# Calculated Bare Soil Index, Sentinel 2A

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Landsat 8 OLI
Basic Calculating Bare Soil Index (BSI)
Basic Calculating Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)
Basic Calculating Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI)
Basic Calculating Normalized Difference Moisture Index (NDMI)
Basic Calculating Normalized Burned Ratio Index (NBRI)
Overview:
The main purpose in this section we are known about using type of formulas apply into image
processing in the how to calculate bare soil index in open source QGIS. I’ll show you’re some
the calculation reflection of wavelength Landsat 8 OLI and Sentinel 2 MSI. What is Bare Soil
Index (BSI)? Bare Soil Index was calculated to identify the differences between the agricultural
and non-agricultural vegetation. Bare soil is indicator normalized index in the soil reflectance
depending soil characteristics. Soil characters are combines color blue, red, rear infrared and
short wave infrared. The bare soil areas, lands, vegetation, with a background response is marked
using in improved BSI.
BSI has been calculated from formulas. Please following below:

50 – 15. When the process is calculator BSI completed and double click on the BSI output layer is to show Layer Properties -> Style -> Render type choose Singleband pseudocolor -> Selected color style 6. Band 4. Moreover.630 – 0. Band 11 for calculating Bare Soil Index value.842 10 Band 11 – Refl SWIR 1. 2.665 10 Band 8 – Refl NIR 0.50 100 Wavelength Infrared Visualize your image: 1.Calculating Bare Soil Index (BSI) Getting the data-set and the tools: The main using of the Landsat 8 OLI acquired from USGS: EarthExplorer. (Band 11 + Band 4) – (Band 8 + Band 2) / (Band 11 + Band 4) + (Band 8 + Band 2) 3. Table 1: Spectral characteristics of the Sentinel 2 MSI apply BSI Central Number of Bands Resolution (m) Wavelength (µm) Band 2 – Refl Blue 0. Go to the Raster tab open Raster calculator.610 20 Table 2: Spectral characteristics of the Landsat 8 OLI apply BSI Central Number of Bands Resolution (m) Wavelength (µm) Band 2 – Refl Blue 0. we go through to use sentinel 2a band such as input the following formulas above. Sentinel 2 data are free download dataset on the Copernicus Data hub. They are also standard processing file GeoTiff format data level 1T with 16 bit radiometric and image resolution of 30 meters and panchromatic band 15 meters.450 – 0. Ok 5. The image have a MSI multispectral band of 10 to 20 meters.680 15 Band 11 – Refl Long 11. Band 8.500 – 0.680 30 Band 8 – Refl Panchromatic 0.490 10 Sentinel 2 MSI Band 4 – Refl Red 0. Sentinel 2 MSI provide multispectral band optical satellite image from ESA and EU. The result layer  Output layer save as to BSI into your folder name and choose format GeoTIFF 4. Classify 10 layer . Click open QGIS program iconand adding Sentinel 2A satellite image Band 2.515 30 Landsat 8 OLI Band 4 – Refl Red 0.

Apply 8. Ok . Layer Properties 7. Classify layer.