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aCAMBRIDGE ..: CAMBRIDGE ENGLISH
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~ U N IVE R SI TY PRESS • ... Part 01 the University 01 Cambridge

CENTRO D~ LEI'GU S MODERf;AS

Felicity O'Dell and Michael Black
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Cambridge Unlverslty Press
www.cambridge.org/elt

Cambridge Engllsh Language Assessment
www.cambridgeenglish.org

Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9781107470279

First edition © Cambridge University Press 2012
Second edition © Cambridge University Press and UCLES 2015

It is normally necessary for written permission for copying to be obtained in
advance from a publisher. The sample answer sheets at the back of this book
are designed to be copied and distributed in class. The normal requirements
are waived here and it is not necessary to write to Cambridge University Press
for permission for an individual teacher to make copies for use within his or
her own classroom. Only those pages that carry the wording '© UCLES 2015
Photocopiable' may be copied.

First published 2012
Second edition 2015

Printed in Dubai by Oriental Press

A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library
ISBN 978-1-107-47027-9 Six Practice Tests with answers with Audio
ISBN 978-1-107-47026-2 Six Practice Tests without answers with Audio
ISBN 978-1 -107-47030-9 Audio CDs (3)

Additional resources for this publication at www.cambridge.org/advancedtrainer

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Contents

Acknowledgements 4
Introduction 5
Training and Exam practice
Test 1 Reading and Use of English 10
Writing 42
Listening 51
Speaking 61
Test 2 Reading and Use of English 69
Writing 86
Listening 92
Speaking 100
Practice tests
Test 3 Reading and Use of English 108
Writing 120
Listening 122
Speaking 127
Test 4 Reading and Use of English 130
Writing 142
Listening 144
Speaking 149
Test 5 Reading and Use of English 152
Writing 164
Listening 166
Speaking 171
Test 6 Reading and Use of English 174
Writing 186
Listening 188
Speaking 193
Answer key and transcripts 196
Sample answer sheets 252
Speaking appendix (colour section pages 51-521)

Contents I 3

Copyright © 2014 Reed Business Information .independent. Green . Guardian News ~nd Media Ud for the text on p. August 2010.14. News and Media Ud for the text on pp. New 5tatesman for the text on pp. 57 (TR): Getty tmages/ an interview with Torre DeRoche by permission of Torre DeRoehe in eare of Photodise/© Alexa Miller . 519 (T): Alamy/© MIXA. 510 (B): 5hutterstock/Luekylmages. 519 (B): Getty tmages/Fü Arehive/© Peter National Geographie for the text on pp. built as part of Encyclopedia of Language by David Crystal. Photo acknowledgements National Geographie for the text on pp. 114 adapted from 'Why painting still matterd by Nieholas 4 Acknowledgements . i5toek /© Nathan Allred.eambridge. 57-58 and the audio reeording and audio seript on p. Ine. Audio produced by Leon Chambers and recorded at d50und. English Profile outeomes . 514 (TL): Alamy/© Rami Aapasuo.. http:/ /www. 51 (B): Alamy/© the text on p. Geographlcal for teaehing and assessment of English worldwide.html.11. 58 (TR): Corbis/© jt/cuttura: 58 (B): Alamy/© © 2013 by Torre DeRoche. It has not always been posslble to Identlfy the sources of all the employees make a good business'. The Guardian . Cambridge University Press and Cambridge English Language Assessment. glowlng learners of English.englishprofile. American English and other varieties of English. 222 adapted from 'Interview: 5tarting out as an IT Consultant' Designed and typeset by Wild Apple Design from http :/ /vanillajava. 52 (T): Alamy/© Thomas Imo. Keys to Operating a 5ueeessful Business. 160-161 adapted from 'The Forgotten please visit www. on reprlntlng. 511 (B): Corbis/© Monty Rakusen. material used.eom) Copyright Rex Features/© Nils Jorgensen. Hazlehurst. 514 (TR): with permission. z/ philosophynow. Reproduced with permission. 54 (TR): Corbis/© Erie Cahan. Guardian. 13. News 5yndieation for 51 (T): Getty lrnages/Stockbyte/O 5tephen 5impson. 174 adapted from 'Racing pulse. 511 (TL): The Tefegraph. 56 (B): Getty Images/AFP/© Antonin pp. Rita Carter's Mapping the Mind is published by as the English Voeabulary Profile. Cambridge dietionaries are the world's most widely used dietionaries for The Independent for the text on p. 05.14. New 5tatesman for the text on pp. will provide detailed information about the Orion (9780753827956.hdkeys.insidehighered.org. 36-37 adapted from '5tuff symphony: Beautiful musie makes on reprlntlng. published by Cambridge University English Profile. 70 adapted from Caro.01. www. New 5eientist. 57 (B): 5hutterstoek/© 5yda Produetions. February 2014. The Guardian. 54 (TL): Thinkstoek/ for the text on p.13. Winter 2013. The Telegraph for the text on p. Reprodueed with permission. Buehler. Whlle every effort has 29 . 52 (B): Corbis/© Eureke/Times Science Magazine . Utell. Reprodueed with and written English. 182-183 adapted from 'Ada Lovelaee (1815-1852)' by Alistair The authors and publlshers acknowledge the followlng sources of copyright MaeFarlane. 156-157 adapted from 'I've been here before .10. Reprodueed with permission. Management Today. 53 (TR): Alamy/© Andres 5yndieation 2010. 53 (TL): Alamy/© David Grossman. 28.3m for telev ision teehnology researeh' by the Royal Holloway. The Jean V. whieh eurrently stands at over one billion words. 517 (BR): Getty Images/© Chung 5ung-Jun. Reprodueed with permission.uk/2014/01/interview-starting-out-as-it.html. 20 . Getty Images/© DAJ. .co. Peter Pieture researeh: Louise Edgeworth Lawreyfor the Iistening exereise on p.'.org . Alamy/© Anthony Thorogood: 511 (TR): Getty Images/5toekbyte/© Martin Reprodueed with perrnission: The Telegraph for the text on p. Nationaf Geographic. AII ríghts reserved.co.13. 81 from 'Talking about the Humanities: Value v. Janine Utell for text auremar.. Ltd. Russell Moekridge' by Greg Langley. eo.uk/artieles . Copyright Guardian also includes the Cambridge Learner Corpus. 510 (TL): Corbis/Blend Images/© John Lund. ict4de (Information Cambridge English tanguage Assessment.13. 513 (TL): Alamy/© Patrick '5ME Masterelass: How to take on an intern' by Rachel Bridge. 510 (TR): Thinkstoek/ 'Wearable book allows reader to feel emotions of eharacters' by Luey Kinder. 514 (B): Alamy/© Janine Wiedel Photolibrary.13. TR = top right. B = bottom.1. Reprodueed with permission. 56 (TL): 5uper5toek/© Blend lrnages: 56 (TR): Getty lmages/ Limited. sueh ritaearter. Heafthy. Thanks also go to Kay George. Healthy magazine for the text on p. 116-117 adapted from 'The way we work now' by Jeremy Cambridge University Press for their support and hard work. Press 1987. https. Reprodueed with permission. Reprodueed Corbis/Reuters/O China Photos. Ward. 58 (TL): the Jean V. Framework of Referenee for Languages (CEF). If any omlsslons are brought http: / /www.iet4dc. been made. University Press. 5tory of . 519 (C): Alamy/© Paul Doyle. Geographica/. June 2013.02. C = centre Tribune Content Agency.07 . Text on p. Meaning ' by Janine 5mith . 513 (B): 08. Distributed by Key: T = top. 520 (TL): 5hutterstoek/© Monkey Business Images. 520 (TR): Fever' by Tom Clynes. & Media Ltd 2013. The Independent. 517 (BL): Alamy/© Chris Cooper- C on p.org Copyright © 5ir Alistair MaeFarlane material and are grateful for the permlssions granted.lifestyle 2. Reprodueed with permission. It has not always been posslble to Identify the sources of all the 33-34 adapted from 'Good Idea: Urban Jungles' byAlyssa MeDonald. Higher . 3rd Edition 2010. Copyright © Telegraph Media Group Limited 2014. Reprodueed with permission. The CEC is a eomputer database of eontemporary spoken of London. 130 adapted from 'Royal Holloway awarded Development of this publieation has made use of the Cambridge English f. Cambridge University better language teaehing materials. 516 (TL): 'What I believe defines us as human is our mastery of fire' by Ray Mears. New material used. Reproduced with permission . 520 (B): Alamy/© Caro. 131 adapted ineludes British English. Issue 19 . 132 from built up the CEC to provide evidenee about tanguage use that helps to produce 'About us' www. Reprodueed with permission . Rita Carter for and its aim is to ereate a 'profile' for English linked to the Common European the text on pp. reprodueed with permission . 134-135 from The Cambridge This produet is informed by the English Voeabulary Profile. or to trace all copyright holders.com/The_lmportance_oCGood_Customer_5ervice. fourth edition 2013. Reprodueed with permission of The Random House Group Pat Tuson. If any omlsslons are brought 5tatesman. Copyright © Cambridge different emotions' by Adam Withnall.12. Mareh 2014.eom. a eollaborative prograrnme designed to enhanee the learning. University Corpus (CEC). December 2013.14. The Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary is available eheeks and a heavy heart: " Body atlas" heatmaps reveal where we feel in print and online at dietionary.blogspot. developed in eollaboration with News & Media Ud 2013. 516 (TR): Alamy/© blickwinkel . 513 (TR): Getty lmages/The lrnage Bank/© Dirk Ansehutz. While every effort has 2013. Copyright Guardian News & Media Ud 2013. For more information. 97 and the audio recording and audio Text permissions: Rebeeea Pratt-5mith seript on p. 31.Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Alison 5ilver and Catriona Watson-Brown for Wroe and 5imon Grant.2010) and The Brain Book is published by Dorling language that learners can be expeeted to demonstrate at eaeh CEFlevel. 85 adapted from 'The Healthy 2014 fitness ehallenge: I want to become a runner' by Charlotte IIlustrations: David Benham (Graham-Cameron IIlustration) Haigh MacNeil.01. It from 'Prehistory: not just Denis'. 185 adapted from 'Good been made. Kindersley (9781405341295.03. Guardian News and Media Ltd for the text on p. IMAGEMORE Co. www. 77-78 from Ray Mears: Alamy/© Jochen Taek. Reprodueed with permission. 08. Inc. or to trace all copyright holders. 54 (B): Alamy/© published by Rider. 5ir Alistair MaeFarlane for the text on pp. Reprodueed with permission. Reprodueed with permission. Reprodueed with permission. Cambridge University Press has and Communication Teehnologies for Development) for the text on p. to our notlce. Press and David Crystal for the text on pp. 82-83 adapted from 'Yukon: Gold Bisehoff. Press Offiee. 31-32 adapted from 'Europe's The authors and publlshers acknowledge the followlng sources of copyright Largest Glaeier Comes to New York' by Rena 5ilverman. 41 from Everest: Reflections from the top by Margaret Gee..14. The Telegraph. Its main funding partners are the text on pp. Copyright © Telegraph Media Group Limited 2014. Reprodueed with permission. Naggar Literary Agency. Guardian offering a elear benehmark for learners' proficieney. National Geographic.12. 72 adapted from 5iepmann. London eonsultant. (permissions@jvnla. 57 (TL): Alamy/© David J. we wlll be happy to Include the approprlate acknowledgements Copyright © Keys to Operating a 5ueeessful Business. 08. 516 (B): 5hutterstoek/ New 5tatesman. Copyright Guardian News their painstaking editing and helpful feedback. material and are grateful for the permlsslons granted. Copyright © Eureka/Nl Troy House. The Random House Group Ltd Rodríguez: 53 (B): Corbis/© Wavebreak Media Ltd.06 . 208.13. 39 from '5cienee thrillers have a rieh history' by Eriea Wagner. Naggar Literary Agency. Royal Holloway for the text on p. TL = top left. Tribune Content Agency for to our notlce. Reprodueed Alamy/© PBPA Paul Beard Photo Ageney. adapted from Thuillier . 138-139 adapted from 'Iee-cold exploration ' by Robbie 5hone . 517 (T): Alamy/© David Bagnall. 05 . better materials' by Markus J.13. with permiss ion.UK. Reprodueed with permission. Reprodueed with permission. we wlll be happy to include the approprlate acknowledgements the text on pp.uk.12.11.org. for the listening exercise on leoniea/© Barry Austin Photography. It permission.eom. 16. i5toek /© LuekyBusiness. Reprodueed with permission.. 2009). Management Todayfor 5haron MeCann and Lorraine Poulter and the rest of the produetion team at the text on pp.

• Explanatory answer keys in the 'wit h answers ' What is Advanced Traine1? edition of the book . You can use Advanced Trainer in Features of Advanced Trainer class with your teacher or . This is supported by work based on correcting common • Downloadable audio (also available separately as three grammar and vocabulary mistakes made in the exam by CDs) consists of the recordings for the six Listening tests plus some Listening and Speaking practice Cambridge English: Advanced candidates. Advanced Trainer contains six practice tests for Cambridge explaining why certain answers are correct and other English: Advanced. (For more information on downloaded from www. The Exam practice each task type . you should study these so that you know and have advice and pract ice to help you prepare for how to mark or write your answer correctly. not only giving information about which answers are right . In Writing. the Cambridge Learner Corpus . as shown by materials relating to Tests 1 and 2. which means that they with . see page 7. where appropriate. the answers to the exam questions. studying the Task information. but also. each part of each paper consists of a Training • Photocopiable answer sheets for the Reading and section and an Exam practice section.if you have the 'wit h answers ' • Full-colour visual material for the Speaking paper of all edition of the book . each covering the Reading and Use options are noto of English.) The Exam practice sections consist of the test itself accompanied by an Action plan. givlng step-by-step guidance for each How to use Advanced Trainer task. The Tra ining the kinds of question it uses. They focus on grammar. a L1steningtranscript tests. Before you take sections give informat ion about each part of the exam the exam. also known as Certifica te in Advanced English (CAE). • In all papers. Tests 3 to 6 are purely practice • In the 'wit h answers ' edition. Listening and Speaking papers. The audio can be the Cambridge Learner Corpus. six tests. A Follow-up task at the end of the Exam Test 1 Training practice section invites you to reflect on the task and • For each part of each paper. you should begln by consider how you could improve your performance. e. in addition. sections are shorter than those in Test 1. The Training Use of English and Listening papers. by working through example items. model answers for each task type in contain extra tra ining and support to help you with each the 'with answers ' edition . you will see information marked Tipl information provided in Test 1 and also include further These tips give you pract ical advice on how to tackle practice for that part of the test.org/advancedtrainer. Introduction I 5 . such as what the task type tests and practice section for each part of the exam. it. Writing.cambridge. Th is book is suitab le for anyone who is preparing to take Cambridge English: Advanced. sections provide additional tips and advice. Explanatory answer key in the 'with answers ' edition. vocabulary and functional the question paper has plenty of Iined paper for you to write your answers.g. ofthe tasks in the exam. ortraining. training exercises help you develop the Tests 3 to 6 are complete practice tests without advice skills you need. They gíve you the opportunity to practise the advice and skills you have acquired while working through • Answers to all the training exercises are in the Tests 1 and 2. Introduction Who is Advanced Trainer for? There is an Explanatory answer key (see below) for each test.on your own at home. with tips on general strategy and advice linked to the specific questions. AII six tests are at Cambridge English: Advanced with underlining to indicate the sections that provide level and match the exam in format and standard. In Test 1. language directly relevant to particular task types. The • Notes on al! writing tasks to explain what is required. which tells you the facts Test 2 also consists of a Training section and an Exam you need to know. They review the • Throughout Test 1 . working out meaning from context. firsttwo tests are 'gulded tests'.

• Read any further Tipsl for that part of the exam . • In Speaklng. the Test 2 Training recordings are always played a second time in all four • Answer the questions in the Revlew section . focus on other useful exam techniques and language to which present and practise grammatical structures. you the Transcripts which glve the correct answers are can check the answers and explanations for them. not different ways of answering each question . Le. as these parts. You can Tests 3-6 Exam practice practise speaking on your own or with a partner. If you need repeated for only Part 1 of the Listening Test. made by Cambridge English: Advanced candidates. However. the Explanatory answer key conta ins task. • Check your answers in the Explanatory answer key. common tanguage mistakes made by actual Cambridge • There is also an emphasis on revision. • Look at the Tlpsl and work through the exerc ises whic h 6 I Introductlon . suggest ways of dealing with specific items. following the Action can find somewhere quiet to work. the parts of • If you have the 'with answers ' edition of the book. and underlined. player (or a computer that plays COs). For Parts to. techn iques and language you have learnt in Tests 1 and 2. 4 . You will need to answers. with cross- English: Advanced candidates. which are no interruptions. fl§ If you are using the downloadable mp3 files. you are prompted to use the back to these before you begin working through each downloadable audio or one of the numbered COs: section. and ensure there plan and making use of the Advice boxes . you can fo llow the instructions. use the cross-reference to Test 1 to check your 2 . For L1stenlng. and others are wrong. Use the cross-reference if you need too you will also need a watch or clock to make sure that • Use any Tipsl on strategy and Advlce relating to you keep to the time allowed for each part of the test. you are sometimes prompted to use the audio recordlngs and do tasks as you listen. and consider how you can do better in this part of the exam in future.• Throughout Test 1. it is worth using a dictionary and spending an appropriate amount studying these and thinking about the structure and of time on the task. if not. please note that the track numbers are the same as on Test 2 Exam practice the COso If you are using the COs. model answers for the tasks. which explains why the correct answers are right and do all four parts on your own. but. language of eaeh of the answers provided. also study the Listening transcripts . after you have • Afier doing the exam task . paper. you will need a CO • Think about the Action plan for this part of the exam. Although there are many • 00 the task under exam conditions if possible. look at the Follow-up task completed the tasks. using • In Tests 3. but you should always try to keep to the step-by-step guidance on how to approach each task time recommended for each papero For the Listening type. 5 and 6. there are Useful language sections. specific questions to help you work through the exam • In Writlng. as • Many exercises involve focusing on and correcting shown by the Cambridge Learner Corpus. You can refer • In L1stenlng. key. In both cases. vocabulary or functional expressions that are often • There is further work based on mistakes frequently tested by particular task types. which gives you clear in any order. as shown by the references for each task type to the relevant Task Cambridge Learner Corpus (see page 7). Audio In the Cambridge English : Advanced Listening Test. you must listen to each recording twice only. you should apply the ski 115. • It will be easier to keep to the exam instructions if you • Work through an exam-style task. help with this part of the exam. Test 1 Exam practice • You can do these tests and the four papers within them • Look first at the Actlon plan. the Advanced Trainer recordings are will remind you about this part of the exam. it is better if you can work with • Answers to all items are in the Explanatory answer a partner. Information and Action plan in Test 1. 3 and 4 listen to the recording twice. • For the Speaking paper. what you have learnt in Useful language and in Tlps!. replay the track after a first listen .

Level of Cambridge English: Advanced • Cambridge English: Advanced is at level Cl on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). illustrating your relative performance on each of the skills. • If you do not get enough marks for a grade C in the examination. O and E are fails. • You receive a certificate if you pass the exam . Introductlon I 7 . you will receive a Statement of Results. • Achieving a grade A means that your English is considered to be at level C2 on the CEFR.orglcorpus.grades A. For details of each part.cambridge. B or C. • There is no minimum score for each paper. It forms part of reference under the Task information heading in the tables the Cambridge International Corpus (CIC) and it has been on the following pages. B and C are passes. • For more information on gradlng and results. Exercises in Advanced Trainer which are based on the ClC are indicated by this icon: (!l Find out more about the Cambridge learner Corpus at www. Achieving this level means that your English is good enough for you to study or work in most situations where English is the main language used . you may get a certificate stating that your English is at level B2. Listening and Speaking . go to the Cambridge English tanguage Assessment website (see Further information on page 9). so you don't have to pass all four papers to pass the exam.Reading and Use of English .000 exam scripts Cambridge English: Advanced has four papers. This includes a graphical profile showing how well you did in each paper. • A pass mark at Cambridge English: Advanced is given a grade: A. provided you have demonstrated that is the case. Grading • The grade that you receive is based on the marks that you receive in all four papers. each with written by candidates taking Cambridge ESOl exams several parts in it. see the page around the world. Writing. The ClC currently contains scripts from over: • 150 different first languages • 200 different countries.The Cambridge learner Corpus (ClC) Content of Cambridge English: Advanced The ClC is a large collection of over 200. • Whatever your grade . • Each of the papers .has a maximum possible weighted score of 40 marks. built up by Cambridge University Press and Cambridge English tanguage Assessment. It is growing all the time.

7 Gapped text 6 A text with missing paragraphs. etc. 4 Key word 6 Six questions. leaflets. page 24 6 Cross-text multiple 4 Four short texts. who you are writing to. In all tasks. and the person or people proposál you have to write foro 8 I Introduction . Each gap corresponds to a page 17 word. your purpose for writing. brochures. Part Task type No. You must read across texts to match a prompt to elements in the texts. etc. 2 report 220-260 You are given a choice of tasks page 46 review which specify the type of text you letterjemail have to write. The texts used are from newspapers. rnagazines.Reading and Use of Engllsh 1 hour 30 minutes There are eight parts to this paper and they are always in the same order. 2 Open cloze 8 A text with eight gaps which must be filled with one page 14 word each. Part Task type No. each with a gapped sentence which page 21 transformation must be completed in three to six words. The stems of the missing words are given and must be changed to form the missing word. journals. 3 Word formation 8 A text with eight gaps. You must use the page 33 missing extracts to complete the texto 8 Multiple matching 10 A text (or several short texts) with multiple-matching page 38 questions. The possible marks for Part 1 and Part 2 are the same. of words Format Task information 1 essay 220-260 You have to write an essay based page 42 on two points in given information. you are told what kind of text you must write. books. you can choose one of questions 2 to 4. Parts 1-4 contain texts with accompanying grammar and vocabulary tasks. each with four options. and why you are writing. Writing 1 hour 30 minutes You have to do Part 1 (Question 1) plus any one of the Part 2 tasks. collocations. including a given key word. of questions Format Task information 1 Multiple-choice 8 A text with elght gaps. This page 10 cloze mainly tests vocabulary: idioms. fixed phrases. In Part 2. Parts 5-8 contain a range of texts and accompanying reading-comprehension tasks. 5 Multiple choice 6 A reading text followed by multiple-choice questions. You need to decide which of the two points is more important. and to explain why. followed by multiple-matching page 29 matching questions.

The examiner will indicate who you should talk to in each part of the test. rad io broadcasts . but one of them does not take part in the conversation. testing focus and preparation for the exam. page 63 response from partner the examiner will ask you to talk about these for about a minute. You are asked to give a short response after your partner has fir. 4 Three-way interaction between The exam iner asks you and your partner questions relating page 67 students and one of the to topics arising from Part 3. speeches . S and C. If there are two speakers. you will have five minutes to copy you r answers onto the answer sheet. for example. There is one mark for each question in this paper. Part Task type No. examiners Further information The information about Cambridge English: Advanced contained in Advanced Trainer is designed to be an overview of the exam. If one person is speaking.anguage Assessment 1 Hills Road Cambridge CB12EU United Kingdom Introduction I 9 . Atthe end of the test. C and D. page 56 choice questions. you may hear announcements . For a full description. 2 Sentence 8 You hear a recording and have to write a word or page 54 completion short phrase to complete sentences. for example. examiners 2 Individual 'long turn' with brief You are each given some visual and written prompts. which can be obtained from Cambridge English Language Assessment at the address below or from the website at www. Part Task type Format Task information 1 Three-way conversation between The examiner asks you both some questions about page 61 two students and one of the yourself and your interests and experiences. There will be two examiners. S. each with four optlons: A. discussion or conversation. 4 Multiple matching 10 You hear five short extracts. the attitude of the speakers and the context in which they are speaking. Each question has three options: A. Cambridge English l.org.Listening approximately 40 minutes You will both hear and see the inst ructi ons for each task . including information about task types . etc.ished their 'long turn'. talks . lectures or anecdotes. and you wi ll hear each of the four parts twice. Speaking 15 minutes You will probably do the Speaking test with one other candidate.cambridgeenglish. There are two matching page 59 tasks focusing on the gist and the main points of what is said . although sometimes it is necessary to form groups of three. 3 Multiple choice 6 You hear a recording and have to answer múltiple. of questions Format Task information 1 Multiple choice 6 You hear three short extracts and have to answer two page 51 multiple-choice questions on each. 3 Collaborative task You are given some spoken instructions and written stimuli page 65 for a discussion or decision-making task and you discuss these prompts with your partner. you rnlght hear a radio int erview. You will hear pauses announced and you can use this time to read the questions. please use the Cambridge English: Advanced Handbook.

8 I was winning the race until the very end when Jo me. and set phrases. 4 I've got to about my research at a seminar next week. B. 2 It says in the papers that four men are to next month for that robbery at our local bank. 2 You can count George to be w illing to help you out if you encounter any problems. 7 The Minister made a speech to the soldiers who had fought for their country. Then suggest a will not fit because word which could replace it without making any other changes to the sentence. • For each gap. there is a choice of four words or • To fill sorne of the gaps correctly. 6 A police is questioning the person who they suspect of stealing my bike. the rlght word is a Which are the three correct collocations? matter of identifying 1 give permission / someone a favour / a presentation / someone a hand the right collocat ion. 1 It isn't fair that they you for other people's mistakes. S The engineer very careful before he cut the metal panel. grammar words. e and D. Useful language: identifying collocations C!¡P! Sometimes chooslng 1 @ Three of the words in each set collocate with the given verbo One does not. 2 lay c1aim to / the blame on / the table / an excuse 3 make a mistake / plans / a noise / your best 4 pay attention / a ticket / tribute to / a compliment S run an exercise / a business / a race / a campaign 6 shoot a film / past someone / an arrow / a camera 7 stand a possibility / a chance / trial / for parliament 8 take care / measurements / a promise / the train 2 Now choose one of the collocations from Exercise 1 to complete each sentence. 4 The hotel receptionist will explain you how to get to the conference centre. You have to choose the know how words often combine in collocations correct one to fill the gap . • You need to read the text carefully and think about its mean ing in order to fill the gaps correctly. of something in the 1 Jackie has got a good work as PA to a successful novelist. S The train travel from Moscow to Beijing takes several days. grammar around it. 3 Paul crept in at about 2 am trying his best not to and wake his parents. there is a text with eight gaps (plus • The gaps focus on vocabulary items rather than one example). Useful language: puttlng words in context CTiP! Sometimes a word (!) Explain why the underlined words do not fit in these sentences. you will need to phrases: A.Test 1 Training Reading and Use of English (1 hour 30 minutes) Part 1 Task information • In this task. 6 We've chosen a new advertising agency to for our latest range of products. 3 Don't worry to ask if you need any help w ith your project. 10 I Test 1 Tralnlng Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 1 .

2 People often find it difficult when someone in their own family tries to ..... A usual B normal (regular D ordinary 7 The (EO will a meeting with her management team this morning.. think carefully about A event B activity ( programme D festival the meaning of all the different options..... you need to 1 The graduation ball promises to be the social of the year.. the answer will depend on a collocation... A learn B practise ( teach D qualify 3 Computer programming is certainly not my of expertise. A visit B join (attend D follow 8 AII the students on the course are required to sport every afternoon.them how to drive.. 1 The sales team a very successful time at the exhibition.. A reasonable B adequate ( convenient D helpful Test 1 Tralning I U .. A go B do ( train D practise Thinking about meaning ~ To find the correct • Choose the correct optlon to complete each gap. A wide B distinct ( changeable D various 5 At the moment. A spent B passed ( had D made 2 When she was transferred to the New York office.3 @ Choose the correct option to complete each sentence....... A made B took ( gave D did 4 The lecturer the c1ass's attention to an error in the calculations.. A have B find ( meet D make 3 The proud father was very excited when his son his first steps.. [n each case. the country has a number of economic problems. A tricky B serious ( difficult D hard 6 The students would find the flat more if it were closer to the university. Sarah joined an evening c1ass in order to friends. optlon... A drew B attracted (put D showed 5 My parents contributed a amount of money to the fundo A big B large C grand D high 6 There was a time when the person could not afford a mobile phone.... A part B section ( system D area 4 The college offers a range of evening courses.

what that function might be is still in (1) 8cientists are far from being in agreement about (2) why so much of our precious time is given over to sleep. read the text below and decide which answer (A.. It seems certain . Follow the exam instructions. This theory holds that sleep allows us to process the information that we (6) during the day. The most popular states that the functions and (3) . There is an example at the beginning (O). In other words. recharge our batteries and so have an adequate supply of energy for the coming day. B. read through the 4 Think of a word you might expect to fill the gap whole text to make sure it makes sense. e or O) best fits each gap. 3 When you answer each question. It claims that we sleep in order to (4) the health of our body. gap. and asserts that . There seem to be three main theories. Test 1 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 1 Action plan 1 Read the t itle and . without sleep. look at the 5 Consider each of the options. learning would not take place. However. using the advice to help you. function.these tell you the topie of the texto you know are incorrecto 2 Read the whole text before you start answering 6 Check that the word you choose for each gap the questions. a second theory places more emphasis on the learning benefits of sleep. For questions 1-8. makes sense. eliminating those pieture . saying that we need (8) of sleep in order to . 12 I Test 1 Exam practlce Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 1 . Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.. before looking at the options. Example: O A chief B vital e principa l D focal ~I A = - B = e O = Three theories about sleep People spend about one-third of their lives asleep. of sleep are primarily physiological. that sleep has a (O) . 8 When you have finished. if there is one. A third popular theory is (7) on ideas about energy. biological processes work hard as we sleep to repair any damage done during the day and to restore ourselves to (5) efficiency. However. therefore. look at both 7 Check that the answer you choose fits the what comes before and what comes after the sentence grammatieally. in a sense.

. 6 A achieve B complete e reach D acquire 6 Only one of these verbs col/ocates with 'information'. Follow-up What procedure did you follow when you did this task? Readlng and Use of English Part 1 Test 1 Exam practice 13 . 5 Only one of the options col/ocates with 'etticiency' to give the idea of 'total'. 2 One of these adverbs col/ocates strongly with 'why'. 8 Al/ these words fit the grammar of the sentence and 8 A periods B eras e moments D episodes col/oca te reasonably wel/. ' and fits in 2 A correctly B absolutely e actually D precisely terms ot meaning. so think about the meaning here. 7 A rooted B supported e based D developed 7 Only one of these words fits with the preposition 'on'.. 4 You need to think about both meaning and col/ocation here 5 A strong B utter e full D entire to get the correct answer.1 A discussion B dispute e argument D debate Em!1!' 1 Only one of these col/ocates with 'is still in . 3 A purposes B targets e intentions D points 3 Only one of these words is appropriate when discussing a physical function ot the body retner than conscious 4 A take B maintain estay D keep behaviour.

articles. Remember that contractions (1'11. 1 A number of customers complained for the after-sales service. 5 The new management team plans to bring a number of changes in the company. 5 Many people took part to the anniversary festivities. 1 The company always takes new staff for the summer periodo write lt down in its full 2 Negotiations broke because of a disagreement about trading context . 8 The inspector drew the management's attention in some problems in the workshop. just enough to get . 6 No one expected that the new fashion would catch as quickly as it has. • Sometimes there may be more than one possible answer and. auxiliary. 3 Delegates experienced a number of problems related at the broadband connection at the conference centre. you remember what it 3 The lecturer talks so fast . 2 AII the work will be done from volunteers. 7 The robbers made with a large amount of money. 11 The noise in the Iibrary immediately put me the idea of studying there. 10 Have you seen the new advertisement of Lotus shampoo? 2 @ Sometimes the preposition that is mlsslng is part of a phrasal verbo C!iP! Whenever you note down Find the correct preposition to fill the gap in these sentences. modal or other basic • The missing words are grammar words rather than vocabulary items. etc.Test 1 Training Reading and Use of English Part 2 Task information • In this task. • You must spell each word correctly . thought. verbs. 14 Test 1 Tralnlng Reading and Use of English Part 2 .US and UK spellings are both accepted. 6 I must congratulate you for your excellent work. adverbs such as too. 4 lt was so noisy in the room that I couldn't make what Jill was saying. as this will help arrangements. 8 Wanda asked the bank for a loan in order to set a consultancy business. Useful language: uslng prepositions 1 ~ Correct the errors made by exam candidates with prepositions. if this is the enough. it is important not to give and stop trying. more or noto case. 4 Alexandra was able to make good use of her knowledge in foreign languages. 9 There is an urgent need of fresh water supplies in the region. C!iP! The words that you will need to write in Part 2 • You have to suggest an appropriate word to fill each gap.I just can't keep with her train of means and how it is used . 7 I hope my letter will be taken in consideration. a phrasal verb in your vocabulary notebook. fill the gaps correctly. connectors . determiners or • The answer will always be a single word. 9 However hard things may seem. the mark scheme allows for it. pronouns. are usually one of these • You need to read the text carefully and think about its meaning in order to types: prepositions. there is a text with eight gaps (plus one example). 12 Many people don't have much money. basic don't. 10 Mark thinks there are problems in the contract and he is dead set our signing it.) count as two words.

6 It was not I got on the train that I realised I'd left my laptop at home. homework and do some 2 Final-year students told the freshers about everything would help extra practice using this them settle into Iife at the college. you win the lottery. the students decided to read their books outdoors. 4 I managed to complete the essay on time I was suffering from a heavy cold . ~ Make a note of any grarnrnar errors that your 1 I met a footballer from our national tea m. Useful language: uslng connectors 1 Choose a word from the box to complete each sentence in a loglcal way. 3 1'11 do you want me to do. 10 had we left the house than the rain started. 2 Ursula has taken on extra work earn enough money for a holiday. se 1 Nina is good at maths. 3 My father said I could go to the party I'm home by midnight. language correctly. Test 1 Tralnlng I 15 . 2 Sorne eonnectors are made up of more than one word. S llike my desk I have a very good view of the sea while I'm working. S Please call me you get this message. 9 I feell know him quite well we've only met a few times. her twin brother is better at languages. 5 We closed the door very quietly wake the baby. 3 the psychologist focuses on in his book is the way people from different countries behave in trains. 6 You'd better take a notebook with you you want to write something down. 7 Simon looks he didn't sleep a wink last night. 7 That's the car owner I was just telling you about. S was suggested that the problem could be tackled in a number of different ways. 7 I'm really lucky . I found very exciting as teacher corrects in your l'd never met anyone famous before. üseful Ianguage: uslng pronouns • FiII eaeh gap with the necessary pronoun. she doesn't get very much free time. 4 You'lI never be able to afford a car Iike that . Choose the correct phrase from the box to complete each sentence. ic 5 Sally enjoys her work. as if as long as as soon as despite the fact that even though in aecordance with in case in order to no sooner so as not to 1 You must fill in the form the instructions on the opposite page. ~iP! Thinking about the meaning of the although because provided unless surrounding text will help until whatever whenever whereas you to choose the right connector. 6 The professor was satisfied with the way in the students had decided to deal with their project. 4 Doyou know mobile phone this is7 5 being an unexpectedly pleasant day. 2 Dan will go to university next year he passes all his exams.I can take a coffee break I want one.

not all choose to do so. etc.) count as two words. depends. either under cover which matches the meaning in of bushes (15) in a hole in the ground. The effectiveness of this the purpose for an action. 9 Check you have spelt all the words correctly. 10 Read through the whole text to check it makes 5 Do the questions you can answer easily first. (11) that their spines point outwards. 15 The word you need bere Follow-up otten follows on from a phrase beginning with 'eitner'. but Hedgehogs are primarily nocturnal and sleep for much of the day. look at the 7 Go back to the more difficult gaps at the end. they have fewer spines and are thus more likely to attempt gap. don't. using their ball rolling ability (14) a last resort. Test 1 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 2 Action plan las 1 Read the title and. Remember that contractions (1'1/. (9) hedgehogs are found in many different parts 10 Which word is most Iikely to of the world. some will stay awake all year round. • picture . Write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet. to run into their attacker. '? 11 The word you need AII species of hedgehog share the ability (10) roll into a tight ball when combines with 'that' to explain attacked. as a defence mechanism . a preposition or pronoun) to complete the gap. (12) the number of spines 12 If you ignore the phrase in parenthesis rot course '). Remember that US and UK spellings are both • 4 Think about what part of speech is needed (e. in suitable conditions.. of course . sense before transferring your answers to the answer sheet. even if you are not 2 Read through the text and think about what it totally sure that it is the correct answer. 3 Look at the words before and after each gap. Despite the (16) . 16 Test 1 Exam practice Readlng and Use of English Part 2 . using the advice to help you. The answer will always be a single word. For questions 9-16. and consequently. • 6 Write your answers in capital letters... 14 This is part of a fixed express ion. this context? that all hedgehogs can hibernate. which cover its body. only write one of them. may find it easier to fill th is weight. Cl iP! Even if you are sure two answers are possible . if there is one. follow 'neve the ability . 13 This gap could be filled with either 'tess' or 'more '. • means before answering the questions. none is native to either America or Australia. you the hedgehog has. read the text below and think of the word which Us best fits each gap.these tell you the topic of the texto a Always write something. accepted. Did you remember toread through the text at the end to make sure it al! made 16 The word you need is part sense? ot a fixed phrase. There is an example 1 at the beginning (O). Use only one word in each gap. Some desert hedgehogs have evolved to carry (13) . • Follow the exam instructions.g. Example: @] Hedgehogs 9 Read the whole sentence before deciding what is A hedgehog ls a small mammal characterised (O) the sharp spines 2 needed to fill this gap.

• You have to form a new word based on the word in capitals to f ill the gap. are compound adjectives (formed by combining two words). e.g. cold-hearted and hard- usage. there is every Iikelihood that you w ill be (5) .g. the suffix -ion. strong). The first row has been completed as an example. uncomfortable. usefulness. you will see a im. USE. it hit the (2) because of its controversial research programme.an adjective. So from USE.g. • You need to decide what kind of word goes in the gap . Test 1 Trainlng I 17 .. for example. should it be (e. for example. broadly . (in)comparable (in)comparably broad. in the news for some (4) or another. broadminded. Useful language: identifying parts of speech 1 What part of speech is needed to complete each gap .g.g . use a good dictionary to flnd noun verb adjective adverb out what other words are in comparison compare comparative comparatively the same word family (e.g.you might add the prefix • At the end of eaeh li ne with a gap. (in)stability = a word fam ily). positive (e. an adverb. A few years ago. for example? • You must spell each word correctly to get the mark . strongly).if the gap needs an adjective. etc. Camco is one of the most (1) companies in the country.to PERFECTto make imperfect. a noun (e. 5ince then. • You also need to think about the meaning of the strengthen). hearted. useless. to make perfection. usefuI) or negative (e. usefully. or word in capital letters. or even both. useless). a verb (e.an adjective (e. you might • You need to know about compound words in form usefuI. a verb or a noun? How do you know? Suggest a word that could fill each gap. comfortable. ~ When you learn a new word.kind-hearted. etc . scarcely a month has gone by when it has not (3) .g. English . 2 Complete this table. But if you visit company headquarters. broaden . user.US and UK spellings are both accepted.g. to make imperfection. doubter which can be useful for the Reading and Use of English and Listening papers. used in forming words . impressed by what you see.Test 1 Training Reading and Use of English Part 3 Task information • In this task. strength) or an adverb text . there is a text w ith eight gaps (plus • You need to know how prefixes and suffixes are one example). breadth . stabiliser high power Cl iP! Learning about prefixes and suffi xes will also observe sometimes help you develop work out the meanlngs of doubt words you do not know.

something processor.. be completely . Lnfiltnuor. something fig~w.Lor. 1 The writer spent his in a quiet seaside village. The words all use a suffix from Exercise 1. BULLET 7 The morning trains to the city are always packed with .Useful Ianguage: understanding suffixes 1 Here are just a few of the suffixes used in English. COMMUTE 8 We are looking for staff who will offer total to the company. COMMIT 18 Test 1 Training Reading and Use of English Part 3 .~olrd. SHARP 4 We had four good applicants for the job. suffix effect meaning examples -er. THINK 6 The presidential car will. commuter • object that does s o. so it was hard to decide who would make the best . -or makes a noun from a verb • person who does computer. Complete the table with sorne examples. BOY 2 We were so busy at work that there was no time to suffer from .i. APPOINT 5 lt was very of you not to give Sue a call on her birthday. BORE 3 Can you lend me your penknife? I just need to my pencil. of course.x!1er. compressor -dorn makes a noun from another • state or condition noun or an adjective • realm or territory -ee makes a person noun from person affected by the verb a verb -en makes a verb from an cause to have a quality adjective -hood makes an abstract noun the state of being a from a person noun particular type of person -Iess makes an adjective from a being without something noun -ment makes a noun from a verb process or result of making or doing something -proof combines with a noun to cannot be harmed by form an adjective 2 Make new words from the words in CAPITALS at the end of each line to complete the sentences.

but they usually become less radical E5TABLl5H with age. .!. 1 We had an unusually eold winter.Useful Ianguage: understanding prefixes 1 Match the underlined prefixes in these sentences to the rneanlngs of the prefixes in the box. 3 Make new words from the words in CAPITALS at the end of each line to complete the sentences. I again not against not below not enough not too much 1 Luke's very late .01l:government demonstrations in the last year. 6 lt's very irresponsible to go c1imbing without telling anyone your plans.it just didn't seem at all plausible. 5 I'm sorry to be so . Then explain the rneanlngs of the words with the underlined prefixes. 7 Unfortunately. 4 There have been a number of 2.I guess he must have ~slept again . with temperatures for two months.l'd like to think things over for another day or two. ZERO 2 Everyone his story . 2 Suggest three more examples of words for each of the prefixes in Exercise 1.lliieIestimated the amount of money we would spend on holiday.!. but his eontributions to our meetings are often rather .D. 8 Fleteher thought he had seored. 5 The little boy excitedly . You may need to add a suffix as well. 2 The teaeher asked us to rewríte the exercise eorreeting all our mistakes. DECIDE 6 George means well. HELP Test 1 Training I 19 . but the goal was disallowed by the referee.wrapped the parcel. PAY 4 Students often tend to be a bit .!. 3 We J. BELlEVE 3 Teaehers sometimes eomplain of being and overworked . this work is ~standard. The words all use a prefix from Exercise 1.

(20) of fossilised ANALYSE 20 15 a singular or a plural chicken bones found in Chile suggests that Polynesian sailors had made word needed here? their way to South America long before the (21) of the Spanish. sheet. 20 Test 1 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 3 . read the text below.these tell you the topie of the texto correctly. They returned home with tales of a land where grapes SETTLE 23 Do you need an adjeet ive or an adverb grew in profusion and fish were (23) too . There is an example at the beginn ing (O). the gap in the same line. speeeh you need here? Viking explorers reached North America but did not establish a permanent 22 Do you need a singular or a plural word here? (22) there . Remember that US and UK spellings 2 Read the whole text through before filling any are both accepted. Test . BRAVE 24 Here you need a relatively unusual suffix to: forming abstraet nouns. Vikings were sailing the Atlantic. CTiP! There are often elues bot h befare and For questions 17-24. 6 At the end of the test.1 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 3 Action plan li 1 Read the title and. adjective or adverb. ARRIVE 21 Whieh suffix is needed to make the part of While Polynesians were exploring the Pacific . think about what part of speech answers (using CAPITAL LETIERS) to the answer is needed . 4 When you have completed the task. Use the word given in after the gap. remember to th ink about whether it has a positive or a negat ive meaning. verb. if there is one. capitals at the end of sorne of the lines to form a word that fits in CTiP! If an adje et ive or adverb is needed. look at the 5 Check you have spelt the words you write picture . Write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet. Follow the exam instructions. It is impossible not to feel PLENTY here? great respect for the (24) of these intrepid early explorers. of the gaps.a noun. EXPLORE Our distant ancestors set out on (17) voyages on primitive rafts PERIL 17 What part of speeeh do you need nere? and ships with no guarantee of ever seeing land again. Example: @] Exploring the world by sea People have been carry ing out (O) by sea for thousands of years. as far back as 1200 BC. read through the text to make sure it makes sense. using the advice to help you. (18) though BELlEVE 18 15 a positive or a negative word Iikely to be it may seem. there is evidence to suggest that sailors from Polynesia began to needed here? undertake long and (19) journeys. They RISK 19 Whieh suffix is required to form the adjeetive here? may even have travelled as far as South America. carefully transfer your 3 For each gap.

I You must not change the form of the key word. without changlng it. 5 You'lI easily manage to finish the work by Friday. The mark scheme divides the answer the key word. 2 Did you have the chance of getting / to get to know any Native Americans when you were living in the States? 3 Everybodywho work / works here get / gets a good salary. o 2 Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar rneanlng to the first sentence. WHO Ilike everyone position in this company. üseful language: correcting some common mistakes 1 @ Choose the correct alternative in these examples where exam candidates made mistakes. DIFFICULTY You the work by Friday. You must use between three and six words. Test 1 Training Reading and Use of English Part 4 Task information I Part 4 consists of six questions (plus one example). 6 The food at this restaurant is delicious. 2 The service was first-c1ass and the rooms were excellent too. US and UK spellings are both accepted. 1 I'm sure you won't have any difficulties finding / to find the solution to the problem. • You will need to write between three and six I Each question consists of an example sentence. 3 You have two possibilities . different ways. 1 llike all the people working as managers in this company. so that it has the same meaning as into two parts and you get a mark for each part the example sentence. SHOULD I at the concert. including the word in capitals. 8 Some of the lessons that we attended in the last course could be / could have been better prepared. that you write correctly. but the sports facilities were not as you stated in the brochure. EITHER You there by train .driving there or going by train. and the prices are very reasonable. key word and a second sentence with a gap in the • Part 4 tests the ability to express an idea in middle of it. 6 Not only was the food / the food was bad. • You need to spell the words correctly to get the marks. a words to complete each gap . MEALS This restaurant very reasonable prices. 5 You either can / can either finish reading this book or choose another one. ONLY Not the service was first-class too. 4 At the concert I didn't playas well as I expected . Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 4 Test 1 Tralnlng I 21 . 4 I suggest you buy / to buy a telephone card as soon as you arrive in the country. 7 The hotel offers French traditional/ traditional French cuisine. as well as knowledge of vocabulary I You have to complete the second sentence using and grammar.

. I don't always agree with her. 26 Sarah _ children while they were playing in the garden.. answers to the answer sheet... given..do not 9 At the end of the test... 5 Sarah watched the children while they were playing in the garden.. etc.... 3 Write your answer in CAPITAL LETTERS.. 22 I Test 1 Exam practlce Readlng and Use of Entllsh Part 4 .. • we'lI pay the bill and leave.... have not ....... rneanu 8 I hope to be able to see the Bolshoi Ballet when I'm in Moscow......... Follo\'! 7 I think this type of mobile phone would be the best choice for you... SUGGEST Forqu I this type of mobile phone....... 2' Test 1 Exam practice Reading and U e of Engli h Part 4 Action plan 1 Read the first sentence carefully.. 3 lt must be hard for celebrities never to have any privacy.. carefully transfer your change it in any way... 4 Use the key word exactly as it is written .. I love my sister despite with her...... Exam CTiP! Often the answers depend on O N 3 The key word for all the following transformation sentences is EYE.. The teacher the children's behaviour.... 8 Check your spelling.... ~ sentence...... mustn't it? 25 It must be hard for celebrities always . don't...... Choose one of the expressions from the box to complete each knowledge of typical English e collocations or idioms. count as two words. As soon as .. Wri1 2 The teacher pretended not to see what the children were doing...... mustn't it? 4 We 'lI pay the bill and leave as soon as the waiter notices we're waiting.. making all the necessary changes.added any new ideas or left anything 7 Remember that contractions (1'11. 6 Count the number of words to make sure you 2 Make sure the second sentence conveys exaetly have not written more than six or less than the same meaning as the first one and that you three. 5 Check that what you write fits with both what goes before and what comes after the gap. The ~ catch someone's eye turn a blind eye to see eye to eye keep an eye on in the public eye Exa 1 Although I love my sister.. CHANCE Here i I hope I ~ to the Bolshoi Ballet when I'm in Moscow..) out..

or 'idea ' to As . CASE You should cold in the mountains. Here is an example (O). have not used too many or too few words . Don't forget to take gloves. means 'retex'? TELL 29 Whieh phrasa/ verb is often used with words /ike 's uggestion . How could you help yourself to improve your performance in this part of the test? Readlng and Use of English Part 4 Test 1 Exam practice 23 . using the advice to help you. We were very grateful that Kate thought of suggesting we ask Max for help.you may get given. unemployment rates are beginning to fall. including the word given.Follow the exam instructions. 25 Could you watch my suitcases while I go and buy my ticket? EYE 25 Whieh expression with 'eye' means 'wateh' in tne sense of '/ook after'? Would you mind my suitcases while I go and buy my ticket? 26 What form ot a verb follows 'tends'? 26 The rainfall in the west of the country usually exceeds that in the east. write what meaning to the first sentence . Do not change the word you can . as it may well be cold in the mountains. ON Cl iP! Check that (a) you Mark dress. Example: O Mark told Patti he thought her dress was beautiful. The gap can be filled with the words 'complimented Patti on her beautiful'. so you write: (b) your spelling is Example: o I COMPLlMENTED PATII ON HER BEAUTIFUL eorreet. notieed or understood'. complete the second sentence so that it has a similar Q:iP! If YOU are not sure of the answer . using the word given . 27 Here you need an expression HIGHER with 'te//' meaning 'from what / have The rainfall in the west of the country tends is in the east. but I think unemployment rates are beginning to fall. Forquestions 25-30. You must use between three and six words. and (e) what you have written fits grammatieally. 28 Whieh idiom based on 'teet' 27 It's hard to be sure. one mark. mean 'think of'? 28 It would be wonderful to sit down and relax for a few minutes. Write only the missing words IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet. 30 Which tense is used after 'in case' when you're thinking about ·the FEET future? I wish that I for a few minutes. CAME We were very grateful that Kate asking Max tor help.

about snowstorms causing serious transport problems 1 Getting air traffic under control 4 Fashion to cheer you up 2 Worlds collide at the National Gallery's new exhibition 5 Secrets of stunning photography 3 Diary of a teenage millionaire 6 How to eat well: it's all in the presentation Working out meaning from context You almost certainly will not know every word in the text. in fact) . Choose the best option (A. occasionally. it is appreciated as being devoid of ideological or political connotations. Example: Many of us share elements of a globalised culture.Test 1 Training Reading and Use of English Part 5 Task information • In Part 5. often it is possible to understand roughly what it means from the context. B only in the text itself. 1 Why is it. at least. What do you think articles with the following titles will be about? Example: Blizzards bring country to standstill. you w ill read a te xt followed by six • The questions will focus on things such as the fou r-option multiple-choice questions. sub-headings and. e in a combination of A and B. e pronunciation of a word. • The text may come from a range of sources such as the writer's opinion and attitude. However. B be looked at after read ing the main body of the texto e give you useful information about the content of the texto 3 The context will often help you to work out the A origin of a word. Using the title Titles are important as they glve readers an idea of what the text is likely to be about. the purpose a newspaper. B meaning of a word. comparisons or ref erence words. -It is clearthat K-pop is something that people listen to and is going to be some kind of popular music. What helps you guess what the underlined words in these sentences mean? Note that you need to think about the whole context. then. perhaps watch ing Japanese movies. listening to ~ or eating Indian food. 24 I Test 1 Tralnlng Reading and Use of English Part 5 .g. 1 You will find the answer to each question A in your own knowledge of the topie. e. or a book of and implicat ions of the text. main idea and details of the content of the text. and features of fiction or non-fiction. B or C) to complete the tips for Reading and Use of Engllsh Part 5. a magazine or journa l. visuals should all A be ignored as they are only there to make the page look better. the use of examples. not just the sentence in which the word appears. Thecontext suggests that the 'K' is likely to refer to some area ofthe world (South Korea. text organisation. that so many of us tussle with the basics of global communication? 2 As an artificial language. 2 Titles.

one shared by the thousands who speak it and use it as an international means of communication. more specifically. Test 1 Tralning I 25 . that so many of us tussle wíth the basícs of global cammuníca tion? Why is it. as a party or a social event or. over a hundred years ago. In a text. as a ball or a disco. 7 Proponents of the language assert that it has succeeded in areas where English might have failed. 5 What Esperanto lacks in culture it makes up for in efficiency. something the creator of Esperanto initially set out to mitigate. then. more generally.supporters 2 Rewrite these sentences so they do not use any of the underlined words. Useful language: paraphrasing Texts often use different words to refer to the same thlng rather than repeatlng the same word. 4 The main criticism of Esperanto is that. that so many of us struggle with even simple aspects of global communication'? What is interesting is that. the language never really caught on. then. 6 However. despite its 10fty ideals. a Dr Ludwig Zamenhof published a boa k about a new language that he had developed. 8 The global uptake of Esperanto may not eventually ~ English from its percho consigning it to a status similar to that of modern-day Latin. 4 The language never really caught on among the global population in the way its creator intended. 3 It isappreciated as being devoid of the ideological or political connotations that accompany languages of former colonial powers. advocates of Esperanto would counter this criticism by maintaining that all languages can be considered as artificial. a dance mlght also be referred to. 6 Esperanto has built up a history of its own. 5 lt may even be considered as maintaining a primarily Western point of view. options in Reading and Use of English Part 5 will usually use different words to convey the ideas in the texto 1 Put the words in the box into pairs of synonyms. depending on the context. B6veeBtes at first be aware connections consequence fascinat ing forcertain have in common initially intend interesting key main I realise result share SUl5l5efters ties undeniable wish Example: advocates . Example: Why is it. 2 It isc1aimed to be easy to master. Similarly. 3 Esperanto may well be the answer that second-Ianguage learners have been seeking.

so wouldn't it be easier if we all spoke a simpler language? Perhaps what is needed is an international language. as an artificial language. more significantly. question.do not choose an optíon just because least. listening to K-pop. note blank. with about one thousand today even using it as their first language. C!¡p! You may find it useful to read the questions. perhaps watching Japanese movies. email and video choose an option just because it conferencing? English may certainly be the (self-appointed) lingua franca uses some words from the texto of the globalised world. using the advice to help you. If they do refers too Check the text carefully before not. ~ Do not expect to understand every word or phrase in the text. or eating it states something true. over a hundred years ago. before you read the text . B. move on to carefully in turno Underline key words in the the next one. 7 When you have finished. it is appreciated as being devoid of any of the ideological or political connotations that accompany languages of former colonial 26 I Test 1 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 5 . that so many of us tussle with the basics of truth is not in the texto And do not global communication in this age of instant messaging. then read each question very 6 If you find one question difficult. For questions 31-36. go back to any 3 Remember that questions follow the order of questions that you left out and look at them the texto Find the part of the text the question again. You are going to read an article about Esperanto. if that Indian food. not eliminated. They may seem easier now. Test 1 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 5 Action plan 1 Read the title. What is interesting is that. it down and move on. Follow the exam instructions. The general context may help you to understand roughly what Breaking down the language barrier? unfamiliar words or expressions A look at Esperanto mean. just choose one of the options you have answering. with millions of students struggling daily to learn its phrasal verbs and idioms. It is ciaimed to be easy to master and. Do not leave any questions 4 Are you confident about the answer? If so. We are supposed to live in a 'globalised' world. at as what is in the text .this choose the answer (A. But English is the mother tongue of only a relatively small percentage of the global population. He called this language 'Esperanto'. then. e or D) which you think fits best according may help you focus on the most appropriate bits of the texto to the text. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. and it is said that hundreds of thousands of people have learned to speak it. with the intention of providing an appropriate international means of communication. Why is it. 2 Read the text first. Many of us share elements of a globalised culture. or so we are increasingly ~ The answer must say the same taught in school. This will give you some idea of 5 If the answer is not obvious. eliminate the the topie of the texto options you are sure are wrong. a Dr Ludwig Zamenhof published a book about a new language that he had developed. but not the options.

it is possible that. too. despite its lofty ideals . at the expense of other popular languages such as Arabic or Mandarin. and so one of the basic features of any other language . Esperanto is what is known as an 'artificiallanguage'. in the sense that the creators of any language were human. Whether there was a vested interest in preventing the language from spreading is hard to sayoThe key factor is that the language does. something the creator of Esperanto initially set out to mitigate. Critics of Esperanto c1aim its failure in each of these aspects. free from ambiguity. Whether we consider the Esperanto experiment a success or failure.can be considered missing for speakers of Esperanto. for some. What Esperanto lacks in culture. Esperanto may well be the answer that second-Ianguage learners have been seeking.that of a cultural heritage . The main criticism of Esperanto is that. with a one- symbol-one-sound writing system (making spelling easier) and a grammar with a Iimited number of rules. in fact. such as English. powers. and you would almost certainly not be alone on that point. In short. Those involved with the development of its vocabulary and structures were well aware that the language they were creating had few ties with languages of the past . it makes up for in efficiency. It is said to be learnt much faster than English. look rather similar to Romance languages such as French. one thing is for certain: an international language should reflect all aspects of global society. Vocabulary even borrows a number of words that are already shared internationally. while at the same time be easy to learn. As mentioned. However. The problem is that it is likely that. the 'international' language is perhaps not international enough. and may even be considered as maintaining a primarily Western point of view. and neutral in terms of ideology. has built up a history of its own . such as te/efono (telephone) and matematiko (mathematics). as Esperanto itself is now a over a century old . it is worth developing communicative efficiency at the expense of a certain prestige. while proponents of the language assertthat it has succeeded in areas where English might have failed. befare reading this article. you might never have heard of Esperanto. While there may not be enough global uptake of Esperanto to eventually topple English from its perch. one shared by the thousands who speak it and use it as an international means of communication. In addition. there is no doubt that it has provoked increased interest in the debate fine 56 on language in the shadow of globalisation. one might argue that this language. As such. and as language learners in the busy modern world are constantly under pressure of time. the language never really caught on among the global population in the way its creator intended. and this debate is far from overo Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 5 Test 1 Exam practice 27 . Spanish or Italian. advocates of Esperanto would counter this criticism by claiming that all languages can be considered as artificial.

D Esperanto has prompted useful discussions about language.31 What is the main point the writer is making in the first paragraph? Title What does the title tell A English has difficult features. D It lacks associations with a specific culture. third paragraph should help e It is becoming increasingly widely spoken. 36 What does 'it' in line 56 refer to? A Esperanto B uptake e perch D English Follow-up Did you follow all the steps in the Action plan? 28 Test 1 Exam practice Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 5 . e Its vocabulary is rapidly expanding. but can still be an effective global language. rather than B Many learners find English more interesting than Esperanto. rather than being just one ot several reasons. initially hoped? 35 Remember that the question is asking about the A Esperanto is too closely associated with European languages . 36 Try replacing 'it' with each D Esperanto has not been promoted widely enough . this question . paragraph before answering D World culture continues to become increasingly globalised. writer's concluston. B It is developing its own culture. 34 How does the writer suggest that Esperanto is now changing? A lt can no longer be considered artificial. of the options to see which one makes the sentence make sen se. you find the answer. 33 The final sentence of the Bits grammar and vocabulary are relatively simple. e it is hard to predict what the future fate of Esperanto will be. e Speakers of Arabic and Chinese find Esperanto difficult. B Esperanto meets all the criteria for an international language. 35 The writer concludes that A Esperanto is in some ways superior to English. you about the text? B Schools tend to exaggerate the extent of globalisation in the world today. just a point made by the writer. A Its spelling accurately reflects its pronunciation. 32 Look tor a phrase that 32 What does the writer suggest is the main reason why Esperanto appeals to learners? suggests something is the main reason. D Its prestige is beginning to increase. la 31 Read the whote ot the first e Global communication is less straightforward than it should be. A 34 Read the whole of tne fourth paragraph before choosing your answer to this 33 How does the writer explain the fact that Esperanto has been less successful than question.

in Exercise 1. Which expert 1 shares expert B's interest in the historical aspects of the issue? 2 shares expert A's opinion on the impact that the type of course that is chosen has? 3 holds a different view from expert B on the value of making more degree places available? 4 shares expert D's doubts about the financial benefits of taking a degree? 2 When you first read the texts. of the texts . if the question asks Which expert shares es opinion about the quality of the main ectors performance in the film?. Approaching the task Read the rubric carefully. 1 Which phrases in the text that answers question 1 suggest a historical approach? 2 How does the writer of the text that answers question 2 make it c1ear that he or she believes that the choice of course is crucially important? 3 Which sentences give B's opinion on the value of degree courses. The best way to approach the task is to make a note beside each question of the letters that could provide the answers to that question.Test 1 Training Reading and Use of English Part 6 Task information • In Part 6.one of the texts will probably have • The questions will require you to find opinions in two answers while another has none. you have to read four short texts on the • The questions will ask you to say which expert same topic. as clearly e cannot be the answer here. Make notes on each texto C!i P! As will often be the case in the exam. the texts. For example. 1 Read these questions and note down the letters for possible answers after each question. as it will introduce you to the subject of the texts. it can be useful to think about how you ~ Getting a sense of the main points would summarise each of the expert's opinions. Read each of the four the expert is making will help you find the answers more quickly. one of the texts is the 3 Now look at the texts agaln and choose your answers to the questions answer to two of the questions. • The questions require you to read across the texts • It is unlikely that there will be one answer for ea eh in order to find the answers. even in less vocational subjects? 4 Which sentences in the text that answers question 4 express a degree of scepticism about whether taking a degree is financially worthwhile? Test 1 Tralnlng I 29 . you can put a line through any of the letters that you are certain do not provide the required answer. and answer four multiple-matching shares an opinion with or has a different opinion questions about the texts. then you would note down A. D. 4 Check the answers to the task by answering these questions. from another of the text(s). as you read the texts. B. texts dealing with the question of the value of dolng a university degree course (see page 30). Then.

a sound theoretical understanding or specific transferable skilis. But this attitude has shifted in recent years. and they would probably be better able to tolerate the humdrum aspects of a routine jobo 30 I Test 1 Training Reading and Use of Engllsh Part 6 . the consensus was that attending university was always worthwhile for anyone who had the ability to gain a place. and an exciting social life is similarly not the exclusive prerogative of university students. as is the inevitable disappointment experienced by young graduates who either remain unemployed or take on a job that could be done equally well by someone who has only just left school. of doing a degree course as opposed to going straight into work. Those who select a vocational degree. Were they to have gone straight into employment at the age of 16. a far higher proportion of young people are now graduates. invariably and unsurprisingly focus more on the importance of the knowledge and skills they acquired . although medical. o The problem with providing university education to an increasingly large contingent of students is that it is unrealistic in the way that it raises young people's expectations of the kinds of career opportunities that will open up for thern.usually rightly .A There is increasing divergence of views these days over the value. As a result. as well as a steadily growing diversity in the range of courses available to students. Although a degree is no guarantee of wealth and success. e e Many university students have reported that they believe that an increase in confidence and maturity was their main gain from the years they spent in higher education. they would have been earning rather than spending money on fe es. figures show that it is '1 significantly more likely to lead to a higher salary and a more prestigious jobo This general tendency holds true il even for graduates in subjects that have no obvious links with traditionally well-paid professions. Some have c1aimed that this has led to a decline in both F the quality and the economic value of a degree. improved confidence can be achieved equally effectively and probably more rapidly while in salaried employment. for the individual. B Since the 1980s.that they are qualífied to take on such a role. The social side of university life tends to be appreciated by students in all disciplines. However. no doubt in part because of the steadily increasing cost of spending three or four years in higher education . The nature of the chosen discipline and the qualíty of the selected course are the key factors to be taken into account when a school leaver is considering whether a degree course will be worth the investment. it must be stressed that the potential advantage of university depends in large part on what any particular course offers in terms of providing practica I experience. While the most advanced professional skills probably need to be learnt in a higher education institute. it remains a fact that graduates earn considerably more than non-graduates. However. The size of the competition they face is disheartening. There simply are not enough graduate posts available for those who believe . engineering and law students c1aim to have had insufficient leisure to enjoy this aspect of the experience. there has been an enormous increase in the number of institutions in the UK providing degree courses. such as veterinary science or aeronautical engineering. In the past.

Scambos speculates that the ice came from the 'Litt le Ice Age'. Ironically. there 's a freezing cold room. lead scientist at the National Snow and Ice Data Center. as if our whole history is fading . B Deep in the basement of MoMA PS1 . consists of broken chunks of Iceland 's Vatnajokull. That sounds about right to Ted Scambos. The museum had to turn one of their main galleries into a walk-in freezerto beable to display them . You are going to read four reviews of a work of art on show at the Museum of Modern Art PS1 (MoMA PS1) in New York. Follow the exam instructions. Review of a work of art A Olafur Eliasson 's installation at the Museum of Modern Art PS1 in New York. Your Waste of Time. But that 's hardly news. Stunning to look at. thinking about the writer's opinions as you do so. using the advice to help you. differing opinion. This contains a number of large chunks of bluish- white ice brought together by the controversial artist Olafur Eliasson. If you are not sure. noticing the 6 Go back to each of the relevant texts and topie. For questions 37-40. think about whether it is the answer or noto If 2 Read the questions to get an idea of what you not. 'These glaciers bear testimony to our history .' said Eliasson. put a question mark next to that letter.and advanced quickly. 7 Before finally choosing your answer. According to the museum. The installation is called Your Waste of Time and lis lesson would appear to be that global warm ing is having a devastating impact on our world . the piece is itself contributing not inconsiderably to the problem. 3 Read each of the texts. 5 Write the letters of the texts that might provide the answer next to the question. sad message. the pieces of ice chosen for the project are about 800 years old. check that you have been focusing on the corred attitude. lt's a curious piece with a carbon ootprint that seems hard to justify on artist ic grounds. as an extraordinary amount of electricity is required to stop the installation from melting over the floor of the basement gallery. choose from the reviews A-D. put a line through that letter next to the are looking out foro question. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.being suspended and frozen for thousands of years - and now they are melting away. It lacks beauty. and the skills involved in the installation 's creation ould seem to be less those of the artist whose name is on the gallery wall than of the technical staff who transported eIce blocks from the Arct ic to New York. a costly exercise but one that is justifiable in terms of its powerful impact. Europe's largest glacier. The reviews may be chosen more than once. Are they in fact the people who have been wasting their time? Reading and Use of English Part 6 Test 1 Exam practice I 31 . the period between the 16th and 19th centuries during which glaciers grew larger than they ever have since . Test 1 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 6 Action plan 1 Read the introduction to the texts. 4 Read each question carefully and underline any for example a shared opinion rather than a key words or phrases in it.

While his portfolio contains a variety of photographs and other works focused on this appealing icy subject. Your Waste of Time. then how does he reconcile the power needed to preserve his installation at the cost of preserving his own cultural and environmental heritage? Whose time has been wasted here? Which reviewer shares reviewer A's view that Your Waste ·of Time is visually attractive? 37 Which words could be shares reviewer D's interest in reflecting on the title of the synonyms for 'visually attractive'? installation? 38 What is the installation has the same opinion as reviewer D about the attraction called? that glaciers possess for artists? 39 First check exactly what reviewer O says about the has a different opinion from the other reviewers on the appeal of glaciers as subject environmental contradictions of the installation? matter for the artist 40 What exactly is the Follow-up environmental contradiction of the installation? 15 there anything you would now Iike to add to or modify in the Action plan? 32 I Test 1 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 6 . but at the same time elegantly crafted exposé on the dangers of glacial • extinction. infuriating. at a cost of. D The very notion of a glacier is one of an unmoving edifice against the sands of time. a frozen state standing firm against the U! fluidity and pace of the modern world. through our best (or worst) efforts. Yet. of course. when regarding his new installation. Your Waste of Time. the reality of the impact of global warming 1 on these last remnants of the ancient world is now regularly beginning to feature in the art of those who live in the shadow of such edifices. Despite Eliasson's positive environmental message. for having numerous glaciers) may have contributed to the sense of irony la conveyed by this thought-provoking. his Icelandic background (notable.e More and more artists are beginning to tackle the causes and consequences of global warming. Thus. constructed using Icelandic glacial ice which must be kept below freezing for the duration of the exhibition. the irony of the manner of this installation's construction is not lost on the observer. a shadow that Eliasson is surely aware is getting smaller by the day. when the artist Olafur Eliasson produced his latest installation. arguably. He even brought some of that background with him for the installation itself. particularly the rapidly retreating polar ice caps. a little of that • Icelandic background in years to come in terms of the power needed to maintain such an icy temperature for four weeks. it then begs the question that if preserving the ice used in this installation at temperatures below freezing for four weeks is not of the utmost irony.

-. Everybody For example.. o '... but AII the same. and there is often also some e numbered 41-46. really like to argue.. increasing the city's green spaces by ten per whatever the long-term financial benefits. But trees have the opposite eftect: Given such striking benefits. because buildings retain [TI' .. for example.-. • You have to decide which of the paragraphs A-G fits in each of the six gaps in the texto üseful language: working with reference clues 1 look at this text. How can this possibly be? Well. cent (Quid bring the city's temperature down by several degrees. though? It seems unlikely to become a the UK's Manchester University estimate that government priority in these straitened times. develops its ideas. animals... the trust's while shade from their branches cools people report concludes that 'it is vital that the under them... Reading and Use of English Part 7 Test 1 Training I 33 .. unexpected greenery is certainly good for city birds and heatwaves can cause serious health problems.... Underline any words both befo re and after the gap that might help you find what is rnlsslng.. green spaces 'promete inward investment by creating a more attractive environment [Dl.. But some people really. Which might not have the o . True or not. The staft of an organisation in the UK than forceful. The Woodland Trust goes on Iikes trees.. Trees and the urban environment Who doesn't like trees? Nobody. cools the air around them. just reading about sitting in the once global warming kicks in. These paragraphs are labelled A-G .Iy Test 1 Training Reading and Use of English Part 7 is y Task information I • Part 7 consists of one long text with six gaps • The text has a title. evaporation from their leaves government sets targets for new woodland'. There is also a • The task checks your understanding of the overall seventh paragraph that does not fit in the text at structure of the text and the way in which it t all.. 'there is strong evidence' that called The Woodland Trust.- residents of Manchester cheering now. and cities get hotter than rural areas. general information about the content of the text • 5ix paragraphs have been removed from the text under the title.- warmth. they might be a cool shade under a leafy tree seems to be bit more grateful. _ for businesses and their staft'. Researchers at Really. t and placed after it in random order... albeit in a tone more hopeful trees... having a positive eftect on my mental health.. the argument goes. which has sorne rnlsslng paragraphs. _ Stature and beauty alone can be enough to do it...

raising self-esteem and even controlling behavioural problems in children. Without green spaces to walk in. reduces water run-off: research indicates that tree cover in cities reduces the cost of drainage and other water management issues. D 'We need more native trees and woods in urban areas. 34 I Test 1 Training Reading and Use of English Part 7 . B Besides. too. etc . And there are other economic advantages. city people get fat. they might be pleased to know that C!i P! Words like they. trees would not have saved rnost of them for long. too. Stature and beauty aside. And. with press accounts of aggressive foxes venturing into cities.2 Think about each of the gaps in Exercise 1. there. which text will also provide useful clues. There are reports that link greenery with reducing blood pressure. Underline the CTi P! Connecting words or phrases like phrases in each of these options which connect it to other parts of the moreover and in contrast will help you work out how the paragraphs texto Then decide which option fits where and why. maybe being kind to urban wildlife isn't as valued as it might be.000 Iives ayear. trees have a positive effect on physical and mental health. Al! but 284 of those who died in the most recent heatwave were over 75. e Business covered. that refer to other parts of the the city's rainfall is being quietly managed by its plant life. possibly. Poor air quality shortens 24. the report turns back to health issues. those. however. they bring financial benefits to the cities where they grow and they are good for urban wildlife. some of the report's c1aims are a bit shaky. so. trees absorb the filth.' insists the Trust's report Greening the Concrete Jungle. your predictions in Exercise 2? A Before that happens. trees help with that. What is Iikely to be the topic of the text that fills the gap? 3 Now look at optíons A-D which fill the gaps in Exercise 1. How accurate were fit together. They can even save Iives. lazy and stressed.

See next page Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 7 Test 1 Exam practlce I 35 . answer. read through the text es. missing paragraph and make sure your choice of paragraph fits 'at both ends'. the Read through the options A-G. Test 1 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 7 like Action plan elp 1 Read the title and. with your answers in place to check that it all 4 Look carefully at the words before and after the makes sense. the 5 If you are sure you know the answer to any of hs introduction to the text .it will give you an the gaps. fill those in first.make an 2 Read through the text without trying to work intelligent guess if you are not sure of the e. differences between them. out which paragraph goes where. overview of the topie. if there is one. 6 Do not leave any answers blank . noticing the 7 When you have finished.

_ 44 What does the use ot 'But' O Listening to the music that was produced immediately following the gap protein but spun into fibres stronger than tell you about what must go steel. -----J To try to understand this better. The patterns of amino gap. o 42 Given the sentenee after the oxides in the Earth's crust. _ reflect better properties. while the ones 46 What does the use of 'to orchestra . scientists introdueed in the missing paragraph? The properties of a piece of matter. Think of an was aggressive and harsh. in this way improved the ir understanding in 44? of the mechanism by which the patterns of ~'--------. What do these sentenees the starting point for melodies. tell you about the eontent ot turn are arranged into complex structures for example. amino acids work together during the silk. For instance. gap 41. by enhancing those musical qualities that on e/sewhere in the text? GTIL. are copying the structure of silk fibres and 43 Looking at the paragraphs however. using the advice to help you. I~ Our world consists of only about 100 different chemical elements. Sut in gives a elue as to what fits in the rich set of materials around us . into molecules that gives rise to ways in which these are arranged . systems been understood mathematically. but only recently have these materials and to improve urban living before or after them . or building The problem lies in our ignorance of the 41 The phrase 'these basie building bloeks themselves' blocks. 36 Test 1 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 7 . as all are merely patterns of structure in space and time . F nature's materials . translated into music that the intervening paragraph? to create symphonies. spider silk medical and engineering applications. This before and after the text building blocks themselves but by the way will help them create artificial materials for should suggest what the basie they are arranged. Cl iP! Look at the connecting words in options A-G tor interconnecting patterns for thousands Using music as a tool to create better clues about what must go of years. which in acids that formed silk fibres of poor quality. topie of the missing paragraph is one of the most remarkable examples of must be. e ~L--. Composers have made use of the idea of ~'--------. natural world. but rather our ignorance of the way in the gap. There is one extra paragraph which ye do not need to use. but This maths shows that the principies of when we appreciate that the underlying musical composition are shared by many mathematics of the structure of music seemingly quite difterent systems in the are shared across many fields of study. Only and more fluid. may seem like an unusual proposal. 8!J '--. 45 Look at the sentenee before and the one after this A composer uses a limited set of tones as spinning process. In future work it is hoped gap suggest about what might when combined do these tones become that the design of the silk can be improved go in 46. Six paragraphs have been removed from the extrao Choose from the paragraphs A-G the one which fits each gap (41-46). Nature does not distinguish between what is art and what is material.from fact it is not the building block itself that is the sugar molecules in the food we eat to limiting our ability to create better materials . are defined not by these basic turning it into musical compositions. it begins to make sense. where each instrument plays that formed better fibres sounded softer improve urban living ' after the a relatively simple series of tones. B Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. created from a simple ~L--. Beautiful music makes better materials The hidden structures of music are universal patterns of nature - and they can help us create new materials like artificial silk. It is the arrangement of these elements.Follow the exam instructions. A You are going to read an extract from a magazine article. what topie must be which these building blocks are arranged. given that this is not a topie that has been foeused the complex sound we call classical music.

they replaced the system where smaller patterns are found inside larger protein's building blocks with corresponding musical acto ones . a pattern design of synthetic materials.molecules. We have created of new materials. Follow-up Did you find the clues before or those after the gap more useful in each case? tng and Use of Engllsh Part 7 Test 1 Exam practice 37 . the stuff that builds our bones and skin. such as B Using this theory. in the living world. and complex organs such asthebrain. But it seems we could benefit considerably cities. organic compounds they had used. it might be possible to thousands of different materials. Doing so. that form the blueprints of our world. We may be able to make everything we know . or even to reinvent transportation systems for ceramics. living tissues. engineers are applying this knowledge to the in different physical contexts. For example. appear in musical terms. blocks of DNA and amino acids creates some of the most remarkable materials we know of. F As we begin to appreciate the importance of such music. we can discover universal patterns its mechanical strength. people have DNA to create a certain protein. and could then work out how certain qualities of the material. or might be represented as G Even though nature uses this approach. originating from translate melodies to design better sequences of very different sources. metals or DNA. the universe . they can gain of building blocks might be represented as music. a musician's piece is just one example of a E In this translation from silk to music. a Iimited set of building blocks. create a certain melody. then chapters and eventually a was played. they could 'hear' the different series of novel. failed to exploit the concept themselves when it e This approach has implications far beyond the design comes to developing new materials. to inspiration from a surprising source: music.similar to the way characters form words.by applying universal patterns patterns. from learning more about how nature uses its building O Similarly. such as plastics. In future. building blocks (tones and melody). As the music yo which form sentences. A Inessence.

engrossing. inspiring? 6 How might the reviewer convey the idea of an eccentric main character? 7 What phrase could be used instead of detective story? 8 What phrase might be used instead of until the very last page? 9 What would be another way of saying over-complicated? 10 How might the reviewer express the idea that he or she did not find the plot totally convincing? 11 How might a reviewer express the idea of a story being set in the past? 12 How might a reviewer express the idea that a story has a modern feel to it? 38 I Test 1 Tralnlng Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 8 . 1 a character with a resemblance to a real-life celebrity 2 a story that is partially based on the author's own childhood 3 a book which has not been adapted very successfully to another medium 4 a story that has an unexpected twist at the end 5 a gripping book with an eccentric main character 6 a detective story which holds the reader's attention until the very last page 7 an over-complicated and not totally convincing plot 8 a story which is set in the past but has a modern feel to it CTiP! Try to think of synonyms or 2 The texts are unlikely to use the same words as the questions. amusing. or section of text. read the questions. • Part 8 tests your ability to locate specific information relating to detail. texts labelled A-D. 1 What phrase might convey the idea of having a resemblance to? 2 What adjective might be used to say that a text is based on the author's life? 3 What is the most Iikely other medium for a book to be adapted to? 4 Which of these phrases might be used to replace unexpected twist: unusual turn of events or surprising location? 5 Which of these words might a reviewer use to convey a similar idea to gripping: thrilling. there are ten questions. It can help to underline in it? underline or highlight key words so In which book review are the following mentioned? that you know what to focus on. spellbinding. Reading the questions CTiP! lt is important to read the 1 Look at this extract from an exam question. Which words would you questions carefully. • You have to find the text. which • You have to read either one long text divided into answers each of the ten questions and write down (usually) four sections labelled A-D or four shorter the appropriate letter. paraphrases for key words as you Answer these questions about the task in Exercise 1.Test 1 Training Reading and Use of English Part 8 S 1 Task information • In Part 8. puzzling. opinion and attitude.

published in 1990 . however. published in 1969. the dark side of scientific research was never far from imaginative minds. sticking to alien Iife. But back to putting a shiver down your spine. Michael Crichton had become the giant of the science-thriller genre. you should 1 Take ten seeonds to sean this text. in 1818. I was heartened to discover that this book (and the 1997 film starring Jodie Foster) was a favourite of the astronomers there. What is it about? sean the text rather than read it in detail. By the time of his death in 2008.) For my money. The novel builds on the premise that if we are ever to encounter aliens from another galaxy. the tale of a radio astronomer who encounters a signal that could have been sent only by an intelligent life formo On one visit to the Jodrell Bank Observat ory in Cheshire. published in 1985. Science in Fiction Scienee-fietion thrillers have a rieh history. How about Mary Shelley's Frankenstein? First published. it shows that even in what the writer and academic Richard Holmes so memorably termed 'The Age of Wonder'. who befriends a small boy. anonymously. they are much less likely to be little green men than microscopic Iife forms.Scanning CliP! In this part of the test. (1 say 'best known' but let's not forget that he was also the man behind the famous story of the little alien ET. there's Carl Sagan's Contaet. friea Wagner pieks her favourites.and the film spin-offs of his books. He was perhaps best known for his novel Jurassie Park . his finest and most frightening novel was one of the earliest: The Andromeda Strain. On a slightly jollier note. Now take one minute and find the answers to these questions about names and numbers. The questions do not follow the order of the texto 1 Who is the author of this article? 2 Which is the oldest book she mentions? 3 Which isthe most modern? 4 What can be found in Cheshire? 5 Which creations bearing Michael Crichton's name are mentioned in the article? 6 Which of these does the reviewer say she likes most? 7 Which of Jodie Foster's films is mentioned in this article? 8 Whose name was on the title page of the first edition of Frankenstein? 9 When was the book that the Jodrell Bank astronomers like published? 10 Who coined the phrase 'The Age of Wonder'? 11 Which age does 'The Age of Wonder' refer to? 12 When did Michael Crichton die? Ing and Use of English Part 8 Test 1 Tralning 39 .

so if you 3 In this task. this makes a determination to continue climbing despite a problem r-r it the least like/y text to contain the answer to this question. You are going to read tour short articles by people who have climbed 47 This answer should stand out. a remarkable coincidence r-r 50 The reference to going back down the mountain may be indirect as long a suggestion that other climbers sometimes take risks r-r as it is unarguably in the texto 51 You will see the word 'obsessed ' in one ot the texts but. 48 It should be straightforward to pick up the references to other people. it will take you to the answer. 6 Remember to check your answers. using the advice to help YOU. Check the 2 Remember that the questions come befo re the questions against the text(s). choose trom the articles (A-O). oxygen or types the temporary nature of the sense of achievement i-r of equipment .which text reters to managing without one of these? the fact that the writer made the climb without some support that could have been used EJ 54 The other tour senses are hearing. about. as it is based on a surprising anecdote. 40 Test 1 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 8 .which of these is commented on specifically in one of the appeal of climbing to one of the senses other than sight 8J the texts? 55 How do you fe el if something 'failed something that failed to live up to expectations r-r to live up to expectations'? You are like/y to find that word. communicate the ideas in the text(s). or something r-r very similar. 53 The support that most climbers use might refer to sherpas. as you are supposed to focus on these 7 The questions usually use different words to first. Mount Everest. Follow the exam instructions. The articles may be chosen more than once. textís). 52 What verb is often used to describe an awareness of the dangers of the descent 8J the gradual disappearance of a feeling r-r (or a colour)? If you see this word in a an obsession the climber briefly experienced text. but only one does so in a way that matches the who/e phrase. text(s). Test 1 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 8 Action plan 1 Read the introduction to the text(s) to get a 5 Read each question and scan the text(s) to find general idea of what you are going to read the information or opinion that you need. writer's own in tense feelings. contento Do not read itlthem in detail. in the texto a c1aim that the writer rejects 56 What is another word for 'rejecting' another person's claim or belief? Bearing in mind other possib/e ways ot expressing this idea may help you ro laca te the answer. touch and taste . the questions do not match the find identical words in the question and the order in which the answers appear in the text(s). 49 Several of the texts reter to a In which article is the following mentioned? prob/em. it does not mean you have found the 4 Skim the text(s) to get a quick impression of the right answer. in fact. smell. as most of the texts are focusing on the Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. For questions 47-56.

It seemed to me that the curvature of the Earth French. Air at very high altitude smells completely which at 8. very effort and havegiven me joy ever since. sufficiently experienced and a brave and careful The curtain of mist had closed over my pasto My oxygen climber. I felt a mixture of apprehension and his clothing were unmistakably French. That is something I do not on his second ascent of the mountain. You have to be mentally ready to go down on the long painful way up. Through I point of view and all dreaming of olives evaporated. the view of thought I had. Befare our summit bid. o Frits Vrijlandt B Anna Czerwinska I approached Everest with respect and was well aware of When I reached the South Summit. I looked back at the being just a small human being. but first I have to get back down safely. I looked down at I suffering from a lack of Spanish olives. I set out to get some sponsor photos. very low down. tlow ceuld you improve your performance in this kind of task in future? Ing and Use of English Part 8 Test 1 Exam practice 41 . He was campo This was the result of a very intense dream about startled to see someone looking down at him. I do not speak curlosity. I registered that dreamily you. and I spent some time trying to think of a the summit. I replied. I was insight into hypoxia. Everest was doing camp and they had congratulated me. 1 It has occasionally been claimed that people climb far 1 the smell of it. those was a spiritual experience for me. It puts your feet back ew minutes on the highest spot on Earth were worth on the surface of mother Earth. After I contacted base undone and I painfully put it on again. However. They prevented me from looking reach the summit. I saw that the colour and design of On the summit. While I was struggling to focus Many people on the Indian subcontinent believe that the camera. Some return. I still had this feeling ene blue moment and.' After my and. was 'He could take my picture'. I saw a rugged when I came back home but it soon faded away. At one point. As this Frenchman was taking his last steps to was apparent. it was my close friend Ed Viestours wisdom in manifold subjects. The precipitous ridge. and 1'11 take your picture'. I reached the ridgeto the foot of the Hillary Step. scudding cloud. At the South Summit. conquered the final metres of the return to Kathmandu. Suddenly the clouds aboye me lifted in had stood on the top of the warld. I felt like a super-being because I snowy slope. I did not get the beautiful view as a a mountain. agree with but never dispute. The wind was growing stronger and it warld or your life doesn't change because you climbed was snowing lightly. even if it is the highest. but before long I was c1imbing on an exposed people can be blindly obsessed by Everest. and common sense demanded that I returning without injuries was our main objective.I How I felt on conquering Everest ! Faur elimbers who sueceeded in climbing the world's highest mountain write about how they felt when they reached I thesummit. our team agreed that was running out. remembering six years of attempting to I the main summit fascinated me from a mountaineering climb Everest. When I reached the South Summit. 'Thank everything to discourage me. far it. he looked hard at me and exclaimed 'Andy!' the ascent of Everest confers on the climber a greater To my amazement. An excellent preparation mists rising from the valleys and I could feel their damp is very important but far from a guarantee that you'lI touch on my face. The other I to our summit attempt. A crampon had come top after eight hours of climbing. as jf dreaming. He was I olives that was interrupted by the alarm summoning me also climbing without oxygen and was tiring. I A Roddy Mackenzie e Andy Politz I On the summit. But climbing Everest eward and I felt fleetingly disappointed.850 metres without oxygen gives a unique I different. but it was not only that. I made the international hand sign for 'Stop means to test if this was a real observation or an iIIusion. I was preoccupied Nepal and the South East Ridge only to be surprised by I with thoughts of a tin of them sitting in my tent at base another climber coming up through the clouds.

you have to write 220-260 words. not very convenient too. Match each of their questions (1-6) with the aspect of language that it is focusing on (A-F). it's central so you can wa/k to lots of interesting places. 42 I Test 1 Tralnlng Wrlting Part 1 . I am writting this letter to discuss about the advantages and disadvantages of building a new theatre at the college. but you can deal with the bullet points in a different way if you wish . change the underlined words to more interesting words. 3 @ This piece of writing got a poor mark for range. We nad a great time there last yearo rhe rooms were beautiful. opinions. points in turno • You must only write about two of the bullet points in the question. referring baek to eaeh of the bullet opinión . the food was good and the staffwere very nice too. I would recommend that you choose Brown's Hotel for your noliday.for both Parts 1 and 2 . 1 Does the answer cover all the neeessary points? A Organisation 2 Does the answer eontain a lot of language errors? B Language . well-eonneeted paragraphs? O Content (dealing with the neeessary 5 15 the answer in an appropriately formal or informal style? points) 6 Would the answer have the right effeet on the reader? E Communieative aehievement F Language . points you eonsider to be more importantl three bullet points relating to the topie and three effeetive/useful giving reasons for your oo.ask themselves a number of questions about your work. in order to galn better marks. • You must explain whieh of your two bullet • The question eonsists of a statement of the topie. question. adding to or expanding on them. Understanding how writing is assessed 1 The people who mark your writing .Test 1 Training Writing (1 hour 30 minutes) Part 1 Task information • Part 1 is a eompulsory task.aeeuraey 2 @ This piece of writing got a poor mark for accuracy. At firet. I would like to draw yo ur attention on t he f act that our college has a drama department for the last ten years and yet it still doesn't have an own t heatre. what is expensive and. of course. Correct the ten language errors in it. This means that drama students must to put on there productions in a theatre in the city.range 3 Does the answer use a variety of words and structures? C Register 4 15 the answer written in c1ear. • You may use the opinions presented in the • In Part 1. • You have to write an essay.

Your class has Iistened to a radio discussion about the advantages and disadvantages of receiving different types of presents." "1 don't need more things .4 (!) Do these sentences that candidates wrote use an appropriate reglster? If not. although 1 suppose some people would say that it's not a bad idea to walk everywhere anyway. You should explain which 01 these types of present is best to receive. Read the task below and answer these questions. but you should use your own words as far as possible. 4 (Report ior a college principal) l'd love to write more about this topie and must apologise for simply not having adequate time to do so.I'd rather be taken to the theatre or a football match . You may. 5 Here is an example of a Part 1 Writing task. You have made the notes below: Types of present Some opinions expressed in the discussion: • luxuries • homemade items "The best presents are things you couldn 't afford to buy for • experiences yourself. giving reasons in support of your answer. and what will the topie of each one be? 5 What effect will you want to have on the target reader? You must answer this question. Write your answer in 220-260 words in an appropriate style. given that it's a relatively small town without many hills and so it's pretty easy to make your way around its pieturesque little streets on foot. make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion. if you wish . 1 What are the main content points that the examiners will be looking for? 2 What are the conventions of essay writing in English which you should follow? 3 What register will you need to use? 4 How many paragraphs will you need. (Letter to a triend) Would you do me the honour of accompanying me to the theatre next Saturday? 2 (Proposal to a town council) It'd be great if you can see your way to putting my ideas into practiee." Write an essay discussing two of the types of present in your notes ." "If someone's spent time making a present for me. Am sure you won't regret it! 3 (Opening sentence in a review tor an international magazine) lts main disadvantage is the fact that its publie transport system is so poor. Test 1 Training 43 . say why not and write an improved version of the sentence. it shows how much they care.

10 Spend time checking your work. and what will the topie of eaeh one be? 6 What effeet will you want to have on the target reader? 2 How eould you express these points from the input text in other (if possible more formal) words? 1 people with work experienee 2 give wise adviee 3 manage your money F.the quotes from the 9 When you want to make a correction. so all the significant points you must include in your style of writing should be neutral or 1 Yo your answer. but you neatly as possible. do so as discussion may help to give you ideas. 8 Write 220-260 words.) and why. 5 Think about how you are going to compare these points and which you will say is more important (or effective or useful. formal rather than informal. etc. may prefer to use other ideas of your own.task. you 3 Decide which two of the three Iisted points you probably will not deal with all the aspects of are going to write about. highlighting 6 Remember that you are writing an essay. each of these two points . 1 First answer these questions about the task on page 45. the question or show an adequate range of 4 Think about how you are going to expand language. carefully. pe 2 Allow plenty of time to plan your answer 7 Organise your writing in c1ear paragraphs. 1 What are the main eontent points that the examiners will be looking for? 2 What kind of text do you have to write? 3 What are the eonventions of this text type in English whieh you should follow in your answer? 4 What register will you need to use? 5 How many paragraphs will you use. 44 Test 1 Exam practice Writing Part 1 . If you write less. Follow Test 1 Exam practice Writing Part 1 You mu approp Action plan 1 Read the question very carefully. 4 living independently (J 3 What example eould you give to illustrate eaeh of these points? 1 work 2 relationships 3 finanee 4 Whieh two of these points do you th ink it will be best for you to deal with in your answer? 5 Now write your answer to the .

make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion." remaining two areas? You may. giving reasons in support of your answer. Test 1 Exam practice 45 . to make more mistakes and to make your points less effectively. but you should use your own words as far as possible. using the advice to help you. inciuaing p/anning and checking time. answer. Write an essay discussing two of the areas in your notes. Your class has watched a round-table discussion about what young people can learn from older generations. CTi P! Write your answer on alternate lines so that Follow-up you can make corrections more easily. Which of the three areas wou/d you find it hardest to Areas where young people could learn from older generations write about? Do not attempt it and focus your p/ans on the other two instead. If you write You must answer this question. You should You shou/d aim to spend explain in which area young peoplecould gain most trom older about 45 minutes on your generations. CTiP! Keep to the word limit suggested .so choose either of your two areas and make an ergument to support your choice. but remember that start living independently. • work • relationships Can you think of specific examp/es that wou/d ilJustrate • money Some opinions expressed in the discussion: how an o/der person's advice cou/d he/p a younger "People with work experience can tell you person dea/ with each of the what the job you're considering is really like. Write your answer in 220-260 words in an too much . Did you read the question carefully and do exactly what it asked you to do? ~ Make it clear where one paragraph ends and the next begins (eit her by indenting or by leaving an extra line between the paragraphs )." Jife which is more /ike/y to benefit from an o/der person's "It's hard to manage your money when you advice. if you wish.Follow the exam instructions. find it hard to se/ect "Older people can give wise advice when you an area of a younger person's have a problem with a friend . You have made the notes below: Look at the exam question. you are likely appropriate style ." the most important thing is to write welJ . You may.

your restaurant last night... but last I've managed to find enough time to sit down and write to you properly.....Test 1 Training Writing Part 2 lde 1 Task information • In Part 2. the campaign can be considered as having been a total success.. 9 The following recommendations are based generally accepted estimates .... B Letter/ 2 Headings within the text are appropriate.... A Review 1 lt is good to give this type of writing a title. Choose A.... 46 Test 1 Training Writing Part 2 ..... female students make more use the college's Iibraries than male students do. I have no hesitation ....taken from either a review. 4 Casablanca has to be one the most romantic films ever made. a report or a proposal. 6 Do you prefer Iistening to music your own or the company of other people? 7 I am writing to congratulate you the service which my wife and I received ........ 8 This kind of writing is more likely to be in a formal or neutral style than an informal one.. C andjor D........ a review.. 10 According the results of our survey.. l' e Proposal 4 This kind of text has to be c1early organised into distinct paragraphs'........ 3 I've been terribly busy this month. D Report 5 This kind of text aims to persuade the reader.. 6 The writer usually knows exactly who will read the texto 7 This kind of text usually tries to evaluate something that has happened or that the writer has experienced...... ... 1 I look forward "J?? hearing from you again soon.. 9 The writer usually begins with an overview of his or her reasons for writing the texto 10 The writer will try to begin this text in a way that will catch and hold the reader's interest. a proposal or a report - with the appropriate preposition... who you are writing foro • You may be asked to write a letter or email. a letterjemail.. 5 I recommend the first of the two options outlined aboye a number of different reasons.... recommending the course for other students the future. Then identify the text type that the sentence is most likely to have come from..... 2 @ Complete these sentences . as well as of three.... Some questions have more than one answer. B..... Email 3 This kind of text will begin Dear . Identifying types of writing 1 The following statements are true about one or more of the types of text you Text types may have to write in Part 2. Letter/E mail 2 conclusion........ regard to the city's probable future needs for leisure facilities. 8 the few slight problems wh ich the group experienced this year. you have to write 220-260 words.... • The instructions will state c1early what you have • You have to choose one task from a choice to write and why you are writing it... .

3 The college where you study English wants to encourage students who are new to the local area to get involved in community life.... outlining what kinds of voluntary work students could do.. Title Early statement of reason for writing Sub-headings Absolute e1arity of language describing something precisely Ends with a conelusion ..often a recommendation 2 . explaining how you have found it useful • suggesting how the website might usefully be developed in future 2 You have received a letter from an English friend: . However.g.. why and who 1 What you have to write affeets how you write your answer....... but my parents say l'm too young and that it won't benefit my studies in any way. The review should outline the content of the website... A student website has asked readers to write a review of a website that they have found useful in their studies.. explaining why the reader has found it useful...... three friends are taking a year out end are setting off around the world when we leave school in June.. Write your proposal. .. It should also state how the reader would like to see the website develop in future.... You should also explain how voluntary work benefits both the volunteers and the community..... The speciftc points here are: naming a website and outlining its contents .. Write your review. How can I persuade them to let me go? And why don't you come too? Write your letter in reply. Test 1 Training I 47 ...... You feel it would be particularly beneficial for students to do some voluntary work in their free time.. I want to join them... Opening and closinq formulae C1ear opening paragraph giving reason for writing (e. You do not need to inelude postal addresses......... ~ Review Report LetterjEmail Proposal I Text type layout features language features 1 ... Title Early statement of reason for writing Sub-headings Absolute e1arity of language Persuasive language Argument backed up by e1ear reasons 3 .. Complete the table below with the appropriate text type from the box. l'm planning to study medicine at university.Identifying what..... and Best wishes Style will vary considerably depending on the intended reader or Yours sincerelylfaithfully) What you have to write usually ineludes two or three speeifie points that you have to deal with in your answers.. As you know... Dear . The first one is done for you. Write a proposal for the college principal... Title Early statement of the subject Some factual information about the subject More of the content of the text should be devoted to the writer's opinion than to facts about the subject Writer's opinion backed up by examples relating to the subject 4 .. Note down the three points of the topie in eaeh of these exam tasks..

6 Your success is a magnificent achievement and one that you should take great pride in. 9 no circumstances should you a hasty decision. to suggest. 2 If I do not receive a satisfactory response.) 4 Who we are writing for aftects how we write. our aims can be described in functional terms: we may be writing. 3 1should not have borrowed your bicycle without asking your permission. etc. Here are example sentences using sorne of the functions that you often need to express in the exam. for example. 11 I should Iike to forward the case for a rather different approach from the one that has been taken in the pasto 12 The project has been temporarily suspended owing a lack of funding. Persuading 4 1feel sure you would it if you did not advantage of this exceptional opportunity. 8 my opinion. 2 lt is disgraceful that members of your staff should have such a careless attitude F towards their work. Complaining 1 1am writing to complain the service 1received in your hotel last weekend. Complete the sentences with appropriate words. then I shal! have no but to send a full account of the way 1was treated to your Head Office. 4 One of the options would be more expensive to implement than the others. 5 There's no denying the that this is a very generous offer. One sentence is expresslng a function that is not in the box. you need to show that you can express functions in more than one way. to apologlse. to persuade. Look agaln at the questions in Exercise 2. (There is more than one function in each question. In each case. Look at the questions in Exercise 2 and note which functions are involved in each question. 5 The third option seems to me to be the preferable choice because it would benefit the largest number of people. Giving reasons 10 There are a number of reasons I am of this opinion . 3 lt was very upsetting to be spoken so impolitely your reception staff. 2 2 <{fJ In the Cambridge English: Advánced exam. Who are you writing for in each case? How does this aftect what you write and how you write lt? Useful language: expressing functions 1 Match the sentences below with the main function they are used to express from the box. one word is rnlsslng. in order to explain. the best of action would be to carry out a survey to discover how local residents feel about the proposal. Which sentence is that? What function is it expresslng? apologising complaining congratulating recommending suggesting 1 One possibility would be to organise a meeting to find out how other students feel about the proposed new timetable. 48 Test 1 Training Writing Part 2 . to give our opinion. to recommend.3 When we write something. Recommen"ding 7 If I were in your 1wouldn't hesitate to seize the opportunity on offer. 6 Surely you must that opportunities like this do not arise very frequently. to complain.

even if you have found them very Write your review. 2 Your company would like to offer work-experience placements to students in an international college. proposal. to complain. so it needs Your letter should explain what your company does . you need to make at least one suggestion for 3 A website has asked readers for reviews of new software applications. Cl iP! You can write in either British or American Write an answer to one of the questions 2-4 in this parto Write English . underlining 7 Use a variety of structures and vocabulary - the key points. thorough and c/ear. software most useful or appealing and why. letter. Do not review of an application that you have used. Follow the exam instructions. Do your answer in 220-260 words in an appropriate style. Your review should comment on torget that it is not essential what is special about the software. your language be formal. Writing Part 2 Test 1 Exam practice 49 . and how students would benefit from the experience. write and follow the English conventions for 8 Allow time to check your writing. software that you feel is pertect.g. to entertain. that the Help notes are not comprehensive enough. informal or neutral? 4 Think about why you are writing (for example. report. on ofter. Your review should also suggest for example.you could. encourage the right kind of students to apply. 2 Read the question very carefully. that text type. not write. Think about what kind of text make a quick list of possible structures and (e. Test 1 Exam practice Writing Part 2 Action plan 1 Choose the task that you think you can write 5 Make a plan before you start writing . what kind of work -experience to provide c/ear information about trie nature of the work placements are available . etc.should including planning and checking time. to persuade. 3 Think about who you are writing for . always say one way in which the software could be improved. but keep to one or the other. using the advice to help you. to inform. the best answer too 6 Organise your answer in c1ear paragraphs. for example: The theater is in the centre of the town. 3 Even if you are describing Write your letter.) you have to vocabulary before you start. etc. Write a its improvement. 9 Aim to spend about 45 minutes on your answer.) and how this will affect your response. It should also explain who might find the to tell tne truth . Write a letter for publication in the student newspaper at 2 A letter like this wants to the college.

as that is essential to give the answer an authentic f1avour. You have been asked to write a report for the council. general! Write your reporto C!iP! Choose the question for Follow-up which you feel you have • the language to write the best answer. even if that Did you check your work for your most frequent errors? is not the question that interests you mosto U.and not on the needs at least one way in which the city centre could be improved to meet your age of the city's inhabitants in group's needs more effectively.4 Your local city council is investigating whether the city centre meets the needs of ~ the city 's inhabitants. It should also describe say which at the start of your report . 50 Test 1 Exam practice Writing Part 2 . C!iP! Only answer a work-related 1 question if you have sorne experience of a workplace.do not forget to centre from the point of view of people of your age group. 4 Remember that your report must focus on one particular Your report should discuss the entertainment and restaurant facilities in the city age group .

B at a hotel C on a motorway 2 Relationships: What is the most likely relationship between the speakers? A driver and c1ient B husband and wife C receptionist and customer 3 Opinion: What do the speakers agree about? A how t ired they are B how hungry they are C how attractive the place looks 4 Detail: What does the man remind the woman to find out about? A relevant charges B what to do with their luggage C parking places 5 Function: What are the speakers trying to do? A settle an argument B come to a decision C express dissatisfaction CTiP! There will usually be something in 2 Why are the other options incorrect? the recording that might distract you int o choosing the wrong option. • The questions may focus on a variety of aspects of • Each recording lasts about one minute and is the recordings (for example. feeling. styles of delivery and voiees. focuses. • The recordings are taken from a wide range of contexts and cover a range of topies. so make sure you listen carefully. detail. attitude. each with • Each record ing involves more than one speaker. • The recordings are about unrelated topies. gist. Understanding different aspects of the recording CTiP! Questions can have different 1 ~ Listen to the recording and answer these questions about it. two three-option multiple-choiee questions. purpose. function.Test 1 Training Listening (approximately 40 minutes) Part 1 Task information • Part 1 consists of three short recordings. agreement and Iistener course of action). opinions. Listening Part 1 Test 1 Training I 51 . Being aware of some of 1 Context: Where are the speakers? these different focuses can give A in a restaurant you a better understanding of spoken language. speakers' played twice.

3 Why did they go to the meet ing? 3 You get information from both speakers that will help A to gain some information you to answer Question 3.? Before A satisfied with his contribution you listen. choose the answer (A. 52 I Test 1 Exam practice L1stening Part 1 . 2 What do the speakers agree? A They would like to do some follow-up work. opinion . e The handouts they received will be very useful. For questions 1-6. carefully transfer your 4 Do not worry about missing a question. I Extract Two You hear two business people discussing a meeting they attended. A recording for the second time and answer any 2 Underline key words in the question or questions you have missed. B to influence a decision 4 Question 4 focuses on detail e to offer some advice here. There are two questions for each extracto Did I Extract One You hear two students discussing a lecture. W Follow the exam instructions.both speakers must share this opinion . leave it answers to the answer sheet. function . relationship. using the advice to help you. think carefully about what each of the adjectives B pleased with its outcome in the options means in this e doubtful about its value question . Test 1 Exam practice Listening Part 1 \ Extri You hf Action plan 5 VI 1 Usethe Iistening preparation time to read the 5 Check your answers when you listen to the questions and think about possible answers. 6 ~ time you listen to the recording . Make a guess if ( 3 Choose all the correct answers you can the first you are not sure. B They should have prepared better for the lecture. 6 Do not leave any answers blank. 1 What surprised the woman about the lecture? 1 Listen to the whole recording before you answer either ot A the topic of the lecture the questions relating to it. E statement. What do each of the other five Part 1 questions 4 How does the man feel about the meeting? focus on . You will hear three different extracts. B the lecturer 's approach to his subject 2 The word 'agree' is important e the other students' reactions in Question 2 . etc.gist . and listen for the answer to the next question. B or C) which fits best Fol according to what you hear. 7 At the end of the test.

think about what kind of language the A She regrets not achieving more than she has. 5 What is the woman's attitude to her career? 5 Before Iistening. e It turned out unexpectedly well for her. 6 Look carefufly at the meaning of the three options. 6 What does the woman say is the most important quality she looks for in How might the woman use young scientists hoping to work in her lab? different words to express these ideas? A curiosity about the world around them B ability to deal with setbacks in a positive way e appreciation of the need for accuracy Follow-up Did you foHow all the steps in the Action plan? L1stenlng Part 1 Test 1 Exam practice 53 .! Extract Three You heara scientist being interviewed about her career. speaker might use to express B It has been the most important aspect of her life. the ideas in Question 5.

2 His piano teacher said that his performance at the concert was . Which four words from the script could fill the gap in Exercise 1? Which of these words is actually the correct one? Why are the others not correct? A 1wanted to learn about music from a very young age. information and opinion. a lecture or a broadcast) providing factual word or short phrase from the recording. minutes and is played twice. 4 fl§ Listen agaln and answer these questions. although some • On the question paper. 2 Now look at the first part of the recording script. gap. I think it all started when my father took me to stay with my grandmother one magical summer at the age of about six. UK and U5 about the recording. Listen to the next part of the recording and note down the answers. in a schoo! concert. the speaker played a piece called . 1 When he was eight years old. a • You must complete the gap with an appropriate talk. 3 fl§ Look at the next two questions. there are eight sentences minor variations are allowed in Part 2. • Questions follow the order of information in the • The recording will last approximately three recording. 50 they asked around and found me a teacher. spellings are both accepted. Choosing the rlght answer ~ Often you will hear 1 Look at this question from a Listening task. I was spellbound by her playing and as soon as I got back home I pestered my parents to let me have lessons too. several words that could fit the The speaker's interest in playing music was first awakened by his .Test 1 Training Listening Part 2 Task information A • Part 2 consists of a monologue (for example. 1 Which words could be mistaken for the answer in each case? 2 Why are those words incorrect? 54 I Test 1 Tralning L1stenlng Part 2 . • The sentences focus on specific information and stated opinions in the recording. but only one matches the Y<1 meaning of the Write down six words that could complete the sentence. F< sentence. My cousin was also there and she spent every evening practising the piano. each with a gap. • You must spell the words correctly.

Make sure you listen carefully tor the correct one. in her orchestra. 2 Use the preparation time to read the questions 7 You do not need to make any grammatieal carefully before you listen. As you transfer order of the questions. complete the sentences with a word or short phrase. one to three words . but which is the one that Anita studied? Anita had a job as a (9) when she joined her first orchestra. 13 Two fi/ms are named. For example. using the advice to help you. Make a logieal guess .remember that the question is asking about what Anita enjoys mosto Anita says that the word (14) sums up her work best. 8 Two possib/e subjects are mentioned. ANITA KUMAR Anita plays the (7) in an orchestra. but which one fits Did you remember to check that the word(s) you wrote fitted grammatically and the question? wasjwere spelt correctly? Listening Part 2 Test 1 Exam practlce 55 . in an orchestra . 3 Try to prediet what sort of word is needed in 8 Never leave a blank. that matches something on the question papero This will give you a c1ue that the answer is coming soon. carefully transfer your 4 Remember that the answers will come in the answers to the answer sheet. 7 Anita names two instruments. your answers.and are often nouns . singular or plural? 9 At the end of the test. is it a noun? If so. but which is the one that has a/ready been made? Follow-up 14 Anita uses a number of adjectives. 12 Two possib/e aspects ot working tor the orchestra are Her orchestra has recently appeared in a film called (13) . changes to what you hear. 10 Severa/ countries are named. 9 Do you need to write a word for a job or a place here? Anita's orchestra has just returned from a tour in (1O) . You will hear a musician called Anita Kumar talking to a group of students about her Iife. is it may be lucky. Test 1 Exam practice Listening Part 2 Action plan 1 Read the introduction and the title to help you 6 Remember that the answers are short . Which is the correct one? Anita studied (8) at university. mentioned . check your spelling and grammar 5 You will hear a word or phrase in the recording and that what you have written makes sense. For questions 7-14.usually understand the context and topie. 11 The question makes it c/ear that you are listening for a person who has a speciñc ro/e What Anita enjoys most about playing in an orchestra is (12) . Anita is particularly proud of the person who is the (11) .you each gap. ~ Follow the exam instructions.

I was an English undergraduate at Middleton from each option University . apart. understanding of the recording. always be something What does Rose sometimes do nowadays instead of writing? in the recording that A She looks after her young children. • You have to answer six four-option multiple-ehoiee • The questions follow the order of the recording. what the recording says. Understanding distraction ~ In multiple-choice 1 Study the multiple-ehoiee question and the extraet from the reeording questions. 1had a but only one will patehwork quilt of jobs after graduating and getting married. writing for newspapers is said and answer and magazines.and took may be mentioned. Rose! Tell us. B She does a variety of paid jobs. feelings. that is. I was one of those kids always writing and illustrating before choosing your stories. suggests each of the distracting options. and this has been my passion for as long as lean answer. questions about the reeording .where my youngest started last term .Test 1 Training Listening Part 3 Task information • Part 3 eonsists of a reeording with two or more • The questions foeus mainly on the speakers' speakers (e. Aspects remember. helping out in an art gallery and selling a few the question. attitudes and opinions. and teaehing English part-time. but onlyone option e She helps a family member in their business. 1began walking this path full-time. Why mlght you be distraeted by each of the other options? 56 Test 1 Training L1stening Part 3 . working for a horse-riding for the disabled project. and answer the two questions whieh follow. 1 What is the correet answer? 2 Why might you be distracted by the other options? 2 ~ Look at the next question and listen to the next part of the reeording. there will seript. • The recording lasts approximately four minutes and • Some questions will also foeus on detailed or gist is played twiee. from the oeeasional day in my eousin's restaurant when she needs extra staff for some reason. And I hope that's the way 1'11 be able to continue. watercolours of my own. an interview or a diseussion).g. when did you start writing for ehildren? ~ Listen carefully Rose: I've been writing ehildren's books sinee I was a ehild myself! to everything that the speaker says Seriously. will exactly match O She goes for walks. reflect exactly what including working in a college offiee. the two ehildren's literature eourses offered at the time. With the publication of my first book in 2010. Which is the eorreet option? What encouraged Rose to start working at the wild life reserve? A her lifelong interest in deer B a friend's involvement in the project e the need to research a writing project about deer D a desire to work in the open air 3 ~ Listen agaln. Interviewer: Thanks for being my guest today.

statement introducing the options to help you 6 Do not leave any answers blank. answers to the answer sheet. B . D a friend 's wish for a travelling companion 16 AII these ideas are 16 What is Marina's main reason for being happy about her dec ision to go on that suggested in the recording. D She was keen to be like her father. recording before reading D It taught her to cope with difficulties. 4 Do not worry about missing a question: leave it and listen for the answer to the next question. choose the answer (A. 15 What made Marina start travelling? 15 Listen to everything Marina A a sudden desire to overcome her fear of the sea says about why she started B a difficult problem in the life she had at the time travelling and pick the option e an unexpected opportunity to escape a boring routine which exactly matches what she says. says about the challenges she faces and do not jump too B She found it satlsfyinq to write her prívate feelings in a teenage diary. carefully transfer your time you listen to the recording. 3 Choose all the correct answers you can the first 7 At the end of the test. e or D) which fits best accord ing to what you hear. 17 Try reading the question B It gave her a more positive outlook on life. Answer any 2 Underline key words in the question or questions you have missed. Make a guess if focus on what you have to listen foro you are not sure. 1 07 Follow the exam instructions. A feeling uncertain about the quality of her work B coping with some lack of support from her family e having to face danger for the sake of a story D finding things to write about that will interest her readers Test 1 Exam practice 57 . options A to D. Does this help you to find the right answer 17 How did Marina first get into writing? without being distracted? 18 Listen to everything Marina A She wanted to describe the different exotic places she visited . You will hear part of a radio interview with a travel writer called Marina Vardy. For questions 15-20. CTiP! Remember that the questions follow the order 18 What does Marina say is her greatest challenge? of the recording. Test 1 Exam practice Listening Part 3 Action plan 1 Use the preparation time to read the questions 5 Check your answers when you listen to the carefully and think about possible answers. who was an enthusiastic writer. e She enjoyed the reaction of others to someth ing she wrote as a young girl. and then listening to the e It offered her some exciting adventures . recording the second time. using the advice to help you. but first journey? which does Marina actually say is the main reason why she fee/s no tegrets? A It led to a successful career as an author. quickly to conclusions.

e lt provides her with an adventurous lifestyle.19 Marina says that aspiring travel writers must ensure that they A work hard to make their wr iting style as good as they can. B It offers her the chance to take revenge on unkind people. D It gives her a satisfying psychological detachment. Follow-up Did you find any of the distracting options particularly tempting? n 1 ( 58 Test 1 Exam practlce Listening Part 3 .which 20 What does Marina say she finds particularly rewarding about being a travel writer? ot these aptians canveys that • idea? • A It has developed her powers of observation. • 20 Think abaut the gist ot what Marina is saying . that sne actua/ly says. 19 Yau may feel that Marina is implying several ot the options. but you must ga tor the ane Ta~ e offer much more than an account of their own adventures. B try to make their readers experience strong emotions. D keep their own grandmother in mind as they write.

Oh well. You must read the You will hear five short extracts in which people are talking about changing options very carefully to find their jobs. I stack shelves in a supermarket now. but until a few months ago I was a reporter on a local papero It was a pretty good jobo I spent most of my time going out with the paper's photographer interviewing an amazing variety of local people who'd done something special. to select the corred option from a set of eight. TA5K ONE . but it was in a town 200 miles away . G shop assistant G They wanted more variety. but that's inevitable in any jobo I worked long hours and the pay wasn't brilliant but I'd never have left if it hadn't been for my husband. TASK ONE TASKTWO Choose from the Iist (A-G) the job that eaeh speaker Choose from the list (A-G) each speaker's used to do.I didn't care for one or two of them.? Which of the other options be one or two opt ions that distract but are not the rlght mlght sorne people be distracted by? Why are these options lncorrect? answer .Te s t 'l Training Listening Part 4 Task information • Part 4 consists of a series of five short monologues. • The tasks focus on two different aspects of the eaeh lasting about 30 seconds. • The monologues are all on a related topie. E electrician E They had the chance for an easier journey to work. Finding the perfect match Study the exarn task. TA5KTWO . there will Which are the two correct answers for Speaker 1. identifying what • You will hear the recording twice. Then read the first part of the recording script below. reason for changing jobs. you might hear the answer to • Each task consists of five questions and you have Task 2 before the answer to Task 1. He'd been teaching in the same primary school for years and he was keen to take on a more challenging post. happened to the speaker and understanding why the speaker chose a particular course of action). • You have to complete both tasks while you listen. the perfect match. F journalist F They were keen to work part-time. he got it. for example. Speaker 1 Well. Much to his surprise. • There are two parallel matching tasks relating to the monologues. L1stening Part 4 Test 1 Training I 59 . • You have to choose the correct options to match with eaeh monologue. My colleagues were interesting characters on the whole . so he went for a deputy headship. this isn't too bad a job really. • The answers in eaeh monologue can be in any order. A teacher A They were keen for more challenge.too far for me to commute. The pay's better than you might imagine. e photographer e They were offered more payo o lawyer O They wanted to be with a spouse who had to move. monologues (for example. B nurse B They disliked a colleague. CTiP! With each speaker. but haven't come to a definite decision yet. I'm considering going part-time beca use I find it a bit difficult to be doing the same thing all day every day.

choose from the Iist (A-H) the made each speaker choose their career. questions in both tasks. 7 At the end of the test. 4 If you cannot answer one of the questions on your first Iistening. do not worry. 2 Before you listen. middle or end of what carefully. so listen for paraphrases. both llstenlngs? Sorne people prefer to do it one 30 The speaker here mentions several things that he has not way and sorne the other .both approaches are had difficulty with in his current jobo But which one is a difficulty acceptable. using the advice to help YOU. for him? 60 I Test 1 Exam practice Listenlng Part 4 . carefully transfer your 3 As you listen to each speaker. in TASK ONE. choose from the list (A-H) what For questions 26-30. in the options in a different way. the answer may come more easily (as sorne answers will already be eliminated). While you listen you must complete both tasks. but which one answers the question? TASK ONE on the first listening and TASK TWO on 27 Remember that the answer to TASK TWO may sometimes the second Iistening? Or did you do them both on come befare the answer to TASK ONE. When you listen again. each speaker says. CliP! Think befare you listen about what kinds of words you rníght hear You will hear five short extracts in which people are talking about their jobs. A a wish to help others A having to meet tight B the influence of a family Speaker 1 CTID deadlines Speaker 1 ~ member B mastering some complex e a chance encounter Speaker 2 []E] technology Speaker 2 []E] D a teacher's advice e living far from work E an inspirational book Speaker 3 Oill D fierce competition Speaker 3 ~ E combining work and study F a desire to travel G a gift for a specific Speaker 4 ~ F rapid turnover of staff Speaker 4 ~ academic skill G obtaining finance H an unusual skill Speaker 5 CIill H a difficult working relationship Speaker 5 ~ Follow-up 21 The speaker mentions severet different influences from the How did you approach thls question? Díd you do first Iist ot options. fl§J Follow the exam instructions. think about words and 6 The speaker is unlikely to use exactly the same phrases a speaker might use to express the ideas words as the options. TA5KONE TA5KTWO For questions 21-25. Test 1 Exam practice Listening Part 4 Action plan 1 Use the preparation time to read the 5 Remember that the answers to the tasks may instructions and options for both tasks very come at the beginning. try to answer the answers to the answer sheet. difficulty each speaker has had to overcome.

2 I went to the cinema. The first question has been done as an example. candidates are in a group of three. Test 1 Training 61 . The second time you listen.). One is the interlocutor (your Iife. answers . your and he or she will ask you questions . your past experiences. Question 1 Question 2 Question 3 Question 4 Question 5 Speaker A . I think they're very exciting. the interlocutor tells you the names of the examiners and takes your mark sheet.. your interests. decide which of the criteria Iisted in Exercise 1 each pair iIIustrates. Match the criteria (1-5) with their definitions (A-E).. including how well you use stress and intonation 2 Vocabulary resource B how well you initiate and respond in conversations with the interlocutor and with your partner 3 Discourse management e how accurately you use English structures and how wide a range of structures you use 4 Pronunciation D how coherently you speak by linking what you say and by not hesitating too much 5 Interactive communication E how appropriately you choose words to express your ideas and how wide a range of words you use 2 ~ Listen to these speakers. Then I went home and went to bed at about 10. 3. 4 (i) 1§J Work with a partner if possible. If you have a partner. the interlocutor talks to you and your • You are with a partner for all parts of the Speaking partner individually. 4 I think 1'11 probably need to speak it both at work and when I'm travelling. • First. Write 1.30. Understanding how your speaking is assessed 1 The examiners who assess your speaking consider five criteria. 2. completes the mark sheet while he or she Iistens to • One aim of Part 1 is to help you to relax by asking what you sayo you about topies that you are familiar with. test. A or B. The assessor plans for the future.1' Speaker B Criterion 4 3 Here are sorne answers. comment on their answers uslng the five criteria in Exercise 1. • You have to answer general questions about yourself • There are two examiners. try to include examples improve the answers? and reasons in your 1 Detective stories. 4 or 5. Occasionally. etc. The first time you listen.1') in the table. What do you think the questions were? How could you C!i P! Where appropriate .Test 1 Training Speaking (15 minutes) Part 1 Task information • Part 1 lasts about two minutes. 1 Grammatieal resource A how easy it is to understand what you say. decide which speaker in each pair is better. Put a tick (. Practise responding to the questions you hear on the recording. • In Part 1. 3 I try not to eat too much and I do plenty of exercise.

for example: • Do you think you have the right balance between work and relaxation in your life? • If you could change one thing about the place where you live. 1 • What do you do here/there? • How long have you been studying English? • What do you enjoy most about learning English? The interlocutor will then ask you sorne questions about one or two other topics. 2 And your names are? 3 Can I have your mark sheets.but make sure you keep what you say brief until it is your turn to answer the • The ask for repetition. please? interlocutor's questions.they and\ the questions that he or she asks you. Usefu ~ It is not essential to 1 (i1 Part 1 2 minutes (3 minutes for groups of three) be truthful in the exam thE if you do not know the vocabulary for a totally 2 Lo The interlocutor will ask you sorne questions about yourself. where possible. the o 2 Try to relax . 6 Do not answer just Yes or No. please? 01 Thank you. My name is and this is my colleague . 1: First of all. e. your home.imagine you are talking to 7 Remember. 9 Listen to what your partner says and react if the 5 If you do not understand something.g. CliP! Speak loudly and clearly Use • Where are you from? so that both examiners can hear you. • 1 Good morning/afternoon/evening. examples in your answers. to give reasons and inten someone you know. we'd like to know something about you. will not make your English sound natural or • The j 4 Look at the interlocutor when you are fluent. to tr answering his or her questions. what would it be? • How important is it to have friends who share the same interests as you? • What would you do if you suddenly won a lot of money? Follow-up How do you think you did in your practice of this part of the test? 2 How could you improve your performance in future? 62 I Test 1 Exam practice Speaking Part 1 . politely you wish to . honest answer . Test 1 Exam practice Speaking Part 1 Action plan Task inf • In Par 1 Be polite and friendly to the examiners. t'm sorry. following the instructions below. could you repeat thet. • Thei 3 Listen carefully to the interlocutor and answer 8 Do not learn prepared answers by heart . re work or studies and familiar topics. the des' Do the exam task.

to the pictures and these will also be written above • You must listen to what your partner says and be the pictures. S In the whole... 4 Perhaps the woman has . but there is one little boy who is c1early not enjoying himself.. 9They look as if they . 2 Look at the second picture on page 51. they could simply be on their way to work. S I don't think that they can . I think the people in the first picture are feeling more relaxed than those in the second picture. you have to compare two pictures on a related theme. You can use the same ideas in your sentences if you wish.. Correct the mistakes. Talk about them for one minute uslng ~ lt is useful to practise speaking for a minute.. There is a mistake in what each student says. the children in this picture seem to be having a good time. Look at how sorne students do this. in the other one. 7But it could also be that .. 6lt's most Iikely that they . Speaklng Part 2 Test 1 Training I 63 .. 10 I imagine they must be . you have • Your partner should not interrupt. On contrast. 2 The girls in this picture are working hard. ready to answer a question when the interlocutor • The questions will require you to speculate about asks you to do so.. Note down sorne of the language that he uses when he is hypothesising about how the people are feeling. . which lasts about four minutes... Onanother hand. 3 By or large.. sorne of the expressions practised above.. and will ask you to comment on two of them. read the question and complete eaeh sentence responding to the question. because .the people in the second picture seem more interested in what they're doing than the people in the first picture. but will be the opportunity to speak for a minute without asked a question related to the pictures requiring a interruption... 8I think it's quite possible that they . whereby the girls in the other picture are simply having fun. 3 I think the man might have . 6 The people in this picture might be going on holiday. • Your partner will have to speak for a minute about • The interlocutor will ask you two questions relating a different set of pictures. 2 I wonder if they could be . 1 In the first picture... 2 Now look at the two pictures on page 52. the people seem rather miserable. • What do you think the people in this picture are talking about? 1 I think they might be .Test 1 Training Speaking Part 2 Task information • In Part 2. Useful language: hypothesising 1 ~ Listen to a student talking about the first picture on page 51. Talk about the different aspects of lt is not as long as it college Iife that they show and compare how the students rnlght benefit from seems at first! learnlng in the ways shown in each picture. 4 AII for all. rather than simply describe them. the content of the pictures. everyone looks as if they're enjoying themselves.. brief answer (for about 30 seconds) after you have • The interlocutor will give you a set of three pictures finished speaking.. Useful language: comparlng and contrasting 1 ª In Part 2.

This is much more important than pictures. it's your turn first. I'd like you to compare two of the pictures and say why the people might be making these journeys and what difficulties they might face in making their journeys. Do the exam task. They show people reading in different situations.not al! three of them. AII right? After 1 minute Thank you. 6 Speculate about what might be happening in • I 2 Remember to answer the questions aboye the the pictures (for example. Interlocutor In this part of the test. Refer to the pictures on pages 53 and 54. AII right? After 1 minute Thank you. 2 I'd like you to compare two of the pictures and say what you think the people are reading about and how important reading might be to the people in these situations. I'd like you to talk about two of them on your own for about a minute. as well as comparing two of the pictures. • 3 Answer the questions. and also to answer a question briefly about your partner's pictures. here are your pictures. (Candidate B). Here are your pictures. The interlocutor will give you three pictures and ask you to talk about two of them on your own for about a minute. Now. (Candidate A). which type of journey do you think is most comfortable? (Why?) After approximately 30 seconds Thank you. (Candidate B). USI 1 Part 2 4 minutes (6 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. I'm going to give each of you three pictures. • 4 Remember that you must only talk about two of 8 Be ready to respond when the interlocutor asks • the pictures . They show people travelling in different ways. The interlocutor should lead the task using the script below. you a question after your partner's turno 5 Do not waste time saying which pictures you are going to talk about .it will be obvious from what 9 Do not interrupt when your partner is speaking. One of you is the interlocutor and the other two are the candidates. giving examples and reasons where appropriate. • you say about them. following the instructions below. who do you think is most interested in what they're reading? (Why?) After approximately 30 seconds Thank you. You will then be asked a question about your partner's pictures which you will need to answer in no more than 30 seconds. describing the pictures in great detail. 7 Speak c1early and keep going until the interlocutor says 'thank you'. how people might be feeling). (Candidate A). Follow-up How easy did you find it to speak for a minute? What else eould you have said about the topie? 64 I Test 1 Exam practice Speaking Part 2 . Test 1 Exam practice Speaking Part 2 Action plan TasU 1 Listen carefully to the interlocutor's instructions.

for example. Note down the expressions that they use to gíve themselves a bit of extra thinking time. say that about oo.Test 1 Training Speaking Part 3 Task information • In Part 3... 2 Work with a partner if possible and take it in turns to ask each other these difficult questions.. discussion but. which lasts about four minutes. 1 I can't h thinking that oo' 6 What you say reminds me o . after a few minutes. 3 I take your p . Use sorne of the phrases from Exercise 1 as you work out how you want to answer the question. but .. would you? 2 Look at the expressions in Exercise 1. 1 What would you say is the best film you've ever seen? 2 What would you do if you were the President of your country? 3 What do you think the international community should do about the problem of pollution? 4 What is the most important subject for children to study at school. 5 lt's interesting you s :.. in your opinion? Test 1 Training I 65 . • There is no right or wrong answer to this task. S w ' you say so? 4 lsn't it more a m of ? 9 Ves. Which of them are: a expressing agreement? ( asking for someone's opinion? b expressing partial or complete disagreement? d developing an idea someone has mentioned? Giving yourself time to think 1 (i) 13) lt is useful to have sorne naturalEngllsh phrases for when you need to give yourself time to think about what you want to sayo Listen to two speakers talking about electric cars. but we shouldn't f . make a decision related to the prompts. • The interlocutor will explain the task to you. • The prompts will be either single words or phrases.. You will have one minute for this.. • You and your partner will be expected to discuss each of the prompts in relation to the question. Fírst talk to each other about . because . oo . • You won't lose any marks if you do not come to a conclusion. 2 le agree. 7 That's all very w . but . llseful language: negotlatlng 1 @ The phrases below can be useful when negotiatlng with your partner in Part 3. .. In each case.. What is it? You are given the first letter and a gap for each rnlsslng letter to help you. • You will be marked on your ability to use the language of negotiation and collaboration. a word is mlsslng. 10 You wouldn't disagree w that. you and • The interlocutor will not take part in your your partner have to discuss a task together.. will stop you • The interlocutor will give you a set of prompts and and ask you another question where you have to a question about them..

try to comment on the positive youro you are saying. 4 Here are some purposes for which a knowledge of foreign languages might be useful and a question for you to discuss. do so politely. following the instructions below. One of you is the interlocutor and the other two are the candidates. did you remember to really diseuss the topie with eaeh other .. questic when you are talking. interlocutor should lead the task using the script below. . Refer to the task sheet on page SS. and negative aspects of each of the options. • Part 4 4 Speak c1early so the examiners can hear what 9 If appropriate. The interlocutor will give you a task sheet to discuss together. (About 15 seconds) 5 Now. The 2 .agreeing or disagreeing about it .. disagn 5 Discuss one prompt fully with your partner 10 Give reasons for your opinions. I'd like you to talk about something together for about two minutes.listening and responding to your partner rather than just statíng individual opinions? 4 66 I Test 1 Exam practice Speaking Part 3 s . 2 W A' After 2 minutes Thank you. Interlocutor Now. 7 Use fillers like Well. Jet me think to give yourself • The int 3 Look at your partner rather than the examiners a bit of thinking time. a 3 . 1¡&J In Qu Do the exam task. Now you have about a minute to decide which purpose it is most important to know • a language foro • • After 1 minute Thank you. e.do not just • Part 4 v 2 Check the task question at the centre of the give your own opinion. Useful l. but isn 't it also true that .before moving on to the next one. about f prompt phrases. 6 Listen and respond to eaeh other . talk to each other about how knowing a foreign language might be useful for each purpose. 8 Do not hurry to reach an agreement. but 1think there might be another way of looking at it or 1know what you mean. Ves.g. 1 Part 3 4 minutes (6 minutes for groups of three) Sí Work in groups of three if possible.. First you have some time to look at the task. __? Follow-up If you worked with a partner. Test 1 Exam practice Speaking Part 3 Action plan 1 Listen to the instructions carefully. 3 CTiP! When you dísagree with your partner.

I don't think that 2 I see it. think? Speaking Part 4 Test 1 Trainlng I 67 . If possible. Take it in turns to read out the staternents in Exereise 1. Leisure. Cl iP! If you have. the first five 10 I t. government interferes too much in 9 It's not something I have very s . Diseuss the questions you have eaeh thought of. the other student should respond. the interlocutor will thank questions which broaden the topie of Part 3. paparazzi. because . their adult Iife. Work. 8 I'd ar. 2 Work with a partner if possible. • Part 4 gives you the opportunity to give and justify your opinions. • I agree with you up to a point. that everyone should be taught 3 my point of view. but I do rather feel that celebrities 4 As as I'm concerned. 1I can't agree with you on that. 3 Work with a partner if possible. • The interlocutor will ask you and your partner • At the end of Part 4. Fill in the mlsslng words. because . the government shoul d not always the happy time that adults often spend more on healthcare and less on defence. a Celebrity: Why do you think celebrity magazines and TV programmes about celebrities Phartn~r'tbrtlhng t em In o e are so popular? What do you think would be the disadvantages of a celebrity Iifestyle? discussion . 1I agree 100 per cent. Diseuss the following topies uslng sorne of the expressions frorn the previous exereises. work with two or three other or What do you students. say they are. to agree with people who say years of a child's Iife have a huge impact on students shouldn't have to pay fees. 4 Write down a possible diseussion question relating to eaeh of the following topies: say Do you agree? Edueation. education. to comment on what your partner says. the middle or the youngest child in a family? Do you think it's better for children to grow up in a town or in the countryside? Why? Careers: What kinds of job do you think deserve the highest salaries and why? In what ways do you think the current generation's working Iives are Iikely to be different from those of their parents or grandparents? . Relationships. you and say the test has ended. Afier making a point. views about. the at least two foreign languages at school. 1 ª Useful language: gívlng your opinion Here are sorne useful phrases for glvlng an opinion. you are given letters at the beglnning of the words. 1 my opinion. 1I quite agree. After eaeh one. • I don't agree. schooldays are 6 From I stand.Test 1 Training Speaking Part 4 Task information • Part 4 will continue the theme of Part 3 and lasts • You might want to invite your partner's opinion or about five minutes.. after its old people better. saylng either: • I agree. In Questions 7-10.. 7 To be p honest. 5 The I see it... but . as well as to express agreement or disagreement with your partner. men shouldn't complain so much about being followed by aren't always better drivers than women. society should look current recycling measures are having much effect. Childhood: In what ways do you think that people's characters are influenced by being an only child or the oldest.

to say something (rather than leave the room. The interlocutor should lead the task using the script below. 2 You are marked on your English rather than 5 If you disagree with your partner. following the instructions below. so do not worry about expressing an opinion that is not exactly what you really think.they are not allowed 3 If you do not have a particular opinion about to tell you. the subject. unlike Parts possible. Follow-up Cl iP! Try to use sorne of the language How could you improve your performance in this part of the test? practised on the previous page. The interlocutor will ask some general questions which follow on from the topic in Part 3. Test 1 Exam practice Speaking Part 4 Action plan 1 Listen carefully to the interlocutor's questions. comment on or develop something he 2 and 3. Do the exam task. examiners how you did . Part 4 5 minutes (8 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. do so politely. or she says. nothing). so do not feel you have to give 6 At the end of the Speaking test. One of you is the interlocutor and the other two are the candidates. That is the end of the test. remember that it is important 7 Say goodbye in a polite and friendly way as you .in the test . 4 Listen carefully to what your partner says and. do not ask the original or particularly c1ever opinions. if they are not written down for you. your ideas. Interlocutor • Do you th ink it's better to know one foreign language really well or three or four less well? (Why?) • Would the world be a better place if everyone spoke English? (Why? / Why not?) • What do you find the most interesting aspect of learning another language? (Why?) • What advice would you give to an English speaker who wanted to learn your first language? (Why?) • How important do you think it is to study grammar when you're learning a language? (Why?) Thank you. 68 I Test 1 Exam practice Speaking Part 4 .

6 I'm planning to some improvements to my coursework essay this weekend. And students already 4 learn I know. Reading and Use of English Part 1 Test 2 Trainlng I 69 . In sorne cases. 10 Thermodynamics is not my of expertise. Choose the correct alternative in italics. 6 My grandfather never talks I discusses about his life as a coal minero 7 The article considers the consequences I reasons for the workers' strike. that if they don 't 5 stand I sit the exam. as required. Reading and Use of English (1 hour 30 minutes) Part 1 Task information Review Answer the questions about Reading and Use of English Part 1. the attention of all students at this university is always 1 calledI drawn to the fact that they must 2 attend I join at least three-quarters of the lectures for any course that they are 3 following I taking to be allowed to do the exam at the end of the course. what should you do first? 2 How can an awareness of collocations help you do well in Part 1? 3 How can a knowledge of prepositions help you do well in Part 1? 4 If you are not certain about any of the answers. Use your knowledge of collocatlons to fill these gaps with one word. 8 Look at the college map to out where the law Iibrary is. 8 I saw an advertisement I article for a language course in the papero 2 Now rewrite the sentences in Exercise 1 uslng the other word and changlng the preposition. 9 The college offers a wide of language courses. Cl iP! Sometimes it is useful to think about whatword rnight go in a gap before you look at the alternatives offered. 1 It sometimes takes time to friends when you go and live in a different country. 2 My cousins sailing most weekends. Useful language: thinking about prepositions 1 ª Look at the preposition after the alternatives and 1 I don't have much know/edge I information of local history. At the beginning of term. choose the word in italics which fits best. the course Jim took last winter didn't really his needs. 3 The new student didn't participate I contribute in the discussion. 3 Would you like to a fancy-dress party here at home for your birthday? 4 We must steps to avoid the problem occurring again in the future. then this will affect their chances of 6 achieving I reaching their aim of 7 having I getting a good joboAnd this may in turn 8 get I have an enormous impact on the rest of their lives. 1 Before attempting any of the questions. 2 My stay I visit to my grandparents' was a great success. is it worth guessing? 1 'ª Useful language: checking for correct collocations Exam candidates often make mistakes with certain words. 7 The village has a small cinema which a different film every week. 4 When does your plane get I arrive to Rio? 5 Polly wrote to congratulate I thank the professor for his inspiring lecture. of course. there is more than one possible answer. 5 Unfortunately. The collocations in this exercise are ones that exam candidates often make errors with. 2 (!).

......... be associated with c/othing - which one? 1 A provokes B impels e originates D triggers 6 The word you need can be 2 A contains B involves e consists D occupies used as a synonym for 'cnose. There is A an example at the beginning (O). The book itself has 150 LEDs to cnoose the right word here.... a personal heating device to change skin temperature and a compression system to 2 Imagine what the vest looks like and it may become easier 2 (3) tightness or loosening through airbags. as their prototype story for (5) .... damp cellar........ read the text below and decide which answer (A .. violent (1) vibration patterns through a special vest... B. 4 A setting B position e environment D part 8 Only one of these words fits 5 A enabling B developing e affecting D imagining the grammar of the sentence.. using the advice to help you... the wearable book.. The vest (2) ..... the book senses which page the reader is on and something bad............ Volunteers 5 Only one of these words can who have tried the vest have (8) ... the experience as 'remarkable'....... it because it 'showcases' an incredible (7) ..... with books and films than the others.... the reaction of a mechanism or about the starting ot Using a combination of sensors..... e.......... of locations 4 One of these words has a much stronger association and emotions.. (6) . the airbags and the reader and The researchers used a science-fiction novella.. R For questions 1-8..g....... the freedom of Barcelona sunshine and the captivity of a dark. Test 2 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 1 ~CiZ!ID Action plan Follow the exam instructions...... e or O) best fits each gap.. 2 3 Example: O A allows B lets e makes D gives e ~I -A = B e = = O -----J 1 A wearable book Researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology have created a 'wearable' book 1 The word you need is gene rally used either about which (O) the reader to experience the main character's emotions.. to create ambient light which changes depending on the (4) and mood of 3 Think about what the relationship is between the different sections of the book...... They word you should choose.... behaviour....... 7 The sentence which follows 3 A realise B convey e pass D construct helps to give the sense of the word you need here...... The main protagonist experiences both deep love and ultimate despair. 6 A too k B kept e picked D got 7 A scale B size e amount D range 8 A commented B described e called D explained 70 Test 2 Exam practlce Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 1 . The Girl Who Was Plugged In by it may become clearer which James Tiptree Jr.... 1 Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.. compression system..

...... off with money and jewellery.._. in or to? I 7 Our room was on the fifth floor.... 8 I hope that everyone who .................... for the children to do. 4 All the articles in the magazine were written ........ Being 5 Alan brought me some lovely flowers to ... ._... language: focusing on phrasal verbs Choose the correct form of do........ always write my diary before went to bed...just can't decide which one to ...... put. much better' 8 The robbers .............. Grace changed her mind so suddenly. disappointing.........._.... take or bring to fill the gaps in these sentences....._.......................... you up if you’d rather not stay in a hotel.......... go. Do you think could ...... the other hotel guests....... out of going to Diana’s this evening? 10 Are there any issues you would like to ............W and Use of English Part 2 Test 2 Tralning l 71 .... out a new album next month....... 3 We got up early because we were afraid of .. full......................... a waste of time to read the whole text through 4 What kinds of word will you need to fill the gaps? you start answering the questions? 5 If you can think of two different ways of filling one to fill all the gaps in order? gap...._......... healthy or hea/thily? .. 9 l’m so tired.........._..._._... so or too? 5 The lecture programme was .....................___.. our flight. couple of hours.... Chris didn’t ..._ may mean don't recognise her when go to meet her............ 5 l've only seen a photo of Joanna...... with a new bike ..... to go to the gig will be able to get a ticket........... should you write both possibilities down? the maximum number of words you may any one gap? meaning and grammar Tip! Consider both meaning and grammar when deciding which word Which of the words suggested fits the gap? Why is the other to Choose to fi" a gan word not appropriate? 1 When got to the lecture theatre.........._...... 1 When was a teenager..................... lnlng Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part ll Task information the questions about Reading and Use of English Part 2..._..._.. refurbished building is very attractive..............._....... naturally will make 6 like both these dresses ..... make..... up for missing my angie to use them birthday. ................. they are used................................... 4 The weather was ....... I I I 2 You may have to queue for tickets for ............. .................... much or very? I 2 The ... no or not? 8 We had to wait for three hours without . talented young journalists........_.... phrasal verbs and how 4 We can easily ......................... hot we could eat outside every evening...._....... on well with her colleagues.. anything or nothing? Think about meaning and grammar to decide what word should fill each gap............_. get. new or new/y? 3 lt is important for students to eat ..............._............._............ .......__ for..... .. u f p Q olf until he retired..... I 6 The noise from the wedding reception did not cause any problems . lift available............._..............._........... .... ......... C Tip! When You "Ste" to or read anything in English................ I YOUY English SOUHG 7 could .... 7 I can't understand .......................this one’s getting very old and rusty......................... the schedule... it was already .... ......_. very or absolutely? 6 would like to suggest some changes ................................. try to notice 3 Hannah has always ........ but there was .. 2 My favourite group are ........... .... u p at tomorrow’s meeting? ........

Then you need to give careful thought (13) the recruitment process . need here. 16 Which relative prono un would make this sentence hang together? 72 I Test 2 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 2 . So here's (10) to do it these. 10 You need a connector that conveys the idea of 'the way in Above all. There are two possibilities. for example. 14 The word you need is part of a connecting phrase that has the same meaning as 'although'. you need to have a clear vision from the outset. so you 13 Read the whole phrase. right. you need to think carefully about what you want to gain from employing which '. You need to find sorrieone (16) . Write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet. (9) done right. will still be privy to the innermost workings (15) your business. read the text below and think of the word which best fits each gap. 15 You are looking for the right preposition here. Use only one word in each gap. an interno Your priority might be to create stronger ties (11) your local 11 The preposition you need here is often used community. using the advice to help you. There is an example at the beginning (O). 'connections'. before deciding which preposition you qualities match those you would look for in a permanent employee. 'Iinks' and 'associations '. just the previous word. they means 'no matter what'. For questions 9-16. 12 This is one word that (14) the fact that an intern may only be with you for a short time. Test 2 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 2 ~G!!IrI Action plan Follow the exam instructions. the arrangement can but you must only write one of work well for both the intern and the business. Example: ~ Employing an intern Interns are typically graduates who come to work in a business for a short time in 9 You need a conjunction here. or to provide a way of getting young ideas into the business- with synonyms ot 'ties ' like (12) it is. (O) to gain experience. not should take the time to choose carefully.

but he in 2014 and was accepted then.Test 2 Training Reading and Use of English Part 3 ~G!mID Task information Review Answer the questions about Reading and Use of English Part 3. what other 2 Is spelling important in this part of the exam? things do you need to think about? Useful language: spelling correctly CTiP! You need to spell the words you write correct ly to gain the marks . 2 ~ Use the word in capitals to make a word which fits the gap. 5 The rules are vague and open to in different ways. so it is worth 1 (!). CHANGE 5 I think Erica's sculptures are original.. 2 a group of people who take decisions c. 3 Although the north of the country is industrial. n . .. 9 How many job did you fill out before you eventually found work? Reading and Use of English Part 3 Test 2 Trainlng I 73 . NORM 3 Helen was that she didn't get the jobo APPOINT 4 The weather can be very at this time of year. 10 get r . MARVEL 6 Sarah has done a course in administration. APPLY 7 The regulations are to anyone entering the country by sea. EMBARRASS Useful language: noting words from the same root Fill the gap in each sentence with a word based on the word C!iP! Write down words formed from the same root in one place to help you remember in capitals for that seto them . 6 Simultaneous earn a good salary. the south is relatively . 6 suitable a . .. 1 a place where you Iive ac. 1 Why is it better to read the whole text before you 3 What sorts of change do you usually have to make? start trying to fill the gaps? 4 If you know that a noun is needed. 7 the opposite of boring í. 4 start (noun) b . 9 essential n . words that students typically find difficult.... but their work can be stressful. You are glven the first spend ing time learning the spell ings of letter(s). The words are al! frequently misspelt. 3 try to reach a business or political agreement 8 the way words are said p . INTERPRET 4 The argument was simply because Matilda totally something I said. 1 This kind of food is of the region.. BUSY 7 lt's that Patsy should behave so rudely. 5 relating to work that needs special education or training p . The words are al! ones that students frequently misspell.. 2 Paul has décided he would like to become a property .. SHAME S The students' antics caused their college some . Find a word that matches the definition. S Dave didn't get a university place in 2013. . CHARACTER 2 Students write a dissertation in their final year. DEVELOP 1 There have been some interesting at work recently.

SIGNIFY 21 Do you need a positive or a negative word here? In addition . APPREHEND speeeh. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to 1 Wha1 writE form a word that fits in the gap in the same line. There is an example at the beginning (O). with some researchers arguing that exercise may 20 There are two possible abstraet nouns with this root - be acting as a (19) from negative thoughts. 'eompress') may against (24) . 74 I Test 2 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 3 . perhaps you know the adjeetive form of 'eomprehend' conducting research to discover why people who exercise and this may help you. using the advice to help you. should have such a powerful effect on how people feel. 2 enhancing differ. spelling ehange that oeeurs in the middle of this word when Whatever the reasons may be why (23) activity VIGOUR you add the adjeetive suffix. it is (22) true that the social contact which DENY 22 Do you need a prefix here participation in sporting activities often involves also plays its part or not? 23 Remember a/so the in mood enhancement. DEPRESS help you to find the right form here. was: Example: @] usen 1 ~ Exercise and happiness 1 17 What part of speeeh is There is evidence to show that regular exercise and sport 2 requireti here? are associated not only with physical fitness but also with a 18 If you are not sure what the 3 adjeetive form ot 'apprehend' lower (O) of depression. on a regular (17) frequently report that physical BASE 19 Remember that the final eonsonant of a word activity improves their mood. 'suppress'.g. it 24 Thinking about the noun forms ot other words ending has been shown that exercise is as potent as any medication in <press' (e. Scientists have been INCIDENT ¿ is. Test 2 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 3 ~Ci!!ID Action plan Revie" Follow the exam instructions. while DIVERT 'masterfulness' and 'mastery' . 'imotess'. read the text below. making them feel calmer and less sometimes ehanges when the word beeomes another part of (18) Explanations as to precisely why it is mood.but whieh fits the meaning others claim that it is developing a (20) of a new skill MASTER here? that is the most (21) factor. 2 How Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. ~nswe' For questions 17-24.

Reading and Use of English Part 4 Task information Review Answer the questions about Reading and Use of English Part 4. using the word given. I hold of the information I needed. OPPORTUNITY Women did to university in the eighteenth century. accurate use of grammar and 2 I would like you to publish an apoJogy Jetter / a Jetter of apoJogy in the vocabulary. You must use between three and six words. and try to use the same language correctly in your next DIFFICULTY piece of writing. 6 I wouldn 't recommend going / to go to that conference. so t hat you avoid similar 4 I hope you had no difficulty to find / finding your way here . LEAVE I must remind you school today. 5 1'11 Jea ve / Jet you details of my trip when I set off. 2 Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. RECOMMEND I at that restaurant. I wonder? KNOW l'd love today. APOLOGY Sven wrote his neighbours such a noise at the party. . 7 University was not an option for women in the eighteenth century. 8 No one knows for sure where he found / where did he find the information. lncludlng the word glven. 5 I thought it was an excellent restaurant for a rneal. Do not change the word given. paying careful attention to TURNED corrections your teacher Betsy likeable. makes to your written work 3 lt was easy to find the information I needed. 6 lt was such a noisy party that Sven apologised to his neighbours in writing. 7 She took pride in c1eaning and decora te / c1eaning and decorating her new flat. Reading and Use of Engllsh Part 4 Test 2 Training 75 . 1 What is the maximum number of words you can 3 Can you change the form of the word in capitals? write in Part 4? 4 How many marks are there for each sentence? 2 How many words do contractions Iike don't or wasn't count as? ª Useful language: chooslng the rlght expression 1 Choose the correct expression in italics from these sentences written by exam candidates. 4 Where did Lisa go today. lt can be useful to . 1 Please don't forget to take your projects home after school today. focus on errors that students next issue of your magazine. 1 The linguistics lecture last night resuJted in / turned out to be CTiP! This exercise requires disappointing. a t thl 1 1 f t k IS eve o en ma e 3 They offered Margot the opportunity / the possibiJity to work in Rome. C!iP! Improve your accuracy by 2 Betsy was more likeable than expected. mistakes.

'ask'. Do not change the word given. 76 Test 2 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 4 . this is the best eollege to study ato mean 'prefer' ? RATHER 27 Which verb + preposition There study at than this one. so you write: I Example: I LAUGHTER WHEN SHE CAUGHT SIGHT OF Write only the missing words IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet.g. 25 They all assume that James will be willing to work late. Here is an example (O). GRANTED 25 Does 'everyone' need a singular or a plural verb? Everyone : that James will be willing to work late. 29 My boss said I should do some work on my French so I could take part in meetings. using the advice to help you. PICTURE Tina thanked me about what was going on. Test 2 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 4 ~G!IDI Action plan Follow the exam instructions. complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentenee. 30 Which idiom with 'picture' has the meaning of 'keep BRUSH someone informed'? My boss eneouraged so I could take part in meetings. SIGHT 3 Milly burst into herself in the mirror. If Sarah have been in touch with uso 'want '. You must use between three and six words. 4 The gap can be filled with the words 'Iaughter when she caught sight of '. For questions 25-30. col/oca tes with 'a decision' and means 'decide'? 27 You need to make up your mind about the topie for your dissertation soon. second sentence? 28 Given that Sarah hasn't contacted us. 'tel/'. Example: 2 o Milly burst out laughing when she saw herself in the mirror. 30 Tina said she was pleased I had let her know what was going on. including the word given.do you need COME to talk about Sarah catching or missing the plane in the You must about the topie for your dissertation soon. 29 'Encourage' takes the same structure as several other MISSED verbs relating to how people affect what others do. e. using the word given. 26 Which auxiliary or modal verb is used with 'rather' to 26 As far as I'm eoneerned. I think she probably caught her flight. 28 Think about the meaning 01 both sentences . 'persuade'.

but of course we are not. look again at the harder ones. It is believed that we have been making tools for more than 2. B. The importance of fire We share our lives on this incredible planet with many other creatures . If something does not seem to make sense in it s context oconsider whether it rníght have a Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. Reading and Use of English Part 5 Test 2 Exam practice I 77 . e or D) ~ Remember that many words in English have a number of which you think fits best according to the text. a characteristic attr ibute by which it can be defined . find the relevant bit of 7 Do not leave any questions out . too : sea otters use stones to break open oyster shells.if you are not sure text and read it again very carefully. diffe rent meanings. But no other creature has been found who can make fire at will. Just last year I watched hawks in Australia pick up burning sticks from a bushfire and drop them to spread the fire. 1 Read the text carefully before looking at the 5 You can often work out the meaning of unfamiliar questions.Test 2 Exam practice Reading and Use 01 English Part 5 ~G!ID Task information ~amEI Action plan Review Tick (~) the pieces 01 advice which you think are good tips for Reading and Use 01 English Part 5. descended from an ancient line of apes believed to have originated in Africa. words and expressionsfrom the contexto 2 Read the questions carefully and make sure you 6 Do all the questions you can first. of the answer. diffe rent meaning. and other primates even fashion weaponry for hunting. we should think again. questions 31-36.5 miliion years. we have the ability to fashion tools easily. it is important to remember that we are mammals. then go back and choose the answer that matches the question. With a free thumb. pick the one that seems most likely. each of which has its own special trait or survival skill. Yet that does not define uso Other animals can make tools . You are going to read an article from a magazine ~ Help yourself prepare for the Reading and Use of English written by aman who teaches survival skilis. using the advice to help YOU. Before we assume that we are the only users of fire in nature. choose the answer (A. What I believe defines us as human is our mastery of fire. flushing out or scorching potential prey. 4 Do not expect to understand every word in the texto Follow the exam instructions. Our special trick gives us the impression that we are in some way elevated above other animals. For paper by reading a variety of types of text in English. upright walking creatures . 3 When answering a question.

we wielded a tool powerful enough to keep even the most ferocious o early Palaeolithic predators at bay. Our ancestors were able to spread out. some things never change. we observed the way fire could transform materials. our dietary range grew and I diversified. If I could travel back in time. which could then B be kept burning. Like an ancient ritual.Inthe world of archaeology. the length of the day was determined by sunlight. Being able to make fire at will brings confidence. I Until fire was harnessed. 33 made time available to communicate. too. For more than 30 years. 78 I Test 2 Exam practice Reading and Use of Engllsh Part 5 . Here. firelight extended the working day. hypothesis and experimentation. Here. In the sign language of Native Americans. we would discover that clay could be hardened into pottery. Although we will never know which was the first method of fire-lighting. to share ideas and be creative. from the clothes we wear to the incredible devices contained in our pockets and the means by which my words reach you now. the fear of nocturnal dangers was dispelled. Now. The process of scientific investigation was reinforced along the way through observation. the concept of meeting for a talk is defined by coming to a fire and sharing ideas. Everything flows from here. their face lights up with a huge sense of achievement. However. No modern invention comes close in importance to the creation of the first fire. te J. The consequences of that first ember were astonishing. we discovered metal and the rest is history. The fireside became our most important laboratory. exploring their landscape in smaller foraging parties with fire for safety and with smoke to locate each other again. I would hope to witness the first of our ancestors achieving this remarkable skil\.) Now. with few definite remains 31 Wt surviving from such antiquity. AII this derives from our mastery of fire. It A is reasonable to assume that fire was originally obtained from natural sources such as bushfires. We don't have to have been there te realise that the question of how to make fire from scratch would have occupied the minds gathered at the campfire. Consequently. (That sight is still played out nightly in the villages of the San Bushmen of the Kalahari. We learnt te harden the points of wooden spears. evidence appears to show fire hearths dating from one miliion years ago. I have been teaching students how to make fire. Inevitably. by every primitive means 34 known. even colder landscapes posed Iittle obstacle as our ancestors migrated across the planet. Each time a student succeeds in friction fire-Iighting.) In the flames and coals of their fires. e Fire altered humankind's potential for ever. to neutralise plant toxins and destroy harmful bacteria. around which our forebears could gather in good cheer. It has been argued that our 'fire-improved' diet may well have been a catalyst for the development of our e large brain. and even today the footlights of our theatres mimic the flickering light of a fire on the face of an ancestral storyteller. the drama of the first fire is relived. perhaps c1inging te the unexplored coastline or following seasonal migrations of game inland. (1 have witnessed Aboriginals in Australia's Arnhem Land watching for smoke across flooded swamps to track the movements of family members. as we stared into the flames. to soften thermoplastic tree resins and use them as adhesives. improve its flavour. the earliest sign of human control of fire is a hotly debated topic. and the fire became a focus ter 32 life. our ancestors learned to alter their food.

Reading and Use of English Part 5 Test 2 Exam practice 79 . the one about confidence expands on the idea. identifiably more significant than the others. D it enabled safer travel. 33 Notice the extent of the evidence and proof that D They took advantage of a bushfire. the San Bushmen of the Kalahari use of naturally starting bushfires. also about what impressed S They seemed to be cooking their prey. without making 34 According to the text . him. 35 The expression 'from scratch' in the relevant section D are still searching for remains to support their theories about the control of fire.31 What is the main point the writer is making about the human ability to make tools? A It is only possible because of the way the human hand is structured.e. of text means 'from the very beginning'. confidence was a result of the discovery ot how to start a fire whenever one was needed. e it started a scientific revolution. 36 The sentence that follows S still cook their food on an open fire in their villages. 31 If a question asks about the main point or the main S lt is important but not the unique talent that it ls sometimes considered to be. e have found evidence to show people first too k fire from fires occurring in nature. explaining why increased D use fire to destroy harmful elements in their food. e They were able to start a fire. e live in the same way as many generations of their ancestors. in the paragraph rather than S disagree about exactly when and how people began to master fire. 35 What does the writer say he would like to have experienced? A the very first stories that were told around a fire S the discussions that led to people being able to make fire e the original creation of fire by human hand D the way the discovery of fire transformed life for ancient peoples 36 The writer says that being able to Iight a fire whenever you wished brought confidence because A it stopped people fearing the cold. but one will be D It has allowed human beings to develop the way of life that they have. then the text is Iikely e It is one of the characteristics that sets people apart from most other creatures. 32 What impressed the writer about the hawks he observed in Australia? 32 Think carefully about not only what the writer saw but A They were not afraid of fire. 34 The information in 33 The writer says that archaeologists investigating people's relationship with fire parenthesis about tne Bushmen is reterring back A have proved that humans have sat round fires for at least a million years. A continue to gather around a fire every evening. S it led to the discovery of metal. forward. i. reason. archaeologists have uncovered. to mention several points or reasons.

The relationship between the study of literature and job prospects A Most of the lecturers from university literature departments interviewed in our survey said their aim is to provide an education for its own sake rather than to focus on any skill likely to be required in the workplace. 80 I Test 2 Exam practice Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 6 . but it is misguided. and this makes us much more rounded people. but to reflect on what we have read. e Test 2 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 6 ~_ Task information ~G. they might have found it more straightforward to acquire a position. B Literature students are often concerned about the utilitarian value of what they are doing . But life is about more than simply one's employment prospects. 1 What is the connection between the four texts? 3 Will you find the answer to each question by 2 There are four questions. one e and one 4 Is it better to read the questions or the texts first? D answer? Follow the exam instructions. and surely this is as significant as any of the practical skilis whose importance no one questions. It achieves this by helping us to examine our assumptions and the ways in which we relate to the world.!I!I Action plan Review Answer the questions about Reading and Use of English Part &. curiously. using the advice to help you. Literature teaches us about ourselves and other people and why we behave as we do. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. Yet. none of the lecturers reported actually stressing that point in their classes. This is understandable. seore them out as you elim inate them. Their main argument was that appreciation of writing style makes students more effective employees when they join the workforce. one B. Had they done so. For questions 37-40. The extracts may be chosen possible answers after each question and then to more than once. The lessons of literature have a profound impact on our minds and souls . It is undoubtedly true that few jobs will require an employee to discuss a poem's rhyme scheme or to consider the influence of one 19th-century novelist on another. study of Iiterature and job prospects. Does that mean that looking at just one of the texts? there will always be one A. they also believed that what they were teaching would stand students in good stead in their future employment. It encourages us not just to read. provided that their c1aims were reinforced by a well-writlen app lication . However. Cl iP! Remember to write down the letters for eaeh ofthe choose from the extracts A-D. few students ever considered mentioning this skill when it came to applying for work. You are going to read extracts from articles in which four Cl iP! Remember to look quickly at th e questions befare writers give their opinions on the relationship between the you read t he texts. As a result.

They will be able to manipulate and manage a wide range of information. say. 40 AII the other texts refer to 'ski//' or 'skitis'.as you do those. ~ If you find one question difficult. which will help them deal with people from a wide range of backgrounds. This may be because such students have shown themselves capable of multi -tasking and of coping with an exceptionally heavy workload. history. Such graduates will develop a wider range of skilis. The choice of which subject to combine with English is. They will learn empathy. It is also the case that an unusual proportion of joint honours graduates end up in managerial positions. They will have good critical- thinking skills and be better writers than most of the people competing for those same positions. Itwill make them attractive to employers because they will be adaptable and flexible . but read to tne end of the text to check that this is really the case. but which does so in retetion to the development ot thinking skills? Reading and Use of English Part 6 Test 2 Exam practice 81 . thus. you may notice shares expert 8's opinion on the relationship between clues that help you with studying literature and understanding human psychology? the harder question . shares expert C's view on the way in which literature develops thinking skilis? 38 The first sentence ot A may make you want to jump to the conclusion that this expert does not see the veiue Follow-up of Iiterature studies from an Which of the tips did you follow when you did this task? employer's point of view. how do largue for the value of the study of literature and the humanities more broadly? Well. I do what any judicious participant in the neoliberal university does: I tell them that the study of literature will make them entrepreneurial. a foreign language or psychology may prove more sensible choice than. not unimportant.e When students are worried about the job market. 39 Mark the part of the text in which expert A comments on student awareness and what the general point that he is making is. leave it and do Which expert the other ones . D The pragmatic English Iiterature student will consider doing a combined degree course. such as psychology or Spanish. when they perceive an urgent need for job ski lis and training. which is so crucial in the 21st-century knowledge economy. They will beco me creative problem-solvers. has a different opinion from the other experts on whether a literature degree will help with employment prospects? 37 Underline what expert B shares expert A's view on the need for students to be aware says on this topic and then ofthe skills they are gaining? look for a parallel idea in one of the otner texts. They will become comfortable with ambiguity. of course. will bring enormous benefits in terms of employability. Studying English with another subject. and far more employers will be prepared to consider their applications. One with a more transparently practical element is advisable.

stopping to chat and trade rumors Which paragraph takes that situation a little further? before his first big strike. companies from as far away as China. checking E Read through the text (but not the options) to get which of the remaining options fits each one. The claim-staking boom may had less than $300 and no running water have cooled since the price of gold has 43 Look at the sentence just before and the sentence just or electricity. you have chosen in place . _ any of them. paragraphs that you can immediately place? Tri~ co 2 What goes before and after? we Go through the exam practice text below and on the following page and underline any words or phrases in both th. ~L-. streets . radios and bear-spray sunset. as wind sneaked stabilized. an idea of the structure of the texto inv' e Look at the title to see what the text is going to be F Read through the options. _ that follows this gap suggest It's well worth that investment in technology about what has just preceded the Klondike boomtown that had declined it? to a ghostly remnant of its glory days . Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. disp' Test 2 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 7 his e look hidd ~_ Task information scre ~_ Action plan Yul« owr Review sta~ 1 Put these stages for dealing with Reading and Use ofEnglish Part 7 in order (1-6). One night.what do they through gaps in the walls . _ pastel hues during midsummer's late-night In his small office . and his family were living in the Yukon. Yukon: Canada's Wild West A modern -day minerals rush threatens one oi North America's last great wildernesses 41 What is the situation in the first paragraph of the text? Shawn Ryan recalls the hungry years. ~------------ The minerals rush has reanimated Dawson's bars and hostels. with bearded men bustling screens atop a plywood table.does it all make sense? his in . Cathy minerals and the Yukon's industry-friendly tell you about what might be in Wood. to ( A Look before and after the gaps for c1ues as to what ORead through the whole text with the paragraphs Ryc must fill the gap. using the advice to help you. worried aloud that they and their two regulations continue to attract mining the missing paragraph here? children might even freeze to death. Ryan uses the left-hand screen to 82 I Test 2 Exam practice Reading and Use of English Part 7 . the text and the options (A-G) that seem to refer to somethlng outside that paragraph. The scene could be from more than canisters surround a trio of computer a century ago. The prospector of the latest strikes and price spikes. Ryan's wife. a~ You are going to read an extract from a magazine article. but an ongoing high demand for after this gap . There is one extra paragraph which missing texto you do not need to use. Shawn Ryan's business is as successful as @]L-. Are there any about. Six paragraphs CTiP! Looking immed iately before and after the gap will help you to work A have been removed from the extracto Choose from the paragraphs A-G out what you need to find in the the one which fits each gap (41-46). A self-taught along wooden sidewalks and muddy geologist. thl m ce Follow the exam instructions. B Work through the remaining gaps in turn. whose facades glow in 8DL-. They and people . in 42 What does the sentence a metal shack on the outskirts of Dawson .

A It is even larger than the state of California. zinc. caribou." helicopters thump overhead. it's a wildlife habitat of B At his expanding compound at the edge of town. woolly mammoths. And when the boom is over.000 claims. he and his crews have ~_--------=----. During the treasure has helped reinfect the Yukon with gold fever. such as the barren-ground caribou. Due to c1imate warming and other factors. Ryan's discovery of what would eventually amount to billions of dollars' worth of buried G But in other ways.has brought prosperity to a once forsaken corner now. the Yukon's early inhabitants hunted bison. an immense wilderness which drains an between Alaska and the bulk of Canada. Though she is involved in mapping work that's mining related. some of these animals died off. and flown-in workers. peaks and largest glaciers. thrived in such numbers that native peoples adapted their own movements and lifestyles to the animals' migrations. 44 What daes 'tor example' looking for anomalies that might betray a how does our tiny population afford to c1ean suggest abaut what the writer hidden body of precious ore. D In contrast. mining's heavy lifting is done by a mechanized army of elk. is also rich in wildlife. it drives an immense wedge watershed. Ryan F As the material needs of the world's seven billion is 50 years old. any house on Earth. the topsoil that holds his ever-growing database of soil samples. Nowadays. display the colored maps he generates from hunt. since 1996. destroyed by the businesses eoming up and taking out minerals aren't anxious to exploit its mineral wealth for asking what happens to the animals we their own ends. and geochemical exploration project on the planet right more . an Arctic safari park this clearly is' tell yau abaut what must have been in the ElL. she worries that ~'---------- Ihe Yukon is reaching a tipping point where It is crucial that such a remarkable the environmental and cultural costs of environment. 45 Can yau find anything Yukon. _ whose extreme seasonal shifts beckon vast herds of caribou and other animals into previaus paragraph? Trish Hume. for example. "From wolves and grizzlies and eagles on down. as this c1early is. "The Peel watershed is one coast. showing the claims he currently owns. Reading and Use of Engllsh Part 7 Test 2 Exam practice 83 . But the boom has brought to the fore a upper teeth. prospectors plied nearby and fortune seekers have stormed the Canadian creeks with picks and pans and shovels. fetching GPS-equipped prospectors to and from remote mountain ridges. It 46 What daes the phrase 'as investors fleeing to precious metals. "and maybe in history. its sparse the paragraph preceding gap his gold-related holdings. a blue grid overlays a map of the but the area of the Yukon is enormous. of the few places left where you still have large. the rush to exploit the Yukon's intensity of a much younger mano "This is the biggest exceptionally rich resources-gold. and they competed for resources with carnivores such as wolves and Beringian lions. and a territory in numbers not seen since the 1890s." growing tension between those who would keep one of North America's last great wildernesses unbroken and e Today. Whitehorse. enough Walled off by some of the country's highest papulatian and the enarmaus lo cover a landmass larger than Jamaica. first Klondike stampede." says a representative of forests. intact taking in tremendous expanses of lake-dotted tundra. but with E Such creatures are especially to be found in the Peel only 37. drilling rigs. the Yukon stretches to the south and south-east. but he radiates the eagerness and people continue to grow. predator-prey ecosystems. his grin revealing a couple of missing of the continent.000 inhabitants. and fish. From its north area larger than Scotland. eoncern. the couple could buy-and heat-just about those whose success depends on digging it up. global importance. waterfowl. has just mentianed? sereen. it all together. has expressed motion. which notch up population scattered over a few small 45? in value whenever an economic jolt sends communities and the capital. the Yukon Conservation Society." he says. mountains. bulldozers. the territory is area reterred ro at the end ot Ryan uses the right-side screen to track almost completely unsettled. is not lost mining outweigh the benefits. things are different now. wetlands. bartender could sweep up a small fortune in spilled gold dust at the end of a big night. copper. and river systems. in any ot paragraphs A-G which cannects with the tiny staked more than 55. "The people for ever. the fish we eat. On the center up the toxic mess?" The population is small. But others.

and which later part ot the article refers back to this? 84 I Test 2 Exam practice Reading and Use of Engllsh Part 8 . 3 Read one text and find al! the questions associated 5 Skim the texts first when trying to find an answer. think about other words lnto : 2 Read the texts before you read the questions. how do you fee/? 53 What other words might be used mention receiving some useful pieces of advice? [ill instead of 'useful pieces of advice'? -r 54 Which part of the body is running say why running is good for your physical wellbeing? said to be particularly good for? 55 If something has a negative ~ comment on how an unexpected situation had a negative effect on you. The sections may be know what to look out for as you read the texts . er. how might it make effect on her? you feel? reflect on when she realised her initial attitude to running had changed? r-r 56 What does the writer say about her attitude towards running at the beginning of the text . able In ti Follow the exam instructions. 4 As you read the questions. choose from the sections of the article (A-O).. explain why a friend's idea not to do something alone turned out to be a good one? ED 48 What is often a psychological barrier that prevents people from keeping up a sport? \ fi G comment on how she helped herself to overcome a psychological barrier? 8J 49 What is another way of saying 'immediately prior to'? describe what she did to prepare herself physically immediately prior to an event? -r 50 In which part of the text does the writer retet to her own circumstances. You are going to read an art icle about taking up running . chosen more than once. 47 What was the friend's idea and e1 where do we leam about how it In which section does the writer tumed out in practice? fY. and in which part does she a/so talk about the explain why running is an appropriate activity for her? i-r: benefits of running? 51 What part ot the body are mention how she solved a physical problem? i-r runners particularly Iike/y to have a prob/em with? suggest that something was less daunting than she had anticipated? r-r 52 If you find something 'daunting'. using the advice to help YOU. frien with that text before moving on to the next texto then check you have found the right answer by norr reading the text in more detail. For questions C!¡p! Read the questions first so you 47-56.Test 2 Exam praetlee Reading and Use of English Part 8 C:_ Task information A Last ~ C:CZ!I1!I Action plan wasn' Review heart Which of these pieces of advice are good ones for Reading and Use of English Part 81 I'm s 1 Read the questions before you read the texts. ea Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. that might be used to express the same idea.

with a flapjack two hours beforehand to keep me going. in a good way. I want to become a runner A Last year. as you can do it any time. I hadn't really allowed enough time to train. The end of the course coincided with a change in my working circumstances. began to fit running into my life. so running seemed a good option. A friend suggested I get past this by running with a club. to my alarm. But we took it slowly. so I signed up for a beginners' course with a club near my home. Readlng and Use of English Part 8 Test 2 Exam practlce 85 . In between the weekly classes. I also picked up some useful tips. I know how important aerobic activity is for heart health. I strapped on some old trainers and turned up for my first session feeling apprehensive that I wouldn't be able to keep up. meaning my foot rolls inwards. avoiding anything too heavy and drinking plenty of water. . I'd been doing yoga. and pretty much anywhere. but it wasn't giving me a cardiovascular workout. The group leader stressed the importance of pacing to maintain energy for the end of a run. B I knew I'd begun to overcome my boredom barrier when I spent 20 minutes jogging in the park on a beautiful summer evening without thinking about when I could stop. I had become one of the faster runners in the group. I made sure . so I struggled at around the 4km mark and had to slow down to a walk for a few minutes. It's free and easy to fit into your life.essential. . about 6km. to help me run more efficiently and in a more relaxed way. I tried to do one or two runs on my own. The first part was uphill. which put pressure on me. . as I feel the cold and could easily be deterred by bad weather. which meant I could no longer go to the club. The other must-have for me was a running jacket to keep out the wind and chill . so I went to a specialist running shop and got fitted for shoes to suit my gait . so . jogging or walking until we were able to build up to running for 15 minutes. After the first few weeks. every week. it began to hit me that I needed to start taking my fitness more seriously. D Mysolution to this problem was to set myself a goal. so was worried about getting round the course. On race day. I began to feel nervous as. To my surprise.I over-proriate. not too embarrassing. to train. for example. it turned out to be a proper event. . two other women streaked ahead of me. with lots of people from running clubs coming with the intention of getting good times. I kept going and even enjoyed some of it. running part of the way home from work. Unfortunately. It's more fun and it isn't as easy to give up. but I came in third with a pretty respectable time of 30 minutes 53 seconds. but my next goal is to run 10km in around an hour. and as a sports journalist. The club definitely helped. e The final session of the running course was a 5km. Sadly. . was nurturing an ambition to win. signed up for a 1Okm event and told friends and family about it. finished in one hour and 13 minutes. ate well that day. race. However. 1' m self-employed with unpredictable working hours. But other than that.'ve always found it very dull. and I learnt to focus on pushing out my breath when I felt tired. but found it hard to motivate myself. and suddenly I turned competitive. I tried to continue on my own. noticed my knees were aching a little.

" "Young people need to know about a wide range of possible jobs . 86 I Test 2 Tralnlng Writlng Part1 . 1 What is the aim of the essay? 2 Which two points will you choose to focus on? 3 What examples could you indude for each point? 4 Which of your two chosen points will you say is more effective. computer programming. etc. 3 1 In Part 1. make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion. the text on the question papero 3 You have to write 250 words." Write an essay discussing two of the strategies in your notes. and what reason will you give for this? 1 Your class has Iistened to a panel discussion about how schools can best prepare young people for their future work ing lives. but you should use your own words as far as possible.Test 2 Training Writing (1 hour 30 minutes) Part 1 Usefu 1 Re ~G!mI!I Task information 1 Review 2 Correct these statements about Writing Part 1. you have a choice of task. giving reasons in support of your answer. You have made the notes below: Strategies aimed at preparing young people for their future working lives • teaching practica I skills • providing information about jobs • establish ing Iinks with local community Some opinions expressed in the discussion: "Schools should spend more time teaching practical things like car mechanics." "Kids should have the opportunity to get work experience in local workplaces. cooking. 5 It is important to copy phrases carefully from the text on the question papero Reading the question 2 Read the task below. 4 You can choose which information you use from 2 You usually have to write a letter. then answer these questions about it. You may. if you wish . You should explain which strategy is most Iikely to be effective.

informing pupils about careeropportunities is the more important. Of the two ways outlined above. as otherwise students wou/d be likely. both boys and girls. There are many different ways in which schools can work towards achieving this aim. CTiP! You will not get marks for copying phrases from the 1 15 the answer in the typical essay format? information provided. However. so try to 2 Would the writing be Iikely to have a positive impact on the teacher as reword language from the input target reader? text (what is written on the 3 Does it deal with two of the three bullet points in the task? question paper) as long as it is 4 Does it expand each of these points in a coherent way? possible to do this in a natural 5 Has the writer put any opinions presented in the task into their own way. while it is certainly not impossible to learn practical skills later in life. to restrict theirjob choices to careers already familiar to them. words? 6 Does the writer say which of the two selected points is more important. giving at least one reason to support their opinion? 7 Can you find any examples of language that demonstrate a good range of vocabulary or structures? 8 15 the organisation of the answer c1ear? 9 What mark out of five do you think this answer got? one of tne essential goals of school education is to ensure that pupils are well prepared for their future lives in the workplace. This is arguably as important a task as teaching such academic subjects as history or chemistry. they can make sure pupils learn basic practical skills. as they are skills that are frequently required in the modern workplace. This is beca use. these days other skills such as working with spreadsheets or using computer-aided design software may be of more use to young people. girls used to be taught how to knit and sew while boys learnt meta/work and carpentry. often because offamily members' involvement in those pelds.Useful language: showing a range of vocabulary ~ The Part 1 task is likely to involve 1 Read and answer the questions. Another way in which schoo/s can prepare youngsters for their working lives is by providing thern with information about a wide variety of different careers. Test 2 Tralnlng I 87 . This is essential. selecting which career path you wish to follow is a decision that cannot be delayed but has to be taken as soon as you leave schoo/. It is c1early preferable for young people to be made aware of the enormous range of types of work that is available for them to choose from. In the past.to avoid just 1 Introduction lifting language from the task? 2 Expansion of one bullet point 2 Can you think of at least three other ways of saying 'provide 3 Expansion of a second bullet information about jobs'? point 3 What examples could you give to illustrate what 'get work 4 Explanation of which of these two experience' might mean in practice? points is more important 4 What other words could you use to avoid saying 'young people' all the time? 5 What other words could you use to avoid saying 'work' all the time? 2 Below is a sample answer for the task. four paragraphs: 1 What other examples of practical skills could you use . First/y. Read it and answer the questions.

using the advice to help you." government consider banning? What legislation could encourage healthy habits (a s opposed to just banning Write an essay discussing two of the measures in your notes. then answer these questions. 1 Your class has listened to a radio discussion about how to help people live healthier lives. 88 I Test 2 Exam practlce Wrltlng Part 1 . if you wish . but you should use your own words as far as possible. make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion. Write your answer in 220-260 words in an appropriate style. giving reasons What sorts of facilities could in support of your answer. help people to lead healthier lives? You may. A 1 What is the issue that you have to diseuss? 4 To what extent will you use the opinions 1 2 How eould eaeh of the three points relate to the expressed in the task in your answer? 2 topie? 5 Whieh of the two points you've selected will you 3 3 Which two of the three points are you going to say is more effective? foeus on? 6 What reasons will you give in arguing that this point is more effective than the other one? Follow the exam instructions. You have made the notes below: C!i P! Good cand idates sometimes lose marks Measures to help people to live healthier lives simply because they do not read the question • edueation carefully enough. to educating "There should be laws that totally ban the public through media unhealthy habits like smoking. "The government needs to sponsor facilities apart from smoking.Test 2 Exam practice Writing Part 1 ~G!mID Action plan Review R Look at the exam task below." in schoo/s but etso. for example ." campaigns. Some op in ions expressed in the diseussion: Remember that 'education ' "People need to know about the benefits of can refer not just to education exercise and a healthy diet. You should unhealthy ones)? explain which measure is most Iikely to be effective. What other unhealthy habits. might a to make them affordable for everyone. You must answer this question. Make • legislation sure you do exactly what • facilities you are asked to do.

Then answer these questions. In short. rne dramatic opening sequence of a horseman riding throuqh a dark forest was fol/owed by a rapid sequence of different shots whlch were not obviously conneeted and didn't make sense to me. 3 Tne video for 'Nignt Rider' began effeetively but soon deteriorated. one of my favourite bands of al/ time. a nit they nad last year. . Write us a review briefly describing these two videos . I couldn't understand whet relation the pictures nad to the music. Tnat way I can foeus more on how the music sounds. 1 How many words do you have to write in this part? 2 How many paragraphs are you Iikely to write in an answer of that length? 3 Whieh are the only four types of text you might have to write? Organislng your writing 1 Look at the task below and the sample answer to it. 1 What is the topie of each paragraph in the sample answer? 2 A sentence whieh int rod uces or summarises the theme of the paragraph can be called the topie sentenee. 4 Musie videos are popular witn fans because they nelp them to understand the meaning of the songs they aeeompany. 2 Tne video for 'prearn song' looked as good as the song sounded. Tney also enjoy seeing the stars performing. there are a number of reasons why musie videos appeal. which was one of their first-ever releases. You were shown whut she was dreaming about and it was very beautiful and romantic. Tne videos make the musie an experienee for the eyes as wel/ as the ears. Write your review. Writing Part 2 Task information Review Answer these questions about Writing Part 2. explaining why you think they are particularly good or particularly bad and commenting on how important you think music videos are for fans. I general/y prefer to listen to my music wíthout an aeeompanying video. Sample answer 1 Tne best and worst musicvideos I nave ever seen were euriously by the same bandorney were both forsongs byrne Reds. rne worst was for 'Nignt Rider'. rhe best one was for thelr song 'nream song'. We are looking for reviews of the best and the worst music video you have ever seen. 5 A/tnougn musie videos like 'oream song' can be dramatic and original films. Underline the topie sentence of each paragraph. 3 What do you notiee about where the topie sentence occurs? You see this announcement on a website.'d muen ratner use my own imagination to pícture what the traek relates too Test 2 Training I 89 . It matened the song's Iyrics perfeet/y. It opened wíth a young girl Iying asleep in a nammoek.

2 Now look at these tasks.. Useful language: good beglnnlngs ~ In real life. but do all you can to moment . but only two-thirds of the students in my c1ass actually bother to participate in any kind of sport. You should provide information about the c1ass's interest in sport both as participants and as spectators and should suggest at least one way in which the college could do more to encourage students' involvement in sport. Can you write and tell me about the situation in your country? How do teenagers and adults 1 see each other? What sorts of things do teenagers and adults tend to disagree about? What do you think could be done to improve the relationship between these generations? Write your email. Dr Anna Jones. In c1ass. in the exam.toe been so óusy preparing for my exam tbat ( hooen ( had avoid language errors.or flve-paragraph answer to eaeh one. emails are sometimes ~ Whieh do you think is the better beglnnlng for eaeh of the three written in extremely informal tasks from Exereises 1 and 2? Why is the other beglnnlng not so good? English uslng abbreviations 1a Music videos are sometimes very good and sometimes very bad. ooiaee and appeal. you must take as much care with 2a Thanks for your email. and occasionally including 3 unconventional spelling and 1b fYlusie videos diHer enormoaelq in terme of oríginalify. Fo B An international sporting organisation has asked your college for information about its students' Wr involvement in sport. time for anyfhing elee. has asked ap you to write a report summarising your c1ass's attitude to sport. 90 I Test 2 Training Writlng Part 2 . Write a plan for a tour.it may to your questíons about how teenagers and adults get on in this country. 3b Tb!« reporf ie baeed on a survey adminierered to 3D etadente in tbe Fldvaneed English claee ot Shal<espeare College in I)ueóee. 3a It's hard to belíeve.. As you are c1ass representative. we've been discussing the relationships between teenagers and adults. the College Principal. A This is part of an email you receive from an English-speaking friend: . prodaction punctuation. ( don ( baoe too macb netoe for you ot tbe íanguage. 2 Write your reporto 3 Write a topie sentenee for eaeh paragraph of the two tasks you planned in Exereise 2. be appropriate to use informal 2b íllanlm for your email. However. rve found it very interesting to give some thought writing an email as with writing any other type of text .

You decide to write a proposal to the College 4 A review has to interest Principal recommend ing two publications the college should subscribe too Your readers from the start. to newspapers and magazines. publications is the most useful. Your review should briefly describe the performance and should comment on its strengths and weaknesses. using the advice to help you. way that is as cteer. Write your review. but in a Write your email. Headings may he/p you do this 3 The college where you study has funds available for an online subscription effeetive/y. Write a review of a play or other performance you have recently seen at the theatre. You should also give your opinion on how good a venue the particular theatre where you saw the performance js.. it is important to be persuasive. so it is proposal should describe each publication. Before I come to visit you this summer. perhaps. rationa/ and objeetive as possib/e. saying why a subscription would important to begir: effeetive/y - benefit students at the college. assuming there isn't enough money for both. Your proposal should also explain which of the with a question. Wrlt ing Part 2 Test 2 Exam practlce 91 . need for an email to a friendo What advice could you give me about how best to learn a language? What do What sort of words wou/d be appropriate? Wou/d you use you think 1'11 find most difficult about learning your language? What do you think eontraetions? are the most important things for me to focus on? 3 /n a proposa/.. I'd like to learn some of your language. Test 2 Exam practice Writing Part 2 ~Ci!m!EJ Actien plan Look at each of the tasks below 2-4 and answer the questions. 1 Which task do you think would be the best one for you to choose? 2 What factors do you need to consider when choosing a task? Follow the exam instructions. 4 An international arts magazine has asked readers to send in reviews of live theatre performances they have attended. Write an answer to one of the questions 2-4 in this part oWrite your answer in 220-260 words in an appropriate style. 2 You have received a letter from an English friend : 2 Think about the sty/e you . Write your proposal.

Test 2 Training Listening (approximately 40 minutes) Part 1 ~_ Task information Review Answer these questions about Listening Part 1. who is more likely to be the boss . 1 Whose opinion does the first question focus on? 2 Does the second question focus on fact or opinion? 3 Whose intention does the second question focus on? I Extract Two 1 What are the two speakers discussing? 2 How do the three possible reactions offered in Question 3 differ? 3 15 Question 4 asking about something the man has already done? I Extract Three I 1 From the wording of Question S. before you hear the recording will help you follow what the I Extract One recording is about. Do any of them stand out as belng more or less Iikely than the others? 92 I Test 2 Tralning L1stenlng Part 1 .the man or the woman? 2 Whose feelings must you focus on in answering Question 6? 3 What do the options for Question 6 suggest about what they are discussing? 2 Look at the options suggested for Questions 1 to 6. Answer the following questions about them. 1 You are given time before the recording starts. How can you best use this time? Reading the questions 1 Prepare for the exam practice task on page 93 by reading the questions CTiP! Reading the questions and options. What can you usefully do with this time? Why is it useful? 2 You are given some time between the first and second time you hear the recording.

'frustrated' or A She is disappointed that he did not notice an improvement in their work. She will probably not use the specific woros 3 How does the woman feel about the comments they have received from their tutor? 'disappointed'. the answer might come from a 5 The man would like the woman to number of different ciues A take part in a meeting with him. C!iP! Ofien the questions in Part 1 check You will hear three different extracts. Bread about a related issue e ask someone for advice I Extract Two 3 Focus on the gist of what the You heartwo students talking about a project they are working on. I Extract One lln a question that asks about You heartwo business people discussing a workshop they have just attended. you listen. woman says. rather than waiting to e change another colleague's point of view. tnrougrout the recording. Test 2 Exam practice Listening Part 1 1 13 Follow the exam instructions. using the advice to help you. There rather than of specific details. B She is frustrated that he failed to ofter some guidance at an earlier stage. mention all three of tne actions in the options. hear the answer for 5 and then listening out for 6. 'annoyed'. B or C) which fits best according to what you hear. 4 The dialogue is like/y ro e She is annoyed that he is questioning the accuracy of their work. 2 People often talk about plans 2 What is the woman planning to do next? using 'going to'. Listen B The topic of the workshop was very useful. choose the understanding of chunks of recording answer (A. e check some information [ Extract Three I You hear two colleagues discussing an issue at work. it often happens that tne opinions in tne What do they agree about? distracting options are stated by A The presenter had some original ideas. but perhaps the 4 What does the man promise to do? distracting actions have already A provide some visual material been done or will be done by B carry out a small experiment someone e/se. egreement. it may signal that you are about ro hear the answer. so are two questions for each extracto listen carefully to get a general understanding of what is said. L1stening Part 1 Test 2 Exam practice 93 . 6 What has surprised the woman? 6 Each of these options has two Asome fluctuations in the company's sales e/ements . If you hear this A make a change to her habits form. carefully for the statement that they both egree is true. one of tne speakers only.you must make sure B the interest in the company from other countries you find an answer wtiere both e a decrease in the company's production costs of these e/ements match. For questions 1-6. e The participants made some sensible suggestions. so keep both questions in mind as B redo a recently completed task. 5 With a question Iike 5.

1 When you read the questions before you listen to 3 Will you need to make changes to the words the recording. if the question representative. • Which words do you hear that could fill the gaps in these sentences? • Which is the correct word? • Why is the other word incorrect? George was born in (1) in the 1950s. a logical answer to the question. worrying . 94 I Test 2 Training Listenlng Part 2 . George decided to study (3) at university. avoiding distraction. what should you think about? you hear so they fit the grammar of the gapped You 2 Is it necessary to spell the words correctly? sentence? her 4 How many words will you need to write in each COrT gap? Answering accurately 1 :a:§J Spelling is important in this part of the exam.. Listen and write down the ten phrases you hear. 8 Claire has no feelings of angry towards the people who made her redundant.. 2 On returning to work after suffering from broke a leg. says ' Laura worked as a . They all use words that are frequently misspelt. 3 fli§J Listen to the recording and answer these questions about each item (1-4). C!¡p! You will not be expected to write 2 You must make sure that what you write both fits grammatically and something in a different form from Sa makes sense. C1aire learnt ~ Another aspect of writ ing she had lost her jobo accurately is recognising and 3 Claire almost immediately decided to visit American. With many questions in Listen ing Part 2. recording will mention at least two 7 Claire would advise other people who lose their jobs not to j obs. Iistening carefully will help you to 1 Claire Davis was working as a mechanical engineering before she avoid mista kes of the kind focused Sé lost her jobo on in Exercise 2 . you It 4 Claire deéided to spend time improving her swim when she returned will hear two thlngs that would be from her trip. Replace the words in italics below so that the sentences what you hear on the recording. 5 Claire loved seeing the France when she was working as a holiday For example .Test 2 Training Listening Part 2 ~G!!ID Task information Review Answer these questions about Listening Part 2. George describes his childhood as (2) . so are both grammatically correct and make sense. George's first job was as a (4) in New York . ·• the 6 Clalre now realises that her life in the past was very unsatisfactorily.

For questions 7-14. SALLV BATTING: CVCLlNG IN THE ANTARCTIC Sally's favourite (7) inspired her to go to the Antarctic. A(14) was what Sally missed most on her long cycle trip . 8 What kind of word would you on her first visit to the Antarctic. expect to fill gap 8? 9 What are you going to be listening for here? 1I was the (9) that first struck Sally about the Antarctic. While cycling across the Antarctic. but predicting may help you to catch the correct answer. 10 What kind ot word is going to fit here? 11 'Stage' does not mean part After two years working as a (10) . of a theatre here . 7 How might the recording express 'tevcurite' differently? Sally travelled mainly on (8) . 14 What might you predict as the answer here? Try to think the hardest thing to deal with in the Antarctic. Sally found the (12) . th ink about ou will hear a woman called Sally Batting talking about what words rnight be used to indicate that you are er experiences in the Antarctic.what is it likely to be reterrlng to? Sally decided to return to the Antarctic. Sally kept in touch with her family through a (13) . Remember that the recording omplete the sentences with a word or short phrase. predict the right word.. using the advice to help you.. Listening Part 2 16 Follow the exam instructions. about to hear the answer. will usually use synonyms rat her than the exact words in the questions. ~ As you read the questions before listening. 12 How might the speaker express the idea of 'hardest thing to deal with '? Sally's favourite part of her cycle ride across Antarctica was the 13 What answer would you predict here? You may not (11) stage. of three or four possibilities. Listenlng Part 2 Test 2 Exam practice 95 .

CiZl!BI Task information Review Answer these questions about Listening Part 3. 1 Paul's work experience before he set up his own 5 what Paul finds challenging about his work life business 6 Paul's approach to using a mentor 2 Paul's motivation in setting up his own business 7 Paul's explanation for his own success 3 the different sorts of people Paul has as c1ients 8 how Paul feels he has changed 4 Paul's Iife outside the workplace 9 Paul's plans for the future 96 I Test 2 Trainlng Listenlng Part3 . without reading the options (A-O). In one sentence. start-up externaI in-house entrepreneur erratic recruitment challenging diversify undercharge mentor take on skill 1 employ 2 person who starts their own business 3 sell for too low a price 4 start making new products or offering new services 5 technical ability 6 experienced person who gives advice to new employees 7 not regular 8 from outside an organisation 9 process of finding people to work for a company 10 business in its early stages 11 testing your abilities or determination 12 done within an organisation rather than by people from outside Using the preparation time 1 Look at the exam instructions and questions (15-20) on the next page. What do they tell you about what you are gotng to hear? Tick (. should you saying the points made in the questions and the guess or leave a blank? options? Useful language: topie voeabulary Match the words in the box with their definitions. Use a dictionary to help you.T~st 2 Training Listening Part 3 c. 1 Why is it a good idea to read the questions before 3 Do the questions come in the order that you hear listening to the task? the answers? 2 Why is it useful to think about other ways of 4 If you are not sure of the answer.1) the points that you think you will hear about. what do they tell you about what you are golng to hear? 2 Now look at questions 15 to 20 in more detail.

often used meaning 'start (a D The work became less enjoyable when some colleagues moved away. e move to a more convenient office. choose the answer (A. B He finds his mentor often comes up with fresh ideas for his business. business)'? 17 Paul is likely to mention What does Paul say made him decide to start his own consultancy business? aU these types of clients. B . D learn some add itional skilis. one of these types being his B He read a book which inspired him to take action . using the advice to help you. 15 Can you think of a synonym for 'working life'? B Hisfirst job began to feel rather monotonous as time went by. L1stening Part 3 Test 2 Exam practice 97 . e He gets information about the latest business theories from his mentor. Youwill hear an interview with an IT consultant called Paul about how he started his own business. 20 Paul explains that in the coming year he is going to A employ some new consultants. D He likes to gets his mentor's reactions to plans that he is cons idering. 15 What does Paul say about the first years of his working life? A Hegot a teaching post in the university where he had studied. 16 What phrasal veto is e The kind of tasks he was instructed to do gradually changed . favourite? e Hethought he could take advantage of a growing trend. 18 How might Paul express the idea of something as the 'most D He realised he had the skills to make a success of his own company. B have more variety in his work . How might he convey the idea of A Hewas persuaded to do so by some friends. or D) which fits best according to what you hear. difflcult aspect'? 17 What does Paul suggest is his favourite type of client? 19 How could each of the four options here be expressed A people he knew when he was a student differently? B people recommended by agents 20 What is another way of saying 'in the coming year'? e people he has met at conferences D people he has worked with previously 18 What does Paul find the most difficult aspect of running his business? A gaining a quick understanding of an unfamiliar situation B setting fees that match the effort involved e making a good impression on a new team of people D getting reliable advice from financial experts 19 What does Paul say about the way he uses a business mentor? A He uses his mentor differently from the way others use theirs. Test 2 Exam practice Listening Part 3 17 Follow the exam instructions. For e questions 15-20.

that some of these phrases may also be used 1 How might someone explain that a place can be noisy? to distract you into choosing an 2 What is another way of saying that parking is difficult? incorrect answer.' 4 '1 love waking up to the gentle sound of the water lapping outside the window.' 3 'There's a grocer's underneath. so make sureyou 3 What aresorne synonyms for expensive? list en to the whole of what each 4 How else can you say that you have a long journey to work? speaker says before choosing your 5 How else can you say that a place lacks storage space? answer. what is the answer? Think about th e meaning of the opt ions and how the speakers 1 'It's not very big.' question papero 2 '1 didn't think I'd enjoy be ing so high up. and in spring 1 wake up to the sound of lambs baaing under my window.' 8 '1 love the picturesque thatched roof and the uneven floors. but I love being able to see right over the city. 1 How many speakers do you have to listen to? 6 How many options do you have to choose from? 2 What is the connection between the speakers? 7 How might the speakers distract Iisteners into 3 How many questions do you answer for each choosing the wrong answer? speaker? 8 Is it better to do the first set of questions the first 4 With each speaker.' 6 'My kitchen is what used to be the ticket office and my sitting room was once a waiting room.' 5 'My room looks out over the fields. CTiP! Remembe r. which is really handy when I need to buy bread or milk.it's might give the answers using quick and easy either to get to the centre or to go out into the different words from those on the countryside. 3 Look at TASK TWO. CTiP! Use the preparation time well. Answer these questions about the options.' 2 Note down one or two other phrases that mlght be used to describe each type of accommodation (A-H). do the answers to the questions time you hear the recording and then do the second come in the order they are written on the page? set of questions the second time you hear it? 5 What must you do before you listen to the speakers? Reading the questions 1 Look at TASK ONE on the next page.' 7 '1 often babysit my nephews in exchange for being charged much lower rent than l'd normally have to pay for a bedsit. If the speaker says these thlngs.Test 2 Training Listening Part 4 ~_ Task information Review Answer these questions about Listening Part 4. of course. 6 What words and phrases might be used to talk about the reputation of a neighbourhood? 7 How might the point that a place doesn't have interesting views be expressed? 8 What are some phrases that could be used to suggest that a building is in need of repair? 98 I Test 2 Tralnlng Listenlng Part4 . and everyone says how pretty it is. but 1 like being on the edge of town .

E in a room in a relative's house Speaker 3 c=JEJ F The area has a reputation Speaker 3 LIill for being boring . Listening Part 4 Test 2 Exam practice I 99 . speaker finds difficult about the place where they live. TASKONE TASKTWO For questions 21-25. : . B above a shop in a town Speaker 1 ~ B Parking is difficult. Test 2 Exam practice Listening Part 4 •. F in a house in the suburbs Speaker 4 C@] G lt doesn't have interesting Speaker 4 ~ G on a farm views from the windows. station Speaker 2 []E] D It's a long journey to work. using the advice to help you. choose from the list (A-H) where For questions 26-30. Speaker 2 c=IEJ O in a top-floor city flat E lt lacks storage space. • I Action plan 18 Follow the exam instructions. A in a cottage in a village A It can be noisy. You will hear five short extracts in which people are talking about where they Iive. choose from the list (A-H) what each each speaker currently lives. Speaker 1 LIill e in a converted railway e The rent is expensive. While you listen you must complete both tasks. ~ ~ H in a houseboat Speaker 5 H The building is in poor Speaker 5 repair.

asking and answering each other's questions. 100 I Test 2 Training Speaking Part 1 .. ' work the next year after I will finish my career at the university. 3 Leisure: 6 Learning English: . ' e 'Who knows? It is hard to know what life will bring uso Sometimes happiness. one for each of the topics suggested..Test 2 Training Speaking (15 minutes) Part 1 ~_ Task information Review Which of these are the two main aims of Speaking Part 1? Dot 1 To relax candidates by asking some simple 4 To notice how well candidates interact with each questions other 2 To see how well candidates can answer complex 5 To test candidates' ability to give personal questions information fluently 3 To check the accuracy of candidates' Tt pronunciation fa Useful language: talking about yourself 1 Work with a partner if possible to ask and answer these questions. .. as th is will sound unnatural Interlocutor: What do you see yourself do ing in the future? and inappropriate. If the right party wins the next election. 1 People: 4 Travel: . I hope I am going to get a not sure yet. Then answer these questions: about yourself if you wish . sometimes sadness. 2 Work and study: 5 Where you live : . I am interesting a '1don 't know. practising talking about yourself with a partner will help you speak confidently and f1uently in th is part of the test. Then take turns with a partner. 3 ~ Look at these examples of candidates' responses to the same C!iP! Remember : you can invent information question from the interlocutor. • What is the problem with each response? C!i P! It is not a good idea to prepare • How could the response be improved? answers which you learn and use word- for-word. • What is your first language? if any? • How does that language compare with • What do you enjoy doing in your spare time? English? 2 Write five more questions that mlght be asked in this part of the test. However. • Where do you come f r o m ? · How have you learnt English? • Where exactly do you live? • What have you found the most effective and • What do you think of it as a place to live? enjoyable ways of improving your English? • Who do you live with? • Which English-speaking countries have you visited. b 'lt depends of my exam results. I'm for a lot of things. then the future will be much better for everyone in this country. I am studying the informatics so I think I get easily a good work.

I enjoy writing and l'm really interested in current affairs. My name is and this is my colleague .. following the instructions below. • Where are you from? • How long have you lived here/there? • What do you do? • What do you enjoy most about your job/course? The interlocutor will then ask you sorne questions about one or two other topics. Say instead: Well..yourself a little more time to think by using phrases like: I'm not sure . for example: • What kind of lV programmes do you most enjoy? • Tell me about a special meal that you recently hado • How do you feel about extreme sports? • What would be your ideal job? TiP! Do not gíve very brief answers . . . so it seems Iike the ideal job for me. please? Thank you. Speaklng Part 1 Test 2 Exam practlce 101 . work or studies and familiar topics. For example. your home. And your names are? Can I have your mark sheets. I'm never sure what to say when people ask me that. Part 1 2 minutes (3 minutes for groups of three) Theinterlocutor will ask you sorne questions about yourself. Good morning/afternoon/evening... I'd particularly Iike to be a toreign correspondent .. give "----. we'd like to know something about you. in answer to What would be your idealjob? Do notjust say: Journalism.. First of all. TiP! If you cannot think of an answer immediately. tt's hard to say . what I'd really Iike to do is be a journalist and I'd lave to work on a big national newspaper. Speaking Part 1 Actian plan Do the exam task.

answering both the questions. 1 In Part 2. you a minute to reply. you have to speak for two minutes. The first picture I'd like to discuss (1) two people (2) married. Useful language: a sample response 1 c{f! This is the beglnnlng of what one candidate said about the pictures on page 56. Fill each gap with one appropriate word. involved a lot of preparations (5) the part of the bride and the groom and their families as (6) They'd have had (7) do all sorts of things Iike (8) . You should each talk about one of the other pictures on page 56. It would (4) . decisions about venues . 7 After your partner has spoken for a minute. This is obviously a very important ceremony for (3) of them.Test 2 Training Speaking Part 2 I ~Ci!mID Task information e Review Do Work with a partner if possible and discuss whether these statements about Speaking Part 2 are true or false. 5 Your partner will have to speak for a minute on 2 You have to comment on three pictures. 2 ~ Listen to the recording and check your answers. choosing (9) to wear. the same set of pictures as yours. If the statement is false. 4 What would you say if you were the llstenlng candidate and the interlocutor then asked you: • Which of these ceremonies do you think would be most significant for the people? 5 fl§ Listen to the recordlng of a possible answer by the Iistening candidate. 3 Work with a partner if possible. the 4 You have to describe the pictures in as much detail interlocutor will ask you a question and will give as possible. 3 The interlocutor will ask you a question relating 6 You may help your partner if they are finding it to the pictures and another question will be hard to think of enough to sayo written above the pictures. getting (10) hair done and so (11) They (12) well have had to organise a honeymoon too . correct it. 102 I Test 2 Trainlng Speaking Part 2 .

One of you is the interlocutor and the other two are the candidates. and also to answer a question briefly about your partner's pictures. I'm going to give each of you three pictures. (Candidate B). Refer to the pictures on pages 57 and 58. Test 2 Exam practice Speaking Part 2 _ Action plan Do the exam task. I'd like you to compare two of the pictures and say what kind of music the people are listening to and how the music might affect the way they feel. Now. I'd like you to talk about two of them on your own for about a minute. You will then be asked a question about your partner's pictures which you will need to answer in no more than 30 seconds. following the instructions below. which person do you think needs the most help? (Why?) After approximately 30 seconds Thank you. anxious or impatient. Interlocutor In this part of the test. I'd like you to compare two of the pictures and say what you think has happened in each case and how the people might be feeling. Part 2 4 minutes (6 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. Speaking Part 2 Test 2 Exam practice I 103 . AII right? E) CTiP! Try to use modals to express what you think might or could After 1 minute Thank you. (Candidate B). From the expressions on Iistening to music the most? (Why?) the children's faces. They show people Iistening to music. (Candidate A). it's your turn first. be happening in the pictures. AII right? After 1 minute Thank you. I think they migtv: be feeling excited or The man at the front tooks as After approximately if he could be getting a little bit 30 seconds Thank you. which people do you think are enjoying e. The interlocutor will give you three pictures and ask you to talk about two of them on your own for about a minute. They show people who need so me help. (Candidate A). The interlocutor should lead the task using the script below.g. here are your pictures. Here are your pictures.

Useful language: chooslng the rlght words 1 Look at the exam task below. you will continue your (1) of the (2) that was the focus of Part 3.Test 2 Training Speaking Parts 3 and 4 Pages 65 and 67 Task information Part 3 Review Choose the correct way to complete these statements about Speaking Part 3. develop discussion interlocutor explain opinion topic way In Part 4. You are likely to be asked to give your (5) and to (6) why you think that (7) . / '\ engineering law How do these fields contribute to society? ~. should agree in Part 3. The (3) will ask you some further questions to (4) this theme further. Think about what you would say in answer to the question. 2 Part 3 is / is not more Iike a conversation than 6 It is / is not essential to discuss all the prompts you Part 2. Part4 Review Choose words from the box to complete the paragraph about Speaking Part 4. ~~ the arts sport I medicine 104 I Test 2 Training Speaking Parts 3 and 4 . are given in Part 3. 4 You should / should not invite the interlocutor to give their opinion in Part 3. 1 The prompts in Part 3 are / are not on the same 5 It is / is not important that you and your partner theme as the pictures in Part 2. 3 It is / is not important that you come to a decision in Part 3.

up to a bit / point. because it makes it possible for people to live longer and healthier lives and so contribute more to society. Do you / Are you agree? B: Well. Then listen to the recording and check your answers. Speaking Parts 3 and 4 Test 2 Training I 105 . 2 . medicine is probably the most important. Try to use sorne of the correct expressions frorn the previous exercise. A: 5hall I start? I think they all contribute to society but / and in very different manners / ways. yes. that does / goes without saying. Note down three possible questions. B: OK. (i)2Y Look at how sorne students dealt with the first part of the task. Choose two of the fields in the prornpts and discuss them with your partner. Discuss with your partner what questions the interlocutor mlght ask in Part 4 to extend and develop the topic. 2 3 5 (i)23J Now listen to the recordlng. considering how valuable a contribution each rnakes to society. Choose the correct alternative in italics. 3 . but so / also are other fields like sport. 1 . 3 Work with a partner if possible. Write down the three questions the interlocutor actually asked. 4 Work with a partner if possible. fair / good enough. 1 . for a start / beginning. I agree that medicine is very important. They enrich people's lives enormously. For example. 6 Work with a partner if possible and discuss your questions and those frorn the recording. 50 what do you believe / think about the arts? I can't help wondering / thinking whether they really contribute all that many / much to society.. A: Well. but surely it's the case / matter that you can't fully enjoy sport unless you're in good health. A: But surely / certainly they make a huge contribution.

Now you have about a minute to decide which of these things can aHect life in a rural area the most. . the exam task. |’d Iike you to taik about something together for about two minutes. Here are some things people consider when choosing to Iive in a rural area and a question for you to discuss. talk to each other about how impodant these considerations are when choosing to move to a rural area.( Do Test 2 Exam practlce Acffon pfan . The interlocutor should Iead the task using the script below. The interlocutor will give you a task sheet to discuss together. . (About 15 seconds) Now. followlng . One of you is the interlocutor and the other Mo are the candidates. _ The . the lnstructlons below.nt Pan lnterlo 4 minutes (6 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. to whn in aw mlow. 106 Test 2 Exam practice Speaking Parts 3 and 4 . Aher 2 minutes Thank you. Refer to the task sheet on page S9. First you have some time to iook at the task. Speaking Pans 3 and 4 Q Tip! Remember that thisis not a monO|Ogue_ Make Sure you |iSten to your panner and respond he or she says. Try to think of a way in which each aspect of life is better in a rural community and a way in which each aspect of /ife is not as good there as in a city. Interlocutor Now. Aher l minute Thank yOU.

do that. t've never actually thought about it before. entertainment. That is the end of the test. sporting activities. Speaklng Parts 3 and 4 Test 2 Exam practlce 107 .g. e.. start describing the characteristics of a megacity . etc. One of you is the interlocutor and the other Cl iP! If you are asked to two are the candidates. but I suppose it must mean that there are relatively few people in the village during the day.you could say. for example: That's an interesting question.g. The interlocutor should lead the task using the script discuss a question below. sustaining relationships. o Do not think too long about what might be the most important measure that governments could take . o If you are asked a question that you have never thought about before. together . o Thinking about specific aspects of holidays may help you think of things to say. etc. staying healthy. travel.go for tne first idea that comes to you and develop that.. ' o Again. Part 4 5 minutes (8 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. If the question is The interlocutor will ask sorne general questions which follow on from the topic addressed to one of hat in Part 3. meeting people. choosing living accommodation. I guess that would have a considerable impact on things like the village shop. Interlocutor • How would life in a modern megacity differ from life in an ordinary Cl iP! Always try not j ust to city or large town? (Why?) give your opinion . . answer it alone. do not be afraid to start with what might seem like an obvious answer to the question and see where this leads you . tooa. (Why?) • What impact does people commuting to work from a village to a city have on Iife in the village? (Why?) • What advice would you give to someone from a rural area who was planning to go and live in a megacity? (Why?) • What do you think governments and city councils should do to improve Iife in big cities? (Why?) Thank you. accommodation. but also to give a reason • How different are holidays in the countryside from those in a city? for it or an example. you. enjoying leisure time. e. o If you find it hard to think ot an answer to this immediately.and then move from there towards thinking about how these characteristics affect people's lives. getting to work. thinking about specific aspects of the quality of everyday life may help you to come up with ideas.

Test 3 Reading and Use of English (1 hour 30 minutes) Part 1 For questions 1-8. they are gels (like hair gel) in which gas has yc been (1) for the Iiquid. instead of conventional insulation. in E Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. so even though it is the best insulator we have. 1 A substituted B replaced e changed o relieved 2 A possessions B belongings e contents o properties 3 A total B full e extent o entirety 4 A put in B make up e fill in O build up 5 A unaffected B unconcerned e uninfluenced o unimpressed 6 A possibility B ability e potential o capacity 7 A category B division e sector O region 8 A extreme B intense e excessive o immoderate 108 I Test 3 Reading and Use of Engllsh Part 1 . production costs are very high. its use is currently limited. mostly to drilling operations and other (8) environments. lt' Aerogels can be rigid .making them suitable for windows .air can (4) as much as 99.8% of the material- o' aerogels are remarkably effective as insulators: a flower placed on a piece of aerogel held over the flame of a Bunsen burner will be (5) by the heat. As well as being extremely lightweight . e or D) best fits each gap.or flexible. the latter type could be used for blankets and (1 outdoor clothes. There is For an example at the beginning (O). They have unique (2) that have still to be exploited to the (3) . B. However. This means that aerogels have considerable (6) for use in the building and construction (7) . read the text below and decide which answer (A. Wr Example: Ex O A occurrence B presence e life o existence B = = e - D Ge The lightest materials in the world yo Ce a~ Aerogels are the lightest solid materials in (O) Invented in 1931 .

(13) also one that makes s you look forward to going to work every morning. Use only one word In each gap. There is an example at the beginning (O). It's important to consider the culture of the organisations you 're applying (14) Some companies are (15) obsessed with results and profits that employees are under stress all the time.(12) can be very demoralising to have your application turned down. your job should be not only one you can do well . So before sending in any applications. think hard about (10) would really suit you. Test 3 Reading and Use of English Part 2 is Forquestions 9-16. Concentrate on jobs fer (11) you have an aptitude . Making an effort in the early stages of applying for a job will almost certainly pay off in the long runo Readlng and Use of English Part 2 Test 3 I 109 . work is likely to playa significant role in your life for many years. read the text below and think of the word which best fits each gap. Example: @J Applying for your first job? Getting a job is (O) important to leave to chance. You need to be clear in your own mind (16) or not you could work in an environment like that. Ideally. (9) all. Write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet.

usin ~ inclu Write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet. as a result of (17) by CONQUER Wn the Spanish. but they flourished for KNOW 25 over a millennium. Coe and Rex Koontz . read the text below. The (24) of these are Iikely to transform IMPLY our understanding of the timescale of the region. going back at least to the CIVILlSE Olmecs. a number of (18) existed in different parts of Mexico. who dominated the country from the fourteenth century until they declined in the sixteenth . RISE Of particular interest is the authors ' discussion of recent developments in 2' radiocarbon dating . Mexico is FASCINATE synonymous with the Aztecs . For some people . by Michael D. There is an example at the beginning (O). from around 1500 BC. is an excellent introduction te the period. Test 3 Reading and Use of English Part 3 For questions 17-24. Mexieo from the O/mees te the Aztees . Exal Example: @] Introduction to Mexico's long history Mexico has a long and (O) history. and disease. 110 I Test 3 Reading and Use of English Part 3 . Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to For form a word that fits in the gap in the same line. and a very (20) guide INSTRUCT 26 to these early (21) The authors draw on numerous recent INHABIT (22) . But befere the arrival of Europeans. and discuss topics ranging from the beginnings of agriculture DISCOVER and writing to (23) against the ruling elite. The Olmecs are virtually (19) now.

but she an old friendo 28 It was the most dangerous situation I had ever been in. and that was how it was done. FILL The company struggled by the unexpected resignation of the managing director. 29 When the managing director resigned unexpectedly. ACCORDANCE The millionaire's donation was allocated wishes. because he's never liked her. the company struggled to replace him. You must use between three and six words. THOUGHT The first email in1971. 27 I eventually realised that the woman waving at me was an old friendo TURNED I couldn't at first see who was waving at me. 26 Jenny very rarely follows other people's advice. complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. CAN'T Sen has never Iiked Myra. A Never before dangerous situation. The gap can be filled with the words lis thought to have been sent'. Here is an example (O). Reading and Use of English Part 4 ~or questions 25-30. EVER Jenny other people advise her to do . 25 I'm sure Sen wasn't pleased when Myra arrived . ncluding the word given. so you write: Example: 15 THOUGHTTO HAVE BEEN 5 ENT Writeonly the missing words IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet. sing the word given. Do not change the word given. 30 The millionaire had made it clear how he wished his donation to be allocated. Example: O People think the first email was sent in 1971 . so he see her arrive. Reading and Use of English Part 4 Test 3 I 111 .

and Hurst has. the eagle for power and so on. or D) which you think fits best according to the texto Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. each chapter focused on a different aspect of the metal . This is thought to be the only instance of birds in the wild deliberately communicating with human beings to the advantage of both parties. 3 I enjoyed the chapter on birds working with human beings. There is a great deal of detail and not enough synthesis. While Birdlife has little to say to serious ornithologists. when even that is not enough to feed the world's population .000 kilometres. as food production comes a poor second to protecting an environment in which birds can thrive. for instance. An area that has seen a great deal of research in recent years is bird migrat ion. choose the answer e (A. in both cases to improve agriculture. Reverting to the farming methods of the past is a forlorn hope. Birds have played a role in myths for millennia. Although the Arctic tern holds the record. breeds in the Arctic. from the birds' point of view. was a best-seller.this approach means that a fair amount of potentially tedious repetition is unavoidable. Nevertheless . 32 Birdlife. but the lack of comparison and cross-referencing means that readers are often left to their own devices if they wish to interpret the information or identify similarities between cultures. a welcome miscellany of fact and fiction. reviewed by Carl Truman Birds are present in our lives in so many ways . chosen to repeat a winning formula . Hurst takes the reader on a world tour at breakneck speed. Gold sold in large numbers. it was thought that birds that disappeared for the winter were hiding in mudo We now know a great deal about migration. is being made. even as a source of inspiration- 33 that Glenda Hurst's Birdlife is. arriving back in May or June . from ancient China to Egypt to Central America. And the bird appears to be determined to reach its destination: even if fish are being caught below it. its effect on the bird gives the miners early warning of danger. it might well broaden the horizons of others . For questions 31-36. by Glenda Hurst. and I see no reason why Birdlife should not repeat that success. leaving 3 a little as a reward for the bird . a wild bird which leads people to bee colonies. 31 . and when the honeyguide hears them . leaving the reader wondering what point. 112 I Test 3 Reading and Use of English Part 5 . if any. if picked up in an airport bookshop or given as a present. it replies. Her previous book . professional or amateur. their habitat is damaged or even destroyed. overall the book seemed lightweight. The people smoke out the bees and take the honeycomb.a round trip of over 70. feats on this scale are far from rareo Birdlife ends with a short epilogue in which Hurst lays out her vision of an ideal future : restoring habitats that have been transformed by drainage or by grubbing up hedges. from its financial use to edible gold leaf. in some respects . however: she can hardly expect us to sacrifice the enormous increase in agricultural output that we have achieved. It is here that Hurst reveals her true colours. but the apparently random order of chapters meant Gold lacked continuity: there was no sense of the author presenting a case and leading us through the steps of her argumento While each chapter was interesting enough in itself.as pets . a phenomenon that used to be totally misunderstood: a couple of centuries ago. with a particular call that it restricts to that one situation. a series 01 magazine articles. I suspect I am not alone in being unfamiliar with the East African honeyguide. In that book. Furthermore. fijes south to the Antarctic in August or September. the Arctic tern cannot be deflected from its journey. However. as part of many people 's diet .which in this way avoids having to tackle the bees itself. Test 3 Reading and Use of English Part 5 You are going to read a review of a book about birds. The Arctic tern . In her chapter on mythology. understandably. The men searching for honeycomb make specific noises. and birds are often used as symbols : the dove to represent peace. and birds that are not migrating dive down e 27 to steal some. It gives the familiar example of taking canaries into mines so that if methane or carbon dioxide is present. Gold. B.

B can be trained to assist human beings. 34 The phrase 'feats on this scale' (Iine 27) refers to the ability of some birds to A avoid getting distracted. O are not as useful to human beings as is sometimes claimed. O is unusual in bringing together diverse aspects of the subject. e It is unlikely to have the effect that Hurst would like. Hurst A misses opportunities to draw conclusions from the information she presents. the reviewer gives the impression of thinking that Birdlife A reveals how much more there is to discover about its subject. 35 What does the reviewer say about the epilogue? A It overestimates the damage done to birds by changes in agriculture. e could be exploited by human beings to a greater extent. 33 The reviewer refers to the honeyguide to suggest that birds A and human beings can co-operate to their mutual benefit. e uses repetition rather than discussion to support her interpretations. 32 The reviewer suggests that in the chapter on birds in mythology. B It reveals Hurst's lack of understanding of certain subjects. B explain what he sees as a weakness in Hurst's approach. e live in cold climates . B survive without eating . 36 In the text as a whole. Reading and Use of Engllsh Part 5 Test 3 U 3 . The reviewer mentions Gold in order to A emphasise the wide range of topics that Hurst covers in each book. e support his opinion that Birdlife deserves to be very popular. O fly long distances. e prevides a clear overview of a subject with many facets. B is readable without providing new insights into the subject. O express his disappointment with Birdlife in comparison with Gold. B misunderstands the significance of some of the myths that she mentions. O tries to cover too wide a range of cultures . o It convinced him that Hurst's concern for birds is justified.

regardless of what that is. it has the opportunity to become everything in the eyes 01 anyone who sees it. I know artistic creation is often seen as a struggle with something inside. however unreasonable it seems at the time. And when I finish. Then I work out how to gel from that starting point to the finished painting. but I might reject another one because it just doesn't seem right. At the back of my mind. 114 I Test 3 Reading and Use of English Part 6 Re¡ . Reading and Use of English Part 6 Which Test 3 shares e of their You are going to read extracts from an article in which four artists give their views on the creative process.it's a very spontaneous process. almost its slave.painting is an escape from the demands of everyday life. there's always the nagging thought that really. After making that initial choice. a kind of euphoria at having survived. almost a relaxation . I'm always surprised how tense I feel while I'm painting. sxpress Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. I spend ages trying to make sure that the geometry will work.to make people observe. I'm just not interested in knowing about. People have the habit of reading an image.it could simply be finding somewhere to sketch without being run over (1 usually sketch in the street). I'm under so much self-imposed pressure while I'm working that it's a great relief when a painting is finished.l want people to look at the finished painting and make some sense of it. I let the painting itself take over . When the painting's complete. this or that tree is really just a support for the drawing itself. I suppose that's one of my motives for painting . I really let the painting evolve in its own way. what images tell uso That cat. so when I look at something and consider using it in a painting. e People often describe my paintings as abstracto I don't consider them abstract because I'm working from a somewhat indistinct and hazy place towards a very specific and concrete image. Why I happened to paint this place rather than that has no significance . and I try to define it very c1early. it generally takes me days to recover. well. those stairs. I'm constructing an image from an object or shape that has to mean something to me. having to do whatever it requires. But if in the end people can't see it as I do. I usually feel as though I'm in the hands of the painting. as a means to a drawing's own end. though . so be it. It's what I do with it then that matters. everything is a form of geometry on a flat surface.it's a bit Iike giving birth. but my activity is different from that of a reader. The subject slips away if you try to grab it. for me it's almost the reverse. so it becomes legible. This really works for me when the drawing itself is allowed to appear slowly on behalf ofthe things it depicts. AII in all. B What my drawings depict doesn't concern me as much as drawing them. until I realise that it's complete. because I don't feell exert control over what happens. The artists may be chosen more than once. With one object. it has to function within the painting. And when it comes down to it. I have a strong emotional reaction. choose from the artists A-D. For questions 37-40. say. though it may be nothing to other people. D I'm usually surprised by how my paintings turn out. has a d exprés: conscic The artist at work Four artists give their views on how they crea te their work. I might see pretty quickly how to compose the painting. it's less a celebration of the ordinary than a demonstration 01 the idea that by painting something that is apparently nothing. A When you convert something from the real world into a painting. When I paint a real place. They're all chosen pretty arbitrarily.

I so y. a e s 6 Reading and Use of English Part 6 Test 3 I 115 . en is he w ero at or o 9 e. Which artist shares artist C's opinion on whether other people should share the artist's interpretation 01 their paintings? expresses the same opinion as artist D regarding the choice of subject matter? has a different opinion from artist C on how they experience the act of painting? 1--- expresses a different view from the others on whether the painting process should be consciously planned? es a w et y.

or. breaking down. each other or the firms that employ them? of the company are technology and demographic shifts. ------J ~_--------- There are good reasons why the model has flourished. out to be not so different from today: human nature. technology ~'---------------' has made the move to an economy based on knowledge.but now it's claimed that we are more the advocates of the brave new. Furthermore. remember that work is not the only . Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. on a project-by-project basis? Will workers effectively be their own chief executives. is now a museum. Work is where we bond. Yes. love and hate . skilis to the highest bidder and with little attachment to a Two of the biggest forces changing work and the nature place of work. things are changing.very much a hangover from the Industrial of the old Arkwrightian corporate model may not be Revolution.could keep an groupings of self-employed people.in short. You often hear it said that people used to So the prospects for at least some of the familiar aspects work for money . even the 8D ------J most important . Is work changing? Cromford Mili. In a world of decentralised. Cotton-spinning had been a cottage industry. networked world should interested in having rewarding work. Test 3 Reading and Use of English Part 7 You are going to read an extract from a magazine article. There is one extra paragraph which you do not need to use. It was the world's younger generations) no longer expecting to be chained to first factory. lt's tempting to think so. 8!J'--. with workers (especially to use machines provided by Arkwright. as does highly skilled work . 116 I Test 3 Reading and Use of English Part 7 . and it was soon followed by many more. in the north of England. gossip. a desk from nine to five every day. what we mean by the workplace is but when it was constructed in 1771. we This was where textile entrepreneur Richard Arkwright set can work anywhere . many of the old certainties are fight. The demand that employees work in more flexible at Cromford Mili. it was the site of one changing . spinners from all around came together ways is encouraging this trend.then as now suspicious that exception.in a coffee shop or at the kitchen up shop. usinq technology to sell their ~~_---------. arguably. non-hierarchical organisations. when work was viewed as a straight trade of quite so bleakas painted. but time for money . And bosses .it's no longer always a grand (or otherwise) of the most influential workplace experiments ever seen. but the jobs in the middle have to a large extent been automated or outsourced away. with this picture. In other words. So will the firm of the future be made up of loose workers were not always working hard . ------' social creatures and tend to be at our best in groups rather than operating alone. it's where we live. As a result of such changes. Six paragraphs have been removed from the extracto Choose from the paragraphs A-G the one which fits each gap (41-46). but table. forming and re-forming eye on them. We are 8DL-. There is one particular reason why tomorrow might turn not skilis. possible. Centralising production allowed for dramatically greater permanent full-time employment could become the efficiency. building with the company's name on topo Increasingly. but reality is starting to interfere Unskilled work still exists.thing we do when we are at work.

G This groundbreaking idea has become the norm for e But times are changing. in some countries there are now Or rather. for longer. They Organisational structures need to be based on serving are places where you go in order to work for specific the customer rather than preserving the rank and hours. that unstructured tough to implement. but perhaps more significant is the erosion of the boundary between work and other parts of life . play. we are living in a time of disruption. this format is popular because it works. afier over 200 years.they save F Of course. between me-in- work and me-in-my-own-time. private networks have improved things greatly. o This is true up to a point. A In addition. for a wage. Reading and Use of English Part 7 Test 3 117 . whether we are architects or of the modern world demand more flexibility and economists. offices are based on exactly the same principies. agronomists or oculists. because modern responsiveness than hierarchies like this can provide. Are they right? B For firms. as. though video conferencing and form of work may remain a dream. this can seem a no-brainer . have known it may be near. It can be continuities with the pasto As a result. employer to do a job. using facilities and equipment provided by your status of managers. but the fact is that there are also strong employees a valuable and appreciated perk. it worked. change money on expensive office space while giving their and novelty. and the pace and uncertainty millions of us to this day. In fact. some reckoned to be four or even five distinct generations observers reckon that the end of employment as we making up the workforce. we are all living longer and working E Above all.education. leisure.

The extracts may be chosen more than once. choose from the extracts (A-E) . point ' from Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. is fa n havir. Which careers adviser from affol recommends being prepared for any job applications young people might make? [ill nO\J\ reg l c1aims that the public perception of students applies only to a minority? [ill cm go suggests doing what is necessary for students to feel at ease in their room? [ill Alt k mentions some potential drawbacks of working during term time? i-r tH warns of the danger of borrowing money? [ill recommends formulating a financial plan to cover a period of time? [ill suggests being adventurous with regard to non-academic interests? §] contrasts university studies with studying at school? EIJ recommends caution concerning socialising? [ill points out that students are not the only ones affected by being away from their loved ones? [ill 118 I Test 3 Reading and Use of English Part 8 . For Going questions 47-56. Test 3 Reading and Use of English Part 8 A You are going to read a magazine article in which five careers advisers write about going to university.

big change for your family. most students are level-headed. If you need to earn Unless you have an income of your own. it's no Readlng and Use of English Part 8 Test 3 11 9 . Universities often cater for minority interests . A few people and join university clubs. which is preferable to spending your entire paradoxically. from getting up in the morning to making sure you can affordwhatever textbooks you need. and don't merit good chance to try something new. so you're surrounded by strangers. if you pay in you'lI need to produce it every time you go after a position. At least you'lI meet members of the sharing a flat. for instance providing facilities for sports that are uncommon elsewhere. exciting though it is. because term . but this may not always be advisable. that you forget to keep in remember that initial enthusiasms can soon fade. make new friends course requires far more independent work. Your experience until o now has probably been that homework was pretty much Many universities hold a 'freshers' week' for new students. the only way to survive may be to E find part-time work. never imagined doing before. there's the danger of means you spend very little time there. friendship doesn't endure more than a week or two. lt's useful to in the library or the registrar's department. you'lI start meeting new people. such as serving in a restaurant two or Whether you're living in a university hall of residence or three evenings a week. Going away to a UK university reflection on you. or not having enough time an area for studying: as you probably found when you were lo sleep. you should see this as a knows. or your parents some money. so don't live so much in the Certainly get to know as many people as possible. Although that tends to be the stereotype that everyone singing. and find yourself heavily in debt. you should make your space truly yours. perhaps wonder where your next meal is coming from. for everything income.not forgetting the rent for your room. don't let yourself Going away to university is Iikely to be a major turning get caught up in a group that is more affluent than you point in your life. a degree which is a chance to meet people. general public. with repercussions if you didn't do it. so if a touch with them. if your friends are planning a fun at school. Ideally. instalments .tennis. It be much less challenging if you have a comfortable base.and how much you'lI have available. being a student can make you the university about internal work opportunities. regulated. However. or something you'd Ihe bad reputation that they suffer from as a group. this may also be a good time to find out from provide you with one. living and studying will As soon as you arrive. you might from your home and family. or whatever. Instead. is far less comfortable than you are accustomed to. on with what you did while you were at home . perhaps living in a room that try to keep up with them. too. it and writing. If the figures don't balance. You shouldn't need to spend any money - could be very frustrating! some photos or favourite posters brought from home are enough to make a big difference. a comfortable chair is a good aid to reading evening and you have to go to work instead of joining in. may be that nobody you know from school has gone to Remember. Ensure your CV draw up a budget. that your going to university may be a the same university. this is particularly important if getting a job time with other students. After all. lt's all too easy to just carry 90 to university determined to prioritise their social Iife. and Many students look for part-time jobs to supplement their having to take responsibility for yourself. it's probably your first time away are: unless you can withstand pressure easily. but present. Even if you're only going to be there for a matter of months. On the same subject. it will have falling behind with your studies. And let's face it. listing your likely outgoings during the is up-to-date and accessible on your computer.

" "People become aware that there are other ways of looking at the I world. Write your answer in 220-260 words in an appropriate style on the separate answer sheet. make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion ." "lt teaches people about different traditions in local cultures. if you wish. 1 Your class has listened to a panel discussion about the benefits to a country of people gaining experience of Iife abroad. giving reasons in support of your answer. You have made the notes below: Bene1its to a country 01 people spending time abroad • business • culture Some opinions expressed in the discussion: • understanding "People who've spent time abroad are then well equipped to conduct business with different countries." I Write an essay discussing two of the benefits in your notes. You may. You should explain which benefit you think is most important. but you should use your own words as far as possible. Test 3 Writing (1 hour 30 minutes) Part 1 You must answer this question. 120 I Test 3 Writlng Part1 .

Your email should explain whatyour firm does . Write your proposal. Write your reporto 4 Your local town council would like to improve the appearance of the town by creating more green spaces and by introducing more street art such as sculptures or wall paintings. Write a proposal for the council in which you makespecific suggestions about both green spaces and street artoYour proposal should also explain how you think your suggestions will improve the quality of life in your town. Test 3 Writing Part 2 Write an answer to one of the questions 2-4 in this parto Write your answer in 220-260 words in an appropriate style on the separate answer sheet. Write an email to an IT company that has been recommended to you. what kind of maintenance work you require . 2 The firm that you work for would like to use an external IT company to maintain equipment and train employees. Put the question number in the box at the top of the page. 3 You recently completed a new course at an international college. You should also make recommendations about how the course could be improved. Writlng Part 2 Test 3 121 . and why your training needs are urgent. Write your email. The College Principal has asked you to write a report on the course highlighting its strengths and weaknesses.

3 What did the woman think of the play they saw? A She was disappointed with the production. I Extract Two You hear two friends discussing a play they have both seen. I Extract One You hear two friends discussing the woman's new jobo 1 What is the woman doing during the conversation? A admitting that she has made a mistake B justifying a decision she has made e complaining about too much work 2 With regard to her working hours . B or C) which fits best according to what you hear. e she can sometimes work when nobody else is present. e She had her eyes opened by the production. 4 What do they agree was an eftective aspect of the production? A the lighting B the sound e the scenery 122 I Test 3 L1stening Part 1 . B She found it an entertaining production. choose the answer (A. Test 3 Listening (approximately 40 minutes) Part 1 fl§ You will hear three different extracts. the woman is pleased that A she now starts work later than she used too B she doesn 't need to work on Friday afternoons. There are two questions tor each extract. For questions 1-6.

e He is disappointed that she is unexpectedly prevented from doing it. L1stenlng Part 1 Test 3 123 . Extract Three You hear aman telling a friend about a phone call he has just hado Howdoes the man feel about Isabel not helping him? A He is surprised that she has changed her mind about it. How will the man solve his problem? A He'lI ask somebody else for a lift to the conference. a He'lI cancel his booking for the conference. e He'lI arrive late at the conference. a He is annoyed that she won 't do what she had agreed to do.

One option in Buenos Aires is to go up in a (10) at sunset for an aerial view of the city. Test 3 Listening Part 2 ~ You will hear a woman called Susan Foster talking about holidays organised by the company that 2 she works foro For questions 7-14. One tour includes a three-day visit to see mountains and (12) . din w BENNETT'S HOLlDAYS 15 The company originally organised inclusive one-day trips by (7) . 1 Susan is particularly impressed by the (11) of Montevideo. 1E Susan uses the word (9) ' . 124 I Test 3 Listenlng Part 2 . from Manchester to the English Lake District..' to sum up her opinion of Buenos Aires. A holiday in Argentina can include a one-day round trip by train to a (14) . that can be seen off the Valdes Peninsula at certain times of the year. The company now specialises in holidays in (8) and South America. complete the sentences with a word or short phrase. 1 Susan mentions the penguins and two species of (13) .

15 What was the town council's main reason for holding a festival? A to celebrate an important landmark in the town's history B to encourage different groups of people to mix e to collect money for local charities O to raise the town's profile 16 Angela was appointed as festival director because of her A experience of running festivals . O She would need to have more assistants. 19 Angela and the interviewer agree it is a good idea for the programme A to present the widest possible variety of art forms. B skill at managing large-scale events. B to form connections that make one event lead into the next. Test 3 Listening Part 3 ~ You will hear a conversation on a local radio station between a presenter and Angela Staveley. o familiarity with a wide range of arts. Listening Part 3 Test 3 I 125 . For questions 15-20. B It is making her aware that her reactions are sometimes inappropriate. the director of an arts festival in the town of Marston. e or D) which fits best according to what you hear. e useful contacts with artists and performers. 20 How does Angela feel about organising another festival in the future? A She would want to take part in the early decision making. e It is proving to her than she can cope with stress better than she thought. B. B She would be interested in organising one that is not for the arts . choose the answer (A. e to make links between the events and aspects of the town. O It is making her realise that she should change the way she works. e She would like to have a different role in a festival. 17 What difficulty has Angela had organising the festival? A making sure everything is done in time for the festival B raising enough funding to cover the full cost of the fest ival e making use of all the offers of help she has received O finding people with the areas of expertise she needs 18 How does Angela feel that organising the festival is affecting her? A It is teaching her a great deal about working with people. o to give local clubs and organisations an active role in the festival.

m D to place a special order ~ D confused by the manager's attitude E to get information about some products Speaker 3 Uill Speaker3 ~ E embarrassed at having made a mistake F to complain about poor service G to return an unwanted item Speaker 4 ~ F determined never to go to the store Speaker4 ~ again H to praise a shop assistant Speaker 5 ~ G reluctant to accept the manager's offer . ~ --4 Q) :r . ~ TA5KONE TA5KTWO ~ w For questions 21-25. _.. r- A to exchange a faulty purchase A shocked that the manager didn't believe them n B to cancel a delivery _. choose from the list (A-H) the reason For questions 26-30. choose from the list (A-H) how each each speaker gives for speaking to the store manager. store was undervalued e to get the price of a purchase reduced Speaker 2 C@] e relieved that the manager seemed sympathetic Speaker2 ~ "::a. ":l . CD :s :s B disappointed that their loyalty to the Speaker 1 CTI!J Speaker 1 ~ GQ. Speaker5 ~ H irritated by the manager's behaviour r- i<D ::::1 :r lJQ. ~ fl§ You will hear five short extracts in which people are talking about speaking to the store manager in a shop. While you listen you must complete both tasks.:. speaker felt after speaking to the store manager.

and this is my colleague . oo•• And your names are? Can I have your mark sheets.. My name is . please? Thank you. . First of all.. Good morning/afternoon/evening. we 'd like to know something about YOUo • Where are youfrom? • What do you enjoy about learning English? • What do you do? • How long do you plan to continue doing that? The interlocutor will then ask you sorne questions about one or two other topics. • What kind of music do you enjoy most? • What famous person would you most like to have dinner with? Speaking Part 1 Test 3 I 127 . your home.. for example: • How important do you think it is to get on well with your neighbours? • Tell me about a special journey you have rnade. work or studies and familiar topics. Test 3 Speaking (15 minutes) Part 1 Part 1 2 minutes (3 minutes for groups of three) The interlocutor will ask you sorne questions about yourself..

and why they are laughing. AII right? 8 After 1 minute Thank you. (Candidate A). (Candidate A). Test 3 Speaking Part 2 I Part 2 I 4 minutes (6 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. and how difficult these skills might be to learn. it's your turn first. which people do you think willlaugh tor the longest time? (Why?) 8 After approximately 30 seconds Thank you. Refer to the pictures on pages 510 and 511. and also to answer a question briefly about your partner's pictures. Here are your pictures. 128 I Test 3 Speaking Part 2 . One of you is the interlocutor and the other two are the candidates. The interlocutor should lead the task using the script below. I'd like you to compare two of the pictures and say why people want to learn skills like these. I'm going to give each of you three pictures. You will then be asked a question about your partner's pictures which you will need to answer in no more than 30 seconds. (Candidate B). They show people learning a new skill. l'd like you to talk about two of them on your own for about a minute. Interlocutor In this part of the test. who do you think will have most difficulty learning this new skill? (Why?) 8 After approximately 30 seconds Thank you. AII right? 8 After 1 minute Thank you. I'd like you to compare two of the pictures and say what you think the relationships between the people are. The interlocutor will give you three pictures and ask you to talk about two of them on your own for about a minute. here are your pictures. They show people who are laughing. Now. (Candidate B).

The interlocutor should lead the task using the script below. talk to each other about how these factors might influence a person's job choices. Test 3 Speaking Parts 3 and 4 Part 3 4 minutes (6 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. The interlocutor will give you a task sheet to discuss together. After 2 minutes Thank you. Here are so me factors that might influence people's job choices and a question for you to discuss. One of you is the interlocutor and the other two are the candidates. Refer to the task sheet on page 812. First you have some time to look at the task. Part 4 5 minutes (8 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. Theinterlocutor should lead the task using the script below. (About 15 seconds) Now. Now you have about a minute to decide which of these factors you think is the most important to considero After 1 minute Thank you. The interlocutor will ask sorne general questions which follow on from the topic in Part 3. I'd like you to talk about something together for about two minutes. That is the end of the test. Interlocutor Now .nterlocutor • Do you think it's better to work in one place for life or to change jobs frequently? 0Nhy? / Why not?) • What are the advantages of working for a small company rather than a large one? 0Nhy?) • Do you consider ambition to be a positive or a negative quality? 0Nhy?) • What kinds of jobs deserve the highest salaries? 0Nhy?) • What should employers do to help employees enjoy their work? 0Nhy?) Thank you . Speaking Parts 3 and 4 Test 3 I 129 . ¡. One of you is the interlocutor and the other two are the I candidates.

Example: o A turned B made e allowed D enabled e - B = = D Research into television technology Why do old television programmes look so strange and formal? And how has technology (O) modern shows possible? Researchers w ill (1) these questions in a study into the history of telev ision technology since 1960. will research the technological (5) and developments that have given programmes their unique appearance. Researchers will work with (6) television technicians to discover how the technology available over the years. of Royal Holloway. 1 A search B explore e seek D enquire 2 A brand B class e category D kind 3 A feel B touch e sight D taste 4 A ruled B governed e headed D controlled 5 A Iimitations B bans e handicaps D borders 6 A archaic B bygone e former D outgoing 7 A hurried B drove e exerted D pressed 8 A duplicates B reconstructions e likenesses D replicas 130 I Test 4 Reading and Use of English Part 1 . there has never been a more important time to tell the story of how it was filmed .' Professor Ellis said. University of London. From the over-rehearsed (3) of early black-and-white news interviews to the filming of reality television. (7) changes within the industry. a team (4) by Professor John Ellis. the first of its (2) in the country. e or D) best fits each gap. There is F an example at the beginning (O). Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. Test 4 Reading and Use of English (1 hour 30 minutes) Part 1 For questions 1-8. read the text below and decide which answer (A. 'With a huge amount of archive programming now being shown by satellite and cable channels. B. and what it could and couldn 't do. They will film (8) of old programmes and interview technicians about the difficulties they had adapting to technological changes.

but it was far (11) clear where this group . Horno sapiens. Test 4 Reading and Use of English Part 2 For questions 9-16. (9) . Homo sapiens emerged in Africa . This suggests that they. and possibly also Neanderthals. read the text below and think of the word which best fits each gap. (15) the precise connection may have been. eventually developed (O) both Homo sapiens (the species modern human beings belong to) and Neanderthals. Neanderthals. However. tests on fossils in Spain have uncovered DNA that includes Denisovan material.given the name 'Denisovans' . some remains of what appeared to be a distinct species of early human beings were found in Siberia. Reading and Use of English Part 2 Test 4 I 131 . Example: @] The early human race Scientists traditionally believed that a species which ranged over parts of Africa. or al (13) their DNA. Europe and Asia . the population dynamics are potentially very complex. Write your answers IN CAPITAL LEnERS on the separate answer sheet. They were assumed to have hardly (12) connection with Homo sapiens.fitted into the picture. who evolved in Europe and Asia. There is an example at the beginning (O). Nol (10) ago. We would know nothing about the relationship were (16) not for recent advances in DNA retrieval and sequencing. later spreading into Europe and replacing Neanderthals . interbreeding (14) . Use only one word in each gap. might have spread much further than was previously thought.

. Example: 0 o The ICT4D (Information and Communication Technologies for Development) Collective The ICT40 Collective was initiated in 2004 and is a group of people with a (O) to undertaking the highest poss ible quality of research in the field COMMIT of ICT40. We welcome (23) work with colleagues across the world who share our core COLLABORATE objectives. University of London . and making the results of this available freely to the (17) GLOBE community. - . CONSULT The Collective draws on the (22) of staff. There is an example at the beginning (O). wherever they may be found. . u Write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet. We do this (18) in the interests of poor people and PRIME (19) communities. form a word that fits in the gap in the same line. postgraduates EXPERT and undergraduates in a range of academic departments. Test 4 Reading and Use of English Part 3 For quest ions 17-24. -. Based at Royal Holloway. and wish to establish partnerships with us to deliver practical ICT40 activities that will (24) poor people . read the text below.-. POWER 132 I Test 4 Reading and Use of English Part 3 . . Membership of the MARGIN Collective implies strict (20) with its basic principies of membership COMPLY and partnership. Use the word given in cap itals at the end of some of the lines to F. the Collective carries out research and undertakes teaching at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. The Collective also operates as a (21) . .

27 I have yet to meet anyone as considerate as my cousin . because of the conflicting witness statements. 29 Without Miranda. using the word given. complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Example: o 'Marilyn didn 't crash the car. STILL If it hadn't be looking for a suitable house. I would never have managed to find a house that suited me. Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 4 Test 4 I 1 33 .' Keith said. Test 4 Reading and Use of English Part 4 For questions 25-30. IT According to who crashed the car. RESULTED Thefinance her disagreement with the company's change of policy. Do not change the word given. so she resigned. Thegap can be filled with the words 'Keith it was John '. TERMS It can take time to a major change in your Iife. 26 The finance director disagreed with the company's change of policy. 28 It can take time to get used to a major change in your Iife. EVER My cousin is the rnet. SUCH It was no idea what was happening. 30 It was difficult to work out what had happened. not Marilyn. Here is an example (O). including the word given . so you write: Example: KEITH IT WAS J OHN Write only the missing words IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet. I couldn 't follow what was happening. John did . PIECE The conflicting witness statements what had happened. 25 The film was so confusing. You must use between three and six words.

in the interests of maintaining precise and efficient communication. and those who try to plan a language's future waste their time if they think otherwise . Nor. or 'become too complicated'. the parts 01 language which are changing at any given time are tiny in comparison to the vast. To stop or control the one requires that we stop or control the other .time which would be better spent in devising fresh ways of enabling society to cope with the new linguistic forms that accompany each generation. many of the usage issues recur across generations: several of the English controversies which are the focus of current attention can be found in the books and magazines of the 18th and 19th centuries . This requires . while it ebbs and flows. as is sometimes maintained. But before these policies can be implemented. These days . especially in a multi-ethnic society. as other cultures and languages take over its role: it does not die because it has 'got too old'. but this belief is shared by ever¡ generation. Such policies provide a constructive alternative to the emotional attacks which are so commonly made against the development of new words. It is understandable that many people dislike change. it is because change is so infrequent that it is so distinctive and noticeable. Most are still with us. B. but never progresses. unchanging areas of language. but most of the criticism of linguistic change is misconceived. e or O) which you think fits best according to the text. decay. Indeed. when languages change. there is in fact a growing recognition of the need to develop a greater linguistic awareness and tolerance of change. it is necessar¡ to develop a proper understanding of the inevitability and consequences of Iinguistic change. meanings. like 's' to ind icate plurality). or act according to any of the metaphors which imply a specific endpoint and level of excellence. Language change The phenomenon of language change probably attracts more public notice and criticism than any other linguistic issue. others to an order where the object precedes the verbo Some languages are losing vowels and gaining consonants. that schools have the knowledge and resources to teach a common standard. while recognizing the existence and value of Iinguistic diversity. language changes because society changes. and see change in language as a progression from a simple to a complex state . In 1863. and grammatical constructions. Henry Alford listed a large number of usage issues which worried his contemporaries and gave them cause to think that the language was rapidly decaying. and conclude that standards have fallen markedly. do they move in a predetermined direction. 134 I Test 4 Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 5 . So me are moving to an order where the verb precedes the object. Older people observe the casual speech of the young . progress. But there is no evidence for this view. there can be major communication problems. choose the answer (A. but there are no grounds for the extreme pessimism and conservatism which is so often encountered . Some are losing inflections (endings. pronunciations. Some people go a stage further.000 people. for example. If change is too rapid. They place the blame in various quarters . among other things. But as a rule.most often in the schools. For questions 31-36. It is widely felt that the contemporary language illustrates the problem at its worst. which always and inevitably changes . where any deviations from traditional norms provide an immediate focus of attack by conservative. They simply change.a task which can succeed to only a very limited extent. If a language dies out. where patterns of language education have changed a great deal in recent decades. so me are gaining them. but also in state public broadcasting institutions. If metaphors must be used to talk about language change.a view which was common as a consequence of 19th-century evolutionary thinking. most spoken by fewer than 3. one of the best is that of the tide. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. and social division. ambiguity. 3' Test 4 Reading and Use of English Part 5 You are going to read part of a book about the study of languages. as society changes. evolve. There is a widely held belief that change must mean deterioration and decay. as in contemporary Papua New Guinea. with the language not obviously affected. where by some counts over 800 languages have evolved . others are doing the opposite. So me degree of caution and concern is therefore always desirable. it does so because its status alters in society. Moreover.the debate over lt's me and very unique . linguistically sensitive listeners. There are indeed cases where linguistic change can lead to problems of unintelligibility. For the most part. Languages do not develop. Language change is inevitable and rarely predictable.

D The emergence of new linguistic forms often leads to communication difficulties. D Public understanding of how languages develop is increasing. 36 In the fifth paragraph. B changes that take place in a language can be difficult to reverse. D can be categorised according to stages in their evolution. e Language change tends to be tolerated in multi-ethnic societies. e Many people believe that any change in a language is undesirable. D public attention to Iinguistic change reflects the essential stability of languages. B improve by becoming increasingly complex. B The way that schools teach language is raising awareness of language change. Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 5 Test 4 135 . 32 The writer mentions it's me and very unique in the second paragraph to show that A recent controversies may be nothing new. B Multi-ethnic societies need a shared language to make communication possible. the writer argues against the notion that languages A change in apparently random ways.31 In the first paragraph . 35 What point does the writer make in the fourth paragraph? A Trying to prevent change should have a lower priority than dealing with its effects. e every generation has its own list of unacceptable changes. B the speed of linguistic change is greater than in the past. D a linguistic change may take place over a long periodo 33 What is the writer's intention in re1erring to Papua New Guinea? A to challenge a prevailing view concerning Iinguistic change B to give an example of linguistic change that is unusual e to show the danger of making generalisations about Iinguistic change D to illustrate conflicting views about the potential effects of Iinguistic change 34 In the third paragraph. e caution is necessary when attempting to measure language change. what point does the writer make about languages? A Young people tend to be unaware of the differences between their language and that of older people. the writer claims that A the public are inconsistent in the value they place on accurate communication. e should in some circumstances be allowed to die out.

the book is no more than a just-about-adequate summary of earlier studies. The reviews may be chosen more than once. Her reading on the subject is extensive. and forms a firm foundation for her argument. I can back up 8haron Miller's opinion of the TV companies' attitude towards documentaries. However. and Miller is clearly unaware of many aspects of the world in which documentary makers operate. Although many of the television companies are certainly as guilty of ignoring the documentary as she claims. that is one of few assertions that I can concur with. With a few minor reservations. choose from shares an 01 the reviews A-D. she criticises the TV companies for not satisfying the public's appetite for quality documentaries. o As a former television programme controller myself. It is only when Miller turns her attention to documentaries on television that I feel the need to take issue with her. in my view. takes a ditf holds the i Documentaries . even if I would reach the same destination by a different route. her credentials might be regarded as somewhat suspect. and can put together a plausible article whenever one is required. Documentaries. that the documentary film is far from being the endangered species it seemed not long ago. 8he may prove wrong on detail. It is thorough.the documentary . but her conclusions are convincing. For example. I was also taken by her overview of earlier studies of the documentary. B It is a relief to read that Miller believes the documentary has a glorious future. Miller rarely makes claims she cannot substantiate. is further evidence that she is a writer to be reckoned with. no doubt. and does a fair amount of research lnto it. the latest entrant to which being 8haron Miller's new book. e 8haron Miller. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. but to be brutally frank. I was carried along by her optimism about its future. for instance. a book stakes a claim to be long-Iasting. admittedly smaller. The only time she comes to grief. she blames television companies for their caution with regard to documentaries. As a journalist. there are also many. Miller is. in which she explains why documentaries shown on the big screen will eventually evolve into full-Iength films commanding as much attention as the standard cinema material. but in fact not being a filmmaker herself enables her to take a more objective approach than is often the case. but without the anger that a documentary maker might feel.apparently at random. What it comes down to is that Miller's work is rather too hit-and-miss: she picks a topic . she has included an extensive bibliography. has also written an excellent introduction to the sociology of social media. The same applies to Miller's final chapter. For questions 37-40. and she is careful to ensure that both her facts and her opinions are consistent with what her predecessors have established. but it takes the inside knowledge she lacks to turn that into the definitive account she was aiming to write. 136 I Test 4 Reading and Use of English Part 6 . though. companies that have done sterling service in stretching the boundaries of the genre. is in the rosy future she promises for the documentary: the evidence underpinning her assertion simply doesn't stand up to close scrutiny. The little that some companies have done to advance the genre is easily outweighed by the harm done by the majority.do they have a future? Four reviewers comment on journalist Sharon Miller's book A The documentary has recently become a field of serious study. a skilled journalist. But while that may suit a newspaper which is read and then forgotten . and her thorough reading of much of the existing literature clearly informs her argument. To her credit. while primarily a journalist. and her new book. Which revie Test 4 Reading and Use of English Part 6 has a ditferet You are going to read four revieWs of a book about documentary films. It is hard to fault her analysis of this situation. without taking into account the numerous constraints that they suffer.

Which reviewer

has a different opinion from reviewer B regarding Miller's view of the future of documentaries?

shares an opinion with reviewer e on the subject of Miller's qualifications for writing the book?
takes a different view from the others on Miller's use of earlier studies?

holds the same opinion as reviewer A concerning Miller's position on television documentaries?

Readlng and Use of Engl/sh Part 6 Test 4 137

Test 4 Reading and Use of English Part 7

You are going to read an article about exploration of a glacier in the Alps. Six paragraphs have been
removed from the extracto Choose from the paragraphs A-G the one which fits each gap (41-46). There is
one extra paragraph which you do not need to use.

Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Exploring the Gorner Glacier

Towering above the Alpine villages of Switzerland , Italy camp for a meal and a good night's sleep before we started
and France, the imposing peaks of the Matterhorn and the work we had come to do.
its neighbours have long been a desirable destination for ~
mountaineers and explorers alike. Today, while cable cars L- _

and a mountain railway transport hordes of tourists to the I flitted between both parties , desperately trying to capture
more accessible areas, pioneering exploration continues, as many images of this wonderful environment as possible.
not on the surface, but far out of sight in the icy depths The dramatically sculpted ice walls reminded me of shapes
of the second-Iargest glacier system in the Alps, on the I'd seen before in cylindrical caves formed in limestone.
eastern side of the tourist town of Zermatt. Looking up, I noticed rocks and pebbles of varying sizes
E l I emerging from the roof of the ice caves.
At the end of October last year, I [oineda seven-person ~L- _

British team that was returning to the Gorner Glacier for its Typically moving at about 15 metres ayear, the Gomer
second expedition exploring, mapping and photographing Glacier picks up speed due to meltwater falling through
the sub-glacial world of moulins - well-like shafts through these moulins and acting as a lubricant along its base.
which meltwater drains from the surface of the glacier - Although the glacier has a total area of more than SO
and the ice caves that they help to create. square kilometres, making it the second largest glacial
system in the Alps, it has receded every year since 1892-
~---------- since then it has shrunk by almost 2.5 kilometres, including
The weather seemed calm and benign, but overnight, a staggering 290 metres over the summer of 2007.
considerably more snow fell than had been forecast and
the next day, the Gornergrat mountain railway - the first ~'---------------'
stage in our journey up to the glacier - was closed. The Seeing how vast and extensive the glacier's moulins and
advance party, they later told us, was completely snowed ice-cave systems can be gives an indication of just how
in. much water flows through them during the summer. Sadly,

GDL.-.-- _ this is also an indicator of the rate at which the Alps' majestic
rivers of ice are shrinking. One member of the team, Sam
Thankfully, the weather eventually cleared, and the Doyle, a glaciologist from the University of Aberystwyth,
following day we began digging out a path from our camp spends most of his time in Greenland, studying the rate
towards the glacier. Meanwhile, the advance team was at which the ice sheet is moving . He was concerned lo
heading back towards uso Eventually both teams met up, see many similarities between the moulins on the Gomer
shared a few jokes and plodded back up to our temporary Glacier and the movement of the ice sheet.

138 I Test 4 Readlng and Use of English Part 7

A So, a day later than planned, we travelled up the E We set off to follow the advance party as best we
mountain to the station, the starting point for our could, given the difficult weather conditions, while
hike to the glacier. When we alighted, however, we they waited in the shelter of their tents. There was
discovered an expanse of knee-deep snow. lt was too great relief all round when we finally reached them.
late to cover the three kilometres we still needed to
travel, so we set up camp close to the station. F We had two great days exploring the spectacular
world beneath the glacier's surface. More moulins had
B We arrived in Zermatt late in the evening, heavily laden opened up since last year's expedition, and the team
with equipment and enough food for a week. By now, split into two and began abseiling down into those
the threemembers of the group who had already left to that looked the most encouraging.
set up camp on the edge of the glacier were probably
tucked up in their sleeping bags, awaiting our arrival G This was one reason why it was so important to
the next morning. identity what exactly was happening. We discovered,
surveyed and photographed three enormous ice
e AII these fascinating sights kept me engrossed in my caves. Descending through one moulin, we followed
photography. Meanwhile, members of the two teams an eight-metre-deep trench where the water had
set about surveying the caves, while others rigged carved its way through the ice.
rapes around large areas of meltwater and moulins
lhat led to other levels of the system.

o Here, two big glaciers fall into the deep on either side
of Monte Rosa, the highest mountain in Switzerland.
To the left is the Findelen Glacier and to the right is the
14-kilometre-long Gorner Glacier.

Reading and Use of English Part 7 Test 4 139

Test 4 Reading and Use of English Part 8

You are going to read a magazine article in which four fashion designers write about their careers. For
questions 47-56, choose from the extracts (A-O). The extracts may be chosen more than once.

Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Which designer

set up a business despite feeling unqualified?
BJ
found a job through a personal contact?

has broadened the range of products they manufacture?
-.
[ill
found that their early success did not continue?
[ill
regrets accepting a job they were offered?
ED
mentions impressing other people with their enthusiasm?
[ill
was surprised by the help they received from more experienced designers?
[ill
has found that working in fashion is different from what they expected?
i-r
realised the need to develop skills that were in demand?
[ill
learnt how to run a company before starting their own?
L

140 I Test 4 Reading and Use of English Part 8

A career in fashion
Four fashion designers write about their careers.

Fashion designer A Fashion designer e
Fashion wasn't my first choice of career: I only thought In my first job interview after leaving college, they
of it when I threw in a disastrous job in advertising, wanted someone with strong skilis in computer-aided
and sat wondering what to do next. A friend pointed design - CAD - and my college hadn't offered that
out that I'd always been keen on fashion , and that as an option, so I didn't have a chanceo That made
made me realise that was what I wanted to do. I me realise I needed to learn CAD, and I enrolled on
managed to get a place on a fashion course, and the a course, and got a job in a supermarket to finance
tutors were very positive about my designs. leven it. When I finished, a tutor on the course put me
won a couple of awards. Of course that made me in touch with a fashion business she knew, even
think that when I left college I'd just walk into a job, though they weren't advertising for designers. Her
but I soon found out my mistake! Eventually, though, recommendation must have swung them in my favour,
I managed to talk my way ínto an interview with a because they took me on. It wasn't ideal, though, as
fashion business, and they took me on - they told it was a very inward-Iooking firm , and I didn't get the
me afterwards that I seemed over-confident, but my chance to go to fashion shows or network with other
saving grace was that I was so eager to learn more designers, which you need to do if you want to start
about clothes designo It wasn 't a very good job, really, your own business. In retrospect, I think I'd have
but at least it gave me good experience for the next been better off setting up on my own as soon as I
one I got. got the CAD qualification, even though it would have
been very hard work.
Fashion designer B
As a child, lloved the glamour of the world of Fashion designer O
fashion and daydreamed about being the person There are lots of people chasing very few jobs in
whose designs the models were wearing. I took a fashion , so it's hard even to get as far as an interview
fashion course , then begged for a job with a small - and a lot of firms don't even advertise: they can find
fashion business. I think they took me on as a favour, staff more cheaply through contacts or unsolicited
really, because to be honest I had very Iittle to offer applications that people have sent in. After college,
them. Still, it was invaluable for me. It was a great I applied to dozens of firms, but got nowhere. lt was
introduction to the manufacturing process, and very demoralising. So I took a chance and started a
the boss seemed happy to teach me all about the firm with a couple of friends who were in the same
business side of things. That really stood me in good boato What we knew about running a company you
stead when I eventually left to start my own fashion could write on the back of an envelope - we all saw
design business. Since then , we've branched out into ourselves as designers, not business peop le - but
household goods Iike tablecloths and bedd ing. It's somehow we muddled through. To a great extent , that
still early days, so we 'lI wait and see how that goes. was down to contacts we met at networking events:
But don't let anyone tell you it's an easy life. There a couple of established designers gave us some
may be a touch of glamour occasionally, but nine- invaluable advice on how to market our designs.
tenths of the time it's sheer hard work, long hours and Without that , we'd probably have gone under in the
alotof stress. first six months. And given that we were try ing to
compete with them, it was remarkably generous of
them .

Reading and Use of Engllsh Part 8 Test 4 I 141

142 I Test 4 Writing Part 1 . Write your answer in 220-260 words in an appropriate style on the separate answer sheet. if you wish ." Write an essay discussing two of the aspects in your notes." "Fashionable clothes make people look more interesting . 1 Your c1ass has listened to a radio discussion about how important it is to keep up-to-date with aspects of culture and current affairs. You may. but you should use your own words as far as possible. You have made the notes below: Aspects 01 culture and current affairs where people Iike to keep up-to-date • news • fashion Some opinions expressed in the discussion: • the arts "Being well-informed about what's going on in the world may help us to avoid problems in future.and they don't need to be expensive. You should explain which aspect is most important to keep up-to-date with." "Knowing about the latest books and films gives you lots of interesting things to talk about. Test 4 Writing (1 hour 30 minutes) Part 1 You must answer this question. giving reasons in support of your answer. make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion .

Put the question number in the box at the top of the page. 2 Awebsite has asked readers to write reviews of videos that ordinary people have posted online. You decide to write a review comparing two videos. Write your reporto Writlng Part 2 Test 4 143 . discussing whether it meets the needs of the local population. Your review should briefly describe each of the videos and should explain why one was good and the other was noto Write your review. Write your letter. You have been asked to write a report in which you give information about the traffic situation in your town. one that you enjoyed and one that you didn 't. Someone from the Australian branch of your company is coming to work inyour branch for three months. l I I 3 You work for an international company. 4 An international organisation is investigating transport issues in difterent towns. You should also give some advice about how the visitor can make the most of their free time while they are in your country. Test 4 Writing Part 2 e Write an answer to one of the questions 2-4 in this parto Write your answer in 220-260 words in an appropriate style on the separate answer sheet. Your report should briefly describe the public transport system . explaining what you think is distinctive about your branch and the people who work there. It should also explain what the most serious traffic problem in the town currently is. Write a letter to your Australian colleague.

4 What do they agree that Tony should do? A look for a new job e ask his line manager for help e talk to the person who is treating him badly 144 I Test 4 Listening Part 1 . a colleague is treating him badly because A he has a different standard of living from her. B or C) which fits best according to what you hear. 1 The woman was disappointed that A the exhibition did not match its advance publicity. e the paintings were poorly displayed. discussing a problern at Tony's workplace. For questions 1-6. e he is much younger than she is. 2 What is the man's attitude towards art exhibitions? A They make him feel that he doesn't know enough about arto e He assumes he won't like the people who regularly attend. Test 4 Listening (approximately 40 minutes) Part 1 fiO§J You will hear three different extracts. There are two questions tor each extract. I Extract Two You hear two friends. e her favourite artist was not represented. 3 In Tony's opinion. e It annoys him that paintings aren't discussed in enough depth. choose the answer (A. e he is the newest member of the department. I Extract One You hear two friends discussing an art exhibition. Tony and Marion.

e He won't be paid for the extra work. 6 Why does Erica talk about her cousin? A to suggest to Ross that he should not overreact B to remind Ross of his motives tor writing the book e to encourage Ross to negotiate with his publisher Ustening Part 1 Test 4 I 145 . 5 Why is Ross annoyed about what his publisher wants him to do? A He hasn't been consulted about the changes. B He will have to cancel his holiday. Extraet Three You hear a writer called Ross telling a triend called Erica about a problem he has with his publisher.

When placing orders . on arrival..' . including the (14) on sales. For questions 7-14. 1 The store sometimes organises what Jack calls a (11) ' . Test 4 Listening Part 2 ~ You will hear Jack Charlesworth. 146 I Test 4 L1stening Part2 . that has been delivered to the store. The store uses a (13) system to order goods from the distribution centre. talking to a group of business students about his work. Jack believes it is important to treat customers in a friendly way. Some of the supermarket staff start work at 6 am to deal with all the (12) . complete the sentences with a word or short phrase. the manager of a UK supermarket. particularly if they feel (8) . AII staff are encouraged to contribute to a (10) . WORKING IN A SUPERMARKET Jack's main concern is what he calls the customers' (7) . managers always evaluate the impact of various things. 1 Managers and other staff working as (9) look for customers who need help. for employees to consult him about promotien.

e to trust his own judgment. For questions 15-20. 17 How does Cathy feel about her project? A She is not certain that she chose the topic wisely. B It has reinforced his reservations about geology as a career. 20 What type of work does Cathy expect to do when she graduates? A developing alternative sources of energy B minimising the environmental impact of fossil-fuel extraction e encouraging a reduction in energy consumption D increasing the efficiency of fossil-fuel extraction L1stening Part 3 Test 4 I 147 . 15 What do Cathy and Jason agree was disappointing? A the length of the field trip B the number of people participating e the type of accommodation they had D the level of support from the tutors 16 They both think they benefited from the field trip by learning A not to get distracted. 19 What does Jason suggest about the impact of the field trip on his feelings about geology? A lt has revived his initial enthusiasm for the subject. D not always to follow his first idea. D Its timing has negatively affected other aspects of their studies. e or O) which fits best according to what you hear. D She hopes she has done some original work. B She thinks she has done as well as she can. about a field trip they have just returned from. B to consider other people's opinions. B. e It has demonstrated to him that he lacks some skills that geology requires. Cathy and Jason. Test 4 Listening Part 3 ~ You will hear a geology professor asking two students. e She wonders if her approach to the topic is mistaken. e It was useful but should have been shorter. B It was enjoyable without contributing significantly to their understanding. choose the answer (A. 18 What do they agree about the field trip in relation to the rest of their course? A It brought the subject to life. D It has raised fresh doubts about his enjoyment of the subject.

. G pleased they have become well known Speaker 5 ~ H puzzled by its lack of popularity Speaker 5 ~ H One of their parents introduced them toit. Speaker 3 Speaker 3 c=@J E concerned they made a poor choice F It was popular with other students. Speaker 4 ~ F disappointed that they cannot carry on Speaker 4 ~ G They wanted a career doing that activity. r- A They wanted to get fit.. reached e They wanted mental stimulation.. _.~ ~ You will hear five short extracts in which people are talking about their leisure activities. 'll .. Speaker 2 ~ e unsure whether or not to continue Speaker 2 []E] "m ~ ~ D delighted they have achieved a target ~ They were told they weren't suited to E doing it. iID = S" lrO. ~ TASKONE TASKTWO ~ ~ For questions 21-25. choose from the list (A-H) how each each speaker gives for choosing their leisure activity.1 . D A friend recommended it. While you listen you must complete both tasks.. speaker feels about their leisure activity now...:. Speaker 1 ~ Speaker 1 ~ _. A aware they are less skilled than they thought !lo B They wanted to make new friends.. . :!'_-=' . CD ::s ::s B surprised at the standard they have (JO. choose from the list (A-H) the original reason For questions 26-30.

please? Thank you. And your names are? Can I have your mark sheets. Test 4 Speaking (15 minutes) Part 1 Part 1 2 minutes (3 minutes for groups of three) The interlocutor will ask you sorne questions about yourself. • Where are you from? • Where do you work/study? • What do you enjoy most about your work/study? • When did you start learning English? The interlocutor will then ask you sorne questions about one or two other topics. My name is and this is my colleague . Good morning/afternoon/evening. for example: • How important is sport in your life? • Tell us about a story that is currently in the news. your home. First of all. • What was your journey here like today? • Which time of year do you enjoy most? Speaking Part 1 Test 4 I 149 . work or studies and familiar topics. we'd like to know something about you.

I'd like you to talk about two of them on your own for about a minute. You will then be asked a question about your partner's pictures which you will need to answer in no more than 30 seconds. Interlocutor In this part of the test. Now. I'd like you to compare two of the pictures and say what you think the performance is about. (Candidate B). (Candidate B). Test 4 Speaking Part 2 Part 2 4 minutes (6 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. I'd like you to compare two of the pictures and say why the people are dancing in these situations and what they might be teeling. and how memorable the performances might be tor the audience. here are your pictures. (Candidate A). (Candidate A). One of you is the interlocutor and the other two are the candidates. AII right? 8 After 1 minute Thank you. They show people dancing in different situations. it's your turn first. I'm going to give each of you three pictures. which performance do you think requires the most talent? Why? 8 After approximately 30 seconds Thank you. The interlocutor will give you three pictures and ask you to talk about two of them on your own for about a minute. The interlocutor should lead the task using the script below. and also to answer a question briefly about your partner's pictures. which people do you think are enjoying dancing the most? (Why?) After approximately 30 seconds Thank you. 150 Test 4 Speaklng Part 2 . AII right? 8 After 1 minute Thank you. Refer to the pictures on e pages 813 and 814. They show people putting on a performance tor an audience. Here are your pictures.

Interlocutor Now. The interlocutor will give you a task sheet to discuss together. Now you have a minute to decide which of these subjects requires the most study time at school. Speaklng Parts 3 and 4 Test 4 I 151 . After 1 minute Thank you. I'd like you to talk about something together for about two minutes. Interlocutor • To what extent should students be able to choose what they study at school? (Why?) • Should it be the responsibility of schools to teach moral values to young people? (Why? / Why not?) • What . First you have some time to look at the task. talk to each other about how important studying these subjects is for a person's future Iife. One of you is the interlocutor and the other two are the candidates. Test 4 Speaking Parts 3 and 4 Part 3 4 minutes (6 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. The interlocutor will ask sorne general questions which follow on from the topic in Part 3. The interlocutor should lead the task using the script below. Here are sorne subjects that children usually do at school and a question for you to discuss. That is the end of the test. Refer to the task sheet on page 515. The interlocutor should lead the task using the script below.are the advantages of single-sex education? (Why?) • How can young people benefit from school trips and other school activities outside the classroom? (Why?) • What would you say are the qualities of a good teacher? (Why?) Thank you. Part 4 5 minutes (8 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. One of you is the interlocutor and the other two are the candidates. After 2 minutes Thank you.if any . (About 15 seconds) Now.

read the text below and decide which answer (A. it's good for our nervous system . we'lI be unharmed. to be (2) . But according to psychologists. Example: o A thoughts B ideas e wits D emotions e S = . You can keep your horror. the more likely they are to be fans of horror films. I would rather have surgery without anaesthetic. There is an example at the beginning (O). Horror films make our hearts (4) .in fact . People in their teens and twenties tend to seek out (7) . e or O) best fits each gap. this never ceases to (1) me. S. That usually (8) with age: maybe we start to realise that real life is scary enough. the fear we (3) is safe: we know that when the film ends. O = Why do we lave horror films? Why will some people pay good money to be scared out of their (O) ? As someone who has seen just one horror film in their life. we seek excitement . and that's part of what (5) to us: if our lives are uneventful. A study carried out in 1995 showed that the higher peop le (6) on a scale that measures sensation-seeking. and this makes them the biggest audience for horror films. experiences . 1 Adaze B baffle e elude D defy 2 A direct B clear e distinct D honest 3 A crave Bwish e yearn Dlong 4 A shake B batter e pound D knock 5 A attracts B engages e entices D appeals 6 A score B mark e grade D point 7 Asevere B burning e intense D fierce 8 A fades B dissolves e disintegrates D pales 152 I Test 5 Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part1 . Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. Test 5 Reading and Use of English (1 hour 30 minutes) Part 1 For questions 1-8.

Next time we arrange an event like this.concert. But (11) of just Iistening to us (and of course we're biased!).donna-mayphotography. we'lI (16) in touch! " To find out more. We're sure our pupils will regard them (13) . Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 2 Test 5 I 153 . etc . Test 5 Reading and Use of English Part 2 For questions 9-16. . perfect mementos of a very special occasion. (9) is where we come in. Use only one word in each gap. Example: @J Attention all teachers! Donna-May Photography is (O) of the leading digital photography services in the region. (14) several complications arase before the concert began. Jane. and the children had a wonderful afternoon . Whatever the event may be. stayed calm and unperturbed. Numerous parents were present. your photographer. prize-giving. everything went very smoothly. read the text below and think of the word which best fits each gap. sports day. We pride (10) on offering top-quality service and memorable photos. In the end.com. Write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet. There is an example at the beginning (O). and many have commented to me on (15) well Jane interacted with the children.your school needs photographs of the pupils. www. (12) not read this letter frorn a happy headteacher? "Ahuge thank you for the photos you took of our school concert. please visit our website.

motivated not EXCEPT by a desirefor glory or wealth . Throughout history. ACCEPT 2h 21 2 154 I Test 5 Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 3 . who may well HISTORY dismiss me as being old-fashioned. Test 5 Reading and Use of English Part 3 For questions 17-24. I therefore decided to take a (21) approach to the history of science. but by a need to satisty their own (18) . in the hope of learning. scientists. Some have gained lasting fame. CURIOUS Exal about the world around them. BIOGRAPHY to sorne degree. Use the word given in capitals at the end of sorne of the lines to For qL form a word that fits in the gap in the same line. RECOGNISE Scientists build on the research of their predecessors. read the text below. have carried out their investigations. what makes scientists tick. while others Writ have kept their (19) to themselves . REVEAL This approach is out of favour with today's (23) . There are even. one or two 26 somewhat surprising (22) contained in this book . But I trust that even if they consider my approach (24) . Exarr Example: @] o 1'1 El A history of science and scientists Science can be a very (O) activity. I think. using includ Write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet. PERSON The! with few (17) . but they usually 25 make their own contributions individually. There is an exarnple at the beginning (O). not caring about the DISCOVER (20) of others. they will still give my comments a fair hearing.

Test 5 Reading and Use of English Part 4 For questions 25-30. Do not change the word given. 28 Karen hasn't got any money. BOUND Students who can't afford the college fees financial assistance. Here is an example (O). 26 Henry never misses a party if he can help it. CALL We'lI have to we find a suitable venue. DUE The shabbiness of Karen's clothes of money. Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 4 Test 5 I 1 55 . 30 Jeremy struggled to fully understand the sheer scale of the challenge he faced. 27 Many people wrongly believe that all Australians spend their free time on the beach. 25 We'll have to cancel the meeting if we can 't find a suitable venue. POPULAR Contrary all Australians spend their free time on the beach. including the word given . HARD Jeremy found grips with the sheer scale of the challenge he faced. UP Henry opportunity. EXTENT It was not of her contribut ion to the company's success beca me clear. complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Example: 1'msure the college will offer financ ial assistance to students who can 't afford the fees. which is why her clothes are quite shabby. so you write : Example: ARE BOUND TO BEOFFERED Write only the missing words IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet. The gap can be filled with the words 'are bound to be offered'. You must use between three and six words. using the word given. 29 Only when Sarah left did it become clear how much she had contributed to the company's success.

Just sit back and relax. the condition can also get people into social difficulties. 'I've been here befare': the déja vu feeling Most people . this may seem strange.bright people 'see things' more readily than others. A popular one is that it is the memory of a dream in which the person has lived through the current moment in advance. so they are more easily triggered into familiarity mode. a thought. The sense of 'Ah yes! I recognise this! ' usually only gets attached to experiences which 'match ' sto red memories. intriguing rather than disturbing. There is much more to experience than simple sensations. and so on. rather as a car might be made in a factory. For questions 31-36. Dr Chris Moulin is a psychologist who is studying this strange disorder. Given that it is actually a minor brain malfunction . for instance. Apart from the sheer tedium of chronic déja vu. and a serious blight on their lives. ' says Moulin.have experienced déja vu (French for 'already seen'). 'Some patients feel that everyone they meet is famil iar.indeed . In recent years. If you (Iiterally) bump into someone in the street. For an unfortunate few . but of course they aren't there . you will be aware of the sight of them.' So next time youtind yourself 're-living' an experience. but there is actually much more to it. He even believed he could hear the same bird singing the same song in the sametree every time he went out. although this would have been impossible. a sense of irritation or embarrassment. and so on. And make surethat you don't sign on the dotted line until the moment has passed. the pain from the bump. though . however. We tend to think of an event as a bundle of sensations: sight . déja vu is arare and fleeting phenomenon. according to surveys . perhaps. And it doesn't seem to be unhealthy . He first came across it when he was working in a memory clinic: 'We had a peculiar referral from aman who said there was no point visiting the clinic because he'd already been there.it feels identical to a past experience. or the other person . neuroscientists have discovered enough about perception and memory to piece together a more plausible explanation. B. Similar sensitivity may alsobea factor in intelligence . Oéja vu had developed to such an extent that he had stopped watchingTV because it seemed to be a repeat. and intelligent people tend to go on to higher education.just as you thinkyou are homing in on it. the touch of them as you bump. choose the answer(A. they are at risk of being exploited .hence the maddening feeling of chasing shadows. e or O) which you think fits best according to the texto Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. don't struggle to recall the previous time. Yet trying to pin down the memory is like trying to catch a dream . This is what seems to happen in déja vu. sound. déja vu is a constant companion . The explanation may be that young brains are more 'recognit ion sensitive'. though. the sound each of you makes. 156 Test 5 Reading and Use of Engllsh Part 5 . One very important 'component' that often gets added is a sense of familiarity. and 'realise ' that you have already been in that precise spot. even though you know itis impossible. the part of the brain which generates the feeling of familiarity attaches it to an experience that is actually quite novel. So déja vu may be a side effect of having a brain that is quick to recognise things. and this makes them dangerously trusting of strangers. You may be visiting sorne entirely unfamiliar town . tone and intention of the sound . thatyou. It is tha! weird sensation of having 'been here before ' or having 'Iived this moment already '. etc. intelligent and well-educated. This is generated in the deep par! ofthe brain that creates emotions.two out of three . The feeling goes way beyond any vague sense of having seen or done something similar before . For most people. déja vu is most commonly reported by people who are young. Test 5 Reading and Use of English Part 5 You are going to read the introduction to a book about déja vu. for example. The brain then tries to dig out matching memories.. it turns to vapour. Every conscious experience we have is 'constructed' by our brain out of lots of different components. is clumsy. The eeririess of this has led to all sorts of spooky theories. Sometimes. 'It they don't constantly remind themselves that the sensation is false . But you will also be aware of the meaning.

32 Why does the writer mention manufacturing a car? A to indicate that our experiences are more complex than we realise B to suggest that many of the experiences people have are similar e to show that different experiences tend to consist of the same components D to emphasise the role of other people in the experiences we have 33 According to the third paragraph. 36 What advice does the writer give to people who frequently experience déja vu? A to avoid situations where there is a risk of experiencing déja vu B not to trust others until they have evidence that they will not be exploited e to check with people they meet whether or not they have met previously D not to commit themselves to something on the basis of its apparent familiarity Reading and Use of English Part 5 Test 5 157 . e who blamed television for making his condition worse. What point does the writer make about déja vu in the first paragraph? A Scientists tend to disbelieve people who claim to have had the experience. 35 Chris Moulin gives the example of aman A whose experience of déja vu could not be treated. o who found the familiarity of his experiences somewhat comforting. B the level of education that a person achieves. déja vu is probably caused by A a person's lack of patience. B who thought that actual and potential experiences duplicated previous ones. e the brain failing to distinguish between different emotional responses. e a useful attribute of some people's brains. D the environment in which some people are brought up. B The experience is more common than scientists are prepared to admito e Many previous attempts to explain it were based on unscientific beliefs. B an experience arousing an emotion which is Iinked with similar previous experiences . D Some evidence of a non-scientific cause cannot be disproved. déja vu seems to be caused by A emotions that are normally linked with different experiences becoming confused. D a feeling of recognition mistakenly being Iinked with a new experience. 34 According to the fourth paragraph.

and immersed me in the character's predicament and his fractured personality. starring Paul Mason as Hamlet A Carol Barlow has come up with a great number of ingenious devices to distinguish her production of Hamlet from the thousands that have gone before. and would have been happier with fewer notions. But Paul Mason's Hamlet! Why on earth did Barlow choose him for the part? As a comic character. with neither intonation nor stress bearing any relation to the meaning of Shakespeare's lines. Perhaps Barlow's intention was to hold up a mirrorto the fragmentary nature of today's world. Hamlet. and let them fall at random. Mason was the redeeming feature of the evening . e Paul Mason isn't an obvious choice to play Hamlet . but it soon drew me in. His delivery was a parody.but long before the final curtain. I realised I knew the character of Hamlet no better than I did at the beginning. 158 I Test 5 Reading and Use of English Part 6 R . and if so. As director. My jaw dropped as one mind-boggling and exhilarating idea succeeded another.and there are many . despite the distraction provided by the stunning costumes. she shows the universality of the play's themes. His quirks and eccentricities convey the depth of Hamlet's despair. or even of the time of the historical Hamlet. she sets Hamlet in the 1920s. which gives scope for many different interpretations. and his acting is idiosyncratic. By moving it into the 1920s. hardly lend themselves to carrying a sword. he might get away with his over-the-top facial expressions. However. I could have gone on listening to him for hours. As the final curtain fell. D How can an audience be made to see a playas well-known as Hamlet with fresh eyes? Director Carol Barlow has met the challenge with astonishing bravura. It just made the setting neither modern nor of Shakespeare's own time. she could be said to have succeeded. Similarly. I just wasn't sure how they fitted together to make a coherent whole. However. I wished the character had been killed off in Act 1. Yet it remained a performance: his gestures and mannerisms kept reminding us that we were watching an actor. gorgeous though they are. and the costumes. The result is a mishmash that for some unfathomable reason is set in the 1920s. For questions 37-40. better thought through. Initially I found his delivery mannered. By the end. with him. Reading and Use of English Part 6 Whi Test 5 shas You are going to read four reviews of a production of Shakespeare's play Ham/et. Barlow's sheer inventiveness teeters on the brink of confusing us and overwhelming the play. hold chal Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. playing the role of Hamlet for the first time. yet somehow he pulls it off. certainly delivers his lines thrillingly. but Barlow's production tells us nothing about Shakespeare's own time. let alone identify. Productions of Hamlet often reflect the spirit of the age. at the Granary Theatre Directed by Carol Barlow. The reviews may be chosen more than once. by William Shakespeare. but as Hamlet he made it impossible for the audience to sympathise.he's too old. but just stops short. thrown them up in the air. Barlow continually gives the audience new and highly distracting things to think about. there needs to be internal consistency: arbitrarily hugging another character one minute and ignoring them the next tells us nothing about Hamlet himself. or about today's world. the range and resonance of his voice contributing in no small measure. and his need to present a mask to the world. Paul Mason seems to want to impress us with all the vocal tricks in his repertoire . B Hamlet is a complex character. so a number of modern versions focus on notions of mental disorder. as many of the characters do. choose from the reviews A-D. Carol Barlow seems to have brainstormed ideas for the production. For instance. Paul Mason.

Which reviewer shares reviewer B's apinian regarding the productian's relevance to the present day? holds a different opinión fram the ather reviewers as to whether Masan gives insight inta the character of Hamlet? has the same view as reviewer e an the way Masan speaks? has a different view from reviewer A abaut the directar's ideas far the productian? Reading and Use of English Part 6 Test 5 I 159 .

you that one. Choose from the paragraphs A-G the one which fits each gap (41-46). Yet. bone. there was a feeling that Russell Mockridge had not ~L. Another of Mockridge's mad final dashes. The forgotten story of a phenomenal Australian cyclist With his glasses taped to his head and a heavy. was one of the most memorable English literature. you certainly won the race and probably have the fastest time . ~'----------------- who referred to him in his young days as 'The China 0011' . The disbelief grew when Mockridge innocently ~L-. Six paragraphs have been removed from the article. The pack was well Someone who achieved this degree of success throughout ahead and beginning their final sprint while Mockridge. his cycling career was likely to be self-confident. so we can 't give 160 I Test 5 Reading and Use of English Part 7 . and wondered what they were seeing. Goodwin then found himself desperately hanging onto Officials looked at the skinny Mockridge. At the Australian 200km road championship. Mockridge's back wheel as the champion unleashed a ride yourself bike shoes and at his battered roadster with its that simply destroyed 28 of Australia's best riders. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. However impressed he shaking push bike for a ride. Test 5 Reading and Use of English Part 7 You are going to read part of a newspaper article about an Australian cycling champion. on the last day For his part . ~'----------------. Mockridge 8!JL. he could hardly have foreseen that this an unlikely prospect when he turned up for his first club was just the start of Mockridge's run of victories. Yet. at his do-it. -------J asked if it would be all right if he stayed out in front all Goodwin crossed the finish line in a final sprint just ahead the way . The offic ial was amazed. There is one extra paragraph which you do not need to use. Mockridge preferred to spend time with of the 1957 Sun Tour. the lanky 18-year-old seemed might have been. rides of his career.a very rare defeat that Mocka suffered in cause an accident and endanger other cyclists.' he told Mockridge.he was con cerned that his poor eyesight might of Mockridge . what can only be considered a brilliant and inspirational 8DL. _ was the sole member of his team left riding when it carne down to the last few hundred metres. Neck and neck with George Goodwin. 'Well. _ yet reached his full potential. lagged behind finishing even be forgiven for arrogance . with his two feet on the off a snack from his food bag o pavement. _ career. Mockridge threw himself into the wending steep hillsides. He deserves to be remembered as one of the greatest cycl ists of all time. handlebars turned down. but we don't actually know what your time for the distance is. and might whose appetite was astounding. cycling race one day in 1946. Mockridge was a retiring and painfully shy mano He couldn't handle the 'roughness' of most other cyclists. when he died 12 years later.

Mockridge was and countless world records. and a cycling legend was born. the other side of the road without glasses. they were travelling so quickly that the machine-like rhythm and burned off other competitors. Mockridge again won.he couldn 't see F His coaches and teammates had given up on him. his feats were hailed as an emerging champion and his rise from club as acclaimed as those of other Australian sporting rider to Olympic champion was meteoric. and the next. In fact . into his car to greet the finishers. He was 18 when settled into some serious pedalling. The next week. he found Mockridge waiting and puzzled. In the following few had won two Olympic and two Empire gold medals months. particularly he was ready to get back to the matter in hand. exercise. Reading and Use of English Part 7 Test 5 161 . G By then 'Mocka'. and hopped negotiated the treacherous curves. icons . it was during this tour that Mockridge set his sights on making the Australian team for the next Olympic Games. How fast were the pair pedalling? About 100km/h or E Any laughter died when Mockridge settled down to his more. he won eight of his 11 starts. then left for Europe. he won all ten Olympic qualifying races in Australia. waved them past the halfway mark. he his beloved Australian Rules Football. Despite his disappointment. who was timing the cyclists for the up from their footrests hitting the bitumen as they club. two police motorcycle escorts had sparks shooting Alex McPherson . Ken Graves was he entered the weekly Geelong Amateur Cycling Club being acclaimed the winner by announcers just as 40km road race because he was suffering from lack of Mockridge burst through the pack and cut him down . In his day. In the lead-up to selection. snatching victory out of almost certain defeat. a freakish and courageous talent. When he arrived. such as cricketer Don Bradman. It was a as Mockridge still trailed well in the rear. but once defect that barred him from most sports. This impression of weakness that Mockridge gave was reinforced by his weak vision .

fo w. BE r Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. For A questions 47-56.. Test 5 Reading and Use of English Part 8 You are going to read four descriptions of research being carried out by staff of a music college. The extracts may be chosen more than once... a wish to assist performers ~ e the use of source material not previously known i-. choose from the extracts (A-O). exploration of the business context in which performances were given in a particular period [ill E the influence that artists had on one another 8J how discoveries in the field of music relate to ones in an academic discipl ine other than music [ill the use of materials that have previously been stud ied from a different perspective 8J 162 I Test 5 Reading and Use of Engllsh Part 8 . Which section mentions the following? re re some unexpected information concern ing a particular musician i-r o a description of the methodology used to generate data -r al e: the researcher's hope that future research will be carried out into the same materials -r rs d how some of the material in a planned book will be structured [ill n .

to the immense investigate this fascinating resource. and the use of music in plays. when musicians . for example . One section will quote extensively from the letters. come in. and the detail on the mannerisms of several famous musicians . to include a detailed comparison studies. The intention is that this will give the reader a sense of history unfo/ding in front of their eyes.the concert audiences . In a follow-up experiment. They are also asked a permanent orchestra or music college Iive a hand-to- about personal details. year. and the influence of career insecurity on their then asked about its duration and their responses to it. way of life. B James Rowe's project is being carried out in collaboration o with London's Science Museum. Visitors are asked to Ray Hutchinson has published numerous books and participate in a series of experiments designed to yield articles on the physical and psychological demands of information about the effect of music on the perception music-making. Reading and Use of English Part 8 Test 5 163 . and performance fees. more than 800 people have on how musicians manage the daily challenge of making taken parto Participants listen to a piece of music . if any. and so far. he is focusing of time passing. musicians and composers. Saunderson with singers. Hutchinson interviewed a visitors are asked to memorise a list of random words while professional flaut ist whose bread-and-butter job . The results of the research will be published next professional opportunities. opera houses flourished . contracts at that time . Sorne current research by staff of the Departrnent of Music A e Bernice Mitchell is engaged in researching law-court The topic that Colin Saunderson has chosen for his records from London in the first half of the 18th century. sculptors. Some of the findings day! Hutchinson 's aim is not only to discover the survival are in line with current theories in psychology about the strategies that musicians employ. current research is the creative milieu of Paris in the lar the light they throw on the city 's professional music early 20th century. Many of those who are not on the payroll of including enjoyment and familiarity. as the case may bE!. their working hopes the volume he is engaged in writing will provide a conditions. including their management. rather listening: this appears to have the effect of shortening the incongruously.and 21st-century conditions in which with the extracts presented on a month-by-month basis. is as a butler who can be hired by the perceived duration of the music. world of the time. and in his latest research. To date. painters . while others appear to contradict and resources. While the materials are familiar to legal intellectuals and many others contributed to a ferment researchers. aU too often torced to supplement their and level of musical training. documents have yielded considerable new insights into The research takes into account amateur music-making numerous issues. a recently One objective of the research is to provide guidance on discovered archive of unpublished letters is proving a access to the materials and on their interpretation. Preliminary findings meagre and sporadic income by working in ways that will indicate that people who enjoy the music think it lasted allow them to take time off when the musical engagements longer than those who dislike it. between the 18th. but also to share tips perception of time . Mitchell 's creativity they observed. Mitchell is about to more nuanced view of that world than many of the existing broaden her research. this is thought to be the first time that their of creativity that left its mark on all concerned. in the mine of information on the response of the common man expectation that more scholars will be encouraged to and woman . and are ends meet. It is also adding some surprising research has concentrated on the opera houses . including their musical preferences mouth existence. the topic has already been well researched . Although relevance to the history of music has been recognised.or not. in order to help them to maximise their them.

" Write an essay discussing two of the advantages of being self-employed in your notes. if you wish." "If you work hard." "You're in charge of the decisions that affect what you do. 1 Your c1ass has listened to a radio discussion about the advantages of being self-employed rather than working tor someone else. you make money for yourself. 164 I Test 5 Writing Part 1 . You should explain which advantage you think is most significant. not someone else. Test 5 Writing (1 hour 30 minutes) Part 1 You must answer th is question. make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion. You may. Write your answer in 220-260 words in an appropriate style on the separate answer sheet. You have made the notes below: Advantages of being self-employed • time • decision making • money Some opinions expressed in the discussion: "You don't have to work from nine to five every day. giving reasons in support of your answer. but you should use your own words as far as possible .

An international organisation is offering travel grants to students to carry out 'a research project in another country. The proposal should also explain how the proposed activity would benefit others as well as the applicant. Put the question number in the box at the top of the page. A travel website has asked readers to subm it a review of a tourist destination that they have visited. Test 5 Writing Part 2 Write an answer to one of the questions 2-4 in this parto Write your answer in 220-260 words in an appropriate style on the separate answer sheet. Writing Part 2 Test 5 I 165 . Write a letter to the magazine in which you describe a national celebration in your country. You should explain how this celebration is not only enjoyable for citizens but also has a useful social purpose. Applicants should write a proposal in which they describe what type of research project they would like to do abroad. Write your letter. Write your review. You have read a magazine article which argues that big national celebrations are a waste of time and money. Write your proposal. The review should discuss both positive and negative aspects of the destination and should also suggest ways in which it could be made more attractive to tourists.

compared with southerners. B Other people were too busy to spend time with her. B or C) which fits best according to what you hear. For questions 1-6. e She was generally ignored by other people. There are two questions for each extracto I Extract One You hear two members of an amateur choir discussing a forthcoming concert. 4 What does the woman say about making friends in her dance class? A It took longer than she had expected. B are more likely to talk to strangers. 166 I Test 5 L1stenlng Part1 . B some choir members are missing too many rehearsals. Test 5 Listening (approximately 40 minutes) Part 1 B§ You will hear three different extracts. 2 What is the man doing when he speaks? A asking the woman to help him with something he is going to do B trying to avoid doing something he had agreed to do e explaining why he will do something late I Extract Two You hear two people talking about making new friends. 1 The woman is worried that A the choir may not be ready for the concert. e are more open to making long-term friendships. e the concert may not attract a large enough audience. 3 The man says that. choose the answer (A. people in the north of the country A are easier to get to know well.

e It assumed the audience already had some knowledge of the subject. What is the man's opinion of the programme? A It was less informative than he had anticipated. What aspect of the programme do the two people disagree about? A the length of the programme B the value of the demonstrations e the presenter's speed of delivery Listening Part 1 Test 5 167 . B It make him realise he knew less about the subject than he thought. Extraet Three You hear two friends discussing a television programme about genetics.

that was being caused. Caroline mentions a (12) that was made unsafe by a river underneath the building. 168 I Test 5 Listenlng Part 2 . Old maps and other (13) are useful for locating unknown rivers. 1 A (11) or a break in a pipe can increase the risk of flood damage. One advantage of covering rivers was that (8) carried by water were less likely to spread. Fish were unable to move through a pipe if there was a change in (10) between sections. 1 Putting rivers into pipes prevented the creation and survival of (9) for plants and fish. bE RE5EARCH INTO RIVERS PUT INTO UNDERGROUND PIPES 1! In the 18th and 19th centuries. many rivers were covered over in order to deal with (7) . Test 5 Listening Part 2 I ~ You will hear a student called Caroline talk ing about her research project into rivers that have been ~ to made to flow underground. complete the sentences with a word or short phrase. For questions 7-14. Caroline uses software and old maps to identify (14) : that might be the site of an underground river.

20 Penny says that when she arrived back home. D it was a relief to resume her usual way of life. choose the answer (A. 19 In relation to what he does in the future . D his difficulty in learning foreign languages. e the best part of her life seemed to be over. Chis sense of responsibility. B. she felt that Asome parts of her trip had been disappointing. e to maximise his chances of getting work eventually. D to change to a career in politics. B in some ways 8ritain seemed strange to her. who have both just returned lo Britain after travelling around the world. B his pleasure in making new friends . e or D) which fits best according to what you hear. L1stenlng Part 3 Test 5 I 169 . B to go ahead with his plan of becoming a travel journalist. 15 Why did Giles decide to stay abroad for more than one year? A to decide which country he would eventually settle in B to gain work experience in a number of countries e to try and get his articles published in different countries D to become familiar with the cultures of other countries 16 What did Penny and Giles both find unexpected about their time abroad? A how Iittle they knew about other countries B how difficult it was to learn other languages e how unadventurous they were about food D how many people were willing to talk to them 17 What aspect of tourism does Penny criticise? A the motives that some tourists have for travelling Bits effect on traditional crafts e the physical changes that are made to some places D its economic impact on an area 18 Giles's reference to an incident that happened in Thailand is probably intended to illustrate A his wish to avoid commitments. Giles has decided A to work abroad for a period as a journal ist. For questions 15-20. Test 5 Listening Part 3 3 03 You will hear an interview for a student magazine with Penny and Giles.

A having flexible working hours _.¡.~ ~ I _~ 1_ . .. ~ B entering incorrect data Speaker 1 c=TID B getting on well with colleagues Speaker 1 ~ _.. choose from the list (A-H) what each speaker speaker made in their jobo particularly likes about their jobo A failing to recognise somebody While you listen you must complete both tasks. ... ~ ni :l 5° ao.. their work ~ E misunderstanding instructions Speaker 3 ~ E having their contribution recognised Speaker3 ~ by their employer F failing to report a possible breach of rules Speaker 4 ~ F being paid for overtime Speaker4 ~ G missing a deadline G finishing work early one day a week H passing responsibility to someone else Speaker 5 ~ H having a friendly relationship with Speaker5 ~ customers . r- !C. o~ ~ You will hear five short .... extracts in which people are talking about their jobs. choose from the Iist (A-H) the mistake that each For questions 26-30.~ TASKONE TASKTWO U1 For questions 21-25.. ::1 ::1 DO. e breaking a company rule e being trusted by their employer O being rude to a colleague Speaker 2 c=IEJ O feeling satisfied with the quality of Speaker2 ~ " 1» .

Test 5 Speaking (15 minutes) Part 1 2 minutes (3 minutes for groups of three) The interlocutor will ask you sorne questions about yourself. Firstof all. please? Thank you. • Where are you from? • How long have you lived here/there? • Where do you study English? • How do you plan to use English in the future? The interlocutor will then ask you sorne questions about one or two other topics. And your names are? Can I have your mark sheets. your horne. • Where would you go if you had a month's holiday and a lot of money? Speaklng Part 1 Test 5 I 171 . Good morning/afternoon/evening. for exarnple: • How do you think the place where you Iive will change over the next few years? • How important is reading in your Iife? • Tell us about a film that you have recently seen. we'd like to know something about you. My name is and this is my colleague . work or studies and familiar topics.

and say why the people might be dressed in these ways. and how beneficial doing these activities might be for the people. (Candidata B). which of these leisure activities do you think appeals to most people? (Why?) After appro ximately 3D seconds Thank you. I'm going to give each of you three pictures. You will then be asked a question about your partner's pictures which you will need to answer in no more than 30 seconds. I'd like you to compare two of the pictures and say why the people might have chosen to do these activities. AII right? 8 After 1 minute Thank you. (Candidata A) . AII right? After 1 minute Thank you. The interlocutor will give you three pictures and ask you to talk about two of them on your own for about a minute. Now.J 't~ 't. 172 I Test 5 Speaking Part 2 s . and also to answer a question briefly about your partner's pictures. One of you is the interlocutor and the other two are the candidates. here are your pictures. I'd like you to compare two of the pictures. it's your turn first. The interlocutor should lead the task using the script below. They show people doing different leisure activities. which people do you think are enjoying dancing the most? (Why?) After approximately 3D seconds Thank you. '/. They show people wearing some unusual clothes. Interlocutor In this part of the test. Test 5 Speaking Part 2 I Part 2 4 minutes (6 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. Refer to the pictures on pages 816 and 817. (Candidata B). and how important you think the clothes are to the people. Here are your pictures. I'd like you to talk about two of them on your own for about a minute. (Candidata A).

That is the end of the test. Speaking Parts 3 and 4 Test 5 I 173 . First you have some time to look at the task. I'd like you to talk about something together for about two minutes. After 1 minute Thank you. The interlocutor should lead the task using the script below. Test 5 Speaking Parts 3 and 4 Part 3 4 minutes (6 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. Part 4 5 minutes (8 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. Interlocut or Now. The interlocutor should lead the task using the script below. Interlocut or • How do you think technology will develop in the future? (Why?) • How do the attitudes of older and younger generations towards technology differ? (Why?) • Which technological development do you think has had the most positive effect on society? (Why?) • Do you think parents should impose time Iimits on a child 's use of the computer? (Why? / Why not?) • What effects do you think computer use has had on literacy? (Why?) Thank you. The interlocutor will give you a task sheet to discuss together. (About 15 seconds) Now. talk to each other about how technology impacts on these aspects of Iife. Here are some aspects of Iife which are influenced by technology and a question for you to discuss. Refer to the task sheet on page 818. After 2 minutes Thank you. Now you have a minute to decide which aspect of life is influenced by technology in the most significant way. One of you is the interlocutor and the other two are the candidat es. One of you is the interlocutor and the other two are the candidat es. The interlocutor will ask sorne general questions which follow on frorn the topic in Part 3.

(3) an experiment using more than 700 volunteers from Finland. Scientists from Aalto University. (O) emotions to different parts of the body. e or D) best fits each gap. read the text below and decide which answer (A. It now seems these associations are (1) . 1 A thorough B universal C sweeping D expansive 2 A beginning B source C initiation D origin 3 A conducted B administered C directed D operated 4 A trigger B set C pioneer D touch 5 A design B plan Cmap D programme 6 A steady B consistent C proportional D solid 7 A uplifted B glorified C maximised D enhanced <. pictures of facial expressions and stories intended to (4) certain feelings. Example: O A bridging B fastening C unifying D linking B = e = -D Emotions and the body Most languages have expressions like 'to get cold feet' . Sweden and Taiwan. happiness was associated with (7) sensat ions all over the body. regardless of a person's country of (2) . The authors said their study could in future be applied to the treatment of emotional (8) such as depression and anxiety. Test 6 Reading and Use of English (1 hour 30 minutes) Part 1 For questions 1-8. 8 A disruptions B distractions C disorders D displacements 174 I Test 6 Reading and Use of English Part 1 . B. with the same emotions rooted in the same location. Partic ipants were shown emotional videos. They then used computer-generated human silhouettes to (5) where on their bodies they had felt any stimulus. There is an example at the beginning (O). Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. Many emotions provoked changes in the face. Finland. while throat and belly sensations only really appeared in participants feeling disgusto In contrast with all the other emotions. The results showed (6) patterns of bodily sensations associated with each of the basic emotions.

a process by (10) formerly fertile land becomes deserto Scholes 's most recent study was undertaken (11) part of an international project led by Professor Clara Berminton. He is interested in both its potential benefits for agriculture and the risk of desertification. He believes the publicity generated by the event will raise awareness of the problem of deforestation. Write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet. (15) this prove to be the case. Test 6 Reading and Use of English Part 2 For questions 9-16. There ls an example at the beginning (O). though. According to Scholes . Scholes jokes that he (14) well be the first person in the Taymon's history to be nominated six times without winning. the Taymon Environmental Prize. in recognition of his research into the impact of deforestation (9) Iand in the Amazon basin. Reading and Use of English Part 2 Test 6 I 175 . read the text below and think of the word which best fits each gap. Use only one word in each gap. Scholes won't be too upset. a lucrative prize (12) the Taymon wou/d make a significant contribution to funding for the next stage of his research. if (16) else. Example: ~ College news Professor Tim Scholes has been nominated (O) a national award . The awards ceremony will (13) place in London on 19 March.

provided you DESIRE have a thorough working knowledge of computer hardware and software. The company is planning to open a distribution centre at the beginning of next year. The team 's duties will also cover the upgrading. read the text below. The company aims to achieve (23) in every aspect of its activities. repair and (20) of the computer systems currently in operation in the MAINTAIN company's stores. Formal IT qualifications are (21) but not essential. Example: @] Job opportunity in IT The company is a major (O) . and provide support to users. EMPLOY 176 I Test 6 Reading and Use of English Part 3 . RETAIL A vacancy has (17) arisen to join its information technology (IT) EXPECT department. excellent problem-solving skills and a (22) to keep up-to-date WILL with IT developments. EXCEL and expects all its (24) to be committed to the same goal. Use the word given in capitals at the end of sorne of the Iines to form a word that fits in the gap in the same line. He or she will join an existing team responsible for the (19) of a new computer system before the opening of the INSTALL distribution centre. There is an exarnple at the beginning (O). with stores throughout the country. Test 6 Reading and Use of English Part 3 For questions 17-24. Write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet. and requires a computer service (18) to start work TECHNICAL as soon as possible.

so you write: Example: DIDNTSAY ANYTHING ABOUT Write only the missing words IN CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet. including the word given. Do not change the word given. SAY I thought it would be best if you Caroline's new job to her parents. 29 The children paid little attention to the dogs. Reading and Use of English Part 4 Test 6 I 177 . David was still dubious about accepting the jobo DESPITE David was still dubious about accepting the job . 25 Kathy's nomination tor an award tor bravery came as a surprise to her. NOTICE The children didn't the dogs. You must use between three and six words. 28 Sheila missed her train because her husband couldn't drive her to the station. TIME The building was the tire. The gap can be filled with the words 'didn't say anything about'. Here is an example (O). DATES Local residents' to 1996. L1FT It Sheila's husband had been able to have caught her train. using the word given. Example: o I didn't think you should mention Caroline's new job to her parents. complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. 27 Even though the company offered him a higher salary. ABACK Kathy being nominated for an award tor bravery. him a higher salary. Test 6 Reading and Use of English Part 4 For questions 25-30. 30 Local residents have been opposed to the proposal since 1996. 26 Nobody was in the building when the tire occurred.

whatever that may be. footnotes on every page. there already exist a number of excellent works on the subject. That may look good on my CV when I apply for promotion at my university.and trace its development over the centuries. 'popular' or something in between . When I woke the following morning.and I'm arrogant enough to want my labours to be recognised and appreciated by many. That decision made. The idea of writing this book came to me five years ago. will be indulgent and excuse the limitations of this book. What drama was available? Who was allowed to attend? How did plays written for performance al a royal court differ from those for the general public? To what extent did the plays mirror or challenge the values and beliefs of their audiences? I have spent hours burning the midnight oil as I struggled to reach some tenable conclusions regarding these and many more questions. I calmed down and fell asleep. In the end. have I come to the party empty-handed? That would indeed be humiliating. though we have information about them. is catching. but there are serious gaps in my knowledge. so I have to ask myself. my readers. I hope.like the spoken prologues of many plays . So that was the road I went down. I am. however loosely. teaching university students of drama. and remaindered copies of the book selling for next to nothing. His attitude . Test 6 Reading and Use of English Part 5 You are going to read the introduction to a book by Helen Thornton about the history of drama. After considerable agonising. risks ending up with egg on his or her face. or O) which you think fits best according to the texto Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. to counterbalance his very circumscribed view of 'good drama'. be termed 'drama' . or are in languages other than Hyde's own. both in libraries and in theatres around the world. In this book. In the small hours of the morning. After all. but in fact played down the value of any plays that have not survived in written form. covering every corner of the world in which the geme has flourished. realistlc enough to accept that yet another history of drama is unlikely to disturb the bestseller lists. Chinese or Sanskrit. I was aghast at my foolhardiness. in the belief that enthusiasm. I am under some pressure to write for my colleagues in the field.infuriated me to such a degree that I couldn't sleep. I hope to convey something of the fascination I have long experienced for drama. farce and so on . Hence the five-year gestation period that the book has undergone. choose the answer (A. in a single sitting. As an academic myself. all I can do is present the fruits of my labours and hope . and a long bibliography in an appendix. listing the numerous sources I have drawn on. but so many of them are anonymous. which had a certain appeal. of whatever length and written in whatever language. complete with quotations in the original Greek. and ones that are ceremonies rather than plays as we understand the term today. 178 Test 6 Reading and Use of English Part 5 . B. one of which is a decision as to whether it should be 'academic'. the more readers and . James K. For e questions 31-36. Hyde's slim volume that purported to trace the historical development of drama around the world.that you. Another possibility. Working out a principie to bring arder out of this chaos was difficult enough in itself. I finally opted for looking at particular locations at particular times. I made up my mind to write my own book. I am far from being an expert on world drama: my particular field is the plays of ancient Greece and Rome. but it would attract a tiny readership .I must confess . Writing a book like this requires ground rules.whether or not they are persuaded by my opinions. I have aimed to consider a representative sample of plays. comedy. all I can do is rely on the casual browser in a bookshop or book-selling website to read a page or two of this wark and feel sufficiently intrigued to want to read more . One option was to focus on the playwrights. sparked by reading. Not to mention plays that haven't survived in written form. I have a lively interest.praise I want.tragedy.and the fact that he simply couldn't see the value of so much work that can. was to take one genre at a time . on the basis that the harder I've Une 25 worked. like measles. Introduction Any writer who boldly attempts to write a history of drama. In relation to the drama of other times and places. a period that has seen me carry out a great deal of research.

33 Why did Thornton decide to write this book? A The author of another book encouraged her to write it. Thornton expresses her concern that A the task she has taken on is too difficult for her. e there is little interest in books about drama . D she has nothing new to say on the subject. D explore different emotional responses to drama. B She was annoyed by the narrow focus of a book she had read.31 In the first paragraph . B write a book that might sell in larger quantities than expected. 34 What does Thornton explain in the fourth paragraph? A why the book has taken her a long time to write B the difficulties she faced in researching the book e why the book concentrates on ancient Greece and Rome D how she feels now that the book is complete 35 What does that (Iine 25) refer to? A making the book academic in nature B providing information about her source material e trying to make the book appeal to a wide audience D applying for promotion at the university where she teaches 36 In structuring her book. B she has relied too heavily on existing books. e concentrated on different dramatic genres in turno D attempted to place plays in their social context. Thornton's purpose in this book is to A make readers feel as she does about drama. Thornton has A organised the material chronologically. 32 According to the second paragraph . e convince readers that her interpretations of drama are correct. Reading and Use of English Part 5 Test 6 179 . D She felt that a book she had read failed to distinguish between good and bad drama. B described the work of one playwright at a time. e Another book opened her eyes to drama from around the world.

there seems to be no prospect of the air travel frenzy dying down.which are strenuously opposed by local residents. with . B Karen Macmillan The more idealistic among us may believe that the world's love affair with air travel is nearing its end. but also to ourselves . Perhaps some carriers would transfer their operations to a Thames estuary airport. The existing airports will be able to handle growth in passenger numbers for years to come. Constructing an airport in the Thames estuary wou ld be so destructive of wildlife that it shouldn't even be considered. Proposál to build a new airport for London. Besides. it will only be a matter of time befo re expansion of the existing airports will become inevitable. while enabling construction of the airport to go ahead. A new airport should be ruled out.to my mind . and for my money. In addition. because of noise.no justification. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. that means a new airport in the Thames estuary. Yes. However. all of which . but I'm certainly not one of them. and should be designed with an eye on current and future developments in aeronautics: it could take planes with a greater capacity even than the biggest used now. without needing any new runways to be constructed. A new airport is a new opportunity. but that's the best we could hope foro At present. Test 6 Reading and Use of English Part 6 You are going to read extracts from articles in which four experts give their views on a proposed new airport for London. will be able to operate round the clock. For questions 37-40. Even if construction goes ahead. some argue that it would benefit the existing airports. it is unfortunate that the Thames estuary provides habitats for many species of birds. At least an airport in the estuary would save Londoners from the extra pollution resulting from the alternative . The experts may be chosen more than once. which would be seriously affected by an airport. the claim that a new airport would reduce noise and improve air qualily in London simply doesn't hold water: maybe it wouldn't worsen the current situation .including ourselves . but better to bite the bullet and expand those we have now than wreak havoc on a hitherto unspoilt part of the country. which would at least reduce the impact of the expected growth in total passenger numbers. and that would lead to an improvement in London's air quality. The Thames estuary is home to vast numbers of birds . Admittedly. Our wanton disregard of our environment is harmful not only to its other inhabitants. I'm afraid our own species has to come first. if it comes to a choice between birds and people . D Isabel Smith 15 it really the case that London needs an additional airport? Technology is progressing fast . new flight paths could avoid contributing to air and noise pollution over London. Besides. we face a stark choice: expansion or an additional airport? A significant benefit of a new-build is that the current airports wouldn't then require new runways .are interdependent. choose from the experts A-D. We can 't avoid providing for the additional airport capacity likely to be required over the next 30 to 50 years. fewer flights are needed for the same number of passengers. and with London 's existing airports operating at close to capacity. possibly on an artificial island in the estuary of the River Thames A Larry Jones Air travel is increasing worldwide. Ways will have to be found to mitigate the effects . but let's limit the damage to areas that are already damaged . but a new airport would involve destroying the habitats of thousands of wetland birds. e Bernie Dodd We share this planet with innumerable other species. as its flight paths could be largely or entirely over water. 180 I Test 6 Reading and Use of English Part 6 . the advent of quieter planes will mean that runways that are currently closed at night. and with wide-bodied aircraft. however.

Which expert expresses a different view from Jones on whether a new airport would remove the need for additional runways at existing airports? shares Smith's view about wildlife in the Thames estuary? shares Smith's view about the total number of flights required in the future? has a different opinion from the others about the effects a new airport would have on pollution in London? Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 6 Test 6 181 .

Test 6 Reading and Use of English Part 7

You are going to read an article about a woman who invented the concept of computer software. 8ix
paragraphs have been removed from the extracto Choose from the paragraphs A-G the one which fits each
gap (41-46). There is one extra paragraph which you do not need to use.

Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.

How the concept of software was invented
In 1842, more than a century before the start of the At this event, Babbage described his proposal for a more
information age, in a brilliant flash of penetrating insight, advanced computing machine , his Analytical Engine. A
Ada Lovelace had a glimpse of the future. She saw that mathematician who was present subsequently wrote upthe
with suitable modifications, Charles Babbage's proposed ideas in a memoir in French, and Babbage asked Lovelace
Analytical Engine would be capable of much more than its to translate it. Because she understood the machine so
intended purpose of simple mathematical calculation. well, at his request she added a comprehensive set of notes
to her translation, much longer than the memoir itself. It
Ada Lovelace was born in London in 1815, the daughter
was these notes that have established her importance in
of the poet Byron. She never met her father : her parents
the development of computers.
separated a month after her birth , he left England four
months later and eventually died abroad. Her upbringing
~I -----
was unusual for the period , in that her mother was
In this insight , she anticipated the development of both
determined she should have a thorough grounding in
modern computing and artificial intelligence by more than
logic, mathematics and the sciences. To that end, Ada was
a hundred years. Again, she saw that the Analytical Engine
províded with a succession of tutors.
could be used to do much more than even Babbage
8!JL--- _ perceived.

Among their number was the mathematician, philosopher,
inventor and Professor of Mathematics at the University
~'-------------
The memoir, and Lovelace's notes, attracted little attention
of Cambridge, Charles Babbage, one of several people
at the time, but that does not detract from her achievement,
credited with being 'the father of the computer' . His
the essence of which is that she grasped how to create
importance líes in the fact that he invented several devices
physical instances of wholly abstract concepts. In any
which paved the way for modern computers. Lovelace
computer, it is the software which gives the hardware
was introduced to him while still in her late teens , and
the ability to perform its wonders, a totally new, and very
soon afterwards visited his workshop to see his 'Difference
strange, idea for the time.
Engine'.

~L--- _ ~' - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - -
Although her insight is astonishing, that is not all
The device was incomplete, weighed over a ton and was not
that Lovelace should be remembered foro She also
yet working . Despite these limitations, Lovelace grasped
demonstrated beyond any possibility of doubt that wornen
its true significance; whereas Babbage saw it purely being
could attain the highest levels of scientific understanding
used to increase the accuracy of mathematical processes,
and achievement - something that seemed remarkable in
it was Lovelace who saw its far greater potential.
her lifetime. She helped to blaze a trail for later generations
8D'--- _ of women to become scientists.
182 I Test 6 Reading and Use of English Part 7

A Neither this prototype nor his later devices were E One of these was Augustus de Morgan, a leading
completed in his lifetime, although working versions mathematician of the time. De Morgan soon
have since been built. However, his eftorts to construct confirmed Ada's outstanding mathematical ability
them aroused widespread interest, particularly when and, importantly, communicated his admiration to his
he attended a scientific conference in Italy and scientific friends. As a result, long befare women were
presented his work. eligible to study for degrees, Ada came to more than
hold her own with the leading scientists of the day.
B Of course, the same could be said of many scientists:
Leonardo da Vinci, for instance, designed flying F This realisation, that the right instructions could
machines several centuries befo re they became a enormously increase the capabilities of the device, is
reality, but at least he had the advantage of having extraordinary for such an early stage in the history of
seen birds flying. the computer. Lovelace could see beyond the relatively
rudimentary nature of Babbage's machines to the
e Unlike him, Lovelace realised that it could be set immense possibilities opened up by programmable
to execute any logically coherent sequence of computers.
instructions. This in ef1ect made her the world's first
computer programmer, as she demonstrated in the G This mechanical calculator was Babbage's first
documento invention. He, like others before him, had realised that
logarithmic tables - at that time produced by human
o In them, as well as describing the revolutionary 'calculatars', and notoriously full of errors - could be
implications of Babbage's ideas, Lovelace wrote out generated by machinery.
the first computer program and made the sensational
suggestion that such a device should be able to
compose music if a suitable set of rules could be
devised.

Readlng and Use of English Part 7 Test 6 183

Test 6 Reading and Use of English Part 8

You are going to read four extracts from an article about customer service. For questions 47-56, choose
from the extracts (A-O). The extracts may be chosen more than once .

Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.

In which section does the writer

suggest that customers ' comments may be more honest if not made to staff?
8J
mention the effect on sales if customers believe staff are not interested in them?
[ill
say that presenting alternat ive courses of action can lead to a win-win situation?
[ill
point out that if assistants do more than the mínimum , customers are likely to return?
i-.
advise staff how to respond if a customer is dissatisfied?
~
state that poor service stays in customers' minds?
i-r
refer to contact with customers through a range of channels?
[ill
give an example of customers responding to employees in the same way they are treated?
[ill
point out that customers ' behaviour may not be explained by what has happened to them
in the store? i-r
mention the value of customers recommending a business to other people?
[ill

184 I Test 6 Reading and Use of English Part 8

The importance of good customer service

A e
"The customer is always right" is a famous business Think about how you've been treated whenever you've
slogan. The underlying truth behind this statement been the customer. If you've ever had abad experience
is recognising that customers are the life blood for with a company, you know that it's not easy to forget
any business. Understanding the importance of good the encounter. Perhaps a shop assistant was too busy
customer service is essential for a healthy business stocking shelves to help you pay for your items. Maybe
in creating new customers, keeping loyal customers, there wasn't anyone around to answer your questions
and developing an effective referral system for future or help you with some additional information. You might
customers. Excellent customer service begins at the initial have had to deal with an employee who won't help you
greeting, whether that's in person, on the phone, or via because of some company rule. In any of these instances,
email. In all of these situations, using good people skills the managers or the owner of the store usually aren't
will increase the chances of creating a positive impression. made aware of the poor customer service. Instead, the
For example, saying helio with a smile to a customer people that do hear about it are many of the customer's
who has just walked in the door will invite that person in family and friends. Word travels very fast when it comes
and make them feel welcome. On the other hand, when to communicating negative experiences to the world.
an employee doesn't acknowledge the client, or implies Especially with any internet business transactions,
they are an inconvenience, that customer immediately product reviews are quite common. Whether it's positive
feels slighted, and that negative feeling doesn't get the or negative feedback about a product or service, people
customer in a buying mood. write without inhibition about their shopping experiences .

B D
If the employee gives good customer service on the phone, When dealing with clients, sometimes there are situations
the initial greeting will be courteous. This makes the client that need to be resolved. If the customer is upset about a
feel comfortable. In turn, the customer will appreciate the product or service they've received from the company, the
pleasant greeting and usually be more agreeable on the first thing an employee should do is to listen. By taking the
other end of the phone. This is a much better situation for time to hear the entire complaint through, the customer
the client than leaving messages on answering machines, feels that you careo Occasionally, the issue is actually not
never getting any returned phone calls, or trying to extract related to your company at a/f, but the initial problem is
some product information from an uncaring employee. merely a catalyst for that person's frustration about other
Of course, good customer service goes beyond the initial things. Either way, attentive listening will break down that
contacto Answering customers' questions and helping barrier and begin to build a bridge to fix the situation.
them choose the right product or service that best fits their Usually, discussing different options will bring about a
needs is a great example of going the extra mile. This kind positive outcome for both sides. The retail business is
of service establishes goodwill, and will eventually lead extremely competitive, and there are no guarantees of a
to loyal customers. Even if that person doesn't purchase company's survival. Of course, other factors playa part,
anything at that time, the good shopping experience will such as value for money, convenient opening hours, and
~'i\C~'ü1al:d~ 1~?~a\ 't:l'ü<¡:'\'{\~<¡:'<¡:'. so orv, 'out 'In tne 'ong run , treating peopie 'air\" ano witn
respect is the best recipe for success in retailing.

Readlng and Use of Engllsh Part 8 Test 6 185

Test 6 Writing (1 hour 30 minutes) Part 1

You must answer this question. Write your answer in 220-260 words in an appropriate style on the separate
answer sheet.

1 Your class has watched a television debate about what should be done to ensure that natural resources, such as
water and oil, are not wasted. You have made the notes below:

Ways to ensure natural resources are not wasted

• laws
• media
• industry
Some opinions expressed in the discussion:

"The best method would be to make wasting natural resources a
criminal offence."

"Newspapers and TV can have a very powerful impact on people's
behaviour."

"Companies should take the lead by avoiding unnecessary packaging."

Write an essay discussing two of the ways in your notes. You should explain which way you think is most
effective, giving reasons in support of your answer.

You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words
as far as possible.

186 I Test 6 Wrltlng Part1

Test 6 Writing Part 2

Write an answer to one of the questions 2-4 in this parto Write your answer in 220-260 words in an
appropriate style on the separate answer sheet. Put the question number in the box at the top of the page.

2 A 1V company is preparing a series of documentary programmes about different workplaces. You think one of
these programmes could feature your workplace. Write a proposal to the 1V company in which you describe what
people at your workplace do and explain why this would be of interest to viewers. Your proposal should also make
some suggestions about the general approach the programme about your workplace could take.

Write your proposal,

3 A sports website has asked for reviews of sports facilities in your area. Write a review of some sports facilities you
have used.

Your review should explain who the facilities are most suitable for and describe your own experience of using
them. You should also recommend at least one way in which these facilities could be improved.

Write your review.

4 An electronics company has invited customers to write a report on an electronic gadget. Write a report on an
eiectronic gadget that you regularly use, such as a mobile phone or a games console.

Your report should outline the gadget's capabilities and what you use it foro It should also comment on the extent
to which the gadget meets your needs.

Write your reporto

Wrltlng Part 2 Test 6 187

Test 6 Listening (approximately 40 minutes) Part 1

fl§J You will hear three different extracts. For questions 1-6, choose the answer (A, B or C) which ñts
best according to what you hear. There are two questions tor each extracto

I Extraet One
You hear two friends discussing a new job that the man is about to start.

1 What attracted Donald to his new job?
A He will be able to live within easy reach of mountains.
B He will be back in the town where he was brought up.
e He will have more responsibility than he had previously.

2 Donald thinks the problem with selling his house is that
A it is in a locality that is unattractive.
B it lacks some amenities that are generally expected .
e it is too unusual for the people who want a house at that price.

I Extraet Two
You hear two friends discussing a novel.

3 What does the man think about the book?
A He could identify with the main character.
B He felt it was inconclusive.
e He didn't get used to the style.

4 Why does the woman want to read the novel?
A It has just won an award for fiction.
B It has been chosen by the book club she belongs to o
e It was written by an author whose work she enjoys.

188 I Test 6 L1stenlng Part 1

I Extract Three I
You hear a husband and wite discussing new appliances tor their home.

5 Why are they going to contact the shop?
A to ask tor the dishwasher to be exchanged tor a different model
B to ask tor some intormation tor customers to be corrected
e to ask tor a retund ot the money they paid tor delivery
6 What do they agree about the cooker the woman mentions?
A It would be too complicated to operate.
B There is not sufficient room tor it in the kitchen.
e They wou ld not use it enough to justify the expense.

Listenlng Part 1 Test 6 189

compared with some well-known clubs. Gavin doesn't live in (9) . The most important part of Gavin's job is the (12) of suitable footballers. and making it fun. Gavin has got very little (7) in his jobo Only Gavin's title is printed on the (8) that identifies his office. Most clubs have very limited (10) of all types. talking to some students about his work. Gavin enjoys meetings with (13) . 190 I Test 6 L1stening Part 2 . Test 6 Listening Part 2 ~ You will hear Gavin McFarland. complete the sentences with a word or short phrase. A FOOTBALL MANAGER'S LlFE Like most football managers. Last summer. Yesterday's training focused on developing the players' skilis at (14) . For questions 7-14. the manager of a football club. Unlike many football managers. Gavin painted all the (11) in the club.

B it is necessary to explain why some objections have to be overruled. e or O) which fits best according to what you hear. 18 With regard to objections. B It will remove pressure on other villages in the area. what is the overall opin ion of villagers? A They resent the fact that their views have been overruled. 17 The interviewer thinks local people protesting against the plan are right with regard to A protection of the environment. B. Listening Part 3 Test 6 I 191 . D They think the development will seriously damage village Iife. 20 According to the interviewer. the Public Relations Officer of a company developing a former air base. Jane says that A a shared build ing is planned that will bring the communities together. e the amount of housing planned. e part of the responsibility for integration lies with existing residents . e They welcome the opportunities that the development will create. e provide too few jobs to meet the needs of new residents. Jane makes the point that A they shouldn 't prevent basic requirements from being provided. B They believe the development is undesirable but inevitable. D it is useful to evaluate the motives of objectors. o create parking problems for residents with cars. O It will fulfil the council 's requirement for new housing in Buckworth village. 19 Concerning the relationship between residents of Buckworth East and of the existing village. 15 What benefit of the Buckworth East development does Jane emphasise? A It will mean the shops in Buckworth village will have more customers. e It will form a self-supporting community. B cause a large increase in the use of cars during the rush hour. e they are rarely based on accurate information. D the focus of village activities is Iikely to move to the new site. o facilities for pre-school children. B new residents are unlikely to be interested in the existing community. B public transport links. 16 Jane admits that the development is likely to A provide housing that is too expensive for many people. For questions 15-20. choose the answer (A. I Test 6 Listening Part 3 ~ You will hear an interview on local radio with Jane Robinson.

mentions about their experience of living abroad . A to get a beUer job afterwards While you listen you must complete both tasks. B because a foreign organisation B realising the benefit of encountering _. choose from the list (A-H) what each speaker speaker moved abroad. choose from the list (A-H) the reason why each For questions 26-30. CD ~ ~ ~ approached them Speaker 1 other cultures Speaker 1 ~ (JO. A reassessing their work-life balance _.~ ~ You will hear five short extracts in which people are talking about living in a foreign country. r- !C. ~ TA5KONE TA5KTWO ~ For questions 21-25. e O to study at a well-known institution to work on an international project Speaker 2 []E] e not being able to adapt to the way of life Speaker 2 DE] " DI :1- O re-evaluating their ideas about their own ~ country E to accompany their partner Speaker 3 []E] E meeting a number of people who Speaker3 ~ became good friends F to have more job opportunities G because their research could best be Speaker 4 ~ F their personal relationships being put under strain Speaker4 ~ done abroad G gaining insight into their strengths and H because their employer asked them to relocate Speaker 5 ~ weaknesses Speaker5 ~ H learning to be less materialistic .

• Where are you from? • What do you do? • How did you get here today? • What is a typical day like for you? The interlocutor will then ask you sorne questions about one or two other topies. for exarnple: • How do you think your life might change over the next five years? • What kind of filmsdo you enjoy? • Tell me about something surprising that has happened to you. And your names are? Can I have your mark sheets. please? Thank you. Good morning/afternoon/evening. we'd like to know something about you. • How good is the place where you live for someone of your generation? Speaking Part 1 Test 6 I 193 . My name is and this is my colleague . Test 6 Speaking (15 minutes) Part 1 Part 1 2 minutes (3 minutes for groups of three) The interlocutor will ask you sorne questions about yourself. First of all. your horne. work or studies and familiar topics.

Interlocutor In this part of the test. (Candidate A). Now. and what they might be talking about. 194 I Test 6 Speaklng Part 2 . They show people in different work situations. which job do you think is the most rewarding? (Why?) 8 After approximately 3D seconds Thank you. I'd like you to talk about two of them on your own for about a minute. One of you is the interlocutor and the other two are the candidates. You will then be asked a question about your partner's pictures which you will need to answer in no more than 30 seconds. I'm going to give each of you three pictures. here are your pictures. who do you think will remember the situation for the longest time? (Why?) 8 After approximately 3D seconds Thank you. The interlocutor will give you three pictures and ask you to talk about two of them on your own for about a minute. I'd like you to compare two of the pictures and say why the people might have chosen to eat together in these places. (Candidate B). and also to answer a question briefly about your partner's pictures. Refer to the pictures on pages 519 and 520. Test 6 Speaking Part 2 Part 2 4 minutes (6 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. it's your turn first. AII right? After 1 minute Thank you. I'd like you to compare two of the pictures and what skills the people might need to do their jobs well. and what disadvantages these jobs might have. (Candidate B). AII right? After 1 minute Thank you. Here are your pictures. They show people having a meal together. (Candidate A). The interlocutor should lead the task using the script below.

Refer to the task sheet on page 821. The interlocutor should lead the task using the script below. After 2 minutes Thank you. Test 6 Speaking Parts 3 and 4 Part 3 4 minutes (6 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. Speaklng Parts 3 and 4 Test 6 I 195 . One of you is the interlocutor and the other two are the candidates. (About 15 seconds) Now. After 1 mi nute Thank you. The interlocutor should lead the task using the script below. First you have some time to look at the task. One of you is the interlocutor and the other two are the candidates. The interlocutor will ask sorne general questions which follow on from the topic in Part 3. talk to each other about how effective these ways of studying are. Interlocutor • Do you think people learn more on their own or when they study with a friend? rNhy? / Why not?) • To what extent does the best way of studying change according to what subject is being studied? rNhy?) • What study advice should schools give to young people who are about to go on to higher education? rNhy?) • Why are evening c1asses popular with many people who work during the day? • What are the advantages and disadvantages of online courses? rNhy?) Thank you. Part 4 5 minutes (8 minutes for groups of three) Work in groups of three if possible. Interlocutor Now. That is the end of the test. Now you have a minute to dec ide which of these ways of studying is the most demanding. I'd like you to talk about something together for about two minutes. The interlocutor will give you a task sheet to discuss together. Here are sorne ways in which people often study and a question for you to discuss.

2 lay c1aim to I the blame on I the table I aH excuse [give/make 8 The inspector drew management's attention 1Q sorne problems in an excuse] the workshop.. describing a particular phenomenon in science or society. 'power' or 'impact' Test 1 Key to give the idea of 'total' or 'complete' . questioning the person . do something . 1 'Work' is uncountable and so cannot be preceded by ' a' . while 'episodes ' is used about usually nega tive events in a series. so you have an ability to debate' or 'a source of argument' . even though there may often be.. 1 The correct collocations are : S Many peop le took part in the anniversary festivities. such as. . Useful language: putting words in context 7 C Only 'based' is followed by 'on ' ... 1 B People can be 'in discussion'. but a topie is 'under discussionl 10 to: Just as you are able to do something. You can expect George to be willing .ourney 2 All the work will be done h volun teers . Training 4 You 'explain' something 'te' someone. Jackie has 8 A 'Moments' is too short and 'eras' too long a period of time to got a good JQQ as . it beco mes clear l A 2 C 3D 4A SB 6 C that a conj unction is needed for the sentence to hang toget her. 4 Alexandra was able to make good use of her knowledge of Useful language: identifying collocations foreign lang uages. for condition ..Answer keys and transcripts S C 'Full' collocates with words like 'efficiency'.you 'acquire Reading and Use of English Part 1 inforrnation' throug h reading or talking to other people. example. 1 give perrnission I someOHe a faYOIHI a presentation I someone 6 1 must congratulate you on your excellent work. Don 't hesitate to ask ifyou need .. The hotel receptionist will Useful language: using prepositions informltell you how to get to the conference centre. measurements 6 run a campaign Useful language: using pronouns 7 pay tribute to 8 sho t past 1 which 2 that 3 What 4 whose S It 6 which 7 whose 81t 31 C 2D 3B 4A SB 6D 7C 8B Exam practice Thinking about meaning 9 Alt houg h : If you read to the end of the sentence... The police are questioning . 3 A 'Functions' and 'purposes' are often used together when 12 on : 'Depend' is followed by 'on' .. 3 Delegates experienced a number of problems related 1Q the 6 'Police' takes a plural verb. 196 Test 1 Key . The train . 6 D The other words do not fit the meaning here . a hand [do someone a favour] 7 1 hope my letter will be taken into consideration. Reading and Use of English Part 2 3 'Worry' would be followed by 'about asking'. from Moscow to . and you 'complete' a task Training of sorne kind . 2 D 'Precisely' collocates with 'why' in a way that none of the other 11 so: The conj unction 'so that' introd uces the purpose for doing adverbs does. a phrase in parenthesis between the two words . something.. It also becomes c1ear that a conjunction that gives an idea of contrast Exam practice is what is required.g. as here. so it would have to be: A police officer is broadband connection at the conference centre. 3 make a mistake I plans I a noise I your best [do your best] 9 There is an urgent need for fresh water supplies in the region. S 'Travel' can't be used with the definite article. 4 pay attention I a--tte*et I tribute to I a compliment [pay for a 10 Have you seen the new advertisement for Lotus shampoo? ticket] S mn aH exercise I a business I a race I a campaign [do an 2 Ion 2 down 3 up 4 out S aboutlin 6 on 7 0ff/away exercise] 8 up 9 up/in 10 against 11 off 12 by 6 shoot a film I past someone I an arrow I a camera [use a camera] Useful language: using connectors 7 stand a fJossibility I a chance I triall for parliament [there is a 1 1 whereas 2 provided 3 whatever 4 unless possibility] S altho ugh 6 until 7 whe never 8 because 8 take care I measurements I a fJ roFRise I the train [make a promise] 2 1 in accordance with 2 in order to 3 as long as 4 despite the fact that l even though S so as not to 6 in case 7 as if 2 1 lay the blame on 2 stand trial 3 make a noise 8 as soo n as 9 even though I des pite the fact that 10 No sooner 4 give a presentation S took. you 'ac hieve' or 'reach' a goa l of sorne sort.. 'no' or ' sorne'. 4 B 'Maintain' collocates with 'health' and other adjectives such 13 less: You have to think carefully about the meaning of this sentence as 'warrnth' or 'tidiness' with the meaning of preserving in that in order to rule out other words that mig ht fill this gap . e. 2 'Count' must be followed by 'on' . 'more' . 'episodes of mad ness/fainting/violence'. fit here. 1 1 A number of customers complained about the after-sales service.

rewrite = write again 16 fact: 'Fact' is used in a number of eonneeting expressions.' . 24 bravery: This is the abstraet noun from 'brave'. anti-government = against the government Reading and Use of English Part 3 5 un = not. appointee..g. . appeared. irresponsible = not responsible Useful language: identifying parts of speech 7 sub = below. sub-human (in)eomparable (in)eomparably 8 disprove. . anti-authority 2 5 unzip. motherhood. 'regardless of enough the faet that . underestimated =didn't estimate highly 'despite the faet that . rather. disbelieve (in)stability (de)stabilise (un)stable (un)stably stabiliser stabilising 3 1 sub-zero 2 disbelieved 3 underpaid 4 anti-establishment stabilised 5 indeeisive 6 unhelpful height heighten high highly Exam practice power empower powerful powerfully 17 perilous: The eontext shows that an adjeetive is required before the power powerless powerlessly noun 'voyages' . doubt doubt doubtful doubtfully 22 settlement: The eontext makes it elear that you need a word that is doubter undoubted undoubtedly referring to a place rather than a person (whieh would be 'settler'). 14 as: 'As a last resort' is a fixed expression. 'in spite of the faet that . '. irregular comparison compare eomparative eomparatively 7 sub-zero. stardom. untie. developmental 21 arrival: The definite article shows that a noun is required here. re-sit. -' .. dukedom Training -ee attendee. etc. thoughtless 2 The verticalline I shows where the answer is split into two parts for marking purposes. overslept = slept too long sorne point by 'or'. overworked the news' tfeatured. Useful language: understanding prefixes 15 or: If you see the word 'either'.) 8 dis = not. -rnent aehievement. adulthood. 4 anti = against. rewrite. diseontinue. empowered empowering 18 Unbelievable: Reading the whole sentenee makes it clear that you need a word that suggests the information presented is hard. sub-normal.) 4 anti-war. disallowed = not allowed. dampen. developer (un-/under-/ over-) 20 Analysis: The verb 'suggests' shows that you need the singular developed noun rather than the plural 'analyses'. Te st 1 Key 197 . irrational.r' l '. well-known. eheapen. etc. gets 4 buy 5 can either -en blaeken. not good enough 1 1 adjeetive: following 'rnost' and preeeding the noun 'eompanies' (unusual. trainee. of eourse). attainment WHO holds/has / is in I a management/managerial -proof waterproof. sub-standard = not up to standard. 2 1 boyhood 2 boredom 3 sharpen 4 appointee/appointment 2 ONLY were the rooms I exeellent but The verb is inverted 5 thoughtless 6 bulletproof 7 eommuters 8 eommitment when various adverbial expressions like 'Not only' oeeur at the beginning of a sentenee. eommitment. manhood. retirement. unwrapped = took the wrapping (paper) off the pareel Training 6 ir = not (a form of 'in'. to believe. 2 re = again. Useful language: understanding suffixes Suggested answers (alternatives are possible) Reading and Use of English Part 4 1 -dom freedom. re-examine 4 noun: following 'sorne' and preeeding 'or another' (reason) 3 under-age.. anti-establishrnent. boredom.. nameless. been) 2 redo. "'. underpaid 5 adverb: qualifying 'impressed' (extremely. under-edueated. replaeement. rather observation observe observant observantly than easy. heartless. as are 'il' and 'im'). fireproof. e.. sharpen 6 was the food 7 traditional Freneh 8 eould have been -hood ehildhood. Useful la ngua ge: correeting some commo n mista k es interviewee 1 1 finding 2 to get 3 works. unravel noun verb adjeetive adverb 6 irrelevant.. detainee. employee.'. 3 under = not enough. not eonsidered aeeeptable 2 noun: after the article and preeeding the eonjunetion (headlines) 2 Suggested answers (alternatives are possible) 3 verb: past partieiple needed to follow 'has not' and fit before 'in 1 over-exeited. kingdom. doubtless doubtless 23 plentiful: Remember to have only one 'I' at the end of any doubting adjeetive ending 'ful' (apart from the word 'full'. payment. ehildproof 'Everyone' needs a singular verbo You hold or have a management/managerial position in a eompany. over-eat. observer observational 19 risky: You need to add the suffix -y to make the adjeetive from development develop developing developmentally 'risk' .'. bulletproof. boyhood -Iess airless. you can expeet it to be followed at llover = too mueh. wisdom.

1 What is fascinating is that.. garden. as get Note that we never say 'suggest YOH to do' . . as the context makes it clear that m. 6 serves/ofTersfprovides delicious MEALS I at Note that the 4 'Lofty' must mean something like 'high' . 3 can EITHER drive (there) I or go 'Can ' conveys the idea of Working out meaning from context possibility and 'either . 4 As soon as we/l catch the waiter's eye. learners and the answer that Esperanto may provide. as the context actions. created/designed. as that is what has happened to Latin. connections . Suggested answers 5 What Esperanto does not have in culture it compensates for in 1 limiting the number of planes taking off and landing efficiency. once also an international 5 Sarah kept an eye on the children while they were playing in the language. 7 (would/'d) SUGGEST (that) you I (should) choose/buyf 5 'Mitigate' must mean something like 'reduce' or 'minimise' .interesting 'exceed' means ' be higher f more than' . although it clear that it is sorne kind of positive adjective reinforcing the you can talk about buying something 'for a good price' . 5 will/should have f won't/shouldn't have I no DIFFICULTY f 3 'Seeking' must mean something like 'Iooking for' or 'hoping any DIFFICULTY (in) finishing 'Have difficulty' is followed to find'. 6 'Counter' must mean something Iike 'argue against' . Using the title 4 The language never really succeeded among people worldwide in the way its creator hoped . 4 clothes that will make you feel good 5 how to take good photos 6 how the way food is placed on the plate affects enjoyment of a meal 198 Test 1 Key . mustn't it? proponents view Esperanto in a favourable light. consequence . as that makes sense with the idea of second-language by a gerund or by 'in ' + a gerund . 4 SHOULD have played I better 'Should have' can be used to 2 'Devoid of ' must mean 'without' or 'lacking'.initially The verticalline I shows where the answer is split into two partsfor be aware .. negatively to eriticisms made against it. Useful language: paraphrasing Exam pract ice 1 at first . concept of ideals. more than a centm:y ago.ties 25 keeping I an EYE on As was pointed out in the training section . a Dr Ludwig 30 take gloves in CASE I it is 'In case' is usually followed by a Zamenhof published a book about a new language that he had verb in the present simple tense.wish 28 could put I my FEET up 'To put your feet up' is an idiom meaning 'to relax'. 2 an exhibition involving two different cultures or contrasting ways of 6 Esperanto has created a history of its own. 'keep an eye on' means 'watch' something or someone. 7 ' Proponents' must means something like 'supporters' or 3 It must be hard for celebrities always to be f being in the public 'people who are in favour of '. . one shared by the Iife in sorne way thousands who speak it and use it as a Iingua franca/global 3 the thoughts of a financially successful young person language .result 26 to be HIGHER I th an it 'Tend' is followed by an infinitive and fascinating . are followed by the infinitive.realise marking purposes . Reading and Use of English Part 5 2 It is said to be simple to leam . ideological or political associations . or' is used to present the two altemative 1 1 'Tussle' must mean something like 'struggle'. as clearly a express regret about something not happening as you expected or language is more likely to be appreciated if it does not have any hoped. we'lI pay the bill and leave. 3 It is appreciated as being without any of the ideological or Training political associations that accompany languages of erstwhilef 18 2C 38 previous colonial powers. as the eontext makes preposition associated with selling and ' price' is 'at' . for certain . 8 Topple .share you have noticed or understood. the context suggests that the creator of Esperanto would not have 8 (wil\)f('ll) have the/a CHANCE f get the/a CHANCE I to wished his new language to present an exclusively Westem point go Both 'having thefa chance' and 'having the/an opportunity' ofview.undeniable 27 far as I 1 can TELL This is a fixed expression used about what have in common . intend . suggests a surprising reaction towards something that is basie. key -main 29 CAME up with I the suggestionlidea of The phrasal verb 'come 2 Suggested answers up with' is often used with 'idea' or 'suggestion' . 2 The teacher tumed a blind eye to the children's behaviour. as the context makes it clear that supporters of Esperanto would reaet 3 1 llove my sister despite not always seeing eye to eye with her. from its perch' must mean 'remove from its position'.

say. 4 1 '[T]his attitude has shifted in recent years . but it is not the writer's conclusion. points out that it is an expensive exercise but says it is discussions on the subject of language in the modem world.... but it is not the writer's conclusion. . . leamers find English interesting. and the phrase 'more significantly' is used to 2 e introduce the importance of the language's freedom from political 3 D associations. really like trees. Training The Woodland Trust. beginning to feature [in art]'. but neither is presented as the main reason . S: The writer does not comment on the extent to which 3 The last two sentences in S . The phrase 'vested interests' 4 The last two sentences in A. They suggest that 35 D The answer is given in the final sentence of the last paragraph. C: This is true. shows that reviewer S is interested 34 B The answer is given in the sentence beginning 'In addition. D: Although this is part of the people. English. this is not presented as a reason for Esperanto's 37 e The phrase 'elegantly crafted' shows that reviewer e finds the lack of success. Exam practice 2 A Whether it is worth doing a degree depends on the subject and the specific course in question . 2 BCD After gap: For examp le. A and S: These are also reasons why Esperanto appeals. it is not the main point being made . Reviewer A. e and D are all concemed about the efficient but is without the prestige of. but that although English is frequently used B Whatever the subject. which echoes the title of the piece in a publicity. European languages to be as intemational as was originally intended. means 'a personal interest in something that you can gain an advantage from'.. as in why the installation was given its name. they feel there is something wrong about this. The staff of . Esperanto itself . English . S: The writer makes the point that sorne people would agree with Reading and Use of English Part 7 this and others would disagree. but that alllanguages are in a sense artificial. there is no suggestion that that is because it has received too little 38 B The final question in B. this is not a point that the writer is making. A: 'justifiable in terms of its powerful impact'. 3 1 A 32 D The question asks about the main reason for the appeal of Esperanto. Reviewer A uses the phrase 'Stunning paragraph suggests that Esperanto may not be that widely known. more gratefu!. ' . writer's argument. The Woodland Trust goes on to argue 3 A e D 3 Befare gap: a more attractive environment for businesses and 4 A S e their staff After gap: Given such striking benefits 4 Befare gap: It seems unlikely After gap : AII the same Test 1 Key 199 . 'perch' (= position) clearly does not make sense here. A: The writer emphasises the difficulties of leaming depends on whether they are doing a vocational course or not. most ofwhat is written will help in some way 10 develop the structure of the texto Reading and Use of English Part 6 1 Befare gap: sorne people really. manner similar to reviewer D.true. but does not suggest that they are unrealistically raised the career expectations of many young exaggerating the importance of this.. for example . 4 A but is not presented as a reason for Esperanto's appea!. Approaching the task After gap: How can this possibly be? 1 1 A C D 2 Before gap: once global warming kicks in . S : The writer says that schools teach about the growing D An increase in the number of degree places available has globalisation of the world. on the where the writer makes the point that Esperanto has initiated useful other hand. a university degree tends to lead to as the means of global communication. to look at' to convey that they find the piece beautiful. D: Although the first sentence of the third sculpture visually attractive . D: The point the writer makes relating to Esperanto and prestige is that Esperanto is 40 A Reviewers S. while reviewer e says that 'More and C: The vocabulary of Esperanto is undoubtedly expanding. This point is made in passing. Useful language: working with reference c1ues C: Although a pronoun often refers to the most recently mentioned 1 You may have underlined more than these phrases . but does not comment on its effectiveness as a global language. A: The argument is not that Esperanto is not 39 e Reviewer D says that the topic (global warming) 'is regularly an artificial language. which point out that Esperanto is too similar to certain the paragraph . C: This point may well be. 31 C The writer is making the point that communication is increasingly global .in a well- noun. ' 33 A The answer is provided by the last two sentences of the third 2 Through the conclusion he or she draws in the final sentence of paragraph. it is something that causes graduates having higher salaries and more prestigious jobs than many difficulties for leamers. and he suggests it would be good if non-graduates. but more artists are beginning to tackle [this topic]' . there were a simpler way in which people could communicate with e What students find valuable about the university experience one another. Training 36 A 'Esperanto' is the only object that makes sense in the sentence. contradiction that the piece is a protest about climate change but it uses so much electricity to keep it on show. C: Although speakers of Arabic or Chinese Exam practice are likely to find Esperanto harder than speakers of a Romance language would. . constructed piece ofwriting.

2 1 Relationship between trees and health of city people 6 a detective story which holds the reader's attention until the very 51 2 Economic benefits of tree s in cities last page 7 an over-complicated and not totally convincing plot 3 More examples of trees ' benefits 8 a. I Reading and Use of English Part 8 replied. sorne of the report's c1aims are a bit shaky . Air at very high altitude smells completely different. but before long I was c1imbing on an exposed ridge to for cities' in C. I still had this feeling 2 a story that is partially based on the author's own childhood when I carne back home but it soon faded away . Sorne people can be blindly obsessed by Everest. a musical or even C Business covered. been based on u B Besides. possibly.. 43 A Music is the theme both before and the gap and so must presumably be the primary theme of the missing paragraph. This 48 D ' Before our summit bid. in that D develops the idea 10 by saying that the story was not believable or realistic or true lo life of the structure of inorganic matter presented in the first paragraph 11 by mentioning the actual period in which the story takes place.it was first 44 G The reference to 'the building block' immediately after gap published anonymously..ilim: which is set in the past but has a modern feel to it 4 Something to suggest report may be overstated V 3 Suggested words and phrases ro underline: 2 Suggested answers 1 A Before that happens.' missing paragraph must be providing sorne more information about the way in which the scientists created musical compositions. reducing blood pressure. he looked hard at me and exclaimed "Andy!" To my amazement. raising self-esteem . The Andromeda Strain 6 The Andromeda Strain 7 Contact 8 No one's .' 46 C It is clear from what follows the gap that the missing paragraph must refer to sorne aspect of improving urban living.' 1 Suggested answers 52 D 'After my return to Kathmandu.' 200 Test 1 Key . making the point that living matter is structured in thi s by referring to it as historical fiction way too. 1 felt like a super-being 1 a character with a resemblance to a real-life celebrity because 1 had stood on the top of the world. even save lives. ID 2A 3C 4B 6 probably through a reference to sorne unusual act or habit of the Exam practice person 41 D The sentence after gap 41 makes it c1ear that the missing 7 crime fiction paragraph must refer to the 'basic building blocks' of a piece of 8 to the very end matter.. D fits here.' 5 a gripping book with an eccentric main character 55 B '1 did not get the beautiful view as a reward and I felt fleetingly disappointed. ET. I was suffering from a lack of Spanish olives. which is taken up in the paragraph following gap 44. and this is the case in A. they: And there are other economic 1 looks like / be similar to / reminds the reader of / must surely have advantages. Only G introduces Exam practice the idea of creating better rnaterials. The missing paragraph must make a link between these two Scanning themes and that is what F does. 49 B 'M y oxygen was running out. The 2 1 Erica Wagner 2 Frankenstein 3 Jurassic Park (though we are reference to the idea of patterns after the gap suggests that this idea not given the date for ET) 4 Jodrell Bank Observatory may be explained in that paragraph.' insists the 5 "Thrilling". its film spin-offs.' 3 a book which has not been adapted very successfully to another 53 e 'He was also c1imbing without oxygen and was tiring. but first 1 have to get back down safely. too . 1 was preoccupied with thoughts of a tin of Reading the questions them sitting in my tent at base camp. It does. it was my close 45 E Looking before and after the gap. however. but none of these other paragraphs fits the gap. 'spellbinding' and 'engrossing' are all synonyms of Trust's report.' 50 D 'After I contacted base camp and they had congratulated me. 'gripping' .the time when Mary Shelley was writing 122008 missing paragraph. an opera) controlling behavioural problems 4 unusual turn of events D 'We need more native trees and woods in urban areas. 1 It outlines the writer's three favourite science-fiction thrillers. and this can be confirmed by checking whether 9 too complex/convoluted 'Similarly' at the beginning of D relates back in a sensible way to the paragraph before gap 41 . without injuries was our main objective.' medium 54 A ' It has occasionally been c1aimed that people c1imb for the 4 a ill!:Y that has an unexpected twist at the end smell of it. maybe 2 autobiographical 1 being kind to urban wildlife isn't as valued as it might be . "Thank you. 5 Jurassic Park. 9 1985 10 Richard Holmes 44 makes it clear that building blocks must be referred to in the 11 1818-ish . They are mentioned in B. our team agreed that returning information is provided in E.'" Training 51 A 'When I reached the South Summit. or of the text.. while the paragraph after 42 is talking about music . D and E as well as G. 2 3 film/cinema (though of course it could be a play. 12 by suggesting that the characters behave in a contemporary or 2lst- 42 F The paragraph before 42 is talking about the properties of century way scientific matter. the foot of the Hillary Step. and common sense demanded This is to be found in the phrase ' to reinvent transportation systems that I return. it becomes c1ear that the friend Ed Viestours on his second ascent of the mountain. 47 e ' While I was struggling to focus the camera.

Similarly. The fourth will explain which of the points discussed 110 2F 38 4A SC 6E is best. even if • Selection of one of these as the best to receive. The second will discuss one of the points in the notes. moving away from your fiatness and compactness make it the perfect place to walk around parents' home so that . S6 A 'Many people on the Indian subcontinent believe that the 2 Clear paragraphing. That is something l do not agree with but never 3 Neutral or formal. in a review. The long and 2 Possible answers not very 'tight' sentence structure also makes it feel more like spoken rather than written language. no use of contractions or very conversational language 1 This is too formal for a letter to a friend (though someone might write it for ironic or humorous effect). provide helpful tips are particularly unlikely to be used in a review where the writer is trying to both interest and inform his or her readers. museums. I would like to draw your attention !Q the fact that our college has S You will want the reader to have a clear understanding of your had a drama department for the last ten years and yet it still doesn't point of view and the reasons for it. on budgeting sensibly. We had a ve!)' enjoyable time there last year. on However. homemade 4 This will be a matter of personal choice. experiences which you think you will be able to discuss well in English. The fourth will explain which of the points discussed omit subject pronouns in this kind of writing. The rooms • Selection of one of these as the area where young people can were spacious and attractively fumished. Such expressions 2 offer useful guidance. than a colloquial or personal style 4 Suggested answers (alternatives are possible) 4 Neutral or formal. This means that drama students must m put on their productions in a theatre in the city. of Exam practice course. academic style rather walking distance. essay. formal style. with an you may find the third point more interesting. specific companies whereas 'adequate time' is rather formal. the use of vague 1 people who have already spent many years in the workplace. The third will discuss another of the points 2 Too informal . e. what kind of exam will be penalised unless it is done for deliberate effect. The second will discuss one of the points in the notes. then 1 should be happy to do so. the project. relationship. 1 would strongly recommend that you implement the suggestions This pattern will be a straightforward one to follow for any Part I in this proposal as 1feel they would bring considerable benefits to essay . explanation as to why you feel it is best Test 1 Key 201 . relationships. expressions such as 'not a bad idea' and 'pretty easy' also sound people who have already achieved a great deal in their career more typical of spoken than written English. i. which is expensive and . above in greater detail. no use of contractions or very dispute. international magazine.this is an point of view and the reasons for it. money l would recommend that you choose 8rown's Hotel for your holiday. Mixing registers in the it would be best to work for and which to avoid. Choose the two points items. 2 l am writing this letter to discuss abtmt the advantages and This pattern will be a straightforward one to follow for any Part I disadvantages of building a new theatre at the college. S I · Oiscussion of the advantages and disadvantages of receiving two of these three categories of present . It's central so there are plenty of 2 An essay shops. budget successfully Nagold is a picturesque little town in the heart ofGermany. 3 Possible answers 4 This feels like a mix of registers .fortunately . for training will prove most useful. etc . usually an impersonal. theatres and other tourist attractions within easy 3 Clear paragraphing. S Probably four Would you like to come to the theatre with me next Saturday? The first will introduce the topic . and might be able to recommend example. 1 have written a brief report of the workshop.' conversationallanguage Writing Part 1 4 Probably four Training The first will introduce the topic. The third will discuss another of the points Understanding how writing is assessed in the notes. academic style rather ascent of Everest confers on the climber a greater wisdom in than a colloquial or personal style manifold subjects.its chaotic public transport causes fewer problems than you might expeet. so you need to let the readers know from the very start which city you are writing about. ifyou would like me to address any ofthe points raised how to look after children. 6 You will want the reader to have a clear understanding of your 3 Part of register is thinking about your audience . on the importance of keeping up with friendships.luxuries. 1 1 • Oiscussion of two of the following three areas of life where 3 Suggested answer (alternatives are possible) young people might be able to learn from an older generation - work.g. its 4 making your own way in the world.e.it would be inappropriate to use contractions or to in the notes. is best. FirstlylFirst. Le. not very convenient either. the food was delicious gain most.'I'd love to' is informal. usually an impersonal. with an explanation of your point of view and the staff were very helpful too . on living economically. 1 Older people could give advice about. 3 Older people could give advice on saving money. 3 deal with your own finances. 2 Older people could give advice on what is important in a As requested. The suggestion below is written in a rather people to contact. have its own theatre.

For example.. conversely. After 3 Review all.D Task 2 is to be written to a friend. no relationship is the same and so what might be right in one 4 LetterlEmail situation might not in another. so it might be more 6 B (and sometimes e and D) informal than something written for a printed arts magazine aimed at 7 D a broader readership. Advice relating to careers is more likely to be relevant to a variety of differing contexts. D Task 3 2 C.B. If young people are prepared to listen to Identifying what. They may also be able to give invaluable pointers as to which companies they would 8 Despite the few slight problems which the group experiencedthis advise either applying to or. please note that this is just one example out ofseveral 3 I've been terribly busy this month. Letter that will give them the best chance of success. e. However. 2 Task 2 • arguments to persuade parents that Sam should take ayear oullo Notes travel before starting medical degree • First paragraph introduces the topic • response to suggest that writer should join Sam and his/her • Second paragraph deals with one ofthe points friends on their travels • Third paragraph deals with a second point Task 3 • Final paragraph explains why one of the points is more valuable • Only two of the three points Usted are discussed • types of voluntary work students could do • Variety in structures and sentence length • how it would benefit volunteers • Neutral in register . female students make happen that older people wish they had acted differently in their more use of the college's libraries than male students do. youngsters can benefit from the experience of 5 I recommend the first of the two options out!ined aboye for a their elders.C. 'It goes without saying'. the campaign can be considered as having been a total success. 7 I am writing to congratulate you on the service which my wife they can recommend what to focus on in order to acquire the skills and I received in your restaurant last night. Report contacts to help the younger one to find a position.5 Model answer 2 2 In conclusion. ReportlProposal 6 Do you prefer listening to music on your own or in the company As far as work is concemed. is concerned' • describing • Correct length (260 words) • No language errors • explaining • suggesting Writing Part 2 Task 2 Training • suggesting Identifying types of writing • accepting or declining an invitation 1 1 A. enough time to sil down and write to you properly. it may well prove useful for them . 9 The following recommendations are based on generally accepted estimates with regard to the city's probable future needs for Older people may also be able to use the benefit of their own life leisure facilities. It can 10 According 1Q the results of our survey.D and relatively informal . e. LetterlEmail 4 Casablanca has to be one of the most romantic films ever made.D • persuading 5 e (possibly A) 4 Task l is to be written for a student website.an informal style is not appropriate for an • how it would benefit community essay • Good use of connecting phrases. I think young people can leam most from the older generation in the field of work . you will have plenty 202 Test 1 Key . Report own relationships and so they may wish to encourage youngsters to avoid similar mistakes.D • describing 3 B • explaining 4 A. It may year. number of different reasons. In both their work and their private !ives. It goes without saying that there are many ways in which young Review people can leam from the older generation. why and who this kind of advice. As friends. the older generation can explain how of other people? Review young people can achieve the career they dream of. 3 Task l 'As far as . 1 1 Report 2 Proposal Of the two areas of !ife discussed aboye. but ftllast I've managedlofind possible approaches. 8 C.g. not applying to. Proposal experience to help young people with relationship advice.. I have no hesitation in recommending the course for other even be the case that the older person will be able to use their own students in the future . so your language will be friendly 9 C.though you still need to be polite if you 10 A want to refuse his or her invitation. Report This model has been prepared as an example of a very good answer.

which would give you the chance much more of the city. by 4 regret. of shared knowledge about each other's lives. so your advice would be able to take account of that. As a result. 1 did not hesitate and immediately downloaded it to my tablet. • Some basic information is given abo lit the app but. Had 1 not had the app. Dear Students. Although London is a big city. You may have met Notes Sam's parents. either on foot. I think the developers that you would also gain sorne contacts all over the world. It would certainly add extra value to an hearing from any of you who think that the work might be right already excellent app. take/ • Reader is addressed direetly . Our international network means Although 1 found the app simple to use. However. eomparing or eontrasting • Variety in struetures and sentenee length 5 recommending 6 congratulating • Not too formal or informal in register . You can type in where you want to go and it will show have three work-experience placements available for students you how to get there. I would probably to develop a wider range of office skills than would normally be have used the underground and so would have missed a great deal. Are you looking for a work placement that will give you plenty of London Tourist App valuable experience and willlook good on your CV? If so. so it will be neutral or formal in its style. which could make it even more attractive to tourists. It offers alternative routes and suggests how long including dealing with correspondence. as is Katie Fisher appropriate to a review. when driving. Using it The placements would be of great benefit to the students who are showed me how close 1 was to sorne of the places 1 wanted to go given this opportunity. keeping our database up-to-date.to make the letter feel more make 10 why 11 put 12 to personal and engaging • Correet length (243 words) Exam practice • No language errors 2 Letter Model answer 3 Review This model has been prepared as an example ofa very good answer. the LondonApp just before 1 had to spend two weeks there. • Clear organisation and paragraphing • Points in the task are all direetly addressed Useful language: expressing funetions • Enough information provided about the workfor students to know 1 1 suggesting 2 complaining 3 apologising 4 This is expressing whether it might be likely to be suitablefor them a different function.too mueh formality would be inappropriate for a letter to a student paper.formality is not necessary in a website review • Rounding-offsentence summarises the writer's opinion • Correct length (258 words) • No language errors Test 1 Key 203 . Model answer However. the centre is relatively compact. take a style would not be appropriate for someone writing from a 5 fact 6 agree/accept/admit/acknowledge/realise 7 position/shoes serious eompany ('shoes' is a less formal option) 8 In. the case in a larger organisation. for you . what it is. then It's easy to get lost in a big city like London . How good it would be if you could just c1ickon that You will find further information about our organisation and building's location on the app's map and be taken straight to the placements we offer on our website and we look forward to information about it. So when 1 read about our company may have something to offer you. arranging meetings and your journey will take. the writer's opinion has at least as much importance as any facts about the subject of the review • Clear organisation and paragraphing • Good opening sentence to engage the reader's interest • Variety in structures and sentence length • Not too formal in register . Imagine you're might be of particular value to any of you considering a career in walking past an interesting building and would love to know sorne aspect of education. It would provide experience of working to. The work would involve a range of office tasks. We are an international educational exchange organisation which The app allows you to see where you are on a map of Greater organises links between schools all over the world. course 9 In/Under. . know the city and wants to find their way around. We are particularly interested in offering these placements to students with sorne knowledge of It is c1early a very useful app for anyone like me who does not two or more languages. by using public transport or from your college .and that you might be the right person for one of these placements. • Good use ofa question at the beginning to engage the reader's interest Task 3 is to be written to a college principal. Le. I was able to walk to my destination and so see in a small and dedicated team. We currently London. possible approaehes. Notes • Statement ofwhat is being reviewed at the beginning Best wishes to you all. please note that this is just one example out ofseveral possible approaches. please note that this is just one example out ofseveral This model has been prepared as an example ofa very good answer. but too informal 2 1 about 2 alternative/option/choice 3 to.

awakened . 14 fulfilling: 'Best be described as' gives the same idea as 'sums up' in the question prompt. but the woman said This is a report on Skilden town centre from the point of view of a she was 'OK on that score'. used by local performers. but 11 conducto r: The marketing manager is not the person she expresses listening carefully to the text should make it clear which is the pride in. 2 There is something to suggest the distractors in each case. Notes • Statement ofwhat is being reported on at the beginning 3 1 Raindrops 2 satisfactory • All the points in the task are addressed 4 1 Other possible words that could fill the gap in the first question: • Clear organisation and paragraphing 'S ummer Time'. Skilden town centre has a number of excellent restaurants. His grandmother had the house where his interest was view of young people . 13 Storm : The other film she names is to be made in the future. 'wonderful' .(older) cousin is the correct answer. we have to travel 50 miles to the Welford Stadium. Most students do not have the money to spare for eating in Listening Part 2 restaurants. 6 B A and C: These are both important but not the most important Restaurants thing for the woman. implies that.4 Report Exam practice Model answer 1 B A: The topic of the lecture didn't surprise the woman becauseshe This model has been prepared as an example ofa very good answer. These are not cheap. Entertainment 3 A B: The man's last tum makes it clear that their aim was simply to gather information rather than infiuence a decision . which we enjoy when our parents come to Training visit uso There are also one or two less-expensive establishments Choosing the right answer where we can occasionally treat ourselves to a mea!. 1 mother / brother / schoolteacher / friend / neighbour / grandfather. However. have a number of smaller venues S C A: The woman is pleased with how much she has achieved. C: The students who are referred to are students from a possible approaehes . unlike the man. If we want to hear a well- by the end. However. C: Although he says that he was not initially sure of the value of the meeting. other possible words that could fill the gap in the • Range of vocabulary appropriate to the topie of describing second question: 'excellent'. and usually have a very good atmosphere. Training 9 (bank) cashi er : She was considering becoming a teacher but hadnot Understanding different aspects of the recording finally decided. The theatre is regularly used for student productions. correct option. etc. 'excellent' is wrong because that is what his class teacher • Good use ofheadings said. productions and are popular with students . would not be suitable • Correet length (250 words) Exam practice • No language errors 7 fiut e: It's her sister who plays the violin. The main Suggested answers (alternatives are possible) catering facilities which students enjoyare the coffee shops . Skilden does. facilities in a town • Variety in struetures and sentenee length 2 'Summer Time' is wrong because that is the piece his sister played. he felt satisfied that it had been useful ' concerts or other musical performances. 12 the compa nions hip: She mentions travel but makes it clear that this has its downsides . river to build a venue for large musical events. This would greatly His father simply took him to the place where his interest was add to what is otherwise a good town centre from the point of awakened. C: Advice is Skilden town centre has two multiplex cinemas and one referred to in terms of the advice they are now going to offer their theatre. but they are welcoming and comfortable. Suggested improvements 2 Possible words that could fill the gap: father / grandmother / cousin/ My recommendation would be to use part of the parkland by the parents . please note that this is just one example out ofseveral beforehand.anything too informal said. she had read something about the period However. however. previous year rather than students attending the same lecture as the speakers . bibliography. most people my age 4 B A: The man expresses a feeling that his own contribution could are surprised by the fact that there is no large venue suitable for have been better. These are much frequented by students B: She says her family has been an equally important part of her life. C: They both felt that the handouts were 20-year-old student currently studying for a degree in sociology at not as usefuI as they might have been in that they did not containa Skilden University. Skilden Town Centre 2 A B: The man wishes he had prepared better. and 'wonderful' is wrong because that is what his parents • Appropriately neutral style for a report . Listening Part 1 8 maths: She was tempted by the thought of doing a degree in music but did not do so. These put on a range of mainstream and more unusual own management committee. known singer or group. His parents were the people he had to persuade to let him have lessons . 204 Test 1 Key . 1 l B 2B 3A 4C 5B 10 Aus tralia: The tours to Canada and France are in the future.

3 The topies of the other options are mentioned. 2 1 wonder if they could be discussing sorne kind of problem. .... they could be discussing . They may have been waiting for TASKONE quite a while because . . But they seem to be feeling quite relaxed . B: Her life was dull but she does not mention a specific problem she was facing . Listening Part 4 4 How do you think you'lI use your English in the future ? The candidate could have explained what their plans are for work Training and study.they're she goe s on to make it clear that he advised her against taking up probably all very used to waiting . Understanding distraction 27 D The speaker makes it clear that she was lucky 10 get her 1 1 C position given the number of applicants from this country and 2 You might be tempted by the other options bec ause both her elsewhere. She looks . S 1 don't think that they can be at home because they are both dressed quite formally. 22 G Although the speaker mentions that her father is an accountant. 2 What did you do last night? 20 D A: She talk s about experiencing life as an observer but.. D: She suggests 1 What do you enjoy reading mo st? that in fact it might not be better to think about your grandma The candidate could have given more information about a specific because she will be interested ju st because the experiences you are writer or story they had read . and what the speaker says about these makes it clear that it can be difficult to meet them. 1 1 think they might be talking about a situation at their workplace. relationship with someone who is bad-tempered. . 2S E 'That was it' means ' that was al! that was nece ssary'./ 18 A She implies that each of the other options is to sorne extent an Speaker B . B: She refers to this as a 3 How do you try to keep fit? possibility but does not say that she finds it partieularly rewarding. 24 B Her aunt is the relative who she says 'got me into' (= inspired her interest in) the career. The candidate could have described the kind of exercise they take C: This might be the an swer that you would expect but the speaker and could have gone into more detail about their diet . but not in a way that 30 H It is clearly not easy to have a straightforward working matches the wording in the recording./ .. so she could not be calleda friendo 1 lC 2E 3D 4 A SB 16 B The other options are all true./ issue but it is not the greatest challenge for her.. saying how does not mention it. B: She says she was not the kind of person who liked to keep her thoughts Question Questio n Question Qu estion Question private. 3 1 think the man might have a problem at work. D: Although her verse said she wanted to be like her dad. The 21 C 'Got talking to ' suggests a ' chance encounter' . B: She suggests that making readers either laugh or cry may be a good thing for a writer to do but does not say that the main aim 3 Suggested answers is to make readers experience strong emotions. commuting. but you need to 28 C The speaker explains how he and his family eventually listen carefully to the end of the recording to confirm the correct moved to a place nearer to the airport because of the pressures of answer./ . . they try to eat fruit as a snack rather than sweets. Exam practice Speaking Part 1 15 C A: She mentions that she had afear of the sea but does not Training express a desire to overcome it.. Criterion 4 l 2 3 5 19 C A: She doe s not say anything specifically about writing style. 2 17 C A: She started writing before she began to trave!. children and a range of jobs are mentioned. 2 B 29 A The date of the show is the deadline. she does not mention this . 1 2 3 4 S we do not know whether he was a writer or noto Speaker A . but they are not her main reason./ .Listening Part 3 TASKTWO Training 26 F 'Constantly having to train new helpers' is a paraphrase of 'rapid tumover of staff ". no one seems to be feeling partieularly stressed . who although she almost certainly has developed her powers of they went with and what they felt about the film. . 2 Possible answers 23 D 'Master' is a synonym for '(male) teacher' . for example. couple on the right seem to be work col!eagues . 4 Perhaps the woman has been giving the man sorne advice. describing are yours. observation.. D: She had onl y Understanding how your speaking is assessed ju st met the woman in the café. so perhaps he 's feeling a little anxious. Finding the perfect match Speaking Part 2 TASKONE F Training TASKTWO D Useful language: hypothesising Exam practice 1 they look as if they're waiting .. Test 1 Key 205 . accountancy as a career. as if . The candidate could have spoken about what film they saw.

8 I think it's quite possible that they're good friends as well as Listening Part 1 colleagues. It's a bit dingy. For ques tions 1 ro 6. In contrast. I never imagined anyone manag ing to make a top ic 6 What you say reminds me of . fl§J 6 The people in this picture might be going on holiday. I'm themselves. It's on the tip of my tongue. ~ Exercise I Useful language: comparing and contrasting Man : I'm not sure llike the look of this place. I don 't know. too late to grab a bite here before turn ing in. What's it called?. the people in the second picture seem more Woman: Well. you know Man: Well. don 't you? 1 1 In 2As 3 From 4 far S way 6 where 7 perfectly 8 argue 9 strong 10 tend 206 Test 1 Key and Transcript . but . There are two questio ns for each extracto Tralning Extraet 1 Useful language: negotiating You hear two students disc ussing a /ecture. 2 The girls in this picture are working hard... 3.. But I certainly want to go and find out more about it now.. Giving yourself time to think 1 Well. B or C) whichfits best according ro what Speaking Part 3 you hear. but . that's quite a difficult one.8. history beforehand. . 7. I just wished I'd read a bit more about that period in 9 Yes. I think the people in the first picture are feeling more have anywhere . so I was expecting quite a lot. d developing an idea someone has mentioned . let me think. it won 't be too hard to find someth ing relevant. 4. 8 Wou /dn 't you say so? Man: Mm.. 5 It's interesting you shou/d say that because . would you? Woman: I was OK on that score. Man: YesoStill. some students he taught last year. I'm starving. It's a bit quaint perhaps . relaxed than those in the second picture. Man: Me too . choose the answer (A. How can I exp lain Extraet 2 what I mean? You hear two business peop/e discussing a meeting they atrended. 1'11 be sorting out the luggage while you find out. And check about where to leave the car too . Man: Sure. 2 I entire/y agree.. but there is one little boy who is clearly not enjoying Exam practice himself.1. I thought they were never going to bring things to an end! Speaklng Part 4 Woman: I know. shall I see if they've got any vacancies? picture. I must admit I haven't really thought about it much before... Woman: That was a really interesting lecture . Now look at questions 3 and 4. I am pretty exhausted . don't you think. Pity he didn't include a bibliography on any of the b expressing partial or complete disagreement . Now look at ques tions 1 and 2. I kept th inking they were on the verge of Training wrapping thi ngs up and then someo ne raised some other issue. it certa inly doesn 't look too expensive . 5 On the whole. 1 1 I can't he/p thinking that . the people seem rather so shattered .2 of our course . 6 It's most likely that they're discussing something related to work . everyone looks as if they're enjoying Woman: Mm. the chi ldren in this picture seem to be having a good time. we achieved what we set out to oI wasn 't sure it'd Useful language: giving your opinion be worth it at first. that's basically guite ted ious into something so fascinating just 7 That's all very well. 6 I'm sure. So. so I dread to think how you 're feeling. I think I'd have got a bit more out of it if I hado 10 You wouldn't disagree with that.5. And at least it' s probably not other picture are simply having fun . Man: Not bad at all.. You will hear three different extracts. by looking at it from a fresh angle. On the other hand. Well. they could simply be on their way to work . I'm not sure I fancy anyth ing at the moment interested in what they're doi ng than the people in the first myself . whereas the girls in the Man: Mm. I'm glad that meeting 's over now. if they 4 All in all. even though it' s not an essential part 2 a expressing agreement .. I'd settle for anything. 10 Woman: Oh well . wheel all day. Anyway. 3 By and large. Jack? 3 I take your point. Anyway. 7 But it could also be that they're talking about a relationship Test 1 Transcript problem . Training 9 They look as if they get on well with each other. but I th ink it was. 1 1 In the first picture. 10 I imagine they must be office workers of sorne kind . And you 've been behind the miserable. but we shouldn'tforget about . in the other one. 9 handouts he gave uso e asking for someone's opinion . Wait a moment. . Woman: Really? I hadn't heard anything about him before. Anyway.. I'd heard that the lecturer was brilliant from 4 Isn't it more a matter of ..

We got back last week and are off again the world. sang Raindrops. but it's Interviewer: What quality do you look for in young scientists who certainly not an easy life. that's up to them. I'd exchange orchestra work for a solo career . and when someone suggested I try for one of the me as my career. lt's extremely enjoyable and I love the path I've chosen. as I understand sorne of you may be considering this as a career. The same the kids had to either play an instrument or sing. They thought it was Woman: I don't imagine anyone would ever say that. I spend a lot of my time living out of want to work in your lab? a suitcase. Summer Time. Would you say that you've achieved everything that Sorne of you are studying for a degree in music at the university you would've wished? here. for example. I think. I wouldn't say that's the best part of my jobo It's often fun. more opportunities for work as a soloist. decided to take a job in a bank first while I made up my mind. You will need to play the partnership or noto the recording twice. My primary school put on a show for our parents. It's great to spend one's life with a group of Listening Part 2 people who share the same passion for music. Sam. You have to value precision as The orchestra I play for is one of the best known in the country. But what I do love is the companionship. I'm looking for people who pay great France. Woman: Ves. complete the committee tomorrow? sentences with a word or short phrase. So. They notice what's going on around them and they next Monday. satisfactory. That is the end of Part l. My older sister director says he's going to use us in his adaptation of a novel opened the event by playing the violin. I was very tempted by that option. attention to detail. Man: Well. we're off to want to find out more.I guess I was times. as that'd offer You hear a scientist being interviewed about her career. We've done our bit by seeing how Anita: I'm here today to tell you about my life as a musician in the land lies. a scientist. an orchestra. Of course. For questions 7 to 14. Extract 3 I used to wish I played the violin as my sister does. I feel was pouring that day! I accompanied him on the piano. actually quite high praise! Test 1 Transcrlpt 207 . It's amazing to have ended up heading After graduating. and all got stuck on a Garibbean island during a hurricane. We spent last month playing a series of concerts in Woman: Well. do you feel ready to give a full report to our management of students about her lije. I'd said I was excellent. That was. as it is Iike. Then later in the year. Thanks to a bigger national orchestras. I'm sure. You will hear a musician called Anita Kumar talking to a group So. But a true scientist appreciates that that is We all feel very fortunate to have the chance to be working with also part of working towards the truth. She did a piece called called Piano. but never mind. of course. My be happy to answer any questions . of course. Then my best I hope this has given you sorne idea of what life in an orchestra friend. But I've been able to enjoy both. which he's planning to start shooting next year. We've got a pretty good picture now of What'd Exam practice be involved if we do decide to do business with them. and my parents called it wonderful. I could have done that better. You may have seen it . The thing is we have a brilliant conductor. but it's never boring too overwhelmed by my own performance. If you play the f1ute.even if I had the opportunity and the talent. we did have one rather unusual experience last year when we featured in a movie. but I'm not sure whether I'd advise them to pursue You now have 45 seconds to look at Part 2. a very appropriate little song. Training Although we spend most of our time giving concerts in this B38J Exercises 3 and 4 country and abroad.. I was considering becoming a teacher but the leading research lab in my field. energy in the evenings. Woman: That's right. but she did say it was That is the end of Part 2. But I guess the key thing for me is someone who And that's not just because we've got a pretty good marketing understands that you also learn from experiments that don't manager. then I'd certainly recommend it as a great way to beco me a professional musician. I don't incredibly lucky to be paid for doing something I love so mucho At remember much about the rest of the concert . I'd say it can best be described as being fulfilling. My family has always been as important to lloved it. and I began to play in my local orchestra. Woman: Gertainly. Being a cashier during the day left me with plenty of time and Interviewer: And that's on top of having four children. but now I don't think Now look at questions 5 and 6. piano teacher was a bit less enthusiastic. but in the end !!lY- parents persuaded me to do maths instead. But I've more Iikely to lead to a steady jobo been very lucky in that I've been able to do far more than I ever dreamt when I started out. Although I love travel. My class teacher and I have no hesitation in recommending it as a career. Iike me. Interviewer: You've had a long and successful career as a biochemist. it's disheartening to spend six months on quite young and he has an amazing future ahead of him. for her. but it can be exhausting. And I think you gave them a sense of what we could offer them. it's exhausting and difficult. him. of course. To Ganada. I jumped at the chanceo great support network. something that fails.it Man: The first time I performed in public was when I was only was called Storm .and it was about a touring orchestra that eight. Ei®J Man: Well. they should have a natural inquisitiveness about Australia. a pretty melody that I stilllove.. He's still work.

When I was at school. Look at Task l. has had to overcome. Marina. I decided to run ~. and alife that had arown stagnant. choose from the list (A-H) what made each the world. And I'm nice about kind people too. I find. which can my thoughts private. I set out to find something more. Marina: At times I did. but people don't want to read about that! So in order months at a time. and they're cathartic to write about. though I must admit that wasn't an enthusiasm How can you give universal appeal to your story? How can you I initially shared. choose the answer (A. I wrote a group of archaeologists and they suggested we ¡oin them on a little verse that included the line: 'People say I take after my dad. I was working there two days grips the reader. I suppose the main Interviewer: As a travel writer. Great!' My mother stuck to get a place on a university course and t've never looked back. you Rose: Well. Channelling your experiences into art is deeply enriching. What made you get started in writing? teachers advised me to become a research scientist. to be honest. A couple of creative projects inspired by them have taken shape Interviewer: Mm. especially at the beginning. and my Interviewer: Mm. I decided on the spur of speaker choose their career. Thanks to a chance encounter. I got used to putting up with all sorts of the recording twice. What's the biggest reward of life as a travel but haven't yet found a publishing home.Listening Part 3 to brush her hair in weeks!' my family say in hushed whispers Training behind my back. It turned me into a travel writer and an adventurer. I had a talent for chemistry. though I had no idea what 'something Part 4 consists of two tasks. often be a majar issue for archaeologists. to get a good story. You now have 70 seconds to look at Part 3. an old c1assmate of make it a page turner? Can you make your readers laugh? Cry? mine. While you listen you must complete both Interviewer: And you didn't regret it? tasks. they were tiny. and so began my passion for It hasn't all been plain sailing. I've never been one for keeping get funding for the projects I've wanted to work on. Listening Part 3 No matter what situation you're in. how did you get started travelling? Exam practice Marina: People often think that those who travel are running away from something. For questions 15 to 20. Or they do in my imagination. rather You now have 45 seconds to look at Part 4. They're right. and there has to be more than a description of what you saw. away from a dull job. at least. which means for extra help at the start. 'She's supposedly writing a masterpiece. How did that come about. Did some horrible person treat you badly? Not to worry - flg) put him in your next story. some friends and I went Marina: Oh. You really don't know till you get it done and others read it and pass their verdict. Alison Greaves. Interviewer: What advice would you give to someone who is ~ Exercises 2 and 3 considering going into travel writing? Interviewer: I understand you also occasionally volunteer at a Marina: Always assume that your travel experiences are only wildlife reserve. Marina Vardy. But working with the deer has been you've got a big job on your hands. that happened a good while before I set off travelling travelling round Europe by train. we got talking to a and I was inspired to write by what I saw. writer? Marina: Writing teaches you to experience life as an observer. choose from the list (A-H) the difficulty eacli speaker despite the fact that I've always had a morbid fear of deep water. I was then able He went bald and grey in his twenties. For in a café who had a humble sailboat and a dream of exploring questions 21 ro 25. In Greece. the recording twice. and going to be interesting to your grandma. When you're penning your life story. but she hasn't bothered 208 Test 1 Transcript . Now look at Task 2. Attention spans are how has it inspired your writing? slim. narrating the events around you. B. Exam practice Bad encounters make good stories.before 1 knew where I was. I end up doing things that most people avoid due to their ridiculously high risk. an amazing blessing and has enriched my life in many ways. digo I was hooked from the first momento Luckily. you're trying to grab a week and really enjoying being outside. Against my better judgement. I couldn't have asked for more. my children have been fascinated by deer ever since have to work harder than ever to keep your readers engaged. it on the fridge. You will hear five short extracts in more' looked like. At about 12. there's always that tiny author sitting in the back of your head. but Speaker 1 above all it made me an optimist. However. You will need to play That is the end 01Part 3. 26 to 30. You wil! need ro play to my own amazement. e or D) which fits best according to what you hear. That voyage changed the course of my life. with all the other calls on people's attention. of You wil! hear part ofa radio interview with a travel writer called course. Interviewer: Thank you very much. Aged 24. but I've been fortunate enough to entertaining people with words. physically difficult situations. Nowadays. Alison was desperate the attention of an internet-obsessed generation. people laughed. Marina. But in the summer holidays after 1 finished school. the worst thing's the fact that I constantly battle self-doubt over whether or not my work is any good.most of the Marina: My greatest passion in Iife is a midday sleep in a people who come and work on digs are only doing it for a few hammock. not the story itself. After all. what's your biggest challenge? problem is constantly having to train new helpers . it can seem Iike you're being very self-indulgent. I met a woman which people are talking about their jobs. but. For questions the moment to accept her spontaneous suggestion to join her. working with deer. opened a reserve far them and invited me along to have a Think of your travels like the backdrop to a greater story that look . But. I'm afraid. Interviewer: With me in the studio today I have travel writer Listening Part 4 Marina Vardy.

operations these days . He discovered treasure. Um. as far as I was concerned. My dad's an accountant. racing or snowboarding. and that can often mean a few all. You just have to get dig on a northern island of Scotland. I was aware of that before I Speaker A: Mm. But I think it might decided to go for this as a career. It's not quite as glamorous as people to you? often think it sounds. I like some computer games ver¡ quite enjoy the buzz of working to deadlines. I play them a lot Speaker 5 with my friends. I enjoy working with the models . probably there for nearly 1. I fly out of an airport that's have been something that happened on my eleventh birthday.. by hand as they used to have to. I've just always communicate with people all over the world. that depends. Question 4. I'd try to find a job elsewhere. I'm not so keen on adventure games. Er on my way to college. Speaker B Speaker 4 Interlocutor: What's the most exciting thing that's ever happened to you? It's quite hard working in the fashion business. he advised me against Interlocutor: What do you enjoy most about studying English? it. though some are not so good. on my iPod®.it's just a matter of being Question 3. Speaker A me into this field . that's a difficult question. Um. but I Other young boys usually go through a stage of wanting to be think they're ver¡ fun. I'm sure I'd have found it ver¡ difficult doing precise drawings I spend a lot of time playing computer games with my friends. these much. Fortunately.. too . But it's fun. I listen to it. . Er. um er. My granddad actually financed mine. astronauts or circus c1owns. I don't Iike it. I guess I'm a bit of a workaholic really. as indeed several other members of staff have ended up doing. Speaker A That is the end of Part 4. That was certainly an extraordinarily flying.. but I don't think I am .200 years. They're thought to have been It was my old geography master who suggested I might enjoy there for nearly 1. . Speaking Part 1 Speaker 2 I was ver¡ fortunate indeed to get this jobo It's a first-rate Training accountancy firmo and lots of highly-gualified people both from ~Exercise2 this country and from abroad compete to work here. help on the site for the first time. Speaker A prepared to put in the hard graft. Er um I listen to it. Question 2.in fact. nighters. especially when 1was either leaving early or gett ing back just arrived to help on the site discovered treasure. My boss can be a bit bad. But you wouldn't believe how tense it can be in eleventh birthday. And that's never been an issue Interlocutor: What's your opinion of computer games? for me. Speaker A: 1like the way that it makes it possible for me to But that wasn't too much of a problem for me. and things are much easier for me now. they were nothing like as temperamental as the press often makes out. It's a rewarding job and leven Speaker B: Well. if anything.and there's plenty Speaker B: I Iike the way that it makes it possible for me to of good software to help you with most of the more tedious communicate with people all over the world. me too mucho If it got too bad. I think . Interlocutor: What kind of music do you enjoy listening to? Speaker A: Er . I Iike er pop music . of course. of silver bowls and brooches. Speaker A: I like computer games. Speaker B when I came across a biography of the man who built some of Interlocutor: What's your opinion of computer games? the first ever iron bridges . over 40 miles from the town where I used to live with my family. of course.. whichwas amazingly kind of him. It was a hoard late. Test 1 Transcript 209 . A schoolboy arrived to everything ready on time.200 years. though few get taken on. as you don't really get to see much of the places you travel to. He remembered how hard he'd found it as a young man spending years studying in the evenings after working all day. He'd have loved to have been a pilot himself. Perhaps something that happened on my look their best. so we uprooted. into the business in the first place. but I've learnt not to let it bother reasonable way to relax. I love being creative and helping other women Speaker B: Um.even the top ones are it was a hoard of silver bowls and brooches. particularly games based on sports like football or motor- days most of the design ís done using computer programs . I certainly don't have any regrets. My parents say I'm wasting my time. Question 2. had a flair for working with figures and 1find it ver¡ satisfying to immerse myself in a client's accounts. Mm.that was it. Some of my friends find Question 1. um . and I guess it was her stories that got me extraordinarily exciting day. but said he couldn't afford the training. Fortunately. But I think numbers can be much more Interlocutor: What do you enjoy most about studying English? straightforward to work with than people . but I've only ever wanted to be a civil engineer ever since I was a small kid. that was certainly an aunt used to be one. 1think most of them are ver¡ good. ever¡ day. I think I was enthused Question 3. but then we decided it was all too dig on a northern island of Scotland when a schoolboy who'd much. Speaker B that a bit weird. Speaker A Speaker 3 Interlocutor: What's the most exciting thing that's ever happened I work as an airline pilot. People have often told me I'm ver¡ talented . I I was with my parents who were working on an archaeological commuted for about ten years. I was with my parents on an archaeological those last few days before a major show. but that's not what got Question 1. but I think it's a perfectly tempered at times. exciting day. MY. My parents don't like computer games. actually. um .

6 My grandfather never discusses his Jife as a coal minero (No preposition is needed after discuss. so perhaps 6 achieving 7 getting 8 have he's teeling a little anxious. which will make the task easier for you. I like pop music. and they could be discussing an issue relating 2 1 make 2 go/enjoy 3 have/throw/hold 4 take 5 meet/suit to their work. Oh. But they seem to be feeling quite relaxed in each 6 make 7 shows 8 find 9 range/choice 10 area/field other's company. perhaps. it was a girl who lived next door to me. He did tell me. because the woman Useful language: checking for corred collocations on the left has fallen asleep on her husband's shoulder. I think. But I certainly think that they sound as if they're a good idea.they're probably all very used to waiting at airports. step out into the street in front of you. Then . pedestrians don't Speaker B: I think friends are very important when you are at hear you coming and. though. But on the other hand. She looks as if she's totally concentrated on what she's Useful language: thinking about prepositions reading. er. that you have to be extra careful driving it. They may have been waiting tor quite a while. before large numbers ot Interlocutor: As you like. Yes. Interlocutor: Who was your best friend when you were at he's only been using it for a couple of days. Speaker B Um. Man: Well. the people here are at an airport. if they're not paying attention. people start using them. 1t'1I need to at secondary school? be quicker and easier to do that. It's so quiet that. how can I explain what I mean? I think it'snot Speaker A: Sorry. Speaker A hand. Interlocutor: How do you think the people in this picture are teeling? 4 It's always worth having a guess. that's quite a difficult one.. they're obviously better for the environment in that they Interlocutor: Who was your best friend when you were at don't use petrol or diesel. 2 My stay at my grandparents' was a great success . Bi§J Exercise 4 1 How did you spend your last holiday? Test 2 Key 2 What do you do to relax? 3 What are your plans for your career? Reading and Use of English Part 1 4 What have you achieved that you feel particularly proud of? Training 5 What new law would you like to be introduced? 6 Do you think the place where you are currently living is a good Review place tor young people to grow up in? 1 You should first read the title and then read all through the text. 4 When does your plane arrive in/at Rio? 5 Polly wrote to congratulate the professor on his inspiring lecture. 210 Test 1 Transcript and Test 2 Key . This will help you understand the text.) 7 The article considers the consequences of the workers' strike. On the whole. You don't lose marks for a wrong answer. do you mean when I was at primary school or yet straightforward enough to recharge electric cars. and they look as choose from the resto jf they're waiting for their flight departure to be called. He's 1 1 drawn 2 attend 3 taking 4 know 5 sit reading a newspaper and is looking quite serious. er. Speaking Part 3 Question 4. On the one Question 5. they'd need school? to be a bit more convenient to use befare I'd seriously consider buying one.. well... A friend of mine has actually just got one. wait a momento It's on the tip of my tongue. but he seems to school? quite Iike it. they can school. you know. Woman: Well. fliP Exercise 1 3 Often the presence (or absence) of a preposition before or after the gap means that only one option is possible. Um. The couple on the right seem to be work colleagues. What's it called? Question 5. How about you? What do you think? Speaker A: OK. before. So eliminate any option you feel sure is incorrect and Man: Well. The woman in the middle is focusing on some papers. let me think. 6 talks 7 reasons 8 advertisement 2 1 1 don't have much information about local history. Tessa . I must admit I haven't really thought about it much Her name was. that's fli3J Exercise 1 what I listen to mosto I always have my iPod@ with me and I listen Man: So would you ever buy an electric car? to it on my way to and from college. Speaker B Training Interlocutor: What kind of music do you enjoy Iistening to? Speaker B: Er. Speaking Part 2 2 Often the right answer is the only option that collocates with whatis Training written either before or after the gap. 3 The new student didn't contribute to the discussion. let me think. 8 1 saw an article about/on a language course in the paper. no one seems to be feeling particularly 1 1 knowledge 2 visit 3 participate 4 get 5 thank stressed . Primary school. anyway.

D: 'Construct' 'wonderful' and 'unique' are non-gradable. e.. a country where the language is spoken. typically a building of sorne kind .to 'slightly' or 'a little'. D: None of the distracting words can be used to give the idea of 'chose' or 9 WhenlIf: If you read to the end of the sentence. you must choose one and write only that one down. to the correct answer. e.. pronoun. 2 1 would 2 a 3 missing 4 by 5 which 6 for 5 B The meaning here is that they used this particular book as an 7 why 8 wants/decides (Note that the verb after 'everyone' must example to show how the device might work in practice . 'someone who has qualities that match .Exam practice 4 You need to write a grammar word in each gap. 4 A This is the word that is used to describe the place and time 7 no: ' Not' would need the indefinite article . e. It probably makes sense to do the ones you find easiest first. although these words might work with 'locations' . but it would mean a section of that book and so does not make sense here . B: 'Position' is usually used to refer to available' . they do not work with 'ernotions '. B.g.g. e. is usually used about something physical. A and B: These is required .g. Note that the place that people or animals inhabit. Agradable adjective is one that can be of 'understand' .. preposition. about a book.to ' provoke' 5 No.. Review 16 whose: The possessive relative pronoun is required to make 1 No. and the grammar. 'Disappointing' is gradable . 10 how: 'How' is one word which can give the idea of 'the way in C: 'Amount' is used with uncountable nouns. which means 'how your business works' . rather than forward to what will happen as a future consequence.' C: 'Consists' is almost 3 healthily: 'Healthy' is an adjective and would need to be always followed by 'of'. 14 Despite: 'Despite the fact that' is a phrase often used to convey the Reading and Use of English Part 2 same idea as 'although'. etc. society or a team. D: 'Part' might be used 'without anything' means the same as 'with nothing' . 'give [careful] thought ' needs to be followed by 'te' . 'The idea originated from China' . 8 B This is the only word which fits both in terrns of grammar and 12 whatever: 'Whatever' can give the idea of 'it does not matter meaning . 'eat healthy food'. what' in one word. A: 'Commented' would need to be followed by 'on' .g. A. making changes . Training 15 of: This is the only preposition that can fit in the phrase 'workings of your business '.g. C: 'Called' would require the 'as' which follows later in the 13 to: Although you might ask someone for their thoughts about sentence to be dropped .'there wasn't a lift where a novel or play is set. for example . Understanding what the text is all about will help you the sentence hang together. which isn't correct in standard English . 1 1 very: 'Much' would need to be followed by a comparative adjective in a sentence like this. 'realise' can mean 'rnake something real' . e. D: ' Remarkable' is a descripti on rather than something . auxiliary verb. It also becomes c1ear that a conjunction that gives a conditional idea 7 D 'Range' collocates strongly with 'of emotion s' . amount of money/trouble/work' rather than with countable nouns 11 with: You have 'ties/links/connections' with someone or such as 'Iocation s' or 'ernotions' . D: It is c1ear from the context that they were creating rather 8 made/took 9 get 10 bring than just imagining how the vest might work with the book . e.the or 'a little unique'. a place or position of sorne kind . A and B: Both verbs tend to be used about people . that a conjunction is needed for the sentence to hang together. whereas compression system passes air through tubes perhaps. or 'impel' someone to do something. 8 anything: 'Nothing' would make the phrase into a double C: 'Environment' is mainly used when talking about nature or about negative. A: As well as its more frequent meaning as 'wonderful' or 'unique'.g. 2 No. B: ' Involve' would often be followed by an action of sorne kind. 'rnuch fuller than I'd 2 A You can rule out the other words both through their meaning expected' .g. 4 so: 'Too' would be followed by a different pattern . 1 D The verb 'trigger' means ' to cause an automatic response' .g.g. 6 to: 'In ' does not collocate when you are talking about plans for 'theory' or 'plan ' .it is used with non-gradable adjectives such loosening for the wearer. 'U sing this novel enabled the scientists to test out their device. It does also collocate with sorne abstract nouns. something. 'Doing 2 newly: An adverb is needed to modify an adjective like a degree in a foreign language often involves spending a year in 'refurbished' . Exam practice 6 e 'Picked' here is a synonym for 'chose'. e. you can say 'slightly disappointing' or realise a dream. a fixed place held by someone in. e. an explanation. and is typically followed by a gerund. It is a more concise way of saying find the right words for each gap. 'an incredible which' . nouns suggest size rather than variety and.'too hot for 3 B Working out how the device is working will help you get us to eat outside . not at all. D: 'Occupy' collocates most strongly with followed by a noun. it isn't.) A: 'Enabling' requires a different structure. A compression system in the vest inflates 5 very: 'Absolutely' does not collocate with gradable adjectives and deflates airbags in order to create a sensation of tightne ss or like 'disappointing' . Test 2 Key 211 .but that meaning does not fit here 'a little disappointing' whereas you can't say 'slightly wonderful' either. e. C: 'Originare' looks back to Considering meaning and grammar where something carne from. quantifier. C: 'Pass' would be used about something less abstract .g. article. 3 You must write only ONE word in each gap. be singular.'. but not with something as vague as ' tightness' .' C: 'Affecting' means Useful language: focusing on phrasal verbs influencing or impacting on and so does not make sense in this 1 take 2 bringing 3 got 4 put 5 make 6 go 7 do context. '. e. it becomes c1ear 'selected' and they do not make sense in this context.

Reading and Use of English Part 3 Useful language: choosing the right expression Training 1 1 tu rn ed out: 'Resulted in ' here would need to be followed by a noun.you can say either ' 1 reco mmend going' or '1 recommend 1 1 accommodation 2 cornrnittee 3 negotiate 4 beginning you go' but NOT '1 reeommeRd lo go' or ' 1 reeommeRd YOllIo 5 professional 6 appropriate 7 interesting 8 pronunciation 9 necessary 10 receive ge'. but 'let' alone is not enough.. i. as the study' .e. Useful language: spelling correctly 6 going: 'Recommend' cannot be followed by the infinitive with 3 'to' . it is used in more 4 to KNOW where Lisa went concrete contexts to mean 't he bottom part of an object' . 22 undeniably: The grammar of the sentence makes it clear that you 26 is no colle ge I I'd/would RATHER 'I'd 11 would rather' means need an adverb to modify 'it is true that . 6 a letter of / an APOLOGY for making 18 apprehensive: Note how 'd' at the end of the verb changes to ' s' 7 not have the OPPORTUNITY to go / of going to form this adjective meaning 'anxious about something in the future' . something. marking p urposes.. but the noun 'difficulty' is not followed by an 4 You might have to decide between a person noun or an abstract infinitive . 1f + past perfect + would have being very unhappy and feeling hopeless about the future' . general meaning of the text and this will help you find the right 3 th e opportunity: Margot might have the 'possibility ofdoing' words. ' and the meaning of ' I' d prefer' . it is 'difficult 3 You usually have to add a prefix and/or a suffix . 7 c1eaning and de corating: Both verbs must be in the same form 2 1 characteristic 2 normally 3 disappointed 4 changeable .g . 28 had M ISSED her ftight I she would/'d 'Given that' means 'since' . Exam practice 19 diversion: Again. 'Basis' is needed here to mean 'the most important ideas or facts on which 5 would/'d RECOMMEND having a mea r / eating something is based' . for examp le 'developer' or 'developmenr'. as does 'make 23 vigorous: Note that the 'u' in the nou n is not used in the adjective up your mind ' .we talk about a Reading the text all the way through will give you an idea of the ' love letter " but not an 'apology letter'. You may get at least one of the two marks . the last consonant of the verb changes when a The verticalline I shows where the answer is split into two partsfor suffix is added. form in UK as well as US spelling (in US spelling. 27 COME to I a deci sion Th is phrase mean s 'decide'. The same idea as the prompt sente nce is give n by a sentence using 24 depression: This is the noun which can be used to mean 'a state of the pattern of a third cond itiona l. Review 30 for keeping/putting 1 her in th e PICTURE "To keep/put 1 Six (and the minimum is three) someone in the picture' is an idiom meaning 'to inform or keep someone informed about a situatio n'. This means that it is always worth writing something. the auxiliary Useful language: noting words from the same root is not used : 'Where did he go? ' . Note that we say 'I'd rather study' but ' I' d prefer to the sentence makes it c1ear that you need a negative prefix. . 20 mastery: This is the abstract noun from the verb 'to master' . the noun is 'vigor'). + past participle in the main c1ause ('to miss' = not to catch).both verbs follow the preposition 'in' and so they must both be 5 marvellously/marvelously (US spelling) 6 business in the -ing formo 7 shameful 8 embarrassment 8 wh ere he found: In indirect or reported questions.e. or you might have 5 lea ve: It would also be possi ble to say Tlllet you have details'. Reading and Use of English Part 4 29 me to I BR USH up my F r ench The structure with 'encourage' is 'e nco urage someone to do somet hing'. to do something'. 25 takes it I for G RANTED "Take it for granted' is a fixed expression meaning 'assume'. 2 YesoYou must spell the word correctly to get the mark . 212 Test 2 Key . but not the ' possi bility to do' it. 2 Two 3 No.'1 don't know where he went' I 'She asked where he went'. thinking abo ut it' . to decide between a singular or a plural noun . e. noun.. 'accept something is true without even 21 significa nt: This is a useful synonym for ' irnportant' . Review 2 a letter of a po logy: This is a fixed collocation . etc . The phrasal verb 'brush up' Training means to 'improve some thing already learnt but partly forgo tten'.' . 'resulted in disappointment' . 4 finding : You have 'difficulty (in) doing something'. you must use it in exactly the same formo 4 Two. writer is saying ' It can't be denied . i. 1 developments 2 developer 3 undeveloped/underdeveloped 4 misinterpreted 5 interpretation 6 interpreters 2 1 not to LEAVE yo ur projects in/at 7 applicable (applied is also possible) 8 (re)applied 9 applications 2 TU RNED out to be unexpectedly Exam practice 3 had no D1FFICULTY (in) getting 17 basis: Although 'base' can also itself be a noun.

. in a sense these statements are true. C: The writer so that you have them in mind as you read the texts. . . has brought to the fore a growing tension .. . exploring their B At his expanding compound . D: Although this may well be true. and B conveys the same idea by saying that studying literature helps people question things .. thinking skills. landscape in smaller foraging parties with tire for safety and with e Today. the couple . C: This is joint degree . 39 D Expert A says that lecturers should make students aware that 33 B 'In the world of archaeology. as the gathered at the camptire . it is more likely that there will be two answers for one of the 31 B 'With a free thumb. Exam task 41 e The idea of paying for and heating living accommodation in the first paragraph of the text is taken up by the tirst sentence in C. than leaming how it actually happened that the writer says he After gap 44: Trish Hume.. but it is not a point that is made in the texto Exam task 32 D 'Just last year 1 watched hawks in Australia pick up buming 37 e B says that literature 'teaches us about ourselves and other sticks from a bushtire and drop them to spread the tire.as is the case with the paragraph before gap 42. . smoke to locate each other again .. but that is not what impressed 38 B A. 1 1C 2E 3A 4F SB 6D 3S C 'We don't have to have been there to realise that the question of how to make tire from scratch would have occupied the minds 2 You could underline a great many words and phrases. Neither A nor D 34 A '[T]he tire became a focus for life. AII the questions will involve reading across the texts and million years .. B: They are using the tire not to cook their prey but to make it employment prospects. were afraid of the cold.' A: We are not told that people D In contrast. Expert D mentions the desirability of students thinking the evidence 'appears to show' tire hearths from a million years about the skills they will gain when choosing what to study for a ago . ' It is believed that we have been making tools for more than 2. .. letters and so none for another. whereas the focus of B is on the value of come out of its hiding places in the bush. skill. ..)' B: This may happen. Exam practice D: Harrnful elements in food have been destroyed by cooking ever Review since people began to cook their food. (That sight is still played out nightly thinking skills.' A: The writer mentions the telling of stories round a tire in After gap 41: The minerals rush . If 1 could travel back in time. they are not the explanation G But in other ways. the hope to witness the tirst of our ancestors achieving this remarkable most direct connections are suggested by these phrases . 1 They all give opinions relating to the same topic .. A It is even larger . C and D all in sorne way relate a study of literature to him. and it is there in G with ' rnechanized army of bulldozers. . flushing people and why we behave as we do'. around which our forebears specitically mentions the value of literature study in promoting could gather in good cheer.' A: According to the text. . 1 would paragraphs ofthe text connect in many different ways. provided as to why the discovery of how to create tire brought contidence . transformed by tire but does not express a desire to have witnessed After gap 46: such a remarkable environment . Exam task 2 No. ... o: The writer makes the point that life was After gap 45: the territory . that process in action. C: They were not starting literature study for creating a well-rounded persono tires but spreading tires that had already started.Reading and Use of English Part 5 Reading and Use of English Part 6 Exam practice Exam practice Review Review Al! the pieces of advice in this exercise should be ticked . prospects. we have the ability to fashion tools easily. However. Neither B nor C deals with this aspect of the topic. experience... In other ways. .this is a much more tentative statement than A is. does say that our free thumb makes it possible for us to make 4 It will almost certainly be helpful to read the questions quickly tirst tools. B: It is experiencing the moment of it happening rather After gap 43: In his small office . simply that tire allowed them to move E Such creatures . for examp le.' A: That might be true in that they points to the value of literature in teaching empathy. Dawson's .. managed to pick up buming sticks. that investment in techno logy and people. in the villages of the San Bushmen of the Kalahari . B and C: Although F .. Test 2 Key 213 . that is not the point that he wishes to make. 36 D 'Our ancestors were able to spread out. it is not a point that the writer 40 B Expert C says that literature graduates will have good critical- makes. the evenings but does not mention a particular desire to share this After gap 42: It's . 42 G The tirst sentence of G makes it clear that the preceding paragraph must have referred to a way in which the town had changed . . the earliest sign of human the writing skills they are gaining will help their employment control of tire is a hotly debated topic.. mentions other creatures such as sea otters that also make tools. into lands where temperatures were colder. drilling rigs...5 3 No. but it is not what it says in the texto C: The text only talks Reading and Use of English Part 7 about one aspect of the Bushmen 's lives. would like to have seen. D: This may be true. . The reference to 'that investment' just after gap 42 shows that the missing paragraph must end by mentioning investment of sorne kind in the mining industry.. Yet that does not detine us. assumed rather than there being evidence to show it was the case.' A: Although the writer understanding the relationships between them. while expert C similarly out or scorching potential prey. their way of life may perhaps be quite different from that of their ancestors . . . and flown-in workers '.

It's more fun and it isn't as easy to of the task. Facilities could relate to the topic in the sense that providing easy and cheap access to sports 53 B '1 also picked up sorne useful tips. childcare. You might perhaps want to skim them just to get a quick impression. youngsters.43 B The mention of Ryan at the end of the paragraph before gap 43 55 D 'On race day. 'essential. avoiding anything too heavy any of the sentences in the task. provide careers advice. trades and professions Exam task 2 This is an excellent answer to the task. 1 Possible answers 2 It certainly wouldn't be sensible to read the texts thoroughly before 1 sewing. careers. but it wasn't giving me a cardiovascular 3-6 The answers to these questions will depend on your own workout.the 'ensure' . 5 jobs. 1 This is generally considered the best way to approach this task . doing voluntary work at a hospital 4 This is a very good idea. doing a Saturday job in a shop or café. explain what jobs are available 3 A lot of people recommend doing this. you have no choice of task.' school about living healthily or by education aimed at all groups 52 A 'I .that is why the questions come first on the question papero Then you Useful language: showing a range of vocabulary know what you are looking for in the texts. 1 began to feel nervous as. with a flapjack two hours beforehand using a different structure. Legislation could relate to the topic by making 1wouldn 't be able to keep up.' ways to enforce healthy habits . if and after the gap and is ruled out by the introductory 'In contrast' .. referred to at the to'. it 4 You must choose two of the three listed points to discuss. It's not essential. The questions in the Advice box relating to the exam practice task give you sorne guided practice in doing this. 4 students. to 2 Education could relate to the topic either by teaching children at help me run more efficiently and in a more relaxed way. end of the previous paragraph. 'sew' . as each one is well-constructed and drinking plenty of water. and pretty much anywhere. teenagers. 2 You always have to write an essay. housework looking at the items. the gap and these are referred to by 'Such creatures' at the beginning of E. as you can do it any time. you use a word from the task. jogging or unhealthy habits illegal and by using the legal system in various walking until we were able to build up to running for 15 minutes . 46 E Animals are mentioned at the end of the paragraph preceding 3 You have to write 220-260 words .' the missing paragraph. so the answer to questions 1-6 and 8 is Yeso give up. 50 A 'I'rn self-employed with unpredictable working hours. 3 working as an office junior. Examples illustrating a good range of structures could include 49 e '1 made sure late well that day. I also picked up sorne useful tips. it tumed combined with the reference to 'his small office' at the beginning out to be a proper event.' 7 Examples illustrating a good range of vocabulary could include 48 D 'My solution to this problem was to set myself a goal' .. but generally it's better to read the items first. 2 tell students about work opportunities.but of course. so running seemed a good option. but it can be a very efficient way of approaching the task.' facilities could help to promote a healthy lifestyle. 'knit'. But we took it slowly. It fulfils all the requirements 47 B "Theclub definitely helped . to keep me going. Training 45 A The paragraphs before and after the gap suggest that the content of the missing paragraph will be focused on a description Review of the area. with lots of people from running clubs of the paragraph after the gap suggests that Ryan was the focus of coming with the intention of getting good times. 51 B '1 learnt to focus on pushing out my breath when I felt tired. 56 B '1 knew I'd begun to overcome my boredom barrier when 44 F The first sentence in the paragraph after gap 44 gives a c1ear I spent 20 minutes jogging in the park on a beautiful summer indication that the missing paragraph must have made sorne evening without thinking about when I could stop. to my alarm. 214 Test 2 Key .' 9 This answer deserves top marks .' 1 1 The issue is how to help people live healthier lives. etc. Review Suggested answers 2-4 The answers to these questions will depend on your own opinions (or on what you feel you can present most effectively in English).' reference to people being concerned about the natural environment of the Yukon. 'restrict themselves problem was the difficulty of motivating herself. carpentry or woodwork. youth 5 This is often a very useful approach. 1 know how important aerobic opinions (or on the ideas that you feel you can most effectively activity is for heart health . turned up for my first session feeling apprehensive that through the media . It's free and easy to fit into your Exam practice life.' express in English). That is to be found in F in the discussion of the Writing Part 1 'growing tension' before environmentatists and developers. 'preferable'. it would be very foolish to misspell it! Reading and Use of English Part 8 Reading the question Exam practice 1 The aim of the essay is to discuss how students can best be prepared for their future working lives. Although paragraph D also refers to animals . 'arguably' . does not relate in any other logical way to the paragraphs before 5 You should try to put things in your own words . end of the paragraph before the gap and so c1early fits well here. Paragraph A takes up the idea of 'enormous area' at the 1 In Part 1. and as a sports journalist. 54 A 'I'd been doing yoga. employment.

ofeourse.naming best and worst music videos seen 1 Ibis better because it shows a better lexical and structural range. proposal. understand the meaning of the songs they accompany. about the value of exercise and a healthy diet. review. letter/email The rnain way in which the college could encourage greater participation in sport would be to extend the range of exercise and Organising your writing other classes offered at the college Sports Centre.outline of situation Education alone. through. Review 1 220-260 As far as being a spectator is concemed. possible) • Appropriate introduetion to the topie in the first paragraph A The relationship between teenagers and adults in my country • Eaeh ofthe next two paragraphs deals with one ofthe measures sadly seems to be deteriorating. offering a range of classes and activities to suit all tastes What teenagers and adults disagree about and abilities . B Introduction . education 3 The topic sentence is the first sentence in the five paragraphs. If attractive opportunities are not available. Usted Teenagers see adults as boring and out-of-date. People need to have How teenagers see adults easy access to facilities which will enable them to exercise in an enjoyable way. 2 Outline of best video and why particularly good 'Good' and 'bad' are rather inexpressive adjectives to be using at 3 Outline of worst video and why particularly bad this level . Moreover. However. 2 Essay 2 Topic sentences are: Model answer 1 The best and worst music videos I have ever seen were This model has been prepared as an example ofa very good answer. for example . continue to be reminded about the importance of being active and eating nutritious food. 1 have conducted a survey into my classmates' Writing Part 2 involvement in sport. • The essay is in an appropriately neutral style 1 believe there are a number of simple ways in which the situation • The essay is the eorreet length (244 words) could be improved. 3 report. music vocabulary and politics. and they are also usually able to 4 Music videos are popular with fans because they help them to contribute more to the life of their community. TV documentaries 2 Sample answers (alternatives are possible) and newspaper or magazine articles . too. education is the more effective one. It goes without saying that good health is of benefit both to 3 The video for 'Night Rider' began effectively but soon individuals and to the society in which they live. curiously by the same bando However. A Introduction . it can work successfully as the last sentence too. • The final paragraph explains why one of these two measures is more important Adults tend to object to both the behaviour and the attitudes of • The essay is written in clear paragraphs teenagers. Adults. involvement in sport Notes 3 Sample answers (alternatives are. • The writer demonstrates a good range of struetures and Teenagers and adults disagree most typically about clothes. original films. healthy people to be happy. after all. 1 1 Topic of each paragraph Useful language: good beginnings 1 Introduction . is not enough. people Conclusion .how to improve the situation are all too likely to slip into bad habits. 4 Explanation of importance of music videos for fans 5 Conclusion .what college could do to encourage student than to lie on a couch in front of the television . through education Class's sporting interests as spectators that a person willlearn why it is better to go to an exercise class Recommendation . sounded. It is easier for deteriorated. need to However. There should be a nationwide network of sports How adults see teenagers centres.overview of topic Of the two measures outlined aboye. only two students in the class expressed a totallack of interest in watching any kind of 2 four or five sport. and report on my findings below. But what can be done to encourage people to live healthy 5 Although music videos like 'Dream Song' can be dramatic and lifestyles? Clearly education has a very important role to play. please note that this is just one example out ofseveral 2 The video for 'Dream Song' looked as good as the song possible approaehes. however.especially in an opening sentence. should not only be aimed at schoolchildren. • There are no language errors B As class representative of the 30 first-year Linguistics students at Downton College. it is.own personal attitude to music videos in general Test 2 Key 215 . I generally prefer to listen to my music without This starts at primary school when the young child can learn an accompanying video. lt is more far-reaching in that it relates to all aspects Class's sporting interests as participants of living healthily. Training Three-quarters of the students in rny class participate actively in sorne kind of sport at least once a month.

2b wastes too many words on irrelevant points when there is a word limit on the answer. and there are few better ways of keeping up and extending one's knowledge of The aboye questions are much more important than whether you find the question interesting or nol. they are reading simply for pleasure rather than study purposes. I'rn so looking forward to your visit they have the chanceoI am sure that a subscription to the NME to St Petersburg in July and I think it's a great idea to learn sorne would be very widely read. e. Of all the quality British papers. English-speaking people often think Russian's difficult to learn sport and science. AII best wishes. for example. a language than reading a newspaper. please note that these are just one example out 01 several in the way that news stories may and so are worth keeping hold possible approaches. • Could you deal with all the aspects of the question? The Guardian • Do you have the vocabulary you would need to write a good The first publication I should Iike to recommend is the UK daily answer? newspaper. • The answer demonstrates a good range 01 vocabulary related to language learning 3 3b is better because it provides a clear introduction to the topic of • The answer uses appropriately informal language. everyone manages to master Cyrillic letters very quickly. dealing with the arts. news. It'd be sensible If there is only enough funding to subscribe to one of these to have sorne lessons but you'd have to do a lot of work on your publications. of for future study purposes. the Guardian is the one I recommend we subscribe to Model answers because it has a good coverage of international as well as UK These models ha ve been prepared as examples of very good answers. Most students here are very interested in pop and rack music and enjoy the articles in this weekly publication whenever Thank you for your email. Express.2 2a is better because it goes straight to the point.just focus on learning words.g. would from reading a textbook. • Thefirst paragraph e/early sta tes the reason for writing • The writer uses a variety 01 sentence lengths and structures Although vocabulary is difficult at first.that's much more effective. I think the best advice about learning a language is to try to do they would probably be acquiring as much language as they a little every day . Although students would imagine Russian before you come.language that you might need in a museum or restaurant. 1'11 send you sorne Iists of words and expressions that l think you'll • No language errors find most useful . but in practice almost maximum number of students with their language studies. fashion. it has many feature articles which do not dale However. simply because own in between the lessons if you want to make good progress. That way you'll be able • Correct length (259 words) to communicate. as most everyday words bear • The proposal is e/early organised into paragraphs no similarity at all to English words. even if you make lots of grammar mistakes. The New Musical Express 2 Email The second periodical l would recommend is the New Musical Hi Arma. [or example. then I would opt for the Guardian. the Guardian . depending on what • The writer deals witli all the points required by the task case it's in and whether it's singular or plural. I think you might find the vocabulary hard at first too. Don't worry too much about all those case use 01 contractions endings . in my opinion. it has a broader range of articles. AII the students at this college do at • Do you know how to write the type of text required? least one English course as part of their degree. thus helping the because we use a different alphabet. as well as political news. as nouns and adjectives decline so Notes each of them has about ten different fonns. What is much harder is the grammar. In addition. Natasha 216 Test 2 Key . the reporto 3a is written in too colloquial a style and is too much of contractions an opinion to be appropriate for the introduction to a reporto • Correct length (256 words) Writing Part 2 • No language errors Exam practice 3 Proposal 1 Personal preference Proposal for subscriptions 2 The sorts of factors you need to consider are: I should like to recommend that the college subscribe to the • Do you understand the question fully? following periodicals.this • The email opens and e/oses in an appropriate and friendly way suggests that he or she may have something interesting to say about • The writer answers all the questions in the input email them. It is also engaging Notes in that the writer comments that the questions were interesting . l think that's what you • The register is appropriately formal> it avoids. the should concentrate on . than doing a lot once a week or once a fortnight.

Language? Well . 9 a really quiet holiday 2 Faet . you will not need to make any ehanges to the words you hear. C: The woman for the long-legged to find a comfortable enough position for the promises to do this. check through the questions you did answer. but A and C are foeusing on the tutor's reaetion to their work . Training 3 No . a Extraet 3 play set in a Cambridge language school in the 1960s. The second half is much more engaging than the habits. and (b) it will tell you what kind of 2 the environment information you need to listen out for particularly. and the costumes were just right. last night for me. at the school has in his or her own personal life . was very cramped. suitable for any review (or indeed any magazine article) • The answer deals with all the points required by the task 6 e A and S: They are both mentioned. for me. 3 the whole truth 2 You should use this time to look again at any questions you did not get the answer to on the first liste ning. the set was planning to ask for sorne. but doesn't mention the need to ehange their point of view. as should be the case in any review Listening Part 2 • The writer demonstrates a good use ofvocabulary connected with the theatre . Then if you have any more 4 beeause of the weather time left. If the play has a weakness it is that it is perhaps a little slow to 2 B A: The woman doesn't express any intention to ehange her get moving.the three options all relate to speeifie things that someone 10 eonvenient and healthy food mig ht plan to do. the audience gradually becomes aware of the sadness that each of the teachers 2 The options are all possible. • Basic factual information is provided. 4 Between one and three Review You should use this time to read the questions and think about Answering accurately them. even though she has been reeommended to do so. This is useful because (a) it will give yo u an idea of what the 1 1 quite bea utifuI recording is going to be about. it's about something that he promises he will do. Claire learnt she had lost her jobo Test 2 Key 217 . 5 through the forest Reading the questions 6 he would always believe her I Extract l 7 the paree! which l received The question asks about agreement. however.cast. 1 A projeet they are working on together Claire Davis was working as a mechanical enginee r befare she lost her jobo 2 They are all negative feelings. that's what he was. rather old-fashioned. I watched Rowan Atkinson play the lead role in Quartennaine's Terms. whi le S is foeusing more on the tutor's support in general.A on his not notieing any 2 On returning to work after suffering from breakin g a leg l a broken leg . Can you imagine Mr Sean as a teacher of English as a Foreign 3 No. C: The first.you may have found other good ways Extraet 2 of replacing the words in italics. a powerful mix of the comic and the 2 The woman's tragic. The scenes all take place in the staffroom of the school. was my only slight niggle. times. Exam practice the dialogue is witty. so it requires you to think 8 an interesting programme/program about the opinion of both speakers. it is necessary to spell the words eorreetly. Training • The answer is organised into well-defined paragraphs Review • Correct length (237words) 1 What kind of word is suggested by the prompt sen tenee . 5 A S: The man says he probably will not want the woman to revise Notes the task she has reeen tly eompleted (the sa les and profi ts targets). The acting from woman says she has been given sorne advice rat her than her all the mem bers of the cast was utterly convincing. 1 The man It was an excellent play. 3 B A: She is pleased about the positive eomments that the tutor The theatre where it took place was a love ly traditional theatre. but in a way that suited the spirit of the play C: She does not express any annoyance at this. etc. and the audience is truly often laughing 1 e A: They say it is a topie they have already diseussed many through its tears. But that. 3 Possible changes in their cornpany's performance and profi le and through the conversations that happen there . The seating. set. C: The woman is going to change arrangements for a meeti ng with a • The introductory question serves to engage the reader in a way eolleague. S: The woman liked one of the presenter's ideas. two-hour performance. for example Listening Part 1 2 Ves.the name • No language errors of a eou ntry or a type of job. makes and agrees that his suggestions will improve their work. simple but effective. making it hard 4 A S: They have already done their experiments. Despite the loneliness or discontent at the heart of every one of their lives. but more space is devoted to the writer's opinion. costumes. 3 The woman's 2 These are possible Gllswers. but the man says it was not new to him . 4 Review improvement and C on his eritieism of inaceuracy. but the wo man does not express any surprise in relation to them. itself.

Training Listening Part 3 Review Training 1 Five Review 2 They are all separate individuals speaking on the same theme. the Philippines. B: He says he has not found any book particularly helpful. always 7 By using words that are similar to other questions but do not match 4 lt's better to guess. 8 snow shoes: She would go on a bike on a later trip. and her hope s 17 D Paul mentions all the other types of client . is the combination of snow and constant daylight that creates the D: Paul seems pleased with the advice he mentions receiving. talk about his life as an entrepreneur who started an IT consultancy 3 1 Australia I Canada I the USA: The speaker lives in Canada now business . 3 geography I international affairs : The speaker's sisters studied Exam practice international affairs while he studied geography. C: He was doing the same 4 waiter I journalist: The speaker wanted to get a job as a journalist things over and over again . hardest thing for Sally. 2 Because the right answer will usually use synonyms rather than the 5 Read the introduction and the statements for both of the tasks. You might like to try Useful language: topie voeabulary doing different tests in this book in different ways to see which you 1 take on find best for you. C: lt is Paul who is coming up with the ideas and 12 wind: The phrase 'even worse ' makes it clear that this was the the mentor who is reacting to them . You will get zero. brightness which struck Sally. Using the preparation time 8 Claire has no feelings of anger towards the people who made her 1 They make it clear that you are going to hear aman called Paul redundant. but Paul doesn 't specify that he 11 second: 'Most enjoyable ' is the paraphrase used here for 'favourite'. 2 entrepreneur Re a din g the q ue stions 3 undercharge 1 1 in a small house in the suburbs 4 diversify 2 in a top-floor city flat 5 skill 3 aboye a shop in a town 218 Test 2 Key . not a penalty point . choosing the wrong answe r. ' Bike' they are not his favourites. 3 CIaire almost immediately decided to visit America. 8 lt is up to you how you approach the task. 2 The questions make it clear that you will hear about all the listed 2 remarkable I normal: The speaker thought his childhood was points except for 4. 3 Yes. finds this useful. the job had become less enjoyable. but Sally says B: The mentor has just finished an MBA and so is presumably she postponed her plans to beco me a doctor. but this is not definite. 12 in-house 7 Claire would advise other people who lose their jobs not to worry. 20 B A: Paul is considering taking on new staff. felt it would be interesting to try. 6 There are eight statements for each of the two tasks . actual words in the question. etc . 18 A B: Although Paul found setting fees hard to start with. (NB The names of most countries do not need the definite article. 4 No . but in IT support rather than a teaching post. and 'sled' are also not possible in the given sentence because they would need 'a' before them. 14 (hot) bath: The phrase 'the first thing 1 wanted to have when 1 got Listening Part 4 home ' makes it clear that this is what Sally missed most. 10 mechanic: ' Doctor' would make sense in the gap. but it is clear that of going further by sled on her first trip were disappointed. C: Paul's concern is with 9 brightness: 'Snow' or 'daylight' alone are not possible because it helping the team rather than with the impression he gives them. skills he hasn't used for sorne time rather than leaming new skills. 1 Because it will give you a lot of information about the content and 3 Two structure of what you are going to hear. normal at the time. the UK. apart from the USA. 19 D A: Paul says he doesn't know how other people use mentors. up-to-date with business theories. just that he 'favourite' . 15 B A: He was working at the university where he had studied. 6 mentor 4 Claire decided to spend time improving her swimming when she 7 erratic returned from her trip.) 10 start-up 6 Claire now realises that her life in the past was very 11 challenging unsatisfactory. D: Colleagues moved away because but had to work as a waiter until he was able to do so. though he now realises it was remarkable. 7 and 8. D: He says he 7 (TV) presenter: 'Who 1 particularly liked ' is a paraphrase of wasn't confident at first that he would be able to do it. for in terms of what the speaker means .sorne will and sorne won 't. D: Paul will be using getting on and were able to add messages of encouragement to it' . 8 external 5 Claire loved seeing France when she was working as a holiday 9 recruitment representative. 13 blog: The idea of 'kept in touch' is conveyed by 'knew how 1 was C: Paul has already moved to a new office. he took advice and this is no longer a problem. and spent his childhood after the age of one in the USA . Exam practice 16 C A: His friends helped him after he'd made his decision.

be? 25 G Early in the text it becomes c1ear that the speaker is living in How would you describe the place where you live to a new e-pal the countryside. what would it 24 E The relative in question is the speaker's grandmother. What's the most memorable joumey you've ever made? 8 run-down.watching a sports event on TV or 3 Possible answers attending it in person? 1 The neighbours play very loud music late at night.it can be chilly on the water in winter. sorne of the old signs remain What qualities do you look for in a friend? D top-floor city flat . How do you see yourself using English in the future? 29 H The house being old. picturesque 1 Peol2le garden. tiny garden. and why? What would be your ideal car? Exam practice What was your joumey here today like? TASKONE How do you prefer to spend your holidays? 21 F 'On the edge of town' is a synonym for 'suburbs'. 4 in a houseboat Speaking Part 1 5 on a fann Training 6 in a converted railway station Review 7 in a room in a relative 's house The main aims are l and 5. 5 Where you live 22 B The shop in question is a chernist's. compact. where would you choose TASKTWO to live. shabby. pricey. and why? 26 E 'Declutter' means 'get rid of things you no longer need'. damp and draughty makes it c1ear that it What experience have you had of using English in an English- is in need of sorne repair. takes an hour or more to get to the office What sorts of things do you collect . easy reach school? of shops and schools Can you tell me about your most memorable teacher? G fann . difficult when the lift breaks How would you describe your own character? down. What new leisure activity would you like to try? 2 You can never find anywhere to leave your caro What did you think of the last film you saw? 3 dear. costs a fortune. The area is known for .poky. mainly arable Do you think you leam more by reading or by doing? with a few chickens What kind of work experience have you already had? H houseboat .great views. dilapidated What. in need of a lick of paint.. quite central 2 Work and study E room in a relative's house . for you. is the most enjoyable means of transport. If you could change one thing about your room. collecting one day? 6 The area has a good/bad name.our door is at the side of a butcher's. 6 Leaming English 27 e 'Not cheap' conveys the same idea as 'expensive'. you're leaming English? Test 2 Key 219 .. costly. you live? 23 H The reference to the sound of water makes it c1ear that the What would your ideal home be like? speaker is talking about living on a boat.quite a long way from the nearest village.the line has been taken up. If you could live anywhere in the world. peaceful. What do you most enjoy about leaming English? 28 A The noise is caused by people singing and laughing on the What do you find hardest about leaming English? towpath late at night. you Who are you most like in your family? go upstairs to our apartment What person do you most admire? C converted railway station . infrequent bus service to the town What is your best friend like? B aboye shop in a town . and the reference to cows makes it c1ear that she is or penfriend? talking about a fann. exorbitant Would you recommend the last book you read? 4 have a lengthy cornmute. and it's c1ear from the way the speaker describes the view 'over an urban sprawl' that the flat What do you like and what do you not like about the town where is in a town. What would be your ideal job in the future? grandma cooks for me Which subjects did you enjoy and which did you not enjoy at F small house in suburbs .it's pleasant sharing with family.or can you imagine yourself 5 There's nowhere to put anything. 8 in a cottage in a village Useful language: talking abaut yourself 2 Possible answers 2 Possible answers A cottage in a village . speaking environment? 30 F 'Is generally thought of' is a way of introducing a description Do you think grammar or vocabulary is more important when of something or someone's reputation.small room s with low ceilings. 4 Travel 7 It looks over a rather dull landscape. it's surprisingly roomy on board 3 Leisure Which do you prefer and why .

Part 4 It would be better to say something like: '1 don't know. Woman: Me too! And that would've been ironic for a session Speaking Parts 3 and 4 focusing on time management! It's not exactly something we haven't discussed endlessly before. agJ You will hear three different extracts. but It is particularly important to know the correct words for things so are other fields like sport. I liked the presenter's comment that you should get 1 The prompts in Part 3 are not on the same theme as the pictures in someone else to take all the relatively unimportant decisions so Part 2. 1agree that medicine is very important. you can give all your attention to the big ones. choose the answer (A. that daydreaming is actually a constructive activity rather than a waste of time. They enrich people's other times. Test 2 Transcript 3 The interlocutor will ask you two questions relating to the pictures and the same questions will be written aboye the pictures. though. Sometimes I think I'd like to trave!. up to a point. 220 Test 2 Key and Transcript . of B: OK. fair enough. Exam practice 5 Your partner will have to speak for a minute on a different set of pictures from yours . Woman: You've got a point. 2 You have to comment on two out of three pictures. 1 In Part 2. Actually. for a start. I read about a US president 3 It is not important that you come to a decision in Part 3. you have to speak for one minute. but I'd heard it before. I thought it was the other people there who came up with ideas that I hadn't thought of before. At A: But surely they make a huge contribution. B or C) whichjits best according to what you hear. Training Man: Well. l haven't decided yet. Review Woman: Yes. 5 It is not important that you and your partner should agree in Part 3. because I won't graduate for another couple of years. 2 Part 3 is more like a conversation than Part 2. I am interested in a lot of things. but surely it's the case that e This response is too abstract and doesn't answer the question. 6 You should not say anything until the interlocutor asks you a question . I'm going to get hold of the article he recommended about that. that doesn't mean we know all there is to be known. There are.' B: Well. I've still got time to decide. 2 A: Shall 1 start ? 1 think they all contribute to society but in very b This response is very inaccurate. Part 3 I thought some very useful points came up . 1 1 shows 2 getting 3 both 4 have 5 on 6 well 7 to 8 making ('taking' would also be possible here) 9 what Man: I quite enjoyed that workshop.3 a This response is too short and doesn 't give any information at all . yes. This is a correct version: different ways. many ways to improve this answer. Listening Part 1 4 You will be asked to speculate about the pictures rather than describe them in detai!. that goes without saying. I am studying information technology so I think I agree? should easily get a good job . For questions 1 to 6. Do you at university. didn't you? I'd expected it to 10 their 11 on 12 might ('may' is also possible here) be a waste of time. Iliked that man's argument 6 It is not essential to discuss all the prompts you are given in Part 3. The you can't fully enjoy sport unless you 're in good health . like the subject you are studying or the job you have. One possibility would help wondering whether they really contribute all that much to be: society. Extraet 1 You hear two business people discussing a workshop they have Useful language: a sample response just attended. to wear in the mornings. medicine is probably the most 'It depends on my exam results. Man: You mean like getting your PA to choose your lunch for you. There are two questions for each extracto 7 The interlocutor will give you only 30 seconds to reply to the question which is asked after your partner has spoken. A: Well.' 5 opinion 6 explain 7 way Remember it's better to say something that isn 't true than to give Useful language: choosing the right words a very short answer.' 5 • Do you think people's salaries should depend on the contribution they make to society? Speaking Part 2 • What kinds of job do you think might actually have a negative Training impact on society? • What factors would you take into account when considering how Review big a contribution a particular job makes to society? The statements are all false and need correcting. Now look at questions 1 and 2. point is to give personal information about yourself. It's a good idea. So what do you think about the arts? 1 can't course. I feel the most important thing is to get a good jobo lives enormously. important because it makes it possible for people to live longer I hope I am going to get a ¡ob next year after I finish my degree and healthier lives and so contribute more to society. 'It's hard to know for sure. For example. But I'm thinking I might Review perhaps do a teacher-training course and then try to get a job 1 discussion 2 topic 3 interlocutor 4 develop abroad . who only bought grey suits so he didn't waste time deciding what 4 You should not invite the interlocutor to give their opinion in Part 3.

Until that happened. but 1 I've always loved cycling. 1'11 copy some but now 1 realise that the childhood that my slsters and 1 had illustrations from that book he recommended. Is that all right one day. Woman: Well. Man: Absolutely. Man: Oh well. but the weather conditions were against us. After graduating. I'm really keen that we don't set ourselves there on two wheels. I think that's all we'lI need best form of education anyone can have. get as far as the Pole. and manufacturing process now. Bi§J Exercise 3 Man: My name's George Fairham and 1 live in Canada now.. I wasn't born there. do you think 1 could have a quick word? sentences with a word or short phrase. But it's just a bit annoying he didn't mention Australia. And it's alllooking quite made a name for himself many years ago as an Arctic explorer. Or why my sisters both studied international affairs. the first time 1 made it to Antarctica. of course. I'm sure they're right. despite some fluctuations earlier in the year. Now look You will hear a woman called Sally Batting talking about her at questions 5 and 6. I spent the first year of my Iife in Woman: Absolutely. 1 covered about 150 kilometres on snow shoes. They never stayed more than a couple of years in the same as we were doing our background reading. experiences in the Antarctic. My parents moved from there to the USA in the mid- it two weeks ago. We could have been looking out for examples 50s. if we can create as much interest as we hope for in usually imagine that I went there because of my uncle who North America. place. For questions 7 to 14. 1 earned my living as a waiter. It was only when 1 was Man: Probably noto But I've got a conference call with our New about 12 and saw a film of a 1V presenter who 1 particularly Iiked York office at three this afternoon and it'd be good if you could crossing the Antarctic that I began to want to go there myself be there. I Woman: That'd be great. 1'11 make sure our figures are accurate. That was an amazing experience. I wrote them down very they agreed. he put me off with his stories of frostbite want me to revise the targets. and my dream was to be the first can tell them 1'11 be a bit late. person to make it to the South Pole on a bike. 1 was astonished to learn just how we had to return to our camp on the coast. 011. and that's the borrowed it from the university library. do you? and other uncomfortable experiences. wanted to find work in New York as a journalist.Man: And then make more time for daydreaming? Listening Part 2 Woman: I'm afraid I do quite enough of that already. there would take me on at that point.. though. if anything. When I was a child. of course. My flatmate's just was remarkable. You don't but in fact. 1 suppose we'd better start 5 through the forest thinking about where to take things from here. Most people Woman: Well. but 1 stayed in the city until Man: OK. I did eventually get Man: Thanks.though a bit of a challenge is always a good to do so. promising. I've often Training been advised to work on my concentration skilis! ~Exercise 1 Extraet 2 1 quite beautiful 2 the environment You hear two students talking about a project they are working Now look at questions 3 and 4. And don't farget that we're spending less on the further by sled. it's good we've had some 8 an interesting programme positive comments on what we've done so faro It's just a pity he 9 a really quiet holiday now says we've got to include more concrete examples. 1 was hoping to go Woman: Sure. No newspaper 1 mean the ones the tutor questioned. much less wastage there is now with our new machines. It might to add really. I thought that was normal. Test 2 Transcript 221 . complete the Man: Gemma. Woman: No problem. 1 can see how it'lI improve our work. Oid you want to discuss the sales and You now have 45 seconds to look at Part 2. 1 didn't thing. If you like. That'1I help the bottom line. Man: Well. I'd arranged to meet someone from HR then. 6 he would always believe her Man: I've got time now if you have? 7 the parcel which 1 received Woman: That's fine with me. in my opinion. 3 the whole truth 4 because of the weather Woman: Now we've had the tutor's comments back on the first draft of our psychology project. Little did 1 imagine then that I'd actually have been there with you? twice befare I was 25. However. You might well wonder what on earth made me decide to do something so crazy. though I didn't end up being the first person unrealistic aims . That was an interesting experience . Do you really think it's feasible that we'lI be Sally: Helio. That is the end 01Part l. be why I went on to major in geography at university. my name is Sally Batting and I'm here today to talk able to meet them? to you about cycling in the Antarctic. Woman: I'm sure you did. Exam practice Extraet 3 Bi§J You hear two colleagues discussing an issue at work. Man: That's right. You will need to play profits targets that I've drafted for next year? the recording twice. but it won't hurt to check. then we should get there. it can't be helped. We saw a great deal of the world. So. so we can talk them through together. Anyway. 10 convenient and healthy food Man: Hm? Woman: The ways in which advertisers make use of insights gained from the psychology of perception. carefully when we were doing our various Iittle experiments.

I've always Interviewer: How do you get new clients? been quite good with engines and I found a job as a mechanic. Then there's the third leg and that's and trusting each other. but decided to postpone my would-be entrepreneurs. Also.to three-year lag between presenting at It was all rather harder than I'd anticipated. How did your career start? Paul: Well. I began to see the same issues coming up again and again. so that'1I be good. B. I've been told that the Poie. resulting from team. as it was all getting much less stimulating . it seemed to me that there was going to be a trend fact you're so well wrapped up in all the appropriate clothing that among many organisations towards taking on short-term external you hardly notice that. It's often said that to stay in touch with family and friends. It was still exhausting. Interviewer: Well.I was there in 9. I'm looking forward to having the chance to use answer (A. to have when I got home. The route to the Pole from the coast is in three sections which but some of the jobs they provide are not terribly challenging. Interviewer: So. And I thought that would be an interesting way for me to snow all around. For months I might only have head back to Antarctica with all the gear I needed to make a bid recurring clients. which lies about 2. though . You'd imagine that it would be the own consultancy? extreme cold that strikes you when you first arrive there. You will need to play the recording twice . For questions 15 to 20.800 metres above sea level. Despite those problems with the weather. I didn't make it to the Pole on that first trip. Paul. and I like that.and it's quite possible they do things very more than the delicious cappuccino I had on the flight home. there's at least a two. I like challenges! deal to keep me going. I kept a blog and nearly everv week is in a sense the first week. What consultants for IT rather than employing a permanent in-house impressed me most was actually the brightness. I got a job in the technical support team of the university where I'd studied. and that's a able to add messages of encouragement to it. though I must admit I've never enjoyed a cup of coffee a business mentor . Modern methods of the first week in business is the hardest. That was so strong at times that I Paul: At first. but was usually too tired to think about it too mucho recently finished a Master's in Business Administration and 1 did long for a hot bath. He bed at times. I really wished I could be Iying in my own comfy Paul: Sure. now. and they'd been operating for a few years. in the same week. I certainly didn't find it a problem. I fell in love with the Interviewer: So what made you actually decide to set up your Antarctic on that first trip. I found it extremely difficult to know what to charge simply had to pitch camp and wait till it eased off. I did lots of overtime and after two years. I get a fair amount of work from recruitment agents. so I diversify. I managed to conferences and getting work from them. as 1 said. I wasn't sure I could So. so we'lI enjoy being based there. clients. which did a great challenge but. The second about half of my work is repeat business from people I've helped is flatter and generally less hard going.that was the first thing I wanted we talk every week about how I might develop my company. demanding training befo re I set out. in fact. I didn't really miss any kind of food or I wouldn't say I have a c1ear idea about how other people use anything. They gave me much more went home determined to get back there as soon as I could . I'd sensible advice than I've ever seen in any book or article for been intending to become a doctor.but I have found our conversations very useful. I really enjoyed both the company of my colleagues and the technically challenging and interesting tasks I had to deal with. I suppose inland and upwards from the coast to the Patriot Hills. of course. fortunately. I'd made enough to Paul: Well. I've got some very different new projects lined Youwill hear an interview with an IT consultant called Paul about up over the next 12 months.Q. I have That is the end of Part 2. In my case. I wish you all the very best with that. You start out from a position of knowing the most enjoyable stretch . so am looking forward to getting my how he started his own business. you run your own IT consultancy business That is the end of Part 3. You now have 70 seconds to look at Part 3. 222 Test 2 Transcript . as I'm communication have certainly transformed Iife for explorers and always moving on to provide support in a different company. studies and earn some money to finance my next trip. but I was able from an experto That helped me enormously. but in Paul: Well. but after a few years. Interviewer: What is the hardest part of running your business? though. My business mentor is an old friend of mine. ~ great to have someone experienced to sound ideas off. Interviewer: Would you say you have a business mentor? People often ask what I missed most on the trip and that's a hard one to answer. but I do it. I'm friends with a couple of guys who have a small start-up the Antarctic summer. some technical skills that I haven't had to call on for a while. I'm considering taking fliV on a couple of new staff to keep things ticking over there while I deal with c1ients. I felt very lonely out there at times. after graduating in computer science. and they were just that week to make a difference to that team. I must admit I found that before. There's no one reliable source of work. And even worse was the wind. great faith in his instincts. I go to conferences to meet people undoubtedly the most demanding. The first is basically a steep climb And I get some work from people I was at uni with. but they helped me get started . e or D) which fits best according to what you hear. differently . work is certainly erratic. Listening Part 3 Interviewer: What are your plans for this year? Exam practice Paul: Well. everyone else adventuring far from civilisation. combined with 24-hour daylight . I ended up drastically undercharging on a number of occasions before I realised I needed to get some financial advice Of course. are usually referred to as 'Iegs'. and then suddenly could get four new ones for the Pole. I often have so my family knew exactly how I was getting on. we've just moved to a great new office in the centre of town. Several members of the tea m left. choose the teeth into those. as I'd been doing a lot of very much business is going to come to me that way. And the isolation was desperately hard to deal with. so I'm not yet sure how cope with the physical exertion. This is the long hard c1imb to and to promote myself and my business.

fair enough. can get to work in 45 minutes.. up to a point. I couldn't afford anything too central.it B: Well. and what's even more annoying is that agree? I often get woken up by people singing and laughing as they walk along the towpath late at night.little cottage. I pay her a bit of rent. But it's been fantastic to have the chance to Iive here. one of those that's no longer in use and has been A: But surely they make a huge contribution. This part 30. but belongs to my aunt who's got a job abroad for ayear. yes. You will hear five short extracts in and visit me. Now look at Task 2. Oh. For questions 26 to help with the cows and find that enormously relaxing. Look at Task l . as I'm a terrible hoarder. For questions 21 to 25. I agree that medicine is very important. so 1'11 have to move out when she A: Well.very romantic important because it makes it possible for people to live longer somehow. and the landlord's kept Speaker: I think the wedding ceremony would be the most the place in not bad repair. the recording twice. I hope 1'11 be able to live on a farm again one day. as they're reluctant to come Part 4 consists oftwo tasks. and the windows impact on society? are draughty. graduating and play my music as loud as I Iike in the evenings without disturbing winning sports prizes are also important and exciting. I know. They'd to be able to park outside my own front door. Do you sometimes in winter. but flig) Exercise 2 I've got this nice place on the edge of town. When it's a clear day. of course. B: OK. you know. and my dream is to Iive in an old railway station. so I can ' significant one for the people involved. spend all my coming weekends painting and decorating them. It would have involved a lot of preparations on the reasonably easy to get into work every morning and it's fantastic part of the bride and the groom and their families as well. I just love going to sleep different ways. For example. From my windows. Especially as normally it'd be too expensive for me to afford. so I hope they'lI be fixed soon. The f1at's over a chemist. It's become a lovely . They might well have had to organise a honeymoon too . So what do you think about the arts? I can't Speaker 4 help wondering whether they really contribute all that much to society. It's both of them. I can't stay here for ever . but there's enough room for • What kinds of job do you think might actually have a negative everything I need. I'd like to buy a Iittle old complete both tasks. Speaker 1 Speaking Part 2 I used to rent a great penthouse f1at on the twelfth floor of a tower Training block with amazing views over the city. Training Speaker 3 ~Exercise2 I'm really lucky to live in a part of town that's not far from my A: Shall I start? 1think they all contribute to society but in very work. but I've got loads of space. I can cycle there in five minutes. This is obviously a very important ceremony for going to be easy for me. I'm saving money by ~Exercise5 living at my grandmother's. They enrich transformed into a living space. You now have 45 seconds to look at Part 4. choose from the list A to H what each speaker finds difficult of the country is generally thought of as being rather a dull place about the place where they live. The daily commute by train most significant for the people? too k me over an hour from my old f1at. so I'm going to have to venues.but expensive . but nothing like as much as I'd have to pay anyone else. People think I'm mad living out here when I work in the city centre. I speaker currently lives. 1just love trains. While you listen you must to Iive. It's not very big Speaker: The first picture I'd like to discuss shows two people so I'm going to have to make myself declutter a bit. The only problem is that it can be quite chilly and healthier lives and so contribute more to society. I'm afraid. choose from the list A lO H where each And I just love living here. The house is old and damp. There's so are other fields Iike sport. At the moment. But 1'11 enjoy that. I've got my eye on one of those people's lives enormously. but now I've managed to buy my own home. but it suits me much better than living in some swanky flat in a modern block. You will need to play That is the end of Part 4. cottage in the neighbouring village. I came here because it meant Interlocutor: Which of these ceremonies do you think would be I'd have an easier journey to work. and I relish the feeling that the countryside where I grew up is still more or less within Speaking Parts 3 and 4 reach. I can see snow-covered mountains in the flgJ distance. unfortunately. getting their hair done and so on. choosing what to wear. I have a bedsit on contribution they make to society? the second f1oor. but they don't anyone below me. I which people are talking about where they live. medicine ís probably the most with the sound of water lapping on the bows .Listening Part 4 Speaker 5 Exam practice I certainly can't complain about the views from my window. in a village near the city where I work. • What factors would you take into account when considering how big a contribution a particular job makes to society? Test 2 Transcript 223 . that goes without saying. you can't fully enjoy sport unless you're in good health. for a start. It's not cheap to Iive here. That's a bit annoying. In the evenings and at weekends. especially • Do you think people's salaries should depend on the if I wanted a room in such a nice area as this.. even though the station's only ten minutes away. other side of the rather ugly urban sprawl. If I can ever afford ít. Speaker 2 fl§ Exercise 5 I've recently moved to this area. That's not getting married. Of course. but surely it's the case that gets back. I can see the hills on the have such a huge impact on the rest of your Iife as marriage does. lt's quite small. not enough room for us both. But I can park in the drive and that's a big plus for me. which is really not too bad at all. Some of the rooms have had to do all sorts of things Iike making decisions about need quite a lot of work doing to them.

or a form of 'do'. The preposi tion 'w ith' is followed by a noun. their income . and an aptitude for' . but it refers to people who even though they may not have been used in this way yet. usually by a person or people. 'Virtually' means 'al most'. 'P leased to meet you. e. 'Uprising' capaci ty of a theatre. "The Olmecs' . .' Reading and Use of English Part 2 26 hardly EVER I does what ' Hardly ever' means the same as 'very 9 after: 'After all' introduces additional information to support what rarely' .g. employees are under stress all the time.. and can follow prepositions. ' But' also suggests a contrast between their meaning. particularly ones being conquered' has the same meaning. 'Substituting X for Y' means you could or you couldn't work in an environme nt like that. B: This can be part of a large company.. 20 instructive: Only agradable adjective can fit into the structure 99. create or leave a vacancy' gives the reason why the job has become available. that' links the degree to which something is true with a consequence: here.aerogels are not yet used as 19 unknown : An adjective is required to describe the subject of the much as they can be. B: 'To be replaced ' requires ' by' after the verbo C: 'To be changed' requires 'into' . the clause (air).g.g. 11 which: 'Which' is a relative pronoun. Here. 22 discoverie s: Only a plural noun can follow ' numerous recent 6 C This means that aeroge ls are suitable for the specified purpose.. Reading and Use of English Part 1 16 whether: 'Whether . ' Pleased' is often followed by an infinitive. 10 what : 'What ' acts as the object of 'think about' and the subject of 28 had 1 been I in such A When a sentence begins with 'Never'. e.. there 'woul d really suit you'. is an ungradable adjective meaning 'con taining each case the subject and object refer to different things .g. so 'w ishes' here is a noun.g. or not' introduces altemative possibilities- 1 A Gas is used instead of the liquid.g. C means 'too much ' . has preceded it: 'work is likely to playa significant role in your life for many years' explains why 'Getting ajob is too important to 27 T URNED out I to be The meaning of Oto tum out' here is Oto be leave to chance. grouping people according to shows that it is plural. e. 'an instructionalleaflet' .g. B is often used to describe a 25 CAN'T have been I pleased to 'Can' t have been' expresses a feeling. A. Placing the preposition in front of 'whic h' is more formal than 29 to FILL the vaca ncy/post I cau sed!created!Ieft "To fill a vacancy' ending a clause with the preposition. don' t collocate with 'envi ronments'.g. the sales division. it 7 C This is a type of economic activity in a country. e. instructions'. the financial must be plural.. to match 'beginnings'. e.. that can be used in sorne way. 'w hat' means ' the things that' . 4 B This is a phrasal verb giving the amount of something. D: This usually refers to a total amount... A: This is 24 implications: 'The' needs to be followed by a noun. e. 12 it: 'It' is a 'dummy subject'. statements are true. The spelling with 's' is usual in British English. D: 'To be relieved' requires Reading and Use of English Part 3 'by' and refers to the ending of an unpleasant or painful situation . D: This is normally used of a geographical area.. Only gradable adjectives can follow 'very'. B: This is normally used of people and is followed by an 'discoveries' fits the meaning . C and D: These phrasal verbs are transitive. A and B: These are things that are owned. e.. in American English . 'obeying or following a rule or wish' .' discovered finally and surprisingly'.e. 'jobs which/that you have means Oto appoin t somebody to a job that nobody is doing. i. e. success for over a millennium and being unknown now. the seating 23 (up) r isings: A noun is required. and with 'z· book.. C and D: Altho ugh they have fairly similar sente nce. infinitive.8% of the materia l is airo The amount describes the subject of 'a very . and 'rising' are countable. D means 'more logical deduction or near certai nty about the past. so in 'instructional' . 'to have your application 30 in ACCO RDANCE with I his ' In accordance with' means tumed down' . C: These are the things 18 civilisations / civilizations: 'a number of' introduces a plural contained within something. so only .g.'. Another adjective from the same root. The negative 'Never' with 'suc h' means the same as ' the most (dangero us)'. not 'he' .' . or to refer to a specific action . 17 conquest (s): 'by' shows that the meaning is passive. e. C and D: These marking purposes. "Tocause. and apply for ajobo Test 3 Key 15 so: 'So . A: This have discovered something. so as there is no article before the gap. a person's opinion or behaviour. as in 'extreme sports'.g. A. and ' draw on' means Oto use your fits the structure 'There is a possibility that aerogels will be used knowledge of something to help you do something'. so is available for someone new'. standing at the beginning of a sentence instead of the true subject. e. B and D: The subject is normally human . 'as a result of 2 D 'Properties' are the qualities of a substance . they can't be used in this phrase with the required would not make sense. 'excessive waste' . but also' is used to show that two related therefore preceded by 'his'. ' . It is followed by an infinitive. and 'are' used when dividing into groups.. 'immoderate drinking' . 5 A This means that the heat doesn't change the flower in any way. guide'. and as a result. it can often be replaced by the informal is inversion of the subjec t ('1') and the first auxiliary verb (' had') 'the thing thatlwhich'. B. 224 Test 3 Key . same idea as ' I'rn sure Ben wasn't'. Reading and Use of English Part 4 S A This means 'particularly dangerous ' and can also have the sense The verticalline I shows where the answer is split into two partsfor of being very exciting. sector. C: This tends to be used of 21 inhabitants: Only a plural noun can follow 'these early . 14 to: You can apply to an organisation. ' Discoverers' would also fit.. 'using X instead ofY'. B and D don't have this particular meaning . 3 B 'To the full' is a fixed phrase . sorne companies are very obsessed with results and profits. A. expressing the than usual or reasonab le' . not a verboIt is 13 but : 'Not only . the contents of a cupboard or a noun.. so ' known' meanings to B.

e. 'function within the painting'. the number of cultures.' According to artist C.' and according to artist A. 'People have the habit deserves that success.' The other three artists don 't plan 'scale'. O: On the contrary. instead of working at home Ca cottage industry'). Hurst has chosen to repeat 37 A Neither artist C nor artist A is concerned about whet her people Gold's 'winning formula'. which gives a reason 'why tomorrow might turn out to be not so different from today'. it is her opinion regarding Reading and Use of English Part 7 the relative importance of birds and agriculture that the reviewer 4 1 G 'This groundbreaking idea' refers to the intluential experiment disagrees with. Artist C paints 'an object or shape that has to mean something to me'. almost a relaxation'. Test 3 Key 225 . the honeyguide is presented as being people with their own experience: 'for me it's almost the reverse. observe'. 36 B He finds the book 'interesting' and says he 'enjoyed' at least part of it.e. '1 really let the painting evolve in its own way. and Like Gold. and therefore less office space. '[Rlecord'. I let the painting itself take over . so be it. but suggests there are no new insights in it: the chapter 42 E 'Above all' introduces the best of the 'good reasons why the on mythology is largely factual . but with the amount of detail and lack of implying that they only choose subjects that they can make analysis. which implies 43 A The previous paragraph introduced 'technology and it contains only information already familiar to omithologists.whatever that was before he read it. C: however unreasonable it seems at the time. 'Then I work out how lO get from that starting connected with them that would make sense of 'record' and point to the finished painting. '1 want it is a wide range. without emphasising that can't see it as I do. the journey. i. but his criticisms make it c1ear that he doesn't feel it regardless of what that is. almost its slave. and artist D says they want 'to make people (this is made c1ear by 'repeat a winning formula') . Artist C says . The final paragraph introduces changes that might mean 'ernployrnent as we paragraph suggests it would be a good introduction to the subject have known it' may be ending. which workers wen t to made him change his opinion . and 'she can hardly expect' also by how my paintings turn out. and that there is 'not enough 38 B Neither artist D nor artist B believes their choice of subject synthesis' . because l don't feell exert control implies that although she wants this to happen. for people who know little or nothing about them. on the other The reviewer doesn't mention the possibility of greater exploitation hand contrasts the struggle that artistic creation may be for sorne of birds .Reading and Use of English Part 5 Reading and Use of English Part 6 31 B The reviewer says that in Birdlife.' Artist D. too. suggests it is bitty. refers to the tern's joumey as being the longest undertaken by any bird. C: He expects Birdlife to repeat the success people to look at the finished painting and make sorne sense of it. to the previous paragraph. The following seem to mention anything still to be leamt about birds . Artist B says. Artist D says. useful to human beings. which mean s that what people are tempted to think may be wrong. over what happens. place rather than that has no significance'. 33 A This refers to the last part of the third paragraph. o: He applies his criticisms to both books of reading an image". having to do whatever it requires. and 'popular' 'has little to say to serious omithologists'. 'They're all chosen pretty arbitrarily. there is no 44 D 'This is true up to a point' re lates to what is c1aimed. and he ends by saying the book model has tlourished' in the previous paragraph. expanded on the effects of technology. o: There is no indication that reading Birdlife has of setting up 't he world's first factory'. In A.' Artist B says. the writer exp lains but there is no suggestion that it provides a c1ear overview: the demographic shifts . 'But if in the end people mentions the different aspects of gold. O: He is not concemed with says they 'look at something and consider using it in a painting". about birds and people communicating to the advantage of both parties. untill realise that it's complete. behave in the way it does. only that she includes too muc h detail. which he goes on to criticise. 45 B "They save money on expensive office space' relates to desks in the previous paragraph: workers 'no longer expecting to be chained to a desk' implies that fewer desks. A: The book doesn't expresses a similar idea to 'has tlourished' . B: He doesn 't c1aim that she misunderstands the matter is significant.'we are allliving longer and working for describing Gold as being like 'a series of magazine artic1es' longer' . the length of and artist B feels tense and takes days to recover.it's a methods of the past as 'a forlom hope'. 'Why I happened to paint this significance of any myths. so their choice is significant.' and for artist D. 32 A Truman says that Hurst doesn't help readers to interpret information or identify similarities. according indication that the reviewer thinks this is unusual. This idea is picked up in describing modem offices as 'places where you go'.' A: The reviewer doesn't dispute Hurst's c1aim that 'their habitat is damaged or even destroyed'. by leading them to honeycombs. C: demographic shifts' as forces that are changing work. i. B: 39 D Artist C describes the act of painting as being 'in the hands There is no suggestion that the honeyguide has been trained to of the painting. and artist B says abou t C: He makes it c1ear that Hurst doesn't interpret the myths. Artist A's and B's opinions are similar to Artist C's: Artist A is under a great deal of pressure while painting. The following paragraph enlarges on 'the erosion of the boundary between work and other parts of life'. B and C are all aspects of 40 A Artist A plans the painting process: first making sure the Arctic tems' lives.' Artist A left to readers to do so if they wish. with no attempt at an overview. D: Although the book has chapters on different aspects of the subject. something that is very spontaneous process. 'After 35 C Truman describes Hurst's wish to revert to the farming making that initial choice. 46 F '[T]he fact is' introduces the 'reality' mentioned in the previous paragraph. it is very unlikely. of Gold. It might be spontaneous behaviour. it is what they draw. A: He share their interpretation. the book deals with a number of facets of the subject. 34 D '[O]n this scale' refers to a large amount. Tm usually surprised very unlikely to be achieved. are needed. B: There is no suggestion that Hurst misunderstands certain subjects. but neither of them expresses an opinion about other people's interpretations. but the text doesn't contain any measurements geometry will work. The 'continuities with the past' and idea that 'that unstructured form of work' may not come into being are picked up in the following paragraph. their work. A.

Adviser they Iive. Conte n t Your email should express c1early what your company does. and the gained this experience also brings benefits to the society in which careers adviser later refers to having 'a comfortable base' . most students are leve l-headed. there are advantages for business. If they are artistic themselves. or not having enough time to sleep. other advisers mention money. People who have lived without referring to any disadvantages. but doesn't suggest time living in ano ther country. but not the effect expla nation is prov ided as to why this one was chosen on them of your being away. if communicate in that language.' When people spend time abroad. arts.g.. what its IT training needs are..' Jobs are also mentioned by advisers B. e.' AlI the other advisers mention finance. T hey may not 50 B 'However. without stead when it comes to doing business w ith that co untry. 'an enriching experience'. 55 C '[Dlon't let yourself get caught up in a group that is more Notes affluent than you are. 'do business with'. and find yourself different from their own.. possible approaches. but not preparation for making applications. but it certainly plays a not insignificant part in E mention school. but not making a financial plan. adviser D says. but don't say anything about caution. there's the danger of falling behind with your have become fluent. 'playa part' • Good variety of structures used. you might be living in 'a room that is far Firstly. there are cultural advantages. knowledge of the language of that country. and why the needs are urgent. Successful busi ness between co untries has never imagined doing before. please note that this is just one example out of several 48 A 'Although that tends to be the stereotype that everyone knows. with repercussions if you didn't do it. The travel was pretty much regulated. a experience of employees is only one small factor contributing to degree course requires far more independent work. • Two of the points are addressed and developed 56 E '[Y]our going to university m ay be a big change for your • One of the benefits is chosen as more significant and an family. it is c1early an enriching 49 E 'Whether you're living in a university hall of residence or experience for them as individuals. it co uld be very frustrating!' Adviser along with their language skills.' AlI the to their own society as well as to them as individuals.' Advisers and e business success. 'you should been disc ussed aboye. C and E. and don't merit the bad reputation that they suffer from as a group. see this as a good chance to try something new.. you should make your space truly yours'. .' Advisers A and B al so mention fami ly. A says that at university. will stand them in very goo d e says that getting a job 'rnay not always be advisable'. Of the two benefits to society of foreign travel which have 53 D With reference to 'freshers' week'. which in tum will brin g benefits during the term . e. to .' Advisers A. work instead of joining in. They will al so have leamt about your friends are planning a fun evening and you have to go to the mentality and customs of the society in question and this.. from . 'people who have lived abroad will have experienced'. but they will almost certainly be able to studies. in my opinion. the more significant is. Advisers D and E al so mention jobs. They will have listened to new ki nds heavily in debt. If peopl e have spen t less co mfortable than you are accustomed to'. abroad will have experienced the cultural Iife of a country 51 C '[Y]ou might try to keep up with them. B and D also mention • Opening paragraph introduces the topic socialising. without making a contrast between school and this. Secondly. listing your likely outgoings impact on their own creativity. but say of music and see n fresh approaches to painting and other visua l nothi ng abo ut borrowing money. ' • No language errors • Correct length (260 words) Writing Part 2 2 E mail Sty le Neutral to formal Your email should use langu age tha t is appropriate for a piece of writing to a busi ness. 'successful business between countries has all sorts ofpositive consequences. this will havea very positive 52 B 'It's useful to draw up a budget. However.Reading and Use of English Part 8 Writing Part 1 47 D ' Ensu re your CV is up-to-date and accessible on your 1 Essay computer. from increased employ ment 54 A 'Your experience until now has probably been that homework opportunities to better working conditions for staff.' all sorts of positive consequences. or somethi ng you'd the busi ness one. specifying any disadvantages. 'acquire knowledge'. and how much you'Il have available. but the fact that they have sharing a flat.g. because you'lI need to produce it every time you go after M odel a nswer a position. university studies. And let's face it. The company receiving the email should know exactly what is hoped foro 226 Test 3 Key . • The essay has a e/ear structure • Appropriate register .not roo informal • Good use of collocations. they will have acq uired so rne doing anything to feel at ea se in it. This model has been prepared as an example ofa very good anslVer.

then returns to Salta. 'What I Listening Part 3 appreeiated most about the course was . e. though college . The coach left Manchester in the Suggested improvements morning and returned late that night. a helicopter ride. only whales are mentioned twice . I found it an extremely valuable addition to the other courses offered by the Language Department in this 2 C A: She says. and the all-in price included It goes without saying that I would recommend that the course meals . as well as offering many children to school when she agreed to pick him up. C: They agree that the scenery was poor. addition'. e. forums could be set up for future. • Shows ability to handle a range ofstruetures. ' 15 D A: The connection with the town's 300th anniversary was made after • Variety ofsentenee length the council had decided to hold the festival. further discussion of sorne of the issues raised by the lectures. In all. discussing. • Opening paragraph sets the eontext 12 glaciers: '[Mlountains' refers to the 'granite peaks' in the transcript. Organisation Mo de l answer Write in clearly defined paragraphs. lecture theatre where it was held was not big enough for such a popu lar course and. is in the morning. • Appropriate use of headings • Good range of vocabulary. • Correet length (245 words) 16 B A: She had been involved in festival s. However. but the woman found a lot of English-speaking world. take place in the co llege's largest lecture hall in future and that 8 Africa : The largest number of trips are to South America.. You should try to express your ideas clearly and persuasively. the course gave us surprised. so that can' t be suggestions as to how best to follow up the issues we had been unexpected. 4 Proposal C: She had contacts with vario us artists and performers. . Your proposal should make recommendations about both green Use appropriate opening and closing formulae for an email to a spaces and street art in your town . Test 3 Key 227 . Include a title and sub-headings. but also . and Africa the assignment be reworded to avoid ambig uity. "and 'It dealt not only with . 10 balloon: The other option. Firstly. I don't'. 'on the whole'. but in a more junior role.g... so he is not brief notes on each of the titIes listed . o: She says she isn't an Style arts experto Neutral to formal Your proposal should use language that is appropriate for a piece of formal writing. C: He believes she must have known about driving her an excellent introduction to the topie. dealt not only with the novel but also with poetry and drama. the instructions for the coursework Listening Part 2 assignment which the lecturer set us were not as clear as they 7 coa ch : Because few peop le owned cars.. and it is considering Central America for the the department website. if you want to. B: She says turni ng the play into farce didn' t really work for her. please note that this is just one example out ofseveral possible approaehes .' but doesn't say she has too much work. • A/l the pointsfrom the question are dealt with in the answer • Clearly organised in paragraphs 13 wha le(s) : In listing the wildlife off the coast. secondly. the course had only two weaknesses. which is particularly useful in that it includes 5 B A: The man says Isabel has let him down 'again'. Strengths What I appreciated most about this course was its breadth. It should explain how what you business.. in my opinion' in the transcript. Listening Part 1 Mode ro English Literature Co urse 1 B A: The woman hasn't made a mistake. course. the him it's better to arrive late than not at all. to use for trips to the Lakes . I is the second biggest category. B: Although he considers not going. the woman persuades In my opinion. 'you can start and finish late. Organisation Co ntent Write in clearly defined paragraphs. 'a valuable 14 viad uct: Susan talks about a train trip that leaves in the morning. 6 C A: He doesn't know anyone else who's going who could pick Weaknesses him up.but neitherspeakersays • No language errors this is trileof the Marston festival. 'it goes without saying' climbs the mountains as far as a viaduct. Notes 11 architecture: 'Susan is particularly impressed' reflects 'can • Use ofan appropriate t¡(le compare with any in the world. C: The interviewersays that sorne • Appropriate register . C: She says. For example.killer whales and hump back wha les. However. 'the manager allocates work to everyone.neither ve')' formal nor ve')' informal festivals are intendedto raise money for charity. The company offers only a few would also recommend that the course tutors make better use of European destinations.g. Bennett boug ht a coac h might have been. On the whole. pro pose would improve the quality of life of the people who live 3 Rep or t there. she works on Friday afternoons. and that's all we have the This term I completed the new Modern English Literature chance to do. B: Angela hopes this will be a side effectofholding the festival. It 3 C A: The woman thought the production was very interesting. B: She says that unlike most of her colleagues. and it covered writers from a wide range of countries in the 4 A B: The man loved the soundtrack. 9 thrilling: '[H)er opinion' reflects Td call it' in the transcript. but doesn' t say that was a reason for her appointment. The lecturer provided us with a lengthy it quite distracting. bibliography. This model has been prepared as an example ofa ve')' good answer.

1 will stress by wanting to resign. but found he couldn't convince the manager. days and finish at lunchtime on Fridays. so he asked to see the manager. Extraet 1 The store had ordered a particular laptop . so she wanted to get her money back. B: The connections are between You will hear each piece twice. The price of the mirror rather than the other one I was offered . and Angela says she wanted something different. games. o: Angela Remember. Man: Mm. but this is 'by temperament' . but she doesn 't comment on whether that introduce each part ofthe test and give you time to look at is a bad response. PART 1 Listening Part 4 You will hear three dijferent extracts. but without the usual interruptions. Listening Part 1. I have to say I'm not enjoying it as much as ignorant about them. Man: I wish I could have Friday afternoon off! It'd be great to 28 H He thought the manager was rude to break off their have a longer weekend. who everyone. 18 D A: She says she doesn 't blame other people when things go fl§J wrong. the questions. She considered never shopping there again. but doesn't say she needs Now open your question paper and look at Part l. She didn't want to cancel a delivery. O: She mentions various areas of expertise. we have flexible hours. wasn 't keen on them. 30 A The speaker expected anyone working in retail to assume the customer is always right. but it's all very structured: the manager allocates work to 24 F She wanted to report the behaviour of the shop assistant. that she would rather organise an arts festival than one in another beca use you must not speak during the test. and he wanted to when I apply for a more senior position. that's a shame. but she already knew she could. Most of my colleagues work four long He accepted the manager's offer of a free carrying case. write your answers on the mentions clubs following up the events when the festival has question papero You will have five minutes at the end of the test to finished. so after that I often 27 D The manager sent out mixed messages about doing what have the office to myself. 29 C She says she was thankful that the manager understood why Man: That's true. but doesn't say anything about raising funding. had tried to charge a lot for delivery. while you 're listening. events and aspects of the town . but he doesn 't say so. 228 Test 3 Key and Transcript . as it is part of her temperament. B: She mentions how expensive it Test 3 Transcript would be to pay everyone. conversation several times to talk to various assistants. she was annoyed. I don't go away at the weekend as often as say that he is a loyal customer. Please ask any questions now. Woman: Still. He doesn't Woman: I don't mind. It is Iikely that he was annoyed . but that was before the speaker spoke to the manager. B: She says she sometimes reacts to the l'm going to give you the instructions for this test. from organising the festival. more help. manager. want to. field. copy your answers onto the separate answer sheet. B or C) whichfits best according to what 21 C Having found what he thought was the same laptop online you hear. company. though I don't. and that's all we have the chance to do. o: She mentions her current assistant. not between events. implying There will now be a pause. He feels he I'd hoped. despite having been a loyal customer. I thought I'd have plenty of freedom to develop new had poor service. Annie? It's with a software shoes weren't faulty.not something she is leaming This is Advanced Trainer Test 3. so that wasn't why the speaker talked to the really. but implies there were volunteers for those activities as Listening well as non-specialised ones . he saw the manager to ask for a discount. you do. You hear two friends discussing the woman 's new jobo 22 G She bought a pair of shoes as a present for her niece. C: She seems able to cope with stress quite well. because there are so many volunteers.17 C A: Angela mentions spending time organising the work.it's a means to an end. It's a good opportunity to concentrate the speaker asked. who Now look at questions 1 and 2. you will hear this sound:{tone J 19 C A: They agree that wouldn't be very original. apparently believed what she said. but the shop assistant seemed Woman: Yeso Well. which I like. 20 A B: Angela says she is most interested in the arts . The Man: How's your new job going. isn't it? 23 E He wanted to buy a dishwasher. At the start of each piece. There are two questions for each extracto at a much lower price. had been reduced. C: She says she wouldn 't be a performer in a festival. Man: What are the hours like? TASKTWO Woman: Oh. so I'm glad I too k this job exchange it for one in perfect condition. but didn't decide that. but you can start and finish late if you 26 E The speaker felt a fool for confusing the two laptop models . TASKONE choose the answer (A. it'1I give me useful experience to put on my CV tor 25 A The mirror he had bought was scratched. For questions 1 to 6. You have to work 37 hours a week. but doesn't complain to the manager about it. She seemed 'almost hostile ' towards her. and had then been rude to her. such as sound and lighting.

you can see the city and its me down again? surroundings from the air. From there. Actually. I thought it was very interesting. Something to do with driving her children to school.Extraet 2 ~ You hear two friends discussing a play they have both seen. Man: The whole of the first session. And days on the Valdes Peninsula to see the wildlife off the coast I don't know anyone else who's going who could pick me up. lloved the music. but now I've been there. This continued until the 1950s. Several of our tours start in the capital. . which lsn't too far from the Woman: Mm. too. she'lI practically be going past my door. sea lions. or rather twentieth century by a businessman. OK. I'd call it one of the most thrilling cities I've ever been to.it's now our second Woman: I bet I could design better scenery. but interest you in the tours that we offer at Bennett's Holidays. The Lakes were a popular destination. wasn't it? And although that didn't really You now have 45 seconds to look at Part 2. Manchester. Man: I've just had a call from Isabel.I couldn't always Manchester late that same day. I'd always thought it was very Woman: Good evening. there's a good reason . Amanda? I really enjoyed it. Buenos Aires. You will hear a woman called Susan Foster talking about Man: What did you think of the production.and they're certainly Woman: So why won't she? very attractive . the morning. offering everything from Now look at questions 5 and 6. depending on the Woman: How much of it would you miss if you went by bus? season. I think. in the north of England. director emphasised the comic aspects of the play . it made me realise that I'd been misinterpreting the recording twice . and you said it would be useful. but there's a great deal more to see.there always is with her. . I know the phrase. Test 3 Transcript 229 . Well. Maybe more. The views of the landscape are just breathtaking . My name's Susan Foster. killer whales. And we're currently looking into possibilities in never done it before! Central America. a city that's noted for its elegant Extraet 3 boulevards. wondering how they'd created the sounds. Man: I'm sure you could. I'm tempted not to go at all. Now I'd like to talk a little bit further . cultural heritage. Man: Mm. John Bennett.initially only to European destinations. This is a simply spectacular area. ~ ever since I first saw it. holidays organised by the company that she works [or: For questions 7 to J4. For Man: To be honest. even though I've biggest category. and as very heartbeat and the white noise? few people owned cars in those days.well. That worked really well. That is the end 01 Part 2. 1'11 do that. than 400 kilometres on a train. over 4. That is the end 01 Part J. concentrate on what was happening on stage because I was though by then the company also offered seven-day holidays. particularly the way they used spotlights to During the next few decades. didn't it? But as for the Although we still offer a few holidays in Europe. our strategy of scenery oo. I suppose you're right. you mean. leaving in the early morning and returning to Woman: I found a lot of it quite distracting . Man: AII I wanted was a lift to the conference on Wednesday. world. and I guarantee conference. Bennett bought a coach Man: Yeso It was really atmospheric. by taking a helicopter ride in the Woman: No! morning. and arrives back in Salta at midnight. some background. While many people are knocked out by the sandy beaches . like the Lake District. Montevideo has a rich have been any trouble to her. complete the sentences with a word or short Woman: Me too . You wil! need to play work for me. surely that's better than not going at all? After all. the largest proportion of our trips are to South America. so it wouldn't with Montevideo. you can combine a stay in Buenos Aires with three no buses from here early enough . Another fascinating add-on to a stay in Buenos Aires ls to fly to Salta. to provide transporto He offered excursions at an all-in price that included meals.! advertising tours in Africa has really paid off . that's not the only way of looking at it. introduced . and it's very cosmopolitan. the capital of Uruguay. overseas package holidays were show the hero's isolation from evervone else on stage. the memories will stay with you for ever. First. Goodness knows what time she'lI turn up at the granite peaks. Now turn to Part 3. which leaves around seven in you've been looking forward to it. you can travel more Woman: Well. dolphins and. You can also book a two-centre holiday. Woman: How will you get there? Several of our holidays bring you face-to-tace with nature. though.000 metres aboye sea level. Now turn to Part 2. PART2 Now look at questions 3 and 4. climbs up the mountains as far as a viaduct that's Man: Mm. or a balloon trip as the sun goes down. The company was founded in the early Man: I see what you mean.its architecture can compare with any in the Man: Oh. I know there are instance. Would you believe she's let On our Buenos Aires holidays. humpback whales and penguins . she Another holiday that starts in Buenos Aires includes flying south must have known about that when she agreed to pick me up in to spend three days among the glaciers that slowly flow between the first place. because of the awful things that happen to the hero. in north-west Argentina. in my opinion. and I hope to serious. I expected it You hear aman tel!ing a friend about a phone cal! he has just hado to be quite interesting. it was turned into a farce really.. AII those strange sounds.elephant seals. The lighting was quite different. Argentina is one of our most popular destinations. He lived in the soundtrack. and it's an enormously varied country. tango in the streets to fascinating museums.that's why I needed a lift. but since 2005. combining Buenos Aires I mean.

to be the recording twice. As an amateur painter and singer myself. Not a problem I'd had before! Speaker 1 What happened was that the store ordered a particular laptop for Man: Can I ask how having such a responsible job affects you me. it would be a bonus . of course . to give director. Welcome. highlight a Man: Now. I came up with the big picture. the director ofan arts festival in largely responsible for that. like sound and manager. I got to know several Now turn to Part 4. I've been You now have 45 seconds to look at Part 4. icing on the cake. One thing I've noticed. at times. In the studiowith me is Angela Staveley. B. Now look at Task 2. I need to do something about that . happens. but I Man: But you haven't given up so faro felt such a foo!! Anyway. You will need to play amazed by how many we have . Now that's very good. attached to holding an arts festival . He said it was easy to confuse them. but through that work. so I accepted gratefully. Another example is a performance of sometimes to raise funds for local charities. though not as a the same league. though. haven't you? Woman: Yes. where you were in charge of several big projects. so the festival largely depends on volunteers. my together in a way that doesn't happen every day. If we achieve that. such as an exhibition of photos of residents. when we went into on the point of wanting to resign when something really frustrating details. You will hear five short extracts in helped me to get the job with the council. that connection was only made after the council Woman: Thanks. Not that I'm an arts That is the end of Part 3. But I'd make sure I'm involved from the outset. a lot of towns and cities are known for theirs. where I'm frantically busy while the 230 Test 3 Transcript . people a reason for attending an event even if they weren't Woman: Thank you.. so there's something for Man: Marston town council is planning a major arts festival everyone. Angela. fl§J Man: I understand your last full-time job was with a transport company.at least. the (A. Woman: Quite possibly. This year marks 300 years since the town is thought to have been founded. You've been involved in Woman: Thank you. Man: Will you direct more arts festivals? Man: Yes. of the artists and performers who are going to appear here in Marston. lighting. is that this job is part of a pattern in my life. the festival Woman: Exactly.. Woman: And attract loads of visitors. Man: You were appointed festival director. then collapse in a heap when it's finished. Woman: Well. to reflect our industrial pasto first one in Marston. to be honesto And occasionally I find myself and asked the manager for a discount. Woman: Not yet! It helps that by temperament I've always been And I'm sure 1'11 shop there again. but I believe this is the old songs about working in a factory. So I went back Woman: AII the time. and today we're going to have a look behind the scenes and learn something about how such a big event is Man: But not terribly original. lots of towns hold festivals of one sort or another. festivals before. for later this year. choose from of people involved. For questions 26 to 30. assistant was put in place before I was. able to look for solutions rather than blaming other people when things go wrong . which he didn't need to in the circumstances. organised. I wanted something a little different. many of the events. choose the answer Woman: Not entirely. which people are talking about speaking to the store manager in Man: I'm sure it hasn't all been plain sailing. e or D) whichfits best according to what you hear. For questions 15 to 20. While you listen you must complete both tasks. I had personally? It must be time-consuming and probably very stressful a look online and found the same laptop for a fraction of the price. honesto so I've spent a long time making sure there's something for everyone to do. it brings people appointed.far more than we need. if it's successful.though probably not PART3 just yet! You will hear a conversation on a local radio station between a Man: Now. Marston is aiming to be in it's certainly the field I'm most interested in. so he's been able to fill me Woman: Exactly. For questions 21 to 25. te do everything from publicity to cleaning the list (A-H) how eacli speaker felt after speaking to the store the venues. I'm hoping it'1I inspire local clubs to follow up had reached a decision. by any means. it turned out the two computers were different models. PART4 Woman: That's right. They gave me a good reference. the town council had drawn up outline plans before I was Man: And when a festival works really well. Is that the reason for the festival? Man: I like iti Woman: Actually. Well. the town ofMarston. and some of it's highly specialised. though in a more junior role. particularly interested in that particular art formo So. choose from the challenge you've faced? list (A-H) the reason each speaker gives for speaking to the store Woman: Organising a festival like this means getting all sorts manager.fi§J particular activity is underway. Look at Task l. their objective is to have a wide range of activities. particular facet of Marston. if you think about many arts festivals. and they just asked me for a small deposito Meanwhile. What's the biggest a shop. In this case.the in on what happened before I came along. what about the programme of events? You were presenter and Angela Staveley. I presume. Luckily. though the delivery charge was on top of that. You now have 70 seconds to look at Part 3. and that Part 4 consists oftwo tasks. expert. But there's a certain amount of prestige some of the events when the festival has finished. he offered me a free carrying case. Paying everyone for their work would be prohibitively expensive. which I hadn't realised. Man: Angela. many thanks. performer. You will need to play Man: Which was? the recording twice. and that hasn't always proved helpful. underlying principie that I wanted the festival to reflect.

form. Le. ~~ make an exception. the package. what had happened. so she 'd Reading and Use of English Part j. one minute left.refers help from the shop assistant. but ' the Collective' is a group of people. I went to buy a bike for my brother. and the assistant won hands possi bly not Denisovans but on ly thei r DNA. That's not the way to leave their job and are replace d . that are not powerfu!. the assistant's word against mine. But as soon as my niece opened to what is being looked for. 'The outgo ing president had a encourage customers to be loyal . is followed by a R!:i . 'a rep lica of an old ship'. She really sent out mixed messages. it was obvious she wasn 't keen. it refers lo co rnmunities nolV collect all the question papers and answe r sheets. What had happened was that I'd bought th is really expensive pa ir of 1 B A: ' Search' wit hout 'for'.g. you 'd think I was asking for the moon! I was prepared to pay A and D are normally used of objects.e. None of You'd hope that people working in retail at least know something the other options can be 'over-rehearsed'. the different energy ratings! So I asked to see the manager. etc. so 1 asked for a dup licate '. and e is I refused. e. in 5 A On ly A can be used with ' technological' to refer lo what the hODethat she 'd be more knowledgeable than the assistant. he didn't even seem to understand about position of its leader. 19 marginalised / marginalized / marginal: An adjec tive is required That is the end of the test. i. So I said I'd get my D: 'Enquire' is intransitive. but it was imDossible to convince her . though. There certainly wasn 't. and the assistant serving me seemed completely ignorant about the 4 C This is the on ly option that collocales with ' team' lo refer lo lhe various models. she was quite helpful . 21 consultancy: 'A' needs to be followed by a singular noun: 'consultan!' ca n only refer to one person. four superv isor lViII lo c1assify Ihe noun 'comrnunities '. and so can't refer to the people. Test 3 Transcript and Test 4 Key 231 . C: A direct object followl¡"":~~"'. sapiens (who deve loped in Afr ica).nothing to do w ith what so mebody's job in the pas t. I once had occasion to speak to a shop manager who was fierce ly loyal to her staff and suspicious of mere customers. but obviously noto You see. despite having been a good customer over the years . technology. 18 primarily: An adverb is needed lo mod ify the verb 'do' .g . so that you 're sure to finisli in time. The se ntence means that we price was reduced. e. have. D: ' Outgoing ' refe rs to peop le as they we were discussing. and said I wouldn 't buy the bike. fou have one more minute left.¡ . but to give 9 Unlike: This is a preposition. I was on the point of saying l'd never shop there aga in. which must refer to so mething that staff. and wanted it del ivered. Well. 'to seek a so lutio n to a probl em ' . of' requires a noun. It makes a con trast between him his due . I mean . and then she was used of paintings or images of people. Here. cou ldn't be do ne .g. 8 B This mea ns 'creating something again that has bee n destroyed' . on ly know so met hing about the relalionship because of adva nces in That is the end of Part 4. 20 compliance: Th e precedi ng adjective ('stricl') and follow ing preposition ('with' ) show that a noun is required. but she could understand how I felt . But I almost w ish I hadn 't bothered. but the assistant wanted to charge me a fortune. I went back to get one in 15 Whatever: Th is means ' it doesn 't ma tter whal the precise Derfect condition. Speaker 5 11 from: ' Far from' mea ns ' not at all' . ~ Speaker 2 I never Iike asking to see a shop manager. 10 long: 11 ofte n co llocates with 'ago' to refer to a period of time. but 14 with: This normally follows 'lo interbreed'. to reDort her behaviour . but what I couldn 't forg ive was that she keDt breaking off in the middle of our conversation to talk to 6 C A and B: 'Archaic ' and 'bygone' are not used lo refer lo various assistants who walked Dast us . I'd spent ages choosing them. with a lot of a house for stolen goods'. about what they're selling. But the assistant said there 'd been a sign say ing that was why the 16 it: ' Were it not for' is a fixed phrase. shoes for my niece. and give her something else instead. I expla ined 12 any: This often follows 'hardly' lo mean 'a very sma ll arno unt'. 22 exper tise: 'The oo . I thought that in retail 'the customer is always right' . wanted to see the manager. She said what I wanted was agai