Bearing Area Curve

The bearing area curve or Abbott-Firestone curve has been used to evaluate
surfaces since its introduction in 1933 by Abott and Firestone. An ideal load bearing
surface is a smooth one with relatively deep scratches to hold and distribute
lubricant.
The bearing capacity of the area can be assessed by material ratio and by the
shape of the so-called curves of surface profile material. Abbott-Firestone surface
curves have a characteristic shape according to the method of machining, which
may even be modified by the cutting conditions. These curves can graphically
describe the distribution of material within the profile height. Abbott curves are also
suitable characteristics for assessing the functional properties of surfaces and their
possible exploitation. The course of Abbott-Firestone curve also allows to anticipate
the surface wear of parts.

Figure: Bearing area curve and related parameters

Add The graph below in data analysis or in appendix Bearing area curve of ground and lapped surfaces( quick visual description) 100 μm Profile Height (μm) 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 % Bearing Area Graph 3 represents a ground surface Graph 2 represents a lapped surface Graph 3 may be described as a surface which contains deep valleys and high peaks such that upon initial part operation the surface will quickly wear. . Graph 2 may be described as a surface which contains shallow valleys and small peaks such that it has a higher load bearing capacity as compared to graph 3.