# Design of Floor Slabs (fc’ = 28 MPa, fy = 276 MPa

)

Common design parameters:

To control deflection, r ≤ 0.18fc’/ fy = 0.0182609
Strength ratio, m = fy / (0.18)(fc’ ) = 11.596639
Required bending coefficient, Ru = 4.5063529
Minimum flexural reinforcement ratio (NSCP Section 410.6.1)
 min = 0.004793 > 1.4/ fy = 0.0050725

Slab Designation: 2S1-2S2/3S1-3S2/RS1-RS2
Check if one-way or two-way slab
Short span 2S1/2S4: La = 3.15
Short span 2S2/2S3: L a
= 3.125
Long span 2S1-2S4: Lb = 7.25
Ratio, m = La/Lb = 0.4344828 < 0.50 therefore, one way
Minimum slab thickness ( NSCP Table 409-1 for one-end continuous)
Minimum t = 97.630952 try 100 mm
Slab weight = 2.95
Cement finish = 1.53
Production area = 4.8
Check limitations (NSCP Section 408.4.3)
a) LL/DL = 0.9677419 < 3
b) (L-S)/S = 0.008 < 0.2
Design moments (NSCP Section 408.4.3)
-M1 = 6.24456
+M2 = 10.70496
-M3 = 14.868236
+M4 = 9.21875
-M5 = 13.4090909
Check effective depth to control deflection based on maximum factored moment = 14.868236
Required effective depth, d req'd = 60.547451
Actual effective depth, d form = 74 > 57.80134 mm OK
Check effective depth for shear
Shear at supports, R = 27.35712
Shear capacity, Vc = 55.472586 > 26.40941 kN OK
Compute steel reinforcements
Section Mu Ru Req'd  Use  As s
1 6.24456 1.26705625 0.00472 0.0062933 465.70648 242.72799 say 200 mm
2 10.70496 2.17209642 0.0082662 0.0082662 611.70117 184.79612 say 150 mm
3 14.868236 3.01684847 0.0117284 0.0117284 867.9043 130.24477 say 100 mm
4 9.21875 1.87053608 0.007067 0.007067 522.95567 216.15599 say 200 mm
5 13.4090909091 2.72077975 0.010497 0.010497 776.77651 145.52448 say 100 mm

57661 say 100 mm ( + ) Ma.RG-6/1.0005753 0.RG-7/1: DL = 7.76681 mm OK Check effective depth for shear In short direction: Va = 22.91830016 2.9936 2G-6/1.15826272 0.779982 Check effective depth for flexure Required effective depth.56 Slab Designation: 2S5 Check if one-way or two-way slab Check span in short direction. d req'd = 56.0007671 200 565.779982 At discontinuous edge: ( + ) Mb = 0. (+) Ma = 7.mid 7. As = 995.) Mb.3B-2/3.0100873 0.50 (two-way) Minimum slab thickness Minimum t = 49.779982 0.0100873 Steel area.96 .) Ma.57661 Therefore. Lb = 2.RG-2/3.62119555 0.444444 try 100 mm Dead load Slab weight = 2.3B-2/3. Ast = 0.002bt = 250 Sample computations: For Mu = 12.472586 > 19.0289846 (-) Mb = 2.0018563 0.67636316 0.339946 0.discont 0.02898464 1.2G-7/1.46989 say 250 mm ( .59644 286.2 say 300 mm ( .  = 0. d form = 74 > 53.45 Clear span in long direction. m = 0.95 Cement finish = 1.) Ma. top bars Loads transmitted to supporting beams 2G-2/3.812 LL = 7.mid 2.9183 Moment resistance coefficient. s = 113.006528 In long direction: Vb = 1.0024751 200 565.12 = 62 (long direction steel is placed on top of short direction steel at midspan) **temperature controls.0033153 200 565.cont 2. La = 2.22672 LL = 6.98 > 0.437638 Actual effective depth.87212 kN OK Compute steel reinforcements Section Mu Ru Req'd  Use  As s ( .497824 0.339946 At discontinuous edge: ( .497824 (+) Mb = 2.1 m o.3G-2/3.5068225 0.6211956 Steel Ratio.17056 Shear capacity.3G-7/1.04 Required spacing.2 say 300 mm ( + ) Mb.53 Ceiling suspended loads = 0. Vc = 55. Ru = 2.) Mb = 0.3G-6/1.0053324 0.2 say 300 mm *d = 74 .cont 12.0134497 995.c.27539 Area of 12 mm f bars: Ab = 113.4262204 0.5 Ratio.27539 113.0053324 394.48 Total dead load = 4.RB-2/3: DL = 7. use 12 mm bars @ 0.0024864 0.

60144469 0.c.mid 2.) Ma.cont 5.) Mb = 0.Live load Production area = 4.) Mb.0057047 422.98 (-) Ma = 5.18272 0.discont 0. As = 422.) Ma.7275733 Check effective depth for flexure Required effective depth. 2B-4: DL = 1.472586 > 11. use 12 mm bars @ 0.12 = 62 (long direction steel is placed on top of short direction steel at midspan) **temperature controls.14762871 0.02 Slab Designation: 2S6/3S6 Check if one-way or two-way slab .0029432 200 565.0023171 0. d form = 74 > 30.692646 In long direction: Vb = 5.0042786 Steel area.0022074 0.2B-3: DL = 5.77189 Therefore. bottom bars Loads transmitted to supporting beams 2G-2/3.2 say 300 mm ( .0005366 0.77189 say 300 mm ( + ) Ma.96416 0.483940144 0.1515758 0.96416 (+) Mb = 2.0007154 200 565.6754262 Moment resistance coefficient.104 Design moments case 9 m= 0.45173 kN OK Compute steel reinforcements Section Mu Ru Req'd  Use  As s ( .675426176 1.15035 267.3 m o.0042786 0.0018459 0.054 LL = 1.cont 2.18272 At discontinuous edge: ( . Ru = 1.4839401 (-) Mb = 2.7275733333 0.63091687 0.8 Factored loads Factored deal load = 6.944 Factored live load = 8. Ast = 0.998 2G-7/2.1646 LL = 4.1515758 Steel Ratio.2 say 300 mm ( + ) Mb.50400539 0.  = 0.16 say 300 mm ( .8097536 Shear capacity.2 say 300 mm *d = 74 . d req'd = 37.0018459 250 452. s = 267.16 Total factored load = 15.98426 mm OK Check effective depth for shear In short direction: Va = 12. Vc = 55.408077 Actual effective depth.0030894 200 565.04 Required spacing.mid 2.15035 Area of 12 mm f bars: Ab = 113.002bt = 250 Sample computations: For Mu = 5.6754262 (+) Ma = 2.

9190349 (+) Mb = 2.) Mb.16 Total factored load = 15.136704 In long direction: Vb = 7.) Ma.48 Total dead load = 4.19572567 0.104 Design moments case 2 m= 0.53765504 0.61392 LL = 2.83294 mm OK Check effective depth for shear In short direction: Va = 13.cont 5.0059293 438.90 (-) Ma = 5. La = 3.925941 > 12. RG-2/3: DL = 2.35558 kN OK Compute steel reinforcements Section Mu Ru Req'd  Use  As s ( .49547 say 400 mm ( .25038 400.944 Factored live load = 8. RB-4: DL = 4. d req'd = 38.73351111 0.5296 Slab Designation: US1 Check if one-way or two-way slab Clear span in short direction.8930144 1.004447 Steel area.40096 Shear capacity.8266178 (-) Mb = 3.79519416 0.62853 Maximum spacing.0028606 0. s = 300 Therefore.0039079 289.77127 257. d form = 74 > 38.2 m o.8930144 (+) Ma = 3.0029309 0.01016 LL = 3.0026999 0. use 12 mm bars @ 0.18692 390.11842 Actual effective depth.537655 Check effective depth for flexure Required effective depth.0038142 282. Ru = 1. Cement finish = 1. s = 257.39172 424.77127 Area of 12 mm f bars: Ab = 113.004447 0.  = 0.7903226 use m = 0.002bt = 250 Sample computations: For Mu = 5.0035999 266.15 .62853 say 200 mm ( + ) Ma.12 = 62 (long direction steel is placed on top of short direction steel at midspan) **temperature controls.33751 say 400 mm *d = 74 .04 Required spacing.cont 3.mid 3. Vc = 18.mid 2. Ast = 0.8808 RB-1/3.91903488 0.82661776 0.8930144 Moment resistance coefficient.8 Factored loads Factored deal load = 6.c top bars Loads transmitted to supporting beams RG-6/2.53 Ceiling suspended loads = 0.7764422 0. As = 438.1957257 Steel Ratio.88905 say 300 mm ( + ) Mb.96 Live load Same as lower floor = 4.

0058771 434.8451018586 0.0110116 814.0110116 0.0077077 0.0077077 570.86018 138.0322214106 0.Section Mu Ru Req'r p Use p As s 1 5.0156 2.91908 say 250 2 10.0218 2.90459 259.185455726 0.0044078 0.8424 1.18746 say150 3 14.36908 198.72319 say 100 .

0067033 496. 4 8.7636 1.7471 2.04522 227.60397 say 150 m= 11.91908 fc' = 28 s max = 300 .88245 say 200 5 12.0067033 0.0099448 0.778183589 0.9185 153.5864580797 0.0099448 735.6 Ab = 113.04 fy = 276 s req'd = 259.

1) p min = 0.18fc’/ fy = 0. m = fy / (0. r ≤ 0.18)(fc’ ) = 11.0050725 .6.0182609 Strength ratio.4/ fy = 0.596639 Required bending coefficient.5063529 Minimum flexural reinforcement ratio (NSCP Section 410.Common design parameters: To control deflection. Ru = 4.004793 > 1.

m = fy / (0.004793 > 1.6.5063529 Minimum flexural reinforcement ratio (NSCP Section 410.Common design parameters: To control deflection.1) p min = 0. r ≤ 0.875 0.85 0.18fc’/ fy = 0.4/ fy = 0.37 . Ru = 4.596639 Required bending coefficient.0050725 0.4 0.18)(fc’ ) = 11.34 -0.0182609 Strength ratio.9 0.

m = fy / (0.4/ fy = 0. Ru = 4.5063529 Minimum flexural reinforcement ratio (NSCP Section 410.1) p min = 0. r ≤ 0.004793 > 1.0050725 .6.18)(fc’ ) = 11.596639 Required bending coefficient.0182609 Strength ratio.Common design parameters: To control deflection.18fc’/ fy = 0.

.

4/ fy = 0. r ≤ 0. m = fy / (0.004793 > 1. Ru = 4.0050725 .1) r min = 0.18)(fc’ ) = 11.6.18fc’/ fy = 0.5063529 Minimum flexural reinforcement ratio (NSCP Section 410.596639 Required bending coefficient.0182609 Strength ratio.Common design parameters: To control deflection.

Ru = 4.5063529 Minimum flexural reinforcement ratio (NSCP Section 410. m = fy / (0.18)(fc’ ) = 11.004793 > 1. r ≤ 0.6.4/ fy = 0.0182609 Strength ratio.1) r min = 0.Common design parameters: To control deflection.596639 Required bending coefficient.18fc’/ fy = 0.0050725 .

6.0050725 .18fc’/ fy = 0.18)(fc’ ) = 11. r ≤ 0.004793 > 1.1) r min = 0.4/ fy = 0.596639 Required bending coefficient.0182609 Strength ratio.Common design parameters: To control deflection.5063529 Minimum flexural reinforcement ratio (NSCP Section 410. Ru = 4. m = fy / (0.