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Foot (prosody)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The foot is the basic metrical unit that forms part of a line of verse in most Western traditions of poetry,
including English accentual-syllabic verse and the quantitative meter of classical ancient Greek and Latin
poetry. The unit is composed of syllables, the number of which is limited, with a few variations, by the sound
pattern the foot represents. The most common feet in English are the iamb, trochee, dactyl, and anapest.[1]
Contrasting with stress-timed languages such as English, in syllable-timed languages such as French, a foot
is a single syllable.

The lines of verse are classified according to the number of feet they contain, e.g. pentameter. However some
lines of verse are not considered to be made up of feet, e.g. hendecasyllable.

The English word "foot" is a translation of the Latin term pes, plural pedes. The foot might be compared to a
measure in musical notation.

The foot is a purely metrical unit; there is no inherent relation to a word or phrase as a unit of meaning or
syntax, though the interplay between these is an aspect of the poet's skill and artistry.

Contents
1 Classical meter
1.1 Disyllables
1.2 Trisyllables
1.3 Tetrasyllables
2 See also
3 References
4 External links

Classical meter
Below are listed the names given to the poetic feet by classical metrics. The feet are classified first by the
number of syllables in the foot (disyllables have two, trisyllables three, and tetrasyllables four) and
secondarily by the pattern of vowel lengths (in classical languages) or syllable stresses (in English poetry)
which they comprise.

The following lists describe the feet in terms of vowel length (as in classical languages). Translated into
syllable stresses (as in English poetry), 'long' becomes 'stressed' ('accented'), and 'short' becomes 'unstressed'
('unaccented'). For example, an iamb, which is short-long in classical meter, becomes unstressed-stressed, as
in the English word "betray".[2]

Disyllables

Macron and breve notation: ¯ = stressed/long syllable, ˘ = unstressed/short syllable

1 de 3 04/03/2016 09:46

double trochee ˘ ˘ ¯ ¯ minor ionic.org/wiki/Foot_(prosody)#Classical_meter ˘ ˘ pyrrhus. double iamb ¯ ˘ ¯ ˘ ditrochee ˘ ¯ ˘ ¯ diiamb ¯ ˘ ˘ ¯ choriamb ˘ ¯ ¯ ˘ antispast ˘ ¯ ¯ ¯ first epitrite ¯ ˘ ¯ ¯ second epitrite ¯ ¯ ˘ ¯ third epitrite ¯ ¯ ¯ ˘ fourth epitrite ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ dispondee See also Accent (poetry) 2 de 3 04/03/2016 09:46 .Wikipedia. proceleusmatic ¯ ˘ ˘ ˘ primus paeon ˘ ¯ ˘ ˘ secundus paeon ˘ ˘ ¯ ˘ tertius paeon ˘ ˘ ˘ ¯ quartus paeon ¯ ¯ ˘ ˘ major ionic. amphimacer ¯ ¯ ¯ molossus Tetrasyllables ˘ ˘ ˘ ˘ tetrabrach. the free encyclopedia https://en. dibrach ˘ ¯ iamb (or iambus or jambus) ¯ ˘ trochee.wikipedia. choree (or choreus) ¯ ¯ spondee Trisyllables ˘ ˘ ˘ tribrach ¯ ˘ ˘ dactyl ˘ ¯ ˘ amphibrach ˘ ˘ ¯ anapest.Foot (prosody) . antidactylus ˘ ¯ ¯ bacchius ¯ ¯ ˘ antibacchius ¯ ˘ ¯ cretic.

wikipedia.. Kirby-Smith Retrieved from "https://en.Foot (prosody) . The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms. 2. New York: Oxford University Press.Wikipedia.polyamory. you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. C. at 15:33.html) Prosody Tutorial (http://www. 3 de 3 04/03/2016 09:46 . (1976).wikipedia.uncg. ed. Howatson. M. New York: Oxford University Press. Chris (2008). a non-profit organization.org/wiki/Foot_(prosody)#Classical_meter Syllable weight References 1. Inc.html) by H.org/w/index.org:80/~howard /Poetry/feet. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. ISBN 0-19-866121-5.T. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. External links Comprehensive list of feet and colas up to 12 syllables long (http://www. the free encyclopedia https://en. Baldick.edu/~htkirbys/intro. ISBN 978-0-19-923891-0. The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature. By using this site.php?title=Foot_(prosody)&oldid=693280535" Categories: Poetic rhythm Metrical feet This page was last modified on 1 December 2015.. additional terms may apply.