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Abbreviation

Abbreviation Stands For


AAFI Amateur Athletics Federation of India
AAPSO Afro-Asian People s Solidarity Organisation
AASU All Assam Students Union
ABM Anti Ballistic Missile
AC Alternate Current OR Air Conditioner
ACC Ancillary Cadet Core
AD Ano Domini (After the birth of Jesus)
ADB Asian Development Bank
ADS Air Defence Ship
AEC Atomic Energy Commission
AERE Atomic Energy Research Establishment
AGOC Asian Games Organisation Committee
AHQ Air Head Quarters
AHQ Army Head Quarters
AICC All India Congress Committee
AICTE All India Council of Technical Education
AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
AIFE All India Football Federation
AIIMS All India Institute of Medical Sciences
AIL Aeronautics India Limited
AIMPLB All India Muslim Personal Law Board
AIR All India Radio (Broadcasting)
AIR Annual Information Report
AITUE All India Trade Union Congress
AJT Advanced Jet Trainer
AM Anti Meridian (Before Noon)
ANC African National Congress
APEC Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
APEDA Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority
APSC Army Postal Services Core
ARC Administrative Reforms Commission; Asset Reconstruction Corporation (of
India)
ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations
ASLV Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle
ASI Archaeological Survey of India
ASSOCHAM Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry (India)
ASWAC Airborne Surveillance Warning and Control
ATS Anti Tetanus Serum
AU African Union
AVES Acute Viral Encephalitic Syndrome
BAMS Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
BARC Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
BC Before Christ (Before the birth of Jesus)
BCG Bacillus Calmette Guerin (Anti TB Vaccine)
BCCI Board of Control for Cricket in India
BEL Bharat Electronics Limited
BENELUX Belgium, Netherlands and Luxemburg
BHEL Bharat Heavy Electronics Limited
BIFR Board of Industrial Finance and Reconstruction (Formerly Industrial Reco
nstruction Finance Board)
BIMSTEC Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand Economic Cooperation
BIS Bureau of Indian Standards
B Pharma Bachelor of Pharmacy
BSF Border Security Force
CAD Command Area Development
CAG Comptroller and Auditor General
CARE Cooperative for American Relief Everywhere
CASE Commission for Alternative Sources of Energy
CBI Central Bureau of Investigation
CBSE Central. Board of Secondary Education
CCEA Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
CCS Cabinet Committee on Security
C-DAC Centre For Development of Advance Computing
BSNL Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd.
BOAC British Overseas Airways Corporation
BREAD Basic Research Education and Development Society
BVR Beyond Visual Range
CABE Central Advisory Board of Education
CACCI Confederation of Asia-Pacific Chambers of Commerce & Industry
CADP Command Area Development Programme
CAS Conditional Access System
CASA Current Account and Savings Account deposits
CCI Cricket Club of India
CD Certificate of Deposit
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
CDRI Central Drug Research Institute
CHOGM Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting
CIA Central Intelligence Agency (U.S.A.)
CID Criminal Investigation Department
CIS Commonwealth of Independent States
CISF Central Industrial Security Force
CITU Centre of Indian Trade Unions
CLAT Common Law Admission Test (Started May 2008)
CMP Common Minimum Programme
CNG Compressed Natural Gas
CNLU Chanakya National Law University
CNPC China National Petroleum Corporation
COD Central Ordnance Depot
COFEPOSA Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Act
CPO Central Passport Organisation
CPRI Central Power Research Institute
CRPF Central Reserve Police Force
CRR Cash Reserve Ratio
CSIR Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
CSO Central Statistical Organisation
CSTO Collective Security Treaty Organisation
CTS Computerised Tomography Scanner
CVC Central Vigilance Commission
DAE Department of Atomic Energy
DDT Dichloro Diphenyle Tri-chloroethane
DFDR Digital Flight Data Recorder (Black box)
DIAS Direct Internet Access System
DIG Deputy Inspector General
D. Litt Doctor of Literature
DM District Magistrate
DMK Dravida Munetra Kazhagam
DMRC Delhi Metro Rail Corporation
DNA Di-oxyribo-Nucleic Acid
DOART Deep Ocean Assessment and Reporting Technology
DPAP Drought Prone Area Programme
DPC Dabhol Power Company
DPP Dabhol Power Project
DRDO Defence Research and Development Organisation
DTH Direct to Home
DVC Damodar Valley Corporation
DVD Digital Versatile Disk
EAS East Asia Summit
EAS Employment Assurance Scheme
ECD European Central Bank
ECIL Electronics Corporation of India Limited
ECG Electro Cardiogram
EDCIL Educational Consultants India Ltd.
EDI Educational Development Index
EDUSAT Education Satellite
EEC Eurasian Economic Community
EEC European Economic Community
EEG Electro Encephalogram
EET Exempt, Exempt, Taxable
ELISA Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay
EMF Electromotive Force
EPABX Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange
EPIC Elector s Photo Identity Card
EPZ Export Processing Zone
ERDA Energy Research and Development Administration
ESCAP Economic & Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (This is the new n
ame of ECAFE)
ESMA Essential Services Maintenance Act
EVM Electronic Voting Machine
EXIM Bank Export-Import Bank of India
FAO Food and Agriculture Organisation
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation (USA)
FBTR Fast Breeder Test Reactor
FCI Fertilizer Corporation of India
FCI Food Corporation of India
FDI Foreign Direct Investment
FDR Flight Data Recorder (Black Box)
FERA Foreign Exchange Regulation Act
FEMA Foreign Exchange Management Act
FICA Federation of International Cricketer s Association
FICCI Federation of India Chambers of Commerce and Industry
FIPB Foreign Investment Promotion Board
FIR First Information Report
FRS Fellow of the Royal Society
FTA Free Trade Agreement
FTII Films and Television Institute of India
FTZ Free Trade Zone
GAIL Gas Authority of India Limited
GATT General Agreement on Tariff and Trade
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GIC General Insurance Corporation
GIST Global Institute of Science and Technology
GMT Greenwich Mean Time
GNLF Gorkha National Liberation Front
GNP Gross National Product
GPF General Provident Fund
GPO General Post Office
GPS Global Positioning System
GSI Geological Survey of India
GUAM Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova
HAC Hindustan Aluminium Corporation
HAL Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
HCF Highest Common Factor
HDFC Housing Development Finance Corporation
HIV Human Immuno-deficiency Virus
HMT Hindustan Machine Tools
HUDCO Housing and Urban Development Corporation
HYVS High Yield Variety Seeds
IAAI International Airport Authority of India
lAC Indian Airlines Corporation
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IARI Indian Agricultural Research Institute
IBA Indian Bank Association
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)
IBSA India, Brazil, South Africa
ICAR Indian Council of Agricultural Research
ICBM Inter Continental Ballistic Missile
ICC International Cricket Council
ICFTU International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
ICICI Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India Limited
ICJ International Court of Justice
ICMR Indian Council of Medical Research
ICRIER Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations
ICSI Indian Company Secretaries Institute
ICSID International Centre for Settlement of Industrial Disputes
ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross
ICSSR Indian Council of Scientific and Social Research
IDA International Development Agency
IDBI Industrial Development Bank of India
IDO International Defence Organisation
IDPL Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited
IFA Indian Football Association
IFCI Industrial Finance Corporation of India
IFFI International Film Festival of India
IFFCO Indian Farmers Fertilizers Cooperative
IFPRI International Food Policy Research Institute (Located in Washington)
IFTU International Federation of Trade Unions
IFWJ Indian Federation of Working Journalists
IGCAR Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research
IGMDP Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme
IGNCA Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts
IIFA International Indian Film Academy
IIPA Indian Institute of Public Administration
IIS Indian Institute of Sciences
IISCO Indian Iron and Steel Company
IIT Indian Institute of Technology
ILO International Labour Organisation
IMA Indian Military Academy
IMDT Illegal Migrants (Determination by Tribunals) Act, 1983
IMF International Monetary Fund
IMO Instant Money Order
INGCA Indira Gandhi Gallery for Culture and Art
INS Indian Naval Ship
INS Indian News Paper Society
INSAT Indian National Satellite
INSDOC Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre
INTELSAT International Telecommunication Satellite
INTERPOL International Police Organisation
INTUC Indian National Trade Union Congress
INTACH Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage
INXFAC Indian Naval Extra-Fast Attact Craft
IOC Indian Oil Corporation
IOC International Olympic Committee
IPC Indian Penal Code
IPKF Indian Peace Keeping Force
IQ Intelligence Quotient
IRBM Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile
IRC International Red Cross
IRDA Insurance Regulatory Development Authority
IRDP Integrated Rural Development Programme
ISB Indian Standard Bureau
ISI Inter Services Intelligence (Pakistan)
ISM Indian School of Mines
ISO International Organisation for Standardisation
ISP Internet Services Provider
ISRO Indian Space Research Organisation
ISSP Indian Scientific Satellite Project
IST Indian Standard Time
ITBP Indo-Tibet Border Police
ITDC Indian Tourism Development Corporation
ITER International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor
ITES Information Technology Enabled Services
ITPO Indian Trade Promotion Organisation
ITO International Trade Organisation
ITUC Indian Trade Union Congress
IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resource
IUPEP Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Programme
JMM Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
JVP Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna
KG Kinder Garten
KYC Know Your Customer
LASER Light Amplification By Stimulated Emission of Radiation
LIBOR London Inter Bank Offered Rate
LIC Life Insurance Corporation of India
LLB Bachelor of Law
LLM Master of Law
LMG Light Machine Gum
LoC Line of Control (Pakistan)
LoAC Line of Actual Control (China)
LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas
LSD Lysergic acid diethylamide
LTTE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam
MA Master of Arts
MAI Multilateral Agreement on Investment
MASER Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
MBA Master of Business Administration
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
MBT Main Battle Tank
MCA Master of Computer Application
MCA Monetary Compensatory Allowance
MCC Melbourne Cricket Club
MD Doctor of Medicine
MDMA Multi Disciplinary Monitoring Agency
MFALA Marginal Farmers and Agricultural Labourers Agency
MFN Most Favoured Nation
MI Military Intelligence
MISA Maintenance of Internal Security Act
MIT Mechachusates Institute of Technology (USA)
MLA Member of Legislative Assembly
MLC Member of Legislative Council
MNC Multi National Corporation
MNNA Major Non-NATO Alley
MRCP Member of Royal College of Physicians
MRCS Member of Royal College of Surgeons
MRTPC Monopoly and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission
MODVAT Modified Value Added Tax
NABARD National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development
NACO National AIDS Control Organisation
NADT National Authority on Drugs and Therapeutics
NAEP National Adult Education Programme
NAFED National Agricultural and Marketing Federation
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
NAPP Narora Atomic Power Plant
NARI National AIDS Research Institute
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration (USA)
NASDAQ National Association of Security Dealer s Active Quotation
NASSCOM National Association of Software & Service Companies
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
NBRA National Biotechnology Regulatory Authority
NBFC Non-Banking Financial Companies
NCA National Cricket Academy
NCW National Commission for Women
NCCR National Council for Civil Right
NCERT National Council of Educational Research & Training
NCHRH National Council for Human Resource in Health
NDA National Defence Academy
NDDB National Dairy Development Board
NDF National Defence Fund.
NDTL Net Demand and Time Liabilities
NEA National Environment Authority
NEDFI North-Eastern Development Financial Institution Ltd.
NEERI National Environment Engineering Research Institute
NEFA North-East Frontier Agency
NEGP National E-governance Plan
NEPA National Environment Protection Authority
NFDC National Film Development Corporation
NFL National Fertilizer Limited
NHRC National Human Rights Commission
NICO New Information and Communication Order
NIDC National Industrial Development Corporation
NIF National Innovative Foundation
NIIT National Institute of Information Technology
NIMHANS National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences
NISM National Institute of Securities Market
NITIE National Institute for Training in Industrial Engineering
NLLM National Legal Literacy Mission
NMCC National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council
NMDS National Missile Defence System (US)
NMEP National Malaria Eradication Programme
NMITLI New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative
NOIDA New Okhla Industrial Development Authority
NPC National Productivity Council
NPP National Population Policy
NPT Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
NRC Nuclear Regulatory Commission
NRDC National Research and Development Corporation
NREGA National Rural Employment Guarantee Act.
NREP National Rural Employment Programme
NRHM National Rural Health Mission
NRI Non Resident Indian
NRSA National Remote Sensing Agency
NSC National Security Council
NSCN National Social Council of Nagaland
NSSO National Sample Survey Organisation
NTC National Textile Corporation
NTPC National Thermal Power Corporation
NUEPA National University of Educational Planning and Administration
OGL Open General Licence
OIL Oil India Limited
OIC Overseas Indian Citizenship
OIGS On Indian Government Service
OIL Oil India Limited
OK All Correct
ONGC Oil and Natural Gas Commission
OPEC Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
PAC Public Accounts Committee
PAC Professional Aptitude Council
PAN Permanent Account Number
PCI Press Council of India
PCS Provincial Civil Services
PESO Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO is the changed name o
f Department of Explosives)
PETA People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
PFCL Power Finance Corporation Limited
PFRDA Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority
Ph. D Doctor of Philosophy
PHDCCI Progress, Harmony and Development Chambers of Commerce and Industry
PIL Public Interest Litigation
PIN Postal lndex Number
PLO Palestine Liberation Organisation
PM Post Meridian
PM Prime Minister
PNR Passenger Numerical Record
POSCO Pohang Steel Company
POTA Prevention of Terrorism Act
PSLV Polar. Satellite Launch Vehicle
PTC Power Trading Corporation
PTI Press Trust of India
PRO Public Relations Officer
PTO Please Turn Over
PVC Paramvir Chakra
PVC Poly Vinyl Chloride
PVSM Param Vishisht Seva Medal
PWD Public Work s Department
PWG People s War Group
QED Quod Erat Demonstrandum (Which was to be proved)
QEF Quod Erat Faciendum (Which was to be done)
QEI Quod Erat Inveniendum (Which was to be found)
QIP Qualified Institutional Placement
QMG Quarter Master General
RADAR Radio Angle Direction and Range
RAF Rapid Action Force
RAW Research and Analysis Wing
R & D Research and Development
RBI Reserve Bank of India
RCC Reinforced Cement Concrete
RDX Research Developed Explosive
RIMC Rashtriya Indian Military College
RLEGP Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme
RMS Railway Mail Service
RNA Ribonucleic Acid
RPM Revolutions Per Minute
RRB Regional Rural Banks
RSS Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
RSVP Repondez sil vous Plait (Fr.) reply, if you please
RTO Regional Transport Officer
RTRA Rail Tariff Regulatory Authority
SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
SAC Space Application Centre
SAFTA South Asian Free Trade Agreement
SAI Sports Authority of India
SAIL Steel Authority of India Limited
SAPTA South Asian Preferential Trade Arrangement
SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
SC Security Council/Supreme Court
SCI Shipping Corporation of India
SCO Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
SCOPE Standing Conference of Public Enterprises
SCRA Special Class Railway Apprentice
SCRAMJET Supersonic Combustion Ramjet
SDR Special Drawing Rights
SEBI Security Exchange Board of India
SEWA Self-Employed Women s Association
SFC State Financial Corporation
SGPC Siromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee
SGRY Sampoorna Grameen Rojgar Yojana
SGSY Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana
SHAR Shri Harikota Range
SIDBI Small Industries Development Bank of India
SIDC State Industrial Development Corporation
SIS Secret Intelligence Service (U.K)
SITA Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act
SLV Satellite Launch Vehicle
SMS Short Message Service
SMS Subscriber Management System
SNIPES Society for the National Institutes of Physical Education and Sports
SPCA Society for the Prevention of Cruelty of Animals
SPICMC Society for the Promotion of Indian Classical music and culture
STARS Satellite Tracking and Ranging Station
STD Subscribers Trunk Dialing
STPI Software Technology Parks of India
SWAPO South West African People s Organisation
TA Territorial Anmy
TA Travelling Aliowance
TELCO Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company
TELEX Teleprinter Exchange
TERC Trade and Economic Relations Committee
TERLS Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station
TFCI Tourism Finance Corporation of India Limited
TISCO Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited
TNT Tri-nitro-toluene
TOEFL Test of English as a Foreign Language
TRA Tea Research Association
TRAI Telecom Regulatory Authority of India
TRIPS Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights
TTE Travelling Ticket Examiner
TTFI Table Tennis Federation of India
TWA Trans World Airlines (USA)
TWAS Third World Academy of Sciences
UDC University Development Commission
UDC Upper Division Clerk
UFO Unidentified Flying Object
UGC University Grants Commission
UHT Ultra High Temperature
ULFA United Liberation Front of Assam
UNASUR Union of South American Nations (Spanish: Unin de Naciones Suramericanas)
UNCLOS UN Convention on the Law of the Sea
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
UNEF United Nations Emergency Force
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
UNESCO United Nations Economic Social and Cultural Organisation
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
UNFPA United Nations for Population Activities
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees
UNI United News of India
UNICEF United Nations International Children s Emergency Fund
UNIFIL United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
UNO United Nations Organisation
UPA United Progressive Alliance
UPS Uninterrupted Power Supply
UPSC Union Public Service Commission
USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republic
UTI Unit Trust of India
VAT Value Added Tax
VBAL Value Based Advanced Licencing
VDIS Voluntary Disclosure of Income Scheme
VC Vice-Chancellor
VC Victoria Cross
VIP Very Important Person
VPP Value Payable Post
VRS Voluntary Retirement Scheme
VSNL Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited
VSSC Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre
WCCB Wildlife Crime Control Bureau
WCAR World Conference Against Racism
WEF World Economic Forum
WFC World Food Council
WGIG Working Group on Internet Governance
WHO World Health Organisation
WILL Wireless in Local Loop
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organisation
WLL-M Mobile Wireless in Local Loop
WMO World Meteorological Organisation
WWF World Wild Life Fund
WPI Wholesale Price Index
WSIS World Summit on Information Society
WTO World Trade Organisation
WWF War Wounded Foundation
WWF World Wild Life Fund for Nature
WWW World Wide Web
YMCA Young Men s Christians Association
YWCA Young Women s Christians Association
ZBB Zero Based Budgeting
ZSI Zoological Survey of India
Word
ATM
Asynchronous Transfer Mode
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol
BIT
Binary Digit
BIOS
Basic Input Output System
CPU
Central Processing Unit
CAD
Computer Aided Design
CAM
Computer Aided Manufacturing
CDAC
Centre for Development of Advanced Parallel Computing
CDMA
Code Division Multiple Access
COBOL
Common Business Oriented Language
DOS
Disk Operating Systems
DNS
Domain Name System
E-MAIL
Electronic Mail
FAX
Far Away Xerox
FDD
Floppy Disk Drive
FORTRAN
Formula Translation
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
GIF
Graphics Interchange Format
HDD
Hard Disk Drive
HTML
Hyper Text Markup Language
HTTP
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
HTTPS
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure
IC
Integrated Circuit
ISP
Internet Service Provider
JPEG
Joint photographic Experts Group
MAC
Media Access Control
MIPS
Millions of Instructions Per Second
MPEG
Motion Picture Experts group
MAN
Metropolitan Area Network
MODEM
Modulation Demodulation
MS-DOS
Micro Soft Disk Operating system
NIC
Network Interface Card
OMR
Optical Mark Reader
RAM
Random Access Memory
ROM
Read Only Memory
SMS
System Management Server
SAP
Service Access Point
SONET
Synchronous Optical Network
UDP
User Datagram Protocol
URL
Uniform Resource Locator
VLSI
Very Large scale Integrated
WWW
World Wide Web
Wi-Fi
Wireless Fidelity
WAN
Wide Area Network
WiMAX
Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
ZIP
Zone Improvement Plan

Abbreviations & Acronyms


Short Name Full Form or Abbreviations
3G Third Generation
AAA Asian Athletics Association
AAFI The Amateur Athletics Federation of India
AC Ante Christum (Before Christ), Ashok Chakra, Air Conditioner
ADB Asian Development Bank
AFI Athletics Federation of India
AFMC Armed Forces Medical College
AI Artifical Intelligence, Air India
AICTE All India Council for Technical Education
AIFF All India Football Federation
AIIMS All India Institute of Medical Science
AITUC All India Trade Union Congress
ALGOL Algebric Oriented Language
AM Ante Meridiem (before Noon), Amplitude Modulation
APEC Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
ARPANET Advanced Research Project Agency Network
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations
ASLV Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle
AT&T American Telegraphic and Telephone Co. Ltd.
ATC Air Traffic Control
ATM Automated Teller Machine
AVSM Ati Vishisht Seva Medal
B2B Busines to Business
B2C Business to Consumer
BARC Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
BBS Bulletin Board Service
BC Before Christ
BHEL Bharat Heavy Electri-cals Ltd
BIOS Basic Input Output System
BIT Binary Digit
BPL Below Poverty Line
BPO Business Process Outsourcing
BPR Business Process Re-engineering
bps bytes per second
BSE Bombay Stock Exchange
BSF Border Security Force
BSNL Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
C2C Consumer to Consumer
CA Chartered Accountant
CAD Computer Aided Design
CAT Common Admission Test
CBI Central Bureau of Investigation
CBSE Central Board of Secondary Education
CDAC Centre for the Development of Advanced Computing
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
CEO Chief Executive Officer
CFSL Central Forensic Science Laboratory
CGI Common Gateway Interface
CIA Central Intelligence Agency
CID Criminal Investigation Department
CISC Complex instruction-set computing
CITU Centre of Indian Trade Unions
CNN Cable News Network
COMSAT Communications Satellite Corporation
COPRA Consumer Protection Act
CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture
CPI(M) Communist Party of India / Marxist
CPWD Central Public Works Department
CRIS Centre for Railway Information System
CSIR Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
CTBT Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
CYMK Cyan, Yellow, Magenta, Kinda.

Abbreviation for Competitive Exams


Sr. No. Abbreviation Stands For
1 AAFI Amateur Athletics Federation of India
2 AAPSO Afro-Asian People s Solidarity Organisation
3 AASU All Assam Students Union
4 ABM Anti Ballistic Missile
5 AC Alternate Current OR Air Conditioner
6 ACC Ancillary Cadet Core
7 AD Ano Domini (After the birth of Jesus)
8 ADB Asian Development Bank.
9 AERE Atomic Energy Research Establishment
10 AGOC Asian Games Organisation Committee
11 AICC All India Congress Committee
12 AICTE All India Council of Technical Education
13 AIDS Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome
14 AIFE All India Football Federation
15 AIIMS All India Institute of Medical Sciences
16 AIL Aeronautics India Limited
17 AIMPLB All India Muslim Personal Law Board
18 AIR All India Radio (Broadcasting)
19 AITUE All India Trade Union Congress
20 AM Anti Meridian (Before Noon)
21 ANC African National Congress
22 APEC Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
23 APSC Army Postal Services Core
24 ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations
25 ASLV Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle
26 ASI Archaeological Survey of India
27 ASSOCHAM Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry (India)
28 ASWAC Airborne Surveillance Warning and Control
29 ATS Anti Tetanus Serum
30 BAMS Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
31 BARC Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
32 BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
33 BC Before Christ (Before the birth of Jesus)
34 BCG Bacillus Calmette Guerin (Anti TB Vaccine)
35 BCCI Board of Control for Cricket in India
36 BEL Bharat Electronics Limited
37 BENELUX Belgium, Netherlands and Luxemburg
38 BHEL Bharat Heavy Electronics Limited
39 BIFR Board of Industrial Finance and Reconstruction (Formerly Industr
ial Reconstruction Finance Board)
40 BIMSTEC Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand Economic
Cooperation
41 BIS Bureau of Indian Standards
42 B Pharma Bachelor of Pharmacy
43 BSF Border Security Force
44 CAD Command Area Development
45 CAG Comptroller and Auditor General
46 CARE Cooperative for American Relief Everywhere
47 CASE Commission for Alternative Sources of Energy
48 CBI Central Bureau of Investigation
49 CBSE Central. Board of Secondary Education
50 CCEA Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
51 CCS Cabinet Committee on Security
52 C-DAC Centre For Development of Advance Computing
53 CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
54 CDRI Central Drug Research Institute
55 CHOGM Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting
56 CID Criminal Investigation Department
57 CIS Commonwealth of Independent States
58 CISF Central Industrial Security Force
59 CITU Centre of Indian Trade Unions
60 CLAT Common Law Admission Test (Started May 2008)
61 CNG Compressed Natural Gas
62 COD Central Ordnance Depot
63 COFEPOSA Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smugg
ling Act
64 CPO Central Passport Organisation
65 CPRI Central Power Research Institute
66 CRPF Central Reserve Police Force
67 CRR Cash Reserve Ratio
68 CSIR Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
69 CSO Central Statistical Organisation
70 CTS Computerised Tomography Scanner
71 CVC Central Vigilance Commission
72 DDT Dichloro Diphenyle Tri-chloroethane
73 DFDR Digital Flight Data Recorder (Black box)
74 DIG Deputy Inspector General
75 D. Lit. Doctor of Literature
76 DM District Magistrate
77 DMK Dravida Munetra Kazhagam
78 DNA Di-oxyribo-Nucleic Acid
79 DPAP Drought Prone Area Programme
80 DPC Dabhol Power Company
82 DRDO Defence Research and Development Organisation
83 DTH Direct to Home
84 DVD Digital Versatile Disk
85 EAS Employment Assurance Scheme
86 ECD European Central Bank
87 ECG Electro Cardiogram
88 EEC European Economic Community
89 EEG Electro Encephalogram
90 ELISA Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay
91 EMF Electromotive Force
92 EPABX Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange
93 EPZ Export Processing Zone
94 ERDA Energy Research and Development Administration
95 ESMA Essential Services Maintenance Act
96 EVM Electronic Voting Machine
97 EXIM Bank Export-Import Bank of India
98 FAO Food and Agriculture Organisation
99 FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation (USA)
100 FBTR Fast Breeder Test Reactor

101 FCI Food Corporation of India / Fertilizer Corporation of India


102 FDR Flight Data Recorder (Black Box)
103 FERA Foreign Exchange Regulation Act
104 FEMA Foreign Exchange Management Act
105 FICCI Federation of India Chambers of Commerce and Industry
106 FIPB Foreign Investment Promotion Board
107 FIR First Information Report
108 FRS Fellow of the Royal Society
109 FTII Films and Television Institute of India
110 FTZ Free Trade Zone
111 GAIL Gas Authority of India Limited
112 GATT General Agreement on Tariff and Trade
113 GIC General Insurance Corporation
114 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
115 GNLF Gorkha National Liberation Front
116 GNP Gross National Product
117 GPF General Provident Fund
118 GPO General Post Office
119 GPS Global Positioning System
120 GSI Geological Survey of India
121 HAC Hindustan Aluminium Corporation
122 HAL Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
123 HCF Highest Common Factor
124 HDFC Housing Development Finance Corporation
125 HIV Human Immuno-deficiency Virus
126 HMT Hindustan Machine Tools
127 HUDCO Housing and Urban Development Corporation
128 HYVS High Yield Variety Seeds
129 IAAI International Airport Authority of India
130 lAC Indian Airlines Corporation
131 IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
132 IARI Indian Agricultural Research Institute
133 IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Ban
k)
134 ICAR Indian Council of Agricultural Research
135 ICBM Inter Continental Ballistic Missile
136 ICC International Cricket Council
137 ICFTU International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
138 ICICI Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India Limited
139 ICJ International Court of Justice
140 ICMR Indian Council of Medical Research
141 ICSI Indian Company Secretaries Institute
142 IDA International Development Agency
143 IDBI Industrial Development Bank of India
144 IDO International Defence Organisation
145 IDPL Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited
146 IFA Indian Football Association
147 IFCI Industrial Finance Corporation of India
148 IFFI International Film Festival of India
149 IFFCO Indian Farmers Fertilizers Cooperative
150 IFTU International Federation of Trade Unions
151 IIPA Indian Institute of Public Administration
152 IIS Indian Institute of Sciences
153 IISCO Indian Iron and Steel Company
154 IIT Indian Institute of Technology
155 ILO International Labour Organisation
156 IMA Indian Military Academy
157 IMF International Monetary Fund
158 INGCA Indira Gandhi Gallery for Culture and Art
159 INS Indian Naval Ship
160 INSAT Indian National Satellite
161 INTELSAT International Telecommunication Satellite
162 INTERPOL International Police Organisation
163 INTUC Indian National Trade Union Congress
164 IOC International Olympic Committee / Indian Oil Corporation
165 IPC Indian Penal Code
166 IPKF Indian Peace Keeping Force
167 IQ Intelligence Quotient
168 IRBM Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile
169 IRC International Red Cross
170 IRDA Insurance Regulatory Development Authority
171 IRDP Integrated Rural Development Programme
172 ISB Indian Standard Bureau
173 ISM Indian School of Mines
174 ISO International Organisation for Standardisation
175 ISP Internet Services Provider
176 ISRO Indian Space Research Organisation
177 IST Indian Standard Time
178 ITBP Indo-Tibet Border Police
179 ITDC Indian Tourism Development Corporation
180 ITPO Indian Trade Promotion Organisation
181 ITO International Trade Organisation
182 IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resou
rce
183 ITUC Indian Trade Union Congress
184 JMM Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
185 KG Kinder Garten
186 LASER Light Amplification By Stimulated Emission of Radiation
187 LIC Life Insurance Corporation of India
188 LLB Bachelor of Law
189 LLM Master of Law
190 LMG Light Machine Gun
191 LoC Line of Control (Pakistan)
192 LoAC Line of Actual Control (China)
193 LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas
194 LSD Lysergic acid diethylamide
195 LTTE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam
196 MA Master of Arts
197 MASER Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
198 MBA Master of Business Administration
199 MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
200 MBT Main Battle Tank

201 MCA Monetary Compensatory Allowance / Master of Computer Application


202 MCC Melbourne Cricket Club
203 MD Doctor of Medicine
204 MFN Most Favoured Nation
205 MI Military Intelligence
206 MISA Maintenance of Internal Security Act
207 MIT Mechachusates Institute of Technology (USA)
208 MLA Member of Legislative Assembly
209 MLC Member of Legislative Council
210 MNC Multi National Corporation
211 MRCP Member of Royal College of Physicians
212 MRCS Member of Royal College of Surgeons
213 MRTPC Monopoly and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission
214 MODVAT Modified Value Added Tax
215 NABARD National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development
216 NACO National AIDS Control Organisation
217 NAEP National Adult Education Programme
218 NAFED National Agricultural and Marketing Federation
219 NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
220 NAPP Narora Atomic Power Plant
221 NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration (USA)
222 NASDAQ National Association of Security Dealer s Active Quotation
223 NASSCOM National Association of Software & Service Companies
224 NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
225 NCW National Commission for Women
226 NCCR National Council for Civil Right
227 NCERT National Council of Educational Research & Training
228 NDA National Defence Academy
229 NDDB National Dairy Development Board
230 NDF National Defence Fund.
231 NEERI National Environment Engineering Research Institute
232 NEFA North-East Frontier Agency
233 NEPA National Environment Protection Authority
234 NFDC National Film Development Corporation
235 NFL National Fertilizer Limited
236 NHRC National Human Rights Commission
237 NICO New Information and Communication Order
238 NIDC National Industrial Development Corporation
239 NIIT National Institute of Information Technology
240 NIMHANS National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences
241 NITIE National Institute for Training in Industrial Engineering
242 NMDS National Missile Defence System (US)
243 NMEP National Malaria Eradication Programme
244 NOIDA New Okhla Industrial Development Authority
245 NPC National Productivity Council
246 NPP National Population Policy
247 NPT Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
248 NRDC National Research and Development Corporation
249 NREP National Rural Employment Programme
250 NRI Non Resident Indian
251 NSC National Security Council
252 NSSO National Sample Survey Organisation
253 NTC National Textile Corporation
254 NTPC National Thermal Power Corporation
255 OGL Open General Licence
256 OIL Oil India Limited
257 OK All Correct
258 ONGC Oil and Natural Gas Commission
259 OPEC Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
260 PCI Press Council of India
261 PCS Provincial Civil Services
262 Ph. D Doctor of Philosophy
263 PIN Postal lndex Number
264 PLO Palestine Liberation Organisation
265 PM Post Meridian / Prime Minister
266 POTA Prevention of Terrorism Act
267 PSLV Polar. Satellite Launch Vehicle
268 PTI Press Trust of India
269 PRO Public Relations Officer
270 PTO Please Turn Over
271 PVC Poly Vinyl Chloride / Paramvir Chakra
272 PVSM Param Vishisht Seva Medal
273 PWD Public Work s Department
274 PWG People s War Group
275 QED Quod Erat Demonstrandum (Which was to be proved)
276 QEF Quod Erat Faciendum (Which was to be done)
277 QEI Quod Erat Inveniendum (Which was to be found)
278 QMG Quarter Master General
279 RADAR Radio Angle Direction and Range
280 RAW Research and Analysis Wing
281 R & D Research and Development
282 RBI Reserve Bank of India
283 RCC Reinforced Cement Concrete
284 RDX Research Developed Explosive
285 RIMC Rashtriya Indian Military College
286 RMS Railway Mail Service
287 RLEGP Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme
288 RNA Ribonucleic Acid
289 RPM Revolutions Per Minute
290 RSS Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
291 RTO Regional Transport Officer
292 SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
293 SAC Space Application Centre
294 SAFTA South Asian Free Trade Agreement
295 SAI Sports Authority of India
296 SAIL Steel Authority of India Limited
297 SAPTA South Asian Preferential Trade Arrangement
298 SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
299 SC Security Council/Supreme Court
300 SCI Shipping Corporation of India
301 SCOPE Standing Conference of Public Enterprises
302 SCRA Special Class Railway Apprentice
303 SDR Special Drawing Rights
304 SEBI Security Exchange Board of India
305 SGPC Siromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee
306 SHAR Shri Harikota Range
307 SIDBI Small Industries Development Bank of India
308 SIS Secret Intelligence Service (U.K)
309 SITA Suppression of .Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act
310 SLV Satellite Launch Vehicle
311 SPCA Society for the Prevention of Cruelty of Animals
312 SPICMC Society for the Promotion of Indian Classical music and culture
313 STARS Satellite Tracking and Ranging Station
314 STD Subscribers Trunk Dialing
315 STPI Software Technology Parks of India
316 SWAPO South West African People s Organisation
317 TA Travelling Aliowance / Territorial Anmy
318 TELCO Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company
319 TELEX Teleprinter Exchange
320 TISCO Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited
321 TNT Tri-nitro-toluene
322 TOEFL Test of English as a Foreign Language
323 TRAI Telecom Regulatory Authority of India
324 TRIPS Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights
325 TTE Travelling Ticket Examiner
326 TTFI Table Tennis Federation of India
327 TWA Trans World Airlines (USA)
328 UDC Upper Division Clerk
329 UFO Unidentified Flying Object
330 UGC University Grants Commission
331 UHT Ultra High Temperature
332 ULFA United Liberation Front of Assam
333 UNASUR Union of South American Nations (Spanish: Unin de Naciones Surame
ricanas)
334 UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
335 UNDP United Nations Development Programme
336 UNEF United Nations Emergency Force
337 UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
338 UNESCO United Nations Economic Social and Cultural Organisation
339 UNFPA United Nations for Population Activities
340 UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees
341 UNI United News of India
342 UNICEF United Nations International Children s Emergency Fund
343 UNO United Nations Organisation
344 UPS Uninterrupted Power Supply
345 UPSC Union Public Service Commission
346 USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republic
347 UTI Unit Trust of India
348 VAT Value Added Tax
349 VDIS Voluntary Disclosure of Income Scheme
350 VC Vice-Chancellor / Victoria Cross
351 VIP Very Important Person
352 VPP Value Payable Post
353 VRS Voluntary Retirement Scheme
354 VSNL Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited
355 VSSC Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre
356 WEF World Economic Forum
357 WHO World Health Organisation
358 WILL Wireless in Local Loop
359 WMO World Meteorological Organisation
360 WWF World Wild Life Fund
361 WPI Wholesale Price Index
362 WTO World Trade Organisation
363 WWF World Wild Life Fund for Nature
364 WWW World Wide Web
365 YMCA Young Men s Christians Association
366 YWCA Young Women s Christians Association
367 ZBB Zero Based Budgeting
368 ZSI Zoological Survey of India

ABBREVIATIONS ASKED IN VARIOUS PSC EXAMINATIONS


1. AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
2. BDO Block Development Officer
3. BSF Border Security Force
4. LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas
5. COFEPOSA Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Act
6. CD Compact Disc
7. CARE Co-operative for American Relief Everywhere
8. CSO Central Statistical Organisation
9. ESMA Essential Services Maintenance Act
10. ZPG Zero Population Growth
11. GATE Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
12. HUDCO Housing and Urban Development Corporation
13. ILO International Labour Organization
14. NSE National Securities Exchange
15. VIRUS Vital Information Resources Under Siege
16. SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation
17. FRCS Fellow of Royal College of Surgeons

zzz
1 AAFI Amateur Athletics Federation of India
2 AAPSO Afro-Asian People's Solidarity Organisation
3 AASU All Assam Students Union
4 ABM Anti Ballistic Missile
5 AC Alternate Current OR Air Conditioner
6 ACC Ancillary Cadet Core
7 AD Ano Domini (After the birth of Jesus)
8 ADB Asian Development Bank.
9 AERE Atomic Energy Research Establishment
10 AGOC Asian Games Organisation Committee
11 AICC All India Congress Committee
12 AICTE All India Council of Technical Education
13 AIDS Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome
14 AIFE All India Football Federation
15 AIIMS All India Institute of Medical Sciences
16 AIL Aeronautics India Limited
17 AIMPLB All India Muslim Personal Law Board
18 AIR All India Radio (Broadcasting)
19 AITUE All India Trade Union Congress
20 AM Anti Meridian (Before Noon)
21 ANC African National Congress
22 APEC Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
23 APSC Army Postal Services Core
24 ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations
25 ASLV Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle
26 ASI Archaeological Survey of India
27 ASSOCHAM Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry (India)
28 ASWAC Airborne Surveillance Warning and Control
29 ATS Anti Tetanus Serum
30 BAMS Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
31 BARC Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
32 BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
33 BC Before Christ (Before the birth of Jesus)
34 BCG Bacillus Calmette Guerin (Anti TB Vaccine)
35 BCCI Board of Control for Cricket in India
36 BEL Bharat Electronics Limited
37 BENELUX Belgium, Netherlands and Luxemburg
38 BHEL Bharat Heavy Electronics Limited
39 BIFR Board of Industrial Finance and Reconstruction (Formerly Industr
ial Reconstruction Finance Board)
40 BIMSTEC Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand Economic
Cooperation
41 BIS Bureau of Indian Standards
42 B Pharma Bachelor of Pharmacy
43 BSF Border Security Force
44 CAD Command Area Development
45 CAG Comptroller and Auditor General
46 CARE Cooperative for American Relief Everywhere
47 CASE Commission for Alternative Sources of Energy
48 CBI Central Bureau of Investigation
49 CBSE Central. Board of Secondary Education
50 CCEA Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
51 CCS Cabinet Committee on Security
52 C-DAC Centre For Development of Advance Computing
53 CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
54 CDRI Central Drug Research Institute
55 CHOGM Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting
56 CID Criminal Investigation Department
57 CIS Commonwealth of Independent States
58 CISF Central Industrial Security Force
59 CITU Centre of Indian Trade Unions
60 CLAT Common Law Admission Test (Started May 2008)
61 CNG Compressed Natural Gas
62 COD Central Ordnance Depot
63 COFEPOSA Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smugg
ling Act
64 CPO Central Passport Organisation
65 CPRI Central Power Research Institute
66 CRPF Central Reserve Police Force
67 CRR Cash Reserve Ratio
68 CSIR Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
69 CSO Central Statistical Organisation
70 CTS Computerised Tomography Scanner
71 CVC Central Vigilance Commission
72 DDT Dichloro Diphenyle Tri-chloroethane
73 DFDR 'Digital Flight Data Recorder (Black box)'
74 DIG Deputy Inspector General
75 D. Lit. Doctor of Literature
76 DM District Magistrate
77 DMK Dravida Munetra Kazhagam
78 DNA Di-oxyribo-Nucleic Acid
79 DPAP 'Drought Prone Area Programme
80 DPC Dabhol Power Company
82 DRDO Defence Research and Development Organisation
83 DTH Direct to Home
84 DVD Digital Versatile Disk
85 EAS Employment Assurance Scheme
86 ECD European Central Bank
87 ECG Electro Cardiogram
88 EEC European Economic Community
89 EEG Electro Encephalogram
90 ELISA Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay
91 EMF Electromotive Force
92 EPABX Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange
93 EPZ Export Processing Zone
94 ERDA Energy Research and Development Administration
95 ESMA Essential Services Maintenance Act
96 EVM Electronic Voting Machine
97 EXIM Bank Export-Import Bank of India
98 FAO Food and Agriculture Organisation
99 FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation (USA)
100 FBTR Fast Breeder Test Reactor
101 FCI Food Corporation of India / Fertilizer Corporation of India
102 FDR Flight Data Recorder (Black Box)
103 FERA Foreign Exchange Regulation Act
104 FEMA Foreign Exchange Management Act
105 FICCI Federation of India Chambers of Commerce and Industry
106 FIPB Foreign Investment Promotion Board
107 FIR First Information Report
108 FRS Fellow of the Royal Society
109 FTII Films and Television Institute of India
110 FTZ Free Trade Zone
111 GAIL Gas Authority of India Limited
112 GATT General Agreement on Tariff and Trade
113 GIC General Insurance Corporation
114 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
115 GNLF Gorkha National Liberation Front
116 GNP Gross National Product
117 GPF General Provident Fund
118 GPO General Post Office
119 GPS Global Positioning System
120 GSI Geological Survey of India
121 HAC Hindustan Aluminium Corporation
122 HAL Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
123 HCF Highest Common Factor
124 HDFC Housing Development Finance Corporation
125 HIV Human Immuno-deficiency Virus
126 HMT Hindustan Machine Tools
127 HUDCO Housing and Urban Development Corporation
128 HYVS High Yield Variety Seeds
129 IAAI International Airport Authority of India
130 lAC Indian Airlines Corporation
131 IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
132 IARI Indian Agricultural Research Institute
133 IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Ban
k)
134 ICAR Indian Council of Agricultural Research
135 ICBM Inter Continental Ballistic Missile
136 ICC International Cricket Council
137 ICFTU International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
138 ICICI Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India Limited
139 ICJ International Court of Justice
140 ICMR Indian Council of Medical Research
141 ICSI Indian Company Secretaries Institute
142 IDA International Development Agency
143 IDBI Industrial Development Bank of India
144 IDO International Defence Organisation
145 IDPL Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited
146 IFA Indian Football Association
147 IFCI Industrial Finance Corporation of India
148 IFFI International Film Festival of India
149 IFFCO Indian Farmers Fertilizers Cooperative
150 IFTU International Federation of Trade Unions
151 IIPA Indian Institute of Public Administration
152 IIS Indian Institute of Sciences
153 IISCO Indian Iron and Steel Company
154 IIT Indian Institute of Technology
155 ILO International Labour Organisation
156 IMA Indian Military Academy
157 IMF International Monetary Fund
158 INGCA Indira Gandhi Gallery for Culture and Art
159 INS Indian Naval Ship
160 INSAT Indian National Satellite
161 INTELSAT International Telecommunication Satellite
162 INTERPOL International Police Organisation
163 INTUC Indian National Trade Union Congress
164 IOC International Olympic Committee / Indian Oil Corporation
165 IPC Indian Penal Code
166 IPKF Indian Peace Keeping Force
167 IQ Intelligence Quotient
168 IRBM Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile
169 IRC International Red Cross
170 IRDA Insurance Regulatory Development Authority
171 IRDP Integrated Rural Development Programme
172 ISB Indian Standard Bureau
173 ISM Indian School of Mines
174 ISO International Organisation for Standardisation
175 ISP Internet Services Provider
176 ISRO Indian Space Research Organisation
177 IST Indian Standard Time
178 ITBP Indo-Tibet Border Police
179 ITDC Indian Tourism Development Corporation
180 ITPO Indian Trade Promotion Organisation
181 ITO International Trade Organisation
182 IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resou
rce
183 ITUC Indian Trade Union Congress
184 JMM Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
185 KG Kinder Garten
186 LASER Light Amplification By Stimulated Emission of Radiation
187 LIC Life Insurance Corporation of India
188 LLB Bachelor of Law
189 LLM Master of Law
190 LMG Light Machine Gum
191 LoC Line of Control (Pakistan)
192 LoAC Line of Actual Control (China)
193 LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas
194 LSD Lysergic acid diethylamide
195 LTTE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam
196 MA Master of Arts
197 MASER Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
198 MBA Master of Business Administration
199 MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
200 MBT Main Battle Tank
201 MCA Monetary Compensatory Allowance / Master of Computer Application
202 MCC Melbourne Cricket Club
203 MD Doctor of Medicine
204 MFN Most Favoured Nation
205 MI Military Intelligence
206 MISA Maintenance of Internal Security Act
207 MIT Mechachusates Institute of Technology (USA)
208 MLA Member of Legislative Assembly
209 MLC Member of Legislative Council
210 MNC Multi National Corporation
211 MRCP Member of Royal College of Physicians
212 MRCS Member of Royal College of Surgeons
213 MRTPC Monopoly and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission
214 MODVAT Modified Value Added Tax
215 NABARD National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development
216 NACO National AIDS Control Organisation
217 NAEP National Adult Education Programme
218 NAFED National Agricultural and Marketing Federation
219 NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
220 NAPP Narora Atomic Power Plant
221 NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration (USA)
222 NASDAQ National Association of Security Dealer's Active Quotation
223 NASSCOM National Association of Software & Service Companies
224 NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
225 NCW National Commission for Women
226 NCCR National Council for Civil Right
227 NCERT National Council of Educational Research & Training
228 NDA National Defence Academy
229 NDDB National Dairy Development Board
230 NDF National Defence Fund.
231 NEERI National Environment Engineering Research Institute
232 NEFA North-East Frontier Agency
233 NEPA National Environment Protection Authority
234 NFDC National Film Development Corporation
235 NFL National Fertilizer Limited
236 NHRC National Human Rights Commission
237 NICO New Information and Communication Order
238 NIDC National Industrial Development Corporation
239 NIIT National Institute of Information Technology
240 NIMHANS National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences
241 NITIE National Institute for Training in Industrial Engineering
242 NMDS National Missile Defence System (US)
243 NMEP National Malaria Eradication Programme
244 NOIDA New Okhla Industrial Development Authority
245 NPC National Productivity Council
246 NPP National Population Policy
247 NPT Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
248 NRDC National Research and Development Corporation
249 NREP National Rural Employment Programme
250 NRI Non Resident Indian
251 NSC National Security Council
252 NSSO National Sample Survey Organisation
253 NTC National Textile Corporation
254 NTPC National Thermal Power Corporation
255 OGL Open General Licence
256 OIL Oil India Limited
257 OK All Correct
258 ONGC Oil and Natural Gas Commission
259 OPEC Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
260 PCI Press Council of India
261 PCS Provincial Civil Services
262 Ph. D Doctor of 'Philosophy
263 PIN Postal lndex Number
264 PLO Palestine Liberation Organisation
265 PM Post Meridian / Prime Minister
266 POTA Prevention of Terrorism Act
267 PSLV Polar. Satellite Launch Vehicle
268 PTI Press Trust of India
269 PRO Public Relations Officer
270 PTO Please Turn Over
271 PVC Poly Vinyl Chloride / Paramvir Chakra
272 PVSM Param Vishisht Seva Medal
273 PWD Public Work's Department
274 PWG People's War Group
275 QED Quod Erat Demonstrandum (Which was to be proved)
276 QEF Quod Erat Faciendum (Which was to be done)
277 QEI Quod Erat Inveniendum (Which was to be found)
278 QMG Quarter Master General
279 RADAR Radio Angle Direction and Range
280 RAW Research and Analysis Wing
281 R & D Research and Development
282 RBI Reserve Bank of India
283 RCC Reinforced Cement Concrete
284 RDX Research Developed Explosive
285 RIMC Rashtriya Indian Military College
286 RMS Railway Mail Service
287 RLEGP Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme
288 RNA Ribonucleic Acid
289 RPM Revolutions Per Minute
290 RSS Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
291 RTO Regional Transport Officer
292 SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
293 SAC Space Application Centre
294 SAFTA South Asian Free Trade Agreement
295 SAI Sports Authority of India
296 SAIL Steel Authority of India Limited
297 SAPTA South Asian Preferential Trade Arrangement
298 SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
299 SC Security Council/Supreme Court
300 SCI Shipping Corporation of India
301 SCOPE Standing Conference of Public Enterprises
302 SCRA Special Class Railway Apprentice
303 SDR Special Drawing Rights
304 SEBI Security Exchange Board of India
305 SGPC Siromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee
306 SHAR Shri Harikota Range
307 SIDBI Small Industries Development Bank of India
308 SIS Secret Intelligence Service (U.K)
309 SITA Suppression of .Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act
310 SLV Satellite Launch Vehicle
311 SPCA Society for the Prevention of Cruelty of Animals
312 SPICMC Society for the Promotion of Indian Classical music and culture
313 STARS Satellite Tracking and Ranging Station
314 STD Subscribers Trunk Dialing
315 STPI Software Technology Parks of India
316 SWAPO South West African People's Organisation
317 TA Travelling Aliowance / Territorial Anmy
318 TELCO Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company
319 TELEX Teleprinter Exchange
320 TISCO Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited
321 TNT Tri-nitro-toluene
322 TOEFL Test of English as a Foreign Language
323 TRAI Telecom Regulatory Authority of India
324 TRIPS Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights
325 TTE Travelling Ticket Examiner
326 TTFI Table Tennis Federation of India
327 TWA Trans World Airlines (USA)
328 UDC Upper Division Clerk
329 UFO Unidentified Flying Object
330 UGC University Grants Commission
331 UHT Ultra High Temperature
332 ULFA United Liberation Front of Assam
333 UNASUR Union of South American Nations (Spanish: Unin de Naciones Surame
ricanas)
334 UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
335 UNDP United Nations Development Programme
336 UNEF United Nations Emergency Force
337 UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
338 UNESCO United Nations Economic Social and Cultural Organisation
339 UNFPA United Nations for Population Activities
340 UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees
341 UNI United News of India
342 UNICEF United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund
343 UNO United Nations Organisation
344 UPS Uninterrupted Power Supply
345 UPSC Union Public Service Commission
346 USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republic
347 UTI Unit Trust of India
348 VAT Value Added Tax
349 VDIS Voluntary Disclosure of Income Scheme
350 VC Vice-Chancellor / Victoria Cross
351 VIP Very Important Person
352 VPP Value Payable Post
353 VRS Voluntary Retirement Scheme
354 VSNL Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited
355 VSSC Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre
356 WEF World Economic Forum
357 WHO World Health Organisation
358 WILL Wireless in Local Loop
359 WMO World Meteorological Organisation
360 WWF World Wild Life Fund
361 WPI Wholesale Price Index
362 WTO World Trade Organisation
363 WWF World Wild Life Fund for Nature
364 WWW World Wide Web
365 YMCA Young Men's Christians Association
366 YWCA Young Women's Christians Association
367 ZBB Zero Based Budgeting
368 ZSI Zoological Survey of India
*AEPS - Aadhaar-Enabled Payments Switch
AIC - Agricultural Insurance Company
AIDIS - All India Debt and Investment Survey
*AMC - Asset Management Company
AML - Anti-Money Laundering
ANBC - Adjusted Net Bank Credit
APO - Army Post Office
*ATM - Automated Teller Machine
*AUM - Assets Under Management
*BBNL - Bharat Broadband Network Limited
*BIS - Bank of International Settlements
*BOO - Build-Own-Operate
BR Act - Banking Regulations Act, 1949
*BRIC - Brazil, Russia, India, China
*BRICS - Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Afric
a
*BSBDA - Basic Savings Bank Deposit Account
*CBS - Core Banking Solutions
*CCI - Competition Commission of India
*CEO - Chief Executive Officer
*CERC - Central Electricity Regulatory Commission
*CERSAI - Central Registry of Securitisation Asset Re
construction and Security
*CGTMSE - Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Smal
l Enterprises
*CIBIL - Credit Information Bureau Limited
CIC - Core Investment Company
CICO - Cash In Cash Out
*CMIE - Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy
*CRR - Cash Reserve Ratio
CSP - Customer Service Point
*CWC - Central Warehousing Corporation
*DBT - Direct Benefit Transfer
DCCB - District Central Cooperative Bank
D-NBFC - Deposit Taking NBFC
*ECB - European Central Bank
EOD - Economic Offenses Division
*EMC - Expenditure Management Commission
*EPFO - Employees Provident Fund Organisation
*ETF - Exchange Traded Fund
*EU - European Union
FATF - Financial Action Task Force
*FCI - Food Corporation of India
*FDI - Foreign Direct Investment
*Fed. - Federal Reserve (United States)
*FII - Foreign Institutional Investors
FLC - Financial Literacy Centre
*FMC - Forward Markets Commission
FOS - Financial Ombudsman Service
FSB - Financial Stability Board
*FSLRC - Financial Sector Legislati
ve Reforms Commission
FSP - Financial Services Provider
*G2P - Government to Person
*GBP - Great Britain Pound
GCC - General Credit Card
*GDP - Gross Domestic Product
*GIC - General Insurance Corporation of India
*GNPA - Gross NPA
*GOI - Government of India
GPRS - General Packet Radio Service
GRC - Grievance Redressal Cell
HDBS - Horizontally Differentiated Banking Syst
em
HFC - Housing Finance Company
*HTM - Held-to-Maturity
*IBA - Indian Banks Association
*IFC - International Finance Corporation
IGIDR - Indira Gandhi Institute of Development R
esearch
*IIP - Index of Industrial Production
*IMF - International Monetary Fund
*IMPS - Immediate Mobile Payment System
*IRDA - Insurance Regulatory and Development Auth
ority
*JNNURM - Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
*KCC - Kisan Credit Card
*KGFS - Kshetriya Gramin Financial Services
*KVP - Kisan Vikas Patra
*KYC - Know Your Customer
LAB - Local Area Bank
*LIC - Life Insurance Corporation of India
*LOLR - Lender of Last Resort
*MCA - Ministry of Corporate Affairs
*MFI - Microfinance Institution
MMMF - Money Market Mutual Fund
MSB - Money Service Business
*MSME - Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises
*NABARD - National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Develo
pment
*NBFC - Non-Banking Financial Company
*NCAER - National Council of Applied Economic Researc
h
ND-NBFC - Non Deposit Taking NBFC
NDTL - Net Demand and Time Liability
*NECS - National Electronic Clearing Service
*NEFT - National Electronic Funds Transfer
*NFA - No-Frills Account
*NHB - National Housing Bank
NOFN - National Optical Fibre Network
*NPA - Non-Performing Asset
*NPS - National Pensions Scheme
*NREGA - National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 200
5
*NSSO - National Sample Survey Organisation
*OTP - One-Time-Password
PACS - Primary Agricultural Cooperative Society
*PFRDA - Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Aut
hority
*PMEAC - Prime Minister s Economic Advisory Council
PNO - Payment Network Operator
*POA - Proof of Address
*POI - Proof of Identity
*PoP - Point of Purchase
*POS - Point of Sale
PPI - Pre-Paid Instrument Issuer
*PPP - Public Private Partnership
PSD - Payment Services Directive
PSL - Priority Sector Lending
*QIB - Qualified Institutional Buyer
RAROC - Risk Adjusted Return on Capital
*RBI - Reserve Bank of India
RBS - Risk Based Supervision
RBS - Royal Bank of Scotland
RGS - Rural Godown Scheme
RIDF - Rural Infrastructure Development Fund
*RRB - Regional Rural Bank
*RTGS - Real Time Gross Settlement Service
*SARFAESI - Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial
Assets and Enforcement
of Security Interest Act
*SAT - Securities Appellate Tribunal
*SBI - State Bank of India
*SCB - Scheduled Commercial Bank
SCORES - SEBI Complaints Redress System
*SEBI - Securities and Exchange Board of India
*SFIO - Serious Fraud Investigation Office
SFRC - State Finance Regulatory Commission
*SHG - Self-Help Group
*SIDBI - Small Industrial Development Bank of Ind
ia
SIFI - Systemically Important Financial Ins
titution
*SIV - Special Investment Vehicles
*SLR - Statutory Liquidity Ratio
*SMS - Short Message Service
*SPV - Special Purpose Vehicle
*SWC - State Warehousing Corporation
*TARC - Tax Administration Reform Commission
TCF - Treating Customers Fairly
*TRAI - Telecom Regulatory Authority of India
*UCB - Urban Cooperative Bank
*UEBA - Universal Electronic Bank Account
*UIDAI - Unique Identification Authority of India
*ULIP - Unit-Linked Insurance Policies
*UPIN - Unique Property Identification Numbers
USB - Ultra-Small Branch
USD - United States Dollar
VDBS - Vertically Differentiated Banking System
WBCIS - Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme
*WL-ATM - White Label ATM
*WPI - Wholesale Price Index

CBS is core banking solution

Abbreviation Stands For


1 AAFI Amateur Athletics Federation of India
2 AAPSO Afro-Asian People's Solidarity Organisation
3 AASU All Assam Students Union
4 ABM Anti Ballistic Missile
5 AC Alternate Current OR Air Conditioner
6 ACC Ancillary Cadet Core
7 AD Ano Domini (After the birth of Jesus)
8 ADB Asian Development Bank.
9 AERE Atomic Energy Research Establishment
10 AGOC Asian Games Organisation Committee
11 AICC All India Congress Committee
12 AICTE All India Council of Technical Education
13 AIDS Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome
14 AIFE All India Football Federation
15 AIIMS All India Institute of Medical Sciences
16 AIL Aeronautics India Limited
17 AIMPLB All India Muslim Personal Law Board
18 AIR All India Radio (Broadcasting)
19 AITUE All India Trade Union Congress
20 AM Anti Meridian (Before Noon)
21 ANC African National Congress
22 APEC Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
23 APSC Army Postal Services Core
24 ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations
25 ASLV Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle
26 ASI Archaeological Survey of India
27 ASSOCHAM Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry (India)
28 ASWAC Airborne Surveillance Warning and Control
29 ATS Anti Tetanus Serum
30 BAMS Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
31 BARC Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
32 BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
33 BC Before Christ (Before the birth of Jesus)
34 BCG Bacillus Calmette Guerin (Anti TB Vaccine)
35 BCCI Board of Control for Cricket in India
36 BEL Bharat Electronics Limited
37 BENELUX Belgium, Netherlands and Luxemburg
38 BHEL Bharat Heavy Electronics Limited
39 BIFR Board of Industrial Finance and Reconstruction (Formerly Industr
ial Reconstruction Finance Board)
40 BIMSTEC Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand Economic
Cooperation
41 BIS Bureau of Indian Standards
42 B Pharma Bachelor of Pharmacy
43 BSF Border Security Force
44 CAD Command Area Development
45 CAG Comptroller and Auditor General
46 CARE Cooperative for American Relief Everywhere
47 CASE Commission for Alternative Sources of Energy
48 CBI Central Bureau of Investigation
49 CBSE Central. Board of Secondary Education
50 CCEA Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
51 CCS Cabinet Committee on Security
52 C-DAC Centre For Development of Advance Computing
53 CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
54 CDRI Central Drug Research Institute
55 CHOGM Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting
56 CID Criminal Investigation Department
57 CIS Commonwealth of Independent States
58 CISF Central Industrial Security Force
59 CITU Centre of Indian Trade Unions
60 CLAT Common Law Admission Test (Started May 2008)
61 CNG Compressed Natural Gas
62 COD Central Ordnance Depot
63 COFEPOSA Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smugg
ling Act
64 CPO Central Passport Organisation
65 CPRI Central Power Research Institute
66 CRPF Central Reserve Police Force
67 CRR Cash Reserve Ratio
68 CSIR Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
69 CSO Central Statistical Organisation
70 CTS Computerised Tomography Scanner
71 CVC Central Vigilance Commission
72 DDT Dichloro Diphenyle Tri-chloroethane
73 DFDR 'Digital Flight Data Recorder (Black box)'
74 DIG Deputy Inspector General
75 D. Lit. Doctor of Literature
76 DM District Magistrate
77 DMK Dravida Munetra Kazhagam
78 DNA Di-oxyribo-Nucleic Acid
79 DPAP 'Drought Prone Area Programme
80 DPC Dabhol Power Company
82 DRDO Defence Research and Development Organisation
83 DTH Direct to Home
84 DVD Digital Versatile Disk
85 EAS Employment Assurance Scheme
86 ECD European Central Bank
87 ECG Electro Cardiogram
88 EEC European Economic Community
89 EEG Electro Encephalogram
90 ELISA Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay
91 EMF Electromotive Force
92 EPABX Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange
93 EPZ Export Processing Zone
94 ERDA Energy Research and Development Administration
95 ESMA Essential Services Maintenance Act
96 EVM Electronic Voting Machine
97 EXIM Bank Export-Import Bank of India
98 FAO Food and Agriculture Organisation
99 FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation (USA)
100 FBTR Fast Breeder Test Reactor
101 FCI Food Corporation of India / Fertilizer Corporation of India
102 FDR Flight Data Recorder (Black Box)
103 FERA Foreign Exchange Regulation Act
104 FEMA Foreign Exchange Management Act
105 FICCI Federation of India Chambers of Commerce and Industry
106 FIPB Foreign Investment Promotion Board
107 FIR First Information Report
108 FRS Fellow of the Royal Society
109 FTII Films and Television Institute of India
110 FTZ Free Trade Zone
111 GAIL Gas Authority of India Limited
112 GATT General Agreement on Tariff and Trade
113 GIC General Insurance Corporation
114 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
115 GNLF Gorkha National Liberation Front
116 GNP Gross National Product
117 GPF General Provident Fund
118 GPO General Post Office
119 GPS Global Positioning System
120 GSI Geological Survey of India
121 HAC Hindustan Aluminium Corporation
122 HAL Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
123 HCF Highest Common Factor
124 HDFC Housing Development Finance Corporation
125 HIV Human Immuno-deficiency Virus
126 HMT Hindustan Machine Tools
127 HUDCO Housing and Urban Development Corporation
128 HYVS High Yield Variety Seeds
129 IAAI International Airport Authority of India
130 lAC Indian Airlines Corporation
131 IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
132 IARI Indian Agricultural Research Institute
133 IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Ban
k)
134 ICAR Indian Council of Agricultural Research
135 ICBM Inter Continental Ballistic Missile
136 ICC International Cricket Council
137 ICFTU International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
138 ICICI Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India Limited
139 ICJ International Court of Justice
140 ICMR Indian Council of Medical Research
141 ICSI Indian Company Secretaries Institute
142 IDA International Development Agency
143 IDBI Industrial Development Bank of India
144 IDO International Defence Organisation
145 IDPL Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited
146 IFA Indian Football Association
147 IFCI Industrial Finance Corporation of India
148 IFFI International Film Festival of India
149 IFFCO Indian Farmers Fertilizers Cooperative
150 IFTU International Federation of Trade Unions
151 IIPA Indian Institute of Public Administration
152 IIS Indian Institute of Sciences
153 IISCO Indian Iron and Steel Company
154 IIT Indian Institute of Technology
155 ILO International Labour Organisation
156 IMA Indian Military Academy
157 IMF International Monetary Fund
158 INGCA Indira Gandhi Gallery for Culture and Art
159 INS Indian Naval Ship
160 INSAT Indian National Satellite
161 INTELSAT International Telecommunication Satellite
162 INTERPOL International Police Organisation
163 INTUC Indian National Trade Union Congress
164 IOC International Olympic Committee / Indian Oil Corporation
165 IPC Indian Penal Code
166 IPKF Indian Peace Keeping Force
167 IQ Intelligence Quotient
168 IRBM Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile
169 IRC International Red Cross
170 IRDA Insurance Regulatory Development Authority
171 IRDP Integrated Rural Development Programme
172 ISB Indian Standard Bureau
173 ISM Indian School of Mines
174 ISO International Organisation for Standardisation
175 ISP Internet Services Provider
176 ISRO Indian Space Research Organisation
177 IST Indian Standard Time
178 ITBP Indo-Tibet Border Police
179 ITDC Indian Tourism Development Corporation
180 ITPO Indian Trade Promotion Organisation
181 ITO International Trade Organisation
182 IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resou
rce
183 ITUC Indian Trade Union Congress
184 JMM Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
185 KG Kinder Garten
186 LASER Light Amplification By Stimulated Emission of Radiation
187 LIC Life Insurance Corporation of India
188 LLB Bachelor of Law
189 LLM Master of Law
190 LMG Light Machine Gum
191 LoC Line of Control (Pakistan)
192 LoAC Line of Actual Control (China)
193 LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas
194 LSD Lysergic acid diethylamide
195 LTTE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam
196 MA Master of Arts
197 MASER Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
198 MBA Master of Business Administration
199 MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
200 MBT Main Battle Tank
201 MCA Monetary Compensatory Allowance / Master of Computer Application
202 MCC Melbourne Cricket Club
203 MD Doctor of Medicine
204 MFN Most Favoured Nation
205 MI Military Intelligence
206 MISA Maintenance of Internal Security Act
207 MIT Mechachusates Institute of Technology (USA)
208 MLA Member of Legislative Assembly
209 MLC Member of Legislative Council
210 MNC Multi National Corporation
211 MRCP Member of Royal College of Physicians
212 MRCS Member of Royal College of Surgeons
213 MRTPC Monopoly and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission
214 MODVAT Modified Value Added Tax
215 NABARD National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development
216 NACO National AIDS Control Organisation
217 NAEP National Adult Education Programme
218 NAFED National Agricultural and Marketing Federation
219 NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
220 NAPP Narora Atomic Power Plant
221 NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration (USA)
222 NASDAQ National Association of Security Dealer's Active Quotation
223 NASSCOM National Association of Software & Service Companies
224 NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
225 NCW National Commission for Women
226 NCCR National Council for Civil Right
227 NCERT National Council of Educational Research & Training
228 NDA National Defence Academy
229 NDDB National Dairy Development Board
230 NDF National Defence Fund.
231 NEERI National Environment Engineering Research Institute
232 NEFA North-East Frontier Agency
233 NEPA National Environment Protection Authority
234 NFDC National Film Development Corporation
235 NFL National Fertilizer Limited
236 NHRC National Human Rights Commission
237 NICO New Information and Communication Order
238 NIDC National Industrial Development Corporation
239 NIIT National Institute of Information Technology
240 NIMHANS National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences
241 NITIE National Institute for Training in Industrial Engineering
242 NMDS National Missile Defence System (US)
243 NMEP National Malaria Eradication Programme
244 NOIDA New Okhla Industrial Development Authority
245 NPC National Productivity Council
246 NPP National Population Policy
247 NPT Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
248 NRDC National Research and Development Corporation
249 NREP National Rural Employment Programme
250 NRI Non Resident Indian
251 NSC National Security Council
252 NSSO National Sample Survey Organisation
253 NTC National Textile Corporation
254 NTPC National Thermal Power Corporation
255 OGL Open General Licence
256 OIL Oil India Limited
257 OK All Correct
258 ONGC Oil and Natural Gas Commission
259 OPEC Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
260 PCI Press Council of India
261 PCS Provincial Civil Services
262 Ph. D Doctor of 'Philosophy
263 PIN Postal lndex Number
264 PLO Palestine Liberation Organisation
265 PM Post Meridian / Prime Minister
266 POTA Prevention of Terrorism Act
267 PSLV Polar. Satellite Launch Vehicle
268 PTI Press Trust of India
269 PRO Public Relations Officer
270 PTO Please Turn Over
271 PVC Poly Vinyl Chloride / Paramvir Chakra
272 PVSM Param Vishisht Seva Medal
273 PWD Public Work's Department
274 PWG People's War Group
275 QED Quod Erat Demonstrandum (Which was to be proved)
276 QEF Quod Erat Faciendum (Which was to be done)
277 QEI Quod Erat Inveniendum (Which was to be found)
278 QMG Quarter Master General
279 RADAR Radio Angle Direction and Range
280 RAW Research and Analysis Wing
281 R & D Research and Development
282 RBI Reserve Bank of India
283 RCC Reinforced Cement Concrete
284 RDX Research Developed Explosive
285 RIMC Rashtriya Indian Military College
286 RMS Railway Mail Service
287 RLEGP Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme
288 RNA Ribonucleic Acid
289 RPM Revolutions Per Minute
290 RSS Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
291 RTO Regional Transport Officer
292 SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
293 SAC Space Application Centre
294 SAFTA South Asian Free Trade Agreement
295 SAI Sports Authority of India
296 SAIL Steel Authority of India Limited
297 SAPTA South Asian Preferential Trade Arrangement
298 SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
299 SC Security Council/Supreme Court
300 SCI Shipping Corporation of India
301 SCOPE Standing Conference of Public Enterprises
302 SCRA Special Class Railway Apprentice
303 SDR Special Drawing Rights
304 SEBI Security Exchange Board of India
305 SGPC Siromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee
306 SHAR Shri Harikota Range
307 SIDBI Small Industries Development Bank of India
308 SIS Secret Intelligence Service (U.K)
309 SITA Suppression of .Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act
310 SLV Satellite Launch Vehicle
311 SPCA Society for the Prevention of Cruelty of Animals
312 SPICMC Society for the Promotion of Indian Classical music and culture
313 STARS Satellite Tracking and Ranging Station
314 STD Subscribers Trunk Dialing
315 STPI Software Technology Parks of India
316 SWAPO South West African People's Organisation
317 TA Travelling Aliowance / Territorial Anmy
318 TELCO Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company
319 TELEX Teleprinter Exchange
320 TISCO Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited
321 TNT Tri-nitro-toluene
322 TOEFL Test of English as a Foreign Language
323 TRAI Telecom Regulatory Authority of India
324 TRIPS Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights
325 TTE Travelling Ticket Examiner
326 TTFI Table Tennis Federation of India
327 TWA Trans World Airlines (USA)
328 UDC Upper Division Clerk
329 UFO Unidentified Flying Object
330 UGC University Grants Commission
331 UHT Ultra High Temperature
332 ULFA United Liberation Front of Assam
333 UNASUR Union of South American Nations (Spanish: Unin de Naciones Surame
ricanas)
334 UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
335 UNDP United Nations Development Programme
336 UNEF United Nations Emergency Force
337 UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
338 UNESCO United Nations Economic Social and Cultural Organisation
339 UNFPA United Nations for Population Activities
340 UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees
341 UNI United News of India
342 UNICEF United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund
343 UNO United Nations Organisation
344 UPS Uninterrupted Power Supply
345 UPSC Union Public Service Commission
346 USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republic
347 UTI Unit Trust of India
348 VAT Value Added Tax
349 VDIS Voluntary Disclosure of Income Scheme
350 VC Vice-Chancellor / Victoria Cross
351 VIP Very Important Person
352 VPP Value Payable Post
353 VRS Voluntary Retirement Scheme
354 VSNL Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited
355 VSSC Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre
356 WEF World Economic Forum
357 WHO World Health Organisation
358 WILL Wireless in Local Loop
359 WMO World Meteorological Organisation
360 WWF World Wild Life Fund
361 WPI Wholesale Price Index
362 WTO World Trade Organisation
363 WWF World Wild Life Fund for Nature
364 WWW World Wide Web
365 YMCA Young Men's Christians Association
366 YWCA Young Women's Christians Association
367 ZBB Zero Based Budgeting
368 ZSI Zoological Survey of India
AAP : Aam Admi Party
ANC : African National Congress
EDI : Education Development Index
HPCL : Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited
LGBT : Lesbian Gay Bi-Sexual Transgender
RTE : Right to Education
ANU : Association of Indian Universities
ASEM : Asia-Europe Meeting
AWBMB : All Woman Bhartiya Mahila Bank
BAC : Border Action Team
BCAS : Bureau of Civil Aviation Security
BRICS : Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa
CAI : Cotton Association of India
CAPFILMS : Central Armed Police Force Institute of Medical Science
CCEA : Cabinet Committee of Economics Affairs
CHOGM : Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting
CII : Confederation of Indian Industry
CIS : Collective Investment Schemes
DBJ : Democratic Party of Japan
DBT : Direct Benefit Transfer
DGCA : Director General of Civil Aviation
DGCX : Dubai Gold and Commodities Exchange
EWS : Economically Weaker Section
FEP : Foreign Education Provider
GPA : General Power of Attorney
IFPRI : Indian Food Policy Research Institute
IGIA : Indira Gandhi International Airport
IHMC : International Heavy Minerals Conference
LOC : Line of Control
MSDP : Multi Sector Development Programme
NGT : National Green Tribunal
NIB : National Investment Board
NPT : Non Proliferation Treaty
OIC : Organisation of Islamic Conference
OPCW : Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
OPEC : Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
PERDA : Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority
PRRS : Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome
PVC EPIC : Poly Vinyl Chloride Electoral Photo Identity Card
RTI : Right to Information
SFAQFR : System for Air Quality Forecasting and Research
SFMIR : Shaped Magnetic Field in Resonance
TWG : Technical Working Group
UHNW : Ultra High Net Worth
UNICEF : United Children Educational Fund
VVPAT : Voter : Verified Paper Audit Trail
WEP : World Food Program
WIPO : World Intellectual Property Organisation

Some important abbreviations of the week are:-


CBEC: Central Board of Excise and Custom
CEC: Chief Election Commissioner
CVC: Central Vigilance Commission
EPF: Employee's Provident Fund
ESMA: Essential Services Maintenance Act
IAAS: Indian Audit and Account Service
IRCTC: Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation
SEZ: Special Economic Zone
PVC: Poly Vinyl Chloride
POP: Plaster of Paris
BCCI: Board of Control for Cricket in India
BHEL: Bharat Heavy Electronics Limited
CBI: Central Bureau of Investigation
CID: Criminal Investigation Department
CRP: Central Reserve Police
DCA: Drug and Cosmetic Act
DCA: Diploma in Computer Application
DDT: Di-chloro Diphenyle Tri chloro ethane
DNA: Di oxyribo Nucleic Acid
RNA: Ribo Nucleic Acid
DTH: Direct To Home
ECG: Electro Cardiogram Graph
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organisation
WHO: World Health Organisation
FBI: Federal Bureau of Investigation
FTZ: Free Trade Zone
GMT: Greenwich Mean Time
GPF: General Provident Fund
GPO: General Post Office
HCF: Highest Common Factor
LCM: Lowest Common Multiple
ICC: International Cricket Council
IPC: Indian Penal Code
ISRO: Indian Space Research Organisation
IST: Indian Standard Time
KG: Kinder Garten
LOC: Line Of Control
MLC: Member of Legislative Council
MLA: Member of Legislative Assembly
MP: Member of Parliament
NABARD: National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development

Acronyms and abbreviations


ABU - Ahmadu Bello University
ACGF - Agricultural Credit Guarantee Fund
ACGS - Agricultural Credit Guarantee Scheme
ACSS - Agricultural Credit Support Scheme
ADB - African Development Bank
ADPs - Agricultural Development Projects
ADTFS - Agricultural Development Trust Fund Scheme
ADTPCP - Animal Disease and Trans-boundary Pest Control Project
AFCF - Agricultural Finance Credit Fund
BADEA - Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa
BS - breeder seeds
CAFS - Channel Agricultural Finance Scheme
CBN- - Central Bank of Nigeria
CS - certified seeds
CSDP - Community Seed Development Program
DAIMINA - Developing Agro-input Markets in Nigeria
DTCs - Demonstration Technology Centre
FACTS- First Bank Agricultural Credit to Schools
FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization
FAOSTAT - FAO Statistical Database
FBN - First Bank of Nigeria Plc
FCT - Federal Capital Territory
FGN - Federal Government of Nigeria
FMARD - Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
FS - foundation seeds
FFS - farmers field school
FTFSD - farmer-to-farmer seed diffusion
GFC - Guaranteed Fund Credit
IAR - Institute for Agricultural Research
ICRISAT - International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
IITA - International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
IPM - integrated pest management
KMC - Kano Media Corporation
KNARDA - Kano State Agricultural and Rural Development Authority
LGAs - local government areas
LGCs - local government councils

A.V.E.S. : Acute Viral Encephalitic Syndrome.


B.C.T.T. : Bank Cash Transaction Tex.
B.C.S.B.I.: Banking Codes and Standard Board Of India.
C.I.C : Central Information Commission.
C.S.T.O : Collective Security Treaty Organisation.
CNLU : Chanakya National Law University .
D.I.I : Domestic Institutional Investor
DTH : Direct To Home
E.C.G.C : Export Credit Guarantee Corporation.
F.D.I : Foreign Direct Investment.
F.I.I : Foreign Institutional Investor.
GUAM : Georgia, Ukraine, Azebaijan and Moldova.
GAGAN : GPS Aided Geo-Augmented Navigation.
I.M.O. : Instant Money Order.
IBSA : India, Brazil, South Africa
M.R.O : Mars Recconnaissance Orbiter.
N.A.D.T : National Authority On Drugs and Therapeutics.
N.C.C.E : National Council for Clinnical Establishments.
N.E.I.A : National Export Insurance Account.
N.M.D.P : National Maritime Development Programme.
N.R.E.G.A : National Rural Employment Guarantee Act.
N.J.C : National Judicial Council.
O.C.I : Overseas Citizen of India.
PURA : Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas.
P.H.F.I. : Public Health Foundation of India.
R.L.D.A : Railway Land Development Authority.
SCRAMJET: Supersonic Combustion Ramjet.
SIM : Subscriber Identification Module.
I.T.G.I : IFFCO Tokio General Insurance.
IITF : India International Trade Fair.
IAEA : International Atomic Energy Agency
H.P.A.I : Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza.
N.C.H : National Consumer Influenze.
S.P.A : Seven Party Alliance.
VAT : Value Added Tex.
QIB : Qualified Institutional Buyer.
QIP : Qualified Institutional Placement.
RTA : Railway Territorial Army.
RTC : Round Table Conference.
RTG : Radio-isotope Thermo-electric Generator.
SWIFT : Society for World-wide International Financial Transactions.
SWOT : Strength, Weakness, Opportunities, Threats.
SYL : Sutlej- Yamuna Link (Canal).
YWCA : Young Women s Christian Association.
ZSI : Zoological Survey of India.
ZUPO : Zimbabwe United People s Organisation.
ESOP : Employee Stock Option
PRP : Performance Related Payment
ICA : Irrigated Crop Area
FEMA : Foreign Exchange Management Act
RFID : Radio Frequency Identification
PERDA : Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority
RED : Result Framework Document
TERM : Telecom Enforcement, Resource and Monitoring
OGL : Open General Licence
IMB : International Maritime Bureau

zzz
zzz

Abbreviation Stands For


AAFI Amateur Athletics Federation of India
AAPSO Afro-Asian People s Solidarity Organisation
AASU All Assam Students Union
ABM Anti Ballistic Missile
AC Alternate Current OR Air Conditioner
ACC Ancillary Cadet Core
AD Ano Domini (After the birth of Jesus)
ADB Asian Development Bank
ADS Air Defence Ship
AEC Atomic Energy Commission
AERE Atomic Energy Research Establishment
AGOC Asian Games Organisation Committee
AHQ Air Head Quarters
AHQ Army Head Quarters
AICC All India Congress Committee
AICTE All India Council of Technical Education
AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
AIFE All India Football Federation
AIIMS All India Institute of Medical Sciences
AIL Aeronautics India Limited
AIMPLB All India Muslim Personal Law Board
AIR All India Radio (Broadcasting)
AIR Annual Information Report
AITUE All India Trade Union Congress
AJT Advanced Jet Trainer
AM Anti Meridian (Before Noon)
ANC African National Congress
APEC Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
APEDA Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority
APSC Army Postal Services Core
ARC Administrative Reforms Commission; Asset Reconstruction Corporation (of
India)
ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations
ASLV Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle
ASI Archaeological Survey of India
ASSOCHAM Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry (India)
ASWAC Airborne Surveillance Warning and Control
ATS Anti Tetanus Serum
AU African Union
AVES Acute Viral Encephalitic Syndrome
BAMS Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
BARC Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
BC Before Christ (Before the birth of Jesus)
BCG Bacillus Calmette Guerin (Anti TB Vaccine)
BCCI Board of Control for Cricket in India
BEL Bharat Electronics Limited
BENELUX Belgium, Netherlands and Luxemburg
BHEL Bharat Heavy Electronics Limited
BIFR Board of Industrial Finance and Reconstruction (Formerly Industrial Reco
nstruction Finance Board)
BIMSTEC Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand Economic Cooperation
BIS Bureau of Indian Standards
B Pharma Bachelor of Pharmacy
BSF Border Security Force
CAD Command Area Development
CAG Comptroller and Auditor General
CARE Cooperative for American Relief Everywhere
CASE Commission for Alternative Sources of Energy
CBI Central Bureau of Investigation
CBSE Central. Board of Secondary Education
CCEA Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
CCS Cabinet Committee on Security
C-DAC Centre For Development of Advance Computing
BSNL Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd.
BOAC British Overseas Airways Corporation
BREAD Basic Research Education and Development Society
BVR Beyond Visual Range
CABE Central Advisory Board of Education
CACCI Confederation of Asia-Pacific Chambers of Commerce & Industry
CADP Command Area Development Programme
CAS Conditional Access System
CASA Current Account and Savings Account deposits
CCI Cricket Club of India
CD Certificate of Deposit
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
CDRI Central Drug Research Institute
CHOGM Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting
CIA Central Intelligence Agency (U.S.A.)
CID Criminal Investigation Department
CIS Commonwealth of Independent States
CISF Central Industrial Security Force
CITU Centre of Indian Trade Unions
CLAT Common Law Admission Test (Started May 2008)
CMP Common Minimum Programme
CNG Compressed Natural Gas
CNLU Chanakya National Law University
CNPC China National Petroleum Corporation
COD Central Ordnance Depot
COFEPOSA Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Act
CPO Central Passport Organisation
CPRI Central Power Research Institute
CRPF Central Reserve Police Force
CRR Cash Reserve Ratio
CSIR Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
CSO Central Statistical Organisation
CSTO Collective Security Treaty Organisation
CTS Computerised Tomography Scanner
CVC Central Vigilance Commission
DAE Department of Atomic Energy
DDT Dichloro Diphenyle Tri-chloroethane
DFDR Digital Flight Data Recorder (Black box)
DIAS Direct Internet Access System
DIG Deputy Inspector General
D. Litt Doctor of Literature
DM District Magistrate
DMK Dravida Munetra Kazhagam
DMRC Delhi Metro Rail Corporation
DNA Di-oxyribo-Nucleic Acid
DOART Deep Ocean Assessment and Reporting Technology
DPAP Drought Prone Area Programme
DPC Dabhol Power Company
DPP Dabhol Power Project
DRDO Defence Research and Development Organisation
DTH Direct to Home
DVC Damodar Valley Corporation
DVD Digital Versatile Disk
EAS East Asia Summit
EAS Employment Assurance Scheme
ECD European Central Bank
ECIL Electronics Corporation of India Limited
ECG Electro Cardiogram
EDCIL Educational Consultants India Ltd.
EDI Educational Development Index
EDUSAT Education Satellite
EEC Eurasian Economic Community
EEC European Economic Community
EEG Electro Encephalogram
EET Exempt, Exempt, Taxable
ELISA Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay
EMF Electromotive Force
EPABX Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange
EPIC Elector s Photo Identity Card
EPZ Export Processing Zone
ERDA Energy Research and Development Administration
ESCAP Economic & Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (This is the new n
ame of ECAFE)
ESMA Essential Services Maintenance Act
EVM Electronic Voting Machine
EXIM Bank Export-Import Bank of India
FAO Food and Agriculture Organisation
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation (USA)
FBTR Fast Breeder Test Reactor
FCI Fertilizer Corporation of India
FCI Food Corporation of India
FDI Foreign Direct Investment
FDR Flight Data Recorder (Black Box)
FERA Foreign Exchange Regulation Act
FEMA Foreign Exchange Management Act
FICA Federation of International Cricketer s Association
FICCI Federation of India Chambers of Commerce and Industry
FIPB Foreign Investment Promotion Board
FIR First Information Report
FRS Fellow of the Royal Society
FTA Free Trade Agreement
FTII Films and Television Institute of India
FTZ Free Trade Zone
GAIL Gas Authority of India Limited
GATT General Agreement on Tariff and Trade
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GIC General Insurance Corporation
GIST Global Institute of Science and Technology
GMT Greenwich Mean Time
GNLF Gorkha National Liberation Front
GNP Gross National Product
GPF General Provident Fund
GPO General Post Office
GPS Global Positioning System
GSI Geological Survey of India
GUAM Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova
HAC Hindustan Aluminium Corporation
HAL Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
HCF Highest Common Factor
HDFC Housing Development Finance Corporation
HIV Human Immuno-deficiency Virus
HMT Hindustan Machine Tools
HUDCO Housing and Urban Development Corporation
HYVS High Yield Variety Seeds
IAAI International Airport Authority of India
lAC Indian Airlines Corporation
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IARI Indian Agricultural Research Institute
IBA Indian Bank Association
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)
IBSA India, Brazil, South Africa
ICAR Indian Council of Agricultural Research
ICBM Inter Continental Ballistic Missile
ICC International Cricket Council
ICFTU International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
ICICI Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India Limited
ICJ International Court of Justice
ICMR Indian Council of Medical Research
ICRIER Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations
ICSI Indian Company Secretaries Institute
ICSID International Centre for Settlement of Industrial Disputes
ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross
ICSSR Indian Council of Scientific and Social Research
IDA International Development Agency
IDBI Industrial Development Bank of India
IDO International Defence Organisation
IDPL Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited
IFA Indian Football Association
IFCI Industrial Finance Corporation of India
IFFI International Film Festival of India
IFFCO Indian Farmers Fertilizers Cooperative
IFPRI International Food Policy Research Institute (Located in Washington)
IFTU International Federation of Trade Unions
IFWJ Indian Federation of Working Journalists
IGCAR Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research
IGMDP Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme
IGNCA Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts
IIFA International Indian Film Academy
IIPA Indian Institute of Public Administration
IIS Indian Institute of Sciences
IISCO Indian Iron and Steel Company
IIT Indian Institute of Technology
ILO International Labour Organisation
IMA Indian Military Academy
IMDT Illegal Migrants (Determination by Tribunals) Act, 1983
IMF International Monetary Fund
IMO Instant Money Order
INGCA Indira Gandhi Gallery for Culture and Art
INS Indian Naval Ship
INS Indian News Paper Society
INSAT Indian National Satellite
INSDOC Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre
INTELSAT International Telecommunication Satellite
INTERPOL International Police Organisation
INTUC Indian National Trade Union Congress
INTACH Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage
INXFAC Indian Naval Extra-Fast Attact Craft
IOC Indian Oil Corporation
IOC International Olympic Committee
IPC Indian Penal Code
IPKF Indian Peace Keeping Force
IQ Intelligence Quotient
IRBM Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile
IRC International Red Cross
IRDA Insurance Regulatory Development Authority
IRDP Integrated Rural Development Programme
ISB Indian Standard Bureau
ISI Inter Services Intelligence (Pakistan)
ISM Indian School of Mines
ISO International Organisation for Standardisation
ISP Internet Services Provider
ISRO Indian Space Research Organisation
ISSP Indian Scientific Satellite Project
IST Indian Standard Time
ITBP Indo-Tibet Border Police
ITDC Indian Tourism Development Corporation
ITER International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor
ITES Information Technology Enabled Services
ITPO Indian Trade Promotion Organisation
ITO International Trade Organisation
ITUC Indian Trade Union Congress
IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resource
IUPEP Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Programme
JMM Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
JVP Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna
KG Kinder Garten
KYC Know Your Customer
LASER Light Amplification By Stimulated Emission of Radiation
LIBOR London Inter Bank Offered Rate
LIC Life Insurance Corporation of India
LLB Bachelor of Law
LLM Master of Law
LMG Light Machine Gum
LoC Line of Control (Pakistan)
LoAC Line of Actual Control (China)
LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas
LSD Lysergic acid diethylamide
LTTE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam
MA Master of Arts
MAI Multilateral Agreement on Investment
MASER Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
MBA Master of Business Administration
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
MBT Main Battle Tank
MCA Master of Computer Application
MCA Monetary Compensatory Allowance
MCC Melbourne Cricket Club
MD Doctor of Medicine
MDMA Multi Disciplinary Monitoring Agency
MFALA Marginal Farmers and Agricultural Labourers Agency
MFN Most Favoured Nation
MI Military Intelligence
MISA Maintenance of Internal Security Act
MIT Mechachusates Institute of Technology (USA)
MLA Member of Legislative Assembly
MLC Member of Legislative Council
MNC Multi National Corporation
MNNA Major Non-NATO Alley
MRCP Member of Royal College of Physicians
MRCS Member of Royal College of Surgeons
MRTPC Monopoly and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission
MODVAT Modified Value Added Tax
NABARD National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development
NACO National AIDS Control Organisation
NADT National Authority on Drugs and Therapeutics
NAEP National Adult Education Programme
NAFED National Agricultural and Marketing Federation
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
NAPP Narora Atomic Power Plant
NARI National AIDS Research Institute
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration (USA)
NASDAQ National Association of Security Dealer s Active Quotation
NASSCOM National Association of Software & Service Companies
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
NBRA National Biotechnology Regulatory Authority
NBFC Non-Banking Financial Companies
NCA National Cricket Academy
NCW National Commission for Women
NCCR National Council for Civil Right
NCERT National Council of Educational Research & Training
NCHRH National Council for Human Resource in Health
NDA National Defence Academy
NDDB National Dairy Development Board
NDF National Defence Fund.
NDTL Net Demand and Time Liabilities
NEA National Environment Authority
NEDFI North-Eastern Development Financial Institution Ltd.
NEERI National Environment Engineering Research Institute
NEFA North-East Frontier Agency
NEGP National E-governance Plan
NEPA National Environment Protection Authority
NFDC National Film Development Corporation
NFL National Fertilizer Limited
NHRC National Human Rights Commission
NICO New Information and Communication Order
NIDC National Industrial Development Corporation
NIF National Innovative Foundation
NIIT National Institute of Information Technology
NIMHANS National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences
NISM National Institute of Securities Market
NITIE National Institute for Training in Industrial Engineering
NLLM National Legal Literacy Mission
NMCC National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council
NMDS National Missile Defence System (US)
NMEP National Malaria Eradication Programme
NMITLI New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative
NOIDA New Okhla Industrial Development Authority
NPC National Productivity Council
NPP National Population Policy
NPT Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
NRC Nuclear Regulatory Commission
NRDC National Research and Development Corporation
NREGA National Rural Employment Guarantee Act.
NREP National Rural Employment Programme
NRHM National Rural Health Mission
NRI Non Resident Indian
NRSA National Remote Sensing Agency
NSC National Security Council
NSCN National Social Council of Nagaland
NSSO National Sample Survey Organisation
NTC National Textile Corporation
NTPC National Thermal Power Corporation
NUEPA National University of Educational Planning and Administration
OGL Open General Licence
OIL Oil India Limited
OIC Overseas Indian Citizenship
OIGS On Indian Government Service
OIL Oil India Limited
OK All Correct
ONGC Oil and Natural Gas Commission
OPEC Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
PAC Public Accounts Committee
PAC Professional Aptitude Council
PAN Permanent Account Number
PCI Press Council of India
PCS Provincial Civil Services
PESO Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO is the changed name o
f Department of Explosives)
PETA People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
PFCL Power Finance Corporation Limited
PFRDA Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority
Ph. D Doctor of Philosophy
PHDCCI Progress, Harmony and Development Chambers of Commerce and Industry
PIL Public Interest Litigation
PIN Postal lndex Number
PLO Palestine Liberation Organisation
PM Post Meridian
PM Prime Minister
PNR Passenger Numerical Record
POSCO Pohang Steel Company
POTA Prevention of Terrorism Act
PSLV Polar. Satellite Launch Vehicle
PTC Power Trading Corporation
PTI Press Trust of India
PRO Public Relations Officer
PTO Please Turn Over
PVC Paramvir Chakra
PVC Poly Vinyl Chloride
PVSM Param Vishisht Seva Medal
PWD Public Work s Department
PWG People s War Group
QED Quod Erat Demonstrandum (Which was to be proved)
QEF Quod Erat Faciendum (Which was to be done)
QEI Quod Erat Inveniendum (Which was to be found)
QIP Qualified Institutional Placement
QMG Quarter Master General
RADAR Radio Angle Direction and Range
RAF Rapid Action Force
RAW Research and Analysis Wing
R & D Research and Development
RBI Reserve Bank of India
RCC Reinforced Cement Concrete
RDX Research Developed Explosive
RIMC Rashtriya Indian Military College
RLEGP Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme
RMS Railway Mail Service
RNA Ribonucleic Acid
RPM Revolutions Per Minute
RRB Regional Rural Banks
RSS Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
RSVP Repondez sil vous Plait (Fr.) reply, if you please
RTO Regional Transport Officer
RTRA Rail Tariff Regulatory Authority
SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
SAC Space Application Centre
SAFTA South Asian Free Trade Agreement
SAI Sports Authority of India
SAIL Steel Authority of India Limited
SAPTA South Asian Preferential Trade Arrangement
SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
SC Security Council/Supreme Court
SCI Shipping Corporation of India
SCO Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
SCOPE Standing Conference of Public Enterprises
SCRA Special Class Railway Apprentice
SCRAMJET Supersonic Combustion Ramjet
SDR Special Drawing Rights
SEBI Security Exchange Board of India
SEWA Self-Employed Women s Association
SFC State Financial Corporation
SGPC Siromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee
SGRY Sampoorna Grameen Rojgar Yojana
SGSY Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana
SHAR Shri Harikota Range
SIDBI Small Industries Development Bank of India
SIDC State Industrial Development Corporation
SIS Secret Intelligence Service (U.K)
SITA Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act
SLV Satellite Launch Vehicle
SMS Short Message Service
SMS Subscriber Management System
SNIPES Society for the National Institutes of Physical Education and Sports
SPCA Society for the Prevention of Cruelty of Animals
SPICMC Society for the Promotion of Indian Classical music and culture
STARS Satellite Tracking and Ranging Station
STD Subscribers Trunk Dialing
STPI Software Technology Parks of India
SWAPO South West African People s Organisation
TA Territorial Anmy
TA Travelling Aliowance
TELCO Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company
TELEX Teleprinter Exchange
TERC Trade and Economic Relations Committee
TERLS Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station
TFCI Tourism Finance Corporation of India Limited
TISCO Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited
TNT Tri-nitro-toluene
TOEFL Test of English as a Foreign Language
TRA Tea Research Association
TRAI Telecom Regulatory Authority of India
TRIPS Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights
TTE Travelling Ticket Examiner
TTFI Table Tennis Federation of India
TWA Trans World Airlines (USA)
TWAS Third World Academy of Sciences
UDC University Development Commission
UDC Upper Division Clerk
UFO Unidentified Flying Object
UGC University Grants Commission
UHT Ultra High Temperature
ULFA United Liberation Front of Assam
UNASUR Union of South American Nations (Spanish: Unin de Naciones Suramericanas)
UNCLOS UN Convention on the Law of the Sea
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
UNEF United Nations Emergency Force
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
UNESCO United Nations Economic Social and Cultural Organisation
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
UNFPA United Nations for Population Activities
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees
UNI United News of India
UNICEF United Nations International Children s Emergency Fund
UNIFIL United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
UNO United Nations Organisation
UPA United Progressive Alliance
UPS Uninterrupted Power Supply
UPSC Union Public Service Commission
USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republic
UTI Unit Trust of India
VAT Value Added Tax
VBAL Value Based Advanced Licencing
VDIS Voluntary Disclosure of Income Scheme
VC Vice-Chancellor
VC Victoria Cross
VIP Very Important Person
VPP Value Payable Post
VRS Voluntary Retirement Scheme
VSNL Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited
VSSC Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre
WCCB Wildlife Crime Control Bureau
WCAR World Conference Against Racism
WEF World Economic Forum
WFC World Food Council
WGIG Working Group on Internet Governance
WHO World Health Organisation
WILL Wireless in Local Loop
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organisation
WLL-M Mobile Wireless in Local Loop
WMO World Meteorological Organisation
WWF World Wild Life Fund
WPI Wholesale Price Index
WSIS World Summit on Information Society
WTO World Trade Organisation
WWF War Wounded Foundation
WWF World Wild Life Fund for Nature
WWW World Wide Web
YMCA Young Men s Christians Association
YWCA Young Women s Christians Association
ZBB Zero Based Budgeting
ZSI Zoological Survey of India

Short Name
Full Form or Abbreviations
3G Third Generation
AAA Asian Athletics Association
AAFI The Amateur Athletics Federation of India
AC Ante Christum (Before Christ), Ashok Chakra, Air Conditioner
ADB Asian Development Bank
AFI Athletics Federation of India
AFMC Armed Forces Medical College
AI Artificial Intelligence, Air India
AICTE All India Council for Technical Education
AIFF All India Football Federation
AIIMS All India Institute of Medical Science
AITUC All India Trade Union Congress
ALGOL Algebraic Oriented Language
AM Ante Meridiem (before Noon), Amplitude Modulation
APEC Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
ARPANET Advanced Research Project Agency Network
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations
ASLV Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle
AT&T American Telegraphic and Telephone Co. Ltd.
ATC Air Traffic Control
ATM Automated Teller Machine
AVSM Ati Vishisht Seva Medal
B2B Busines to Business
B2C Business to Consumer
BARC Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
BBS Bulletin Board Service
BC Before Christ
BHEL Bharat Heavy Electri-cals Ltd
BIOS Basic Input Output System
BIT Binary Digit
BPL Below Poverty Line
BPO Business Process Outsourcing
BPR Business Process Re-engineering
bps bytes per second
BSE Bombay Stock Exchange
BSF Border Security Force
BSNL Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
C2C Consumer to Consumer
CA Chartered Accountant
CAD Computer Aided Design
CAT Common Admission Test
CBI Central Bureau of Investigation
CBSE Central Board of Secondary Education
CDAC Centre for the Development of Advanced Computing
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
CEO Chief Executive Officer
CFSL Central Forensic Science Laboratory
CGI Common Gateway Interface
CIA Central Intelligence Agency
CID Criminal Investigation Department
CISC Complex instruction-set computing
CITU Centre of Indian Trade Unions
CNN Cable News Network
COMSAT Communications Satellite Corporation
COPRA Consumer Protection Act
CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture
CPI(M) Communist Party of India / Marxist
CPWD Central Public Works Department
CRIS Centre for Railway Information System
CSIR Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
CTBT Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
CYMK Cyan, Yellow, Magenta, Kinda
D.Litt. Doctor of Literature
D.Phil. Doctor of Philosophy
D.Sc Doctor of Science
DC Direct Current
DIG Deputy Inspector General
DMA Direct Memory Access
DMK Dravida Munetra Kazhagam
DNA Deoxyribo-nucleic Acid
DTP Desktop Publishing
DVC Damodar Valley Corporation
DVD Digital Versatile/Video Disc
E & OE Errors and Omissions Excepted
EDI Electronic Data Interchange
EIS Executive Information System
E-MAIL Electronic Mailing
EMI Equated Monthly Installments
ENIAC Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator
ENT Ear, Nose and Throat
EOF end of file
EOT Eastern Daylight Time
EPABX Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange
ERNET Educational and Research Network
FAQ Frequently Asked Question
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation
FBT Fringe Benefit Tax
FBTR Fast Breeder Test Reactor
FBW Fly-By-Wire
FCI Food Corporation of India; Fertilizer Corporation of India
FDI Foreign Direct Investment
FEMA Foreign Exchange Management Act
FICCI Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry
FIFA International Football Federation (Federation Internationale de Football
Association)
FIR First Information Report
FM Frequency modulation
FRCP Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians
FRCS Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons
FRCS Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society
FRS Fellow of the Royal Society
G7 Group of Seven (US, UK, Germany, France, Italy, japan and Canada) G8 i
ncludes G7 plus Russia
GATE Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
GATS General Agreement on Trade and Services
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GMAT Graduate Management Admission Test
GMT Greenwich Mean Time
GSLV Geo-Synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle
GSM Global System for Mobile Communications
GSP Generalized System Preference
GUI Graphical User Interface
HAL Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HMI Himalayan Mountaineering Institute
HTML Hyper Text Markup Language
HUDCO Housing and Urban Development Corp.
HVAC Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning
i.e. id est (that is)
IAAI International Airport Authority of India
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IARI Indian Agricultural Research Institute
IAS Indian Administrative Service
IATA International Air Transport Association
IBM International Business Machines
ICSE Indian Certificate of Secondary Education
ICU Intensive Care Unit
ICWA Indian Council of World Affairs
IDA International Development Agency
IDBI Industrial Development Bank of India
IEEE Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers
IELTS International English Language Testing System
IFC Industrial Finance Corporation, International Finance Corporation
IFS Indian Foreign Service; Indian Forest Service
IGNOU Indira Gandhi National Open University
IIPA Indian Institute of Public Administration
IISCO Indian Iron and Steel Company
IISS International Institute of Strategic Studies
IIT Indian Institute of Technology
ILA Indian Library Association
ILO International Labor Organization
IMAP Internet Mail Access Protocol
IMF International Monetary Fund
INA Indian National Army
INTUC Indian National Trade Union Congress
IOC Indian Oil Corporation
IP Internet Protocol
IPC Indian Penal Code
IPCL Indian Petro-Chemicals Corporation Ltd
IPI International Press Institute
IPO Initial Public Offering
IPS Indian Police Service; Inter Press Service
IQ Intelligence Quotient
IRC International Red Cross
IRDP Integrated Rural Development Programme
IRS Indian Revenue Service
ISBN International Standard Book Number
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
ISI Indian Standards Institution; Inter Services Intelligence
ISKCON International Society for Krishna Consciousness
ISO International Standards Organization
ISRO Indian Space Research Organization
IST Indian Standard Time
ITBP Indo-Tibetan Border Police
ITES Information Technology enabled services
ITI Indian Telephone Industries<br> Industrial Training Institute
ITU International Telecommunication Union
IVF In-Vitro Fertilization
IVM In-vitro Maturation
JCO Junior Commissioned Officer
JEE Joint Entrance Examination
JPEG Joint Photographic Expert Group
LASER Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
LCA Light Combat Aircraft
LCD Liquid Crystal Display<br>Least Common Denominator
LCM Lowest Common Multiple
LIC Life Insurance Corporation (of India)
LLB Bachelor of Laws
LMC Large Megallanic Cloud
LTTE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam
M.A. Magisiter Artium (Master of Arts)
M.D Doctor of Medicine
MBA Master of Business Administration
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
MCC Marylebone Cricket Club
MCI Medical Council of India
MICR Magnetic ink character recognition
MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface
MIPS Million Instructions per Second
MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Master Instruction Tape
MLA Member of Legislative Assembly
MNC Multi-National Corporation
MODEM modulator demodulator
MP Member of Parliament; Madhya Pradesh
MPEG Motion Picture Experts Group
MRCP Member of the Royal College of Physicians
MTCR Missile Technology Control Regime
MVC Maha Vir Chakra
NAAC National Assessment and Accreditation Council
NABARD National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development
NAFED National Agricultural Co-operative Marketing Federation
NALCO National Aluminium Company Ltd.
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASDAQ National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation
NASSCOM National Association of Software and Service Companies
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NAV Net Asset Value
NCERT National Council of Educational Research and Training
NCSA National Centre for Supercomputing Applications; National Computer Sec
urity Association
NDA National Defense Academy
NOC No Objection Certificate
NPA Non-performing Assets
NPT Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
NRF National Renewal Fund
NSUI National Students Union of India
NTPC National Thermal Power Corporation
OBC Other Backward Classes
OCR Optical Character Recognition
ONGC Oil and Natural Gas Corporation
OOP Object Oriented Programme
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OSCAR Orbiting Satellite Carrying Amateur Radio
PAN Permanent Account Number
Ph.D. Doctor of Philosophy (Philosophiae Doctor)
PIL Public Interest Litigation
PIN Postal Index Number
PSLV Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
PWD Public Works Department;
R&D Research and Development
RADAR Radio Detecting and Ranging
RAM Random Access Memory
RAW Research & Analysis Wing
RBI Reserve Bank of India
RDX Research Department Explosive (Cyclotrim-ethylin Trinitrate)
RISC Reduced instruction-set computing
RNA Ribonucleic acid
ROM Read Only Memory
RPM Revolutions Per Minute
RTI Right to Information
SAIL Steel Authority of India Limited
SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
SCSI Small Computer Systems Interface
SEBI Securities and Exchange Board of India
SENSEX Sensitivity Index (of Share Price)
SEZ Special Economic Zone
SGPC Siromani Gurudwara Prabandak Committee
SIM Subscriber Information Module
SLV Satellite Launch Vehicle
SMS Short Message Service
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
STD Subscriber Trunk Dialing; Sexually Transmitted Diseases
TADA Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act
TCP Transfer Call Protocol<br> Transmission Control Protocol
TELCO Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company
TFT Thin-Film Transistor
TIFR Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
TISCO Tata Iron and Steel Company
TOEFL Test of English as a Foreign Language
UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
UGC University Grants Commission
ULFA United Liberation Front of Asom
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organi-sation
UNI United News of India
UNICEF United Nations International Children s Emergency Fund (now, United Natio
ns Children s Fund )
UNU United Nations University
UPA United Progressive Alliance
UPSC Union Public Service Commission
URL Uniform Resource Locator
VAT Value Added Tax
VCR Video Cassette Recorder
VIP Very Important Person
VIRUS Vital Information Resources Under Siege
VRML Virtual Reality Modeling Language
VRS Voluntary Retirement Scheme
VSSC Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre
WHO World Health Organization
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WTO World Trade Organization
WWF World Wildlife Fund
WWW World Wide Web
WYSIWYG What you see is what you get
XML Extensible Mark-up Language
YMCA Young Men s Christian Association
ZIP Zone Improvement Plan
1 RBI Reserve Bank of India
2 SEBI SecuritiesandExchangeBoardofIndia
3 NABARD NationalBankforAgricultureandRuralDevelopment
4 FICCI FederationOfIndiaChamberOfCommerce&Industry
5 IBPS InstituteofBankingPersonnelSelection
6 RAW ResearchandAnalysisWing
7 IB IntelligenceBureau
8 CBI CentralBureauofInvestigation
9 UPSC UnionPublicServiceCommission
10 SSC StaffSelectionCommission
11 UGC UniversityGrantsCommission
12 BSF BorderSecurityForce
13 ISRO IndianSpaceResearchOrganisation
14 NASSCOM National Association of Software and Services Companies
15 ASSOCHAM AssociatedChambersofCommerceandIndustryofIndia
16 DRDO DefenceResearchandDevelopmentOrganisation
17 SBI StateBankofIndia
18 IRDA InsuranceRegulatoryandDevelopmentAuthority
19 TRAI TelecomRegulatoryAuthorityofIndia
20 CCI CompetitionCommissionofIndia
21 IMF InternationalMonetaryFund
22 WHO WorldHealthOrganization
23 WTO WorldTradeOrganization
IMF International Monetary Fund
IRAC Norms Income Recognition and Assets Classification Norms
KCC Kisan Credit Card
KYC Know Your Customer
LAB Local Area Bank
LC Letter of Credit
LOC Letter Of Comfort
M-Banking MObile Banking
NABARD National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development
NBFC Non-Banking Finance Company
NDS Negotiated Dealings System
NDTL Net Demand and Time Liabilities
NEFT National Electronic Fund Transfer
NHB National Housing Bank
NI Act Negotiable Instrument Act
NPA Non-Performing Assets
NRE a/c Non-Resident External Account
NRI Non-Resident Indian
NWC Networking Capital
OBU Off-Shore Banking Units
PAN Permanent Account Number
PLR Prime Lending Rate
PMEGP Prime Minister s Employment Generation Programme
PMRY Prime Minister s Rozgar Yojana
PSA Priority Sector Advances
QIB Qualified Institutional Buyers
REPO Re-Purchase Option
RIDF Rural Infrastructure Development Fund
RTGS Real Time Gross Settlement
RTI Act Right To Information Act
SARFAESI Act Securitization and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforc
ement of Security Interest
SCB Scheduled Commercial Banks
SEBI Securities and Exchange Board of India
SGL Subsidary General Ledger
SHG Self Help Groups
SIDBI Small Industries Development Bank of India
SLR Statutory Liquidity Ratio
SME Small and Medium Enterprises
SWIFT Society for Worldwide Inter Bank Fund Transfer
TDS Tax Deducted at Source
UCPDC - 600 Uniform Customers and Practices on Documentary Credits
YTM Yield To Maturity
C R R Cash reserve ratio
IPO Initial public offer
GDP Gross domestic product
ULIP Unit linked insurance plan
FPO Follow on public offer
SLR Statutory liquidity ratio
MICR Magnetic ink Charecter recognition
CTS Cheque Truncation system
ICS Image based Clearing system
NPA Non performing asset
EMI Equated Monthly Installment
ACF -Auto-Correlation Function
AD -Authorized Dealer
ADB- Asian Development Bank
ADR -American Depository Receipt
AFS- Annual Financial Statement
AGM -Annual General Meeting
AIRCSC- All India Rural Credit Survey
Committee
AO -Additive Outliers
AR -Auto Regression
ARIMA- Auto-Regressive Integrated Moving
Average
AFS -Available For Sale
ASSOCHAM- Associated Chambers of Commerce
and Industry of India
ATM -Asynchronous Transfer Mode
ATM- Automated Teller Machine
BIS -Bank for International Settlements
BOI -Bank of India
BoP -Balance of Payments
BPM5- Balance of Payments Manual, 5th
edition
BPSD -Balance of Payments Division,
BSCS- Basel Committee on Banking
Supervision
BSR -Basic Statistical Returns
CAD -Capital Account Deficit
CAG -Controller and Auditor General of
India
CBS- Consolidated Banking Statistics
CC -Cash Credit
CD -Certificate of Deposit
CD -Ratio Credit Deposit Ratio
CDBS- Committee of Direction on Banking
Statistics
CF- Company Finance
CFRA -Combined Finance and Revenue
Accounts
CGRA- Currency and Gold Revaluation
Account
CII -Confederation of Indian Industries
CO -Capital Outlay
CP -Commercial Paper
CPI -Consumer Price Index
CPI-IW Consumer Price Index for Industrial
Workers
CR -Capital Receipts
CRAR- Capital to Risk Weighted Asset
Ratio
CRR -Cash Reserve Ratio
CSIR -Council of Scientific and Industrial
Research
CSO -Central Statistical Organisation
CVC -Central Vigilance Commission
DAP- Development Action Plan
DBOD- Department of Banking Operations
and Development
DBS -Department of Banking
DCA -Department of Company Affairs,
DCB -Demand Collection and Balance
DCCB- District Central Cooperative Bank
DCM- Department of Currency
Management, RBI
DD -Demand Draft
DDS -Data Dissemination Standards
DEIO -Department of External Investments
and Operations
DESACS- Department of Statistical Analysis
& Computer Services, RBI
DGBA -Department of Government and
Bank Accounts, RBI
DGCI&S- Directorate General of Commercial
Intelligence and Statistics
DI -Direct Investment
DICGC- Deposit Insurance and Credit
Guarantee Corporation of India
DID -Discharge of Internal Debt
DMA- Departmentalized Ministries Account
DRI -Differential Rate of Interest Scheme
DSBB -Dissemination Standards Bulletin
Board
DVP -Delivery versus Payment
ECB -External Commercial Borrowing
ECB -European Central Bank
ECGC- Export Credit and Guarantee
Corporation
ECS -Electronic Clearing Scheme
EDMU- External Debt Management Unit
EEA -Exchange Equalization Account
EEC -European Economic Community
EEFC- Exchange Earners Foreign Currency
EFR -Exchange Fluctuation Reserve
EPF- Employees Provident Fund
EXIM- Bank Export Import Bank of India
FCA -Foreign Currency Assets
FCCB- Foreign Currency Convertible Bond
FCNR(B)- Foreign Currency Non-resident
(Banks)
FCNRA -Foreign Currency Non-resident
Account
FCNRD -Foreign Currency Non-Repatriable
Deposit
FDI -Foreign Direct Investment
FEMA- Foreign Exchange Management Act
FI -Financial Institution
FICCI- Federation of Indian Chambers of
Commerce and Industry
FII- Foreign Institutional Investor
FIMMDA- Fixed Income Money Market and
Derivatives Association of India
FISIM -Financial Intermediation Services
Indirectly Measured
FLAS -Foreign Liabilities and Assets
Survey
FOF -Flow Of Funds
FPI -Foreign Portfolio Investment
FRA -Forward Rate Agreement
FRBM- Fiscal Responsibility and Budget
Management Act, 2003
FRN -Floating Rate Note
FSS- Farmers Service Societies
FWG -First Working Group on Money
GDP -Gross Domestic Product
GDR -Global Depository Receipt
GFD -Gross Fiscal Deficit
GFS -Government Finance Statistics
GIC -General Insurance Corporation
GLS- Generalized Least Squares
GNIE- Government Not Included
Elsewhere
GoI- Government of India
GPD -Gross Primary Deficit
G-Sec -Government Securities
HDFC -Housing Development Finance
Corporation
HFT- Held For Trading
HICP- Harmonised Index of Consumer
Prices
HO -Head Office
HUDCO -Housing & Urban Development
Corporation
IBRD- International Bank for
Reconstruction and Development
IBS -International Banking Statistics
ICAR -Indian Council of Agricultural
Research
ICICI -Industrial Credit and Investment
Corporation of India
ICMR- Indian Council of Medical Research
IDB -India Development Bonds
IDBI -Industrial Development Bank of
India
IDD- Industrial Development Department
IFAD- International Fund for Agricultural
Development
IFC -International Finance Corporation
IFC(W)- International Finance Corporation
(Washington)
IFCI -Industrial Finance Corporation of
India
IFR -Investment Fluctuation Reserve
Account
IFS -International Financial Statistics
IGLS- Iterative Generalized Least Squares
IIBI- Industrial Investment Bank of India
IIP- Index of Industrial Production
IMD -India Millennium Deposits
IMF- International Monetary Fund
INR -Indian Rupee
IOTT -Input-Output Transaction Table
IP -Interest Payment
IRBI -Industrial Reconstruction Bank of
India
ISDA- International Swaps and Derivative
Association
ISIC -International Standard Industrial
Classification
ISO -International Standards
Organization
ITRS -International Transaction Reporting
System
IWGEDS- International Working Group on
External Debt Statistics
KVIC -Khadi & Village Industries
Corporation
LAF -Liquidity Adjustment Facility
LAMPS -Large-sized Adivasi Multipurpose
Societies
LAS -Loan & Advances by States
LBD -Land Development Bank
LBS -Locational Banking Statistics
LERMS- Liberalised Exchange Rate
Management System
LIC -Life Insurance Corporation of India
LS -Level Shift
LT -Long Term
LTO -Long Term Operation
M1 -Narrow Money
M3 -Broad Money
MA -Moving Average
MCA -Ministry of Company Affairs
MIGA- Multilateral Investment Guarantee
Agency
MIS -Management Information System
MMSE- Minimum Mean Squared Errors
MoF -Ministry of Finance
MOF -Master Office File
MRM- Monitoring and Review Mechanism
MSS Market Stabilisation Scheme
MT Mail Transfer
MTM Mark-To-Market
NABARD -National Bank for Agriculture and
Rural Development
NAC(LTO)- National Agricultural Credit (Long
Term Operatiion)
NAIO- Non Administratively Independent
Office
NAS -National Account Statistics
NASSCOM -National Association of Software
and Services Companies
NBC -Non-Banking Companies
NBFC- Non Banking Financial Companies
NEC- Not Elsewhere Classified
NEER- Nominal Effective Exchange Rate
NFA Non-Foreign Exchange Assets
NFD -Net Fiscal Deficit
NGO -Non-Governmental Organization
NHB -National Housing Bank
NIC -National Industrial Classification
NIF- Note Issuance Facility
NNML- Net Non-Monetary Liabilities
NPA -Non-Performing Assets
NPD -Net Primary Deficit
NPRB- Net Primary Revenue Balance
NPV -Net Present Value
NR(E)RA Non-Resident (External) Rupee Account
NRE Non-Resident External
NRG Non-Resident Government
NRI Non-Resident Indian
NSC- National Statistical Commission
NSSF- National Small Savings Fund
OD -Over Draft
ODA- Official Development Assistance
OECD Organisation for Economic
Cooperation and Development
OECO- Organisaton for Economic
Co-operation
OFI -Other Financial Institutions
OLTAS- Online Tax Accounting System Manual on Financial and Banking Statistics
xiii
OMO -Open Market Operations
OSCB -Other Indian Scheduled
Commercial Bank
PACF -Partial Auto-Correlation Function
PACS -Primary Agriculture Credit Societies
PPP- Public Private Partnership
PCARDB -Primary Cooperative Agriculture
and Rural Development Bank
PD -Primary Deficit
PDAI -Primary Dealers Association of
India
PDO -Public Debt Office
PDO-NDS Public Debt Office-cum-Negotiated
Dealing System
PDs -Primary Dealers
PES- Public Enterprises Survey
PF -Provident Fund
PIO -Persons of Indian Origin
PNB- Punjab National bank
PO Principal Office
PRB -Primary Revenue Balance
PSE- Public Sector Enterprises
PUC -Paid Up Capital
QRR- Quick Review Report
RBI -Reserve Bank of India
RD -Revenue Deficit
RDBMS- Relational Database Management
System
RE -Revenue Expenditure
REC -Rural Electrification Corporation
REER- Real Effective Exchange Rate
RFC -Residents Foreign Currency
RIB- Resurgent India Bonds
RIDF -Rural Infrastructure Development
Fund
RLA -Recoveries of Loans & Advances
RLC -Repayment of Loans to Centre
RMB -Renminbi (Chinese)
RNBC- Residuary Non-Banking Companies
RO -Regional Office
RoCs -Registrars of Companies
RPA -Rupee Payment Area
RPCD- Rural Planning and Credit
Department, RBI
RR -Revenue Receipts
RRB -Regional Rural Bank
RTP- Reserve Tranche Position
RUF -Revolving Underwriting Facility
RWA -Risk Weighted Asset
SAM -Social Accounting Matrix
SAS -Statistical Analysis System
SBI -State Bank of India
SC -Schedule Caste
SCARDB -State Cooperative Agriculture and
Rural Development Bank
SCB -State Cooperative Bank
SCB -Scheduled Commercial Bank
SCS -Size Class Strata
SDDS- Special Data Dissemination
Standards
SDR -Special Drawing Right
SEBI -Securities and Exchange Board of
India
SEBs- State Electricity Boards
SFC -State Financial Corporation
SGL -Subsidiary General Ledger
Abbreviationsxiv
SGSY -Swarnajayanthi Gram Swarrojgar
Yojana
SHGs -Self-Help Groups
SIDBI -Small Industries Development Bank
of India
SIDC -State Industrial Development
Corporation
SI-SPA -Systems Improvement Scheme
under Special Project Agriculture
SJSRY -Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar
Yojana
SLR -Statutory Liquidity Ratio
SLRS -Scheme for Liberation & Rehabilitation of Scavangers
SMG -Standing Monitoring Group
SNA -System of National Accounts
SRWTO -Small road & Water Transport Operators
SSI Small-Scale Industries
SSSBEs -Small Scale Service & Business Enterprises
ST- Schedule Tribe
SWG- Second Working Group on Money Supply
TBs- Treasury Bills
TC- Temporary Change
TT- Telegraphic Transfer
UBB- Uniform Balance Book
UBD -Urban Banks Department
UCB- Urban Cooperative Bank
UCN- Uniform Code Number
US -United States
USD -US Dollars
UTI -Unit Trust of India
VC -Venture Capital
WGMS- Working Group on Money Supply:
WPI -Wholesale Price Index
WSS- Weekly Statistical Supplement
YTM -Yield to Maturity
ZO -Zonal Office
List of Useful Acronym-
APSC- Army Postal Service Code
ASI- Archaeological Survey of India
BIS- Bureau of Indian Standards
CDMA- Code Division Multiple Access
CRR- Cash Reserve Ratio
ERDA- Energy Research and Development Association
FIR- First Information Report
HDFC- Housing Development Finance Corporation
ICAR- Indian Council of Agriculture Research
INTERPOL- International Police Organisation
NADT- National Authority on Drugs and Therapeutics
NATO- North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
NOIDA- New Okhla Industrial Development Authority
PCS- Provincial Civil Services
PNR- Passenger Numerical Record
PSLV- Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
PTI- Press Trust of India
RAW- Research & Analysis Wing
SMS- Subscriber Management System
VPP- Value Payable Post
Also check out...
PIN Postal Index Number
PSLV Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
PWD Public Works Department;
R&D Research and Development
RADAR Radio Detecting and Ranging
RAM Random Access Memory
RAW Research & Analysis Wing
RBI Reserve Bank of India
RDX Research Department Explosive (Cyclotrim-ethylin Trinitrate)
RISC Reduced instruction-set computing
RNA Ribonucleic acid
ROM Read Only Memory
RPM Revolutions Per Minute
RTI Right to Information
SAIL Steel Authority of India Limited
SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
SCSI Small Computer Systems Interface
SEBI Securities and Exchange Board of India
SENSEX Sensitivity Index (of Share Price)
SEZ Special Economic Zone
SGPC Siromani Gurudwara Prabandak Committee
SIM Subscriber Information Module
SLV Satellite Launch Vehicle
SMS Short Message Service
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
STD Subscriber Trunk Dialling; Sexually Transmitted Diseases
TADA Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act
TCP Transfer Call Protocol
Transmission Control Protocol
TELCO Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company
TFT Thin-Film Transistor
TIFR Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
TISCO Tata Iron and Steel Company
TOEFL Test of English as a Foreign Language
UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
UGC University Grants Commission
ULFA United Liberation Front of Asom
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organi-sation
UNI United News of India
UNICEF United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (now, 'United Nat
ions Children's Fund')
UNU United Nations University
UPA United Progressive Alliance
UPSC Union Public Service Commission
URL Uniform Resource Locator
VAT Value Added Tax
VCR Video Cassette Recorder
VIP Very Important Person
VIRUS Vital Information Resources Under Siege
VRML Virtual Reality Modelling Language
VRS Voluntary Retirement Scheme
VSSC Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre
WHO World Health Organisation
WMO World Meteorological Organisation
WTO World Trade Orga-nisation
WWF World Wildlife Fund
WWW World Wide Web
WYSIWYG What you see is what you get
XML Extensible Mark-up Language
YMCA Young Men's Christian Association
ZIP Zone Improvement Plan

zzz

1A: First class Air-conditioned


2A: Air-conditioned 2-tier sleeper
2S: Second-class Sitting
3A: Air-conditioned 3-tier sleeper
3G: Third Generation
A
AEOI: Atomic Energy Organisation Of Iran
AE: Automatic Emergency
AFTC: Audio Frequency Track Circuiting
AF: Afghanistan
ASEAN: Association of South East Asian Nations
ASLV: Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle
ASSOCHAM: Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry
ART: Accident Relief Train
ARTS: Advanced Railway Ticketing System
AC: Alternating Current
AAP: Aam Aadmi Party
AD: Anno Domin
AU: Australia
ABCP: Asset Backed Commercial Paper
AFI: Annual Financial Inspection
AAFI: Amateur Athletics Federation of India
ACC: Associated Cement Company
ACE: Association of Consulting Engineers
AIMA: All India Management Association
ALH: Advanced Light Helicopter
AAA: Asian Athletics Association
ASCI: Administrative Staff College of India
AASU: All Assam Students Union
AE/AEN: Assistant Engineer
AEC: Accident Enquiry Committee
AIMSCS: Advanced Institute of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science
ANMI: Association of National Exchanges Members of India
ACU: Asian Clearing Union
AML: Anti-Money Laundering
AICC: All India Congress Committee
AIR: All India Radio
ADEE: Assistant Divisional Electrical Engineer
AP: Andhra Pradesh
ADME: Assistant Divisional Mechanical Engineer
AIBEA: All India Bank Employees Association
AJT: Advanced Jet Trainer
AITMC: All India Trinamool Congress
ANC: African National Congress
APEC: Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
ADF: Augmented Dicky Fuller
ASER: Annual status of Education Report
AMFI: Association of Mutual Funds in India
AAI: Airport Authority of India
AGP: Asom Gana Parishad
ADR: Asset Development Reserve
ABM: Anti Ballistic Missile
AD: Ano Domini
AERB: Atomic Energy Regulatory Board
AIR: All India Radio
AIR: Annual Information Report
AITUE: All India Trade Union Congress
ASWAC: Airborne Surveillance Warning and Control
ATS: Anti Tetanus Serum
AICTE: All India Council for Technical Education
AMU: Asian Monetary Unit
ADRs: American Depository Receipts
AITUC: All India Trade Union Congress
AM: Ante meridiem
ACP: Alarm Chain Pulling
ADE/ADEN: Assistant Divisional Engineer
ATM: Automatic Teller Machine
AI: Air India
APEDA: Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority
APSC: Army Postal Services Core
AFI: Athletics Federation of India
AFMC: Armed Forces Medical College
AI: Artifical Intelligence
AT&T: American Telegraphic and Telephone Co. Ltd.
ARC: Administrative Reforms Commission
AIADMK: All-India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
AIFI: All India Financial Institution
ADB: Asian Development Bank
ARP: Air Raid Precaution
ADS: Air Defence Ship
AEC: Atomic Energy Commission
AERE: Atomic Energy Research Establishment
AG: Accountant General
ABS: Automatic Block Signalling
ACD: Anti-Collision Device
AIRF: All-India Railwaymen s Federation
AS: Accounting Standard
ASM: Assistant Station Master
AG: Accountant General
AGOC: Asian Games Organisation Committee
AHQ: Air Head Quarters
AHQ: Army Head Quarters
ALM: Asset Liability Management
AVJM: Anusheelan Vaichariki Jan Madhyam
ATC: Automated Train Control
AC: Air-Conditioned
ACC: Air-Conditioned coach or class
AICC: All India Congress Committee
AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
AIFE: All India Football Federation
AeSIJ: Aeronautical Society India Journal
ACCC: Air-Conditioned Chair Car
ATP: Automatic Train Protection
ANBC: Adjusted Net Bank Credit
AD: Authorised Dealer
AIIMS: All India Institute of Medical Sciences
AIL: Aeronautics India Limited
AIMPLB: All India Muslim Personal Law Board
AIR: All India Radio
ATS: Automatic Train Stop
AVB: Automatic Vacuum Brake
AP: Andhra Pradesh
ABCI: Association of Business Communicators of India
ATS: Automatic Train Stop
AERA: Airport Economic Regulatory Act
AMA: Advanced Measurement Approach
APS: Annual Policy Statement
AP: Arunachal Pradesh
ASLV: Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle
B
BC: Business Correspondent
BSE: Bombay Stock Exchange
BE: Budget Estimates
BIS: Bank for International Settlements
BoP: Balance of Payments
BCP: Business Continuity Planning
BASI: Bulletin of the Astronomical Society of India
BTC: Bankers Training College
BA: Bachelor of Arts
BFSI: Banking, Financial Services & Insurance
BOI: Business Optimism Index
BRIC: Brazil, Russia, India and China
BC: Before Christ
BS: Braking in Series configuration
BHEL: Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
BWEL: Bharat Wagon and Engineering Co., Ltd.
BBC: British Broadcasting Corporation
BFS: Board for Financial Supervision
BP: Blood Pressure
BMRTC: Bangalore Metropolitan Rail Transit Corporation
BHS: Bharatiya Hindu Sena
BAFT: Bankers Association for Finance & Trade
BPLR: Benchmark Prime Lending Rate
BB&CI / BB&CIR (BBCIR): Bombay, Baroda, and Central India Railway
BCBS: Basel Committee on Banking Supervision
BPT: Bombay Port Trust (MPT)
B2B: Busines to Business
B2C: Business to Consumer
BBS: Bulletin Board Service
BIOS: Basic Input Output System
BIT: Binary Digit
BMP: Basic Management Programme
BSA: Bilateral Swap Arrangements
ASM: Assistant Station Master
BJP: Bharatiya Janata Party
BBC: British Broadcasting Corporation
BIO-TOIL: Biological Toilet
BJD: Biju Janata Dal
B/L: Branch Line
BPS: Blue Parcel Service
BA: Bachelor of Arts
B.Sc.: Bachelor of Science
BCG: Bacillus Calmette Guerin
BD: Bangladesh
BBUNL: Bharat Bhari Udyog Nigam, Ltd.
BSL: Block Section Limit
BCCI: Board of Cricket Control in India
BG: Broad Gauge (Railway tracks)
BAMS: Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
BARC: Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
BBC: British Broadcasting Corporation
BTIS: Bio-Technology Information System
BPC: Brake Power Certificate
BCom: Bachelors of Commerce
BVR: Beyond Visual Range
BT: Bhutan
BEML: Bharat Earth Movers Limited
BCR: Bengal Central Railway
BESA: British Engineering Standards Association
BC: Before Christ
BCG: Bacillus Calmette Guerin
BEL: Bharat Electronics Limited
BSP: Bahujan Samaj Party
BFSI: Banking Financial Services and Insurance
BSP: Braking in Series-Parallel configuration
BPT: Bombay Port Trust (MPT)
BPSS: Board for Regulation and Supervision of Payment and Settlement Systems
BF: Business Facilitator
BSR: Basic Statistical Returns
BSNL: Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd.
BOAC: British Overseas Airways Corporation
BREAD: Basic Research Education and Development Society
BENELUX: Belgium, Netherlands and Luxemburg
BIFR: Board of Industrial Finance and Reconstruction
BIMSTEC: Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand Economic Cooperatio
n
B.Ed: Bachelor of Education
B Pharma: Bachelor of Pharmacy
BSF: Boarder Security Force
BPL: Below Poverty Line
BPO: Business Process Outsourcing
BPR: Business Process Re-engineering
BPS: Bytes Per Second
BMR: Burma Mines Railway
BCSBI: Banking Codes and Standards Board of India
BRBNMPL: Bharatiya Reserve Bank Note Mudran Private Limited
C
CGRA: Currency & Gold Revaluation Account
CD: Certificate of Deposit
CVPS: Currency Verification and Processing System
CSAA: Control Self Assessment Audit
CCEA: Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
COS: Central Office of Standards
CAD: Command Area Development
CAG: Comptroller and Auditor General
CFO: Chief Financial Officer
CHD: Consumer Health Division
CTC: Cost to Company
CARE: Cooperative for American Relief Everywhere
CR: Central Railway
CRIS: Centre for Railway Information Systems
CA&FO: Chief Accounting and Finance Officer
CARS: Central Accounting and Reporting System
CBO: City Booking Office
CLW: Chittaranjan Loco Works
CA: Chartered Accountant
CCIL: Clearing Corporation of India Limited
CASE: Commission for Alternative Sources of Energy
CBDT: Central Board of Direct Taxes
CDC: Consultancy Development Centre
CDROM: Compact Disc Read Only Memory
CDS: Computerized Data Services
CCEA: Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
CCMB: Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology
CC: Cubic Capacity
CA: Canada
CBI: Central Bureau of Investigation
C/o: Care of
CC: Chair Car
CCS: Chief Commercial Superintendent
CCTV: Closed-Circuit TV
CDO: Coaching Depot
CLS: Colour Light Signalling
CRAR: Capital to Risk-Weighted Assets Ratio
CEE: Chief Electrical Engineer
CFTS: Chief Freight Traffic Superintendent
CFS: Container Freight Station
CoR: Certificate of Registration
CID: Criminal Investigation Department
CITU: Centre of Indian Trade Union
CHA: Custom House Agent
C2C: Consumer to Consumer
CAD: Computer Aided Design
CAT: Common Admission Test
CGI: Common Gateway Interface
CNN: Cable News Network
CRIS: Centre for Railway Information System
CME: Chief Mechanical Engineer
CCS: Cabinet Committee on Security
C-DAC: Centre For Development of Advance Computing
COIS: Coaching Operations Information System
CERN: European Organisation for Nuclear Research known
CAD: Current Account Deficit
Conc.: Concessional fare
CRS: Chief Reservations Supervisor
CT: Control Tower
CFSA: Committee on Financial Sector Assessment
CABE: Central Advisory Board of Education
CACCI: Confederation of Asia-Pacific Chambers of Commerce & Industry
CADP: Command Area Development Programme
CCI: Cricket Club of India
COCR: Confirmatory Oscillograph Car Run
COFC: Container on flat car
CCR: Counterfeit Currency Report
CDOs: Collateralised Debt Obligations
CTC: Centralised Traffic Control
CTR: Complete Track Renewal
CP: Commercial Paper
CinC: Commander-In-Chief
CMC: Computer Maintenance Corporation
CSER: Calcutta and South-Eastern Railway
CMC: Calcutta Metro Corporation
CVD: Countervailing Duty
CTI: Central Training Institute
CTU: Centralized Training Unit
CVM: Coupon Validating Machine
CPDO: Centralised Public Debt Office
CAS: Conditional Access System
CASA: Current Account and Savings Account deposits
CCI: Cricket Club of India
CBS: Consolidated Banking Statistics
CAS: Central Account Section
CIS: Commonwealth of Independent States
CIC: Central Information Commission
COFMOW: Central Organization for the Modernization of Workshops
CONCOR: Container Corporation of India
CODs: Central Office Departments
CBI: Central Bureau of Investigation
CBSE: Central Board of Secondary Education
CR: Confidential Report
CDS: Credit Default Swap
CRCS: Central Register of Co-operative Societies
CD: Certificate of Deposit
CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access
CDRI: Central Drug Research Institute
CPC: Cheque Processing Centre
COOIS: Central Organization for Operations Information Systems
CORE: Central Organization for Railway Electrification
CTS: Complaint Tracking System
CA: Concurrent Audit
CRM: Customer Relationship Management
CTC: Calcutta Tramways Corporation
CHOGM: Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting
CIA: Central Intelligence Agency
CID: Criminal Investigation Department
CACP: Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices
CBS: Core Banking Solutions
CFMS: Centralised Funds Management System
CBLO: Collateralised Borrowing and Lending Obligation
CCB: Central Co-operative Bank
CTS: Cheque Truncation System
CPIs: Consumer Price Indices
CIS: Commonwealth of Independent States
CISF: Central Industrial Security Force
CITU: Centre of Indian Trade Unions
CDBMS: Centralised Data Base Management System
CPFF: Commercial Paper Funding Facility
CPI-IW: Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers
CII: Confederation for Indian Industry
CM: Chief Minister
CCRS: Currency Chest Reporting System
CLAT: Common Law Admission Test
CMP: Common Minimum Programme
CNG: Compressed Natural Gas
CPPC: Central Pension Payment Cell
CPADS: Centralised Public Accounts Department System
CAMELS: Capital Adquacy, Asset Quality, Management, Earnings, Liquidity, Sys
tems and Control
CPI: Communist Party of India
CPI (M): Communist Party of India (Marxist)
CDR: Corporate Debt Restructuring
CMCPS: Compulsorily and Mandatorily Convertible Preference Shares
CPI: Consumer Price Index
CTR: Cash Transaction Receipt
CNLU: Chanakya National Law University
CNPC: China National Petroleum Corporation
COD: Central Ordnance Depot
CWC: Central Water Commission
CRR: Cash Reserve Ratio
CD: Certificate of Deposit
CFT: Combating Financing of Terrorism
CVC: Central Vigilance Commission
COFEPOSA: Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Act
CPO: Central Passport Organisation
CPRI: Central Power Research Institute
CCC: Central Complaints Committee
CC: Air-conditioned chair car
CPMG: Corporate Performance Monitoring Group
CPI-AL: Consumer Price Index- Agricultural Labourers
CAB: College of Agricultural Banking
CICs: Credit Information Companies
CENVAT: Central Value Added Tax
CSD: Customer Services Department
CMIS: Currency Management Information System
CPI-RL: Consumer Price Index-Rural Labourers
CPIO: Central Public Information Officer
CPI (ML): Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist)
CPWD: Central Public Works Department
CRPF: Central Reserve Police Force
CRR: Cash Reserve Ratio
CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
CGFTMSE: Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises
CPSEs: Central Public Sector Enterprises
CSGL: Constituant Subsidiary General Ledger
CBDT: Central Board of Direct Taxes
CoBoSAC: Corporate Bonds and Securitisation Advisory Committee
C-D: Currency-Deposit
CSO: Central Statistical Organisation
CSTO: Collective Security Treaty Organisation
CTS: Computerised Tomography Scanner
CSF: Consolidated Sinking Fund
CR: Contingency Reserve
CSO: Central Statistical Organisation
D
DEPB: Duty Entitlement Pass Book
DIT: Department of Information Technology
DAPM: Department of Administration and Personnel Management
DCCB: District Central Cooperative Bank
DGCI & S: Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics
DBS: Department of Banking Supervision
DAE: Department of Atomic Energy
DDT: Dichloro Diphenyle Tri-chloroethane
DFDR: Digital Flight Data Recorder (also called Black box)
DAC: Digital Axle Counter
DEIO: Department of External Investments and Operations
DIG: Deputy Inspector General (of Police)
D.Phil.: Doctor of Philosophy
DTP: Desktop Publishing
DSP: Deputy Superintendent of Police
DAD: Deposit Accounts Department
DRI: Differential Rate of Interest
DEAP: Department of Economic Analysis and Policy
DAP: District Agricultural Plan
DA: Dearness Allowance
DC: Direct Current
DIP: Disclosure and Investor Protection
DIAS: Direct Internet Access System
DIG: Deputy Inspector General
DBT: Department of Bio-Technology
DCPC: Department of Chemicals & Petrochemicals
DoE: Department of Electronics
DoT: Department of Telecommunication
DM: District Magistrate
D. Litt: Doctor of Literature
DOC: Department of Communication
DD: Doordarshan
DMK: Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
DDT: Dichloro Diphenyl Trichloro-Ethane
DLO: Dead Letter Office
DLW: Diesel Loco Works
DSIM: Department of Statistics and Information Management
DS: Disconnecting Switch
DM: District Magistrate
DMK: Dravida Munetra Kazhagam
DNA: Di-oxyribo-Nucleic Acid
DRG: Development Research Group
DMU: Diesel Multiple Unit
DAL: Delhi Avoiding Line
DEE: Divisional Electrical Engineer
D.Sc.: Doctor of ScienceD.Sc.: Doctor of Science
DF: Development Fund
DOART: Deep Ocean Assessment and Reporting Technology
DPAP: Drought Prone Area Programme
DTH: Direct to Home
DD: Demand Draft
DSP: Deputy Superintendent of Police
DPC: Driving Power Car
DPI: Director of public Instruction
DVD: Digital Versatile Disk
DIR: Defence of India Rules Esq- Esquire
DBOD: Department of Banking Operations and Development
DCC: District Consultative Committee
DCW: Diesel Component Works
DF: Defence Quota
DME: Divisional Mechanical Engineer
DP: Duty Pass
DMRC: Delhi Metro Rail Corporation
DIC: District Industries Centre
DBFO: Design-Build-Finance-Operate
DLBI: Double Line Block Instrument
DCA: Drug and Cosmetic Act
DDT: Dichloro Diphenyle Trichloroethane
DGCA: Director General of Civil Aviation
DLO: Dead Letter Office
DPCS: Defence Satellite Communication System
DRFL: Depreciation Reserve Fund
DRM: Divisional Railway Manager
DvP: Delivery versus Payment
DCM: Department of Currency Management
DMIS: Document Management Information System
DSB: Designated Settlement Banks
DoT: Department of Telecommunications
DHMU: Diesel Hydraulic Multiple Unit
DMH: Dead Man s Handle
DRDO: Defence Research and Development Organisation
DRT: Debt Recovery Tribunal
DoT: Department of Telecommunication
DEBC: Department of Expenditure and Budgetary Control
DGBA: Department of Government and Bank Accounts
DICGC: Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation
DS: Difference Stationary
DNBS: Department of Non-Banking Supervision
DEMU: Diesel-Electric Multiple Unit
DETC: Diesel-Electric Tower Car
E
ECR: Export Credit Refinance
EME: Emerging Market Economies
EBT: Electronic Benefit Transfer
EMF: Electromotive Force
EPABX: Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange
EPIC: Elector s Photo Identity Card
ESOS: Employees Stock Option Scheme
EEA: Exchange Equalisation Account
Etc: Et Cetera
E-MAIL: Electronic Mailing
EMI: Equated Monthly Installments
ENT: Ear, Nose and Throat
EOF: End of File
ERNET: Educational and Research Network
Exp.: Express
E & O E: Errors And Omissions Excepted
ECR: East Coast Railway
EMU: Electric Multiple Unit
EAS: East Asia Summit
ECG: Electro Cardiogram Graph
EEG: Electro Encephalogram Graph
EAS: Employment Assurance Scheme
ECGC: Export Credit Guarantee Corporation
EFT: Electronic Funds Transfer
EOU: Export Oriented Unit
E/A: Extra time Allowed
EC or ECC: Executive Chair Car
EEFC: Exchange Earners Foreign Currency
EIR: East Indian Railway
ETCS: European Train Control System
EY: Empty
EPZ: Export Processing Zone
ERDA: Energy Research and Development Administration
ESCAP: Economic & Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
EG: Exempli Gratia
ECB: European Central Bank
ECS: Electronic Clearing Services
ELRTS: Elevated Light Rail Transit System
EU: European Union
EOD: End of day
ECIL: Electronics Corporation of India Limited
ECG: Electro Cardiogram
EDCIL: Educational Consultants India Ltd.
EPR: Eastern Punjab Railway
ECR: Empty Coaching Rake
ESMA: Essential Services Maintenance Act
EVM: Electronic Voting Machine
EXIM Bank: Export-Import Bank of India
EQ: Emergency Quota
EPCG: Export Promotion Capital Goods
ETA: Estimated Time of Arrival
EDI: Educational Development Index
EDM: Electronic Data Management
ENVIS: Environmental Information System
EDUSAT: Education Satellite
EEC: Eurasian Economic Community
EACB: European Association of Co-operative Banks
ECBs: External Commercial Borrowings
EEG: Electro Encephalogram
EET: Exempt, Exempt, Taxable
ELISA: Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay
ER: Eastern Railway
EXIM Bank: Export Import Bank
F
FCI: Food Corporation of India
FVCIs: Foreign Venture Capital Investors
FBT: Fringe Benefit Tax
FIU-IND: Financial Intelligence Unit-India
FIPB: Foreign Investment Promotion Board
FPS: Focus Product Scheme
FRL: Full Reservoir Level
FMD: Financial Markets Department
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
FEDAI: Foreign Exchange Dealers Association of India
FDI: Foreign Direct Investment
FCCB: Foreign Currency Convertible Bond
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization
FEDL: Fully Electrified Double Line
FFMVFT: Frequency-modulated Voice-frequency Telegraph
FBI: Federal Bureau of Investigation
FC: Financial Commissioner
FC: Foreign Collaborations
FT: Foreign Tourist
FSA: Financial Services Authority
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organisation
FBTR: Fast Breeder Test Reactor
FCI: Fertilizer Corporation of India
FII: Foreign Institutional Investor
FSF: Financial Stability Forum
FC: Forward Caste
FM: Finance Minister
FOR: Free On Rail
FOR: Forward motion
FRLs: Fiscal Responsibility Legislations
FAO: Food & Agriculture Organisation
FC: Financial Conglomerate
FOF: Flow of Funds
FEMA: Foreign Exchange Management Act
FICA: Federation of International Cricketer s Association
FICCI: Federation of India Chambers of Commerce and Industry
FED: Foreign Exchange Department
FLCC: Financial Literacy and Credit Counseling Centre
FCNR(B): Foreign Currency Non-Resident (Banks)
FATF: Financial Action Task Force
FC: First Class
FDI: Foreign Direct Investment
FIR: First Information Report
FIPB: Foreign Investment Promotion Board
FRS: Fellow of the Royal Society
FTA: Free Trade Agreement
FCI: Food Corporation of India
FDI: Foreign Direct Investment
FERA: Foreign Exchange Regulation Act
FRRO: Foreigner s Regional Registration Office
FNRM: Friends of the National Rail Museum
FROA: Federation of Officer s Associations
FITL: Funded Interest Term Loan
FTII: Films and Television Institute of India
FTZ: Free Trade Zone
FST: Financial Sector Technology
FIFA: Federation Internationale de Football Association
FRBM: Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management
FI: Financial Institutions
FCAs: Foreign Currency Assets
FSB: Financial Stability BoardFM: Frequency modulation
FIEO: Federation of Indian Export Organisation
FMCG: Fast Moving Consumer Goods
FRB: Floating Rate Bond
G
GFCE: Government Financial Consumption Expenditure
GIPSA: General Insurer s (Public Sector) Association of India
GCC: General-purpose Credit Card
GPS: Global Positioning System
GSI: Geological Survey of India
GUAM: Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova
GIPR: Great Indian Peninsular Railway
GSDP: Gross State Domestic Product
GDP: Gross Domestic Product
GPF: General Post Office
GK: General Knowledge
GAIL: Gas Authority of India Limited
GATT: General Agreement on Tariff and Trade
GIC: General Insurance Corporation
GM: General Manager
GRP: Government Railway Police
GSLV: Geostationary Launch Vehicle
GCC: Gulf Cooperation Council
GFD: Gross Fiscal Deficit
GSIR: Great Southern of India Railway
GSA: General Sales Agent
GoI: Government of India
G7: Group of Seven (US, UK, Germany, France, Italy, japan and Canada) G8 inc
ludes G7 plus Russia
GATE: Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
GMAT: Graduate Management Admission Test
GSP: Generalised System Preference
GUI: Graphical User Interface
GST: Goods and Services Tax
GIST: Global Institute of Science and Technology
GMT: Greenwich Mean Time
Gm.: Gram
GNLF: Gorkha National Liberation Front
GMT: Greenwich Mean Time
GDR: Global Depository Receipt
GFSR: Global Financial Stability Report
GNP: Gross National Product
GPF: General Provident Fund
GPO: General Post Office
GRF: Guarantee Redemption Fund
H
HTM: Held-to-Maturity
HLCCFM: High Level Coordination Committee on Financial Markets
HR: Human Resources
HH: His Or Highness
HMT: Hindustan Machine Tools
HHPDMU: High-Horsepower Diesel Electric Multiple Unit
HAC: Hindustan Aluminium Corporation
HAL: Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
HCF: Highest Common Factor
HPDMU: High-powered Diesel Multiple Unit
HSCB: High-speed Circuit Breaker
HT: High Tension
HO: Head Office
HRD: Human Resource Development
HP: Handicapped Persons quota
HTS: High Tensile-strength Steel
HDFC: Housing Development Finance Corporation
HLL: Hindustan Levers Limited
HUL: Hindustan Unilever Limited
HURC: Hindustan Unilever Research Centre
HFCs: Housing Finance Companies
HTML: Hyper Text Markup Language
HSUI: Housing Start Up Index
HLAC: High Level Advisory Committee
HDFC: Housing Development Finance Corporation
HMT: Hindustan Machine Tools
HUDCO: Housing and Urban Development Corporation
HQ: Head Quarters
HRDD: Human Resources Development Department
HYVS: High Yield Variety Seeds
HLG: High Level Group
HSRL: High Speed Rail Line (Link)
HP: Himachal Pradesh
HC: High Court
HNI: High Net-worth Individual
HP: Horse Power
HP: Himachal Pradesh
HRMS: Human Resources Management System
I
IRDA: Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority
IGR: Indian Government Railways
IMR: Indian Midland Railway
IAF: Indian Air Force
IA: Intermediate In Arts
IWMP: Integrated Watershed Management Programme
IUSSTF: Indo-US Science and Technology Forum
ISSP: Indian Scientific Satellite Project
IST: Indian Standard Time
ITBP: Indo-Tibet Border Police
ITDC: Indian Tourism Development Corporation
ICICI: Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India Limited
IIP: Index of Industrial Production
IIPM: Indian Institute of Planning and Management
INR: Indian Rupees
ISEC: Institute for Social and Economic Change
IT: Information Technology
ITC: Indian Tobacco Company
ICFOSS: International Centre for Free and Open Source Software
IR: Indian Railways
ISR: Indian State Railway
i.e.: id est (that is)
IBM: International Business Machines
ICSE: Indian Certificate of Secondary Education
ICU: Intensive Care Unit
IEEE: Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers
IELTS: International English Language Testing System
IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IAAI: International Airport Authority of India
lAC: Indian Airlines Corporation
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IRF: Interest Rate Futures
ISW: Indian Standard Wagon Works
IGBT: Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor
IMD: India Meteorological Department
ITER: International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor
ITES: Information Technology Enabled Services
ITPO: Indian Trade Promotion Organisation
ITO: International Trade Organisation
IPWE: Institution of Permanent Way Engineers
IARI: Indian Agricultural Research Institute
IBA: Indian Bank Association
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
IRAS: Indian Railway Accounts Services
ITUC: Indian Trade Union Congress
IUCN: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resource
IUPEP: Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Programme
IVSR: Indus Valley State Railway
ISRO: Indian Space Research Organization
IPO: Initial Public Offering
IBSA: India, Brazil, South Africa
ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research
ICBM: Inter Continental Ballistic Missile
IPA: Issuing and Paying Agent
IRPS: Indian Railway Personnel Services
IHTT: Institute of Handloom and Textile Technology
IUMJ: Indiana Universityrsity Mathematics Journal
IRRA: Indian Railways Regulatory Authority
ICC: International Cricket Council
IISS: International Institute of Strategic Studies
IMAP: Internet Mail Access Protocol
IP: Internet Protocol
IQ: Intelligence Quotient
ISBN: International Standard Book Number
ISDN: Integrated Services Digital Network
ICFTU: International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
ICICI: Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India Limited
IDR: Indian Depository Receipt
IOU: I Owe You
IFA: Indian Football Association
ICAI: Institute of Chartered Accountants of India
ISI: Indian Standards Institute (BIS: Bureau of Indian Standards)
ISRO: Indian Space Research Organisation
ITE: Intra-Group Transactions and Exposure
ICJ: International Court of Justice
ICMR: Indian Council of Medical Research
ICRIER: Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations
IAS: Indian Administrative Association
InISJ: Indian Institutetute of Science Journal
ICSI: Indian Company Secretaries Institute
ICSID: International Centre for Settlement of Industrial Disputes
ICRC: International Committee of the Red Cross
InJME: Indian Journal of Mechanical Engineering
INA: Indian National Army
IMA: Internal Models Approach
IRVS: Interactive Voice Response System
ICSSR: Indian Council of Scientific and Social Research
IDA: International Development Agency
IDBI: Industrial Development Bank of India
IRC: Indian Railways Corporation
IRCA: Indian Railway Conference Association
ISKCON: International Society for Krishna Consciousness
ISO: International Standards Organisation
ITBP: Indo-Tibetan Border Police
ITES: Information Technology enabled services
INTUC: Indian National Trade Union Congress
IDO: International Defence Organisation
IDPL: Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited
IFA: Indian Football Association
IPS: Indian Police Service
IAS: Integrated Accounting Systems
IGIDR: Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research
IST: Indian Standard Time
IFCI: Industrial Finance Corporation of India
IFFI: International Film Festival of India
ITI: Industrial Training Institute\
ITU: International Telecommunication Union
IVF: In-Vitro Fertilisation
IVM: In-vitro Maturation
ITI: Industrial Training Institute
ITU: International Telecommunication Union
IVF: In-Vitro Fertilisation
IVM: In-vitro Maturation
IFFCO: Indian Farmers Fertilizers Cooperative
ISA: Information Systems Audit
IIBM: Indian Institute of Bank Management
IRCON: Indian Railways Construction Company
InJTP: Indian Journal of Theoretical Physics
IFPRI: International Food Policy Research Institute
IFTU: International Federation of Trade Unions
IFWJ: Indian Federation of Working Journalists
IAS: Indian Administrative Service
IIT: Indian Institute of Technology
IMPCOPS: Indian Medical Practitioners Co-operative Pharmacy and Stores
IPL: Indian Premier League
ISD: International Subscriber Dialing
INSAP: Indian National Science Academy
IRCOT: Indian Railways Central Organization for Telecom
IEM: Industrial Entrepreneurs Memoranda
IRSE: Indian Railway Service of Engineers
IRSEE: Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers
IGCAR: Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research
IGMDP: Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme
IGNCA: Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts
IGNOU: Indira Gandhi National Open University
IIM: Indian Institute of Management
IBA: Indian Banks Association
IIFT: Indian Institute of Foreign Trade
IDMD: Internal Debt Management Department
IIFA: International Indian Film Academy
IIPA: Indian Institute of Public Administration
IIS: Indian Institute of Sciences
IT-BPO: Information Technology - Business Process Outsourcing
IRSME: Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers
IRSS: Indian Railway Stores Services
IIT: Indian Institute of Technology
INSAT: Indian National Satellite
IRCTC: Indian Railways Catering and Tourism Corporation
IREB: Indian Railways Executive Board
IISCO: Indian Iron and Steel Company
ILO: International Labour Organisation
IMA: Indian Military Academy
IAEA: International Atomic Energy of India
IVR: Interactive Voice Response
IPDIs: Innovative Perpetual Debt Instruments
ICAR: Indian Council for Agricultural Research
IRSSE: Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers
IRSTE: Indian Railway Signal and Telecom Engineering
IASC: Inspection and Audit Sub-Committee
IMDT: Illegal Migrants (Determination by Tribunals) Act
IMF: International Monetary Fund
INGCA: Indira Gandhi Gallery for Culture and Art
IDRBT: Institute for Development & Research in Banking Technology
IRFC: Indian Railways Finance Corporation
IRIATT: Indian Railways Institute of Advanced Track Technology
ISAS: Institute of Space and Astronomical Science
ISB: Indian Standard Bureau
ISE: International Stock Exchange
ISS: Institute of Social Sciences
ISACA: Information Systems Audit and Control Assessment
IPCC: Inter-Govermental Panel on Climate Change
IMD: India Millennium Deposits
IIA: Institute of Internal Auditors
IT: Information Technology
IRTS: Indian Railway Traffic Services
INS: Indian Naval Ship
INS: Indian News Paper Society
INSDOC: Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre
ISRS: Indian Steam Railway Society
IFRS: International Financial Reporting Standards
IES: Integrated Establishment System
ITO: International Trade Organization
ITR: Integrated Test Range
ICCOMS: Integrated Computerised Currency Operations and Management System
IPCs: Irrevocable Payment Commitments
IIP: Index of Industrial Production
IMFC: International Monetary and Financial Committee
INTELSAT: International Telecommunication Satellite
INTERPOL: International Police Organisation
INTUC: Indian National Trade Union Congress
INTACH: Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage
ICAS: Indian Council of Ayurveda & Siddha
ICMR: Indian Council of Medical Research
ICSSR: Indian Council of Social Sciences Research
INC: Indian National Congress
IPR: Intellectual Property Rights
IISc: Indian Institute of Science
ILD: Institute for Labour Development
ITB: International Tourist Bureau
ICAC: International Cotton Advisory Committee
IMD: India Meteorological Department
IRBM: Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile
IRICEN: Indian Railways Institute of Civil Engineering
IRIEEN: Indian Railways Institute of Electrical Engineering
ISMS: Information Security Management System
IIFCL: India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited
LAN: Local Area Network
LCA: Light Combat Aircraft
LIS: Library and Information Science
INXFAC: Indian Naval Extra-Fast Attact Craft
IOC: Indian Oil Corporation
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IPC: Indian Penal Code
ICT: Information and Communication Technology
IN: India
IJRSP: Indian Journal of Radio and Space Physics
IIApN: Indian Institute of Astrophysics Newsletter
IQ: Iraq
IP-RR: Interest Payment - Revenue Receipt
IPKF: Indian Peace Keeping Force
IQ: Intelligence Quotient
IRBM: Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile
IRC: International Red Cross
ILO: International Labour Organisation
IRIMEE: Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering,
Jamalpur
IRISET: Indian Railways Insitute of Signal Engineering and Telecommunication
s, Secunderabad
IODP: Integrated Officers Development Programmes
IPKF: Indian Peace Keeping Force
IRS: Indian Remote Sensing Satellite
IRDA: Insurance Regulatory Development Authority
IRDP: Integrated Rural Development Programme
ISB: Indian Standard Bureau
ISI: Inter Services Intelligence
IRB: Internal Ratings Based
IRMS: Indian Railway Medical Services
IRPHA: Indian Railway Public Health Association
ISO: International Organisation for Standardisation
ISM: Indian School of Mines
IFS: Indian Foreign Service or Indian Forest Service
IRS: Indian Revenue Service
ISP: Internet Services Provider
ISRO: Indian Space Research Organisation
IMD: India Meteorological Department
IAF: Indian Air Force
ITO: Income Tax Officer
IG: Inspector General (of Police)

zzz
Computer abbrevations
ATM: Asynchronous Transfer Mode
ARP: Address Resolution Protocol
BIT: Binary Digit
BIOS: Basic Input Output System
CPU: Central Processing Unit
CAD: Computer Aided Design
CAM: Computer Aided Manufacturing
CDAC: Centre for Development of Advanced Parallel Computing
CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access
COBOL: Common Business Oriented Language
DOS: Disk Operating Systems
DNS: Domain Name System
E-MAIL: Electronic Mail
FAX: Far Away Xerox
FDD: Floppy Disk Drive
FORTRAN: Formula Translation
FTP: File Transfer Protocol
GIF: Graphics Interchange Format
HDD: Hard Disk Drive
HTML: Hyper Text Markup Language
HTTP: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
HTTPS: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure
IC: Integrated Circuit
ISP: Internet Service Provider
JPEG: Joint photographic Experts Group
MAC: Media Access Control
MIPS: Millions of Instructions Per Second
MPEG: Motion Picture Experts group
MAN: Metropolitan Area Network
MODEM: Modulation Demodulation
MS-DOS: Micro Soft Disk Operating system
NIC: Network Interface Card
OMR: Optical Mark Reader
RAM: Random Access Memory
ROM: Read Only Memory
SMS: System Management Server
SAP: Service Access Point
SONET: Synchronous Optical Network
UDP: User Datagram Protocol
URL: Uniform Resource Locator
VLSI: Very Large scale Integrated
WWW: World Wide Web
Wi-Fi: Wireless Fidelity
WAN: Wide Area Network
WiMAX: Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
ZIP: Zone Improvement Plan

ACE
Access Control Entry
ACL
Access Control List
ADO
Active Data Objects
ADSL
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
AGP
Accelerated Graphics Port
AI
Artificial Intelligence
ALGOL
Algorithmic Language
ALU
Arithmetic Logic Unit
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
AOL
America Online
API
Application Program Interface
APIPA
Automatic Private Internet Protocol Addressing
APT
Automatically Programmed Tooling
ARD
Address Resolution Protocol
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol
ARPA
Advanced Research Projects Agency
ARPANET
Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
ASCII
American Standard Code For Information Interchange
ASF
Advanced Streaming Format
ASM
Association For Systems Management
ASP
Active Server Pages
ATAPI
Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface
ATM
Asynchronous Transfer Mode
AUI
Attachment Unit Interface
AVI
Audio Video Interleave
B2B
Business To Business
B2C
Business To Commerce
BASIC
Beginner`s All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
BCD
Binary Coded Decimal
BDPS
Business Data Processing Systems
BHTML
Broadcast Hyper Text Markup Language
BIOS
Basic Input Output System
BIU
Bus Interface Unit
BLOG
Binary Logic Object
BMP
Bitmap
BPS
Bytes Per Seconds
BS
Bulletin Board Service
C DAC
Centre For Development Of Advanced Computing
CAD
Computer Aided Design
CADD
Computer Added Drafting And Design
CAI
Computer Aided Instructuion
CAM
Computer Aided Manufacturing
CAR
Control Address Register
CASE
Computer Aided Software Engineering
CCIS
Common Channel Interoffice Signaling
CCNA
Cisco Certified Network Associate
CD
Compact Disc
CD RW
Compact Disc Re-Writable
CD WORM
Compact Disc- Write Once Read Many
CDMA
Code Division Multiple Access
CDONTS
Collabaration On Data Objects For Windows Nt Server
CDROM
Compact Disc- Read Only Memory
CFG
Control Flow Graph
CGI
Common Gateway Interface
CGM
Computer Graphics Metafile
CIDR
Classless Inter-Domain Routing
CIM
Computer Integrated Manufacture
CISC
Complex Instruction Set Computers
CIX
Commercial Internet Exchange
CLR
Common Language Runtime
CMOS
Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
CMS
Content Management System
CMYK
Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Key (Black)
COBOL
Common Business Oriented Language
COM
Component Object Model
CORBA
Common Object Request Broker Architecture
CPI
Clock Cycle Per Instruction
CPU
Central Processing Unit
CRC
Cyclic Redundancy Check
CRM
Customer Relationship Management
CROM
Control Read Only Memory
CRT
Cathode Ray Tube
CUI
Character User Interface
DAC
Digital To Analog Converter
DAO
Data Access Objects
DARPANET
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
DAT
Digital Audio Tape
DBA
Data Base Administrator
DBMS
Data Base Management System
DCA
Defence Communication Agency
DCL
Data Control Language
DCOM
Distributed Component Object Model
DCP
Data Communication Processor
DDL
Data Definition Language
DDOS
Distributed Denial Of Service
DDP
Distributed Data Processing
DFD
Data Flow Diagram
DFS
Distributed File System
DHCP
Dynamic Host Control Protocol
DHTML
Dynamics Hyper Text Markup Language
DLC
Data Link Control
DLL
Dynamic Link Library
DMA
Direct Memory Access
DML
Data Manipulation Language
DMTF
Distributed Management Test Force
DNA
Distributed Internet Architecture
DNS
Domain Name System (Server)
DOD
Department Of Defense
DOM
Document Object Model
DOS
Disk Operating System, Denial Of Service
DPI
Dots Per Inch
DRAM
Dynamic Random Access Memory
DSL
Digital Subscriber Line
DSN
Digital Subscriber Network
DTD
Document Type Definition
DVD
Digital Versatile Disc
E
Electronic
EAROM
Electrically Alterable Read Only Memory
EBCDIC
Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
EDC
Electronic Digital Computer
EDCDIC
Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
EEPROM
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EFS
Encrypted File System
EJB
Enterprise Java Beans
ENIAC
Electronics Numerical Integrator And Calculator
EPROM
Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EROM
Erasable Read Only Memory
ERP
Enterprise Resource Planning
EULA
End User License Agreement
FAT
File Allocation Table
FDD
Floppy Disk Drive
FDDI
Fiber Distributed Data Interface
FDMA
Frequency Division Multiple Access
FIFO
First In First Out
FLOPS
Floating Point Operations Per Second
FO
Fiber Optics
FORTRAN
Formula Translation
FPS
Frames Per Second
FRAM
Ferro Electric Random Access Memory
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
GB
Giga Bytes
GIF
Graphic Interchange Format
GIGO
Garbage In Garbage Out
GML
General Markup Language
GNU
Gnu`s Not Unix
GPL
General Public License
GUI
Graphical User Interface
HDD
Hard Disk Drive
HFS
Hierarchical File System
HP
Hewlett Packard
HPC
High Performance Computing
HPFS
High Performance File System
HSR
Horizontal Scan Rate
HTML
Hyper Text Markup Language
HTTP
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
HW
Hardware
IO
Input Output
IBM
International Business Machines
IC
Integrated Circuit
ICMP
Internet Control Message Protocol
ICS
Reduce Instruction Set Computer
ICT
Information And Communication Technology
IDE
Integrated Development Environment
IE
Internet Explorer
IGMP
Internet Group Management Protocol
IIS
Internet Information Service
IL
Intermediate Language
IOP
Input-Output Processor
IP
Internet Protocol
IPX
Internetworked Packet Exchange
IRAM
Integration Ram
IRC
Internet Relay Chat
IRDA
Infrared Data Association
IRQ
Interrupt Request
ISAPI
Internet Server Application Program Interface
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO
International Standard Organization
ISP
Internet Service Provider
ISR
Interrupt Service Routine
IT
Information Technology
ITPL
Information Technology Park Limited (India)
JCL
Job Control Language
JDBC
Java Data Base Connectivity
JHTML
Java Within Hyper Text Markup Language
JPEG
Joint Photographic Experts Group
JSP
Java Server Pages
KB
Kilo Bytes
KBPS
Kilo Bytes Per Second
L2TP
Layer Two Tunneling Protocol
LAN
Local Area Network
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
LDAP
Light Weight Directory Access Control
LIFO
Last In First Out
LIPS
Logical Interfaces Per Second
LOC
Lines Of Code
LSI
Large Scale Integration
LSP
Layered Service Provider
MAC
Media Access Control
MAN
Metropolitan Area Network
MAU
Multi-Station Access Unit
MB
Mega Bytes
MBONE
Multicast Backbone
MBPS
Mega Bytes Per Second
MBR
Master Boot Record
MCP
Microsoft Certified Professional
MCS
Multicast Server
MCSA
Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator
MCSD
Microsoft Certified Solution Developer
MCSE
Microsoft Certified System Engineer
MDE
Microsoft Access Database
MDI
Multiple Document Interface
MDS
Microcomputer Development System
MFC
Microsoft Foundation Classes
MFT
Master File Table
MG
Mega Bytes
MICR
Magnetic-Ink Characters Recognition
MIDI
Musical Instrument Digital Interface
MIMD
Multiple Instruction Multiple Data
MIME
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
MIPS
Millions Of Instructions Per Second
MISD
Multiple Instruction Single Data
MODEM
Modulator And Demodulator
MP3
Motion Pictures Experts Group Layer 3
MPEG
Motion Pictures Experts Group
MS
Microsoft
MSDN
Microsoft Developer Network
MSIIS
Microsoft Internet Information Server
MSIL
Microsoft Intermediate Language
MSMQ
Microsoft Message Queue
MSN
Microsoft Network
MSRAP
Microsoft Remote Administration Protocol
MSRPC
Microsoft Remote Procedure Call
MTS
Microsoft Transaction Server
MTU
Maximum Transmission Unit
MUDS
Multi-User Dungeons
NAS
Network Attached Storage
NASSCOM
National Association Of Software & Service Companies
NCP
Network Control Protocol
NDIS
Network Driver Interface Specification
NDRO
Nondestructive Read Out
NETBEUI
Netbios Enhanced User Interface
NIC
National Informatics Centre,
NIIT
National Institute Of Information Technology
NNTP
Network News Transfer Protocol
NOW
Network Of Workstations
NSFNET
National Science Foundation Network
NT (WINDOWS)
New Technology
NTFS
New Technology File System
NTP
Network Time Protocol
OCP
Oracle Certified Professional
OCR
Optical Character Readers
ODBC
Open Data Base Connectivity
OLE
Object Linking And Embedding
OMR
Optical Mark Reader
ONE
Open Network Architecture
OOA
Object Orient Analysis
OOAD
Object Oriented Analysis And Design
OOP
Object Oriented Programming
OOPS
Object Oriented Programming System
OPEN GL
Open Graphics Library
OS
Operating System
OSI
Open System Interconnection
PC
Personal Computer
PCI
Peripheral Component Interconnect
PCMCIA
Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PDA
Personal Digital Assistant
PDF
Portable Document Format
PDL
Page Description Language
PDU
Protocol Data Unit
PHP
Php Hypertext Processor
PIC
Programming Interrupt Control
PILOT
Programmed Inquiry Learning Or Teaching
PLA
Programmable Logic Array
PLC
Programmable Logic Controller
PNG
Portable Network Graphics
PNP
Plug And Play
POP
Post Office Protocol
POST
Power On Self Test
PPP
Peer To Peer Protocol
PPTP
Point To Point Tunneling Protocol
PROM
Programmable Read Only Memory
PS
Post Script
PSI
Performance Systems International
PSN
Processor Serial Number
PSW
Program Status Word
QOS
Quality Of Service
R DAT
Rotating Digital Audio Tape
RADSL
Rate-Adaptive Digital Subscribes Line
RAID
Redundant Array Of Independent Disks
RAM
Random Access Memory
RAMDAC
Random Access Memory Digital To Analog Converter
RAS
Remote Access Network
RD RAM
Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory
RDBMS
Relational Data Base Management System
RDO
Remote Data Objects
RDP
Remote Desktop Protocol
RFC
Request For Comments
RGB
Red Green Blue
RICS
Reduced Instruction Set Computer
RIP
Raster Image Processor
RISC
Reduced Instruction Set Computer
ROM
Read Only Memory
RPC
Remote Procedure Call
RTC
Real Time Clock
RTF
Rich Text Format
RTOS
Real Time Operating System
S DAT
Stationary Digital Audio Tape
SACK
Selective Acknowledgements
SAM
Security Access Manager
SAP
Service Access Point, Systems Applications Products
SCMP
Software Configuration Management Plan
SCSI
Small Computers Systems Interface
SD RAM
Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SDD
Software Design Description
SDK
Software Development Kit
SDL
Storage Definition Language
SDN
Integrated Service Digital Network
SDRAM
Static Dynamic Random Access Memory
SDSL
Symmetric Digital Subscribes Line
SG RAM
Synchronous Graphics Random Access Memory
SGML
Standard Generalized Markup Language
SIM
Subscriber Identification Module
SIMD
Single Instruction Multiple Data
SISD
Single Instruction Single Data
SIU
Serial Interface Unit
SMP
Symmetric Multi-Process
SMS
Short Message Service
SMTP
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SNA
System Network Architecture
SNAP
Sub Network Access Protocol
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
SNOBOL
String Oriented Symbolic Language
SOAP
Simple Object Access Protocol
SPX
Sequenced Packet Exchange
SQA
Statistical Quality Assurance
SQL
Structured Query Language
SRAM
Static Random Access Memory
SRS
Software Requirements Specification
STP
Shielded Twisted Pair
SVVP
Software Verification And Validation Plan
SW
Software
TAPI
Telephony Application Program Interface
TB
Tera Bytes
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol
TCP-IP
Transmission Control Protocol - Internet Protocol
TDI
Transport Data Interface
TDMA
Time Division Multiple Access
TPM
Transactions Processing Monitor
TSR
Terminate And Stay Residents
UDD
User Datagram Protocol
UDP
User Datagram Protocol
UI
User Interface
UML
Unified Modelling Language
UNC
Universal Naming Convention
UNIX
Uniplexed Information And Computer Systems
URL
Uniform Resource Locator
USB
Universal Serial Bus
USRT
Universal Synchronous Receiver Transmitted
UTP
Unshielded Twisted Pair
VAN
Virtual Area Network
VAST
Very Small Aperture Terminal
VB
Visual Basic
VC++
Visual C++
VCD
Video Compact Disc
VDL
View Definition Language
VGA
Video Graphics Array
VHS
Video Home System
VLIW
Very Long Instruction Words
VLSI
Very Large Scale Integrated Circuits
VPN
Virtual Private Network
VRAM
Video Random Access Memory
VRML
Virtual Reality Modelling Language
VS
Visual Studio
VSNL
Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited
VVR
Software Validation And Validation Report
VXD
Virtual Device Driver
W3C
World Wide Web Consortium
WAIS
Wide Area Information Servers
WAN
Wide Area Network
WAP
Wireless Application Protocol
WBEM
Web-Base Enterprise Management
WDM
Wave Division Multiplexing
WHQL
Windows Hardware Quality Lab
WINDOWS ME
Windows Millennium Edition
WINDOWS NT
Windows New Technology
WINDOWS XP
Windows Experienced
WINS
Windows Internet Name Service
WMI
Windows Management Instrumentation
WML
Wireless Markup Language
WORM
Write Once Read Many
WSH
Windows Script Host
WWW
World Wide Web
WYSIWYG
What You See Is What You Get
XHTML
Extensible Hyper Text Markup Language
XML
Extensible Markup Language
XSL
Extensible Style Sheet Langauge
Y2K
Year 2000
ZIF
Zero Insertion Force
An Early List of Computer Acronyms
(Use "Ctrl F" or "Apple F"totypeinthe acronym and "find"whatyou're lookingfor.)
AAL ATM Adaptation Layer
AARP AppleTalk Address Resolution Protocol
ABM Asynchronous Balance Mode (HDLC)
ABR Available Bit Rate
AC Access Control (IEEE)
ACF Access Control Field (DQDB)
ACK Acknowledgment
ADM Add/Drop Multiplexer
ADSL Asymmetric Digital SubscriberLinks
AIS AlarmIndication Signal (SONET)
ANI Automatic Number Identification
ANS American National Standards
ANSI American National Standards Institute
API Application Programming Interface
APS Automatic Protection Switching
ARM Asynchronous Response Mode (HDLC)
ARP Address Resolution Protocol
Async Asynchronous
ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
AU Access Unit (DQDB)
AUI Attachment Unit Interface (Ethernet 802.3)
B8ZS Bipolar with 8 Zero Substitution
BCC Block Check Characters
BCD Binary Coded Decimal
BECN Backward Explicit Congestion Notification (FR)
Bellcore Bell Communications Research
BER Bit Error Ratio or Rate
BGP Border Gateway Protocol
BIP Bit Interleaved Parity (8)
B-ISDN Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network
B-NT Broadband Network Terminator
BO Bit Oriented(SONET)
BOC Bell Operating Company
BOM Beginning of Message (DQDB)
BootP Bootstrap Protocol
bps Bits per second or bytes per second
BRI Basic Rate Interface (ISDN)
BSC IBMs Binary SynchronousCommunications protocol
B-TA Broadband Terminal Adapter (ATM)
B-TE Broadband Terminal Equipment (ATM)
CAD/CAM Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Manufacturing
CAN Customer Access Node (SMDS)
CBDS Connectionless Broadband Data Service
CBEMA Computer and Business Equipment Manufacturers Association
CBR Constant Bit Rate
CCI Carrier-to-Carrier Interface
CCITT Consultative Committee International Telegraph & Telephone
CD CountDown counter (DQDB)
CE Connection Endpoint
CEPT Conference on European Post & Telegraph
CIR Committed Information Rate (FR)
CL Connectionless (SONET)
CLEC Competitive Local Exchange Carrier
CLLM Consolidated Link Layer Management (FR)
CLNP Connectionless Layer Network Protocol
CLNS ConnectionLess Network Service (OSI)
CLSF ConnectionLess Server Function (ITU-T)
CMIP Common Management Interface Protocol (ISO)
CMIS Common Management Information Service (ISO)
CMISE CMIS Element (ISO)
CMT Connection Management (FDDI)
CNMS Customer Network Management System
CO Central Office
COAM Customer Owned and Maintained
COCF Connection-Oriented Convergence Function (DQDB)
COM Continuation of Message (DQDB)
CONS Connection-Oriented Network Service (ITU-T)
CPE Customer Premises Equipment
C/R Command/Response Indicator or bit
CRC Cyclic Redundancy Check or Test
CS Convergence Sublayer (DQDB)
CSMA/CD Carrier-Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection
CSU Channel Service Unit
CTI Computer-to-telephony interface
DA Destination Address field
DAL Dedicated Access Line
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Program Agency
DARPAnet Defense Advanced Research Program Agency network
DAS Dual-Attach Station connection (FDDI)
DCE Data Communications Equipment
DCS Digital Cross-connect System
DDD Direct Distance Dialing
DDS Digital Data Service
DE Discard Eligibility (FR)
DEC Digital Equipment Corporation
DH DMPDU Header (DQDB)
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DLCI Data Link Connection Identifier (FR)
DMPDU Derived MAC PDU (DQDB)
DNIS Directory Number Information Service
DNS Distributed Naming Service
DPG Dedicated Packet Group (FDDI)
DoD Department of Defense
DQDB Distributed Queue Dual Bus (IEEE)
DS0 Digital Signal Level 0
DS1 Digital Signal Level 1
DS3 Digital Signal Level 3
DSAP Destination Service Access Point (LLC)
DSG Default Slot Generator (DQDB)
DSP Digital Signal Processor
DSU Data Service Unit
DT DMPDU trailer (DQDB)
DTE Data Terminal Equipment
DTMF Dual Tone MultiFrequency
DVMRP Distance Vector MulticaRouting Protocol
DXC Digital Cross-Connect
DXI Data Exchange Interface (SMDS, ATM)
E1 European Transmission Level 1
E3 European Transmission Level 3
EA Extended Address
ECN Explicit Congestion Notification (FR)
ECSA Exchange Carriers Standards Association
ED End Delimiter (IEEE 802)
EDI Electronic Data Interchange(or document interchange)
EGP Exterior Gateway Protocol
EGRP Exterior Gateway Routing Protocol
EIA Electronics Industries Association
EIGRP Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
EIR Excess Information Rate
EMA Enterprise Management Architecture (DEC)
EOM End Of Message
EOT End Of Transmission
ES End System (OSI)
ESF Extended SuperFrame
ES-IS End System-to-IntermediateSystem protocol (OSI)
ETB End of Transmission Block
ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute
ETX End of Text
F Flag
FC Frame Control field (FDDI)
FCS Frame Check Sequence (FR)
FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface (ANSI)
FDDI-II Fiber Distributed Data Interface Version II
FDM Frequency Division Multiplexing
FEBE Far End Block Error
FEC Forward Error Correction
FECN Forward Explicit Congestion Notification (FR)
FERF Far End Reporting Failure
FIFO First In, First Out
FM Frequency Modulation
FOIRL Fiber-Optic InterRepeater Link (Ethernet 802.3)
fps Frames per second
FR Frame Relay
FRAD Frame Relay Assembler/Disassembler, or Access Device
FS Frame Status field (FDDI)
FT1 Fractional T1
FTP File Transfer Protocol
Gbit Gigabits (billions of bits)
Gbps Gigabits per second (109 bps)
GFC Generic Flow Control
GFID General Format Identifier
GFI General Format Identifier (X.25)
GGP Gateway-Gateway Protocol (DoD)
GOS Grade of Service
GOSIP Government Open System Interconnection Profile
GUI Graphical User Interface
HCS Header Check Sequence (DQDB)
HDTV High Definition TeleVision
HDLC High-Level Data Link Control (ISO)
HEC Header Error Control
HOB Head of Bus (DQDB) A or B
HSRP Hot Standby Routing Protocol
HSSI High-Speed Serial Interface
HTML Hypertext Markup Language
HTTP Hypertext Trasfer Protocol
Hz Hertz or cycles per second
ICF Isochronous Convergence Function (DQDB)
ICIP Inter-Carrier Interface Protocol (SMDS)
ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol
IDRP InterDomain Routing Protocol
IEC InterExchange Carrier
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IETF Internet Engineering Task Force
IGP Interior Gateway Protocol
IGP Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
IGRP Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (Cisco )
ILMI Interim Local Management Interface
IMPDU Initial MAC Protocol Data Unit (DQDB)
IMSSI Inter-MAN Switching System Interface (DQDB)
I-MAC Isochronous Media Access Control (FDDI)
intraLATA intraLocal Access Transport Area
ISN Initial Sequence Number (DoD)
IP Internet Protocol (DoD)
IPCP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (DoD)
IPX Internetwork Packet Exchange protocol (Novell)
IS Intermediate System (OSI)
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
ISDU Isochronous Service Data Unit (DQDB)
IS-IS Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (OSI)
ISO International Standards Organization
ISP Internet Service Protocol
ISSI Inter-Switching System Interface (SMDS)
ISU Isochronous Service User (SMDS)
IT Integrated Technology
ITU International Telecommunications Union
ITU-T ITU - Telecommunicationsstandardization sector
IVR Integrated Voice Recognition
IXC IntereXchange Carrier
kbit kilobit (thousands of bits)
kbps kilobits per second (103 bps)
km kilometers (103 meters)
LAN Local Area Network
LANE LAN Emulation
LAP-B Link Access Procedure - Balanced (X.25)
LAP-D Link Access Procedure - D Channel (ISDN/Frame Relay)
LAP-F Link Access Procedure - Frame Mode
LAT Local Area Transport protocol (DEC)
LATA Local Access Transport Area
LB Letter Ballot
LCD Liquid Crystal Display
LCGN Logical Channel Group Number
LCP Link Control Protocol
LEC Local Exchange Carrier
LECS LAN Emulation Configuration Server
LES LAN Emulation Server
LLC Logical Link Control (IEEE 802.X)
LME Layer Management Entity (DQDB)
LMI Local Management Interface (FR)
LSB Least Significant Bit
LT Line Termination
LTE Line Terminating Equipment (SONET)
LU Logical Unit (SNA)
m meter
MAC Media Access Control (IEEE 802.X)
MAN Metropolitan Area Network (DQDB, FDDI)
Mbit Megabits (millions of bits)
Mbps Megabits per second (106 bps)
MCF MAC Convergence Function (DQDB)
MCP MAC Convergence Protocol (DQDB)
MHz Megahertz
MIB Management Information Base (SNMP)
MIC Media Interface Connector (FDDI)
MID Message IDentifier (DQDB), Multiplexing IDentifier (ATM)
MIPS Millions of Instructions Per Second
MMF Multimode Fiber
MOP Maintenance and Operation Protocol (DEC)
MOSPF Multicast Open Shortest Path First
MPEG Motion Picture Encoding Group
MPOA MultiprotocolOver ATM
ms millisecond (one-thousandth of a second, 10-3 seconds)
ms microsecond (10-6 second)
MSAP MAC Service Access Point (SMDS)
MSB Most Significant Bit
MSDU MAC Service Data Unit (SMDS)
MSS MAN Switching System (SMDS)
MTU Maximum Transmission Unit
MUX Multiplexer
NANP North American Numbering Plan
NBP Name Binding Protocol
NCP Network Control Protocol or Point (SNA)
NE Network Element
NetBIOS Network Basic Input/Output System protocol
NFS Network File Server
nm nanometer (10-9 meter)
NIC Network Interface Card
NMP Network Management Process (SMDS)
NMS Network Management System or Station
NNI Network-Node Interface (SONET)
NNI Network-to-Network Interface (FR)
NOS Network Operating System
NP Network Performance
NPA Numbering Plan Area
NRM Normalized Response Mode (ISO)
NRZ Non-return to zero
NRZI Non-return to zero invert ones
ns nanosecond (10-9 second)
NSAP Network Service Access Point
NTx Network Termination x (where X = 1, 2, ...)
OAM Operations and Maintenance
OC-N Optical Carrier Level N (SONET)
OCR Optical Character Recognition
OH Overhead
OID Object Identifier (SNMP)
OOF Out of Frame
ONA Open Network Architecture
OS Operating System
OSI Open Systems Interconnection
OSI CLNS Connectionless Network System (OSI)
OSIRM OSI Reference Model
OSPF Open Shortest Path First
OTC Operating Telephone Company
PA Prearbitrated segment or slot (DQDB)
PABX Private Automatic Branch Exchange
PAD Packet Assembler/Disassembler (X.25)
PAF Prearbitrated Function (DQDB)
PBX Private Branch Exchange
PCN Personal Communications Network
PCR Peak Cell Rate
PCS Personal Communications Services
PDC Packet Data Channel (FDDI)
PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
PDN Public Data Network
PDS Packet Driver Specification for public domain
PDU Protocol Data Unit (IEEE)
Ph-SAP Physical layer SAP (DQDB)
PHY Physical layer standard (FDDI)
PID Protocol IDentification
PIM Protocol Independent Multicast
Ping Packet Internet Groper
PIR Protocol Independent Routing
PL PAD Length (DQDB)
PLCP Physical Layer Convergence Protocol (DQDB)
PM Performance Monitoring
PMD Physical Layer Medium Dependent standard (FDDI)
POH Path Overhead (SONET)
POI Path Overhead Identifier (DQDB)
PON Passive Optical Network
PoP Point of Presence
POTS Plain Old Telephone Service
PPP Point-to-Point Protocol (Internet)
Pps Packets per second
PRI Primary Rate Interface (ISDN)
PSPDN Packet-Switched Public Data Network
PT Payload Type
PTE Path-Terminating Equipment (PTE)
PTT Postal, Telegraph & Telephone Ministry/Administration
PU Physical Unit (SNA)
PVC Permanent Virtual Circuit or Channel (FR, X.25)
QA Queued Arbitrated (DQDB) segment, slot, access function
QAF Queued Arbitrated Function (DQDB)
QoS Quality of Service
QPSX Queued Packet and Synchronous Exchange
RBOC Regional Bell Operating Company
RCP Remote Console Protocol (DEC)
RDI Remote Defect Indication (ATM)
REJ Reject frame
RFC Request for Comments
RIP Routing Information Protocol
RISC Reduced Instruction Set Computer
RJE Remote Job Entry
RMT Ring Management (FDDI)
RNR Receive Not Ready
RQ Request Counter (DQDB)
RR Receive Ready frame
RSVP Resource Reservation Protocol
RTMP Routing and Management Protocol (Apple)
RTP Routing Update Protocol
s second
SA Source Address field
SAP Service Access Point (ISO)
SAPI Service Access Point Identifier (ISO)
SAR Segmentation and Re-assembly (ATM)
SAS Single-Attach Station connection (FDDI)
SD Start Delimiter
SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (ITU-T)
SDLC Synchronous Data Link Control protocol (IBM)
SDU Service Data Unit (DQDB)
SES Severely Errored Seconds
SF SuperFrame
SIG SMDS Interest Group
SIP SMDS Interface Protocol (SMDS)
SIR Sustained Information Rate (SMDS)
SMDS Switched Multimegabit Data Service
SMF Single-Mode Fiber
SMT System Management protocol (FDDI)
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SN Sequence Number
SNA System Network Architecture (IBM)
SNAP SubNetwork Access Protocol (SMDS)
SNI Subscriber Network Interface (SMDS)
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol (DoD)
SOH Section Overhead
SONET Synchronous Optical Network (ANSI)
SPE Synchronous Payload Envelope (SONET)
SPF Shortest Path First protocol
SPM FDDI-to-SONET Physical Layer Mapping standard
SQL Structured Query Language
SREJ Select Reject frame
SRT Source Route Transparent protocol
SS Switching System (SMDS)
SSAP Source Service Access Point (LLC)
SSCOP Service-Specific Connection Oriented Protocol (ATM)
SSCS Service-Specific Convergence Sublayer (ATM)
STE Section Terminating Equipment (SONET)
STM Synchronous Transfer Mode or Station Management (SDH)
STM-n Synchronous Transport Module level n (SDH)
STP Shielded Twisted Pair
STP Spanning Tree Protocol (IEEE 802.1d)
STS-n Synchronous Transport Signal Level n (SONET)
STS-Nc Concatenated Synchronous Transport Signal Level N
SVC Switched Virtual Circuit or Signaling Virtual Channel
SYN Synchronous Idle
t time
TA Terminal Adapter
TAPI Telephony Application Program Interface
TC Transmission Convergence sub-layer of PHY layer (ATM)
TCP Transmission Control Protocol (DoD)
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (DoD)
TDM Time Division Multiplexing
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
TE Terminal Equipment
TP Transport Protocol (CCITT)
TP4 Transport Protocol Class 4 (ISO)
TR Technical Report
TSAPI Telephony Services Application Programmers Interface
UBR Unspecified Bit Rate
UDP User Datagram Protocol (DoD)
UNI User-to-Network Interface
UNMA Unified Network Management Architecture (AT&T)
UTP Unshielded Twisted Pair
VBR Variable Bit Rate
VC Virtual Channel or Virtual Call
VCC Virtual Channel Connection
VCI Virtual Channel or Circuit Identifier (DQDB)
VC-n Virtual Container-n (SDH)
VLSI Very Large Scale Integration
VP Virtual Path (ATM)
VPI Virtual Path Identifier (ATM)
VPN Virtual Private Network
VT Virtual Tributary (SONET)
VTx VT of size x (currently x = 1.5, 2, 3, 6)
VTx-Nc Concatenated Virtual Tributary (SONET)
WAN Wide Area Network
XNS Xerox Network Systems protocol (XEROX)
ZIP Routing and Management protocol (Apple)

ATM: Asynchronous Transfer Mode


ARP: Address Resolution Protocol
BIT: Binary Digit
BIOS: Basic Input Output System
CPU: Central Processing Unit
CAD: Computer Aided Design
CAM: Computer Aided Manufacturing
CDAC: Centre for Development of Advanced Parallel Computing
CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access
COBOL: Common Business Oriented Language
DOS: Disk Operating Systems
DNS: Domain Name System
E-MAIL: Electronic Mail
FAX: Far Away Xerox
FDD: Floppy Disk Drive
FORTRAN: Formula Translation
FTP: File Transfer Protocol
GIF: Graphics Interchange Format
HDD: Hard Disk Drive
HTML: Hyper Text Markup Language
HTTP: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
HTTPS: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure
IC: Integrated Circuit
ISP: Internet Service Provider
JPEG: Joint photographic Experts Group
MAC: Media Access Control
MIPS: Millions of Instructions Per Second
MPEG: Motion Picture Experts group
MAN: Metropolitan Area Network
MODEM: Modulation Demodulation
MS-DOS: Micro Soft Disk Operating system
NIC: Network Interface Card
OMR: Optical Mark Reader
RAM: Random Access Memory
ROM: Read Only Memory
SMS: System Management Server
SAP: Service Access Point
SONET: Synchronous Optical Network
UDP: User Datagram Protocol
URL: Uniform Resource Locator
VLSI: Very Large scale Integrated
WWW: World Wide Web
Wi-Fi: Wireless Fidelity
WAN: Wide Area Network
WiMAX: Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
ZIP: Zone Improvement Plan
Looking for more stuff for your preparation???
Click here Computer Knowledge Online Test
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Important Abbreviation's About Information Technology
NASSCOM- National Association Software Service Companies
BPO- Business Process Outsourcing
CPU- Central processing Unit
OCR- Optical Character Reader
RAM- Random Access Memory
ROM- Read Only Memory
HDD- Hard Disk Drive
FDD- Floppy Disk Drive
CD-RO- Compact Disk -Read Only memory
PROM- Programmable Read Only Memory
I/O- Input/Output
ALU- Arithmatic Logical Unit
CU- Control Unit
FORTRAN- Formula Translation/Translator
COBOL- Common Business Oriented Language
BASIC- Beginners All Purpose Symbolic Language
PL- programming Language
SQL- Sequential Query Language
RDBMS- Relational Data Base Management System
COM- Computer Output Microfilm
CRT- Cathod Ray Tube
CAD - Computer Aided Design
PC- Personal Computer
PCAT-Personal Compuer Advanced Technolgy
PCXT- Personal Computer Extended Technology
IC- Integrated Circuit
VLSI- Very Large Scale Integrated Circuit
OMR- Optical Mark Reader
VDU- Visual Display Unit
MB- Mega Byte
GB- GIga Byte
DOS- Disk Operating System
LAN- Local Area Network
WAN- Wide Area Network
VAN- Value Added Network
RCN- Remote Communication Network
E-Mail- Electronic Mail
BBS- Bulletin Band System
ICMP- Internet Control Message Protocol
ARP- Address Resoluton Protocol
MD- Make Directory
CUPID- Computer Used By The Print Disable
VDT- Visual Display Terminal
LCD- Liquid Crystal Display
LED- Liquid Embedded Display
AC- Alternative Current
DC- Direct Current
VCD- Video Compact Disk

International Atomic energy agency - IAEA


Indian Council of Agricultural Research - ICAR.
North East Local Services Improvement Project - NELSIP.
Centre for Earth Science Studies.- CESS.
National Institute of Plant Health Management - NIPHM.
United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea.- ITIOS.
Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs - CCEA
Socio-Economic Caste Census.- SECC.
National Rural livelihoods Project - NRLP
National Rural Livelihoods Mission.- NRLM
National Health mission - NHM
List of More short forms for bank and psc exams in 2014
National Rural Health Mission - NRHM
National Urban Health Mission - NUHM
Inter Continental Baliiistic Missile ICBM.
Internet and Mobile Association of india - IAMAI
Indian Space Research Organisation - ISRO.
Armed Forces Special Powers Act - AFSPA
Gross Enrolment Ratio - GER
Public Private Partnership Appraisal Committee - PPPAC
National Human Rights Commission - NHRC
More short forms, from news Updated on 2014 Feb
Coastal Regulation Zone - CRZ
Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Activities Act - CO
FEPOSA
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. MGNREGS
Union Ministry of Earth Sciences- MoES.
Indian Leather Development Programme. - ILDP
All India Bank Officers Conference. - AIBOC
National Assessment and Accreditation Council. - NAAC
Satellite Based Augmentation System. - SBAS
GPS- Aided Geo Augmented Navigation. - GAGAN
Pradan Mantri Swastya Suraksha Yojana. - PMSSY
Inter Governmental Authority on Development. - IGAD
Geosynchronous satellite Vehicle. - GSLV
Environmental Education and Training Unit - EETU
United Nations Environment Programme. - UNEP
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle. - PSLV
New Exploration Licensing Policy. - NELP
Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry. - FICCI
National Investigation Agency. - NIA
Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria. - RRIN
Liquified Natural Gas. - LNG
Association of National Exchanges Members of India - ANMI
Securities and Exchange Board of India - SEBI
International Centre for Free and Open Source Software - ICFOSS
Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel - WGEEP
National Anti Doping Appeal Panel - NADAP
Research and Analysis Wing - RAW
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - IPCC
Annual status of Education Report - ASER
National Horticultural Research and Development Foundation - NHRDF
Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology - CCMB
Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited - NPCIL
United Nations Mission in South Sudan - UNMISS
Terrorism and Disruptive Activities Prevention Act - TADA
European Organisation for Nuclear Research known as CERN
World Economic Forum - WEF
Solar Energy Corporation of India - SECI
Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs - CCEA
National Waqf Development Corporation limited - NAWADCO
United Nations Convention for the Rights of the Child - UNCRC
All India Bank Employees Association - AIBEA
Unique Identification Authority of India - UIDAI
International Atomic Energy of India - IAEA
Atomic Energy Organisation Of Iran - AEOI
United states Food and Drug Administration - USFDA
Indo-US Science and Technology Forum - IUSSTF
National Commitee for Protection of Natural Resources - NCPNR
Joint Terrorism Task Force - JTTF
National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission - NCDRC
National Consumer Co operatives Federation - NCCF
Atomic Energy Regulatory Board - AERB
All India Council for Technical Education - AICTE
International Commission on Non Ionizing Rediation Protection - ICNIRP
United Nations Commission in International Trade Law - UNCITRAL

popular management entrance exams:


CAT - Common Admission Test
CMAT - Common Management Admission Test
GMAT - Graduate Management Aptitude Test
HP CMAT - Himachal Pradesh Combined Management Aptitude Test
JMET - Joint Management Entrance Test
IIBF - Indian Institute of Banking & Finance
IIFT - Indian Institute of Foreign Trade
IISWBM - Indian Institute of Social Welfare & Business Management
IBSAT - ICFAI Business School Aptitude Test
IPMG Entrance Exam - Institute of Petroleum Management
IRMA - Institute of Rural Management Anand
KMAT - Karnataka Management Aptitude Test
MAT - Management Aptitude Test
MICAT - MICA Common Aptitude Test
MAH MBA CET - Maharashtra MBA Common Entrance Test
NMAT - Narsee Monjee Management Aptitude Test
RMAT - Rajasthan Management Aptitude Test
SNAP - Symbiosis National Aptitude Test
TANCET - Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test Exam
UPMCAT - Uttar Pradesh Management Common Aptitude Test
XAT - Xavier s Aptitude Test
Acronyms of some of the popular engineering entrance exams:
JEE (Main) - Joint Entrance Exam(Main)
JEE (Advanced) - Joint Entrance Exam(Advanced)
SRMEEE - SRM University Engineering Entrance Exam
VITEEE - Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam
GCET - Goa Common Entrance Test
KCET - Karnataka Common Entrance Test
EAMCET - Engineering, Agriculture and Medical Common Entrance Test
Odisha JEE(OJEE) - Odisha Joint Entrance Exam
NMAT UG - Narsee Monjee Management Aptitude Test (for B.Tech and MBA Tech course
s)
KEAM - Kerala Engineering, Architecture, and Medical Entrance Exam
UPTU SEE Entrance exam - Uttar Pradesh Technical University -State Entrance Exam
ination
GUJCET Entrance Exam - Gujrat Common Entrance Test
Acronyms of some of the popular medical entrance exams:
AIIMS - All India Institute of Medical Sciences
AFMC - Armed Forces Medical College Exam
AIPMT - All India Pre-Medical / Pre-Dental Entrance Examination
AICET - All India Common Entrance Test
AICEE - All India Common Entrance Examination
AIPVT - All India Pre Veterinart Test
AMUPMDC - Association of Managements of Unaided Private Medical and Dental Colle
ges Entrance Exam
BHU - Banaras Hindu University Entrance Examination
COMEDK - Consortium of Medical Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka
DUMET - Delhi University Medical-Dental Entrance Test
MGMCRI - Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute
MP DMAT - Madhya Pradesh All India Dental & Medical Admission Test
NEET (UG) - National Eligibility Entrance Test (Under-graduate)
NEET (PG) - National Eligibility Entrance Test (Post-graduate)
OJEE - Orissa Joint Entrance Examination
VMU - Vinayaka Missions University MBBS Entrance Exam
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Some popular exams conducted by UPSC (Union Public Service Commission)
CSE - Civil Services Examination
IEST - The Indian Economic Service exam
IFS - Indian Forest Service exam
ISS - Indian Statistical Service exam
SCRA - Special Class Railway Apprentices'
Acronyms of some of the popular 'study abroad' exams:
ACT - America College Test
GMAT - Graduate Management Admission Test
GRE - Graduate Record Examination
IELTS - International English Language Testing System
MCAT - Medical College Admission Test
OET - Occupational English Test
PTE Academic - The Pearson Test of English
SAT - Scholastic Aptitude Test
TOEFL - Test of English as Foreign Language
Abbreviation
Word
ATM
Asynchronous Transfer Mode
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol
BIT
Binary Digit
BIOS
Basic Input Output System
CPU
Central Processing Unit
CAD
Computer Aided Design
CAM
Computer Aided Manufacturing
CDAC
Centre for Development of Advanced Parallel Computing
CDMA
Code Division Multiple Access
COBOL
Common Business Oriented Language
DOS
Disk Operating Systems
DNS
Domain Name System
E-MAIL
Electronic Mail
FAX
Far Away Xerox
FDD
Floppy Disk Drive
FORTRAN
Formula Translation
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
GIF
Graphics Interchange Format
HDD
Hard Disk Drive
HTML
Hyper Text Markup Language
HTTP
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
HTTPS
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure
IC
Integrated Circuit
ISP
Internet Service Provider
JPEG
Joint photographic Experts Group
MAC
Media Access Control
MIPS
Millions of Instructions Per Second
MPEG
Motion Picture Experts group
MAN
Metropolitan Area Network
MODEM
Modulation Demodulation
MS-DOS
Micro Soft Disk Operating system
NIC
Network Interface Card
OMR
Optical Mark Reader
RAM
Random Access Memory
ROM
Read Only Memory
SMS
System Management Server
SAP
Service Access Point
SONET
Synchronous Optical Network
UDP
User Datagram Protocol
URL
Uniform Resource Locator
VLSI
Very Large scale Integrated
WWW
World Wide Web
Wi-Fi
Wireless Fidelity
WAN
Wide Area Network
WiMAX
Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
ZIP
Zone Improvement Plan

Important Research Center of India

1. Indian Agricultural Research Institute New Delhi


2. Central Rice Research Institute Cuttack
3. Central Sugarcane Research Institute Coimbatore
4. Central Potato Research Institute Shimla
5. Central Tobacco Research Institute Rajamundry
6. Central Forest Research Institute Dehradun
7. National Sugar Research Institute Kanpur
8. Indian Lac Research Institute Ranchi
9. National Dairy Research Institute Karnal
10. Central Fuel Research Institute Dhanbad
11. Central Leather Research Institute Chennai
12. Central mining Research Institute Dhanbad
13. Central Drug Research Institute Lucknow
14. Indian Meteorological Observatory Pune and Delhi
15. Raman Research Centre Bangalore
16.Central Scientific Instruments Organisation Chandigarh
17. National Metallurgical Laboratory Jamshedpur
18. Central Salt & Marine Chemical Research Institute Bhavnagar
19.Archaeological Survey of India Museum Kolkata
20. Central Jute Technological Research Institute Kolkata
21. Central Coconut Research Institute Kasergod, Kerala
22.Texile Research Institute Ahmedabad
23.All India Institute of Medical Sciences(AIIMS) New Delhi
24. National Aeronautical Laboratory Banfalore
25. National Institute of Oceanography Panaji
26. National Geophysics Research Institute Hyderabad
27. Indian Institute of Petroleum Dehradun
28. Central Building Research Institute Roorkee
29.Central Road Research Institute New Delhi
30.Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Mumbai
31. High Altitude Research Laboratory Gulmarg
32. National Botanical Research Institute Lucknow
33. Central Food Technological Research Institute Mysore
34. Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute Kolkata
35. National Enviornmental Engineering Research Institute Nagpur
36. Indian Electro- Chemical Research Institute Karanikudi
37.Indian Institute of Chemical Biology Kolkata
38. Industrial Toxicology Research Centre Lucknow
39. Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute Durgapur
40. Central Cellular and Molecular Biology Hyderabad

Country or territory Currency ISO code


Abkhazia None None
Russian ruble RUB
Afghanistan Afghan afghani AFN
Akrotiri and Dhekelia Euro EUR
Albania Albanian lek ALL
Alderney Alderney pound None
British pound GBP
Guernsey pound None
Algeria Algerian dinar DZD
Andorra Euro EUR
Angola Angolan kwanza AOA
Anguilla East Caribbean dollar XCD
Antigua and Barbuda East Caribbean dollar XCD
Argentina Argentine peso ARS
Armenia Armenian dram AMD
Aruba Aruban florin AWG
Ascension Island Ascension pound None
Saint Helena pound SHP
Australia Australian dollar AUD
Austria Euro EUR
Azerbaijan Azerbaijani manat AZN
Bahamas Bahamian dollar BSD
Bahrain Bahraini dinar BHD
Bangladesh Bangladeshi taka BDT
Barbados Barbadian dollar BBD
Belarus Belarusian ruble BYR
Belgium Euro EUR
Belize Belize dollar BZD
Benin West African CFA franc XOF
Bermuda Bermudian dollar BMD
Bhutan Bhutanese ngultrum BTN
Indian rupee INR
Bolivia Bolivian boliviano BOB
Bonaire United States dollar USD
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark BAM
Botswana Botswana pula BWP
Brazil Brazilian real BRL
British Indian Ocean Territory United States dollar USD
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands dollar None
United States dollar USD
Brunei Brunei dollar BND
Singapore dollar SGD
Bulgaria Bulgarian lev BGN
Burkina Faso West African CFA franc XOF
Burma Myanma kyat MMK
Burundi Burundian franc BIF
Cambodia Cambodian riel KHR
Cameroon Central African CFA franc XAF
Canada Canadian dollar CAD
Cape Verde Cape Verdean escudo CVE
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands dollar KYD
CentralAfrican Republic Central African CFA franc XAF
Chad Central African CFA franc XAF
Chile Chilean peso CLP
China, People s Republic of Chinese yuan CNY
Cocos(Keeling) Islands Australian dollar AUD
Cocos (Keeling) Islands dollar None
Colombia Colombian peso COP
Comoros Comorian franc KMF
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congolese franc CDF
Congo, Republic of the Central African CFA franc XAF
Cook Islands New Zealand dollar NZD
Cook Islands dollar None
Costa Rica Costa Rican coln CRC
Cte d Ivoire West African CFA franc XOF
Croatia Croatian kuna HRK
Cuba Cuban convertible peso CUC
Cuban peso CUP
Curaao Netherlands Antillean guilder ANG
Cyprus Euro EUR
Czech Republic Czech koruna CZK
Denmark Danish krone DKK
Djibouti Djiboutian franc DJF
Dominica East Caribbean dollar XCD
Dominican Republic Dominican peso DOP
East Timor United States dollar USD
Ecuador United States dollar USD
Egypt Egyptian pound EGP
El Salvador Salvadoran coln SVC
United States dollar USD
Equatorial Guinea Central African CFA franc XAF
Eritrea Eritrean nakfa ERN
Estonia Euro EUR
Ethiopia Ethiopian birr ETB
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands pound FKP
Faroe Islands Danish krone DKK
Faroese krna None
Fiji Fijian dollar FJD
Finland Euro EUR
France Euro EUR
French Polynesia CFP franc XPF
Gabon Central African CFA franc XAF
Gambia, The Gambian dalasi GMD
Georgia Georgian lari GEL
Germany Euro EUR
Ghana Ghanaian cedi GHS
Gibraltar Gibraltar pound GIP
Greece Euro EUR
Grenada East Caribbean dollar XCD
Guatemala Guatemalan quetzal GTQ
Guernsey British pound GBP
Guernsey pound None
Guinea Guinean franc GNF
Guinea-Bissau West African CFA franc XOF
Guyana Guyanese dollar GYD
Haiti Haitian gourde HTG
Honduras Honduran lempira HNL
Hong Kong Hong Kong dollar HKD
Hungary Hungarian forint HUF
Iceland Icelandic krna ISK
India Indian rupee INR
Indonesia Indonesian rupiah IDR
Iran Iranian rial IRR
Iraq Iraqi dinar IQD
Ireland Euro EUR
Isle of Man British pound GBP
Manx pound None
Israel Israeli new shekel ILS
Italy Euro EUR
Jamaica Jamaican dollar JMD
Japan Japanese yen JPY
Jersey British pound GBP
Jersey pound None
Jordan Jordanian dinar JOD
Kazakhstan Kazakhstani tenge KZT
Kenya Kenyan shilling KES
Kiribati Australian dollar AUD
Kiribati dollar None
Korea, North North Korean won KPW
Korea, South South Korean won KRW
Kosovo Euro EUR
Kuwait Kuwaiti dinar KWD
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstani som KGS
Laos Lao kip LAK
Latvia Latvian lats LVL
Lebanon Lebanese pound LBP
Lesotho Lesotho loti LSL
South African rand ZAR
Liberia Liberian dollar LRD
Libya Libyan dinar LYD
Liechtenstein Swiss franc CHF
Lithuania Lithuanian litas LTL
Luxembourg Euro EUR
Macau Macanese pataca MOP
Macedonia, Republic of Macedonian denar MKD
Madagascar Malagasy ariary MGA
Malawi Malawian kwacha MWK
Malaysia Malaysian ringgit MYR
Maldives Maldivian rufiyaa MVR
Mali West African CFA franc XOF
Malta Euro EUR
Marshall Islands United States dollar USD
Mauritania Mauritanian ouguiya MRO
Mauritius Mauritian rupee MUR
Mexico Mexican peso MXN
Federated States of Micronesia Micronesian dollar None
United States dollar USD
Moldova Moldovan leu MDL
Monaco Euro EUR
Mongolia Mongolian tgrg MNT
Montenegro Euro EUR
Montserrat East Caribbean dollar XCD
Morocco Moroccan dirham MAD
Mozambique Mozambican metical MZN
Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Armenian dram AMD
Nagorno-Karabakh dram None
Namibia Namibian dollar NAD
South African rand ZAR
Nauru Australian dollar AUD
Nauruan dollar None
Nepal Nepalese rupee NPR
Netherlands Euro EUR
New Caledonia CFP franc XPF
New Zealand New Zealand dollar NZD
Nicaragua Nicaraguan crdoba NIO
Niger West African CFA franc XOF
Nigeria Nigerian naira NGN
Niue New Zealand dollar NZD
Niuean dollar None
Northern Cyprus Turkish lira TRY
Norway Norwegian krone NOK
Oman Omani rial OMR
Pakistan Pakistani rupee PKR
Palau Palauan dollar None
United States dollar USD
Palestine Israeli new shekel ILS
Jordanian dinar JOD
Panama Panamanian balboa PAB
United States dollar USD
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinean kina PGK
Paraguay Paraguayan guaran PYG
Peru Peruvian nuevo sol PEN
Philippines Philippine peso PHP
Pitcairn Islands New Zealand dollar NZD
Pitcairn Islands dollar None
Poland Polish z?oty PLN
Portugal Euro EUR
Qatar Qatari riyal QAR
Romania Romanian leu RON
Russia Russian ruble RUB
Rwanda Rwandan franc RWF
Saba United States dollar USD
Saint Eustatius United States dollar USD
Saint Helena Saint Helena pound SHP
Saint Kitts and Nevis East Caribbean dollar XCD
Saint Lucia East Caribbean dollar XCD
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines East Caribbean dollar XCD
Samoa Samoan tala WST
San Marino Euro EUR
So Tom and Prncipe So Tom and Prncipe dobra STD
Saudi Arabia Saudi riyal SAR
Senegal West African CFA franc XOF
Serbia Serbian dinar RSD
Seychelles Seychellois rupee SCR
Sierra Leone Sierra Leonean leone SLL
Singapore Brunei dollar BND
Singapore dollar SGD
Sint Maarten Netherlands Antillean guilder ANG
Slovakia Euro EUR
Slovenia Euro EUR
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands dollar SBD
Somalia Somali shilling SOS
Somaliland Somaliland shilling None
South Africa South African rand ZAR
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands British pound GBP
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands pound None
South Ossetia Russian ruble RUB
Spain Euro EUR
Sri Lanka Sri Lankan rupee LKR
Sudan Sudanese pound SDG
Suriname Surinamese dollar SRD
Swaziland Swazi lilangeni SZL
Sweden Swedish krona SEK
Switzerland Swiss franc CHF
Syria Syrian pound SYP
Taiwan (Republic of China) New Taiwan dollar TWD
Tajikistan Tajikistani somoni TJS
Tanzania Tanzanian shilling TZS
Thailand Thai baht THB
Togo West African CFA franc XOF
Tonga Tongan paanga TOP
Transnistria Transnistrian ruble None
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago dollar TTD
Tristan da Cunha Saint Helena pound SHP
Tristan da Cunha pound None
Tunisia Tunisian dinar TND
Turkey Turkish lira TRY
Turkmenistan Turkmenistani manat TMT
Turks and Caicos Islands United States dollar USD
Tuvalu Australian dollar AUD
Tuvaluan dollar None
Uganda Ugandan shilling UGX
Ukraine Ukrainian hryvnia UAH
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates dirham AED
United Kingdom British pound GBP
United States United States dollar USD
Uruguay Uruguayan peso UYU
Uzbekistan Uzbekistani som UZS
Vanuatu Vanuatu vatu VUV
Vatican City Euro EUR
Venezuela Venezuelan bolvar VEF
Vietnam Vietnamese ??ng VND
Wallis and Futuna CFP franc XPF
Western Sahara Moroccan dirham MAD
Yemen Yemeni rial YER
Zambia Zambian kwacha ZMK
Zimbabwe Botswana pula BWP
British pound GBP
Euro EUR
South African rand ZAR
United States dollar USD
Zimbabwean dollar ZWL

List of Important U.N. Agencies in World


The United Nations (UN) Agencies plays a leading role in providing development a
nd humanitarian assistance, including as a first-responder to natural disasters
and complex emergencies. There are some important U.N. Agencies exists that are
dedicated to work for human assistance and their development. Some of the main a
ctivities and their purpose are:
To improve conditions and living standard of workers.
Attainment of highest possible level of heath by all people.
To promote peaceful uses of atomic energy.
To Promote collaboration among nations through education, science and cultur
e.
Promotes international monetary cooperation.
To improve living condition of rural population.
And there are more more activities they do for only humans and nature. Let see s
ome details below. Here are the list of important U.N. Agencies. This post will
described all of the details like Name of agency, Year of the Established, Head
Quarter of U.N. Agencies, and their purpose to be active.
Name of Agency

Estd. In

Headquarters

Purpose
International Labour Organization (ILO)

1919

Geneva

To improve conditions and living standard of workers.


World Health Organization (WHO)

1948

Geneva

Attainment of highest possible level of heath by all people.


United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

1946
Paris

To Promote collaboration among nations through education, science and culture.


International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

1957

Vienna

To promote peaceful uses of atomic energy.


United Nations International Children s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)

1946

New York

To promote children s welfare all over the world.


United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

1950

Geneva

To provide protection to refugees.


United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)

1967

New York

For formulating population policies.


World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO)

July 14, 1967

Geneva Switzerland

To encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual proper


ty throughout the world.
International Fund for Agricultural Development

1977

Rome

For financing agricultural projects in the world to raise the economic growth.
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

1964

Geneva

Promotes international trade to accelerate economic growth of developing countri


es.
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

1947

Montreal

Promotes safety of international aviation.


International Monetary Fund (IMF)

1945

Washington D.C.

Promotes international monetary cooperation.


International Finance Corporation (IFC)

1956

Washington D.C.

Promotes economic development by encouraging private enterprise in its member co


untries.
Universal Postal Union (UPU)
1947

Berne

Improve various postal services in the world.


United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP)

1972

Nairobi

Promotes international co-operation in human environment.


United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

1967

Geneva

Sets international regulations for radio, telegraph, and telephone and space rad
io communication.
Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)

1945

Rome

To improve living condition of rural population.


International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)

1945

Washington D.C.

Development of economic of members by facilitating investment of capitals by pro


viding loans.
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

1950
Geneva

Promote international exchange of weather reports.


World Trade Organization (WTO)

1995

Geneva

Setting rules for world trade to reduce tariffs.


United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

New York

Help developing countries increase the wealth producing capabilities o their nat
ural and human resources.
Inter Government maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO), Now it is known as I
nternational Maritime Organization (IMO)

1958

London

Promotes co-operation on technical matters of maritime safety, navigation and en


courages anti-pollution measures.
International Development Association (IDA)

1960

Washington D.C.

An affiliate of the World Bank, aims to help under-developed countries raise liv
ing standards.
International Tele-communication Union (ITU)

1947
Geneva

Sets international regulations for radio telegraph, telephone and space radio co
mmunications.
United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)

1965

New York

Provides training and research to help facilitate UN objectives of world peace a


nd security and of economic and social progress.
United Nations Relief and Work for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA)

1949

New York

Provides basic amenities and education for the victims of Arab-Israel War.
United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)

1967

New York

Studying population dynamics, collecting population data, formulating and evolvi


ng population policies, family planning and related programmes
http://www.acronymfinder.com
http://www.thefreedictionary.com
Possible Meanings Rank
NCE: new chemical entities ****
NCE: North Coast Engineering ****
NCE: Non Consumptive Effects ****
NCE: National Commodity Exchange ****
NCE: Novel Chemical Entities ****
NCE: Northern Climate ExChange ****
NCE: Non Competitive Eligibility ****
NCE: Natural Color Expert ***
NCE: National Council of Exchangors ***
NCE: Na Ca2 Exchange ***
NCE: Normal Curve Equivalents ***
NCE: Nebraska Center for Entrepreneurship ***
NCE: National Convention and Exhibition ***
NCE: National Certification Exam ***
NCE: National Council on Education ***
NCE: New Creative Enterprises ***
NCE: National Center for Education ***
NCE: Network Control Equipment ***
NCE: National Confederation of Entrepreneurs ***
NCE: Nursing Continuing Education ***
NCE: Non Compulsory Expenditure ***
NCE: Network for Community Empowerment ***
NCE: National Certification Examination ***
NCE: Nevin Coppock Elementary (Tipp City, OH) ***
NCE: National Career Exhibition ***
NCE: Norwegian Centre of Expertise ***
NCE: Norman County East ***
NCE: National Cyber Exercise ***
NCE: National Coalition for Education ***
NCE: NTID Center on Employment ***
NCE: New Clinical Entities ***
NCE: New Campus East ***
NCE: National Coalition on Ergonomics ***
NCE: National Certificate of Education ***
NCE: North Coast Electric ***
NCE: New Chapel Electronics ***
NCE: Noise Control Engineering ***
NCE: National Chamber of Exporters ***
NCE: Note Comment Editors ***
NCE: National Construction Enterprises ***
NCE: National Construction Exhibition ***
NCE: New Collaborative Enterprises ***
NCE: Network Congestion Events ***
NCE: National Center for Educational ***
NCE: National Command Element ***
NCE: National Commission on Education ***
NCE: Northside Community Enterprises ***
NCE: Natural Continuous Extensions ***
NCE: Nyenrode Center for Entrepreneurship ***
NCE: Network Connection Endpoints ***
NCE: Net Current Expenditure ***
NCE: National Certificate Examination **
NCE: National Career Education **
NCE: Na+-Ca2+ exchanger **
NCE: Na+/Ca2+ exchange **
NCE: Na+/Ca2+ exchanger **
NCE: negative chronotropic effect **
NCE: negative compatibility effect **
NCE: nerve cuff electrodes **
NCE: neutral cholesteryl esterase **
NCE: nociceptin-converting enzyme **
NCE: nodular cystic elastoidosis **
NCE: non-coronary event **
NCE: nonspecific chronic endometritis **
NCE: nonspecific chronic enteropathy **
NCE: normal colon epithelial **
NCE: noteworthy cardiac events **
NCE: National Curve Equivalent **
NCE: National Council of Education **
NCE: National Cheese Exchange **
NCE: National Cattle Evaluations **
NCE: penis--noncontact erections **
NCE: National Center for Environmental **
NCE: Nebraska Cultural Endowment **
NCE: national coin exchange **
NCE: Network Control Engine **
NCE: Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger **
NCE: new active chemical entity **
NCE: new chemical drug entities **
NCE: National Congress of Employers **
NCE: National Counseling Examination **
NCE: National Center for Entrepreneurship **
NCE: Nothin Comz Eazy **
NCE: National Counseling Exam **
NCE: Nigerian Certificate in Education **
NCE: Navy Combat Edge **
NCE: National Check Exchange **
NCE: Novell Certified Engineer **
NCE: Newton Community Education **
NCE: New Catholic Edition **
NCE: Nordpipe Composite Engineering **
NCE: National Council for Educational **
NCE: Neighborhood Controlled Embedding **
NCE: National Council of Experts **
NCE: Normandy Crossing Elementary **
NCE: Normal Curve Equivalency **
NCE: National Canoe Expedition **
NCE: National Commission for Education **
NCE: nacro community enterprises **
NCE: National Counselors Examination **
NCE: Ngai Cheong Electronics **
NCE: Nichols Consulting Engineers **
NCE: National College of Engineering **
NCE: National Commission on Entrepreneurship **
NCE: North China Europe **
NCE: Network Connection Element **
NCE: New Century Education **
NCE: No Credit Earned **
NCE: National Convention of Electrochemists **
NCE: National Council for Environment **
NCE: New Chemical Entitites **
NCE: National Committee on Environment **
NCE: National Competitive Examination **
NCE: National Council for the Environment **
NCE: Network Computing Environment **
NCE: Nigerian Criminal Enterprises **
NCE: North Carolina Eastern **
NCE: Normalized Classification Entropy **
NCE: North Cascades Ecosystem **
NCE: Netilla Certified Engineer **
NCE: National Committee on Electronics **
NCE: National Council on the Environment **
NCE: National Coalition on Education **
NCE: National Confidential Enquiry **
NCE: National Council on Ergonomics **
NCE: National Custom Enterprises **
NCE: Not Classified Elsewhere **
NCE: New Computing Ecology **
NCE: Non Categorical Education **
NCE: Norgard Clohessy Equity **
NCE: Northwest Civil Engineers **
NCE: National Certificate Examinations **
NCE: National Committee on the Environment **
NCE: National Counselors Exam *
NCE: NORTH CAROLINA EAST *
NCE: Nebraska Career Education *
NCE: Non Conventional Energies *
NCE: North Carolina Environmental *
NCE: Northern Cross Energy *
NCE: National Chair of Examinations *
NCE: National Concord Engineering *
NCE: Navrachana College of Education *
NCE: necessary contextual elements *
NCE: Network Centric Environment *
NCE: Normal Cervical Epithelium *
NCE: Nashua Choral Ensemble *
NCE: National Committee for the Environment *
NCE: New Chart Edition *
NCE: Non Compostable Elements *
NCE: Non Correctable Error *
NCE: Non Covered Entity *
NCE: North Coast Enginering *
NCE: Nasjonalt Center of Expertise *
NCE: NILE Communications Equipment *
NCE: National Center for Earthquake *
NCE: National Center for Electron *
NCE: National Center for Emergency *
NCE: National Collegiate Emergency *
NCE: National Coalition for Equality *
NCE: National Commission on Economic *
NCE: Nicosia Creative Expresso *
NCE: North Carolina Estuary *
NCE: Napa County Entertainment *
NCE: National Center Earthquake *
NCE: National Consortium for Environment *
NCE: National Council of Exchangers *
NCE: Native Cat Eastern *
NCE: Navy Calibration Equipment *
NCE: New College Events *
NCE: Nonprofit Consortium of Eight *
NCE: Norman Carrenchino Electric *
NCE: Northern California Earthquake *
NCE: Northern California Earthquakes *
NCE: Nutron Computers and Electronics