# School of Engineering Paisley campus

Session 2010-11 Trimester 2

Module Code: ENGG08017

Design Analysis 1

Date: 12th May 2011 Time: 1000 - 1200
2 HOURS

THIS PAPER HAS THREE SECTIONS

ANSWER ONE QUESTION FROM EACH SECTION PLUS ANY OTHER

(A SEPARATE Answer Book should be used for EACH Question)

THIS IS NOT AN OPEN BOOK EXAMINATION

SCIENTIFIC CALCULATORS ARE ALLOWED

UNLINED PAPER REQUIRED

FORMULAE SHEET ATTACHED

Cont’d overleaf

Page 1 of 11

1(b).1 (a) For the beam shown in Figure Q.1(a). [12] (b) Calculate the second moment of area Ixx through it’s centroid for the section shown in Figure Q.1(b) when it is used for the beam in Figure Q.ENGG08017 SECTION A Q. [8] (c) Determine the factor of safety for the beam shown in Figure Q. and the material has a tensile yield strength of 670MN/m2.1(a) 200 4 200 4 Figure Q.1(b) (mm) Cont’d overleaf Page 2 of 11 .1(a) draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams indicating all pertinent values. [5] 10kN 4kN/m 15kNm 2 2 2 Figure Q.

6.2 (a) Two cylindrical containers having a diameter of 680mm are joined by bolting their flanges together.4MN/m2 and the tensile stress in the bolts is not to exceed 55. [3] 380m Figure Q. Determine: (i) the bending stresses and shear stress at A on the 15mm diameter bar.25m 150N 400mm Figure Q. [8] (ii) the principal stresses at A on the 15mm diameter bar due to the combined loading.2(a) Ø20mm A 350N 1.2(b) Cont’d overleaf Page 3 of 11 .2MN/m2 and the joint is to have a factor of safety of 1. [4] (iii) the angle of the principal stress relative to the axis of the bar. [10] (b) A water tap key shown in Figure Q.2(b) supports the loading as shown. ENGG08017 SECTION A Q. How many 15mm diameter structural steel bolts are required to hold the cylinders together when the assembly is subjected to an internal pressure of 1.

y Tr F F b        I J A A M  E T  G     I y R J r L Cylinder Sphere pd pd     2t 4t pd pd     4t 4t principle stresses 1  16  .d 3  M  M 2 T 2   x  y  x  y 2  1       2 2  2   x  y  x  y 2  2       2 2  2  Page 4 of 11 .d 3  M  M 2 T 2  2  16  .ENGG08017 DESIGN & ANALYSIS I FORMULAE SHEET Centroids X   Ax Y   Ay A A Parallel Axis Theorem I XX  I xx  Ah 2 Second Moment of Area 1 d 4 d 4 I Re c tan gle  bd 3 I Circle  J Circle  12 64 32 J  I XX  I YY Bending Torsion Direct Shear M .

ENGG08017 DESIGN & ANALYSIS I FORMULAE SHEET Contd Constitutive relationships  E  x  1  x  y  x  E  x   y  E  12   y   y   x   y   x  1 E y  E  12  L  L  TH  LT Page 5 of 11 .

Clearly show all of your working and state any assumptions that you make in your solution. ENGG08017 Q5.5m 2 x 105     50kg     3 x 105       Figure Q5(b)      (c) The cylindrical Buoy of Figure Q5(c) floats in salt water of Density 1030kg/m3 and has a mass of 800kg with a low center of gravity to keep it floating in a stable upright position. (i) Using this data. [6] (b) Determine the effective stiffness and expected natural frequency of the system shown in Figure Q5(b). determine the effective viscous damping coefficient for the sea water on this system. [3] Cont’d overleaf Page 6 of 11 . Viscous Damping. [8] (ii) Comment on the likely change in behavior of the buoy if the sea water temperature were to increase significantly (say by 5o). [8]       E=210 x 109   2 -5 4 5 x 105 I=2 x 10 m       L=2. Table Q5(c) shows a sample of time data for the vertical oscillation of the buoy. (a) Define the following terms with respect to vibrating systems: Degrees of Freedom . ( Treat the system as being Single Degree of Freedom). Use diagrams in your answer where appropriate. Conservative System . Take the influence Coefficient of a cantilever beam to be .

95 0.8 -0.1 -0.33989 0.3 0.26116 0.635606 0.ENGG08017   0.89848 0.75 -0.49731 0.4 -0.35 0.47364 0.43131 0.4348 0.5 -0.55 0.05 0.08825 0.13652 0.9 0.487906 0.65 0.6 0.85 0.7 -0.04792 Table Q5(c) cont’d overleaf Page 7 of 11 .193778 0.455619 0.45 -0.6m                   Figure Q5(c) t x 0 1 0.2 -0.803944 0.15 -0.71636 0.56149 0.493754 0.412007 1 -0.25 0.500543 0.

030 2580 0. using diagrams in your answers where appropriate : (i) Uniformly Accelerated Motion (ii) Linear Momentum (iii) Rigid Body Motion [6] (b) The acceleration.060 476 0. determine to within two-significant-figure accuracy the maximum velocity vmax reached by the piston.ENGG08017 Q6.135 -2910 0.075 -450 0. Figure Q6(b) is given in Table Q6(b). (a) Define the following terms. [10] x Figure Q6(b) x(m) a(ms-2) 0 4950 0.045 1490 0. From the plot of the data.090 -1265 0.150 -3150 Table Q6(b) Cont’d overleaf Page 8 of 11 . ax of the piston in a small reciprocating engine.105 -1960 0.120 -2510 0.008 4340 0.015 3740 0.

use the method of Instantaneous Center of Zero Velocity to determine velocity of point G ( Half way along member AB) and the angular speed of member AB. [9] A O AB=180m 60mm 90mm B Figure Q6(c) Cont’d overleaf Page 9 of 11 . For the instant represented.ENGG08017 (c) The system shown in Figure Q6(c) consists of a linkage where member OA is driven with a clockwise angular speed of 8 rad/s.

ENGG08017 Design Analysis I Dynamics Formulae Sheet Free Undamped SDOF  General Equation of Motion - Displacement – Free Damped SDOF  General Equation of Motion – Damping Ratio – Displacement – Damped Natural Frequency – Helical Coiled Spring Stiffness Logarithmic Decrement  Fixed Axis Rotation  Page 10 of 11 .

ENGG08017 Coriolis Acceleration = 2v Vibrations ­  Rotation  END OF QUESTION PAPER Page 11 of 11 .