Mechanical television (also called televisor) was a television system that used mechanical orelectromechanical devices to capture and

display images. However, the images themselves were usually transmitted electronically and via radio waves. The reason for the dual nature of mechanical television lay in the history of technology. The earliest mechanical television components originated with 19th century inventors, with 20th century inventors later adding electronic components as they were created

Television Development - 100 Years at a glance
1880s to 1899 1900 1922 to 1927 Period of Dreams, Concepts and Initial Discoveries The word "Television" is first used Early Experiments with a MECHANICAL scanning disc system. TV Picture is neon orange and very small. First Mechanical TV Sets sold to public -- At the peak, 42 US stations were in operation using the Jenkins system. However, picture quality is lacking. Not suitable for commercial use. Electronic TV offers greater promise. Early Experiments with All-Electronic Cathode Ray Television (the basic system we have today) Electronic TV begins broadcasting in Germany, England, Italy, France, USA, Holland, etc. Work begins on CBS Mechanical Color Television Electronic Black & White Television begins broadcasting in United States World War-II halts all TV sales and most all public broadcasting. First American Post War TV set is RCA 630-TS (Less than 7,000 TV sets in USA, pre WW-II) First Mechanical Color Television Set Placed on Market at $499.95. Mechanical CBS Color TV Broadcasting ends forever First All-Electronic Color Television Set is RCA CT-100, selling at $1,000 Japanese demonstrate ANALOG high-definition TV system (called MUSE) General Instrument's Video Cipher division announces DIGITAL Hi-Definition System Congress Passes the Telecommunications Act of 1995,

1928 to 1934

1926 to 1935 1935 to 1941 Early 1940s July 1, 1941

1942 to 1945

Late 1946 June 25, 1951 Oct 20, 1951 May 1954

1987 1990 1995

replacing the old 1934 laws Late 1990s Internet, World-Wide-Web explodes onto the scene -ushering in new global communications for the 21st century!

Electronic television requires a cathode ray tube to display the picture, and some sort of electronic camera tube to capture the image. The cathode ray tube was the easier of these to develop, but the emergence of electronic television was delayed for years until a suitable camera tube could be developed. Though the documentary evidence is slim, Vladimir Zworykin, while working for Westinghouse, probably demonstrated a crude line image on his Iconoscope camera tube in 1924 and the image of a cross in 1925. Philo Farnsworth, a young man with no electronics background, produced images on his Image Dissector camera tube in 1927. The Image Dissector required too much light to be practical for television, while the Iconoscope produced acceptable pictures with a reasonable amount of light.

Mechanical colored television

Mechanical television returned to the United States as a method of painting colors over a monochrome CRT. The CBS color television system of Peter Goldmark used such technology in 1940. John Baird's 1928 color television experiments had inspired Goldmark's more advanced field-sequential color system. In Goldmark's system, stations transmit color saturation values electronically. Yet mechanical methods also come into play. At the transmitting camera, a mechanical disc filters hues (colors) from reflected studio lighting. At the receiver, a synchronized disc paints the same hues over the CRT. As the viewer watches pictures through the color disc, the pictures appear in full color. John Logie Baird demonstrated the world's first color transmission on July 3, 1928, using scanning discs at the transmitting and receiving ends with three spirals of apertures, each spiral with filters of a different primary color; and three light sources at the receiving end, with a commutator to alternate their illumination.

Baird also made the world's first color broadcast on February 4, 1938, sending a mechanically scanned 120-line image from Baird's Crystal Palace studios to a projection screen at London's Dominion Theatre.
On August 16, 1944, John Logie Baird gave the first demonstration of a fully

electronic color picture tube. His 600-line color system used triple interlacing, using
six scans to build each picture. RCA demonstrated to the FCC on January 29, 1947 the first all-electronic color

television system, with no moving parts, to transmit live images.