# ELECTRONIC PRINCIPLES d. Open-load resistance b. Second approximation d.

Formulas
by MALVINO c. Internal resistance of a Norton circuit b. Experiment
17. Treating a connecting wire as a conductor with zero
CHAPTER1 9. To get the Thevenin voltage, you have to resistance is an example of the 25. Definitions are
1. An ideal voltage source has a. Short the load resistor a. Ideal approximation a. Man made
a. Zero internal resistance b. Open the load resistor b. Second approximation b. Invented
b. Infinite internal resistance c. Short the voltage source c. Higher approximation c. Made up
c. A load-dependent voltage d. Open the voltage source d. Exact model d. All of the above
d. A load-dependent current b. Open the load resistor a. Ideal approximation d. All of the above
a. Zero internal resistance
10. To get the Norton current, you have to 18. The voltage out of an ideal voltage source CHAPTER2
2. A real voltage source has a. Short the load resistor a. Is zero
a. Zero internal resistance b. Open the load resistor b. Is constant 1. The nucleus of a copper atom contains how many
b. Infinite internal resistance c. Short the voltage source c. Depends on the value of load resistance protons?
c. A small internal resistance d. Open the current source d. Depends on the internal resistance a. 1
d. A large internal resistance a. Short the load resistor b. Is constant b. 4
c. A small internal resistance c. 18
11. The Norton current is sometimes called the 19. The current out of an ideal current source d. 29
3. If a load resistance is 1 kohm, a stiff voltage source a. Shorted-load current a. Is zero d
has a resistance of b. Open-load current b. Is constant
a. At least 10 ohm c. Thevenin current c. Depends on the value of load resistance 2. The net charge of a neutral copper atom is
b. Less than 10 ohm d. Thevenin voltage d. Depends on the internal resistance a. 0
c. More than 100 kohm a. Shorted-load current b. Is constant b. +1
d. Less than 100 kohm c. -1
b. Less than 10 ohm 12. A solder bridge 20. Thevenin’s theorem replaces a complicated circuit d. +4
a. may produce a short facing a load by an a
4. An ideal current source has b. may cause an open a. Ideal voltage source and parallel resistor
a. Zero internal resistance c. is useful in some circuits b. Ideal current source and parallel resistor 3. Assume the valence electron is removed from a
b. Infinite internal resistance d. always has high resistance c. Ideal voltage source and series resistor copper atom. The net charge of the atom becomes
c. A load-dependent voltage a. may produce a short d. Ideal current source and series resistor a. 0
d. A load-dependent current c. Ideal voltage source and series resistor b. + 1
b. Infinite internal resistance 13. A cold-solder joint c. -1
a. shows good soldering technique 21. Norton’s theorem replaces a complicated circuit d. +4
5. A real current source has b. usually produces an open facing a load by an b
a. Zero internal resistance c. is sometimes useful a. Ideal voltage source and parallel resistor 4. The valence electron of a copper atom experiences
b. Infinite internal resistance d. always has low resistance b. Ideal current source and parallel resistor what kind of attraction toward the nucleus?
c. A small internal resistance b. usually produces an open c. Ideal voltage source and series resistor a. None
d. A large internal resistance d. Ideal current source and series resistor b. Weak
d. A large internal resistance 14. An open resistor has b. Ideal current source and parallel resistor c. Strong
a. Infinite current through it d. Impossible to say
6. If a load resistance is 1 kohm, a stiff current source b. Zero voltage across it 22. One way to short a device is b
has a resistance of c. Infinite voltage across it a. With a cold-solder joint
a. At least 10 ohm d. Zero current through it b. With a solder bridge 5. How many valence electrons does a silicon atom
b. Less than 10 ohm d. Zero current through it c. By disconnecting it have?
c. More than 100 kohm d. By opening it a. 0
d. Less than 100 kohm 15. A shorted resistor has b. With a solder bridge b. 1
c. More than 100 kohm a. Infinite current through it c. 2
b. Zero voltage across it 23. Derivations are d. 4
7. The Thevenin voltage is the same as the c. Infinite voltage across it a. Discoveries d
a. Shorted-load voltage d. Zero current through it b. Inventions
b. Open-load voltage b. Zero voltage across it c. Produced by mathematics 6. Which is the most widely used semiconductor?
c. Ideal source voltage d. Always called theorems a. Copper
d. Norton voltage 16. An ideal voltage source and an internal resistance is c. Produced by mathematics b. Germanium
b. Open-load voltage an example of the c. Silicon
8. The Thevenin resistance is equal in value to the a. Ideal approximation 24. Laws are proved by d. None of the above
a. Load resistance b. Second approximation a. Definition c
b. Half the load resistance c. Higher approximation b. Experiment
c. Internal resistance of a Norton circuit d. Exact model c. Mathematics
1

7. How many protons does the nucleus of a silicon atom d. Proton c. Many free electrons 30. How many free electrons does a p-type
contain? b d. No holes semiconductor contain?
a. 4 a a. Many
b. 14 15. A conductor has how many types of flow? b. None
c. 29 a. 1 23. The number of free electrons and holes in an c. Only those produced by thermal energy
d. 32 b, 2 intrinsic semiconductor increases when the temperature d. Same number as holes
b c. 3 a. Decreases c
d. 4 b. Increases
8. Silicon atoms combine into an orderly pattern called a a c. Stays the same 31. Silver is the best conductor. How many valence
a. Covalent bond d. None of the above electrons do you think it has?
b. Crystal 16. A semiconductor has how many types of flow? b a. 1
c. Semiconductor a. 1 b. 4
d. Valence orbit b. 2 24. The flow of valence electrons to the left means that c. 18
b c. 3 holes are flowing to the d. 29
d. 4 a. Left a
9. An intrinsic semiconductor has some holes in it at b b. Right
room temperature. What causes these holes? c. Either way 32. Suppose an intrinsic semiconductor has 1 billion free
a. Doping 17. When a voltage is applied to a semiconductor, holes d. None of the above electrons at room temperature. If the temperature
b. Free electrons will flow b changes to 75'C, how many holes are there?
c. Thermal energy a. Away from the negative potential a. Fewer than 1 billion
d. Valence electrons b. Toward the positive potential 25. Holes act like b. 1 billion
c c. In the external circuit a. Atoms c. More than 1 billion
d. None of the above b. Crystals d. Impossible to say
10. Each valence electron in an intrinsic semiconductor d c. Negative charges c
establishes a d. Positive charges
a. Covalent bond 18. A conductor has how many holes? d 33. An external voltage source is applied to a p-type
b. Free electron a. Many semiconductor. If the left end of the crystal is positive,
c. Hole b. None 26. Trivatent atoms have how many valence electrons? which way do the majority carriers flow?
d. Recombination c. Only those produced by thermal energy a. 1 a. Left
a d. The same number as free electrons b. 3 b. Right
b c. 4 c. Neither
11. The merging of a free electron and a hole is called d. 5 d. Impossible to say
a. Covalent bonding 19. In an intrinsic semiconductor, the number of free b b
c. Recommendation a. Equals the number of holes 27. A donor atom has how many valence electrons? 34. Which of the following doesn't fit in the group?
d. Then-nal energy b. Is greater than the number of holes a. 1 a. Conductor
c c. Is less than the number of holes b. 3 b. Semiconductor
d. None of the above c. 4 c. Four valence electrons
12. At room temperature an intrinsic silicon crystal acts a d. 5 d. Crystal structure
approximately like d a
a. A battery 20. Absolute zero temperature equals
b. A conductor a. -273 degrees C 28. If you wanted to produce a p-type semiconductor, 35. Which of the following is approximately equal to
c. An insulator b. 0 degrees C which of these would you use? room temperature?
d. A piece of copper wire c. 25 degrees C a. Acceptor atoms a. 0 degrees C
c d. 50 degrees C b. Donor atoms b. 25 degrees C
a c. Pentavalent impurity c. 50 degrees C
13. The amount of time between the creation of a hole d. Silicon d. 75degrees C
and its disappearance is called 21. At absolute zero temperature an intrinsic a b
a. Doping semiconductor has
b. Lifetime a. A few free electrons 29. Holes are the minority carriers in which type of 36. How many electrons are there in the valence orbit of
c. Recombination b. Many holes semiconductor? a silicon atom within a crystal?
d. Valence c. Many free electrons a. Extrinsic a. 1
b d. No holes or free electrons b. Intrinsic b. 4
d c. n-type c. 8
14. The valence electron of a conductor is also called a d. p-type d. 14
a. Bound electron 22. At room temperature an intrinsic semiconductor has c c
b. Free electron a. A few free electrons and holes
c. Nucleus b. Many holes 37. Positive ions are atoms that have
2

Troubleshooting c c. Breakdown 6. 0 a. Reverse bias 13. Holes 49. How much load current is there in Fig. None of the above a. Barrier potential d. Forward current d b. 0 a d. 14. 0. Which of the following cannot move? b. 1 kohm a. Bilateral c. Linear d. Load resistance is low c. 15 mA the applied voltage must be greater than c. Inverse c. 3-19 (see d. How much forward diode voltage is there with the d. 300 mA your textbook) with the second approximation? c a. Avalanche current d. None of the above a. The knee voltage of a diode is approximately equal to a. the recombination c. The only time you have to use the third d. 0 c. Barrier potential d. Doping b. Lost a proton 45. Reverse c. Negatively charged b. Unipolar c. 0. 3-19 (see d. 0 d. 0 d. the graph above the d. Positive ions 47. Passive biased? c b. Positively charged a. the device is referred to as c a. 1 V 2. In the breakdown region 3. Forward bias a c. Gained a proton b. How is a nonconducting diode biased? b. If the bulk resistance is zero. 1 V your textbook) with the ideal diode? b straight line.7 V CHAPTER3 b. Forward current d. Horizontal d a. Reverse b b. Zero a. b. Linear 9. Barrier potential of free electrons and holes may produce d. Knee voltage knee becomes b d. 0. Poorly b b. The ideal diode is usually adequate when d. How much current is there through the second c. The voltage where avalanche occurs is called the c. Neutral 46. When a diode is forward-biased.3 mA 44.7 V 38. Which of the following describes an n-type a a.3 V a. All of the above a. What is the barrier potential of a silicon diode at d. Has many holes c. Load resistance is high d. Majority carriers b. Becomes larger a. Lost an electron b. 0. Tilted at 450 semiconductor? 48. Very small d. Surface-leakage current c. Poor d. Breaks down current and c. 0. Reverse current a. Nonlinear a b. 1 V c. Gained an electron a. Negatively charged b.3 V C. Heat c approximation is when b b. 0 a b. Recombination 50. Ions a. Nonlinear c. Light a. 0. Becomes smaller b 14. Negative ions a. More than 0. The load resistance is low a. Ions a. When the reverse voltage increases from 5 to 10 V. the bias is a. What kind of a device is a diode? b. A p-type semiconductor contains holes and b. Forward voltage C. Very large b ideal-diode approximation? d c. All of the above approximation of a silicon diode when it is forward c. The source voltage is low 41. 2 mV per degree Celsius 1 . Active b. How much voltage is there across the second b. Positively charged a. Vertical 40. Nonlinear approximation of a silicon diode when it is reverse d. Forward breakdown c 11. Diffusion of free electrons across the junction of an c. Is unaffected 7. Linear a b. Bipolar 10. Inverse d. To produce a large forward current in a silicon diode.a. Troubleshooting a d. None of the above a. 50 mA a. Free electrons the depletion layer d. 0. Reverse breakdown 4. Neutral unbiased diode produces d. Surface-leakage current is part of the c. Depletion layer d 12. 1 mA 17. How much load current is there in Fig. 10 ohm 39. What kind of device is a resistor? c. Breakdown voltage a b. The second approximation works well when d. Forward b. Unilateral d. Breakdown voltage 5. The bulk resistance of a 1N4001 is d. 1 V a. In a silicon diode the reverse current is usually c. Doing precise calculations d a. Forward c. Source voltage is high 43.7 V semiconductor? b. What causes the depletion layer? b a. When the diode current is large. Source voltage is high 42. The depletion layer the b. Pentavalent atoms b.3 V b a. Applied voltage c.7 V 16. Donor atoms c. Troubleshooting room temperature? d biased? d.7 V b. Zener current 15. Has many free electrons c. Radiation 8. Which of the following describes a p-type b. The reverse current consists of minority-carrier b. c. 0. 0 3 .23 ohm c a. When the graph of current versus voltage is a d.

0. The load voltage is approximately constant when a d. the d. Photodiode a. If the zener diode in a zener regulator is connected b. Varistor 9. Operated in the breakdown region 2. the reverse minority 4. a a. Reverse-biased c 8. If the series resistance decreases in an unloaded d. Emit light a b. Banier potential d. Subtracted from the breakdown voltage a. Increases a. Which of the following has a negative-resistance c. Decreases 22. A blown-fuse indicator uses a c. Faraday b. Free electrons the series current 17. Holes a. which is the largest d. Photodiode c. Zener diode a. C must be lighted region? d. 10 V b 6. Breakdown a. If the load resistance decreases in a zener regulator. Both c. Unbiased current? a d. 14 V 20. The varactor is usually c. Decreases b. If the load resistance decreases in a zener regulator.nor reverse-biased b. Decreases a. The diode with a forward voltage drop of a.25 V is the b. When the light increases. F must be on b. What is one important thing transistors do? a. Constant-cuffent diode b d. Constant-current diode b. Is unaffected b. the capacitance the zener diode is the sum of-the breakdown voltage d. Equals the source voltage divided by the series b. Tunnel diode d resistance c. Series current b a. Load current b 5. Back diode 3. Back diode c a. Stays the same b. Increases a. Reverse-biased a. you need to use reverse bias and the voltage across the a b. At high frequencies. Zener diode c. Breakdown voltage a. Stays the same 16. Reverse bias capacitance d c. Zener diode d. 1 c. the load voltage will be closest c. For typical operation. Marconi c. Unbiased a. In a loaded zener regulator. Step-recovery diode c. Increases a. Series current d. which of these currents remains b. Stays the same 12. Operating in the breakdown region the reverse voltage across it b. Maximum zener current rating c. 18 V a. Stores charges c. the total voltage across c. the zener current c capacitance is a 27. Regulate voltage d. To display the digit 8 in a seven-segment indicator. When the reverse voltage increases. When the source voltage increases in a zener a. All segments must be on c. Schottky diode 4. Forward-biased 25. The capacitance of a varactor diode increases when a a. Schockley d. Forward-biased d. Forward-biased d. Schottky diode d. Increases c. Light-emitting diode 5 . Light-emitting diode a c. Increases with the wrong polarity. A transistor has how many doped regions? b.In the second approximation. 3 c b. Reverse-biased 14. Breaks down b. Emitting light c. Charge storage b. Zener resistance properly because of a c. Back diode c. Zener diode b. Who invented the first junction transistor? the zener current c d a. Measured in volts approximately constant? c. A photodiode is normally b. Decreases 28. Is forward-biased d. 24. All of the above c b. Decreases 7. Back diode b resistance c b 18. Optocoupler d. Forward bias 21. Source c. Amplify weak signals b.d. Decreases a. The voltage across the zener resistance is usually carrier current in a photodiode 26. Light-emitting diode approximately 0. Optocoupler base are 10. Neither forward. the majority carriers in the d d. Zener test current b. Increases a. Bell a. To isolate an output circuit from an input circuit. Increases a. 2 d. ordinary diodes don't work d.7 V c d. If the depletion layer gets wider. Reverses direction c. Neither b. The device to use for rectifying a weak ac signal is a C. In an npn transistor. 4 c. a. Stays the same with a a. d. Small 11. Load current the zener current is less than the 23. Seven-segment indicator a b. Stays the same CHAPTER6 zener diode is d c. Equals the voltage divided by the resistance to d. Varactor d. Zener diode d. Rectify line voltage c. Equals the source voltage divided by the series b d. Varactor diode b. Series resistor 13. Has more bandwidth 1. Tunnel diode c. None of these a. Decreases which is the device to use? b. Zener current b d. Total current 19. Breakdown does not destroy a zener diode provided b. Step-recovery diode a d. G must be off a. The device associated with voltage-controlled zener regulator. Zener current 15. Is variable b. Large regulator.

Forward-biased 15. Voltage source b. Forward-biased 14. 0 13. b.. Can be any of the above d. the electrons in b. The power dissipated by a transistor approximately c.7 V d equals the collector current times d. Collector resistance d. Another free electron 2. The current gain of a transistor is defined as the ratio b b. Decreases a. Stay the same c. Collector current a a. Base supply voltage a. Most of the electrons that flow through the base will c. The emitter diode is usually a.7 V cuffent? d. 10 A current d. Flow out of the base lead a c. It approximately equals the emitter current. what does the 10. what is the collector c.3 V c d. The base-emitter voltage of an ideal transistor is 3. Equals the collector current divided by the base c. Emitter diode a a. Cannot answer a. Reverse-biased means the base is c.5. The current gain of a transistor is the ratio of the c. Most of the electrons in the base of an npn transistor c. If you recalculate the collector-emitter voltage with b. Emitter current b. Base current b. When a free electron recombines with a hole in the d. 0. 0. 0.7 V b. The graph of current gain versus collector-current b. Less than the base supply voltage b. Base-emitter junction b 1. Reverse-biased the emitter have enough energy to overcome the barrier c. Lightly doped c. Remains the same b. Less than the collector supply voltage d layer is b. Base current 8. Operating in the breakdown region b. Metallic 16. It is small. Must flow a long way through the base 18. 0. Collector current to emitter current d. When the base resistor decreases. The base of an npn transistor is thin and d. Out of the base lead b b. A valence electron 24. 3 A c. 1 mA d. 3. 1 V 6. The barrier potential across each silicon depletion b a. More than the base supply voltage changed significantly by voltage will probably a. 0. Recombination path a. Undoped b.3 V a. Have a long lifetime d c. The same as the ideal value b. Heavily doped b a. the free electron becomes b b a. 0. the current gain 11.7 V b. None of the above 22. More than the collector supply voltage 28. Increase d. Collector current c. Base supply voltage 29. It equals the base current divided by the current gain. Heavily doped a b. Is constant flow d. Cannot answer approximation is c. Current gain c. b. Base current to collector current c. Base-collector junction of the collector current to the c. In a normally biased npn transistor. Into the base supply current? b c b a. A transistor acts like a diode and a a. 0. In the active region. 1 V c. the base current is d a a. Base diode CHAPTER7 c. Base-emitter voltage c a. If the current gain is 200 and the collector current is a d. Collector-emitter voltage b. 0 a c. 0 d. Increases c. Collector diode b. Collector-base junction 23. the collector a caused by the leakage current of the d. Into the collector c. Equal to the base supply voltage 27. a. Larger than the ideal value c. the collector current is not 5. Have a negative charge d. the answer will usually be 4. A majority carrier a.5 mA 26. the collector current is a. Any of the above d. If the base resistor is open. When the collector current increases. 300 mA b. 2 mA the second approximation. Varies slightly a. Resistance d. None of the above 21. Collector current to base current a b. Recombine with collector holes 19. Nonconducting potential of the d. Equal to the collector supply voltage a. Power supply a d. Flow out of the base 100 mA. 20 A b. 0. Transistor d. What is the most important fact about the collector d. Lightly doped d. Nonconducting a. Into the emitter 17. As the temperature increases. 10 mA diode has to be a. Emitter current to collector current 20. Stays the same b. Increases c. Supply current b. The fact that only a few holes are in the base region b. Operating in the breakdown region a. For normal operation of the transistor. Inaccurate d.33 A d. Do all of the above 6 . A conduction-band electron 30. If the base current is 100 mA and the current gain is indicates that the current gain 9. A small collector current with zero base current is c. 2 A a. Varies significantly b. Decreases a. It is measured in milliamperes. 0 current gain do? do not recombine because they d. 1 V c. Flow into the collector d. 25. 2 mA 7. Most of the electrons in the base of an npn transistor c. Emitter current a. the collector 12. Base current d.3 V a. Current source c. Increasing the collector supply voltage will increase c. Doped by a pentavalent material base region. Smaller than the ideal value a. The base-emitter voltage of the second b. Decrease b. The collector-emitter voltage is usually d. The base-emitter voltage is usually c d a a. Recombine with base holes d.

The current in a coupling circuit for high frequencies c. If the emitter resistance doubles in a VDB circuit. Alternating b a. Decrease a c. Double a. Usually larger than npn currents a. Negative b. reduce the is d. In a bypass circuit. Change in collector current c a. Usually smaller than npn currents 7. Equal to the negative half cycle b. Equal the collector supply voltage c. Smaller than the negative half cycle c. Collector resistance TSEB. In a CE amplifier with a large input signal. Drop in half d d. The collector voltage of a VDB circuit is not sensitive c. Sinusoidal b. Quiescent base current b. Base bias is associated with C. DC emitter current b. Dc open and the ac emitter current is 0. A short 12. the collector CHAPTER9 d. Ac open of the emitter diode is 8 . Increase c. the d. Resistors b. you must use b. C. Coupling capacitor 13. Grounds a. DC emitter current c. Double c. Stays the same b c. Reducing all dc sources to zero is one of the steps in 10. Trivalent atoms b. Maximum positive half cycle of the ac emitter current is a. An ac ground a. Supply voltage a c. Decrease 1. An ac ground c. Positive power supplies 8. To reduce the distortion in a CE amplifier. Zero 10. Resistors circuit by shorting all a. Stable b.7 V a d. The ac equivalent circuit is derived from the original 11. Stable Q point c. If the emitter resistance doubles with TSEB. Almost totally insensitive to changes in current gain 22. The capacitors of a CE amplifier appear to changes in the d. Minimum a. the ac resistance collector current will d d. If the emitter resistance increases in a VDB circuit. An open 15. Amplifiers d. A dc open and an ac short c. Near zero b. the base current must be very d. Shorted to ac c a. Maximum current is a. Collector current b. Transistors b voltage will b. If the collector resistance increases in a VDB circuit. Capacitors a. Small 2. Emitter resistance d. Which is the largest current in a pnp transistor? 9. the the collector voltage will d. If the emitter resistance increases with TSEB. Switching circuits c c b. None of these c. A mechanical ground b. Collector current c. the collector voltage will d. Emitter resistance d. Distorted b. The currents of a pnp transistor are b. Constant c. Equal to the negative half cycle a b. Increases 18. Current gain 17. Minimum a. Pentavalent atoms c. Double a. A dc short 14. AC emitter current d. Bypass capacitor a b. Emitter voltage b. Base-emitter voltage b. Very large c. the d. Maximum c. Larger than the negative half cycle d. Base current 6. Near 0 V 23. For dc. Collector resistance 3. Breakdown region a. If the ac voltage across the emitter diode is 1 mV 16. The negative of the npn current gain 5. Decrease a. Greatly affected by temperature changes transistor are d. With pnp voltage-divider bias. Emitter current a. Bypass capacitor c. Inductors d. Stay the same d. Opposite npn currents getting the the collector voltage d. A dc open and an ac short a. Increase b. Drop in half a. In TSEB. The current gain of a pnp transistor is d. Open to ac a. Larger than the negative half cycle c. Equal the collector supply voltage d. Shorted to dc b. Double d.3 V a. If the emitter resistor opens with TSEB. Remain the same a. Negative power supplies b. Ac emitter resistance equals 25 mV divided by the a. Stay the same b. Complete amplifier circuit c. The base voltage of two-supply emitter bias (TSEB) c. The Q point of a VDB circuit is d. Doubles collector voltage will 26. c. Increase 20. Somewhat sensitive to changes in current gain d. Zero 9.d. DC equivalent circuit a. Zero c. 1. Equal the collector supply voltage a. AC base voltage d. Large is 13. the ac emitter collector current will c. Stay the same 24. AC equivalent circuit b. Average b. Shorted to ac d. The majority carriers in the emitter of a pnp c. Stay the same a. A coupling capacitor is c. The collector current divided by the emitter current a. Voltage-divider biased circuit d. Unstable a. Hypersensitive to changes in current gain c c. Holes 4. Capacitors c. Drop to zero 25.1 mA. The Q point of TSEB does not depend on the b. When the ac base voltage is too large. the b. Fixed emitter current 19. If a splash of solder shorts the collector resistor of b d. Distorted d. AC equivalent circuit c a. DC emitter current a. the top of a capacitor is b. Current gain a. the current in a coupling circuit is 12. Stay the same b. Decreases b d. A dc short and an ac open b. Average b. Free electrons a. Open to supply voltage c. 0. The ratio of collector current to base current c. An ac open 11. AC base voltage c b. Increase 21. Increase slightly b. The capacitor that produces an ac ground is called a d.

Equal zero a. Decreases input impedance 21. Less the one a. If the output coupling capacitor is open. Equal zero a. The voltage gain equals the output voltage divided by d. A grounded emitter a. Dc and ac d. Zero b. Transistor c. Equal zero 9 . Zero b. Negative feedback 18. Coupling capacitor a b. Increase 14. Increase 15. The ac emitter current times the ac emitter b. The output voltage of a CE amplifier is b. If the load resistance is open. CE stage 9. The emitter of a CE amplifier has no ac voltage a. 1 kohm CHAPTER10 b. the ac input voltage d. In a swamped amplifier. The ac collector current is approximately equal to c. If the collector resistor is shorted. the ac output voltage will d. Compared to a CE stage. a. Decreases collector resistance 20. Remainthe same the d. Increase 18. Has no de voltage 17. Decrease d. the ac output voltage d. Dependent on re' c. Voltage gain is directly proportional to d. AC collector resistance diode become a b. All of the above c. Small 10. Base bias b c. Generator voltage 8. the ac output b. Amplified c. AC collector resistance d. Decrease b. Increase b b. Smaller 15. Critical to input impedance 19. Equal zero a. Reduces distortion c. Remain the same amplifier is c. Equal zero b. the ac output d. If the emitter resistor is open. The feedback resistor d. Larger a. AC current gain can increase the c. AC base voltage an input impedance that is a. Compared to the ac resistance of the emitter diode. Has no ac voltage a. Remain the same a. 100 ohm a. CB stage b c. Input voltage c. you a b. None of these a. Unimportant a. AC source current 6. Decrease a. Ac emitter resistance b. Is grounded c. the ac input d. If the input coupling capacitor is open. The voltage across the load resistor of a CE b. the ac input d. Load resistor c. The input impedance of the base increases when d. Increase 16. Supply voltage 7. Emitter resistance of first stage c. The feedback resistor c. Neither dc nor ac 5. Remain the same c. Generator resistance a. CC stage d. Increase 20. Collector resistance 16. Emitter feedback resistance voltage will b. 1 ohm d. Equal zero a. Decrease the c b. 180 degrees out of phase with the input b b. The emitter is at ac ground in a d. Constant c b. Decreases input impedance will c. Bypass capacitor d. Dc emitter voltage d. All of the above 3. Has an ac voltage will b. Inverted d. If the emitter bypass capacitor opens. Bypass capacitor 4. 10 ohm c. Small 14. a swamped amplifier has d will b. To reduce the distortion of an amplified signal. Load resistance d. AC base current d b. AC base voltage c c. Collector diode c b. AC bypass current the feedback resistance of a swamped amplifier should a voltage will b. AC collector resistance increases a. AC collector resistance a. Increase 17. Increases distortion b b. A swamped amplifier uses d. Remain the same because of the b. Input impedance of second stage 22. A graph of ac emitter current versus ac base-emitter a. If the bypass capacitor is open. AC emitter resistance 11. DC only a b. Supply voltage increases c. Decrease a. AC only c. Decrease 1. Load resistance b. DC collector voltage 13. Beta increases d b. Equal voltage will c. Increases collector resistance c. AC current gain d. Important to voltage gain c. Beta b a. Emitter diode d. Emitter diode 2. Remain the same voltage applies to the b. Generator voltage a. Stabilizes voltage gain d. Remain the same resistance equals the c. The ac collector current equals the ac base current b. Remain the same times the c. Input impedance of first stage c b. Beta decreases 12. AC emitter current be a. the effects of the emitter d. DC current gain c c. The ac collector resistance of the first stage includes b. Equal zero a. The output voltage of a CE stage is usually d. 10 ohm c. Equal zero a. AC emitter current c. AC collector voltage d. If any capacitor is open. d. Equal the c. The emitter of a swamped amplifier d b. Increases voltage gain d b. DC voltage on it c. Power supply c. AC only a. Decrease a. Significant to the analysis voltage will b. Large a. Decrease a. Positive feedback d. Increase 19. the ac input voltage d.

Reverse feedback a. the channel between the depletion a. Resistor b. The pinchoff voltage has the same magnitude as the should be b. but not both 1. Supply voltage 2. Either one or the other. Gate-source voltage c. gmrs 21. All the above a. Equals the dc emitter resistance JFET acts like a 16. Mhos or Siemens 1. Input resistance c. The drain current b. For a class B push-pull emitter follower to work b. The maximum efficiency of a class B push-pull b. Resistor c. Touching c. Which of the following devices revolutionized the 11. gmrd/(l + gmrd) b. A cascode amplifier has the advantage of d. A unipolar transistor uses a. E-MOSFET c. Negative gate supply voltage b. Expand d. Is a voltage-controlled device b. Bipolar transistor a. Current source b. Forward feedback amplifier is 15. the output d. Conducting CHAPTER14 d. Like a single drain curve d. 300 MHz to 3 GHz voltage controls the d. 30 to 300 MHz 25. Small c. 100 percent c.or reverse-biased c. Drain-source voltage b. 200 ohm c. Gate-source cutoff voltage a. gmrd c. D-MOSFET b. When a JFET is cut off. A JFET a. Chopped a. Voltage-divider bias c. Large 23. Is regulated d. Voltage gain a. The width of the channel a. gmrs/(l + gmrs) is with d. 3 to 30 MHz b. The input impedance of a JFET current approaches an n-channel JFET. Source resistor c. Prone to thermal runaway a. When the gate voltage becomes more negative in computer industry? 3. Smaller than the output current a. but not both c. gmrd d. Similar to the graph of a resistor b. gmrs RDS equals c. Ideal drain current c. gmrs/(l + gmrs) a. Has much smaller ripple than the input voltage 5.5 percent b. Source resistor 35. Either one or the other. you must have a c d. Ground a. Shrinks c. The gate-source diode of a JFET should be 13. ID(sat) a. Transconductance indicates how effectively the input c. Both free electrons and holes b. IDSS d. IDSS b. Higher gm a. Only free electrons c. Output current b. Match the compensating diodes b. Drain current for zero gate voltage d. Low input capacitance b. Mhos a. A high input resistance 22. Nonlinear c. Is a voltage-controlled device b. The gate controls 12. Compared to a bipolar transistor. 78. Small b. Has no effect on MPP b. 25 percent 7. Power FET d. Voltage-divider bias 33. When the drain saturation current is less than IDSS. Gate voltage a. Approaches one b. The transconductance increases when the drain 19. Gate-source cutoff voltage d. Approaches zero a. Reverse-biased b. To get a negative gate-source voltage in a self- d. A CS amplifier has a voltage gain of d. Reverse-biased c. Only holes d. Source bias b. All the above d. Large voltage gain b. Is larger than the load resistance a. Volts 9. Touching d. Larger than the output current 4. All of these a. Voltage gain b. VHF stands for frequencies from d. Conduct c. Is a current-controlled device c. Transconductance is measured in d d. A source follower has a voltage gain of a. Is impossible to predict d. Input resistance c. Have a power rating greater than the output power much higher a. Output current a. Input resistance 10. Positive feedback d. Gate bias a. Far apart d. The transconductance curve is 18. When the input signal is large. Voltage divider d. All of the above b. If a JFET has IDSS = 10 mA and VP = 2 V. Stop conducting 12 . Drain current for zero gate voltage c. JFET a. The proportional pinchoff voltage c. All of these b. 50 percent a.b. Either forward. The easiest way to bias a JFET in the ohmic region d c. Drain current a. The ac emitter resistance of an emitter follower 8. E-MOSFET c. Battery d. then b b. a c. A square wave biased JFET circuit. 200 ohm 32. 0 layers b. gmrs/(l + gmrs) b. Low input capacitance d. the emitter diodes must c. IS c. Low input impedance 24. Is larger than the zener voltage a. Self-bias produces d c. the depletion layers are c. Close together d. Shrinks c. a source follower has d. Nonlinear c. Negative feedback 34. Amperes CHAPTER13 c. Forward-biased a. Has a very large voltage gain d. Approaches infinity c. Have a voltage gain of I a. Linear a. 30 to 300 MHz a. A small distortion d. the JFET has a 14. 300 kHz to 3 MHz d. Gate current b. Approaches infinity c. 400 ohm voltage d. RDS equals pinchoff voltage divided by the 17. gmrd 20. 5 kohm b. gmrd/(l + gmrd) a. Has a low input resistance d. Current d. Supply voltage d. Is usually less than the load resistance c. In the two-transistor voltage regulator. Be able to control the quiescent current 6. The input signal used with a JFET analog switch d. 1 kohm a. None of the above d. A voltage gain of less than one a. Negative feedback b. Ohms c. Self-bias properly.

If the voltage gain is 2000. Excessive power dissipation b a. How a. The voltage gain of an amplifier decreases 20 dB 17. 0. Input voltage a. 46 dB b. 3 dB d. A latch is based on c. Upper cutoff frequency total decibel voltage gain is a. 0.5Amid 12. Breakover voltage b. the decibel power gain d. 1 c. SSI 21. 6 dB d. False triggering b. and f2 = 10 Hz. If f = 1 MHz. Input resistance 10. If the power gain doubles. 10 dB a. 10 b. 5 c. Monolithic ICs are d. and the other is semilogarithmic a. The 2. 0. A four-layer diode is sometimes called a c. Frequency is 86 dB. Power gain 9. 2 d.707Amid many octaves apart are the two frequencies? b. Generator resistance a. 106 dB c b. Reverse-bias triggering increases by d. Switch 7. diac b. Two SCRs in parallel b. Diac c b. b. 60 dB of an amplifier. pnpn diode c. Exceeding the critical rate of rise produces d. Forward-bias triggering 5. Half of either collector current c b. the decibel voltage gain is c. and the other is logarithmic 15. On a single chip b c. Also called hybrid ICs a. the ratio f/f2 represents d. Midband voltage gain 11. A four-layer diode c. The unijunction transistor acts as a 1. Diac b. Voltage d. One axis is linear. Forms of discrete circuits a d. Reverse-bias triggering a.1 a. Negative feedback d. 20. 0. Low-current drop out increases by c 4. If the voltage gain doubles. Positive feedback b a. Combinations of thin-film and thick-film circuits 19. 6 dB 14. Increase the generator resistance. SCR a. Current limiting c. Integrated circuits d. 86 dB a 18. If you want to improve the high-frequency response a. Low-current dropout b. 100 c. Unidirectional device d. Triac c. Breakover c. 66 dB c. 4 b. Components are soldered together in d. The stray-wiring capacitance has an effect on the d b b. Two stages have voltage gains of 100 and 200. Breakover decrease in CHAPTER17 b. A thyristor with a gate lead b a. Input resistance a. 0. Light 24. DC signals only c b. 40 dB d. triac c. At low frequencies. The tail current of a diff amp is d. 4 c. 10 dB how many decades? a.000 d. 20 c. what is the ordinary voltage gain at 20 MHz? b. Output voltage b. Humidity b a. Monolithic ICs a. Neither axis is linear c. which of these would you try? 16. Forward-bias triggering a. the voltage d. The total ordinary voltage gain is 1. At the lower or upper cutoff frequency. a. the coupling capacitors produce a c a. Both ac and dc signals 20. Reverse-bias triggering c. d. Decrease the coupling capacitances. Discrete circuits b c. Voltage gain dB. Equal to either collector current 14 . Latch d. The four-layer diode b. the decibel voltage gain c. The op amp can amplify d. 0 4. c. 86 dB d. 3 a b. 1000 d.35Amid 3.d. Current limiting 22. The diac is a b. One frequency is 8 times another frequency. 46 dB c. A Shockley diode is the same as a d. Neither ac nor dc signals a. Frequency response is a graph of voltage gain versus c per decade above 20 kHz. Semilogarithmic paper means a. 66 dB d. If the midband voltage gain a. four-layer diode 3. 200 d. 60 dB 16. Light b. SCR action 8. 40 dB b. 6 dB 13. 2 14. Bidirectional device b. Any thyristor can be turned off with c b. 40 dB 15. Shorten leads as much as possible. If the voltage gain is 100. 6 dB a d.995Amid a. Lower cutoff frequency c. Two stages have decibel voltage gains of 20 and 40 c. 20 dB d. Current c. 2000 d a c. A factor of 2 a. 3 dB b. Increase the emitter bypass capacitance. A factor of 2 d d.7 V gain is c c. The triac is equivalent to b. Transistor c. Light 23. One axis is linear. The trigger voltage of an SCR is closest to c. Any thyristor can be turned on with 2. Generator voltage b. If the voltage gain is 10. Both axes are semilogarithmic b. Low-current drop out 6. the decibel voltage gain is a. 20 dB c d CHAPTER 16 c. Three-layer device c a. Unijunction transistor d. Four-layer diode a. Two diacs in parallel d. 4 V a. AC signals only a d. the decibel voltage gain is d. The photo-SCR responds to b. 3 a.

The node voltage at the top of the tail resistor is 6. Battery d. d. Tail current c. The input offset current equals the 14. RE b a. Equal to zero a. Less than the input offset voltage b. RE c. Diode 2. The power bandwidth increases when c. Passive loading a d. 1 MHz 13. Zero a 11. Average of two base currents b. A small coupling capacitor 11.000. Active-load resistors b. An output error voltage usually exists c. The input stage of an op amp is usually a b a.000. The common-mode voltage gain is 22. The common-mode voltage gain of a diff amp is c. Unimportant when a base resistor is used c. Oscillations c. Collector current divided by current gain c. Equal to the common-mode voltage gain 5. The tail of a diff amp acts like a c. Medium d. Difference between two emitter currents a. the cutoff frequency a. High c b open-loop voltage gain is 1. Extremely high frequency is d 12. Amid d. If the unity-gain frequency is 5 MHz and the midband closest to 13. Diff amp CHAPTER18 b. None of the above c. b. A dc signal has a frequency of 18. Collector supply voltage a. RC b. When the two bases are grounded in a diff amp. The initial slope of a sine wave is directly proportional b. Closed-loop voltage gain c grounded.The voltage gain of a diff amp with a differential output 16. Linear operation occurs b. CE amplifier 1. Power bandwidth b a. The typical input stage of an op amp has a a. 0 a. 15 MHz c d. A compensating capacitor prevents a. Input offset voltage b. re'/2 c. Dc return paths on the two bases c a. Differential input and differential output d b c 5. A 741C cannot work without c. Input offset current d. Emitter supply voltage c. Input bias current a. 1. Zero c a. With both bases grounded. Two times either collector current b. What usually controls the open-loop cutoff frequency the slew rate. Top of the tail resistor d. Frequency decreases d. 2re' d. Single-ended input and differential output c. Very low d. re'/2 10. 2re' 3. Equal to the difference in base currents c. The tail current equals the 15. High gain frequency divided by c. Very large b. At the unity-gain frequency. Difference between two base-emitter voltages d. Swamped amplifier of an op amp? a. Voltage gain is maximum 8. The input impedance of a diff amp equals re' times equal to RC divided by d. 1 MHz c. The cutoff frequency of an op amp equals the unity. Often expressed in decibels b a. 15 MHz a 6. Low c. The common-mode rejection ratio is c. Equal to the voltage gain b. Frequency a a d. Input bias current a. Capacitance 7. re' b. Common-mode voltage gain d. Peak value decreases a b. A small coupling capacitor 10.c. The inverting input b. Transistor 9. 1 MHz d. The input impedance of a BIFET op amp is b. Collector current divided by current gain c. Distortion occurs b a a. Input offset current to c. A 741C uses c. If the cutoff frequency is 15 Hz and the midband c. Compensating capacitance a a. Current source d b. Inductors d d a. the c. The same 4.7 V a. the only offset that a. 19. Single-ended input and single-ended output b. 25 Hz a. Initial slope decreases 17. Base-emitter capacitance c. The collector currents are equal b. The input offset current is usually open-loop voltage gain is 200.5 MHz b c a d. 0. the cutoff frequency d. 0 to over 1 MHz b.5 MHz d. 25 Hz c. Class B push-pull amplifier 8. A common-mode signal is applied to 21.000. Unity a. 0 voltage across each emitter diode is d. Sum of two emitter currents b. 1. 60 Hz a. One source of output error voltage is 20. Difference between two base currents a. the open-loop voltage a. When the initial slope of a sine wave is greater than c. Tail current times base resistance d. Slew rate d. Equal to voltage gain a. Beta c. The noninverting input a. Stray-wiring capacitance b. Collector-base capacitance d. Voltage gain increases 9. An LF157A is a 15 . 2RE gain is b. the unity-gain d. re' b b. Differential input and single-ended output d. Voltage gain b. Common-mode voltage gain 12. The ac output voltage is zero d. 2 times Beta d. Difference in collector resistors b. Voltage gain c d. Collector voltage divided by collector resistance d. Discrete resistors d. Both inputs c. The op amp works best is equal to RC divided by a. 1 c. Greater than voltage gain b. When the two input terminals of a diff amp are b. Discrete resistors d. Zero b. The base currents are equal a. Less than the input bias current is b. Smaller than voltage gain produces an error is the 7.

Gain when B is 1 18. A normal output signal occurs b. Open load resistor a. The voltage follower has a c a. A possible c. The closed-loop input impedance with an ICVS b. Aids the input signal c. Voltage amplifier 16 . Zero b. The output short circuit current b. Output offset voltage increases 28. the c. Current amplifier a. The unity-gain frequency equals the product of b. May equal 1 15. The 741C has a unity-gain frequency of c. Appears triangular d. 10 mV d. Above the cutoff frequency. May not equal 1 a b. 0 c 29. Is proportional to differential voltage gain b. Slew rate decreases a. Very small 12. 30 V a. A VCVS amplifier approximates an ideal b 19. A 741C has supply voltages of plus and minus 15 V. One a. If the b. Shorted feedback resistor b. A voltage gain of 100. Is always less than 1 d a. c. Three a. 100 Hz a. A small open-loop voltage gain voltage gain produces an increase in c 741C decreases approximately b a. The feedback resistance divided by the input noninverting and inverting inputs are d a. -15 V 22. Equal to the input voltage a. Input voltage a. Slew-rate distortion occurs d a. Closed-loop voltage gain of unity b. +15 V c. Equal to +15 V a. 10 dB per octave d.000. then the open-loop cutoff frequency of d. No more than two input signals b b. Frequency decreases b b. Opposes the input signal 9. The initial slope of a sine wave increases when d. the voltage gain of a d.000. the circuit approximates an c. 10 Hz b. the returning signal b b. The loop gain AOLB b. A closed-loop input impedance of infinity 8. No negative supply voltage d a. Output voltage a. The voltage gain of an op amp is unity at the c. Compensating capacitance d. 2 microvolts d. 1 MHz c. d. Small open-loop voltage gain 7. Current-to-voltage converter 11. Has no offset a. A 741C has d. Error voltage 17. If funity is 10 MHz and midband open-loop voltage c. Closed-loop bandwidth of zero trouble is d. No feedback voltage 16. Gain at funity gain is 1. Is between 0 and 1 c. Very large ideal d. 20 dB per octave CHAPTER19 c. Two or more input signals c. How many types of negative feedback are there? b the op amp is b a. The noninverting amplifier has a a b. The output b. 20 Hz 26. any decrease in open-loop d. A coupling capacitor a a. Voltage amplifier a. Zero resistance a. Distortion may occur amplifier equals d. The power bandwidth 23. 50 Hz output d. Unity-gain frequency b c. The open-loop voltage gain 5. Gain with negative feedback c a. When slew-rate distortion of a sine wave occurs. Is larger d c. Feedback voltage closed-loop voltage gain and the c. Large closed-loop output impedance a. Equal to the open-loop input impedance b b. Large closed-loop voltage gain c. The voltage between the input terminals of an ideal d. 1 V 30. 20 dB per decade 1. Almost equal b. The open-loop voltage gain equals the d. Source follower resistance c. Large closed-loop output impedance b. The closed-loop voltage gain of an inverting c. With an ICVS amplifier. Is normal 3. Maximum positive or negative c c. An ICVS amplifier has no output voltage. An op amp has a voltage gain of 500. Is usually much smaller than 1 c.000 a b. The feedback fraction B d. 0 a b. Generator frequency d. Four b. Sometimes less than the open-loop impedance c. Much different 14. Cutoff frequency d. 5 mV c c. The ratio of the input resistance to the feedback a b.a. Voltage-to-current converter amplifier is c. An input impedance of 2 Mohm c. Equal to the output voltage the MPP value of an op amp is closest to d. Differential voltage gain of the op amp b. Cc increases 27. Peak value increases c. the voltages at the d. Is proportional to output current a. 10 Hz d. With negative feedback. 20 kHz c b. If the two supply voltages are plus and minus 15 V. 27 V 31. Bipolar op amp 21. the input voltage is c. Diff amp a a. An op amp has an open base resistor. 10 dB per decade b. A summing amplifier can have d.000. An output impedance of 75 ohm 4. c. May not equal 1 controlled by d. The open-loop cutoff frequency of a 741C is c. Usually larger than the open-loop input impedance d. All of the above op amp is d a. 15 MHz 24. If the frequency is greater than the power bandwidth. When an op amp is not saturated. An amplified sine wave d. Two 10. Slightly different from zero d. BIFET op amp voltage will be c. Tail current d a. 30 V output voltage is 1 V. Is usually greater than 1 b. Is usually much greater than 1 d. +15V a. In a VCVS amplifier. Small open-loop voltage gain 6. the MPP value is d. A compensating capacitor If the load resistance is large. Load resistance 25. The input resistance b. Closed-loop cutoff frequency b. Power bandwidth 2. Large closed-loop input impedance a. Ideally zero 20.

Has high component sensitivity output is a a. Output stage a. 6 Vpp a. and bandpass output 13. Capacitor 26. 0 d. A maximally-flat passband is needed a. All-pass stages c. high-pass. In a nonlinear op-amp circuit. the current through the d. Pullup resistors be built with d. High rolloff rates are needed 2. Relaxation oscillator of 0. Phase shift is important value. A rippled passband 8. A sinusoidal input b. Rectangular wave b. A high voltage b a. Q decreases b. a bandpass filter should CHAPTER22 c. To detect when the input is greater than a particular d. 0 degrees to -720 degrees c. Ramp d. Rolloff rate increases c.5 uV d. Hysteresis prevents false triggering associated with a. Has low component sensitivity 5. To correct for limited GBW. The output of a relaxation oscillator is a a. Produces triangular output waves d b. The output to switch states 29. 10 kHz b.d d a. If the d. The input to a peak detector is a triangular wave a. the Q of the stage will d. Pullup resistor b. If BW increases. the duty cycle a. Stray capacitances d. Comparator capacitor through a d. Uses less than three op amps a. Rectangular pulse c c. The lowest frequency you should use is b. Op amp never saturates 16. The voltage out of a Schmitt trigger is c. 8 V b. Is zero b b. Negative feedback b. Feedback capacitor b. Inductors d. To work properly. If AOL = 200. Either a low or a high voltage b. MFB stages a. 0 b. Increases d. 1 uV c. Ripples appear in the stopband d. the closed-loop knee voltage of a a. All of the above b. Positive limit detector a. Center frequency decreases a. the output is c a. Zero-crossing detector input resistor flows into the a b. 0 degrees to -360 degrees b. If GBW is limited. Triangular wave c. Series of ramps b c. When a large sine wave drives a Schmitt trigger. Rectified sine wave d. 90 degrees to -90 degrees 3. Increases or decreases at a linear rate c wave of 8 V pp and an average value of 0. Low-pass and high-pass stages 1. Noninverting input 30. Noise voltages c. Is produced by hysteresis 27. Half-wave detector b. the 31. Has two trip points b d. Peak detection of the input signal d.If pulse width decreases and the period stays the external d. 7 uV b a. Trip points c c. Sine wave b. Is designed to trigger on noise voltage 25. A rippled stopband is important b.000. Is a zero-crossing detector d. Notch stages b. 14 uV b. State-variable filter c. Tow-Thomas filter 4. Compensating capacitor 22. The biquadratic filter 12. Is difficult to tune 6. The discharging time constant of a peak detector is b a. a designer may use c. 8 Vpp b. Spike a a. Noninverting input phase from b. The output is c. A comparator with a trip point of zero is sometimes c b. Double 14. Output shape is the same as the input shape silicon diode is b. Clamping to occur a. A Schmitt trigger c. Inverting input c. Predistortion a c. The all-pass filter is used when c. The state-variable filter c d. A constant time delay d. Threshold detector 21. The trip point of a comparator is the input voltage c. Square wave c. The input voltage to a positive limiter is a triangular c. Is also called Tow-Thomas filter a. 0 degrees to -180 degrees a. Compensating capacitors 24. Has a low-pass. The all-pass filter is sometimes called a reference level is 2 V. If the input is a rectangular pulse. Bypass circuit 23. Ramp d. A second-order all-pass filter can vary the output a a. Op amp may saturate a. many IC comparators need an d c. Clamper 10. Delay equalizer a. Is a rectangular pulse c d. Feedback loop is never opened 9. Stays the same c. the output of an 10 ms. An active half-wave rectifier has a knee voltage of 19 . Square wave c. In an op-amp integrator. Remain the same a d. The op-amp integrator uses c. 16 V 18. Sine wave b. use a b 17. A Schmitt trigger uses d. 3.100 Hz that causes d. The circuit to oscillate d c. 1 kHz a. Increase same. A sine wave 11. Linear phase shift 15. Decreases b. Limiter with a peak-to-peak value of 8 V and an average value b. A relaxation oscillator depends on the charging of a c. 4 V a a. Uses three or more op amps integrator is a a. Inductor d. 2 Vpp 19. A low voltage d. the called a c. the b b. Hysteresis 28.10 Hz 20. A ramp of voltage c. Always increases d. KHN filter b. When Q is greater than 1. Decrease 7. The Miller effect b d. Resistor b c. Bypass capacitor a. Positive feedback b b a. Sinusoidal inputs b d.

Between 0 and +90 degrees a. Hartley constant is must be greater than 1 when the phase shift around the b a. Armstrong a c d. An astable 555 timer has the following number of c. Resonant circuit d. Quartz crystal a. 0 a 10. Large resistance b 25. Lead-lag circuit C. With LC tank circuits b b. Three resistors 26. Equal d. Crystals have a very b. Wheatstone bridge c. Becomes erratic b. Very close together d. Two lead or lag circuits b. Ripple from the power supply c. One resistor a b. Greater than 90 degrees b. Either positive or negative c. In an active peak detector. 270 degrees b. A lead circuit has a phase angle that is 14. 2 2. The voltage that starts an oscillator is caused by b. 0 16. Uses hysteresis to speed up response b. Prevents the circuit from starting 22. Resistive coupling stable states: d d d. The input signal from a generator b c. The positive clamper adds 7. 0 b b. Positive feedback d. At high frequencies d. Low Q c. Three resistors a. The same as the input voltage d. Much less than 0. VK a. To vary the frequency of a Wien bridge. The pulse width out of a one-shot multivibrator d. Clamps the input positively c. you can c. An oscillator always needs an amplifier with b. Colpitts 23. Two resistors vary d. One capacitor increases when the b 11. the loop gain d. The Wien-bridge oscillator is useful b. All the above 24. Between 0 and -90 degrees c. At small input signals c. Clapp a. The same as the charging time constant c. Initially. 90 degrees 20. Link coupling refers to d b. A ramp d. Colpitts b. Rochelle salts a d. A negative dc voltage to the input b. The phase-shift oscillator usually has d a. Colpitts 27. Increases a. A Wien bridge is sometimes called a c. A trip point to the input d. the a a. An LC tank circuit b a. To vary the frequency of an LC oscillator. Quartz d. Either positive or negative c. the one with the most stable c. Negative feedback b a. More than 0. Positive feedback frequency of oscillation b. Lag circuit a. An ac signal to the output c. Both types of feedback b. Supply voltage increases 20 . The most widely used LC oscillator is the a.7 V b. 180 degrees a. 3 1 . The kind of oscillator found in an electronic c. Very far apart a a b c. Noise voltage in resistors d. Three lead or fag circuits 19. Armstrong 21. Means B is small b. Positive a. A tickler coil stable states: d. 360 degrees c. The series and parallel resonant frequencies of a b. the output of an d active positive limiter is 5. 3 a. A Wien-bridge oscillator uses 15.a. Low b. Negative b. A monostable 555 timer has the following number of d. For oscillations to start in a circuit. One capacitor b. 2 a. Twin-T oscillator a. Hartley c. the discharging time a 12. Greater than 90 degrees b. Low frequencies 26. Armstrong d c. Negative feedback a. High c. 0. Two inductors b. Both types of feedback a d. Two resistors c. Remains the same wristwatch is the d. Heavy feedback in an LC oscillator a. A ramp d. Power coupling a. Between 0 and +90 degrees a. An LC tank circuit c. Negative feedback d. Clapp d. Small inductance b b c d. Lead circuit b. Equal to the period b. If the reference voltage is zero. A lead-lag circuit frequency is the d. Positive a. The output of an active positive clamper is 6. A window comparator 8. Much shorter than the period a. When Q decreases in a Colpitts oscillator. 1 CHAPTER23 9. Notch filter 17. Detects an input voltage between two limits d. A positive dc voltage to the input a. The same as the input voltage d. A tungsten lamp 25. Phase shifter b.7 V 3. At low frequencies c. Tourmaline c d d. A coupling circuit is a 13.7 V a. Has only one usable threshold a. the loop gain of a Wien-bridge oscillator is d. Decreases 23. One resistor 18. Clapp a c. Positive feedback c. Causes saturation and cutoff crystal are c. The material with the piezoelectric effect is c. A twin-T filter a. Much longer than the period 4. Produces maximum output voltage a. you can vary b. Transformer coupling 24. The Hartley oscillator uses d. Negative b. Capacitive coupling c. High Q d. A lag circuit has a phase angle that is loop is b. Of the following. Between 0 and -90 degrees c. 1 a. 1 a.