curities and Exchange Board of India

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Securities and Exchange Board of India

भभरततय पपरततभभतत और तवतनमय बबरर

SEBI Bhavan, Mumbai headquarters

Agency overview

Formed 12 April 1992[1]

Jurisdiction Government of India

Headquarters Mumbai, Maharashtra

Employees 643 (2012)[2]

U K Sinha, Chairman
Agency executive


. Kolkata. The SEBI is managed by its members. 4. 1992. Two members. 3. Chennai andAhmedabad respectively. It has opened local offices at Jaipur and Bangalore and is planning to open offices at Guwahati. The chairman who is nominated by Union Government of India. It was established in the year 1988 and given statutory powers on 30 January 1992 through the SEBI Act. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is the regulator for the securities market in India. which consists of following: 1. and has Northern. Southern and Western Regional Offices in New Delhi. However. Officers from Union Finance Ministry. In April 1988 the SEBI was constituted as the regulator of capital markets in India under a resolution of the Government of India. One member from the Reserve Bank of India. i. Patna.2014. 2. in 1995. it derived authority from the Capital Issues (Control) Act. 1992. Initially SEBI was a non statutory body without any statutory power.[1] Contents [hide]  1History  2Organization structure  3Functions and responsibilities o 3. out of them at least three shall be whole-time members. It became an autonomous body by The Government of India on 12 April 1992 and given statutory powers in 1992 with SEBI Act 1992 being passed by the Indian Parliament. The remaining five members are nominated by Union Government of India. Kochi and Chandigarh in Financial Year 2013 . 1947. Bhubaneshwar.e. Controller of Capital Issues was the regulatory authority before SEBI came into existence. Eastern. Organization structure[edit] . the SEBI was given additional statutory power by the Government of India through an amendment to the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act. SEBI has its headquarters at the business district of Bandra Kurla Complex in Mumbai.1Powers  4Major achievements  5Controversies  6See also  7References  8External links History[edit] Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) was first established in the year 1988 as a non- statutory body for regulating the securities market.

Reserve Bank of India Naved Masood Secretary. Bhave 18 February 2008 18 February 2011 M. B. Jairath magya Member Appointed V Acharya Deputy Governor. finance ministry V.[3] The Board comprises[4] Name Designation Upendra Kumar Sinha Chairman Gurumoorthy Mahalingam Whole Time Member Rajeev Kumar Agarwal Whole Time Member S Raman Whole Time Member Shakti kanta das.Upendra Kumar Sinha was appointed chairman on 18 February 2011 replacing C. Ministry of Corporate Affairs Prem Kumar Oberoi Part Time Member List of former Chairmen:[5] Name From To U K Sinha 18 February 2011 present C. Damodaran 18 February 2005 18 February 2008 . Economic affairs Secretary. Bhave. B. K.

N.. to require the stock exchange to amend their by−laws.G. . 4. SEBI has to be responsive to the needs of three groups. There is a Securities Appellate Tribunal which is a three-member tribunal and is headed by Mr. SEBI has been vested with the following powers: 1. quasi-judicial and quasi-executive. Justice J P Devadhar. S. Dave 12 April 1988 23 August 1990 Functions and responsibilities[edit] The Preamble of the Securities and Exchange Board of India describes the basic functions of the Securities and Exchange Board of India as ". inspect the books of accounts of financial intermediaries. [7] Powers[edit] For the discharge of its functions efficiently. Mehta 21 February 1995 20 February 2002 S. 3. 5. inspect the books of accounts and call for periodical returns from recognized stock exchanges. R. S. It drafts regulations in its legislative protect the interests of investors in securities and to promote the development of. A. Ramakrishna 24 August 1990 17 January 1994 Dr. SEBI has three functions rolled into one body: quasi-legislative. which constitute the market:  the issuers of securities  the investors  the market intermediaries. Nadkarni 17 January 1994 31 January 1995 G. 2. SEBI has taken a very proactive role in streamlining disclosure requirements to international standards. there is an appeal process to create accountability. Bajpai 20 February 2002 18 February 2005 D. compel certain companies to list their shares in one or more stock exchanges.. to approve by−laws of stock exchanges. Though this makes it very powerful. and to regulate the securities market and for matters connected there with or incidental there to". V.[6] A second appeal lies directly to the Supreme Court. a former judge of the Bombay High Court. it conducts investigation and enforcement action in its executive function and it passes rulings and orders in its judicial capacity.

In one such move. SEBI chief UK Sinha and Omita Paul. the court allowed petitioners to withdraw the petition and file a fresh petition pointing out constitutional issues regarding appointments of regulators and their independence. a two judge Supreme Court bench of Justice SS Nijjar and Justice HL Gokhale issued a notice to the Govt of India. registration brokers. The Chief Justice of India refused the finance ministry’s request to dismiss the PIL and said that the court was well aware of what was going on in SEBI. it increased the extent and quantity of disclosures to be made by Indian corporate promoters. it liberalised the takeover code to facilitate investments by removing regulatory structures. Settlement is done in 2 days after Trade date. Primary Market Advisory Committee (PMAC) 6. [10] SEBI has also been instrumental in taking quick and effective steps in light of the global meltdown and the Satyam fiasco. Technical Advisory Committee 2.[citation needed] In October 2011." [13][14] On 21 November 2011. Secondary Market Advisory Committee (SMAC) 7. [12] Controversies[edit] Supreme Court of India heard a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) filed by India Rejuvenation Initiative that had challenged the procedure for key appointments adopted by Govt of India. Takeover Regulations Advisory Committee 5. Secretary to the [President of India]. Mutual Fund Advisory Committee 8. "The constitution of the search-cum-selection committee for recommending the name of chairman and every whole-time members of SEBI for appointment has been altered. There are two types of brokers: 1. Corporate Bonds & Securitization Advisory Committee Major achievements[edit] SEBI has enjoyed success as a regulator by pushing systematic reforms aggressively and successively. Advisory Committee for the SEBI Investor Protection and Education Fund 4. SEBI is credited for quick movement towards making the markets electronic and paperless by introducing T+5 rolling cycle from July 2001 and T+3 in April 2002 and further to T+2 in April 2003. The rolling cycle of T+2[8] means. [16][17] . apart from making the settlement process slow and cumbersome by passing Depositories Act. from Rs 1 lakh at present. The petition alleged that. SEBI did away with physical certificates that were prone to postal delays.[11] In light of the global meltdown. which directly impacted its balance and could compromise the role of the SEBI as a watchdog. 1996. merchant broker SEBI committees 1. SEBI has increased the application limit for retail investors to Rs 2 lakh. Committee for review of structure of market infrastructure institutions 3.[13][15] Hearing a similar petition filed by Bengaluru- based advocate Anil Kumar Agarwal. 6.[9] SEBI has been active in setting up the regulations as required under law. circuit broker 2. theft and forgery.

were trying to influence many cases before SEBI. He said. Reliance.Further. "The regulatory institution is under duress and under severe attack from powerful corporate interests operating concertedly to undermine SEBI". it came into light that Dr KM Abraham (the then whole time member of SEBI Board) had written to the Prime Minister about malaise in SEBI. He specifically said that Finance Minister's office. including those relating to Sahara Group. Bank of Rajasthan and MCX . and especially his advisor Omita Paul.