General Certificate of Education

January 2006
Advanced Level Examination

MATHEMATICS MFP4
Unit Further Pure 4

Monday 23 January 2006 1.30 pm to 3.00 pm

For this paper you must have:
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an 8-page answer book
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the blue AQA booklet of formulae and statistical tables
You may use a graphics calculator.

Time allowed: 1 hour 30 minutes

Instructions
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Use blue or black ink or ball-point pen. Pencil should only be used for drawing.
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Write the information required on the front of your answer book. The Examining Body for this
paper is AQA. The Paper Reference is MFP4.
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Answer all questions.
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All necessary working should be shown; otherwise marks for method may be lost.

Information
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The maximum mark for this paper is 75.
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The marks for questions are shown in brackets.

Advice
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Unless stated otherwise, formulae may be quoted, without proof, from the booklet.

P82060/Jan06/MFP4 6/6/6/ MFP4

(4 marks) P82060/Jan06/MFP4 . n ˆ d: (2 marks) 0 2 31 2 3 1 3 B 6 7C 6 7 (b) The line L has equation @r 4 2 5A  4 0 5 ˆ 0: 6 1 2 3 2 3 2 3 6 7 6 7 Verify that r ˆ 4 2 5 ‡ t4 0 5is also an equation for L. (3 marks) (b) Given that det…PQ† ˆ 16. (2 marks) 5 1 (c) Determine the position vector of the point of intersection of P and L. (4 marks) 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 0 4 6 7 6 7 6 7 3 (a) The plane P has equation r ˆ 4 5 5 ‡ l 4 3 5 ‡ m 4 1 5. 1 1 0 2 3 2 3 0 4 6 7 6 7 (i) Find a vector which is perpendicular to both 4 3 5 and 4 1 5. 1 Describe the geometrical transformation defined by the matrix 2 3 0:6 0 0:8 6 7 4 0 1 0 5 (3 marks) 0:8 0 0:6 2 The matrices P and Q are defined in terms of the constant k by 2 3 2 3 3 2 1 5 4 1 6 7 6 7 P ˆ 41 1 k 5 and Q ˆ 4 3 k 15 5 3 2 7 3 2 (a) Express det P and det Q in terms of k. find the two possible values of k. (2 marks) 1 0 (ii) Hence find an equation for P in the form r . 2 Answer all questions.

b and c are given by aˆi j k. b ˆ 2i ‡ 3j k and c ˆ 4i j ‡ 5k . 3 4 The vectors a.

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1 1 1 .

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(a) (i) Evaluate .

2 3 1 .

: (2 marks) .

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4 1 5.

(1 mark) (c) The points A. (2 marks) (d) (i) Find the image of the point …x. where m is a scalar. b and c are linearly dependent or independent. b and c. Determine the volume of this cuboid. c. (2 marks) (e) Describe the transformation T geometrically. (1 mark) " # 2 1 (b) Evaluate the determinant of the matrix and describe the geometrical 1 2 significance of the result in relation to T. (2 marks) (iii) Use these results to describe the geometrical relationship between a. B and C have position vectors a. and find a cartesian equation for this line. (1 mark) (b) (i) Evaluate b . x ‡ c† under T. B and C are four of the eight vertices of a cuboid. where c is an arbitrary constant. (2 marks) (ii) Hence show that all lines of the form y ˆ x ‡ c . are invariant lines of T. (2 marks) (ii) Show that b  c can be expressed in the form ma . y† to …x 0 . The points O. (2 marks) 5 The transformation T maps …x. (ii) Hence determine whether a. (3 marks) Turn over s P82060/Jan06/MFP4 . (2 marks) (c) Show that T has a line of invariant points. b and c respectively relative to an origin O. A. where " # " #" # x0 2 1 x ˆ y0 1 2 y (a) Describe the difference between an invariant line and a line of invariant points of T. y 0 †.

4 6 (a) Show that .

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1 1 1 .

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a b c .

ˆ …a b†…b c†…c a† (5 marks) .

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bc ca ab .

or otherwise. (b) (i) Hence. (5 marks) P82060/Jan06/MFP4 . (2 marks) (ii) Verify that this system is consistent when 24p 3q r ˆ 0. show that the system of equations x‡ y‡ zˆp 3x ‡ 3y ‡ 5z ˆ q 15x ‡ 15y ‡ 9z ˆ r has no unique solution whatever the values of p. q and r. (2 marks) (iii) Find the solution of the system in the case where p ˆ 1. q ˆ 8 and r ˆ 0 .

(1 mark) 3 2 3 1 6 7 (ii) Deduce that Mn 4 2 5 ˆ l n u ‡ m n v . where l and m are scalar constants whose 3 values should be stated. find the eigenvalues 2 1 corresponding to u and v. 5 2 3 1 1 1 6 7 7 The matrix M ˆ 4 3 3 1 5. (6 marks) 2 3 1 6 7 (c) (i) Express the vector 4 2 5 in terms of u and v . 2 3 2 n3 1 2 n 6 7 6 7 M 425 ˆ 40 5 (3 marks) 3 2n END OF QUESTIONS P82060/Jan06/MFP4 . (5 marks) (b) Given also that the third eigenvalue of M is 1. (4 marks) (iii) Hence prove that. find a corresponding eigenvector. for all positive odd integers n. 3 5 3 2 3 2 3 1 0 6 7 6 7 (a) Given that u ˆ 4 1 5 and v ˆ 4 1 5 are eigenvectors of M.

6 There are no questions printed on this page P82060/Jan06/MFP4 .

7 There are no questions printed on this page P82060/Jan06/MFP4 .

P82060/Jan06/MFP4 . All rights reserved. 8 There are no questions printed on this page Copyright Ó 2006 AQA and its licensors.