Transfer Theorem for Moment of Inertia

The Transfer Theorem is also known as Parallel-Axis Theorem. When we
calculated the area and mass moments of inertia via integration, one of the
first things we had to do was to select a point or axis we were going to take
the moment of inertia about. We then measured all distances from that point
or axis, where the distances were the moment arms in our moment integrals.
If we pick a different point or axis to serve as the center all of these
distances will be different, which means that we will get a different moment
of inertia.

The distances used in our moment integrals depend on the point or axis chosen.

For the instance on the right however, each of these distance vectors can
be broken down into a vector from the origin to the centroid, and then a
vector out from the centroid to all the points in the shape. Similarly, we can
find the overall moment of inertia by adding two sets of moment integrals.
The first moment integral will add up all the distance vectors from the origin
to the centroid (This will be like a point mass on a massless stick, so we get a
mass times distance squared term), the second will be the moment integral
about the centroid (which is what is listed in the tables). By adding these two
terms together we can find the moment of inertia about the given origin
point.

. any given axis is the moment of inertia about the centroid plus the mass of the body times the distance between the point and the centroid squared This works for both mass and area moments of inertia as well as for both rectangular and polar moments of inertia. For mass moments of inertia we will use the mass of the body and for area moments of inertia we will use the area of the shape. Above the mass moment of inertia is listed. but if we substitute in areas instead of masses we can use it for area moments of inertia. The Parallel Axis Theorem states that a bodies moment of inertia about .

With these equations we can see that the moment of inertia of a body is always lowest about its centroid (where d = 0). For rectangular area moments of inertia and for 3D mass moments of inertia the distances in the equation will be the distance between the axis or rotation and the centroid while for 2D polar moments of inertia we will measure the distances from the point of rotation to the centroid. The moment of inertia of an area about any axis is defined as the moment of inertia of the area about the parallel centroidal axis plus a term equal to the area multiplied by the square of the perpendicular distance d from the centroidal axis to the axis in question. . and that the further we move away from the centroid the larger the moment of inertia will become.

the moment of inertia for the parallel axis can be calculated using the formula: The moment of inertia for rotation around the axis at the surface of the sphere is .0 kg and radius 0.150 m.Example #1: Find the moment of inertia of the dumbbell in Example 8-5 rotated about one end of the dumbbell. What will be the moment of inertia of the sphere.0 kg I = ICM + Mh2 = 144 kg x m2 + (100.150 m has a moment of inertia for rotation through its central axis.20 m M = 50. The mass and moment of inertia through the sphere's center of mass are given. then the distance between these points is the radius of the sphere: d = 0. Parallel-axis theorem: I = ICM + Mh2 ICM = 144 kg x m2 h = 1.0 kg + 50. Using these.0 kg)(1. if the rotation axis is changed to pass through a point on its surface? Answer: If the rotation axis is changed from the center axis of the sphere to an axis that connects to the surface of the sphere.0 kg = 100.20 m)2 = 288 kg x m2 Example #2: A solid sphere with mass 60.

00 m. What is the moment of inertia for rotation through the rod's center? 2. The total length of the rod is 10.Exersices 1. 3. A long rod with mass has a moment of inertia. . Determine the moment of inertia of the shaded area shown with respect to each of the coordinate axes. Determine the moment of inertia of the shaded area shown with respect to each of the coordinate axes. for rotation around an axis near one end.

5. . Determine the moments of inertia of the beamís cross-sectional area shown about the x and y centroidal axes. Determine the moments of inertia and the radius of gyration of the shaded area with respect to the x and y axes.4.

0 kg. [3]What is the moment of inertia Two I shaped sections are welded together.20 rad>s at the low point of its motion. [1] [2] 8.50 m long. about Axis A-A of this composites sections? . If the rope–tire combination is swinging around the tree limb at 1. what is its kinetic energy? 7. A child’s swing at a rustic amusement park is made up of an old tire hanging from a lightweight rope tied to a tree limb.310 m and a mass of 11. The tire has a radius of 0. Determine the moment of inertia.6. and hangs from a rope 2.

which passes through one of its ends. What is the moment of inertia of the rod? 10. A rod of mass M= 3Kg and length pivots about an axis. A beam is made by connecting two 2" x 4" beams in a T pattern with the cross section as shown below. perpendicular to its length. Determine the location of the centroid of this combined cross section and then find the rectangular area moment of inertia about the x axis through the centroid point .9.