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EE847 Microwave Networks & Passive

Components

Week 1
Introduction

Instructor : M. Umar Khan


umar.khan@seecs.edu.pk
Spring 2017
Research Institute for Microwave & Millimeter Wave Studies (RIMMS)
National University of Sciences & Technology (NUST)
MW Networks & Passive Components
Lecture Main Topics Office : B202, RIMMS
Email : umar.khan@seecs.edu.pk
Transmission line theory Office Hrs: 1600 1700 hrs, Thursday
Smith Chart & its applications 1600 1700 hrs, Friday
Waveguides, Microstrip
Microwave network analysis
Passive microwave devices Lecture
Classroom # 22, RIMMS
Power dividers
Days : Monday, Wedensday
Filters
Resonators Lab
MDA lab - RIMMS

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Text Books
Lecture Notes / Slides will be available on LMS
Text Books
Microwave Engineering by David M. Pozar, John Wiley and Sons, 4th Edition
Recommended Books / Journals
RF Circuit Design : Theory & Applications by Ludwig
Foundations for Microwave Engineering by R. E. Collin
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters
IEEE Microwave Magazine

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Text Books

Maxwells Equations
Transmission line theory
Smith Chart Transmission line theory
Impedance Matching Smith Chart
Impedance Matching
Microwave Networks Microwave Passive circuits
Waveguides Microwave Active Circuits
Stripline and Microstrips
Microwave Passive circuits
Microwave Active Circuits
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Reading Material

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Introduction
The Subject : deals with the circuits / devices in the frequency range
from about 300 MHz to about 300 GHz

wavelengths in vacuum from 1 m down to 1 mm


RF bands: from 300 MHz to 3 GHz
microwave bands: from 3 GHz to 30 GHz
millimeter-wave bands: from 30 GHz to 300 GHz

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Applications
Personal
Cordless telephone
Cellular phone and data services (2G, 3G, 4G)
Satellite telephones
Global navigation (GPS)
Medical / Science / Military / Infrastructure
Sensing and Imaging
Biomedical engineering
Radars
Wireless power transfer

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Microwave Circuit : Example

Transmission
lines
Power Divider
Couplers
Isolators
Filters Oscillators
Resonators Mixers
Block Diagram of RF Transceiver Amplifiers

Passive Microwave Devices / Circuits


Active Microwave Devices / Circuits

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Why Microwave ?
RF, microwave and millimeter wave circuit design and realization is
far more complicated than low frequency work
Component size at MW frequencies is comparable to wavelength
circuit theory no longer applies
However, component size is not much larger than the wavelength
optics does not apply either
Maxwells equations are needed without approximations

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Why Microwave ?
Several advantages of microwave circuits
The size of an antenna decreases with increase in frequency. Also, the gain
(w.r.t. isotropic antenna) of an antenna increases when its electrical size is
increased. Thus, high gain & small size antennas are easy to be designed in
microwave frequencies
More bandwidth : A 1% bandwidth provide more absolute frequency range
at microwave frequency than at HF
At microwave frequencies, the properties of many material changes with
frequency. This behavior is suitable for remote sensing and other
applications.
Microwave signals predominantly travels in Line-of-sight (LOS), not reflected
by ionosphere, thus making it suitable for satellite communication links
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Learning Goals
Understand the difference between low frequency and high frequency circuits
Describe the lumped element circuit model for a transmission line.
Understand the importance of impedance matching in RF circuits.
Able to use Smith Chart in the design of impedance matching networks for
microwave circuits
Use S-parameter terminology to describe circuits
Be able to analyze and design passive microwave circuits including power dividers
and microwave filters
Be proficient in the use of CAD tool for the design and analysis of passive microwave
circuits
Able to fabricate and analyze basic passive microwave circuits
Use a Network Analyzer to measure passive circuits

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Assessment
Quizzes: 10% Regular Assignments will be
Assignments: 10% given
OHTs: 15% + 15% Regular quizzes will take place
Final Exam: 40% during the lecture time
Project: 10% OHT will take place in 6th and
12th week
ESE will take place in 18th week
Total: 100% Project is an important part of
course develop research
skills

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Microwave Engineering : Short History
Mature field
fundamental concepts
were developed more
than a century ago
Foundation of modern EM
theory was formulated by
James Clerk Maxwell
(1873)
Oliver Heaviside simplified
the Maxwells theory
(1886)
Heinrich Hertz validated
Maxwells theory of
electromagnetic waves
(1891)
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