INFORMATION SHEET 7.

1-1

Obtain and clarify work instructions based on job order or client
requirements

Job Description a written statement of a specific job, based on the findings of a
job analysis. It includes duties, purpose, responsibilities, scope and working
conditions of a job along with the job’s title, and the name or designation of the
person to whom the employee reports.
Components of Job Description:
1. Title/Position – a name that describes a person’s job in an organization.
2. Job Summary – brief, general statement of the more important functions
and responsibilities of a job, usually also identifying the immediate
subordinate and supervisor officer
3. Task – the smallest identifiable and essential piece of a job that serves as
a unit of work and as a means of differentiating between the various
components of a project
4. Responsibilities – a duty or obligation to satisfactorily perform or
complete a task (assigned by someone or created by one’s promise or
circumstances) that one must fulfill, and which has a consequent penalty
for failure.
5. Qualifications – capacity, knowledge or skill that matches or suits an
occasion, or makes someone eligible for a duty office, positive, privilege or
status. Fitness for purpose through fulfillment of necessary conditions
such as attainment of a certain age, taking of an oath, completion of
required schooling or training or acquisition of a degree or diploma.
6. Supervision – monitoring and regulating of processes or delegated
activities, responsibilities or task.
7. Working Conditions – the conditions in which an individual or staff
works, including but not limited to such things as amenities, physical
environment, stress, and noise levels, degree of safety or danger.
8. Benefits – indirect and non-cash compensation paid to an employee and
mandated by law.
9. Salary – is a fixed amount of money paid to an employee by an employer
in return for work performed.

Work instruction is a tool provided to help someone to do a job correctly.
1. Credible – is the heart of standardized best practices. (Workers trust
them)
2. Clear – can be quickly understood by the worker with a minimum effort.
(Workers understand them)

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3. Accessible – can be located quickly (within a seconds) and “easily”
requires a retrieval system that the worker knows, understand and
trusts.
4. Consistent – conform to a style guide developed specifically for
procedures and work instructions. Also demand that the material used
for worker training are provided.

Job order is the written authority given a worker or shop to perform certain work.
Parts of Job Order:
1. Customer information – details of the customer.
2. Equipment/components specifications – these are the detailed
information of the equipment to be repair or diagnose.
3. Delivery Date – the date when the customer will get the unit/equipment
being repair.
4. Job Order Number – the number of job that has been performed
5. Job to be performed – a specified task to be performed
6. Price – the amount to be paid after the performance of task
7. Remarks – the status of the performed task

Process is a series of actions or steps taken in order to achieve a particular task.

Standard Operating Procedures are the written instructions to document how to
perform a routine activity. To help ensure consistency and quality in their
products.

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Self- Check 7.1-1

Name : __________________________________ Score : ______________

Instruction: Answer the following question. Write your answer on the space
provided.
________________ 1. A fixed amount of money paid by the employer to the employee.
________________ 2. Is a tool provided to help someone to do a job correctly?
________________ 3. Is a written authority given a worker or shop to performed
certain work?
________________ 4. Is a written statement of a specific job, based on the findings of
a job analysis?
________________ 5. Is a series of actions or steps taken in order to achieve a
particular task?
________________ 6. Are the written instructions instructional to document how to
perform a routine activity?
________________ 7. Monitoring and regulating of processes or delegated activities,
responsibilities or task?

________________ 8. Is the heart of standardized best practices?
________________ 9. The smallest identifiable and essential piece of a job that
serves as a unit of work and as a means of differentiating between the various
components of a project?

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ICT Teacher – a person or thing that teaches computer technology 4|Page . Oversee a team of IT administrators and support personnel responsible for the day-today operation of the IT network and system components. and upgrade an organization’s technology systems. maintain. ICT Coordinator – a person who is in charge of planning something or of facilitating the occurrence of events or the collaboration of people.________________ 10.1-2 Consult responsible person for effective and proper work coordination Consulting Personnel: IT Manager – a person in-charge whereby all of the information technology resources of a firm are managed in accordance with its needs and priorities. INFORMATION SHEET 7. IT Supervisor – a person who works with other information technology management professionals to install. these are the detailed information of the equipment to be repair or diagnose.

3. 5|Page .What is a consulting methodology? Consulting methodologies are methods or approaches used by consultants in tackling a particular challenge. Phase 3: Problem Finding Data gathering and data analysis stage. THE 3 TYPES OF CONSULTING APPROACHES 1. CONDESCENDING CONSULTING APPROACH: “I KNOW BECAUSE I’M THE EXPERT. what the gap is. agreeing on style. deciding who is going to do what. A consulting methodology provides a frame of reference. concepts and theories . Phase 2: Establishing the Relationship Specifying the desired outcomes. structure and often a prescribed set of activities and tasks that will be undertaken in a particular and logical order.” This type of approach is consulting a person whom he is told to do so. timing and accountability. 2.Based on a coherent set of design principles.Likely to have been used in similar situations a number of times before and through use and application the methodology is likely to have been refined and improved The value of a methodology Management consultants benefit greatly from operating by reference to proven consulting methodologies. Characteristics of a consulting methodology Consulting methodologies typically possess some or all of the following characteristics: . COLLABORATIVE CONSULTING APPROACH: This type of approach is consulting on the group of people who are expert and those persons who are identify to be consulted. costs.Enable a particular challenge to be tackled in a structured and systematic fashion with a high probability of achieving particular beneficial outcomes . what should be. Basic Process of consultation: Phase 1: Making First Contact/Entry Identifying the person whom you will consult your problem.Supported by a body of research undertaken either in an academic or commercial environment .” This type of approach is consulting a person who is very expert with his field of expertise. problem or client engagement. SUBMISSIVE CONSULTING APPROACH: “DOING WHAT I’M TOLD. and whether or not it is worth working on. Here you find out what is.

1-2 Name: _____________________________________ Score: _____________ 6|Page . SELF CHECK 7. The consultant then withdraws and terminates the consulting relationship. where. when. how and with what resources. The plan is then carried out. Phase 6: Evaluation/Termination The person and the consultant look back over the project and their relationship at this step. Phase 4: Solution Finding They will be given assistance in specifying what they want and when they want it. Phase 5: Planning the Work/Working the Plan The problem is planned in terms of who will do what.

Enumeration: Enumerate the following: 1-4. Who are those personnel to be consulted in the work coordination? 5-10 What are the process of consulting? What type of consulting approach do you usually use? What makes up the consulting process? 7|Page .

Supplies/Materials : Hand-outs Equipment : PC. printer with ink Steps/Procedure: Identify the person to be interview.1-2 Title : Computer Equipment maintenance Performance Objective : Make and complete the process of consulting. Conduct an interview to proper personnel. Assessment Method: Portfolio Assessment using the Performance Criteria Checklist 8|Page . Present your work to your teacher. TASK SHEET 7.

Performance Criteria Checklist CRITERIA Yes NO Does the student interview the proper personnel regarding with their work Does the student apply proper approach to the proper personnel Does the student get the problem encounter by the proper personnel Does the student acquire a solution from the problem identified Does the student acquire what type of approach used by the personnel in solving the problem Does the student acquire the plan of work used by the personnel Does the student acquire the solution applied 9|Page .

typically 25°C (77°F)  Physical details showing minimum/typical/maximum dimensions. temperatures for storage.1. etc. supply voltages. etc. input currents. contact locations and sizes  Test circuit 10 | P a g e .)  Maximum power consumption over the whole operating temperature range  AC specifications (various temperatures. supply voltages. etc.)  Recommended operating conditions (as absolute minimum and maximum ratings)  DC specifications (various temperatures.)  Input/output wave shape diagram  timing diagram  Some characteristics are only given at a specific temperature. INFORMATION SHEET 7. soldering.3 Interpreting data sheets based on manufacturers specification Typical electronics datasheet information A typical datasheet for an electronic component contains most of the following information:  Manufacturer's name  Product number and name  List of available package formats (with images) and ordering codes  Notable device properties  Short functional description  Pin connection diagram  Absolute minimum and maximum ratings (supply voltage. frequencies. operating. input currents. power consumption.

such as required filter capacitors. or presented as a separate document. The Most Common Electronic Components  Resistors  Capacitors  LEDs  Transistors  Inductors  Integrated Circuits Resistor 11 | P a g e . read datasheet.  Ordering codes for differing packages and performance criteria  Liability disclaimer regarding device use in certain environments such as nuclear power plants and life support systems  Application recommendations. May either be appended to a datasheet. Useful for giving guidance on more unusual uses of a particular component. etc. Application notes . or relating to a particular process (e. a document that gives more specific details on using a component in a specific application. circuit board layout.. the physical assembly of a product containing the component).g. . which would be irrelevant to many readers of the more widely. .

The resistor is an electronic component that has electrical friction. . Use to control the voltages and the currents in your circuit. Color Interpretation Circuit Interpretation Capacitor 12 | P a g e . .

Capacitor values and markings 13 | P a g e .

cell phones. 14 | P a g e .usually comprised of silicon . appliances. and can be found in thousands of products such as computers. such as copper and aluminium. Semiconductors are usually very small and complex devices.which conducts electricity more than an insulator but less than a pure conductor.CAPACITOR SYMBOL SEMICONDUCTORS A materials product .

maximum forward voltage drop (V f) and package style. Some of the diode specifications are: Maximum reverse voltage (V br). Circuit Interpretation Device Material IF (mA) VF(V) VBR Number used. The Zener diode (voltage reference diode) is used in the reverse direction at the point of breakdown.1 115 In 4148 Si 100 1. Table 3 gives some of the most commonly used diodes with their specifications. A.and medical equipment. rated forward current (If) . (V) OA91 Ge 50 2.0 75 In 4149 Si 100 1.0 75 15 | P a g e . Light Emitting Diode (LED) Integrated Circuits are usually drawn as blocks with leads or as a triangle for operational amplifiers.

low power BC182 BC547 A W General 100m 300m BC108C BC108 NPN TO18 20V 110 purpose.6 1000 . LEDs use to give a visual feedback from our circuit. max. IN 4007 Si 1000 1. 100m 300m BC107 NPN TO18 45V 110 Audio. low power 16 | P a g e . (typical use) substitutes . VCE hFE Structu Case IC Ptot Category Possible Code max min re style max. A simple way is to look at the transistor as a switch controlled by an electrical signal. Datasheets from the companies can be referred to know the exact specifications. B. . Transistor Transistors are semiconductor devices used for applications like amplification of voltages. low C A W power 200m 300m Audio (low BC109 NPN TO18 20V 200 BC184 BC549 A W noise). It’s a two junction and 3 terminal devices made of three layers of n and p type materials. low A W BC183 BC548 power General BC108 100m 600m NPN TO18 20V 420 purpose. current and are also used in oscillator circuits and switches.

high TIP31C TIP41A power General 100 TIP31C NPN TO220 3A 10 40W purpose. low BFY51 3 A W power General 800m BFY51 NPN TO39 1A 30V 40 purpose. low power BC107B B C A W General BC548 TO92 100m 500m NPN 30V 220 purpose. General TO92 100m 350m BC107 BC182 NPN 50V 100 purpose. high power General 2N305 NPN TO3 15A 60V 20 117W purpose. low power General 2N305 700m 500m NPN TO39 40V 50 purpose. BFY51 A W medium power General TIP29A NPN TO220 1A 60V 40 30W purpose. high TIP31A TIP41A V power General TIP41A NPN TO220 6A 60V 15 65W purpose. high 5 power 100m 300m BC177 PNP TO18 45V 125 Audio. low BC107 BC182 L A A W power BC547 TO92 100m 500m NPN 45V 200 Audio. low BC478 A W power 17 | P a g e . BC639 W medium power General TO92 800m BC639 NPN 1A 80V 40 purpose. low power BC477 A W General 200m 600m BC178 PNP TO18 25V 120 purpose. low BC108B B C A W power BC549 TO92 100m 625m Audio (low NPN 30V 240 BC109 B C A W noise). high power General TIP31A NPN TO220 3A 60V 10 40W purpose. low C A W BC182L power General BC182 TO92 100m 350m NPN 50V 100 purpose.

low power BC177 A W General 150m 360m BC478 PNP TO18 40V 125 purpose. low BC178 A W power General TIP32A PNP TO220 3A 60V 25 40W purpose. high TIP32A V power Circuit Diagram 18 | P a g e . 200m 600m Audio (low BC179 PNP TO18 20V 180 A W noise). high TIP32C power General 100 TIP32C PNP TO220 3A 10 40W purpose. low power 150m 360m BC477 PNP TO18 80V 125 Audio.

Integrated Circuit An Integrated Circuit (IC) consists of many basic electronic components. It’s just an electronic circuit that has been shrunk to fit inside a chip. 19 | P a g e . C.

Coils and transformers can be used to select frequencies. Magnetic coupling can be used to transform voltages and currents. Symbols and Markings 20 | P a g e . but power must remain the same.Semi Conductor Symbols Inductor Inductrors best described as the electrical momentum. It prevents current from making any sudden changes by producing large opposing voltages.

It’s just a coil of wire – and you can make one yourself by making some loops out of a wire.3 I. A material that produces electrical friction and restricts the flow of electrons: 21 | P a g e . 1. A material that allows electrons to flow easily: a) Conductor c) Resistor b) Semiconductor d) Insulator 5.1. Self – Check 7. A flow of electrons through a material: a) Voltage c) Current b) Resistance d) Conductance 2. A material that has very high resistance to electron flow: a) Conductor c) Resistor b) Semiconductor d) Insulator 4. Select the best answer. The pressure that pushes electrons through a material: a) Voltage c) Conduction b) Current d) Resistance 3. Multiple Choice.

a 3.1. Why is the resistor necessary? If the LED does not light up reverse the battery leads. Answer key Self check 7. Draw and label the symbols of a semiconductor. d 4. Why the LED only light does when connected a certain way? III. 1. (Situational) 1. Essay. a 22 | P a g e .a) Conductor c) Resistor b) Semiconductor d) Insulator II.3 Test I. c 2. If we Connect the LED (light emitting diode) to a 9 volt battery (not provided) as shown in Figure .

LED’s are diodes that only pass current in one direction. 5. 1. 23 | P a g e . Test III. Resistor is necessary to limit current and prevent LED from damage. c Test II.

(one error). justifiable answer. support their answer to the •Fails to use acceptable style and question. Needs •Does not address the question. although does so adequate understanding of quizzes) tangentially. •Less thorough than above. Adequate •Does not address the question •Demonstrates accurate but only (4 pts explicitly. data. •Does not provide evidence to (3 pts •Is not clearly or logically organized. complete understanding of the quizzes) •Presents arguments in a logical order. quizzes) grammar (two or more errors). ent •Indicates misconceptions. •Demonstrates an accurate and (5 pts •States a relevant. question. No Answer (0 pts) Total Score _______________ 24 | P a g e . •Does not demonstrate accurate Improvem •States no relevant answers. question because does not back •States a relevant and justifiable conclusions with warrants and answer. •Uses 2 or more ideas. •Uses acceptable style and grammar •Backs conclusions with data and (no errors). •Uses only one idea to support •Uses acceptable style and grammar the answer. •Presents arguments in a logical order. SCORING RUBRIC FOR QUIZZES Level of General Approach Comprehension Achievem ent Exemplary •Addresses the question. examples and/or arguments that support the answer. understanding of the question. warrants.

soldering) 8. timing diagram 25 | P a g e . Short functional description 6. JOB SHEET 7. Maximum power consumption over the whole operating temperature range 11.1. 2. Supplies/Material/s: Capacitor. Absolute minimum and maximum ratings (supply voltage. pen. Product number 4. Manufacturer's name 3. List of available package formats (with images) and ordering codes 5.3 Title: Interpreting and Making the Data Sheet of an Electronic Components Performance Objective: The learner must be able to obtain and interpret data of electronic components. DC specifications 10. temperatures for storage. Resistor and IC. Recommended operating conditions (as absolute minimum and maximum ratings) 9. Draw the Pin connection diagram 7. Input/output wave shape diagram 13. power consumption. AC specifications 12. Determine the type of a capacitor. input currents. paper Equipment/s: Multi-meter Steps/Procedure: 1. operating.

but not to solv in the task.14. Some characteristics are only given at a specific temperature. scientific • The solution knowledge • The s completely • The solution addres addresses all addresses almost all of • The solution mathe mathematical/scientific the addresses c comp components presented mathematical/scientifi some. Physical details showing minimum/typical/maximum dimensions. 18. c components all the presented in the task. typically 25°C (77°F) 15. Make your own data sheet of a capacitor. mathematical/ mathematical/ data. PERFORMANCE TASK GENERAL RUBRICS RATING 10 8 6 4 Criteria: • Shows complete • Shows nearly • Shows some • Show understanding complete understanding unders UNDERSTANDING of the required understanding of of the proble Mathematical/scientific required required re-cop knowledge. contact locations and sizes 16. scientific knowledge. Ordering codes for differing packages and performance criteria. Test circuit 17. mathematical/ scientific 26 | P a g e .

it solutio are included so the • There is appropriate may not be explan reader does not have to use of accurate clearly unders infer how the task was mathematical/scientifi represented. • Limited use or misuse of diagrams. and graphs COOMMUNICATIO • There is a clear. c representation. tables. unrela completed. of mathematical/scientific mathematical/ scienti terminology and scientific and no notation. scientific repres communicating ideas. for solving the inappropriate proble problem. charts and graphs. representation . the task. • Uses most of the strategy is relevant data. charts. charts and graphs. tables. charts incomplete use of relevant data. PLANNING AND • Uses only the • Uses most of the Uses some • Uses EXECUTION important elements of important elements of important import the task. notation appropriate to the task 27 | P a g e . • There is a clear There is an • Ther N effective explanation of explanation. • There is • Ther •Mathematical/scientifi • There is effective use some use of inappr c representation is of mathematical/ appropriate mathe actively used as a scientific terminology mathematical/ scienti means of and notation. All steps explanation. strategy or • Uses only relevant application of • Uses information. diagrams. tables. • Ther • There is precise and • There is mostly appropriate some use of use. elements of the tas the task. unclear. incomplete explan the solution. • Work • Uses an appropriate • Uses an appropriate with n and complete strategy but incomplete strategy • Uses an strateg for solving the problem. presented in the task. There may be minor components errors. • Does • Uses clear and diagra • Appropriate but • Uses some effective diagrams.

the harder parts also. The goal of interoperability testing is to prove that end-to-end functionality between two communicating systems is as required by the standard on which those systems are based. after having tried many the problem strategies given with little help. 28 | P a g e .PERSISTENCE • Works hard on the • Works hard on the • Can do • Need task and doesn’t need task and only gets help simple parts of the ver much help. Total Score: _______________________ Feedback: _________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ INFORMATION SHEET 7. where seamless operation is critical for developing a user base. gives up. often j his thinking beyond the • Starts someo problem and make new • Completes task. but unless there is help. This kind of testing is now important as many different kinds of technology are being built into architectures made up of many diverse parts.1. new problems. working on the answe connections or create working dutifully at harder parts. • Gives • Student may extend throughout.4 Testing criteria in electronics components Interoperability testing involves testing whether a given software program or technology is compatible with others and promotes cross-use functionality.

In simple terms with this process you can hear some of the strongest AM and FM radio station. The signals that they transmit are fairly common and can be spotted by a simple device tuned to the frequency range that the offending bugs uses. It ensures that software product should be able to communicate with other component or devices without any compatibility issues. Bug detection Fortunately. If the bug is transmitting in a complex modulation format or in digital code you will probably not discover it. Interoperability testing is done to:  It ensures end-to-end service provision across two or more products from different vendors  The software product should be able to communicate with other component or device without any compatibility issues Testing Strategy for Interoperability testing  Connect two or more devices from different vendors  Check connectivity between devices  Check if device can send/receives packets or frames from each other  Check if data is handled correctly in the network and facility layers  Check if implemented algorithms work correctly  Result ok: check next result  Result not ok: Use monitor tools to detect source of error  Report result in Test reporting tool. If an offending radio frequency is operating in the room the device will pick it up and notify you. Simply make sure all electronic products are turned off in the space you are checking and slowly walk around the room. most radio frequency bugs are easily found. 29 | P a g e .For example. interoperability testing is done between smartphone and tablet to check data transfer via Bluetooth.

There are a number of standard parameters with abbreviations that are used to define the performance of an electronic component. Operating parameters It is a characteristic. These types of external stress become factors that may cause failure of electronic components during use of the product in which they are embedded. (f) Equipment used and its setup (e. Rather than converting these intercepted radio broadcasts into data or audio. there is the physical stress of the electronic device being dropped. To address this. Controls of testing electronic component include: Pro-forma worksheets should be designed to record the following information: (a) The time.deals with the process during which a conforming product turns into a defective product.A bug detector is essentially a radio receiver that is able to pick up electromagnetic signals that are broadcasted from an electronic device or specifically. Control is to guide or regulate the activities or operation of an apparatus. (c) Identification of the samples tested. connection diagram). we investigate the mechanisms of external stress and failure occurrence in each type of electronic component from the design stage and use the results as feedback for reliability design of electronic components Controls . it is able to alert the user to hidden bugs. the bug detector simply lights up and sounds an alarm whenever it receives a strong frequency. or measurable factor that can help in defining a particular system. machine. For example. Reliability . 30 | P a g e .A control is a procedure or policy that provides a reasonable assurance that the information of electronic components used by an organization the data is reliable. (d) Preparation done on the test samples. Electronic components performance and reliability are evaluated using advanced analytical techniques and electronic measuring techniques. (e) The test method. a bug. (b) The date and quantity of the samples received. the thermal stress of temperature differences and the electrical stress applied when the device is powered up. person.g. date and duration of performing the test. feature. or system. It is a Detail and list of the basic transistor parameter specifications with definitions of the different parameters used in transistor datasheets. By moving a bug detector around to nearby objects.

Components that may be made to either conduct (closed) or not (open). Functionality. including flow Performance of testing electronics components . . (l) Detailed calculations and other factors affecting the test results. typically denoted by the Greek letter small Eta (η . might have 2% efficiency at emitting light yet still be 98% efficient at heating a room (In practice it is nearly 100% efficient at heating a room because the light energy will also be converted to heat eventually. Efficiency of an entity (a device. A light bulb. (k) Identification of test operator. (h) The exact location where measurement was conducted.The evidence of the effectiveness in testing electronics is reducing the warranty returns. 31 | P a g e . The term "efficiency" makes sense only in reference to the wanted effect. electrical charge in an electrical field. (j) Readings of instruments (including relevant sections of recorder charts). or system) in electronics and electrical engineering is defined as useful power output divided by the total electrical power consumed (a fractional expression). component. (i) Observations during test. Effectiveness. Test operators shall conduct tests according to the correct version of test standards. for example. the power supply details and the load applied). Testing of an electrical or electronic product involves a large number of test standards which may have different versions and amendments. (g) Conditions of measurement (e. Efficiency should not be confused with effectiveness: a system that wastes most of its input power but produces exactly what it is meant to is effective but not efficient. resist current.g. and (m) Supplementary information required for the analysis of the recorded data. . The Components make electrical connection . apart from the small fraction that leaves through the windows).ηήτα).

. Differentiate between the efficiency and effectiveness. control components with no moving parts. computer electronic circuit incorporated into a chip or semiconductor. . use more than 1 type of Passive Component. use magnetism. . Enumeration 1 – 7 Enumerate the Criteria in Testing Electronics Components I1. use piezoelectric effect. .4 I. capable of amplification . . Discuss Interoperability Testing 2. 32 | P a g e . . conduct electricity in only one direction.1. Essay 1. a whole system rather than a single component Self Check 7.

33 | P a g e .

34 | P a g e .reliability . Interoperability testing is done because.effectiveness . Answer key 7..bug detection .4 I.operating parameters .efficiency .1.Interoperability .  It ensures end-to-end service provision across two or more products from different vendors  The software product should be able to communicate with other component or device without any compatibility issues 2.functionality and flow II. (20 pts.Control . Each) 1. Efficiency and effectiveness: a system that wastes most of its input power but produces exactly what it is meant to is effective but not efficient. The term "efficiency" makes sense only in reference to the wanted effect.

 Uses only one argument and but less consistently example that supports represented (1-2 errors) conclusion  Same as above but less thorough. data that support logical order the conclusion  Uses acceptable style and grammar (no errors) Quality (8 pts)  Combination of above traits. still does so tangentially accurate  States a somewhat relevant  Uses a small subset of possible argument ideas for support of the  Presents some arguments in argument. though understanding of question. a logical order  Uses adequate style and grammar (more than 2 errors) 35 | P a g e . Argumentation Achievement Exemplary (10 pts)  Provides a clear and  Demonstrates an accurate and thorough introduction and complete understanding of the background question  Addresses the question  Uses several arguments and  Addresses the question backs arguments with  Presents arguments in a examples. still accurate Adequate (6 pts)  Does not address the  Demonstrates minimal question explicitly. SCORING RUBRIC FOR ESSAY QUESTIONS Level of General Presentation Reasoning.

com/terms/s/semiconductor. Table of contents. The elements that make up the front matter introduce the reader to the body of your document. performance.asp#ixzz4Ezn34czq INFORMATION SHEET 7. functionality. DOCUMENTATION PROCEDURES: I. Documentation provides the route for auditors to assess the overall quality of operations within a company and the final product. manufacturing.  Title. effectiveness. and testing activities.Needs  Does not address the  Does not demonstrate improvement question understanding of the question. interoperability. bug detection.5 Document and communicate testing criteria to relevant personnel TESTING CRITERIA: (already defined with the previous topic) Controls. efficiency. Acknowledgement 36 | P a g e .1.is the "envelope" of your document. reliability. Front Matter .investopedia. (4 pts)  States no relevant arguments inaccurate  Is not clearly or logically  Does not provide evidence to organized support response to the  Fails to use acceptable style question and grammar No Answer (0 pts) Total Score:___________ Comments/Feedback:___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________ ___________________________________ Teacher Signature Reference: http://www. operating parameters DOCUMENTATION: Documentation is the key to compliance and ensures traceability of all development.

 Summarize clearly what the report does and does not demonstrate. broad or obscure  Concise . II. 37 | P a g e . instead. establishing trust.not vague. To be effective. Because some readers of documents.Include a conclusion as the final part of the body of your document. Body .  Discussion . In your conclusion:  Relate your findings to the general problem and any specific objectives posed in your introduction.consists of all material necessary for the document to fulfil its explicit and implicit goals of informing or convincing the reader.not general. focus on the conclusion. concrete understanding what the document will cover and what he/she can gain from reading it. will sometimes not read the entire document but. commenting on significant data produced by the study. particularly managers.Explain in the discussion section of your document information presented in the results section.stated in terms of desired outcomes  Background .one or two sentences  Clear .  Results . this part of the document should summarize all essential information necessary for your audience's purpose.  Purpose: A purpose statement is a declarative sentence which summarizes the specific topic and goals of a document. and documenting actions or procedures. It is typically included in the introduction to give the reader an accurate. a statement of purpose should be:  Specific and precise .  Conclusion .  Introduction .describe all appropriate information produced by the research procedures. ambiguous or confusing  Goal-oriented .Provide enough information in a technical document to allow your reader to understand the specific problem being addressed.describes the content and organization of the documents.

Sometimes these recommendations will constitute a separate section of a document.  Include specific recommendations for action or for further research. RELEVANT PERSONNEL: (already enumerated and defined with the previous topic) 38 | P a g e .

5. 4.5 Instructions: In groups of 3. 2. Body: 1. 3. make documentation on the testing criteria of electronic components being assigned. 3. JOB SHEET 7. You will be assessed with the following criteria.1. Criteria Score Complete and correct 10 inputs Lacking 1 input 8 Lacking 2-3 inputs 6 Lacking 4-5 inputs 4 Lacking 6-7 inputs 2 No input at all 0 Sample table Documentation Procedures: Corresponding Information Front Matter: 1. 39 | P a g e . 2. observing the Documentation Procedures.

1. ______________________2. ______________________3. ______________________4. Instructions: Enumerate the following documentation procedures given below. Provide enough information in a technical document to allow your reader to understand the specific problem being addressed. It serves as an "envelope" of your document. Describes all appropriate information produced by the research procedures. ______________________5. Summarizes clearly what the report does and does not demonstrate.5 Name: _______________________________ Date:____________ Score:__________ A. Write your answers in the space provided before the number. B. Instructions: Identify the following documentation procedures below. What are the elements found in Front Matter procedure? 2. Give the four statements to make an Introduction effective.1. 40 | P a g e . SELF CHECK 7. 3. ______________________1. Give the three essential information necessary for Conclusion. It is consists of all material necessary for the document to fulfil its explicit and implicit goals of informing or convincing the readers.

It serves as an "envelope" of your document. Summarizes clearly what the report does and does not demonstrate. _______Results_________4. What are the elements found in Front Matter procedure? Title.stated in terms of desired outcomes 41 | P a g e .1. 1. SELF CHECK 7. Acknowledgement 2. Specific and precise . ______Front Matter_____2.5 Answer Key Name: _______________________________ Date:____________ Score:__________ A. _____Body____________1. Table of contents. broad or obscure ii.not general. ambiguous or confusing iv. Goal-oriented . ______Background______5. Instructions: Enumerate the following documentation procedures given below. Provide enough information in a technical document to allow your reader to understand the specific problem being addressed. _______Conclusion______3. It is consists of all material necessary for the document to fulfil its explicit and implicit goals of informing or convincing the readers. i. Concise .not vague. Give the four statements to make an Introduction effective. Describe all appropriate information produced by the research procedures. B. Instructions: Identify the following documentation procedures below. Write your answers in the space provided before the number. Clear .one or two sentences iii.

They are constructed by connecting electronic components together with conductors. an electronic circuit can be as small as a pin point or cove many miles. An electronic component is any basic discrete device or physical entity in an electronic system used to affect electrons or their associated fields. An electronic circuit is a closed path or paths formed by the interconnection of electronic components through which an electric current can flow. INFORMATION SHEET 7.  Relate your findings to the general problem and any specific objectives posed in your introduction. Give the three essential information necessary for Conclusion. which allow electricity to flow between the components.  Summarize clearly what the report does and does not demonstrate. Sometimes these recommendations will constitute a separate section of a document.  Include specific recommendations for action or for further research. Physically.2.1 “PLAN AN APPROACH FOR COMPONENTS TESTING” Identify various testing methods based on types of electronic components Learning Objective: After reading this informations sheet. 3. you must be able to identify the various testing methods based on types of electronic components. Technical terms: 42 | P a g e .

usually electrons.  Active testing – Involves interaction with the system. Capacitors and Inductors. opens. In other words.  Passive testing – A software testing technique that observe the system without interaction. checking of shorts. Passive Devices Passive Device is one that contribute no power gain (amplification) to a circuit or system. move easily form atom to atom with the application of voltage  Electricity – Is the presence and flow of electric charge. or is produced (as in a generator). CPU usage. This charge is often carried by moving electrons in a wire. For performing dynamic testing the software should be compiled and executed and parameters such as memory usage.  In-circuit – An example of white box testing where an testing electrical probe test a populated printed circuit board (PCB). It is used mainly to control current 43 | P a g e . Resistors This is the most common component in electronics.  Conductors – A substance in which electrical charge carries. “A component with no brains” Examples of passive devices are Resistors. and other basic quantities which will show whether the assembly was correctly fabricated. that occur naturally (as lightning). Its best known form is the flow of electrons through conductors such as copper wires. resistance. It has no control action and does not require any input other than a signal to perform its function.  Dynamic – A kind of software testing technique using testing which the dynamic behavior of the code is analyzed. response time and overall performance of the software are analyzed.  Electric current – A flow of electric charge. It is a form of energy that comes in positive and negative forms. capacitance. CLASSIFICATION OF ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS A.

In other words. You can identify a simple resistor by its simple cigar shape with a wire lead coming out of each end. "Devices with smarts!" Examples are Diodes.from a small surface mount model up to a huge electric motor cap the size of paint can. It stores electrical energy in the form of electrostatic charge. Inductors are used in Alternating Current circuits to oppose changes in the existing current. B. Active devices Active Devices are components that are capable of controlling voltages or currents and can create a switching action in the circuit. Inductors It is charged with a magnetic field and when that field collapses it produces current in the opposite direction. or "caps". Transistors and Integrated circuits. the purpose is the same. Whatever the size or shape. vary in size and shape . It uses a system of color coded bands to identify the value of the component (measured in Ohms) Capacitors Capacitors. and voltage within the circuit. 44 | P a g e .

They let it flow in one direction (from positive to negative) and not in the other direction. 1) It acts as a switch turning current on and off. It is a space saving miracle. DIFFERENT TESTING METHODS FOR ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS 45 | P a g e . 2) It acts as an amplifier. Some even emit Infrared Light which cannot be seen by the human eye. Diodes Diodes are basically a one-way valve for electrical current. are complex circuits inside one simple package. capacitors. They are used as indicator devices. If the negative is on the positive side of the circuit no current will flow. or ICs. If the negative side is on the negative end of the circuit. Example: LED lit equals machine on. Silicon and metals are used to simulate resistors. Most diodes are similar in appearance to a resistor and will have a painted line on one end showing the direction or flow (white side is negative). LEDs LEDs are simply diodes that emit light of one form or another. Transistors Performs two basic functions. They come in several sizes and colors. etc. transistors. Integrated circuits Integrated Circuits. This makes an output signal that is a magnified version of the input signal. current will flow.

B. tests and guages applied to certain characteristics in regard to an object or activity. D. E. reporting outcomes and comparing results with earlier test runs. It is the process of locating and fixing or bypassing bugs (errors) in computer program code or the engineering of a hardware device. Prototyping Prototyping is the activity of creating prototype of software applications. C. Automated Automated testing means using an automation tool to execute your test case suite. Inspection Inspection is an organized examination or formal evaluation excercise which involves the measurements. The method or process being used to implement automation is called a test automation framework. A. at any time of day. Automated testing tools are capable of executing tets. Test carries out with these tools can be run repeatedly. The results are usually compared to specified requirements and standards for determining whether the item or activity is inline with these targets. Debugging Debugging is the process of finding and resolving of defects that prevent correct operation of computer software or a system. Is a draft version of a product that allows you to explore your ideas and show the intention behind a feature or the overall design concept to users before investing time money into development. 46 | P a g e . Platform testing Platform testing is a set of specifications defining test methods for diverse components of computer and electronic system to be marketed as complete product.

2. Electronic Possible testing Schematic Symbol component method to be used 47 | P a g e .1 Direction: Identify the schematic symbol of the given electronic component then give the possible testing method to be used. Activity Sheet 7.

2. Electronic Possible testing Schematic Symbol component method to be used Automated Debugging Inspection Platform testing Prototyping Automated Debugging Inspection Platform testing Prototyping Automated Debugging Inspection Platform testing Prototyping 48 | P a g e .1 Direction: Identify the schematic symbol of the given electronic component then give the possible testing method to be used. Answer key Activity Sheet 7.

Automated Debugging Inspection Platform testing Prototyping Automated Debugging Inspection Platform testing Prototyping Automated Debugging Inspection Platform testing Prototyping Scoring Rubrics Criteria Score All correct answer 12 10 – 11 correct answers 10 8 – 9 correct answers 8 6 – 7 correct answers 6 4 – 5 correct answers 4 2 – 3 correct answers 2 0 – 1 correct answers 1 49 | P a g e .

50 | P a g e .1 Instructions: Read the questions carefully. Test Sheet 7. Write the letter that responds to the correct answer in your paper.2.

A. Electronic component B. A. Automated 7. Passive device 51 | P a g e . Components that are capable of controlling voltages or currents and can create a switching action in the circuit. A. A device that is used mainly to control current and voltage within the circuit. A. Active device C. Electronic circuit C. Conductors B. Any basic discrete device or physical entity in an electronic system used to affect electrons or their associated fields. Inductor 6. Electric current C. A device that contribute no power gain to a circuit or system. Passive device 5. Inspection C. Network C. Resistor B. It is the process of finding and resolving of defects that prevent correct operation of computer software or a system. this charge is often carried by moving electrons in a wire A.1. A. Electric current 4. The presence and flow of electric charge. It is a flow of electric charge. A. Debugging B. Capacitor C. Electronic circuit 2. Conductors B. Electricity 3. Electronic device B. Active device C. Electronic device B.

Prototyping C. Diodes C. Debugging 9. Platform testing C. Integrated circuit 10. A set of specifications defining test methods for diverse components of computer and electronic system to be marketed as complete product.8. Platform testing B. Automated B. It means using an automated tool to execute your test case suite. A. They are complex circuits inside one simple package. A. inspection 52 | P a g e . Transistors B. A.

A 7. A 9. B 2. A 53 | P a g e .2. C 10. C 5. A 6. Answer Key Test Sheet 7. C 3. B 8. A 4.1 1.

2. for example. The following are the characteristics of the different methods of testing electric components: 1. Electronic components being the basic discrete device or physical entity in an electronic system. isolate the source of the problem. INFORMATION SHEET 7. Automated Testing Method The objective of automated testing is to simplify as much of the testing effort as possible. you must be able to determine characteristics and appropriateness of testing methods to be used during development and on completion. A user of a 54 | P a g e . Debugging Method To debug a program or hardware device is to start with a problem. then this process might be a good candidate for automation. at any time of day.2.2 “Characteristics of Electronic Components Testing Methods” Learning Objectives: After reading this information sheet. If unit testing consumes a large percentage of a quality assurance (QA) team's resources. requires constant monitoring and maintenance for its functionality. Tests carried out with these tools can be run repeatedly. reporting outcomes and comparing results with earlier test runs. Automated testing tools are capable of executing tests. Automation drastically reduces the margin of error and time in the testing scenario by going through pre-recorded instructions. and then fix it.

hearing. 4. formats. components of diverse platforms can be tested on a different platform to check its functionality. However this does not necessarily imply that the device is defective for incompatibility issues may cause its failure. 3. mean inspection of equipment and structures using either or all of raw human senses such as vision. Using this method. This is used in the maintenance of facilities. With prototyping. data acquisition.0 and could also be UNIX machines on an Ethernet network. When someone says they've debugged a program or "worked the bugs out" of a program. 55 | P a g e . Prototyping Method Prototyping is a draft version of a product that allows you to explore your ideas and show the intention behind a feature or the overall design concept to users before investing time money into development. The term cross-platform refers to applications. A platform might be an Intel 80486 processor running DOS Version 6. Inspection Method Inspection is a common method of quality control. program that does not know how to fix the problem may learn enough about the problem to be able to avoid it until it is permanently fixed. 5. users get to experience and react to the prototype though usually isn’t complete and many of the details are not built within it. and data analysis. or devices that work on different platforms. Platform Testing Method Platform is the underlying hardware or software for a system. external component defects are identified using specified requirements or standards. This method reduces the effect of further damaging other components since it isolates the defective part/component after its identification. With this method. touch and smell and/or any non-specialized inspection equipment. they imply that they fixed it so that the bugs no longer exist.

56 | P a g e .

touch and smell  external component defects are identified using specified requirements or standards.2 Direction: Identify what method of testing electronic components is being described. hearing. Testing Methods Characteristics  Testing can be repeatedly done anytime  reduced margin of error and time in the testing scenario  reduces the effect of further damaging other components  test is done human senses such as vision.  components of diverse platforms are tested on a different platform  not functional component may not necessarily be defective due to incompatibility issues. Activity Sheet 7.2.  a draft version of a product  saves time and money  users get to experience and react to the prototype  usually isn’t complete 57 | P a g e .

Prototyping Method  a draft version of a product  saves time and money  users get to experience and react to the prototype  usually isn’t complete Criteria Score 5 correct answers 10 4 correct answers 8 3 correct answers 6 2 correct answers 4 1 correct answer 2 58 | P a g e . Answer Key Activity Sheet 7.2 Testing Methods Characteristics Automated Testing  Testing can be repeatedly done anytime Method  reduced margin of error and time in the testing scenario Debugging Method  reduces the effect of further damaging other components Inspection Method  test is done human senses such as vision. hearing. Platform Testing Method  components of diverse platforms are tested on a different platform  not functional component may not necessarily be defective due to incompatibility issues.2. touch and smell  external component defects are identified using specified requirements or standards.

2. 59 | P a g e . 1. Be able to describe to the class how the testing is done. Non-functional RAM. 3.2 Group Activity: Evaluate the following case situations and identify the appropriate testing method applicable. Check the continuity of a transistor. Job Sheet 7. LED indicator for the power button is not lit. 4. Transistor leg not properly inserted in the PCB. 5. Power up the PSU without connecting the power connectors to the motherboard.2.

A even refuse to leader who strong satisfactory participate contributes a lot member who group of effort. tries hard. Platform testing 4. procrastinate meets d on an item deadlines but deadlines were still met Attitude Never is publicly Rarely is Occasionally Often is critical critical of publicly is publicly publicly and anyone’s ideas. A work.. Always positive positive attitude toward has a positive attitude. Answer Key Job Sheet 7. critical and critical and often has a opinions or usually has a usually has a negative work.2. attitude the task attitude about the task 60 | P a g e . Automated 2. redone by others Time Uses time well Uses time Tends to Rarely gets management and has things well but may procrastinate things done by completed on have but still deadlines. Prototyping Category 4 3 2 1 Contributions Provides useful Usually Sometimes Rarely provides ideas when provides ideas provides ideas ideas to the doing group in group in group group. May work.2 1. Inspection 5. time. Inspection and Automated 3. A real work. member who does what is required Quality of Provides Provides high Provides work Provides work Work excellent quality quality work that needs to that usually of work be needs to be rechecked.

the task. Elements of Developing a Test Strategy In order to create a test strategy. In order to ensure that the testing strategy is carried forward. the complexity of the boards and many other factors.Focus to Continuously Focuses to Focuses to Rarely focuses task stays focused to the task most the task on the task. As a result it is necessary to develop the test strategy from the earliest stages on the development of the product. students must be able to select the best testing methods in relation to the correct and appropriate testing strategy. How to Develop a Successful Test Strategy These are key points of how to develop a successful test strategy or test automation strategy.3 Consider/select testing methods in relation to appropriate testing strategy Learning Objectives: After reading the INFORMATION SHEET. Very of the time. Lets others do self-motivated. Can be Others need the work depended on to encourage. and the available equipment. it is necessary to start at the beginning of a project and then carry the development and implementation forward throughout the whole of the development and production lifecycle. When creating a testing strategy it is necessary to take account of many other aspects of the product including its design. sometime. The test strategy or testing process will need to be developed around the product.2. to complete a and remind task this person to stay on task INFORMATION SHEET 7. It may be necessary to ensure that elements of the design are changed to enable testing to be accommodated more easily and in a more cost effective manner. and update this as the development and production elements of the project move forward. It is an unfortunate fact of life that not all products will work once they have been manufactured and it is necessary to test the product before it is shipped to ensure that it is operational. write a test strategy document and template and improve performance of the process. 61 | P a g e . The development of a test strategy / process or testing strategy for an electronics product is just as important as the development of the product itself. it is wise to create a test strategy document.

The main elements of the test strategy lifecycle may include the following:

Analyze the product. One of the first tasks to undertake is to completely review
the proposed product. It will be possible to gain a good idea of the construction of
it, and form a view of the anticipated components and technologies it should be
possible to estimate the anticipated failure rates.

Review available test equipment. While many would like to tailor the test
equipment to the product and buy new test equipment, this is not normally
possible. It is normally necessary to re-use existing test equipment and to design
the product so that it is optimized for the test equipment that already exists. With
a knowledge of the technologies used in the proposed product it will be possible to
assess the existing test equipment to ensure it will be suitable for testing the new
product.

Review test opportunities. It will be necessary to review the areas in which
assemblies can be tested, both during the pilot production runs when more
failures would be expected as well as later in its life when the processes will have
matured and the line settled down.

Create test strategy document. In order to define what needs to be achieved it is
necessary to create a test strategy document. This will set down the aims of the
test strategy in a form that can be reviewed and then implemented. It is vital that
all parties agree to this so that any design for test strategies can be implemented
during the early design stages for the product.

Implement test strategy. It is necessary to implement the test strategy from the
earliest stages of the design of the product. Elements of design for test will need to
be implemented from the concept stages of the product through to the time when
printed circuit boards and ASICs are committed. By ensuring that any design for
test measures are introduced, the testing of the product can be greatly simplified
and the test coverage increased to a level where few failures are missed.

Collect metrics. One key element of any test strategy is to collect metrics. In this
way commonly occurring problems can be seen and rectified. In this way the
production process can be improved and costs reduced. Only by collecting metrics
and analyzing them quickly can process improvements be achieved.

Review and change test strategy and testing. One of the key elements in any
test strategy is to incorporate regular reviews of the product and be prepared to
change even after the product has been in production for some while. This costs
additional money and once a product has completed its development, this is rarely
available and as a result costs may be higher than necessary because the testing

62 | P a g e

is not continuing to be optimized. It is normally advisable to make changes to the
test strategy once a product has been in production. It may be possible to omit
some tests which rarely produce results or it may be necessary to introduce others
to reduce fault find time. These improvements to the test strategy can only be
implemented if funding is available.

Testing Methods for Electronic Components
Automated
Automated testing means using an automation tool to execute your
test case suite.
Automated testing tools are capable of executing tets, reporting
outcomes and comparing results with earlier test runs. Test carrie out with
these tools can be run repeatedly, at any time of day. The method or process
being used to implement automation is called a testt automation framework.

Debugging
Debugging is the process of finding and resolving of defects that
prevent correct operation of computer software or a system.

Inspection
Inspection is an organized examination or formal evaluation excercise
which involves the measurements, tests and guages applied to certain
characteristics in regard to an object or activity. The results are usually
compared to specified requirements and standards for determining whether
the item or activity is inline with these targets.

Platform testing
Platform testing is a set of specifications defining test methods for
diverse components of computer and electronic system to be marketed as
complete product.

Prototyping
Prototyping is the activity of creating prototype of software
applications. Is a draft version of a product that allows you to explore your
ideas and show the intention behind a feature or the overall design concept
to users before investing time money into development.

Testing Strategies for Electronic Components

Passive and Active Testing
Passive testing is a software testing technique that observes the system
without interaction. On the other hand, active testing involves interaction with the
system.

63 | P a g e

Dynamic Testing
Dynamic Testing is a kind of software testing technique using which the
dynamic behavior of the code is analyzed. For Performing dynamic, testing the
software should be compiled and executed and parameters such as memory
usage, CPU usage, response time and overall performance of the software are
analyzed.
Dynamic testing involves testing the software for the input values and output
values are analyzed. Dynamic testing is the Validation part of Verification and
Validation.

Dynamic Testing Techniques
The Dynamic Testing Techniques are broadly classified into two categories. They
are:
 Functional Testing
 Non-Functional Testing

In-Circuit Testing
In-circuit testing is an example of white box testing where an electrical probe
tests a populated printed circuit board (PCB), checking for shorts, opens,
resistance, capacitance, and other basic quantities which will show whether the
assembly was correctly fabricated.

ACTIVITY SHEET 7.2.3

Instruction:
 Group students into 5.
 Every group is given one manila paper.
 Group will select a leader, documenter and a presenter.
 Group will be given 20 minutes to complete the task.
 Let groups perform a yell before presenting their outputs.
 Supply answers in bullet form under characteristics column.

Testing Strategies Characteristics Testing Methods

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3.3 6 – 7 correct and complete answers 8 4 – 5Title: correct andTESTING completeMETHODS answers AND STRATEGY ON ELECTRONIC 6 2 – 3 correct and complete answers 4 COMPONENTS 1 – 2 correct and complete answers 2 Performance Objective: Given Information Sheet 7.Integrated Circuits (ICs) .LEDs . Tools and Equipment : .2. Passive Testing Active Testing Dynamic Testing In-Circuit Testing Scoring Rubrics: Criteria Score All correct and complete answers 10 TASK SHEET 7.Transistors .3).2.Diodes . you should be able to consider and select appropriate methods and strategies in testing electronic equipment and apply OHS policies and procedures. Conduct a simulation on “TESTING METHODS AND STRATEGY ON ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS”.Multi-tester Steps/Procedure: 1.2. Assessment Method:  Hands-on  Oral Questioning 65 | P a g e  Practical Demonstration .Resistors . The performance will be rated based on the checklist (refer to Performance Checklist 7.Capacitors . 3. Group yourselves into six members. 2.Inductors .

PERFORMANCE CRITERIA CHECKLIST 7.2. Apply safety precautions in testing the electronic equipment? Sources:  http://www. Select the correct method and strategy in testing electronic equipment? 5. YES NO 1. Identify the correct electronic equipment? 2.radio-electronics. htm 66 | P a g e .3 CRITERIA Did you….php  http://www.com/software_testing_dictionary/passive_testing.tutorialspoint. Use the tools/equipment properly? 3.com/info/t_and_m/ate/developing-testing- automation-strategy. Consider the appropriate methods and strategy in testing electronic equipment? 4.

Installed in the back corner of the PC case. Power Supply Unit (PSU) . 67 | P a g e . It converts 120vac (standard house power) into DC voltages that are used by other components in the PC. Motherboard / Mainboard / System Board. Information Sheet 7. next to the motherboard.4 Develop plan for testing components at specified points during development and on completion 1.The main circuit board of a computer. It contains all the circuits and components that run the computer.2. 2.

is a magnetic storage device that is installed inside the computer. It performs all of the instructions and calculations that are needed and manages the flow of information through a computer. In a Windows computer. ROM – (Read Only Memory) ROM is non-volatile. CPU (Central Processing Unit) .Also known as hard drive. Memory a. 5. The hard drive is used as permanent storage for data. Hard Disk Drive (HDD) .1. the hard drive is usually configured as the C: drive and contains the operating system and applications.The processor is the main “brain” or “heart” of a computer system. 4. 68 | P a g e . meaning it holds data even when the power is ON or OFF.

b. 6. meaning it holds data only when the power is on. TASK SHEET 7. The portion of the monitor that displays the information is called the screen or video display terminal.4 COMPONENTS TESTING PLAN Hardware Component Condition Working properly Not working properly 1. Computer Monitor 69 | P a g e . using text and graphics. Computer Monitor. RAM – (Random Access Memory) RAM is volatile. When the power is off. RAM's contents are lost.2.It displays information in visual form. Power Supply 2.

3. Memory 70 | P a g e . Motherboard 4. Hard disk drive 5. Processor 6.

you must start by identifying necessary instrument and tools and how to prepare it. 71 | P a g e . Make sure that you are familiar with the correct use of each tool and that the correct tool is used for the current task.2. In order to accomplish this. Identify the necessary instrument and tools when assembling and troubleshooting computer system. A toolkit should contain all the tools necessary to complete hardware repairs. Skilled use of tools and software makes the job less difficult and ensures that tasks are performed properly and safely. Hardware tools are grouped into four categories:  ESD tools  Hand tools  Cleaning tools  Diagnostic tools Figure 2-2 shows some common tools used in computer repair.5 Preparing measuring instrument and tools Learning Objectives: After reading this INFORMATION SHEET. Below are the necessary instrument and tools to prepare. YOU MUST be able to: 1. you learn which tools to have available for different types of jobs. Hardware Tools For every job there is the right tool. Information Sheet 7. A key to a successful assembly and troubleshooting is proper preparation. As you gain experience.

 Tweezers: Used to manipulate small parts. The antistatic mat protects computer equipment by preventing static electricity from accumulating on the hardware or on the technician.  Wire cutters: Used to strip and cut wires.  Hex driver: Used to tighten or loosen nuts in the same way that a screwdriver tightens or loosens screws (sometimes called a nut driver). Hand Tools Most tools used in the computer assembly process are small hand tools. Figure 2-2. quality.  Phillips-head screwdriver: Used to tighten or loosen cross-headed screws. Toolkits range widely in size. The antistatic wrist strap protects computer equipment when grounded to a computer chassis.Computer Tools ESD Tools There are two ESD tools: the antistatic wrist strap and the antistatic mat. They are available individually or as part of a computer repair toolkit. and price.  Needle-nose pliers: Used to hold small parts. Some common hand tools and their uses are:  Flat-head screwdriver: Used to tighten or loosen slotted screws. 72 | P a g e . a feature that is mainly found on laptops.  Torx screwdriver: Used to tighten or loosen screws that have a star-like depression on the top.

Some cable connectors must be connected to cables using a punch down tool. Cleaning Tools Having the appropriate cleaning tools is essential when maintaining and repairing computers. jumpers. Using the appropriate cleaning tools helps ensure that computer components are not damaged during cleaning. as shown in Figure 2-3.  Crimper: Used to attach connectors to wires.  Flashlight: Used to light up areas that you cannot see well. and other small parts and prevents them from getting mixed together Diagnostic Tools Diagnostic tools are used to test and diagnose equipment.  Part retriever: Used to retrieve parts from locations that are too small for your hand to fit. is a device that can take many types of measurements. Cleaning tools include the following:  Soft cloth: Used to clean different computer components without scratching or leaving debris  Compressed air: Used to blow away dust and debris from different computer parts without touching the components  Cable ties: Used to bundle cables neatly inside and outside of a computer  Parts organizer: Used to hold screws. fasteners.  Wire stripper: A wire stripper is used to remove the insulation from wire so that it can be twisted to other wires or crimped to connectors to make a cable. Diagnostic tools include the following:  A digital multimeter.  Punch-down tool: Used to terminate wire into termination blocks. It tests the integrity of circuits and the quality of 73 | P a g e .

 The toner probe. Figure 2-3. is a two-part tool. When the probe is in near proximity to the cable to which the toner is attached.Multimeter  A loopback adapter. The toner generates a tone that travels the length of the cable. or metal clips. coaxial. The adapter is specific to the port that you want to test. such as an RJ-45. as shown in Figure 2-4. also called a loopback plug. A digital multimeter displays the information on an LCD or LED. tests the basic functionality of computer ports. the tone can be heard through a speaker in the probe. The toner part is connected to a cable at one end using specific adapters. 74 | P a g e . The probe part traces the cable. electricity in computer components.

it is often used when diagnosing and repairing computers. 75 | P a g e . diagnosis.Toner Probe Although an external hard drive enclosure is not a diagnostic tool. and repair using a known-working computer. Backups can also be recorded to a drive in an external enclosure to prevent data corruption during a computer repair. Figure 2-4. The customer hard drive is placed into the external enclosure for inspection.

Cleaning and Diagnostic Tools. 9 Students write at least three tools in three categories. 7 Students write at least three tools in two categories. Task Sheet 7.2. 5 Students write at least one tool in two categories. ESD Tools Hands Tools Cleaning Tools Diagnostics Scoring Rubrics Points Description 10 Students write at least two tools in four categories. 8 Students write at least two tools in three categories.5 Preparing measuring instrument and tools Identify tools and equipment found in your laboratory if it belongs to ESD. 6 Students write at least two tools in two categories. Hand. 76 | P a g e .

and other signs of wear or faults in the cord insulation. checking is necessary for any equipment where significant risks to health and safety may arise from incorrect installation. Check the plug for cracks and for missing. Every computer technician needs a number of tools and equipment to complete any PC build or repair with the efficiency and precision of a surgeon. 3. Use only tested and approved tools. a quick visual check before use will be sufficient. fraying. adjusted and maintained safely – with any deterioration detected and remedied before it results in a health and safety risk.2. There is a need to check to detect faulty tools or equipment in order to ensure success in task assigned and avoid possible accidents. deterioration or any other circumstances. YOU MUST be able to: 1. Checking the necessary measuring instrument and tools will make your job easier and ensure success. 4. Ensure that you have been properly trained to use the tool safely. Check the necessary instrument and tools when assembling and troubleshooting computer system. 2. The purpose of checking is to identify whether work equipment and tools can be operated. Check tools or equipment for any damage prior to each use. 6. Check cords for defects: check the power cord for cracking. in many cases. reinstallation. Check for damaged switches and ones with faulty trigger locks. Not all work equipment needs formal checking to ensure safety and. Information Sheet 7. 77 | P a g e . Check the handle and body casing of the tool or equipment for cracks or other damage. Read the operator's manual before using the tool and operate the tool according to the manufacturer's instructions. However.5-1 Checking measuring instrument and tools Learning Objectives: After reading this INFORMATION SHEET. 5. loose or faulty prongs. What should you do before using equipment and tools? 1.

4.do not attempt to repairs if you don’t have any skills. Assessment Method: 78 | P a g e Portfolio assessment using the performance criteria checklist . Check the plug for cracks and for missing. then tag it. TASK SHEET 2.do not use defective tools "temporarily". What should you do if you find a tools or equipment defective? 1. Visual check. If a tool is defective. and tag it clearly "Out of service for repair". loose or faulty prongs. 7. Check cords for defects. Supplies/Materials : Notepad and Pencil Equipment : Hardware tools Steps/Procedure: 1. 8. Check tools or equipment for any damage prior to each use. 5. 3. 2. 2. If tools or equipment are defective. Have tools repaired by a qualified person . 4. Check for damaged switches and ones with faulty trigger locks. Make sure that all necessary equipment and tools are complete before working to avoid delay of work. Check the handle and body casing of the tool or equipment for cracks or other damage. check the necessary instrument and tools when assembling and troubleshooting computer system. Create a report of the defective tools or equipment then submit it to the person in-charge. The report should be kept at least until the next inspection of that equipment. remove it from service. Replace damaged equipment immediately . 6. Make sure that all necessary equipment and tools are complete and functional before working to avoid delay of work.5-1 Title: Checking measuring instrument and tools Performance Objective: Given complete set of tools and equipment. 3.7.

Check tools or equipment for any damage prior to each use. Make sure that all necessary equipment and tools are complete and functional before working to avoid delay of work. 79 | P a g e . loose or faulty prongs. If tools or equipment are defective.2. Check cords for defects. Check the plug for cracks and for missing. then tag it. Performance Criteria Checklist 7.5-1 CRITERIA Yes No Visual check. Check for damaged switches and ones with faulty trigger locks. Check the handle and body casing of the tool or equipment for cracks or other damage.

This involves applying logical organizing principles. or categories. Create a Records Storage System Step 1: Review the records your company wants to store and your current records collections and storage practices. The primary criterion for a category is that it not overlap any other category. retained. Many experts believe metadata is the key to meeting this challenge. Form a small committee to work with you in outlining the materials you plan to organize. you use the same process. Establish records system to document testing results. context. effective system. and structure of records must be recorded and managed. Create the categories you need to encompass all your records. Step 2: Organize documents into recognizable categories that make sense to your personnel. Information Sheet 7. or compatible group of customers. electronic system or creating a system using paper records. How to Establish a Records Storage System Establishing a records storage system requires a thorough review of your current company practices and a workable plan. or destroyed in accordance with their organization’s recordkeeping requirements. Whether you are setting up a paperless. information about the content.6 How to Establish Records Systems Learning Objectives: After reading this INFORMATION SHEET. Product or vendor records 80 | P a g e . If a major category is customers. then each customer. maintained. Records managers must be involved in the development and design of metadata structures to ensure that digital records are captured. YOU MUST be able to: 1. Proper divisions. preserved. are the key to an efficient. including problems and faults. concern also increases over the ability to ensure that records will continue to be accessible throughout their life cycle. should serve as a sub-category. To accomplish this end.2. As the volume of information born or stored digitally increases.

81 | P a g e . Step 3: Prepare training materials that explain the system to employees. tend to be used interchangeably with categorization. the first international records management standard. Metadata associating information to categories helps provide context. two terms that come from the library field. fireproof off-site locations. aggregate data and geographic files. it may pay to make duplicate records and file them in secure. online storage. processing and analysing the data. Cataloging and classification. who are likely to receive questions after the system is in place. defines metadata as “data describing context. which you keep in a secure. Records managers sometimes refer to a records classification scheme as a file plan or record plan. department or any other method that makes retrieval convenient. file and distribute records. For critical records. you can back the files up to your own drives. however. consistent and efficient.Records Management. content. but how it operates.” In the contemporary information management field. Metadata can be in a form of: Categorization is the process of associating a document with one or more subject categories. Use the development team members to assist you in monitoring the system for changes that will correct problems or make it easier and more efficient to use. and structure of records and their management through time. Another alternative is to scan critical data electronically and transmit the files to off-site. If privacy of data is an issue. Conduct a training program to explain the procedures and benefits of record storage and retrieval. individual records can be arranged alphabetically by title. Ways in Documenting Data Metadata Metadata Defined ISO15489-1 Information and Documentation . whose job is to collect. metadata must also be defined and understood in terms of the function it performs. Metadata is the documentation that accompanies and assists users in the interpretation of microdata. by date initiated or completed. Within each category and sub-category. so one appreciates not only what it is.must be in different categories. Give special attention to any record handlers. the description of the methodology used in collecting. off-site location. The information usually includes the definition of variables and description of their classification schemes. and information on the accuracy of the data. Step 4: A filing system without a back-up system is not complete or secure. and unit supervisors. Companies suffered large financial losses or went out of business when they lost their data.

data sources and methods: If it is not already.if a question is asked in the questionnaire.  Interviewer instructions: Interviewer instructions give an indication of how the data was collected and also provides an indication of skip patterns in the questionnaire (which helps explain why the population for certain variables may be lower than the total population).  Statistics Canada Definitions. record layout and codebook as it often contains all the 82 | P a g e . data accuracy. cv tables. Indexing involves analyzing the document to determine terms that can be used to describe the document. Other instructions can facilitate the interpretation of the data as well. frequency. Data Sources and Methods (formerly known as the Integrated Metadata Base or IMDB): survey questionnaires. codebook. etc. Different types of metadata Metadata can consist of many different documents including those found in Statistics Canada's Definitions. data dictionary. and not reported on the PUMF. record layouts. frequency file. However. estimation. instructions to interviewers. error detection. user's guide. user guides and data dictionaries have overlapping properties. responses for some questions may not be used directly but may be used for the creation of the derived variables appearing in the PUMF. there is the possibility of asking for a custom tabulations. this should be one of your bookmarked sites. the better the chances are of locating and retrieving the document quickly and easily. quality evaluation. questionnaire and reporting guide. It is very important to researchers who may have to go to the RDC . The more specific the index term. the volume of electronic records demands an automatic process. For paper-based records. instrument design.  User's guide: The user's guide contains information to help the user interpret the survey data. Keep in mind that for the PUMFs.  Questionnaire: This tool is helpful to assess the questions posed to the respondent and how the questions were formulated. sampling. imputation. indexing is a manual process. such as a unique identification number. Indexing terms are then used as pointers to a possible solution to a search. and disclosure control. It has overlapping properties with the data dictionary. description. Or in some cases. target population. data sources and methods section of the Statistics Canada site includes quick descriptions of information pertinent to the survey as well as each survey's status. data sources. The Definitions. Please note that codebooks. It also gives context to the question – "Was the question posed the way I thought it was?" Note: interviewer instructions are commonly included in the questionnaire. access to the variable is only available through the RDC program. methodology. record layout.

g. agent.. the weight variable). etc. and frequency counts. Determine which element set is better at 83 | P a g e . In its earliest usage. These can be simple tables. as applied by Statistics Canada recently (in that the data dictionary normally is assigned a "_cbk" extension). description. CV tables are also referred to as variability tables. many surveys provide the CV tables. which are the coefficients of variation. column positions in the data file. population sampled. This document has overlapping properties with the codebook. for geospatial coordinates include elements from geospatial metadata schemas. variable descriptions. user's guide and record layout. e. (business function. but are there enough elements for records management. and number of decimals. This file may also include weighted and unweighted frequencies. Some variables are continuous and are not included in the frequency file (e.g.  Data dictionary: The data dictionary is an excellent source to find general information about the variables in a survey. Check for missing elements. response values. missing value declarations. it can provide variable breakdowns and the codes for the responses.and hence. disposal actions and triggers)? • Include useful elements from other well-maintained schemas. It is often distributed in . position. variable universe.  Frequency file: The frequency file contains a list of the frequencies for the responses in the dataset.  CV tables: In order to assess the quality of data. make sure they do not overlap. can be exported to ASCII and used to create SPSS/SAS/Stata command files. labels.  Codebook: A codebook is a generic term often used to describe the user's guide.question text. but some surveys offer bootstrap weights to calculate these in a different way.  Record layout: The record layout provides variable names. Similar to the codebook. documentation pertaining to a survey (such as the sampling methodology. the codes for variables. records management preservation. discovery.g. e. etc. How to develop a Metadata • Schemas are usually built for a specific purpose. This is called “cross walking”.). ownership. that is. There may be several discovery-focused elements (subject. record layout and data dictionary or combinations of these documents. title). it typically provides variable- specific metadata . the codebook contained the rules for assigning numeric codes to the responses for questionnaire items. etc. storage format. However. the number of respondents who responded to each of the possible answers for a question. missing value assignments.xls format . • When combining elements and refinements (sub-elements) from a variety of schemas.

etc. for example: o For your country there may be a list of security classifications.describing formats. Secret. 84 | P a g e . o Know your data. the time spent maintaining an inventory is certainly justified. Never-the-less. • Look also for more specific/local schemas/application profiles based on this important standard • Also look for any existing lists relevant to your country or sector. Assemble information before you begin: o Inventory your data Spatial data sets have an ability to multiply and consume all available disk space. Strategies for metadata development Steps in creating metadata 1. Restricted. e. they tend to spread beyond the initial source of creation. For example a simple Date element would not comply with the records management requirement that specific types of dates must be linked to events such as disposal actions • Link to existing encoding schemes that are well maintained by trusted agencies. in an education sector metadata schema. when considering the resources invested in database development.. they will recognise the parent element. Metadata provides an opportunity to recapture much of the knowledge lost to map and data automation. data developers have less contact with rigors of geographic representation.. For example. Check whether the way you want to use any element or sub- element is consistent both with the source schema and with your purposes. Top Secret etc o For the education sector there might already be a list of education functions and activities • Avoid creating new elements. Create refinements (sub-elements) instead. • Make sure that any use of external encoding schemes is consistent. which is better at description of content. Even if systems don't recognise the refinement. In confidence. As GIS tools become easier to use. What's worse.g. and select the appropriate elements. under a “Subject” element there could be a refinement of “Education Curriculum”. This is fundamental for interoperability.

 Identify what your data means
Provide information regarding the data's intended use and
purpose.

 Identify the time your data is valid

 Identify the resources used to create the data
Providing lineage makes getting answers easier.

 Identify what your data represents
Knowledge about elements that compose the map,
(i.e. themes, features, attributes, queries, resolution, etc.) makes
metadata easy to complete.

 Identify how your data is represented
Knowledge of cartographic elements such
as projection, datum, Scale Factor, ordinate resolution,
and coordinate system.

2. Review other metadata examples

o Examine other metadata records
Metadata can be collected in a variety of forms and varying levels of
detail. Examining how other agencies document their data holdings
may provide insight into the most appropriate strategy for your agency.

3. Know the Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)
The CSDGM can be very daunting to the un-initiated. By using available
resources, compliant metadata does not have to require a lot of time.

o Graphical CSDGM
This tool provides a very "user friendly" interface to the standard.

o Download the Metadata Workbook version 2.0

4. Use the resources available to you
The metadata standard can be quite large. By utilizing the resources like
the Graphical CSDGM, you can cut down on the time it takes to enter values by
entering only those fields that apply to your data:

o SOFTWARE: CorpsMet95
The US Army Corps of Engineers developed Corpsmet95 as a free, easy
to use, metadata production tool. Corpsmet95 offers an integrated
CSDGM "wizard" like feature that informs users when a value
is required or required if applicable. This feature makes CorpsMet95
appealing to novice and general use metadata creators.
85 | P a g e

 Enter only what is required
The CSDGM fields may seem daunting at first, but if you enter
only that information which is required, you will save
time. CorpsMet95 identifies only those fields which form
compliant metadata.

5. Syntax & structure of metadata

o Parse the record
Parsing refers to a process in which the values and structure of
metadata record are reviewed. By checking the syntax of the
metadata record against the FGDC Content Standard for Digital
Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM). An output file (a text report) is
generated which indicates any and all errors in the metadata.

 Using the report, all necessary modifications to the
arrangement and values in the record are made as they are
needed. Repeating the process until the syntactical structure is
correct is required.

Microsoft Word Document Metadata Capture and Use

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Figure 3: Example of Metadata TASK SHEET 7. Create a metadata name of the above reports. Read the following reports Problems Symptoms Date Motherboard Defective motherboard due 6/8/2016 Bloated Capacitor to Bloated capacitators Memory Blue A blue screen with white 7/1/2016 Screen text flashes before restarting Operating System When you restart your 6/20/2016 (OS) Error Loading computer after the file-copy Operating System portion of Windows XP Setup. .2. Supplies/Materials : Paper and ballpen Equipment : LCD projector Steps/Procedure: 1. you may receive the following error message: Error loading operating system Power Supply LED The Power Supply LED is 6/15/2106 not available on all the desktop computer models. students will create a metadata. Microsoft Office There is no MS office 6/5/2016 Not Installed installed Monitor No Signal NO SIGNAL error message 5/26/2016 88 | P a g e displayed on the Monitor 2.6 Title: How to Create a Metadata Performance Objective: Given a sample records with context or description.

6 Enumerate the following items below: 1.Scoring Rubrics Points Description 10 Create a metadata name which appropriate to the given reports. 8 Create a metadata name which closely related to the given reports. Different types of metadata 89 | P a g e . Create a Records Storage System 2.2. 5 Create a metadata name to the given reports. Self-Check 7.

data sources and methods 2. Statistics Canada Definitions. Review the records your company wants to store and your current records collections and storage practices. Prepare training materials that explain the system to employees. 3. Frequency file 90 | P a g e . Questionnaire 3. 2. Answer Key 7. A filing system without a back-up system is not complete or secure. 4. Different types of metadata 1. Create a Records Storage System 1. Data dictionary 8. Codebook 6. Record layout 7.2. 2.6 1. User's guide 5. Organize documents into recognizable categories that make sense to your personnel. Interviewer instructions 4.

9. etc instead of people to do the work Debugging – to remove the mistakes or errors in a computer program Inspection – the act of looking at something closely in order to learn more about it to find problems etc. Testing Methods for Electronic Components Automated . CV tables Information Sheet 7.1 Apply appropriate testing methods to electronic component in accordance to technical specifications.3. computers. Platform Testing –is a set of specifications defining test methods for diverse components of computer and electronic systems to be marketed as complete products. 91 | P a g e .to run or operate by using machines.

Prototyping .) automated b.1 Groupings: The class will be divided into 5 groups and will perform the following testing methods: a.) inspection d. Activity Sheet 3.) platform testing e.an original or first model of something from which the forms are copied or developed.) debugging c.) prototyping 92 | P a g e .

1 93 | P a g e . Scoring Rubric: Description Score 100% completed 10 75% completed 8 50% completed 5 Job Sheet 7.3.

Trojans. TESTING METHOD AUTOMATED DEBUGGING INSPECTION PLATFOR PROTOTYPIN SITUATION M G TESTING 1 Unplug power cord 2 virus. Check what appropriate testing method will be used in the given problem or situation. worms 3 Software application s 4 Software installation 5 Motherboar d tracer 94 | P a g e .

check all the cables of your computers such as data cables. Double check the power connections. Do you have ink or toners in your printer? Check the ink toners/ cartridges in your printers. 95 | P a g e . Unseated card. Check the power cords and cable connectors in your computer unit. Event viewer In the event viewer. so that you have a record on how a certain problem occurred and how did you solve it. Notice Changes When you notice a software or hardware error in your computer. INFORMATION SHEET 7. Check cables In case of any device failure. S. Make notes including the error messages and their solutions. Loose cards could cause it to malfunction. Make notes Troubleshooting is a big learning option and we can learn a lot when we face any kind of troubleshooting in our computer. Voltage Regulator and power supply could cause power failure in the computer unit. Common Trouble for Computer Units 1. determine what was changed before the problem occurred.3. check it with the other computers so that you can make sure whether the fault is in the component or not. Hardware Check the hardware settings in the CMOS and in the settings device manager of the system and make all the device drivers are up to date and all the cards are plugged in properly. power cables. internal circuitry cables and make sure that all these are plugged in and working fine. 3. 6.2 Detecting and recording problems and faults by testing. Troubleshooting Plan for Personal Computers Trial and error When you find a faulty component in your computer. you will find the error or warning messages associated with any faulty hardware or software. 2. 4. Check the boot sequence configuration in the advance BIOS (Basic Input/Output Unit) setup.

it helps the user to determine the errors found in your computer hardware and network. 2. 6. Soldering iron – is primarily used for connecting terminals in your power supply and circuit board with the use of a soldering lead. Thermal paste – is a paste used for heat dissipation for your processor. Network Troubleshooting Tools 1. 5. Crimping tool – is a device used to crimp the RJ45 connector to the UTP cable. 3. Screw drivers – is used to install and remove screws in your computer unit. 2. mat and spray – are used to eliminate electrostatic discharge in your work area. Lens cleaner – is used for cleaning optical media. 1. LAN Tester – is a device used to test the network connection. Pliers and tweezers – is used for picking small parts in your computer unit.Tools for Testing Computer System Tools and equipment play a vital role in troubleshooting. 96 | P a g e . Anti-static wrist strap. such as DVD-ROMs and CD writers. 4.

Hands-on Activity (GROUP ACTIVITY) Direction: Each group will detect and record the problems encountered in their assign System Unit. Activity Sheets 7. check the power chord of System unit is not booting the system unit if it is damaged up 97 | P a g e .2 Detecting and recording problems and faults by testing. GROUP STEPS IN DETECTING PROBLEMS DETECTED PROBLEMS Sample Answers 1  Check the power supply Fan is not working  Open and check the system unit  Be sure that the CPU fan is properly inserted the CPU fan chord to the CPU fan slot 2  Check first the power chord of Unable to Print the printer if it is properly plug  Be sure that the printer cable is inserted to the printer port  Check the drivers.3. if it is properly installed 3  First.

2. 98 | P a g e . Creating a documentation plan 30% for troubleshooting. 100% Task Sheets 3. 3.  Used the multi-tester to test if the power chord is still functional  Power chord is properly plug to the motherboard power slot 4  Check first the power chord if it No display of monitor is damaged or not  Check the monitor cable if it properly attached  Check the RAM if it is loosely inserted CRITERIA: Evaluation: CRITERIA RATING 1. Appropriate tools are used in 30% detecting problems. Sequence of steps in detecting is 20% followed. Observance of safety 20% precautions. Name: ___________________________________ Date: ______________ School: __________________________________ Score: _____________ Sample Checklist Direction: Just simply put a CHECK MARK to the YES column if the following items are accomplished in the testing process and NO column if not. 4.2 Detecting and recording problems and faults by testing.

Creating a documentation plan for troubleshooting. Appropriate tools are used in detecting problems. 2. Observance of safety precautions. Can able to identify the problem 7. 5. 99 | P a g e . 3. Develop team work during the activity 8.3 Documentation of the remedial steps. Procedures YES NO 1. Check the power cords and cable connectors 6. Double check the power connections. 4. Tools are properly place after using INFORMATION SHEET 7.3.

Documented Information Problems Procedures/Solutions Components No display of -check the power supply monitor -clean the RAM Unable to Print -check the printer cable if it is properly plug or not -install drivers Unable to -check the audio/video cable if it works produce sound properly -check the drivers if it is properly installed -turn on the speakers System unit not -properly plug the power supply circuits to booting up the motherboard -check the wire Fan is not -Check the power supply working -Open and check the system unit -Be sure that the CPU fan is properly 100 | P a g e .

inserted the CPU fan chord to the CPU fan
slot

ACTIVITY SHEETS 7.3.3

Documentation of the remedial steps.

Sample Documentation Table
Direction: Each group will list down all possible components to be checked
based on the problems.
Symptoms: Good Defective Remedy
No Monitor Display
AC outlet
AVR
Monitor Power Cable
Monitor Switch
Power Supply

CRITERIA:
Evaluation:
CRITERIA RATING
1. Sequence of steps in detecting is
20%
followed.
2. Observance of safety
20%
precautions.
3. Appropriate tools are used in
30%
detecting problems.
4. Creating a documentation plan
30%
for troubleshooting.
100%

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Job Sheets 7.3.3

Documentation of the remedial steps.

Name: ___________________________________ Date: ______________
School: __________________________________ Score: _____________

Sample Checklist
Direction: Just simply put a CHECK MARK to the YES column if the following
items are accomplished in the testing process and NO column if not.

Procedures YES NO
1. Double check the power connections.
2. Observance of safety precautions.
3. Appropriate tools are used in detecting problems.
4. Creating a documentation plan for troubleshooting.
5. Check the power cords and cable connectors
6. Can able to identify the problem
7. Develop team work during the activity
8. Tools are properly place after using

102 | P a g e

INFORMATION SHEET 7.3.4

Resolve detected problems and faults during testing in accordance with
agreed project or industry practice

Computer Parts Replacement
Replacing computer parts and peripherals you need to consider the following
factors:
1. Compatibility of the component or part
2. Consider the component specification
3. Components form factor

Compatibility of the Component
When replacing computer parts you should check if it is compatible with your unit.
Double check on your computer manual if the component you are replacing is
compatible or not with the unit because this may lead to system crash.

Component Specification

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while genetic types can be used only to generic type of units. Network Interface Card – is also known as LAN card.is also referred to as a graphics accelerator. It is commonly called RAM (Random Access Memory). temporary forms of storage. it is used most often to identify fast. Check if the unit you are trying to repair or upgrade is generic or branded units. Video Cards. List of Components Commonly Replaced in a Computer System Memory. current rating.This focuses on the specification of the component. A PC interface to network cabling. Check if the voltage rating. Form factor The components’ manufacturer should be considered.is technically any form of electronic storage. It is a piece of computer hardware designed to allow computers to communicate over a computer network 104 | P a g e . Branded units have their own set of components compatible only to their units. memory size and frequency matches your computer unit. is an item of personal computer hardware whose function is to generate and output images to a display.

It contains circuits that perform various functions.Hard disk drive – is a fixed computer storage medium Motherboard – is also known as the mainboard. Processor – is also known as CPU or the Central Processing unit 105 | P a g e .

networks and modems before you open the server/workstation covers. To avoid personal injury or equipment damage. 106 | P a g e . unless instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedure. and communication cables can be hazardous. telephone.Electrical safety Electric current from power. disconnect the attached power cords. telecommunications systems.

guards.  Always look carefully for possible hazards in your work  Moist floors 107 | P a g e .  After service. First.  Place removed covers and other parts in a safe place. metal-frame eyeglasses.  Do not wear jewelry. Replace any safety device that is worn out or defective. reinstall all safety shields. check that it has been powered-off. approximately 3 inches from the end.  Do not wear loose clothing that can be trapped in the moving parts of a machine.4 Resolve detected problems and faults during testing in accordance with agreed project or industry practice Hands-on Activity (OHS Should be followed) General Safety Tips and Reminders  Observe good housekeeping in the area of the machines during and after maintenance. Precautions  Disconnect all power before:  Performing a mechanical inspection  Working near power supplies  Removing or installing main units  Before starting work on the machine.  Never assume that power has been disconnected from a circuit. chains.3. Ensure that your sleeves are fastened or rolled up above your elbows. Dress for the Job  Keep your tool case away from walk areas so that other people will not trip over it. use hair net or hair cap. and ground wires.  Finally. labels. PERFORMANCE TASK/ ACTIVITY SHEETS 7. away from all personnel. unplug the power cord.  Insert the ends of your necktie or scarf inside clothing or fasten it with a nonconductive clip. If your hair is long. or metal fasteners for your clothing. reinstall all covers correctly before returning the unit to the customers. while you are servicing the machine.

 Remove the cover. or sharp edges)  Power-off computer.  Insulation on the power cord must not be frayed or worn out. 108 | P a g e . These steps will help you to identify potentially unsafe conditions on these products:  Check exterior covers for damage (loose.  Non-grounded power extension cables  Power surges.  If an electrical accident occurs:  Use caution  Switch off power  Send another person to get medical aid Safety Inspection Guide 1. frayed or pinched cables. Disconnect the power cord. broken. Use good judgment as to the safety of any alterations.  Check that the power-supply cover fasteners (screws or rivets) have not been removed or tampered with.  The power cord should be the appropriate type.  Check for any obvious alteration.  Check for worn out.

2. Video Cards. 3. 1. 6. Processor – is also known as CPU or the Central Processing unit 2. Motherboard – is also known as the mainboard.is also referred to as a graphics accelerator. It is commonly called RAM (Random Access Memory). Evaluation Sheet 7. is an item of personal computer hardware whose function is to generate and output images to a display. Memory.is technically any form of electronic storage.3. It contains circuits that perform various functions.4 Resolve detected problems and faults during testing in accordance with agreed project or industry practice Place your answer on your notebook 1 . it is used most often to identify fast. It is a piece of computer hardware designed to allow computers to communicate over a computer network 4. Hard disk drive – is a fixed computer storage medium 5. 109 | P a g e . temporary forms of storage. A PC interface to network cabling. Give the functions of each component. Factors to consider when replacing a component. Network Interface Card – is also known as LAN card.

inspection.3. Components form factor Information Sheet 7.5 Evaluate final product against the determined criteria Simple Idea(s) Evaluate Judge the value or condition of someone or something in a careful and thoughtful way. Diagnostic tools Evaluation Report Tells the final result of the evaluation done EVALUATION CRITERIA 110 | P a g e . 4. Consider the component specification 6. platform testing. Compatibility of the component or part 5. debugging. ESD tools. OHS Occupational Health and Safety Methods in testing automated. prototyping Tools Hand tools.

designated places are identified for all necessary items and workflow is organised for efficiency c.standards for optimal conditions can be implemented e. The student get the necessary tools and prepared the work 111 | P a g e . Method being used – appropriate and effective method in testing the electronic component. a. Seiketsu / Standardize . Observation of OHS – were they able to follow the OHS in testing and resolving the detected problems on the specific electronic component and followed the 5’s. b. Seiso / Sweep or Shine .3.In the sort stage.cleaning and tidying of the workplace. manage and maintain performance 2. materials and tools. 1. necessary items in the workplace are separated from unnecessary items. Shitsuke / Sustain . 3. Proper Use of Tools – correct tools that are required to finish or accomplish a certain task.to sustain. d.5 Evaluate final product against the determined criteria Scenario: A student is trying to solve a problem in computer where the CPU fan is not working. Seiton / Set in Order . Seiri / Sort . ACTIVITY SHEET 7.

Method being used in testing (What is the method being used?) the component 3. Proper use of (What are the tools being used? tools Are they used appropriately?) 4.environment before opening the System Unit using the right tool. The student found out that the CPU fan chord is not connected to CPU Fan Power Slot. he then make sure everything is unplugged and safe . 1. put on the anti-static wrist strap and check what could be the possible reason of the problem. The student turn on the system unit and saw that the CPU fan is now working. Observation of (Did they follow OHS and what are OHS 5’s implemented?) 2. Once open. Create Evaluation Report – (tells whether the final product is ready or not) Scoring Rubric Content of Table Complete 10pts Some 8pts Few 4pts Empty 1pt 112 | P a g e . The student put-on a hand gloves and inserted CPU fan chord to the CPU Fan Power Slot.

3.5 Evaluate final product against the determined criteria Scenario: The student is troubleshooting a system unit not booting up. Before opening the system unit. Legend: ≈ Yes ≠ No Just simply put a CHECK MARK to the YES column if the following items are accomplished in the testing process and put CHECK MARK to the NO column if not. test the new power chord and its already working. he make sure that the power is unplugged. Shitsuke/Sustain 2. The student was able to boot up his system unit now. ≈ ≠ 1. After opening the case of the system unit the student used Inspection Method in testing. Checked if the final product is ready 113 | P a g e . the student clean the tools used and return it to the proper storage. Used correct tools 4. Seiri/Sort b. He prepare the workplace and the tools needed in troubleshooting. The student just replace the power chord to a working one. Followed OHS a. Seiketsu/Standardize e. First the student check if the power chord of the system unit is not damaged. After seeing that its now working. Seiso / sweep or shine d. TASK SHEET 7. He found out that the power chord is no longer functional. Seiton/Set and order c. Most Appropriate Method being used 3. second the student make use of a multi-tester in checking if the power chord is still functional and working.

6 Submit to relevant personnel the documented and summarized evaluation report of the testing process  Relevant Personnel.relating to a subject in an appropriate way/person  Immediate supervisor-direct head.3.  Detect and record problems and faults by testing  Documents remedial steps  Resolve detected problems and faults by testing in accordance with agreed project or industry practice  Evaluate final products against the determined criteria Name of Evaluators:-________________________ 114 | P a g e . team leader  Manager-someone who is in charge of a business departments etc SAMPLE EVALUATION REPORT FORM NAME: Not SUB-Learning Outcomes Complied Remarks Complied  Apply appropriate testing methods to electronic component in accordance to technical specifications. INFORMATION SHEET 7.

6 Instruction: Fill in the evaluation form found below.3. SAMPLE EVALUATION REPORT FORM NAME: Not SUB-Learning Outcomes Complied Remarks Complied  Apply appropriate testing methods to electronic component in accordance to technical specifications. ACTIVITY SHEET 7.  Detect and record problems and faults by testing  Documents remedial steps  Resolve detected problems and faults by testing in accordance with agreed project or industry practice  Evaluate final products against the 115 | P a g e .

Each group will role play the steps in submitting Evaluation Report. determined criteria Name of Evaluators:-________________________ JOB SHEET 7.3.6 Students will be form into 5 groups. CRITERIA POINTS MASTERY OF THE CONTENT 20 MODULATION 10 CLARITY 20 TOTAL 50 116 | P a g e .

it is very important that the scope of the test methods be clearly defined and any aspect included in the scope is shon to be accurate and repeatable through validation. Info Sheet 7.applicability and accuracy.4. Testing methods. Testing Methods for Electronic Components Automated .are often scrutinized for their validity. computers. etc instead of people to do the work Debugging – to remove the mistakes or errors in a computer program Inspection – the act of looking at something closely in order to learn more about it to find problems etc.to run or operate by using machines. Platform Testing –is a set of specifications defining test methods for 117 | P a g e .1 Identify testing methods that were successful based on industry standards.

ACTIVITY SHEET 7. 1. No power supply 2.4. Replacing CPU 3.an original or first model of something from which the forms are copied or developed. Loss contact of components 118 | P a g e . diverse components of computer and electronic systems to be marketed as complete products.1 Given the following scenario identify the appropriate testing methods being used. Prototyping .

JOB SHEET 7.1 Essay: Based on the given situation what do you think testing methods is successful based on industry standard.4. Why? 119 | P a g e .

120 | P a g e .

though does so understanding of question. still tangentially accurate  States a somewhat relevant  Uses a small subset of possible argument ideas for support of the  Presents some arguments in a argument.  Is not clearly or logically inaccurate organized  Does not provide evidence to  Fails to use acceptable style support response to the question and grammar No Answer (0 pts) Total Score:___________ Comments/Feedback:___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________ Teacher Signature 121 | P a g e . still accurate Adequate (6 pts)  Does not address the question  Demonstrates minimal explicitly. Argumentation Achievement Exemplary (10 pts) Provides a clear and thorough  Demonstrates an accurate and introduction and background complete understanding of the  Addresses the question question  Addresses the question  Uses several arguments and  Presents arguments in a backs arguments with examples. logical order data that support the conclusion  Uses acceptable style and grammar (no errors) Quality (8 pts)  Combination of above traits. SCORING RUBRIC FOR ESSAY QUESTIONS Level of General Presentation Reasoning.  Uses only one argument and but less consistently example that supports represented (1-2 errors) conclusion  Same as above but less thorough. logical order  Uses adequate style and grammar (more than 2 errors) Needs improvement  Does not address the question  Does not demonstrate (4 pts)  States no relevant arguments understanding of the question.

6. Categorize the data on testing processes into: Date. 4. 122 | P a g e . 5. Keep the record book in a safe location. procedures: 1. While testing electronic components.2 Evaluate testing process and records system based on standard procedure  Proper evaluation and recording of its testing processes will help you in tracing the progress and status of the electronic component. 2. Evaluate every testing process in each electronic components in accordance of its manufacturer’s specification. specification & remarks. Electronic components name. perform evaluation and recording the testing process and consider the ff. Record every testing process of each electronic components. 3. Know the standard testing procedures of electronic components.4. INFORMATION SHEET 7. Prepare record book and a pen.

5. Choose one testing process/record system to evaluate. Present your work to your teacher. 6.4. Assessment Method: Observation of skills demonstration using the Performance Criteria Checklist 123 | P a g e . Identify the process of testing. you should be able to Evaluate testing process and records system based on standard procedure Supplies/Materials : Record Book & Pen Equipment : None Steps/Procedure: 4. TASK SHEET 7.2 Title: Evaluate testing process and records system based on standard procedure Performance Objective: Given one Learning Outcome of the qualification assigned to you.

2 124 | P a g e . Record every testing process of each electronic components. JOB SHEET 7. Performance Criteria Checklist Information Sheet CRITERIA Yes NO Know the standard testing procedures of electronic components. Prepare record book and a pen. Categorize the data on testing processes into: Date. Electronic components name. specification & remarks. Record re-test results of the defective electronic components if any.4. Keep the record book in a safe location. Evaluate every testing process in each electronic components in accordance of its manufacturer’s specification.

you must identify the following per task or activity 1. Prepare record book and a pen. Know the standard testing procedures of electronic components. 4. Electronic components name. 5. Title: Evaluate testing process and records system based on standard procedure Performance Objective: students should be able to Evaluate testing process and records system based on standard procedure Supplies/Materials : Record Book & Pen Equipment : None Steps/Procedures : In reference to the Training Plan. Record every testing process of each electronic components. 6. 3. specification & remarks. Evaluate every testing process in each electronic components in accordance of its manufacturer’s specification. Categorize the data on testing processes into: Date. 2. Keep the record book in a safe location Assessment Method: Observation on Skills Demonstration 125 | P a g e .

PERFORMANCE CRITERIA CHECKLIST JOB SHEET 7. Identified the standard testing procedures of electronic components.4. Electronic components name. 6. Categorized the data on testing processes into: Date. 3.2 MONITORING WORK-BASED TRAINING Trainee’s Name: ___________________________ Date : _____________________ CRITERIA YES NO 1. Evaluated every testing process in each electronic components in accordance of its manufacturer’s specification. specification & remarks. 4. 5. Recorded every testing process of each electronic components. Prepared record book and a pen. 2. Kept the record book in a safe location Comments/Suggestions: ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ Trainer’s Signature: ________________________ Date : _____________________ 126 | P a g e .

Classify good condition and defective electronic components through its test results. 127 | P a g e . Prepare record book and a pen. STEPS IN DOCUMENTING TEST RESULTS: 1. 6.3 Document test results/finding for subsequent testing  Documenting test results will validate the usability & functionality of the electronic components. Record re-test results of the defective electronic components if any. Categorize the data results into: Date. 2. INFORMATION SHEET 7. 5. Keep the record book in a safe location. Record every test results of each electronic components.4. Evaluate every test results of each electronic components in accordance of its manufacturer’s specification. specification. Electronic components name. 3. 4. remarks and recommendations. 7.

Performance Objective: students should be able to document test results/finding for subsequent testing. TASK SHEET 7. 9. Choose one content to develop into an Information Sheet. Identify the contents of your Learning Competency. Supplies/Materials : Record Book & Pen Equipment : None Steps/Procedure: 7.4. Present your work to your trainer.3 Title: Document test results/finding for subsequent testing. 8. Assessment Method: Observation of skills demonstration using the Performance Criteria Checklist 128 | P a g e .

Record every test results of each electronic components. Categorize the data results into: Date. remarks and recommendations. Electronic components name. specification. Performance Criteria Checklist Information Sheet CRITERIA Yes NO Prepare record book and a pen. Evaluate every test results of each electronic components in 129 | P a g e .

Electronic components name. 7. Evaluate every test results of each electronic components in accordance of its manufacturer’s specification. Categorize the data results into: Date. 3. Performance Objective: students should be able to document test results/finding for subsequent testing. 5. JOB SHEET 7. Record re-test results of the defective electronic components if any. 2. you must identify the following per task or activity 1. Record every test results of each electronic components. specification. Record re-test results of the defective electronic components if any. Classify good condition and defective electronic components through its test results. Keep the record book in a safe location. Assessment Method: Observation on Skills Demonstration 130 | P a g e . accordance of its manufacturer’s specification.3 Title: Document test results/finding for subsequent testing. Keep the record book in a safe location. 4.4. remarks and recommendations. Classify good condition and defective electronic components through its test results. Prepare record book and a pen. Supplies/Materials : Record Book & Pen Equipment : None Steps/Procedures : In reference to the Training Plan. 6.

6. Recorded re-test results of the defective electronic components if any. specification. Categorized the data results into: Date. Classified good condition and defective electronic components through its test results. 4. 5.4. 7. Evaluated every test results of each electronic components in accordance of its manufacturer’s specification. 2. PERFORMANCE CRITERIA CHECKLIST JOB SHEET 7. 3. Kept the record book in a safe location. remarks and recommendations. Recorded every test results of each electronic components. Prepared record book and a pen.3 MONITORING WORK-BASED TRAINING Trainee’s Name: ___________________________ Date: _____________________ CRITERIA YES NO 1. Electronic components name. Comments/Suggestions: ___________________________________________________________________________ 131 | P a g e .

Trainer’s Signature: ________________________ Date: _____________________ 132 | P a g e .