Najmuddin Abdul Rahim

Bachelor of Technology (Hons) in Petroleum Geoscience
Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS
Introduction Study Area
The modern fluvial environment may present an interesting take on the
properties of a subsurface reservoir. Depending on the processes
involved in the deposition of the sediments in a modern river, particularly
a b
that of a meandering river, the information may be useful as an analogue
of subsurface reservoir continuity models. The Pahang River in Temerloh
Pahang was chosen as a study area, as its dynamic river processes may
have stimulated non homogenous reservoir properties in terms of;
porosity, permeability, and compaction. This idea was tested on the
transect of the main point bar of the study site. Furthermore, river Figure 1: a) Location of study location in Temerloh Pahang, highlighting
classification was also conducted to understand the consequence of the main meander bend, submerged point bar and mid channel islands;
sinuosity in relation to sediment deposition onto the point bar. b) on-site point-bar, with shallower waters exposing main point bar of
study b
Aim Figure 6: Gravel-and-mud pyramid diagram (left) showing the point
bar sands are classed along the gravel-sand side of the pyramid are
• To investigate the properties of a potential reservoir environment; distinctly clustered into 3 classes of sand: sandy-gravel (red), gravelly
including compaction, porosity and permeability, across different fluvial sand (yellow), sand (green) ; The Sand-silt-clay diagram (right)
facies in a modern river transect displaying the sediment classification as totally sand with silt
• To demonstrate facies association and reservoir continuity in potentially a
heterogeneous distribution of modern fluvial sediments, in terms of grain
size distribution and reservoir properties Figure 4: point bar was transected, with 3 sand sample points for
each line collected from Lines I to XII (totaling 36 Lines); Sand
Methodology samples a, b and c displays how the point bar sediments are
heterogenous in grain size and distribution
Preliminary Study

Figure 2: A produced geological map of study area. Much of the
Field Work lithology was derived from previous works and outcrop exposure around
Sample Collection the Temerloh area. No actual bed-rock or outcrop was identified in the 40
point bar site

Class weight (%)

Results and Discussion 30
Reservoir Surface Properties of Architecture and Figure 3: a) The river Figure 7: The ongoing porosity test will be pitted with the unified
Heterogeneity Fluvial Environment Geometry A’ A a thalweg (red) and straight sandstone porosity-depth profile by Poelchau, to determine the
line (yel) from point A to 20 Temerloh point bar sandstone porosity and depth relation as an
Point B was traced using analog
Google Earth – b) The
Sieve Analysis & Reservoir Quality Across
Different Facies
River Sinuosity
river is a sinous- 10 Conclusion
Porosity Testing Analysis
meandering river based
on the sinuosity ratio • The river is very sinuous, bordering on meandering and may
B’ B 0 be a gravelly sand-bed river (Jackson, 1978) where gravel is
• Mean, • Porosity VS Depth River type: common in the channels and in the lower portions of the point
10.0 100.0 1000.0 10000.0 bar sequences
Kurtosis, profile • Straight
Skewness, • Grain size analysis • Sinuous Particle diameter (mm)
• • The point bar is heterogenous in grain size distribution, and it
Sorting Compaction analysis • Meander Figure 5: The distribution in percentage (%) of the sand samples may be possible to separate the point bar into 3 distinct areas
• Water collected vs their sizes in microns shows 3 distinct peaks in grain sizes: based on the sediments size
dilution 34.98% (diameter 595 mm), 26.49% (diameter 1183 mm), 19.45%
porosity test A to B Distance Sinuosity Ratio (diameter 2366 mm) • The heterogeneity of the grain sizes along the point bar can be
53,604 m an indication of the reservoir potential property; porosity and
Reservoir Analog Model for a Modern
37,519 m
1.43 compaction information in an analog with Poelchau’s profile
Fluvial System