MBChB Year 5 CHM5003W: Surgery – Vascular Surgery Jason Harry (HRRJAS005

)

VASCULAR SURGERY: Pathological Processes Related to Vascular
Disease:
1. Basic Applied Anatomy and Physiology:
Embolism = any intravascular solid, liquid, or
Arterial and Venous Blood Supply of the Body: gaseous mass carried by blood flow to a site
distant from its origin.

Haemostasis is a normal, physiologic
process maintaining blood in a fluid,
clot-free state within normal vessels
while inducing a rapid, localized
hemostatic plug at sites of vascular
injury.

Thrombosis represents a pathologic
state; it is the inappropriate activation of
hemostatic mechanisms in uninjured
vessels or thrombotic occlusion after
relatively minor injury. Hemostasis and
thrombosis are closely related
processes that depend upon three
components: endothelium, platelets,
and coagulation cascade.

1

MBChB Year 5 CHM5003W: Surgery – Vascular Surgery Jason Harry (HRRJAS005) 2 .

13. Extracranial Cerebrovascular Disease: 3 . Classification of Ulcers: Venous. Mesenteric Ischaemia: XXXXXX XXXXXX XXXXXX 10. or Definition. Reno-vascular Hypertension: symptoms) Femoral Aneurysms: XXXXXX Aetiology: 2 main causes Popliteal Aneurysms: Embolism XXXXXX Material passes through arterial tree and obstructs a peripheral artery Extracranial Carotid Aneurysms: 12. malignant. Acute Limb Ischaemia (ALI): XXXXXX Definition. NO definitive treatment – various modalities 5. Lower Limb Claudication: Subclavian Aneurysms: XXXXXX Renal Artery Aneurysms: XXXXXX 8. Upper Limb Ischaemia: Cardiac Embolism: Arterial Embolism: Thrombosis Blood clots within an Mesenteric Artery Aneurysms: XXXXXX artery – caused by progressive XXXXXX atherosclerotic 4. Diabetic Foot: obstruction. Aetiology and Pathology: XXXXXX ALI = result of a sudden deterioration in the arterial supply to the limb (≤ 14 days from onset of 11. Lower Limb Venous Disease: XXXXXX 9. Arterial Aneurysms: XXXXXX Definitions: XXXXXX XXXXXX 6. diabetic. Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD): 2. Venous Ulcers: hypercoaguability. Aetiology and Pathophysiology: arterial dissection XXXXXX A group of syndromes in which neuropathy. Management: ischaemia and infection lead to tissue breakdown. neuropathic.MBChB Year 5 CHM5003W: Surgery – Vascular Surgery Jason Harry (HRRJAS005) XXXXXX Classification of Arterial Aneurysms: XXXXXX Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: 7. arterial. Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary traumatic available Embolism: 3.