2/24/2017 Difference between Power Transformer and Distribution Transformer | EEP

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Difference between Power Transformer and
Distribution Transformer

Difference between Power Transformer and Distribution Transformer (photo credit: dorazioenterprises.com)

Main Differences
Power transformers are used in transmission network of higher voltages for step-up and step down application
(400 kV, 200 kV, 110 kV, 66 kV, 33kV) and are generally rated above 200MVA.

Distribution transformers are used for lower voltage distribution networks as a means to end user connectivity.
(11kV, 6.6 kV, 3.3 kV, 440V, 230V) and are generally rated less than 200 MVA.

http://electrical­engineering­portal.com/difference­between­power­transformer­and­distribution­transformer 1/3

Iron Losses and Copper Losses Power Transformers are used in Transmission network so they do not directly connect to the consumers.high insulation level.com/difference­between­power­transformer­and­distribution­transformer 2/3 . These are independent of time so in calculating the efficiency only power basis is enough. these are not loaded fully at all time so iron losses takes place 24hr a day and cu losses takes place based on load cycle.average loads are about only 75% of full load and these are designed in such a way that max efficiency occurs at 75% of full load. These transformers are designed to utilize the core to maximum and will operate very much near to the knee point of B-H curve (slightly above the knee point value). the maximum efficiency point where both the losses match). These are loaded fully during 24 hr’s a day. In Power Transformer the flux density is higher than the distribution transformer. it used in generating station and Transmission substation .e.2/24/2017 Difference between Power Transformer and Distribution Transformer | EEP Transformer Size / Insulation Level: Power transformer is used for the transmission purpose at heavy load. Maximum Efficiency http://electrical­engineering­portal. Power transformer generally operated at full load. It also having a big in size as compare to distribution transformer.e. the specific weight is more i. so load fluctuations are very less. Distribution transformers obviously cannot be designed like this. Naturally these transformers have the matched iron losses and copper losses at peak load (i. so Cu losses & Fe losses takes place throughout day the specific weight i. It is a bargain between these two points. it is designed such that copper losses are minimal. (iron weight)/(cu weight). having low magnetic losses & it is not always fully loaded. Hence. a distribution transformer is always online and operated at loads less than full load for most of time. high voltage greater than 33 KV & 100% efficiency. (iron weight)/(cu weight) is very less. It depends on the typical load cycle for which it has to supply. easy in installation. Power transformers are used for transmission as a step up devices so that the I2r loss can be minimized for a given power flow. it is designed such that core losses are minimal. The average loads are nearer to full loaded or full load and these are designed in such a way that maximum efficiency at full load condition. Hence. small size. However.e. Hence the all-day-efficiency comes into picture while designing it. As these are time dependent the all day efficiency is defined in order to calculate the efficiency.This brings down the mass of the core enormously. Definitely Core design will be done to take care of peak load and as well as all-day-efficiency. The distribution transformer is used for the distribution of electrical energy at low voltage as less than 33KV in industrial purpose and 440v-220v in domestic purpose. Power Transformers are used in Distribution Network so directly connected to the consumer so load fluctuations are very high. It work at low efficiency at 50-70%.

NEC. Hindi.India. most distribution systems tend to involve many ‘clusters’ of loads fed from distribution transformers. IEC. Because of voltage drop limitations. and this in turn means that the thermal rating of distribution transformers doesn’t have to be very high to support the loads that they have to serve. Powered by CsanyiGroup SHARE TOP Get PDF http://electrical­engineering­portal. He is Technical Blogger and Familiar with English.The secondary voltage is almost always the voltage delivered to the end consumer. Gujarati. . He has published numbers of Technical Articles in "Electrical Mirror". As a result.Jignesh Parmar has completed M. Whereas power transformer is designed for maximum efficiency at 100% load as it always runs at 100% load being near to generating station. Distribution Transformer is used at the distribution level where voltages tend to be lower . "Lighting India". He is member of Institution of Engineers (MIE).E(Electrical). All day efficiency = (Output in KWhr) / (Input in KWhr) in 24 hrs which is always less than power efficiency. "Industrial Electrix"(Australian Power Publications) Magazines. © 2016 EEP .IEEE codes. French languages. He is Presently associate with one of the leading business group as a Deputy Manager at Ahmedabad.B. He wants to Share his experience & Knowledge and help technical enthusiasts to find suitable solutions and updating themselves on various Engineering Topics. Related electrical guides & articles // Share with engineers // About Author // Jignesh Parmar jiguparmar . All Rights Reserved | Privacy Policy | Terms of Service | 40 queries in 0.India.Electrical Engineering Portal.Tech (Power System Control) . it is usually not possible to deliver that secondary voltage over great distances. Its load depends on distribution demand. Membership No:M-1473586.091 seconds.com/difference­between­power­transformer­and­distribution­transformer 3/3 .He has more than 13 years experience in Transmission -Distribution- Electrical Energy theft detection-Electrical Maintenance-Electrical Projects (Planning- Designing-Technical Review-coordination -Execution). "Electrical India". He is Freelancer Programmer of Advance Excel and design useful Excel base Electrical Programs as per IS.2/24/2017 Difference between Power Transformer and Distribution Transformer | EEP The main difference between power and distribution transformer is distribution transformer is designed for maximum efficiency at 60% to 70% load as normally doesn’t operate at full load all the time.