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CRACK WIDTH CHECK

Design Parameters:-
i) Depth of section, h = 1200 mm
ii) Width of section, b = 1000 mm
iii) Minimum clear cover, Cmin = 50 mm
iv) Dia. of main tensional bar(db),Ф = 32 mm
v) No. of bar, n = 10
vi) Spacing of bar, s = 100 mm
vii) Grade of concrete, = M 25
viii) Grade of reinforcement, = Fe 500
ix) Modulus of elasticity of steel, Es = 210 KN/mm2
x) Depth of crack check level, a = 1200 mm
xi) Design Moment,M = 1068.963 KN-m
x) Dia. of top compession bar(db),Ф = 25 mm
xi) Spacing of top reinforcement, s = 100 mm
xii) No. of bar, n = 10
The Crack Width of the section is checked at point A, at soffit of beam between the mid point of
consecutive two main longitidunal bar.

The design crack width (Wcr) at a selected level, A on the surface of the section
with max. moment is,

Where,
acr = Shortest distance from the selected level on the surface to a longitudinal bar
εm = Average strain of steel at the selected level.
x = Depth of neutral axis.

Calculation of acr :-
[Effective cover dc= Cmin + db/2
= 66 mm]

= sqrt of [(100/2)^2 +66^2]-32/2
= 66.80 mm

Calculation of Neutral Axis depth :-

Effective depth , d = (h - dc)
= (1200-66)
= 1134 mm

Modulur ratio, m = 280/(3 x σcb) [As per IS;-456]
= 11
[σcbc = 8.5 MPa for M25 Grade of Conc.]

Ast = (804 x 10)
= 8040 mm2

Asc = (491 x 10) [Effective cover at top dct= Cmin + db/2
= 4910 mm2 = 62.5 mm]

Moment about N-A,
(b x X) x X/2 + (m-1) x Asc x (X-dct) = mAst x (d-X)
1000x X^2/2 +(11-1)x4910(X-62.5)=11x8040(1134-X)
X^2 +275.08X -206719.42 = 0

50)/(1200-337)}] = 0.dc . Wcr = 3 x acr x εm / [1 + {2 x (acr .0006195 ε1 = εS x (a-X)/(d-X) = 0. = εS x (a-X)/(d-X) C εS = Strain in the longitudinal reinforcement.0004864 Crack is developed Crack Width.0006708 Therefore. ε1 = Strain at the selected level based on a cracked sectional analysis.X/3) = (1200-66-337/3) = 1022 mm Total tension force covered by reinforcement.00061952380952381x(1200-337)/(1134-337) = 0.0004864 / [1 + {2 x (66.093826 mm . J = (h .96x 1000)/8040 = 130.0006708 -[{1000 x (1200-337) x (1200-337)}/{3 x210x1000 x8040 x (1134-337)}] = 0.1 MPa < 0.X = 337 mm Calculation of Average Strain of Steel. Lever Arm.96 KN As per Hooks Law. εm = ε1 -[{b x (h-X) x (a-X)}/{3 x ES x Ast x (d-X)}] = 0.Cmin)/(h-X)}] = 3 x66.87xfy 435 MPa Safe Therefore. Es = (fs/εs) εs = (fs/Es) fs = Stress developed at reinforcement.Therefore.8 x 0.8 . ε f T T= M/J = (1068.963x 1000)/1022 ε = 1045.1/(210x1000) = 0.εm :- Where. εs = 130. = T/Ast = (1045.