174

REFERENCES

1. Anjan Chatterjee, K. “Indian Fly Ashes: Their Characteristics and
Potential for Mechanochemical Activation for Enhanced Usability”,
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 23, No. 6, pp.783-788,
2011.

2. Anuradha, R., Sreevidya, V., Venkatasubramani, R. and Rangan, B.V.
“Modified guidelines for geopolymer concrete mix design using Indian
standard”, Asian Journal of Civil Engineering (Building and Housing)
Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 353-364, 2012.

3. Anurag Mishra, Deepika Choudhary, Namrata Jain and Manish,
“Effect of concentration of alkaline liquid and curing time on strength
and water absorption of geopolymer concrete”, ARPN Journal of
Engineering and Applied Sciences,Vol. 3, No. 1, pp.14-18,2008.

4. AS 3972- “Australian Standards for General purpose and Blended
Cement”, 2010.

5. ASTM C150/C150M-11, “Standard Specification for Portland
Cement”.

6. ASTM C-150-Standard specifications for Portland Cement: Annual
Book of ASTM standards (Philadelphia).

7. ASTM C-494-Standard specifications for Chemical Admixtures for
Concrete: Annual Book of ASTM standards (Philadelphia).

8. Bakharev, T. “Durability of geopolymer materials in sodium and
magnesium sulfate solutions”, Cement and Concrete Research,
Vol. 35, pp. 1233-1246, 2005.

9. Bakharev, T. “Geopolymeric materials prepared using Class F fly ash
and elevated temperature curing”, Cement and Concrete Research,
Vol.35, pp.1224-1232, 2006.

10. Balaguru, P., Kurtz, S. and Rudolph, J. “Geopolymer for Repair and
Rehabilitation of Reinforced Concrete Beams”, St Quentin, France,
Geopolymer Institute, 1997.

Vol. and Rangan. pp.Y. 1633-1656. “Geopolymer Technology: The Current State Of The Art”.D. Vol. SP144. 334-339. and Schulz. ACI Special Publication. van Deventer.ACI Materials Journal 99/591. 18. Vol. Concrete Technology past. International Journal of Inorganic Material. 16. N. Davidovits. Provis. Duxson. World Resource Review. Buchwald... Chindaprasirt. Journal of Material Science. Cheema. “Geopolymers-Inorganic polymeric new materials”. Vol. L. D. 37. No. Barbosa.J. pp. 2005. Cement Concrete Research. “Alkali-activated binders by use of industrial by . A. present and future. Curtin University. “Durability of geopolymer concrete box culverts .F. (ed). Lukey. Vol.. J. pp. 6. G. J.J. 35. pp. 4. 2.. V. 1994. J. 263-278. Ee Hui Chang “Shear and Bond behavior of Reinforced Flyash –Based Geopolymer Concrete Beams”. Daniel. Palomo. 2000. “Effect of elevated temperatures on Geopolymer paste. 14. 17. Davidovits. 1991. Davidovits. 15.V. pp. J. M. J. “Geopolymer chemistry and application”. C. Singapore: CI Premier Pty Ltd. 20. “Synthesis and Characterization of Materials Based on Inorganic Polymers of Alumina and Silica: Sodium Polysialate Polymers”. 2008.products”. Cement and Concrete Research. and Thaumaturgo.S. Vol.. pp. J.. Brooks.. 175 11.L. and Jay Sanjayan. Fernandez-Jimenez. pp. 40. P. 34th Conference on Our World in Concrete and Structures. Geopolymers Institute. J.. mortar and concrete”.F. 21. G. 2010. 2. 1994. Vol. 383-398. in Tan. MacKenzie. Journal of Thermal Analysis.A green alternative”.J.. K. 2009. 2009. 42. 309-317. 2007. B. Lloyd. No. 13.Alkali Cements for 21st century concretes”. pp. 19. 2917-2933. A. A. “High. J. 968-973. Research Report.K. . “Global Warming Impact on the Cement and Aggregates Industries”. ISBN 2-651-4820-1-9. 85-92. 12.

D. IS 10080: “Indian Standard Specifications for Vibration Machine”. 2002. Vol. IS 2386: Part 3: “Methods of Test for Aggregates for Concrete”. “Evaluation of Indian and high-efficiency cyclone separation technologies.M. Wallah. “Engineering Properties of Alkali-Activated Fly Ash Concrete”. Research Report GC-I. and Rangan. D. 44-47. B. 2006. “ On the Development of Fly Ash –Based Geopolymer Concrete” ACI Materials Journal. No. 38. and Rangan. S. Fernández-Jiménez.77-86. and Li.E. S.E. 6. 30. 78. B. pp. 29.V. Sumajouw. IS 10086: “Indian Standard Specifications for Moulds for use in Tests of Cement and Concrete”. C. Wallah. Hardjito. and Rangan. 101. 1.. IS 1727: “Indian Standard methods of test for pozzolanic materials”. ACI Materials Journal.. p.. 2005.. No. Fournier. Charland. pp. 1963. 2. 2005. 31. 26. IS 4031: Part 4: “Methods for physical test for hydraulic cements”. Research Journal on Concrete. IS 4031: Part 1. 33. No.P. Vol.V. B. 22-30. 176 22. D. Australian Journal of Structural Engineering. A. Faculty of Engineering..V. pp.E. New Delhi. 23. 1982. 1988. New Delhi. and López-Hambrados. . Vol. Part 1: Characterization”. 1967. D. D. Not with fly ashes for use in HVFA concrete.p. 24.V. Bureauo of Indian standards. 28. 1996. BIS.106-112. “Indian standard method of physical tests for hydraulic cement”. Vol. Geopolymer Concrete”. “Fly Ash-Based Geopolymer Concrete”. New Delhi. J. 2004.J. Sumajouw. J. Journal of the Australasian Ceramic Society. 103. 11. Curtin University of Technology. Hardjito. Bureau of Indian standards. B.M.J. No. Palomo. “Development and properties of Low-Calcium Fly Ash-based.. 1982. D. Vol. Lu.. Wallah. 32. and Rangan. Hardjito. 2004. “Study on Engineering Properties of Fly Ash-Based Geopolymer Concrete”.. A. 1. S. D. Hardjito. B. 27. 25.

M. p. Code of practice. M. Vol.. Sustainable cementless concrete”. H. Lloyd. Conference proceedings ASEC. “International workshop on sustainable development and concrete technology”. New Delhi.2011. Indian Concrete Journal. “Micro structure studies on the effect of alkaline activators ratio in preparation of fly ash based Geopolymer”. Monita Olivia. 1st International Symposium on Nanotechnology in Const. Kamarudin. A. F.T. New Delhi. A. V. Beijing. 4th Revision..K.V. 43. 2009. pp. 40.N.7. ACI SP-261. 35. 2012.. 38.13-17.K. Mustafa Al Bakri. IS 516: “Method of Test for Strength of Concrete”.No. “Availability and management of fly ash in India”. 299. and Zhang. 1959. Macias. 37. Blanco. 2004. IS 5816: “Indian Standard method of test for splitting tensile Strength of Concrete”. 177 34. Reaffirmed 2004. No. and Puertas “Effect of curing regime and type of activator on properties of alkali-activated fly ash”. “Geopolymer concrete. 2000. “Durability of Fly Ash Geopolymer Concrete in a Seawater Environment”. 36. 2005. WA: The Concrete Institute of Australia. Nikraz and Hamid. 42. Proceedings of International Conference on Chemistry and Chemical Process. “Use of fly ash in structural concrete: Part 1-Why?” Indian Concrete Journal. 33-54.. Z. Y. pp. 1999.M. Perth. 2005. Proceedings of the Concrete 2011 Conference. Malhotra. Ding. Nath. Nikraz and Hamid. 44. Palomo. P. 41. Proceedings of the 10th ACI International Conference on Recent Advances in Concrete Technology and Sustainability Issues. 2011. 6. pp. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. “Geopolymer Concrete for ambient curing condition”. Vol. R. R. Monita Olivia. and Morazian. 2011. 79. P. IS 456: “Indian Standard Code for Plain and Reinforced Concrete”. pp. N. 13-22. A. Seville. 17-21. . Li. B.M. 1999. Mullick. 39. BIS. and Rangan. Vol. Bureau of Indian standards. 5. “Strength and Water Permeability of Fly ash Geopolymer Concrete”. 45. and Sarker. Z.

Journal of Hazardous Materials. Materials and Design. “Effect of fly ash preliminary calcination on the properties of geopolymer”. Vol. B. Materials and Structures. Vol. Curtin University. and Rangan. 50. Rangan. low calcium. 80. “Experimental evaluation of the durability of fly ash- based geopolymer concrete in the Marine environment”. Wallah. Hardjito. 51. pp. “Fly- Ash-Based Geopolymer Concrete: Study of Slender Columns”..M. 9. Innovation. 53. Pompong Pungpremtrakul and Chai Jaturapitakkul “Anchorage of steel bars in concrete by geopolymer paste”. No. Journal of Materials Science.V. D. pp. 2007. Ninth LACCEI Latin American and Caribbean Conference (LACCEI’2011). Vol. 48.E and Rangan. Journal of modern applied science.D. 55. Information Technology and Computational Tools for Sustainable Development. 2009. 2011. “Heat-cured. 32. J.J. D. B. 49. Rangan. Reddy. . Engineering for a Smart Planet.. 2009. 52. “Low-Calcium fly ash-based geopolymer concrete: Reinforced beams and columns”. Muhammad. 6. 47-52. Sumajouw. Perth. B. 3021-3028.V. 715-724. 42. Proceedings of the Concrete 2011 Conference. Curtin University of Technology. A. 3124-3130. 2011. and Van Riessen. Vol. Steenie Edward Wallah “Drying Shrinkage of Heat-Cured Fly Ash- Based Geopolymer Concrete”.V.V. and Prabir Kumar Sarkar “Geopolymer Concrete Columns under Combined Axial Load and Biaxial Bending”. Australia. 2009. Medellín. “Flyash-based Geopolymer Concrete”. M. 47. Sumajouw. Research Report. D. Prabir Kumar Sarker “Analysis of Geopolymer concrete columns”. 3. 178 46. 2008. 164. Vol. 2006. Rahman. Temuujin. Tawich Pulngern. flyash-based Geopolymer concrete”. 54. GC-4. M. Indian Concrete Journal.J. pp.V.. pp. pp. Vol. B. Smith Songpiriyakij. 2011. 634-639. 42. S. Colombia. No. WA: The Concrete Institute of Australia. 2006.

S. G. 58.J. 32. .S. Vol. J. 2002. No.J. Van Jaarsveld. L.. “The potential use of Geopolymeric Materials to Immobilise Toxic Metals:Part I. and Lorenzen.G.S. 3. Cement and Concrete Research. Minerals Engineering. 2010. J. pp. 179 56. “Stress-strain behavior and abrupt loss of stiffness of Geopolymer at elevated temperatures”.J. 7. pp. pp. “The Geopolymerisation of AluminoSilicate Minerals”. H.1-7. Zhu Pan and Jay Sanjayan.S. 10. Van Deventer. J. J. 59. SEM/EDX. 247-266. and Van Deventer. Xu. 59. No. Cement and Concrete Composites. TEM/EDX and HREM”. 659-669.1705-1711. pp. 2000. Vol. Xu. International Journal of Mineral Processing. Vol. “Microstructural Characterisation of Geopolymers Synthesized from Kaolinite/Stilbite Mixtures Using XRD. 1997. MAS-NMR. and Van Deventer. 57. Theory and application”. H.