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TABCALCS.

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General Equations
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576 144
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1728 2
Fan Equations

6912 2
C 2.31
60
C
6 Hydronic Equations
12
C SP 60

4
6356 500


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(Based on equal area) Electrical Equations


Air Equations

1096.7

4005 V 1
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1 1 1
1.325

0.0748 . ,
746
1.732
60 2 1.57 746
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1.08 Pump Equations
4.5
0.5
4,840 0.5
0.69 . .
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TP=VP+SP
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Abbreviations Vol = Total Volume (ft ) MO = Actual motor operating amps

General Equations V = Velocity (ft/min) NL = Motor No-Load Amps

A = Area (FT )
2 VM = Measured velocity (ft/min) NP = Name plate

C = Circumference (Units of Length) PF = Power Factor

C60 = 60 along Circumference (Units of Length) Hydronic and Pump Equations P = Power (Watts)

C90 = 90 along Circumference (Units of Length) bhp = Brake horsepower R = Resistance (Ohms)

d = Duct/Pipe Diameter (Units of Length) Cv = Valve constant = Efficiency

dequivalent = Equivalent duct diameter cfm = Cubic Feet per Minute

L = Length (Inches) CP = Specific heat (BTU/lb*F) Constants


W = Width (Inches) D = Impeller diameter (Units of Length) Specific Heat of water CP = 1.00(BTU/lb*F)
V = Volume (FT )
3 P = Pressure difference (PSI) Specific Heat of water vapor CP = 0.45(BTU/lb*F)
STP = Standard Temperature and Pressure t = Temperature difference (F) Specific Heat of dry air CP = 0.24(BTU/lb*F)
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T = Temperature (Units of Temp.) EP = Pump efficiency Density of water (standard) d = 62.4(lb/ft )
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F= Force (lbs) Density of air (standard) d = 0.075(lb/ft )
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Air and Fan Equations f = Friction factor Specific Volume of air (standard) = 13.33(ft /lb)
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A = Area (FT ) g = Acceleration of gravity (32 ft/s ) Latent Heat of Vaporization of air = 970(BTU/lb)
L = Belt length (Inches) gpm = Gallons Per Minute Latent Heat of Fusion of air = 144(BTU/lb)
ACH = Air Changes per Hour H = Head (feet W.G.) Atmospheric pressure =14.69 psi
bhp = Brake horsepower h = Head loss (feet W.G.) Specific gravity of water = 1
C = Center distance (Inches) L = Length of pipe (ft)
cfm = Cubic Feet per Minute NPSHA = Net Positive Suction Head Available (ft)
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Conversion Factors
CP = Specific heat (BTU/lb*F) P = Pressure (lbs per in )
1ft. W.G. = 12 in. W.G.
D = Fan sheave pitch diameter (Inches) Pa = Atmospheric pressure (34 ft. W.G.)
1 Gallon Water = 8.33 lbs.
d = Motor sheave pitch diameter (Inches) Ps = Pump Centerline pressure (ft. W.G.)
2.31 psi = 1 ft. W.G.
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= density (lb/ft ) PVP = Absolute vapor pressure (ft. W.G.)
1 ft. W.G. = 0.433 psi.
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h = Enthalpy difference (Btu/lb dry air) = density (lb/ft )
1 psi = 2.04 In. W.G.
t = Temperature difference (F) Q = Heat flow (Btu/hr) 3
1 ft of water = 7.49 Gallons
W = Humidity Ratio (lb. or grains of water per lb of dry air) rpm = Revolutions Per Minute
1 Watt = 3.413 Btu/h
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Pa = Absolute pressure (lb per in absolute, or psi) SG = Specific Gravity (for water, use 1.00)
1 Kilowatt = 1000 watts
P = Static or Total pressure V = Velocity (ft/min)
1 HP = 745.7 watts
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Pb = Absolute static pressure (Inches Hg.) V /2g = Velocity head at point Ps (ft W.G.)
1 HP = 0.7457 kW
Q = Heat flow (Btu/hr) whp = Water horsepower
1 Ton of refrigeration = 12,000 Btu/h
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R = Thermal resistances (ft *hr*F/Btu) W.G. = Water Gauge
1 lbs water in dry air = 7000 grains of moisture in dry air
RPM = Revolutions per minute
TS = Tip Speed (Ft per minute) Electrical Equations

T = Temperature (F) bhp = Brake Horsepower

SP = Static Pressure (Inches W.G.) E = Volts

TP = Total Pressure (Inches W.G.) FLA = Full Load Amps

VP = Velocity Pressure (Inches W.G.) Hp = Horsepower (Hp)

U = Heat transfer coefficient (Btu/ft2*hr*F) I = Amps (A)


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