Design of Floor Slabs (fc’ = 28 MPa, fy = 276 MPa

)

Common design parameters:

To control deflection, r ≤ 0.18fc’/ fy = 0.0182609
Strength ratio, m = fy / (0.18)(fc’ ) = 11.596639
Required bending coefficient, Ru = 4.5063529
Minimum flexural reinforcement ratio (NSCP Section 410.6.1)
 min = 0.004793 > 1.4/ fy = 0.0050725

Slab Designation: 2S1-2S2/3S1-3S2/RS1-RS2
Check if one-way or two-way slab
Short span 2S1/2S4: La = 3.15
Short span 2S2/2S3: L a
= 3.125
Long span 2S1-2S4: Lb = 7.25
Ratio, m = La/Lb = 0.4344828 < 0.50 therefore, one way
Minimum slab thickness ( NSCP Table 409-1 for one-end continuous)
Minimum t = 97.630952 try 100 mm
Dead load
Slab weight = 2.95
Cement finish = 1.53
Ceiling suspended loads = 0.48
Total dead load = 4.96
Live load
Production area = 4.8
Factored loads
Factored deal load = 6.944
Factored live load = 8.16
Total factored load = 15.104
Check limitations (NSCP Section 408.4.3)
a) LL/DL = 0.9677419 < 3
b) (L-S)/S = 0.008 < 0.2
c) Load is uniformly distributed
Design moments (NSCP Section 408.4.3)
-M1 = 6.24456
+M2 = 10.70496
-M3 = 14.868236
+M4 = 9.21875
-M5 = 13.4090909
Check effective depth to control deflection based on maximum factored moment = 14.868236
Required effective depth, d req'd = 60.547451
Actual effective depth, d form = 74 > 57.80134 mm OK
Check effective depth for shear
Shear at supports, R = 27.35712
Shear capacity, Vc = 55.472586 > 26.40941 kN OK
Compute steel reinforcements
Section Mu Ru Req'd  Use  As s
1 6.24456 1.26705625 0.00472 0.0062933 465.70648 242.72799 say 200 mm
2 10.70496 2.17209642 0.0082662 0.0082662 611.70117 184.79612 say 150 mm
3 14.868236 3.01684847 0.0117284 0.0117284 867.9043 130.24477 say 100 mm
4 9.21875 1.87053608 0.007067 0.007067 522.95567 216.15599 say 200 mm
5 13.4090909091 2.72077975 0.010497 0.010497 776.77651 145.52448 say 100 mm

25 Ratio. RB-1.56 Slab Designation: 2S3 Check if one-way or two-way slab Check span in short direction. Ast = 0.56 2B-1.2/1-2.2/1-2.96 Live load Production area = 4.48 Total dead load = 4.8 Factored loads Factored deal load = 6. use 10 mm bars @ . use 12 mm bars @ 0. 3B-1.25m o. temperature bars Loads transmitted to supporting beams by 2S1 2G-1.6 > 0.002bt = 250 Using 10 mm f bars: A b = 78.2/1-2.) Ma = 3.5114 mm OK .2/1-2.  = 0.00472 Steel area.812 LL = 7.95 Cement finish = 1. As = 465.5 Req'd spacing: s = 314 Max spacing: s = 625 Therefore.3/1-2: DL = 7. RG-1.04 Required spacing. Ru = 1.104 Design moments case 4 m= 0.c.6 (-) Ma = 13. s = 242.15 Clear span in long direction.50 (two-way) Minimum slab thickness Minimum t = 97.347922 Actual effective depth.16 Total factored load = 15.2 m top bars @ discontinuous edge Compute temperature bars For fy = 276 MPa.72799 Therefore.2/1-2: DL = 8.3/1-2. 3G-2/1-2. RB-1. La = 3.1/1-2. 3B-1.812 LL = 7.0766267 (-) Mb = 4.70648 Area of 12 mm f bars: Ab = 113. m = 0. RG-2/1-2: DL = 7.53 Ceiling suspended loads = 0.363948 At discontinuous edge: ( .579344 (+) Mb = 3.3/1-2. 3G-1.0255422 At discontinuous edge: ( + ) Mb = 1.222222 try 100 mm Dead load Slab weight = 2.2670562 Steel Ratio.121316 Check effective depth for flexure Required effective depth. Sample computations: For Mu = 6.24456 Moment resistance coefficient. Lb = 5.9838 LL = 8.944 Factored live load = 8. d form = 74 > 56.33838 (+) Ma = 9. 2G-2/1-2. d req'd = 57.694 Loads transmitted to supporting beams by 2S2 2B-1.

RB-2/3: DL = 7. Ast = 0.0104378 Steel area.1 m o.0069532 0.1 Clear span in long direction.12 = 62 (long direction steel is placed on top of short direction steel at midspan) **temperature controls.3B-2/3.) Ma.) Ma.97235172 0.2 say 300 mm *d = 74 .104 Design moments case 9 m= 0.50 (two-way) Minimum slab thickness Minimum t = 96.6916 say 200 mm ( .discont 1. La = 3.2 say 300 mm ( .9183 . Vc = 55.8641 Area of 12 mm f bars: A b = 113.666667 try 100 mm Dead load Slab weight = 2.8 Factored loads Factored deal load = 6.121316 0. Lb = 5.) Mb.c top bars Loads transmitted to supporting beams 2G-3/3.mid 9.33838016 2.5904762 > 0.76206 say 100 mm ( + ) Ma.7064321 Steel Ratio.02554224 0.RG-3/3.0035981 0.812 LL = 7.944 Factored live load = 8.472586 > 21.  = 0.48 Total dead load = 4.56 Slab Designation: 2S4/3S4/RS4 Check if one-way or two-way slab Check span in short direction.3G-6/1.discont 3.22752131 0.61389949 0.0104378 0.92917458 0.2B-2/3.0011044 200 565.0022537 0.616768 Shear capacity.172032 In long direction: Vb = 2.8641 109.04 Required spacing. m = 0.RG-7/1: DL = 7.25 Ratio.07662672 1.1064 2G-6/1.2 say 300 mm ( + ) Mb.mid 3.33838 Moment resistance coefficient.76206 Therefore.58682 kN OK Compute steel reinforcements Section Mu Ru Req'd  Use  As s ( .002bt = 250 Sample computations: For Mu = 13.0139171 1029.2G-7/1.0069532 514.3G-7/1.95 Cement finish = 1.cont 4.003005 200 565.6 (-) Ma = 12.3G-3/3.53946 219.53 Ceiling suspended loads = 0.003435 0.0047975 200 565.00458 200 565.70643214 0. Ru = 2.Check effective depth for shear In short direction: Va = 21. As = 1029.16 Total factored load = 15.2 say 300 mm ( . s = 109.RG-6/1.579344 0.0008283 0. use 12 mm bars @ 0.363948 0.84169847 0.96 Live load Production area = 4.) Mb.cont 13.34328 LL = 7.

57661 say 100 mm ( + ) Ma.RG-6/1.0005753 0.RG-7/1: DL = 7.76681 mm OK Check effective depth for shear In short direction: Va = 22.91830016 2.9936 2G-6/1.15826272 0.779982 Check effective depth for flexure Required effective depth.56 Slab Designation: 2S5 Check if one-way or two-way slab Check span in short direction. d req'd = 56.0007671 200 565.779982 At discontinuous edge: ( + ) Mb = 0. (+) Ma = 7.mid 7. As = 995.) Mb.3B-2/3.0100873 0.50 (two-way) Minimum slab thickness Minimum t = 49.779982 0.0100873 Steel area.96 .) Ma.57661 Therefore. Lb = 2.RG-2/3.62119555 0.444444 try 100 mm Dead load Slab weight = 2.3B-2/3. Ast = 0.002bt = 250 Sample computations: For Mu = 12.472586 > 19.0289846 (-) Mb = 2.0018563 0.67636316 0.339946 0.discont 0.02898464 1.2G-7/1.46989 say 250 mm ( .59644 286.2 say 300 mm ( .  = 0. d form = 74 > 53.45 Clear span in long direction. m = 0.95 Cement finish = 1.) Ma. top bars Loads transmitted to supporting beams 2G-2/3.812 LL = 7.mid 2.9183 Moment resistance coefficient. s = 113.006528 In long direction: Vb = 1.0024751 200 565.12 = 62 (long direction steel is placed on top of short direction steel at midspan) **temperature controls.0033153 200 565.cont 2. La = 2.22672 LL = 6.98 > 0.437638 Actual effective depth.87212 kN OK Compute steel reinforcements Section Mu Ru Req'd  Use  As s ( .497824 0.339946 At discontinuous edge: ( .497824 (+) Mb = 2.1 m o.3G-2/3.5068225 0.6211956 Steel Ratio.17056 Shear capacity.3G-7/1.04 Required spacing.2 say 300 mm ( + ) Mb.53 Ceiling suspended loads = 0. Vc = 55. Ru = 2.) Mb = 0.3G-6/1.0053324 0.2 say 300 mm *d = 74 .cont 12.0134497 995.c.27539 Area of 12 mm f bars: Ab = 113.4262204 0.5 Ratio.27539 113.0053324 394.48 Total dead load = 4.RB-2/3: DL = 7. use 12 mm bars @ 0.0024864 0.

60144469 0.c.mid 2.) Ma.cont 5.) Mb = 0.Live load Production area = 4.) Mb.0057047 422.98 (-) Ma = 5.18272 0.discont 0. As = 422.) Ma.7275733 Check effective depth for flexure Required effective depth. 2B-4: DL = 1.472586 > 11. use 12 mm bars @ 0.12 = 62 (long direction steel is placed on top of short direction steel at midspan) **temperature controls.14762871 0.02 Slab Designation: 2S6/3S6 Check if one-way or two-way slab .0029432 200 565.0023171 0. d form = 74 > 30.692646 In long direction: Vb = 5.0042786 Steel area.0022074 0.2B-3: DL = 5.77189 Therefore. bottom bars Loads transmitted to supporting beams 2G-2/3.2 say 300 mm ( .0005366 0.77189 say 300 mm ( + ) Ma.96416 0.483940144 0.1515758 0.96416 (+) Mb = 2.0007154 200 565.6754262 Moment resistance coefficient.104 Design moments case 9 m= 0.45173 kN OK Compute steel reinforcements Section Mu Ru Req'd  Use  As s ( .675426176 1.15035 267.3 m o.0042786 0.0018459 0.054 LL = 1.cont 2.18272 At discontinuous edge: ( . Ru = 1.4839401 (-) Mb = 2.7275733333 0.63091687 0.8 Factored loads Factored deal load = 6.944 Factored live load = 8. Ast = 0.998 2G-7/2.1646 LL = 4.1515758 Steel Ratio.2 say 300 mm ( + ) Mb.50400539 0.  = 0.16 say 300 mm ( .8097536 Shear capacity.2 say 300 mm *d = 74 . d req'd = 37.0018459 250 452. s = 267.16 Total factored load = 15.98426 mm OK Check effective depth for shear In short direction: Va = 12. Vc = 55.408077 Actual effective depth.0030894 200 565.04 Required spacing.mid 2.15035 Area of 12 mm f bars: Ab = 113.002bt = 250 Sample computations: For Mu = 5.6754262 (+) Ma = 2.

Ast = 0. d req'd = 43.104 Check limitations (NSCP Section 408. As = 425.55 Ratio.88771 mm OK Check effective depth for shear Shear at supports.3740458 < 0.85991 Therefore. 3B-4: DL = 6.85991 say 200 mm 2 6. R = 18. top bars Compute temperature bars For fy = 276 MPa.18632 Area of 12 mm f bars: Ab = 113.5551467 Required effective depth.9874 .48 Total dead load = 4.53298163 0.31398425 0.96 Live load Production area = 4. Ru = 1. d form = 74 > 47.18632 265.95 Cement finish = 1.c.8 Factored loads Factored deal load = 6.  = 0.c temp bars Loads transmitted to supporting beams 2B-4.5329816 Steel Ratio.47584 1.20 c) Load is uniformly distributed Compute moments (NSCP Section 408.0049001 362. Lb = 6.M1 = 7.357143 try 100 mm Dead load Slab weight = 2.66823 kN OK Compute steel reinforcements Section Mu Ru Req'd  Use  As s 1 7.0057458 0.472586 > 20. use 10 mm bars @ . + M2 = 6. Vc = 55.47584 Check effective depth to control deflection based on maximum factored moment = 7.2 m o.9677419 < 3 b) (L-S)/S < 0.16 Total factored load = 15. Clear span in short direction. m = 0.0057458 Steel area.944 Factored live load = 8.4.5551467 At midspan.5 Req'd spacing: s = 392.076 LL = 5.25 mm o.5024 Shear capacity.3) For span ledd than 3 m: At supports.88 2G-6/2.60553 311.45 Clear span in long direction.5551467 Moment resistance coefficient.74373 say 200 mm Sample computations: For Mu = 7.5 Max spacing: s = 625 Therefore. .5551466667 1.0049001 0.0057458 425.160612 Actual effective depth.4.53 Ceiling suspended loads = 0.04 Required spacing. s = 265.3) a) LL/DL = 0.50 (one-way) Minimum slab thickness Minimum t = 89. 3G-6/2: DL = 6. use 12 mm bars @ 0.002bt = 200 Using 10 mm f bars: Ab = 78. La = 2.

 = 0.002bt = 200 Using 10 mm f bars: Ab = 78.27194 Maximum spacing. As = 240. 3G-7/1-2. RG-7/1-2: DL = 2.3 m o.534 Shear capacity: Vc = 55.37156 Area of 12-mm bars: Ab = 113.50 (two-way) Minimum slab thickness Minimum t = 61.25 mm o. d = 28. 2G-7/1-2. s = 470.3/1-3.5 Req'd spacing: s = 392.472586 > 6.7903226 > 0.c top bars Spacing of 10-mm f temperature bars For fy = 276 MPa.3/1-3.0024362 <  min (4/3)r = 0.9 Slab Designation: RS6 Check if one-way or two-way slab Clear span in short direction.c temp bars Loads transmitted to supporting beams 2G-1.9 Factored loads Factored dead load = 3.381851 Actual effective depth. Lb = 3.00324826 Steel area.3/1-3. Ast = 0. s = 300 Therefore.267 Check effective depth for flexure Required effective depth.5 try 100 mm Dead load Slab weight = 2.04 Spacing of 12-mm f bars. La = 2.23 Total factored load = 6.36 Live load Canopy = 1.1 Ratio. use 12 mm bars @ .95 .534 Compute moments At support: (-) M1 = 3.666667 try 100 mm Dead load Slab weight = 2. 3G-1. m = 0.5 Max spacing: s = 500 Therefore. d = 74 > 29 OK Check effective depth for shear At support: V1 = 6. LL = 6.762 Slab designation: CS1 Check if one-way or two-way slab Clear span in short direction.304 Factored live load = 3. RG-1.45 Clear span in long direction.534 OK Flexural steel at support Bending coefficient.36 LL = 1.6628926 Steel ratio. La = 1 Slab is one way since it is catilever slab Minimum slab thickness min t = 69. use 10 mm bars @ . Ru = 0.

9190349 (+) Mb = 2.) Mb.16 Total factored load = 15.136704 In long direction: Vb = 7.) Ma.48 Total dead load = 4.19572567 0.104 Design moments case 2 m= 0.53765504 0.61392 LL = 2.83294 mm OK Check effective depth for shear In short direction: Va = 13.cont 5.0059293 438.90 (-) Ma = 5. La = 3.925941 > 12. RG-2/3: DL = 2.35558 kN OK Compute steel reinforcements Section Mu Ru Req'd  Use  As s ( .49547 say 400 mm ( .25038 400.944 Factored live load = 8. RB-4: DL = 4. d req'd = 38.73351111 0.5296 Slab Designation: US1 Check if one-way or two-way slab Clear span in short direction.8930144 1.004447 Steel area.40096 Shear capacity.8266178 (-) Mb = 3.79519416 0.62853 Maximum spacing.0028606 0. s = 300 Therefore.0039079 289.77127 257. d form = 74 > 38.2 m o.8930144 (+) Ma = 3.0029309 0.01016 LL = 3.0026999 0. use 12 mm bars @ 0.18692 390.11842 Actual effective depth.537655 Check effective depth for flexure Required effective depth.0038142 282. Ru = 1. Cement finish = 1. s = 257.39172 424.77127 Area of 12 mm f bars: Ab = 113.004447 0.  = 0.7903226 use m = 0.002bt = 250 Sample computations: For Mu = 5.0035999 266.15 .62853 say 200 mm ( + ) Ma.12 = 62 (long direction steel is placed on top of short direction steel at midspan) **temperature controls.33751 say 400 mm *d = 74 .04 Required spacing.cont 3.mid 3. Vc = 18.mid 2. Ast = 0.8808 RB-1/3.91903488 0.82661776 0.8930144 Moment resistance coefficient.8 Factored loads Factored deal load = 6.c top bars Loads transmitted to supporting beams RG-6/2.53 Ceiling suspended loads = 0.7764422 0. As = 438.1957257 Steel Ratio.88905 say 300 mm ( + ) Mb.96 Live load Same as lower floor = 4.

50 (one-way) Minimum slab thickness Minimum t = 91.72182 Therefore.c.1072525 Check effective depth for flexure Required effective depth. + M2 = 5.005997 443.473 LL = 2.72182 say 300 mm 2 5.3) For span less than 3 m: At supports. Ast = 0.2090052 0.36 Ceiling suspended loads = 0.9925 .329504 Actual effective depth. s = 254.1072525 1.84 Live load Upper deck = 1.89799 298. As = 443.4. R = 11.125 try 100 mm Dead load Slab weight = 2.77823 254.3 mm o.  = 0.0051202 378.c temp bars Loads transmitted to supporting beams UB-4.5 Max spacing: s = 500 Therefore.34945 Shear capacity.13925 OK Compute steel reinforcements Section Mu Ru Req'd  Use  As s 1 5.480916 < 0.85009 mm OK Check effective depth for shear Shear at supports.03629018 0.33887 say 300 mm Sample computations: For Mu = 5. .55 Ratio.23 Total factored load = 7. m = 0.3 m o. UB-5: DL = 4.M1 = 5.04 Required spacing.48 Total dead load = 2.206 Compute moments (NSCP Section 408.5 Req'd spacing: s = 392.77823 Area of 12 mm f bars: Ab = 113.976 Factored live load = 3.002bt = 200 Using 10 mm f bars: A+D31 = 78.9584613 At midspan. d req'd = 38. use 10 mm bars @ .2090052 Steel Ratio.472586 > 10.9 Factored loads Factored deal load = 3. Ru = 1. Lb = 6. Vc = 55.0044978 Steel area. Clear span in long direction.9584613 Moment resistance coefficient. top bars Compute temperature bars For fy = 276 MPa. d form = 74 > 33.95846125 1.0044978 0.0038402 0. use 12 mm bars @ 0.

0058771 434.8451018586 0.0110116 814.0110116 0.0077077 0.0077077 570.86018 138.0322214106 0.Section Mu Ru Req'r p Use p As s 1 5.0156 2.91908 say 250 2 10.0218 2.90459 259.185455726 0.0044078 0.8424 1.18746 say150 3 14.36908 198.72319 say 100 .

0067033 496. 4 8.7636 1.7471 2.04522 227.60397 say 150 m= 11.91908 fc' = 28 s max = 300 .88245 say 200 5 12.0067033 0.0099448 0.778183589 0.9185 153.5864580797 0.0099448 735.6 Ab = 113.04 fy = 276 s req'd = 259.

1) p min = 0.18fc’/ fy = 0. m = fy / (0. r ≤ 0.18)(fc’ ) = 11.0050725 .6.0182609 Strength ratio.4/ fy = 0.596639 Required bending coefficient.5063529 Minimum flexural reinforcement ratio (NSCP Section 410.Common design parameters: To control deflection. Ru = 4.004793 > 1.

m = fy / (0.004793 > 1.6.5063529 Minimum flexural reinforcement ratio (NSCP Section 410.Common design parameters: To control deflection.1) p min = 0. r ≤ 0.875 0.85 0.18fc’/ fy = 0.4/ fy = 0.37 . Ru = 4.596639 Required bending coefficient.0050725 0.4 0.18)(fc’ ) = 11.34 -0.0182609 Strength ratio.9 0.

m = fy / (0.4/ fy = 0. Ru = 4.5063529 Minimum flexural reinforcement ratio (NSCP Section 410.1) p min = 0. r ≤ 0.004793 > 1.0050725 .6.18)(fc’ ) = 11.596639 Required bending coefficient.0182609 Strength ratio.Common design parameters: To control deflection.18fc’/ fy = 0.

.

4/ fy = 0. r ≤ 0. m = fy / (0.004793 > 1. Ru = 4.0050725 .1) r min = 0.18)(fc’ ) = 11.6.18fc’/ fy = 0.5063529 Minimum flexural reinforcement ratio (NSCP Section 410.596639 Required bending coefficient.0182609 Strength ratio.Common design parameters: To control deflection.

Ru = 4.5063529 Minimum flexural reinforcement ratio (NSCP Section 410. m = fy / (0.18)(fc’ ) = 11.004793 > 1. r ≤ 0.6.4/ fy = 0.0182609 Strength ratio.1) r min = 0.Common design parameters: To control deflection.596639 Required bending coefficient.18fc’/ fy = 0.0050725 .

6.0050725 .18fc’/ fy = 0.18)(fc’ ) = 11. r ≤ 0.004793 > 1.1) r min = 0.4/ fy = 0.596639 Required bending coefficient.0182609 Strength ratio.Common design parameters: To control deflection.5063529 Minimum flexural reinforcement ratio (NSCP Section 410. Ru = 4. m = fy / (0.