Transfer Theorem for Moment of Inertia

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Transfer Theorem for Moment of Inertia

Transfer Theorem for Moment of Inertia

© All Rights Reserved

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calculated the area and mass moments of inertia via integration, one of the

first things we had to do was to select a point or axis we were going to take

the moment of inertia about. We then measured all distances from that point

or axis, where the distances were the moment arms in our moment integrals.

If we pick a different point or axis to serve as the center all of these

distances will be different, which means that we will get a different moment

of inertia.

The distances used in our moment integrals depend on the point or axis chosen.

For the instance on the right however, each of these distance vectors can

be broken down into a vector from the origin to the centroid, and then a

vector out from the centroid to all the points in the shape. Similarly, we can

find the overall moment of inertia by adding two sets of moment integrals.

The first moment integral will add up all the distance vectors from the origin

to the centroid (This will be like a point mass on a massless stick, so we get a

mass times distance squared term), the second will be the moment integral

about the centroid (which is what is listed in the tables). By adding these two

terms together we can find the moment of inertia about the given origin

point.

The Parallel Axis Theorem states that a bodies moment of inertia about

.

any given axis is the moment of inertia about the centroid plus the mass of the

body times the distance between the point and the centroid squared

This works for both mass and area moments of inertia as well as for both

rectangular and polar moments of inertia. Above the mass moment of inertia

is listed, but if we substitute in areas instead of masses we can use it for

area moments of inertia.

For mass moments of inertia we will use the mass of the body and for

area moments of inertia we will use the area of the shape.

For rectangular area moments of inertia and for 3D mass moments of

inertia the distances in the equation will be the distance between the axis or

rotation and the centroid while for 2D polar moments of inertia we will

measure the distances from the point of rotation to the centroid.

With these equations we can see that the moment of inertia of a body is

always lowest about its centroid (where d = 0), and that the further we move

away from the centroid the larger the moment of inertia will become.

The moment of inertia of an area about any axis is defined as the moment of

inertia of the area about the parallel centroidal axis plus a term equal to the area

multiplied by the square of the perpendicular distance d from the centroidal axis

to the axis in question.

Example #1:

Find the moment of inertia of the dumbbell in Example 8-5 rotated about

one end of the dumbbell.

Parallel-axis theorem:

I = ICM + Mh2

ICM = 144 kg x m2

h = 1.20 m

= 288 kg x m2

Example #2:

A solid sphere with mass 60.0 kg and radius 0.150 m has a moment of

inertia for rotation through its central axis. What will be the

moment of inertia of the sphere, if the rotation axis is changed to pass through a

point on its surface?

Answer: If the rotation axis is changed from the center axis of the sphere to an

axis that connects to the surface of the sphere, then the distance between these

points is the radius of the sphere: d = 0.150 m. The mass and moment of inertia

through the sphere's center of mass are given. Using these, the moment of inertia

for the parallel axis can be calculated using the formula:

The moment of inertia for rotation around the axis at the surface of the sphere is

Exersices

around an axis near one end. The total length of the rod is 10.00 m. What is

the moment of inertia for rotation through the rod's center?

2. Determine the moment of inertia of the shaded area shown with respect to

each of the coordinate axes.

3. Determine the moment of inertia of the shaded area shown with respect to

each of the coordinate axes.

4. Determine the moments of inertia of the beams cross-sectional area shown

about the x and y centroidal axes.

5. Determine the moments of inertia and the radius of gyration of the shaded

area with respect to the x and y axes.

6. A childs swing at a

rustic amusement

park is made up of

an old tire hanging

from a lightweight

rope tied to a tree

limb. The tire has a

radius of 0.310 m

and a mass of 11.0

kg, and hangs from a

rope 2.50 m long. If

the ropetire

combination is

swinging around the

tree limb at 1.20

rad>s at the low

point of its motion, what is its kinetic energy?

[1]

[2]

8. [3]What is the moment of inertia

Two I shaped sections are welded together.

about Axis A-A of this composites sections?

9. A rod of mass M= 3Kg and length pivots about an axis,

perpendicular to its length, which passes through one of its ends. What is

the moment of inertia of the rod?

10. A beam is made by connecting two 2" x 4" beams in a T pattern with

the cross section as shown below. Determine the location of the centroid of

this combined cross section and then find the rectangular area moment of

inertia about the x axis through the centroid point

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