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UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENTS

ANNA UNIVERSITY CHENNAI :: CHENNAI 600 025


REGULATIONS 2008
CURRICULUM FROM III & IV SEMESTERS FOR

B.E. AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

SEMESTER III

CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C


THEORY
MA9211 Mathematics III 3 1 0 4
AE9201 Engineering Fluid Mechanics 3 1 0 4
AU9201 Thermodynamics and Thermal Engineering 3 1 0 4
AU9202 Solid Mechanics 3 1 0 4
EC9211 Electronics & Instrumentation 3 0 0 3
AE9202 Elements of Aeronautics 2 0 0 2
PRACTICAL
PR9202 Computer Aided Part and Assembly Drawing 0 0 3 2
PR9203 Mechanical Sciences Laboratory 0 0 3 2
TOTAL 25

SEMESTER IV

CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C


THEORY
MA9262 Numerical Methods 3 1 0 4
PR9251 Theory of Machines 3 1 0 4
AE9251 Aircraft Structures I 3 1 0 4
AE9252 Aerodynamics I 3 1 0 4
AE9253 Propulsion I 3 1 0 4
AE9254 Aircraft Systems and Instruments 3 0 0 3
PRACTICAL
AE9255 Aircraft Structures Laboratory I 0 0 3 2
AE9256 Aerodynamics Laboratory I 0 0 3 2
EI9261 Electrical & Electronics Engineering Laboratory 0 0 3 2
TOTAL 29

1
MA9211 MATHEMATICS III
(Common to all branches of BE / B.Tech)
LTPC
3 1 04
UNIT I FOURIER SERIES 9+3

Dirichlets conditions General Fourier series Odd and even functions Half-range
Sine and Cosine series Complex form of Fourier Series Parsevals identity
Harmonic Analysis.

UNIT II PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9+3

Formation Solutions of first order equations Sandard types and Equations


reducible to standard types Singular solutions - Lagranges Linear equation
Integral surface passing through a given curve Solution of linear equations of
higher order with constant coefficients.

UNIT III APPLICATIONS OF PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9+3

Method of separation of Variables Solutions of one dimensional wave equation, -


One-dimensional heat equation Steady state solution of two-dimensional heat
equation Fourier series solutions in Cartesian coordinates.

UNIT IV FOURIER TRANSFORM 9+3

Fourier integral theorem Fourier transform pair-Sine and Consine transforms


Properties Transform of simple function Convolution theorem - Parsevals
identity.

UNIT V Z TRANSFORM AND DIFFERENCE EQUATION 9+3

Z-transform-Elementary properties-Inverse z transform Convolution theorem-


Formation of difference equation-Solution of difference equation using z transform.

TOTAL: 45+15=60
TEXT BOOK
1. B.S.Grewal, Higher Engineering Mathematics, Khanna Publications (2007)

REFERENCES
1) Glyn James, Advanced Modern Engineering Mathematics, Pearson
Education (2007)
2) B.V.Ramana, Higher Engineering Mathematics Tata McGraw Hill 2007.
3) N.P.Bali, and Manish Goyal, A Text Book of Engineering 7th Edition (2007)
Lakshmi Publications (P) Limited, New Delhi.

2
AE9201 ENGINEERING FLUID MECHANICS
LTPC
310 4
AIM: To introduce the concepts of Fluid Mechanics.
Pre-requisite: Basics of Physics

OBJECTIVE: To introduce the concepts of fluid statics viscosity and buoyancy. To


make the student understand the basic laws namely, mass momentum and energy.
To give an introduction on fluid machinery.

UNIT I BASIC CONCEPTS 15

Introduction Fluid properties Newtons viscosity law Classification of fluids and


fluid motion Fluid statics Hydrostatic force on submerged surfaces stability of
floating bodies Dimensional analysis The Buckingham-Pi theorem Significant
dimensionless groups Flow similarity and model studies

UNIT II BASIC EQUATIONS OF FLUID FLOW ANALYSIS 15

Basic laws for a system in integral form Conservation of mass Newtons 2nd law
Laws of thermodynamics Application of the basic laws for a control volume
Kinematics Motion of a fluid particle Fluid deformation Differential analysis of
fluid motion Continuity equation Differential momentum equation The Navier
Stokes equations

UNIT III INCOMPRESSIBLE INVISCID FLOW 8

Eulers equations of motion Bernoullis equations Applications Methods of


pressure measurement Flow measurement Orifice plate Venturi meter
Irrotational flow Stream function and velocity potential Laplace equation
Elementary plane flows

UNIT IV INCOMPRESSIBLE VISCOUS FLOW 8

Fully developed laminar flow between infinite parallel plates Laminar and turbulent
flow through pipes Velocity profiles Energy considerations in pipe flow
Calculation of head loss Pipe flow problems Hydraulic and energy grade lines
Moodys diagram

UNIT V FLUID MACHINERY 14

Introduction and classification of fluid machines Turbo machinery analysis The


angular momentum principle Euler turbo machine equation Velocity triangles
Application to fluid systems Working principle of turbines, fans, blowers, pumps and
compressors.

L = 45, T = 15, Total = 60


TEXT BOOKS
1. Shames I H, Mechanics of Fluids, Kogakusha, Tokyo, 1998
2. Robert W Fox & Alan T Mc.Donald, Introduction to fluid Mechanics, John
Wiley and Sons, 1995

REFERENCE BOOKS
1. Yuan S W, Foundations of fluid Mechanics, Prentice-Hall, 1987
2. Milne Thompson L M, Theoretical Hydrodynamics, MacMillan, 1985
3. Rathakrishnan, E, Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, Prentice-Hall, 2007

3
AU9201 THERMODYNAMICS AND THERMAL ENGINEERING L T P C
3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE
To introduce fundamental concepts in thermodynamics, heat tramsfer, propulsion
and refrigeration and air conditioning.

UNIT I BASIC THERMODYNAMICS 16

Systems, Zeroth low, First law. Steady flow energy equation. Heat and work transfer
in flow and non-flow processes. Second law, Kelvin-Planck statement - Clausius
statement - Concept of Entropy, Clausius inequality, Entropy change in non-flow
processes. Properties of gases and vapours.

UNIT II AIR CYCLE AND COMPRESSORS 12

Otto, Diesel, Dual combustion and Brayton cycles. Air standard efficiency . Mean
effective pressure, Reciprocating compressors.

UNIT III STEAM AND JET PROPULSION 12

Properties of steam Rankine cycle Steam Nozzles Simple jet propulsion system
Thrust rocket motor Specific impulse.

UNIT IV REFRIGERATION AND AIR-CONDITIONING 10

Principles of Psychrometry and refrigeration - Vapour compression - Vapour


absorption types - Co-efficient of performance, Properties of refrigerants Basic
Principle and types Air conditioning.

UNIT V HEAT TRANSFER 10

Conduction in parallel, radial and composite wall Basics of Convective heat transfer
- Fundamentals of Radiative heat transfer Flow through heat exchangers.

L = 45, T = 15, TOTAL = 60

(Use of standard thermodynamic tables, Mollier diagram and Refrigerant property


tables are permitted)

TEXT BOOKS
1. Nag.P.K., Engineering Thermodynamics, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi,
2007.
2. Rathakrishnan E., Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, Prentice-
Hall India, 2005.

REFERENCES
1. Ramalingam K.K. Thermodynamics, Sci-Tech Publications, 2006
2. Holman.J.P., Thermodynamics, 3rd Ed. McGraw-Hill, 2007.
3. Venwylen and Sontag, Classical Thermodynamics, Wiley Eastern, 1987
4. Arora C.P, Thermodynamics, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2003.
5. Merala C, Pother, Craig W, Somerton, Thermodynamics for Engineers,
Schaum Outline Series, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2004.

4
AU9202 SOLID MECHANICS L T P C
3 1 0 4

UNIT I AXIAL LOADING 12

Stresses and strains Hookes law stress and strain diagrams - elastic constants
statically determinate and indeterminate problems in tension & compression
thermal stresses impact loading.

UNIT II STRESSES IN BEAMS 10

Shear force & bending moment diagrams bending stresses shear stress variation
in beams of symmetric sections beams of uniform strength.

UNIT III DEFLECTION OF BEAMS 12

Double integration method Macaulays method moment area method conjugate


beam method principle of superposition Strain Energy in axial, bending, torsion
and shear loadings. Castiglianos theorems and their applications.

UNIT IV TORSION SPRINGS COLUMNS 14

Torsion of solid and hollow circular shafts shear stress variation power
transmission in shafts open and closed-coiled helical springs stresses in helical
springs classification of columns Euler buckling columns with different end
conditions.

UNIT V BIAXIAL STRESSES 12

Stresses in thin-walled pressure vessels combined bending, torsion and axial


loading of circular shafts Mohrs circle and its construction determination of
principal stresses.

TEXT BOOK
1. Gere & Timoshenko, Mechanics of Materials, McGraw Hill, 1993
2. William Nash, Strength of Materials, Tata McGraw Hill, 2004

REFERENCES:
1. Dym,C.L., and Shames,I.H., Solid Mechanics, McGraw Hill, Kogakusha,
Tokyo, 1973.
2. Stephen Timoshenko, Strength of Materials, Vol I & II, CBS Publishers and
Distributors, Third Edition.
3. R.K.Rajput, Strength of Materials, S. Chand and Co., 1999.
4. Timoshenko,S. and Young,D.H., Elements of Strength of Materials,
T.Van Nostrand Co. Inc., Princeton, N.J., 1977.

5
EC9211 ELECTRONICS INSTRUMENTATION LTPC
3003

UNIT I ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS AND DEVICES 10


Resistors, Capacitors, Inductors and Transformers - properties, types. Simple
PN Junction Diodes, Zener diode, Bipolar Junction transistor and Field Effect
Transistors operating principles and characteristics. Other Devices UJT, SCR,
LED, Photodetectors.

UNIT II ANALOG CIRCUITS 10


Rectifier and Power Supply Circuits, clipper, clamper using diodes, Operational
Amplifiers (Ideal) properties and typical circuits like differentiator, integrator,
summer, comparator, single-stage BJTs and FETs amplifiers Multistage Amplifier
Principles(Qualitative Treatment only).

UNIT III DIGITAL CIRCUITS 10


Basics of Boolean Logic Logic Gates, Flip-Flops, Shift-Registers, Counters,
Decoders/Drivers, Timer, Display Devices, A/D and D/A Converters.

UNIT IV MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTS 7


Definitions of Accuracy, Precision, Sensitivity, Resolution, Linearity, Range,
Measurement of Electrical Quantities Voltmeter, Ammeter, Watt-Meter, DMM,
CRO, DSO, Transducers and signal conditioning systems for pressure,
temperature, acceleration measurements (Qualitative Treatment only).

UNIT V MICROPROCESSORS AND APPLICATIONS 8


Architecture of 8085 processors, Address Modes, Instruction set, simple
programming like addition, subtraction, multiplication, logical operation, Peripherals
and Interfacing 8255, 8251. Applications like motor control, keyboard and PC
interface, Introduction to Microcontrollers.

TOTAL:45

TEXT BOOK
1. Millman.J. and Halkias.C., Integrated Electronics, Tata McGraw Hill, 2004.
2. Paul Horowitz and Wilfred Hill The Art of Electronics, Cambridge University
press, 1989.

REFERENCES
1. Donald P Leach, Albert Paul Malvino and Goutam Saha, Digital Principles &
Applications,6E, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006.
2. A.K.Sawhney, A course in Electrical and Electronic Measurement and
Instrumentation, Dhanpat Raj. and Sons, New Delhi, 1999
3. Helfrick.A.D., and Cooper.W.D., Electronic Instrumentation and
Measurement techniques, Prentice Hall of India, 1998.
4. Gaonkar. Ramesh S, Microprocessor Architecture Programming and
Applications with 8085, 5th Ed. Penram International Publishing (India).
2003 .
5. Kenneth J.Ayala., The 8051 Microcontroller Architecture Programming and
Applications, 2ed, Penram International Publishing (India).2004.

6
AE9202 ELEMENTS OF AERONAUTICS LTPC
2 0 0 2

OBJECTIVE
To introduce the basic concepts of aerospace engineering and the current
developments in the field.

UNIT I HISTORICAL EVALUATION 8


Early airplanes, biplanes and monoplanes, Developments in aerodynamics,
materials, structures and propulsion over the years.

UNIT II AIRCRAFT CONFIGURATIONS 5


Components of an airplane and their functions. Different types of flight vehicles,
classifications. Conventional control, Powered control, Basic instruments for flying,
Typical systems for control actuation.

UNITN III INTRODUCTION TO PRINCIPLES OF FLIGHT 10


Physical properties and structure of the atmosphere, Temperature, pressure and
altitude relationships, Evolution of lift, drag and moment. Aerofoils, Mach number,
Maneuvers.

UNIT IV INTRODUCTION TO AIRPLANE STRUCTURES AND MATERIALS 12

General types of construction, Monocoque, semi-monocoque and geodesic


construction, Typical wing and fuselage structure. Metallic and non-metallic
materials, Use of aluminium alloy, titanium, stainless steel and composite materials.

UNIT V POWER PLANTS USED IN AIRPLANES 10


Basic ideas about piston, turboprop and jet engines, Use of propeller and jets for
thrust production. Comparative merits, Principles of operation of rocket, types of
rockets and typical applications, Exploration into space.

TOTAL : 45
TEXT BOOKS

1. Anderson, J.D., Introduction to Flight, McGraw-Hill, 1995.

REFERENCE

1. Kermode, A.C., Flight without Formulae, McGraw-Hill, 1997.

7
PR9202 COMPUTER AIDED PART AND ASSEMBLY DRAWING
L T P C
0 0 3 2

OBJECTIVE

To impart skills in construction of machine elements and assembly


drawing. Also to train the students to read and represent a geometrical
tolerances in part drawing.

1. Instruction to machine drawing & production drawing classification of


drawing-BIS conventions Orthographic and sectional views. Reviews of
the concepts of limits, tolerance, fits, surface roughness, and symbols
terminology used in Production drawing.

2. Machine element joints Types of joints Screw fasteners Pin joints,


couplings welded joints.

3. Computer Aided Production Drafting


Detailed part drawing and assembly drawings (with suitable tolerances,
machine sumbols, specification of fit).
1) Screw jack
2) Shaper tool head
3) Non return valve
4) Plummer block
5) Foot step drawing
6) Machine vice
7) Four jaw chuck of lathe
8) Lathe tail stock
9) Square tool post
10) Universal coupling
11) Hydraulic & Pneumatic Assembly

8
PR9203 MECHANICAL SCIENCES LABORATORY
LTPC
0 0 3 2

OBJECTIVE

To train the students in testing and quantifying the mechanical properties of

Engineering Materials, Engines and Heat Exchangers

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

Tension Test

Torsion Test

Testing of springs

Impact test i) Izod, ii) Charpy

Hardness test i) Vickers, ii) Brinell, iii) Rockwell, iv) Shore

Deflection of Beams

Dye Penetrant Test

Performance test on a 4 storke engine

Viscosity determination of the given fluid

Moment of inertial of connecting rod

Determination of Effectiveness of a parallel and counter flow heat exchangers

Valve timing of a 4 stroke engine and port timing of a 2 stroke engine

9
MA9262 NUMERICAL METHODS LT P C
3 1 0 4

UNIT I SOLUTION OF EQUATIONS AND EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS (10 +3)


Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations - Fixed point iteration method
Newton-Raphson method- Solution of linear system of equations - Gauss Elimination
method Pivoting - Gauss-Jordan methods Iterative methods of Gauss-Jacobi and
Gauss-Seidel - Matrix Inversion by Gauss-Jordan method - Eigenvalues of a matrix
by Power method and by Jacobis method.

UNIT II INTERPOLATION AND APPROXIMATION (8 + 3)


Interpolation with unequal intervals - Lagrange interpolation Newtons divided
difference interpolation Cubic Splines - Interpolation with equal intervals - Newtons
forward and backward difference formulae.

UNIT III NUMERICAL DIFFERENTATION AND INTEGRATION (9 + 3)


Approximation of derivatives using interpolation polynomials - Numerical integration
using Trapezoidal, Simpsons 1/3 and Simpsons 3/8 rules Rombergs method -
Two point and three point Gaussian quadrature formulae Evaluation of double
integrals by Trapezoidal and Simpsons rules.

UNIT IV INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS FOR ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL


EQUATIONS (9 + 3)
Single step-methods - Taylors series method - Eulers method - Modified Eulers
method - Fourth order Runge-Kutta method for solving first and second order
equations - Multi-step methods - Milnes and Adams-Bashforth predictor-corrector
methods for solving first order equations.

UNIT V BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS IN ORDINARY AND PARTIAL


DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS (9 + 3)
Finite difference methods for solving two-point linear boundary value problems. Finite
difference techniques for the solution of two dimensional Laplaces and Poissons
equations on rectangular domain One dimensional heat-flow equation by explicit
and implicit (Crank Nicholson) methods - One dimensional wave equation by explicit
method.

L = 45 T = 15 TOTAL = 60
TEXT BOOKS
1. Grewal, B.S. and Grewal,J.S., Numerical methods in Engineering and Science,
6th Edition, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, 2004.
2. Sankara Rao, K. Numerical methods for Scientists and Engineers, 3rd Edition
Prentice Hall of India Private Ltd., New Delhi, 2007.

REFERENCE BOOKS
1. Chapra, S. C and Canale, R. P. Numerical Methods for Engineers, 5th Edition,
Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2007.
2. Gerald, C. F. and Wheatley, P. O., Applied Numerical Analysis, 6th Edition,
Pearson Education Asia, New Delhi, 2006.
3. Brian Bradie, A friendly introduction to Numerical analysis, Pearson Education
Asia, New Delhi, 2007.

10
PR9251 THEORY OF MACHINES
LT P C
3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE
To understand basic concepts of kinematic and dynamic mechanism of various
machine elements.

UNIT I MECHANISMS 14
Definition Machine and Structure Kinematic link, pair and chain classification of
Kinematic pairs Constraint & motion Degrees of freedom slider crank Single
and double Crank rocker mechanisms Inversions applications, Kinematic
analysis and synthesis of simple mechanisms Determination of velocity and
acceleration of simple mechanisms.

UNIT II FRICTION 12
Types of friction friction in screw and nut pivot and collar thrust bearings collar
bearing plate and disc clutches belt (flat & vee) and rope drives creep in belts
Jockey pulley open and crossed belt drives Ratio of tensions Effect of
centrifugal and initial tensions Effect of centrifugal and initial tension condition for
maximum power transmission.

UNIT III GEARING AND CAMS 12


Gear profile and geometry nomenclature of spur & helical gears laws of gearing
interference requirement of minimum number of teeth in gears gear trains
simple and compound gear trains determination of speed and torque in epicyclic
gear trains cams different types of followers cam design for different follower
motions.

UNIT IV BALANCING 11
Static and dynamic balancing single and several masses in different planes
primary and secondary balancing of reciprocating masses balancing single and
multi cylinder Engines Governors and Gyroscopic effects.

UNIT V VIBRATION 11
Free, forced and damped vibrations of single degree of freedom systems force
transmitted to supports vibration Isolation vibration absorption torsional
vibration of shafts single and multirotor systems geared shafts critical speed of
shafts.
TOTAL:60
TEXT BOOK
1. Bansal Dr.R.K. Theory of Machines Laxmi Publications (P) Ltd., New
Delhi 2001
2. Rattan S.S.Theory of machines Tata McGraw Hill publishing Co., New
Delhi, 2002.
REFERENCES:
1. Rao J.S.and Dukkipati R.V. Mechanism and Machine Theory Second
Edition, Wiley Eastern Limited, 1992.
2. Malhotra D.R. and Gupta H.C The Theory of machines Satya Prakasam,
Tech. India Publications, 1989
3. Gosh A and Mallick A.K. Theory of Machines and Mechanisms affiliated
east west press, 1989
4. Shingley J.E. and Vicker J.J. Theory of Machines and Mechanisms
McGraw Hill, 1986.
5. Burton Paul Kinematics and Dynamics of Machinery, Prentice Hall,
1979.

11
AE9251 AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES I
LTPC
3 1 0 4

UNIT I STATICALLY DETERMINATE STRUCTURES 12

Statically determinate frames plane truss analysis method of joints method of


sections 3-D trusses the landing gear tripod beams of two materials.

UNIT II STATICALLY INDETERMINATE STRUCTURES 12

Propped cantilevers fixed-fixed beams Clapeyrons 3 moment equation moment


distribution method.

UNIT III ENERGY METHODS 12

Strain energy evaluation in structural members energy theorems dummy load &
unit load methods Maxwells reciprocal theorem energy methods applied to
statically determinate and indeterminate beams, frames, rings & trusses.

UNIT IV COLUMNS 12

Eulers column curve inelastic buckling effect of initial curvature the Southwell
plot columns with eccentricity use of energy methods theory of beam columns
beam columns with different end conditions stresses in beam columns.

UNIT V FAILURE THEORIES 12

Ductile and brittle materials maximum principal stress theory - maximum principal
strain theory - maximum shear stress theory - distortion energy theory octahedral
shear stress theory.
TOTAL : 60

TEXT BOOK
1. Timoshenko and Gere, `Mechanics of Materials, Tata McGraw Hill, 1993.
2. Bruhn E F, Analysis and Design of Flight Vehicle Structures, Tri-State Off-set
Company, USA, 1985

REFERENCES
1. Donaldson, B.K., Analysis of Aircraft Structures - An Introduction, McGraw
Hill, 1993.
2. Megson T M G, `Aircraft Structures for Engineering students Edward Arnold
Publishers.
3. Peery, D.J., and Azar, J.J., Aircraft Structures, 2nd edition, McGraw Hill,
N.Y., 1999.

12
AE9252 AERODYNAMICS - I LT P C
3 1 0 4

AIM: To introduce the fundamental principles of theoretical low speed


aerodynamics.
Pre-requisite: Basics of Fluid Mechanics

OBJECTIVE: To introduce the concepts of mass, momentum and energy


conservation relating to aerodynamics. To make the student understand the concept
of vorticity, irrotationality, theory of airfoils and wing sections. To introduce the basics
of viscous flow.

UNIT I REVIEW OF BASIC FLUID MECHANICS 10


System and Control volume approach, substantial, local and convective derivative,
Continuity, momentum and energy equations, Inviscid flow, Euler equation,
incompressible Bernoullis Equation. Circulation and Vorticity, Greens Lemma and
Stokes Theorem, Barotropic Flow, Kelvins theorem, Streamline, Stream Function,
Irrotational flow, Potential Function, Equipontential Lines, Elementary Flows and their
combinations.

UNIT II TWO DIMENSIONAL INVISCID INCOMPRESSIBLE FLOW 8


Ideal Flow over a circular cylinder, DAlemberts Paradox, Magnus effect, Kutta
Jonkowskis Theorem, Starting Vortex, Kutta condition, Real flow over smooth and
rough cylinder.

UNIT III AIRFOIL THEORY 9


Cauchy-Riemann relations, Complex Potential, Methodology of Conformal
Transformation, Kutta-Joukowski transformation and its applications, Karman Trefftz
Profiles, Thin Airfoil theory and its applications.

UNIT IV SUBSONIC WING THEORY 8


Vortex Filament, Biot and Savart Law, Bound Vortex and trailing Vortex, Horse Shoe
Vortex, Lifting Line Theory and its limitations.

UNIT V INTRODUCTION TO LAMINAR AND TURBULENT FLOW 10


Boundary layer and boundary layer thickness, displacement thickness, momentum
thickness, Energy thickness, Shape parameter, Boundary layer equations for a
steady, two dimensional incompressible flow, Boundary Layer growth over a Flat
plate, Critical Reynolds Number, Clasius solution, Basics of Turbulent flow, Prandtls
mixing length hypothesis, Free shear layers.
L:45 TOTAL:45

TEXT BOOK
1. Houghton, E.L., and Caruthers, N.B., Aerodynamics for Engineering students,
Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd., London, 1989.
2. Anderson, J.D., Fundamentals of Aerodynamics, MaGraw Hill Book Co.,
1999

REFERENCES
1. Milne Thomson, L.H., Theoretical Aerodynamics, Macmillan, 1985
2. John J Bertin., Aerodynamics for Engineers, Pearson Education Inc, 2002
3. Clancey, L J., Aerodynamics, Pitman, 1986

13
AE9253 PROPULSION I L TP C
3 1 0 4

OBJECTIVE
To understand the principles of operation and design of aircraft and spacecraft power
plants.

UNIT I FUNDAMENTALS OF GAS TURBINE ENGINES 8


Illustration of working of gas turbine engine The thrust equation Factors affecting
thrust Effect of pressure, velocity and temperature changes of air entering
compressor Methods of thrust augmentation Characteristics of turboprop,
turbofan and turbojet Performance characteristics.

UNIT II SUBSONIC AND SUPERSONIC INLETS FOR JET ENGINES 8


Internal flow and Stall in subsonic inlets Boundary layer separation Major features
of external flow near a subsonic inlet Relation between minimum area ratio and
eternal deceleration ratio Diffuser performance Supersonic inlets Starting
problem on supersonic inlets Shock swallowing by area variation External
declaration Models of inlet operation.

UNIT III COMBUSTION CHAMBERS 8


Classification of combustion chambers Important factors affecting combustion
chamber design Combustion process Combustion chamber performance Effect
of operating variables on performance Flame tube cooling Flame stabilization
Use of flame holders Numerical problems.

UNIT IV NOZZLES 8
Theory of flow in isentropic nozzles Convergent nozzles and nozzle choking
Nozzle throat conditions Nozzle efficiency Losses in nozzles Over expanded
and under expanded nozzles Ejector and variable area nozzles Interaction of
nozzle flow with adjacent surfaces Thrust reversal.

UNIT V COMPRESSORS 13
Principle of operation of centrifugal compressor Work done and pressure rise
Velocity diagrams Diffuser vane design considerations Concept of prewhirl
Rotation stall Elementary theory of axial flow compressor Velocity triangles
degree of reaction Three dimensional Air angle distributions for free vortex and
constant reaction designs Compressor blade design Centrifugal and Axial
compressor performance characteristics.

TOTAL : 45
TEXT BOOKS
1. Hill, P.G. & Peterson, C.R. Mechanics & Thermodynamics of Propulsion
Addison Wesley Longman INC, 1999.

REFERENCES
1. Cohen, H. Rogers, G.F.C. and Saravanamuttoo, H.I.H. Gas Turbine Theory,
Longman, 1989.
2. Oates, G.C., Aero thermodynamics of Aircraft Engine Components, AIAA
Education Series, New York, 1985.
3. Rolls Royce Jet Engine Third Edition 1983.
4. Mathur, M.L. and Sharma, R.P., Gas Turbine, Jet and Rocket Propulsion,
Standard Publishers & Distributors, Delhi, 1999.

14
AE9254 AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS AND INSTRUMENTS LTPC
3 0 03

AIM: To introduce the types of instruments and systems used in Aircraft.


Pre-requisite: Basics of Aeronautics
OBJECTIVE: To introduce the hydraulic and pneumatic systems components and
operate, types of instruments and its operation including navigational instruments

UNIT I AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS 8


Hydraulic systems Study of typical workable systems components Hydraulic
systems controllers Modes of operation Pneumatic systems Working principles
Typical Pneumatic Power system Brake system Components, Landing Gear
Systems Classification Shock absorbers Retractive mechanism.

UNIT II AIRPLANE CONTROL SYSTEMS 12


Conventional Systems Power assisted and fully powered flight controls Power
actuated systems Engine control systems Push pull rod system operating
principles Modern control systems Digital fly by wire systems Auto pilot system,
Active Control Technology

UNIT III ENGINE SYSTEMS 8


Fuel systems Piston and Jet Engines Components - Multi-engine fuel systems,
lubricating systems - Piston and jet engines Starting and Ignition systems Piston
and Jet engines

UNIT IV AIRCONDITIONING AND PRESSURIZING SYSTEM 8


Basic Air Cycle systems Vapour Cycle Systems, Boot-strap air cycle system
Evaporative vapour cycle systems Evaporation air cycle systems Oxygen
systems Fire protection systems, Deicing and anti icing system.

UNIT V AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTS 9


Flight Instruments and Navigation Instruments Accelerometers, Air speed
Indicators Mach Meters Altimeters - Gyroscopic Instruments Principles and
operation Study of various types of engine instruments Tachometers
Temperature gauges Pressure gauge Operation and principles.

TOTAL : 45

TEXT BOOKS

1. Mekinley, J.L. and R.D. Bent, Aircraft Power Plants, McGraw Hill 1993.
2. Pallet, E.H.J. Aircraft Instruments & Principles, Pitman & Co 1993.

REFERENCES

1. Teager, S.Gas Turbine technology, McGraw Hill 1997.


2. Mckinley, J.L. and Bent R.D. Aircraft Maintenance & Repair, McGraw Hill,
1993.
3. Handbooks of Airframe and Powerplant Mechanics, US dept. of
Transportation, Federal, Aviation Administration, The English Book Store, New
Delhi, 1995.

15
AE9255 AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES LABORATORY I
L T P C
0 0 3 2

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. Deflection of a Simply-Supported Beam

2. Verification of Maxwells Reciprocal Theorem

3. Tensile testing using the UTM

4. Poisson Ratio Determination

5. Verification of the Superposition Theorem

6. Buckling Load of Slender Eccentric Columns

7. Construction of a Southwell Plot

8. Non-Destructive Testing Procedures

9. Shear Failure of Bolted and Rivetted Joints

10. Bending Modulus of a Sandwich Beam

P : 60 TOTAL :60

16
AE9256 AERODYNAMICS LABORATORY I
L T P C
0 0 3 2

1. Application of Bernoullis Equation Venturimeter and Orifice meter.

2. Frictional Loss in laminar flow through pipes.

3. Frictional Loss in turbulent flow through pipes.

4. Calibration of a Subsonic Wind tunnel.

5. Determination of lift for the given airfoil section.

6. Pressure distribution over a smooth circular cylinder.

7. Pressure distribution over a rough circular cylinder.

8. Pressure distribution over a symmetric aerofoil.

9. Pressure distribution over a cambered aerofoil.

10. Flow visualization studies in subsonic flows.

P : 60 TOTAL: 60

17
EI9261 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING LAB
0 0 3 2

1. Load test on separately excited DC shunt generator

2. Load test on DC shunt moor

3. Load test on S Transformer

4. Load test on Induction motor

5. Regulation of 3 Alternator

6. Study of CRO

7. Logic gates

8. Operational amplifiers

9. Time constant of RC circuit

10. Characteristics of LVDT

11. Calibration of Rotometer

12. RTD and thermistor

13. Flapper Nozzle system

18