 . . is limited to 2. 25 25 .0 3-8 4-6 5-3 5 .71 0.74 1.73 0.4 13 .43 1. - Council Joists Association 12.3 16 .11 18 .10 22 . - 2x10 Wood 19.3 14 .23 0.8 12 .41 0.92 1.85 2.2 18 .9 14 .5 17 .48 0.10 7-2 7-5 7-9 8-0 8-3 8-6 8-9 9-0 9-3 9-5 9 . .5 25 .98 2.11 8 .83 0.3 13 .3 12 .10 16 .7 22 .10 6-2 6-6 6 .10 2. and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.3 18 .3 11 .1 21 .9 .11 24 .1 10 .2 2 .86 1. TABLE R-13 Span RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .0 25 .7 . . .11 7-5 7 .10 10 .11 SpanTables AmericanAmerican 12. .6 23 .2 . - 16.13 1. .7 19 .1 15 .4 18 .0 13 .11 12 .10 12 .10 13 .3 18 .10 25 .10 11 .0 7-8 9-4 10 .03 1.11 12 .83 0.10 8-0 8-3 8-5 8 . . .10 9 .4 23 .6 20 .5 16 .13 0.52 0. .11 21 .17 1.2 7-9 9 . .4 26 .3 20 .8 13 .11 23 .47 .11 23 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.4 19 . . .9 12 .6 20 .2 16 .11 12 .11 5-3 5-6 5 .04 0.10 20 .Live load of 20 psf plus Dead Load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value. .11 16 .0 10 .8 8 .0 5-5 6-7 7-8 8-7 9-4 10 .4 25 .8 21 .6 12 .5 21 .64 0.11 8 . in 1. .10 6-1 6-5 6-8 6 .10 25 . .4 21 .10 . .5 16 .2 12 .2 16 .0 6-7 8-1 9 .

- 2x 4 19.7 24 .08 1.11 0. Deflection .2 15 . - E 19.28 1.1 11 .6 10 .0 5-0 6-2 7-1 7 .10 13 .10 5-1 5-4 5-6 5-9 6-0 6-2 6-5 6-7 6-9 7-0 7-2 7-4 7-6 7 .11 12 . Fb. .69 0.69 0.10 13 .6 12 .8 13 .10 17 .2 4-0 4 .11 19 .5 20 .53 1.5 14 .1 10 .90 2. - 24.10 8-2 8-5 8-9 9-0 9-4 9-7 9 .69 1.0 8-5 10 .3 15 .21 1.6 11 . - 16.11 10 .0 14 .17 0.32 0.2 23 .66 1. .0 2-9 3-5 3 .7 10 .2 12 .10 .10 11 .8 16 .1 .19 0.2 Council Joists 12.11 15 .9 18 .10 20 .4 17 .15 2.11 11 .10 0.2 17 .2 2-6 3-1 3-7 4-0 4-5 4-9 5-1 5-4 5-8 5 .2 18 .0 11 .4 19 .41 2.44 1.5 17 .5 19 .4 17 . .0 4-8 5-9 6-7 7-5 8-1 8-9 9-4 9 .12 0. .0 20 .8 23 .10 17 .000. . in 1.51 0.11 7-2 7-4 7-7 7-9 8-0 8-2 8-5 8-7 8-9 8 .02 1.8 21 .4 22 .4 14 .6 million psi and less.11 .9 12 . - 24. .0 10 .00 1.7 21 .3 12 .10 19 .4 11 .0 19 . Rafter Bending Design Value.88 0.11 8-5 8 .14 0.2 23 .11 18 .54 0.3 16 .4 23 .6 12 .0 14 .4 20 .8 21 . . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 (in) 12. .22 2.For 30 psf live load. . - for Joists 24.11 16 .Live load of 30 psf plus Dead Load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.4 26 . - 2x 8 19.8 18 .4 16 .3 12 .6 13 .9 12 .7 .04 2.0 14 .11 8-8 9-5 10 .8 15 . .3 16 .32 0.90 1.39 1.10 20 .6 23 .99 1.11 12 .7 11 .10 2.5 21 . E.1 11 .0 6-0 7-4 8-5 9-5 10 .10 13 . .11 12 .28 0.91 1.10 20 . - SpanTables 16. .11 4-3 4-6 4 .11 19 .11 13 .18 1.3 19 .1 13 .11 24 .9 Span 12.3 14 .8 17 .10 13 .0 14 .8 14 . .8 12 .1 15 .10 16 .11 17 .78 0.8 18 .11 22 .4 12 .4 19 . Rafters .43 1.8 7 .29 0.15 0.6 22 . .2 22 .6 11 .2 14 .36 2.43 0.1 15 .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.5 18 .3 13 .11 7-6 8-2 8-8 9-3 9-9 10 .8 10 .6 20 .5 .3 16 . Limited to span in inches divided by 180.6 13 .11 6-2 6-5 6-8 6 .8 .11 4-6 5-1 5-6 6-0 6-5 6-9 7-2 7-6 7 .21 1.09 0.0 3-2 3 . .28 2. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.4 11 .08 2.1 21 .95 2.24 0.4 14 .5 14 .8 11 .32 1.7 25 .4 12 . - 16. . .0 10 . - 2x 6 19.3 24 . . is limited to 2.0 .10 13 . .10 10 .1 10 .7 15 .4 25 .56 .27 1.8 19 . .11 4-5 4 .7 12 .11 21 .38 1.11 18 .8 16 .0 4-4 5-4 6-2 6 .10 .9 17 .9 14 .7 12 .3 11 .79 0.6 18 .8 13 .4 10 .4 11 .3 13 .10 20 .6 11 .6 16 .4 21 .10 25 .82 1. - 16.10 6-2 6-6 6-9 7-1 7-4 7-7 7 .49 0.10 11 .4 17 .0 17 .7 16 . .10 14 .08 0.66 1.3 20 . .6 11 .0 20 .10 5-7 6-3 6 .4 12 .11 17 .8 15 .89 0.23 0.2 6-8 8-2 9 . . .9 11 .81 1.6 21 . - 16. . .3 11 . Rafters Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.2 American American Wood Tables for 12.0 0.59 1.80 1.11 7-5 7 .1 24 .25 2.21 0.10 18 .48 1.2 18 . 26 TABLE R-14 26 RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .4 10 .81 0.10 1.0 14 .56 1.10 15 .72 0.1 14 . .0 6-7 8-1 9-4 10 .2 17 .0 5-9 7-0 8-1 9-1 9 . .8 11 .7 12 .8 15 .11 19 .59 0.3 13 .95 2.72 0.6 11 .2 5-3 6-5 7-5 8-3 9-1 9-9 10 .49 0.06 0.11 10 .9 15 .11 9-4 9 .54 1.2 13 .70 1. .3 11 .0 2-3 2-9 3-2 3-7 3 . .11 22 .8 14 .0 3-7 4-4 5-0 5-7 6-2 6-8 7-1 7-6 7 .2 10 .2 17 .5 22 .6 17 .81 0. - and 24.05 0.3 20 .2 18 .25 0.10 15 .11 18 . - 2x10 WoodCouncil 19.6 15 .2 16 .4 15 .60 0.5 14 .6 13 .8 .3 18 .05 0.10 8-1 8-4 8-6 8-9 9-0 9-2 9-5 9-7 9-9 10 .10 8-0 8-2 8-4 8-5 8-7 8-9 12.4 14 .0 17 .6 11 .0 7-4 8 .6 25 .10 13 .0 . .5 12 .7 14 .2 15 .14 1.6 16 . .10 1.8 15 . .8 21 .11 17 .42 0.11 22 .2 14 .8 22 .1 13 .5 13 .56 0.11 12 .7 16 .9 19 .11 9-1 9-3 9-5 .9 10 .7 19 .55 .2 0.2 11 .35 0.10 5-2 5-6 5 .9 14 . . .5 10 .10 16 .7 11 .10 15 .4 14 .16 2.63 0.35 0.17 0.2 23 .42 2.50 .11 8-4 8-8 9-1 9-5 9-9 10 .10 16 .1 21 .03 2.3 16 .3 15 . - 24.53 and Note: The required modulus of elasticity.8 16 .0 12 .4 13 .9 23 .40 2.93 2.99 1.0 .7 12 .04 0.40 0.9 14 .5 13 .4 14 .47 0.64 0.28 2.6 15 .32 1.8 13 .0 0. .8 24 .78 1.6 18 .0 0.11 10 . and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.39 0.

1 13 .11 4-6 5-0 5-6 5 .57 0.47 1.24 0.2 13 .7 13 .11 15 .95 1.3 20 .7 10 .8 11 . .5 15 .73 1.10 16 . E.10 13 .11 19 .43 2.11 0.13 0.11 11 .8 15 .8 13 .5 18 .10 8-1 8-4 8-7 8 . .6 15 . and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.3 10 .6 21 .0 10 .69 0. .1 12 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.9 18 .08 0.10 6-1 6-4 6-7 6-9 7-0 7-3 7-5 7-8 7 . .4 17 .For 40 psf live load.10 15 . .6 13 .21 1.0 22 .0 5-4 6-6 7-7 8-5 9-3 10 .41 and Rafters Note: The required modulus of elasticity.9 12 .1 21 .8 21 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 (in) 12.0 11 .0 11 .0 12 .2 14 .4 11 .09 1.54 0.3 13 . .3 23 .8 11 .4 11 .3 17 . . - and Rafters 16.4 16 .6 16 .6 17 .0 16 .11 13 .4 19 .6 11 .0 11 .1 15 . .40 0.6 million psi and less.11 22 .6 19 .0 4-6 5-6 6-4 7-1 7-9 8-5 9-0 9-6 10 .11 10 .11 10 .3 20 .10 7-0 7-2 7-3 7-5 7-7 7-8 7 .05 1.11 17 .2 17 .94 1.11 5-4 5-9 6-1 6-5 6-8 7-0 7-3 7-7 7 .1 11 .11 9 .8 17 .06 0.10 12.11 18 .8 11 .10 9-0 9-3 9-6 9-8 9 .97 1.30 0.46 0.86 0.00 2.6 25 .11 14 .6 13 .2 2-3 2-9 3-2 3-7 3 .76 0.3 18 .11 13 .0 17 .11 19 .14 0.6 11 . .10 20 .10 16 .0 0.46 1.33 0.4 22 .2 3-7 4-4 5-0 5-7 6-2 6-8 7-1 7-6 7 .7 13 .1 11 .7 14 .52 0.11 14 . - AmericanAmerican 16.29 2.0 .6 18 .2 4-8 5-9 6-7 7-5 8-1 8-9 9-4 9 .000.05 1.11 12 . - 2x 6 19.6 20 .2 11 .4 12 .62 1.0 14 .4 11 .11 16 .1 .11 11 .11 .8 11 .1 20 .44 2.2 18 .10 12 .9 - Paper Joists 24.0 10 .0 4-2 5-2 5 .0 20 .33 0.1 15 .7 14 .5 17 .0 5 .6 11 .72 1.59 1.4 9 .09 0.2 0.39 2.0 10 . Deflection .4 8 . Fb.22 0.22 1.8 21 .16 0.58 1.0 7-7 9-3 10 .11 12 .0 0. TABLE R-15 Span RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .70 1.41 0. .05 2.18 2.41 1.4 14 .05 0.1 19 .3 19 .49 1.9 10 .11 6-4 6-9 7-1 7-5 7-9 8-1 8-5 8-8 9-0 9-3 9-6 9 . .68 0.3 11 .4 12 .9 19 .0 3 .61 1.4 22 .8 22 . is limited to 2.77 0.10 8 .7 16 . .4 12 .8 16 .1 18 . - 2x 4 19.8 15 .0 0.11 6-1 6-3 6-5 6-7 6-8 6 .6 10 .60 0. .6 13 .1 16 .3 15 .7 17 .81 1.1 13 .2 14 .4 16 .09 0.7 12 .2 19 .0 11 .11 4-9 5-6 6-2 6-9 7-3 7-9 8-3 8-8 9-1 9-6 9 .10 15 .3 Tables Forest & 12.31 0.0 12 . .11 12 .0 12 .8 12 .11 17 .0 5-2 6-3 7-3 8-1 8 .04 0.6 11 .0 3-2 3 .8 21 .0 16 .18 0.37 1.03 1.93 2. .6 15 .8 15 .2 22 .2 20 .0 14 .6 14 . - 2x 8 19.30 2.11 .60 .6 - 24.1 13 .94 1.99 2.7 20 .11 8-4 8-8 9-1 9-5 9-9 10 .10 16 .3 15 .8 20 .6 11 .10 12 .57 - 24.11 17 .2 21 .7 20 .3 11 .Live load of 40 psf plus Dead Load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.11 7-3 8-4 9-4 10 . .8 23 .6 14 .9 18 .20 0.9 11 .3 13 .11 13 .11 9-1 .11 4-3 4-8 4 .2 15 .12 0.86 0.9 14 .56 0.33 1.1 13 .11 6-7 7-3 7 .10 3-6 4-0 4-6 4 .3 10 .0 14 .11 9 .25 2. - 16.1 13 .2 14 .11 10 . .0 6-6 8-0 9 .1 14 .44 0.7 .0 2-6 3-0 3-6 3 .25 1.7 12 . in 1.1 15 .3 10 .11 5-2 5-4 5-6 5-9 5 . - forfor 16. .6 12 .3 13 .52 1.4 10 .86 1.5 11 .9 18 .5 10 .15 1.4 20 .3 16 .5 14 .84 0.9 18 .12 1.95 2.2 12 .4 12 .14 2. - 16.7 16 . .8 14 .85 0.8 23 .4 11 .8 13 .11 4-3 4-6 4 .38 0.47 0.7 15 .2 6-0 7-4 8-5 9 .6 19 .23 0.77 0.10 .11 12 .0 2 .5 12 .3 13 .12 2.2 15 .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.5 17 . . - 2x10 Wood 19.0 16 .3 16 .15 1.31 2.10 14 .66 0.9 17 .10 8-0 8-2 8-4 8-5 8-7 - 24.4 SpanTables 12.05 0.53 .3 16 .17 0.11 12 .66 0.31 1.84 1.3 .7 12 . .11 5-3 5-6 5 .0 2-0 2-6 2 .11 14 .86 2.10 8-0 8-2 8-5 8-7 8-9 8 .73 1.49 0.10 - 24.37 0.06 2.27 0. Limited to span in inches divided by 180.3 10 .4 17 .11 24 .26 0.5 15 .1 25 .8 15 .3 13 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.8 10 . Rafter Bending Design Value.8 11 .3 11 .18 2.61 0.6 18 .7 13 .5 11 .11 18 . - E 19.10 5-1 5-4 5-6 5-9 6-0 6-2 6-5 6-7 6-9 7-0 7-2 7-4 7-6 7-8 7 . .0 10 .10 3-2 3-6 3-9 4-0 4-3 4-6 4-9 4 .3 10 .7 24 .10 10 .11 15 .0 14 .2 23 .10 17 .0 20 .7 14 .36 1. 27 27 .8 Council Joists Association 12.75 0.26 1.10 13 .

10 4-8 5-5 6-1 6-7 7-2 7-8 8-1 8-7 9-0 9-4 9-9 10 .0 10 .54 .11 11 .7 13 .40 2.9 14 .29 1.53 0.11 18 .91 1.07 2.0 4 .42 1.72 0.5 10 .4 14 . and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.5 12 .4 13 .65 1.8 12 .000.14 0.2 12 . Deflection . - 2x10 Wood Council 19.2 14 .64 1.11 13 .90 2.2 5-5 6-8 7-9 8-7 9 .4 10 . - E 19.07 0.19 0.35 0.3 .26 0.11 3-3 3-7 3 .10 4-1 4-5 4-7 4 .11 12 .6 11 .6 11 .Live load of 50 psf plus Dead Load of 10 psf determines the required bending design value.11 4-3 4-6 4 . - 16.1 12 .11 Council Joistsand 12.8 13 .95 2.71 0.2 16 .2 15 . - 16.11 12 . . .06 0.3 Span 12.11 12 .10 1. TABLE R-16 28 28 RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .6 18 .11 7-0 7-2 12.9 11 .1 20 .11 3-7 4-1 4-7 5-0 5-5 5 .10 8-0 8-2 8-4 8-5 .82 0.29 0.11 17 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.40 1.04 1.7 17 . .6 million psi and less.11 11 .10 17 .3 21 .9 14 .44 1.6 13 .10 16 .64 1.6 21 . - 2x 6 19.5 .5 10 .2 2-1 2-6 2 .4 .2 10 .11 8-5 9 .11 7-3 7-7 7 .2 0. Limited to span in inches divided by 180.6 13 .18 2.5 11 .10 5-1 5-3 5-5 5-8 5 .For 50 psf live load.0 1 .9 10 .7 24. .50 1.3 15 .46 0.10 Tables American American Wood Tables for 12.11 11 .08 0.44 0.8 20 .9 12 .4 16 . - Span 16.8 13 .1 .6 .6 12 .7 16 .37 0.8 21 .1 17 .5 15 .10 11 .66 0.51 1.01 2.9 10 .19 2.2 12 .6 14 .11 18 .9 13 .0 3-7 4-4 5-0 5-7 6-2 6-8 7-1 7-6 7 .2 13 .10 23 .11 6-0 6 .0 0.34 1.1 12 .2 3-3 4-0 4-7 5-1 5-7 6-1 6-6 6 .11 14 .5 23 .10 16 .10 10 .25 1.14 2.05 0.0 0.9 10 .1 for Joists 24.0 16 .2 9-5 9 .11 13 .0 10 .32 2. - 2x 8 19.1 13 . .0 5-5 6-7 7-8 8-7 9-4 10 .1 18 .11 7 .11 7-2 7-5 7-7 7 .0 12 .7 12 .4 9 .3 20 .3 16 .10 13 .27 2.13 0.31 1.6 20 .57 24.62 0.84 1. Rafters Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.10 7-0 7-2 7-4 7-5 7-7 7-9 7 .10 17 . .1 10 .9 12 . .10 1.8 8 .11 24 .4 11 .10 2-3 2-7 2 .10 16 .0 3 .8 15 .3 17 .2 11 . .10 11 .6 10 .3 14 .4 22 .11 5-1 5-3 5-5 5-6 5-8 5 .6 16 .7 24.9 16 .8 10 . .5 18 .22 0.51 0.6 10 .10 6-2 6-6 6 .5 16 .5 10 .11 19 .16 1.6 11 .11 22 .98 1.3 13 . Rafters .81 0.8 11 .2 11 .89 2.10 13 . - 16.42 0.7 8 .3 16 .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.11 19 .11 19 .5 10 .44 2.73 0.10 15 .0 10 .5 14 .77 1.0 0.10 13 .11 9 .11 8-2 8-5 8 .4 14 .75 1.11 9-2 9-5 9 . Rafter Bending Design Value.32 0.58 0. (psi) Spacing Size (in) 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 (in) 12.80 0.10 15 .53 1.6 10 .10 14 .99 1.7 18 . .0 14 . .0 10 .3 15 .3 18 .16 0.26 1.23 0.49 0.73 0.11 16 .07 1.3 13 .54 0.8 16 . .5 12 .18 2.10 11 .0 11 .11 3-2 3-5 3-8 3 .10 5-1 5-4 5-6 5-9 6-0 6-2 6-5 6-7 6-9 7-0 7-2 7-4 7-6 7-8 7 .7 12 .4 16 .10 6-0 6-2 6-4 6-6 6-8 6 .39 0.5 20 .8 17 .0 6 .11 11 .3 10 .89 0.61 1.5 15 .6 15 .00 1.38 0.10 6-6 7-1 7-8 8-2 8-8 9-2 9-7 10 .10 22 .11 17 .25 0.8 15 .3 17 .8 13 .04 0.7 14 .9 19 . in 1.9 21 .10 8-0 24.39 1.3 18 .20 1.10 11 .11 5-3 5-6 5 .0 6-0 7-4 8-5 9 .0 13 .4 14 .63 0.54 1.5 12 .3 10 .8 7 .3 11 .90 0.6 .11 10 .30 and Note: The required modulus of elasticity.0 14 .6 11 .1 21 .09 0.3 13 .11 8-3 8 .3 11 .32 2.10 0.8 14 .6 17 .04 0.4 19 .4 11 .4 12 .10 15 .72 1.47 .32 0.0 2-3 2-9 3-2 3-7 3 .7 18 .16 0.11 12 .1 12 .93 1.11 11 .8 15 .4 18 .5 14 .10 6-0 6-1 6-3 6-5 6-6 6-8 6-9 6 . E.0 10 . - 2x 4 19.1 10 .5 17 .2 17 .11 4-1 4-4 4-6 4-8 4 .11 12 .2 14 .11 0.11 18 .19 1.7 11 .2 16 .07 2.45 0.8 21 .1 15 .11 8-4 8-8 9-1 9-5 9-9 10 .0 4-1 5-0 5 .10 9-0 9-3 .04 2.3 13 .0 2-7 3-2 3-8 4-1 4-6 4 .3 19 .8 18 .3 16 . - 16.96 2.10 8-0 8-3 8-5 8-8 8 .9 14 . .7 9 .65 0.11 13 .10 6-1 6-5 6-8 6 .0 20 . Fb.29 0.82 0.8 12 .2 4-3 5-3 6-1 6-9 7-5 8-0 8-7 9-1 9-7 10 .4 13 .8 10 . .0 2 .0 15 .21 0.0 11 .9 8-5 9-1 9 .10 7-1 7-5 7 .4 10 .11 14 .5 12 .0 14 .11 15 . .0 4-8 5-9 6-7 7-5 8-1 8-9 9 .5 15 .85 1.77 1.3 11 .11 12 .4 12 .0 11 .6 11 .11 17 .57 0.17 0.9 14 . is limited to 2.4 12 .10 20 .15 1.

0 . - 16.1 11 .0 15 .4 22 .9 25 .0 17 .0 20 .10 9-7 11 .4 25 .1 13 .93 1.5 22 .8 16 .66 0.3 11 .40 0.10 15 .10 4-2 4-6 4 .28 2.40 2.11 11 .1 16 .11 24 . .7 16 . .98 1.10 8-1 8-4 8-6 8-9 8 .1 24 .35 1.26 0.5 22 .9 17 .4 12 .5 15 .11 8-8 9-4 10 .24 1.2 20 .65 1. TABLE R-17 Span RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .9 13 .0 15 .1 12 .5 11 .56 0.7 12 .21 0.7 23 .7 15 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 (in) 12.10 9-8 10 .5 18 . .9 16 .16 1.0 15 .2 2-8 3-4 3 .2 15 .0 5-0 6-2 7-1 7 .74 0. . .9 .73 0.07 1.1 17 .2 20 .56 0.0 19 .89 0.11 10 .10 23 . Fb.6 million psi and less. . .5 10 .57 1.2 15 .2 14 . - forfor 16.2 20 .10 12 .83 1.5 24 .5 17 .3 25 .16 2. - AmericanAmerican 16.04 0.4 15 .11 23 .3 16 .10 7 .3 15 .1 11 .10 9 . .4 17 .0 5-4 6-7 7-7 8-6 9-4 10 .0 12 .2 15 .5 11 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.17 0.11 0.0 12 .2 24 .7 11 .5 10 .0 7-1 8-8 10 .11 19 .10 9-0 10 .0 10 .11 8 .41 0.11 23 .0 0.8 14 .14 1.8 13 .10 11 .0 19 .2 7-2 8-9 10 .8 15 .4 19 .5 13 .1 12 .6 18 .9 14 .Live load of 20 psf plus Dead Load of 15 psf determines the required bending design value.5 17 .04 1.5 19 .6 26 .3 14 .5 14 .9 2x 8 19. . .1 13 .9 12 .48 0.0 0.14 0.11 7-3 7-6 7 .28 0.59 1.10 5-1 5-5 5-8 5 .11 19 . .5 2x 4 19.0 24 .4 23 .6 24 .8 18 .9 13 .8 10 .2 14 .1 12 .3 13 .23 0.0 18 .3 15 .08 2.10 21 .0 9-0 11 .2 21 .8 18 .8 21 .75 1. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.97 2.2 5-7 6 .3 10 .8 21 .6 18 .6 25 .88 0.17 1.9 19 . .9 17 .5 24.2 18 .44 0.For 20 psf live load.000.4 24 .11 3-5 3 .49 0.7 13 .8 18 .10 7-0 7-3 7-5 7 .65 0.3 10 .4 14 .9 25 .4 11 .1 11 .46 0.2 16 .2 12 .53 E 19.70 1.11 10 .11 12 .0 10 .8 16 .18 0. Rafter Bending Design Value.10 20 .21 1.33 0.000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.9 Council Joists Association 12.11 24 .9 21 .5 19 .8 16 .11 .1 11 .5 12 .92 2.8 24. - Paper Joists 24.6 14 .9 9 .7 11 .03 1.5 15 .0 15 . in 1.2 0.0 6-2 7-6 8-8 9-8 10 .26 0.4 17 .10 9-1 9-4 9-7 9 .0 17 .3 16 .9 20 .7 19 .10 5-5 5 .0 2x 6 19.3 15 .11 16 .12 0.10 7-3 7-8 8-0 8-4 8-8 9-0 9-4 9-8 9 .2 18 . Deflection .9 19 .7 23 .38 0.34 0.9 11 . .09 2.10 8-0 8-2 8-4 8 -6 8 .7 20 .0 25 .1 16 .0 15 .83 0.10 11 .1 18 .9 11 .4 9-8 10 .1 22 .4 12 .0 22 .37 1.1 19 .7 17 .0 2 .10 8-1 8-4 8-7 8 .7 19 .90 0.6 10 .0 9-2 9-4 12.07 0.11 6-5 6 .04 2.4 14 .10 0.8 16 .2 13 .86 1.55 1.22 2.19 2.29 1.59 0.98 1.3 16 .7 13 .11 14 .7 12 .5 18 .48 1.5 24.1 11 .0 7 . - and Rafters 16.4 21 .11 6-2 6-5 6-7 6 .7 17 .48 1.5 13 .0 13 .7 17 .1 15 .6 13 . and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.2 20 .73 0.31 24.0 6-5 7 .2 13 .2 22 .0 10 .08 1. .0 3-5 4-2 4 .66 1.8 14 .9 13 .8 8 .04 0.3 10 .35 0.81 0.4 15 .11 8-6 9-0 9 .81 1.36 1.10 18 .2 4-3 5-2 6-0 6-9 7-4 7 .80 0.5 10 .76 1.1 11 .11 7-2 7-5 7-8 7 . .7 17 .35 2.11 3-7 4-2 4-8 5-1 5-6 5 .96 2.2 13 .6 9 . .38 1.2 19 .1 23 .2 19 .32 0. .51 0.3 12 .5 20 .1 14 .9 17 .96 1.10 10 .71 1.9 13 .4 19 .6 14 .80 0.11 9-2 9-4 9-7 9 .10 4-3 4-8 5-1 5-5 5-9 6-0 6-4 6-7 6 .5 10 .4 12 .66 0.0 10 .10 16 .11 10 . E.1 22 . . .8 7 .3 17 .8 22 .3 21 .11 20 .11 16 . - 16. .7 15 .16 0. .0 2-5 2 .6 22 .6 11 .8 14 .10 16 .3 11 .0 4-8 5-8 6-7 7-4 8-1 8-8 9-4 9 .8 14 .3 14 .11 9 .52 0.10 11 . 29 29 .7 11 .06 and Rafters Note: The required modulus of elasticity.9 14 .2 18 .0 11 . - 2x10 Wood 19.0 23 .0 0.04 0.59 1.4 18 .10 22 .6 12 .4 12 .11 21 . is limited to 2.45 1.2 23 .09 0.9 .4 15 .6 18 .8 24 . .4 16 .7 20 .0 3 .40 0.5 23 .8 15 .4 20 .4 13 .11 6-3 6-7 6 .10 12 .08 0.5 Tables Forest & 12.10 18 .14 0.10 12 .20 0.3 13 .49 .2 21 .10 4-8 5-4 6-0 6-7 7-1 7-7 8-1 8 .11 18 .8 21 .96 2.6 8 .3 21 .9 25 .10 10 .72 0.6 . Limited to span in inches divided by 180.23 0.4 13 .8 20 .8 15 . . .07 0.8 15 .8 12 .27 1.10 13 .05 0.1 19 .7 19 .8 SpanTables 12.11 17 .9 17 .58 0.28 0.0 12 .5 16 .8 22 .10 16 .2 11 .0 18 .3 12 .64 0.1 22 .25 1.5 14 .2 11 .1 10 .12 1.11 14 .7 .86 1.47 1.3 13 .2 14 .0 23 .

4 10 .1 11 .8 18 .11 18 .35 0.0 15 .10 15 .68 0.66 0.14 2.5 for Joists 24.10 8-0 8-3 8-5 8-8 8 .15 0.68 0.6 13 .7 11 .6 23 . E. - 16.74 1.4 10 .1 17 .58 0.1 17 .6 14 .10 11 .76 1.0 4-9 5 .11 16 .88 2.7 11 .11 8 .10 1.0 11 .12 and Note: The required modulus of elasticity.Live load of 30 psf plus Dead Load of 15 psf determines the required bending design value.10 6-8 7-6 8-2 8 .10 6-1 6-5 6-8 6 .5 24 .0 10 .08 0.11 10 .8 15 .12 0.6 19 . Rafter Bending Design Value.41 0.5 19 .5 14 .8 13 .67 0.20 0.7 13 .9 13 .1 16 .4 14 .11 11 .11 19 .6 million psi and less.7 15 .9 10 .6 16 .8 13 .0 10 .10 11 . . .29 1.10 9-0 9-3 9-5 9-7 9-9 9 . Fb.10 6-3 6-8 7-1 7-6 7 .5 20 .4 20 .2 14 . - 16.7 10 .70 1.9 14 .1 22 .1 2x 4 19.3 8 .7 11 .3 10 . .11 7-2 7-4 7-6 7-9 7 .5 16 .11 3-4 3-9 4-1 4-5 4-9 5-1 5-4 5-7 5 .60 0.3 21 .11 20 .0 14 .7 16 .3 13 .1 17 .1 12 .80 1.27 0.0 15 .28 2.42 2.10 10 .47 0.7 13 .6 8 .11 16 .9 20 .37 24.10 22 .5 23 .9 14 .4 12 .41 0.10 .0 4-5 5-5 6-3 7-0 7-8 8 .2 2-5 2 .7 20 .11 .76 0.13 0.6 20 .18 0.10 11 .3 13 .11 24 .56 .11 8-4 8-9 9-2 9 .28 1.0 2-2 2-7 3-0 3-4 3-8 4-0 4-3 4-6 4-9 5-0 5-3 5-5 5-8 5 .3 23 .10 11 .8 21 .39 0.9 19 .49 1.2 21 .14 0.3 15 .7 15 .0 24 .5 13 .11 1. .86 1.41 1.0 0.9 10 .3 15 .6 12 .0 5-8 6 .19 0.10 9-6 10 .39 1.3 11 .2 13 .07 1.11 6-6 7-0 7-6 7 .1 21 .9 19 .10 9 .10 18 .11 24 . is limited to 2.5 16 .10 23 .1 Tables American American Wood Tables for 12.11 15 .4 18 .0 16 .4 15 .9 17 .29 0.2 4 . .96 1.10 13 .7 18 .4 21 .27 0.24 0.0 0.1 12 .91 2.10 25 .11 12 .08 0.000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.11 14 .47 2.31 1. - 16.11 20 .10 8-0 8-1 8-3 12.49 0.11 2x 8 19. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.11 5-3 5-6 5 .3 13 .6 12 .11 11 .8 21 .5 21 .10 17 .10 2.4 17 .7 9 .01 1.34 0. - Span 16.4 12 .9 10 .21 1.1 19 .3 10 .10 8-2 8 .1 12 .4 10 .1 20 .6 13 .05 0.43 0.91 2.6 25 .04 0.51 1.74 0.2 25 .75 0.3 11 .11 9 .11 14 .06 1.90 0.6 17 .6 24.11 6-1 7-0 7 .0 Span 12.11 16 .10 Council Joistsand 12.11 8-5 9 .10 22 .10 10 .11 10 .8 12 . .86 0.84 0.3 14 .22 2.3 11 .4 25 .3 16 .52 1.4 9 .54 0.8 10 .5 17 .2 18 .10 9 .5 15 .17 1.04 0.2 0.0 13 .10 11 .8 7 .5 16 .4 18 . - 16.11 13 .6 22 .11 12 .83 0.92 1.34 2.000.9 19 .0 5-5 6-7 7-8 8-7 9 .8 23 .8 12 .0 6 .6 12 .15 2.9 15 .1 24.11 14 .8 17 .10 9 .1 16 .4 22 .4 14 .5 12 .4 14 . Rafters .04 0.59 1. - 2x10 Wood Council 19. Deflection .33 1.2 12 .1 13 .2 18 .81 1.11 15 .3 13 .6 19 .0 13 .9 15 .6 17 .46 0.10 6-0 6-3 6-5 6-7 6-9 6 .4 16 . in 1.3 22 .11 9 .10 11 .11 17 .2 9-6 9 .9 14 .3 20 .8 15 .11 8-1 8-3 8-5 8-7 8-9 8 .03 2. .3 17 .10 10 .09 0.0 10 .99 1.9 14 .60 E 19.3 16 .11 17 .5 10 .3 15 .11 10 .11 14 .25 2.11 16 .1 12 .0 8-0 9-9 11 . .7 13 .0 6-3 7-8 8 .39 1.92 1.For 30 psf live load.7 13 . .8 16 .10 18 .3 13 .9 16 .10 6-1 6-4 6-6 6-9 6 .15 1.6 11 .10 15 .8 13 .3 18 .11 12 .42 1.2 16 .8 15 .53 0.10 6-6 7-1 7-8 8-2 8-8 9-2 9-7 10 .4 15 .10 22 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 (in) 12.11 9-1 9-3 24.0 0.1 12 .21 0. TABLE R-18 30 30 RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .0 3-4 4-1 4-9 5-4 5 .1 .8 17 .10 20 .0 3-0 3-8 4-3 4-9 5-3 5-8 6-0 6-5 6-9 7-1 7-5 7-8 8-0 8-3 8-6 8-9 9-0 9-3 9-6 9-9 10 .0 13 .7 24 .0 10 .1 14 . .36 0.61 0.10 12 .1 11 .3 11 .5 16 .6 11 .1 15 .6 13 .10 14 .3 20 .01 1. Rafters Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.11 11 .5 18 .52 1.11 2x 6 19.7 13 .9 12 .07 0.10 8 .0 8 .4 11 .6 11 .3 19 .7 13 .63 1.0 2-7 3-2 3-8 4-1 4-6 4 .24 1.8 19 .1 19 .10 18 .7 12 .2 3-9 4-7 5-4 5 .7 12 .7 10 .01 2.6 9 . .29 0.8 19 .7 22 .76 0.11 7-1 7-3 7-5 7-6 7 .2 6-4 7-9 8 .11 17 .23 0.33 0.5 10 .3 9 .83 0.11 7-2 7-5 7-7 7 .5 .3 12 .2 14 .0 4-1 5-0 5 .4 14 .6 13 .1 17 .61 1.9 14 .10 0.9 17 .4 21 .10 21 .20 1.02 2.63 1.58 0. and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.7 15 .2 23 .10 12 .10 .11 19 .8 21 .98 2.50 0.9 18 .6 20 .2 15 .3 18 .71 1.1 21 .1 10 . Limited to span in inches divided by 180.16 0.

11 11 .1 8 .0 4 .6 12 .10 7-0 7-2 7-4 7-6 7-7 7-9 7 .67 0.8 18 .11 16 .2 22 .6 16 .7 17 . - 16.11 6-0 6 .04 0.9 20 .9 16 .11 11 .73 1.000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.10 9-0 9-2 2x 4 19.6 13 .5 13 .1 15 .11 15 .5 12 .10 4-4 4-9 5-1 5-5 5-9 6-1 6-5 6-8 6 .42 0.10 18 .3 16 .7 16 .7 22 .0 1 .6 26 .10 6-5 6 .1 16 .7 22 .11 25 .1 24.0 3-8 4-6 5-3 5 .0 .11 9-9 10 .32 0.00 2.6 15 .7 10 .20 0.0 2-9 3-4 3 .6 17 .10 13 .1 17 .11 5-1 5-3 5-5 5-7 5-9 5 . in 1.11 9 .27 1.3 17 .82 0.2 10 .2 11 . - and Rafters 16.94 1.26 1.11 14 .19 1.8 8 .0 7-2 8 .1 16 .7 9 .11 8-1 8-2 8-4 24.1 22 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 (in) 12.3 13 .6 10 .11 17 .4 2x 6 19.5 17 .10 10 .9 12 .17 0.59 1.72 1.3 13 .11 17 .11 8-2 8-5 8-7 8 .11 2.25 2.10 6 .0 6-3 7-8 8 .11 7-1 7-3 7-6 7-8 7 .6 10 .10 8-3 8-8 9-1 9 .10 10 .34 0.2 20 .5 13 .4 10 .11 11 .34 24.8 16 .0 21 .08 0.9 12 .6 12 .11 9-3 9 .8 18 .11 9 .4 23 .5 15 .09 1.0 3-0 3-8 4-3 4-9 5-3 5-8 6-1 6-5 6-9 7-1 7-5 7-9 8-0 8-3 8 .8 15 .46 0.60 0.4 23 .67 0.22 2.61 1. Rafter Bending Design Value.10 12 .0 12 .11 8-3 8 .10 11 .11 21 .10 10 .10 9-0 9-3 9-5 9-8 9 .7 9 .1 11 .24 0.26 0.10 14 .1 14 .10 11 .38 0.8 10 .66 0.10 14 .9 . is limited to 2.8 18 .5 24 .2 15 .31 1.11 7-5 7 .2 13 .0 0.8 12 .11 7-1 7-3 7-4 7-6 12.9 19 .4 11 .5 Tables Forest & 12. .6 11 .07 0. .09 0.12 0.35 0.57 1.9 SpanTables 12.4 21 .3 18 .9 23 .45 0.3 16 .4 18 .6 14 . E.10 16 .29 0.7 13 . Fb.3 19 .0 5-1 6-3 7-2 8 .5 11 .7 11 .2 4-6 5-6 6-4 7-1 7-9 8-4 8 .11 14 .3 13 .91 1.3 11 .10 15 .0 12 .10 4-1 4-4 4-6 4-9 4 .5 15 .7 13 .10 9 .89 1.6 13 .11 3-4 3-9 4-1 4-5 4-9 5-0 5-3 5-6 5-9 6-0 6-3 6-6 6-8 6 .6 13 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.7 18 .2 15 .5 12 .04 0.11 13 .57 0.84 0.78 1.4 11 .10 10 .5 9 .6 10 .4 13 .75 0. - AmericanAmerican 16.18 1.21 0.61 1.2 10 .4 12 .0 5-8 6 .49 0. TABLE R-19 Span RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .73 0.8 22 .11 11 .2 12 .3 12 .10 6-4 6-9 7-2 7-7 7 .4 19 .10 9 .0 12 .11 12 .31 2.10 14 .1 14 .10 8-0 8-2 8-4 8-6 8-8 8 .59 0.11 5-8 6-4 6 .7 12 .3 15 .0 2-4 2 .10 5-1 5-3 5-6 5-8 5 .14 0.50 1. .0 12 .2 2x10 Wood 19.57 0.09 and Rafters Note: The required modulus of elasticity.83 0.2 10 .19 2.5 15 .56 E 19.38 1.52 0.2 3-5 4-2 4-9 5-4 5 .9 20 .41 0.9 19 .49 0.10 14 .11 11 .7 13 .26 0.4 13 .10 11 .37 1.3 15 .6 million psi and less.99 2.1 Paper Joists 24.79 1.06 1.0 10 .10 14 .For 40 psf live load.1 13 .5 11 .6 10 .1 17 .10 15 .14 0.3 10 .0 10 .49 1.10 10 .2 0.11 6-1 6-3 6-6 6-8 6 . Limited to span in inches divided by 180.9 12 .11 7-9 8-6 9-2 9-9 10 .10 10 .8 21 .3 17 .89 2.40 1.33 0.19 0. .4 20 .2 2-2 2-8 3-1 3-5 3-9 4-0 4-4 4-7 4 .1 19 . .7 8 .0 9 .11 7-3 7-6 7-8 7 .39 2.11 15 .2 18 .8 12 .9 13 .11 17 .5 16 .95 2.1 14 .8 15 .6 14 .9 14 .11 20 .5 11 .0 4-0 4 .04 0.29 1.0 13 .6 14 .11 7-6 8-0 8 .50 1.6 11 .10 0.11 13 . 31 31 .0 12 .4 19 .10 10 .9 Council Joists Association 12.10 15 .10 13 .12 2.11 24 .1 11 .11 2-4 2-9 3-1 3-4 3-7 3 .2 21 .6 8 .7 19 .0 11 .14 1.0 0.91 1.83 1.05 0.6 22 .5 10 .0 4-3 5-3 6-1 6-9 7-5 8-0 8-7 9-1 9-7 10 .0 .16 0.1 19 .9 .00 1. and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.11 14 .8 11 .7 16 .5 16 .3 12 .1 16 .6 12 .67 1.9 20 .000.2 10 .09 1. Deflection .9 24 .0 0.0 18 .1 16 .0 17 .5 18 .6 13 .9 10 .11 13 .Live load of 40 psf plus Dead Load of 15 psf determines the required bending design value.11 0.11 17 .8 17 .3 14 .07 0.0 10 .97 1.8 12 .89 0.1 9-4 9 .5 14 .05 1.40 0.7 18 .23 0.1 12 .0 18 .6 10 . - 16.6 20 .1 12 .3 18 .86 1.0 16 .5 16 .7 12 .4 21 .3 24.2 14 .74 0.82 0.0 13 .11 23 . .11 2x 8 19.5 14 .2 5-8 7-0 8-1 9 .1 15 .4 12 .00 1.6 13 .69 1.2 15 .11 19 .5 15 .6 13 .8 11 .47 1.53 0.2 20 .6 10 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.8 14 .5 19 .10 9 . - forfor 16.75 0.41 1.44 2.23 1.2 19 .9 19 .53 .65 0.5 12 .11 6-1 6-3 6-5 6-6 6-8 6 .07 2.4 9 .29 0.3 11 .99 2.11 8-0 8 .0 18 .15 1.7 18 .5 14 .

6 16 .4 11 .9 14 .7 19 .11 4-5 4 .10 5-3 5-7 5 .04 0.12 0.9 11 .3 16 .1 14 .3 16 .05 0.10 3-2 3-5 3-8 4-0 4-2 4-5 4-8 4 .9 .7 12 .1 10 .13 2.37 2.6 22 .9 19 .06 1.65 0.7 18 .0 2-6 3-1 3-7 4-0 4-4 4-8 5-0 5-4 5-7 5 .5 10 .5 23 .6 12 .8 14 .18 0.7 13 .57 1. Limited to span in inches divided by 180.0 10 .4 12 .6 21 .6 18 .2 15 .10 5-5 5 .10 7-0 7-2 7-3 7-5 7-7 7-8 24.0 3-5 4-2 4 .2 Council Joistsand 12.1 12 .4 19 .28 1. and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.3 for Joists 24.10 14 .10 20 . Rafters .26 0.2 18 .41 0.4 12 .0 12 .46 1.0 1-9 2-2 2-6 2 .22 0. - 16.58 0.6 14 .5 20 .07 0.11 10 .11 10 .11 8-1 8-4 8-6 8-8 8 .11 16 .2 15 .51 0.1 10 .11 14 .55 1.10 9-0 9-3 9-5 9-8 9 .2 2-0 2-5 2 . E.06 1.9 16 .10 4-5 4 .3 14 .73 0.33 0.10 5-7 6-3 6 .10 5-1 5-3 5-5 5-7 5-9 5 .11 4 .11 6-3 6-6 6 .2 11 .6 17 .6 18 .52 0.20 0.6 12 .8 18 .2 5-3 6-5 7-5 8-3 9-1 9 .10 15 .For 50 psf live load.10 11 .11 12 .10 10 .1 15 .7 19 .11 5-5 5 .82 0.81 1.64 1.78 1.6 22 .88 0. Deflection .11 12 .11 20 .11 6-5 6 .0 11 .11 8-3 8-6 8 .4 24 .9 Span 12.0 19 .0 5-9 7-0 8-1 9-1 9 .39 0.10 0.79 0.4 18 .73 0.25 2.9 16 .14 0.3 17 .2 0.5 13 .0 0.4 13 .32 2.10 15 .0 2-2 2-8 3-1 3-5 3-9 4-1 4-4 4-7 4 .9 14 .1 11 .44 0.5 16 .2 4-1 5-0 5 .10 9-1 9-4 9-7 9 .08 0.3 13 .7 16 .33 1.7 11 .10 7-3 7-8 8-0 8-4 8-8 9-0 9-4 9-8 9 . Rafters Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.10 12.5 19 .53 1.7 10 .92 1.01 2.11 19 .4 11 .80 0.2 3-1 3 .28 0.12 1.5 10 .04 0. Rafter Bending Design Value.7 11 .6 11 .84 1.94 2.6 11 .6 16 .15 1.6 15 .3 14 .9 17 .10 7-4 7 .3 11 .5 11 .57 1.1 14 .8 15 .2 18 .05 2.02 1.10 10 .7 11 .26 1.0 11 .5 14 .10 7-1 7-4 7-6 7-9 7 .10 13 .2 12 .11 24 .1 13 .0 11 .0 3-8 4-6 5-2 5 .03 1.9 13 .1 13 .93 2.4 15 .6 million psi and less.11 8-1 8-4 8-7 8 .Live load of 50 psf plus Dead Load of 15 psf determines the required bending design value.5 10 .10 9-3 9-8 10 .72 0.1 17 .6 14 .10 7-4 7-9 8-3 8-7 9-0 9-4 9-9 10 .11 10 .17 0.9 18 .11 23 .2 12 .9 13 .65 0.10 15 .4 13 .10 12 .60 .5 12 .3 15 .0 11 .3 15 .1 19 .10 6-3 6-7 7-0 7-4 7-8 7 .10 17 .5 2x 8 19.3 20 .45 1.3 11 .32 0.1 10 .3 17 .3 13 .10 18 .6 10 .11 14 .10 14 .3 2x 6 19.11 6-2 6-4 6-6 6-8 6 .8 11 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.23 1.3 19 .9 11 .6 13 .10 7-1 7-4 7-8 7 . - 16.0 18 .19 1.58 0.6 13 .95 1.10 12 .6 12 .000.9 13 .97 1.0 4-8 5-9 6-7 7-5 8-1 8-9 9-4 9 .28 24.71 0.0 13 .2 12 .28 0.0 0.3 13 .9 11 .4 13 .40 0.89 0.0 14 .7 15 .11 12 . is limited to 2.11 6-2 6-5 6-8 6 .84 1.09 0.63 1.3 2x10 Wood Council 19.8 11 .10 17 .4 10 .47 0.9 12 .6 11 .37 1.19 2.0 16 .4 12 .10 12 .3 10 .4 17 .8 15 .9 13 .6 11 .11 15 .45 0.3 17 .10 20 .06 2.9 19 .1 10 .10 5-0 5-2 5-4 5-6 5-7 5-9 5 .04 0.9 11 .55 0.1 11 .0 22 .49 E 19.2 16 .26 0.0 5-2 6-4 7-4 8-3 9-0 9-9 10 .5 12 .11 24.10 6-4 6 .3 12 .3 Tables American American Wood Tables for 12.5 .67 1.7 12 .97 1.000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.11 6-1 6-3 6-5 6-7 6-9 6 .24 1.23 0.10 13 .3 14 .31 0.74 1.06 0.5 14 .6 11 .0 13 .14 0.0 17 .1 14 .0 6-7 8-1 9-4 10 .94 2.2 15 .10 10 .90 2.10 7-0 7-2 7-4 7-6 7-8 7 .0 11 .5 11 .9 13 . TABLE R-20 32 32 RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .8 13 .9 .16 1.6 10 . - 16.11 8-4 8 .6 11 .3 16 .3 16 .0 2-9 3-5 3 . - Span 16.11 21 .10 9-0 9-3 9-5 . in 1.11 17 .63 0.0 4-6 5-6 6-4 7-1 7-9 8-5 9-0 9-6 10 .10 8-0 8-1 8-3 8-5 2x 4 19.10 13 .7 10 .37 0.10 3-1 3-4 3-7 3-9 4-0 4-2 4-4 4-6 4-8 4 .04 and Note: The required modulus of elasticity.11 1.3 10 .15 0.43 1.7 16 .10 15 .11 0.11 6-0 6-2 6-3 6-5 6-6 6-8 6-9 6 .10 22 .36 1.48 0.7 14 .10 6-6 7-1 7-8 8-3 8-8 9-2 9-8 10 . Fb.34 0.0 3 .8 21 .4 14 .46 1.0 0.87 0.55 0.11 17 .10 5-1 5-4 5-6 5-9 5 .0 13 .73 1.2 18 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 (in) 12.34 1.0 10 .46 2.1 24.64 0.11 16 .16 2.7 17 .2 14 .8 13 . - 16.3 14 .69 1.8 15 .2 12 .20 0.81 0.5 12 .1 21 .

E.11 1.95 1.76 0.4 14 .4 17 .3 16 .11 9-4 9 .34 0.10 18 .2 25 .5 19 .0 20 .4 11 .0 .3 13 .0 10 .73 0.2 23 .11 10 .8 14 .2 6-8 8-2 9 .Live load of 20 psf plus Dead Load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.11 0.07 0.0 0.99 1.4 26 .1 13 .48 1.2 17 .31 0.11 7-5 7 .8 15 .6 15 .10 16 .2 Tables Forest & 12.04 1.53 0.21 1.10 13 .4 12 .0 3-7 4-4 5-0 5-7 6-2 6-8 7-1 7-6 7 .4 11 .10 .1 13 .30 1.60 1.52 1.02 1.40 0.0 2-3 2-9 3-2 3-7 3 .4 14 .6 11 .8 AmericanAmerican 16. is limited to 2.9 18 .30 1. .60 0.39 and Rafters 16.10 20 .2 23 .2 23 .2 2x 8 19.10 15 .5 22 .13 1.5 21 .4 17 .27 1.06 1.10 20 .9 19 .20 1.57 1.4 24 .7 21 .8 15 .6 15 .21 1.52 1.8 24 .60 0.78 0.8 16 .9 14 .8 21 .39 1.8 18 .0 12 . in 1.10 20 .8 17 .7 19 . .5 25 .0 14 .8 21 .60 0.6 16 . .6 16 .6 11 .19 0.2 0. Deflection .8 21 .0 14 .7 12 .11 10 .8 16 .59 0.10 6-2 6-6 6-9 7-1 7-4 7-7 7 .33 0.11 18 .5 17 .6 12 .11 12 .88 0.000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.86 1.10 0.7 16 .4 10 .8 10 .2 12 .18 1.0 3-2 3 .11 17 .03 0.3 13 .10 13 .5 12 .4 20 .2 17 .9 11 .6 11 .96 1.96 2.5 21 .11 23 .10 13 .7 10 .10 5-2 5-6 5 .10 14 .6 18 .1 21 .7 12 .82 1.1 15 .44 1.10 16 .0 17 .1 11 .2 14 .21 0. TABLE R-21 Span RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .27 2.2 18 .3 16 .8 23 .2 18 .71 1.6 11 .0 11 .9 SpanTables 12.10 8-2 8-5 8-9 9-0 9-4 9-7 9 .4 19 .03 1.3 18 .35 1.4 11 .5 18 .7 14 .0 8-5 10 .4 10 .1 11 .9 14 .28 1.08 0.15 2.2 Council Joists Association 12.0 16 .4 14 .7 19 .10 13 .10 13 .1 11 .32 0.8 12 .2 17 .11 22 .3 15 .10 17 .4 17 .8 15 .46 0.10 19 .6 10 .8 13 .11 18 .18 0.4 21 .3 13 .17 0.4 16.36 1.0 14 .13 1.9 18 .9 12 .7 25 .2 18 .0 4-4 5-4 6-2 6 .8 13 .2 15 .66 0.04 2.7 16 .10 8-0 8-2 8-4 8-5 8-7 8-9 12.5 10 .4 12 .48 0.8 13 .11 22 .5 17 .10 15 .0 14 .6 23 .39 0.0 5-0 6-2 7-1 7 .8 18 .8 11 .8 15 .2 11 .11 19 .10 11 .6 13 .2 2-6 3-1 3-7 4-0 4-5 4-9 5-1 5-4 5-8 5 .11 12 . .8 14 .1 19 .7 24 .1 15 .9 14 .2 14 .For 20 psf live load.09 0.8 21 . 33 33 .6 11 .04 0.23 0.72 0.46 0.6 10 .21 0.8 22 .6 21 .9 12 .6 18 .2 10 .3 20 .11 4-3 4-6 4 .3 15 .10 5-1 5-4 5-6 5-9 6-0 6-2 6-5 6-7 6-9 7-0 7-2 7-4 7-6 7 .1 24 .4 16 .11 8-8 9-5 10 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 (in) 12.76 1.85 0. Rafter Bending Design Value.9 11 .05 0.60 1.3 20 .0 10 .11 13 .1 10 .10 24 .11 19 .10 2x 6 19.0 20 . .7 11 .92 0.11 7-6 8-2 8-8 9-3 9-9 10 .67 1.11 11 .50 1.6 11 .10 22 .2 4-0 4 .2 12 .61 1.9 25 .3 11 .0 6-0 7-4 8-5 9-5 10 .10 5-7 6-3 6 .1 21 .11 12 .5 23 .4 24.11 22 .28 0.5 13 .36 0.79 1.10 16 .0 25 .6 25 .2 5-3 6-5 7-5 8-3 9-1 9-9 10 .9 23 .40 1.0 17 .11 4-6 5-1 5-6 6-0 6-5 6-9 7-2 7-6 7 .04 0.4 11 .10 1.11 12 .1 15 .69 and Rafters Note: The required modulus of elasticity.66 0.84 0.11 17 . - 2x10 Wood 19.6 12 . - forfor 16.4 13 .3 11 .3 19 .14 0.11 21 .23 0.16 0. .28 0.9 19 .11 10 . .0 6-7 8-1 9-4 10 .93 2.11 6-2 6-5 6-8 6 .11 15 .0 2-9 3-5 3 .7 16 .0 19 .10 20 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.2 13 . and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.88 0.80 0.1 18 .9 2x 4 19.3 16 .4 14 .3 24.2 22 .0 7-4 8 .52 0. .4 10 .0 14 .6 17 .67 0.26 0.11 17 .5 16.0 0.8 16 .3 14 .5 13 .1 10 .2 15 .3 11 .3 24 .3 12 .3 16 .27 0.11 8-4 8-8 9-1 9-5 9-9 10 .7 12 .68 0.10 Paper Joists 24.6 13 .48 0.8 19 .11 7-2 7-4 7-7 7-9 8-0 8-2 8-5 8-7 8-9 8 .1 14 .12 0.6 11 .000.0 5-9 7-0 8-1 9-1 9 .73 0.4 15 .06 0.11 20 .10 13 .13 0.4 14 .7 11 .6 13 .5 14 .54 0.11 19 .2 16 .5 14 . .11 8-5 8 .11 16 .2 10 . Limited to span in inches divided by 180.10 17 .9 17 .11 12 .10 10 .93 1.4 19 .10 11 .8 16 .5 14 .1 21 . .0 4-8 5-9 6-7 7-5 8-1 8-9 9-4 9 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.9 15 .9 10 .10 15 .3 16 .10 15 . Fb.4 25 .43 0.0 10 .8 11 .5 18 .07 E 19.6 20 .4 23 .6 22 .70 1.0 0.89 24.80 0. .7 12 .10 8-1 8-4 8-6 8-9 9-0 9-2 9-5 9-7 9-9 10 .4 12 .7 15 .03 0.15 0. .54 0.11 4-5 4 .8 7 .4 22 .11 9-1 9-3 9-5 9-7 9-9 24.10 25 .44 1.08 0.3 12 .11 18 .42 0.5 20 .37 0.11 24 .6 million psi and less.

72 1.7 14 .6 16 .0 14 .6 13 .2 18 .3 16 .000.4 10 .4 11 .30 0.73 0.0 16 .4 2x10 Wood Council 19.79 0.10 19 .2 22 .4 22 .2 24.45 1.2 15 .10 15 .2 13 .3 11 .36 0.0 5 .7 15 .4 16 .31 0.0 0.56 16.2 16 .11 16 .11 8-4 8-8 9-1 9-5 9-9 10 .4 12 .08 0.6 19 .9 18 .8 11 .0 7-7 9-3 10 .4 11 .00 2.1 25 .11 11 .11 10 .8 13 .0 6-6 8-0 9 .12 0.9 24.10 12 .2 19 .4 10 .9 10 .8 11 .10 8-1 8-4 8-7 8 .27 1.86 0.7 16 .6 24 .7 14 .39 1.11 9 .42 0.1 15 .3 13 .4 17 .3 16 .1 13 .0 10 .11 18 .11 9 .03 0.11 6-4 6-9 7-1 7-5 7-9 8-1 8-5 8-8 9-0 9-3 9-6 9 . .11 12 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.11 17 .3 23 .8 17 .10 13 .63 1.8 14 .3 20 .0 3 .11 Span 16.11 0.7 24 .2 17 .10 16 . - 16.3 18 .11 25 .10 1.58 0.0 20 .0 10 .10 12.49 1.06 0.10 7-0 7-2 7-3 7-5 7-7 7-8 7 .63 1.11 15 .10 5-1 5-4 5-6 5-9 6-0 6-2 6-5 6-7 6-9 7-0 7-2 7-4 7-6 7-8 7 .9 12 .65 0.72 0.09 0.8 15 .0 2 .8 10 . .45 0. .14 1.10 15 .4 17 .3 10 .19 1. is limited to 2.8 21 .0 3-2 3 .22 E 19.6 10 .4 12 .18 0.9 14 .10 15 .09 1.03 1.6 13 .17 0.2 23 .04 0.9 19 .1 15 .6 11 .2 14 .11 9-1 9-3 9-5 9-7 2x 4 19.11 6-1 6-3 6-5 6-7 6-8 6 .02 1.56 0.0 11 . Fb.2 20 .11 15 .11 5-4 5-9 6-1 6-5 6-8 7-0 7-3 7-7 7 .5 17 .6 19 .1 11 .10 16 .8 11 .77 0.0 12 .9 11 .0 10 .0 14 .3 13 .10 14 .0 24 .0 11 .71 0.6 10 .0 17 .0 12 .7 12 .11 4-6 5-0 5-6 5 .10 8 .1 11 .11 17 . in 1.46 0.5 11 .58 0.7 13 .0 2-0 2-6 2 .39 1.63 0.10 8-0 8-2 8-4 8-5 8-7 8-9 24.0 14 .43 2.1 13 .2 14 .11 22 .19 2.6 11 .23 0.8 15 .11 12 .6 15 .0 22 .5 10 .30 1.19 1.69 1.5 15 .9 18 .7 14 .10 16 .11 13 . and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.11 11 .4 14 .1 13 .64 0.9 22 .10 17 .8 15 .6 13 .3 Tables American American Wood Tables for 12.1 18 .0 16 .11 18 .5 16.10 10 .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.0 20 .2 for Joists 24.6 22 .6 14 .25 0.6 16 .33 0.31 2.11 13 . Limited to span in inches divided by 180.61 1.2 2-3 2-9 3-2 3-7 3 .7 13 .39 0.11 14 . TABLE R-22 34 34 RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .5 14 .0 14 .11 24 .54 1.11 19 .1 20 .8 15 .55 1.11 10 .11 7-3 8-4 9-4 10 .11 21 .11 5-3 5-6 5 .20 0.11 17 .1 21 .51 0.3 13 .5 17 .11 12 .4 22 .36 1.25 0.8 23 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 (in) 12.7 17 .5 18 . .04 0.6 25 . Deflection .11 14 .2 14 . Rafters Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.4 19 .95 2.2 3-7 4-4 5-0 5-7 6-2 6-8 7-1 7-6 7 .4 8 .8 13 .22 1.21 1.0 11 .52 0.6 19 .3 10 .3 10 .10 20 .10 13 .65 0.83 1.6 17 .11 4-9 5-6 6-2 6-9 7-3 7-9 8-3 8-8 9-1 9-6 9 .35 0.28 0.11 5-2 5-4 5-6 5-9 5 .8 21 .0 5-2 6-3 7-3 8-1 8 .84 0.2 22 .For 30 psf live load.9 18 .3 20 .1 13 .16 0.23 0.95 1.7 .10 9-0 9-3 9-6 9-8 9 .14 0.81 and Note: The required modulus of elasticity.94 1.57 0.10 0.2 15 .12 1.4 12 .0 0.10 3-6 4-0 4-6 4 .8 11 .83 1.6 18 .15 0.11 13 .3 10 .11 4-3 4-6 4 .9 18 .1 2x 6 19.0 5-4 6-6 7-7 8-5 9-3 10 .3 10 .3 19 .29 0.7 20 .99 1.4 16 .03 24.12 0.4 12 .3 15 .91 1.6 11 .3 11 .8 10 .2 4-8 5-9 6-7 7-5 8-1 8-9 9-4 9 .10 18 .11 6-7 7-3 7 . Rafters .6 12 .06 1.3 17 .8 20 .6 18 .1 17 .2 12 .20 0.5 12 .10 3-2 3-6 3-9 4-0 4-3 4-6 4-9 4 .9 17 .9 23 .Live load of 30 psf plus Dead Load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.6 20 . E.10 6-1 6-4 6-7 6-9 7-0 7-3 7-5 7-8 7 .7 10 .10 17 .8 23 . Rafter Bending Design Value.11 19 .49 0.40 0.73 1.11 2.4 11 .11 10 .0 16 .7 16 .92 2.82 0.4 11 .0 10 .03 0.07 0.7 20 .1 13 .7 12 .3 16 .71 0.4 21 .10 12 .07 2.86 0.1 16 .4 20 .11 11 .0 12 .2 21 .2 11 .46 1.0 2-6 3-0 3-6 3 .8 21 .3 13 .3 13 .6 13 .8 16 .0 4-6 5-6 6-4 7-1 7-9 8-5 9-0 9-6 10 .91 0.6 million psi and less.6 14 .7 12 . .2 19 .2 6-0 7-4 8-5 9 .4 9 .1 14 .11 12 .72 1.11 12 .1 12 .78 0.38 1.6 11 .3 15 .50 1.1 19 .30 1.0 0.49 0.0 11 .4 Span 12.29 1.8 12 .59 1.7 14 .1 15 .3 14 .0 4-2 5-2 5 .3 11 .8 Council Joistsand 12.00 1.11 4-3 4-8 4 .10 8-0 8-2 8-5 8-7 8-9 8 .06 0.89 2.43 0.5 11 .8 11 .11 16 .35 0.1 10 .10 2x 8 19.5 15 .1 16.7 13 .6 11 .8 22 .6 15 .6 21 .79 1.2 0.11 14 .

31 1.8 20 .6 16 .10 6-6 7-1 7-8 8-2 8-8 9-2 9-7 10 .10 18 .4 12 .10 15 .8 15 .2 11 .0 14 .4 10 .5 12 .84 and Rafters Note: The required modulus of elasticity.9 14 .11 12 .6 20 .64 0.74 0.5 15 .10 .3 13 .11 8-2 8-5 8 .46 0.11 13 .50 0.10 13 .0 10 .11 16 .10 8-0 8-3 8-5 8-8 8 . in 1.52 0.9 19 .6 13 .1 Paper Joists 24.6 14 .98 2.10 17 .3 15 .93 1.6 10 .10 7-0 7-2 7-4 7-5 7-7 7-9 7 .11 3-3 3-7 3 .10 4-1 4-5 4-7 4 .43 0.23 0.8 13 .3 13 .75 1.3 14 .2 16 .11 12 .5 14 .5 16 .0 2-3 2-9 3-2 3-7 3 .0 11 .86 1.92 2.2 15 .4 22 .11 1.4 13 .10 11 .11 17 .88 0.2 12 .Live load of 40 psf plus Dead Load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.41 1.1 10 .8 13 .11 8-3 8 .11 15 .2 13 .10 13 .25 0.66 1.2 2-1 2-6 2 .34 0.6 10 .73 0.92 1.11 8-5 9 .4 14 .1 18 .34 2.7 8 .10 13 .13 1.2 12 .11 19 .50 0.11 12 .00 1.0 6-0 7-4 8-5 9 .000.6 17 .04 0.96 1.4 13 .20 1.5 10 .8 10 .7 20 .11 17 .40 0.11 11 .8 17 .41 0.3 11 .78 0.61 1.30 0.10 15 .43 0.000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table. Rafter Bending Design Value.80 0.3 11 .5 14 .63 1.7 24.11 12 .11 0.4 14 .22 2.13 0.5 20 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 (in) 12.3 19 .8 15 .8 11 .31 0. Deflection .3 21 .0 13 .47 1.1 12 .0 5-5 6-7 7-8 8-7 9-4 10 .66 0.29 1.83 0.35 0.11 AmericanAmerican 16.25 E 19.8 12 .3 13 .11 11 .9 8-5 9-1 9 .0 11 .66 1.2 3-3 4-0 4-7 5-1 5-7 6-1 6-6 6 .10 5-1 5-3 5-5 5-8 5 .11 11 .11 24 .18 0.2 2x 8 19.2 16 .52 0.9 12 .4 14 .6 11 .0 0.3 13 .65 0.5 17 .13 0.3 SpanTables 12.3 10 .6 19 .0 3-7 4-4 5-0 5-7 6-2 6-8 7-1 7-6 7 .10 25 .10 7-1 7-5 7 .56 1.5 10 .0 4-1 5-0 5 .8 15 .11 13 .80 0.9 2x 6 19.2 10 . TABLE R-23 Span RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .10 6-0 6-1 6-3 6-5 6-6 6-8 6-9 6 .5 15 .52 1.4 19 .51 1. 35 35 .2 2x10 Wood 19.01 1.3 20 .72 0.0 14 .8 10 .03 0.95 2.4 18 .5 12 .10 16 .11 12 .11 10 .6 11 .0 2 .10 6-1 6-5 6-8 6 .14 0.1 10 .82 1.28 0.8 21 .05 1.6 13 .10 16 . Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.9 14 .2 9-5 9 .72 0.29 0.8 16 .3 15 .38 1.11 11 .4 9 .7 17 .95 1.10 5-1 5-4 5-6 5-9 6-0 6-2 6-5 6-7 6-9 7-0 7-2 7-4 7-6 7-8 7 .4 15 .6 11 . Fb.6 14 .37 0.8 14 .6 10 .31 1.1 15 .11 18 .1 16.23 1.0 20 .0 2-7 3-2 3-8 4-1 4-6 4 .21 1.11 Council Joists Association 12.11 18 .6 17 .23 0.9 10 .11 7-3 7-7 7 .15 0.3 11 .9 10 .3 20 .10 20 .10 15 .1 19 .11 3-7 4-1 4-7 5-0 5-5 5 .3 18 .10 23 .85 1.4 10 .11 4-1 4-4 4-6 4-8 4 .11 19 .9 23 .6 13 .4 22 .4 11 .11 4-3 4-6 4 .11 17 .32 1.58 0.5 12 .5 23 .11 7-0 7-2 12.2 11 .11 9 .7 12 .9 16 .3 16 .22 1.8 8 .06 0.4 16 .4 11 .1 20 .2 0. - forfor 16.0 3 . Limited to span in inches divided by 180.7 9 .6 11 .7 18 .11 16.11 10 .7 18 .16 0.0 4-8 5-9 6-7 7-5 8-1 8-9 9 .0 11 .10 2-3 2-7 2 .08 1.3 13 .11 14 .11 6-0 6 .41 1.4 25 .10 16 .6 11 .11 19 .9 14 .0 10 .5 10 .0 1 .47 2.60 and Rafters 16.0 10 .10 8-0 8-2 8-4 8-5 8-7 8-9 2x 4 19.7 24.11 7-2 7-5 7-7 7 .10 10 .0 14 .11 12 .10 11 .2 14 .09 0.07 0.3 16 .10 17 .12 1.10 11 .8 13 .0 6 .7 16 .48 1.36 0.4 12 .8 7 .7 11 .1 13 .25 0.5 18 .11 14 .46 0.11 18 .11 22 .65 0.0 15 .3 16 .57 0.59 0.10 6-0 6-2 6-4 6-6 6-8 6 .10 2.5 12 .9 10 .57 1.11 13 .7 13 .11 9-2 9-5 9 . and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.8 18 .10 9-0 9-3 9-5 9-7 9-9 9 .10 8-0 24.6 15 .04 0.5 10 . E.6 million psi and less.11 11 .1 17 .3 17 .2 14 .59 0.10 6-2 6-6 6 . Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.0 16 .85 0.6 18 .20 0.10 4-8 5-5 6-1 6-7 7-2 7-8 8-1 8-7 9-0 9-4 9-9 10 .11 3-2 3-5 3-8 3 .4 12 .71 1.88 0.5 15 .0 10 .3 17 .05 24.9 14 .14 2.10 0.11 5-1 5-3 5-5 5-6 5-8 5 .7 14 .9 12 .10 20 .1 21 .10 11 .0 10 .03 2.1 12 .04 1.6 12 .74 1.04 0.08 0. is limited to 2.4 16 .0 4 .10 22 .21 0.9 11 .15 1.1 15 .2 4-3 5-3 6-1 6-9 7-5 8-0 8-7 9-1 9-7 10 .2 17 .10 14 .18 0.6 21 .11 5-3 5-6 5 .75 1.For 40 psf live load.9 15 .11 8-4 8-8 9-1 9-5 9-9 10 .1 12 .9 21 .0 0.11 7 .3 10 .06 0.8 12 .2 5-5 6-8 7-9 8-7 9 .5 24 .7 15 .10 Tables Forest & 12.5 11 .8 21 .0 12 .40 1.3 18 .0 0.7 12 .9 13 .

40 1.2 13 .22 1.11 20 .2 19 .3 16 .0 23 .6 13 .11 11 .5 11 .11 2-4 2-8 3-0 3-4 3-7 3 .52 0.64 0.0 15 . is limited to 2.1 9-4 9-6 9-8 9 .23 0.2 0.8 22 .8 15 .8 14 .0 15 .91 2.10 10 .11 3-5 3 .95 1.10 10 .9 13 .25 0.9 17 .95 1.6 12 .62 1.78 0.11 8-5 8 .11 4 .23 E 19.9 19 .7 10 .10 14 .72 0.10 12 .8 15 .60 1.2 14 .11 1.10 12 .0 13 .5 14 .11 5-1 5-4 5-6 5-9 5 .0 3-3 4-0 4-8 5-2 5-8 6-2 6-7 7-0 7-4 7-9 8-1 8-5 8-8 9-0 9-4 9-7 9 .10 4-3 4-8 5-0 5-4 5-8 6-0 6-4 6-7 6 .0 0.6 16 .11 3-2 3-5 3-7 3 .9 12 .43 0.0 0.10 12 .3 12 .91 1.3 11 .4 16 .10 18 .3 19 .3 16 .6 11 .6 11 .10 15 .0 4-6 5-6 6-5 7-2 7 .10 9-3 9-8 10 .7 15 .11 9 .9 2x 6 19.45 0.8 21 .1 13 .40 1.18 0.0 2-1 2-7 2 .7 15 .37 1.79 0.82 0.11 19 .5 15 .5 Span 12.3 14 .3 16 .10 4-0 4-2 4-4 4-6 4-8 4 .5 10 .8 10 .7 11 .25 0.10 13 .11 14 .7 17 .5 Span 16.9 13 .8 16.10 8-9 9 .2 21 .4 12 .08 2.11 0.80 1.7 24.5 2x10 Wood Council 19.0 17 .7 23 .5 13 .2 12 .55 1.10 8-1 8-3 8-6 8 .3 13 .000 pounds per square inch is shown at the bottom of each table.11 3-4 3-7 3 .92 0.10 12 .11 8-4 8-8 9-0 9-4 9-8 10 .11 8-3 8-6 8-9 9-0 9-3 9-6 9 .4 12 .1 11 .8 11 .3 13 .3 14 .1 11 .74 1.8 14 .0 0.11 7-1 7-3 7-5 7-6 7-8 7 .0 15 .11 6-0 6-2 6-3 6-5 6-6 6-7 12.8 20 .73 1.10 5-0 5-1 5-3 5-5 5-6 5-8 5-9 5 .2 18 .10 5-1 5-5 5-8 5 .10 8-0 8-1 2x 4 19.0 10 .7 for Joists 24.0 10 .64 1.1 10 .0 6-5 7 .32 2.9 16.84 1.33 0.31 0.4 14 . TABLE R-24 36 36 RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATION DESIGN CRITERIA: Strength .11 17 .64 1.2 10 .0 2-8 3-3 3 .7 11 .1 11 .6 18 .87 0.35 0.07 0.10 11 .57 0.6 17 .7 11 .1 10 .2 15 .7 15 .19 1.6 17 .6 18 .0 1-8 2-1 2-5 2-8 2 .4 15 .29 0.20 0.79 0.23 0.15 0.04 0. Spans are shown in feet-inches and are limited to 26' and less.9 19 . E.10 8 .4 13 . Limited to span in inches divided by 180.4 13 .00 1.42 0.03 1.8 12 .96 2.13 0.12 1.12 2.07 1.11 16 .7 16 .1 17 .4 13 .5 11 .08 0.39 1.0 17 .8 16 .5 10 .6 12 .000.84 1.2 19 .10 1.51 1.11 16 .9 12 .04 0.11 7-0 7-2 7-3 7-5 24.10 0.7 19 .16 0.04 24.2 11 .7 17 .7 12 .8 16 . in 1.11 9-4 9-8 10 .04 0.09 0.8 18 .2 10 . Rafters Check sources of supply for availability of lumber in lengths greater than 20'.2 14 .1 15 .0 10 .2 3-0 3-8 4-3 4-9 5-2 5-7 6-0 6-4 6-9 7-0 7-4 7-8 7 .6 10 .0 18 .10 9-0 9-2 9-4 16.11 17 .8 13 .10 7-0 7-3 7-5 7-8 7 .8 14 .12 0.5 10 .28 0.71 0.7 11 .9 11 .58 0.30 1.94 2.2 17 .5 9-0 9-7 10 .3 16 .1 16 .10 13 .0 14 . Deflection .99 1.47 1.0 3-6 4-4 5-0 5-7 6-2 6-7 7-1 7-6 7 .30 0.4 12 .11 18 .30 1.28 1.5 13 .0 15 .11 6-1 6-3 6-5 6-7 6-9 6 .2 11 .11 6-2 6-5 6-7 6 .52 0.03 0. and is applicable to all lumber sizes shown.65 0.11 6-0 6-2 6-4 6-6 6-7 6-9 6 .3 10 .20 2.4 18 .4 15 .3 15 .9 9 .8 15 .37 0.1 11 .11 16 .11 14 . (psi) Spacing Size (in) 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 (in) 12.6 million psi and less.85 0.04 1.11 12 .14 0.2 13 .0 12 .9 13 .9 15 .70 1.58 16.0 2-5 2 .1 22 .50 1.9 13 .0 5-0 6-2 7-1 7 .10 7-6 8-1 8-8 9-2 9-8 10 .10 8-0 8-2 8-4 8 -6 8-8 8 .For 50 psf live load.35 0.10 16 .4 20 .6 14 .7 19 .11 8-8 9-4 10 .46 0.74 0.31 1.10 4-1 4-3 4-6 4-8 4 .20 1.6 13 .7 10 .10 5-7 6-3 6 . Rafters .5 11 .46 1.87 0.4 17 .2 20 .82 and Note: The required modulus of elasticity.11 11 .8 15 .1 12 .2 3 . Rafter Bending Design Value.58 0.0 13 .18 0.6 14 .11 10 .10 13 .9 2x 8 19.0 11 .4 24 .0 3 .0 4-4 5-4 6-2 6 .0 10 .01 2.9 12 .8 21 .06 0.11 24 .6 14 .1 14 .4 11 .45 2.10 5-1 5-3 5-5 5-7 5-9 5 .56 0.1 11 .5 10 .21 1.71 0.4 12 .4 10 .64 0.3 14 .73 1.6 12 .5 18 .2 5-1 6-2 7-2 8-0 8-9 9 .3 11 .1 11 .65 0.2 11 .10 4-2 4-6 4 .1 18 .0 13 .6 11 .2 1 .50 0.40 0.56 1.39 0.50 0.4 24.1 10 .10 11 .3 12 .1 19 .8 Tables American American Wood Tables for 12.1 21 .0 12 .06 0.6 Council Joistsand 12.11 4-2 4-5 4-8 4 .0 14 .10 7-5 7 .14 1.8 13 .10 9-0 10 .2 15 .0 5-6 6-9 7 .3 12 .2 10 .5 23 .10 7-1 7-4 7-7 7 . Fb.2 11 .8 8 .21 0.Live load of 50 psf plus Dead Load of 20 psf determines the required bending design value.7 10 .10 4-8 5-4 6-0 6-7 7-1 7-7 8-1 8-6 8 .11 12 .6 11 .

is based on the live load uniform load. w. the tabulated on modulus of elasticity. Since the actual stress must be less than the allowable bending design value. shown. 5w(360) Therefore. The actual bend.COMMENTARY A.2 Ceiling Joists maximum moment. of a single span beam with uniform load is calculated as: Tables C-1 and C-2 list spans for ceiling joists used over a single span with calculations based on w L2 E and the required Fb values shown.91 L/600 0. I. is based on a fully supported member. Fb. Fb.1-1] A. A. where L is the span in inches. E.1. SPAN TABLES FOR JOISTS AND RAFTERS A-1 APPENDIX A . is based on the total only difference in design criteria is L/240 deflection dead plus live load and joist spacing. used over a single span. Floor joist spans are determined follows: based on a deflection limitation of L/360. properly sheathed and nailed properly sheathed and nailed on the top edge of the joist. Note also that the required compression and joist spacing.1 Floor Joists A. Calculations to solve for L as follows: are based on E with required Fb values shown. Fb. is based on a design value. The required bending design value. Fb. limitations for ceiling joists supporting drywall ceil- ing stress in a beam is calculated as fb = M/S where S is ings which are typically required by building codes. A. on one edge of the joist.1-3] required bending design values are determined from 8 the same equations for a single span. fully supported member.1 Floor Joists with L/360 Deflection Limitations Most codes require a minimum deflection limita- tion of L/360 for floor joists. The allowable bending The allowable bending design value. A. the section modulus of the joist.1. and the length shown is joists. The spans and Mmax = [Eq.1-4] 8S AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL . is based design value perpendicular to grain at the center sup- on the joist size. port will be twice that required for a single span joist as shown in Table 9.1-2] an identical uniform load acting on a single span joist. Tables F-1 through F-7 may conservatively be used for continuous. A. uniformly loaded beam as shown above for single span floor joists.2 Floor Joists with L/480 or L/600 Deflection Limitations A. w. is de- termined based on the calculated span. The where the uniform load.3 Two-Span Floor Joists 384EI Tables F-1 through F-7 list spans based on floor Since ∆max ≤ L/360 this equation can be rewritten joists with a uniform load over one span. Mmax. The moment of inertia. Note that a uniform live load acting on equal spans of a continuous √ 3 384EI two-span joist will create less deflection and stress than L= [Eq. The deflection equation for a simple Deflection Limit Adjustment Factor span beam with uniformly distributed load is: L/480 0. Note that the A.84 5wL4 ∆max = [Eq.1. two-span joists supporting a The uniform load. with calculations based controlled by the L/360 deflection limit. the allowable bending design value can be calculated as: w L2 Fb = [Eq. and the required bending span lengths may be adjusted by the factors shown as design values. Fb.1. In cases where a stricter Tables F-1 through F-7 list spans for floor deflection limit is desired.

3.3. level (12 or 16 psf).3. with a uniform load is defined above. is based on the total dead = ( ) ( ) [Eq. properly load at 20 psf and the total uniform load at the reduced sheathed and nailed on the top edge of the rafter.1-1] E1 w1 L1 w LL2 LL1+DL1 3/2 The uniform load. The allowable bending design value.COMMENTARY A. cathedral ceilings). A. where subscript 1 denotes variables associated The required modulus of elasticity. Compression perpendicular to grain is also a A.3-1] L = [Eq. the square root of the total uniform load.1-1 ally.1-2.67 plf total load span with calculations based on Fb values and the is based on a 40 psf live load and 10 psf dead load on required E values shown. and only allow L/180 deflection AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL . A. is based on a fully supported member. tabulated values in direct proportion to the desired load. 384 I A.3. Generally.3-2] LL1 LL2+DL2 plus live load and joist spacing.3.4 Compression Perpendicular to The uniform load.1-2] previously defined in A.3. is based on the live load and Grain Design Requirements joist spacing.67 with deflection limitations of L/180. The 66. Alternate Fc⊥ values are possible by adjusting the single span beams with deflection limitations of L/240. codes also consider the slope of the rafter in determining deflection limitations. The tabulated spans are modi- E values shown.g. This is based on Equation A. A. All other variables are as E= [Eq.1. a deflection limitation of L/240 applies to rafters which is used to calculate the span of a rafter based on with a drywall ceiling attached to the underside (e.3 Roof Loads Tables R-1 through R-12 list spans for rafters with Section 6 outlines adjustment factors for deter- deflection limitations of L/240. A. E..A-2 APPENDIX A .2 Rafters with L/180 Deflection design consideration for joists and rafters.3.2 for convenience. w. used over a single span mining rafter spans and required E values for roof live with calculations based on Fb values and the required loads of 12 psf or 16 psf. The E values are adjusted based on the modified The maximum moment for a single span beam span as noted above and the uniform live load ratio.1 Rafters with L/240 Deflection Limitations A. a total load of 66. Calculations for span and joists at 16" on center. w. These values are calculated as- Tables R-13 through R-24 list spans for rafters suming a bearing width of 1.3. Gener.5". except that 180 is substituted for 240 in the numerator Adjustment factors for various loads and spacings are of Equation A.3. A.1-2: can be rewritten to solve for L as follows: E2 w2 L2 ( ) ( ) 3 √ 8 Fb S = [Eq. Some governing building applicable to bearing plates. LL is the uniform live load and 5wL3 (240) DL is the uniform dead load.3.3. a deflection limitation tabulated in Table 9. Required com- of L/180 applies to rafters without a drywall ceiling pression design values perpendicular to grain are also attached to the underside. fied by the square root of the ratio of the total uniform Fb. and the calculated span. This equation Based on Equation A.3 Rafters limitations for rafters with slopes greater than 3 in 12 and no ceiling attached. is determined with the 20 psf uniform live load and subscript 2 de- based on this calculated span as follows: notes variables associated with the uniform live load at the reduced level. Required Limitations compression perpendicular to grain design values are tabulated in Table 9. which is a typical condition of required modulus of elasticity are the same as those for use. used over a single plf.

077. planks. opposite each other. provide bending design Applicable design criteria for each condition of use values for repetitive member use of joists and rafters.9 Load Duration suitable for other occupancies having similar conditions of loading.25 for 7 days duration. as for occu- hotel guest rooms. fire escapes are adjusted for load duration by the following factors: for single family residential buildings. The live and dead load requirements are based on various common loading conditions. The following Tables W-1 and W-2 of Design Values for Joists tables (Tables A-1. and are joined by floor. nominal 2x6 joists or rafters. multiple family dwelling units and 1. Spans for rafters are calculated on the basis of bending and rafters shall bear directly on the ridge beam or be design values (Fb) with the required modulus of elastic- supported by hangers or framing anchors. Rafters shall be placed directly tables are appropriate. cell blocks of penal institutions. and rafters. Ceiling joists ity (E) listed below each span. Species and grades with design nominal in thickness and not less than the depth of the values greater than or equal to those shown in the span cut end of the rafter. 1. 2 months. Check governing building code re. a supplement to these tables. A-3. load. and A-4 are intended as a guide days load duration. SPAN TABLES FOR JOISTS AND RAFTERS A-3 A. a supplement to these tables. as for construction loading.15 for 2 months duration. A-3. only and are superseded by the governing building code in the applicable jurisdiction. Required compression shall not be required when properly designed ridge perpendicular to grain design values (Fc⊥) are tabulated beams are used. Bending design values (Fb) for such use are 15 percent greater than for single-member use. cornices. and 7 Tables A-1. A-2. roof.00 for 10 years (normal) duration. bending design values (Fb) assembly areas with fixed seats. Values for a ridge beam when the roof slope equals or exceeds determined from the span tables should be compared 3 in 12. Tabulated spans for rafters also apply to other types of occupancy. The values of Fb for 2x5's in number. or other load- shall be determined by multiplying the tabulated Fb distributing elements adequate to support the design values for 2x6's by 1. Ridge beams shall be installed at roof peaks. are not less than 3 tabulated E values for 2x6's. While these criteria are directed principally to residential construction they are A.6 Load Requirements W-1 and W-2 of Design Values for Joists and Rafters. and ceiling joists shall be installed parallel with rafters to provide a continuous tie between exterior walls. or similar members are in contact or spaced spacing. and rafters under 10 years (normal). ing design values for repetitive member use of joists cupancy that might create the loads in each span table. 1. pancy live load. Examples include. studs.5 Lumber Design Values A. Use of the A ridge board shall be permitted to be substituted tables is illustrated in the examples which follow. A. but are not limited to. For each joist or rafter decking. provide bend- provide guidance regarding the type of material or oc. as for snow. A-2. AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL . Tables A. and A-4) are intended to and Rafters. quirements for other applicable occupancies. except that ridge beams shall be required for to values from Tables W-1 and W-2 of Design Values cathedral ceilings. since the occupancy has little bearing on roof loading. Ridge boards shall be at least 1 inch for Joists and Rafters. rafters. For joists and rafters.8 Repetitive Member Use The spans for nominal 2x5 joists or rafters are 82 Repetitive member use is that condition where percent of the spans tabulated for the same spacing of framing members such as joists.10 Use of the Span Tables A. the values of E for 2x5's are the same as the not more than 24 inches on-center. based on span and bearing length with adjustments for different loading and on-center spacings. appear at the top of each table.7 Support Requirements Spans for floor and ceiling joists are calculated on the basis of the modulus of elasticity (E) with the re- Adequate support shall be provided for all joists quired bending design value (Fb) listed below each span.

The grade of 2x8 would also shows a required Fc⊥ value of 89 psi assuming a 3. dead load of 10 psf and joists spaced 16 live load of 20 psf. Floor Joists WITH L/360 DEFLECTION LIMITATIONS Table Live Dead1 No.2 allows that to be adjusted by a factor of 0. Assuming a 2" bearing length. L/240 deflection inches on centers.350. Ceiling Joists WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATIONS Table Live Dead1 No. a live Assume a horizontal projection span of 13'-0".5" or less lightweight concrete floor fill. Example 1. with 1. Table 9.2 shows an to sloping distance is illustrated on page A-7. The grade of 2x6 would need an Fc⊥ value greater than 53 psi. or with ceramic tile or stone installation methods weighing no more than 10 psf with no lightweight concrete floor fill F-6 50 20 Office space (concentrated load checks may be required) with 1.000 psi would have a span of the condition.1 adjustment factor of 1.COMMENTARY Table A-1. Table 9.60. or with ceramic tile or stone installation methods weighing no more than 10 psf with no lightweight concrete floor fill 1.1 13'-3" of horizontal projection. Table A-2.5" need an Fc⊥ value greater than 156 psi. a load of 40 psf. Dead load includes the weight of the framing members. Load Load Material or Occupancy (psf) (psf) C-1 10 5 Drywall ceiling attached. Table F-2 shows that a grade of 2x8 limitation and rafters spaced 16 inches on centers. Dead load includes the weight of the framing members. Table 9. Conversion of horizontal shows 156 psi for Fc⊥ at a 14' span. AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL . which equals 53 psi.000 psi and an Fb value of R-1 shows that a 2x6 having an Fb value of 1400 psi 1255 psi would have a span of 12'-10".0. limited attic storage where development of future rooms is not possible 1. Table having an E value of 1.A-4 APPENDIX A . which satisfies and an E value of 1. except those used for sleeping areas and attic floors.5" or less lightweight concrete floor fill. Load Load Material or Occupancy (psf) (psf) F-1 30 10 All rooms used for sleeping areas and attic floors F-2 40 10 Decks and all rooms except those used for sleeping areas and attic floors F-3 50 10 Office space (concentrated load checks may be required) F-4 60 10 Decks or corridors F-5 40 20 All rooms. bearing length. no attic storage C-2 20 10 Drywall ceiling attached. or with ceramic tile or stone installation methods weighing no more than 10 psf with no lightweight concrete floor fill F-7 60 20 Decks or corridors with 1.600. Table 9. Floor Joists Example 2.5" or less lightweight concrete floor fill. Rafters Assume a required single span of 12'-9". dead load of 10 psf.

Load Load Material or Occupancy (psf) (psf) R-13 20 10 Light roof (up to 2 courses of asphalt shingles. Table A-4. RAFTERS WITH L/180 DEFLECTION LIMITATIONS (No drywall ceiling attached to underside of rafter) Table Live Dead1 No. SPAN TABLES FOR JOISTS AND RAFTERS A-5 Table A-3. and insulation. or wood shakes/shingles) R-17 20 15 Medium roof covering (up to 1/4" slate) R-18 30 15 Medium roof covering (up to 1/4" slate) R-19 40 15 Medium roof covering (up to 1/4" slate) R-20 50 15 Medium roof covering (up to 1/4" slate) R-21 20 20 Heavy roof covering (2" clay book tile) R-22 30 20 Heavy roof covering (2" clay book tile) R-23 40 20 Heavy roof covering (2" clay book tile) R-24 50 20 Heavy roof covering (2" clay book tile) 1. gypsum. or wood shakes/shingles) R-6 30 15 Medium roof covering (up to 2 courses of asphalt shingles. wood structural panels. or wood shakes/shingles) R-9 20 20 Heavy roof covering (2" clay book tile) R-10 30 20 Heavy roof covering (2" clay book tile) R-11 40 20 Heavy roof covering (2" clay book tile) R-12 50 20 Heavy roof covering (2" clay book tile) 1. or wood shakes/shingles) R-14 30 10 Light roof (up to 2 courses of asphalt shingles. or wood shakes/shingles) R-7 40 15 Medium roof covering (up to 2 courses of asphalt shingles. AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL . or wood shakes/shingles) R-15 40 10 Light roof (up to 2 courses of asphalt shingles. or wood shakes/shingles) R-16 50 10 Light roof (up to 2 courses of asphalt shingles. Load Load Material or Occupancy (psf) (psf) R-1 20 10 Light roof (1 course of asphalt shingles) R-2 30 10 Light roof (1 course of asphalt shingles) R-3 40 10 Light roof (1 course of asphalt shingles) R-4 50 10 Light roof (1 course of asphalt shingles) R-5 20 15 Medium roof covering (up to 2 courses of asphalt shingles. Dead load includes the weight of the framing members and wood structural panels. RAFTERS WITH L/240 DEFLECTION LIMITATIONS (Drywall ceiling attached to underside of rafter) Table Live Dead1 No. or wood shakes/shingles) R-8 50 15 Medium roof covering (up to 2 courses of asphalt shingles. Dead load includes the weight of the framing members.

Two-span Floor Joists. the examine By overlapping these joists across the corridor. to determine thecombination which user should examine the fits the particu- shown in Figure achieved A. on the a spacing corridor. AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL . fits the particular willtwice be achieved the liveon the This load. will spanas18'-1". The grade of 40 psf live load and the corridor requires an 80 psf load.000 ping thesepsi and Facross joists b =1036 thepsicorridor. a spacing of 8" on-center will be and tables Fc⊥ values are possible. By overlap. Table either side of a 6' corridor. corridor.000 load. Figure A.1. as Figure A. Assume two Table 9.2 shows an adjustment 2x12 would need an factor of 1.1. E. This provides adequate for the required 80 psf live load across the corridor.2 shows an adjustment factor of 1. The rooms require a 40 systems are required to span 12' rooms on psi assuming a 3. The grade of Fc⊥value greater than 228 psi. E=1.COMMENTARY Example 3.200. user should E. 2x12 would need an Fc⊥value greater than 228 psi. Fb.10-1.1 shows 3. Two-span floor systems Floor Joists. Assume are required to span 12' roomstwo on corridor. Since many combinations of size.5" a required bearing length. live F-2 shows a 2x12 at 16" on-center with E=1. shown in and SinceFc⊥many valuescombinations of size.0.COMMENTARY A-6 APPENDIX A . are possible. which provides effectively adequate support case most effectively.200. Table 9.10-1 Two-span floor joists overlap at interior span to double load- carrying capacity of the floor system for the corridor. carries twice the live load. Fb. Doubling 114 value in accordance with A.10-1 Two-span floor joists overlap at interior span to double load-carrying capacity of the floor system for the corridor. The rooms require a psf live load and the corridor requires an 80 psf live this value in accordance with A. All spans require a 10 psf dead load. Table 9. F c⊥ value of this Doubling flooreither side of a 6' corridor. TablepsiF-2 and shows a 2x12 at 16" on-center with Fb=1036 psi will span 18'-1". A-6 APPENDIX A . whichofeffectively 8" on-center carries tables to determine which combination lar case most effectively. support for the required 80 psf live load across the 12' 6' 12' 16" 8" Figure A.5" bearing length. Table assuming a 9.0. All spans require a 10 psf dead load.10-1.3 gives 228. spacing.3 gives 228. the spacing.1 shows a required Fc⊥ value of 114 psi Example 3.

and a distance andthe tion with follow radialtheline vertical of theline to its intersection specified slope.distance the horizontal The read as 24 feet. then horizontal distance of 20 feet the sloping distance is with proceed along the arc to read the sloping proceed the radial line of the specified slope. then distance. diagram also gives the horizontal distance correspond- ing to a given sloping distance or the slope when the horizontal and sloping distances are known. along the arc to read the sloping distance.horizontal distance of 20 feet the sloping distance is isments. when the Example: With horizontal anda sloping roof slope of 8 inare distances 12 known. theselect the known vertical line to horizontal its intersec. SPAN TABLES FOR JOISTS AND RAFTERS A-7 SPAN TABLES FOR JOISTS AND RAFTERS A-7 CoNVErsioN DiAgrAM For rAFTErs Member Length 20 19 28 18 17 Length of Horizontal 16 26 15 Projection 14 24 13 12 22 11 10 Slope (x in 12) 20 9 18 8 Member Length (feet) 7 16 6 14 12 5 10 4 8 3 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 Length of Horizontal Projection (feet) Length of Horizontal Projection (feet) To use the diagram. Interpolation Interpolation is appropriate between the one foot incre. appropriate betweenalso The diagram the gives one foot increments. AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL . select the known horizon.corresponding to a given sloping distance or the slope tal distance To useand thefollow diagram. read as 24Example: With a roof slope of 8 in 12 and a feet.

A-8 APPENDIX A .COMMENTARY -NOTES- AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL .

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