ELEMENTARY LINEAR ALGEBRA

Sept-December 2015

Lecturer:
Devvi Sarwinda

Semester Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer

35% • Bonus : Class participation • Cheating = Failed! Semeter Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer . Course Organization • Main text: • Elementary Linear Algebra. 15% • UTS. Howard Anton • Grading formula • Assignment 15% • Quiz. 35% • UAS.

Course Outline • Linear Equation System • Determinant • Vector in 2-space. 3-space • Euclidean Vector Space • General Vector Space Semeter Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer .

4 Inverses: Algebraic Properties of Matrices  1.7 Diagonal.2 Gaussian Elimination  1.5 Elementary Matrices and a Method for finding A-1  1. Chapter 1 Systems of Linear Equations and Matrices  1. Triangular. and Symmetric Matrices Semeter Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer .3 Matrices and Matrix Operations  1.6 More on Linear Systems and Invertible Matrices  1.1 Introduction to Systems of Linear Equations  1.

geometry.4) x-y=2 (2.0) (0.-2) Semester Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer . and Gauss-Jordan method 2x + y = 4 (0. Objectives • Determine its consistent • Choose effective strategy to find its solutions • Solve it using substitution-elimination.

Selesaikan sistem tersebut. Semester Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer . Pre-Test Buatlah contoh sistem persamaan linier dengan 2 unknown terdiri atas 2 persamaan.

….. ….2: Sistem persamaan linier • Sistem persamaan linier adalah himpunan berhingga persamaan- persamaan linier yang melibatkan unknown yang sama. …. ai2. Linear Equations Systems Definisi 1. x2. a11x1 + a12x2 + a13x3 + … + a1nxn = b1 –x1. xn called unknown a21x1 + a22x2 + a23x3 + … + a2nxn = b2 (yang tidak diketahui nilainya) : –ai1. ain : real am1x1 + an2x2 + an3x3 + … + annxn = bm number Semester Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer . aij.

Linear System in Two Unknowns Semester Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer .

Linear Systems in Three Unknowns Semester Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer .

Substitution y and z x  2 y  2 z  11 x  10  0  11  x 1 Semester Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer . Eliminate x 2 x  y  z  3  2 x  y  z  3  5 y  5 z  25 x  2 y  2 z  11  2 x  4 y  4 z  22 yz5 x  2 y  2 z  11  3 x  6 y  6 z  33  5 y  z  25 2. Eliminate z yz 5 y 5 4. Subsitusion-Elimination Method  2x  y  z  3 Spl: x  2 y  2 z  11 3 x  y  5z  8 1. Eliminate x 3 x  y  5z  8  3 x  y  5z  8 5 y  z  25  4 y  20 3. Substitution y yz 5 5 z 5  z 0 5.

LES based on its Solutions LES Consistent No consistent (have solutions) (No have solutions) Only 1 solutions Unlimited solutions Semester Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer .

... LES in Matrices a11 x1  a12 x2  a13 x3  .  a2 n xn  b2  am1 x1  am2 x2  am3 x3  ....  amn xn  bm  a11 a12 a13  a1 n b1  • Augmented Matrics a a22 a23  a2 n b2  A  21        am1 am2 am 3  amn b3  Semester Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer .  a1 n xn  b1 • General LES a21 x1  a22 x2  a23 x3  .

Add a constant times one row to another Semester Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer . Elementary Row Operation 1. Interchange two rows. 2. Multiply a row through by a nonzero constant. 3.

jika ada baris nol.   lebih kanan 0 0 0   3. elemen pertama tak nol adalah 1 1 0 5 (dinamakan satu utama) 0 1 7 2.Look at this!! 1 0 0 8   1.  0 1 0 3 0 Karakteristik ke-3 spl:  0 1 2  1. elemen yang satu kolom dengan satu   utama nol semua 3. ada di bagian 0 0 0 bawah 1 0 0 8 2 4. satu utama baris berikutnya berada 2.  0 1 0 3 0 0 0 1 2 4   Semester Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer .

The major ones 1 0  1 utama   A=  0 1  bukan 1 utama 0 0  1 1 0 0 1 2 B=   0 0 1   0 0 0 1 1 0 C= 0 1 1   0 0 1   0 0 0 Semester Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer .

Specification of row operation has been reduced Yes No 1) Elemen pertama tidak nol 1 0 2 4 1 0 2 4 adalah 1 (satu utama)     0 1 3 6 0 3 1 6 0 0 1 0  0 0 1 0    1 0 2 4 1 0 2 4 2) Satu utama baris berikutnya     berada lebih kanan dari baris 0 0 1 3 0 0 1 3 sebelumnya 0 0 0 1  0 1 0 0    1 0 2 4 1 0 2 4  3) Baris nol berada di paling     0 1 3 0  0 0 0 0  bawah 0 0 0 0  0 0 1 6    1 0 0 4   0 1 0 6 0 0 1 0   Semester Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer .

Thank You Q&A?? Semester Ganjil 2015/2016 Aljabar Linier Elementer .