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ECOSYSTEMS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT BUREAU

DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES


BAMBOO
Known as poor mans lumber
Considered as green gold all
over the world by many
bamboo enthusiast
There are about 1,200
species in the world

About 70 bamboo species


are found in the Philippines

Known for its multiple uses


Bamboo species that can be
propagated by culm-cuttings
buho
PLANTING STOCK PRODUCTION
1. Select and prepare the planting materials

select culms that


are 1 - 2 years
old from a healthy
bamboo clump

culm should have a


shining pole and
sheet on branches
Cut the selected culm above
the first node from ground
level using a hand saw
remove the branches and
foliages leaving at least 2
internode branches

* Be sure not to
damage their bud
in the nodes
Cut the culms into 1 or 2
nodes cuttings using a
sharp bolo or saw.

The one node cutting consist


of a node with a long open
internode and a portion of the
branch to produce more
planting socks.
.... However, a 2-node planting stock has 2
nodes and one pole internode and an open
internode in the end. It is more advantageous
when frequent watering is not possible.
2. Pot the cuttings

cuttings should be potted Polyethylene bags


immediately after being
- as potting materials
prepared

*size of the bags may vary depending on the size of cuttings


12 x 12 polyethylene bag
- used for 10cm cuttings

The bags should have small holes


on its lower portion in order to
allow good drainage and aeration.
Potting media used:

Use top soil when it has Carbonized and fresh


high organic content. rice hull
Sterilize the mixture to avoid harmful soil
Microorganisms (optional).
Fill the lower third of the
plastic bag with soil

Place the bamboo cuttings


vertically in the center.

Then fill up the bag


with soil.
Place the potted cuttings
in a partially shaded area
for one month.

Water the newly potted


cuttings filling the upper
internode.
2-week-old potted
seedlings
After 6
weeks, all the
rooted
propagules with
sprouts should
be exposed to
full sunlight in
order to
improve
growth. This is
the hardening
phase.
In 6-8mos. The
rooted bamboo
plants are ready
for transplanting
in the field.
Production cost for a single propagule

*Cost of propagule using 1 node P3.30

Cost of plastic bag (4.5x4.5x10) 0.65

*Cost of soaking rooting hormone 0.20

Potting medium 1.15

P 5.30

A pole of bamboo for propagules = P50.00 each


A minimum of 15 propagules/pole = 3.30 each
A bottle of rooting hormone (P200) can soak 1,000 propagules, hence,
1 propagule costs P0.20 each