This full-text paper was peer-reviewed and accepted to be presented at the IEEE ICCSP 2015 conference


Single-Phase Feedback and Scheduling
Algorithm for MIMO Broadcast System
for Excelling Sum-Rate Capacity
Barsha Bamali Panigrahi, Sagnika Sahoo, Sudhansu Sekhar Singh

capacity gain can be obtained by the use of several antenna at
Abstract- This work proposes a strategic single-phase both transmitter and receiver section. In downlink channel, the
feedback and scheduling algorithm basing upon semi-orthogonal information rate of different user fluctuates in variant slots of
user selection with zero-forcing beam forming. Zero-forcing time.
beam- forming is a spatial signal processing method in order to We have studied and found that it is viable to upgrade the sum
avoid hindrance among users. For a downlink system, the ZFBF
capacity when BS transmits to multiple users simultaneously
algorithm allows a transmitter to send data to the desired users
rather than allowing all antennas to one user at single time.
together. This paper uses semi-orthogonal user algorithm (SUS),
with the feedback of all user channel information, along a base
In MIMO system, with MT transmitting antennas and K >
station device. Thus, the response overhead increases significantly
MT distinct users, the maximum multiplexing gain can be
with the users in order to decrease the feedback load and it fully
exploits the signal-to-interference-with-noise ratio (SINR) attained by zero-forcing beam forming (ZFBF) ,keeping user
preserving orthogonality at all the stages. Accordingly, in this selection procedure semi orthogonal.The broad acceptance of
way a specific section of users provide feedback to their channel this procedure is due to the strong features of multiplexing
information. Further, the sum-rate capacity is theoretically and multi-user diversity. The growth of sum-rate can be further
investigated. We found that there is an improvement of sum-rate increased to IlMT/2 log K, where 11 is a path loss
capacity considering feedback bits fixed, with an increase in the exponent.[I]For sole user system, only a few feedback bits are
number of users. required to achieve near perfect-CSIT (Channel State
Index Terms- Zero-forcing beam-forming, Orthogonality, Information at Transmitter) performance. The receiver
SUS algorithm, sum-rate capacity, fixed feedback bit estimates the CSI (channel state information) for limited
feedback schemes. Thus the multiplexing and multi-user
diversity gain can be achieved simultaneously for limited
feedback. [4] [5]
Here, we propose a single-phase feedback algorithm
I. INTRODUCTION considering the total number of feedback bits fixed in order to
bring balance in the increment in feedback bits correlated to

ellular Communication System with polymorphic transmit
the number of users and SNR. The quantized cm (Channel
and receive antennas can procure immense capacity with
Direction Indicator) is used for user scheduling and the cm of
little probability of bit error and less power in multipath
scheduled users is used for beam-forming. The suggested
environments. Thus, multiple input multiple output (MIMO)
method can decrease the sum of feedback bits of ZFBF -SUS
system have been an area of modernistic exploration because
scheme with the condition that only a fraction of users are
of their affiliation to multiplying information rate[I], [2].Now
considered. Thus the sum-rate performance under limited
considering the MIMO technique, it is such a technology that
feedback was studied. The simulation result shows that the
increases the effectiveness by utilizing equal frequency
optimized threshold somewhat minimizes the load of the while
bandwidth over transmitting antennas. The
sustaining the execution of ZFBF -SUS system. [6] [7]
After thorough literature survey the concept of mobility
management in heterogeneous network is summarized and
Barsha Barnali Panigrahi is with the School of Electronics Engineering, analytical system model is developed [8]-[10]. Important
KIlT University, Bhubaneswar-751024,Odisha,lndia;(Phone:7209359743; e­
parameters those are very closely linked with the model are
mail: barsha5478@
Sagnika Sahoo is with the School of Electronics Engineering, KIlT identified and corresponding mathematical model is projected
University,Bhubaneswar-75I 024,Odisha,lndia,(Phone:8763I 6575ge-mail: [11]-[15]. Simulations are made for the model considering all the vital parameters. After that observations and result
Sudhansu Sekhar Singh is with the School of Electronics Engineering,
analysis is made to draw a conclusive remark.
KIlT University,Bhubaneswar-75I 024,Odisha,lndia;(e-mail:

978-1-4799-8081-9/15/$31.00 © 2015 IEEE


hH . (4) The algorithm is described in five steps at the BS: Step 1: Initially consider m=1 and Ko= {1. the components of tk are feedback bits is considered for each user and every one independent identically distributed (i.2.. The CDI of innate delay between uplink and downlink transmission is each user is defined as obtained in CSI delay case..·················. K} Step2: Selection of m th user is done by Y(m)= arg max " eK ( m... (HY(i)) ] (5) The [2]. E: } Step 4: Upgrade the value of m to m+1 and reiterate from step 2 to step 4 while Km is not empty and m < MT After the selection of user.i..CN } .. K (2) C/B= log2 (l+SINR) bps/HZ where d " E: (O.. ADDITIONAL PARAMETER E:<e1xNT. Y(2). we need complex Gaussian noise and s is a scheduled firm of users... k can be expressed as: W(S) = H ({jH H) -I .. f E: C'xNT is the ALGORITHM achieved CSI. P is the error We have considered here MT as transmitting antennas and MR factor[19]. the CDI and CQI are Under the[ 18]...!l is a path loss exponent.. MT BS MS The ZFBF vectors are constructed as Fig... We have assumed here identical users and each user experience Rayleigh flat fading.... the outcome of channel error from the only one antenna and four transmitting antenna.A) is a distance.. For a bounded feedback-based system. presumption of Rayleigh flat fading partially considered for achieving the sum-rate capacity [17]. received signal of user... The carrier between transmitter and any user..norm ( h Y( } ) 1 :. System model of MIMO downlink system H = [ (HY(i))' (HY(O). II... I_p ).d) with unit variance quantizes its CDI with a codebook. We have considered identical power distribution to the users The potentiality of the channel is given by: C=B log2 (1+SINR) bps selected [16].. P is given as 0751 . x=Ij(s WjSj is a broadcast vector. O� IV.. PROPOSED METHOD h" = � Ilh /lll (3) A single cell MIMO broadcast system is considered here and the base station with MT transmitting antennas handles K. k where.... C= {c " .2. to calculate the capacity of the channel.: f m Inorm(h ).. 1. The model of MIMO broadcast system can be modelled as shown in figl. as receiving antennas such that at receiving section there is In TDD Systems.. Considering Jakes model. The following expected SINR for CQI feedback is number of users.... This full-text paper was peer-reviewed and accepted to be presented at the IEEE ICCSP 2015 conference. n" is unit variance Now calculating the sum-rate capacity of channel. er E: <e1xNT is the error vector. Step 3: Rejuvenate the resting set of users by Km= {jE:Km...I) The CSI model is considered as t=/J f + er for single antenna III. The actual CSI is t E: <e'xNT.. SEMI-ORTHOGONAL USER SELECTION at receiving side. B is bandwidth of the channel is given as a MISO (multiple input single output) route vector Sum-rate Capacity is defined as taking the average of all which is given by channel capacity with respect to its bandwidth. Where. the quantized channel vectors of selected users is done i.. Let B as inter-related channel model. C(O.e S={ Y(l)..l } s-mT.. ="1 d"-A · 0"H k=I. N=2 B and zero mean. . Every column ofW(S) has been normalized and each beam­ (1) forming vector is obtained for k E: S.. YeN)} where N:. The components 2 of er are identically distributed and C(O..

Sum rate(bps/Hz) vs Number of users. . Thus the system proposed found better sum-rate Numb.25&P=10dB In the above Fig 5. 4. .. After adding delay to the channel we have found authentic sum-rate capacity considering K=lOO. Sum rate(bps/Hz) vs Number of users ..' NUMBER OF USERS. K Here SUS algorithm significantly improves each user's SINR and preserving orthogonality.. 3. thus we could not get perfect 10 results. This full-text paper was peer-reviewed and accepted to be presented at the IEEE ICCSP 2015 conference. Fig. 5.=4. delay is considered to avoid the loss of time period during transmission. ap:.p are lxMT vectors p V. K with ep= Further scope.. the channel between transmitter and receiver is considered a perfect CSI but we have found that when receiver feeds back the information to transmitter. For achieving better sum-rate capacity we have granted ep=. • . t" .t< capacity without any loss with limited feedback bits. number of users. Fig. As a result of which there is delay between transmission and reception.3 antennas and compare the result with single antenna at receiving side. . K Fig. K system ensures high data rate transmission while minimizing the bit error rate.' .r0' Ultl'l. A=lOOO m and ). 90 '00 NUMBER OF useRS MT =4 with P=10 dB.p . it is considered that distinctive users have distinct �" channel error factor. � and this is due to variation in SNR and � difference in Doppler Frequency between users [20].3 and P=20dB (6) sus WITH & WITHOUT DELAY CONSIDERING S-4blt - Where t" .K considering delay and without delay sus wfth ZFBF with 8=4. K with ep=.. we can increase the number of receiving . For better design and better transmission of information in channel. The MIMO broadcast Fig 2. is shown in this segment. The channel CSI error model for pth antenna of kth user is specified as. SUS with 8=4. RESULTS AND ANALYSIS The detailed simulated results to analyze the execution of the system designed.P:20dB " Where 10 is Bessel Function of zero-order and 1 st kind 20 fa is Doppler's spread i Ta is CSI delay f" � In practise. Sum rate(bps/Hz) vs Number of users.25 and �. Number Dr users. '" . We have 'r-- considered s11iTk as cm value. VI. CONCLUSION 20 Our proposed technique is based upon MATLAB Simulation and found that we got a better result of sum rate capacity in a single stage homogenous network. 10 . We have observed a linear incremental relationship between that sum-rate capacity and the number of users. 0752 ..' . e r".' .Sum rate(bps/Hz) vs Number of users. it " forms CSIT (Channel State Information at Transmitter) channel.3 a.p=..

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