# General Certificate of Education

January 2006

MATHEMATICS MFP4
Unit Further Pure 4

Monday 23 January 2006 1.30 pm to 3.00 pm

For this paper you must have:
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the blue AQA booklet of formulae and statistical tables
You may use a graphics calculator.

Time allowed: 1 hour 30 minutes

Instructions
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Use blue or black ink or ball-point pen. Pencil should only be used for drawing.
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Write the information required on the front of your answer book. The Examining Body for this
paper is AQA. The Paper Reference is MFP4.
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All necessary working should be shown; otherwise marks for method may be lost.

Information
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The maximum mark for this paper is 75.
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The marks for questions are shown in brackets.

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Unless stated otherwise, formulae may be quoted, without proof, from the booklet.

P82060/Jan06/MFP4 6/6/6/ MFP4

(4 marks) P82060/Jan06/MFP4 . n  d: (2 marks) 0 2 31 2 3 1 3 B 6 7C 6 7 (b) The line L has equation @r 4 2 5A  4 0 5  0: 6 1 2 3 2 3 2 3 6 7 6 7 Verify that r  4 2 5  t4 0 5is also an equation for L. (3 marks) (b) Given that detPQ  16. (2 marks) 5 1 (c) Determine the position vector of the point of intersection of P and L. (4 marks) 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 0 4 6 7 6 7 6 7 3 (a) The plane P has equation r  4 5 5  l 4 3 5  m 4 1 5. 1 1 0 2 3 2 3 0 4 6 7 6 7 (i) Find a vector which is perpendicular to both 4 3 5 and 4 1 5. 1 Describe the geometrical transformation defined by the matrix 2 3 0:6 0 0:8 6 7 4 0 1 0 5 (3 marks) 0:8 0 0:6 2 The matrices P and Q are defined in terms of the constant k by 2 3 2 3 3 2 1 5 4 1 6 7 6 7 P  41 1 k 5 and Q  4 3 k 15 5 3 2 7 3 2 (a) Express det P and det Q in terms of k. find the two possible values of k. (2 marks) 1 0 (ii) Hence find an equation for P in the form r . 2 Answer all questions.

b and c are given by ai j k. b  2i  3j k and c  4i j  5k . 3 4 The vectors a.

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1 1 1 .

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(a) (i) Evaluate .

2 3 1 .

: (2 marks) .

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4 1 5.

(1 mark) (c) The points A. (2 marks) (d) (i) Find the image of the point x. where m is a scalar. b and c are linearly dependent or independent. b and c. Determine the volume of this cuboid. c. (2 marks) (e) Describe the transformation T geometrically. (1 mark) " # 2 1 (b) Evaluate the determinant of the matrix and describe the geometrical 1 2 significance of the result in relation to T. (2 marks) (iii) Use these results to describe the geometrical relationship between a. B and C have position vectors a. and find a cartesian equation for this line. (1 mark) (b) (i) Evaluate b . x  c under T. B and C are four of the eight vertices of a cuboid. where c is an arbitrary constant. (2 marks) (ii) Hence show that all lines of the form y  x  c . are invariant lines of T. (2 marks) (ii) Show that b  c can be expressed in the form ma . y to x 0 . The points O. (2 marks) 5 The transformation T maps x. (ii) Hence determine whether a. (3 marks) Turn over s P82060/Jan06/MFP4 . (2 marks) (c) Show that T has a line of invariant points. b and c respectively relative to an origin O. A. where " # " #" # x0 2 1 x  y0 1 2 y (a) Describe the difference between an invariant line and a line of invariant points of T. y 0 .

4 6 (a) Show that .

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1 1 1 .

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a b c .

 a bb cc a (5 marks) .

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bc ca ab .

or otherwise. (b) (i) Hence. (5 marks) P82060/Jan06/MFP4 . (2 marks) (ii) Verify that this system is consistent when 24p 3q r  0. show that the system of equations x y zp 3x  3y  5z  q 15x  15y  9z  r has no unique solution whatever the values of p. q and r. (2 marks) (iii) Find the solution of the system in the case where p  1. q  8 and r  0 .

(1 mark) 3 2 3 1 6 7 (ii) Deduce that Mn 4 2 5  l n u  m n v . where l and m are scalar constants whose 3 values should be stated. find the eigenvalues 2 1 corresponding to u and v. 5 2 3 1 1 1 6 7 7 The matrix M  4 3 3 1 5. (6 marks) 2 3 1 6 7 (c) (i) Express the vector 4 2 5 in terms of u and v . 2 3 2 n3 1 2 n 6 7 6 7 M 425  40 5 (3 marks) 3 2n END OF QUESTIONS P82060/Jan06/MFP4 . (5 marks) (b) Given also that the third eigenvalue of M is 1. (4 marks) (iii) Hence prove that. find a corresponding eigenvector. for all positive odd integers n. 3 5 3 2 3 2 3 1 0 6 7 6 7 (a) Given that u  4 1 5 and v  4 1 5 are eigenvectors of M.