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(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,

Vol. 8, No. 3, June 2010

Technology in Education
Modern Comp uter Graphics Technologies Used at
Educational Progra ms and Some Graphical output screens
1
N. Suresh Kumar, 2D.V. Rama Koti Reddy, 3S. Amarnadh, 4K. Srikanth, 5Ch. Heyma Raju,
6
R. Ajay Suresh Babu, 7K. Naga Soujanya
1, 3, 4, 5
GIT, GITAM University, Visakhapatnam
2
College of Engineering, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam
6
Raghu Engineering College, Visakhapatnam
7
GIS, GITAM University, Visakhapatnam
1
nskgitam2009@gmail.com

Abstract In This paper a new technique is implemented to microprocessor knowledge and modules to which the
teach microprocessor and to clarify the doubts in the student is directed to remedy any deficiencies that are
subject microprocessor. Although a lecturer has many aids found. The remedial modules focus on common areas
to explain the topic in the class room, but a graphical
of weakness in microprocessor architectures and
environment is more power full environment in the present
education scenario, which can improve the student level of
interfacings and revise the basic peripherals that are
understanding. The graphical interface develops the needed to interface. For example, in memory
concepts of the student graphics concepts and also a student interfacing the number of address lines and
can easily grasp any level of task. The lecturer shows a microprocessor type are incorporated with the graphic
visual object or animated show to the student to explain the tools such as colors, sounds, messages and
particular topic in the class room. This work includes the animations as shown in figure 1, 4, 5. When a student
framework of graphics programming; students can select any part on the selected architecture it will link
concentrate on the technical subject. Thus they acquire a to the particular file which give the details of the unit
method to construct computer graphics programs in many
in the architecture as shown in figure 2, 3. The
ways and gain knowledge in the concerned technical paper.
The project have used for six years, and convinced of the Interfacing devices like 8255 and it modes can be set
positive effect. in control register (CR) by an interactive message box
as shown in the figure6. The software also
I Introduction demonstrates some of the bio-Medical applications
E-learning substantially improves and expands the and some interfacing designs such as traffic light
learning opportunities for students [3]. The modern controllers, stepper motor controllers, seven segment
computer information technologies, which are widely interfacing etc. This software allows the user to
used both at educational programs for conducting of develop any interfacing circuit interactively as shown
effective lecture, conducted scientific researches, and in figure 4. For maximum accessibility and ease of
forming of practical and laboratory works with the implementation, the software was designed to run in a
students of technical and computer-based special[2]. Windows environment using graphics application in
Every teacher comes to understand that successful C language. This allows the software to be used off-
imparting of information and skills lies in the ability campus, and makes the system equally accessible to
to incorporate a variety of technologies that, directly students who are studying by distance education,
or indirectly, help communication between student open learning or who are located on an overseas
and teacher [4]. Advances in learning objects and campus [1].
other technologies “that will optimize interoperability
with other institutions and organizations in areas such
as the creation of learning objects databases,
information databases such as libraries,
administrative systems and learner support strategies
as well as the facilitation of interactions among
learners and teachers”, will continue to expand the
scope of possibilities with which educational
institutions will have to grapple [5].
II Experimental Idea
The project was to develop software delivered
diagnostic and remedial system for Diploma and
Graduate students taking subjects in microprocessors
Figure 1 8086 Architecture
and embedded systems. The system is comprised of a
module to diagnose a student's background

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ISSN 1947-5500
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,
Vol. 8, No. 3, June 2010

Figure 6 8255 CR msg box which allow the


Figure 2 Segment address
user to set the mode operations

Figure 7 Traffic Light Demonstration


Figure 3Access rights and Permissions

Figure 8 Bio medical Application, Heart Function


Figure 4 Dialog box permits to set the memory
settings by user Deficiencies in background knowledge and skills
need to be diagnosed early before they become
barriers to students' further learning in
microprocessor subjects. it is not possible to offer
individual tuition. The problem is exacerbated with
off campus students taking Distance Education or
Open Learning subjects. The software also help
teaching staff relieved from from his duties for some
time where he can attend other problems and enabling
them to concentrate on presenting the primary subject
material. The anticipated outcome will be improved
student attitudes, and lower dropout and failure rates
in a subject area which is difficult for many. Wade
Figure 5 Memory Interfacing and Power [6] suggest the following “General
Requirements for WWW Based Instructional
Design:”

173 http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/
ISSN 1947-5500
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,
Vol. 8, No. 3, June 2010

1) The presentation of material should support a


range of sensory experiences incorporating
interactivity and multimedia elements. IV Requirement
2) Students should be provided with the opportunity Our software package is developed in graphics using
to experiment with the knowledge they have C – language in Turbo C++ editor. The software is
learned. developed on Microsoft window – 95 based system.
3) Testing and checkpoints are important from the The main aim is, in poor countries low economic
point of view of repetition and student retention. colleges and lagging in new technologies can also use
4) Educational software should motivate the student. this software. The systems require a graphic card and
5) The learning environment should support the program is developed for screen resolution 640X480.
cognitive structures of the student;
6) Facilities for synchronous communication and V Conclusion
collaboration should be supported where possible. On the basis of comparative analysis the software
7) A well-designed interface will enable the student packages is marked as versatile direction in
to interact with the material without the complex conducting lectures, lab work and diagnose weak
intermediaries and will aid in the understanding of student performance. E-learning substantially
the knowledge domain and structure. improves and expands the learning opportunities for
8) The development of a Tele-Educational course students. The modern computer
requires the support and cooperation of faculty information technologies, which are
and administration. widely used both at educational
9) WWW-based educational courses must be program s for conducting of effective
integrated into a well understood and explicitly
lecture, conducted scientific researches,
specified curriculum this includes clear objectives,
and forming of practical and laboratory
content description, methods of teaching, student
wor k s
learning, and student assessment and course
Preferably, these procedures are conducted early
evaluation.
enough at the end of each unit or chapter in the
semester to allow weak students to take remedial
In the present paper the work includes two stages
action before being challenged. Conducting these
Stage 1:
stages most of the student requirements for WWW
• Develop soft ware to diagnose the student
Based Instructional Design are satisfied
• Develop assignments
• Seek the student feed back References
• Ask the student to create his own [1] Max King, Ian Kirkwood, Clive McCann, Department of
assignments Econometrics, Monash University,” The soft(ware) approach
• Conduct quiz and descriptive test to learning problems in quantitative methods” 0-7803-3173-
7/96/$5.00 @ 1996 EEE
Stage 2: [2] Vasyl Zayats, Vasyl Kogut, “Role of Information Technologies
• Make interactive session to assess the in Progress of Science and Education” MEMSTECH’2009, 22-
student 24 April, 2009, Polyana-Svalyava (Zakarpattya), UKRAINE.
[3] Robert S. Friedman and Fadi P. Deek, “Innovation and
• Seek the student feed back Education in the Digital Age: Reconciling the Roles of
• Propose alterations and development in the Pedagogy, Technology, and the Business of Learning” IEEE
soft ware if any Transactions on engineering management, VOL. 50, NO. 4,
NOVEMBER 2003,pg 403
Preferably, these procedures are conducted early [4] R. Friedman and F. P. Deek, “Problem-based learning and
enough at the end of each unit or chapter in the problemsolving tools: synthesis and direction for distributed
semester to allow weak students to take remedial education environments,” J. Interact. Learn. Res., to be
action before being challenged. Conducting these published
[5] F. P. Deek, M. Deek, and R. Friedman, “The virtual classroom
stages most of the student requirements for WWW experience: Viewpoints from computing and humanities,” J.
Based Instructional Design are satisfied which are Interact. Learn. Environ., vol. 7, no. 2/3, pp. 113–136, 1999.
proposed by wade and power [6]. [6] V. Wade and C. Power, “Evaluating the design and delivery of
WWW based educational environments and courseware,” in
III Features Proc. ACM-ITiCSE, Dublin, Ireland, 1998, pp. 243–248.

• The structure of the software especially the


presentation, animation, colors, fonts and
sound affects made interest in students to
diagnose him.
• The software structure is very interactive
and attractive.
• By further development of the modules in
the soft ware, it can use for research and real
time application problems.

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ISSN 1947-5500