WHITE PAPER

URBAN INSIGHTS: AN
ANALYSIS OF THE FUTURE OF
OUR CITIES AND TECHNOLOGY

SUMMARY

Location data is paramount to intelligent cities planning and
development. Geographical information provides a common frame
of reference and big picture analysis for entrepreneurs, citizens and
policymakers alike. The new place-based thinking demonstrates that
location can no longer be considered just a pin on a map. Location
is now the dynamic nexus of the physical and digital in real time.
The availability of geo-tagged digital data creates rich new layers of
information that can be utilized at scale to create evolving solutions
for more livable cities, intelligent policy and design, better research,
improved emergency response, predictive analysis, and economic
opportunity.

TABLE OF CONTENTS Making Future Cities Intelligent Major Challenges Facing Cities Technology and Data Serve Cities Smarter Devices with the Internet of Things Putting it on the Map with Open Data Powering Predictive Analysis Streamlining City Services Exploring Location and Innovation Engaging with Open Data Planning a Smarter Future .

locating the nearest bike rack or parking space. Today’s cities are laboratories for technology. Urban areas are major 1 Boyd Cohen. In contrast to the tech-driven provider method. success and longevity. share and control the world immediately around us—turning on lights. Future forecasting is a risky business. connectivity. 2015. leading smart cities are now welcoming citizen co-creation methods as the next evolution in smarter cities1 . institutions and citizens. networks and initiatives. Inside the development of the ​ smartcity”. this connectivity is not only expressed person to person and at the individual level. Experts have acknowledged an evolution of phases in smart cities with a new smart cities development emerging in 2014. networking on demand. We use technology to enhance. Aug. “The 3 Generations of Smart Cities.fastcoexist. MAKING FUTURE CITIES INTELLIGENT Today we are more connected than ever before. where citizens are active stakeholders in policy that produces sustainable results. However. Our collective futures are increasingly tied to cities. It is also expressed at the community and city level where improved communication. <http://www.com/3047795/the-3-generations-of-smart-cities> . all from pocket-sized devices. but failure to recognize and respond to emerging demographics and economic patterns and environmental challenges is more perilous. participation and collaboration has increased with access to data and information for agencies. or a city-driven tech enabled method. The ideal vision for smart cities is one where infrastructure and services are connected with technology to empower informed citizens and government officials across agencies as partners. Oct. Citizen participation is now acknowledged as an essential ingredient for intelligent city innovation. 2015. driven by citizens and entrepreneurs together with governments and institutions. Civic engagement is mobilized by the best smart city/future city paradigms. Fast Company.

2013. implementing and monitoring policy and technology decisions. and protecting 2 James Manyika et.d. . 2012. including ever larger portions of the world's economy. n. A recent McKinsey report2 indicated that US cities with populations of 150. Imperiled Cities”. compared with 78 percent for big cities in China and around 65 percent for Western European cities. Harvard University Center for the Environment. MAYOR CHALLENGES FACING CITIES As budgets shrink and populations rise. While this influence has obvious economic benefits. The global influence of cities continues to expand. pressure is on governments to accomplish more with less. Corydon Ireland. Metropolitan areas everywhere face similar tasks—providing daily services. ​ McKinsey & Company. The difficulties of managing modern urbanization include such environmental factors as changing coastlines. Apr. economic engines for countries.000 or more generated nearly 85 percent of the country’s GDP in 2010. metropolitan areas also use a disproportional amount of the world’s resources and produce a much higher percentage of greenhouse gases. 3 “Framework for Climate Positive Communities”. C40 Climate Positive Development Program. Emergency planning and risk assessment must be revised and updated in the face of extreme weather and climate change. al. “Urban America: US cities in the global economy”. The Harvard University Center for the Environment4 reports that coastal cities are frequently constructed no more than three feet above sea level and that an estimated 37 percent of the global population live less than 60 miles from coastlines. McKinsey Global Institute. maintaining deteriorating infrastructure. flood zones and aging infrastructure. 4 “Rising Seas. The Climate Positive Program3 rates the percentage of city-produced greenhouse gases at 75% of all those generated by human activity.

and commercial data. The central role of cities in the global economy and the related environmental impacts bring a smarter kind of city into sharper focus as a necessary component in development.1 billion market today and in five years. Future cities must be smarter. but they all assume substantial growth for technology in city planning. institutions and individuals. Estimates vary. Allied Business Intelligence research indicates that smart cities technology is an $8. The nonprofit Climate Group goes even further. including sustainable use of resources and pollution reduction.1 trillion market by 2020. and . and the rate of new available data sources will only increase. Sources of data continue to surface. more resilient. estimating that the related technologies and industries will grow to become a $2.residents.5 billion. Local authorities are looking for ways to maximize shrinking resources—to do more. the market will grow to almost five times that size. Data and analysis is now available to anyone: governments. companies. Municipalities must manage these services across geographic areas—and the ability to harness real-time data is vital for understanding and analysis. and to use data for informed decision-making. and vast sensor networks. the Internet of Things. including resilience innovations. reaching $39. to do it more efficiently. publicly available sources including social media and the internet. TECHNOLOGY AND DATA SERVE CITIES The savvy smart city is one where technology and data serves the goal of improved standards of living. Data sources fall roughly into three main categories: government (some portions of which are public). These tasks will be further complicated by the increase of aging populations globally.

Non urban zones are harnessing new technology—the Smart Cities Council5 reported new test beds for the Internet of Things outside of Washington DC that will provide a data network for farmers. Sept. said that the network would help farmers 5 Doug Peeples. This connectivity opens more concerns for companies and governments and citizens over data security and privacy. The IoT means there will be ever more data. data and technology for the benefit of all. urban zones. . Dan Hoffman. Montgomery County's Chief Innovation Officer. Smart Cities Council. This paper will survey current and future smart cities developments and best practices. 2015. analyze it and keep it secure. “IoT testbed targets improved farming practices”. THE INTERNET OF THINGS The growing availability of broadband and sensors in devices has created an expanding network that analysts say will reach over 26 billion connected devices in 2020. IoT planning shows that smart city technology is not limited to public. Planning and technology for automated or smart homes and workplaces is an expanding market. and in agriculture. Connectivity also has benefits inside homes. cars can call ahead when running late due to traffic. companies and people will need to be able to store it. the copy machine orders its own refills. and that governments. more invested in technology. communication networks. The Internet of Things is most broadly described as the network of connections between anything with an on and off switch to people or other devices or machines. This can be anything from cars to refrigerators to jet engines to wearable devices. They must utilize the interconnectedness of citizens. Companies are looking to technology to make everyday life easier and more networked for consumers: the juicer starts juicing the moment feet touch the floor.

modular sensor boxes to collect real-time data on the city’s environment including climate. advancements in this field now mean that geolocation intelligence can be accessed by anyone—and location is becoming a primary method for discovery and analysis.tech. The boxes are attached to existing structures like bus stop signs and street light posts. Gov. inviting the development of apps based on real-time city data. Internet of Things”. The data collected will be made available and free to the public. the Internet of Things has a fundamental role to play in future planning. as well as record and report on dairy requirements during milk production. and make decisions to improve the quality of daily life. Located on the streets of Chicago. IIllustreets. The AoT is monitoring the external environment.govtech. on streets or in the fields. “Obama Places $160 Million Bet on Smart Cities.co. not people. Sept. Using 15 large data 6 Ben Miller. noise levels and air quality. the “Array of Things” 6 uses interactive.uk is a unique data portal providing detailed information about quality of life across England. PUTTING IT ON THE MAP WITH OPEN DATA Geographic information science was once an area dominated by specialists. take effective preventative action in the most vulnerable areas. 2015.html> . and will not collect any personal or private information.1 million to an Internet of Things project based in Chicago. ​ <http://www. However.com/Obama-Places-160-Million-Bet-on-Smart-Cities-Internet-of-Things. they can see patterns over time and place. The AoT technology and policies specifically avoid any collection of data about individuals by building privacy protection into the design of the sensors. When community and city planners have access to their geographical data. The National Science Foundation recently granted $3. In homes. track ground temperatures and weather.

Manuel Timita and Katya Koval.uk. if not months. Oct ​ 2015.000 polygons. of development time— we simply did not need any other backend. six million reported crimes.com/finding-the-best-places-to-live-in-england-with/> . sets from the United Kingdom’s government open data website. Whilst for many users getting quick information about the standard of living. Data.” 7 7 Manuel Timita and Katya Koval.000 public transport stations and stops. 2013. and tens of thousands of census and deprivation records. nearly 400. Here’s where CARTO has saved us weeks. Timitia and Koval wrote: “For those looking only for places where they can afford to buy or rent property.gov. and publishing vast amounts of geospatial data. or average house prices might be enough. we made it possible to filter the areas on the map by price and other criteria. and then the SQL API does its magic. Sept. “Finding the Best Places to Live in England with Illustreets”. we wanted to allow a deeper level of exploration for those interested in discovering as much as possible about a location. Illustreets was created to address the difficulty of finding relevant information on neighborhoods and towns in England. and present it all in an attractive and usable format.carto. The London-based developers of Illustreets. carto. initially faced a daunting challenge: how to take about 30. crime rate.000 schools. visualizing. The user needs only click on the desired location. over 20.com <https://blog. Using CARTO. After testing over a dozen mapping technologies they selected CARTO for its excellent capability in manipulating. they created a mapping application which can be explored in a variety of ways. by using CartoCSS and spatial queries via the SQL API.

. as well as inspiring broader dialogue on resources and community. as well as satisfying those simply curious about the places where they live.Illustreets showing quality of life and other metrics The developers achieved their aim— to take the largest amount of data possible. the actual use cases of the platform have been wider and include integration in education as a pedagogical tool. Illustreets helps engage citizens in better informed decision-making in daily life. work and commute. Secondary school teachers are now using Illustreets in the classroom to teach about geography and open data. put all of it in a geospatial app. Using open data in an accessible interactive visual. However. The users they initially had in mind were people looking to make informed decisions about moving. and make it intuitive and useful to a non-technical audience.

The open data movement is an essential component of smart cities that is helping to make governments more transparent and to accelerate citizen participation.gov/dataset> ​ .gov 8 shows 187. In the United States. POWERING PREDICTIVE ANALYSIS CARTO partner Vizonomy created a risk platform analysis dashboard. <http://catalog. 2015. or city level. neighborhood. Local resiliency officers or urban planners can run customized analysis using federal standards at the building. air quality apps. Asterra. Data.082 datasets available to the public along with lists of apps utilizing the data. using open government data. The CARTO-based platform uses the most up-to-date datasets available from the government: FEMA floodplains and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration data along with more than 8 “Data Catalog”. consumer awareness apps.S. Oct. Among these are alternative fuel finder apps. Federal government’s website Data. The dashboard allows communities and businesses to see infrastructure and populations vulnerable to a rise in sea level and flooding. and climate apps. the U.Gov.data.

and citizen participation within cities is enabled by location data and analysis. As a smart city location intelligence industry leader.” STREAMLINING CITY SERVICES Place-based thinking is integral to the smart city model. Intelligent city thinking and planning acknowledges that a location is not just a point on the map—it is an ever-changing axis of virtual and material information. noted the benefits of the risk management platform: “Vizonomy enables cities to become more resilient against climate-derived hazards by developing software that leads to immediate action. founder of Vizonomy. As a powerful web-based platform. CARTO serves both the public and private sectors with a user-friendly platform that anyone can use. . populations and more— through an automatic sync of updated information in the cloud. The future of geospatial intelligence. CARTO is allowing us to build solutions that make communities more resilient against flooding and sea level rise. Ricardo Saavedra. schools. real-time spatial information.70 other data layers representing buildings.

City occupants can find detailed information on infrastructure and construction including budgets. Historically. partnerships should include those who are invested for the long 9 “Sigamos Medellin”. The Mapas Medellín9 website offers a downloadable app for tracking public transport. City government projects like Mapas Medellín are providing a framework for transparency and accountability with open data and visualizations. and information about traffic and routes. showing a traffic layer. In order to achieve long-term goals.sigamosmedellin.gov. addressing the varying needs of citizens with simple interactivity. Tourists can search for landmarks and points of interest. the mandates of city agencies and departments were mission-specific. real time social media updates.jsp> . education.co/pages/index.The ​ interactive data portal​ for the city of Medellin. projected completion dates and stages of development. seamlessly integrated with Google Maps. Governments applying new technology are working to connect city departments and agencies like transportation. Smart cities can also provide models for collaboration between public and private sectors. In Colombia. 2015. weather and satellite. the city of Medellín has created a data portal map aimed at opening communication channels between government and citizens. Oct. healthcare. utilities and construction. The smart city model encourages cross-agency collaboration and is challenging historical obstacles to information sharing and innovation—city dwellers young and old have come to expect more transparency and opportunities for participation. interdepartmental or interagency collaboration was not necessarily emphasized. <https://www. administration. The interactive city map website uses the CARTO Engine for data and visualization. Mapas Medellín hosts data layers including traffic.

They wanted the power of heatmaps and the impact of animated visualizations. collecting taxes. so we know we can build even more great functionality over time. commercial site availability.run: universities. City leaders wanted summary graphics to share their reasoning with constituents. a bottom up approach that originates with citizens. information from land records is crucial for determining zoning regulations. access to property information and the like. For example..the more users interacted with MapGeo.. and track . Powered by the CARTO APIs.0 helps local city agencies: “Everybody needed base maps. or a more synergistic approach where citizens work with one another along with the other two models. the more they wanted to do. Kate Hickey. VP for Local Government Services at AppGeo. neighborhood revitalization projects. Users can see economic development indicators including property sales and values. MapGeo 2. construction activity. EXPLORING LOCATION AND INNOVATION Forward-thinking cities are consistently partnering with citizens and government agencies to make better decisions on resources.” MapGeo has been adopted in over 100 cities and towns. nonprofits and citizens along with government and the private sector. planning and data gathering. explained how their app. managing right-of-way along with dozens of other daily municipal tasks. and the platform is really robust. MapGeo converts records tables into visuals showing trends and patterns. a CARTO partner. query tools. Governments introducing smart cities planning may try a top-down approach starting with leaders. providing integrated services where they are needed most. CARTO’s mapping and analysis features make data easy to understand.

The dynamic visualizations include heat. Open data also has a role in art and culture. The CARTO Engine provides actionable insights for informed citizens. entrepreneurs and city administrators. where innovation and imagination meet. helping cities improve operational efficiency with geolocation and interactive data-driven maps. like this heat map of property values. Projects in . time lapse and cluster maps. It may be counter-intuitive. city or region a better place to work. live and play.0 users with on-demand visualizations. but data can be expressive of human experience at the sensory level. Municipal leaders and administrators can utilize them to analyze resources and patterns—providing more insights into making a town. CARTO tools provide MapGeo 2. changes over time.

harnessing social media to create projects at the intersection of urban planning and culture. 2015. Oct. with map layers identifying the scents including animals. For example. <http://researchswinger.org/smellymaps/index. <http://www.Oct. smart cities like London engage with the human imagination by tapping the senses of the ‘crowd’. et al. City officials and urban planners deal primarily with the management of bad odors.di.unito. nature. The interactive website aimed to create nuance in thinking about smell and place.html> . petrol and even chocolate. Rossano Schifanella. 2015. the interactive map titled “Discover the Olfactory Symphony of London”10 was created by a group of London-based researchers using the CARTO Engine. but the Smellscape project11 shows that people are also exposed to pleasant or evocative scents in the urban landscape. Rossano Schifanella et al. 10 “Discover the Olfactory Symphony of London”.it/~schifane/smellymaps/> 11 “Urban Smellscape”.

including cyclists. The researchers tackled this challenge by mapping locations of smells reported on geo-tagged social media to create reliable maps of smells. along with a practical guide for anyone looking for new ways to navigate the city. pedestrians and car drivers. partly because it is not easy to record and analyze scents on a broad scale. . layered representation of urban life. runners. But it also creates a richer. and an utterly new picture of how we interact with our surroundings. The data displayed in the interactive map can provide insights on traffic abatement or greenway planning.The Smellscape creator’s research indicates that smell has a potent influence on perception. but that it is often overlooked by scientists and urbanists.

By providing access to transportation. and governments are also reaping the benefits of sharing data. The availability of data allows local civic hackers. education and health care data. This approach lets communities and cities benefit from citizen and business development. Cities with smart open data strategies profit from providing readable and mobile-friendly data with Web APIs along with providing education and program visibility for citizens. Cities have benefited from making data sets public accompanied by a call for crowdsourced ideas and apps. Open data is a profound resource for any city that wants to boost economic development. as well as new concepts. .ENGAGING WITH OPEN DATA Government transparency is increasingly important to citizens. and the engagement of the tech sector in civic projects. developers and businesses to tap into the potential of data in providing free or paid services. governments are helping people find new ways to solve problems.

The app utilizes CARTO to map ten data sets related to biking to help NGO’s. Data. An “Open in CARTO”12 button is available on every supported dataset.gov has been publishing data since 2009. Simple. government agencies and nonprofits. visual access to data is needed in order to identify patterns over time and geography. Bikestorming is a mobile app that uses open government data to increase the rate of cycling in cities. shelters. city planners and city government improve cycling for citizens. 12 Philip Ashlock and Rebecca Williams. The Federal government website Data.gov/meta/open-apps/> . bike racks and public parks. Cities can pave the way for innovative apps and developers by providing modest incentives and open calls around open city data. Integral to smart cities. citizens. Mar. technology companies. providing immediate access to open data for citizens and companies everywhere.Gov blog.gov. The Data. educators. CARTO makes it easy for non-experts to make sense of raw data. The data sets in the app include bike path routes. Meta-the Data. Oct. inviting participation from civic hackers.gov website offers site visitors the ability to make a map from the data in a single click. SMARTER FUTURE PLANNING For private companies. CARTO is the technological solution for the changing economic and environmental landscape.data. <http://www. the open data movement has increased public access to government data. entrepreneurs and others. and new sources of data become available every day. 2015. “Open with Apps”. Bikestorming app with NYC data. 2015.

CARTO is the only spatial analytics platform to offer time-based visualizations with Torque. and share place-based data. With daily updates to CARTO’s SaaS offerings. agencies and governments keep data secure and compliant with on-premises deployment. New sources of location intelligence like geotagged social media have proven effective in tracking emerging threats and providing critical information in emergencies and natural disasters.com/2012/07/02/crisis-mapping-haiti/> . Location is a universal language allowing anyone to participate. “How Crisis Mapping Saved Lives in Haiti”. custom security and deployment options.nationalgeographic. making analysis of user activity and location-based trends simple and shareable. Discover why CARTO is a valued intelligent cities partner in urban zones around 13 Patrick Meier. and the evolving processes of smart cities. National Geographic.js. CARTO’s social connectors include direct access to Twitter data. Oct. an investment in CARTO remains current with the pace of technology. crowdsourcing through mobile geolocation technology helps volunteers create effective crisis response networks that save lives13 . CARTO brings together all the elements of a successful smart city geo-ecosystem with unprecedented accessibility: crowdsourcing with social media. monitoring of sensor networks. Users avoid time consuming installations by hosting massive amounts of data in the cloud. CARTO provides the platform necessary for intelligent analysis—location based visualizations that are updated in real time. July 2012. amplifying insights from data. CARTO is a leader in the evolution of smart cities development. 2015. As an extension of the citizen to citizen smart city model. CARTO helps companies. Our powerful cloud based platform provides seamless integration and management of city assets in one package. <http://voices.

Synchronize across platforms and devices in the field or at the office. Barcelona. Access the universal language of location to create interactive visualizations in seconds without any coding. faster decisions.com/ .the world including New York City. GET STARTED TODAY CARTO is a leader in location intelligence and data visualization. making geospatial analysis an asset in your organization. CARTO’s data-driven maps enable visual discovery of trends and patterns resulting in better. Try a 14 day trial of the CARTO Pro Plan now. or talk to one of our smart cities experts about a plan that meets your requirements: sales@carto. and Melbourne. Mexico City.com For more information visit: ​ https://carto. London. Share or publish them within your company. equipping governments both local and federal to extract valuable insights from location data. right from your browser. agency or the for the public. Buenos Aires.