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.

**Single-Phase Feedback and Scheduling
**

Algorithm for MIMO Broadcast System

for Excelling Sum-Rate Capacity

Barsha Bamali Panigrahi, Sagnika Sahoo, Sudhansu Sekhar Singh

**capacity gain can be obtained by the use of several antenna at
**

Abstract- This work proposes a strategic single-phase both transmitter and receiver section. In downlink channel, the

feedback and scheduling algorithm basing upon semi-orthogonal information rate of different user fluctuates in variant slots of

user selection with zero-forcing beam forming. Zero-forcing time.

beam- forming is a spatial signal processing method in order to We have studied and found that it is viable to upgrade the sum

avoid hindrance among users. For a downlink system, the ZFBF

capacity when BS transmits to multiple users simultaneously

algorithm allows a transmitter to send data to the desired users

rather than allowing all antennas to one user at single time.

together. This paper uses semi-orthogonal user algorithm (SUS),

[2][3]

with the feedback of all user channel information, along a base

In MIMO system, with MT transmitting antennas and K >

station device. Thus, the response overhead increases significantly

MT distinct users, the maximum multiplexing gain can be

with the users in order to decrease the feedback load and it fully

exploits the signal-to-interference-with-noise ratio (SINR) attained by zero-forcing beam forming (ZFBF) ,keeping user

preserving orthogonality at all the stages. Accordingly, in this selection procedure semi orthogonal.The broad acceptance of

way a specific section of users provide feedback to their channel this procedure is due to the strong features of multiplexing

information. Further, the sum-rate capacity is theoretically and multi-user diversity. The growth of sum-rate can be further

investigated. We found that there is an improvement of sum-rate increased to IlMT/2 log K, where 11 is a path loss

capacity considering feedback bits fixed, with an increase in the exponent.[I]For sole user system, only a few feedback bits are

number of users. required to achieve near perfect-CSIT (Channel State

Index Terms- Zero-forcing beam-forming, Orthogonality, Information at Transmitter) performance. The receiver

SUS algorithm, sum-rate capacity, fixed feedback bit estimates the CSI (channel state information) for limited

feedback schemes. Thus the multiplexing and multi-user

diversity gain can be achieved simultaneously for limited

feedback. [4] [5]

Here, we propose a single-phase feedback algorithm

I. INTRODUCTION considering the total number of feedback bits fixed in order to

bring balance in the increment in feedback bits correlated to

C

ellular Communication System with polymorphic transmit

the number of users and SNR. The quantized cm (Channel

and receive antennas can procure immense capacity with

Direction Indicator) is used for user scheduling and the cm of

little probability of bit error and less power in multipath

scheduled users is used for beam-forming. The suggested

environments. Thus, multiple input multiple output (MIMO)

method can decrease the sum of feedback bits of ZFBF -SUS

system have been an area of modernistic exploration because

scheme with the condition that only a fraction of users are

of their affiliation to multiplying information rate[I], [2].Now

considered. Thus the sum-rate performance under limited

considering the MIMO technique, it is such a technology that

feedback was studied. The simulation result shows that the

increases the effectiveness by utilizing equal frequency

optimized threshold somewhat minimizes the load of the while

bandwidth over transmitting antennas. The

sustaining the execution of ZFBF -SUS system. [6] [7]

After thorough literature survey the concept of mobility

management in heterogeneous network is summarized and

Barsha Barnali Panigrahi is with the School of Electronics Engineering, analytical system model is developed [8]-[10]. Important

KIlT University, Bhubaneswar-751024,Odisha,lndia;(Phone:7209359743; e

parameters those are very closely linked with the model are

mail: barsha5478@ gmail.com).

Sagnika Sahoo is with the School of Electronics Engineering, KIlT identified and corresponding mathematical model is projected

University,Bhubaneswar-75I 024,Odisha,lndia,(Phone:8763I 6575ge-mail: [11]-[15]. Simulations are made for the model considering all

sagnika2011@gmail.com). the vital parameters. After that observations and result

Sudhansu Sekhar Singh is with the School of Electronics Engineering,

analysis is made to draw a conclusive remark.

KIlT University,Bhubaneswar-75I 024,Odisha,lndia;(e-mail:

sudh_69@yahoo.com).

978-1-4799-8081-9/15/$31.00 © 2015 IEEE

0750

hH . (4) The algorithm is described in five steps at the BS: Step 1: Initially consider m=1 and Ko= {1. the components of tk are feedback bits is considered for each user and every one independent identically distributed (i.2.. The CDI of innate delay between uplink and downlink transmission is each user is defined as obtained in CSI delay case..·················. K} Step2: Selection of m th user is done by Y(m)= arg max " eK ( m... (HY(i)) ] (5) The [2]. E: } Step 4: Upgrade the value of m to m+1 and reiterate from step 2 to step 4 while Km is not empty and m < MT After the selection of user.i..CN } .. K (2) C/B= log2 (l+SINR) bps/HZ where d " E: (O.. ADDITIONAL PARAMETER E:<e1xNT. Y(2). we need complex Gaussian noise and s is a scheduled firm of users... k can be expressed as: W(S) = H ({jH H) -I .. f E: C'xNT is the ALGORITHM achieved CSI. P is the error We have considered here MT as transmitting antennas and MR factor[19]. the CDI and CQI are Under the[ 18]...!l is a path loss exponent.. MT BS MS The ZFBF vectors are constructed as Fig... We have assumed here identical users and each user experience Rayleigh flat fading.... the outcome of channel error from the only one antenna and four transmitting antenna.A) is a distance.. For a bounded feedback-based system. presumption of Rayleigh flat fading partially considered for achieving the sum-rate capacity [17]. received signal of user... The carrier between transmitter and any user..norm ( h Y( } ) 1 :. System model of MIMO downlink system H = [ (HY(i))' (HY(O). II... I_p ).d) with unit variance quantizes its CDI with a codebook. We have considered identical power distribution to the users The potentiality of the channel is given by: C=B log2 (1+SINR) bps selected [16].. P is given as 0751 . x=Ij(s WjSj is a broadcast vector. O� IV.. PROPOSED METHOD h" = � Ilh /lll (3) A single cell MIMO broadcast system is considered here and the base station with MT transmitting antennas handles K. k where.... C= {c " .2. to calculate the capacity of the channel.: f m Inorm(h ).. 1. The model of MIMO broadcast system can be modelled as shown in figl. as receiving antennas such that at receiving section there is In TDD Systems.. Considering Jakes model. The following expected SINR for CQI feedback is number of users.... This full-text paper was peer-reviewed and accepted to be presented at the IEEE ICCSP 2015 conference. n" is unit variance Now calculating the sum-rate capacity of channel. er E: <e1xNT is the error vector. Step 3: Rejuvenate the resting set of users by Km= {jE:Km...I) The CSI model is considered as t=/J f + er for single antenna III. The actual CSI is t E: <e'xNT.. SEMI-ORTHOGONAL USER SELECTION at receiving side. B is bandwidth of the channel is given as a MISO (multiple input single output) route vector Sum-rate Capacity is defined as taking the average of all which is given by channel capacity with respect to its bandwidth. Where. the quantized channel vectors of selected users is done i.. Let B as inter-related channel model. C(O.e S={ Y(l)..l } s-mT.. ="1 d"-A · 0"H k=I. N=2 B and zero mean. . Every column ofW(S) has been normalized and each beam (1) forming vector is obtained for k E: S.. YeN)} where N:. The components 2 of er are identically distributed and C(O..

Sum rate(bps/Hz) vs Number of users. . Thus the system proposed found better sum-rate Numb.25&P=10dB In the above Fig 5. 4. .. After adding delay to the channel we have found authentic sum-rate capacity considering K=lOO. Sum rate(bps/Hz) vs Number of users ..' NUMBER OF USERS. K Here SUS algorithm significantly improves each user's SINR and preserving orthogonality.. 3. thus we could not get perfect 10 results. This full-text paper was peer-reviewed and accepted to be presented at the IEEE ICCSP 2015 conference. Fig. 5.=4. delay is considered to avoid the loss of time period during transmission. ap:.p are lxMT vectors p V. K with ep= Further scope.. the channel between transmitter and receiver is considered a perfect CSI but we have found that when receiver feeds back the information to transmitter. For achieving better sum-rate capacity we have granted ep=. • . t" .t< capacity without any loss with limited feedback bits. number of users. Fig. As a result of which there is delay between transmission and reception.3 antennas and compare the result with single antenna at receiving side. . K Fig. K system ensures high data rate transmission while minimizing the bit error rate.' .r0' Ultl'l. A=lOOO m and ). 90 '00 NUMBER OF useRS MT =4 with P=10 dB.p . it is considered that distinctive users have distinct �" channel error factor. � and this is due to variation in SNR and � difference in Doppler Frequency between users [20].3 and P=20dB (6) sus WITH & WITHOUT DELAY CONSIDERING S-4blt - Where t" .K considering delay and without delay sus wfth ZFBF with 8=4. K with ep=.. we can increase the number of receiving . For better design and better transmission of information in channel. The MIMO broadcast Fig 2. is shown in this segment. The channel CSI error model for pth antenna of kth user is specified as. SUS with 8=4. RESULTS AND ANALYSIS The detailed simulated results to analyze the execution of the system designed.P:20dB " Where 10 is Bessel Function of zero-order and 1 st kind 20 fa is Doppler's spread i Ta is CSI delay f" � In practise. Sum rate(bps/Hz) vs Number of users.25 and �. Number Dr users. '" . We have 'r-- considered s11iTk as cm value. VI. CONCLUSION 20 Our proposed technique is based upon MATLAB Simulation and found that we got a better result of sum rate capacity in a single stage homogenous network. 10 . We have observed a linear incremental relationship between that sum-rate capacity and the number of users. 0752 ..' . e r".' .Sum rate(bps/Hz) vs Number of users. it " forms CSIT (Channel State Information at Transmitter) channel.3 a.p=..

Sep 200S [17] Jinsu Kim. voLI. EURASlP Journalin Signal processing.W.Trungtan Nguyen.Stage Feedback & Scheduling For MlMO downlink System" IEEE trans comm.Ashikmin and R.G and A1exiou. REFERENCES [1] Prabeena Pattanayak.F. "Analysis of a New MlMO Broadcast Channel Limited Feedback Scheduling Algorithm with User Grouping"Springer Science. IEEE Trans.IEEE conference.Huh.H.B. A.K. voL3.No. "MlMO broadcast channels with spatial heterogeneity".I I . pp- 2449-2454.L. [9] H. "Opportunistic Two.Networks vol5 No. Lei Chen. "An overview of massive MlMO : Benefits and Challenges" IEEE Journal voLS.5. vol. Jae Hong Lee. voLll. "MlMO technologies for wireless future". "Mode switching for MlMO broadcast Channel Based on delay and channel quantization". aug 2010 [12] Jing-Sung Kim.Marzetta. Oct 2014 [4] H.S. IEEE conference 2012 [19] Serdar Ozyurt and Murat TorJak. "Performance analysis of optimum Zero forcing Beamforming with greedy user selection".Raja Rajeswari.G. "A scheduling algorithm combined with zero-forcing beam forming for a multiuser MlMO system". june 2012. This full-text paper was peer-reviewed and accepted to be presented at the IEEE ICCSP 2015 conference. IEEE Wireless Comm.zang.4.3B. voL9.A. "Massive MlMO for next generation wireless system". Sep 2012 [10] VJagan Naveen.Issue 6.M. "Linear Beamforming for Multi-user MlMO Downlink System with Channel Orthogonalisation"IEEE GLOBECOM. "Scheduling for multiuser MlMO channels with ranking-based feedback". ACKNOWLEDGMENT We thank School Of Electronics Engineering KIlT University administration for their throughout co-operation and laboratory support..Li. J.2.Sep 9 2014 [2] E. Dongsik Kim. "Coordinated Spatial MUltiplexing with Orthogonalised Channels for multiuser MlMO Downlink System" IEEE Wireless Comm.IEEE Comm.W.C.Larrson. no I.Caire.Andrews. no.Comm. Meng. IEEE Trans. "Achieving Massive MlMO Spectral Efficiency with Not-So Large Number of antennas" IEEE Transactionon Wireless Comm.Y..Tufvesson.A. Nov 2012 [S] J. Thomas Salzer.G. vol 52.4. "User throughput estimation for the PF Scheduling Algorithm under MlMO Channel Environments". Ping Wang. sep 2013 [5] Moonsik Min. David Gesbert.V K Kokate.2012 [7] Ganjan R Patil.Murali Krishan.G.Wang.Papadopoulos and S.G Andrew & K. S.Swindlehurst. [20] Marios Kountouris.H Moong. Oct 2010 [I I ] LSohn. vol 61. "Simulation Study of some Spatial MUltiplexing Techniques for MlMO Wireless Communication System" lJAC. "User Satisfaction Based ZFBF Scheduling algprithm in multiuser MlMO System".LLee.Edfors and T.S Kim. Sep 2013 [15] Blum. IEEE Journal voL31.Hyun-Myung Kim & Gi-Hong Im .Roy andPreetam Kumar.. vol.Ramprashad.9. jan 2013 [6] Choi and Jeongsik.A. April 2012. Magazine.Feb 2014 [3] L. vol 200S. 2005 [I S] Hailang Cao.EURASlP journal in signal processing. "On the Optimality of Linear Precoding for secrecy in MlMO broadcast channel". dec 2009 [13] R.K.R.Sung woo Park.Lee . 2009 [14] Fakoorian S. "MlMO with limited feedback of channel state information"IEEE conference vol.L. "User Fairness Scheme with Proportional Fair Scheduling in multi-user MlMO Limited Feedback System"Comm.G. Issue 9.Heath and J.Sung-Hyun Moong. no. Wireless Comm. 0753 .Lee.Lu. april 2003 [16] Bauch. "Performance analysis of equalization technique for MlMO syatem in Wireless Communication" lnterJournal of Smart Home vol4.Swindlehurst.S. IEEE Comm.K. Issue 6.A.T.O. No. No.

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