ELECTRONIC PRINCIPLES d. Open-load resistance b. Second approximation d.

Formulas
by MALVINO c. Internal resistance of a Norton circuit b. Experiment
17. Treating a connecting wire as a conductor with zero
CHAPTER1 9. To get the Thevenin voltage, you have to resistance is an example of the 25. Definitions are
1. An ideal voltage source has a. Short the load resistor a. Ideal approximation a. Man made
a. Zero internal resistance b. Open the load resistor b. Second approximation b. Invented
b. Infinite internal resistance c. Short the voltage source c. Higher approximation c. Made up
c. A load-dependent voltage d. Open the voltage source d. Exact model d. All of the above
d. A load-dependent current b. Open the load resistor a. Ideal approximation d. All of the above
a. Zero internal resistance
10. To get the Norton current, you have to 18. The voltage out of an ideal voltage source CHAPTER2
2. A real voltage source has a. Short the load resistor a. Is zero
a. Zero internal resistance b. Open the load resistor b. Is constant 1. The nucleus of a copper atom contains how many
b. Infinite internal resistance c. Short the voltage source c. Depends on the value of load resistance protons?
c. A small internal resistance d. Open the current source d. Depends on the internal resistance a. 1
d. A large internal resistance a. Short the load resistor b. Is constant b. 4
c. A small internal resistance c. 18
11. The Norton current is sometimes called the 19. The current out of an ideal current source d. 29
3. If a load resistance is 1 kohm, a stiff voltage source a. Shorted-load current a. Is zero d
has a resistance of b. Open-load current b. Is constant
a. At least 10 ohm c. Thevenin current c. Depends on the value of load resistance 2. The net charge of a neutral copper atom is
b. Less than 10 ohm d. Thevenin voltage d. Depends on the internal resistance a. 0
c. More than 100 kohm a. Shorted-load current b. Is constant b. +1
d. Less than 100 kohm c. -1
b. Less than 10 ohm 12. A solder bridge 20. Thevenin’s theorem replaces a complicated circuit d. +4
a. may produce a short facing a load by an a
4. An ideal current source has b. may cause an open a. Ideal voltage source and parallel resistor
a. Zero internal resistance c. is useful in some circuits b. Ideal current source and parallel resistor 3. Assume the valence electron is removed from a
b. Infinite internal resistance d. always has high resistance c. Ideal voltage source and series resistor copper atom. The net charge of the atom becomes
c. A load-dependent voltage a. may produce a short d. Ideal current source and series resistor a. 0
d. A load-dependent current c. Ideal voltage source and series resistor b. + 1
b. Infinite internal resistance 13. A cold-solder joint c. -1
a. shows good soldering technique 21. Norton’s theorem replaces a complicated circuit d. +4
5. A real current source has b. usually produces an open facing a load by an b
a. Zero internal resistance c. is sometimes useful a. Ideal voltage source and parallel resistor 4. The valence electron of a copper atom experiences
b. Infinite internal resistance d. always has low resistance b. Ideal current source and parallel resistor what kind of attraction toward the nucleus?
c. A small internal resistance b. usually produces an open c. Ideal voltage source and series resistor a. None
d. A large internal resistance d. Ideal current source and series resistor b. Weak
d. A large internal resistance 14. An open resistor has b. Ideal current source and parallel resistor c. Strong
a. Infinite current through it d. Impossible to say
6. If a load resistance is 1 kohm, a stiff current source b. Zero voltage across it 22. One way to short a device is b
has a resistance of c. Infinite voltage across it a. With a cold-solder joint
a. At least 10 ohm d. Zero current through it b. With a solder bridge 5. How many valence electrons does a silicon atom
b. Less than 10 ohm d. Zero current through it c. By disconnecting it have?
c. More than 100 kohm d. By opening it a. 0
d. Less than 100 kohm 15. A shorted resistor has b. With a solder bridge b. 1
c. More than 100 kohm a. Infinite current through it c. 2
b. Zero voltage across it 23. Derivations are d. 4
7. The Thevenin voltage is the same as the c. Infinite voltage across it a. Discoveries d
a. Shorted-load voltage d. Zero current through it b. Inventions
b. Open-load voltage b. Zero voltage across it c. Produced by mathematics 6. Which is the most widely used semiconductor?
c. Ideal source voltage d. Always called theorems a. Copper
d. Norton voltage 16. An ideal voltage source and an internal resistance is c. Produced by mathematics b. Germanium
b. Open-load voltage an example of the c. Silicon
8. The Thevenin resistance is equal in value to the a. Ideal approximation 24. Laws are proved by d. None of the above
a. Load resistance b. Second approximation a. Definition c
b. Half the load resistance c. Higher approximation b. Experiment
c. Internal resistance of a Norton circuit d. Exact model c. Mathematics
1

7. How many protons does the nucleus of a silicon atom d. Proton c. Many free electrons 30. How many free electrons does a p-type
contain? b d. No holes semiconductor contain?
a. 4 a a. Many
b. 14 15. A conductor has how many types of flow? b. None
c. 29 a. 1 23. The number of free electrons and holes in an c. Only those produced by thermal energy
d. 32 b, 2 intrinsic semiconductor increases when the temperature d. Same number as holes
b c. 3 a. Decreases c
d. 4 b. Increases
8. Silicon atoms combine into an orderly pattern called a a c. Stays the same 31. Silver is the best conductor. How many valence
a. Covalent bond d. None of the above electrons do you think it has?
b. Crystal 16. A semiconductor has how many types of flow? b a. 1
c. Semiconductor a. 1 b. 4
d. Valence orbit b. 2 24. The flow of valence electrons to the left means that c. 18
b c. 3 holes are flowing to the d. 29
d. 4 a. Left a
9. An intrinsic semiconductor has some holes in it at b b. Right
room temperature. What causes these holes? c. Either way 32. Suppose an intrinsic semiconductor has 1 billion free
a. Doping 17. When a voltage is applied to a semiconductor, holes d. None of the above electrons at room temperature. If the temperature
b. Free electrons will flow b changes to 75'C, how many holes are there?
c. Thermal energy a. Away from the negative potential a. Fewer than 1 billion
d. Valence electrons b. Toward the positive potential 25. Holes act like b. 1 billion
c c. In the external circuit a. Atoms c. More than 1 billion
d. None of the above b. Crystals d. Impossible to say
10. Each valence electron in an intrinsic semiconductor d c. Negative charges c
establishes a d. Positive charges
a. Covalent bond 18. A conductor has how many holes? d 33. An external voltage source is applied to a p-type
b. Free electron a. Many semiconductor. If the left end of the crystal is positive,
c. Hole b. None 26. Trivatent atoms have how many valence electrons? which way do the majority carriers flow?
d. Recombination c. Only those produced by thermal energy a. 1 a. Left
a d. The same number as free electrons b. 3 b. Right
b c. 4 c. Neither
11. The merging of a free electron and a hole is called d. 5 d. Impossible to say
a. Covalent bonding 19. In an intrinsic semiconductor, the number of free b b
b. Lifetime electrons
c. Recommendation a. Equals the number of holes 27. A donor atom has how many valence electrons? 34. Which of the following doesn't fit in the group?
d. Then-nal energy b. Is greater than the number of holes a. 1 a. Conductor
c c. Is less than the number of holes b. 3 b. Semiconductor
d. None of the above c. 4 c. Four valence electrons
12. At room temperature an intrinsic silicon crystal acts a d. 5 d. Crystal structure
approximately like d a
a. A battery 20. Absolute zero temperature equals
b. A conductor a. -273 degrees C 28. If you wanted to produce a p-type semiconductor, 35. Which of the following is approximately equal to
c. An insulator b. 0 degrees C which of these would you use? room temperature?
d. A piece of copper wire c. 25 degrees C a. Acceptor atoms a. 0 degrees C
c d. 50 degrees C b. Donor atoms b. 25 degrees C
a c. Pentavalent impurity c. 50 degrees C
13. The amount of time between the creation of a hole d. Silicon d. 75degrees C
and its disappearance is called 21. At absolute zero temperature an intrinsic a b
a. Doping semiconductor has
b. Lifetime a. A few free electrons 29. Holes are the minority carriers in which type of 36. How many electrons are there in the valence orbit of
c. Recombination b. Many holes semiconductor? a silicon atom within a crystal?
d. Valence c. Many free electrons a. Extrinsic a. 1
b d. No holes or free electrons b. Intrinsic b. 4
d c. n-type c. 8
14. The valence electron of a conductor is also called a d. p-type d. 14
a. Bound electron 22. At room temperature an intrinsic semiconductor has c c
b. Free electron a. A few free electrons and holes
c. Nucleus b. Many holes 37. Positive ions are atoms that have
2

Troubleshooting c c. Breakdown 6. 0 a. Reverse bias 13. Holes 49. How much load current is there in Fig. None of the above a. Barrier potential d. Forward current d b. 0 a d. 14. 0. Which of the following cannot move? b. 1 kohm a. Bilateral c. Linear d. Load resistance is low c. 15 mA the applied voltage must be greater than c. Inverse c. 3-19 (see d. How much forward diode voltage is there with the d. 300 mA your textbook) with the second approximation? c a. Avalanche current d. None of the above a. The knee voltage of a diode is approximately equal to a. the recombination c. The only time you have to use the third d. 0 c. Barrier potential d. Doping b. Lost a proton 45. Reverse c. Negatively charged b. Unipolar c. 0. 3-19 (see d. 0 d. 0 d. the graph above the d. Positive ions 47. Passive biased? c b. Positively charged a. the device is referred to as c a. 1 V 2. In the breakdown region 3. Forward bias a c. Gained a proton b. How is a nonconducting diode biased? b. If the bulk resistance is zero. 1 V your textbook) with the ideal diode? b straight line.7 V CHAPTER3 b. Forward current d. Horizontal d a. Reverse b b. Zero a. b. Linear 9. Barrier potential of free electrons and holes may produce d. Knee voltage knee becomes b d. 0. Poorly b b. The ideal diode is usually adequate when d. How much current is there through the second c. The voltage where avalanche occurs is called the c. Neutral 46. When a diode is forward-biased.3 mA 44.7 V 38. Which of the following describes an n-type a a.3 V a. All of the above a. What is the barrier potential of a silicon diode at d. Has many holes c. Load resistance is high d. Majority carriers b. Becomes larger a. Lost an electron b. 0. Tilted at 450 semiconductor? 48. Very small d. Surface-leakage current c. Poor d. Breaks down current and c. 0. Reverse current a. Nonlinear a b. 1 V c. Gained an electron a. Negatively charged b.3 V C. Heat c approximation is when b b. 0 a b. Recombination 50. Ions a. Nonlinear c. Light a. 0. Becomes smaller b 14. Negative ions a. More than 0. The load resistance is low a. Ions a. When the reverse voltage increases from 5 to 10 V. the bias is a. What kind of a device is a diode? b. A p-type semiconductor contains holes and b. Forward voltage C. Very large b ideal-diode approximation? d c. All of the above approximation of a silicon diode when it is forward c. The source voltage is low 41. 2 mV per degree Celsius 1 . Active b. How much voltage is there across the second b. Positively charged a. Vertical 40. Nonlinear approximation of a silicon diode when it is reverse d. Forward breakdown c 11. Diffusion of free electrons across the junction of an c. Is unaffected 7. Linear a b. Bipolar 10. Inverse d. To produce a large forward current in a silicon diode.a. Troubleshooting a d. None of the above a. 50 mA a. Free electrons the depletion layer d. 0. Reverse breakdown 4. Neutral unbiased diode produces d. Surface-leakage current is part of the c. Depletion layer d 12. 1 mA 17. How much load current is there in Fig. 10 ohm 39. What kind of device is a resistor? c. Breakdown voltage a b. The second approximation works well when d. Forward b. Unilateral d. Breakdown voltage 5. The bulk resistance of a 1N4001 is d. 1 V a. In a silicon diode the reverse current is usually c. Doing precise calculations d a. Forward c. Source voltage is high 43.7 V semiconductor? b. What causes the depletion layer? b a. When the diode current is large. Source voltage is high 42. The depletion layer the b. Pentavalent atoms b.3 V b a. Applied voltage c.7 V 16. Donor atoms c. Troubleshooting room temperature? d biased? d.7 V b. Zener current 15. Has many free electrons c. Radiation 8. Which of the following describes a p-type b. The reverse current consists of minority-carrier b. c. 0. 0 3 .23 ohm c a. When the graph of current versus voltage is a d.

28. Full-wave rectifier a. 15 mA c. 240 Hz d. 14. 3-19.4 V b c 20. 0 V b. What is the approximate rms value of following has a diode current of 10 mA? 2. a c b 17. 1 A b. and the primary voltage is 120 V. 30 Hz a. Impossible to say c.3 mA b. None of these d. what is the peak-to-peak ripple out of a 3. 23 V b. Stay the same b. 360 degrees d.4 V c. which the secondary voltage is 20 V rms? produces the least load voltage? 1. Stay the same c. 120 Hz c. What is the PIV across each diode of a bridge a. the ripple will trouble may be means the rms secondary voltage is closest to has the most ripple? a. 30 V c. No answer possible d. 14. 56. Bridge-rectified signal c. How much load current is there in Fig.1 V c. What is the peak load voltage out of a bridge rectifier 18. 3-19. 50 mA d. 21. Impossible to say a b b a CHAPTER5 CHAPTER4 8. What is the peak load voltage in a full-wave rectifier if 15.1 V c. 240 V d c 9.6 V d. If the load current is 5 mA and the filter capacitance 3. What is the 10.3 mA b. 35. Bridge rectifier b. 50 mA d. In a step-down transformer. 34 V d.b. the half-wave rectifier is rectifier with a secondary voltage of 20 V rms? b. Too much supply voltage d. 28. 8 A b c c c 19. the load voltage will a. 60 Hz b. 20 V c. Has a barrier potential of 1 V 4 . If the resistor is ungrounded in Fig. Neither c. 0 a. 120 Hz c.8 V c. 15 V a. The voltage out of a bridge rectifier is a bridge rectifier is rectifier with a capacitor-input filter. Half-wave signal a. It is a constant-voltage device. 0. 650 V d d b a 11.3 nV c. Impossible to say c. 90 degrees b. Has a constant voltage in the breakdown region a. 0 half-wave rectifier. If line frequency is 60 Hz. We want a peak load voltage of 40 V out of a bridge 16. 0 degrees a. a turns ratio of 5: 1 14. Which of these is the best description of a zener 2. With the same secondary voltage and filter. Decrease b. 14. It is approximately constant.6 V a d. 3-19 with the 4. Bridge rectifier b.3 pV b. The load voltage measures zero in Fig. 14. What is true about the breakdown voltage in a zener 1.3 V a c. Full-wave signal b. what is a. 180 degrees c. 9. Increase d. 35 V d. which is larger? secondary voltage? a. It is a constant-cuffent device. It equals the current times the resistance. b.3 V maximum peak load voltage is closest to a. Half-wave rectifier b.7 mV d. which 21. None of these b b c c 21. With a 5:1 step-down transformer. A shorted diode a. 360 degrees d. 2 A c. 20 V d. 14. It destroys the diode. 40. 21 V b. This means the dc third approximation? resistor. A zener diode peak secondary voltage if 115 V rms is applied to the resistor. b. the output frequency of a 20. c. 240 Hz d. 28. -15 V d. 0 a. If line frequency is 60 Hz. 36 V d. If the diode is open in Fig. Increase c.7 V b. Half-wave rectifier diode? the secondary voltage? b. Full-wave rectifier a. It works in the forward region. Half-wave rectifier diode? a. -15 V b. 20 V a. load current flows for what part of a cycle? approximation. If the secondary voltage increases in a bridge and ground is closest to 6. With a half-wave rectified voltage across the load for a secondary voltage of 15 V rms? (Use second maximum dc current rating of 2 A. If N1/N2 = 2. Is a battery primary winding? a.3 V d. It decreases when current increases. 14. 3-19. 4 A d.6 V c.3 V d. Decrease a. The diodes in a bridge rectifier each have a 18. With a full-wave rectified voltage across the load is 1000uF. c. If the filter capacitance is increased. 180 degrees c. 15 V b. 64. 56. 60 V c b d. Line voltage may be from 105 V rms to 125 rms in a 12. 15 mA c. 15 V b. the load voltage is 5. 29. 0 V c. load current flows for what part of a cycle? bridge rectifier? a. 90 degrees b. It is a rectifier diode. the output frequency of a 19. A transformer has a turns ratio of 4: 1. Bridge rectifier d. d. 21. 24. 30 Hz a. 19. Full-wave rectifier c. 41.3 mV c. 0 degrees a. Primary voltage a. 163 V d. If the filtered load current is 10 mA. An open load resistor c.) load current can have a maximum value of a. With the same secondary voltage and filter. 25 V c.3 V d. If the line voltage is 115 V rms. Secondary voltage b. Sine wave d. a. 60 Hz b. d.7 V b. The 7.2 V a. An open diode b. 0 V a. the voltage d measured with a DMM between the top of the resistor 13. which of the rectifier.

0. The load voltage is approximately constant when a d. the d. Photodiode a. If the zener diode in a zener regulator is connected b. Varistor 9. Operated in the breakdown region 2. the reverse minority 4. a a. Reverse-biased c 8. If the series resistance decreases in an unloaded d. Emit light a b. Banier potential d. Subtracted from the breakdown voltage a. Increases a. Which of the following has a negative-resistance c. Decreases 22. A blown-fuse indicator uses a c. Faraday b. Free electrons the series current 17. Holes a. which is the largest d. Photodiode c. Zener diode a. C must be lighted region? d. 10 V b 6. Breakdown a. If the load resistance decreases in a zener regulator. Both c. Unbiased current? a d. 14 V 20. The varactor is usually c. Decreases b. If the load resistance decreases in a zener regulator.nor reverse-biased b. Decreases a. The diode with a forward voltage drop of a.25 V is the b. When the light increases. F must be on b. What is one important thing transistors do? a. Constant-cuffent diode b d. Constant-current diode b. Is unaffected b. the capacitance the zener diode is the sum of-the breakdown voltage d. Equals the source voltage divided by the series b. Tunnel diode d resistance c. Series current b a. Load current b 5. Back diode 3. Back diode c a. Stays the same b. Increases a. Reverse-biased a. you need to use reverse bias and the voltage across the a b. At high frequencies. Zener diode c. Breakdown voltage a. Stays the same 16. Reverse bias capacitance d c. Zener diode d. 1 c. the load voltage will be closest c. For typical operation. Marconi c. Unbiased a. In a loaded zener regulator. Step-recovery diode c. Increases a. Series current d. which of these currents remains b. Stays the same 12. Operating in the breakdown region the reverse voltage across it b. Maximum zener current rating c. 18 V a. Stores charges c. the total voltage across c. the zener current c capacitance is a 27. Regulate voltage d. To display the digit 8 in a seven-segment indicator. When the reverse voltage increases. When the source voltage increases in a zener a. All segments must be on c. Schottky diode 4. Forward-biased 25. The capacitance of a varactor diode increases when a a. Schockley d. Forward-biased d. Forward-biased d. Schottky diode d. Increases c. Light-emitting diode 5 . Light-emitting diode a c. Increases with the wrong polarity. A transistor has how many doped regions? b.In the second approximation. 3 c b. Reverse-biased 14. Breaks down b. Emitting light c. Charge storage b. Zener resistance properly because of a c. Back diode c. Zener diode b. Who invented the first junction transistor? the zener current c d a. Measured in volts approximately constant? c. A photodiode is normally b. Decreases 28. Is forward-biased d. 24. All of the above c b. Decreases 7. Back diode b resistance c b 18. Optocoupler d. Forward bias 21. Source c. Amplify weak signals b.d. Decreases a. The voltage across the zener resistance is usually carrier current in a photodiode 26. Light-emitting diode approximately 0. Optocoupler base are 10. Neither forward. the majority carriers in the d d. Zener test current b. Increases a. Bell a. To isolate an output circuit from an input circuit. Increases a. 2 d. ordinary diodes don't work d.7 V c d. If the depletion layer gets wider. Reverses direction c. Neither b. The device to use for rectifying a weak ac signal is a C. In an npn transistor. 4 c. a. Stays the same with a a. d. Small 11. Load current the zener current is less than the 23. Seven-segment indicator a b. Stays the same CHAPTER6 zener diode is d c. Equals the voltage divided by the resistance to d. Varactor d. Zener diode d. Rectify line voltage c. Equals the source voltage divided by the series b d. Varactor diode b. Series resistor 13. Has more bandwidth 1. Tunnel diode c. None of these a. Decreases which is the device to use? b. Zener current b d. Total current 19. Breakdown does not destroy a zener diode provided b. Step-recovery diode a d. G must be off a. The device associated with voltage-controlled zener regulator. Zener current 15. Is variable b. Large regulator.

Forward-biased 15. Voltage source b. Forward-biased 14. 0 13. b.. Can be any of the above d. the electrons in b. The power dissipated by a transistor approximately c.7 V d equals the collector current times d. Collector resistance d. Another free electron 2. The current gain of a transistor is defined as the ratio b b. Decreases a. Stay the same c. Collector current a a. Base supply voltage a. Most of the electrons that flow through the base will c. The emitter diode is usually a.7 V cuffent? d. 10 A current d. Flow out of the base lead a c. It approximately equals the emitter current. what does the 10. what is the collector c.3 V c d. The base-emitter voltage of an ideal transistor is 3. Equals the collector current divided by the base c. Emitter diode a a. Cannot answer a. Reverse-biased means the base is c.5. The current gain of a transistor is the ratio of the c. Most of the electrons in the base of an npn transistor c. If you recalculate the collector-emitter voltage with b. Emitter current b. Base current b. When a free electron recombines with a hole in the d. 0. 0. 0.7 V b. The graph of current gain versus collector-current b. Less than the base supply voltage b. Base-emitter junction b 1. Reverse-biased the emitter have enough energy to overcome the barrier c. Lightly doped c. Remains the same b. Less than the collector supply voltage d layer is b. Base current 8. Operating in the breakdown region b. Metallic 16. It is small. Must flow a long way through the base 18. 0. Collector current to emitter current d. When the base resistor decreases. The base of an npn transistor is thin and d. Out of the base lead b b. A valence electron 24. 3 A c. 1 mA d. 3. 1 V 6. The barrier potential across each silicon depletion b a. More than the base supply voltage changed significantly by voltage will probably a. 0. Recombination path a. Undoped b.3 V a. Have a long lifetime d c. The same as the ideal value b. Heavily doped b a. the free electron becomes b b a. 0. the current gain 11.7 V b. None of the above 22. More than the collector supply voltage 28. Increase d. Collector current c. Base supply voltage 29. It equals the base current divided by the current gain. Heavily doped a b. Is constant flow d. Cannot answer approximation is c. Current gain c. b. Base current to collector current c. Base-collector junction of the collector current to the c. In a normally biased npn transistor. Into the base supply current? b c b a. A transistor acts like a diode and a a. 0. In the active region. 1 V c. the base current is d a a. Base diode CHAPTER7 c. Base-emitter voltage c a. If the current gain is 200 and the collector current is a d. Collector-emitter voltage b. 0 a c. 0 d. Increases c. Collector diode b. Collector-base junction 23. the collector a caused by the leakage current of the d. Into the collector c. Equal to the base supply voltage 27. a. Larger than the ideal value c. the collector current is not 5. Have a negative charge d. the answer will usually be 4. A majority carrier a.5 mA 26. the collector current is a. Any of the above d. If the base resistor is open. When the collector current increases. 300 mA b. 2 mA the second approximation. Varies slightly a. Resistance d. None of the above 21. Collector current to base current a b. Recombine with collector holes 19. Nonconducting potential of the d. Equal to the collector supply voltage a. Power supply a d. Flow out of the base 100 mA. 20 A b. 0. Transistor d. What is the most important fact about the collector d. Lightly doped d. Nonconducting a. Into the emitter 17. As the temperature increases. 10 mA diode has to be a. Emitter current to collector current 20. Stays the same b. Increases c. Supply current b. The fact that only a few holes are in the base region b. Operating in the breakdown region a. For normal operation of the transistor. Inaccurate d.33 A d. Do all of the above 6 . A conduction-band electron 30. If the base current is 100 mA and the current gain is indicates that the current gain 9. A small collector current with zero base current is c. 2 A a. Varies significantly b. Decreases a. It is measured in milliamperes. 0 current gain do? do not recombine because they d. 1 V c. Flow into the collector d. 25. 2 mA 7. Most of the electrons in the base of an npn transistor c. Emitter current a. the collector 12. Base current d.3 V a. Current source c. Increasing the collector supply voltage will increase c. Doped by a pentavalent material base region. Smaller than the ideal value a. The base-emitter voltage of the second b. Decrease b. The collector-emitter voltage is usually d. The base-emitter voltage is usually c d a a. Recombine with base holes d.

If a transistor operates at the middle of the load line. the base current is d. In the middle of the load line d. At the upper end of the load line b b. Collector current decreases c. 0 V b 1. VDB has a stable Q point like a. More resistors to work better a. Decrease the emitter voltage an increase in the current gain will move the Q point c. Emitter voltage b. Down d. For emitter bias. Two-supply bias 6. Useless 23. Increases by a factor of 6 b voltage increases when the collector current d. Collector supply voltage find the a. the c. 0 c. Decreases a a. c. Up a a. Cutoff region b. Varying emitter current b. Base voltage C. Off the load line 17. Increases 26. Does none of the above voltage d. 1 mA is b. Breakdown region b. At the lower end of the load line c. 100 microamp 24. Maximum current gain b b.a 13. Nowhere b. Nowhere b. Decreases by a factor of 6 d d. the a. Active region c a. Low c. Low b. Base bias a b. the collector voltage a. Low a b. Less than the base supply voltage b. Emitter c 14. Up c a. 1 microamp b 9. Unknown a. Emitter-feedback bias b. b. the transistor will a. Decrease the collector voltage a. Base current a 8.5 V 21. Off the load line 19. Increases 7. b. VDB is noted for its an increase in the base resistance will move the Q point c. Collector current d 7. Q point stays where it is 8. Q point moves up b b. Only three resistors a. Base current b. 6 V resistor is the same as the voltage between the emitter a. Remains almost the same d. 500 microamp a. VDB needs b the output voltage from the transistor is d. The first step in analyzing emitter-based circuits is to and the b. High c. Intermediate current gain d. Unchanged d. A few tenths of a volt d. the collector voltage is a. Ground probably be d. Stays the same b. Base bias 11. Unknown a. the collector current is closest in value to d. Three different Q points are shown on a load line. Saturated b collector-emitter saturation voltage is b. Emitter voltage d. Emitter current c. Ignoring the bulk resistance of the collector diode. With VDB. the voltage across the emitter operate in the b. If a transistor operates at the middle of the load line. When the Q point moves along the load line. Collector voltage a 15. The Q point will b. Flat a. Emitter bias c. Ground voltage biased circuit. Is zero 6. 10. If the base resistor is very small. Off the load line 18. c. Down d. Up d a. If the collector resistor decreases to zero in a base. Horizontal d The upper Q point represents the b. 10 microamp 4. In cutoff 2. High c. Cutoff region c. If the current gain is c. Base c. Down d. 6 mA 300 in an emitter-biased circuit. Saturation region d a.7 V a. If the base resistor is shorted. The base current is 50 microamp. Greater than the base supply voltage d. the load line will become d. Active region d. Vertical 3. Nowhere b. Collector-feedback bias a. Unchanged d a is 125. For emitter bias. the Q point b. the voltage at the emitter is 0. Emitter bias moves c. the collector current c. The collector current is 10 mA. the transistor will c. you cannot calculate the a. Off the load line 20. Only one supply 12. If the current gain c. If the base supply voltage increases. If the base supply voltage is disconnected. If the emitter resistor is open. If the collector resistor is open. A circuit with a fixed emitter current is called d. None of the above circuit. the c. Supply voltage b. Large base current c. With voltage-divider bias. a. Greater than the collector supply voltage c 100. 40 microamp a 5. Breaks down the transistor a. 1 V c a. If the emitter resistance decreases. the base voltage is a. If the emitter resistance decreases. Transistor bias CHAPTER8 collector-emitter voltage will equal d. Emitter current d. Cutoff point 16. Decreases b c. the collector c. When there is no base current in a transistor switch. Current gain increases a. the d. If the current gain is unknown in an emitter-biased less than the b. Destroved 22. Equal to the base supply voltage c. Collector current d. Increase the emitter voltage b. Decrease the emitter current c. Stays the same d. Unstable collector voltage a. Collector d. Emitter voltage c. When the current gain increases from 50 to b. Suppose the base resistor is open. Unkiiown a a. Stable Q point d. Saturation region 7 . 1 mA 25. Minimum current gain c. an increase in emitter resistance will 10. Precision resistors be c. VDB normally operates in the d. High d. Unchanged 27.

The current in a coupling circuit for high frequencies c. If the emitter resistance doubles in a VDB circuit. Alternating b a. Decrease a c. Double a. Usually larger than npn currents a. Negative b. reduce the is d. In a bypass circuit. Change in collector current c a. Usually smaller than npn currents 7. Equal to the negative half cycle b. Equal the collector supply voltage c. Smaller than the negative half cycle c. Collector resistance TSEB. In a CE amplifier with a large input signal. Drop in half d d. The collector voltage of a VDB circuit is not sensitive c. Sinusoidal b. Quiescent base current b. Base bias is associated with C. DC emitter current b. Dc open and the ac emitter current is 0. A short 12. the collector CHAPTER9 d. Ac open of the emitter diode is 8 . Increase c. the d. Resistors b. you must use b. C. Coupling capacitor 13. Grounds a. DC emitter current c. Double c. Stays the same b c. Reducing all dc sources to zero is one of the steps in 10. Trivalent atoms b. Maximum positive half cycle of the ac emitter current is a. An ac ground a. Supply voltage a c. Decrease 1. An ac ground c. Positive power supplies 8. To reduce the distortion in a CE amplifier. Zero 10. Resistors circuit by shorting all a. Stable b.7 V a d. The ac equivalent circuit is derived from the original 11. Stable Q point c. If the emitter resistance doubles with TSEB. Almost totally insensitive to changes in current gain 22. The capacitors of a CE amplifier appear to changes in the d. Minimum a. the ac resistance collector current will d d. If the emitter resistance increases in a VDB circuit. An open 15. Amplifiers d. A dc open and an ac short c. Near zero b. the base current must be very d. Shorted to ac c a. Maximum current is a. Collector current b. Transistors b voltage will b. If the collector resistance increases in a VDB circuit. Capacitors a. Small 2. Emitter resistance d. Which is the largest current in a pnp transistor? 9. the the collector voltage will d. If the emitter resistance increases with TSEB. Switching circuits c c b. None of these c. A mechanical ground b. Collector current c. the collector voltage will d. Emitter resistance d. Distorted b. The currents of a pnp transistor are b. Constant c. Equal to the negative half cycle a b. Increases 18. Current gain 17. Minimum a. Pentavalent atoms c. Double a. A dc short 14. AC emitter current d. Bypass capacitor a b. Emitter voltage b. Base-emitter voltage b. Very large c. the d. Maximum c. Larger than the negative half cycle d. Base current 6. Near 0 V 23. For dc. Collector resistance 3. Breakdown region a. If the ac voltage across the emitter diode is 1 mV 16. The negative of the npn current gain 5. Decrease a. Greatly affected by temperature changes transistor are d. With pnp voltage-divider bias. Emitter current a. Bypass capacitor c. Inductors d. Stay the same d. Opposite npn currents getting the the collector voltage d. A dc open and an ac short a. Increase b. Drop in half a. In TSEB. The current gain of a pnp transistor is d. Open to ac a. Larger than the negative half cycle c. Equal the collector supply voltage d. Shorted to dc b. Double d.3 V a. If the emitter resistor opens with TSEB. Remain the same a. Negative power supplies b. Ac emitter resistance equals 25 mV divided by the a. Stay the same b. Complete amplifier circuit c. The base voltage of two-supply emitter bias (TSEB) c. The Q point of a VDB circuit is d. Doubles collector voltage will 26. c. Increase 20. Somewhat sensitive to changes in current gain d. Zero 9.d. DC equivalent circuit a. Zero c. 1. Equal the collector supply voltage a. AC base voltage d. Large is 13. the ac emitter collector current will c. Stay the same 24. AC equivalent circuit b. Average b. Shorted to ac d. The majority carriers in the emitter of a pnp c. Stay the same a. A coupling capacitor is c. The collector current divided by the emitter current a. Voltage-divider biased circuit d. Unstable a. Hypersensitive to changes in current gain c c. Holes 4. Capacitors c. Drop to zero 25.1 mA. The Q point of TSEB does not depend on the b. When the ac base voltage is too large. the b. Fixed emitter current 19. If a splash of solder shorts the collector resistor of b d. Distorted d. AC equivalent circuit c a. DC emitter current a. the top of a capacitor is b. Current gain a. the current in a coupling circuit is 12. Stay the same b. Decreases b d. A dc short and an ac open b. Average b. Free electrons a. Open to supply voltage c. 0. The ratio of collector current to base current c. An ac open 11. AC base voltage c b. Increase 21. Increase slightly b. The capacitor that produces an ac ground is called a d.

Equal zero a. Decreases input impedance 21. Less the one a. If the output coupling capacitor is open. Equal zero a. The voltage gain equals the output voltage divided by d. A grounded emitter a. Dc and ac d. Zero b. Transistor c. Equal zero 9 . Zero b. Negative feedback 18. Coupling capacitor a b. Increase 14. Increase 15. The ac emitter current times the ac emitter b. The output voltage of a CE amplifier is b. If the load resistance is open. CE stage 9. The emitter of a CE amplifier has no ac voltage a. 1 kohm CHAPTER10 b. the ac input voltage d. In a swamped amplifier. The ac collector current is approximately equal to c. If the collector resistor is shorted. the ac output voltage will d. Compared to a CE stage. a. Decreases collector resistance 20. Remainthe same the d. Increase 18. Has no de voltage 17. Decrease d. the ac output voltage d. Dependent on re' c. Voltage gain is directly proportional to d. AC collector resistance diode become a b. All of the above c. Small 10. Base bias b c. Generator voltage 8. the ac output b. Amplified c. AC collector resistance d. Decrease b. Increase b b. Smaller 15. Critical to input impedance 19. Equal zero a. Reduces distortion c. Remain the same amplifier is c. Equal zero b. the ac output d. If the emitter resistor is open. The feedback resistor d. Larger a. AC current gain can increase the c. AC base voltage an input impedance that is a. Compared to the ac resistance of the emitter diode. Has no ac voltage a. Remain the same a. 100 ohm a. CB stage b c. Input voltage c. you a b. None of these a. Unimportant a. AC source current 6. Decrease a. Ac emitter resistance b. Is grounded c. the ac input d. If the input coupling capacitor is open. The voltage across the load resistor of a CE b. the ac input d. Load resistor c. The input impedance of the base increases when d. Increase 16. Supply voltage 7. Emitter resistance of first stage c. The feedback resistor c. Neither dc nor ac 5. Remain the same c. Generator resistance a. CC stage d. Increase 20. Collector resistance 16. Emitter feedback resistance voltage will b. 1 ohm d. Equal zero a. Decrease the c b. 180 degrees out of phase with the input b b. The emitter is at ac ground in a d. Constant c b. Decreases input impedance will c. Bypass capacitor d. Dc emitter voltage d. All of the above 3. Has an ac voltage will b. Inverted d. If the emitter bypass capacitor opens. Bypass capacitor 4. 10 ohm c. Small 14. a swamped amplifier has d will b. To reduce the distortion of an amplified signal. Load resistance d. AC base current d b. AC base voltage c c. Collector diode c b. AC bypass current the feedback resistance of a swamped amplifier should a voltage will b. AC collector resistance increases a. AC collector resistance a. Increase 17. Increases distortion b b. A swamped amplifier uses d. Remain the same because of the b. Input impedance of second stage 22. A graph of ac emitter current versus ac base-emitter a. If the bypass capacitor is open. AC emitter resistance 11. DC only a b. Supply voltage increases c. Decrease a. AC only c. Decrease 1. Load resistance b. DC collector voltage 13. Beta increases d b. Equal voltage will c. Increases collector resistance c. AC current gain d. Important to voltage gain c. Beta b a. Emitter diode d. Emitter diode 2. Remain the same voltage applies to the b. Generator voltage a. Stabilizes voltage gain d. Remain the same resistance equals the c. The ac collector current equals the ac base current b. Remain the same times the c. Input impedance of first stage c b. Beta decreases 12. AC emitter current be a. the effects of the emitter d. DC current gain c c. The ac collector resistance of the first stage includes b. Equal zero a. The output voltage of a CE stage is usually d. 10 ohm c. Equal zero a. AC emitter current c. AC collector voltage d. If any capacitor is open. d. Equal the c. The emitter of a swamped amplifier d b. Increases voltage gain d b. DC voltage on it c. Power supply c. AC only a. Decrease a. Significant to the analysis voltage will b. Large a. Decrease a. Positive feedback d. Increase 19. the ac input voltage d.

Impedance coupling d. Equal zero b. the output signal should be a c. All of the above c. the ac load 26. Flows for half a cycle a. Near saturation a. Capacitance increases c. Is an amplified version of the input voltage b. 20 Hz to 20 kHz b. Class C b. An amplifier has two load lines because 15. Class B a. Decrease 8. At the center of the dc load line c. Resonant frequency increases 23. Clipped on positive voltage peak 24. The power rating of a transistor can be increased by c. 2. Positive peak of input voltage a. Current gain from collector to base c b 2. 20 to 200 kHz c. Small signal c. If RC = 3. Equals load power d. The bandwidth of a class C amplifier decreases d. XL decreases a. The instantaneous operating point swings-along the d. Equals the dc load line a. Heat sinks reduce the b. 0 c b b. Clipped on negative current peak a. 2IcQ d. The ac load line is the same as the dc load line a. Has less slope than the dc load line b. If the emitter bypass capacitor is shorted. Is negatively clamped clipping is more likely to occur on the mW. It has two equivalent circuits a. coil Q increases a. The input signal of a class C amplifier a a. 2VCEQ b. Voltage-divider current c 4. a b. When the Q point is at the center of the ac load line. DC acts one way and ac acts another b. Operated at audio frequencies 19. Transformer coupling is an example of 10. Is the same as the voltage gain c. Current gain from base to collector b b d. The ac load line usually maximum transistor power rating c.5 percent resistance equals a. Total dc current from the supply d. None of the above 5. Class C amplifiers are almost always b a. DC coupling c. For class B operation. Total ac current from the generator c. Above 20 kHz d. 3. An audio amplifier operates in the frequency range of 11. If the load power is 3 mW and the dc power is 150 c. Narrowband a. The whole cycle a. Large signal b.6 kohm and RL = 10 kohm. Direct coupling a. For a Q point near the center of the dc load line. 10 kohm b. AC emitter resistance b. the collector current flows 9. ICQ c. Decreases d. Greater efficiency than class A a. A tuned RF amplifier is 12. Total collector current d. 2 percent c. Remain the same a. Junction temperature b c c. Transformer-coupled between stages 27. Negative peak of output voltage b. Is horizontal d. One advantage of a class B push-pull amplifier is a. At the center of the ac load line d. DC collector current b. Direct coupled c. Neither load line a 1. Unclipped d. Supply voltage divided by collector current d.23. Remains the same d.6 kohm c 3. AC load line a c. For maximum peak-to-peak output voltage. A dc amplifier d.65 kohm c. 3 percent 6. the collector current flows for CHAPTER12 c. Produces brief pulses of collector current a. Operating with no input signal c. All of the above c. Using a derating curve b. The current drain of an amplifier is the b. Collector current d. If the collector resistor is open. Equal approximately zero b. Wideband b. Equals output power divided by input power b d c. Positive peak of output voltage c. Near cutoff b. All of the above b. Q increases 22. AC collector current c. Less than the whole cycle a. Less than half a cycle c. Raising the temperature 24. Has harmonics 21. Ambient temperature d. 0 to 20 Hz a. Load resistance decreases b. Both load lines CHAPTER11 b b d. the ac input voltage d. DC collector resistance c. Increase 7. VCEQ a. DC load line d. I kohm d. Remain the same a. Load resistance decreases b. The transistor dissipation in a class C amplifier d c. The quiescent collector current is the same as the a. Push-pull is almost always used with 17. Decrease d. Very small quiescent current drain 18. Is steeper than the dc load line c. Class A when the ac collector resistance equals the 25. Wideband b. Maximum efficiency of 78. 29. AC coupling b. The collector current of a class C amplifier c a a. A tuned RF stage a. the ac d d. All of the above b. Using a heat sink a. Tuned RF amplifiers a. Increase the maximum peak-to-peak output voltage equals 16. Impedance coupled d. It has ac and dc collector resistances decreases when the d. Is negatively clamped at the base 28. 20 percent point should be when the c b a. Clipped on negative voltage peak input voltage will b d. Is amplified and inverted 20. The power gain of an amplifier b. With class A. Increases a d c. Half the cycle will d b c. Negative peak of emitter voltage d. the b. In a class A amplifier. the efficiency is d. the Q 14. Is smaller than the voltage gain d. The first stage of a preamp is 13. Transistor power c. When the ambient temperature increases. Less than a quarter of a cycle d. The entire cycle b. Half the cycle b. Resonant frequency increases b. DC emitter resistance a. Less than half the cycle 10 .

Good for transistors d d. Very low d. Crossover distortion 8. Open d. the maximum peak-to-peak unclipped c. c. If an emitter follower has VCEQ = 5 V. DC collector resistance a. Cutoff d a. Greater than one a. Seldom low c. Both dc and ac voltages c. 3 3. A very low input impedance d. Compensates for temperature changes 7. DC base voltage is Vcc b a. The same as the load current c. The output voltage of an emitter follower is across the a. 3 kohm large. the external ac emitter resistance equals d. Useful at times 6. Very high c b. Usually destructive a. High when clipping occurs d. Three transistors a follower is usually 11. Load resistor b.5 24. Left voltage swing a c. Different from the dc load line c. VG divided by re d. 0. Low a. Not acceptable 31. the voltage gain is approximately a a. 0. Saturation the 13. If the input voltage to an emitter follower is too large. 800 kohm 4. VG d a. vin divided by re' c c. Vertical 19. Positive half cycle of input 21. 0.1. If Beta = 200 and re = 150 ohm. The transistors of a class B push-pull emitter d. 2 V b. Equal to the supply voltage = 90 ohm. Horizontal d. Emitter diode clipping will first occur on the d. the input impedance of the c. DC collector resistor and re = 1 kohm. ICQ = 1 mA. Smaller b c. An emitter follower has a voltage gain that is a a. The dc emitter current for class A emitter followers is 12. Clipping at cutoff how many coupling capacitors are there between the b. 600 n 15. a. Load resistor output is d. Always desirable d from their normal values: c. Thermal runaway is d. re a. DC base voltage is zero push-pull amplifier to avoid d. Usually. 0 d. The input voltage to an emitter follower is usually d. 5 V 22. Vcc 18. A Darlington transistor has a Beta of 8000. Upward current swing 28. The output voltage of an emitter follower is b. Often high d. vin b. The input impedance of the base of an emitter b. Large c. 150 mV c. Shorted to ground c. Is very high of the base is approximately b a. vin divided by re 17. Impedance of the base b. re' approximately c. If the load resistor of Fig. 0 a. the output voltage across the load is closest to a. DC collector voltage is zero b. Steeper than the dc load line base is closest to d. Destroying the compensating diodes c. The total ac emitter resistance of an emitter follower d a. A square wave out of an emitter follower implies d 2. 5 kohm a. 10 V true? d. 5 mV b. The distortion in an emitter follower is b. 12-la in your a. Must be included c b. If the Q point is at the middle of the dc load line. A very high current gain a. If an emitter follower has re' = 10 ohm and re d. 80 kohm b. Only ac voltages d. No clipping equals 10. Neither dc nor ac voltages 29. c. Output voltage is normal 30. Clipping at saturation 25. One VBE drop 26. The same as the dc load line d. RE c. the distortion in an emitter follower is c. The ac load line of an emitter follower is usually c. If the generator voltage is 5 mV in an emitter follower are biased at or near b d. 1 c d. More horizontal than the dc load line c kohm and RL = 100 ohm. Zero b. The same as the ac emitter current the output voltage will be d. 1 b. Much less than one b. If a CE stage is direct coupled to an emitter follower. Clipped follower. The ac base voltage of an emitter follower is across b. 1 V a a. Vertical c b. Emitter diode 14. Always low b c. A Darlington transistor has c. Less than the generator voltage c b. Larger 27. VG divided by re' d. If RE = 1 b. Greater than the generator voltage 16. A small quiescent current is necessary with a class B c. Is usually small enough to ignore c. Excessive current drain a. The ac load line of the emitter follower is a. Thermal runaway a b. Vc divided by Rc b.9 a. Equal to the generator voltage c. Negative half cycle of input textbook is shorted.5 V a b. The ac resistance of compensating diodes d. The ac emitter current is closest to c. 8 kohm b c a. 2 c a. 8 Mohm a. 0. DC emitter resistor a. Equal 20. VE divided by RE a. Emitter diode and external ac emitter resistance c. 30 kohm b. b. The center of the ac load line a. Approximately equal to one 9. Only dc voltages d b. The same as the dc load line b. re + re' b. which of these is c. the input impedance d. The center of the dc load line 5. Clipping on both peaks two stages? c. 0 d. High b. which of the following are different b. Emitter diode and external ac emitter resistance a. DC emitter resistance 23. If R1 is open in an emitter follower. If the load resistance of an emitter follower is very c. Generator resistance d a.25 V d. The zener current in a zener follower is d. Equal to the output current 11 .

Reverse feedback a. the channel between the depletion a. Resistor b. The pinchoff voltage has the same magnitude as the should be b. but not both 1. Supply voltage 2. Either one or the other. Gate-source voltage c. gmrs 21. All the above a. Equals the dc emitter resistance JFET acts like a 16. Mhos or Siemens 1. Input resistance c. The drain current b. For a class B push-pull emitter follower to work b. The maximum efficiency of a class B push-pull b. Resistor c. Touching c. Which of the following devices revolutionized the 11. gmrd/(l + gmrd) b. A cascode amplifier has the advantage of d. A unipolar transistor uses a. E-MOSFET c. Negative gate supply voltage b. Expand d. Is a voltage-controlled device b. Bipolar transistor a. Current source b. Forward feedback amplifier is 15. the output d. Conducting CHAPTER14 d. Like a single drain curve d. 300 MHz to 3 GHz voltage controls the d. 30 to 300 MHz 25. Small c. 100 percent c.or reverse-biased c. Drain-source voltage b. 200 ohm c. Gate-source cutoff voltage a. gmrd c. D-MOSFET b. When a JFET is cut off. A JFET a. Chopped a. Voltage-divider bias c. Large 23. Is regulated d. Voltage gain a. The width of the channel a. gmrs/(l + gmrs) is with d. 3 to 30 MHz b. The input impedance of a JFET current approaches an n-channel JFET. Source resistor c. Prone to thermal runaway a. When the gate voltage becomes more negative in computer industry? 3. Smaller than the output current a. but not both c. gmrd d. Similar to the graph of a resistor b. gmrs RDS equals c. Ideal drain current c. gmrs/(l + gmrs) a. Has much smaller ripple than the input voltage 5.5 percent b. Source resistor 35. Either one or the other. you must have a c d. Ground a. Shrinks c. The gate-source diode of a JFET should be 13. ID(sat) a. Transconductance indicates how effectively the input c. Both free electrons and holes b. IDSS d. IDSS b. Higher gm a. Only free electrons c. Output current b. Match the compensating diodes b. Drain current for zero gate voltage d. Low input capacitance b. Mhos a. A high input resistance 22. Nonlinear c. Is a voltage-controlled device b. The gate controls 12. Compared to a bipolar transistor. 78. Small b. Has no effect on MPP b. 25 percent 7. Power FET d. Voltage-divider bias 33. When the drain saturation current is less than IDSS. Gate voltage a. Approaches one b. The transconductance increases when the drain 19. Gate-source cutoff voltage d. Approaches zero a. Reverse-biased b. To get a negative gate-source voltage in a self- d. A CS amplifier has a voltage gain of d. Reverse-biased c. Only holes d. Source bias b. All the above d. Large voltage gain b. Is larger than the load resistance a. Volts 9. Touching d. Larger than the output current 4. All of these a. Voltage gain b. VHF stands for frequencies from d. Conduct c. Is a current-controlled device c. Transconductance is measured in d d. A source follower has a voltage gain of a. Is impossible to predict d. Input resistance c. Have a power rating greater than the output power much higher a. Output current a. Input resistance 10. Positive feedback d. Gate bias a. Far apart d. The transconductance curve is 18. When the input signal is large. Voltage divider d. All of the above b. If a JFET has IDSS = 10 mA and VP = 2 V. Stop conducting 12 . Drain current for zero gate voltage c. JFET a. The proportional pinchoff voltage c. All of these b. 50 percent a.b. Either forward. The easiest way to bias a JFET in the ohmic region d c. Drain current a. The ac emitter resistance of an emitter follower 8. E-MOSFET c. Battery d. then b b. a c. A square wave biased JFET circuit. 200 ohm 32. 0 layers b. gmrs/(l + gmrs) b. Low input capacitance d. the emitter diodes must c. IS c. Low input impedance 24. Is larger than the zener voltage a. Self-bias produces d c. the depletion layers are c. Close together d. Shrinks c. a source follower has d. Nonlinear c. Negative feedback 34. Amperes CHAPTER13 c. Forward-biased a. Has a very large voltage gain d. Approaches infinity c. Have a voltage gain of I a. Linear a. 30 to 300 MHz a. A small distortion d. the JFET has a 14. 300 kHz to 3 MHz d. Gate current b. Approaches infinity c. 400 ohm voltage d. RDS equals pinchoff voltage divided by the 17. gmrd 20. 5 kohm b. gmrd/(l + gmrd) a. Has a low input resistance d. Current d. Supply voltage d. Is usually less than the load resistance c. In the two-transistor voltage regulator. Be able to control the quiescent current 6. The input signal used with a JFET analog switch d. 1 kohm a. None of the above d. A voltage gain of less than one a. Negative feedback b. Ohms c. Self-bias properly.

Breakover current 20. Low power consumption c. Two external leads d. False triggering 9. Breakover a. Trigger current supply needs to have a fuse or c. Integrated circuits d. An active load b. Complementary E-MOSFETs c. Filtering 13 . High-current devices 7. When a crowbar is used with a power supply. The high output of a CMOS inverter is b. Heavy-current applications a. Most small-signal E-MOSFETs are found in 3. Knee voltage c. A positive trigger a. Trigger current d. Breakover a. An amplifier a. Three doped regions 5. DMOS devices d. Used mostly with analog signals b. Low power consumption c. Crowbarring 17. A passive load d. Equal to the gate-source cutoff voltage b. VDS turned on is called the c. The usual way to protect a load from excessive a. Low-current drop out b. Two-terminal device d. A three-terminal device a. A latch always uses region is an example of a. A passive load d. Reverse-bias triggering b. Feedback supply voltage is with a b. SCRs are b. When the internal temperature increases in a power b. A resistor 9.2. Threshold voltage d. Zener diode d. Which of these may appear on the data sheet of an 19. False triggering d. Aids the original change a. An active load c. Supply overvoltages c. Gate-source cutoff voltage a a. Saturation current increases d. VDD b. Is always large a. VDD a. the 2. Complementary b. Integrated circuits d. Breakover current a. Holding current 6. Is amplified c. A passive load 6. Adequate trigger current d. Small resistance d. An ordinary resistor is an example of 13. Breakover d. Four-layer diode d. High power rating b. CMOS stands for a. A switch d. Two-terminal device b. Complementary MOS d. A power source c. An E-MOSFET with its gate connected to its drain is 14. Four-layer diodes d. A gate trigger c. Positive feedback b. Breakover d. VGS 7. Has a negative temperature coefficient b. A current source b. VDS > 0 b. Pinchoff voltage a. Most power FETS are 4. The minimum input current that can turn on a thyristor b. Trigger current c. An active load b. Breakdown c. The only way to stop a four-layer diode that is b. Is an active load a. Active-load switching c. A switching device d. Greater than VGS(th) d. Used in high-current applications a. Bipolar transistors b. Complementary E-MOSFETs c. Breakover c. Threshold voltage b. CMOS devices use a. An n-type inversion layer d. Transistors 11. A switching device d. Has a positive temperature coefficient 8. All of the above b. A gate trigger an example of FET. Greater than VDS(on) c. the upper E-MOSFET is 18. VGS > VP is called the a. the b. A positive trigger d. Greater than VGS(th) b. Integrated circuits d. The voltage that turns on an EMOS device is the 10. A thyristor can be used as b. A three-terminal device a. Complementary MOS a. The minimum anode current that keeps a thyristor b. Holding current c. With active-load switching. Small-signal operation c. Greater than VGS(th) d. Gate current decreases b. Common MOS b. An n-channel E-MOSFET conducts when it has 5. Low-current drop out c. Digital computers b. Bidirectional c. All of the above d. VGS(on) c. An E-MOSFET that operates at cutoff or in the ohmic 15. High-current devices b. Switch d. With CMOS. An n-type inversion layer a. Nonconducting a. Used in high-current applications c. Reverse-bias triggering 3. Disk drives c. Small-signal devices a. Less than the threshold voltage a. The VGS(on) of an n-channel E-MOSFET is 12. you need a. Complementary c. Thyristor 16. Class A operation d. Equal to VDS(on) c. A passive load c. Greater than VGS(th) d. Positive feedback means the returning signal a. RF stages c. Low-power devices c. A passive load c. Three-terminal device c. To turn on a four-layer diode. Holding current a. An active load c. Switching capability d. VGS(th) a. Four external leads CHAPTER15 d. Holding current 13. Negative b. The RDS(on) of a power FET d. A switching device d. Opposes the original change 10. Low-current drop out enhancement-mode MOSFET? 11. Power FETs are b. Threshold voltage increases a. A switch b. An active load conducting is by c. VDD/2 a. Is equivalent to negative feedback b. An RC snubber protects an SCR against b. low-current drop out 12. the upper MOSFET is a. Drain current decreases b. VGS(on) is always a. Crowbar 8. Less than VGS(th) b. Holding current d. Current a. Discrete circuits b. A silicon controlled rectifier has c. A switching device d. Positive feedback c. Has a positive temperature coefficient b. Crowbar c. ID(on) b. The main advantage of CMOS is its a. p-channel and n-channel devices d. Depletion layers c. Used to switch large currents c. Drain current decreases c. Three external leads d. Three external leads a. A SCR is usually turned on by c. Integrated circuits 1. Aids the original change d. Used to switch large currents d. Low-current drop out 4.

If the voltage gain is 2000. Excessive power dissipation b a. How a. The voltage gain of an amplifier decreases 20 dB 17. 0. Input voltage a. 46 dB b. 3 dB d. A latch is based on c. Upper cutoff frequency total decibel voltage gain is a. 0.5Amid 12. Breakover voltage b. the decibel power gain d. 1 c. SSI 21. 6 dB d. False triggering b. and f2 = 10 Hz. If f = 1 MHz. Input resistance 10. If the power gain doubles. 10 dB a. 10 b. 5 c. Monolithic ICs are d. and the other is semilogarithmic a. The 2. 0. A four-layer diode is sometimes called a c. Frequency is 86 dB. Power gain 9. 2 d.707Amid many octaves apart are the two frequencies? b. Generator resistance a. 106 dB c b. Reverse-bias triggering increases by d. Switch 7. diac b. Two SCRs in parallel b. Diac c b. b. 60 dB of an amplifier. pnpn diode c. Exceeding the critical rate of rise produces d. Forward-bias triggering 5. Half of either collector current c b. the decibel voltage gain is c. and the other is logarithmic 15. On a single chip b c. Also called hybrid ICs a. the ratio f/f2 represents d. Midband voltage gain 11. A four-layer diode c. The unijunction transistor acts as a 1. Diac b. Voltage d. One axis is linear. Forms of discrete circuits a d. Reverse-bias triggering a.1 a. Negative feedback d. 20. 0. Low-current drop out increases by c 4. If the voltage gain doubles. Positive feedback b a. Combinations of thin-film and thick-film circuits 19. 6 dB 14. Increase the generator resistance. SCR a. Current limiting c. Integrated circuits d. 86 dB a 18. If you want to improve the high-frequency response a. Low-current dropout b. 100 c. Unidirectional device d. Triac c. Breakover c. 66 dB c. 4 b. Components are soldered together in d. The stray-wiring capacitance has an effect on the d b b. Two stages have voltage gains of 100 and 200. Breakover decrease in CHAPTER17 b. A thyristor with a gate lead b a. Input resistance a. 0. Light 24. DC signals only c b. 40 dB d. triac c. At low frequencies. The tail current of a diff amp is d. 4 c. 10 dB how many decades? a.000 d. 20 c. what is the ordinary voltage gain at 20 MHz? b. Output voltage b. Humidity b a. Monolithic ICs a. Neither axis is linear c. which of these would you try? 16. Forward-bias triggering a. the voltage d. The total ordinary voltage gain is 1. At the lower or upper cutoff frequency. a. the coupling capacitors produce a c a. Both ac and dc signals 20. Reverse-bias triggering c. d. Decrease the coupling capacitances. Discrete circuits b c. Voltage gain dB. Equal to either collector current 14 . Latch d. The four-layer diode b. the decibel voltage gain c. The op amp can amplify d. 0 4. c. 86 dB d. 3 a b. 1000 d.35Amid 3.d. Current limiting 22. The diac is a b. One frequency is 8 times another frequency. 46 dB c. A Shockley diode is the same as a d. Neither ac nor dc signals a. Frequency response is a graph of voltage gain versus c per decade above 20 kHz. Semilogarithmic paper means a. 66 dB d. If the midband voltage gain a. four-layer diode 3. 200 d. 60 dB 16. Light b. SCR action 8. 40 dB b. 6 dB 13. 2 14. Bidirectional device b. Any thyristor can be turned off with c b. 40 dB 15. Shorten leads as much as possible. If the voltage gain is 100. 6 dB a d.995Amid a. Lower cutoff frequency c. Two stages have decibel voltage gains of 20 and 40 c. 20 dB d. Current c. 2000 d a c. A factor of 2 a. 3 dB b. Increase the emitter bypass capacitance. A factor of 2 d d.7 V gain is c c. The triac is equivalent to b. Transistor c. Light 23. One axis is linear. The trigger voltage of an SCR is closest to c. Any thyristor can be turned on with 2. Generator voltage b. If the voltage gain is 10. Both axes are semilogarithmic b. Low-current drop out 6. the decibel voltage gain is a. 20 dB c d CHAPTER 16 c. Three-layer device c a. Unijunction transistor d. Four-layer diode a. Two diacs in parallel d. 4 V a. AC signals only a d. the decibel voltage gain is d. The photo-SCR responds to b. 3 a.

The node voltage at the top of the tail resistor is 6. Battery d. d. Tail current c. The input offset current equals the 14. RE b a. Equal to zero a. Less than the input offset voltage b. RE c. Diode 2. The power bandwidth increases when c. Passive loading a d. 1 MHz 13. Zero a 11. Average of two base currents b. A small coupling capacitor 11.000. Active-load resistors b. An output error voltage usually exists c. The input stage of an op amp is usually a b a.000. The common-mode voltage gain is 22. The common-mode voltage gain of a diff amp is c. Unimportant when a base resistor is used c. Oscillations c. Collector current divided by current gain c. Equal to the common-mode voltage gain 5. The tail of a diff amp acts like a c. Medium d. Difference between two emitter currents a. the cutoff frequency a. High c b open-loop voltage gain is 1. Extremely high frequency is d 12. Amid d. If the unity-gain frequency is 5 MHz and the midband closest to 13. Diff amp CHAPTER18 b. None of the above c. b. A dc signal has a frequency of 18. Collector supply voltage a. RC b. When the two bases are grounded in a diff amp. The initial slope of a sine wave is directly proportional b. Closed-loop voltage gain c grounded.The voltage gain of a diff amp with a differential output 16. Linear operation occurs b. CE amplifier 1. Power bandwidth b a. The typical input stage of an op amp has a a. 0 a. 15 MHz c d. A compensating capacitor prevents a. Input offset voltage b. re'/2 c. Dc return paths on the two bases c a. Differential input and differential output d b c 5. A 741C cannot work without c. Input offset current d. Emitter supply voltage c. Input bias current a. 1. Zero c a. With both bases grounded. Two times either collector current b. What usually controls the open-loop cutoff frequency the slew rate. Top of the tail resistor d. Frequency decreases d. 2re' d. Single-ended input and differential output c. Very low d. re'/2 10. 2re' 3. Equal to the difference in base currents c. The tail current equals the 15. High gain frequency divided by c. Very large b. At the unity-gain frequency. Difference between two base-emitter voltages d. Swamped amplifier of an op amp? a. Voltage gain is maximum 8. The input impedance of a diff amp equals re' times equal to RC divided by d. 1 MHz c. The cutoff frequency of an op amp equals the unity. Often expressed in decibels b a. 15 MHz a 6. Low c. The common-mode rejection ratio is c. Equal to the voltage gain b. Frequency a a d. Input bias current a. Capacitance 7. re' b. Common-mode voltage gain d. Peak value decreases a b. A small coupling capacitor 10.c. The inverting input b. Transistor 9. 1 MHz d. The input impedance of a BIFET op amp is b. Collector current divided by current gain c. Distortion occurs b a a. Input offset current to c. A 741C uses c. If the cutoff frequency is 15 Hz and the midband c. Compensating capacitance a a. Current source d b. Inductors d d a. the c. The same 4.7 V a. the only offset that a. 19. Single-ended input and single-ended output b. 25 Hz a. Initial slope decreases 17. Base-emitter capacitance c. The collector currents are equal b. The input offset current is usually open-loop voltage gain is 200.5 MHz b c a d. 0. the cutoff frequency d. 0 to over 1 MHz b.5 MHz d. 25 Hz c. Class B push-pull amplifier 8. A common-mode signal is applied to 21.000. Unity a. 0 voltage across each emitter diode is d. Sum of two emitter currents b. 1. 60 Hz a. One source of output error voltage is 20. Difference between two base currents a. the open-loop voltage a. When the initial slope of a sine wave is greater than c. Tail current times base resistance d. Slew rate d. Equal to voltage gain a. Beta c. The noninverting input a. Stray-wiring capacitance b. Collector-base capacitance d. Voltage gain increases 9. An LF157A is a 15 . 2RE gain is b. the unity-gain d. re' b b. Differential input and single-ended output d. Voltage gain b. Common-mode voltage gain 12. The ac output voltage is zero d. 2 times Beta d. Difference in collector resistors b. Voltage gain c d. Collector voltage divided by collector resistance d. Discrete resistors d. Both inputs c. The op amp works best is equal to RC divided by a. 1 c. Greater than voltage gain b. When the two input terminals of a diff amp are b. Discrete resistors d. Zero b. The base currents are equal a. Less than the input bias current is b. Smaller than voltage gain produces an error is the 7.

Gain when B is 1 18. A normal output signal occurs b. Open load resistor a. The voltage follower has a c a. A possible c. The closed-loop input impedance with an ICVS b. Aids the input signal c. Voltage amplifier 16 . Zero b. The output short circuit current b. Output offset voltage increases 28. the c. Current amplifier a. The unity-gain frequency equals the product of b. May equal 1 15. The 741C has a unity-gain frequency of c. Appears triangular d. 10 mV d. Above the cutoff frequency. May not equal 1 a b. 0 c 29. Is proportional to differential voltage gain b. Slew rate decreases a. Very small 12. 30 V a. A VCVS amplifier approximates an ideal b 19. A 741C has supply voltages of plus and minus 15 V. One a. If the b. Shorted feedback resistor b. A voltage gain of 100. Is always less than 1 d a. c. Three a. 100 Hz a. A small open-loop voltage gain voltage gain produces an increase in c 741C decreases approximately b a. The feedback resistance divided by the input noninverting and inverting inputs are d a. -15 V 22. Equal to the input voltage a. Input voltage a. Slew-rate distortion occurs d a. Closed-loop voltage gain of unity b. +15 V c. Equal to +15 V a. 10 dB per octave d.000. then the open-loop cutoff frequency of d. No more than two input signals b b. Frequency decreases b b. Opposes the input signal 9. The initial slope of a sine wave increases when d. the voltage gain of a d.000. the circuit approximates an c. 10 Hz b. the returning signal b b. The loop gain AOLB b. A closed-loop input impedance of infinity 8. No negative supply voltage d a. Output voltage a. The voltage gain of an op amp is unity at the c. Compensating capacitance d. 2 microvolts d. 1 MHz c. d. Small open-loop voltage gain 7. Current-to-voltage converter 11. Has no offset a. A 741C has d. Error voltage 17. If funity is 10 MHz and midband open-loop voltage c. Closed-loop bandwidth of zero trouble is d. No feedback voltage 16. Gain at funity gain is 1. Is between 0 and 1 c. Very large ideal d. 20 dB per octave CHAPTER19 c. Two or more input signals c. How many types of negative feedback are there? b the op amp is b a. The noninverting amplifier has a a b. The output b. 20 Hz 26. any decrease in open-loop d. A coupling capacitor a a. Voltage amplifier a. Zero resistance a. Distortion may occur amplifier equals d. The power bandwidth 23. 50 Hz output d. Unity-gain frequency b c. The open-loop voltage gain 5. Gain with negative feedback c a. When slew-rate distortion of a sine wave occurs. Is larger d c. Feedback voltage closed-loop voltage gain and the c. Large closed-loop output impedance a. Equal to the open-loop input impedance b b. Large closed-loop voltage gain c. The voltage between the input terminals of an ideal d. 1 V 30. 20 dB per decade 1. Almost equal b. The open-loop voltage gain equals the d. Source follower resistance c. Large closed-loop output impedance b. The closed-loop voltage gain of an inverting c. With an ICVS amplifier. Is normal 3. Maximum positive or negative c c. An ICVS amplifier has no output voltage. An op amp has a voltage gain of 500. Is usually much smaller than 1 c.000 a b. The feedback fraction B d. 0 a b. Generator frequency d. Four b. Sometimes less than the open-loop impedance c. Much different 14. Cutoff frequency d. 5 mV c c. The ratio of the input resistance to the feedback a b.a. Voltage-to-current converter amplifier is c. An input impedance of 2 Mohm c. Equal to the output voltage the MPP value of an op amp is closest to d. Differential voltage gain of the op amp b. Cc increases 27. Peak value increases c. the voltages at the d. Is proportional to output current a. 10 Hz d. With negative feedback. 20 kHz c b. If the two supply voltages are plus and minus 15 V. 27 V 31. Bipolar op amp 21. the input voltage is c. Diff amp a a. An op amp has an open base resistor. 10 dB per decade b. A summing amplifier can have d.000. An output impedance of 75 ohm 4. c. May not equal 1 controlled by d. The open-loop cutoff frequency of a 741C is c. Usually larger than the open-loop input impedance d. All of the above op amp is d a. 15 MHz 24. If the frequency is greater than the power bandwidth. When an op amp is not saturated. An amplified sine wave d. Two 10. Slightly different from zero d. BIFET op amp voltage will be c. Tail current d a. 30 V output voltage is 1 V. Is usually greater than 1 b. Is usually much greater than 1 d. +15V a. In a VCVS amplifier. Small open-loop voltage gain 6. the MPP value is d. A compensating capacitor If the load resistance is large. Load resistance 25. The input resistance b. Closed-loop cutoff frequency b. Power bandwidth 2. Large closed-loop input impedance a. Ideally zero 20.

Open load resistor 5. converter is trouble is c. Ideally zero 8. A possible trouble is c. Voltage-to-current converter c. Tolerance of resistors b d. A current booster is never used a. fmax a. Very large c. Differential amplifier b. Negative feedback does not improve c. Power gain flows 26. Beta dc 14. A virtual ground b. The transresistance of an amplifier is the ratio of its 24. CMRR of the op amp b. Mismatched resistors b. Current-to-voltage converter a. Supply voltage a. An ICVS amplifier has no output voltage. the output offset voltage is d. A current booster on the output of an op amp will d. ACL 19. A possible b. Input impedance is ideally infinite 9. Very small b. More than 1 b. The input signal for an instrumentation amplifier a. A stiff current source drives the load c. Through the load resistor d. Feedback fraction 21. funity amplifier is c. In a voltage-controlled current source. Second stage b d a. Large b. Supply voltages d. Av b. To use an op amp. Output current to input voltage a. Equal to the feedback resistance c. Current amplifier a. 1 a. Open feedback resistor c b. f2(CL) b a. Through the input impedance of the op amp a. No input voltage b. Excessive input voltage c. Voltage-to-current converter d. Stability of voltage gain d. Maximum 10. Open load resistor 6. the input resistances are b. ACLf2(CL) bypass capacitors. we can get a c c d voltage reference of +15 V by using a a. Op amp does not go into saturation 14.b. Signals are always sine waves d c b. No supply voltages d. Open feedback resistor a a. Voltage amplifier b 17. Input voltage to output current b. Power bandwidth 3. Gain-bandwidth product c. Less than the feedback resistance d. An ordinary ground c. An ICVS amplifier is saturated. Given a voltage reference of +2. Gain-bandwidth product is constant usually comes from b. One supply voltage c. The closed-loop input impedance in a VCVS b. A possible b. Common-mode input voltage a. f2(OL) a. Unchanged amplifier. Equal to the input voltage d. Leakage current in the shielded cable d. Output voltage to input current d. A possible trouble is c. Summing amplifier b b increase the short-circuit current by d a. Ideally zero c. funity/ACL b. Current amplifier d. Negative feedback reduces the a by a. The open-loop bandwidth equals 28. fmax c. Output offset voltage a. No input voltage c. Nonlinear distortion in later stages b produced by the c. One coupling capacitor a a. A VCVS amplifier has no output voltage. An instrumentation amplifier has a high d. Voltage-to-current converter 12. First stage d. In a linear op-amp circuit. In an ac amplifier using an op amp with coupling and c. A differential amplifier b d. funity a. A Wheatstone bridge d a. Inverting amplifier 15. the CMRR is limited mostly 13. Open feedback resistor b c. The load current equals ISC d. Output impedance c 18. The input impedance of a current-to-voltage 27. Open load resistor 4. f2(OL) c. The voltage between the input terminals of a real op b. CMRR 13. Zero a. To ground c. Ideally infinite d. Through the feedback resistor b. Shorted load resistor 7. the d. An ac ground a. One bypass capacitor 11. Input offset voltage b. Current-to-voltage converter b. Distortion a. ACL 2. Loop gain c. In a differential amplifier. Feedback voltage b. A mechanical ground trouble is c. Instrumentation amplifier c. funity/ACL 1. Unidirectional floating load current a. In the classic three op-amp instrumentation a. Output voltage to input voltage c. Noninverting amplifier c. An ICIS amplifier is saturated. funity CHAPTER20 b. The Howland current source produces a 20. Shorted load resistor d. A c. Unequal to each other a a. you need at least b. Shorted load resistor d. For a given op amp. A voltage follower has a voltage gain of c. CMRR of an instrumentation amplifier c. the differential voltage gain is usually b. Current cannot flow to ground through 25. An inverting amplifier c. No feedback voltage d.5 V. Usually larger than the open-loop input impedance d. Noninverting amplifier a. A transducer d. Greater than the feedback resistance c d. Much less than 1 22. Adjustable bandwidth circuit b. Equal to the open-loop input impedance b d. the c. R2 is open c b. Guard driving reduces the b. Zero d 15. The closed-loop bandwidth equals a. A D/A converter is an application of the a. In an averaging circuit. Voltage gain of the first stage d b circuit acts like a d. Two supply voltages d. Minimum amp is 23. Bidirectional single-ended load current 17 . The load is always floated b. Output op amp 16. No positive supply voltage d. Sometimes less than the open-loop input impedance b b d. Small a. In a current-to-voltage converter. which of these is constant? d. the input current b. In a controlled current source with op amps.

The region between the passband and the stopband b a. Rippled stopband b. A nonelectrical quantity to an electrical quantity b. Sixteen outputs b. When a JFET is used in an AGC circuit. Time-delay circuit b. Be ac coupled b. Elliptic d a. Unequal center frequencies d. Can swing all the way to either supply voltage 6. Constant time delay b. GBW of the op amp c. Bandwidth b. Staggered center frequencies and Q's b. Bessel b. Convert voltage to current c. Increasing its value a. 5 second-order stages d c.c. Biquadratic filters c d. Unidirectional single-ended load current d. Divided by the K values 18 . Multiplied by the K values c. we should cascade c.1% is called the 9. a fast rolloff above cutoff b. An input transducer converts d a a. Voltage gain 22. To get a Chebyshev response with a 12th-order d. Reducing its value 4. Rippled passband c. Bessel c. the same gain at all frequencies a. Q = 0. 0. When we trim a resistor. A D/A converter with four inputs has c c. The filter with the slowest rolloff rate is the b c. Four outputs 5. it acts like a b c. small 11. we are d c. Geometric average of the cutoff frequencies a. Equal Q's d. Voltage to sound a. Elliptic a. Chebyshev must be 23. Subtracted from the K values b. A bandstop filter is sometimes called a d b. Bandwidth divided by Q b. Added to the K values a. Butterworth 16. Rolloff rate of 20 dB per decade 17. The bandwidth rolloff rate is a. Monotonic stopband d. Be zero least is the b. MFB filters d d. 10 first-stage stages d. To build a 10th-order filter. Elliptic a. Voltage-controlled resistance a. the order is 17. Increase the voltage gain when the input signal a. 20 dB per decade b. Butterworth 22. Making a fine adjustment d. If an op amp has only a positive supply voltage. the approximation with the fastest rolloff in filter. Chebyshev a d. Three resistors 16. its c c. b. Staggered bandwidths a. Butterworth b. 360 dB per decade b a. Linear phase shift is equivalent to 21. Temperature to resistance 3. If n = 10. Ripple c. greater than 1 b. Equal the supply voltage a. Capacitance b. 1 ppm is equivalent to 1. One capacitor b d. The purpose of AGC is to output cannot d. With Sallen-Key high-pass filters. Chebyshev c. less than 1 a. One stopband 13. Center frequency a. Maximally-flat passband c. Current to voltage b. VCVS filters d. 180 dB per decade d. Voltage-controlled current source 7.01% a. Elliptic a. Two op amps 24. If a Butterworth filter has 9 second-order stages. The elliptic approximation has a filter. Two outputs d. Has a high output impedance a. An electrical quantity to a nonelectrical quantity a. Slow rolloff rate compared to the Cauer a. equal to BW divided by f0 the transition region is a. Keep the output voltage almost constant d. An op amp with a rail-to-rail output c c. 6 b. A first-order stage cannot have a c. Current to voltage equal to 10. Inverse Chebyshev d. Eight outputs a. Snubber 20.707 on the d. its 18. the pole frequency d. Chebyshev response c CHAPTER21 d. 7 c. To get a Butterworth response with an 8th-order c. If a filter has six second-order stages and one first- b. Besse b. 3 third-order stages d. 0. Light to resistance d b. Inverse Chebyshev 14. The center frequency of a bandpass filter is always b. The approximation that distorts digital signals the a increases b. Equal Q's b c. Be negative 8. No passband d. Center a. The Q of a Sallen-Key second-order stage depends d c. Butterworth response d. Butterworth d. 13 d.0001% c. The all-pass filter has b d c. 0. The approximation with a rippled passband is d c. Bidirectional floating load current c c. Cannot be less than 0 V. the stages need to have d. State-variable filters 18. the stages need to have a c. Notch filter a. The Q of a narrowband filter is always 19. The approximation with a maximally-flat passband is c d. Equal center frequencies 21. A thermistor converts b d. Inverse Chebyshev 15. Has a current-boosted output d. Making a coarse adjustment b. Reduce the CMRR of the circuit a c. Elliptic b. 0. Sallen-Key filters are also called c. Transition b. a high Q a. Switch d. 2 a. Chebyshev a.001% b. Inductors 20. Phase shifter 12. Bessel b. 2 fourth-order stages 19. Attenuation order stage. Maximally-flat passband d d. 40 dB per decade c. A first-order active-filter stage has d. Maximally-flat stopband a. Staggered Q's a. 3-dB frequency c. Voltage to current 2.

Has high component sensitivity output is a a. Output stage a. 6 Vpp a. and bandpass output 13. Capacitor 26. 0 d. A maximally-flat passband is needed a. All-pass stages c. high-pass. In a nonlinear op-amp circuit. the current through the d. Pullup resistors be built with d. High rolloff rates are needed 2. Relaxation oscillator of 0. Phase shift is important value. A rippled passband 8. A sinusoidal input b. Rectangular wave b. A high voltage b a. Q decreases b. a bandpass filter should CHAPTER22 c. To detect when the input is greater than a particular d. 0 degrees to -720 degrees c. Ramp d. Rolloff rate increases c.5 uV d. Hysteresis prevents false triggering associated with a. Has low component sensitivity 5. To correct for limited GBW. The output of a relaxation oscillator is a a. Produces triangular output waves d b. The output to switch states 29. 10 kHz b.d d a. If the d. The input to a peak detector is a triangular wave a. the Q of the stage will d. Pullup resistor b. If BW increases. the duty cycle a. Stray capacitances d. Comparator capacitor through a d. Uses less than three op amps a. Rectangular pulse c c. The lowest frequency you should use is b. Op amp never saturates 16. The voltage out of a Schmitt trigger is c. 8 V b. Is zero b b. Negative feedback b. Feedback capacitor b. Inductors d. To work properly. If AOL = 200. Either a low or a high voltage b. MFB stages a. 0 b. Increases d. 1 uV c. Ripples appear in the stopband d. the closed-loop knee voltage of a a. All of the above b. Positive limit detector a. Center frequency decreases a. the output is c a. Zero-crossing detector input resistor flows into the a b. 0 degrees to -360 degrees b. If GBW is limited. Triangular wave c. Series of ramps b c. When a large sine wave drives a Schmitt trigger. Rectified sine wave d. 90 degrees to -90 degrees 3. Increases or decreases at a linear rate c wave of 8 V pp and an average value of 0. Low-pass and high-pass stages 1. Noninverting input 30. Noise voltages c. Is produced by hysteresis 27. Half-wave detector b. the 31. Has two trip points b d. Peak detection of the input signal d.If pulse width decreases and the period stays the external d. 7 uV b a. Trip points c c. Sine wave b. Is designed to trigger on noise voltage 25. A rippled stopband is important b.000. Is a zero-crossing detector d. Notch stages b. 14 uV b. State-variable filter c. Tow-Thomas filter 4. Compensating capacitor 22. The biquadratic filter 12. Is difficult to tune 6. The discharging time constant of a peak detector is b a. a designer may use c. 8 Vpp b. Spike a a. Noninverting input phase from b. The output is c. A comparator with a trip point of zero is sometimes c b. Double 14. Output shape is the same as the input shape silicon diode is b. Clamping to occur a. A Schmitt trigger c. Inverting input c. Predistortion a c. The all-pass filter is used when c. The state-variable filter c d. A constant time delay d. Threshold detector 21. The trip point of a comparator is the input voltage c. Square wave c. The input voltage to a positive limiter is a triangular c. Is also called Tow-Thomas filter a. 0 degrees to -180 degrees a. Compensating capacitors 24. Has a low-pass. The all-pass filter is sometimes called a reference level is 2 V. If the input is a rectangular pulse. Bypass circuit 23. Ramp d. A second-order all-pass filter can vary the output a a. Op amp may saturate a. many IC comparators need an d c. Clamper 10. Delay equalizer a. Is a rectangular pulse c d. Feedback loop is never opened 9. Stays the same c. the output of an 10 ms. An active half-wave rectifier has a knee voltage of 19 . Square wave c. In an op-amp integrator. Remain the same a d. The op-amp integrator uses c. 16 V 18. Sine wave b. use a b 17. A Schmitt trigger uses d. 3.100 Hz that causes d. The circuit to oscillate d c. 1 kHz a. Increase same. A sine wave 11. Linear phase shift 15. Decreases b. Limiter with a peak-to-peak value of 8 V and an average value b. A relaxation oscillator depends on the charging of a c. 4 V a a. Uses three or more op amps integrator is a a. Inductor d. 2 Vpp 19. A low voltage d. the called a c. the b b. Hysteresis 28.10 Hz 20. A ramp of voltage c. Always increases d. KHN filter b. When Q is greater than 1. Decrease 7. The Miller effect b d. Resistor b c. Bypass capacitor a. Positive feedback b b a. Sinusoidal inputs b d.

Between 0 and +90 degrees a. Hartley constant is must be greater than 1 when the phase shift around the b a. Armstrong a c d. An astable 555 timer has the following number of c. Resonant circuit d. Quartz crystal a. 0 a 10. Large resistance b 25. Lead-lag circuit C. With LC tank circuits b b. Three resistors 26. Equal d. Crystals have a very b. Wheatstone bridge c. Becomes erratic b. Very close together d. Two lead or lag circuits b. Ripple from the power supply c. One resistor a b. Greater than 90 degrees b. Either positive or negative c. In an active peak detector. 270 degrees b. A lead circuit has a phase angle that is 14. 2 2. The voltage that starts an oscillator is caused by b. 0 16. Uses hysteresis to speed up response b. Prevents the circuit from starting 22. Resistive coupling stable states: d d d. The input signal from a generator b c. The positive clamper adds 7. 0 b b. Positive feedback d. At high frequencies d. Low Q c. Three resistors a. The same as the input voltage d. Much less than 0. VK a. To vary the frequency of a Wien bridge. The pulse width out of a one-shot multivibrator d. Clamps the input positively c. you can c. An oscillator always needs an amplifier with b. Colpitts 23. Two resistors vary d. One capacitor increases when the b 11. the loop gain d. The Wien-bridge oscillator is useful b. All the above 24. Between 0 and -90 degrees c. At small input signals c. Clapp a. The same as the charging time constant c. Initially. 90 degrees 20. Link coupling refers to d b. A ramp d. Colpitts b. Rochelle salts a d. A negative dc voltage to the input b. The phase-shift oscillator usually has d a. Colpitts 27. Increases a. A Wien bridge is sometimes called a c. A trip point to the input d. the a a. An LC tank circuit b a. To vary the frequency of an LC oscillator. Quartz d. Either positive or negative c. the one with the most stable c. Negative feedback b a. More than 0. Positive feedback frequency of oscillation b. Lag circuit a. An ac signal to the output c. Both types of feedback b. Supply voltage increases 20 . The most widely used LC oscillator is the a.7 V b. 180 degrees a. 3 1 . The kind of oscillator found in an electronic c. Very far apart a a b c. Noise voltage in resistors d. Three lead or fag circuits 19. Armstrong 21. Means B is small b. Positive a. A tickler coil stable states: d. 360 degrees c. The series and parallel resonant frequencies of a b. the output of an d active positive limiter is 5. 3 a. A Wien-bridge oscillator uses 15.a. Low b. Negative b. A monostable 555 timer has the following number of d. For oscillations to start in a circuit. One capacitor b. 2 a. Twin-T oscillator a. Hartley c. the discharging time a 12. Greater than 90 degrees b. Low frequencies 26. Armstrong d c. Negative feedback a. High c. 0. Two inductors b. Both types of feedback a d. Two resistors c. Remains the same wristwatch is the d. Heavy feedback in an LC oscillator a. A ramp d. Power coupling a. Between 0 and +90 degrees a. An LC tank circuit c. Negative feedback d. Clapp d. Small inductance b b c d. Lead circuit b. Equal to the period b. If the reference voltage is zero. A lead-lag circuit frequency is the d. Positive a. The output of an active positive clamper is 6. A window comparator 8. Much shorter than the period a. When Q decreases in a Colpitts oscillator. 1 CHAPTER23 9. Notch filter 17. Detects an input voltage between two limits d. A positive dc voltage to the input a. The same as the input voltage d. A tungsten lamp 25. Phase shifter b.7 V 3. At low frequencies c. Tourmaline c d d. A coupling circuit is a 13.7 V a. Has only one usable threshold a. the loop gain of a Wien-bridge oscillator is d. Decreases 23. One resistor 18. Clapp a c. Positive feedback c. Causes saturation and cutoff crystal are c. The material with the piezoelectric effect is c. A twin-T filter a. Much longer than the period 4. Produces maximum output voltage a. you can vary b. Transformer coupling 24. The Hartley oscillator uses d. Negative b. Capacitive coupling c. High Q d. A lag circuit has a phase angle that is loop is b. Of the following. Between 0 and -90 degrees c. 1 a. 1 a.

Destroy diodes and transistors current 18. A destructive level b 21.8 V when the line voltage varies over its specified a. Very large d. Is less than f0 a regulator. With foldback current limiting. Pulse width c b 20.b. Produce zero load current d. Equals f0 7. Increase the switching frequency b. Load current b 17. Zener diode a. The output impedance of a voltage regulator is b. we can drive its base- a. Switching regulator d. Duty cycle 6. 1% c. Unequal in amplitude b a. Pass transistor c. A current-sensing resistor a. 3 V a a range. A phase splitter produces two output voltages that b. Decrease the input voltage d. All the above occur VCO frequency d. you have to b. UTP decreases b a. Negative b CHAPTER24 b. the output ripple is b. Timing resistor decreases d. Either positive or negative c. Zener current a. Space approaches zero. the load voltage 13. Current limiting b. 10 mV c position modulator is d. Power dissipation is too high c. The output waveform of a 555 timer is b. Ambient air d. 12 V 24. Phase difference 14. Load resistor b. Current through the device is too high a 30. 0 c. Thermal shutdown occurs in an IC regulator if b. 40 V a. 5% c. Oscillations c. A power supply with low output impedance has low 1. An increase in load voltage d. Pulse width d. Is greater than f0 14. Internal temperature is too high d. A coupling capacitor on the output pin determines the d. Zero b. Base current d. 1000 V a. elliptical ripple out of a voltage regulator is c. Load regulation a. Line regulation c. Infinity c. Space 5. 0 b. A bypass capacitor on the input pin c 31. Without current limiting. Dc-to-dc converter b. Much larger d 28. Shunt with the load d 3. A current booster is a transistor in d. Free-running frequency 8. A regulated input voltage 22. the load regulation is a. Timing capacitance increases b. The bandwidth of the low-pass filter in a PLL c. If a. The zener current d. 4 V a. The 78XX-12 produces a regulated output voltage c. When a PLL is locked on the input frequency. the power dissipation of the pass b. Series with the IC regulator a 21 . 1 mV d. Duty cycle 12. Unregulated 23. sinusoidal c. Positive d. a shorted load will probably c. Large d.7 V between the minimum and maximum load output voltage that is c. the b. Linear regulator c. Either series or parallel d. Switching regulator b. Lock range a. Capture range c b usually produces b. Positive feedback 16. Negative feedback c b. A zener impedance d. Opposite in phase b. During regulation. 2% c b. Period a. c. and the load current approaches a. Much smaller modulator is c. Equals fin regulator to prevent oscillations inside the IC unless you use c. Have a load voltage equal to the zener voltage a emitter terminals with the voltage across b. An increase of line voltage into a power supply a. -60 mV c. Current sensing d. Excessive load current b. To get more output voltage from a buck switching a. Open c 19. Impossible to determine a. The quantity that remains constant in a pulse-width b. Period b are c. Very small 29. rectangular b 11. The 78XX series of voltage regulators produces an b. Series regulator a. A load resistor c. Simple current limiting produces too much heat in the the input ripple is 1 V. Less power dissipation in the rectifier diodes a. Equal to the load voltage divided by the load current b a. Voltage regulators normally use d. To turn on a current booster. A zener-diode regulator is a 2. Foldback current 10. the source regulation is b. Shunt regulator transistor equals the collector-emitter voltage times the c. Compared to the ripple into a voltage regulator. Small c. 1% d. the c. 2% d. Increase the duty cycle d a. A capacitor may be needed in a discrete voltage few inches from the filter capacitor. Phase limiting 19. A voltage regulator has a ripple rejection of -60 dB. The quantity that remains constant in a pulse. Zener follower c. you may get b. A series regulator is an example of a b. Equal to the input voltage divided by the output 27. Decrease the duty cycle c. If a linear three-terminal IC regulator is more than a a. A small value b. If the output of a voltage regulator varies from 15 to 15. A decrease in load resistance c. Very small c. Shunt regulator d a. 5% a a. No feedback 9. triangular d. Efficiency d. Equal in value d. Parallel with the IC regulator c. Negative feedback a. A current-sensing resistor is usually a. A decrease in efficiency a current. Equal in phase d. Have too little load current a. If the output of a voltage regulator varies from 20 to of d. Another transistor c 4. Current limiting d.

An inverting regulator 31. It switches the pass transistor on and off c 32. Boost regulator b b. Diode 30. Constant b. A shunt regulator is inefficient because a a. The efficiency of a voltage regulator is high when a. The buck-boost regulator is also d. Dc-to-dc converter 29. The regulator with the highest efficiency is the c. Switching regulator d.3 V c. Shunt regulator c. All of the above b. Low efficiency c. It has a series resistor b. Pass transistor has a high power dissipation c. Capacitor-input filter c c. Output power is high a c. The pass transistor replaces the series resistor d. 33.7 V d. It wastes power b. Low power dissipation in the pass transistor a. Linear a. 0.1 V c 27. The input current to a shunt regulator is least power dissipation when the regulator has a. All of the above regulator because d a. Diode d. Choke-input filter d. In a buck regulator. Shunt regulator d. Built-in short-circuit protection regulators is closest to b. Series regulator d c. Buck regulator 38. It uses a series resistor and a shunt transistor 36. A high zener voltage b a 26. If the load is shorted. A step-up regulator c. A series regulator is more efficient than a shunt d. Quiet b. Output voltage is low a 22 . Variable a. Series regulator a. Zener voltage is low d. The zener follower is an example of a d. Voltage divider 28. Headroom voltage is low b. An advantage of shunt regulation is 34. The efficiency of a linear regulator is high when the a. High efficiency b. 2 V a d. The ratio of output to input power is low a. Little wasted power c. A switching regulator is considered c a. Buck topology d. Used to store energy in a magnetic field d. the pass transistor has the 25. 3. 0. In a boost regulator. A step-down regulator d b. the output voltage is filtered c. Input power is high b. The dropout voltage of standard monolithic linear a. Little power is wasted a. Capacitor-input filter c. the output voltage is filtered with b. Foldback limiting b. Equal to load current c. Voltage divider a. It can boost the voltage c. Noisy 37. Inefficient with a d. Input power is low 35. Choke-input filter b b.