# Topic: Inequalities

Prerequisite Concepts: Operations on integers, Order of real number
Objectives: In this lesson, you are expected to:
1. Differentiate between equations and inequalities,
2. Find the solution of an inequality involving one variable.
Lesson Proper:
Points of Difference Linear Equation Linear Inequalities
Differences between Linear Equation and Linear
Symbols = ≠ , <, >, ≤, ≥
Inequalities:
Number of Solution Exactly one / one / infinite More than one
Graph of Solution A point Set of points
Example: x + 7 = 25 3x + 4 > 16
Definition:
Inequality – A mathematical statement where one algebraic expression is not equal to another algebraic expression.
Symbol Meaning Examples:
≠ Not equal x+5≤6
< Less than 7 (x + 2) < - 5
> Greater than 5 > 2x + 4
≤ Less than or equal to 4 ≠ 5x + 2
≥ Greater than or equal to x+2≥7

Graphing linear inequalities: Legend: - This indicates that the number is not part of solution

- This indicates that the number is part of solution

a. x > -4 -∞ +∞
-10 -5 0 5 10
b. x ≠ 8 -∞ +∞
-10 -5 0 5 10
c. x ≥ 9 -∞ +∞
-10 -5 0 5 10
2
d. x ≤ 3 -∞ +∞
-10 -5 0 5 10
e. -3 < x < 3 -∞ +∞
-10 -5 0 5 10
f. 0 ≤ x < 5 -∞ +∞
-10 -5 0 5 10
Explanation:
a. The values of variable x are set of all numbers greater that -4 going to positive infinity but not including -4.
b. The values of variable x are set are set of all numbers in the number line not including +8.
c. The values of variable x are set of all number from + 9 to positive infinity.
2
d. The values of variable x are set of all number from - to negative infinity.
3
e. The values of variable x are set of all numbers between -5 to +5.
f. The values of variable x are set of all numbers from 0 up to the number before 5.

Exercise 1 – Graph the following inequalities.
1. x > 7 4. 10 ≤ 25
2. x < 14 5. x ≠ -12
3. -4 ≥ 5

From ≥ to ≤ and vice versa.?) < 9 (. then a + c > b + c.6: -∞ +∞ -10 -5 0 5 10 Given: -3< x + 2 < 14 Given: -1 ≤ 2 – 3x < 11 Solution: -3 .let a.c.6 + 6 ≤ 5x + 12 +6 5x > -2x + 14 2x ≤ 5x + 18 5x + 2x > -2x + 2x + 14 2x .5x ≤ 5x . x .11 Solution: x+7≥0 x – 8 + 8 < .7 ≥ 0 -7 x < -3 x≥-7 Multiplication Property of Inequality (MPI) . the sign of the inequality changes.?) ≤ – 3x (. > to < and vice versa. and a . Graph of x > 2 : -∞ +∞ -10 -5 0 5 10 Graph of x ≥ .3) ≤ 5x +12 Solution: 5x – 9 + 9 > -2x + 5 + 9 Solution: 2x .let a. x + 7 ≥ 0 Solution: x – 8 < . Given: 2(x .?) 1 ≥ x > -3 Graph of -5 < x < 12: -∞ +∞ -10 -5 0 10 15 0 Graph of 1 ≥ x > -3: -∞ +∞ -3 < x ≤ 1 -10 -5 0 5 10 .Properties of Inequalities Addition Property of Inequality (API) .8 < 11 1. Examples: 2. Given: 5x – 9 > -2x + 5 4. and c are real numbers and c ≠ 0. b.2 < x + 2 -2 < 14 -2 Solution: -1 -2 ≤ 2 -2 – 3x < 11 -2 -5 < x < 12 ? ? ? -3 (.5x + 18 ? ? ? ? (?)7x > 14(?) (-?) -3x ≤ 18 (-?) x>2 x≥-6 Note: When multiplying a negative number on both sides of the inequality.c > b . and c are real numbers.11 + 8 x + 7 . If a < b. b. If Then ? ? a > b and c > 0 (a)(c) > (b)(c) and ? > ? ? ? a < b and c > 0 (a)(c) < (b)(c) and ? > ? ? ? <a > b and c < 0 (a)(c) < (b)(c) and < ? ? ? ? a < b and c < 0 (a)(c) > (b)(c) and ? > ? Examples: 3.

1. -∞ +∞ 2. x + 8 ≤ -4 = 6. -∞ +∞ 4. . x – 6 < 11 = 5. x+4 > 7 = 2. .y ≤ 29 + 2y = 7.18y ≥ -7y = 5. -∞ +∞ 5. y . .4 > 11x – 16 = 6. . -∞ +∞ 7. -2 + 9x ≤ 10x = 4. -5x ≥ 25 = 10. . . . . -1 + 2y ≠ 5 . x + 5 < 12 = 4. -∞ +∞ . -∞ +∞ 8.83 ≤ -79 = 3. -∞ +∞ 3. 1. 13 . -∞ +∞ 10. then graph the following inequalities. 5x + 7 ≤ 3(x + 1) = 8. -∞ +∞ 9. -23 < 3x – 11 < -2 = 9. . 14 .5 > 14 = 3.Exercise 2a: Simplify the following inequalities.2y = Graph of Exercise 2b: 1. x . 2x < 18 = 8. 3x ≥ -9 = 9. -∞ +∞ 6. 15x . -7 < x + 14 < 8 = 10. x – 9 ≥ -13 = 7. . -4x ≤ 24 = Exercise 2b: Simplify first. x + 47 > 36 = 2.

1. -∞ +∞ . -∞ +∞ 2. -∞ +∞ 4. -∞ +∞ 3.Graph of Exercise 1. -∞ +∞ 5.