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Power Quality Improvement for Grid Integrated RES Using

STATCOM

A Project Report
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of
the degree of

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY
(Electrical & Electronics Engineering)

Submitted by
P. Dileep
(Regd No: 11006205)

Under the Esteemed Guidance of
Mr.P.Lakshman Naik,
Assistant Professor

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING

K L University
Green Fields, Vaddeswaram (P.O), GUNTUR Dist, - 522502, A.P, INDIA

2014 - 2015

VADDESWARAM CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the project report entitled “Power Quality Improvement for Grid Integrated RES Using STATCOM” submitted by “P. Dileep (11006205)” in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the Degree Bachelor of Technology in “ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING” is a bonafide record of the work carried out under the guidance and supervision at KL University during the academic year 2014-2015.P.Lakshman Naik Dr.M. KL UNIVERSITY Green fields. Project guide Head of the Department Mr.Venu Gopala Rao External Examiner .

3 Power Quality Problems and Issues 6 2. INTRODUCTION 1 2.7.6.2 Voltage Unbalance 7 2.1.3 Voltage Flicker 8 2.1 Causes for Sag 7 2.1 Lightning and Surge Arrester 12 2.3.3.2 Thyristor Based Static Switch 12 2.3.1 Voltage Sags and Swells 7 2.3.2 Power Quality Reliability 5 2. POWER QUALITY 4 2.1.3.2. CONTENTS Page No Acknowledgement i Abstract ii List of Tables iii List of Figures iii 1.7.1 Causes for Unbalance 7 2.3 Energy Storage Systems 12 .5 Sources of Power Quality Problems 10 2.3.3.1 Major Causes of Power Quality Problems 11 2.3.4 Voltage Interruption 8 2.6 Cause of Power Quality 10 2.7.5 Harmonics 9 2.7 Solutions to Power Quality Problems 11 2.2 Causes for Swell 7 2.4 Effect of Power Quality Problems in Equipments 9 2.2 Effect 8 2.1 Definition 4 2.3.1 Causes 8 2.3.3.3.

6 Typical FACTS Devices and their Functions 27 4.1 Construction 30 4.4.1.6.1 Test System 34 4. 2.2 Shunt Controllers 25 3.3.2 Power Filter Topologies 21 3.4.3.3 Control Strategies 23 3.3.1 FACTS Definition 18 3.4.4 Basic Operating Principle 37 4.1 Phasor Diagrams 35 4.8 Power Quality Standards 12 3.5 Advantages 38 4.6 Wind Turbines 39 4.4.3 DSTATCOM of Voltage Regulation 35 4.3 Combined Series-Series Controller 25 3.4 Types of FACTS Controllers 24 3.1.6.1 Exchange of Reactive Power 37 4.1.1 Voltage Regulation without Compensator 35 4. DISTRIBUTION STATIC COMPENSATOR (DSTATCOM) 29 4.1 Horizontal Axis 39 4. FACTS CONTROLLER 18 3.2 Vertical Axis 40 .2 Exchange of Real Power 37 4.2 Voltage Regulation Using the DSTATCOM 37 4.4.2 Voltage Source Converter (VSC) 34 4.6.4 Combined Shunt-Series Controller 26 3.4.1 Series Controller 25 3.1.1 The Advantages of Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbines 39 4.5 Symbols for FACTS Controllers 26 3.6.2 The Disadvantages of Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines 40 4.

1Grid Synchronization 44 4.7. CONCLUSION 53 8.3 Power Factor 48 5.1 Variable-Speed Wind Turbine 43 4.1 Single Phase 47 5.2.2.3.6.7.7 Wind Energy Generating System 41 4.7.3.2.2.1 Circuit Diagram 46 5.3 System Operation 45 5.3.5 Variable Wind Speed 49 5. 4.2.7.2 Three Phase 48 5.3 FFT Analysis 50 5. SIMULINK MODEL AND RESULTS 46 5.2.1 The Advantages of Vertical Axis Wind Turbines 41 4.2 With Statcom 50 5.1 With Filter 50 5.FUTURE SCOPE 52 7.2 Control Scheme 43 4.3 Without Statcom 51 6. REFERENCES 54 .2 Simulation Results 47 5.2.4 Source Current THD 49 5.

I owe a lot to the friends. Finally.M.Reddy and our beloved principal Dr. teaching and non-teaching staff of the Dept.S. i . I can’t say thank you enough for this tremendous support and help.L. Assistant Professor. I take this opportunity to express my gratitude to the people who have been instrumental in the successful completion of this project. of EEE for their direct and indirect support in the entire course of the project.Anand Kumar for giving us opportunity to study in this esteemed university and provide us all required resources. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Apart from the efforts of mine. Professor.S.Venu Gopala Rao. I express my heartfelt gratitude to our Chancellor Dr.A. Without his encouragement and guidance this project would not have materialized and implementation I deeply indebted to the Head of the Department Dr. I would like to show my appreciation to the guide Mr. I feel motivated and encouraged every time I attend his meetings. Lakshman Naik. the success of any work depends largely on the encouragement and guidelines of many others. Vice-Chancellor Dr.Rammurthy. Department of EEE. Department of EEE who modeled me both technically and morally for achieving greater success in project. P.

flicker. The grid connected wind energy generation system for power quality improvement by using STATCOM-control scheme is simulated using SIMULINK in power system block set. ii . This project re-presents a control strategy for achieving maximum benefits from these grid. when installed in 3-phase 3-wire distribution systems. When the wind power is connected to an electric grid affects the power quality. The installation of wind turbine with the grid causes power quality problems are be determined. variation of voltage. The effects of the power quality measurements are the active power. ABSTRACT Usage of non. So these contain non-sinusoidal currents which in turn contain harmonic currents that interact with the impedance of the power distribution system to create voltage distortion that can affect both the distribution system equipment and loads connected to it. This project deals with improvement of power quality within the non-linear loads. This relives the main supply source from the reactive power demand of the load and the induction generator in this proposed scheme. reactive power. harmonics.interfacing inverters.linear loads has been increasing day-by-day which are connected in distribution systems utilizing power electronic converters. by using STATCOM the disturbances can be stabilized. and electrical behavior of switching operations.

1.3 Voltage Flicker 8 3.1 Voltage Sags and Swells 7 2.3.1b Control algorithm of DSTATCOM with PI controller 33 4.3.1 The Equivalent Circuit of Load and Supply System 35 4.7 Grid connected system for power quality improvement 42 4.3.7.1. LIST OF TABLES Table No Table Name Page No 3.1a Schematic diagram of DSTATCOM 31 4.2 Phasor of the Compensated Line 36 4.3.1.7.3 System Operational Scheme in grid system 45 iii .1 Phasor of Uncompensated Line 35 4.1 Overview of major FACTS-Devices 20 LIST OF FIGURES Figure No Figure Name Page No 2.1 Single line diagram of the test system for D-STATCOM 34 4.1 Operational limits of transmissions lines 19 for different voltage levels 3.1.2 Power Quality and Reliability 5 2.3.1 Variable-Speed Wind Turbine 43 4.5 General symbols of FACTS controllers 26 3.6 Functional diagrams of FACTS devices 28 4 Block diagram of D-STATCOM 30 4.

1 Circuit Diagram 46 5.2 With STATCOM 50 5.1 With Filter 50 5.3.2.3 Power Factor 48 5.2.2.4 Source Current THD 49 5.2.3.2.3 Without STATCOM 51 iv .1 Single Phase 47 5.5.5 Variable Wind Speed 49 5.2 Three Phase 48 5.3.