# VECTOR INTRODUCTION

VECTOR : QUANTITY WHICH HAS MAGNITUDE (SIZE) AND DIRECTION

VECTOR NOTATION : 3 TYPES
[Instruction : Insert the value of i, j and k]

i j k
1. ROW VECTOR : V=( 5 -7 1 )

2. COLOUMN VECTOR : V=( 5 i
-7 j
1 k

3. ENGINEERING NOTATION : V=( 5i + -7 j + 1

10
5

0

-7
-10
1
k
j
i

k
MAGNITUDE CALCULATION

MAGNITUDE :
DISTANCE BETWEEN THE INITIAL POINT 0 AND THE END POINT
SYMBOL OF MAGNITUDE OF VECTOR OA IS WRITTEN | OA |

MAGNITUDE | OA | =

[Instruction : Insert the value of x, y and z]
x y z
| OA | = 2.0 -9.0 -7.3

=

=       )

= 11.76

DIRECTION COSINES CALCULATION

DIRECTION COSINES :
DIRECTION OF | OA | DETERMINED BY COS α, COS β AND COS γ

COS α = x COS β =
| OA |

[Instruction : Insert the value of x, y and z]

1. FIND MAGNITUDE
x y z
| OA | = 1.9 2.0 -3.0

=       )

= 4.08

2. FIND DIRECTION COSINES
COS α = 1.9 COS β =
4.08
y COS γ = z
| OA | | OA |
2 COS γ = -3
4.08 4.08
UNIT VECTOR CALCULATION

UNIT VECTOR :
ANY VECTOR WITH LENGTH / MAGNITUDE OF 1
THE SYMBOL IS USUALLY A LOWERCASE LETTER WITH A "HAT"

^, U =
UNIT VECTOR U

|U|

[Instruction : Insert the value of x, y and z]

1. FIND MAGNITUDE
x y z
|U| = 89.0 35.1 -23.2

=       )

= 98.44

2. FIND UNIT VECTOR, U ^
^
U= 89 i + 35.1 j + -23.2 k
### 98.44 98.44
AREA OF PARALLELOGRAM CALCULATION

AREA OF PARALLELOGRAM = | A X B |

[Instruction : Insert the value of i, j and k]

i j k
Insert A : ( 4.0 0.0 -1.0 )

Insert B : ( 2.0 5.0 1.0 )

3. A X B = [ (j1 x k2) - (j2 x k1) ]i - [ (i1 x k2) - (i2 x k1) ]j + [(i1 x j2) - (i2
= ( 0.0 - -5.0 )i - ( 4.0 - -2.0
= ( 5.0 i - 6.0 j + 20.0 k )

4. |A X B | =(  ( 25.0 + 36.0 + 400.0 ) )
= 21.47
CULATION

]j + [(i1 x j2) - (i2 x j1) ]k
) j + ( 20.0 - 0.0 ) k
AREA OF TRIANGLE USING VECTOR CALCULATIO

AREA OF TRIANGLE : 1
|AB X AC|
2

i j k
Insert A : ( 4.0 0.0 -1.0 )

Insert B : ( 2.0 5.0 1.0 )

Insert C : ( 2.0 1.0 3.0 )

1. AB = -A + B
= ( -2.0 5.0 2.0 )

2. AC = -A + C
= ( -2.0 1.0 4.0 )

3. AB X AC = ( 20.0 - 2.0 )i - ( -8.0 -
= ( 18.0 i - -4.0 j + 8.0 k

4. |AB X AC | =(  ( 324.0 + 16.0 + 64.0 )
= 20.1

5. AREA OF TRIANGLE = 10.05
OR CALCULATION

-4.0 ) j + ( -2.0 - -10.0 )k
)