# 1.

The dry bulb temperature and dew point of ambient air were found
to be 302 K (29oC) and 291 K(18oC) respectively, Barometer reads 100
kPa. Calculate:

(a) The absolute molal humidity,
(b)The absolute humidity,
(c) % RH,
(d)% Saturation,
(e) Humid heat and
(f) Humid volume

Data: Vapour pressure of water at 291 K = 2.0624 kPa vapour pressure
of water at 302 K=4.004 kPa.

Solution:

Air-water vapour mixture with DB = 302 K and DP = 291 K.

At DP, partial pressure of water in air is equal to vapour pressure of water.

PA = partial pressure of water vapour in air = 2.0624 kPa

P=total pressure = 100 kPa
PA
Absolute molal humidity = Hm 
P  PA
2.0624
=
100-2.0624
kmol water vapour
=0.02106
kmol dry air
.....Ans. (a)

Mol. Wt. H2O=18,Mol. Wt. air =29

.Ans. Mol.air 18 =0.Ans(c)  P  Mol.02589= kg dry air H % saturation =  100 H5 0.H2O Saturation humidity = H8   8   P  P6  Mol.0131 kg dry air .02106  19 kg water vapour =0.004kPa.e..004  29 kg water vapour =0... PA % RH =  100 P6 2.0624 =  100 4. (b) At saturation...006+1.wt..84H =1.884  0.0131 =1.006+1.51 .Ans.(d) Humid heat = Ca = 1..03kJ/kg dry air K …. DB=WB=DP=302K Vapour pressure at saturation i.wt.0131 =  100 0.004  18 H8    100  4..air  4. at 302K=P 6=4.wt.wt..02589 …. (e) .004 =51.Ans.H2O Absolute humidity =H= Hm  Mol.

4136  MA   Ms    DB  101.325    273  P  0. Data: Vapour pressure of benzene at 288K=7. Solution: Basis : A mixture of benzene and dry air at 101.325 kPa.. Calculate: (a) Percentage by volume of benzene. PA = Partial pressure of benzene in mixture... For ideal gas mixture.999 =  100 101.  H   1  Humid volume = VH      22.4136     100  18 19   273  =0.Ans.325 =7.9 .(e) 2. Volume % = mole % = pressure %...Ans...999 kPa. (b)Moles of benzene per mole dry air.8846m3 / kg dry air .0131 1   302  101. = vapour pressure at 288 K.(a) .999 kPa.325 =   22. = 7.325 kPa is found to have a dew point of 288 K(15oC). PA Volume % of benzene=  100 P 7. A mixture of benzene and dry air at a temperature of 303 K(30 oC) and a pressure of 101.

079 Moles benzene per mole of air= 0.(Ans) Hm = Moles acetone per mole nitrogen in gas mixture 0.638 kPa.8 15.158  1  0. A mixture of acetone vapour and nitrogen contains 15..158  101.325 kPa. 0.325 =64.325 kPa.921 =0.086 .158  0.0791=0.325 kPa. Data: Vapour pressure of acetone at 293 K = 24.P =0.8% acetone by volume. Calculate the relative and percent saturation of the mixture at a temperature of 293 K(20 oC) and a pressure of 101.1876 Consider one mole of saturated mixture at 293 K(20 oC) and 101.98 …. Dry air present = 1-0.1 mol of mixture Benzene present = 0.Ans(b) 3..079=0. Solution: Basis: 1 mol of acetone nitrogen mixture. ..921 mol. Mol % acetone = volume % acetone = 15.. PA=partial pressure of acetone = y.079 mol.8 Molfraction of acetone in mixture = y = 100 P= total pressure = 101.

Data: vapour pressure of benzene at 323 K=36. A gas mixture containing benzene vapour is saturated at 101. (a) Nitrogen and benzene vapour mixture. C6H6=78 ..2431 mol Nitrogen in saturated mixture = 1-0. Solution: Basis : A gas mixture at 101.325kPa and 323 K(50 oC).31 Mole % acetone in saturated mixture = volume % acetone = 24. Calculate the absolute humidity if the other component of the mixture in (a) nitrogen and (b) carbon dioxide.2431 = 0.Ans.40 ….325 kPa and 323 K.638 Volume % acetone =  100 101.  Volume % acetone   Pr essure % acetone       in saturated mixture   in saturated mixture  24. 4. Mol Wt.2431 =0.664 kPa.31 Acetone in saturated mixture = 1 100 =0. N2=28.7569 = 58.31 24.7569 mol HmS  moles acetone per mole nitrogen in saturated mixture 0. Mol Wt.325 =24.

CO2 = 44 PA = 36..325 kPa .567 kmol nitrogen Mol wt.664 = 101.664 kmol benzene vapour =0. N2 78 =0.664 kPa P=101.(a) kg nitrogen (b) Carbon dioxide – benzene vapour mixture.664 kPa P =101..As the mixture is saturated at 323K. the partial pressure of benzene is equal to vapour pressure of benzene at 323 K.  PA =36. Mol Wt..579 .325 kPa PA Hm  P  PA 36.C6H6 Absolute humidity = Hm  Mol wt..325-36.567  28 kg benzene =1.Ans.

(iii) the % RH.664 Kmol benzene vapour =0.Ans(b) kg carbon dioxide 5.818 kPa Vapour pressure of water at 303 K= 4. C6H6 Absolutehumidity  Hm  Mol wt.243 Kpa Barometric pressure = 100 kPa Solution: Basis : Air – water mixture at DB = 303 K and DP = 289 K.. Calculate (i) the absolute molal humidity. (ii) the absolute humidity. The dry bulb temperature and dew point of ambient air were found to be 303 K(30oC) and 289 K(16oC) respectively. Partial pressure of water in air = Vapour pressure of water at DP PA =1.005 . (iv) the % saturation and (v) the humid heat.325-36.664 = 101.. PA Hm  P  PA 36.567 kmol carbon dioxide Mol wt.818kPa =Partial pressure of water vapour in air P=total pressure =100 kPa .567  44 kg benzene =1. Data: Vapour pressure of water at 289 K = 1.. CO2 78 =0.

.85 .... PA Absolute molal humidity = Hm = P  PA 1.818  100  1..Wt.01852 ...H2O  Hm  Mol Wt. at 303 K Pa = 4.(ii) kg dry air At saturation.243 kPa i. Mol Wt. DB=WB=DP=303K Vapour pressure of water at saturation = 4. air 18 Absolute humidity = H  0..243  42. air = 29 Mol.243 kPa PA   100 Pa 1.(i) kmol dry air Mol Wt.0115 .818 %RH=   100 4.Ans.01852  29 kg water vapour  0.Ans(iii) ..818 kmol water vapour  0.Ans.e... H2O=18.

.0275 kg dry air H % Saturation =    100  H8  0..0115 =  100 0.0115 =1...0272 kJ/kg dry air.006+1..Ans(v) ..243  18  100  4.84H =1.82 .0275 =41. H2O   8   P  P3  Mol wt.Ans(iv) Humid heat = C8  1.air Saturation humidity = H8=   4.84  0..  P  Mol wt.006  1.. K .243  29 kg water vapour  0..