19/02/2017

Chapter 4
Summary
1n
Energy
Energy, W, is the ability to do work and is
measured in joules. One joule is the work
done when a force of one newton is
applied through a distance of one meter.
1m
The symbol for energy, W, represents
work, but should not be confused with the
unit for power, the watt, W.

Principles of Electric Circuits, Conventional Flow, 9th ed. © 2010 Pearson Higher Education,
Floyd Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458. • All Rights Reserved

Chapter 4
Summary
Energy
The kilowatt-hour (kWh) is a much larger unit of
energy than the joule. There are 3.6 x 106 J in a kWh.
The kWh is convenient for electrical appliances.

What is the energy used in operating a
1200 W heater for 20 minutes?
1200 W = 1.2 kW
20 min = 1/3 h
1.2 kW X 1/3 h =0.4 kWh

Principles of Electric Circuits, Conventional Flow, 9th ed. © 2010 Pearson Higher Education,
Floyd Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458. • All Rights Reserved

1

Conventional Flow.135 A) 2 ( 27 Ω ) = 0. Notice that rate always involves time. NJ 07458. Power is measured in watts (or kilowatts).49 W Principles of Electric Circuits. • All Rights Reserved Chapter 4 Summary Power What power is dissipated in a 27 Ω resistor is the current is 0. 9th ed. P = I 2R = (0. 9th ed. © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. Conventional Flow. NJ 07458. substitute the values into P =I 2R. Floyd Upper Saddle River. Floyd Upper Saddle River.135 A? Given that you know the resistance and current. 19/02/2017 Chapter 4 Summary Power Power is the rate energy is “used” (actually converted to heat or another form). • All Rights Reserved 2 . One watt = one joule/second Three equations for power in circuits that are collectively known as Watt’s law are: V2 P = IV P = I 2R P= R Principles of Electric Circuits. © 2010 Pearson Higher Education.

NJ 07458. Floyd Upper Saddle River. 100 Ω Principles of Electric Circuits. 19/02/2017 Chapter 4 Summary Power What power is dissipated by a heater that draws 12 A of current from a 120 V supply? The most direct solution is to substitute into P = IV. 9th ed. © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. Floyd Upper Saddle River.25 W for the anticipated power. • All Rights Reserved 3 . R V2 P= R Small resistors operating in low (5 V ) 2 voltage systems need to be sized = = 0. © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. NJ 07458. P = IV = (12 A )(120 V ) = 1440 W Principles of Electric Circuits. Conventional Flow. • All Rights Reserved Chapter 4 Summary Power What power is dissipated in a 100 Ω resistor with 5 V across it? V2 The most direct solution is to substitute into P = . Conventional Flow. 9th ed.