USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA AMONG BS NURSING STUDENTS OF

CENTRAL MINDANAO UNIVERSITY: IMPLICATIONS
TO ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

CRIS JOY C. CARIAGA

AN UNDERGRADUATE THESIS PRESENTED TO FACULTY,COLLEGE
OF NURSING, CENTRAL MINDANAO UNIVERSITY, MUSUAN,
MARAMAG, BUKIDNON IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF
THE REQUIREMENTFOR THE DEGREE OF

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN NURSING

JUNE 2016

2

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS ………….…………………………………… iii
LIST OF FIGURES………………...…………………………………… iv
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION…..….…………………………..……..……. 1
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM…….….………….………. 2
OBJECTIVES ……………………………..…….……………… 3
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK …………….………………… 4
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK ………….……………………. 5
SCOPE AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY…….………. 6
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY……….....…………………. 7
CHAPTER II
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE……………….8
CHAPTER III. METHODOLOGY
RESEARCH DESIGN…………………..….....…………….…. 12
RESEARCH SETTING …………………,.……………………. 12
RESEARCH RESPONDENTS…………..….………………… 12
RESEARCH INSTRUMENT……………...……………………. 12
INFORM CONSENT……………………………………………………. 14
QUESTIONNAIRE ……………………………………………………… 15
BIBLIOGRAPHY…………………………………….……………………

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5 Figure 3.1 Schematic diagram of the study………………………………. LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1.1 Research Locale 4 .

7 % (Internet World Statistics.138. 2014). The percentage of internet usage in the Philippines was 39. and exchange information and experiences with their teachers.3% rate as of June 2014. S. However according to Judilla et al (2015). Also the estimated population of Philippines in 2014 was 99. 2011).690 of which 39. Download supporting information’s. to improve the academic performance of the student’s social media can be useful to understand assignments. in the way that they will spend more time browsing unimportant matters rather than studying their lessons or doing homework’s. For the past several years social media has become an international phenomenon (Flad. According to the Internet usage statistics. 5 . Chapter I INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Nowadays social media is one of the most common means of communication and it is really a must for university students to use in order to survive and help them for their studies (Deandrea.749.146 were internet users. the more time the student spent on social media will not likely be good for the students. 2010).340 estimated internet users with a 42.348. According to Mahmood. there were 3. et al (2013).035.

According to Chris. Because of the interesting statements from different authors the researcher comes to an end that she will undergo a scientific research on this particular topic. students that engage on social media has both positive and negative effects on their studies. their time to review and make requirements/assignments. but on the other hand students that uses social media late at night views this as addiction and affect them negatively in terms of their lack of sleep. 6 . sharing study materials and for them to receive timely class update. L. Particularly the students using social media during the day aids them facilitate group discussion.A. (2015).

d) Expenditure of students for social media use. c) Gadget platform. b) Number of hours devoted to social media. e) Reasons for use. Specifically.STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM This study aims to determine the use of social media among Bachelor of Science in Nursing Students of Central Mindanao University in the school year 2016-2017. it aims to answer the following questions: 1. What is the relationship between Social media use and academic performances of the participants? 7 . and g) Perceived adverse effect 3. f) Perceived benefit of use. What is the Academic performance of the participants in terms of their: a) Minor subject b) Major subject c) General weighted average 4. To what extent is the social media usage of the participants in terms of: a) Kinds of social media platform. What is the demographic profile of the participants? a) Age b) Gender c) Religion d) Year level 2.

aims to: A.OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY General Objective This study is to determine the use of social media among BS Nursing students of Central Mindanao University. Specifically. Determine the demographic profile of the participants a) Age b) Gender 8 .

Identify the Academic Performance of the participants in terms of their: a) Minor subject b) Major subject c) General weighted average D. C. Determine the extent of social media use of the respondents. in which it capture and mirrors the interplay among human actors. technology and social structures. The theory examines process from two types of points first is the type of structures that are given by the progressive technology and the structures that shows in human action as peoples interact with the technologies. This theory sees group as systems with observable patterns of relationships and communicate among the public. The theory evaluates the techno centric view of technology use and emphasizes the social aspects. c) Religion d) Year level B. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK This research with regards to social media use among nursing students is anchored to Desantics and Poole’s “Adaptive Structure Theory”. They also expresses the structuration process are networks and structures exist in a dual relationship 9 . Correlate the relationship between social media and academic performance of the participants.

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK Independent Variables Dependent Variables Nursing Students Demographic Profile  Age  Gender Social Media Usage  Religion  Year level Academic Performance  Minor subject  Major subject  General weighted 10 average . Basically adaptive structure theory is applicable to the current study because with expanding technology comes also the increasing human- computer interaction. this process may be stable or it can be substantial over time. It recognizes that it is not more on effects of advancing technology but rather on the how human uses advance technology. Adaptive structure model’s process might be a good example to study utilization and penetration of new media technologies in the society.with each other’s such that they tend to produce and reproduce each other in ongoing cycle.

Correlates to academic performance in terms of social media use will be computed through 11 .1 Schematic diagram of the study The study using of social media of the nursing students of central Mindanao University was anchored to Adaptive Structure theory of Desanctis and Poole’s. The Research will use total enumeration because of the size of the population that the researcher has interest is typically very small. The results of the study may not necessarily apply to non-BS nursing students. and among students from other university. With that. Major subject and their General Weighted average. Figure 1. The population will be limited only to the above qualified participants. The respondents serves as the theories human actors in this study. Having the independent variables this now correlates and affect the dependent variables which is the use of social media and the academic performances of the participants in terms of Minor subject. Approximately. social media platforms reflects as the technology and social structures. the gadgets. there will be 100-116 participants based on the previous enrollees last school year. the independent variable which is the BSN students and their demographic data. SCOPE AND DELIMITATIONS The study will enumerate all BS Nursing students of Central Mindanao University who are officially enrolled for the 1 st semester of school year 2016-2017.

they will be aware of the positive and negative effects of using social media to their academic performances. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY The proposed study will determine how social media may affect the BS Nursing student’s academic performance. To the students. Using the employed methodologies. 12 . however.this cross-sectional study. causality cannot be established. Researcher anticipated the benefits for the following group institutions or individuals: Academic institutions will be able to align their strategies in teaching the BS Nursing students considering their involvement of social media.

To the clinical instructors. OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS Social media platform - Gadget platform - Academic performance - Adverse effect - Demographic profile - Expenditure - Clinical instructors - 13 . they will be able to know if they need to also use social media for them to provide a timely class updates to the students and to provide them what are their student’s activities aside from studying. the study will be able to help them especially of they will be interested in doing a research study related to this. To the future researchers.

before it became a global phenomenon that it is considered today. Social media was a concept that was developed by 14 . has become one of the most effective means of communication and a way to keep in touch in the present. at present. Emergence of Social Media Social media. it had also started from humble beginnings. its effects specifically to the academic performance of students. Chapter II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE This chapter presents the related studies pertaining to the use of social media. However.

2016). came in second in terms of engagement as well (Chaffey. The platform has showed 47% diffusion in population. the current social media platform that dominates in the social networking is none other than Facebook as it is also the most used actively by the internets users. Instagram. however.countless great minds. 2016). and though it is no longer considered as a primary social networking site in most countries at present day. One of the earliest platforms that was launched for social media privilege was BBS or Bulletin Board System. it grew to become a focal point in the internet’s social interactivity (Digital Trends. developed by the same company. MySpace was once the perennial favorite. According to statistics. MySpace also launched in 2003. However it wasn’t until the launch of Friendster in 2002 which caused social networking to really become a core for interaction. 15 . Al Gore claimed he “took the initiative in creating” it. Overtime.

objective. research population/ respondents. systematic process for obtaining quantifiable information about the world.1 Research Locale 16 . and analyzed through the use of ststistics. Chapter III METHODOLOGY This chapter presents the methods and procedures that will be used in the study. The research design. RESEARCH DESIGN This study will be utilizing a descriptive design of research. and research instrument. research setting. presented in numerical form. RESEARCH LOCALE Figure 3. This study will require a quantitative method for the analysis which is formal.

RESEARCH RESPONDENTS The data will be gathered among nursing students of the College of Nursing. Maramag. Dologon. Approximately. Part IV of the questionnaire the respondents will rank the social media according to usage. Part II will contain a check list of what gadget thus the respondent’s uses will using social media. there will be 100-116 participants based on the number of enrollees last school year. Central Mindanao University. From August 2016 to December 2016. Part III will contain of the questions about the duration and expenditure for social media use. And lastly for part V the respondents will write the reason why he/she is using social media. what will be the benefits and adverse effects of social media. College of Nursing. 17 .The study will be conducted at Central Mindanao University. RESEARCH INSTRUMENT A questionnaire will be used to abstract information from the participants. The research will exclude the students that were not enrolled on the college of nursing for the 1 st semester. The questionnaire will be composed of the following parts: Part I of the questionnaire will contain information about the student’s demographic and socioeconomic data. Bukidnon enrolled during 1st semester of school year 2016-2017.

A. (2014). 18 . K. Judilla. The Influence of Social Networking Participation on Student Academic Performance Across Gender Lines . (2010). e. Serious social media: On the use of social media for improving students' adjustment to college. In The Internet and Higher Education (pp. 15-23). Flad. United States : Elsevier Inc. (2015). Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities Research . INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL NETWORKING ON THE STUDY HABITS AND PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN A STATE UNIVERSITY. (2011).Bibliography Deandrea. D. Retrieved from Retrieved from Usage and Population Statistic:. Internet World Statistics.

APPENDICES 19 .

There will be no procedures that could harm anybody in the study. No one will be able to identify you. It is rest assured that there will be free from discomforts during the conduct of the study. Cris Joy C. Inform Consent June 20. unlike to other researches. Cariaga Researcher 20 . A.Your participation in the said study will be much needed by answering the 30-item questionnaire that will be given to you. The information that you will provide during the course of the study will be rest assured kept confidential as you will not be identified in the study. Your voluntary participation will be very helpful in the conduct of this study during the data gathering. The researcher is conducting a research entitled. “Use of Social Media among BS Nursing Students of Central Mindanao University: Implication to Academic Performance” . and the information will be solely be used in this research and will not be disseminated outside the group premises. This letter is given to you with the purpose of assuring that you are given full information with regards to making an informed decision to be a subject in a study involving research. Sincerely yours. 2016 Dear Research Participant.

DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIOECONOMIC PROFILE Name of the respondent: Age: Gender: II.Internet Café CP. B.Cellphone PN.Personal Computer 21 .tablet PC. Your Information will be kept strictly confidential. Please put ( / ) Religion: Year level: on what Date of birth: Address: gadget Email: Optional) Cellphone you number: Monthly allowance: were using on a specific social media site.Laptop Tab. Questionnaire Instructions: Please answer the following as accurately as possible and write your answers on the space provided. I.Piso net LT. IC PN Tab CP LT PC Facebook [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] Instagram [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] Twitter [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] Pinterest [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] Wattpad [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] IC.

00 Adviser ₱2.000. Honorarium 7. 4.00 B. Number of hour Expenditure in Php spent Facebook Instagram Twitter Pinterest Wattpad IV.00 Panel ₱2. Maintenance and Other ₱ . Indicate answers by filling up the number of hours of engaging on social medias and expenditure fill ups. III.000. What can you gain from using the social media platforms you indicated above? VII. What is the disadvantages on using the social media platforms you indicated above? C. Why are you using the above platform? VI.00 Statistician ₱1. V. 5.000.00 Grammarian ₱2. Write the type of social media you are using and rank them according to the mostly used platform (1 being the mostly used social media platform) 1.000. Estimated Budgetary Plan ITEM OF EXPENDITURE AMOUNT TOTAL ₱ A. 3.000. 2.

500.00 ₱ Total ₱28.000.00 Paper ₱1.000.00 Internet Modem ₱2.000.operating expenses 21.500.000.00 Snacks ₱1.00 Fare / Travelling Expenses ₱500.000.500.00 28.00 Supplies and Materials Book Binding ₱5.00 Ink Refill ₱2.000.00 Photocopy ₱1.00 .