Explicatii generale pentru timpurile verbului in engleza

 Timp simplu - verbul reprezinta o acțiune prezentă, trecută sau viitoare nelimitată în timp.
 Timp continuu - verbul reprezintă o acțiune în derulare la un moment dat prezent, trecut sau viitor
care în momentul acela se petrece simultan cu o alta acțiune.
 Timp simplu perfect - verbul reprezinta o acțiune incepută anterioară unui moment dat prezent,
trecut sau viitor.
 Timp continuu perfect - verbul reprezintă o acțiune în curs pînă la un moment dat prezent, trecut
sau viitor și continuind sau nu in acel moment.
Ca si in romana, verbul in engleza are 2 diateze: activa si pasiva
VERBUL IN ENGLEZA LA DIATEZA ACTIVA
 Acțiunea e facută de subiect.
De exemplu luam verbul to work (a munci). In engleza verbul to work e regulat: work - worked - worked
Iar verbul to fall(a cadea) e neregulat: fall - fell - fallen
Deși doar Alice in țara minunilor poate cadea cu verbul la un timp continuu (pentru ca dureaza in timp), chiar si acest verb are
timpuri continui pentru ca apare in diferite expresii:
I am falling in love = Ma indragostesc
My life is falling apart = Mi se duce viata de râpă

. I work - Present Tense - Timpul Present

Verbul exprima o actiune prezenta nelimitata in timp.

1. Situatii in care prezentul limbii romane este echivalent cu Present Tense din engleza

O actiune prezenta in derulare (mereu, cateodata sau niciodata)

What do you do? I work at a bank. Cu ce te ocupi? Lucrez la o banca

She never works so late Ea niciodata nu lucreaza atat de tarziu

cand voi fi mare si puternic 2. I work in the garden . You will learn about them in the following lessons. preferences. Situatii in care prezentul limbii romane NU este echivalent cu Present Tense din engleza  Atunci cand verbul descrie o actiune care se desfasoara acum (in clipa dialogului) . Pamantul se invarteste in jurul soarelui. Present Simple requires the first form of the verb. Present Simple is the tense that refers to: repeated actions. Viitorul din limba romana se traduce cu Present Tense in limba engleza dupa: after. I am working in the garden Lucrez in gradina Folosind verbul in engleza la prezentul continuu indica faptul ca te referi la clipa asta.atunci se foloseste Prezentul Continuu. Someday when I am big and strong. Un adevar absolut. while etc daca exprima o actiune viitoare. when. as soon as.inseamna ca asta e ocupatia ta. 1.  Se poate folosi pe post de viitor The store closes at 9:00pm Magazinul se inchide la 9:00pm. chiar daca se desfasoara și in clipa asta The earth spins around the sun.) . De exemplu ca esti gradinar. Candva. 2. (Verbs have three forms. before.general truths and scheduled events.

 scheduled events: The plane takes off at 9. on Thursdays.  repeated actions – habits: I usually swim at the weekend. preferences.  general truths: Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. Present Simple is often marked by explicit or implicit adverbs or time expressions that indicate frequency.  repeated actions – daily routine: I wake up at 7 every day. never (adverbs of frequency)  every day = daily. normally. four times a year  in the morning. summer. general truths and scheduled events.When do I use Present Simple? Present Simple is used for repeated actions. at night  on Mondays. How do I recognize Present Simple?. occasionally. seldom. often. in the evening. in the afternoon. three times a month. Do I wake up at 7 every day? Singular day.  generalizations: People talk too much. . every year = yearly  once a day. She does not travel in Singular Does she travel in summer? It takes off at 9.  likes and dislikes: I like horror movies. Does it take off at 9? It does not take off at 9. 3rd person Tuesdays? She travels in summer. on Saturdays etc. rarely.  always. 2nd person You like apples. regularly. twice a week. Do you like apples? You do not like apples. every month = monthly. usually. Tuesdays. Singular He does not play football on Does he play football on He plays football on Tuesdays. every week = weekly. sometimes. Affirmative / Interrogative / Negative Affirmative Interrogative Negative 1st person I do not wake up at 7 every I wake up at 7 every day.

→ He has an apple. . At the 3rd person sg.: Do I (subject) wake up (verb) at 7 every day? 1st person.:He watches TV. Do they usually ski in December? Plural December. 3rd person.. e.: I (subject) wake up (verb) at 7 every day. sg.  The verbs to be and to have behave differently: a) See how to use the verb to be... → He reads daily. Do you eat twice a day? You do not eat twice a day.  The verb is used in its first form.. and pl. we use the auxiliary verbs do or does. → I often watch TV.g.g. b) The verb to have has an irregular form for the 3rd person sg. → He often watches TV. e. we add an s at the end of the verb. The first form is the infinitive form without to. the verb has the same form. 1st person. sg. Interrogative Do / Does + Subject + Verb I + (.) and the 3rd person pl.. sg. Only the 3rd person sg. 2nd person You eat twice a day. 1st person. sg. → Do I often watch TV? 1st person. → Does he read daily? often watch TV? Remember that:  In interrogative sentences. sg. → Do I read daily? rd 3rd person. → Does he 3 person. functions differently.g. the 2nd person (sg. sg. How do I form Present Simple? Affirmative Subject + Verb I + (. e.) e. and pl..).  Some verbs take an es (instead of an s) at the end for the 3rd person sg. 3rd person. Remember that:  For the 1st person (sg. sg. sg. Plural 3rd person They do not usually ski in They usually ski in December.g.: He reads.g..1st person We do not pay our We pay our bills monthly. Do we pay our bills monthly? Plural bills monthly. → I read daily.) + ? e.: I read.

Do I walkevery day? I don't walk every day.: I (subject) do not wake up (verb) at 7 every day.) and for the 3rd person pl. I don't = No.. → He does not watch TV often.  The short form of do not is don't. he doesn't = No.  In negative sentences. we use the auxiliary verbs do or does and the adverbnot.g. she.: I walk every day. he does(for he.  The short answer for a Present Simple question is: o Affirmative: Yes. and pl. sg. she..  We use do not for the 1st and 2nd persons (sg. you. I do (for I. ..  We use do for the 1st and 2nd persons (sg. Listen to the audio tutorial in this lesson. sg. we. 1st person. The short form of does not is doesn't.) and for the 3rd person pl. and pl. He doesn't like action movies. → He does not 3rd person. → I do not read daily.. we do NOT add s or es at the end of the verb for the 3rd person sg. e. it) o Negative: No. things are a bit more complicated. he does not (for he. sg. It's best to learn their placement through practice. we.. I do not (for I.. read daily. you. Surprise!  The first form of the verb is also called the present simple form. 1st person. → I do not watch TV often.:I don't like horror movies..) e.  Seldom is the more formal equivalent of rarely. they) or Yes. you.. it) Negative Subject + Do Not / Does Not + Verb I + (. you. Adverb placement  Place adverbs after the subject and the verb. we do NOT add s or es at the end of the verb for the 3rd person sg. Remember that:  In negative sentences. 3rd person.  In interrogative sentences. e.g.  With adverbs of frequency.g. We also refer to it as to the infinitive form. they) or No. sg. We use does not for the 3rd person sg.We use does for the 3rd person sg.

not at the end of the entire phrasal verb. We use phrasal verbs (verbs with more than one element) in the 3 rd person sg. like this: He wakes up at 6. Read it carefully – it is the first step in getting familiar with Present Simple. We add s or es at the end of the main verb.  The first exercise in the Exercises section is a reading exercise.. More details. . It takes off at 9.