July 2010 Volume 243 No 7




DEHN – Celebrating 100 years of success and innovation
from craftsman's workshop to modern industrial company

Lightning Protection

Surge Protection

Safety Equipment

New LIGHTNING PROTECTION catalogue available now, visit www.dehn.co.uk

July 2010 Volume 243 No 7


Inside this issue:
I Talking cleats I Achieving value in emergency lighting I Funding shortfalls I The end for panel wiring?
Page 28 Cable management Page 32

UPS Page 14 Lightning protection Page 24

Panel building

Alstom and Schneider Electric have finalised their transaction with Areva for the acquisition of Areva T&D, its transmission and distribution businesses, after obtaining the approvals of the relevant competition authorities and the French Commission des Participations et des Transferts (CPT). A consortium agreement was signed by the two partners in November 2009 for the purpose of this joint acquisition. The price paid for Areva T&D’s shares amounted to €2.29bn. The net financial debt of Areva T&D was around €0.89bn as of 31 December 2009. The agreement sets out the transfer of the transmission business (about two thirds of the total) to Alstom and of the distribution business (about one third) to Schneider Electric, as well as the ways they will be managed. The agreement allows both Alstom and Schneider to immediately assume separate operational responsibility of each of these businesses. Alstom and Schneider Electric will also develop cooperation between the transmission and distribution businesses, via commercial and license agreements. R&D agreements will be put in place for the development of technologies to the benefit of both companies. “Through this acquisition, Alstom builds, in addition to Power and Transport businesses, a third Sector constituting high voltage energy transmission business of the Group. This Sector will benefit from aggregation of all complementarities and means of the Group, mainly of its international network expanded in 70 countries, its technological and industrial expertise and of existing liaisons between high voltage energy distribution and energy generation” said Patrick Kron, chairman and chief executive officer, Alstom. “We will combine our teams’ expertise in medium voltage and that of Areva D to create a new business, Energy, elevating Schneider Electric to the position of global leader in medium voltage. This consolidation reinforces considerably our offers in medium voltage and network automation. It will also strengthen Schneider Electric’s presence in new economies and access to utilities and electro-intensive customers, and enhance the Group’s position at the centre of the Smart Grid technological revolution” said Jean-Pascal Tricoire, president and CEO, Schneider Electric. Sentec, the metering technology specialist, has been presented with a Queen’s Award for Enterprise in the International Trade category by Mr Hugh Duberly CBE, Her Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire. The Cambridge-based company was presented with a certificate signed by the Queen along with a commemorative trophy, in recognition of its exceptional growth over the last three years, during which time the company more than trebled its overseas earnings to £4.3m. The Lord-Lieutenant enjoyed demonstrations of the technology that fuelled Sentec’s award winning growth, including its Lattice gas metering technology, a new wireless toaster project and the Mobius high performance current sensor that has recently been licensed to the National Grid for use in new smart meters for the UK market.

International safety seal firm Roxtec has signed another deal to supply its product to the wind farm industry. Swedish-owned Roxtec manufactures seals to protect electrical cables and pipes from a range of hazards including fire, flooding and explosion. It has signed a deal with Stoke on Trent based Converteam which are making converters for the new generation of onshore wind farms across Europe. Converters form the heart of the internal workings of the wind turbine transferring power to the national grid at a constant frequency.

For the latest news, products and event information visit www.electricalreview.co.uk

G Supply, installation, cabling, testing & commissioning of transformer and switchgear up to & including 33000 V. G Specialists in the movement and erection inc the decommissioning, removal and disposal of transformers and switchgears up to & including 33000 V. G Full measured term contract maintenance of 415 / 11000 / 33000 V power networks. G Dedicated specialist HV & LV jointing services up to & inc 33000 V. G Specialists in transformers and switchgear up to & inc 33000 V. G All backed up with a 24/7/365 dedicated call out service.

SPEC Ltd has recently expanded its services to meet the individual needs and demands of the customer. Communication and a customer-focused approach are at the heart of our service, with staff that are able to talk your language and help you achieve your requirements effectively and safely to your timescales and specifications. They have a proven track record of successfully working with many service users from small businesses to large Blue chip multinationals both UK and overseas. The company has become known as a total service provider providing the role of control, installation, operation and maintenance of mains 415/11000/33000 V power networks. To date SPEC Ltd operate and maintain circa 350 HV connected sites nationwide

Address: Unit 5 Eagle Point, Telford Way, Wakefield 41 Industrial Estate, Wakefield, WF2 OXW Tel: +44 (0) 1924 871 558 Fax: +44 (0) 1924 871559 Mobile: 0777 55 64 384 (24hours) Email: craigwright@spec-ltd.com Southern office: Unit 13, Pegasus Court, North Lane, Aldershot, Hampshire, GU12 7QH Tel: 01252 375785 Fax: 01252 375786 Oxford office: Unit 15 Tower Road Industrial Estate Tower Road, Berinsfield, Wallingford Oxfordshire OX10 7LN Email: enquiries@spec-ltd.com


EDF Energy and Toyota have launched a three-year leasing programme to bring ultra-low emissions, plug-in hybrid vehicle technology to the streets of London. The first Toyota Prius Plug-ins to reach the UK are joining the vehicle fleets of five businesses and public organisations, where they will demonstrate the fuel efficiency, low emissions, cost savings and everyday practicality their rechargeable hybrid power system can deliver. The leasing programme is part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Ultra Low Carbon Vehicle Demonstrator Programme, and benefits from funding support from the UK Government, through the Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV). The organisations and business taking part in the programme are Transport for London, the Government Car and Despatch Agency, the Metropolitan Police Service, News International and Sky. Miguel Fonseca, managing director Toyota (GB) PLC, said: “I am delighted to be joining with EDF Energy to launch the UK’s largest plug-in hybrid programme, a project that will deliver valuable insights into the behaviour and preferences of UK drivers as they engage with the technology for the first time and experience it in their everyday driving routines. Toyota is committed to developing sustainable, low emissions mobility and Prius Plug-in marks another important element in our environmental leadership, and a further step towards its ambition of building the ultimate eco-car. “ EDF Energy managing director of ESCS Martin Lawrence said: “I am delighted EDF Energy, the UK’s largest producer of low-carbon electricity, can play such an important role in the research and trialing of these new vehicles. And I’m proud to collaborate with Toyota on this project as it builds on the success of the first plug-in hybrid vehicle trial which began a year ago. The new government has committed to a national recharging network for electric and plug in hybrid vehicles. The trial that we launch today plays a key part in that development. Transport currently accounts for around a fifth of the country’s carbon footprint and the take up of clean, electric transport can help the UK meet its climate change targets. Sustainability is at the core of our business and it is work like this that helps EDF Energy meet the climate change targets set out in our new sustainability commitments.” The cars involved in the lease programme are based on the current third-generation full hybrid Prius, but are equipped with a lithium-ion battery that can be recharged simply by being connected to a standard 240V electricity supply. EDF Energy has identified appropriate plug, socket, wiring and cabling specifications to comply with BS7671 safety standards, while maintaining fundamental ease of use. The charging points incorporate a keypad that enables each user and vehicle to be identified when recharging takes place. EDF Energy is also working with the Greater London Authority with the aim of installing up to 550 public access charging points across the capital, as part of the Plugged in Places programme.

Uninterruptible Power Supplies UK sales manager, Mike Elms, explains how modular UPS systems can help cut energy bills


When building a control panel, wiring is almost always the most time consuming and costly operation. However, modern electronic technology is making possible innovations that mean the days of conventional panel wiring are rapidly coming to an end!

Power Electrics Generators, a UK independent supplier of specialist generators for sale and rental has successfully achieved ISO14001 and 18001 accreditation ( H & S and Environmental). Richard Coward, quality and health and safety manager at Power Electrics commented, “This result illustrates our commitment to quality and the continual improvement of our environmental and safety performance - our customers can be assured of our dedication to environmental concerns and that we will be constantly improving our performance as part of the Environmental Management System.”

Zuken is presenting a series of webinars focusing on electrical system design, starting on 29 June. Targeted at companies within the aerospace industry, the webinars will benefit engineers who need to overcome the design challenges associated with managing change, ECAD/MCAD integration, and testing. For those who may not be available to attend the live session, all three webinars will also be available on demand. For more details about the webinars and to register visit http://www.zuken.com.




I Saft has been selected by ARSAT SA to supply the lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery system that will power ARSAT-1, the first communications satellite to be designed and integrated in Argentina. Arsat-1,the first in a series of satellites, is scheduled to be launched in 2012 and will provide coverage for Latin America. “This is a significant contract for Saft as AR-SAT is a new customer for us that will help establish a foothold in Argentina, which we regard as an important emerging country in the space sector,” said Philippe Jehanno, general manager of Saft’s space and defence division. “It also provides a great platform for increasing our penetration in Latin-America.” The rechargeable Saft Li-ion battery system will provide reliable onboard power for ARSAT-1, ensuring continuity of service for the two eclipse seasons each year when its solar panels are blocked from the sun. I Petrofac, an international oil and gas facilities service provider, has purchased TNEI Services (TNEI) through the acquisition of its holding company New Energy Industries Limited for a consideration of £7.5m, of which 30% is contingent upon senior management’s continued participation in the business. TNEI is a specialist consultancy supporting the energy, power and renewables sectors and has some 50 staff in Newcastle and Manchester; its acquisition further broadens Petrofac’s technical consulting capacity. TNEI provides services in the areas of power transmission and distribution, planning and environmental consent and energy management.

Nexans has successfully completed a new 75 km subsea power link between Pemba Island, the second largest island in the Zanzibar archipelago, and the National Grid on mainland Tanzania. The 25 MVA link, opened officially on 3 June by President Amani Abeid Karume of Tanzania, has enabled Pemba’s population of 300,000 people to end years of dependence on unreliable, erratic diesel generation subject to frequent power cuts. The availability of dependable electrical power is expected to assist the economic and social development of Pemba Island by opening up new economic opportunities and encouraging tourism. The Pemba cable project has been financed through a grant of €45m from the Norwegian state, while the Zanzibar government has contributed €8m and the Union government €4m. Norplan has managed the project on behalf of the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and ZECO, the Zanzibar Electricity Corporation. The 36 kV PEX (XLPE) insulated cable was designed and manufactured at Nexans’ specialised subsea cable factory in Halden, Norway and incorporates optical fibre elements supplied by the Rognan factory, also in Norway. The cable, weighing over 4,300 tonnes, was loaded onto Nexans’ own installation vessel, the C/S Nexans Skagerrak, and shipped to the Pemba Channel. The cable route runs from Tanga on the Tanzanian side to Pemba Island and required installation under challenging conditions. There are shallows on each side, and the cable needed to be floated out for more than four kilometres before the sea bottom falls away steeply, after which the cable was guided down to a depth of 850 metres. The fast-track project made rapid progress from the initial signing of the contract in 2008 and the new cable started supplying electricity to Pemba from the mainland in early 2010. “The Pemba Island project is a great example of our proven capability to implement subsea cable links in even the most demanding and difficult condition and within short timescales”, says Krister Granlie, managing director of Nexans’ Umbilicals & Submarine High Voltage Business Group. “It is also especially pleasing to see the successful conclusion of a project that will make a real difference to the daily lives of the local population.”

Since NICEIC released its Certification Software two years ago to allow its registered contractors to complete their certificates on a computer, it has been working closely with Clik Software to provide a package which offers even more to users. Following feedback from NICEIC customers and its own engineers the latest addition to the software is the release of a verification update. It will check certificates for errors and any boxes which may have been left blank. NICEIC Certification Software will highlight any values which may be incorrect, but will still allow the user to continue and print if required. There is also a verification rules editor to allow electricians to create their own verification rules in addition to the built in ones. If you are already using NICEIC Certification Software, download the new update now (go to ‘help’ then ‘check for updates’ and the software will automatically update), alternatively for more details on the software package call Clik on 0117 953 4600.

I The Post Office has launched a specialist business insurance which has been tailored for the UK’s 251,000 electricians. The policy, which can be accessed from any one of the 12,000 local Post Office branches, as well by phone and online, provides electricians with access to the wide ranging covers required in the course of their business, including: • Legal liability cover for negligence in connection with work undertaken • Theft or damage to stock in transit • Theft or damage to your tools and equipment • Accident or injury to you or your employees Richard Pennant-Jones, head of Post Office Business Insurance said: “Electricians, like Post Offices, are at the heart of many communities across the UK. We are keen to extend the range of business services we offer electricians, and are pleased to be able to now offer a great value insurance service which is tailored to meet their individual business needs.”
Electrical Review July 2010


An Approved Cables Initiative (ACI) investigation has led to more than 11 million metres of cable manufactured by Turkish company, Atlas Kablo, being recalled from the UK market, following the suspension of two of its product certification licences. The suspension by Basec (British Approvals Service for Cables) on 17th May of Atlas Kablo’s product certification licence has been followed this week by the announcement Atlas Kablo’s HAR scheme certification licence for H05VV-F flexible cables from the Turkish Standards Institution, TSE, has also been suspended. TSE is still to advise about the quantities of cabling involved in the latest suspension. Reports of faulty cabling from concerned contractors earlier this year led the ACI to test samples of product from the Turkish cable manufacturer. The samples were found to have insufficient copper leading to high conductor resistance and did not comply with appropriate British Standards. Independent testing by Basec

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later confirmed the ACI’s findings and led to the suspension of Atlas Kablo’s Basec licence for a serious decline in quality across its range of products. Atlas Kablo (Atlas Kablo Sanayi Ticaret Anonim Sirketi) which supplies a number of UK cable distributors and wholesalers with PVC house wiring, flex and conduit wires has confirmed the existence of the problem and the suspensions.

Joanna Canton
Joanna Canton has been appointed marketing communications manager for Atlas Copco Compressors UK. Canton has wide experience of Atlas Copco s global activities and all aspects of marketing, corporate and internal communications. With a BA Hons degree in Modern Languages from Coventry University, Canton started her career as marketing communications coordinator for Atlas Copco Compressors UK where she remained for five years. Following its recent success in securing new contract wins worth more than £75m and the opening of its new Bristol office, building services provider SES is delighted to announce the appointment of a new operations manager, Nick Cox. Cox will be based in Bristol and will report directly to the divisional director for the West & Central Division, Robert Doherty. Cox will be responsible for all operational aspects of the Bristol office as well as building a high quality, sustainable business in the South West region. Zuken has appointed Steve Chidester as head of product marketing for Europe and America. Based in the Westford, Massachusetts office, Chidchester joins Zuken after working for Cadence Design Systems for 17 years. This new role is part of Zuken s strategic approach to becoming a more instrumental business partner, to further enhance customer satisfaction, and improve the company s position in the market. Chidchester attended Northeastern University and, in his 30 years in electronic design, has held numerous printed circuit design and marketing positions. At Cadence Design Systems, he was product marketing manager for Allegro PCB products and product marketing director for its library and data management solutions.

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Laurence Pountney Hill London EC4R 0BL 020 7933 8999 PUBLISHING DIRECTOR Chris Cooke PUBLISHER Wayne Darroch PRINTING BY William Gibbons Any article in this journal represents the opinions of the author. This does not necessarily reflect the views of Electrical Review or its publisher– St John Patrick Publishers
ISSN 0013-4384 All editorial contents © Saint John Patrick Publishers Ltd 2009. Jan-Dec 2009 6,484

Nick Cox

Steve Chidchester


Electrical Review July 2010

Later this month the German government will publish details of their announced new ecological tax. This is intended to raise €2.3bn a year. Big deal? Aren’t all governments raising such revenues? Possibly. But this impost from Berlin will be entirely upon the nuclear industry. One of the objectives is to cover at least part of the costs of removing the nuclear waste held at the Asse facility. The other is to tax the profits made by nuclear firms as a result of not being included within the EU carbon emissions trading scheme. The German government is similarly a Conservative/Liberal coalition. It is obviously entirely unpersuaded that the Great God Atom is an ecological saviour. At which point I feel inclined to embrace President Kennedy’s famous endorsement. “Ich bin ein Berliner.”

Those of us trying to adopt healthy diets obviously need to meet Wang Xianjun who lives in Sichuan province in China. Every day for breakfast 54 year old Mr Xianjun tucks into one item which he pronounces to be “crispy and delicious.” I use the word ‘item’ deliberately in this context, because Mr X is unpersuaded by conventional foodstuffs. Instead he feasts upon – wait for it - a tungsten light bulb. Apparently, before he eats each bulb, he smashes it, then eats its it piece by piece. To reassure his family, after chewing each piece thoroughly, he does take a sip of water “because that helps me to swallow the glass.” His wife is philosophical. After regular hospital check-ups seem always to pronounce him healthy, she claims to have got used to her spouse’s unusual diet. The things women have to put up with. Japan has the greatest proportion of pensioners amongst their population in the world. So it really should come as no surprise that it is a Japanese automation firm that has come up with a brand new form of renewable electricity. The key is incontinence among the elderly. Apparently in Japan alone over five billion adult nappies are – how do I put it politely? – “filled” each year. Such effluence dwarfs the quantity, both in individual and absolute terms, produced by young babies. And frequently elderly people are to be found gathered together, whether in hospitals, residential homes or even gated communities. So the SFD Corporation is marketing a machine into which up to 1,400 pounds of used nappies can be dumped at any one time. The contents are then shredded, heated, dried and sterilised. A day later what emerges is blocks of bacteria-free fuel pellets that contain over 5,000 kcal of heat per kilogram. As they say, sh*t happens.

Regular readers will know I have long been deeply sceptical about the entire concept of there being any impending ‘electricity generation gap’ due at any point over the next decade. One obvious signal should have been EON’s decision last autumn to abandon its scheme to build a 2 gigawatts (GW) coal fired power station in Kent, precisely because of the anticipated lack of demand for its output. Nonetheless even reputable newspapers like the Financial Times continue to promote as gospel the concept that 43 GW of new power will be needed by 2020. It was a figure to be found in the last government’s much derided energy National Policy Statement issued last December. Obviously it is in the commercial interest of those promoting various outlandish renewable options or nuclear power to impress upon politicians that the lights will go out if the system isn’t somehow gerrymandered to their advantage. But in reality the threat is minimal. Why am I so confident? Because I am aware of what is happening with an infinitely less publicised, but far more substantial, supply option. From gas. New gas-fired applications awaiting approval under Section 36 of the Electricity Act 1989 soared to 7GW in 2009 alone. In the first quarter of this year alone, no less than 2.4GW of applications have been made. More pertinently, the vast majority of applications are being officially approved. In the last four years, approval has been given to start constructing no less than 13.4GW of new gas fired capacity, almost none of which has yet come on stream. Including a mammoth 2.4GW plant at Tilbury, which RWE are slated to submit this autumn, there are now over 29GW of gas fired power generation either under construction or within the planning process. The first Dash for Gas during the 1990s, which displaced coal, underpinned the UK power sector’s 17% CO2 emissions cut between 1990 and 2008.It is the only reason why a generation of British politicians have been able to look good at international climate change gatherings. Twenty years later, we are now at the dawn of the second Dash for Gas. The only difference is that this time round the powers-that-be simply have not yet noticed.

Rogue traders, beware. NAPIT, the government approved register of over 6,000 electricians, is stepping up its campaign to stamp out dodgy workmen And who is the first target of this crackdown? Step forward the BBC TV consumer programme Watchdog. It has infuriated NAPIT by running an item on unregistered electricians trying to scam customers (hooray). But then failing to mention the importance of using registered tradesmen, let alone where to find such a register (boo). BBC boss Mark Thompson will be quaking in his boots.


Electrical Review July 2010


Achieving BEST VALUE
WHILE THERE ARE many areas where building operators can cut back to save money, emergency lighting is not one of them. Not only do they have to install emergency lighting, they also need to ensure it is regularly tested. Clearly the latter is something that can prove to be a time-consuming and expensive business when carried out manually. To that end, there are now many more systems available that will automatically test emergency lighting, and it’s important to ensure such systems address all of the relevant criteria. These include issues such as the compatibility of the control gear with modern light sources like LEDs, the level of overall controllability and whether the system is stand-alone or integrated with other lighting controls - and there are various sustainability considerations too, as well as issues such as choice of light source and batteries, which can also have an impact on the design of the emergency luminaire. And the fact of the matter is that not all emergency lighting controls are equal; some offer considerably greater functionality and ease of use than others. Clearly, the fundamental requirement for an emergency lighting control system is to ensure the emergency lighting works when it’s needed. Above and beyond this, the majority of end users will now expect a system that incorporates self-commissioning and selftesting features for continuous monitoring, weekly function tests and annual duration testing. Five pole technology to ensure total isolation and compatibility between the ballast, inverter and supply system is another critical factor. Such self-testing usually represents a worthwhile investment as it reduces the requirement for maintenance staff to walk around the building and carry out a visual inspection – freeing them for other duties. However, different systems offer different levels of functionality so it’s useful to be aware of some key points. For example, the self-testing function needs to be easy for maintenance staff to use, perhaps with a simple combination of different coloured LEDs to indicate correct functioning or to indicate the nature of any fault. The important thing here is the ways that status is indicated are very clear with no room for misinterpretation. Another factor is convenience. One of the required tests is a weekly 30 second test to establish and confirm the functionality of the unit, battery and lamp. However, this can be inconvenient for the occupier so it’s useful to be able to pre-programme each unit to run the test at a different time, to avoid all units testing at once. Ideally, the unit will delay the test until the normal lighting supply has been switched off for longer than two minutes – minimising the risk of the test being carried out while the occupier is present. In the event that the supply is permanently connected or the lights are left on permanently the unit should ‘force’ a function test after a further 21 hours.

Cut out the middle man
As noted above, self-testing takes some of the pressure off the maintenance team but there is still a requirement for a visual check to determine whether the emergency lighting unit has indicated a fault. So it makes sense to take advantage of the recent advances in controls networking, by integrating the emergency lighting testing with the lighting management system. This is a very straightforward process using the popular DALI(Digital Addressable Lighting Interface) protocol. The DALI system allows luminaires to be addressed individually, so that detailed information can be monitored for each fitting. In addition to standard information such as indicating faults on the lamp, control gear or battery, the system can provide information on, for example, the device status, type of lamp and type of emergency unit and battery. As a result, with the emergency lighting linked to a DALI lighting management system, information on the operating status can be displayed centrally together with the precise address. Any faults can then be corrected efficiently with no need for maintenance staff to patrol the building, resulting in even greater savings in terms of time and maintenance costs. Crucially, the system should also maintain a complete log of all such events as proof of compliance with emergency lighting regulations.

Self-testing takes some of the pressure off the maintenance team, but there is still a requirement for a visual check


Electrical Review July 2010


in emergency lighting
Furthermore, use of DALI for both emergency and general lighting reduces installation requirements as the overall amount of cabling is reduced, thus saving on site time and raw materials. The result is a more sustainable project, with less embodied carbon, as well as the financial savings on materials. In addition, use of appropriate control components within a DALI system can facilitate commissioning and increase the likelihood that the system will perform as it was designed to. For instance, the EZ easy addressing feature of Tridonic EM PRO DALI Invertor that uses the indicator light emitting diode (LED) light source) to indicate the DALI address during commissioning. Where required, the DALI system can also be linked to the building’s IT network using an interface between DALI and the TCP/IP protocol used by local area networks and the internet. This makes it easier to access the functions and can be achieved via the organisation’s intranet, or across the internet from any location. For organisations with an extensive estate of many buildings across a wide geographical distribution this is a very useful feature, particularly if the facilities management or maintenance management function is located at a single location. This scenario has become increasingly common as organisations seek to rationalise their resources by making better use of technology. switch over phase, achieving greater visibility of potential dangers. Increasingly though, the light source of choice for emergency lighting is the LED. LEDs offer lower energy consumption, which is important for emergency light fittings such as exit signs that are on most of the time, as well as much longer life, again reducing maintenance requirements. In addition, the use of compact LED light engines facilitates the use of smaller and more discreet luminaires to meet statutory lighting requirements, which can often help with the aesthetic side of the design. This is further facilitated by the choice of battery, as newer battery designs enable fewer, smaller batteries to be used. This has the added benefit of reducing environmental impact. Of course, integral power control technology should ensure maximum emergency light output for a given duration time with a minimum battery cell count in consideration of LED tolerances. The choice of control gear is also important for use with any light source and can assist in standardising the type of module across different emergency light fittings. For instance, it is possible to use the same module for testing for one hour, two hours and three hours duration, operating single or multiple LEDs wired in parallel. Similarly, a 2W module may be used to power a single LED at 600mA or two LEDs at 350mA in series. This level of flexibility helps in minimising the number of different components that need to be specified for a project, while retaining maximum flexibility in choice of emergency lighting fittings. With fluorescent lighting that’s used for both mains and emergency lighting, the choice of control gear can make a significant difference to the life of the lamps. Ballasts that deliver a warm start to the lamp will maximise lamp life and enable high switching frequency applications with very low power losses and enhanced thermal management. Ballasts should also incorporate voltage protection to prevent damage in the event of a mains voltage rise above a pre-defined threshold. In the case of compact fluorescent lighting ballasts with insulation displacement connection can enable automatic wiring, thus saving time. In fact, these are just some of the many examples of how the choice of system components can make a significant difference to the performance of the system. The important thing is to be aware of these details and keep abreast of the latest developments.

Light sources
Just as importantly, the system needs to be compatible with the latest light sources. For example, many fluorescent lamps now use a mercury amalgam rather than liquid mercury as this is safer. So the system needs to be compatible with amalgam lamps (some aren’t). It also needs to work with both cadmium and nickel metal hydride batteries. Similarly, where linear fluorescent lamps are used, T5 is increasingly the first choice, generally in a low profile fitting that takes advantage of the compact nature of the lamp. Here, it’s the important that the emergency lighting control/self-test module has a low profile so it can fit in the luminaire. One of the characteristics of T5 lamps is they burn at a higher temperature than other linear fluorescent light sources, so for the test to be meaningful the testing module should operate the lamp at twice the normal emergency power level for 55 seconds. This ensures the lamp is correctly heated to ensure maximum lumen output during the most critical



Mike Elms

Are UPS systems key to the CRC?
THE NEED FOR qualifying organisations to reduce their energy usage is highlighted by the Government’s Carbon Reduction Commitment Energy Efficiency Scheme, or ‘CRC’, which came into effect on 1 April this year. With the scheme rewarding qualifying participants who perform well, while penalising those who do badly, in both financial and publicity terms, it’s clear simply finding ways of reducing energy use is not enough; it’s essential that these improvements have long term sustainability. Developments in uninterruptible power supply (UPS) technology offer one way of achieving sustainable energy savings. Maintaining continuous supply power from uninterruptible power supplies (UPS systems) is now considered essential by organisations running financial, healthcare or industrial processes that depend on vulnerable ICT equipment. As UPS units are installed in the critical supply path, any improvement to their efficiency will make an appreciable contribution to their operators’ energy management strategies. Such efficiency improvements are possible, through selection of suitable UPS topology and by carefully sizing the UPS system to match its critical load. One increasingly popular approach is to use systems based on advanced modular topology, which allows UPS capacity to be closely matched, or ‘right sized’, to the critical load size. Modular UPS capacity can easily be incremented or decremented to efficiently match changing load requirements throughout the life of the installation – a sustainable efficiency solution. As well as saving energy and helping to meet CRC targets, modular technology allows significantly smaller, lighter UPS installations with increased power availability. By looking at what modular technology is, we can better understand its benefits and their practical application. On-line, static double conversion UPS systems first appeared in the seventies and are still in use today. Their principle of operation is to rectify incoming AC mains into DC, which charges a battery before being inverted back to AC to drive the UPS critical load. In the event of AC mains failure, the battery can take over the role of supplying DC to feed the inverter until the incoming AC mains is restored. In early designs the inverter was followed by an output transformer, necessary to restore the output AC voltage to the same level as the mains input. However advances in power semiconductor technology and the introduction of the Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT) have allowed changes to the UPS design which permit elimination of the output transformer. This yields a number of advantages, the most important of which relate to improved efficiency, reduced size, and weight. Energy efficiency is improved for a number of reasons. With no transformer core to heat there are no iron losses; with no windings there are no copper losses. Both factors contribute to energy savings. Transformerless designs also exhibit lower input current harmonic distortion (THDi) and an improved input power factor, which both reduce energy. Eliminating wasted energy also reduces heating effects, and therefore cooling costs. Further energy savings arise from modular technology which, as we shall see, is made possible by transformerless design. Eliminating the transformer reduces the UPS’s size and weight by something like 66%. This is a large reduction which has had a profound effect on the way UPSs are seen and used. Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd (UPSL) realised that a 3-phase UPS rated up to 50 kVA could be implemented as a rackmounting module rather than a large standalone unit. And implementing a UPS as a set of modules in a rack rather than a single standalone unit gives great flexibility as well as space savings. This flexibility allows right sizing, with a UPS solution that’s closely matched to its load. The result is less capital and space wasted on unnecessary capacity together with maximised operating efficiency. An example shows the efficiency savings possible:


Electrical Review July 2010

Let’s imagine a site with a load of 96 kW and a power factor of 0.8, which demands a 120 kVA supply. We’ll also assume that, for security, N+1 redundancy is required. That is, N UPS units have sufficient capacity to completely support the load, so in an N+1 configuration, one unit’s failure would still leave sufficient UPS capacity to support the load. This would typically be implemented in a standalone system using two 120 kVA units, each of which would only be 50% loaded during normal operation. Efficiency with legacy transformer based design would be 90%. By contrast, a modular system could be implemented using four 40 kVA modules, where each module is now 75% loaded. As well as being smaller, lighter and more easily expandable, its efficiency would be 96%, which more than halves the cost due to losses per year. The annual cooling costs are also more than halved. At 7.84 p/kWh, total annual savings would amount to over £5000pa. If our site load remains at 96 kW throughout its operation life, the annual £5000 savings will continue with no further action needed. In real life however, the load is not only likely to change, but the extent of its change can defy prediction. In a typical scenario a data centre may be expected to be initially loaded to 35% of its capacity, with this load growing steadily to 90% of capacity over a period of 10 years. With a standalone UPS, the response is typically to install a system sized for 90% data centre capacity from the outset, to avoid the difficulties of upgrading or replacing it later. These include finding more floorspace in a crowded data centre, disrupting business operation with building work and installation, and laying or repositioning cabling. However, such an oversized system would spend its operational life greatly under loaded, adding reduced efficiency to unnecessary capital costs and space requirements. This would be exacerbated if the load does not grow to the expected 90%. While the UPS’s conservative rating should ensure that the load would always be supported, it’s not unknown for the actual load to exceed projections so that new UPS capacity must be supplied after all. These difficulties can be avoided by using a modular system. Its flexibility means it can easily be expanded or reduced after being initially rightsized to its load. There is no need to oversize it initially because modules can be added without disruption as and when they are needed. This flexible property of modular UPS topology is known as its scalability, and it’s a scalability that has two dimensions – vertical scalability and horizontal scalability. The example above has four 40 kVA modules totalling160 kVA capacity, or 120 kVA with N+1 redundancy. These modules could populate four out of five slots in a single server-style floorstanding rack. Vertical scalability is a reference to the fifth slot, which can be populated to increment capacity at any time. Additionally, a second rack could be provided for an incremental increase in floorspace and cost. The ability to add further racks in parallel is known as horizontal scalability. This adds up to enormous flexibility, with UPS configurations over 1 MVA being possible. The task of efficiently maintaining right sizing to the critical load, however unpredictably the load grows, becomes simple. The modular approach allows the maximum possible energy efficiency as well as minimising capital and space costs throughout the life of the installation.


Electrical Review July 2010


FOR MANY LEARNERS, it may seem electrical training hangs in one respect, the QCF will provide greater standardisation in the balance as governance for vocational education and for the electrical industry. But by delaying the introduction, qualifications is being transferred from the National ‘wanna-be’ electricians beginning their studies in September Qualifications Framework (NQF) to the Qualifications and this year, will now do so under the old framework. As a Credit Framework (QCF), introduced by the Labour result, the industry will have to wait longer for AM2 qualified Government in 2009. But this doesn’t have to be the case. electrical contractors entering into the workforce. The QCF is noble in its objectives; to simplify the From an employer’s perspective, the rush into QCF has vocational qualifications system, and promises to deliver caused widespread confusion and there is a risk this will tangible benefits for all those involved. However, confusion deter businesses – particularly SMEs – from implementing reigns and threatens to overshadow one of the most faressential training programmes in the short term. Decisions reaching changes to the UK education system in decades. to put a stop, or even delay, training will have a It seems the speed detrimental effect on employers, employees, clients, the WHAT IS THE QCF? of introduction is the electrical industry and the UK as a whole. So it is vital to The QCF is an attempt to simplify vocational qualifications by allowing main culprit for this remember the advantages offered by QCF; flexibility, those responsible for training and development to invest in a more chagrin, as the accessibility, consistency, standardisation and simplification flexible qualification structure for their staff. deadline for to name a few. We must avoid blowing the issues out of transferring all 250,000 proportion in a way that causes long-term damage to the HOW THE QCF WORKS courses to QCF was provision of professional training, as this will affect not just Qualifications will be built up in units, with each unit having a level and a initially set as students but the wider industry. credit value. Learners will be awarded ‘credits’ for each unit they pass, September 2010; As a QCF approved awarding organisation, EAL is with one credit representing 10 hours. Credit can be: leaving awarding working hard to keep training centres updated through L Accumulated at a learner’s own pace organisations with only our website [www.eal.org.uk]. We are trying to manage L Stored over time, allowing learners to work towards a full qualification 12 months to complete the process in a way that takes the pain out of the through a range of providers and awarding organisations the mammoth task. It changeover for training providers, employers and learners L Transferred between different qualifications so learners do not have to is also widely and will do our very best to ensure that while the repeat units that are relevant to more than one qualification anticipated only 70,000 changeover may not be seamless for awarding of the courses currently organisation, the impact to the wider industry will be available will be approved, causing concern among students minimal. the course they undertook in good faith, which they ELECTRICAL QUALIFICATIONS TO BE MIGRATED TO QCF hoped would lead to gainful employment, may now The types of electrical courses that are in existence and will be migrated cease to be recognised and funding stopped. to the QCF by January 2011, that electricians can take to develop their In addition, this rapid pace of change has meant skills include: up-to-date and timely information has been lacking, L NVQ Level 3 Electrotechnical Services meaning employers and learners have largely been L 17th Edition – Diploma In Requirements for Electrical Installations kept in the dark. Combine this with a change in Bs7671 Jan 2008 funding agency during 2010, and the situation can L 17th Edition – Update In Requirements for Electrical Installations only be called calamitous. However, a chink of light Bs7671 Jan 2008 has emerged as the deadline for migration has been L Certificate in In-Service Inspection and Testing of Electrical Equipment extended to January 2011, offering much needed (PAT) breathing space to awarding organisations, colleges L Installing Structured Cabling Level 2 NVQ and training providers alike. L Diploma in Inspection and Testing Electrotechnical Systems and So, what does QCF mean to the electrical industry? Equipment VRQ Under QCF, all trainee electrical contractors will need L Building Management Systems (BMS) NVQ Level 3 to take the AM2 – the industry’s recognised L Domestic Electrical Installer VRQ and Level 2 benchmark for an individual’s competence. L Building Services Engineering Technology and Project Management Previously, only apprentices needed to pass this rigorous assessment of occupational competence. So,


Electrical Review July 2010


FUNDING shortfalls
HOWEVER, ACCORDING to Agnes Segal, manager of membership services at The Institute of Engineering and Technology (IET), the Russell Group has specifically said the fees for engineering students should not rise substantially.The Russell Group has recently sent a submission to Lord Browne, who the government has asked to conduct an independent review of the fees system. In the Russell Group’s submission, it argues against significant fee increases for subjects like engineering which have a ‘public return’ – that is, subjects which are important for the UK’s economic future. funding system. Whatever the future holds, prospective and current students must continue to manage their own finances. In this regard, IET Awards and Scholarships exist partly to help engineering students with the financial burden of university, as well as serving to raise the profile of engineering to prospective students and bringing students into the fold of IET membership.

The Student Perspective
Jonathan Mather, an engineering student at Oxford University, and recipient of such a scholarship has some interesting thoughts on tuition fees: “With the findings of the Browne Review of Higher Education Funding set to be unveiled in the forthcoming months, rising tuition fees are a major concern. Any rises mean scholarships and bursaries will become even more important than they are now in determining whether someone can afford to go to university or not. He continues: “As an Engineering student, I probably have the widest range of opportunities open to me in terms of scholarships, sponsorships and bursaries. This is almost entirely down to the direct relevance an Engineering degree has to industry, something other degrees simply don't give you. I was fortunate enough to win the BP/IET Faraday Scholarship worth £3000 p.a. This has allowed me to become financially independent of my parents and to have a lot more financial freedom. “For others a scholarship can be the deciding factor in whether they choose to go to University or not, and as such their importance should not be underestimated. I feel very lucky to have been the beneficiary of such a scholarship and I would encourage others to apply for as many as they can, as they really do make a huge difference.”

Funding Issues
The engineering sector wants to see a high number of top quality students applying to study engineering degrees. The sector also wants engineering departments at universities to receive sufficient funding to deliver a good education. For any funding system to be successful, it must allow for both of these things. Under the present system, university engineering departments receive money for teaching from two main sources: they receive public money from the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE), and they receive tuition fees from students. According to the latest data, the total funding engineering departments receive is not meeting costs, with funding shortfalls of as much as 15% at some universities. In the Russell Group’s submission to Lord Browne, it rightly argues universities must receive enough funding to cover the costs of delivering courses. As to where the funding comes from, the Russell Group argues a calculation must be made based on the extent of the “public benefit” of courses relative to the “private benefit” (ie benefit to the students taking the course). For a subject like engineering, which is expensive to deliver but vital to the UK’s economic future, a high proportion of the total funding should be provided by HEFCE. For subjects which are cheaper to run but with less obvious public benefit, a higher proportion of the total funding should be met by students through tuition fees. At this stage, it is not possible to predict what will be the outcome of Lord Brown’s review. The engineering community is lobbying hard to make sure that engineering benefits, rather than suffers, from any future changes to the university

The engineering sector wants to see a high number of top quality students applying to study engineering degrees

In Summary
If the UK is to meet skills needs for engineering, then universities must be given the funding they need to offer a high quality education. Given the need to increase the number of students applying to engineering, there are strong arguments for the government meeting the shortfall in funding, rather than asking students to foot the bill.


Electrical Review July 2010


As well as controlling the energy supply to a driven load, drives can be used to control the flow of energy back to the supply from a load that is generating

Geoff Brown

Q: A:

What guidance needs to be followed when feeding energy BACK TO THE GRID?
As well as controlling the energy supply to a driven load, drives can be used to control the flow of energy back to the supply from a load that is generating. This can help enhance the energy efficiency of any process that involves a reduction in energy level. The electricity network operating companies (NOC) have standards to ensure the safety of the network in applications that feed energy back to the grid. The Energy Networks Association Engineering Recommendation G83/1-1 of 2008 applies to supplies up to 16 A; and G59/1 of 1991 to higher currents. Which one is appropriate is a matter for discussion with the appropriate NOC, who must be consulted before installation. Although G59/1 was written to cover the installation of diesel generators in parallel with the mains, it gives practical instructions that must be followed to ensure safety in all applications that generate back to the supply. The active rectifier used in regenerative drives has rather different characteristics from the power from a generator. For example, it does not add to the fault level of a network; and most are three phase devices, without a neutral, and therefore need to be connected to an LV network, which is fed by a transformer with a grounded neutral. It also takes its voltage and frequency reference from the network, rather than from a voltage regulating relay, so it is easier to implement and operate in parallel with the network. To prevent back-feeding of the network in the event of a fault, which is potentially extremely dangerous, an active rectifier generator must be connected through a circuit breaker or contactor and be fitted with a reverse power inhibiting relay.

Geoff Brown, Drive Applications Consultant, ABB Limited I Tel: 01925 741 111 I Fax: 01925 741 212 I Email: enquiries@gb.abb.com I Web: www.abb.co.uk/energy


Getting the right surge PROTECTION
AS BUSINESS operations become increasingly sophisticated, the use of technologies such as LCD screens, computer networks, data servers and industrial equipment such as programmable logic controllers, means that protection against the effects of voltage surges is crucial. When it comes to lightning protection, safety is a major concern as is preventing expensive equipment from being damaged. A surge protection device (SPD) is a component of the electrical installation protection system. It is typically connected to power cables entering and leaving the building at the main switchboard. However, depending on the design of the electric scheme, SPDs can also be positioned elsewhere. For example, if the business has air conditioning units on the roof, then it will be vital to include a protection device on the cables to or from the units. Lighting protection may sound like an exaggerated requirement, but every year the earth is struck by around three billion strokes of lightning, potentially causing fires and posing a risk to buildings and equipment. This can be a significant loss to any business, not only through the repair itself, but also as a result of subsequent downtime. SPDs are designed to limit transient overvoltages caused by lighting and diverting them to earth to avoid causing damage. To ensure they are effective though, it is important to recognise there are three different styles of device available. ‘Type 1’ only protects an electrical installation from a direct lightning strike to overhead power lines, while ‘Type 2 and 3’ safeguard electrical equipment from the indirect effects of lightning or overvoltages from within the electrical system. This can include storms that are some distance away, but still have the potential to damage a power line and consequently affect electricity supplies. To ensure the correct protection device is selected there are three stages that need to be followed, addressing the individual needs of the project. The first step is to estimate the value of the equipment that needs to be protected, for both the cost of it and the economic impact should it fail. This inevitably covers not only large electrical items such as automated heating systems and lifts, but also professional equipment, including computers and servers. The second step in the specification process is to identify the electrical architecture of the building. Dependant on the size of the premises and the extent of its electrical system, more than one surge protector may be required. The type of SPD to be installed close to the start of the electrical circuit depends on whether or not a lightning protection system is present. If there is a lighting rod for example, on the building or within 50 metres of the building, then Type 1 should be fitted. Then the number of SPDs to be installed is determined by the size of the site and the difficulty of installing bonding conductors. On large sites with long cable runs, it is vital to install a SPD at the incoming end of

Top and middle: Type 1 surge protection devices Bottom: A Type 2 surge protection device

Every year the earth is struck by about three billion strokes of lightning


Electrical Review July 2010

Looking at these three different aspects of an installation will ensure the right type and number of protection devices will be used. Many manufacturers of surge protectors, including Schneider Electric, will also be able to assist in the specification process for those who are not confident in selecting the best option. In addition, manufacturers have introduced solutions combining Type 1 and 2 for full protection and can provide full information on the correct overcurrent protection device needed for the SPD. Lightning can produce extremely large quantities of pulsed electrical energy. But installing the correct lightning protection device means any building can benefit from increased levels of protection, reducing the risk of extensive damage to the electrical system and equipment. Installing a SPD is relatively simple and an added benefit is that the equipment can be retrofitted, making it a viable option for all businesses.

each sub distribution enclosure. The final stage is to determine the risk of the impact of lightning on the site. Different locations will have varying levels of threat, for example, an urban, low-lying area will be less at risk than a site with a particular hazard such as a pylon, a tree or a high structure.


Electrical Review July 2010


The end for PANEL
Phil George LOOK INSIDE a modern control panel and, depending on the application, you’ll typically find a programmable controller or a smart relay and a combination of motor starters, variable speed drives, soft starters, pushbuttons, indicator lamps and maybe even an HMI display. You’ll also find something else – a lot of control wiring to link all of these components together. Now take a look at the plant or machine associated with the control panel. If you’d done this a decade or so ago, you would have seen even more wiring than in the control panel itself. Today, however, the amount of field wiring is minimal. The reason for this change is easy to understand. Once, every sensor, actuator or other field device was connected to the control panel with its own individual cable but now these cables have been replaced by fieldbus systems. With a fieldbus, multiple field devices can be connected to a single cable, so the number of cables between the control panel and the devices is dramatically reduced. Fieldbus technology of one kind or another has been in widespread use for well over a decade and produces big savings in plant installation time and costs. Yet inside control panels, ordinary wiring – directly comparable to the old-style field wiring – continues to be used. But why? Part of the answer is because field wiring runs are long and costly to install, the potential savings associated with the elimination of conventional field wiring were greater than those associated with the elimination of conventional panel wiring. That made fieldbus systems attractive for outside-the-panel applications even when the technology was comparatively expensive and complicated to use. But now things have changed. With the latest ASICs (application specific integrated circuits) the cost of producing fieldbus-type interface modules has fallen dramatically, and the powerful processing capabilities of the latest ASICs means that systems based on them can be made very easy to configure and use. In short, the time has come for the ‘fieldbus’, and all its benefits, to move inside the panel! A first reaction might well be to think about adapting an existing fieldbus system for in-panel use. In practice, this is not a particularly good idea, as such systems necessarily have features that are optimised for field applications. Not only does this make them a poor match for in-panel use, it also means that the users invariably end up paying extra for features they’ll never need. A much better approach is a communication system that’s been developed from scratch with in-panel applications in mind. Let’s have a look at the characteristics that would be most desirable in such a system. It must, of course, allow fast, simple and convenient interconnection of the components within the control panel. Daisy-chain connections are ideal, but some thought must be given to the physical form of these connections. Ribbon cables provide an excellent solution, as they can readily be combined with insulation-displacement connectors. These connectors are placed over the cable at any required point and clamped in place using a

A panel builder at work


Electrical Review July 2010


special tool. The connectors then simply plug into panel components, such as motor starters, pushbuttons, and so on. Note that it isn’t necessary to cut, strip or otherwise prepare the cable. In addition to being fast and easy, this method of connection has further key benefits – the connections can be made at any location on the cable to suit the spacing of the components; if a ratchet-type clamping tool is used it is virtually impossible to make a faulty connection; and extra connections can be added to the cable simply by clamping on another connector. As well as the control signals to and from the connected devices, the ribbon cables can also be conveniently arranged to carry the power, typically at 24 V DC, which the devices need to operate. So much for the connecting method, but how will the communication system link with the panel components? One solution is to produce specially enabled versions of the components and, with some products such as variable speed drives and HMI panels, this is a good approach. Another option is to offer standalone interface modules and, once again, these can be useful since they allow almost any type of component, however unusual, to be connected. For starters in particular, however, there’s yet another option – why not simply have an interface module that clips on in the same way as an auxiliary contact block? This approach means that standard starters can be used, eliminating the need to stock different components for ordinary panels and those that use the new communications system. Now what about the links to the programmable controller (PLC)? It would be easy to make the system proprietary and limit its use to a particular brand of PLC, but a better option is to provide convenient interfaces that support a wide range of PLCs. And there’s another big benefit here – interfacing the in-panel communications system directly with the PLC eliminates the need for conventional I/O modules, leading to further big cost and space savings. All of these benefits are of little value, however, if the communication system is complicated to use and difficult to set up. Fortunately, it doesn’t have to be. It is now possible to produce an in-panel communication system where setting up is limited to pressing a button and waiting for a few moments while the components set their own addresses. This done, the system is good to go! All of the features described, and many more, are embodied in Eaton’s Moeller SmartWire-Darwin system. This not only provides a convenient and cost-effective alternative to conventional panel wiring - with wiring cost reductions of up to 60% easily possible, along with panel space savings of 40% – it also offers a wide range of advanced features. The latest PKE motor starters can, for example, when used with SmartWire-Darwin, provide information about motor current via the network, thereby eliminating the need to use current transformers for monitoring. SmartWire-Darwin systems can also be extended outside of the control panel, making them a complete internal and external “fieldbus” solution for simple applications. Or they can be readily linked with well-known external fieldbus systems such as Profibus.




Left: SmartWire Darwin Right: SmartWire Darwin reduces space in panel

Another member of the SmartWire-Darwin product family is a software package that makes system design particularly straightforward. It also provides powerful facilities for examining the system status and, on the rare occasions they are needed, for diagnosing faults. As we noted earlier, fieldbus systems have replaced conventional field wiring in all but the simplest of modern applications, simply because they offer

decisive benefits: they save money and time, they’re much easier to modify and they also aid the rapid location and diagnosis of faults. Now the same benefits are available for control wiring within panels, so what possible reason can there be for sticking to conventional wiring? Surely the end is nigh for panel wiring, as in-panel communication systems move in to replace it forever!

Cutting down on PANEL WIRING for Zwergenwiese
GERMAN FOOD producer Zwergenwiese is a manufacturer of natural foods, including sandwich spreads. Growing demand for its products means the company has recently had to expand its production facilities. As part of this expansion, it installed an automatic palletiser for empty jars. In place of conventional panel wiring, the control panel for this palletiser uses Eaton’s Moeller SmartWire-Darwin communication system. The palletiser has a large number of drives, all of which are controlled by Eaton’s Moeller xStart motor starters fitted with SmartWire-Darwin clip-on interface modules. The operation of the palletiser is controlled and monitored with pushbuttons, switches and indicator lamps from Eaton’s Moeller RMQ range. Zwergenwiese built the control panel in its own workshop and, after carefully evaluating the SmartWire-Darwin system, decided to adopt it in order to minimise the work involved. A SmartWire-Darwin ribbon cable links all of the main components in the panel and not only carries signals, but also provides the supplies needed by the contactor coils and the indicator lights. A gateway links the SmartWire-Darwin system with the plant’s standard fieldbus installation – Profibus DP. With this arrangement, direct integration with SmartWireDarwin is achieved, eliminating the need for conventional I/O modules. A further benefit is that standard Eaton Moeller switching devices, fitted with SmartWire-Darwin function modules could be used throughout. Zwergenwiese found that the SmartWire-Darwin system was easy to use, and delivered valuable savings in panel building cost and time. “In all our activities, we use environmentally friendly materials and energy saving technology,” said Susanne Shöning, founder of Zwergenwiese. “We consider that efficient modern production methods are the basis for competitive end products. New technologies such as SmartWire-Darwin help us to use resources sparingly, thus aiding environmental protection.”

Fieldbus systems have replaced conventional field wiring in all but the simplest of modern applications


Electrical Review July 2010

Following the success of its original push-in connector system - introduced in 2008 and now regularly achieving monthly sales of 40,000 - Click Scolmore has developed this product into a whole range and in doing so, brings to market the industry’s most cost effective Hub system. Providing installers with a quick and easy solution when adding lighting or appliances to an existing circuit, the Hub CT300C is designed to take 3 or 4 pin plug-in connectors and can be connected directly to another Hub or via the three options of link cables which have also been added to the range.


Click Scolmore 01827 63454 www.scolmore.com UPS ESPECIALLY FOR DATA CENTRES
The new Delphys MX 800/900 kVA is specifically designed for large data centre applications. Available up to a maximum system size of 5.4MVA (putting 6 units in parallel) with flexible architecture and the smallest footprint on the market – less than 3.2 meters per unit (including internal bypass). Based on the Delphys MX 500kVA technology, the MX range guarantees true-online double conversion uninterruptible power supply which protects the load from power grid pollution (power failures) and can be installed without side or rear access (dependant on requirements). Designed for optimal use with Static Transfer Switches, such as the Statys, in downstream network and has intelligent built-in battery monitoring system to prolong battery lifetime by reducing battery stress.

Two new additions to the TALEXX lighting systems from Tridonic are TALEXXengine FULMEN and TALEXXspot LED. TALEXXengine FULMEN consists of an LED module, lens optics and a heat conducting mounting plate which, together, produce a suitable light source for spotlights and a direct, energy efficient replacement for LV halogen lamps in spotlights. The new TALEXXspot modules have been designed specifically for use in downlights or spotlights as a replacement for CFL's, LV halogen lamps or lower wattage metal halide lamps. There are two TALEXXengine FULMAN options available, 15W and 27W , whilst a choice of lenses with 15° and 25° beam angles and colour temperatures of 3,000 or 4,200K, allow fine tuning of accent lighting. TALEXXengine FULMAN range offers two versions for 'warm' or 'cold' applications, each offering low energy consumption and no UV or IR radiation.

Socomec UPS 01285 863300 www.socomec.com

Tridonic 01256 374300 www.tridonic.com
Products continue on p34


Talking CLEATS
First things first, why do we need cleats?
For an electrical installation to be deemed safe cables need to be restrained in a manner that can withstand the forces they generate, including those generated during a short circuit, and this is the job cable cleats are specifically designed to do. Take them away and the dangers posed by a short circuit are obvious – costly damage to cables and cable management systems, plus the risk to life posed by incorrectly or poorly restrained live cables. And it’s important to bear in mind it’s not just the use of a cleat that is vital, but the use of a correctly specified cleat. All an underspecified product would do in a short circuit situation is add to the shrapnel. specified, they are still seen as fair game for cost-cutting when it comes to companies seeking to keep within tight budgets. This is a potentially dangerous practice that, if allowed to continue, could lead to the wholly unnecessary loss of a life.

Richard Shaw, managing director, Ellis Patents

Have the International (IEC61914 – 2009) and European (EN50368) standards not helped deliver this level of awareness and education?
Yes, the introduction of the two standards was a huge boost for everyone associated with cable cleats. And yes, they have helped to provide global recognition of the need for secure cleating in electrical installations, which when you consider that as recently as 2003 there wasn’t even a European standard for cleats demonstrates just how far we’ve come in the journey towards the widespread adoption of safe cleating practice. But, they still fall some way short of ensuring the cleat is universally understood and used correctly. The main reason being the standards are advisory rather than regulatory, meaning the onus is on the manufacturer to self certify their products – a situation that has led to a market awash with a mish-mash of products of differing quality, which in turn means further confusion for specifiers and installers.

Well that seems fairly straightforward, where’s the problem?
The key issue surrounding cable cleats is their importance has been, and still is, severely underestimated. Therefore, instead of being treated as a vital element of any cable management installation they are simply lumped in with the electrical sundries. What this means in practice is even if suitable products are

Sparks fly – cable cleats undergo a short circuit test

What needs to be done then?
Compulsory third party certification really should clear up this confusion, but the problem is the quoted short circuit withstand, which is seen as the indicator of a cleats suitability for a project, is only valid for a cable diameter equal to or greater than the diameter of the cable used in the test. So if the project in question is using smaller cables than those referred to in the test (and the fault level and spacing is the same) then the force between the cables is proportionally


Electrical Review July 2010


Talking CLEATS
First things first, why do we need cleats?
For an electrical installation to be deemed safe cables need to be restrained in a manner that can withstand the forces they generate, including those generated during a short circuit, and this is the job cable cleats are specifically designed to do. Take them away and the dangers posed by a short circuit are obvious – costly damage to cables and cable management systems, plus the risk to life posed by incorrectly or poorly restrained live cables. And it’s important to bear in mind it’s not just the use of a cleat that is vital, but the use of a correctly specified cleat. All an underspecified product would do in a short circuit situation is add to the shrapnel. specified, they are still seen as fair game for cost-cutting when it comes to companies seeking to keep within tight budgets. This is a potentially dangerous practice that, if allowed to continue, could lead to the wholly unnecessary loss of a life.

Richard Shaw, managing director, Ellis Patents

Have the International (IEC61914 – 2009) and European (EN50368) standards not helped deliver this level of awareness and education?
Yes, the introduction of the two standards was a huge boost for everyone associated with cable cleats. And yes, they have helped to provide global recognition of the need for secure cleating in electrical installations, which when you consider that as recently as 2003 there wasn’t even a European standard for cleats demonstrates just how far we’ve come in the journey towards the widespread adoption of safe cleating practice. But, they still fall some way short of ensuring the cleat is universally understood and used correctly. The main reason being the standards are advisory rather than regulatory, meaning the onus is on the manufacturer to self certify their products – a situation that has led to a market awash with a mish-mash of products of differing quality, which in turn means further confusion for specifiers and installers.

Well that seems fairly straightforward, where’s the problem?
The key issue surrounding cable cleats is their importance has been, and still is, severely underestimated. Therefore, instead of being treated as a vital element of any cable management installation they are simply lumped in with the electrical sundries. What this means in practice is even if suitable products are

Sparks fly – cable cleats undergo a short circuit test

What needs to be done then?
Compulsory third party certification really should clear up this confusion, but the problem is the quoted short circuit withstand, which is seen as the indicator of a cleats suitability for a project, is only valid for a cable diameter equal to or greater than the diameter of the cable used in the test. So if the project in question is using smaller cables than those referred to in the test (and the fault level and spacing is the same) then the force between the cables is proportionally


Electrical Review July 2010


greater, meaning the certificate is inappropriate and the cleats will not provide the protection they are installed to give. What all of this means is at present the only tried and tested way to ensure correct cleating is through project specific testing – a process we currently offer customers that means they can install our cleats with complete confidence.

So, is there a rule of thumb for picking the appropriate cleat for an application?
In order to ensure the correct cleat the best idea is to go to a manufacturer with information concerning the installation environment, mounting structure, cable configuration, peak short circuit fault level and cable diameter and they should be able to advise on the most suitable cleat and the spacing at which it should be installed. The Centaur cleat – designed to restrain high voltage cables up to 400kV with a diameter range of 100 to 160mm.

You’ve talked a lot about short circuits, can you explain what happens to cables during a short circuit situation?
We do a lot of short circuit tests and a good way of explaining what happens to the cables is to look at the difference between those that are correctly restrained and those that are not. In recent tests we did with our American distributor, kVA Strategies, we performed three short circuit tests on 3 x 1/C777kcmil, 2kV marine cables at 59kARMS in trefoil formation. One test was conducted on cables tied with 1/2" wide stainless steel cable ties, while the other was conducted on cables restrained by our Emperor trefoil cable cleats. During the short circuit the mechanical forces between the cables exceeded 4,500 lbs/ft. After one short circuit, the cables restrained with the metal cable ties were damaged beyond repair – suffering multiple tears in the cable jackets and insulation, as well as evidence of electrical arcing. In fact, the metal cable ties catastrophically failed before the first quarter cycle current waveform peak, ejecting the ball bearings from the cable tie buckles with sufficient velocity to lodge deeply into the plywood test bay walls. The subsequent cable thrashing also severely damaged the cable tray. In contrast, the correctly restrained cables were subjected to not one, but two successive short circuits and after careful inspection no damage was found. In fact, the testing lab team stated that the cables still passed the required IEC voltage withstand test and so could continue to be used at full-load.

And what about a recommended spacing between cable cleats?
Again there’s no hard and fast rule to suits all installations. The optimum spacing needs to be determined by engineering calculation to ensure the cable cleats are suitable for the electromechanical forces encountered during the maximum available fault duty of the system.

Finally, the use of multi-core cables, which we are told don’t need to be restrained, is growing enormously – what’s your view on this?
This is a question we are being asked with increasing regularity and so in order to be able to provide meaningful advice we have carried out some preliminary research and carried out a series of short circuit tests. At present we aren’t aware of any published data that indicates any preferred particular fixing method, but custom and practice suggests that most users seem to working under the assumption that any forces on the conductors that arise in the event of a short circuit will be restrained within the cable jacket, meaning cable cleats aren’t required. The tests we carried out were on armoured and unarmoured 3 core, copper conductor, multi-core cables from various cable manufacturers. These cables were tested across a variety of conductor sizes but because of the number of manufacturers, the variety of cable types and the different methods of construction available, it wasn’t feasible to carry out exhaustive tests. That said the results of the tests, although varied, were certainly interesting. They showed it is unsafe to presume the forces between the conductors will always be restrained within the jacket of the cable, whether or not the cable is armoured or tightly helically wound. Therefore, our conclusion is unless the relevant cable manufacturer can give assurances regarding the performance of their specific multi-core cable at the anticipated fault level, then fault rated cable cleats provide the safest option for securing multi-core cables.

Aren't electrical cables meant to be fully protected by circuit breakers?
That’s a common misconception, but in the event of a fault the forces between cables reach their peak in the first quarter cycle, while circuit breakers typically interrupt the fault after three or even five cycles. And by this stage, if the cleats are underspecified, the cables will be long gone.

What’s the best cleat to use?
How long is a piece of string? There are a large variety of cleats available and all of them are designed for different installations. For example, our Emperor cleats are recommended for the highest short circuit fault duty applications. Meanwhile, our Centaur cleats are designed specifically to restrain high voltage cables up to 400kV with a diameter range of 100 to 160mm.



ABB is making a concerted attack on the UK heating and ventilation (HVAC) industry to further strengthen its position in the supply of variable speed drives. In 2002, ABB announced ambitious plans to capture 20% of the market by 2007, which it surpassed by 2006. By 2009 the company had 26% market share, with the sector showing unprecedented growth in 2009 at the height of the building recession. ABB now estimates it is the largest supplier of HVAC drives in the UK. The growth has mainly been achieved at the expense of other major manufacturers.

Suitable for ventilation in difficult areas, Addvent’s new and improved Mixed Flow high performance in-line fan range is now available in standard and timer versions in the 100mm, 125mm and 150mm sizes - with no change to the 200mm version from the previous model. The fans have a performance ranging between 190m3/hr to 500m3/hr and are ideal for applications where the duct run is over 10m, such as large bathrooms. The fans are up to 8dB(A) quieter and have greater energy efficiency than the previous models. The in-line mixed flow fan offers over twice the pressure of a conventional axial fan, is suitable for horizontal or vertical mounting and can be used with rigid and flexible ducting.

ABB 01925 741 111 www.abb.com


Belden has extended its range of Hirschmann products to include the new WLAN Access Point BAT54-Rail Single. This device is designed for mounting on a top-hat rail and can be used both as Access Point and Access Client. Unlike the BAT54-Rail, this new Access Point has only one WLAN interface, making it a cost-effective alternative for applications that do not require a second interface. In common with its ‘elder brother’, however, the BAT54Rail Single offers the full range of functions supported by the powerful HiLCOS operating system. This Access Point offers transmission rates of up to 108 Mbit/s in either the 5 GHz or 2.4 GHz waveband. Fast roaming facilitates uninterrupted connections, even while changing from one radio cell to another.

Addvent 0117 938 6400 www.addvent.co.uk GUIDING LIGHTS AT THE AVIVA STADIUM
All fans of international sport and stadium rock will know Ireland has a spectacular new 50,000-seat venue in Lansdowne Road, Dublin. Designed Architectural Lighting supplied a complete luminaire package for the public spaces and hospitality suites. Over 700 Storm 140 CDM-TC metal halide lamp drum downlighters are mounted on the columns surrounding the perimeter of the grandstand, creating both feature and ambient lighting. Storm is a range of IP54 metal halide and compact fluorescent wall and ceiling mounted downlighters, which are illustrated in DAL’s new 184 page catalogue. All DAL’s luminaires are designed to the highest standard and include fixtures for linear fluorescent lamps, low voltage sources, and LED solid-state technology.

Belden +31 164 317 018 www.beldensolutions.com LIGHTING CONTROL IN LAW

Designed Architectural Lighting 01708 381999 www.dal-uk.com HANDHELD PARTIAL DISCHARGE DETECTION
The PDS100 is an RFI surveying tool that is designed for use in a live substation. Without the need for outages or special connections, the unit can detect partial discharge (PD) in just a few seconds thus making it an ideal tool for a condition based maintenance (CBM) program. Whole substations can be surveyed and analyzed. The PDS100 is the perfect tool to detect and locate sources of PD. • Safe and effective method for partial discharge detection • Can identify and locate defects using RFI technology • For non-invasive routine surveys of substations • Ideal for every service or test team • Advanced user-friendly diagnostic tool • Perfect tool for a condition based maintenance (CBM) program For more information or to arrange a demonstration;

A Delmatic lighting management system controls lighting throughout the new landmark City offices of UK law firm Addleshaw Goddard. The project was recently awarded Workplace Lighting installation of the year at the Lighting Design Awards 2010. As part of the fit-out works the base-build Delmatic lighting control modules, installed in 2005, were upgraded to DSI dimming. The project benefitted from Delmatic’s modular hardware approach, which enabled dimming to be added to the original modules simply by inserting a dimming capsule. Within meeting rooms Delmatic scene set modules and custom scene set panels were supplied which incorporated the lighting scene buttons, air conditioning controls and sensors. AV interfaces within meeting and presentation rooms integrate the audio visual functions with the lighting management system.

Delmatic 020 8987 5900 www.delmatic.com

Doble 01483 514124 www.doble.com


Leading cable cleat manufacturer, Ellis Patents has received London Underground (LUL) approval for six of its product ranges. The North Yorkshire-based manufacturer, whose products are used in power generation, oil & gas, construction and HVAC installations across the world, put its Alpha, Emperor and Vulcan cleats, plus three specifically designed new ranges, through the stringent LUL Engineering Standard tests. The Ellis Patents products to have received LUL standard 1-085 approval and been added to the London Underground products register are: • Alpha cable cleats – product register No 360 • Emperor cable cleats – product register No 362 • Vulcan VRT+ cable cleats –product register No 361 • LUL version of the 1F one hole cable clamps – product register No 363 • LUL version of the 2F two hole cable clamps – product register No 364 • LUL version of the new industrial cable clamps – product register No 365


Ellis Patents 01944 758395 www.ellispatents.co.uk NEW LASER DISTANCE METER
Ethos announces its new easy-to-use professional laser distance meter designed to give users high accuracy, one-person distance measuring and estimating tool - ideal for measuring simple basic areas which are remote and difficult to reach. The Ethos 4475 laser meter is the highest accuracy meters in its class. It is a professional, compact, lightweight meter and will fit easily onto a contractor’s tool belt. It has a measuring distance of 0.05-50m, and will measure in feet, inches, area measurement, volume measurement, indirect measurement and continuous measurement. There are short cut keys for addition, subtraction, Pythagoras area and volume calculation ensuring the measuring is fast and reliable. Laser distance meters are better than ultrasonic devised because they use laser beams and measure their reflection to accurately determine distances.


The EM06.012– Emitex Cat 5E/ Cat 6 Inline connection box aids mission critical situations. If there is a break in ones Cat 5E or Cat 6 cable or it has been cut through accidentally, it can take some time to run new cables to get the network up and running quickly. This new product allows you to terminate both ends of the cut cable quickly without compromising the performance criteria. The EM04.011– Emitex Fast Fix Blocks assist with dramatically reducing the amount of time taken on site to install products on to the data cabinet 19” mounting profiles from the conventional cage nuts.

Ethos 0191 378 3990 www.ethos-instruments.co.uk

Emitex 0117 923 5375 www.emitex.co.uk

Harting has added extended angled bulkhead and surface-mounting housings of size 3 A to the proven Han(R) HPR series of industrial connectors. This new housings make it possible to mount a HanBrid(R) Quintax contact insert in an angled Han(R) 3 HPR bulkhead or surface mounting housing, as well as making more wiring space available for improved assembly of the various contact inserts. The Han(R) HPR series of heavy-duty industrial connectors is ideally suited to providing the electrical interface in areas such as transport, applications with harsh climatic or moisture-resistant requirements, and sensitive interfaces that have to be protected or shielded. For mounting the new housings, two versions are available: one with through holes and one with blind tapped holes in the mounting flange. The version with the blind tapped holes eliminates the need for separate sealing of the fixing screws. Firesafe, specialist in fire safety equipment, has been chosen as the suppliers of over one hundred individual fire alarm systems being installed into a national chain of bookmakers. Working in conjunction with the Sittingbourne branch of City Electrical Factors Ltd and locally based electrical engineers and contractors; Noble Electrical, Firesafe has supplied the newly introduced conventional detection and call point range – complimenting the rest of the Firesafe family. The call point and conventional detectors, along with the fire alarm panels are designed to comply with the latest European standard; EN54. The conventional fire alarm detector range consists of an optical smoke detector, combined optical detector and fixed thermal heat detector as well as 60 degree rate of rise heat, 75 degree fixed temperature and 90 degree fixed high temperature thermal detectors.

Firesafe 01253 699 500 www.firesafe.co.uk

Due to the success of the Tornado High Speed Hand Dryer, Heatstore has expanded the range to include the new HS5700 Tornado Lite high speed hand dryer. Using only 1000w, the Tornado Lite has the lowest wattage in its class. This, along with the reduced drying time of 10-12 seconds, and heated 200mph airflow, gives running cost savings of up to 70% compared to a traditional hand dryer. Thus reducing the premises CO² footprint and emissions. The unit comes complete with a designer splash back to protect the wall finish beneath the unit from any spray that is blown from the hands.

Harting 01604 827500 www.harting.com

Heatstore 0117 923 5375 www.heatstore.co.uk

Concordia Cables, a leading supplier of electrical cables and cable accessories to UK and international customers, has moved to a new location, based at Burnley Network 65 Business Park. This major investment in a 67,000 sq ft, purpose built Distribution Centre ensures continued quality of service and increased availability of cable products. The 100% increase in storage and logistics capacity will enable it to offer an increasing range of products to its customers, including cable accessories, enclosures and electrical test and measurement equipment.

With football fever set in, Neweys Online has launched exciting promotions to help customers celebrate during the summer of football. The first is a prize draw to win one of six 50” LG Plasma TVs. HD ready these super-sized TVs offer optimum viewing for the World Cup finals. One 50” TV is up for grabs every week from 2 June to 12 July. Every order will qualify for an entry into that week’s prize draw – the more orders you place, the greater your chance of winning. Customers can also be in with a chance of winning a £50 cash prize in our Spot the Ball competition. Every time an order is placed between 2 June and 12 July, you will be directed from the order confirmation page to the free ‘spot the ball’ game. For more details visit http://www.neweysonline.co.uk/Summer-OfFootball/Static.raction or call the number below.

Concordia 01282 833950 www.concordiacables.com TRUE ONLINE UPS SYSTEM
Powersolve announces the WM Series of Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPS) designed for use in a variety of industrial and commercial applications where a wall mounted unit capable of withstanding the ingress of dust and moisture is required or recommended. WM Series units provide up to 1.5kVA of constant, reliable power from an input voltage of 115 or 230VAC and offer a range of selectable outputs from 100 to 240VAC. Powersolve has used an online double-conversion topology to provide a high integrity AC power source with zero transfer time to battery on mains failure conditions. The design also protects the load against noise and transients. Up to four battery strings can be incorporated giving 43 minutes hold up at 1.5kVA and over 2 hours at 600VA. 10 year life batteries are also available as an option. WM Series units incorporate many standard and optional features designed to make them easy to use and come ready for use ‘straight out of the box’ environments.

Neweys Online 0800 783 6909 www.neweysonline.co.uk FREEDOM TO CREATE WITH THE POWER TO COMPLY
In anticipation of the forthcoming changes to lighting industry standards to improve the efficiency and quality of office lighting, Thorn has launched a new range of modular fluorescent luminaires: Menlo. The dual component design with market leading light output achieves efficacies of up to 62 luminaire lumens / circuit Watt, far exceeding the target value of Part L building regulations, whilst also delivering excellent levels of cylindrical illuminance and facial modelling, as recommended by the awaited update to EN 12464-1 (Lighting indoor workplaces). And with a range of optics and mounting options there are solutions to meet all aspects of display screen use. The new design focuses on better performance and improved aesthetics through three optical choices, three geometric shapes and three mounting options.

Thorn 020 8732 9954 www.thornlighting.co.uk WATER ALARM SYSTEM UPDATED
Vimpex has launched a new range of control panels for its popular Hydrosense Water Leakage Detection System. Hydrosense is designed to protect areas where water leakage could seriously damage electrical, communication and computer networks by quickly detecting the leak and raising an alarm. The system continuously monitors vulnerable areas and can be interfaced to other fire, security and safety systems to provide total protection. Hydrosense can be easily installed by specialist contractors working in the electrical, fire and security industries and is suited to a wide range of applications including HVAC, sprinkler systems and water-cooled plant. The new Hydrosense panels offer advanced features with easier installation and programming. The attractive and unobtrusive panels are available in 2 to 48 zone versions with a variety of enclosures and mounting options.

Powersolve 01635 521858 www.powersolve.co.uk FAN-TASTIC FOOTBALL PRIZES
Some lucky Vent-Axia customers are celebrating football fever with instant wins through Vent-Axia’s Fan-tastic Footy Promotion. One lucky winner has already won a Nintendo Wii, with other instant prizes including Blue-Ray DVD players, footballs and t-shirts. But with two flat screen TVs and £2,000 of holiday vouchers still up for grabs in the ultimate draw, it’s still all to play for. In the Fan-tastic Footy Promotion Vent-Axia’s customers have not one, but two chances to win. Each promotion product includes a card with a unique reference number (URN), for an instant win, as well as allocating each contractor to one of the 32 World cup countries. If the card features the country that wins the World Cup the customer can enter the ultimate Fan-tastic Footy prize draw. The Fan-tastic Footy promotion is linked to products within VentAxia’s domestic ventilation, general ventilation, hygiene, heating and Lo-carbon ranges.

Vent-Axia 0844 856 0580 www.vent-axia.com/footy

Vimpex 01702 216999 www.vimpex.co.uk


The new version of the Eplan Data Portal is now online with functions that accelerate the organisation and administration of devices and components. Numerous search and administration functions are easier for users and make the engineering process faster. In practice designing becomes more efficient with the extensive selection of component and device data. Smart filters, for example, now allow the storage of all the filter schemes as individual search patterns. These can simply be called up again repeatedly – thus saving a lot of time. Key word tagging, with corresponding catch words parts are organised perfectly. Whether by purpose of use, procurement or project name, parts can now be grouped and organised with an excellent overview. Through the new display of the manufacturer tree structure, component data can be searched for exactly in accordance with the catalogue structure. No more tedious paging or manual transfer, simply insert the data into the project and carry on.

Eplan Service Pack 1 for electrical controls design software Eplan Electric P8 v1.9 adds extensions in reports, schematic and master data creation, such as intelligent PDF export, and consistency in the design and planning process. New search functions, the parallel tree and list view in the part master data navigator ensure even faster searches and a perfect overview. Project accelerator macros can now be created in Eplan Electric P8 with up to 128 occurrences through the combination of variants and representation types. All the required occurrences of a partial circuit are managed in the macro file, providing the perfect basis for standardized and efficient design and planning. A highlight in Eplan is the individual representation of black, PLC and location boxes which can now be drawn as polygons or polygon lines, simplifying the representation of complex plant and location structures in machine overviews.

Eplan Competence Centre 01709 704100 www.eplan.co.uk PRICE REDUCTIONS ON THERMAL IMAGERS
Fluke has reduced the recommended prices of its Fluke Ti25, TiR and TiR1 Thermal Imagers for a limited period, until 30 September 2010. The Ti25 is reduced from £4846 to £4199, the TiR from £3230 to £2799, and the TiR1 from £4846 to £3799. These Fluke thermal imagers, designed for day-to-day troubleshooting and maintenance, offer high image quality and feature IR Fusion technology which integrates infrared and visible light images in full screen or picture-in-picture views for enhanced problem detection and analysis. Powerful SmartView is also included with each thermal imager. The Fluke Ti25, TiR and TiR1 feature a three-button menu designed for intuitive operation and navigation with the push of a thumb, with the Ti25 and TiR1 offering the ability to record and save voice comments with every image taken, plus on-screen emissivity correction.

Fluke (UK) 020 7942 0700 www.fluke.co.uk

Eplan 01709 704100 www.eplan.co.uk

Rittal has launched its new thermal calculation software Therm6, part of an extensive range of software tools, that enable an engineer to design and deliver solutions efficiently. The new software gives a Windows feel to the layout which makes it easier to navigate through the five screens within the software. With more components added to the library and an easy function for adding their own devices, the software saves engineers both time and money and gives assurance that adequate cooling can be provided for any situation. Available on CD or via download from the Rittal website, www.rittal.co.uk. The software can also be updated automatically via the Internet to ensure the user always has the latest functionality. Yokogawa Electric has announced it has developed the world's first field wireless devices based on the ISA100.11a industrial wireless communications standard, and will release them to the market in July. These wireless products include an EJX-B series differential pressure and pressure transmitter, a YTA series temperature transmitter, and an integrated field wireless gateway which connects field wireless devices with a host system and provides a number of field wireless network setting and management functions in field sensor networks. These field wireless devices are expected to satisfy a wide variety of requirements in the industrial automation field. Yokogawa will continue to develop various kinds of field wireless devices for both monitoring and control applications, and is also proposing the development of new field digital networks that integrate wireless and wired technologies.

Yokogawa UK 01928 597100 www.yokogawa.com/uk DISCOUNT FOR EDUCATION AND PUBLIC SECTOR
Zigor, global supplier of UPS and power quality products, is offering a 5% discount on its UPS products to education and public sector customers in the UK until 27 August 2010. Zigor’s UPS solutions range from line interactive plug ‘n’ play UPS systems for desk top PCs, peripherals and small servers to critical power protection for multiple servers, computer rooms, data centres and sensitive electronic equipment. Gavin Banks, UK sales manager at Zigor says: “Zigor offers reliable, high quality power protection at exceptional value for money. As public sector budgets are being squeezed, we’re now offering an additional 5% discount, so customers can make significant savings without compromising on the quality of their power protection.” Zigor has also launched a UK website dedicated to UPS solutions. It gives details of which products are best suited to different applications, provides full product specifications and details of resellers and distributors.

Rittal 01709 704000 www.rittal.co.uk

Zigor 01604 751949 www.zigoruk.co.uk

3M, the diversified technology company, has launched its new and expanded range of Cold Shrink power cable joints and terminations, giving contractors a product family that now covers all the main medium and high voltage classes and cable types in the UK and Ireland. Benefits over traditional heat shrink products include the ability to complete more cable joints and terminations in less time, a reduced total cost-of-ownership, higher levels of reliability, and improved health and safety. 3M has also introduced an innovative new line of products that provide contractors still using heat shrink with an affordable entry-level Cold Shrink option.

Animmersion UK has been commissioned by Schneider Electric to create digital interactive user guides for its medium voltage switchgear equipment. This includes the existing Ringmaster and Genie Evo ranges, as well as the latest edition, the new Genie Evo 2500A series. The work by Animmersion will give the user guides a fresher 'hands on' feel, enabling mouse interaction by the user and employing the latest programming and interactive techniques. Animmersion has provided animation and interactive programmes for the electrical industry since its formation in 2006. It has an established technique of showcasing products and services for the sector in a highly visual, communicative and readily distributable manner. An example can be seen at http://www.animmersion.co.uk/isg/switchGearWeb.html

3M 01344 858000 www.3M.co.uk/electrical

E-UK Controls has introduced new, innovative design formats for its Teknic modular control system range. Available from one to six way in ABS and 1 to 4 way in Aluminium, Teknic can be supplied as complete assemblies or alternatively in component form for customer assembly. The new Teknic is based on bezel push button switches and pilot lights, plus a wide choice of circular and square type activators. E-UK Controls has published a new brochure for its Teknic range. This is available by contacting the company direct.

Animmersion www.annimersion.co.uk www.schneider-electric.co.uk POWER AND PERFORMANCE IN PERFECT HARMONY
Emergi-Lite has launched a new powerful, high output exit sign and emergency luminaire range delivering harmony across the entire design scheme. Horizon provides versatility and high performance solutions designed to meet the demands of today’s marketplace. With Horizon, low energy LED based exit signs are matched with high output fluorescent luminaires to provide a cost efficient yet powerful emergency lighting system. This market-leading approach delivers optical light distribution, so fewer luminaires are required, with low ongoing maintenance costs. This highly versatile range is available in surface mounted, recessed or mounting via a range of accessories for modern suspended ceilings and traditional solid walls, ensuring Horizon comprehensively covers all project requirements. Straightforward modular design ensures rapid installation, with the first-fix base fitted at an early construction phase, and the geartray, light diffuser or legend panel installed later as the building is finalised.

Emergi-Lite 0113 281 0600 www.emergi-lite.co.uk EASY FIT SENSORS OFFER MORE CONTROL
Hager has launched a new range of occupancy sensors that are easy to install and programme. They combine occupancy sensing with a photocell to switch or dim lighting in response to both movement and natural light levels. They are available as flush or surface mount, offering standard or digital lighting control. They can also be supplied prewired. The digital range will auto detect either DSI or DALI and can control up to 24 digital ballasts. Installers can use them with or without the company’s Klik lighting distribution system. To install, the contractor simply pushes the sensor through the ceiling aperture and reverse springs then hold it in place. This makes it simple to install in a plasterboard as well as a grid ceiling. A sliding cover on the surface of the sensor allows access to its controls without removing it from the ceiling.

E-UK Controls 01420 520540 SLIM IS BEAUTIFUL
Furse has added a new ESP SL Slim Line Series (including an ATEX approved variant (ESP SLX Series) for use in hazardous areas) to their market leading range of electronic systems protection. Specifically designed where installation space is at a premium and a large number of lines require protection, this SL range are an ultra slim 7mm, tested to BS EN/IEC 6164321 standards and suitable for twisted pair signalling, telecom or data applications requiring either lower in-line resistance, an increased current, and/or higher bandwidth. Other features and benefits include: • Ultra slim 7mm width - ideal for compact protection of large numbers of lines • Unique innovative two stage removable protection module with simple quick release mechanism for easy system maintenance • ATEX/IEC Ex approved for use in hazardous environments for the protection of Intrinsically Safe Circuits – ideal for protecting process control systems in petrochemical, pharmaceutical and oil & gas applications

Furse 0115 964 3700 www.furse.com

Hager 0870 240 2400 www.hager.co.uk


CP Electronics, one of the UK's leading lighting controls manufacturers, has published a new brochure to highlight its OEM and Integrated products. The company, now in its 40th year of business, is dedicated to providing energy saving lighting solutions and can offer a ‘one stop shop’, from initial consultation of the project and recommendation of product through to implementation. With control being the key to achieving maximum energy efficiency, the new OEM brochure provides good technical advice on the company range of detectors along with accessories that can be integrated into any lighting system. As well as producing a wide range of standard products for industrial and energy saving applications, CP are able to provide a custombuilt solution that takes on board functionality, cost, time constraints and environmental impact.

Balfour Beatty Engineering Services (BBES), a mechanical and electrical building services business, is using an advanced tester from Clare Instruments to improve the electrical safety testing of its power installations. The company has replaced its previous electrical safety tester with a new HAL Combi http://www.clare.co.uk/products/halcombi_hipot_tester.asp to improve the accuracy and reliability of its product commissioning procedures. The HAL can undertake a wider range of electrical tests on the substation control and protection panels produced by BBES and then provides detailed analysis of each individual panel including performance and outputs. It contains the four core electrical safety test required by routine production line testing. The HAL is part of the latest generation of test instruments, complete with specialist software and a large capacity internal database.


Clare Instruments 0191 587 8741 www.clareinstruments.com ACCURATE LOW RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT
The Digital Ohmmeter D07Plus from Cropico, a specialist supplier of precision measurement equipment, improves the accuracy to which low resistance can be measured. Adding to the Cropico digital micro ohmmeter range, the versatile, rugged and easy-to-use D07Plus simplifies resistance associated with electrical connections, weld integrity, cable and joint resistance, electric motors and other engineering applications. Accurate to within 0.05%, lead resistance errors are eliminated with the incorporation of true four-wire technology, while advanced features include seven selectable measurement ranges, extending from 0.1μΩ to 6 kΩ - in addition to a 10A measuring current. The D07Plus is capable of recording and storing 1,000 measurements plus sequences. There is an option for selecting continuous or pulsed current output.

Cropico 0191 586 3511 www.cropico.co.uk LEADING THE WAY IN LUMINAIRE RECYCLING
In 2009 Lumicom claims to have recycled more than all rival compliance schemes put together. It attributes its success to the organisation’s commitment to achieving full compliance backed by a high quality service. Geoff Hall commented: “We were set up to meet the industry’s responsibilities in full, not to avoid them or minimise them. Not only do we finance the recycling but we also require our recyclers to use the best available treatment practices and advise them on the recyclability of new materials being used in the manufacture of luminaires.” To that end, Lumicom only uses recyclers that are fully authorised by the Environment Agency and capable of meeting the stringent recycling targets that require 70% recovery by average weight and 50% re-use and recycling or components, material and other substances.

CP Electronics 0333 9000671 www.cpelectronics.co.uk

Designer and manufacturer of test equipment, Martindale, has just won a contract to supply the Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI)'s beachfront lifeguard huts around England and Wales with EPAT1600’s, the company's mains powered PAT tester. According to RNLI Area Technical Assistant for the Penwith area of Cornwall , Mark Penberthy, ensuring the safety of the lifeguards' working life is of paramount importance. In particular, all electrical equipment used in these demanding coastal environments needs to be safely earthed and insulated. The lifeguards' electrical equipment includes sophisticated communication systems, appliances, and rescue-related equipment. These can be attacked by moisture and salt corrosion, leading to short circuiting, risk of electrocution, and equipment failure. The mains-powered EPAT 1600 performs higher-current (25 Amp) ‘hard’ tests, plus ‘soft’ tests for IT equipment, check for blown fuses and carry out insulation tests.

Martindale 01923 441717 www.martindale-electric.co.uk SIX SENSORS PACKED INTO PD SYSTEM
EA Technology has launched what it says is the world’s most powerful and versatile portable system for investigating and recording Partial Discharge (PD) activity in live MV and HV assets. Called the UltraTEV Locator, the dual probe instrument features six different sensor technologies to detect and gather information about PD activity, which EA Technology says is a factor in 85% of disruptive substation failures. EA Technology international director Neil Davies said: “The UltraTEV Locator™ is much more than a PD fault location tool. In common with our other new third generation PD products, it’s a multi-functional system which delivers a highly detailed assessment of the condition of live assets, so operators can optimise maintenance and prevent faults developing into failures.” Both of the UltraTEV Locator’s probes use ultrasonic and Transient Earth Voltage (TEV) sensors to locate and measure PD activity on the surface of assets and internally.

Lumicom 020 8642 3887 www.lumicom.co.uk

EA Technology 0151 347 2371 www.eatechnology.com


To advertise in this section contact John Steward on: 020 7933 8974 or johns@electricalreview.co.uk Charges: £19 pccm, Box No £25 UPS



Control Systems

Power Factor Correction

To Senior Authorised/ Authorised Person level
Also Competent Person, EAW Regs, Generator Operation, Ship/Marine systems, Safety awareness, HV safety for Laser/ Microwave and AGL, Maintenance, etc

Power Factor Correction PowerLogicTM Metering Systems Energy Meters Load Monitoring Power Quality Monitoring & Solutions Harmonic Surveys To G5/4 Harmonic Filters UPS & Surge Protection Thermal Imaging Surveys
Call for survey and quotation :Tel 01773 - 603110 Fax 01773 - 603112 e-mail solutions@varservices.co.uk web site - www.varservices.co.uk VAR Services Ltd. 27 Main Road, Jacksdale, Nottingham, NG16 5JU


Tel or Fax: 01737 352755
e-mail: MichaelTwitchett@highvoltage.fsnet.co.uk

Power Factor Correction

Cables Accessories

PFC Engineering Ltd

Station Road, Great Chesterford, Saffron Walden, Essex CB10 1NY

Total Power Quality Solutions
Power Factor Correction Design and Manufacture - LV / MV Power Factor Correction Maintenance and Installation Harmonic Analysis and Penetration Studies Harmonic Filtration Systems - LV / MV Design and Manufacture Voltage Disturbance and Flicker Control Complete Analytical Services Consultation and Advice

Contact us for expert advice on Tel: +44 (0) 1799 530728, Fax: +44 (0) 1799 530235 email: er-enquiries@pfc-engineering.com

Power Quality Management

A.C. Voltage Stabilisers


Hazardous Area

Test and measurement

innovative test technology and comprehensive customer support



SERVICE & CALIBRATION Seaward provides a comprehensive calibration and repair service for a wide range of electrical and electronic equipment I UKAS accredited calibration I Mobile ‘on-site’ service so equipment stays on your premises I Service and calibration for most brands of electrical/electronic equipment I Competitive pricing, repair warranty and guaranteed workmanship Tel: 0191 586 3511 Email: sales@seaward.co.uk Website: www.seaward.co.uk

100% dedicated to the electrical industry. Our consultants are industry trained from contracting, wholesaling, manufacturing and sales. WE FULLY UNDERSTAND THE TECHNICALITIES OF THE ROLES THE INDUSTRY HAS TO OFFER. FOR YOUR NEXT PERMANENT VACANCY, GIVE US A CALL AND SPEAK TO PEOPLE WHO UNDERSTAND YOUR INDUSTRY. Visit www.electricalrecruit.co.uk Alternatively contact David Marshall TMIET MIRP. david@electricalrecruit.co.uk 0845 0947201 • 07894 110336

Energy Saving



To advertise in this section contact John Steward on: 020 7933 8974 or johns@electricalreview.co.uk Charges: £19 pccm, Box No £25


Design and consultation services in all aspects of backup power system design. We supply a full range of fully integrated, innovative Complete Power Solutions L L L L L L L L Design and Consultation UPS & Standby Generating Systems & System Upgrades Battery Systems including Installation, Commissioning & Replacement Attenuation & Exhaust Systems Bulk Fuel Systems Control Systems Full Turnkey Solutions Containerised & Temporary UPS & Generator Systems

Try our FREE site survey to find out how we can help you select the right UPS and power protection systems for your applications. Full on-site commissioning and installation offer with 24-7 technical support. Remove the risk – talk to Critical Power Specialists and protect your systems from power failures. • UPS and generators from 300VA to 800 kVA • Third Party UPS HealthChecks • DC solutions including inverters • Nationwide UK service network Tel: 0845 519 3638 • Guaranteed 4 clock hour Email: sales@criticalpowersupplies.co.uk support www.criticalpowersupplies.co.uk • Replacement battery service

Services include: LV & MV Switchgear • Cooling Systems Rack Systems • Fire Protection • DC Systems SCADA & Remote Monitoring • Virtual Engineering (PEARL) • Service, Maintenance & Gas •Measurement and Support Site Surveys • Building Construction & Fit-Out

E-TEC Power Management Ltd Tel: +44 (0)1252 744 800 Fax: +44 (0)1252 744 930 uksales@e-tecpowerman.com www.e-tecpowerman.com

Established since 1902 Concordia Cables is a leading supplier of electrical cables with a highly regarded reputation for understanding and meeting customers cabling needs

Gas Measurement & Detection

Our portfolio includes T industrial cables, T special cables, T electronic cables and cable accessories

Our service includes T distribution to both UK and International customers. T optimum quality and service T on time delivery, realistic batch quantities T exactness of manufacturing tolerances expected as standard. Tel: 01282 833950 Fax: 01282 833955 Email: marketing@concordiacables.com Web: www.concordiacables.com

Specialists in gas measurement and detection Manufacturer of Rapidox gas analysers Oxygen sensing from 100% O2 to 10 e-23 PPM SF6 condition analysers for Gas Insulated Substations (GIS) I Specialists in gas measurement and detection I O2, CO, CO2, SO2 and dp (moisture) sampling I Manufacturer of Rapidox gas analysers instruments for 100% O2 to 10 e-23 PPM I Oxygen sensing fromlaboratory, vacuum, low-oxygen, I SF6and oxygen-criticalfor Gas Insulated Substations (GIS) condition analysers applications I O2, Distributors of gas detectors for safety, industrial, for I CO, CO2, SO2 and dp (moisture) sampling instruments laboratory, vacuum, low-oxygen, and oxygen-critical applications welding, diving and medical applications


I Distributors of gas detectors for safety, industrial, welding, diving sales@cambridge-sensotec.co.uk and medical applications Phone: +44(0)1480 462142 Fax: +44(0)1480 466032 sales@cambridge-sensotec.co.uk www.cambridge-sensotec.co.uk Phone: +44(0)1480 462142 Fax: +44(0)1480 466032 www.cambridge-sensotec.co.uk


Power Systems Software

Rockwell Automation provides an extensive portfolio of products, including Low Voltage Control Equipment, Variable Speed Drives, Medium Voltage Drives, Programmable Controllers, SCADA and MES. With a focus on sustainability and life-time costs, we also provide a range of added-value services such as Asset Management, Condition Monitoring and On-Site Support. Coupled with this, Rockwell Automation has a system engineering capability combined with extensive domain experience of the manufacturing sector. In particular Rockwell Automation has dedicated resources assigned to Rail, Water and Energy industries within the UK market.
Tel: 0870 242 5004 Fax: 01908 261917 Email: ukmarketing@ra.rockwell.com Web: www.rockwellautomation.co.uk


Green light for the ELECTRICAL INDUSTRY to flourish
SKILLS AND SUSTAINABILITY are interconnected issues, and nowhere is this more relevant than in the electrical sector. Our industry will play a front line role in the drive for energy efficiency as not only does our sphere of influence encompass both domestic and commercial sectors, but we are on the frontline to advise and install the technology that will take the green agenda forward. The drive for sustainability is going to provide a significant level of work for the electrical industry in the short and long term. Whilst the numbers of new properties being built are falling, there are still 24 million existing properties which need to be retrofitted to improve their energy efficiency significantly. In addition, the government’s ambitious Carbon Reduction Commitment targets, which require the UK to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050, will mean work in the commercial sector should increase, as energy efficiency and carbon reduction become mandatory targets for companies; Further opportunity is also presented by the strengthening of Part L of the Building Regulations. The emphasis placed on energy efficiency and the call for advisory and practical action on this issue could have been tailor made for the electrical sector. However, the question we need to ask is do we have the skills within the industry to cope with this? The government’s Low Carbon Skills Consultation, which closed to submissions on 23 June, concurs with our view that the majority of skills needed to make the transition to a low carbon economy will not be new ones. What this means for our industry is that the basic tools are present so we must grasp the opportunity with both hands. From fitting energy efficient lighting to installing photovoltaics, the people best placed to effectively advise both domestic and commercial clients on the most effective measures they can take, as well as actually installing the technology, are electricians. We need to pitch ourselves as energy advisors to both domestic and commercial clients. Instead of needing a new breed of ‘green consultants’, most electrical professionals will have the skills to advise on, and implement, the sustainability agenda. For those that don’t, it’s simply a case of getting up to speed with the demands of the work created; this need not be costly, complicated or time consuming. There are a range of courses available to top up existing levels of skills. General or introductory courses provide an overview of the different sustainable technologies suitable for the UK, relevant legislation and basic principles of operation. These are suitable for company owners, managers, directors, sole traders, engineers and anyone who is considering operating in this area but needs to know more. Installation courses are available for qualified, experienced electricians and building services engineers. They provide in-depth knowledge on the installation of individual renewable energy systems. However, our industry is facing a skills crisis. If we don’t act now, we will soon lack the number of operatives with the appropriate skills to deliver projects of any nature, both large and small. We must ensure that our industry survives and that it is able to play its integral part in meeting the challenges and opportunities presented by the government’s sustainability drive. The sustainability agenda will benefit our industry, as well as the planet. The government’s Low Carbon Skills Consultation has reinforced the front line role which electrical professionals have to play; to us and to the public. We should work hard to minimise the scope for so-called ‘green consultants’ to emerge and make money from the green agenda while we are perfectly placed to deliver. The real expertise and opportunity lies in the hands of the electrical industry; it is time to build on the skills we have to ensure that we are ready to step up to the mark as energy advisors in this burgeoning market.

Iain Macdonald is head of education and training at the Electrical Contractors’ Association (ECA), overseeing training and development initiatives for the organisation’s membership. In 2008 he oversaw the launch of the ECA’s £10 million training fund which gives grants to ECA members to participate in training courses or programmes, which the Association believes will help tackle skills shortages in identified areas of the industry.

If we don’t act now, we will soon lack the number of operatives with the appropriate skills to deliver projects of any nature, both large and small