GENERAL MARSHALLING SIGNALS FOR ALL AIRCRAFT

INDEX
SIGNAL G–No SIGNAL G–No
ABANDON AIRCRAFT G–31
AFFIRMATIVE (ALL CLEAR) G–1 PROCEED TO NEXT MARSHALLER G–4
ARRESTING HOOK DOWN G–35 REMOVE CHOCKS (PILOT) G–19
ARRESTING HOOK NOT DOWN (OR UP) G–36 REMOVE CHOCKS G–21
ARRESTING HOOK UP G–34 REMOVE TIE DOWNS (PILOT) G–19
BRAKES ON / OFF G–9 REQUEST BY MARSHALLER TO MOVE
PERSONNEL TOWARD AIRCRAFT G–15
CHOCKS–INSERT (PILOT) G–18 REQUEST/CLEARANCE FOR PERSONNEL
TO APPROACH AIRCRAFT (PILOT) G–14
CHOCKS–INSERT G–20 SLOW DOWN G–5
CHOCKS–REMOVE (PILOT) G–19 SLOW DOWN ENGINE(S) ON INDICATED
SIDE G–28
CHOCKS–REMOVE G–21 SPREAD HELICOPTER BLADES G–38
CLEARANCE FOR PERSONNEL TO SPREAD WINGS G–38
APPROACH AIRCRAFT (PILOT) G–14
CUT ENGINE(S) G–29 START ENGINE(S) (PILOT) G–26
DISENGAGE NOSE WHEEL STEERING G–42 START ENGINES G–27
DOWN LOCKS–INSTALL G–22 STEERING ARM IN PLACE G–40
DOWN LOCKS–REMOVE G–23 STOP G–10
ENGAGE NOSE WHEEL STEERING G–41 TAILHOOK DOWN G–35
FIRE G–30 TAILHOOK NOT DOWN (OR UP) G–36
FOLD HELICOPTER BLADES G–37 TAILHOOK UP G–34
FOLD WINGS G–37 TAIL TO LEFT–TURNS WHILE BACKING G–12
GROUND ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY TAIL TO RIGHT–TURNS WHILE BACKING G–13
–CONNECT G–24
GROUND ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY TAIL WHEEL–LOCK G–32
–DISCONNECT G–25
HELICOPTER BLADES–FOLD G–37 TAIL WHEEL–UNLOCK G–33
HELICOPTER BLADES–LOCK G–39 TAKE OFF G-44
HELICOPTER BLADES–SPREAD G–38 THIS WAY G–3
HUNG FLARE G–43 TIE DOWNS–INSERT (PILOT) G–18
I WILL COMPLY OR I UNDERSTAND G–1 TIE DOWNS–REMOVE (PILOT) G–19
INSERT CHOCKS (PILOT) G–18 TILLER BAR IN PLACE G–40
INSERT CHOCKS AND / OR G–20 TOW BAR IN PLACE G–40
HELICOPTER TIE DOWNS
INSERT TIE DOWNS (PILOT) G–18 TURN TO LEFT G–6
LOCK HELICOPTER BLADES G–39 TURN TO RIGHT G–7
LOCK WINGS G–39 TURNS WHILE BACKING–TAIL TO LEFT G–12
MOVE BACK G–11 TURNS WHILE BACKING–TAIL TO RIGHT G–13
MOVE AHEAD G–8 UNDERCARRIAGE PINS–INSTALL G–22
NEGATIVE (NOT CLEAR) G–2 UNDERCARRIAGE PINS–REMOVE G–23
NOT CLEAR OR I WILL NOT COMPLY G–2 WINGS–FOLD G–37
PERSONNEL APPROACH THE G–16 WINGS–LOCK G–39
AIRCRAFT
PERSONNEL IN DANGER AREA G–17 WINGS–SPREAD G–38
PERSONNEL READY TO APPROACH G–15
THE AIRCRAFT

12A–1

G–1 AFFIRMATIVE (ALL CLEAR / I WILL COMPLY OR I UNDERSTAND) DAY: Hand raised. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the hands. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the hands. Aircrew acknowledgment:One flash. 3117 A–3 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–4 12A–2 . 3117 A–2 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–2 G–3 THIS WAY DAY: Arms above head in vertical position with palms facing inward. 3117 A–1 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–1 G–2 NEGATIVE (NOT CLEAR / I WILL NOT COMPLY) DAY: Arm held out. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. thumb turned downward. Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No. thumb up. Aircrew acknowledgment:Steady light. hand below waist level. Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No.

then moved up and down several times. Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No. Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. other arm moved across the body and extended to indicate direction to next marshaller. Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No. 3117 A–5 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–5 G–6 TURN TO LEFT DAY: Point right arm downward. 3117 A–6 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–6 12A–3 . NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. Speed of arm movement indicates rate of turn. 3117 A–4 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–3 G–5 SLOW DOWN DAY: Arms down with palms toward ground. left arm is repeatedly moved upward and backward. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held horizontally as extension of the hands. G–4 PROCEED TO NEXT MARSHALLER DAY: Right or left arm down.

‘OFF’ NIGHT: Crossed wands. 3117 A–7 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–7 G–8 MOVE AHEAD DAY: Arms a little apart. 3117 A–8 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–8 G–9 BRAKES ‘ON’ DAY: Arms above head. Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. 3117 A–9 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–10 12A–4 . Speed of arm movement indicating rate of turn. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. then uncrossed. palms facing backward and repeatedly moved upward and backward from shoulder height. open palms and fingers raised with palms toward aircraft. G–7 TURN TO RIGHT DAY: Point left arm downwards. then fist closed. Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No. ‘ON’ NIGHT: Arms above head then wands crossed. ‘OFF’ DAY: Reverse of above. right hand repeatedly moved upward and backward.

3117 A–10 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–9 G–11 MOVE BACK (ALSO USED TO PULL BACK AIRCRAFT UTILISING ARRESTING WIRE) DAY: Arms by sides. palms facing forward. Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. 3117 A–12 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–12 12A–5 . Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. 3117 A–11 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–11 G–12 TURNS WHILE BACKING—TAIL TO LEFT DAY: Point right arm down and left arm brought from overhead. G-10 STOP DAY: Arms crossed above the head. swept forward and upward repeatedly to shoulder height. palms facing forward. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal wands held as extension of the arms. vertical position to horizontal forward position repeating left arm movement. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms.

Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. 3117 A–14 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–14 G–15 REQUEST BY MARSHALLER TO MOVE PERSONNEL TOWARD AIRCRAFT PERSONNEL READY TO APPROACH THE AIRCRAFT DAY: Either hand raised vertically overhead. The other hand held horizontally and indicating personnel wishing to approach the aircraft. vertical position to horizontal forward position. G–13 TURNS WHILE BACKING—TAIL TO RIGHT DAY: Point left arm down and right arm brought from overhead. Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No. 3117 A–15 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–15 12A–6 . NIGHT: A continuously flashing light. repeating right arm movement. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. 3117 A–13 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–13 G–14 REQUEST / CLEARANCE FOR PERSONNEL TO APPROACH AIRCRAFT DAY: A beckoning motion with right hand at eye level. palm toward aircraft.

move at eye level in horizontal plane alternately inward form each side. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. 12A–7 . thumbs extended inward. In single piloted aircraft. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No. 3117 A–16 G–17 PERSONNEL IN DANGER AREA DAY: Raise both hands to the vertical position. When personnel have finished in the danger area give the ‘Affirmative’ thumb up signal. NIGHT: Using hand held light or flashlight. thumb extended inward. palm toward aircraft. palms facing forward. Conforms to: ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex B–11 G–18 INSERT CHOCKS AND / OR TIE DOWNS (PILOT) DAY: Swing arms inward together. G–16 PERSONNEL APPROACH THE AIRCRAFT DAY: Either hand raised vertically overhead. pilot may swing one arm alternately from each side. The other hand indicated to personnel concerned and gestures toward aircraft. place hands on head. When pilots hands are held in view. If pilots hands are no longer in view raise hands to the vertical position.

thumb extended outward. thumbs extended outward. fists closed. In single piloted aircraft. Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No. thumbs extended inward swing arms from extended position inward. NIGHT: Using hand held light or flashlight. give on/off signals at one second intervals. thumbs extended outward swing arms outward. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the hands. G–19 REMOVE CHOCKS AND / OR TIE DOWNS (PILOT) DAY: Swing arms outward together. Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No. fists closed. 3117 A–17 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–16 G–21 REMOVE CHOCKS DAY: Arms down. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the hands. G–20 INSERT CHOCKS AND / OR HELICOPTOR TIE DOWNS DAY: Arms down. pilot may swing one arm alternately from each side. 3117 A–18 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–17 12A–8 .

Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. left fist partially clenched. right arm bent horizontally in front with fist clenched and held motionless at left elbow. right arm bent horizontally in front with fist clenched and held motionless at left elbow. 3117 A–20 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–19 G–24 CONNECT GROUND ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY DAY: Hands above head. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the hands. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. G–22 DOWN LOCKS / UNDERCARRIAGE PINS—INSTALL DAY: Left arm bent vertically in front with fist clenched. 3117 A–19 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–18 G–23 DOWN LOCKS / UNDERCARRIAGE PINS— REMOVE DAY: Left arm bent vertically in front with fist clenched. Right fist moves horizontally away from left elbow. 3117 A–21 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–20 12A–9 . right hand moved in direction of left hand with first two fingers extended and inserted into circle made by fingers of the left hand. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No.

3117 A–22 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–21 G–26 START ENGINE(S) (PILOT) DAY: Left or right hand indicates engine to be started and other hand in circular motion followed with ‘Affirmative’ thumb up signal. 3117 A–25 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–22 12A–10 . withdrawing first two fingers from circle made by fingers of the left hand. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. G–27 START ENGINE(S) DAY: Left hand overhead with appropriate number of fingers extended to indicate the number of the engine to be started. right hand moved away from left hand. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of hands. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal except that the wand in the left hand will be flashed the appropriate number of times to indicate the engine to be started. left fist partially clenched. Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No. G–25 DISCONNECT GROUND ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY DAY: Hands above head. NIGHT: Using hand held light or flashlight. flashed the appropriate number of times to indicate the engine to be started followed by circular motion of illuminated hand held light or flashlight. and circular motion of right clenched hand at head level.

hand moving across throat. Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No. DAY: Either arm and hand level with shoulder. 3117 A–27 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–24 G–30 FIRE DAY: Make rapid horizontal figure-of-eight motion at waist level with either arm. 3117 A–28 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–37 12A–11 . Conforms to: International Civil Aviation Organisation Signal NATO STANAG No. palm facing down indicating that left or right side engines respectively should be slowed down. 3117 A–26 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–23 G–29 CUT ENGINE(S). Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the hands. palm downward. pointing at source of fire with the other. with either right or left arm moved up and down. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. G–28 SLOW DOWN ENGINE(S) ON INDICATED SIDE DAY: Arms down. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms.

NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the hands. palms together then hands opened from the wrists to form a ‘V’. 3117 A–29 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–27 G–33 TAIL WHEEL—UNLOCK DAY: Hands overhead. wrists remaining together. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. then closed suddenly. hands opened from the wrists in a V. 3117 A–45 G–32 TAIL WHEEL—LOCK DAY: Wrists together overhead. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the hands. G–31 ABANDON AIRCRAFT DAY: Simulate unfastening seat belt and shoulder straps and throwing them up and off. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. 3117 A–30 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–28 12A–12 .

NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the hands. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. 3117 A–35 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–34 G–35 ARRESTING HOOK / TAILHOOK DOWN DAY: Right fist. G–34 ARRESTING HOOK / TAILHOOK UP DAY: Right fist. raised suddenly to meet horizontal palm of left hand at chest level. thumb extended upward. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the hands. lowered suddenly to meet horizontal palm of left hand at waist level. Conforms to: ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–35 12A–13 . Meaning depends on position of hook when signal given. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. NIGHT: Same as the day signal with the addition of wands. 3117 A–36 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–33 G–36 ARRESTING HOOK / TAILHOOK NOT DOWN (OR UP) DAY: Short chopping motion to the side with arms to indicate ‘hook not down’ or ‘hook not up’. thumb extended downward.

NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. G–37 FOLD WINGS / HELICOPTER BLADES DAY: Arms extended horizontally sideways. then swept forward and hugged around shoulders. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. Conforms to: ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–31 12A–14 . Hold signal until wings/blades are locked. then give ‘Affirmative’ thumb up signal. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. palms facing forward. palms facing forward. 3117 A–38 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–30 G–39 LOCK WINGS / HELICOPTER BLADES DAY: Hit right elbow with palm of left hand. 3117 A–37 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–29 G–38 SPREAD WINGS / HELICOPTER BLADES DAY: Arms hugged around shoulders then swept forward and extended horizontally sideways.

G–40 TILLER BAR / TOW BAR STEERING ARM IN PLACE DAY: Hold nose with left hand. 3117 A–42 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–32 G–41 ENGAGE NOSE WHEEL STEERING DAY: Point to nose with index finger while indicating direction of turn with other index finger. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. ‘SOMEONE IS TENDING BAR’. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. 3117 A–43 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–25 12A–15 . NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the hands. (b) A ‘Negative’ thumb down signal immediately following this signal means. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. ‘NO ONE IS TENDING BAR’. right hand moving horizontally at waist level: (a) The ‘Affirmative’ thumb up signal immediately following this signal means.

NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the hands. place one fist on top of the other and extend the index finger of the fist to point to the hung flare. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. Conforms to: NATO STANAG No. 3117 A–44 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–26 G–43 HUNG FLARE DAY: With arms extended and fists closed. G–42 DISENGAGE NOSE WHEEL STEERING DAY: Point to nose with index finger. lateral wave with open palm of other hand at shoulder height. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. 3117 A–41 ASIC AIR STD 25/52A Annex A–36 12A–16 . The marshaller continues pointing to the hung flare with the upper finger to indicate the location. NIGHT: Similar to the day signal with wands held as extension of the arms. G–44 TAKE OFF DAY: Director conceals left hand and makes circular motion of right hand over head in horizontal plane ending in a throwing motion of the arm towards direction of take-off.