BIO/290

Anatomy and Physiology I

The Latest Version A+ Study Guide

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BIO 290 Entire Course Link
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BIO 290 Week 1 WileyPLUS – PowerPhys
Complete the following PowerPhys Lab by clicking on the Exercise tab to access
WileyPLUS:
 1 - Enzyme Activity

Submit completed lab reports as a PDF to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

BIO 290 Week 1 WileyPLUS Worksheets
Resource: WileyPlus and the Tortora, Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 14e with
Allen A&P Lab Manual, 5e.
 Click on the Worksheet tab to access WileyPLUS and the Tortora text.
 Complete the following exercises and animations that correspond with this
week's readings.
 Download the worksheets that correspond with each of the following activities:
o Ch. 1
1. Go to Ch. 1: An Introduction to the Human Body.
2. Read 1.4 Homeostasis
3. View animation Communication, Regulation and Homeostasis
4. Complete and submit Animation Worksheet: Communication,
Regulation and Homeostasis
o Ch. 2
1. Go to Ch. 2: The Chemical Level of Organization.
2. Read 2.1 How Matter is Organized
3. View animation Chemical Bonding
4. Complete and submit Animation Worksheet: Chemical Bonding
o Ch. 3
1. Go to the Ch. 3: The Cellular Level of Organization.
2. Read 3.1 Parts of a Cell and 3.3 Transport across the Plasma
Membrane.
3. Complete Anatomy Overview: Cell Structure and Function and
Anatomy Overview Plasma Membrane Structure - there is nothing
to be submitted with this assignment.
4. View animations Membrane Functions and Transport Across the
Plasma Membrane.
5. Complete and submit Animation Worksheets: Membrane
Functions and Transport Across the Plasma Membrane.

Submit completed worksheets to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

BIO 290 Week 1 WileyPLUS Quiz
Complete the Week 1 WileyPLUS Quiz

Question 1
What term is used to describe a chemical reaction in which monomers are joined to form
polymers?

Anabolism

Catabolism

Metabolism

Parabolism

Question 2
Tissues are composed of which of the following?

Carbohydrates
Cells

Organs

Organ Systems

Question 3
What term can be used to describe an atom that has gained an electron?

Anion

Cation

Isotope

Proton

Question 4
What type of bond is formed through the sharing of electrons?

Covalent

Hydrogen

Ionic

Peptide

Question 5
Which of the following comprises 50-75% of body weight?

Antioxidants

Carbohydrates

Protein

Water

Question 6
An acid is defined as a:
Proton donor that releases H+ ions in water

Proton donor that releases OH- ions in water

Proton acceptor that releases H+ ions in water

Proton acceptor that releases OH- ions in water

Question 7
Which of the following correctly defines a synthesis reaction?

AB -> A+B

A+B -> C

C -> A+B

AB + CD -> AC + BD

Question 8
What plant polysaccharide are humans capable of digesting?

Cellulose

Glucose

Fructose

Starch

Question 9
Which of the following is a minor component of the cell membrane and used to stiffen the overall
structure of the membrane?
Proteins

Cholesterol

Glyocalyx

Water

Question 10
A fatty acid that contains one carbon-to-carbon double bond is called:

Polyunsaturated

Saturated

Unsaturated

Non-saturated

Question 11
You have decided you are going to make your own phospholipids at home in your kitchen. You
will need all of the following components except:

Fatty Acids

Glycerol

Nucleic Acids

Phosphate

Question 12
A drastic conformational change in proteins in response to conditions such as extreme heat or pH
will lead to loss of a protein's function. This drastic change in three-dimensional shape is called:
Contamination

Denaturation

Saturation

Decomposition

Question 13
Chemical reactions are catalyzed by which of the following?

DNA

Enzymes

Fats

Carbohydrates

Question 14
The movement of a solid (solute) from an area of high concentration to low concentration is
called:

Diffusion

Osmosis

Active transport

Phagocytosis

Question 15
What organelle will combine with an ingested food vesicle in order to digest its contents?
Centriole

Endoplasmic reticulum

Golgi apparatus

Lysosome

BIO 290 Week 2 WileyPLUS Worksheets
Resource: WileyPlus and the Tortora, Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 14e with
Allen A&P Lab Manual, 5e.
 Click the Worksheet tab to access WileyPLUS and the Tortora text.
 Complete the following exercises and animations that correspond with this
week's readings.
 Download the worksheets that correspond with each of the activities:
o Ch. 4
1. Go to Ch. 4: Exercises and work through each of the following:
 Concentrate on Tissue Function
 Getting it Together
 Name that Tissue
 Tissue Identification
2. View animation Intercellular Junctions.
3. Complete and submit Animation Worksheet: Intercellular
Junctions.
o Ch. 5
1. Go to Ch. 5: The Integumentary System.
2. Read 5.1 Structure of the Skin, 5.2 Accessory Structures of the
Skin, 5.3 Types of Skin and 5.4 Functions of the Skin.
3. View Animations Homeostatic Relationships: The Integumentary
System, Inflammation and Skin's Defenses.
4. Complete and submit Animation Worksheets: Homeostatic
Relationships, The Integument - Structure and Function

Submit your completed worksheets to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

BIO 290 Week 2 WileyPLUS Quiz
Complete the Week 2 WileyPLUS Quiz
Question 1

What is the name of the structure found in epithelia tissue that tells the cell which is the apical
surface (top) and which is the basal surface (bottom)?

Basement membrane

Gap junction

Hemidesmosome

Tight junction

Question 2

What epithelial type can be described as multiple layers of flat cells?

Stratified cuboidal epithelium

Simple columnar epithelium

Simple squamous epithelium

Stratified squamous epithelium

Question 3

In what area of the body would transitional epithelia be found?

Bladder

Heart

Trachea/respiratory tract

Blood vessel lining
Question 4

What type of membrane would be found lining internal cavities that are exposed to the outside
environment, lack keratin and must remain moist?

Cutaneous membrane

Mucous membrane

Serous membrane

Synovial membrane

Question 5

What cell is responsible for producing the components of the extracellular matrix in most
connective tissues?

Fibroblasts

Goblet cells

Leukocytes

Macrophages

Question 6

Which of the following is not considered to be a type of specialized connective tissue?

Adipose

Blood
Cartilage

Nervous

Question 7

What type of cartilage is found in the ear and may proliferate when damaged?

Hyaline cartilage

Osseous cartilage

Elastic cartilage

Fibrocartilage

Question 8

What type of connective tissue consists of cells that appear to be empty which have their nuclei on
the periphery?

Adipose tissue

Dense regular connective tissue

Dense irregular connective tissue

Hyaline cartilage

Question 9

What tissue has the primary responsibility of relaying electrical signals from one area of the body
to another?
Connective tissue

Epithelia

Muscle

Nervous

Question 10
What type of muscle tissue is characterized as being involuntary, non-striated and located
primarily in hollow organs?

Cardiac muscle

Skeletal muscle

Smooth muscle

Transient muscle

Question 11

Which of the following is not a correct function of the integumentary system?

Temperature regulation

Blood production

Vitamin production

Production of an antibacterial layer

Question 12

Both endocrine and exocrine glands are derived from which of the following?
Connective tissue

Epithelia tissue

Muscle tissue

Nervous tissue

Question 13

What layer of the epidermis is not present in thin skin?

Stratum corneum

Stratum lucidum

Stratum granulosum

Stratum basale

Question 14

What type of connective tissue is found in the reticular layer of the dermis?

Areolar connective tissue

Dense irregular connective tissue

Dense regular connective tissue

Reticular connective tissue

Question 15

What type of connective tissue is found in the papillary layer of the dermis?
Adipose

Areolar CT

Dense irregular CT

Dense regular CT

BIO 290 Week 3 WileyPLUS Worksheets
Resource: WileyPlus and the Tortora, Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 14e with
Allen A&P Lab Manual, 5e.
 Click the Worksheet tab to access WileyPLUS and the Tortora text.
 Complete the following exercises and animations that correspond with this
week's readings
 Download the worksheets that correspond with each of the activities:
o Ch. 6
1. Go to Ch. 6: The Skeletal System: Bone Tissue.
2. Read 6.2 Structure of Bone and 6.5 Fracture and Repair of Bone.
3. View animations Bone Dynamics and Tissue, Bone Formation,
and Bone Growth and Remodeling.
4. Complete and submit Animation Worksheet: Bone Dynamics
and Tissue, Bone Formation, and Bone Growth and Remodeling.
o Ch. 7
1. Go to Ch. 7: The Skeletal System: The Axial Skeleton.
2. Read 7.1 Divisions of the Skeletal System, 7.2 Types of Bones
and 7.3 Bone Surface Markings.
3. View Human Cadaver Video: The Axial Skeleton.
4. Complete Exercise: Bones, Bones, Bones.
5. Complete and submit Axial Skeleton Quiz.
o Ch. 8
1. Go to Ch. 8: The Skeletal System: The Appendicular Skeleton.
2. Read 8.1 Pectoral (Shoulder) Girdle, 8.2 Upper Limb (Extremity),
8.3 Pelvic (Hip) Girdle, 8.4 False and True Pelves, 8.5
Comparison of Female and Males Pelves and 8.6 Lower Limb
(Extremity).
3. View Human Cadaver Video: The Appendicular Skeleton.
4. Complete the Interactive Anatomy Overview Tutorials on Skeletal
System.
5. Complete and submit Appendicular Skeleton Quiz.

Submit completed worksheets and downloaded quiz file to the faculty member.
Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

BIO 290 Week 3 WileyPLUS Quiz
Complete the Week 3 WileyPLUS Quiz.
Question 1

How many bones are in the human body?

215

206

198

200

Question 2

What is the primary fiber type that is found in bone?

Collagen

Elastic

Fibrin

Reticular

Question 3

Which of the following is not a correct function of the skeletal system?

Fat and mineral storage

Hematopoiesis

Hormone production
Structural support

Question 4
Which of the following bone cell types is responsible for breaking down and degrading the bony
matrix in order to raise blood calcium levels?

Osteocytes

Osteoblasts

Osteoclasts

Haversian canal

Question 5

In which of the following types of bone is blood production most likely to occur?

Irregular

Flat

Short

Sutural

Question 6

What is the specific name given to a bone that is found within a tendon?

Flat bone

Irregular bone

Sesamoid bone

Sutural/Wormian bone

Question 7
What cell type is responsible for the synthesis of new bone (osteoid)?

Osteoblasts

Osteoclasts

Osteocytes

Osteoprogenitor cells

Question 8

What is the name given to the mature bone cell that is found in the lacunae?

Osteoblasts

Osteoclasts

Osteocytes

Osteoprogenitor cells

Question 9
What type of bone formation occurs primarily in flat bones and develops from a
membrane/mesenchyme?

Intrachondral

Intermembranous

Endochondral

Intramembranous

Question 10

What type of bone formation is dependent upon the formation of primary and secondary
ossification centers?

Intrachondral
Intermembranous

Endochondral

Intramembranous

Question 11

The end of a long bone that participates in a synovial joint is covered in what type of cartilage?

Osseous cartilage

Irregular cartilage

Hyaline/Articular cartilage

Meniscial cartilage

Question 12

Which of the following bones is not a tarsal bone?

Calcaneus

Cuboid

Navicular

Pisiform

Question 13

What are the three bones that comprise the coxal bone?

Ilium, Ischium, Pubis

Coccyx, Sacrum, Ilium

Ilium, Coccyx, Pubis
Ischium, Ilium, Coccyx

Question 14

Decreasing an angle of a joint is called:

Extension

Flexion

Adduction

Abduction

Question 15

Movement of the forearm that results in the palm being face down is called:

Pronation

Supination

Flexion

Extension

BIO 290 Week 4 WileyPLUS Power Phys Labs
Complete the following PowerPhys Labs by clicking on the Exercise tab to access
WileyPLUS:
 2 - Twitch Contractions and Summation
 6 - Recruitment and Isotonic and Isometric Contractions

Submit completed lab reports to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

BIO 290 Week 4 WileyPLUS Worksheets
Resource: WileyPlus and the Tortora, Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 14e with
Allen A&P Lab Manual, 5e.
 Click on the Worksheet tab to access WileyPLUS and the Tortora text.
 Complete the following exercises and animations that correspond with this
week's readings.
 Download the worksheets that correspond with each of the activities:
o Ch. 10
1. Go to Ch. 10: Muscular Tissue.
2. Read 10.1 Overview of Muscular Tissue: 10.2 Skeletal Muscle
Tissue and 10.3 Contraction and Relaxation of Skeletal Muscle
Fibers.
3. View 3-D Physiology Animated Tutorial: Muscle Contraction and
The Sliding Filament Mechanism and The Neuromuscular
Junction.
4. View animations: Contraction of Skeletal Muscle Cells,
Contraction of a Sarcomere and Neuromuscular Junctions.
5. Complete and submit Animation Worksheets: Contraction of
Skeletal Muscle Cells and Neuromuscular Junctions.
o Ch. 11
1. Go to Ch. 11: The Muscular System.
2. Read 11.1 How Skeletal Muscles Produce Movements, 11.2 How
Skeletal Muscles are Named and 11.3 Principal Skeletal Muscles.
3. View Human Cadaver Video: The Lower Limb.
4. View Human Cadaver Video: The Upper Limb.
5. View animation: Contraction and Movement.
6. Complete and submit Real Anatomy Worksheets for Lower Limb
Muscle Actions and Upper Limb Muscle Actions.

Submit your completed worksheets to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

BIO 290 Week 4 WileyPLUS Quiz
Complete the Week 4 WileyPLUS Quiz
Question 1

Which of the following is not a correct function of muscle?

Excitability

Extensibility
Generation of heat

Hormone production

Question 2
The Transverse Tubules (T-Tubules) are continuous with which of the following?

Golgi apparatus

Mitochondria

Sarcolemma

Sarcoplasmic reticulum

Question 3
Which of the following is considered to be the smallest component of a myofibril?

Muscle fascicle

Myofilament

Muscle fiber/cell

Sarcolemma

Question 4
Binding of acetylcholine to the postsynaptic membrane receptor causes what ion to rush into the
muscle and start an action potential?

Calcium

Phosphate

Sodium

Zinc
Question 5

The length of a myosin molecule corresponds to which of the following?

A-band/zone

H-band/zone

I-band/zone

M-band/zone

Question 6

Calcium can bind to what muscle protein?

Actin

Myosin

Troponin

Tropomyosin

Question 7

As an action potential passes down a motor neuron, what channels are opened prior to the synaptic
bulb that causes vesicles to bind to the presynaptic membrane?

Calcium

Magnesium

Potassium

Sodium

Question 8

Generation of the power stroke occurs during what stage of muscle contraction?
Excitation

Excitation-contraction coupling

Cross-bridge cycling

Relaxation

Question 9

Skeletal muscle will continue to contract as long as what two molecules are available?

Sodium and calcium

Calcium and ATP

ATP and sodium

Magnesium and calcium

Question 10

What molecule is pyruvic acid converted into when oxygen is not present?

Acetylcholine

Lactic acid

Myoglobin

Tropomyosin

Question 11

Which muscle is not a muscle of mastication?

Masseter

Medial Pterygoid

Orbicularis oris
Temporalis

Question 12

Which muscle is not a capable of elevating the scapula?

Latissimus dorsi

Levator scapulae

Rhomboid major

Trapezius

Question 13

What muscle does not attach to the scapula?

Biceps brachii

Latissimus dorsi

Subscapularis

Triceps brachii

Question 14

What quadriceps muscle crosses both the hip and the knee joint?

Biceps femoris

Rectus femoris

Vastus medialis

Vastus lateralis

Question 15
What muscle is capable of plantarflexion?

Gastrocnemius

Gluteus maximus

Rectus femoris

Tibialis anterior

BIO 290 Week 5 WileyPLUS PowerPhys Lab
Complete the following PowerPhys Lab by clicking on the Exercise tab to access
WileyPLUS:
 4 - Action Potentials

Submit completed lab report to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

BIO 290 Week 5 WileyPLUS Worksheets
Resource: WileyPlus and the Tortora, Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 14e with
Allen A&P Lab Manual, 5e.
 Click on the Worksheet tab to access WileyPLUS and the Tortora text.
 Complete the following exercises and animations that correspond with this
week's readings.
 Download the worksheets that correspond with each of the activities:

o Ch. 12
1. Go to Ch. 12: Nervous Tissue.
2. Read 12.1 Overview of Nervous Tissue, 12.2 Histology of
Nervous Tissue, 12.3 Electrical Signals In Neurons, 12.4 Signal
Transmission at Synapses and 12.5 Neurotransmitters.
3. View 3-D Physiology Animated Tutorials: Excitable Cells and the
Resting Membrane Potential, Membrane Potentials: Graded and
Action Potentials and Synapses and Neurotransmitter Action.
4. View Animations Action Potentials: Neuron Structure and
Function and Propagation of Nerve Impulses.
5. Complete and submit Animation Worksheets: Action Potentials,
Neuron Structure and Function, and Propagation of Nerve
Impulses.
o Ch. 13
1. Go to Ch. 13: Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves.
2. Read 13.1 Spinal Cord Anatomy, 13.2 Spinal Nerves, 13.3 Spinal
Cord Physiology.
3. View Human Cadaver Video: The Nervous System/Brain.
4. View Animations: Introduction to Structure and Function of the
Nervous System, Reflexes and Somatic Sensory and Motor
Pathways.
5. Complete and submit Animation Worksheets: Introduction to
Structure and Function of the Nervous System, Reflexes and
Somatic Sensory and Motor Pathways.
o Ch. 14
1. Go to Ch. 14: The Brain and Cranial Nerves.
2. Read 14.1 Brain Organization, Protection, and Blood Supply, 14.6
The Cerebrum, 14.7 Functional Organization of the Cerebral
Cortex, and 14.8 Cranial Nerves.
3. View Human Cadaver Video: The Nervous System/Spinal Cord.

Submit completed worksheets to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

BIO 290 Week 5 WileyPLUS Quiz
Complete the Week 5 WileyPLUS Quiz

Question 1
The brain and spinal cord are found in which division of the nervous system?

Autonomic nervous system

Central nervous system

Peripheral nervous system

Somatic nervous system
Question 2
What type of information is transmitted from the periphery to the central nervous system?

Integrative

Motor

Sensory

Visual

Question 3

Which of the following cell types is not found in the central nervous system?

Oligodendrocyte

Satellite cells

Microglia

Astrocytes

Question 4

What cell type in the central nervous system (CNS) participates in the formation of the blood-
brain barrier (BBB)?

Astrocytes

Microglia

Oligodendrocytes

Schwann cells

Question 5

What glial cell in the peripheral nervous system surrounds neuronal cell bodies?

Astrocytes
Microglia

Satellite cells

Schwann cell

Question 6
Which of the following would need to be stimulated in order to send sensory information to the
central nervous system?

Receptor

Effector

Interneuron

Ventral horn

Question 7

What is the name given to the numerous extensions that project from the cell body of a neuron that
function to receive stimuli from the surrounding environment?

Dendrite

Axon

Soma

Schwann cell

Question 8

Repolarization occurs when:

There is no movement of sodium and potassium ions

There is movement of sodium across the cell membrane and into the cell
There is movement of potassium across the cell membrane and out of the cell

There is an influx of both sodium and potassium across the cell membrane

Question 9

What term can be used to describe the capability of the nervous system to change based on
experience?

Plasticity

Polarity

Regeneration

Transmission

Question 10

The largest region of the brain that governs all higher functions (memory, reasoning, and some
aspects of personality) consists of two hemispheres connected by the corpus callosum is called:

Cerebellum

Medulla oblongata

Cerebrum

Diencephalon

Question 11

Which of the following is not a correct division of the brain stem?

Hypothalamus

Medulla oblongata

Pons
Midbrain

Question 12

Memory and learning are found in what lobe?

Frontal

Occipital

Parietal

Temporal

Question 13
What term describes a collection of neuronal cell bodies in the CNS?

Ganglia

Nuclei

Receptor

Effector

Question 14

Which of the following is the speech comprehension area of the brain?

Wernicke's area

Broca's area

Primary somatosensory cortex

Insula

Question 15

Which of the following is not a correct function of the cerebellum?
Coordinates muscle contraction

Helps maintain balance

Helps maintain posture

Regulates the respiratory rate

BIO 290 Week 6 WileyPLUS Worksheets
Resource: WileyPlus and the Tortora, Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 14e with
Allen A&P Lab Manual, 5e.
 Click on the Worksheet tab to access WileyPLUS and the Tortora text.
 Complete the following exercises and animations that correspond with this
week's readings.
 Download the worksheet that correspond with Ch. 15.

o Ch. 15
1. Go to Ch. 15: The Autonomic Nervous System.
2. Read 15.1 Comparison of Somatic and Autonomic Motor
Pathways, 15.3 ANS Neurotransmitters and Receptors, 15.5
Integration and Control of Autonomic Functions.
3. View Animations ANS: Motor Pathways, Autonomic Nervous
System and Homeostatic Relationships: The Nervous System.
4. Complete and submit Animation Worksheet: ANS: Autonomic
Nervous System.
o Ch. 17
1. Go to Ch. 17: The Special Senses.
2. Read 17.1 Olfaction: Sense of Smell, 17.2 Gustation: Sense of
Taste, 17.3 Vision, and 17.4 Hearing and Equilibrium.
3. View Anatomy Overview Special Senses.
4. Note: There is no worksheet to complete for Ch. 17.

Submit completed worksheet to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

BIO 290 Week 6 WileyPLUS Quiz
Complete the Week 6 WileyPLUS Quiz.
Question 1

The sympathetic motor division of the autonomic nervous system arises in the lateral horns of the
gray matter at what spinal levels?

C1 through C8

T1 through L2

C3 through L1

T5 through L5

Question 2

What structure can be found running down the lateral sides of the vertebral bodies from the neck
to the sacrum?

Brachial plexus

Parasympathetic trunk

Sympathetic trunk

Vagus nerve

Question 3
All of the following cranial nerves provide parasympathetic innervation except:

III

V

IX

X

Question 4
Which of the following is not an effect of the sympathetic nervous system?
Increased blood pressure

Increased heart rate

Increased respiration rate

Increased gastrointestinal motility

Question 5
Which of the following is not an effect of the parasympathetic nervous system?

Decreased blood pressure

Decreased heart rate

Increased respiration rate

Increased gastrointestinal motility

Question 6

Parasympathetic preganglionic neurons synapse at all of the following ganglia except:

Ciliary ganglia

Sympathetic chain ganglia

Otic ganglia

Intramural ganglia

Question 7

Sympathetic preganglionic neurons synapse at all of the following ganglia except:

Sympathetic chain ganglia

Collateral ganglia
Ciliary ganglia

Adrenal medullae

Question 8

What neurotransmitter is used at a parasympathetic pre-ganglionic synapse?

Acetylcholine

Dopamine

Norepinephrine

Epinephrine

Question 9

What neurotransmitter is used at a parasympathetic post-ganglionic synapse?

Acetylcholine

Dopamine

Norepinephrine

Epinephrine

Question 10

Which cranial nerve is responsible for carrying parasympathetic innervation to the thoracic and
abdominal cavities?

Occulomotor nerve

Glossopharyngeal nerve

Vagus nerve

Hypoglossal nerve
Question 11

What neurotransmitter is used at a sympathetic pre-ganglionic synapse?

Acetylcholine

Dopamine

Norepinephrine

Serotonin

Question 12
What neurotransmitter is used at a sympathetic post-ganglionic synapse?

Acetylcholine

Dopamine

Norepinephrine

Serotonin

BIO 290 Week 7 WileyPLUS PowerPhys Labs
Complete the following PowerPhys Labs by clicking on the Exercise tab to access
WileyPLUS:
 5 - Blood Glucose Regulation
 11- Homeostatic Imbalances of Thyroid Function

Submit completed lab reports to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

BIO 290 Week 7 WileyPLUS Worksheet
Resource: WileyPlus and the Tortora, Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 14e with
Allen A&P Lab Manual, 5e.
 Click on the Worksheet tab to access WileyPLUS and the Tortora text.
 Complete the following exercises and animations that correspond with this
week's readings.
 Download the worksheets that correspond with each of the activities.
 Ch. 18
1. Go to Ch. 18: The Endocrine System.
2. Read 18.1 Comparison of Control by the Nervous and Endocrine
Systems, 18.2 Endocrine Glands and 18.3 Hormone Activity.
3. Complete the Activitie:Exercise: Hormone Actions.
4. Complete and submit Animation Worksheets: Introduction to Hormonal
Regulation, Secretion, and Concentration, and Mechanisms of Hormone
Action.

Submit completed worksheets to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

BIO 290 Week 7 WileyPLUS Final Examination
Complete the WileyPLUS Final Examination
Question 1

Chemical reactions are catalyzed by which of the following?

DNA

Enzymes

Fats

Carbohydrates

Question 2

What organelle will combine with an ingested food vesicle in order to digest its contents?

Centriole

Endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi apparatus

Lysosome

Question 3

A drastic conformational change in proteins in response to conditions such as extreme heat or pH
will lead to loss of a protein's function. This drastic change in three-dimensional shape is called:

Contamination

Denaturation

Saturation

Decomposition

Question 4

Tissues are composed of which of the following?

Carbohydrates

Cells

Organs

Organ Systems

Question 5

Which of the following correctly defines a synthesis reaction?

AB -> A+B

A+B -> C

C -> A+B

AB + CD -> AC + BD
Question 6

What epithelial type can be described as multiple layers of flat cells?

Stratified cuboidal epithelium

Simple columnar epithelium

Simple squamous epithelium

Stratified squamous epithelium

Question 7

Which of the following is not considered to be a type of specialized connective tissue?

Adipose

Blood

Cartilage

Nervous

Question 8

What tissue has the primary responsibility of relaying electrical signals from one area of the body
to another?

Connective tissue

Epithelia

Muscle

Nervous

Question 9
Both endocrine and exocrine glands are derived from which of the following?

Connective tissue

Epithelia tissue

Muscle tissue

Nervous tissue

Question 10

What type of connective tissue is found in the papillary layer of the dermis?

Adipose

Areolar CT

Dense irregular CT

Dense regular CT

Question 11

How many bones are in the human body?

215

206

198

200

Question 12

Which of the following bone cell types is responsible for breaking down and degrading the bony
matrix in order to raise blood calcium levels?

Osteocytes
Osteoblasts

Osteoclasts

Haversian canal

Question 13

What cell type is responsible for the synthesis of new bone (osteoid)?

Osteoblasts

Osteoclasts

Osteocytes

Osteoprogenitor cells

Question 14

What type of bone formation is dependent upon the formation of primary and secondary
ossification centers?

Intrachondral

Intermembranous

Endochondral

Intramembranous

Question 15

Movement of the forearm that results in the palm being face down is called:

Pronation

Supination
Flexion

Extension

Question 16

The Transverse Tubules (T-Tubules) are continuous with which of the following?

Golgi apparatus

Mitochondria

Sarcolemma

Sarcoplasmic reticulum

Question 17

Calcium can bind to what muscle protein?

Actin

Myosin

Troponin

Tropomyosin

Question 18

What molecule is pyruvic acid converted into when oxygen is not present?

Acetylcholine

Lactic acid

Myoglobin

Tropomyosin
Question 19

Which muscle is not a capable of elevating the scapula?

Latissimus dorsi

Levator scapulae

Rhomboid major

Trapezius

Question 20

What muscle is capable of plantarflexion?

Gastrocnemius

Gluteus maximus

Rectus femoris

Tibialis anterior

Question 21

The brain and spinal cord are found in which division of the nervous system?

Autonomic nervous system

Central nervous system

Peripheral nervous system

Somatic nervous system

Question 22

Which of the following would need to be stimulated in order to send sensory information to the
central nervous system?

Receptor

Effector

Interneuron

Ventral horn

Question 23

The largest region of the brain that governs all higher functions (memory, reasoning, and some
aspects of personality) consists of two hemispheres connected by the corpus callosum is called:

Cerebellum

Medulla oblongata

Cerebrum

Diencephalon

Question 24

Memory and learning are found in what lobe?

Frontal

Occipital

Parietal

Temporal

Question 25

Which of the following is the speech comprehension area of the brain?

Wernicke's area
Broca's area

Primary somatosensory cortex

Insula

Question 26

The sympathetic motor division of the autonomic nervous system arises in the lateral horns of the
gray matter at what spinal levels?

C1 through C8

T1 through L2

C3 through L1

T5 through L5

Question 27

Which cranial nerve is responsible for carrying parasympathetic innervation to the thoracic and
abdominal cavities?

Occulomotor nerve

Glossopharyngeal nerve

Vagus nerve

Hypoglossal nerve

Question 28

What neurotransmitter is used at a sympathetic pre-ganglionic synapse?

Acetylcholine

Dopamine
Norepinephrine

Serotonin

Question 29

What neurotransmitter is used at a sympathetic post-ganglionic synapse?

Acetylcholine

Dopamine

Norepinephrine

Serotonin

Question 30

What neurotransmitter is used at a parasympathetic pre-ganglionic synapse?

Acetylcholine

Dopamine

Norepinephrine

Epinephrine

Question 31

Which of the following correctly describes an endocrine gland?
Use ducts to transport their products to the site of action

Include sudoriferous glands, sebaceous glands and salivary glands

Produce hormones that diffuse directly into the bloodstream

Produce oil secretions that provide nutrients to the skin by way of the lymphatic system
Question 32

Hormonal control works primarily by what type of feedback system?

Continuous feedback

Negative feedback

Positive feedback

Semi-positive feedback

Question 33

What hormone increases the reabsorption of water in the kidneys?

ADH

GH

Oxytocin

Prolactin

Question 34

The alpha-cells in the pancreas secrete what hormone?

Somatostatin

Insulin

Glucagon

Substance D

Question 35

What hormone spikes just prior to ovulation?
FSH

LH

Progesterone

Prolactin