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100 Question 100 Min. Series Electrostatics

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XI &XII (CBSE & ICSE BOARD) IIT-JEE / NEET /AIIMS / JIPMER / uptU

Best of Luck for Your Competitive Exam 7. A charged ball B hangs from a silk thread S, which makes

an angle with a large charged conducting sheet P, as

100 QUESTIONS 100 Min. SERIES shown in the figure. The surface charge density of the

sheet is proportional to- [AIEEE-2005]

**1. On moving a charge of 20 C by 2 cm, 2 J of work is
**

done, then the potential difference between the points is- P

[AIEEE - 2002] S

(1) 0.1 V (2) 8 V (3) 2 V (4) 0.5 V

2. A charged particle q is placed at the centre O of cube of •B

length L (ABCDEFGH). Another same charge q is placed (1) cos(2) cot(3) sin(4) tan

at a distance L from O. Then the electric flux through 8. Two point charges + 8q and – 2q are located at x = 0 and

ABCD is- [AIEEE-2002] x = L respectively. The location of a point on the x-axis at

E D which the net electric field due to these two point charges

H

O

C is zero is- [AIEEE-2005]

• •q

q

F A

G L

B (1) 2L (2) (3) 8L (4) 4L

L 4

(1) q/40L (2) zero

9. Two thin wire rings each having a radius R are placed at a

(3) q/20L (4) q/30L distance d apart with their axes coinciding. The charges

3. A thin spherical conducting shell of radius R has a charge on the two rings are +q and –q. The potential difference

q. Another charge Q is placed at the centre of the shell. between the centres of the two rings is- [AIEEE-2005]

The electrostatic potential at a point P at a distance R/2

from the centre of the shell is- [AIEEE-2003] qR q 1 1

(1) (2)

2Q 2Q 2q 4 0 d 2 2 0 R 2

R d 2

(1) (2) –

4 0 R 4 0 R 4 0 R

q 1 1

(q Q) 2 (3) zero (4)

4 0 R

2Q q

(3) + (4) 2

R d 2

4 0 R 4 0 R 4 0 R

4. Two spherical conductors B and C having equal radii and 10. An electric dipole is placed at an angle of 30° to a non-

carrying equal charges in them, repel each other with a uniform electric field. The dipole will experience-

force F when kept apart at some distance. A third

spherical conductor having same radius as that of B but (1) a translational force only in the direction of the field

uncharged, is brought in contact with B, then brought in (2) a translational force only in a direction normal to the

contact with C and finally removed away from both. The direction of the field

new force of repulsion between B and C is- [AIEEE-2004] (3) a torque as well as a translational force

F 3F F 3F (4) a torque only [AIEEE-2006]

(1) (2) (3) (4)

4 4 8 8

5. A charged particle q is shot towards another charged 11. Two spherical conductors A and B of radii 1 mm and 2

particle Q which is fixed, with a speed v. It approaches Q mm are separated by a distance of 5 cm and are

upto a closest distance r and then returns. If q was given a uniformly charged. If the spheres are connected by a

speed 2v, the closest distance of approach would be- conducting wire then in equilibrium condition, the ratio of

[AIEEE-2004]

the magnitude of the electric fields at the surfaces of

q spheres A and B is- [AIEEE - 2006]

v Q

• ••••••• • r • (1) 4: 1 (2) 1: 2

(3) 2: 1 (4) 1: 4

(1) r (2) 2r (3) r/2 (4) r/4

12. An electric charge 10–3 µC is placed at the origin (0, 0) of

6. Four charges equal to –Q are placed at the four corners of

X-Y coordinate system. Two points A and B are situated

a square and a charge q is at its centre. If the system is in

equilibrium, the value of q is- at ( 2 , 2 ) and (2, 0) respectively. The potential

[AIEEE-2004]

Q Q difference between the points A and B will be-[AIEEE - 2007]

(1)– (1 + 2 2 ) (2) (1 + 2 2 )

4 4

(1) 9 V (2) zero (3) 2V (4) 4.5 V

Q Q

(3) – (1 + 2 2 ) (4) (1 + 2 2 )

2 2

100 QUESTIONS 100 MIN. SERIES FOR MED. / ENGG. ELECTROSTATICS FORCE & FIELD

**P.L. SHARMA ROAD, center SHASTRI NAGAR center CENTRAL MARKET,
**

Opp. Sagar Complex Meerut OPP. SUMIT NURSING HOME, 1ST FLOOR AIM INTERNATIONAL Page 1

9027187359, 7351266266 A NAME IN CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS

XI &XII (CBSE & ICSE BOARD) IIT-JEE / NEET /AIIMS / JIPMER / uptU

13. Charges are placed on the vertices of a square as shown. This question contains Statement–1 and

Statement–2. Of the four choices given after

Let E be the electric field and V the potential at the the statements, choose the one that best

centre. If the charges on A and B are interchanged with

describes the two statements.

those on D and C respectively, then- [AIEEE-2007]

q q 17. Statement–1: For a charged particle moving from

A B

point P to point Q the net work done by an electrostatic

field on the particle is independent of the path connecting

D C point P to point Q. [AIEEE - 2009]

–q –q

Statement–2: The net work done by a conservative

(1) E Remains unchanged, V changes force on an object moving along closed loop is zero

(1) Statement–1 is true, Statement–2 is true; Statement–2

(2) Both E and V change is not the correct explanation of Statement–1

(2) Statement–1 is false, Statement–2 is true

(3) E And V remain unchanged (3) Statement–1 is true, Statement–2 is false

(4)Statement–1 is true, Statement–2 is true; Statement–2

(4) E Changes and V remains unchanged

is the correct explanation of Statement–1

18. Two points P and Q are maintained at the potential of

14. The potential at a point x (measured in µm) due to some 10V and –4V, respectively. The work done in moving

charges situated on the x-axis is given by: 100 electrons from P to Q is :- [AIEEE - 2009]

V(x) = 20/(x2 – 4) volt. The electric field E at x = 4 µm is

given by [AIEEE-2007] (1) –2.24 × 10–16 J (2) 2.24 × 10–16 J

5 (3) –9.60 × 10–17 J (4) 9.60 × 10–17 J

(1) V/µm and in the –ve x direction

3

5 Q

(2) V/µm and in the +ve x direction 19. Let (r) = r be the charge density distribution for a

3 R 4

10 solid sphere of radius R and total charge Q. For a point

(3) V/µm and in the –ve x direction 'p' inside the sphere at distance r 1 from the centre of the

9

sphere, the magnitude of electric field is [AIEEE - 2009]

10

(4) V/µm and in the +ve x direction Qr12 Qr12

9 (1) (2)

4 0 R 4

3 0 R 4

15. A thin spherical shell of radius R has a charge Q spread Q

(3) 0 (4)

uniformly over its surface. Which of the following graphs 4 0 r12

most closely represents the electric field E(r) produced by

the shell in the range 0 r , where r is the distance 20. A thin semi-circular ring of radius r has a positive charge q

from the centre of the shell? [AIEEE - 2008]

E(r) distributed uniformly over it. The net field E at the

E(r)

centre O is [AIEEE - 2010]

q ˆ q ˆ

(1) j (2) j

22 0 r 2 42 0 r 2

q q

(1) O R

r

(2) O R r (3) 2 2 ˆj (4) 2 2 ˆj

4 0 r 2 0 r

E(r) E(r)

**21. Let there be a spherically symmetric charge distribution
**

with charge density varying as

5 r

(3) O R r

(4) O R r (r) = 0 up to r = R, and (r) = 0 for r > R,

4 R

where r is the distance from the origin. The electric field

16. A charge Q is placed at each of the opposite corners of a at a distance r (r < R) from the origin is given by :

square. A charge q is placed at each of the other two [AIEEE - 2010]

Q r 5 r 4 0 r 5 r

corners. If the net electrical force on Q is zero, then (1) 0 (2)

q 3 0 4 R 3 0 3 R

equals: - [AIEEE - 2009]

0 r 5 r 40 r 5 r

(2)

1

(3) 2 2

(3) (4)

(1) 1 (4) –1 40 3 R 3 0 4 R

2

100 QUESTIONS 100 MIN. SERIES FOR MED. / ENGG. ELECTROSTATICS FORCE & FIELD

**P.L. SHARMA ROAD, center SHASTRI NAGAR center CENTRAL MARKET,
**

Opp. Sagar Complex Meerut OPP. SUMIT NURSING HOME, 1ST FLOOR AIM INTERNATIONAL Page 2

9027187359, 7351266266 A NAME IN CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS

XI &XII (CBSE & ICSE BOARD) IIT-JEE / NEET /AIIMS / JIPMER / uptU

22. Two identical charged spheres are suspended by strings of (1) Statement-1 is true, Statement-2 is true and

equal lengths. The strings make an angle of 30° with each Statement-2 is the correct explanation of Statement-1.

other. When suspended in a liquid of density 0.8 g cm –3, (2) Statement-1 is true, Statement-2 is true and

the angle remains the same. If density of the material of Statement-2 is not the correct explanation

the sphere is 1.6 g cm–3, the dielectric constant of the of statement-1.

liquid is : [AIEEE - 2010] (3) Statement-1 is true, Statement-2 is false

(1) 1 (2) 4 (3) 3 (4) 2 (4) Statement-1 is false, Statement-2 is true.

23. Two identical charged spheres suspended from a common 27. In a uniformly charged sphere of total charge Q and

point by two massless string of length are initially a radius R, the electric field E is plotted as a function of

distance from the centre. The graph which would

distance d(d << ) apart because of their mutual repulsion.

correspond to the above will be :- [AIEEE - 2012]

The charge begins to leak from both the spheres at a E E

constant rate. As a result the charges approach each

other with a velocity v. Then as a function of distance x

between them :- [AIEEE - 2011]

(1) v x1/2 (2) v x (1) R r (2) R r

E E

(3) v x–1/2 (4) v x–1

**24. The electrostatic potential inside a charged spherical ball
**

(3) R r (4) R r

is given by = ar2 + b where r is the distance from the

centre; a, b are constant. Then the charge density inside

the ball is :- [AIEEE - 2011]

28. Two charges, each equal to q, are kept at x = –a and x =

(1) –24a0 (2) –6 a0 q

a on the x-axis. A particle of mass m and charge q 0

(3) –24 a0r (4) – 6 a0r 2

is placed at the origin. If charge q 0 is given a small

displacement (y << a) along the y-axis, the net force acting

25. Two positive charges of magnitude 'q' are placed at the

on the particle is proportional to [AIEEE - 2013]

ends of a side (side 1) of a square of side '2a'. Two

negative charges of the same magnitude are kept at the 1 1

(1) y (2) –y (3) (4) –

other corners. Starting from rest, if a charge Q moves y y

from the middle of side 1 to the centre of square, its

kinetic energy at the centre of square is :- [AIEEE - 2011] 29. A charge Q is uniformly distributed over a long rod AB of

1 2qQ 1 length L as shown in the figure. The electric potential at

(1) 1 (2) zero

4 0 a

5 the point O lying at a distance L from the end A is :-

1 2qQ 1 1 2qQ 2

(3) 1 (4) 1

4 0 a 5 4 0 a 5

Q 3Q

(1) (2) [AIEEE - 2013]

26. This question has Statement-1 and Statement-2. Of the 8 0 L 4 0 L

four choices given after the statements, choose the one

that best describes the two statements. Q Q ln 2

(3) (4)

An insulating solid sphere of radius R has a uniformly 40 Lln 2 4 0 L

positive charge density . As a result of this uniform

charge distribution there is a finite value of electric 30. A charge +q is fixed at each of the points x = x 0, x = 3x0,

potential at the centre of the sphere, at the surface of the

sphere and also at a point outside the sphere. The electric x = 5x0........ on the x–axis and a charge –q is fixed at

potential at infinity is zero. [AIEEE - 2012] each of the points x = 2x0, x = 4x0, x = 6x0....... Here x0

Statement-1: When a charge 'q' is taken from the centre is a positive constant. Take the electric potential at a point

to the surface of the sphere, its potential energy changes due to a charge Q at a distance r from it to be Q/40r.

q Then the potential at the origin to the above system of

by

3 0 charges is :– [IIT-JEE 1998]

**Statement-2: The electric field at a distance r (r < R) from q
**

(A) Zero (B)

r 80 x0 n 2

the centre of the sphere is . q n (2)

3 0 (C) Infinite (D)

4 0 x 0

100 QUESTIONS 100 MIN. SERIES FOR MED. / ENGG. ELECTROSTATICS FORCE & FIELD

**P.L. SHARMA ROAD, center SHASTRI NAGAR center CENTRAL MARKET,
**

Opp. Sagar Complex Meerut OPP. SUMIT NURSING HOME, 1ST FLOOR AIM INTERNATIONAL Page 3

9027187359, 7351266266 A NAME IN CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS

XI &XII (CBSE & ICSE BOARD) IIT-JEE / NEET /AIIMS / JIPMER / uptU

31. Three charges Q, +q and +q are placed at the vertices of a of the following arrangements of charge is possible for, P,

right angle triangle (isosceles triangle) as shown. The net Q, R, S, T and U respectively ? [IIT-JEE 2004]

electrostatic energy of the configuration is zero, if Q is

equal to : [IIT-JEE 2000] P Q

Q

O

U R

T S

+q +q

a (A) +, –, +, –, –, + (B) +, –, +, –, +, –

q 2q (C) +, +, –, +, –, – (D) –, +, +, –, +, –

(A) (B) (C) –2q (D) +q

1 2 2 2

37. Consider the charge configuration and a spherical

32. Three positive charges of equal value q are placed at the Gaussian surface as shown in the figure. When calculating

vertices of an equilateral triangle. The resulting line of the flux of the electric field over the spherical surface, the

force should be sketched as in [IIT-JEE 2001] electric field will be due to : [IIT-JEE 2004]

+q1 q2

(A) (B) q1

**(A) q2 (B) only the positive charges
**

(C) all the charges (D) +q1 and –q1

(C) (D)

33. A uniform electric field pointing in positive x–direction 38. Three infinitely long charge sheets are placed which

exists in a region. Let A be the origin, B be the point on charge density as shown in figure. The electric field at

the x–axis at x = +1 cm and C be on the point on the y– point P is :– [IIT-JEE 2005]

axis at y = +1cm. Then the potentials at the A, B and C z

satisfy : [IIT-JEE 2001]

(A) VA < VB (B) VA > VB (C) VA < VC (D) VA > VC z = 3a

P

34. Two equal point charges are fixed at x = –a and x = +a on z= 0

the x–axis. Another point charge Q is placed at the origin. x

The change in the electrical potential energy of Q, when it – z = –a

is displaced by a small distance x along the x–axis, is

approximately proportional to : [IIT-JEE 2002] 2 ˆ 2 ˆ 4 ˆ 4 ˆ

(A) k (B) k (C) k (D) k

0 0 0 0

(A) x (B) x2 (C) x3 (D) 1/x

35. A metallic shell has a point charge q kept inside its cavity.

39. A long, hollow conducting cylinder is kept coaxialy inside

Which one of the following diagrams correctly represents

another long, hollow conducting cylinder of larger radius.

the electric lines of forces ? [IIT-JEE 2003]

Both the cylinders are initially electrically neutral :– [IIT 2007]

**(A) A potential difference appears between the two
**

cylinders when a charge density is given to the inner

(A) (B) cylinder

(B) A potential difference appears between the two

cylinders when a charge density is given to the outer

cylinder

(C) (D) (C) No potential difference appears between the two

cylinders when a uniform line charge is kept along the axis

36. Six charges, three positive and three negative of equal of the cylinder

magnitude are to be placed starts from P in clockwise (D) No potential difference appears between the two

order at the vertices of a regular hexagon such that the cylinders when same charge density is given to both the

electric field at O is double the electric field when only one cylinder

positive charge of same magnitude is placed at R. Which

100 QUESTIONS 100 MIN. SERIES FOR MED. / ENGG. ELECTROSTATICS FORCE & FIELD

**P.L. SHARMA ROAD, center SHASTRI NAGAR center CENTRAL MARKET,
**

Opp. Sagar Complex Meerut OPP. SUMIT NURSING HOME, 1ST FLOOR AIM INTERNATIONAL Page 4

9027187359, 7351266266 A NAME IN CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS

XI &XII (CBSE & ICSE BOARD) IIT-JEE / NEET /AIIMS / JIPMER / uptU

40. Consider a neutral conducting sphere. A positive point 44. A disk of radius a/4 having a uniformly distributed charge

charge is placed outside the sphere. The net charge on 6 C is placed in the x-y plane with its centre at

the sphere is then [IIT-JEE 2007] (– a/2, 0, 0). A rod of length a carrying a uniformly

(A) Negative and distributed uniformly over the surface of distributed charge 8 C is placed on the x-axis from

the sphere x = a/4 to x = 5a/4. Two point charges – 7 C and 3 C

(B) Negative and appears only at the point on the sphere are placed at (a/4,– a/4, 0) and (– 3a/4, 3a/4, 0),

closest to the point charge respectively. Consider a cubical surface formed by six

(C) Negative and distributed non–uniformly over the entire surfaces x = ± a/2, y = ± a/2, z = ± a/2. The electric flux

surface of the sphere through this cubical surface is :- [IIT-JEE 2009]

(D) Zero. y

**41. A spherical portion has been removed from a solid sphere
**

having a charge distributed uniformly in its volume as

x

shown in the figure. The electric field inside the emptied

space is [IIT-JEE 2007]

**2C 2C 10C 12C
**

(A) (B) (C) (D)

0 0 0 0

**(A) Zero everywhere (B) Non–zero and uniform 45. Three concentric metallic spherical shells of radii R, 2R,
**

(C) non–uniform (D) zero only at its centre 3R, are given charges Q1, Q2, Q3, respectively. It is found

42. Positive and negative point charges of equal magnitude that the surface charges densities on the outer surfaces of

a the shells are equal. Then, the ratio of the charges given

a

are kept at 0,0, and 0,0, respectively. The to the shells, Q1: Q2: Q3, is [IIT-JEE 2009]

2 2

work done by the electric field when another positive point (A) 1: 2: 3 (B) 1: 3: 5 (C) 1: 4: 9 (D) 1: 8: 18

charge is moved from (–a, 0, 0) to (0, a, 0) is

46. Under the influence of the Coulomb field of charge +Q, a

(A) Positive (B) negative [IIT-JEE 2007]

charge – q is moving around it in an elliptical orbit. Find

(C) Zero out the correct statement(s) :-

(D) Depends on the path connecting the initial and final (A) The angular momentum of the charge –q is constant

positions

(B) The linear momentum of the charge –q is constant

q q 2q

43. Consider a system of three charges , and (C) The angular velocity of the charge – q is constant

3 3 3

placed at points A, B and C, respectively, as shown in (D) The linear speed of the charge – q is constant

the figure. Take O to be the centre of the circle of radius

R and angle CAB = 60°. [IIT-JEE 2008]

y 47. An elliptical cavity is carved within a perfect conductor. A

B positive charge q is placed at the centre of the cavity. The

points A and B are on the cavity surface as shown in the

C

x

figure. Then: [IIT-JEE 1999]

O

60° A

A

q B

q

(A) The electric field at point O is directed

8 0 R 2

along the negative x–axis (A) Electric field near A in the cavity = electric field near B

(B) The potential energy of the system is zero in the cavity

(C) The magnitude of the force between the charges at C

(B) Charge density at A = charge density at B

q2

and B is (C) Potential at A = potential at B

540 R 2

(D) Total electric field flux through the surface of the cavity

q

(D) The potential at point O is is q/0

120 R

100 QUESTIONS 100 MIN. SERIES FOR MED. / ENGG. ELECTROSTATICS FORCE & FIELD

**P.L. SHARMA ROAD, center SHASTRI NAGAR center CENTRAL MARKET,
**

Opp. Sagar Complex Meerut OPP. SUMIT NURSING HOME, 1ST FLOOR AIM INTERNATIONAL Page 5

9027187359, 7351266266 A NAME IN CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS

XI &XII (CBSE & ICSE BOARD) IIT-JEE / NEET /AIIMS / JIPMER / uptU

48. A solid metallic sphere has a charge + 3Q. Concentric 2

with this sphere is a conducting spherical shell having (1) (2) [AIPMT 2000]

charge –Q. The radius of the sphere is 'a' and that of the 0 a 0 a

spherical shell is 'b' (b > a). What is the electric field at a

distance R (a < R < b) from the centre [BHU 2000] (3) (4)

2 0 a 0 a

4Q 3Q

(1) (2) 53. In the fig. force on charge at A in the direction normal to

2 0 R 2 4 0 R 2 BC will be :– [RPET 2000]

3Q Q

(3) (4) qA

2 0 R 2 20 R

49. Two positive point charge of 12 C and 8 C are 10 cm a a

apart. The work done in bringing them

q q

4 cm closer is, [AMU 2000]

(1) 1.3 Ev (2) 13 J (3) 5.8 J (4) 5.8 eV B a C

50. Figure below show regular hexagon, the charges are kq kq2

placed at the vertices. In which of the following cases the (1) (2)

electric field at the centre is zero. a2 2a2

kq 2 3kq 2

5q 4q q –q (3) 2

(4)

2a a2

6q 3q –q q 54. As shown in the fig. charges + q and – q are placed at the

vertices B and C of an isosceles triangle. The potential at

q 2q q q the vertex A is

I II

A

2q 2q 2q 2q

q q q q

B C

2q 2q 2q q +q –q

III IV

[AMU 2000] 1 2q

(1) . (2) zero [MP PMT 2000]

4 0 a b2

2

(1) IV (2) III (3) I (4) II

1 q 1 q

(3) . (4) .

51. Three charges Q, +q and +q are placed at the vertices of 4 0 a 2 b2 4 0 a 2 b2

a right-angle isosceles triangle as shown in figure. The net 55. A hollow metal sphere of radius 5 cm is charged such that

electrostatic energy of the configuration is zero. Q is equal the potential on its surface is 10 volts. The electric field at

to the centre of the sphere will be [MP PMT 2000]

Q

(1) 50 volt / meter (2) 10 volt / meter

(3) 5 volt / meter (4) zero

**+q +q 56. An electron enters an electric field with its velocity in the
**

a

direction of the electric lines of field then :– [MP PET 2000]

q 2q

(1) (2) [IIT 2000] (1) The path of the electron will be a circle

1 2 2 2

(3) –2q (4) +q (2) The path of the electron will be a parabola

(3) Velocity of the electron will decrease just after enter

52. Electric field at the centre 'O' of a semicircle of radius 'a' (4) Velocity of the electron will increase just after enter

having linear charge density is given as

57. A cube of metal is given a charge (+ Q), which of the

following statements is true [MP PET 2001]

(1) potential at the surface of cube is zero

O a (2) potential within the cube is zero

(3) electric field is normal to the surface of the cube

(4) electric field varies within the cube

100 QUESTIONS 100 MIN. SERIES FOR MED. / ENGG. ELECTROSTATICS FORCE & FIELD

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58. Electric charge is uniformly distributed along a long 65. The electric field, at a distance of 20 cm from the centre

straight wire of radius 1 mm. The charge per cm. length of a dielectric sphere of radius 10 cm is, 100 V/m. Then

of the wire is Q coulomb. Another cylindrical surface of E at 3 cm distance from the centre of sphere is

radius 50 cm. and length 1 m. symmetrically encloses the (1) 100 V/m (2) 125 V/m (3) 120 V/m (4) zero

wire as shown in fig. The total flux passing through the

cylindrical surface is :– [MP PET 2001] 66. Two point charges placed at a distance 'r' in air exert a

force 'F'. The value of distance at which they exerts same

force when placed in medium (dielectric constant K) is :–

[MP PMT 2001]

(1) r K (2) r/K (3) r K (4) r K

1m

67. Two equal negative charges – q, are placed at points (0,a)

and (0,–a) on y axis, one positive charge q at rest is left to

move from point (2a, 0). This charge will be [KCET 2001]

50cm (1) Execute S.H.M. about the origin.

Q 100Q 10 Q 100Q (2) Oscillate but not execute S. H. M.

(1) (2) (3) (4)

0 0 0 0 (3) Move towards origin and will become stationary.

59. The electric potential and field at a point due to an electric (4) S. H. M. along x axis.

dipole are proportional to [MP PMT 2001]

68. A charge q is placed in the middle of a line joining the two

(1) r, r –1

(2) r , r

–1 –2

(3) r , r

–2 –3

(4) r , r

–2 –2 equal and like point charges Q. This system will remain in

equilibrium for which the value of q is [KCET 2001]

60. If in a region V = 4x2 volt then electric field at (1, 0, Q Q

(1) (2)

2) m. is – [MP PMT 2001] 3 4

(1) 8 V/m, towards (–x) axis Q Q

(3) (4)

(2) 8 V/m, towards (+x) axis 2 2

69. A ball of mass 1g and charge 10 C moves from a point

–8

(3) 4 V/m, towards (–x) axis

A (VA = 600 V) to the point B whose potential is zero.

(4) 4 V/m, towards (+x) axis

Velocity of the ball at the point B is 20 cm s –1. The

61. Two horizontal metal plates having a potential difference velocity of the ball at the point A is [KCET 2001]

of 800 V are 0.02 m apart. A particle of mass 1.92 × 10– (1) 16.7 ms–1 (2) 16.7 cm s–1

15

kg is suspended in equilibrium between the plates. If e is

the elementary charge, then charge on the particle is : (3) 2.8 ms–1 (4) 2.8 cm s–1

(1) e (2) 3e (3) 6e (4) 8e 70. If a charged spherical conductor of radius 10 cm has

potential V at a point, distant 5 cm from its centre, then

62. In Millikan's oil drop experiment, which of the following the potential at a point distant 15 cm from the centre will

charges can be present on the oil drops– [RPMT 2001] be : [JIMPER 2001]

(1) 0.1e, charge equal to that on –particles 3

(1) 3V (2) V

(2) 2e, 1.6 x 10–19 C 2

(3) 2e, 1.6 x 10–19 C, 2.5e 2 1

(3) V (4) V

(4) 1.5 e, e 3 3

**63. If V = a x y then electric field at a point proportional to 71. There is a uniform electric field of strength 103 V/m along
**

y–axis. A body of mass 1 g and charge 10–6 C is projected

(1) r (2) r–1 (3) r–2 (4) r2

into the field from origin along the positive x–axis with a

velocity 10m/s. Its speed in m/s after 10s is (Neglect

64. Gauss law is given by E.ds = q, if net charge enclosed gravitation) [EAMCET 2001]

s (1) 10 (2) 5 2

in Gaussian surface is zero then :–

(3) 10 2 (4) 20

(1) E on surface must be zero [RPMT 2001]

(2) incoming and outgoing electric lines are equal 72. A uniform electric field pointing in positive

(3) there is a net incoming electric lines x–direction exists in a region. Let A be the origin, B be

the point on the x–axis at x = +1cm and C be the point

(4) none

100 QUESTIONS 100 MIN. SERIES FOR MED. / ENGG. ELECTROSTATICS FORCE & FIELD

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on the y–axis at y = +1 cm. Then the potentials at the 79. How many times, the potential of big drop in comparison

points A, B and C satisfy. [IIT SCR 2001] to small drops which is made of 8 droplets

will be, if all the droplets are identical and having equal

(1) VA < VB (2) VA > VB charge ? [RPMT 2002]

(1) 2 times (2) 4 times

(3) VA < VC (4) VA > VC (3) 3 times (4) 8 times

73. Choose correct statement regarding electric lines of force 80. (–10–6) C charge is on a drop of water having mass 10 –6

[RPMT 2002] kg. What amount of electric field is applied on the drop so

(1) Emerges from negative charge and meet at positive that it is in the balanced condition with its weight

charge

(2) Where the density of electric lines of force is more, the (1) 10 V/m upward (2) 10 V/m downward

electric field in that region is weak. (3) 0.1 V/m downward (4) 0.1 V/m upward

(3) It is in radial direction for a point charge

(4) Has a physical existence 81. An electric dipole is placed in non uniform electric field,

then it experiences [AIIMS 2003]

74. An elementary particle of mass m and charge +e is (1) force must be zero

projected with velocity v at a much more massiveparticle (2) torque must be non zero

of charge Ze, where Z > 0. What is the closest possible (3) force must be non zero

approach of the incident particle? [ORISSA JEE 2002]

(4) both may be non zero

2

Ze Ze 82. What is the electric potential at a distance 'x' from the

(1) (2)

20 mv 2

4 0 mv 2 centre inside a conducting sphere which is charged upto

Q and having radius R :– [MP PET 2002]

Ze2 Ze Q Q

(3) (4) 1 1

80 mv 2 80 mv 2 (1) (2)

4 0 R 4 0 x

1

(3) .x (4) zero

75. 64 small drops of mercury, each of radius 'r' and charge q 4 0

are combined to form a big drop. The ratio of the surface

83. An electron and a proton are set free in a uniform electric

density of the charge of each small drop to that of a big field. The ratio of their acceleration is:–

drop is :– [KCET 2002]

(1) Unity (2) zero [MP PET 2002]

(1) 4 : 1 (2) 1 : 4 (3) 1 : 64 (4) 64 : 1

mp me

76. Three point charges are placed at the corners of an (3) (4)

equilateral triangle. Assuming only electrostatics forces are me mp

acting– [KCET 2002] 84. Two point charges + 9e and +e are kept 16 cm. apart to

(1) if the charges have different magnitudes and different each other. Where should a third charge q be placed

signs, the system will be in equilibrium. between them so that the system remains in the

(2) the system will be in equilibrium if the charges have equilibrium state :– [MP PET 2002]

the same magnitudes but different signs.

(1) 24 cm from + 9e (2) 12 cm from + 9e

(3) the system can never be in equilibrium.

(4) the system will be in equilibrium if the charges rotate (3) 24 cm from + e (4) 12 cm from + e

about the centre of the triangle.

85. When an electric dipole p is kept in a uniform electric

77. Two copper balls, each having weight 10 g are kept in air

10 cm apart. If one electron from every 106 atoms is field E then for what value of the angle between and p ,

transferred from one ball to the other, the coulomb force E torque will be maximum :–

between them is (atomic weight of copper is 63.5)

(1) 90° (2) 0° [MP PET 2002]

[KCET 2002]

(3) 180° (4) 45°

(1) 2.0 × 108 N (2) 2.0 × 106 N

86. Identical charges (– q) are placed at each cornes of a cube

(3) 2.0 × 1010 N (4) 2.0 × 104 N

of side 'b' then E.P.E. of charge (+ q) which is placed at

centre of cube will be : [AIPMT 2002]

78. Consider E 1 = x + y and E 2 = xy2 + x2 y then [RPMT 2001] 4 2 q2 8 2 q2

(1) (2)

(1) only E1 is electrostatic (2) only E2 is electrostatic 0 b 0 b

(3) both are electrostatic (4) none

4 q2 8 2 q2

(3) (4)

30 b 4 0 b

100 QUESTIONS 100 MIN. SERIES FOR MED. / ENGG. ELECTROSTATICS FORCE & FIELD

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87. Some positive charge is given to a conductor. Then its inertia is I. If the dipole is displaced then the angular

potential :– [AIPMT 2002] frequency of its oscillation is [MP PET 2003]

1 3

(1) is maximum at surface

pE 2 pE 2

(2) is maximum at centre (1) (2)

I I

(3) remain same throughout the conductor 1 1

(4) is maximum somewhere between surface and centre I 2 p 2

(3) (4)

pE IE

88. What will be the ratio of electric field at the axis and at

equatorial line of a dipole :– [RPMT 2002]

97. If the electric flux entering and leaving an closed surface

(1) 1 : 2 (2) 2 : 1

respectively is 1 and 2 the electric charge inside the

(3) 4 : 1 (4) 1 : 4 surface will be [AIEEE 2003]

**89. Potential inside a hollow charged sphere is :– (1) (1 + 2)0 (2) (2 – 1)0
**

(1) Uniform 2 1

[RPMT 2002] (3) 1 (4) 2

(2) Proportional to a distance from centre 0 0

(3) Inversely proportional to the distance

98. A thin spherical conducting shell of radius R has a charge

(4) Inversely proportional to square of distance

q. Another point charge Q is placed at the centre of the

90. A proton is accelerated through potential difference of 1 shell. The electrostatic potential at a point p a distance

V then KE of proton will be :– [RPMT 2003] from the centre of the shell is [AIEEE 2003]

(1) 1840 eV (2) 0.1 eV

1 q Q 2

(3) 1 eV (4) eV (1)

1840 4 0 R

91. There is a neutral metallic sphere. Some one wants to 2Q

(2)

develop 1 Faraday charge on it. How much number of 4 0 R

electron has to removed from the sphere ? 2Q 2q

(1) 9 × 109 (2) 6.023 × 1023 (3)

40 R 40 R

(3) 8.85 10–12 (4) 6 × 1018 2Q q

(4)

92. Dimension of volt is equivalent to 40 R 40 R

(1)J/C (2) N/C [RPMT 2003]

(3) wb/m2 (4) A/C 99. A hollow conducting sphere is placed in an electric field

produced by a point charge placed at P as shown in

93. The potential at a distance R/2 from the centre of a figure. Let VA, VB, VC be the potentials at point A, B and

conducting sphere will be [RPMT 2003] C respectively. Then [Orissa Jee 2003]

Q

(1) 0 (2)

8 0 R

Q Q A P

C

(3) (4)

4 0 R 2 0 R B

**94. Four charges +Q, –Q, +Q and –Q are situated on the (1) VC > VB (2) VB > VC (3) VA > VB (4) VA = VC
**

corners of a square then at the centre of square

(1) E=0, V=0 (2) E=0, V 0 [RPMT 2003 100. Two particle of equal mass m and charge q are placed at

(3) E 0, V=0 (4) E=0, V 0 a distance of 16 cm. Net force on each charge is zero

95. For a dipole q = 2 × 10–6 C ; d = 0.01m find the maximum

q

then value of is

torque on the dipole if E = 5 × 105 N/C [RPMT 2003] m

(1) 1 × 10–3 Nm–1 (2) 10 × 10–3 Nm–1 0

(1) (2) [MP PMT 2003]

G

(3) 10 × 10 Nm–3

(4) 1 × 10 Nm

2 2

G

(3) (4) 4 0 G

96. An electric dipole is situated in an electric field of uniform 4 0

intensity E whose dipole moment is p and moment of

100 QUESTIONS 100 MIN. SERIES FOR MED. / ENGG. ELECTROSTATICS FORCE & FIELD

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101. Three charges –q1 , +q2 and –q3 are placed as shown in

the figure. The x–component of the force on –q1 is

E E

proportional to : [AIEEE 2003]

–q3 y

(1) O R r (2) O R r

a

b

x

–q1 +q2 E E

q2 q3 q2 q3

(1) sin (2) cos

b2 a2 b2 a2 (3) O R r (4) O R r

q2 q3 q2 q3

(3) sin (4) cos

b2 a2 b2 a2 62. Equipotential surface associated with an electric field

which is increasing in magnitude along the x–

102. An electron is moving round the nucleus of a hydrogen direction, are [AIIMS 2004]

atom in a circular orbit of radius r. The Coulomb force on (1) planes parallel to yz–plane

the electron is [AIPMT 2003] (2) planes parallel to xy–plane

(3) planes parallel to xz–plane

e2 e2

(1) K 2 rˆ (2) –K 3 rˆ (4) coaxial cylinders of increasing radii around the x–axis

r r

2

e e2 63. In the basic CsCl crystal structure, Cs+ and Cl– ions are

(3) K 3 r (4) – K 3 r

r r arranged in a bcc configuration as shown below.The net

56. A charge q is placed at the centre of a closed cub. The electrostatic force exerted by the eight Cs+ ions on the Cl–

flux emitting from any one face of the cube will be ion is [AIIMS 2004]

Q Q Cs

+

Cs

+

(1) (2)

6 0 3 0 Cs

+

Cs

+

Q Q –

a

(3) (4) [AIPMT 2003] Cl

0 4 0 Cs

+

Cs

+

**57. An electric dipole has the magnitude of its charge as q
**

+ a Cs+

and its dipole moment is p. It is placed in a uniform Cs

**electric field E. If its dipole moment is along the direction 1 16e 2
**

(1) zero (2)

of the field, the force on it and its potential energy are 4 0 3a 2

respectively :– [AIPMT 2004]

1 32e 2 1 4e 2

(1) q. E and p. E (2) zero and minimum (3) (4)

(3) q. E and maximum (4) 2q. E and minimum 4 0 3a 2 4 0 3a 2

**58. Conservation of charge is a consequence of 64. Using mass (M), length (L), time (T) and current (A) as
**

(1) Columb law (2) Gauss law fundamental quantities, the dimension of permittivity is

(3) Continuity equation (4) Huygen’s wave equation

(1) ML–2T2A (2) M–1 L–3 T4 A2

59. Which statement is not correct for a conducting charged (3) MLT–2A (4) ML2T–1A2 [AIIMS 2004]

sphere – [RPMT 2004]

(1) electric field inside the sphere is not equal to zero 65. In an electric field electric dipole is rotated though an

(2) V is constant inside the sphere angle ,then work done will be [RPMT 2005]

(3) the direction of E is radial outside the sphere

(1) pE(1 – cos) (2) pE sin

(4) charge density inside the sphere is zero

(3) zero (4) – pE cos

60. When charge is given to a soap bubble, it shows

(1) an increase in size [RPMT 2004]

66. An isolated conducting sphere of radius r has given a

(2) sometimes an increase and sometimes a decrease in charge q, then its P.E. will be : [RPMT 2005]

2 2

size q q

(1) (2)

(3) no change in size (4) none of these 4 0 r 2 0 r

61. The electric field due to a uniformly charged sphere of q q2

(3) (4)

radius R as a function of the distance from its centre is 8 0 r 8 0 r

represented graphically by [AIIMS 2004]

100 QUESTIONS 100 MIN. SERIES FOR MED. / ENGG. ELECTROSTATICS FORCE & FIELD

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67. An electron travels a distance of 0.10 m in an electric field 71. Two concentric conducting thin spherical shells A, and B

of intensity 3200 V/m, enters perpendicular to the field having radii rA and rB (rB > rA) are charged to QA and –QB

with a velocity 4 107m/s, what is its deviation in its path (|QB| > |QA|). The electrical field along a line, (passing

through the centre) is:

(1) 1.76 mm. (2) 17.6 mm. [AIIMS 2005]

(3) 176 mm. (4) 0.176 mm. [AIPMT 2005]

**68. Two charges q1 and q2 are placed 30cm apart, as shown
**

in the figure.

q3

C (1) (2)

40cm

q1 q2

A 30cm BD (3) (4)

A third charge q3 is moved along the arc of a circle of 72. A square surface of side L metre is in the plane of the

radius 40cm from C to D. The change in the potential paper. A uniform electric field E (volt/m), also in the

q3 plane of the paper, is limited only to the lower half of the

energy of the system is k , where k is [AIPMT 2005]

4 0 square surface, (see figure). The electric flux in SI units

associated with the surface is

(1) 8q2 (2) 6q2

(3) 8q1 (4) 6q1

**69. As per this diagram a point charge +q is placed at the E
**

origin O. Work done in taking another point charge –Q

from the point A [coordinates (0, a)] to another point B

[coordinates(a,0)] along the straight path AB is (1) zero (2) EL2 [AIPMT 2006]

EL2 EL2

y (3) (4)

2 0 2

A

73. An electric dipole of dipole moment is lying along a

uniform electric field . The work done in rotating the

dipole by 90° is :– [AIPMT 2006]

x (1) 2pE (2) pE

O B

pE

(3) 2pE (4)

qQ 1 2

(1) ( ) 2 a (2) zero [AIPMT 2005]

4 0 a2

74. Two parallel large thin metal sheets have equal surface

qQ 1 1 qQ 1 charge densities(= 26·4 × 10–12 C/m2) of opposite signs.

(3) ( (4) ( ) 2a

4 0 a2 2 4 0 a2 The electric field between these sheets is [AIIMS 2006]

(1) 1·5 N/C (2) 1·5 × 10–10 N/C

70. Two infinitely long parallel conducting plates having (3) 3 N/C (4) 3 × 10–10 N/C

surface charge densities + and – respectively on inner

faces are separated by a small distance. The medium 75. Two charges are +2µC and –5µC. Find the ratio of forces

between the plates is vacuum. If0 is the dielectric acting on each, is :– [RPMT 2006]

permittivity of vacuum, then the electric field in the region (1) 2 : 5 (2) 5 : 2

between the plates is [AIIMS 2005] (3) 1 : 1 (4) 4 : 25

(1) 0 volt/meter (2) volt/meter

2 0 76. Charges +q and –q are placed at points A and B

respectively which are a distance 2L apart, C is the mid

2

(3) volt/meter (4) volt/meter point between A and B. The work done in moving a

0 0 charge +Q along the semicircle CRD is :– [AIPMT 2007]

100 QUESTIONS 100 MIN. SERIES FOR MED. / ENGG. ELECTROSTATICS FORCE & FIELD

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**R 81. Three concentric spherical shells have radii a, b and c(a <
**

b < c) and have surface charge densities , –and

respectively. If VA, VB and VC denote the potentials of

the three shells, then, for c = a+ b, we have [AIPMT 2009]

A C B D

(1) VC = VB = VA (2) VC = VA VB

qQ qQ

(1) (2) (3) VC = VB VA (4) VC VB VA

6 0 L 4 0 L

qQ qQ

(3) (4) 82. Two positive ions, each carrying a charge q, are separated

2 0 L 6 0 L by a distance d. If F is the force of repulsion between the

ions, the number of electrons missing from each ion will

77. A hollow cylinder has a charge q coulomb within it. If is be (e being the charge on an electron) [AIPMT 2010]

the electric flux in units of voltmeter associated with the

4 0 Fd2 4 0 Fd 2

curved surface B, the flux linked with the plane surface A (1) (2)

in units of voltmeter will be [AIPMT 2007] q2 e2

B

4 0 Fe 2 4 0 Fd 2

(3) 2

(4)

C A d e2

**83. A square surface of side L meter in the plane of the paper
**

q 1 q is placed in a uniform electric field

(1) (2)

0 2 0 E (volt/m) acting along the same plane at an angle with

the horizontal side of the square as shown in figure. The

q

(3) (4) electric flux linked to the surface, in units of volt–m, is

2 0 3

E

78. Three point charges +q, –2q and +q are placed at points

(x = 0, y = a, z = 0),(x = 0, y = 0, z = 0) and (x = a, y = 0,

z = 0) respectively. The magnitude and direction of the

electric dipole moment vector of this charge assembly are

(1) 2 qa along + x direction [AIPMT 2007]

(1) Zero (2) EL2 [AIPMT Pre. 2010]

(2) 2 qa along + y direction

(3) EL2cos (4) EL2sin

(3) 2 qa along the line joining points

3R

(x = 0, y = 0, z = 0) and (x = a, y = a, z = 0) 84. The electric field at a distance from the centre of a

(4) q a along the line joining points 2

(x = 0, y = 0, z = 0) and (x = a, y = a, z = 0) charged conducting spherical shell of radius R is E. The

R

electric field at a distance from the centre of the

79. The electric potential at a point in free space due to a 2

charge Q coulomb is Q × 1011 volts. The electric field at sphere is [AIPMT Mains 2010]

that points is :- [AIPMT 2008] E E

(1) E (2) (3) (4) Zero

2 3

(1) 40 Q × 1020 volt/m

(2) 120 Q × 1022 volt/m 85. A charge Q is enclosed by a Gaussian spherical surface of

(3) 40 Q × 1022 volt/m radius R. If the radius is doubled, then the outward electric

flux will :- [AIPMT Pre. 2011]

(4) 120 Q × 1020 volt/m

(1) Increase four times

80. The electric potential at a point (x, y, z) is given by: (2) Be reduced to half

V = –x2y – xz3 + 4 (3) Remain the same

The electric field E at that point is :- (4) Be doubled

(1) E = ̂(2xy – z3) + ̂ xy2 + ̂ 3z2x [AIPMT 2009]

86. Four electric charges + q, +q, – q and – q are placed at

(2) E = ̂ (2xy + z3) + ̂x2 + ̂ 3xz2 the corners of a square of side 2L(see figure). The electric

(3) E = ̂2xy + ̂ (x2 + y2) + ̂ (3xz – y2) potential at point A, midway between the two charges +q

(4) E = ̂z3 + ̂xyz + ̂ z2 and +q, is - [AIPMT Pre. 2011]

100 QUESTIONS 100 MIN. SERIES FOR MED. / ENGG. ELECTROSTATICS FORCE & FIELD

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for which the potential at the centre of the square is zero

+q –q

is : [AIPMT Pre. 2012]

1

A (1) Q = q (2) Q =

q

1

+q –q

(3) Q = –q (4) Q =

q

1 2q 1 2q 1

(1) (1 5) (2) 1

4 0 L 4 0 L

5 92. Two metallic spheres of radii 1 cm and 3 cm are given

charges of – 1 × 10–2 C and 5 × 10–2 C, respectively. If

1 2q 1

(3) 1 (4) Zero these are connected by a conducting wire, the final charge

4 0 L 5 on the bigger sphere is [AIPMT Mains 2012]

–2

(1) 4 × 10 C (2) 1 × 10 C

–2

**87. Three charges each +q are placed at the corners of an (3) 2 × 10–2 C (4) 3 × 10–2 C
**

isosceles triangle ABC of sides BC and AC, 2a. D and E

are the mid points of BC and CA. The work done in

taking a charge Q from D to E is [AIPMT Mains 2011]

ANSWERS KEY (RAY OPTICS)

A

E 1 2 3 4 5

B C 6 7 8 9 10

D

3qQ 3qQ qQ

(1) (2) (3) (4) Zero 11 12 13 14 15

4 0 a 8 0 a 4 0 a

16 17 18 19 20

88. The electric potential V at any point (x, y, z), all in meters

in space is given by V = 4x2 volt. The electric field at the 21 22 23 24 25

point (1, 0, 2) in volt/meter, is :- [AIPMT Mains 2011]

26 27 28 29 30

(1) 8 along negative X-axis

(2) 8 along positive X-axis 31 32 33 34 35

(3) 16 along negative X-axis 36 37 38 39 40

(4) 16 along positive X-axis

41 42 43 44 45

**89. What is the flux through a cube of side 'a' if a point 46 47 48 49 50
**

charge of q is at one of its corner : [AIPMT Pre. 2012]

q q 2q q 51 52 53 54 55

(1) (2) 6a2 (3) (4)

0 2 0 0 8 0

56 57 58 59 60

**90. An electrical dipole of moment 'p' is placed in an electric 61 62 63 64 65
**

field of intensity 'E'. The dipole acquires a position such

that the axis of the dipole makes an angle with the 66 67 68 69 70

direction of the field. Assuming that the potential energy

of the dipole to be zero when = 90°, the torque and the 71 72 73 74 75

potential energy of the dipole will respectively be :-

76 77 78 79 80

[AIPMT Pre. 2012]

81 82 83 84 85

(1) p E sin , 2p E cos

(2) p E cos , –p E sin 86 87 88 89 90

(3) p E sin , –p E cos 91 92 93 94 95

(4) p E sin , –2p E cos 96 97 98 99 100

**91. Four point charges –Q, –q, 2q and 2Q are placed, one at
**

each corner of the square. The relation between Q and q

100 QUESTIONS 100 MIN. SERIES FOR MED. / ENGG. ELECTROSTATICS FORCE & FIELD

**P.L. SHARMA ROAD, center SHASTRI NAGAR center CENTRAL MARKET,
**

Opp. Sagar Complex Meerut OPP. SUMIT NURSING HOME, 1ST FLOOR AIM INTERNATIONAL Page 13

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