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1587 81, , 2010/11

PV-
,



. , ,
PV-, , 100 -.
,
,
.
.
: , , , PVC


PV-
,



. , ,
PV-, , 100 -.
,
,
.
.
: , , , PVC

1.
, PVC,
[1].
PVC ,
, , , .
PVC- 2016 40
[2], .

- , . PVC
,
. [3].
PVC, , , .
PVC- . ,
PVC- ,
1
1587 81, , 2010/11
. O ,
,
, .

,
.

2.

,
PVC .

. ,
[4].
: , ,
. 100 mg/m3,
386 ppm , ,
. 1
[4].

1:


mg/m3
100
2300 , ,
25000

2: mg/m3 ppm
1 mg/m3 0,386 ppm
1 ppm 2,589 mg/m3

3.

.
:
1. ,

;
2.
,

;
3. ;
2
1587 81, , 2010/11
4. ,
.

, .
,
.

3.1.

(1):

SK
V (1)
Ci C o
:


V - Nm3/h,
S - Nm3/h,
K - , K=3 10,
Ci - Nm3/ Nm3,
C - Nm3/
Nm3.

K ,
, , ,
.

, ,
. ,
, :
C1 C2 Cn
... (2)
MDK1 MDK 2 MDK n

, MDK
.
, .

3.2. PVC-
PVC 200 2000 kg/h
[5].
, ,
, . 23,5 430 ppm (
) 454 kg/h
6 Nm3/h [6]. ,
1,13 10 4

3
1587 81, , 2010/11
20,64 10 4 kg/h.
10,87 10 4 kg/h, 0,024 10 4 kg 1 kg
PVC-.
,
1 mg/Nm 3,
2,5 g/h [7],
1000 kg/h.
, 1200 m2, 7 m,
, 1040 kg/h, 3,
10, 6 20 h-1.
,
3 h -1 [8],
,
. , ,
,
50% [8].

3:
PVC-, K=6,5.



<ppm>
<kg/h> <g/h> <Nm3/h> <Nm3/h>
400 0,96 0,00253 .. -
1000 2,5 0,0066 0,386 15309
1500 3,6 0,0095 0,386 22963
2000 4,8 0,0127 0,386 30617
2500 6 0,0158 0,386 38271

3.3.

,
.
10% .
, ,
( 1).
,
,

, 3.
,
. ,
, .

4
1587 81, , 2010/11

1:


.
,
,
, .

2: ,
= 6,5

5
1587 81, , 2010/11

3:

4.


0,25 g/m3, 0,1 100 g/m3,
PVC-. ,
0,25 g/m3
1 10 6 [9].
,

:

6
1587 81, , 2010/11
i Ti Ci ( 1 T)
St C0 10 6
T T
(3)
:

St -
Ti - Ci
<>,
T - <>,
Ci - <g/m3>
C0 - 0,25 g/m3.

, PVC-
0,386 ppm, 1 mg/m3 ,
250 , 25 ,
78 10 6 . 4

, K=6,5.

4: ,
, K=6,5

, ,
,
. 45 h -1 K=6,5,
0,1 mg/m3, 8 ,
.

7
1587 81, , 2010/11
5.
,
.
,
.
.
, ,
45 h-1.
. , ,
,
1 mg/m3.

6.
1. ***:http://www.americanchemistry.com/Jobs/EconomicStatistics/Plastics-
Statistics/Production-and-Sales-Data-by-Resin.pdf
2. ***:http://www.newswiretoday.com/news/42864/
3. W. V. Titow, PVC Technology, London: Elsevier,1984., ISBN 978-0-
85334-249-6, pp 1235,
4. WHO, "Vinyl chloride", Air Quality Guidlines for Europe, Ed. Frank
Theaksto, Second Edition, Denmark Copenhagen: WHO Library
Cataloguing in Publication Data, 2000, ISBN 92 890 1358, pp 273,
5. ***, http://www.neofyton.com/sr/274.
6. ***, http://nepis.epa.gov/Adobe/PDF/9100FY8R.PDF
7.
, ". ",. 71/2010 i 6/2011 - .)
8. , , , :
" ", 1984, pp 1558,
9. Kuzmach, A.M. & McGaughy, R.E. Quantitative risk assessment for
community exposure to vinyl chloride. Washington, DC, US
Environmental Protection Agency, 1975.