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LOCATION OF PHILIPPINES : Philippines is located in the southeastern region of the Asian continent.

Vietnam is a
neighboring country that is located in the western side of Philippines. The South China Sea and the Philippine Sea
surround the country from all sides.


The Philippine population has more than tripled since 1948, from 19 million to an official estimate of 81.16 million in 2000.
From 1995 to 2000, and the annual population growth rate stood at 2.02 percent, slightly lower than in 1990 and one-third
less than the growth rate of 3 percent during the 1960s.

The population of the Philippines is young, with people aged between 15-64 years making up 59 percent of the
population, while those under 15 make up 37 percent of the population. Those aged 65 years and above make up only 4
percent of the population.

In January 2000, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) warned of the serious consequences of the
booming Philippine population. It predicted the population will double by 2030 based on its 1999 growth rate of 2.3
percent, giving the Philippines "the equivalent of 58 percent of the current population of the United States [living] on 3
percent of its land area," a situation with "grave consequences" for the Philippine economy, society, and the environment.

The country is divided into 3 island groups: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, known together as Luzviminda. These 3
groups are further subdivided into 16 regions. The 2000 National Census lists 61 chartered cities and 73 provinces in the
Philippines, with the most populated regions in Luzon. Four out of ten persons in the Philippines lives in the National
Capital Region and the adjoining regions of Central Luzon and Southern Tagalog.

Made up of about 7,100 islands, the Philippines is on the southeastern rim of Asia and is bordered by the Philippine Sea
on the east, the South China Sea on the west, the Luzon Strait on the north, and the Celebes Sea on the south. Its land
area, which is slightly larger than that of Arizona, measures 300,000 square kilometers (115,830 square miles), and its
coastline is 36,289 kilometers (22,550 miles). The capital, Manila, is on the island of Luzon in the highly urbanized
National Capital Region, which is made up of 12 other urban areas including the cities of Mandaluyong, Marikina, Pasig,
Quezon, Kalookan, Valenzuela, Las Piñas, Makati, Muntinlupa, Parañaque, and Pasay. The main financial district is in
Makati City.
The Philippines has a presidential, unitary form of government with an exception of the Autonomous Region in
Muslim Mindanao, which is largely free from the national government. The President functions as both head of
state and head of government and is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The president is elected by
popular vote for a single six-year term, during which she or he appoints and presides over the cabinet.[2]

The bicameral Congress is composed of the Senate, serving as the upper house, with members elected to a six-
year term, and the House of Representatives, serving as the lower house, with members elected to a three-year
term. The senators are elected at large while the representatives are elected from both legislative districts and
through sectoral representation.[2]

The judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court, composed of a Chief Justice as its presiding officer and
fourteen associate justices, all of whom are appointed by the President from nominations submitted by the
Judicial and Bar Council.[2]

There have been attempts to change the government to a federal, unicameral or parliamentary government
beginning in the term of Ramos up to the present administration.

China, Vietnam, Taiwan, Malaysia and Brunei.

The South Celebes Sea to the south;
The South China Sea to the west;
The Sulu Sea, just south of the South China Sea;
The Pacific Ocean to the northeast; and
The Philippine Sea to the east.
Geopolitics is the art and practice of using political power over a given territory. Traditionally, the term has applied
primarily to the impact of geography on politics, but its usage has evolved over the past century to encompass a wider
connotation.In academic circles, the study of geopolitics involves the analysis of geography, history and social science
with reference to spatial politics and patterns at various scales (ranging from the level of the state to international).
1. Emilio F. Aguinaldo (1898-1901)2. Manuel L. Quezon (1935-1944) 3. Jose P. Laurel (1943-1945 4. Sergio S. Osmeña
(1944-1946) 5. Manuel A. Roxas (1946-1948)6. Elpidio Quirino Y. Rivera ()7. Ramon F. Magsaysay (1953-1957)
8. Carlos P. Garcia (1957-1961)
9. Diosdado P. Macapagal (1961-1965)
10. Ferdinand E. Marcos (1965-1986)
11. Corazon C. Aquino (1986-1992)
12. Fidel V. Ramos (1992-1998)
13. Joseph Ejercito Estrada (1998-2001)
14. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (January 20, 2001)



The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other
territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains,
including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other submarine areas. The waters around,
between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, regardless of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the
internal waters of the Philippines.

Region Regional
(short name) center
National Capital Region Manila No provinces
(NCR; Metro Manila)
Cordillera Baguio City • Abra
Administrative Region
(CAR) • Apayao
• Benguet
• Ifugao
• Kalinga

• Mountain
Ilocos Region San Fernando • Ilocos Norte
(Region I) City
• Ilocos Sur
• La Union

• Pangasinan
Cagayan Valley Tuguegarao • Batanes
(Region II) City
• Cagayan
• Isabela
• Nueva Vizcaya

• Quirino
Central Luzon San Fernando • Aurora
(Region III) City
• Bataan
• Bulacan
• Nueva Ecija
• Pampanga
• Tarlac

• Zambales
CALABARZON Calamba City • Batangas
(Region IV-A)
• Cavite
• Laguna
• Quezon

• Rizal
MIMAROPA Calapan City • Marinduque
(Region IV-B) • Occidental
• Oriental Mindoro
• Romblon

• Palawan
Bicol Region Legazpi City • Albay
(Region V)
• Camarines Norte
• Camarines Sur
• Catanduanes
• Masbate

• Sorsogon


Region Regional
(short name) center
Western Visayas Iloilo City • Aklan
(Region VI)
• Antique
• Capiz
• Guimaras
• Iloilo

• Negros Occidental
Central Visayas Cebu City • Bohol
(Region VII)
• Cebu
• Negros Oriental

• Siquijor
Eastern Visayas Tacloban City • Biliran
(Region VIII)
• Eastern Samar
• Leyte
• Northern Samar
• Samar

• Southern Leyte


Region Regional
Map Provinces
(short name) center
Zamboanga Peninsula Pagadian • Zamboanga del Norte
(Region IX) City
• Zamboanga del Sur

• Zamboanga Sibugay
Northern Mindanao Cagayan • Bukidnon
(Region X) de Oro • Camiguin
• Lanao del Norte
• Misamis Occidental

• Misamis Oriental
Davao Region Davao City • Compostela Valley
(Region XI)
• Davao del Norte
• Davao del Sur

• Davao Oriental
SOCCSKSARGEN Koronadal • North Cotabato
(Region XII) City
• Sarangani
• South Cotabato

• Sultan Kudarat
Caraga Butuan • Agusan del Norte
(Region XIII)
• Agusan del Sur
• Dinagat Islands
• Surigao del Norte

• Surigao del Sur

Autonomous Region Cotabato • Basilan
in Muslim Mindanao City
(ARMM) • Lanao del Sur
• Maguindanao
• Shariff Kabunsuan
• Sulu

• Tawi-tawi

Region I - Ilocos Region

1. Vigan Heritage Village

2. Tobacco Monopoly Monument

Region II - Cagayan Valley

1. Aglipay Town
2. Dalton Pass

Cordillera Administrative Region

1. Kaliwaga Cave
2. Batarangan Airstrip
Region III - Central Luzon

1. Barasoain Church
2. Casa Real Shrine


1. Astronomical Observatory of Joseph Le Paute D'Agelet

2. Fule-Malvar Mansion

Region IV B - MIMARO

1. Battle of Pulang Lupa Marker

2. Parola Park

National Capital Region

1. Fort Santiago

Region V - Bicol Region

1. PNR Marker Park

2. Liberty Bell

Region VI - Western Visayas

1. Iwahig Penal Colony

Region VII - Central Visayas

1. Blood Compact Site

2. Dagohoy Marker

Region VIII - Eastern Visayas

1. Homonhon Island
2. Tubabau Island

Region IX - Zamboanga Peninsula

1. Relief Map of Mindanao

2. Rizal Shrine (Zamboanga del Norte)

Region X - Northern Mindanao

1. Bacarros Printing Press

2. Old Catarman Church Ruins
Region XI - Davao Region

1. 17th Century Caraga Church

2. Saoquegue Cave


1. Pikit Fort

Region XIII - Caraga

Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao

1. Kaum Purnah Mosque and Muslim Village

2. Walled City

A Filipino is known for his kindness and hospitality. He reaches his hand all the time in support of others. They are
generally happy and exude much affection for the welfare of others.

Blood compact (in Spanish: Pacto de sangre) was a ritual in the Philippines where tribes would cut their wrist and pour
their blood into a cup filled with liquid and drink each other's blood as part of the tribal tradition to seal a friendship, a pact
or treaty, or to validate an agreement.

An example of the blood compact was called Sandugo, which took place in the island of Bohol in the 16th century. The
ritual was made between the Spanish explorer Miguel López de Legazpi and Datu Sikatuna the chieftain of Bohol. A blood
compact was also made between the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan and Rajah Humabon the chieftain of

Tagalong, cebuano, Ilocano, Bicolano, Hiligaynon, Waray, Kapampangan, Pangasinense


Setting an example is not the main means of influencing another, it is the only means.
Albert Einstein

Society is always taken by surprise at any new example of common sense.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

what burns during the day and sleeps at night????


i can run but not walk. whenever i go, thought follows close behind. what am i?

answer: nose

i am mother and father, but never birth or nurse. i'm rarely still, but i never wonder. what am i?
answer: tree

the man who invented it doesnt want it. the man who bought it doesnt need it. what is it?answer: coffin

i'm the part of the bird thats not in the sky. i can swim in the ocean and yet remain dry. what am i?answer:shadow

Of the commercial anting-antings, the most popular is the one used for exorcism of the nakulam or na-engkanto
(hexed or bewitched). Then there are those used as gayuma (love charms), one of which is the "soft" anting -
"malambot na anting" — to which is attributed the holder's easy ways with women. There are antings for business
and good fortune, for travel, passing exams and easy childbirths. There are amulets to protect against physical
dangers—snakes, fires, accidents, ambushes and bullets; amulets to protect against evil spirits—nuno sa punso,
black dwarfs, tikbalangs (half-man half-horse creatures), and other elementals. And there is the macabre and
ghoulish anting, the powers obtained and sustained from regular drinking of shots of lambanog drawn from a large
glass container (bañga) with an alcohol-preserved aborted fetus at the bottom. In its most popular and generic form,
the anting-anting is an amulet, inscripted or engraved, worn as a neckpiece. But it exists in many other forms. It
could be a prayer (orasyon) in short esoteric combinations of colloquial and Latin mumbo-jumbos, written in a piece
of paper, folded and walleted, or sewn in a small cloth pouch, worn pinned, exposed or hidden from view. Or, It could
be a small stone, a crocodile tooth or a piece of dried fruit, the latter sewn in a pouch.

Idiyanale (Idianale) – the god of animal husbandry and aquaculture (see fish farming), he was often mistaken as an
agricultural deity.

Sidapa is the god of death. He is said to reside on top of Mt.Madia-as, in the province of Antique.

Agni (Sanskrit: अिगन) is a Hindu deity, one of the most important of the Vedic gods. He is the god of fire[1] and the acceptor
of sacrifices. The sacrifices made to Agni go to the deities because Agni is a messenger from and to the other gods. He is
ever-young, because the fire is re-lit every day, and also immortal.

Agni, the Vedic god of fire who presides over the earth, has made the transition into the Hindu pantheon of gods, without
losing his importance. With Vayu and Indra, who presided over the air and sky, he is one of the supreme gods in the Rig
Veda. The link between heaven and earth, he is associated with Vedic sacrifice, taking offerings to the other world in the
fire. His vehicle is the ram.[2]

"BALANGAW" isang matandang salita sa katagalugan at hiligaynon na siyang kilala bilang bahaghari o kaya ay
rainbow.Binubuo ng pitong uri ng pangunahin kulay na 1. Pula 2. Dalandan 3. Dilaw 4. Lunti 5. Bughaw 6. Pulang lila at 7.
Lila .Ayon sa banal na kasulatan ang balangaw ay isang pangako ng Panginoong Dios na Si YahWah na hindi na niya
gugunawin ang ibabaw ng lupa sa pamamagitan ng baha.Kaya sa tuwing mapagmamasdan ang makulay na balangaw
,isang pasasalamat sa Dios ni Noe ang siyang maaalala nating lahat dahil sa pangako NIYAng ito.!

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