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Installation Manual

SmartAX MA5600 Multi-service Access Module Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Appendix A Cabinet Specifications.............................................................................................A-1


A.1 Cabinet Dimensions and Weight .......................................................................................A-1
A.2 Working Voltage ................................................................................................................A-1
A.3 Board Power Consumption ...............................................................................................A-1
A.4 Fan Power Consumption...................................................................................................A-2
A.5 Frame Power Consumption...............................................................................................A-2

Appendix B Wiring Diagrams.......................................................................................................B-1


B.1 AC Power H66-16/22 Cabinet with an SPL frame ............................................................B-1
B.2 DC Power H66-18 Cabinet with an SPL frame .................................................................B-3
B.3 DC Power H66-22 Cabinet with an SPL frame .................................................................B-5
B.4 DC Power H66-18 Cabinet with no SPL frame .................................................................B-7
B.5 DC Power H66-22 Cabinet with no SPL frame .................................................................B-9

Appendix C Cabling Rack.............................................................................................................C-1


C.1 Specifications of the Cabling Rack....................................................................................C-1
C.2 Parts of the Cabling Rack .................................................................................................C-1

Appendix D Labels for Cables .....................................................................................................D-1


D.1 Introduction to Labels........................................................................................................D-1
D.1.1 Material Features....................................................................................................D-1
D.1.2 Type and Shape .....................................................................................................D-1
D.1.3 Printing Labels ........................................................................................................D-3
D.1.4 Writing Labels .........................................................................................................D-5
D.1.5 Affixing Labels ........................................................................................................D-6
D.1.6 Information Carried on Labels ................................................................................D-7
D.1.7 Remarks .................................................................................................................D-8
D.2 Labels for External Cables of the Alarm Box ....................................................................D-8
D.3 Labels for Network Cables ................................................................................................D-9
D.4 Labels for Optical Fibers .................................................................................................D-11
D.4.1 Labels for the Fiber Connecting Two Cabinets ....................................................D-11
D.4.2 Labels for the Fiber Connecting the Cabinet and the ODF ..................................D-12
D.5 Labels for Trunk Cables ..................................................................................................D-14
D.5.1 Labels for the Trunk Cable Connecting Two Cabinets.........................................D-14
D.5.2 Labels for the Trunk Cable Connecting the Cabinet and the DDF.......................D-15
D.6 Labels for Subscriber Cables ..........................................................................................D-16
D.7 Labels for Power Cables .................................................................................................D-17
D.7.1 Labels for DC Power Cables ................................................................................D-17
D.7.2 Labels for AC Power Cables ................................................................................D-19

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Appendix E Running Environment Requirements.....................................................................E-1


E.1 Environment Requirements for Equipment Room.............................................................E-1
E.1.1 Site Selection of Equipment Room .........................................................................E-1
E.1.2 Layout of Equipment Room ....................................................................................E-2
E.1.3 Construction Requirements for Equipment Room ..................................................E-2
E.1.4 Requirements for Temperature and Humidity ........................................................E-4
E.1.5 Requirements for Neatness ....................................................................................E-4
E.1.6 Requirements for Corrosive Gases ........................................................................E-5
E.1.7 Requirements for Electromagnetic Environment ....................................................E-6
E.1.8 Requirements for ESD Prevention..........................................................................E-6
E.1.9 Requirements for Lightning Proof Grounding .........................................................E-6
E.2 Requirements for Power Supply........................................................................................E-9
E.2.1 Requirements for AC Power Supply.......................................................................E-9
E.2.2 Recommendations for AC Power Supply .............................................................E-10
E.2.3 Requirements for DC Power Supply.....................................................................E-11
E.2.4 Recommendations for DC Power Supply .............................................................E-12

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SmartAX MA5600 Multi-service Access Module Appendix A Cabinet Specifications

Appendix A Cabinet Specifications

A.1 Cabinet Dimensions and Weight

Table A1 Dimensions and weight of the MA5600 cabinet


Cabinet type H66-18 H66-22
Weight (No load) 81 kg 95 kg
Weight (with frames) 190 kg 230 kg

Dimensions 600 mm x 600 mm x 2200


600 mm x 600 mm x 1800 mm
(W)x(D)x(H) mm

A.2 Working Voltage

The MA5600 supports two power supply modes: 110V/220V AC or 48V/60V DC.
See Table A2 for details.

Table A2 Equipment working voltage

AC working Rated voltage: 220 V/110 V, 50 Hz/60 Hz


voltage Range: 176 V290 V, 47 Hz63 Hz; 85 V143 V, 47 Hz63 Hz

DC working Rated voltage: 48 V/60 V


voltage Range: 38.4 V to 72 V

A.3 Board Power Consumption

Table A3 lists the board power consumption.

Table A3 Board power consumption

Board Power consumption (W)


SCU 50.0
ISUA 37.0
ISUE 35.0
EIUA 2.0

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Board Power consumption (W)


ADEF 93.9
ADBF 95.5
SHEA 45.0
SPLL 2.0
SPLF 2.0
SPLH 2.0

A.4 Fan Power Consumption

The power consumption of the fan frame (with six fans) is 90.6 W.

A.5 Frame Power Consumption

Note:
The MA5600 supports various types of boards with different power consumptions. So,
the power consumptions of different frames are different if these frames are
configured differently. In the following example, a frame is fully configured with ADL
boards (14 subscriber boards + one main control board + fan frame).

When a frame is fully configured with the ADBF boards, the power consumption of the
whole frame is 1480.6 W.
When a frame is fully configured with the ADEF boards, the power consumption of the
whole frame is 1457.0 W.

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SmartAX MA5600 Multi-service Access Module Appendix B Wiring Diagrams

Appendix B Wiring Diagrams

B.1 AC Power H66-16/22 Cabinet with an SPL frame

COM

MS

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Figure B1 Wiring for AC power H66 cabinet with an SPL frame

(2)

(1)
(1) (3)

(4)

(1) Side door (2) Rear door


(3) Bottom plate (4) Front door
Figure B2 Grounding cable wiring for AC power H66 cabinet with an SPL frame

Table B1 Wiring description for AC power H66 cabinet with an SPL frame
No. Name Quantity Remarks
1 48 V feeder cable 1 Cable No.: 1
2 Frame 48 V feeder cable 1 Cable No.: 3
3 PGND cable 5 Cable No.: 1115
Environment monitoring
4 1 Cable No.: 6
cable

48 V power cable of the


5 1 Cable No.: 40
modem

Communication cable of
6 1 Cable No.: 41
the backup port

Signal-transfer cable of
7 1 Cable No.: 42
the modem
Phone-transfer cable of
8 1 Cable No.: 43
the modem

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B.2 DC Power H66-18 Cabinet with an SPL frame

Figure B3 Wiring for DC power H66-18 cabinet with an SPL frame

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(2)

(1)
(1) (3)

(4)

(1) Side door (2) Rear door


(3) Bottom plate (4) Front door
Figure B4 Grounding cable wiring for DC power H66-18 cabinet with an SPL frame

Table B2 Wiring description for DC power H66-18 cabinet with an SPL frame
No. Name Quantity Remarks
1 48 V feeder cable 1 Cable No.: 1
2 PGND feeder cable 5 Cable No.: 1115

Communication cable of the


3 1 Cable No.: 141
standby port
48 V power cable of the
4 1 Cable No.: 40
modem
Signal transfer cable of the
5 1 Cable No.: 42
modem
Phone transfer cable of the
6 1 Cable No.: 43
modem

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B.3 DC Power H66-22 Cabinet with an SPL frame

Figure B5 Wiring for DC power H66-22 cabinet with an SPL frame

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(2)

(1)
(1) (3)

(4)

(1) Side door (2) Rear door


(3) Bottom plate (4) Front door
Figure B6 Grounding cable wiring for DC power H66-22 cabinet with an SPL frame

Table B3 Wiring description for DC power H66-22 cabinet with an SPL frame
No. Name Quantity Remarks
48 V feeder cable of the
1 1 Cable No.: 1
upper frame
48 V feeder cable of the
2 1 Cable No.: 3
middle frame
3 PGND feeder cable 5 Cable No.: 1115
48 V power cable of the
4 1 Cable No.: 40
modem
Communication cable of
5 1 Cable No.: 41
the standby port
Signal transfer cable of
6 1 Cable No.: 42
the modem
Phone transfer cable of
7 1 Cable No.: 43
the modem

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B.4 DC Power H66-18 Cabinet with no SPL frame

Figure B7 Wiring for DC power H66-18 cabinet with no SPL frame

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(2)

(3) (1)
(1)

(4)

(1) Side door (2) Rear door


(3) Bottom plate (4) Front door
Figure B8 Grounding cable wiring for DC power H66-18 cabinet with no SPL frame

Table B4 Wiring description for DC power H66-18 cabinet with no SPL frame
No. Name Quantity Remarks
1 48 V feeder cable 1 Cable No.: 1
2 48 V feeder cable 1 Cable No.: 3

3 PGND feeder cable 5 Cable No.: 1115


4 48 V power cable of the modem 1 Cable No.: 40
Communication cable of the
5 1 Cable No.: 41
standby port
6 Signal transfer cable of the modem 1 Cable No.: 42
7 Phone transfer cable of the modem 1 Cable No.: 43

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B.5 DC Power H66-22 Cabinet with no SPL frame

Figure B9 Wiring for DC power H66-22 cabinet with no SPL frame

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(2)

(3) (1)
(1)

(4)

(1) Side door (2) Rear door


(3) Bottom plate (4) Front door
Figure B10 Grounding cable wiring for DC power H66-22 cabinet with no SPL frame

Table B5 Wiring description for DC power H66-22 cabinet with no SPL frame
No. Name Quantity Remarks
1 48 V feeder cable 1 Cable No.: 1
2 48 V feeder cable 1 Cable No.: 3

3 48 V feeder cable 1 Cable No.: 18


4 PGND feeder cable 5 Cable No.: 1115
5 48 V power cable of the modem 1 Cable No.: 40

6 Communication cable of the standby port 1 Cable No.: 41


7 Signal transfer cable of the modem 1 Cable No.: 42
8 Phone transfer cable of the modem 1 Cable No.: 43

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SmartAX MA5600 Multi-service Access Module Appendix C Cabling Rack

Appendix C Cabling Rack

C.1 Specifications of the Cabling Rack

For the upward cabling, the cabling rack shall be installed in the equipment room.
The cabling rack consists of cabling ladder and wiring trough (optional). The
specifications of cabling ladder and wiring trough are listed below.
z 200 mm-wide cabling ladder with optional 200 mm-wide wiring trough
z 400 mm-wide cabling ladder with optional 400 mm-wide wiring trough
z 600 mm-wide cabling ladder with optional 400 mm+200 mm-wide wiring trough
It is recommended to select the 400 mm-wide cabling ladder only.

C.2 Parts of the Cabling Rack

Table C1 lists the parts of the cabling rack.

Table C1 Parts for the cabling rack

U-shape connecting piece


U-steel

Crosspiece (200 mm) Crosspiece (400 mm)

Crosspiece (600 mm) Mount angle

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Triangular support (for 200 mm-wide


Cable-through rack cabling ladder)

Triangular support (for 400 mm-wide Triangular support (for 600 mm-wide
cabling ladder) cabling ladder)

Connecting clip for wiring trough


Fixing clip for wiring trough

Wiring trough (200 mm)


Wiring trough (400 mm)

Insulating plate
Insulating washer

Side shield Bolt B (M8 20)

Movable bushing

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SmartAX MA5600 Multi-service Access Module Appendix D Labels for Cables

Appendix D Labels for Cables

Labels are affixed to both ends of cables to identify the physical positions of cables on
different devices. Cable labels can ease the cable connection and maintenance.

Note:
If the label description is required, the labels shall be printed. However, this must be
stated in the self-check report.

D.1 Introduction to Labels

This section provides basic information about labels.

D.1.1 Material Features

The material features of labels are as follows.


z Material: Polyester (PET), with Underwriters Laboratories (UL) and Canadian
Standards Association (CSA) certificates
z Color: chalk white
z Thickness: 0.09 mm
z Ambient temperature: 29C to +149C
z Compatible with laser printing or handwriting with oiliness markers

D.1.2 Type and Shape

There are two types of cable labels: labels for power cables and labels for signal
cables.
Power cables include AC power cables and DC power cables.
Signal cables include:
z External cable of the alarm box
z Network cable
z Optical fiber
z Trunk cable
z Subscriber cable (excluding the antenna feeder)

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I. Label for signal cables

The label for signal cables is L-shaped with fixed sizes, as shown in Figure D1.

84.0
7.5
7.0

5.5
5.5 Cut dotted line

11.0 10.0

11.0 TO:
1.5

Dividing line
Dividing line
0.6
5.5
5.5
7.0 1.0
7.5 Cut dotted line

37.0 2.0

Unit: mm

Figure D1 Label for signal cables

The dividing lines on the label help you to specify more clearly the position of a cable.
For example, there is one dividing line between the cabinet number and the frame
number and another one between the frame number and the slot number. The
dividing line sizes are 1.5 mm x 0.6 mm, and its color is PONTONE 656c (light blue).
The cut dotted line helps you to fold the label when affixing it to the cable. Its sizes are
1.0 mm x 2.0 mm.
There is a mark TO: (upside down in the figure) at the lower right corner of the label.
The mark identifies the opposite end of the cable on which the label is affixed.

II. Label for power cables

The label for power cables is attached to the identification plate on the cable ties. The
identification plate has an embossment of 0.2 mm x 0.6 mm around (symmetric on
both sides), as shown in Figure D2. Affix the label at the area in the middle.

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26.2 10 R1.0
TO:
12.2 11

25
0.6

Label paper

1.5
Cable tie

0.6
11.0
Dividing line on the label

Unit: mm

Figure D2 Label for power cables

D.1.3 Printing Labels

The contents can be printed (recommended) or written with oilness marker on the
labels.

I. Template for the printing

A Word-format template is available for label printout. You can get the template from
Huawei.
When using the template, you can modify the contents on the template directly.
However, observe the following items:
z The settings of centered characters, direction, and fonts cannot be changed.
z When there are too many letters to be filled in, zoom out the characters, but
make sure the printouts are clear and legible.

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II. Cells merging on the template

To merge the cells, you shall first recover the table structure. If gridlines are displayed,
go to Step 3.
1) Select [Edit/Select All].
2) Select [Format/Borders and Shading/Borders].
3) Select [Box].
4) Click <OK>.
5) Drag the mouse to select the cells to be merged.
6) Select [Table/Merge Cells].
If two merged cells are still not enough to accommodate the letters, use multiple lines.

III. Requirements on the printer

To print the labels, use the laser printer. Before you print the label, set up the page and
try the printing on ordinary blank paper. Ensure both sides of the paper are blank.
The procedure is as follows:
1) Cover the blank paper onto the whole page of label paper.
2) Check whether the page setup conforms to the requirement.
3) Make sure the printer properties, such as "paper size" and direction, are set
correctly.
4) If the warning as shown in Figure D3 appears before printing, click <Ignore> to
continue the printing.

Figure D3 Warning prompt before printing

If the printout confoms to the requiremnt, print it to the label paper. Otherwise, adjust
the page setup and try the printing again, until the correct printout is produced.
Follow the steps below to adjust the page setup.
1) Select [File/Page Setup].
2) Click the Margins tab page.
3) Select Left for Gutter Position.
4) Set Header and Footer as 0, and adjust the values of Top, Bottom, Left, and
Right.
After the page setup finishes, save it for future use. This page setup is necessary only
when you use the template to print the labels for the first time.

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IV. Requirements on feeding the printer

Different from the ordinary paper, the label paper is composed of two pages. No
matter what model of the printer you use, feed in the labels one after another by hand.
Never use the auto-feed mode in order to avoid jamming the labels. Different models
of printers may have different feeding modes. Feed in the labels correctly.

V. Requirements on the printed label

Ensure that the printed label satisfies the following requirements:


z All the printouts must be on the label, and nothing shall be printed on the bottom
page of the label.
z Contents in the cells shall be centered. In the case of a single-line printout, the
dividing lines and the mark TO shall not be covered by the printed characters.
z When the cells are merged and the printouts are made in multiple lines, do not
cover the mark TO.

D.1.4 Writing Labels

Use the black oiliness marker delivered together with the device to write the labels.
In special cases, you can use the black ball-pen, although not recommended. When
writing with a ball-pen, do not to leave any oil on the label. The oil may contaminate
the label and blur the words.

Note:
The delivered marker has two nibs. Use the smaller nib to write the labels.

For the sake of easy recognition and good looking, the font in handwriting shall be
close to the standard typeface as much as possible. Table D1 shows the standard
typeface.

Table D1 Standard typeface for handwriting

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 A B C D E F G H
I J K L M N O P Q
R S T U V W X Y Z

Write the characters in proper size. Figure D4 shows the writing direction.

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1 A01 2 A 06

5 05 1 B02 1
TO:

Figure D4 Writing direction of the label

D.1.5 Affixing Labels

After printing or writing the label, remove it from the bottom page, and then affix it to
the signal cable or the identification plate of the power cable.

I. Affixing the label to the signal cable

Determine the sticking position of the label


The label is affixed 2 cm from the connector on the signal cable. In special cases, for
example, to avoid cable bent or affecting other cables, other positions are allowed to
affix the labels.
When the cable is placed vertically, the label faces right. When the cable is placed
horizontally, the lable faces downward.

Cable Cable Cable

Stick side

TO:
Partial 1 B02 1 5 05

Figure D5 Sticking the label onto proper position of the signal cable

z Fold part of the cable


Fold the label right and stick it. See 2-Label when part of it is folded in Figure D5.
z Fold the cable
Fold the cable upward along the dotted line. See 3-Label when it is folded
completely in Figure D5.

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II. Affixing the label to the power cable

Remove the label from the bottom page, and then affix it to the identification plate on
the cable tie. The label shall be stuck to the rectangular flute, and shall be stuck to
only one side of the identification plate. Affix the labels on the same side of the
identification plates. The cable ties are fastened 2 cm from the connectors, and other
positions are allowed in special circumstances.
Cable ties shall be fastened on both ends of a cable. After the bundling, the finished
identification plate shall be on top of the cable in horizontal cabling, or on the right side
of the cable in vertical cabling. Make sure the label is facing outward, as shown in
Figure D6.

Cable

TO:
B03 -48V2

B03
TO:
-48V2
Cable

1-The identification plate is on top 2-The identification plate is on the right


of the cable in horizontal cabling side of the cable in vertical cabling

Figure D6 Appearance of affixed labels on power cables

D.1.6 Information Carried on Labels


I. For signal cables
The two sides of the label affixed on the signal cable indicate the location of the ports
connected to both ends of the cable, as shown in Figure D7.

Area 1
Area 3

Area 2 TO:

Figure D7 Text parts on the label for signal cables

The information is given like this:

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z Area 1 contains the location information about local end of the cable.
z Area 2 (with the mark "TO:") contains the location information about the opposite
end of the cable.
z Area 3 is folded up inside the label.
Seen from the cabling end of the equipment, the text part of the label is on the right
side of the cable. The side with TO: that is facing outside indicates the opposite end;
and the other side indicates the local end. Therefore, the information in Area 1 at one
end is the same as the information in Area 2 at the other end of the cable, and vice
versa.

II. For power cables

Labels for power cables are only affixed on one side of the identification plates. On the
labels, there is information (the part after the mark TO:) about the location of the
device on the other end of the cable.

D.1.7 Remarks

Observe the items below:


z When you print, write or affix labels, keep the labels clean.
z Since the label paper is made of moistureproof and waterproof material, never
use ink-jet printers and ink pens to print and write labels.
z Labels shall be affixed neatly.
z Bundle cable ties in the same position as power cables, with identification plates
on the same side.
z The positions of up, down, right and left are all based on the position of the
engineer who is working on the label.

D.2 Labels for External Cables of the Alarm Box

The external cables of alarm box are connected with the first subscriber cabinet of
each row (used for power distribution). Labels pasted on the first cabinet of each row
shall indicate which equipment is using the access terminal. Labels are not needed on
the equipment side unless there are special requirements. In this case, only Area 2 of
the label shall be filled in.

I. Meaning of the label

Table D2 shows the information on the labels for external cables of the alarm box.

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Table D2 Information on the labels for external cables of the alarm box

Content Meaning Example


M: The cabinets going from front to back (in a
row) in the equipment room are numbered from
A to Z.
MN: Cabinet
MN number in the N: The cabinets going from left to right (in a
equipment room column) are numbered from 01 to 99.
For example, A01 is the cabinet in row A and
column 01.

Note:
Generally, the above numbering method is enough to identify the position of a specific
cabinet. If cabinets are installed in a back-to-back manner, the facing direction of the
cabinet must be specified, so the numbering method like MNO is used. Here, O
means the direction of the cabinet, which can be A or B. On the cable labels
described below, this numbering method is used.

The label on the alarm cable carries simple information, and only part of the text area
needs to be filled in. We suggest keeping the whole length of the label instead of
cutting out the blank area.

II. Example of the label

Figure D8 shows a label on the alarm cable. A01 indicates that the alarm cable is
connected from the first cabinet to the cabinet in row A, column 01.

A01
TO:

Figure D8 Example of the label on the alarm cable

D.3 Labels for Network Cables

The labels for network cables are affixed to the network cables that connect the cards
or to the cables that connect HUBs, servers or agents of the Value Added Service
(VAS) devices.

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I. Meaning of the label

Table D3 shows the information on the labels for the network cable.

Table D3 Information on the labels for the network cable

Content Meaning Example


MN: Cabinet
For example, A01
number
B: Frame Numbered in top-down order with two digits, for
number example, 01
MN-B-C-D
C: Physical slot Numbered in top-down and left-right order with two
number digits, for example, 01
D: Ethernet port Numbered in top-down and left-right order with two
number digits, for example, 01
MN: Cabinet
For example, B02
number
Valid location number of the terminal device
onsite. If the cable is connected to a router in a
MN-Z cabinet, the serial numbers of the cabinet, the
Z: Location
frame and the network interface of the router shall
number
be specified, for example, B02-03-12. If the cable
is connected to the NMS workstation, specific
location of the NMS workstation shall be given.

In VAS products, the information provided on the labels is different, subject to different
devices that the network cables are connecting.
2) Labels for the network cable that connects the HUB and the server
The label on the HUB end shall indicate the number of the frame and cabinet where
the HUB locates, and the serial number on the HUB.

The label on the server end shall indicate the number of the frame and cabinet where
the server locates. In case it is a stand-alone server, specific position of the server
shall be provided.
3) Labels for the network cable that connects the HUB and the agent
The label on the agent end shall contain the serial number of the Ethernet port. The
definitions of the cabinet number and frame number are the same as those described
in Table D3 above.

If it is a stand-alone HUB without any cabinet or frame, the label shall contain specific
location information that identifies the HUB.

The serial number on the HUB, the network port number of the agent and the location
of stand-alone server shall be specified according to actual connection.

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II. Example of the label

Figure D9 shows the label on a network cable.

A01 03 10 05

B02 03 12
TO:

Figure D9 Example of the label on a network cable

A01-03-10-05 indicates that the local end of the network cable is connected with
Ethernet Port 05, slot 10, Frame 03 of the cabinet in row A, column 01.
B02-03-12 indicates that the opposite end of the network cable is connected with
Ethernet Port 12, Frame 03 of the cabinet in row B, column 02.

D.4 Labels for Optical Fibers

The labels for optical fibers are affixed to the optical fibers that connect the optical
interfaces on the cards in a frame, or on the box-type devices.
There are two types of labels for optical fibers:
z One is for the fiber that connects the optical interfaces on two cabinets.
z The other is for the fiber that connects the cabinet and the ODF.

D.4.1 Labels for the Fiber Connecting Two Cabinets

I. Meaning of the label


Table D4 shows the information on the labels for the optical fiber that connects two
cabinets.

Table D4 Information on the labels for the optical fiber that connects two cabinets

Content Meaning Example


MN-B-C-D-R/T MN: Cabinet number For example, A01
Numbered in bottom-up order with
B: Frame number
two digits, for example, 01
Numbered in top-down and left-right
C: Physical slot number
order with two digits, for example, 01
D: Optical interface Numbered in top-down and left-right
number order with two digits, for example, 05

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Content Meaning Example


R: Optical receiving
interface
NA
T: Optical transmitting
interface

MN: Cabinet number


The meanings are the same as
B: Frame number above. When the local cabinet and
C: Physical slot number the opposite cabinet are not in the
same equipment room, MN can be
D: Optical interface the name of the equipment room.
number
R: Optical receiving
interface
NA
T: Optical transmitting
interface

II. Example of the label

Figure D10 shows the label on the optical fiber between two cabinets.

A01 01 05 05 R

G01 01 01 01 T
TO:

Figure D10 Example of the label on the optical fiber between two cabinets

A01-01-05-05-R indicates that the local end of the optical fiber is connected with the
optical receiving interface 05 on slot 05, frame 01 in the cabinet in row A, column 01.
G01-01-01-01-T indicates that the opposite end of the optical fiber is connected with
optical transmitting interface 01 on slot 01, frame 01 in the cabinet in row G, column
01.

D.4.2 Labels for the Fiber Connecting the Cabinet and the ODF

I. Meaning of the label


Table D5 shows the information on the labels for the optical fiber that connects the
cabinet and the ODF.

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Table D5 Information on the labels for the optical fiber that connects the cabinet and
the ODF

Content Meaning Example


MN: cabinet number For example, A01
Numbered in bottom-up order with
B: frame number
two digits, for example, 01
Numbered in top-down and left-right
C: physical slot number order with two digits, for example,
01.
MN-B-C-D-R/T Numbered in top-down and left-right
D: optical interface
order with two digits, for example,
number
05
R: optical receiving
interface
NA
T: optical transmitting
interface
Numbered in the same rule as that
MN: row number and
of the cabinets, for example, G01 is
column number of ODF
the ODF in row G, column 01
B: row number of the
terminal device Range from 01 to 99, for example,
ODF-MN-B-C-R/T C: column number of the 01-01
terminal device
R: optical receiving
interface
NA
T: optical transmitting
interface

II. Example of the label

Figure D11 shows the label on the optical fiber from the cabinet to the ODF.

ODF G01 01 01 R

A01 01 05 05 R
TO:

Figure D11 Example of the label on the optical fiber from the cabinet to the ODF

ODF-G01-01-01-R indicates that the local end of the optical fiber is connected with
the optical receiving terminal in row 01, column 01 of the ODF in row G, column 01.

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A01-01-05-05-R indicates that the opposite end of the optical fiber is connected with
optical receiving interface 05 on slot 05, frame 01 in the cabinet in row A, column 01.

D.5 Labels for Trunk Cables

There are two types of labels for trunk cables. One type is used for the trunk cable
connecting two cabinets. The other type is used for connecting the cabinet and the
DDF.
The trunk cables include 75/120 E1 cable, 120-to-75 trunk cable, clock cable,
and 34 Mbit/s, 45 Mbit/s, 140 Mbit/s and 155 Mbit/s cables.

D.5.1 Labels for the Trunk Cable Connecting Two Cabinets

I. Meaning of the label


Table D6 shows the information on the labels for the trunk cable that connects two
cabinets.

Table D6 Information on the labels for the trunk cable that connects two cabinets

Content Meaning Example


MN: cabinet number For example, A01
Numbered in bottom-up order with
B: frame number
two digits, for example, 01
Numbered in top-down and left-right
C: physical slot number
order with two digits, for example, 01
MN-B-C-D-R/T Numbered in top-down and left-right
D: cable number
order with two digits, for example, 12
R: Optical receiving
interface
NA
T: Optical transmitting
interface

II. Example of the label

Figure D12 shows the label on the trunk cable that connects two cabinets.

G01 01 05 12 T

D02 01 01 01 R
TO:

Figure D12 Example of the label on the trunk cable that connects two cabinets

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G01-01-05-12-T indicates that the local end of the trunk cable is connected with the
transmitting terminal of trunk cable 12 on slot 05, frame 01 in the cabinet in row G,
column 01.
D02-01-01-10-R indicates that the opposite end of the trunk cable is connected with
the receiving terminal of trunk cable 10 on slot 01, frame 01 in cabinet in row D,
column 02.

D.5.2 Labels for the Trunk Cable Connecting the Cabinet and the DDF

I. Meaning of the label


Table D7 shows the information on both sides of the labels for the trunk cable that
connects the cabinet and the DDF.

Table D7 Information on labels for the trunk cable that connects the cabinet and the
DDF

Content Meaning Example


MN: cabinet number For example, A01
Numbered in bottom-up order
B: frame number
with two digits, for example, 01
Numbered in top-down and
C: physical slot number left-right order with two digits, for
example, 01
MN-B-C-D-R/T Numbered in top-down and
D: cable number left-right order with two digits, for
example, 05

R: optical receiving
interface
NA
T: optical transmitting
interface
Numbered in the same rule as
MN: row number and that of the cabinets, for
DDF-MN-B-C-D/R/T
column number of the DDF example, G01 is the DDF in row
G and column 01.

B: row number of the


terminal Range from 01 to 99, foe
C: column number of the example: 0101.
terminal

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There is such a mark in DDF:


D: direction A or B
A: indicating the DDF terminals
R: optical receiving are connected to the optical
interface network equipment
T: optical transmitting B: indicating the DDF terminals
interface are connected to the switching
equipment

II. Example of the label

Figure D13 shows the label on the trunk cable between the cabinet and the DDF.

A01 03 01 01 R

DDF G01 01 01 AR
TO:

Figure D13 Example of the label on the trunk cable that connects the cabinet and
the DDF

A01-03-01-01-R indicates that local end of the trunk cable is connected with the
receiving terminal of trunk cable 01 in slot 01, frame 03 of the cabinet in row A, column
01.
DDF-G01-01-01-AR indicates that the opposite end of the trunk cable is connected
with the receiving terminal of direction A (connected to optical network equipment) in
row 01, column 01 of the DDF in row G and column 01.

D.6 Labels for Subscriber Cables

The labels are affixed to both ends of the subscriber cable to identify the position of
the cables on the cabinet side and the MDF side.

I. Meaning of the label

Table D8 shows the information on the labels for the subscriber cable.

Table D8 Information on the labels for the subscriber cable

Content Meaning Example


MN: cabinet
MN-B-C-D For example, A01
number
Numbered in bottom-up order with two digits, for
B: frame number
example, 03

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C: physical slot Numbered in top-down and left-right order in two


number digits, for example, 01
Numbered in top-bottom and left-right order with
D: cable number
two digits, for example, 01
MN: row number Numbered in the same rule as that of the
and column cabinets, for example, G01 means the MDF of
number of MDF row G and column 01
B: row number
MDF-MN-B-C
of the terminal

C: column Range from 01 to 99, for example: 0101


number of the
terminal

II. Example of the label

Figure D14 shows the label on the subscriber cable.

A01 03 01 01

MDF G01 01 01
TO:

Figure D14 Example of the label for the subscriber cable

A01-03-01-01 indicates that local end of the subscriber cable is connected with
Terminal 01 on slot 01, frame 03 of the cabinet in row A, column 01.
MDF-G01-01-01 indicates that the opposite end of the label is connected with the
terminal in row 01, column 01 of the MDF in row G, column 01.

D.7 Labels for Power Cables

D.7.1 Labels for DC Power Cables

The labels are affixed to the DC cables that provide power for the cabinets, including
48 V, PGND and BGND cables. The labels for DC power cables are affixed to one
side of the identification plates on cable ties.

I. Meaning of the label

Table D9 shows the information on the labels for the DC power cable.

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Table D9 Information on the labels for the DC power cable

Content Meaning
MN(BC)-48 V1 MN(BC): BC is written right below MN.
MN(BC)-48 V2 On the loaded cabinet side, only MN is used to identify the
cabinet.
On the power distribution cabinet side, MN identifies the
row and column numbers of the power distribution
equipment like the control cabinet and power distribution
MN(BC)-BGND cabinet, and BC identifies the row and column numbers of
the 48 V connecter (if there is no row number or column
number, or the connecter can be identified without them,
BC can be omitted). BGND and PGND have no row and
column number for identification.

The label only indicates the location of the opposite equipment, control cabinet or
distribution box. Information about the local end is unnecessary. Table D9 lists the
information about two channels of 48 V power supply on the label. The information
for other DC voltages (such as 24 V, 60 V) shall be given in similar methods.

II. Example of the label

Make sure that labels are affixed in the correction direction.


After the cable ties are bundled onto the cable, the identification plates with the labels
shall face up.
The text on the labels in the same cabinet shall be in the same direction, as shown in
Figure D15.

TO: TO:
A01 -48V2 B03 -48V2
B08

(1) (2)

Figure D15 Example of the labels on the DC power cable

In Figure D15, (1) indicates the label on the loaded cabinet side. It indicates the
position of the cable on the power distribution cabinet side. (2) indicates the label on
the power distribution cabinet side. It indicates the position of the cable on the loaded
cabinet side.

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On the loaded cabinet side, the label marked with A01/B08-48 V2 indicates that the
cable is for 48 V2 DC supply. It comes from the 8th connecter on row B of 48 V bus
bar in the power distribution cabinet in row A, and column 01.

On the power distribution cabinet side, the label marked with B03-48 V2 indicates
that the cable is for 48 V2 DC supply. It comes from the loaded cabinet in row B,
column 03.
In the power distribution cabinet (or the first power cabinet of a row in the transmission
equipment room), every terminal block on the 48 V connector bar has a numeric
identification. For example, in the above label of A01/B08-48 V2, 08 (or
sometimes 8) is the numeric identification of the terminal block.
PGND and BGND are two copper bars, on which the terminals are connected directly,
therefore, which terminal is connected makes no difference. Only the row and column
numbers of the power distribution cabinet are needed, instead of specific serial
number of the terminals on the copper bar. For example, if the label on the loaded
cabinet side is A01-BGND, it means that the power cable is a BGND cable that
connects the BGND copper bar in the power distribution cabinet in row A, column 01.
Information on the labels for PGND cables shall be given in the similar way.

D.7.2 Labels for AC Power Cables

The labels are affixed to the AC cables that provide power for the cabinets, including
48 V, PGND and BGND cables. Both ends of the cable shall be affixed with the
labels. The AC cables have the insulation sheath, so, you only need to write "AC" and
the cabinet number on each label.
The labels for AC power cables are affixed to one side of the identification plates on
cable ties.

I. Meaning of the label

Table D9 shows the information on the labels for the AC power cable.

Table D10 Information on the labels for the AC power cable

Content Meaning
MN: Cabinet number or the power socket position.

MN-AC Power socket: Mark the positions clearly to avoid confusion


with other sockets. If the sockets have multiple rows and
columns, identify their positions as the cabinet.

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II. Example of the label

The label only indicates the location of the opposite equipment or socket. Information
about the local end is unnecessary.
Make sure that labels are affixed in the correction direction. After the cable ties are
bundled onto the cable, the identification plates with the labels shall face up.
The text on the labels in the same cabinet shall be in the same direction, as shown in
Figure D15.

TO: TO:
A01 AC B01 AC

(1) (2)

Figure D16 Example of the labels on the AC power cable

In Figure D16, (1) indicates the label on the loaded cabinet side. It indicates the
position of the cable on the power distribution cabinet side. (2) indicates the label on
the power distribution cabinet side. It indicates the position of the cable on the loaded
cabinet side.

On the loaded cabinet side, the label marked with A01-AC indicates that the cable is
from the power socket in row A and column 01.

On the power distribution cabinet side, the label marked with B01-AC indicates that
the cable is from the loaded cabinet in row B and column 01.

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Appendix E Running Environment Requirements

E.1 Environment Requirements for Equipment Room

E.1.1 Site Selection of Equipment Room


The telecom equipment should run in a favorable environment. Its equipment room
should be located at a place free from high temperature, dust, toxic gases, explosive
materials or instable voltage, and away from great vibrations, strong noise or power
transformer stations. During project designing, consider the following factors:
hydrographic, geological, seismic, power supply and transportation. Select a site in
line with the engineering and environmental requirements for the telecom equipment.
The construction, structure, heating and ventilation, power supply, lighting and fire
fighting of the equipment room should be designed by specialized construction
designers. The equipment room shall be designed in accordance with the following
requirements:
z Environment requirements for access equipment running
z Requirements on industrial, environment protection, fire fighting, and civil air
defense
z Current standards or regulations of the local country or region
z Requirements of special technical process for building construction design.
The specific requirements for site selection of equipment room are as follows:
z Keep the site far from pollution sources.
For heavy pollution sources such as the smeltery and coal mine, keep a distance
of 5 km. For medium pollution sources such as the chemical, rubber and
galvanization industrials, keep a distance of 3.7 km. For light pollution sources
such as packinghouse and tanyard, keep a distance of 2 km. If these pollution
sources cannot be avoided, keep the equipment room in the perennial upwind
direction of the pollution sources. In addition, adopt the high-quality equipment
room or protection product.
z Keep the air vent of the equipment room away from the exhaust of city waste
pipes, big cesspools and sewage treatment tanks. Keep the equipment room in
the positive pressure state lest the corrosive gases enter the equipment room
and erode components and circuit boards.
z Keep the equipment room away from the industrial and heating boilers.
z It is best to locate the equipment room in or above the second floor. If this cannot
be satisfied, the ground for equipment installation in the equipment room shall be
at least 600 mm above the maximum flood level in the local record.

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z Keep the equipment room away from livestock farms. If this requirement cannot
be satisfied, it should be located in the perennial upwind direction of the livestock
farms.
z Keep the equipment room 3.7 km away from the seaside or salt lake. If this
requirement cannot be satisfied, the equipment room should be airtight with
cooling facilities. In addition, the alkalized soil cannot be used as the construction
material. Otherwise, the equipment applicable in atrocious environment must be
adopted.
z The old livestock room or the fertilizer warehouse cannot be used as the
equipment room.
z The equipment room should be solid enough to withstand wind and downpour.
z Keep the equipment room away from the road or sand field with dusts flying
around. If this requirement cannot be satisfied, the windows and doors of the
equipment room should be away from the pollution sources.

E.1.2 Layout of Equipment Room

To ease the future maintenance and management, place the telecom equipment into
different rooms. Figure E1 shows the plane layout of the equipment room.

Control room Generator room

Transmission Main communication Power distribution


room equipment room room Battery room

Communication cable and optical cable


Substation room

Power cable

Figure E1 Layout of the equipment room

The general layout principles of the equipment room are as follows.


z It shall meet the requirements for cabling and maintenance of communication
cables and power cables.
z It shall make the cabling distance as short as possible, which facilitates cable
maintenance, reduces the potential communication faults and raises working
efficiency.

E.1.3 Construction Requirements for Equipment Room

Table E1 lists the construction requirements for the equipment room. Also refer to
Figure E2 for the internal partition wall inside the equipment room.

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Table E1 Construction requirements for the equipment room

Item Requirements
The equipment room can accommodate the equipment with the
Area
largest capacity.
The minimum height of the equipment room refers to the net height
Net height below the beam or the ventilation pipe. The recommended minimum
height of the equipment room is three meters or higher.
The floor in the equipment room is semi-conductive and dustproof.
The raised floor is recommended.
Pave the raised floor tightly and solidly. The horizontal tolerance of
each square meter is less than 2 mm.
If no raised floor is applicable, use the static electricity conductive
7 10
Floor floor material, with the volume resistivity of 1.0 x 10 ohm1.0 x 10
ohm.
Ground the static electricity conductive floor material or raise floor so
that the static electricity can be conducted. You can connect them
with the grounding unit through the current limiting resistor and
connection line. The resistance of the current limiting resistor is 1 M.
Load-bearing 2
It is larger than 450 kg/m .
capacity
The door of the equipment room is two meters high and one meter
Door and wide. One door is enough.
window Install the door and windows with dustproof plastic tape for seal.
Install the windows with double-layer glass and seal them strictly.
Wall surface Adhere wallpaper to the surface of the wall or apply the flat paint to
processing the wall, except the pulverized paint.
Use grooves to arrange cables.
The inner face of the groove must be smooth.
The reserved length and width of the groove, and the number,
Grooves
position and dimensions of the holes must comply with the
requirements of the arrangement of the optical transmission
equipment.
Pass the service pipes, drainpipes and storm sewers through the
Water pipe equipment room. Do not set the fire hydrant in the equipment room,
but in the corridor or near the staircase.
Internal Separate the area where the equipment is installed from the
partition wall equipment room door. The partition wall can hold back some dusts.
Installation
position of Install the air conditioner in the suitable place so that its air is not
the air directed to the equipment.
conditioner

Other
Avoid the proliferation of fungi mildew, and prohibit rodents.
requirements

Figure E2 shows internal partition wall inside the equipment room.

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Air conditioner

Equipment

Internal partition wall

Figure E2 Internal partition wall inside the equipment room

E.1.4 Requirements for Temperature and Humidity


To maintain a favorable working environment for the equipment, keep the proper
temperature and humidity in the equipment room. Table E2 gives the specific
requirements.

Table E2 Requirements for temperature and humidity

Equipment Temperature Relative humidity

MA5600 5C to + 45C 20%90%

Note: Before measuring the temperature and humidity, remove the protection
boards in front of and at the back of the cabinet (if any). The measurement point shall
be 1.5 m above the ground and 0.6 m in front of the cabinet.

To meet the above requirements, take the following measures in the equipment room.
z Use the perennial temperature-control device no matter what the local climate is.
z Mop the ground on a timed basis or use a humidifier to keep the proper humidity
in the equipment room in the dry area.
z Use the dehumidifier in the place where the humidity is high.

E.1.5 Requirements for Neatness

The equipment room is free from explosive, conducting, permeability magnetic and
corrosive dust. Table E3 lists the requirements for dust concentration in the
equipment room.

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Table E3 Requirements for dust particles in the equipment room

Mechanical active
Unit Concentration
material
Suspending dust mg/m 0.40
Precipitable dust mg/mh 15.00
Sand mg/m 300.00

To meet the above requirements, take the following measures in the equipment room.
z Apply dustproof materials for ground, wall and ceiling construction.
z Equip screens for the door and windows facing outside. The outer windows
should be dust-proof.
z Clean the equipment room periodically, and clean the air filter quarterly.
z Wear the shoe covers and ESD-preventive clothes before entering the
equipment room.

E.1.6 Requirements for Corrosive Gases

Besides the dust, the equipment room should be free from corrosive gases, such as
SO2, H2S, NH3. Table E4 lists the requirements for the corrosive gas concentration.

Table E4 Requirements for corrosive gas concentration

Chemical active
Unit Concentration
material
SO2 mg/m 0.30
H2S mg/m 0.03
NH3 mg/m 1.00

Cl2 mg/m 0.10

To meet the above requirements, take the following measures in the equipment room.
z Avoid constructing the equipment room near the place where the corrosive gas
concentration is high, such as a chemical plant.
z Make sure the air intake vent of the equipment room is in the perennial upwind
direction of the pollution source.
z Take protective measures on the sewer covers to prevent corrosive gas from
entering the equipment room.
z Install the batteries into the room different from the communications equipment.
z Ask the professional institute to monitor the corrosive gas conditions.

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E.1.7 Requirements for Electromagnetic Environment

Table E5 lists the requirements for electromagnetic environment.

Table E5 Requirements for electromagnetic environment

Electromagnetic phenomenon Parameter


Frequency (Hz) 5020000
Low frequency magnetic field
Ampl. A/m (rms) 100.025

Amplitude modulation RF electric Frequency (MHz) 0.0091000


field Ampl. V/m (rms) 3
Frequency (GHz) 120
Pulse modulation RF electric field
Ampl. (V/m (peak)) 3

Take the following measures to restrain interference signals:


z Keep the equipment room away from the transformer, high-tension transmission
lines, and heavy current equipment.
z Keep the equipment room 200 m or more away from the high-power
broadcasting transmitter.
z If there is mobile communication transmitter installed in the communication
building, its interference degree must comply with the relevant standards and
regulations. If necessary, take measures to screen and isolate the interference.
z Do not use portable wireless devices in the equipment room.

E.1.8 Requirements for ESD Prevention

z The absolute value of electrostatic voltage is less than 2000 V.


z To meet the requirement, take the following measures in the equipment room.
z Train operators to the knowledge of ESC prevention.
z Raise the humidity to 40% or above to reduce the influence of static electricity.
z Use the antistatic floor in the equipment room. When entering the equipment
room, wear ESD-preventive shoes, work clothes, and wrist strap.

E.1.9 Requirements for Lightning Proof Grounding

Table E6 lists the requirements for lightning proof grounding.

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Table E6 Requirements for lightning proof grounding

Item Requirements
Use the reinforced concrete structure for the construction of the
equipment room.
Capital
Install the lightning proof device in the equipment room.
construction
The lightning proof grounding shares the same grounding body
with the protection grounding of the equipment room.
Use a special power transformer for the telecom offices.
Use the metal jacket or steel tube to cover the power cables
before burying them under the ground.
Ground both ends of the metal jacket or steel tube nearby and
properly. Bury the cable under the ground. The length
underground should be no less than 15 m.
Use a TN-S power supply system for the telecom offices. The
socket that supplies power for box-type products should be a
AC power uniphase triplex socket. Make sure that the contact holes of PE
requirements lines (protection grounding lines) in the socket can provide reliable
protection grounding for power-demanding equipment and
maintenance terminal equipment.
Install a gapless zinc oxide arrester to each of the three phase
lines at the low tension side of the AC power transformer.
Ground nearby and correctly the enclosure of the transformer, the
neutral lines at the low tension side, and the metal steel tubes of
the power cables that connect with the enclosure of the
transformer.
Do not lead the AC/DC power cables in/out the communications
site in aerial mode.
After the low-voltage power cables is led into the equipment room,
install the lightning protection box for the power cables in the AC
voltage stabilizer and the AC power distribution panel (box).
Power cables Ground the arrester nearby and correctly.
leading in the For the equipment room built in the city, install the power supply
communications arrester with the nominal discharging current not less than 20 kA.
site need to be For the equipment room built in the suburbs subject to lightning
equipped with strike, install the power supply arrester with the nominal
lightning discharging current larger than 60 kA.
protection box. For the equipment room in the mountain areas easily subject to
lightning strike, or in the separate high-rise buildings in the city,
install the power supply arrester with the nominal discharging
current larger than 100 kA.
The grounding cable of the lightning protection box shall be one
meter long at most.
Connect the DC working ground (positive pole of the 48 V DC
power supply or the negative pole of the 24 V DC power supply)
Grounding of with the indoor collective grounding cable nearby. The total
DC power grounding cable shall meet the maximum load of the equipment.
distribution The power equipment must have the DC working grounding cable,
which can connect the power equipment to the collective
grounding cable.

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Item Requirements
Ground all devices and auxiliary devices in the equipment room
properly.
Connect all protection grounding cables to the collective
protection grounding bar.
Join all protection grounding cables in one equipment room to one
Equipotential
protection grounding bar.
connection
Share the grounding network for the working ground and
protection ground.
Ground the cabling racks, suspended iron supports, frames or
enclosures, metal ventilation pipe, metal windows and doors
correctly.
Never connect the neutral line of the AC power cable with the
protection ground of any telecom equipment in the equipment
room.
Grounding cables should meet the maximum payload requirement
of the equipment.
General Never install the fuse or switch on the grounding cable.
requirements for No oxidation corrosion should occur in the general grounding bar.
grounding Otherwise, grounding bar cannot connect well with grounding
cables, which will result in increase of contact resistance on the
grounding path. Make sure reliable connection between the
grounding cables and the grounding bar in the equipment room.
Make all grounding cables as short as possible, and arrange them
as direct as possible.
The grounding resistance of the grounding system is
recommended to be less than 10 ohms, and the equipment
grounding should be in accordance with national and local
electrical codes as well.
Grounding
Keep the upper end of the grounding body at least 0.7 meters over
resistance
the ground. In cold areas, bury the grounding body below the
frozen ground.
Measure the grounding resistance periodically to ensure the
effective grounding.
The external subscriber cable must be led into the site under the
ground.
The metal jacket of the cable should be grounded in the
Subscriber
distribution frame.
cables and
The cable distribution frame must be equipped with a security unit.
cable
The security unit used for the distribution frame should comply
distribution
with relevant telecommunication standards.
frame
Perform spot test for the security unit periodically (per 2 years)
according to relevant standards and replace the disabled or
degraded security units in time.

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Item Requirements
Do not arrange the signal cables overhead in the equipment room.
All signal cables must be led into the site under the ground.
Use the cables with metal jackets or put them into the metal pipe if
they run out of or into the equipment room.
The metal jackets of all cables led into the equipment room should
be grounded in the distribution frame or connected to the
Routing of
protection grounding bar in the equipment room.
signal cables
After signal cables are led into the equipment, relevant signal
lightning protection boxes should be installed for the
corresponding ports on the equipment.
Keep the grounding cable of the lightning protection box as short
as possible. Ground the idle lines inside the cable in the
equipment room.
Use the grounding ring or grounding bar for the collective
grounding cable.
Do not use aluminum cables as grounding cables.
Take measures to prevent electrification corrosion when
Collective connecting different metal parts together.
grounding cable Use the copper busbar as the collective grounding cable with the
2
cross-sectional area not less than 120 mm , or use the galvanized
flat steel that has the same resistance.
Insulate the collective grounding cable from the reinforcing steel
bars of the building.
Keep the grounding lead-in up to 30 meters long.
Grounding
Use the galvanized flat steel with cross-sectional area of 40 mm x
lead-in
4 mm or 50 mm x 5 mm.

E.2 Requirements for Power Supply

E.2.1 Requirements for AC Power Supply


The AC power supply system consists of mains, Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS)
and electric generator set. It supplies power in an integrated mode. The low-voltage
power supply system uses three-phase five-wire mode or mono-phase three-wire
mode. Table E7 lists the requirements for the nominal voltage and frequency of the
low-voltage AC.

Table E7 AC voltage and frequency

Item Nominal voltage Rated frequency


Single phase three
220VAC; 230VAC 50/60Hz
wire
Three phase five
380VAC; 400VAC 50/60Hz
wire

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Voltage fluctuation allowed: For static electric network, fluctuation allowed: 10%;
valid value fluctuation: 15%; time: less than 500 ms. For dynamic electric network,
fluctuation allowed: 10%; time: less than 2 ms.
The UPS/mains switchover time shall be no more than 10 ms. Otherwise, it may
cause equipment restart or reset.
In determining the AC capacity in the equipment room, you need to take into account
the working current and fault current. Independent equipment must have an
independent AC distribution protection device. The protection switch configuration
must be greater than that of the electricity device.
In designing the DC power supply system, you need take into account the maximum
payload in dynamic and static conditions. Besides, you have to reserve the margin.
The cabling in the power distribution panel must be figured out based on the
maximum capacity of the supplied power supply payload. In this way, you can decide
the type and size of the conducting wire.
The generator set shall have the following functions:
z Automatic power on and off
z Automatic recruitment
z Remote communication
z Remote control
z Remote measurement
z Standard interface and communication protocols
The following lists the specific requirements for the AC and DC power cables:
z The AC neutral for communications must use the conducting wire that has the
same cross section as the phase cable.
z Select the DC power feeder according to the long-term payload. If the cross
section exceeds 95 mm2, use the hard bus cable. If there is a great difference
between the recent and long-term payload, make the cabling by stages.
z The conducting wire is fire-resistant. Route the conducting wire according to the
local regulations, and set the low-voltage power distribution room according to
the local regulations, too.

E.2.2 Recommendations for AC Power Supply

Use the voltage-regulator in the following situations:


z When the communication equipment is powered directly by the mains, the power
supply voltage exceeds the rated voltage by 10% to +5%, or the voltage range
allowed for the communications equipment.
z When the communications equipment is not powered directly by the mains, the
mains voltage exceeds the rated voltage by 15% to +10%, or the AC input
voltage range allowed for the DC power equipment.

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z Use a DC power supply system that meets the standards and a power system
that has network access license.
z Enhance the reliability of the power supply system by improving the reliability of
the AC power supply system and decreasing the capacity of storage battery
reasonably. If it is difficult to upgrade the reliability of the DC power supply
system in small-size offices, increase the storage battery capacity properly.
z Strengthen the control over storage battery temperature and ventilation in the
storage battery compartment, where ventilation holes should be available to
decrease the possibility of explosion resulting from the gas released by the
storage battery.
z To ensure the normality of power supply, use the UPS or inverter.
z Configure the generator set for the office to ensure the normal communication in
case of mains failure. The capacity of the generator set is greater than or equal to
1.52 times of the continuous power supply equipment.
z Connect two sets of storage batteries in parallel. There usually is only one set of
UPS battery, and a set of backup UPS battery should be configured. If the
inverter or UPS is used, select the active inverter that can provide the maximum
power. A standby inverter should be configured.
z When DC-to-AC converter and UPS are used. The main converter shall be
selected based on the maximum power, and a standby converter shall be
configured.

E.2.3 Requirements for DC Power Supply

The DC power supply of the office should use full floating charging mode. In the stage
of AC power supply, the rectifier performs floating charging with the 24-section VRLA
battery group in parallel connection to supply power for the communication equipment.
In the case of AC power cut-off, the storage battery will supply power. After the
recovery of AC power supply, adopt this mode for power supply: on-load, constant
voltage and current-limiting.
Place the power equipment near the telecom equipment to make the DC feeder as
short as possible. To reduce the power consumption and installation cost, the loop
voltage drop from the battery port to the equipment port should be smaller than 3.2 V.
Configure a centralized power room or battery room for the office with medium traffic,
or adopt the distributed power supply mode.
Use the integrated power supply for the office with small traffic. Note to prevent the
corrosive gas released by the battery from eroding the circuit board.
Table E8 lists the specifications for the DC power supply.

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Table E8 Specifications for the DC power supply

Item Index
Permitted range of the -48V input
40.5 V to 57 V
voltage
DC power capacity to support the Greater than 1.5 times of the rated current at
surge current least
If the AC input voltage is in the range of
85%110% of the rated value, and the load
current is in the range of 5%100% of the rated
Regulated voltage precision
value, the output voltage of the rectifier is an
integer in the range of 46.0 V to 56.4 V, with
the regulated voltage precision 1%.
Overshoot amplitude of switch No more than 5 % of the integral value of the
on/off DC output voltage
Peak-to-peak noise voltage 200 mV
The recovery time is smaller than 200 ms.
Dynamic response The overshoot is in the range of the integral
value of the DC output voltage 5%.

E.2.4 Recommendations for DC Power Supply


z Adopt the dispersed power supply mode. Use multiple DC power supply systems
and set power equipment in multiple positions.
z Adopt the standard DC power supply system, and set the output voltage of the
communications equipment to fall within the required range.
z Improve the reliability of the AC power supply system, and reduce the storage
batteries. For the small offices, add more storage batteries if it is difficult to
enhance the reliability of the AC power supply system.
z The total capacity of the high-frequency switch rectifier must satisfy the power of
the communication loading and battery charging.
z Configure the backup rectifier modules. If there are no more than 10 active
modules, configure one backup module. If there are more than 10 active
modules, configure one backup module for every 10 active modules.
z Install the storage batteries in two or more groups. The capacity is determined by
the duration when the storage batteries supply power to the load. For most
offices, the batteries should be able to supply power for one hour at least. The
time for the storage battery set to supply power for load independently should
comply with the following specifications and also be determined in consideration
of the duration allowed for power cut-off.
The backup time for type 1 battery that supplies power for mains is 0.51 hour.
The backup time for type 2 battery that supplies power for mains is 12 hours.
The backup time for type 3 battery that supplies power for mains is 23 hours.

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The backup time for type 4 battery that supplies power for mains has two cases.
When the battery that is connected to a power through one load channel, 1) For
the battery which encounters power cut-off day and night, which has no
guarantee of power supply and which could not meet the requirements of type 3
mains, its backup time is 810 hours. The backup time for the battery in case of
long-time power cut-off or no mains supply is 2024 hours.
z For unattended offices, the following factors should be considered for the storage
battery:
Certain amount of time for preparation after any failure report is learned.
The normal time for driving from the maintenance site to the office.
The time for troubleshooting.
For those offices that are on top of mountains or in suburban areas, generally
no technical personnel will be sent for inspection.

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