# SmartPlant Instrumentation

Intrinsic Safety Equations

Version 2009.1 (9.0.1) October 2009/April 2010 DSPI2-PE-200007A-Updated

.............................2 1 Nomenclature ..........3 Determining Whether a Circuit is Intrinsically Safe ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7 Intrinsic Safety Equations 1 .................................................... 4 3 Intrinsic Safety Calculation by Loop ...........................................................................Contents Preface.............3 2 Intrinsic Safety Calculation by Circuit Type ....................................4 2............................................................................1 Assumptions ......... 6 3...........................2 Calculating Cable Parameter Values ................6 3.. 4 2..............2 Calculating Maximum Permissible Length of Cable A .............................................1 Assumptions ................................... 7 3..............................

SmartPlant Instrumentation Intrinsic Safety Equations Preface This document is a reference for intrinsic safety equations used in SmartPlant Instrumentation to calculate maximum permissible cable lengths for areas that require intrinsic safety. Send documentation comments or suggestions to PPMdoc@intergraph. 1 2 Intrinsic Safety Equations .com.

as defined in the Intrinsically Safe Data Input dialog box safety Non-hazardous area safety device parameter Intrinsic Safety Equations 3 . or capacitance (used in the Intrinsically Safe Circuit Report) haz_tag Hazardous area field instrument parameter L Inductance L_fact Inductance factor (inductance/length). cable that connects the field device with the junction box cables All cables A and B COEFFcable x For a given cable type. the coefficient for resistance.1 Nomenclature C Capacitance C_fact Capacitance factor (capacitance/length). as defined in the Intrinsically Safe Data Input dialog box max_ Maximum permissible value R Resistance R_fact Resistance factor (resistance/length). inductance. as defined in the Intrinsically Safe Data Input dialog box Cable A Cable that connects the junction box (hazardous area) with the marshaling rack (non-hazardous area) Cable B Within the hazardous area.

2. and Csafety. see Calculating Intrinsic Safety. in the Wiring chapter of the SmartPlant Instrumentation User’s Guide. 2. inductance. and C_factCable A o R_factCable B.1 Resistance Rhaz _ tag + RCableA + RCableB < Rsafety Rmax_ cables = RCableA + RCableB Rmax_ cables < Rsafety − Rhaz _ tag RCableB = R _ factCableB * LengthCableB Rmax_ cables − RCableB RCableA max_ length _ RCableA = = R _ factCableA R _ factCableA 2. L_factCable A.2. and C_factCable B o LengthCable B 2. Lhaz tag. o The parameters of the safety device in the non-hazardous area: Rsafety. L_factCable B. The calculations are all based on the requirement that the total load of a given parameter (resistance. o Parameters associated with cables: o R_factCable A. 2. Lsafety. click Intrinsic Safety.2 Inductance Lhaz _ tag + LCableA + LCableB < Lsafety Lmax_ cables = LCableA + LCableB Lmax_ cables < Lsafety − Lhaz _ tag LCableB = L _ factCableB * LengthCableB 4 Intrinsic Safety Equations . all of which you enter in the Intrinsically Safe Data Input dialog box: o The parameters of the hazardous area field device: Rhaz tag. and Chaz tag.1 Assumptions The intrinsic safety calculation considers the following values.2 Intrinsic Safety Calculation by Circuit Type 2 Intrinsic Safety Calculation by Circuit Type To initiate an intrinsic safety calculation by circuit type.2 Calculating Maximum Permissible Length of Cable A For the circuit type that you selected. or capacitance) may not exceed the ability of the safety device to control the load. the software calculates the maximum permissible length of Cable A – the cable that connects the hazardous area with the non-hazardous area. in the Wiring Module window. on the Associations menu. For details.

5 L/R Limitation The intrinsic safety report also allows you to verify visually that the total of the L/R factor for Cables A and B does not exceed the L/R protection of the isolator safety device. and C_fact as the maximum permissible length for Cable A.2. 2 Intrinsic Safety Calculation by Circuit TypeVersion 2009. see Instrinsic Safety Calculation by Loop. Intrinsic Safety Equations 5 .4 Maximum Permissible Length for Cable A The software then sets the minimum among the maximum lengths calculated by R_fact.2.2.1 (9. To include cable L/R factor in a pass/fail calculation. 2.1) Lmax_ cables − LCableB LCableA max_ length _ LCableA = = L _ factCableA L _ factCableA 2.3 Capacitance C haz _ tag + CCableA + CCableB < C safety Cmax_ cables = CCableA + CCableB Cmax_ cables < C safety − Chaz _ tag CCableB = C _ factCableB * LengthCableB C max_ cables − CCableB CCableA max_ length _ CCableA = = C _ factCableA C _ factCableA 2.0. L_fact.

o The parameters of the safety device in the non-hazardous area: Rsafety. see Calculating Intrinsic Safety for a Loop. and L/Rsafety. Csafety. on the Associations menu. and Chaz tag. in the Wiring Module window. o Parameters associated with Cablei (i= 1. and the cables can be connected serially or in parallel. … n). o LengthCable I 6 Intrinsic Safety Equations . see the following table: Feature By Circuit Type By Loop Level Circuit type For all the tags in a loop Cables One Cable A and one Cable B All cables in the circuit for which the IS check box is selected Parameters Resistance Resistance Considered Inductance Inductance Capacitance Capacitance L/R Result Maximum permissible length Pass / fail for all tags of Cable A associated with an IS circuit parameter that limits length type Full diagram with calculation Instrument & barrier safety Report results. Lhaz tag. Calculation explanation List of IS cables and their characteristics. For a summary of the differences between intrinsic safety (IS) calculation by circuit type and by loop. including (L/R)cables 3. characteristics. all of which are determined by the cable type. o R_factCable i. L_factCable i. Lsafety. If Pass. Note that there is no limit on the number of cables. the intrinsic safety calculation considers the following values: o The parameters of the hazardous area field device: Rhaz tag.1 Assumptions For each tag in a loop. For details. in the Wiring chapter.3 Intrinsic Safety Calculation by Loop 3 Intrinsic Safety Calculation by Loop To initiate an intrinsic safety calculation by loop. and C_factCable i. calculated results. 2. click Intrinsic Safety Loop Calculation.

.1) 3. + ( ) Cable _ n < ( ) safety R R R R Intrinsic Safety Equations 7 . if all of the following are true.1 (9... + CCable _ n < C safety L L L L ( ) Cable1 + ( ) Cable 2 + .. the software calculates the following values: RCable _ i = R _ factCable _ i * LengthCable _ i LCable _ i = L _ factCable _ i * LengthCable _ i CCable _ i = C _ factCable _ i * LengthCable _ i L LCable _ i ( ) Cable _ i = R RCable _ i 3.2 Calculating Cable Parameter Values For each cable.. + LCable _ n < Lsafety C haz _ tag + CCable1 + CCable 2 + . + RCable _ n < Rsafety Lhaz _ tag + LCable1 + LCable 2 + .. the software certifies the tag circuit as intrinsically safe: Rhaz _ tag + RCable1 + RCable 2 + ..3 Determining Whether a Circuit is Intrinsically Safe For each tag in the loop. 3 Intrinsic Safety Calculation by LoopVersion 2009.0..