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Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

Student ScoreCard

Quantitative Ability & Data Interpretation Score:45 Percentile:62

Verbal Ability & Logical Reasoning Score:62 Percentile:83

Overall: Overall Score:107 Percentile:74

Question: 1
Mark [1], if the question can be answered by using only one of the statements alone but not by using the other statement alone.
Mark [2], if the question can be answered by using either of the statements alone.

d
Mark [3], if the question can be answered by using both the statements together but not by using either of the statements alone.

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Mark [4], if the question cannot be answered.

m
Li
e
at
iv
Pr
es
rc
ou

1) 1
es

2) 2
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3) 3

4) 4
ng

Explanation:
ni
ar
Le
S
IM

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No part of this materials either in part oras a whole shall be copied,printed,electronically reproduced,sold or distributed without the written Copyright
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Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

d
ite
m
Li
e
at
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Pr
es
rc

Question: 2
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Mark [1], if the question can be answered by using only one of the statements alone but not by using the other statement alone.
Mark [2], if the question can be answered by using either of the statements alone.
es

Mark [3], if the question can be answered by using both the statements together but not by using either of the statements alone.
Mark [4], if the question cannot be answered.
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a, b and c are distinct natural numbers such that a + b + c = 18


Which among a,b and c is the highest?
ng

I: ac = 24
II: Harmonic mean of b and c is 6.
ni

1) 1

2) 2
ar

3) 3
Le

4) 4
Explanation:
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IM

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No part of this materials either in part oras a whole shall be copied,printed,electronically reproduced,sold or distributed without the written Copyright
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Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

d
ite
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Question: 3
R

Answer the question independently.


Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin run on a linear racetrack. If Roosevelt beats Churchill by 20 seconds or 180 meters, Churchill beats Stalin
ng

by 40 seconds or 240 meters, what is the ratio of speeds of Roosevelt and Stalin?
1) 2:1
ni

2) 1:2
ar

3) 3:2
Le

4) 4:3
Explanation:
S
IM

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Question: 4
Answer the question independently.
Pr
es
rc
ou

1) 0

2) 142
es

3) 143

4) 280
R

Explanation:
ng
ni
ar
Le
S
IM

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No part of this materials either in part oras a whole shall be copied,printed,electronically reproduced,sold or distributed without the written Copyright
consent of IMS Learing Resources Pvt.Ltd.and any such violation would entail initiation of suitable legal proceedings.
Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

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Question: 5
Answer the question independently.
Suppose r1 is the radius of the sphere with volume numerically equal to the total surface area of a hemisphere with radius equal to r1.
Similarly r2 is the radius of the sphere with volume numerically equal to its curved surface area. The ratio r1 : r2 is equal to:
Pr
es
1) 9:4

2) 3:2
rc

3) 3:4
ou

4) 2:3
Explanation:
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R
ng
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Question: 6
Answer the question independently.

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Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

1)

d
ite
2)

m
3)

Li
e
4)

at
Explanation:

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Pr
es
rc
ou
es
R
ng
ni
ar
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Question: 7
Answer the question independently.

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1) 5 cm

2) 6 cm

3) 7 cm

4) Cannot be determined

d
Explanation:

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m
Li
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Question: 8
ou

Answer the question independently.


In how many ways you can climb up 8 steps if minimum and maximum numbers of steps you can take at a time are 1 and 6 respectively?
es

1) 64

2) 127
R

3) 125
ng

4) 255
Explanation:
ni
ar
Le
S
IM

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No part of this materials either in part oras a whole shall be copied,printed,electronically reproduced,sold or distributed without the written Copyright
consent of IMS Learing Resources Pvt.Ltd.and any such violation would entail initiation of suitable legal proceedings.
Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

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ite
m
Li
e
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es

Question: 9
R

Answer the question independently.


ng
ni
ar
Le
S
IM

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No part of this materials either in part oras a whole shall be copied,printed,electronically reproduced,sold or distributed without the written Copyright
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Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

d
ite
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The diagram shown above has a rectangle of length 7 units and breadth 5 units divided into small squares of side 1 units each by drawingPr
lines parallel to length and breadth of the rectangle. Point A is the point at bottom left corner while Point B is the point at top right corner.
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Point P is located at (5,3) as shown above. In how many ways can one go from point A to point B without passing through point P if one
can go only one step at a time towards right or up direction?
rc

1) 392
ou

2) 456

3) 336
es

4) 792
Explanation:
R
ng
ni
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Le
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Question: 10
Answer the question independently.
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1) 32

2) 29

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Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

3) 30.5

4) 26
Explanation:

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Question: 11
Pr
es
Answer the question independently.
In how many different ways can 5 identical apples, 5 identical cherries and 10 identical oranges be arranged such that no two oranges are
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adjacent to each other?


1) 11! 10!
ou

2) 252
es

3) 2772

4) (10!)2
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Explanation:
ng
ni
ar
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Question: 12
Answer the question independently.
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IM

1) 2

2) 3

3) 4

4) 5

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No part of this materials either in part oras a whole shall be copied,printed,electronically reproduced,sold or distributed without the written Copyright
consent of IMS Learing Resources Pvt.Ltd.and any such violation would entail initiation of suitable legal proceedings.
Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

Explanation:

d
ite
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Li
e
Question: 13

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Answer the question independently.

iv
Pr
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rc
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The adjacent figure is a regular hexagon of side 3 units. It is divided by 3 sets of parallel lines into congruent equilateral triangles as
shown. How many regular hexagons are there in total in the figure?
es

1) 25
R

2) 26

3) 27
ng

4) 28
Explanation:
ni
ar
Le
S
IM

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No part of this materials either in part oras a whole shall be copied,printed,electronically reproduced,sold or distributed without the written Copyright
consent of IMS Learing Resources Pvt.Ltd.and any such violation would entail initiation of suitable legal proceedings.
Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

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Question: 14
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
Pr
es
rc
ou
es
R
ng
ni
ar

Mark [1], if the question can be answered by using only one of the statements alone but not by using the other statement alone.
Le

Mark [2], if the question can be answered by using either of the statements alone.
Mark [3], if the question can be answered by using both the statements together but not by using either of the statements alone.
Mark [4], if the question cannot be answered.
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Find the population of Nanded district in the year 1955.


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I. The male to female ratio for every year in the first seven years of the decade 1951 - 1961 remains same as that in the year 1951.
II. In the decade 1951 1961, the percentage increase in the male population remains same For every year.
1) 1

2) 2

3) 3

4) 4

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Explanation:

d
ite
m
Question: 15
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

Li
What is the number of children in the year 1961 in Nanded?
I. The ratio of male children to female children to adults is 6 : 7 : 20 in the year 1961.

e
II. In the year 1961 the ratio of male children to female children is 5 : 6 and of the total male population 58% were children.

at
1) 1

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2) 2

3)

4)
3

4
Pr
es
Explanation:
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Question: 16
ni

Answer the questions on the basis of the bar graph given below.
ar
Le
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IM

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consent of IMS Learing Resources Pvt.Ltd.and any such violation would entail initiation of suitable legal proceedings.
Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

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ite
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Li
e
at
The bar chart above gives the number of calls successfully attended by 6 professionals Raj, Rahul, Aryan, Baadshah, Gopal and Arjun
(bars shown in the same order for all time slots in the graph) in working shift from 9 pm to 3 am at a call centre. Time slots 21:00-22:00,

iv
22:00-23:00 and 23:00-00:00 fall in the pre-midnight period. Time slots 00:00-01:00, 01:00-02:00 and 02:00-03:00 fall in the post-midnight
period.

Which of the following statements is false?


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1) Aryan and Baadshah attended maximum calls in the same time slot.
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2) On an average, Raj attends less than 20 calls in a working hour.

3) The total calls attended by Raj and Rahul are greater than those attended by Arjun and Gopal.
ou

4) None of these.
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Explanation:
R
ng
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Question: 17
S

Answer the questions on the basis of the bar graph given below.
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Which of the following is true about the pre-midnight and post-midnight period?
1) The number of total calls attended in post-midnight period were less than those attended in pre-midnight period.

2) Gopal attended more calls in the pre-midnight period as compared to the post-midnight period.

3) The total calls attended in the first 1 hour slots of both the periods (i.e pre-midnight and post-midnight) is the same.

4) None of these.

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Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

Explanation:

d
ite
Question: 18
Answer the question independently.

m
There are k candidates (where k is an odd number) for the Bookie Prize. The rules of the Bookie Prize say that at least 1 but not more
than 50% of the candidates must be awarded a prize. If the number of possible ways of selecting the awardees is 63, find k.

Li
1) 7

e
2) 11

at
3) 9

iv
4) 5
Explanation:
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Question: 19
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Answer the question independently.


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If m is the number of ways of arranging 5 people A, B, C, D and E in 5 seats and n is the number of words comprising of minimum one
letter and maximum four letters that can be formed using the letters F, G and H, then what will be the value of |m n|?
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1) 20

2) 3005
S

3) 39
IM

4) 0
Explanation:
The number of ways of arranging 5 people in 5 seats is 5! = 120.
The number of words of 4 letters which can be made with F, G and H will be 34 = 81. Similarly those of 3 letters will be 33 = 27, those of 2
letters will be 32 = 9, and those of 1 letters will be 3. The total number of words possible is therefore 81 + 27 + 9 + 3 = 120.
Hence m = n = 120 and so |m n| will be 0. Hence, [4].

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Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

Question: 20
Answer the question independently.
A farmer has 88 m of barbed wire fencing. With this he encloses a field of area X sq. m. What can be said about the maximum possible
value of X?
1) 600

2) 550

3) 500

d
4) 450

ite
Explanation:

m
Li
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Question: 21

at
Answer the question independently.

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Pr
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rc
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R
ng
ni
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1)
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2)

3)
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4)

Explanation:

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No part of this materials either in part oras a whole shall be copied,printed,electronically reproduced,sold or distributed without the written Copyright
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Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

d
ite
m
Question: 22

Li
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
Anish draws a regular octagon ABCDEFGH on a piece of paper, such that the length of each side is 1 unit. Then his sister Anu draws a

e
regular hexagon GHIJKL.

at
What will be the distance between the parallel lines CD and JK?
1) 2 units

iv
2)

3)
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4) Cannot be determined
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Explanation:
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Question: 23
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Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
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AB and IJ are extended to meet each other. What will be the measure of the acute angle between them?
1) 15

2) 30

3) 45

4) Cannot be determined

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Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

Explanation:

d
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Question: 24

iv
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

Pr
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ng
ni
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Which one of the following has the largest number of calories per ounce?
1) Milk
Le

2) Butter

3) Chocolate
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4) Skimmed milk
IM

Explanation:

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No part of this materials either in part oras a whole shall be copied,printed,electronically reproduced,sold or distributed without the written Copyright
consent of IMS Learing Resources Pvt.Ltd.and any such violation would entail initiation of suitable legal proceedings.
Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

d
ite
Question: 25

m
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

Li
The item containing the largest quantity of proteins per ounce is:
1) Sugar

e
2) Cake

at
3) Milk

iv
4) None of these
Explanation:
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rc
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ng
ni
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IMS Learning Resources Pvt.Ltd.,Mumbai.All copyrights to this material vestswith IMS Learning Resources Pvt.Ltd.
No part of this materials either in part oras a whole shall be copied,printed,electronically reproduced,sold or distributed without the written Copyright
consent of IMS Learing Resources Pvt.Ltd.and any such violation would entail initiation of suitable legal proceedings.
Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

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Question: 26
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
R

How many ounces of cheese is equivalent to 1 cup of skimmed milk in terms of calories?
1) 16
ng

2) 21.33
ni

3) 16.3
ar

4) 24
Explanation:
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Question: 27
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

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Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

d
ite
m
Li
e
at
Which of the following combinations has the highest protein content?
1) 1 cup skimmed milk, 8 ounces chocolate.

iv
2) 1 cup milk, 2 cups butter milk.

3)

4)
32 ounces cake 16 ounces cheese.

16 ounces butter, 16 ounces sugar.


Pr
es
Explanation:
Protein content of the combination
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1 cup skimmed milk, 8 ounces chocolate


ou

= 10 2 + 6 = 26
1 cup milk, 2 cups butter milk
es

= 28 + 24 = 52
32 ounces cake, 16 ounces cheese
R

= 10 2 + 12 = 32
16 ounces butter 16 ounces sugar
ng

= 15 2 + 2 2 = 30 + 4 = 34
The option [2] has highest protein content. Hence,[2].
ni

Question: 28
ar

Answer the question independently.


Le
S
IM

1)

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Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

2)

3)

4)

d
Explanation:

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Question: 29
Answer the question independently.
A number N when divided by 20 leaves a remainder of 11, while when divided by 21, it leaves a remainder of 13. What will be the
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remainder when N is divided by 15?


IM

1) 1

2) 4

3) 6

4) Not unique
Explanation:

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Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

The number should be of the form 20k + 11 as well as 21m + 13. The first such number is 391. Hence the resultant number will be of the
form n * LCM(20, 21) + 391 = 420 n + 391 which when divided by 15 will definitely give a remainder of 1. Hence, [1].
Alternatively, when N is divided by 20 it leaves 11 so when divided by 5 it must leave 1. i.e. N = 5p + 1
When N is divided by 21 it leave 13 so when divided by 3 it must leave 1. i.e. N = 3q + 1
If when N is divided by either 5 or 3 it leaves 1, then when divided by LCM(5, 3) i.e. 15 it should also leave 1.

Question: 30
Answer the question independently.
A can complete a piece of work alone in 85 days. B alone could do the same work in 51 days. A completes one-fifth of the work after
which B joins him and they complete the work together. If the payment for the work is $ 100, roughly how much will A be paid?

d
1) $ 45.5

ite
2) $ 55.5

m
3) $ 57.14

Li
4) $ 50
Explanation:

e
Since A takes 85 days and B takes 51 days, the ratio of their efficiencies must be 51 : 85 or 3 : 5. Let us imagine, for convenience, that

at
one-fifth of the work is 8 units (which means the total work is 40 units). So initially A does 8 units, and after B joins him he does another
3/8 * 32 = 12 units out of the remaining 32. Hence total work done by A is 8 + 12 = 20 units out of 40, and so he should get $ 50. Hence,

iv
[4].

Question: 31
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
Pr
es
The following graph depicts the IT staffing in the US Securities Industry which has global vendors. These vendors are either onshore or
offshore.
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ou
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In the US Securities industry,


Total IT headcount = IT headcount at offshore global vendors + IT headcount at onshore global vendors
IT headcount at Indian vendors = IT headcount at Indian offshore vendors + IT headcount at Indian onshore vendors.
If total sum of yearly IT headcounts at Indian offshore vendors during the four years (2002 to 2005) is x% of the total sum of yearly IT
headcounts at offshore global vendors during the four years (2002 to 2005), calculate the value of x.
1) 77%

2) 82%

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Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

3) 94%

4) 89%
Explanation:

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Question: 32

m
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

Li
If the same trend as 2005 with respect to the previous year, is expected to follow in 2006, then in 2006 what percentage of total IT
headcount in US security industry will be from the offshore global vendors?

e
1) 55.5%

at
2) 73.5%

iv
3) 66.1%

4)
Explanation:
68% Pr
es
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Question: 33
IM

Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

If in the US securities industry, IT headcount at Indian onshore vendors during 2004 is 40% of that at onshore global vendors, then what is
the ratio of IT headcount at Indian vendors to IT headcount at non Indian vendors in US security industry?
1) 15 : 10

2) 21 : 10

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Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

3) 3:1

4) 9:4
Explanation:

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Li
Question: 34
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
Which of the following statements is/are true?

e
In US security industry, for the given period:

at
I. The IT headcount at Indian offshore vendors is increasing by more than 20% every year.

iv
II. The IT headcount at non-Indian offshore vendors is increasing by more than 20% every year.
III. The IT headcount at offshore global vendors is increasing by more than 20% every year.
1)

2)
Only I

II and III
Pr
es
3) I and III
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4) All of these
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Explanation:
Clearly, Indian offshore vendors as well as offshore global vendors are increasing at the rate more than20%.
But the number of non-Indian offshore vendors has decreased in 2003 than that in 2002. Hence, statements I and III are true. Hence, [3].
es

Question: 35
R

Answer the question independently.


ng
ni
ar
Le
S
IM

There is a swimming pool with three connected lanes forming an equilateral triangle as shown in the figure. Two swimmers A and B
simultaneously start swimming at constant speeds in opposite directions from point P (A following the path PQRPQR and B following
the path PRQPRQ). They meet for the first time at a point X on QR which is 3 m from Q, and for the second time at a point Y on PR
which is 4 m from P.
Find the ratio of speeds of A and B
1) 3:4

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2) 11 : 19

3) 13 : 17

4) 11 : 17
Explanation:

d
ite
m
Li
e
at
iv
Pr
Question: 36
es
Answer the question independently.
How many natural numbers less than 5000 leave a remainder of 2 when divided by 3, a remainder of 4 when divided by 5, a remainder of
rc

6 when divided by 7 and a remainder of 8 when divided by 9?


ou

1) 13

2) 14
es

3) 15
R

4) 16
Explanation:
ng
ni
ar
Le

Question: 37
Answer the question independently.
S
IM

1)

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2)

3)

4)

Explanation:

d
ite
m
Li
e
at
iv
Pr
es
rc

Question: 38
Answer the question independently.
ou

In how many different ways can you arrange all the letters of the word "MAHARASHTRA" such that all 'R's are always immediately
followed by a 'H'?
es

1) 15120

2) 7560
R

3) 3780
ng

4) 1680
Explanation:
ni
ar
Le
S
IM

Question: 39
Answer the question independently.
In 2008, my salary and my brother's salary were in multiples of 1 lakh such that the first digit from the left in both the salaries were prime
numbers. In every subsequent year, my salary increased by 2 lakhs and my brother's salary increased by 5 lakhs. The sum of our
individual salaries in 2014 became 49 lakhs. What was the difference between our individual salaries in 2008?
1) 2 lakhs

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2) 3 Lakhs

3) 4 Lakhs

4) 5 Lakhs
Explanation:

d
ite
m
Question: 40
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

Li
e
at
iv
Pr
es
rc
ou
es
R
ng
ni
ar
Le
S
IM

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d
ite
m
Li
e
at
iv
Pr
es
rc
ou
es
R
ng
ni
ar

Which of the following indicates the most amount of money spent per rally by a party in any particular year?
Le

1) Semata P 2001

2) PJB 2001
S

3) Kongress 2000
IM

4) None of these
Explanation:

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d
ite
m
Li
e
at
iv
Pr
es
rc
ou

Question: 41
es

Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
If the number of rallies organized by Kongress and PJB in 1998 are interchanged and compared with the original values of Kongress and
R

PJB in 1997, then which party would have spent more money per rally? (The amount spent by Kongress and PJB is not interchanged in
the year 1998.)
ng

1) PJB 1998
ni

2) Kongress 1998

3) Kongress 1997
ar

4) PJB 1997
Le

Explanation:
S
IM

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d
ite
m
Li
e
at
iv
Pr
es
rc
ou
es

Question: 42
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
R

Assume that the money spent per rally by Semata P goes on decreasing and increasing in alternate years from the year 1997 to 2001 by
10%, keeping 1997 as the base year then the money spent (in Rs.) by Semata P per rally in 2001 would be:
ng

1) 435600

2) 40000
ni

3) 449821
ar

4) 450000
Le

Explanation:
S
IM

Question: 43
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
In the year 2002, 88 rallies were held by Semata P. The party distributed the funds for holding these rallies in over 27 states evenly. How

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much fund should have been allocated per state for rallies? (Assume each state held approximately the same number of rallies and
money spent on rallies in the year 2002 was 15% more than that in the year 2000.)
1) Rs.1753675

2) Rs.1645678

3) Rs.1790167

4) Rs.1703703
Explanation:

d
ite
m
Li
Question: 44

e
Answer the question independently.

at
iv
1) 97 Pr
es
2) 243

3) 91
rc

4) 341
ou

Explanation:
es
R
ng
ni
ar
Le

Question: 45
S

Answer the question independently.


IM

How many non-null subsets does set of odd composite numbers between 1 and 100 have?
1) 225-1

2) 224-1

3) 225

4) 224

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Explanation:

Question: 46

d
Answer the question independently.

ite
Each of the 50 regular visitors to a restaurant drinks at least one beverage among tea, coffee or juice. The number of people who drink
both tea and coffee (but not juice) is one-sixth of the number of people who drink tea. The number of people who drink all the three

m
beverages is two more than the number of people who drink both tea and coffee (but not juice). The number of people who drink both
coffee and juice (but not tea) is same as the number of people who drink both tea and coffee (but not juice), which is equal to the number

Li
of people who drink only tea, which is equal to the number of people who drink only coffee. If the ratio of number of people who drink
exactly two beverages to the number of people who drink all the three beverages is 3, how many people drink only juice?

e
1) 12

at
2) 14

iv
3) 16

4)
Explanation:
18
Pr
es
rc
ou
es
R
ng
ni
ar
Le
S
IM

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Question: 47
Answer the question independently.

d
ite
1) 0

2) 77

m
3) 154

Li
4) 105
Explanation:

e
at
iv
Pr
es
rc
ou
es
R
ng
ni
ar
Le
S
IM

Question: 48

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Answer the question independently.


Find the LCM of 2005! & 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
1) 2005! 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

2) 2005! 2009

3) 2005! 2011

4) 2005! 2007
Explanation:
2006 = 2 1003; 2007 = 3 669; 2008 = 2 1004; 2009 = 7 287; 2010 = 2 1005. Therefore all the factors of 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009

d
and 2010 have been included in 2005!. But 2011 is a prime number. So the LCM is 2005! 2011. Hence, [3].

ite
Question: 49

m
Answer the question independently.
Find the sum of all the factors of 26 35 54 which are divisible by 10 but not by 90.

Li
1) 36104068

2) 652388

e
at
3) 393120

4) 197200630

iv
Explanation:
The factors must contain at least one 2 and one 5 but must not contain 32 or more.
So, the sum of the factors is (21 + 22 + 23 + 24 + 25 + 26) (30 + 31) (51 + 52 + 53 + 54) = 126 4 780 = 393120
Pr
es
Hence [3].
rc

Question: 50
Answer the question independently.
ou

Find the remainder when 123123123. up to 104 digits is divided by 3125.


1) 12
es

2) 312

3) 937
R

4) 2937
ng

Explanation:
3125 = 55
ni

So, a remainder is obtained when the last 5 digits (12312) is divided by 3125. Therefore, when 12312 is divided by 3125, the remainder
obtained is 2937.
ar

Hence [4].
Le

Question: 51
The following question has a sentence with two blanks. Given below it are four pairs of words. Choose the pair that best completes the
S

sentence.
IM

On the northern shore of the lake, right under the ______ cliffs on which the modern village of Nemi is ______, stood the sacred grove
and sanctuary of Diana Nemorensis, or Diana of the Wood.
1) precocious stowed

2) precarious sojourned

3) precipitous perched

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4) precipitate dwelt
Explanation:
Precocious means prematurely developed, which cannot be used to describe cliffs, so option [1] can be ruled out. Precipitate, in the
sense of sudden or abrupt might fit but dwelt, meaning lived, cannot be applied to a village, so [4] is out as well. Both precarious,
meaning dangerous, and precipitous, meaning extremely steep could fit the first blank. However, sojourned, meaning lived
temporarily cannot be used to describe a village; on the other hand, a village can be said to be perched, meaning situated on an
elevated position. Hence, [3].

Question: 52

d
The following question has a sentence with two blanks. Given below it are four pairs of words. Choose the pair that best completes the

ite
sentence.

Focusing on an uncertain ______ exciting future can negatively affect the much more ______ present.

m
1) albeit palpable

Li
2) although tactile

e
3) notwithstanding tangible

at
4) regardless perceptible
Explanation:

iv
Notwithstanding and regardless are grammatically incorrect for the first blank. Albeit (meaning even though) and although can fit in

Pr
this blank. However, tactile, meaning pertaining to or perceptible by the sense of touch cannot be used to describe the present (which
is an abstract entity). But palpable, meaning easily perceptible, fits well in the second blank. Hence, [1].
es
Question: 53
The following question has a sentence with two blanks. Given below it are four pairs of words. Choose the pair that best completes the
rc

sentence.
ou

The idea was for a book that investigated the situation of women in the postwar world, but Simone de Beauvoir did not take it up
immediately; after years of ______, she seemed to have been ______ into the project by two factors.
es

1) procrastination dispatched
R

2) prevarication expedited

3) dissimulation propelled
ng

4) vacillation precipitated
ni

Explanation:
The first blank suggests that Simone de Beauvoir did not work on the book idea for years; 'procrastination', meaning 'putting off' or
ar

'delaying', and 'vacillation', meaning 'indecision' or 'hesitation' can fit into this blank. But 'prevarication' and 'dissimulation', both of which
suggest deception, do not fit into this context. A person cannot be 'dispatched into' something; but she can be 'precipitated into' it,
Le

meaning 'sent abruptly into'. Hence, [4].


S

Question: 54
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
IM

It is hard, as humans, to get a proper perspective on the human race. We are simply one species out of perhaps 30 million currently
inhabiting the planet (reputable estimates range from some 5 million to over 100 million). We are briefly in the golden age of our power,
our dominance. But we are destined to extinction too, just as the dinosaurs became extinct. The world will then go on as before. Once a
geological age or two has passed, there will be nothing but the odd bone or gold ring to show that we were ever here.
In this scenario, comparison with the dinosaurs is apt. They were the top predators of their day, as our single species is now. But consider,
also, the differences between us and the dinosaurs. The dinosaurs existed on this Earth for about a hundred million years, and included

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many species adapted to different environments. Homo sapiens is but one species, and has been around for less than a quarter of a
million years, less than a tenth of an average species longevity. Only in the last 200 years, since the Industrial Revolution, have humans
had an unambiguously global impact. It is hard to compare the human and geological timescales. If you gaze down the mile-deep chasm
of the Grand Canyon, the strata you see span 1.5 billion years. Measured on such a scale, our own species span would fit into a layer just
three inches thick, while our industrial record would be confined to just one-hundredth of an inch.
Now, even though dinosaurs lived, collectively, over a vastly longer time span than have humans, their remains are strikingly rare. Why?
First, they were near the top of the food chain, and therefore relatively scarce. Secondly, they were dominantly terrestrial. On death, their
bodies were generally exposed to the elements, and scattered and recycled by the myriad agents of scavenging and decay. Using such a
comparison, the remains of our human empire will soon crumble away and decay, leaving scarcely a footprint on the sands of geological

d
time. Our legacy would be as pitiful as that of Ozymandias mighty kingdom in Shelleys poem, reduced to a shattered statue amid the
boundless desert wastes.

ite
Let us look from another angle. We are unquestionably the dominant life-form on this planet numerous, intelligent, gregarious, self-
aware. The gulf between us and all other creatures is a chasm, an irreversible threshold in our (and the our is emphatically possessive)

m
planets history. Nothing can stop us now: not war, nor fire, nor flood, nor plague. We will keep our grip forever, and go on to conquer the

Li
stars.
But we can imagine other futures too, descending from grand confidence to utter pessimism. We are poisoning the planet, fouling our own

e
earthly nest, causing ecological mayhem, producing an environmental grande crise which will not only cause our own extinction, but which

at
will damage all present and future life on Earth beyond repair, and so put a full stop to the four-billion-year-long history of life on this
planet.

iv
Nonsense! others would cry. Life on Earth is in fine shape, ours included, and past extinctions have been on an altogether grander scale
than anything we are capable of producing. We will carry on developing our industries and national economies to the common good, and
Nature will carry on alongside us. For, volcanoes, surely, are vastly more polluting than chemical factories, and doomsayers have been
predicting the end of the Earth ever since humans lived in caves.
Pr
es
Just how does one make sense out of these varied viewpoints? They all seem individually so plausible. Just what is our true potential for
immortality, and what might represent a true perspective of us as a single, newcomer species to this planet?
rc

In this passage, the author is trying to:


ou

1) predict what the future of our planet will be like.

2) view human beings and our deeds in an objective manner.


es

3) compare human beings and dinosaurs in terms of ecological success.


R

4) understand what human beings' long-term legacy on our planet will be.
Explanation:
ng

The author brings up dinosaurs as a way of showing what the ultimate future of the human race will be (viz. extinction); he does not
compare the two in terms of their success. So [3] is incorrect. [1] is too general the passage focuses on the future of human beings
ni

specifically, not the whole planet (though that would include humans impact on the planet). [2] is only part of the answer: while the author
ar

does certainly want to view humans objectively, the reason he wants to do so is in order to understand what kind of legacy humans will
leave behind. See statements such as the remains of our human empire will soon crumble away and decay, leaving scarcely a footprint
Le

on the sands of geological time and once a geological age or two has passed, there will be nothing but the odd bone or gold ring to show
that we were ever here. Hence, [4].
S

Question: 55
IM

The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

Why does the author give the example of the Grand Canyon?
1) To show how extremely small the human timescale is compared to the geological time scale

2) To demonstrate how much smaller the human time scale is than the time scale of the dinosaurs

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To provide a vivid illustration of how long the Earth has been around, as opposed to animals like dinosaurs and human
3)
beings

To suggest that the time span since the Industrial Revolution has been infinitesimally smaller than the time span seen in
4)
the strata of the Grand Canyon
Explanation:
Refer to the second paragraph, where the Grand Canyon example occurs. The author makes no mention of dinosaurs in the context of
the strata of the Grand Canyon, so neither [2] nor [3] is correct, as they both include a mention of dinosaurs. [4] is only part of what the
author is trying to demonstrate: the time span since the Industrial Revolution is a small fraction of the history of the human species as a
whole, which in turn, is a tiny fraction of the geological time scale seen in the Grand Canyon. The sentence preceding the Grand Canyon

d
example clearly indicates that the example is meant to compare human and geological timescales. Hence, [1].

ite
Question: 56

m
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

Li
The style of this passage can best be described as:
1) analytical.

e
at
2) argumentative.

3) descriptive.

iv
4) narrative.
Explanation:
Throughout the passage, the author tries to understand the human legacy on Earth. The different potential future scenarios given in
Pr
es
paragraphs 4 to 6 suggest that the author has not made up his own mind, and is in the process of questioning, analysing and seeing
things from different perspectives. The passage also ends on a questioning note. Therefore, this passage can best be said to be
rc

'analytical' in style. There is no argument or narration in the passage, and the descriptions serve only to further the analysis. Hence, [1].
ou

Question: 57
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
es

What is the author's opinion about human beings?


R

1) He believes that humans are destined to conquer the stars.

2) He thinks humans are currently the top predators on Earth.


ng

3) He thinks that humans are no different from the millions of other species on Earth.
ni

4) He believes that humans are likely to cause the destruction of life on Earth.
Explanation:
ar

Refer to paragraphs 4 to 6: the scenarios given in them are multiple possibilities for the future of human beings. It is not clear whether the
Le

author believes in any of them, or if he does, then in which one (since they are contradictory). So both [1] and [4], which summarize the
first and second scenarios respectively, are incorrect. Though the author states that humans are one of the millions of species on Earth,
there is no suggestion that he believes that we are no different from the rest rather, the references to humans global impact suggest
S

otherwise. Only [2] is correct: according to the author, the dinosaurs were the top predators of their day, as our single species is now.
IM

Hence, [2].

Question: 58
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?


1) Human beings are likely to leave behind more remains than the dinosaurs did.

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2) Volcanoes can counteract the polluting effect of chemical factories.

3) Most species on Earth last more than 2.5 million years on average.

4) Animals near the top of the food chain rarely get fossilized.
Explanation:
Refer to paragraph 3 according to the author, humans are just as or less likely than dinosaurs to leave behind remains, so [1] is wrong.
[2] contradicts the last sentence of the penultimate paragraph. [4] is a misinterpretation of the authors point in paragraph 3 according to
him, animals near the top of the food chain are relatively scarce in number, and so, presumably, their fossils are rare too; that does not
mean that they fossilize rarely. Only [3] can be inferred: according to paragraph 2, human beings have been around for less than a

d
quarter of a million years, less than a tenth of an average species longevity, so we can calculate that the average species longevity is

ite
more than 2.5 million years. Hence, [3].

Question: 59

m
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

Li
Seven paratroopers; Pranav, Abhik, Bunty, Mayank, Kirti, Sharat and Harsh jump from a helicopter one by one.
1. Mayank is not the first one to jump.

e
2. Bunty jumps immediately before Sharat and immediately after Harsh.

at
3. Kirti is not the third person to jump.
4. Equal number of people jump before and after Pranav.

iv
Which of the following statements is/are sufficient to determine the exact sequence in which the seven people jump?
I. Kirti jumps after Pranav.
II. Mayank jumps second.
1) Statement I is sufficient.
Pr
es
2) Statement II is sufficient.
rc

3) Both the statements are required.

4) Both the statements are individually sufficient.


ou

Explanation:
es
R
ng
ni
ar
Le

Question: 60
S

Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
IM

Which of the following statements is definitely false if Abhik jumps last?


I. Pranav jumps after Sharat.
II. Mayank jumps before Kirti.
III. Harsh is the first person to jump.
1) I

2) II

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3) III

4) None of these
Explanation:

d
ite
m
Li
Question: 61
Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

e
I and four of my family members are sitting in a line one after another. The person sitting in front of me is not my sister. The person sitting

at
in front of this person (i.e the person sitting in front of me) is the father of this person (i.e the person sitting in front of me). My sister sits

iv
behind me. The wife of the person in front of me is sitting immediately behind my sister. All these people are the only family members I
have and one of them is my father.

How is the person sitting in front of me related to me?


Pr
es
1) Brother

2) Father
rc

3) Grandfather
ou

4) Either brother or father


Explanation:
es
R
ng
ni
ar
Le

Question: 62
Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
S

If one of the persons sitting is my mother, then where is my grandfather sitting with respect to me?
IM

1) Next to me

2) Two seats in front of me

3) Two seats behind me

4) I don't have a grandfather


Explanation:

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d
Question: 63

ite
The sentences given in the following question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a
letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences, from among the given choices, to construct a coherent paragraph.
A. Yet 750 million years before Pangaea formed, yet another supercontinent broke up; and before that another, and so on and on, back

m
into the almost indecipherable past.

Li
B. The Earths landmasses are locked in a stately quadrille that geologists call the Supercontinent Cycle, the grandest of all the patterns in
nature.

e
C. Two hundred and fifty million years from now, all landmasses will come together in a single, gigantic supercontinent.

at
D. The continents we know today Africa, the Americas, Asia, Australia, Europe and Antarctica are fragments of the previous
supercontinent Pangaea, which gave birth to dinosaurs, and whose break-up was first understood barely a century ago, in 1912.

iv
E. This future supercontinent will not be the first to have formed on Earth, nor will it be the last.
1)

2)
BDECA

CEDAB
Pr
es
3) DACEB

4) BCAED
rc

Explanation:
ou

It's not easy to identify the first sentence of this paragraph, so we should try identifying links instead. 'This future supercontinent' in E
refers to the one mentioned in C, so we have the CE link. A must follow D, as D introduces Pangaea, which is also mentioned in A. This
es

rules out options [1] and [4]. The AC link in [3] makes no sense: A talks about supercontinents millions of years in the past, while C
abruptly jumps to millions of years in the future. This leaves us with option [2]: C makes a suitable introductory statement; DA follows
R

logically from CE, with the use of the conjunction 'yet'; and B sums up the point of the paragraph. Hence, [2].

Question: 64
ng

The sentences given in the following question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a
letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences, from among the given choices, to construct a coherent paragraph.
ni

A. But lets take it seriously for a moment.


ar

B. Today, the book is such a symbol of learning and knowledge that we laugh at this argument.
C. Nonetheless, Socratess point is valid: a technology that gives no opportunity for discussion, explanation or debate is a poor
Le

technology.
D. Over two thousand years ago, Socrates argued that the book would destroy peoples ability to reason, because, as he claimed, one
cannot debate with a book: the written word cannot answer back.
S

E. Despite Socratess claims, writing does instruct because we can debate its content with each other rather than with the author.
IM

1) DBAEC

2) ECBAD

3) DECBA

4) DCABE
Explanation:

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E is not a standalone statement despite in it suggests that some other sentence involving Socratess claims should precede it. So
option [2] can be eliminated. Over two thousand years ago in D and today in B introduce two contrasting views of Socratess argument,
so we have the DB link. A contrasts with B by suggesting we temporarily take the argument seriously instead of laughing at it, as in B. E
and C discuss the implications of Socratess argument when taken seriously. Thus the correct sequence is DBAEC. Hence, [1].

Question: 65
The sentences given in the following question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a
letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences, from among the given choices, to construct a coherent paragraph.
A. None of the ancient Greek poets mentions the brilliant wild tulips that run like red rivers through parts of the Greek landscape.
B. Chinese poets focus on a narrow canon of flowers, soaked in symbolism and hidden meanings, but say nothing about the heavenly wild

d
flora, the superb shrubs and mountain flowers that have transformed Western gardens since their collection and introduction by

ite
Europeans.
C. John Miltons poetry describes bunches of flowers that would never flower during one and the same season.

m
D. No gardener, especially in Britain, would agree that April is the cruellest month and in no gardens or landscapes known to me does

Li
April breed lilacs out of the dead land, least of all on the American East Coast within range of the young T.S. Eliot.
E. Surprisingly, the poetry of flowers is often patchy and ill-informed.

e
1) CEADB

at
2) DCBAE

iv
3) DAEBC

4)
Explanation:
EABCD
Pr
It's difficult to find links among the sentences in this paragraph, as the first four deal with separate examples. However, they are all
es
examples of the point mentioned in E: that the poetry flowers is 'patchy and ill-informed'. So, it makes sense for all the examples to flow
from E. Since there is only one option with E as the first sentence (EABCD) we choose that as the answer. Hence, [4].
rc

Question: 66
ou

In the following question, there are sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are correct
in terms of grammar and usage (including spelling, punctuation and logical consistency). Then, choose the most appropriate option.
es

A. Home-grown online retailer Flipkart appears to have lost more than what it gained from its big billion day sales extravaganza.
B. Clearly, Flipkart was the talk of the town that day. However, it was all for negative reasons.
R

C. So much so, the founders had to publicly say sorry the next very day in a lengthy email to angry customers, who felt cheated.
D. Flipkarts founders sought to assuage their feelings by acknowledging their failure to anticipate the glitches when the sales
ng

commenced, leaving many frustrated and furious.


E. The Flipkart fiasco has galvanized the offline retailers to hold ranks, and even demand regulation of e-commerce, which is just
ni

beginning to gain a toe-hold in the Indian retail space.


ar

1) A&B

2) C&E
Le

3) A&D

4) B, C & D
S

Explanation:
IM

There is a word order issue in C: the correct order should be 'very next day' not 'next very day'. D has ambiguous pronouns: the pronoun
'their' is used twice to refer to two different antecedents (the customers and Flipkart's founders respectively), but the ambiguity can cause
confusion. There is an idiom error in E: the correct idiomatic expression should be 'close ranks', meaning to 'unite in the face of adversity',
not 'hold ranks'. Statements A and B are fully correct. Hence, [1].

Question: 67

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In the following question, there are sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are correct
in terms of grammar and usage (including spelling, punctuation and logical consistency). Then, choose the most appropriate option.
A. Setting out the nominal bounds of a concept are not always sufficient for providing a real understanding of the term.
B. Some everyday concepts, though proving perfectly suitable for the use to which people put them, fail to capture the real nature of the
world.
C. Consider as just one example the pre-scientific use of the concept of water: people used the concept successfully for millennia before
chemists discovered what water really was.
D. As such, water could be defined nominally despite of the lack of a real understanding of water, in that lexicographers could specify the
way in which the concept was used.

d
E. Sometimes, more worrying, everyday concepts just get the nature of the world wrong, and so nominal definitions, though capturing the
way the concept works, can incorrectly describe reality.

ite
1) A&D

m
2) A, C & E

Li
3) B, D & E

4) B&C

e
Explanation:

at
There is a subject-verb disagreement in A: the subject of this sentence is setting, not bounds, so the verb should be in the singular, i.e.
is, not are. Despite in D is itself a preposition, and thus cannot be followed by the preposition of; the correct expression should either

iv
be in spite of or simply despite. In E, the use of the adjective worrying is incorrect it should be in the adverb form worryingly. The
remaining sentences B and C are grammatically correct. Hence, [4].

Question: 68
Pr
es
In the following question, there are sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are correct
in terms of grammar and usage (including spelling, punctuation and logical consistency). Then, choose the most appropriate option.
rc

A. Running into Sonyas room and not finding her there, Natasha ran to the nursery, but Sonya was not there neither.
ou

B. Natasha has concluded that she must be on the chest in the passage, which was the place of mourning for the younger female
generation in the Rostov household.
C. And there, in fact, was Sonya lying face downwards on the dirty feather bed on top of the chest,
es

D. crumpled her gauzy pink dress under her, hid her face with her slender fingers, and sobbed so convulsively that her bare little
shoulders shook.
R

E. Natashas face, which had been so radiant that whole day, suddenly changed: her eyes became fixed and the corners of her mouth
drooped.
ng

1) A
ni

2) C

3) B&D
ar

4) C&E
Le

Explanation:
There is an incorrect double negative usage in A: 'not' already signifies a negation, so 'either', not 'neither', should be used after it. The
S

entire paragraph is in the past tense, so the use of the present perfect tense in the first half of B is incorrect. There is a parallel
construction error in D: 'crumple', 'hide' and 'sob' are parallel to each other, and to 'lie' in C, so they should all be in the same form, i.e. the
IM

'-ing' form (as in 'lying'). Only C and E are completely correct. Hence, [4].

Question: 69
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
Why do the songs I heard when I was teenager sound sweeter than anything I listen to as an adult? Im happy to report that my own
failures of discernment as a music critic may not be entirely to blame. In recent years, psychologists and neuroscientists have confirmed

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that these songs hold disproportionate power over our emotions. And researchers have uncovered evidence that suggests our brains bind
us to the music we heard as teenagers more tightly than anything well hear as adults a connection that doesnt weaken as we age.
Musical nostalgia, in other words, isnt just a cultural phenomenon: its a neuronic command. And no matter how sophisticated our tastes
might otherwise grow to be, our brains may stay jammed on those songs we obsessed over during the high drama of adolescence.
To understand why we grow attached to certain songs, it helps to understand the brains relationship with music. When you listen to a
song that triggers personal memories, your prefrontal cortex, which maintains information relevant to your personal life and relationships,
will spring into action. But memories are meaningless without emotion and aside from love and drugs, nothing spurs an emotional
reaction like music. Brain imaging studies show that our favourite songs stimulate the brains pleasure circuit, which releases an influx of
dopamine, serotonin, oxytocin and other neurochemicals that make us feel good. The more we like a song, the more we get treated to

d
neurochemical bliss, flooding our brains with some of the same neurotransmitters that cocaine chases after.
Music lights these sparks of neural activity in everybody. But in young people, the spark turns into a fireworks show. Between the ages of

ite
12 and 22, our brains undergo rapid neurological development and the music we love during that decade seems to get wired into our
lobes for good. When we make neural connections to a song, we also create a strong memory trace that becomes laden with heightened

m
emotion, thanks partly to a surfeit of pubertal growth hormones. These hormones tell our brains that everything is incredibly important

Li
especially the songs that form the soundtrack to our teenage dreams (and embarrassments).
On its own, these neurological pyrotechnics would be enough to imprint certain songs into our brain. But there are other elements at work.

e
First, some songs become memories in and of themselves, so forcefully do they worm their way into memory. Many of us can vividly

at
remember the first time we heard that one Beatles (or Backstreet Boys) song that, decades later, we still sing at every karaoke night.
Second, these songs form the soundtrack to what feel, at the time, like the most vital and momentous years of our lives. The music that

iv
plays during our first kiss or our first dance gets attached to that memory and takes on a glimmer of its profundity. We may recognize in
retrospect that the dance wasnt really all that profound. But even as the importance of the memory itself fades, the emotional afterglow
tagged to the music lingers. Pr
As fun as these theories may be, their logical conclusion youll never love another song the way you loved the music of your youth is a
es
little depressing. Its not all bad news, of course: Our adult tastes arent really weaker; theyre just more mature, allowing us to appreciate
complex aesthetic beauty on an intellectual level. No matter how adult we may become, however, music remains an escape hatch from
rc

our adult brains back into the raw, unalloyed passion of our youths. The nostalgia that accompanies our favourite songs isnt just a fleeting
recollection of earlier times; its a neurological wormhole that gives us a glimpse into the years when our brains leapt with joy at the music
ou

thats come to define us. Those years may have passed. But each time we hear the songs we loved, the joy they once brought surges
anew.
es

What is the author's purpose in writing this passage?


R

1) To reminisce about the music he loved in his youth

2) To demonstrate the connection between music and the brain


ng

3) To provide scientific reasons for our attachment to the music of our youth
ni

4) To explain why no music is as good as the music of our youth


ar

Explanation:
The author does not mention any particular songs he used to love in his youth; his purpose in writing this passage is scientific in nature,
Le

not personal. So [1] is incorrect. [4] is wrong, as the author does not suggest that the music of our youth is objectively better rather, he
claims that we tend to feel that it is so. Both [2] and [3] are correct to an extent. However, [2] is very general: the author does not simply
demonstrate a scientific connection between music and the brain, but rather, he shows how the connection results in us being
S

disproportionately attached to the music of our youth throughout our lives. Hence, [3].
IM

Question: 70
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

Which of the following can be inferred from the statement 'aside from love and drugs, nothing spurs an emotional reaction like music'?
1) Nothing aside from music, love and drugs, produces an intense emotional reaction in people.

2) Both music and love can be considered kinds of drugs, in terms of the emotional reaction they produce.

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3) One needs to be in love or on drugs in order to gain the maximum emotional impact of music.

4) None of the above.


Explanation:
The quoted statement is about the reaction produced by music which is, apparently, similar to that produced by love and drugs. This
does not mean that these three things are similar in any sense. So [2] is incorrect. The phrase aside from implies that [3] is a complete
misunderstanding of the quoted sentence. Even [1] is a misunderstanding, as the idea is that these three things produce a particularly
intense emotional reaction in people, not that nothing else can produce an intense emotional reaction. Hence, [4].

Question: 71

d
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

ite
The author uses evidence from which of the following fields in order to prove his argument?
i] Psychology ii] Neuroscience iii] Physiology iv] Sociology

m
1) [i] and [ii]

Li
2) [ii] and [iv]

3) [i], [ii] and [iii]

e
4) [i], [ii], [iii] and [iv]

at
Explanation:

iv
In the first paragraph, the author mentions that psychologists and neuroscientists have shown that the music we listen to in our youth
holds disproportionate power over our emotions. He explains the neurological mechanism in the first two paragraphs. He mentions the
psychological mechanisms in the fourth paragraph. In the third paragraph, he explains how a surfeit of pubertal growth hormones makes
our teenage memories especially the musical ones more laden with emotion. This is a physiological explanation. However, there is no
Pr
es
mention of a sociological explanation in the passage. Hence, [3].
rc

Question: 72
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
ou

Which of the following, if true, could be an additional reason why we become so attached to the music we listened to in our teenage
es

years?
1) We invest the music we listen to in our teenage years with an unusual degree of emotion.
R

During our teenage years, we are particularly keen to impress our peers, so we listen to and claim to like the music they
2)
do.
ng

Our teenage years are the time when we develop our identity, and the music we love at the time becomes part of that
3)
ni

identity.

As we grow older, we become less capable of discerning the finer nuances in music, so we most love the music we heard
ar

4)
when we were younger.
Le

Explanation:
Option [1] is already mentioned in the passage as a reason we become so attached to the music we listened to in our teenage years, so it
cannot be considered an additional reason for the same. [2] seems to imply that we merely pretend to enjoy the music that our peers do in
S

our teenage years, so it fails to explain our genuine attachment to this music. If [4] were true, we would probably most love the music we
IM

listened to as children, not when we were teenagers. Only [3] gives a plausible explanation for the phenomenon, and why it occurs
specifically in relation to the music we hear as teenagers. Hence, [3].

Question: 73
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
Anna, Benson, Chris, Dennis, Elena and Frank are the six employees of a company who work on three different projects, namely Project
P, Project Q and Project R. Out of the six employees, Anna and Elena are women while remaining four, namely Benson, Chris, Dennis

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and Frank are men. Anna, Chris and Frank are managers while Benson, Dennis and Elena are associates. Each project must have one
manager and one or more associates working for it. Each manager works on only one project while out of the three associates, one works
on only one project, one other associate works on two projects while the third associate works on all the three projects.
The following information is known:
a. Project Q has involvement of maximum number of employees.
b. Both the women work together on one project. There is only one project on which only male employees work.
c. Benson is a new joinee and is assigned to work on only one project.
d. Dennis and Elena work together on exactly two projects.
e. Number of employees working for project P is more than the number of employees working for project R.

d
f. Anna works for project P.

ite
Which of the following must be incorrect?
1) Chris works on project Q.

m
2) Dennis and Anna work on project P.

Li
3) Benson works on the project on which only men work.

e
4) Benson and Frank work together on one project.

at
Explanation:

iv
Pr
es
rc
ou
es
R
ng
ni
ar
Le

Question: 74
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
S

Which of the following combinations must be correct?


IM

1) Project Q Dennis, Elena, Benson, Chris

2) Project R Dennis, Frank

3) Project P Dennis, Elena, Anna

4) Project P Dennis, Benson, Anna


Explanation:

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d
ite
m
Li
e
at
iv
Question: 75
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. Pr
es
Which of the following can be correct?
1) Frank works on a project with two other men and one woman.
rc

2) Chris works on a project with one man and one woman.


ou

3) Elena works on two projects with two men.

4) Benson and Anna work together on a project.


es

Explanation:
R
ng
ni
ar
Le
S
IM

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d
ite
m
Li
e
at
iv
Question: 76
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow. Pr
es
rc
ou
es
R
ng

1) 1

2) 2
ni

3) 3
ar

4) 4
Le

Explanation:
S
IM

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Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

d
ite
m
Li
e
at
iv
Question: 77
The following question has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the sentence that
completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.
Pr
es

One has a sense that the sea, whatever else it may be, however grey or immense or distempered or powerful, is a permanent presence in
rc

the world, whether it is rumbling or calm, storming or drowning. We think of it as an immutable living being, ceaselessly occupied in its
unfinishable business of washing and waiting. Yet strictly speaking, this is hardly true at all. Oceans have their beginnings and their
ou

endings, too. Not in the human imagination, perhaps, but in a physical sense, most certainly. Oceans are born, and oceans die. And the
Atlantic Ocean, the once much feared Great Outer Sea of ancient Mediterranean sailors, the most carefully studied and considered sea of
es

them all, was not always there.


1) And nor will it remain either where it is or what it is.
R

2) But for humans, the sea will, quite simply, always keep going on.
ng

3) To the ancient Greeks, it was known as the Great Outer Sea, a thing hugely to be feared.

4) The Atlantic is the classic ocean of our imaginings, and an entity that seems to be somehow interminable.
ni

Explanation:
ar

The paragraph begins by stating that human beings consider the sea to be a permanent entity. But it goes on to state that in the physical
sense, seas/oceans too have their beginnings and endings. The last sentence of the given paragraph states that the Atlantic Ocean was
Le

not always there, i.e. it had a beginning; so the sentence that follows from it must mention that it will also have an ending. Thus, only [1]
suitably completes the theme. Note that [2] and [4] contradict this point, and [3] is redundant, as it mostly repeats what is stated in the last
sentence. Hence, [1].
S
IM

Question: 78
The following question has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the sentence that
completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

How many words are there in the English language? There is no single sensible answer to this question. It's impossible to count the
number of words in a language, because it's so hard to decide what actually counts as a word. Is dog one word, or two (a noun meaning 'a

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kind of animal', and a verb meaning 'to follow persistently')? If we count it as two, then do we count inflections separately too (e.g. dogs =
plural noun, dogs = present tense of the verb)? Is dog-tired a word, or just two other words joined together?
1) And that's not even counting all the different breeds of dogs!

2) Is hot dog really two words, since it might also be written as hot-dog or even hotdog?

3) Most dictionaries count the verb and noun form of dog as separate words, so at least there's some clarity there.

4) Once we start tallying up all the variations on a word, the numbers begin increasing exponentially.
Explanation:
The topic of the paragraph is about the difficulty in deciding how many words are there in the English language; the word dog is used as

d
an example to illustrate this difficulty. So [1] is irrelevant, as the names of the breeds of different types of dogs have nothing to do with the

ite
word dog. [3] contradicts the paragraph, as it suggests that the number of words can be counted using some criteria. Even [4] suggests
that there is, in fact, some sensible answer to the question, even if the numbers involved are large. Only [2] completes the paragraph, as it

m
asks yet another rhetorical question regarding a variation of the word dog. Hence, [2].

Li
Question: 79
The following question has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the sentence that

e
completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

at
Ancient Egypt seems to have been a civilization obsessed with death. From pyramids to mummies, most of the hallmarks of Egyptian

iv
culture are connected with funerary customs. Yet, if we look more closely, it was not death itself that lay at the heart of the Egyptians'
preoccupations, but rather the means of overcoming it. Pyramids were designed as resurrection machines for Egyptian kings. Mummies
were created to provide permanent homes for the undying spirits of the dead. Pr
Proper preparation for the next world was deemed an essential task in ancient Egyptian culture so that death did not bring
es
1)
about utter annihilation.
rc

The mute records of tombs and grave goods of the ancient Egyptians suggest an overwhelmingly materialistic view of life
2)
after death, with the deceased provided with all the material needs of life beyond the grave.
ou

If mortuary beliefs and grave goods dominate modern views of a death-obsessed ancient Egypt, it is only, perhaps,
3)
because cemeteries located on the desert edge have survived through the millennia so well.
es

4) The hope of an afterlife, and the necessary preparations for it, can be traced back to Egypt's earliest prehistoric cultures.
R

Explanation:
According to the paragraph, the ancient Egyptians were preoccupied not with death itself, but rather with the means of overcoming it. [3],
ng

which talks about the modern view of ancient Egypt, does not fit into this context at all. [4], which begins a new point about tracing the
ancient Egyptians' customs through history, does not complete the theme either. [2], which talks about the ancient Egyptians' materialistic
ni

view of the afterlife, does not flow from the last sentence of the given paragraph; also, its judgemental tone does not fit with the objective
tone of the paragraph. Only [1] completes the theme, as it sums up the point about how the funerary customs of the ancient Egyptians
ar

such as pyramids and mummies were considered an important form of preparation for avoiding annihilation through death. Hence, [1].
Le

Question: 80
In the following question, a word has been used in sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in
which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate.
S
IM

TIP
1) We should be proud that we have finally reached the tip of the iceberg.

2) I had a biting retort on the tip of my tongue, but he left before I could say it.

3) The recent changes in the economy will tip the balance in favour of investing in real estate.

4) The new manager is planning on making some major changes, but he won't tip his hand yet about them.

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Explanation:
If something is 'on the tip of one's tongue' it means that one is on the verge of saying it, so [2] is correct. To 'tip the balance' means to
'make something more likely to happen', so [3] is correct as well. To 'tip one's hand' means to 'reveal one's plans'; therefore [4] is valid as
well. Only [1] is incorrect: 'the tip of the iceberg' means 'a small part of something much larger', so it doesn't make sense in [1]; the correct
phrase in this context should be something that indicates some sort of achievement. Hence, [1].

Question: 81
In the following question, a word has been used in sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in
which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate.

d
PIT

ite
1) The theatre is not yet full look, theres still space in the pit.

m
2) I don't think you should pit your hopes so high.

3) He is a cruel man, who likes to pit friend against friend just to see them fight.

Li
4) She nearly choked on a pit while eating cherries.

e
Explanation:

at
The pit is the section directly in front of and below the stage of a theatre, so [1] is correct. To pit someone against another means to set
them in direct opposition or competition, so [3] makes sense. A pit of a fruit such as a cherry is the hard kernel at its centre, so the usage

iv
in [4] is right. Only [2] is incorrect: pit makes no sense in this context the correct word should be pitch, meaning to set at a certain
level. Hence, [2].

Question: 82
Pr
es
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
Democracy may be on its way out. Future historians may determine that democracy will have been a one-century episode. It will
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disappear. This is a sad, perhaps dangerous, but very realistic prediction.


Falling boundaries between countries, cross-border commerce, merging economies, instant global flow of information, and numerous
ou

other features of our modern society all lead to multinational structures. If you extrapolate this irreversible trend, you get the entire planet
becoming one political unit. But in this unit, anti-democracy forces are now a clear majority. This majority increases by the day, due to
es

demographic patterns. This is because all democratic nations have slow, vanishing or negative population growth, while all anti-
democratic and uneducated societies multiply fast. Within democratic countries, most well-educated families remain small, while the least-
R

educated families are growing fast. This means, both at the individual level and at the national level, that the more people you represent,
the less economic power you have. In a knowledge-based economy, in which the number of working hands is less important, this situation
ng

is much more non-democratic than in the industrial age. As long as the upward mobility of individuals and nations could neutralize the
phenomenon, democracy was tenable. But when we apply this analysis to the entire planet as it evolves now, we see that democracy may
ni

be doomed.
To this idea we must add the regrettable fact that authoritarian multinational corporations, by and large, are better managed than
ar

democratic nation states. Religious preaching, TV sound bites, cross-boundary TV incitement, and the freedom to spread rumours and
Le

lies through the Internet all abet brainwashing and lack of rational thinking. Proportionately, more young women are growing up in
societies that discriminate against them than in the more egalitarian societies, increasing the worldwide percentage of women who are
treated as second-class citizens. Educational systems in most advanced countries are in a deep crisis, while modern education in many
S

developing countries is almost nonexistent. A small, well-educated technological elite is becoming the main owner of intellectual property,
IM

which is, by far, the most valuable economic asset, while the rest of the world drifts towards fanaticism of one kind or another. In sum, the
unavoidable conclusion is that democracy, our least bad system of government, is on its way out.
Can we invent a better system? Perhaps. But this cannot happen if we are not allowed to utter the sentence There may be a political
system that is better than democracy. Todays political correctness does not allow one to say such things. The result of this prohibition will
be an inevitable return to some kind of totalitarian rule different from that of the emperors, the colonialists or the landlords of the past,
but not more just. Alternatively, open and honest thinking about this issue may lead either to a worldwide revolution in educating the poor
masses, thus saving democracy, or to a careful search for a just (repeat, just) and better system.

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What is the author's main tone in this passage?


1) Disparaging

2) Disconsolate

3) Disenchanted

4) Discombobulated
Explanation:
Throughout the passage, the author is predominantly sad or pessimistic about the future of democracy. Thus his main tone can be called

d
'disconsolate', i.e. 'gloomy' or 'dejected'. While he does 'disparage' a number of systems such as religion, education and the media in the

ite
third paragraph, this is not his overall tone. He is not 'disenchanted', i.e. 'disillusioned', as there is no suggestion he was under any
illusions in the first place. Neither is he 'discombobulated', i.e. 'confused' or 'frustrated'. Hence, [2].

m
Question: 83

Li
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

e
If you had an opportunity to interview the author, what would it make most sense to ask him?

at
1) When will democracy disappear?

2) How can we go about building a better system of government than democracy?

iv
3) How will individual countries disappear in the future, so that the whole world becomes one single political unit?

4) Why would anti-democracy forces be the majority in a world that was one single political unit? Pr
es
Explanation:
The author suggests a timeline for the disappearance of democracy in the first paragraph, by claiming that future historians may consider
democracy to be a one-century episode, so [1] is answered in the passage. The answers to [3] and [4] can be inferred from the first half of
rc

paragraph 2: the world will become one single political unit if present trends of consolidation continue; and anti-democracy forces will be
ou

the majority in such a unit, because democratic nations have low and decreasing populations, while the anti-democratic ones have high
and increasing populations. Thus, the author answers [1], [3] and [4] in the passage itself, so it is not necessary to ask him these
es

questions. However, he does not answer the most pertinent question of them all, i.e. if democracy is so flawed, then how can we build a
better system? Hence, [2].
R

Question: 84
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
ng

Which of the following is true, as per the passage?


ni

1) Most women in the world have no access to education.


ar

2) Democracy works better in a knowledge-based economy than in an industrial one.


Le

3) The world is becoming polarized into a small technological elite and a fanatic majority.

4) Authoritarian political regimes may be better run than democratic nation states.
S

Explanation:
Though the author mentions both the discrimination against women and the educational system in paragraph 3, he does not connect the
IM

two, so [1] is not inferable. [2] contradicts the last three sentences of paragraph 2, which state that democracy was more tenable in the
industrial age. [4] has no basis in the passage: the author compares authoritarian multinational corporations, not political regimes, with
democratic nation states. Only [3] is true, as can be inferred from the penultimate sentence of paragraph 3. Hence, [3].

Question: 85
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

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Why does the author think it is important to be able to utter the sentence 'There may be a political system that is better than democracy'?
1) Only then can we prevent a backslide into totalitarian rule.

2) Only by reminding ourselves of the limitations of democracy can we save it.

3) Only then would we be able to start the search for a better system than democracy.

4) All of the above


Explanation:
Refer to the last paragraph, where the quoted sentence occurs. According to the author, today's political correctness does not allow one

d
to say that democracy is not the best political system there is. However, not being able to admit this openly may lead to an inevitable

ite
return to a totalitarian rule; also, it will prevent us from being able to find a better system than democracy, or alternatively, finding a way to
save democracy. Thus, all the given options are correct. Hence, [4].

m
Question: 86

Li
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
On a Saturday night at a local disco, Amit is wearing a blue shirt and blue trousers. His friend Arif who is also there that night has come on

e
his motorcycle. Abhijeet is wearing white trousers.Abhishek hates to wear either black or blue trousers. Abhilash has decided to come in

at
his new Zen and gave a ride to one of his friends. Ajay and one more person wore brown trousers. Anurag cannot drive any vehicle.
Abhilash and Anurag have the same coloured shirts: green. Abhishek took a lift from a friend and Arif offered a lift to one of the boys. Ajay

iv
drove his own car, and Anurag came on the only motorcycle that was there at that hour. Amit wore the same shirt colour as the person
who went with him.

If Abhishek and Amit came together in a Cielo, then who went with Abhilash?
Pr
es
1) Arif

2) Anurag
rc

3) Ajay
ou

4) Abhijeet
es

Explanation:
It cannot be Arif or Anurag because Arif came on a motorbike and Anurag went with him. We also know Amit and Abhishek came
R

together. Now, out of the remaining three, we know Ajay and Abhilash came in their cars, and Abhilash has definitely given a lift to
someone. By the rocess of elimination, that could only have been Abhijeet. Hence, [4].
ng

Question: 87
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
ni
ar

What is the colour of Abhishek's shirt? (Use data from previous question).
1) White
Le

2) Green

3) Blue
S

4) Black
IM

Explanation:
Abhishek came with Amit, and we know he wore the same coloured shirt as his co-passenger. Since, Amit is wearing blue, so is
Abhishek. Hence, [3].

Question: 88
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

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The two boys in the Zen wore the same coloured trousers. What was the colour?(Use information from the previous questions).
1) Grey

2) White

3) Black

4) Blue
Explanation:
Here again, we know that Abhijeet and Abhilash have come together, and it is Abhilash who came in the Zen. Thus, since Abhijeet is

d
wearing white trousers, so is Abhilash. Hence, [2].

ite
Question: 89

m
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

Li
From the information given in the previous questions, who are the persons who came in their own vehicles to the disco that night?
1) Arif, Abhilash, Amit, Ajay

e
2) Arif, Abhilash, Ajay, Abhishek

at
3) Anurag, Arif, Ajay, Abhishek

iv
4) Cannot be determined.
Explanation:
As Abhisek took lift from his friend, we have Arif,Abhilash, Amit, Ajay who owned a vehicle. Hence, [1].
Pr
es
Question: 90
Three out of four sentences in the options, when correctly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Which of the following sentences does
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not fit into the context?


ou

1] Like many new technologies, Web-based office products like Google Docs go through an initial phase, where novelty is the main
attraction.
es

2] In the programming world, this is known as the worse is better approach.


3] Thats because its easier to lure in sceptics of a new technology if its simple and straight-forward, even if that means sacrificing
functionality.
R

4] Its not necessarily a bad thing that Google Docs will never have all the tools and gizmos that are built into its predecessor Microsoft
Word.
ng

1) 1
ni

2) 2
ar

3) 3

4) 4
Le

Explanation:
Though [1] speaks of a novelty factor regarding Google Docs, this aspect is not discussed in any of the other sentences. Rather, the other
S

three sentences focus on another aspect of technology, i.e. the 'worse is better' approach. [4] introduces the topic; [3] provides an
explanation for [4]; and [2] puts a name to this approach. Thus [1] does not fit into this context. Hence, [1].
IM

Question: 91
Three out of four sentences in the options, when correctly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Which of the following sentences does
not fit into the context?
1] The USSR built the worlds first major concentration camp system: the Gulag.
2] The USSRs economy, which many foreign observers imagined to be a fascinating experiment, was made to work by suppressing all

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normal human incentives and spontaneous initiatives.


3] The USSRs socio-economic transformation was achieved through the most appalling cruelty, violence, terror and mass murder.
4] In the Great Terror of 193739 vast numbers of ordinary men and women were simply shot at random to create the ultimate totalitarian
climate where no one felt safe.
1) 1

2) 2

3) 3

4) 4

d
Explanation:

ite
Sentence [3] forms a suitable introductory sentence, as it mentions the horrifying acts committed by the USSR. [1] and [4] give examples
of some such acts, so they follow [3] (in either order). However, [2] does not mention any specific horrifying acts, and focuses on the

m
foreign misunderstanding of the USSR's methods, rather than on the USSR itself. Also, [2] is much less negative than the rest of the
sentences. So it does not quite fit into the sequence. Hence, [2].

Li
Question: 92

e
Three out of four sentences in the options, when correctly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Which of the following sentences does

at
not fit into the context?
1] The bite finished with an intense burst of dark chocolate, softened by the buttery dissolution of caramel.

iv
2] You almost never see milk and dark chocolate commingled, but the effect in this bar was striking: the sweetness of the milk chocolate
rushed across the tongue, played against the musky crunch of the nut, then faded.
3] The chocolate bar was a complex and nuanced marriage of ingredients: milk chocolate around a hazelnut paste (somewhat like a rich
hazelnut mousse) interspersed with crushed hazelnuts.
Pr
es
4] The interplay of tastes and textures in the chocolate bar was remarkable: the teeth broke through the milky chocolate shell, sailed
through the mild caramel, only to encounter the smoky crunch of the almonds, and finally, the rich tumescence of the dark chocolate.
rc

1) 1
ou

2) 2

3) 3
es

4) 4
R

Explanation:
The sequence in this paragraph may not be clear (though [1] is probably the last sentence, given that it states how the 'bite finished'). But
ng

there is no doubt that [3] does not fit: the other three sentences describe how a chocolate bar tastes, while [3] merely lists some of its
ingredients, but says nothing about its taste. Another way to spot that [3] is the incorrect sentence is to note that [1], [2] and [4] all
ni

prominently mention dark chocolate as an ingredient of the chocolate bar, while [3] fails to mention it entirely. Hence, [3].
ar

Question: 93
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
Le

As a writer of science fiction and fantasy, and on behalf of all the variations and sub-genres such as urban fantasy, alternate history and
steampunk which collectively make up 'speculative fiction', I'd argue that this genre is different from literary fiction.
S

Whether it's dealing with rayguns and rocket ships, or swords and sorcery, speculative fiction's unifying, identifying characteristic is that it
doesn't attempt to mimic real life in the way that literary fiction does. It stands apart from the world we know. It takes us away to an entirely
IM

secondary realm, be that Middle-Earth or Westeros, or to an alternate present where vampires and werewolves really do exist.
Read science fiction and you can visit a near-future world where advances in bio-sciences see mega-corporations using genetic
engineering to exploit the human genome for corporate profit. You can see mankind terraforming Mars or can step into a far future where
humanity has colonized the stars, leaving an excluded, remnant population on Earth trying to understand their place in this expanded
universe.
I've read all those stories recently, and as it always has, that distinctive unfamiliarity made me read with closer attention. I wouldn't go so

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far as saying 'familiarity breeds contempt' with literary fiction, but familiarity can certainly breed speed-reading. The reader's unconscious
mind latches on to familiar elements and fills in the rest. If you're reading a novel set in Manchester, even if you've never been there, you
have a mental image of 'Manchesterness' from other cities you've visited and what you've seen on television.
Peter Jackson's best efforts notwithstanding, no one's ever been to Middle-Earth. Speculative fiction prompts the reader to pay so much
more attention, looking for the details that make sense of this strange world. Reading speculative fiction isn't arriving in Manchester. It's
finding yourself in Outer Mongolia with no help from Lonely Planet or a Rough Guide.
Speculative fiction may not mimic real life but it uses its magic mirror to reflect on the world around us. It's a fundamentally outward-
looking genre, in direct contrast to literary fiction, which looks inward to explore the human condition.
Setting a story in another place or another time enables speculative fiction to explore ideas that literary fiction might really struggle with. A

d
literary novelist dealing with the intractable, complex conflicts of contemporary politics or recent history faces countless challenges and
pitfalls. But write a fantasy novel centred on a fractious, fractured country, where arrogant aristocrats pursue their ambition heedless of

ite
ordinary people's suffering and you can explore the rights and responsibilities of power, the uses and abuses of privilege and the
importance of people of every class getting involved in managing their own destiny. By drawing readers in large numbers, contemporary

m
fantasy becomes a platform to debate key current social and political challenges, while science fiction continues to explore the impact of

Li
technological developments, for good and ill, before we have to tackle these things in reality.
Speculative fiction has been the mainstay of children's literature for many decades, and has now become a dominant force in popular

e
culture, from Battlestar Galacticaand Game of Thrones on TV to the Hunger Games films and the new Captain America. However, this is

at
a double-edged sword. The common assumption that 'kids' stuff' or 'commercially popular' means simplistic or inferior helps perpetuate
the prejudice against science fiction and fantasy.

iv
Challenge people to justify that disdain and you'll almost always find out they don't actually read current speculative fiction. They read The
Lord of the Rings at school and lost the will to live somewhere around Tom Bombadil. Frankly, that's understandable and I say that as a
Tolkien fan. But to reject an entire genre on that basis? That's like reading Murder on the Orient Express as a teenager, deciding the Pr
solution is preposterous and dismissing all crime fiction. Such prejudice makes no sense. And worse, it cuts a reader off from some of the
es
most challenging, most immersive contemporary fiction.
So yes, the speculative fiction genre is different from literary fiction. By celebrating its distinctive strengths we will come to recognize the
rc

weakness of knee-jerk prejudice against it.


ou

What is the author's opinion of speculative fiction as opposed to literary fiction?


1) She thinks that speculative fiction and literary fiction have different strengths and purposes.
es

2) She thinks that speculative fiction is more entertaining, while literary fiction is more serious.
R

3) She thinks that speculative fiction is a better genre than literary fiction, though more limited in scope.

4) She thinks that speculative fiction is essentially no different from literary fiction.
ng

Explanation:
There is no suggestion in the passage that the author thinks that literary fiction is more serious than speculative fiction; rather, the author
ni

mentions certain serious purposes of the latter in paragraph 7. There is no qualitative comparison of the two genres anywhere in the
ar

passage, so better in [3] is baseless. [4] completely contradicts the authors avowed intention as well as conclusion see the first and
last paragraphs. Only [1] suitably sums up the authors opinion: in paragraphs 4 to 7, she points out how speculative and literary fiction
Le

have different strengths and can be used for different purposes. Hence, [1].

Question: 94
S

The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
IM

What does the author mean by claiming that reading speculative fiction is 'finding yourself in Outer Mongolia with no help from Lonely
Planet or a Rough Guide'?
1) Speculative fiction can be daunting to understand with no guide to explain what is what.

2) Speculative fiction places you in unfamiliar surroundings, leaving you to figure things out on your own.

3) Speculative fiction allows you to enter a rich imaginary world, as fully-fledged as real places such Outer Mongolia.

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You can get completely lost while reading speculative fiction, such that you might find yourself in a completely different
4)
world.
Explanation:
Refer to paragraphs 4 and 5. The author compares literary fiction and speculative fiction, saying that in the former, the real places are so
familiar that the readers pay little attention to the setting, while in the latter, the setting is imaginary and therefore completely unfamiliar, so
the readers have to make sense of it on their own. The author considers this a point in favour of speculative fiction. So [1], which interprets
it in a negative light, is incorrect. [3] and [4] completely miss the point about the unfamiliarity of the place, so they are incorrect as well.
Only [2] interprets the quote correctly. Hence, [2].

d
Question: 95

ite
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

Choose a suitable title for this passage.

m
1) A Debate on Literary Genre

Li
2) A Defence of Speculative Fiction

e
3) A Comparison of Speculative and Literary Fiction

at
4) A Journey through the Imaginary Worlds of Speculative Fiction
Explanation:

iv
Option [1] is too general literary genre could refer to any number of genres, such as crime, romance, horror, while this passage focuses
only on one particular genre, speculative fiction. [2] is a partial answer: towards the end of the passage, the author does defend
Pr
speculative fiction against those who dismiss it as simplistic or inferior; but that is not what the entire passage is about. [4] is only partially
es
correct as well it applies only the first half of the passage. Only [3] is a suitably comprehensive title: throughout the passage, the author
compares speculative fiction and literary fiction, and tries to show how they are different. Hence, [3].
rc

Question: 96
ou

The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

Which of the following cannot be inferred from this passage?


es

1) The speculative fiction genre is made up of a number of distinct subgenres.


R

2) People tend to be biased against speculative fiction, without ever giving it a real chance.

3) The current dominance of speculative fiction in popular culture has ironically reinforced prejudices against it.
ng

4) Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings films have given people an idea of what Middle-Earth looks like.
ni

Explanation:
Option [1] is a summation of the list of subgenres mentioned in the first paragraph. [2] is the author's main point in the penultimate
ar

paragraph. [3] is inferable from paragraph 8, particularly the phrase 'double-edged sword' in reference to the current popularity of
speculative fiction TV shows and films. Only [4] is not inferable from the passage. Though the author mentions Peter Jackson in
Le

paragraph 5, there is no information in the passage regarding how he has contributed towards people's knowledge of Middle-Earth.
(Please remember that you are not supposed to use your external knowledge to answer RC questions.) Hence, [4].
S

Question: 97
IM

The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

Which of the following, if true, will be the least likely reason for the author to think that speculative fiction is better suited to exploring
political issues and conflicts than literary fiction?
1) A writer of speculative fiction does not have to worry about choosing sides in real conflicts.

2) The issues of a fantasy world in speculative fiction need not have any direct correlation to the issues of the real world.

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3) Speculative fiction does not have to be careful about not offending the readers' sensibilities while discussing real conflicts.

Speculative fiction, by depicting fictional conflicts that stand in for real ones, can gain a more objective perspective on the
4)
real ones.
Explanation:
Refer to paragraph 7: the author suggests that writers of literary fiction face countless challenges and pitfalls when writing about political
issues, which speculative fiction writers dont. The implication is that because speculative fiction does not depict real events per se, but
rather, fictional versions of the same, it also avoids the emotional issues that surround real events, such as having to choose sides in a
real political conflict or offending the sensibilities of readers who are emotionally invested in the same. The distance from the real events
could also provide a more objective perspective on these events. Thus, options [1], [3] and [4] are likely reasons. Only [2] is unlikely not

d
only does it contradict the authors point in this passage, but also, if true, it means that speculative fiction doesnt really explore real

ite
political issues. Hence, [2].

m
Question: 98
Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

Li
In a call centre twelve employees are working in three shifts viz., 7 am - 3 pm, 3 pm - 11pm and 11 pm - 7 am. There are only four working
cabins, each of which is occupied by only one person at a time. Some more information is available which is as follows:

e
1. The three employees whose names start with the same letter do not work in the same shift or in the same cabin.

at
2. Vicky, Roze and Tapan work in the same cabin.

iv
3. Amy, Tapan and Nancy work in the same shift.
4. Laurie works in the same cabin as Amy and works in the same shift as Amin.
5. Ana, Vicky and Maria work in the same shift.
6. Keshav works in the same cabin as Romy and comes at 7 am when Romy leaves for the day.
Pr
es
7. Roze chooses to work in the shifts 7 am - 3 pm or 3 pm - 11 pm. Roze and Kesar do not work in the same shift.

Which of the following two do not work in the same shift?


rc

1) Ana - Kesar
ou

2) Amy - Romy

3) Laurie - Romy
es

4) Keshav - Amin
R

Explanation:
ng
ni
ar
Le
S
IM

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d
ite
m
Li
e
at
iv
Pr
es
rc
ou

Question: 99
Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
es

Who works in the same cabin as Amin and comes to the call centre when Amin leaves?
R

1) Maria
ng

2) Nancy

3) Romy
ni

4) Cannot be determined
ar

Explanation:
Le
S
IM

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d
ite
m
Li
e
at
iv
Pr
es
rc
ou

Question: 100
Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
es

In a call centre twelve employees are working in three shifts viz., 7 am - 3 pm, 3 pm - 11pm and 11 pm - 7 am. There are only four working
R

cabins, each of which is occupied by only one person at a time. Some more information is available which is as follows:
1. The three employees whose names start with the same letter do not work in the same shift or in the same cabin.
ng

2. Vicky, Roze and Tapan work in the same cabin.


3. Amy, Tapan and Nancy work in the same shift.
ni

4. Laurie works in the same cabin as Amy and works in the same shift as Amin.
ar

5. Ana, Vicky and Maria work in the same shift.


6. Keshav works in the same cabin as Romy and comes at 7 am when Romy leaves for the day.
Le

7. Roze chooses to work in the shifts 7 am - 3 pm or 3 pm - 11 pm. Roze and Kesar do not work in the same shift.

_______ does not work in the 11 pm - 7 am shift.


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1) Vicky
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2) Romy

3) Nancy

4) Tapan
Explanation:

IMS Learning Resources Pvt.Ltd.,Mumbai.All copyrights to this material vestswith IMS Learning Resources Pvt.Ltd.
No part of this materials either in part oras a whole shall be copied,printed,electronically reproduced,sold or distributed without the written Copyright
consent of IMS Learing Resources Pvt.Ltd.and any such violation would entail initiation of suitable legal proceedings.
Login ID:44A08825/Student Name:SHARMIROY/Overall Score:107

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IMS Learning Resources Pvt.Ltd.,Mumbai.All copyrights to this material vestswith IMS Learning Resources Pvt.Ltd.
No part of this materials either in part oras a whole shall be copied,printed,electronically reproduced,sold or distributed without the written Copyright
consent of IMS Learing Resources Pvt.Ltd.and any such violation would entail initiation of suitable legal proceedings.