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DF-25054-REP-03-001

REM-1

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

HIGH PURITY

SKID-MOUNTED HYDROGEN PLANT


WITH CO2 RECOVERY UNIT

for

in

Peru, South America

HYDRO-CHEM,
A DIVISION OF LINDE ENGINEERING NORTH AMERICA, INC
HOLLY SPRINGS, GEORGIA USA

January 7, 2014 K-04-P2911023 Issue 6


TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 INTRODUCTION .............................................................................1


2.0 DESIGN BASIS AND UTILITIES ....................................................2
3.0 PROCESS DESCRIPTION ............................................................21
4.0 PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMS .....................................................27
5.0 CATALYST AND ADSORBENTS .................................................28
6.0 DESIGN FEATURES .....................................................................30
7.0 EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION ........................................................32
8.0 MECHANICAL DESCRIPTION .....................................................83
8.1.1 CONTROL SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE DRAWING ......................84
9.0 INSTALLATION ............................................................................90
10.0 SCOPE OF SUPPLY .....................................................................92
11.0 PLANT LAYOUT ...........................................................................93
12.0 PROJECT SCHEDULE .................................................................94
13.0 EXCEPTIONS AND CLARIFICATIONS ........................................95
14.0 VENDOR LIST ...............................................................................97
15.0 EXPERIENCE LIST .....................................................................103
1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 GENERAL

This proposal is for the design, fabrication and FCA (Hydro-Chem or Hydro-Chem
Vendor shops) delivery of a modular hydrogen plant.

Hydrogen is produced by catalytically reforming natural gas / or naphtha and steam at


elevated temperatures in a direct-fired reformer furnace. Additional hydrogen is
produced by the catalytic reaction of carbon monoxide and steam in a shift converter.
Impurities such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, methane, and water are removed
in a Pressure Swing Adsorption System (PSA), and ultra pure hydrogen is produced.

Some of the CO2 is removed from synthesis gas upstream of PSA using an amine
system. The energy for CO2 regeneration is provided by process heat and steam
generated in the plant.

Fuel for the reformer furnace is a combination of vent gas from the PSA System and
natural gas / refinery fuel gas.

Steam required by the process comes from recovering waste heat at various points in
the Hydrogen Plant.

The plant is highly automated allowing operation and production rate changes from a
central control point.

Hydrogen product conditions, flow, purity, utility consumption, items of supply and
services to be performed by Hydro-Chem are further defined in this proposal.

1.2 SCOPE SUMMARY

The following items are outside the scope of this proposal and are to be furnished by the
Purchaser:

1. Provide an accessible level site for plant installation free of underground and
above ground obstructions.
2. Provide construction utilities (power, water, and nitrogen).
3. Provide utilities as shown in Section 2.0 of this proposal.
4. Provide chemicals and lubricants as required.
5. Provide any fire proofing or fire protection, as required.
6. Provide any item not specifically shown as Hydro-Chem supply.
7. Provide operator and maintenance personnel for training during the
commissioning, start-up and operating phase of the project.
8. Provide labor and materials for installation.

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2.0 DESIGN BASIS AND UTILITIES

The plant is designed to produce hydrogen by steam reforming of natural gas or naphtha.

2.1 PRODUCTS

The plant is designed to produce high purity gaseous hydrogen and steam as follows:

2.1.1 Hydrogen

Flow, kg/hr (as pure H2) 1,150

Purity, mol % min (excluding He & Ar) 99.9


Impurities, ppmv max
CO + CO2 20
CO 10
H2O Dew Point, C minus 40
Sulfur nil
N2 980
CH4 and Heavier Balance

Temperature, C max 40
Pressure, barg min 24.5

2.1.2 Export Steam

Flow, kg/hr Refer to Section 2.4


Pressure, barg
minimum 15
normal 17
maximum 18

Temperature, C
minimum 230
normal 260
maximum 271

Quality
pH 8 9.5
Fe, ppmv <0.02
SiO2, ppmv <0.02
Cu, ppmv <0.03
Cl, ppmv <0.01
Conductivity, micro S/cm <5

Note: Export steam shall be desuperheated via a boiler feed water quench to
the minimum temperature.

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2.1.3 CO2

Flow, MTPD 115


Pressure, barg min 0.35
Temperature, C max 40

Purity (west basis), mol% min


CO2 95

Note: The total inerts in CO2 (H2, CH4, N2, and CO) would be less than 0.1 mol%
dry.

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2.2 FEEDSTOCK

2.2.1 Natural Gas (Main Feedstock for Feed and Fuel)

Composition, mol %

Methane 88.35
Ethane 10.51
Propane 0.10
Nitrogen 0.80 (1.0% max)
Carbon Dioxide 0.24
Total 100.00

LHV, Kcal/NCM 9,181


HHV, Kcal/NCM 10,163

Moisture, mg/NCM 65

Total Sulfur, ppmv (typical) 5


mg/Nm3 (maximum) 15

Pressure, barg min 21.8


Temperature, C Ambient

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2.2.2 Naphtha (Alternate Feedstock for Feed)

Case 1 Case 2
Temperature, C 43 38
Pressure, barg min 4.9 4.9

Density @ 15C, kg/m3 687 681


Reid Vapor Pressure, psia 8.3 8.9

Sulfur, ppmw max 0.5 0.5


Nitrogen, ppmw max 0.1 0.1
Benzene, vol% 6.1 3.43
Aromatics, vol% 6.1 3.43
Nitrogen, ppmw max 0.1 0.1
Oxygen and oxygenates, ppmw max 0.1 0.1
Water, ppmw max 0.1 0.1
Chlorides, ppmw max 1.0 1.0
Olefins, wt% 0.1 1.0
Metals, ppmb max - 5.0
Arsenic, ppmb max - 1.0
Lead, ppmb max - 1.0
Copper, ppmb max - 1.0
Mercury, ppmb max - 1.5

Mass LHV, kcal/kg 10,638 -

ASTM D-86 Distillation


(Liquid Volume % Basis) Deg. C Deg. C

IBP 49.1 -
5% 49.3 -
10% 51.4 49.6
20% 60.0 -
30% 66.5 -
40% 67.8 -
50% 69.3 67.6
60% 71.3 -
70% 72.9 -
80% 74.0 -
90% 79.9 77.4
95% 81.9 -
100% 95.9 -
EBP - 81.5

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2.2.3 Refinery Offgas (For Fuel)

Composition, mol % (Base)


High H2 Low H2

CH4 25.5 31.7


C2H6 13.6 17.2
C2H4 0.8 1.1
C3H8 10.6 13.8
C3H6 2.0 2.9
C4H10 6.0 8.0
C4H8 0.5 0.7
C5H12 2.9 4.0
C6H14+ 1.1 1.7
H2 35.3 16.4
N2 0.8 1.2
H2O 0.9 1.3
H2S, ppmv max 100 100

LHV, Kcal/NCM 11299 14071


HHV, Kcal/NCM 12400 15368

Temperature, C 40
Pressure, barg normal 2.45
max 3.43

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2.3 UTILITY SPECIFICATIONS

The Hydrogen Plant utility consumption is based on the following:

2.3.1 Fuel

Makeup fuel for the reformer is natural gas, while natural gas is feed to the plant
or refinery offgas while naphtha is feed to the plant, as shown in Section 2.2.
Fuel for the burner pilot is natural gas / refinery offgas. No coalescing filter is
provided for refinery fuel gas.

2.3.2 Demineralized Water

Demineralized water is used for BFW makeup. It is also used in amine system.

Demineralized water is supplied to the plant as follows:

SiO2, ppb 10
Total Hardness, ppm CaCO3 0.01
Iron, ppm as Fe 0.02
Sodium, ppb as Na 50
pH range 6.5-8.5
Pressure, barg min 2
Temperature, C 10

2.3.3 Instrument Air

Quality clean, dry, oil free


Particle size (per ISA-S7.3), micron max 3
Dew Point @ atm, C minus 40
Pressure, barg min 3.9
max 7.8
Temperature, C Ambient

2.3.4 Electric Power

480V, 3 Phase, 60 Hz

2.3.5 Nitrogen

Purity, vol% 99.9


Dew point , C -40
Temperature, C Ambient
Pressure, barg min 4.1
max 6.9

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2.3.6 Import H2 (For Start-Up)

Composition, mol %

CH4 7.5
C2H6 4.9
C3H8 2.9
C4H10 1.3
C5H12 0.9
H2 82.4
HCl, ppmv max 0.5

Pressure, barg min 31


Temperature, C Ambient

2.3.7 Cooling Water

Analysis

Total Hardness, ppm 500


Hardness-Ca(2+), ppm 300
Hardness-Mg(2+), ppm 200
-
Cl( ), ppm 200
Total Alcohols, ppm 100
Phenol, ppm 20
Methyl, ppm 100
Phospine, ppm 2
Total Phosphate, ppm 6
SO4(-), ppm 200
Silicate, ppm 150
Total Iron (Fe), ppm 5
S.T.D, ppm 1000
Microbiological Count, cfu <10,000

Supply Temp, C 29
Temperature Rise, C 11

Supply Pressure, barg 4.5

Allowable Pressure Drop


in Exchangers, bar 0.7

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2.4 UTILITIES CONSUMPTION

2.4.1 Following are the estimated utilities @ 1150 kg/hr H2 production.

Feed Type Natural Gas Naphtha Naphtha


(Case 1) (Case 2)
Fuel Type Natural Gas RFG RFG

H2 Production, kg/hr 1150 1150 1150


CO2 Production, TPD 115 115 115

Natural Gas, NCMH


Feed 4910
Fuel 860
Total 5770
Naphtha Feed, kg/hr - 4240 4200
RFG Fuel, NCMH - 820 790
Export Steam, tph 13.5 12.0 11.8
BFW Makeup, kg/hr 21000 22500 22000
Demin. Water to Amine System,
115 115 115
kg/hr
Cooling Water (9C Rise) m3/hr 660 660 660
Nitrogen for Flare Header Purge,
15 15 15
NCMH
Instrument Air, NCMH 125 125 125

Electric Power, KW
I.D. Fan 190 190 190
F.D. Fan 70 70 70
BFW Pumps 100 100 100
Condensate Pumps 25 25 25
Naphtha Feed Pumps - 30 30
NG Compressors 120 - -
H2 Recycle Compressors 10 10 10
Amine Pumps 70 70 70
Reflux Pumps 10 10 10
Naphtha Slop Air Cooler Fans - 5 5
Amine Charge Pump 5 5 5
Miscellaneous 20 25 25
Total 620 540 540

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2.4.2 Following are the estimated utilities @ 1000 kg/hr H2 production.

Feed Type Natural Gas Naphtha Naphtha


(Case 1) (Case 2)
Fuel Type Natural Gas RFG RFG

H2 Production, kg/hr 1000 1000 1000


CO2 Production, TPD 115 115 115

Natural Gas, NCMH


Feed 4270
Fuel 730
Total 5000
Naphtha Feed, kg/hr - 3690 3660
RFG Fuel, NCMH - 700 680
Export Steam, tph 10.5 9.5 9.4
BFW Makeup, kg/hr 17000 18500 18000
Demin. Water to Amine System,
115 115 115
kg/hr
Cooling Water
660 660 660
(9C Rise) m3/hr
Nitrogen for Flare Header Purge,
15 15 15
NCMH
Instrument Air, NCMH 125 125 125

Electric Power, KW 620 540 540

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2.4.3 Following are the estimated utilities @ 700 kg/hr H2 production.

Feed Type Natural Gas Naphtha Naphtha


(Case 1) (Case 2)
Fuel Type Natural Gas RFG RFG

H2 Production, kg/hr 700 700 700


CO2 Production, TPD 96 115 115

Natural Gas, NCMH


Feed 2990
Fuel 525
Total 3515
Naphtha Feed, kg/hr - 2580 2560
RFG Fuel, NCMH - 465 450
Export Steam, tph 6.0 5.5 5.3
BFW Makeup, kg/hr 10500 10000 9700
Demin. Water to Amine System,
115 115 115
kg/hr
Cooling Water
660 660 660
(9C Rise) m3/hr
Nitrogen for Flare Header Purge,
15 15 15
NCMH
Instrument Air, NCMH 125 125 125

Electric Power, KW 620 540 540

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2.4.4 Estimated utilities - Startup

Feedstock Natural Gas Naphtha Naphtha


(Case 1) (Case 2)
Import H2, NCMH
For Hydrotreating (24 to 48hrs) - 150 150
For Prereforming (1hr) 1000 1000 1000
Nitrogen
Purging (4 - 8 hrs Startup /
1600 1600 1600
Shutdown), NCMH
Pre-reformer Heatup (16 - 24hrs),
2500 2500 2500
NCMH
Plant Heatup (24 - 48hrs)
1000 1000 1000
Recycle, NCM
Electric Power, KW ( N2 Heater for
600
Pre-reformer Startup)

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2.4.5 Startup Time, Rate Changes, Switchover of Feed and Operability

2.4.5.1 Cold and Warm Startup

From an ambient condition, the plant can be started up to produce


quality hydrogen in about 24 to 48 hrs depending on feedstock. At
that point the production rate would be 40 to 50% of design.

If the plant is shut down for a short period (about 30 minutes), it


can be started up in 1 or 2 hours to come back to the original
production. Longer shut downs results in longer heat ups.

2.4.5.2 Rate Change

The typical production rate change is 10% every 20 to 30 minutes.


This is true for both the directions, i.e., from design case to
maximum turn down case or vice versa. The production rate can
be increased from 50% to 100% in about 2 hours.

With a master rate controller, the control system automatically


adjusts all the affected streams during a rate change. This
controller is a software module.

2.4.5.3 Operability

The operability of the plant is over 99%.

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2.5 PERFORMANCE GUARANTEES

2.5.1 Hydrogen Production

Flow, kg/hr 1,150

Impurities, ppmv max


CO 10
CO + CO2 20

Pressure, barg min 24.5

2.5.2 CO2 Production

TPD 115

2.5.3 Utility Consumption

Refer to Attachment 7 Performance Guarantees.

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2.6 OTHER DESIGN PARAMETERS

2.6.1 Ambient Conditions

Site Elevation, m above sea level 13


Average Barometric Pressure, bara 1.012

Dry Bulb Temperature Range, C 8 to 32


Minimum Design Metal Temperature, C 0
Design Air Cooler Temperature, C 37

Design Conditions for Combustion


Ambient Air Temperature, C 20
Relative humidity, % 60

Wind velocity, km/h max (mech design) 45

Seismicity
Seismic Zone 3
Zone Factor (Z) 0.4 g
Use Factor (U) 1.5
Land Profile (S) S3

Soil Bearing Capacity, kg/m2 min 14,647

2.6.2 Reformer furnace fuel consumption is based on the design conditions for
combustion shown above, 25 KMPH wind velocity, 5% radiant section heat loss,
10% excess air to the burner. A 56C flue gas temperature loss is allowed to
account for convection section heat losses.

2.6.3 Steam to carbon ratio in the primary reformer feed is 3.0.

2.6.4 Steam to carbon ratio in the pre-reformer feed is 3.0.

2.6.5 PSA recovery is 86%.

2.6.6 Flow meters are subject to + 2% meter tolerance.

2.6.7 Power consumption is measured at the device and is subject to + 4% tolerance.

2.6.8 Basis of acoustical plant design is to limit the noise exposure for personnel to an
eight-hour time weighted average of 80 dB(A) according to Directive 2003/10/EC
of the European Parliament and of the Council on minimum health and safety
requirements regarding exposure of workers to the risk arising from physical
agents (noise).

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Because process area and large machinery installations are generally
unoccupied and, furthermore, because the period of attendance of personnel on
their control rounds in the plant is limited, no permanent working places inside
the plant are to be taken into consideration.

There are a few areas where the combined sound pressure level inside the plant
will be higher than 90 dB(A) at 1m distance. These areas are mainly found at
large machinery as well as equipment installations. These areas will be
signposted as restricted areas. Noise protection equipment which would be
necessary to reduce the noise level of this equipment will hinder access for
maintenance of the equipment (e.g. enclosures) and therefore will not be
foreseen. Furthermore the stay time of personnel here is limited normally. At
these "restricted areas" the use of personnel ear protection for short times is
required for the advantages of easier access and better maintenance to the
equipment.

Noise limits for the environment outside battery limit are not defined.
The acoustic design applies to normal rate operation of equipment. Start-up,
shut-down and other abnormal or transient operation conditions and emergency
equipment are not considered.

As noise level varies in intensity both in the vicinity of machinery and at other
localities, where a worker or operator might find himself throughout his shift, the
noise exposure is to be measured with a personal noise exposure meter meeting
IEC 1252. Distance to sounding components is 1 m at a minimum.

2.6.9 Flare Back Pressure


Normal 0.3 barg
Maximum 1.72 barg

2.6.10 The plant turndown is 40%.

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2.7 ESTIMATED EFFLUENTS

The following effluents are based on producing 1150 kg/hr of hydrogen, with natural gas
as feed and fuel.

2.7.1 Gaseous Effluents

Source - Reformer stack flue gas


Frequency - continuous

Temperature, C 161

Flow, NCMH 36000

Flow, kg/hr
Normal 44840
Maximum 54000

Composition, mol% Typical


Nitrogen 67.04
Oxygen 1.50
Argon 0.86
Carbon dioxide 10.80
Water 19.80
Total 100.00

The guaranteed emissions are as follows:


Estimated Guaranteed(3)
mg/Nm3 mg/Nm3
NOx 120 450
SOx 1 500
VOC 4 20
(2)
Particulates 8 50
H2S NIL 10
Ni NIL 1
V NIL 5

(1) Particulate emissions are only for particulates created during the combustion
process. It does not include particulates from the air or insulation.
(2) All emission testing is done by the client.
(3) These guarantees are passed through from the burner vendor.

Estimated stack diameter is 40 inches.

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Source - Relief Header (max flow)
Frequency - upset

Temperature, C 38

Flow, NCMH 20500

Flow, kg/hr
Normal 9840
Maximum 12000

Composition, mol% Typical


Hydrogen 73.20
Carbon monoxide 3.32
Carbon dioxide 16.35
Methane 6.65
Nitrogen 0.19
Water 0.29
Total 100.00

Source - Deaerator Vent


Frequency - continuous

Temperature, C 108

Flow, NCMH 590

Flow, kg/hr
Normal 475
Maximum 750

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2.7.2 Liquid Effluents

Source - Steam system blowdown


Frequency - continuous

Temperature, C 52

Flow, kg/hr
normal 615
maximum 3075

TDS, ppmw max 3000

2.7.3 Solid Effluents

Source - Spent Catalyst


Frequency - As shown in the following table:

Service Active Ingredient of Qty Expected


the Catalyst m3 Life, yrs
Hydrotreating Co-Mo 4.44 5
1 yr /
Desulfurization ZnO 2.2
per bed
1 yr /
Chloride Guard Cl 1.1
per bed
Pre-Reforming Ni 3.0 2

Reforming Ni 7.4 5

Shift Conversion Fe-Cr 7.4 5

PSA adsorbents will last through the life of the plant.

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2.8 CODES, STANDARDS, AND SPECIFICATIONS

The plant is designed and built in accordance with the applicable Hydro-Chem and
Praxair specifications. In addition, the design would conform to following codes and
standards, as applicable.

American Institute of Steel Construction, Inc. - AISC


American Iron and Steel Institute - AISI
American National Standards Institute - ANSI
American Petroleum Institute - API
American Society of Mechanical Engineers - ASME
American Society for Testing and Materials - ASTM
American Welding Society - AWS
Association of Iron and Steel Engineers, Inc. - AISE
Factory Mutual - FM
Industrial Risk Insurers - IRI
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. - IEEE
Instrument Society of America - ISA
National Board - NB
National Electrical Manufacturers Association - NEMA
National Fire Protection Association - NFPA
Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association - TEMA
Uniform Building Code - UBC

All ladders, platforms, etc., will be in accordance with OSHA standards.

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3.0 PROCESS DESCRIPTION

The following process description can be reviewed in conjunction with the attached
preliminary process flow diagrams.

3.1 Feed Treatment

Natural gas is supplied to the plant as main feedstock at 21.8 barg and split into two
streams: one flowing to the reformer burner manifold, and one flowing as feed gas to the
process. The feed gas is mixed with recycle hydrogen and is compressed to 32 barg by
the Natural Gas Compressors C-101 A/B. The compressed feed gas is heated to 385C
in the Feed Preheater (HX-101), using process heat downstream of the Shift Converter
(V-102).

Naphtha liquid is supplied to the plant as alternate feedstock. Naphtha is transferred


from offplot to the Buffer Vessel (V-110). Naphtha is pumped by the Feed Pumps (P-100
A/B) to the Vaporizer (HX-100) on level control. Naphtha is vaporized using steam. The
Naphtha vapor is mixed with the recycle hydrogen and is heated to 385C in the Feed
Preheater (HX-101) using process heat downstream of the Shift Converter (V-102).

3.2 Hydro-desulfurization

Sulfur compounds are poisons to the reformer catalyst. The organic sulfur should be
hydrotreated to hydrogen sulfide and removed prior to reforming.

The heated feed gas is passed up through the Hydrotreater (V-100). The vessel has
Co-Mo hydrotreating catalyst. The Co-Mo catalyst converts organic sulfur compounds to
hydrogen sulfide. In addition, any olefins present are converted to saturated
hydrocarbons.

Hydrotreated feed is then passed through the Desulfurizers (V-101 A&B) containing the
chloride guard and zinc oxide. The chloride guard bed converts chlorine to hydrogen
chloride. The zinc oxide adsorbs the hydrogen sulfide. The desulfurizer beds are
designed for a minimum catalyst life per bed (based on the 5-ppmv sulfur in the natural
gas feed).

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3.3 Pre-reforming

The desulfurized feed is mixed with steam, superheated and fed to the Pre-reformer (R-
100) at 450C in down flow direction. The pre-reformer vessel has nickel catalyst.

The following reactions occur in the pre-reformer:

CnHm + n H2O = n CO + (m/2+n) H2 (1)


CO + H2O = CO2 + H2 (2)

Reaction (1) is reforming; reaction (2) is shift conversion.

All the heavier hydro-carbons are converted to CH4, H2, CO & CO2 in the pre-reformer.

The pre-reformer is isolatable and is provided with a manual by-pass.

3.4 Reforming

The pre-reformer effluent is fed to the catalyst tubes in an upfired, upflow, cylindrical
Reformer (R-101).

Each reformer tube is packed with nickel catalyst. The following reactions occur:

CH4 + H2O = CO + 3H2 (1)

CO + H2O = CO2 + H2 (2)

Reaction (1) is reforming; reaction (2) is shift conversion. Both reactions are equilibrium
limited based on the outlet temperature and pressure. The reformer exit conditions are
843C and 28 barg.

The overall reaction is endothermic, requiring heat supplied by the burner. The vent gas
from the PSA system meets most of the fuel requirement for the burners. The rest is
supplied by natural gas while feed to the plant is natural gas or RFG while feed to the
plant is naphtha.

The flue gas leaving the furnace is used to superheat the preformer feed, export steam,
to generate steam in the Flue Gas Steam Generator (WH-102), and to preheat boiler
feed water before being sent to the atmosphere.

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3.5 Shift Conversion

The reformer exit process gas is cooled to about 343C in the Reformer Effluent Steam
Generator (WH-104) before entering the Shift Converter (V-102). The Shift Converter
contains chromium-promoted iron oxide catalyst. Most of the carbon monoxide in the
process gas is converted to carbon dioxide and hydrogen by the following reaction:

CO + H2O = CO2 + H2

This reaction is exothermic and is favored by low temperature.

3.6 Process Gas Cooling

The shift exit process gas is cooled to 38C by the Feed Preheater (HX-101), Boiler
Feed Water Exchanger (HX-102), Amine System Reboiler (HX-114A), DA Exchanger
(HX-103), and the Process Cooler (HX-104). The hot condensate is separated in the Hot
Condensate Separator (V-103). The cold condensate is separated in the Cold
Condensate Separator (V-104). Part of the syngas is sent to the Amine System for CO 2
recovery. The rest of the syngas is mixed with the treated gas (CO2 removed) and sent
to the PSA System.

The demineralized make-up water (from the Client) is heated in the DA Exchanger (HX-
103) and sent to the Deaerator (V-106). The hot and cold condensates are sent to a
separate Steam Drum (V-107B).

3.7 PSA Hydrogen Purification System

The PSA system is supplied by Linde. The PSA purification system uses five vessels,
each having a bed of activated alumina, carbon and molecular sieve. The system
operates on a repeated cycle having two basic steps: adsorption and regeneration.

During the adsorption step, the process gas flows through an adsorber vessel. Each
adsorber runs for about 2 minutes. The adsorbents trap the impurities from the process
gas. The pure hydrogen product is available at 24.5 bar(g) at the PSA Outlet.

At the end of the adsorption step, the adsorbent is loaded with impurities and is switched
to the regeneration cycle. The regeneration consists of depressuring, purging and
repressuring. The offgas from the regeneration step is collected in the Vent Gas Drum
(V-105) and is used as primary fuel in the reformer.

PSA system is designed to process full CO 2 content from the reformer/shift when the
CO2 recovery system is not in operation.

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3.8 Waste Heat Recovery

The waste heat in the process gas and the reformer flue gas is used to generate steam
at 37 bar(g). This steam is generated in the Flue Gas Steam Generator (WH-102) and
the Reformer Effluent Steam Generator (WH-104) and Shift Effluent Steam Generator
(WH-105). Waste heat in the flue gas is also used to superheat the prereformer feed in
the Feed Superheater (WH-101), to superheat the export steam in the Export Steam
Superheater (WH-107) and to preheat boiler feed water in the Economizer (WH-103).

Most of the steam is used as process steam for reforming. Some of the steam is used in
the naphtha vaporizer, in the amine reboiler, and in the deaerator. The remainder of the
steam is exported to the client.

Low temperature demineralized water is sent to the Deaerator (V-106), through the DA
Exchanger (HX-103), as make-up for deaerator under level control.

The Deaerated boiler feed water is pumped to the Steam Drum (V-107A) by the BFW
Pumps (P-101 A&B) through BFW Exchanger (HX-102).

The Steam Drum (V-107A) supplies water to the Flue Gas Steam Generator (WH-102)
and the Shift Effluent Steam Generator (WH-105).

The condensate from Cold Condensate Drum (V-104) and Hot Condensate Drum (V-
103) is pumped by the Condensate Pumps (P-140A/B) and sent to the Steam Drum (V-
107B) through Economizer (WH-103).

The Steam Drum (V-107B) supplies water to the Reformer Effluent Steam Generator
(WH-104). The dirty steam generated form this unit is used as process steam.

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3.9 CO2 Removal System

The plant systems (PSA, Convection Section & Process Cooling) are designed to
process full CO2 generated in the plant in the event of CO2 removal shutdown.

However the plant can produce 80% H2 with naphtha feed and 90% H2 with natural gas
feed if convection section and process cooling section are not designed for full CO 2.

3.9.1 CO2 Absorption

The CO2 removal system uses an MDEA solution (DOW) to absorb CO2 from the
process gas.

Significant portion of the process gas from the Cold Condensate drum (V-104) is
scrubbed with the amine solution in the Absorber (V-111). Rest of the process
gas is bypassed and sent to the PSA system.

The CO2 free gas in the top of the adsorber is sent to PSA system.

3.9.2 CO2 Regeneration

The rich amine from the absorber is heated in the Lean-Rich Exchanger (HX-
111) using the hot lean solution, and then sent to the CO 2 Stripper (V-113).

The CO2 is stripped from the solution, using energy from the reboilers (HX-
114A/B). The reboilers energy supplied by the process heat and steam. Steam
generated from the plant is also used when required. The stripper overhead is
condensed in HX-113. The condensate separated in V-114 and is recycled back
to the system. The CO2 product is sent to the client.

Stripper overhead temperature is controlled by steam to the regenerator.

3.9.3 Amine Circulation

The lean amine from the bottom of the CO 2 stripper is cooled in HX-111 and in
the Lean Amine Cooler (HX-112), and pumped by the Amine Pumps (P-111
A&B) to the absorber. A portion of the amine solution is passed through activated
carbon in the Amine Filter (V-115), to remove any impurities in the amine
solution.

3.9.4 Amine Storage

Amine Storage Tank (V-117) and Charge Pump (P-117) are provided for initial
and subsequent filling.

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3.9.5 Amine Collection

Amine Collection Tank (V-202) and Amine Pump (P-202) are provided to collect
amine in the system during shutdown for any maintenance in the amine system
equipment.

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4.0 PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMS
(Preliminary)

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5.0 CATALYST AND ADSORBENTS

5.1 CATALYST

Initial catalyst charge for the plant is supplied by Praxair. The preliminary catalyst data
are given below:

Item No V-100 V-101 A/B V-101A/B R-100

Service Hydrotreating Desulfu- Chloride Pre-Reforming


rization Guard
Vendor & Type
Johnson Matthey 41-6 32-4 59-3 CRG-LH-R
Form Extrusions Extrusions Spheres by Vendor
Size, inches 1/8 3/16 3/16 by Vendor
Active Ingredients Co-Mo ZnO Alumina Ni

Quantity, m3 4.44 2.2 1.1 3.0

Exp Life, yrs 5 1/Bed 1/Bed 2

Item No R-101 V-102

Service Reforming Shift


Conversion
Vendor & Type
Johnson Matthey 23-4G 71-5
Form Rings Tablets
Size, inches 5/8x5/8x5/16 3/8x3/16
Active Ingredients Ni Fe-Cr

Quantity, m3 7.4 7.4

Exp Life, yrs 5 5

5.2 PSA ADSORBENTS

PSA adsorbents are supplied by Linde. Under normal operating conditions, the
adsorbent is expected to last through the life of the plant.

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5.3 BOILER CHEMICALS

The chemicals for normal operation are usually recommended by the water treatment
vendor and are supplied by the Purchaser.

Typically, the following chemicals are used:

1. Oxygen scavenger - to eliminate any oxygen in the water.


2. pH control - to neutralize any unstripped CO 2 from the process condensate and to
maintain a basic pH in the boiler.
3. Internal treatment and iron control for the boiler system to minimize corrosion,
4. Filming chemicals to protect the steam condensate systems.

Boiler chemical injection equipment is supplied by Hydro-Chem and installed by the


Purchaser.

The chemicals used for steam system boilout during startup, which include calgonite or
soda ash, caustic soda and wetting agent (commercial detergent), are supplied by the
Purchaser.

5.4 LUBRICANTS

Initial charge of lubricants for the compressors, fans, and pumps is supplied by Hydro-
Chem.

5.5 AMINE SYSTEM CHEMICALS

5.5.1 Carbon

Initial carbon charge for amine filter is supplied by Hydro-Chem. Estimated


volume of carbon is 1.14 m3.

5.5.2 Amine Solvent

Initial charge of amine for the system is supplied by Hydro-Chem. Estimated


amine consumption based on normal operation is about 300 liters per month.

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6.0 DESIGN FEATURES

Hydro-Chem plant design is conservative, with emphasis on the flexibility of operation and
efficiency. Some of the key features in our design are summarized below.

6.1 Key Design Parameters

PSA Recovery, % 86
Steam to Carbon Ratio 3.0

Approach to Equilibrium, C (based on EOR conditions)


Reforming (Reformer) 22
Shift (HTS) 28

Excess Air for Combustion, % 10

Heat Losses, C
Desulfurizer 28
Reformer Feed 28
Reformer Exit 28
Convection Section 28
Combustion Air 28

Radiant section heat loss (% of absorbed duty) 5


CO2 absorber column, % jet flood 50-60

6.2 Our design is based on 466C reformer inlet temperature. The inlet system is
mechanically designed for 522C. The inlet header system and trombones are stainless
steel.

6.3 The reformer outlet composition is based on 11C approach to reforming equilibrium.
With a conservative design flux, we have more than adequate catalyst to achieve a
much lower (as low as 5C at the end of catalyst life) approach to equilibrium. Hence,
the reformer outlet can be operated at a lower temperature for the same performance,
thus increasing the tube life.

6.4 We have designed the plant for a conservative steam to carbon ratio of 3.0. in the
primary reformer and the pre-reformer.

6.5 The Reformer Effluent Steam Generator is designed to have about 150% of the
required heat transfer surface. This additional surface provides the flexibility for proper
outlet temperature control, using the internal by-pass. This added surface also results in
lower heat flux, which decreases the potential for vapor blanketing of the tube surface.
The design of this unit is the best in the industry.

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6.6 The Flue Gas Steam Generator is also designed to have about 120% of the required
heat transfer surface. This additional surface provides the flexibility for proper outlet
temperature control. This added surface also results in lower heat flux, which decreases
the potential for vapor blanketing of the tube surface.

6.7 The Shift Effluent Steam Generator is also designed to have about 120% of the
required heat transfer surface. This additional surface provides the flexibility for proper
outlet temperature control. This added surface also results in lower heat flux, which
decreases the potential for vapor blanketing of the tube surface.

6.8 Hydro-Chems in-house design of the steam system provides over 10 minutes of
residence time for normal liquid level in the steam drum. This ensures flexibility in
operation and control. The sizing of the boiler and the internals result in proper quality of
steam for the process.

6.9 Hydro-Chems in-house design of the deaerator provides nearly 15 minutes of


residence time for normal liquid level in the deaerator.

6.10 Hydro-Chems design uses only the fiber blanket insulation in the reformer firebox and
ductwork. The design does not use any firebrick or castable refractory. The fiber blanket
insulation has the following advantages:

No limitation in heating/cooling times. Allows fast start up and shutdown.

Decreases the weight of the components to be shipped. Eliminates the possibility of


refractory damage during shipping.

Allows shop installation of the insulation, minimizing the fieldwork.

Easy to maintain.
.

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7.0 EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION

7.1 EQUIPMENT LIST

Reformer
R-101 A/B Reformers

Waste Heat Recovery


WH-101 Feed Superheater
WH-103 Economizer
WH-107 Export Steam Superheater

Steam Generators
WH-102 Flue Gas Steam Generator
WH-104 Reformer Effluent Steam Generator
WH-105 Shift Effluent Steam Generator

Vessels
V-100 Hydrotreater
V-101 A/B Desulfurizers
V-102 Shift Converter
V-103 Hot Condensate Separator
V-104 Cold Condensate Separator
V-105 Vent Drum (By Linde)
V-106 Deaerator
V-107A/B Steam Drums
V-108 Blowdown Drum
V-110 Naphtha Buffer Vessel
V-111 CO2 Absorber
V-112 Absorber Overhead KO Drum
V-113 CO2 Stripper
V-114 Reflux Drum
V-115 Amine Carbon Filter
V-117 Amine Storage Tank
V-123 Feed K.O. Drum
V-130 Flare K.O. Drum
V-201 Naphtha K.O. Drum (Hydrocarbon Collection Tank)
V-202 Amine Collection Tank
X-101 PSA System (By Linde)
R-100 Pre-Reformer
F-113 Lean Amine Filter

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Heat Exchangers
HX-100 Naphtha Feed Vaporizer
HX-101 Feed Heater
HX-102 Boiler Feed Water Exchanger
HX-103 DA Exchanger
HX-104 Process Cooler
HX-108 Compressor Spillback Cooler
HX-109 HDS Start-up Cooler
HX-111 Lean/Rich Exchanger
HX-112 Lean Amine Cooler
HX-113 Stripper Overhead Condenser
HX-114 A/B Amine Reboilers
HX-118 Blowdown Cooler
HX-119 Naphtha Slop Cooler (Air Cooler)
HX-135 Nitrogen Heater (Electric)

Compressors, Pumps & Fans


C-101 A/B Natural Gas Compressors
C-103 A/B Recycle H2 Compressors
P-100 A&B Naphtha Feed Pumps
P-101 A&B BFW Pumps
P-113 A&B Lean Amine Pumps
P-114 A&B Reflux Pumps
P-140 A/B Process Condensate Pumps
P-117 Amine Charge Pump
P-201 Hydrocarbon Pump
P-202 Amine Pump
P-203 Flooded Pump
F-101 ID Fan
F-102 FD Fan

Miscellaneous
X-102 Boiler Chemical Injection
STK-100 Flue Gas Stack

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7.2 REFORMERS R-101 A/B

7.2.1 Reformer Furnace

The reformers are cylindrical up-fired, up-flow design. The shells are constructed
of ASTM A-36 carbon steel with an inner lining of high temperature blanket
insulation. The reformers are designed to prevent air from entering the radiant
and convection section.

7.2.2 Platforms and Access

A platform is provided at the top of the reformer cell. The platform is built to
OSHA standards with the following features:

(a) decking - 3-feet-wide senate safety grating


(b) kick plate - 6-inch-high 1/4" flat bar
(c) handrail - 1" nominal pipe
(d) handrail risers - 3/8" x 3" flat bar

Ladders are provided for access to the top of the furnace. Ladders are built in
accordance with OSHA standards.

7.2.3 Catalyst Tubes

The reformer tube assembly includes a centrifugally cast austenitic stainless


steel reformer tube, modified HP50 or equal, a flanged end with support, an
outlet coupling and a stub end. The specification for the reformer tube
(consisting of several tube sections) is described below:

Tube sections are manufactured in accordance with ASTM Specification


A-608.

The tubes are cast from a majority of (at least 90%) virgin materials. Only
in-house generated remelt material may be used for the balance.

Internal and external surface of castings are free from excessive wrinkled
dross and sags and are essentially smooth.

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Tube assembly conforms to the following:

Welds between tube sections and from the tube ends to the inlet stub end
and the outlet flange conforms to the manufacturer's standard, as
approved by the Purchaser.

Outer surface is cleaned by sand or shot blasting to commercial grey


metal before assembly.

Tube sections shorter than 4'-0" are not used.

Welding conforms to all provisions of the ASME Code, Section IX,


including qualifications for welders and welding operators.

Completed welds will have a minimum crown reinforcement of 1/16" and


a maximum of 1/8".

For welds joining similar metals, root passes are made using the gas
tungsten arc welding process with an argon gas backing purge and no
filler metal. The remainder of the weld is made using the gas metal arc or
shielded metal arc welding process that will deposit metal essentially
identical in chemistry to the base metal.

Repair of defects by welding is not permitted without written approval of


the purchaser.

Tube calculations consist of the following:

The calculations are consistent with RP-530 "Recommended Practice for


Calculation of Heater Tube Thickness in Petroleum Refineries, as
applicable.

Minimum sound wall thickness is calculated using the vendors minimum


published stress to rupture in 100,000 hours at the maximum tubewall
temperature plus a 28C safety factor.

Design pressure is equal to the calculated tube inlet pressure as a


minimum.

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The manufacturer would supply the purchaser a certificate of conformance to
these specifications and written reports of the following tests:

Dye penetrant tests would be performed on all weld penetrations, inside


tube ends for length = 2 x diameter and root and final pass of butt welds.
The dye penetrant shall contain no components that have any deleterious
effects on the tube.

100% of butt welds would be x-rayed.

The exterior surface of the tubes would be visually inspected for evidence
of flaws and porosity. Any suspect areas should be x-rayed.

The tube assembly would be hydrostatically tested at 1500 psig (103


barg) for a minimum of 10 minutes.

The tube sections would be hydrostatically tested per the vendor


standard.

A 1 (25 mm) long ring would be cut from each tenth tube section with a
minimum of one per heat at the opposite end of the pouring. The ring
would be etched and examined for the presence of inclusions and
porosity. The ring samples would then be labeled with the tube and heat
designations.

A tension test would be performed for each heat.

A chemical analysis would be provided for each heat.

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7.2.4 Catalyst Tube Inlets and Header

Each tube inlet is connected to the carbon steel inlet header by a stainless steel
trombone. The design temperature for the inlet header and trombones are
566C.

7.2.5 Catalyst Tube Outlets, Header, and Downcomer

The tube outlet is connected to an incoloy 800HT (ASTM B407-800H) pig tail
loop designed and fabricated in accordance with Hydro-Chem's standard. The
loop is connected at the other end to an 800HT (ASTM B407-800H) outlet
header. The outlet header is connected to a stainless steel down comer.

Wall thicknesses for the pig tails, header and downcomer are computed using
the vendors published stress to rupture in 100,000 hours at the EOR reformer
exit temperature plus a 20C (36F) safety factor. The system is designed for the
following cases:

1. The design temperature (as specified above) and the operating pressure.
2. The operating temperature and the design pressure (based on the
downstream relief pressure plus losses through intervening equipment).
3. The average of design and operating temperatures and the average of
design and operating pressures.

7.2.6 Peep Doors

Air tight bottom access peep doors are provided in the reformer for viewing the
catalyst tubes. Quantity provided is dependent on the number of catalyst tubes.

7.2.7 Access Door

An access door (with peep door) is provided on the lower section of the reformer.

7.2.8 Burners

The burners supplied are designed to burn the low calorific value vent gas from
the PSA system as the primary fuel and the natural gas or refinery fuel gas as
makeup fuel. The burners are forced-draft design and are provided with an
electric ignition for the pilot and safety monitoring system per IRI standards. Fuel
for the burner pilot is natural gas or RFG.

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7.3 WASTE HEAT RECOVERY

7.3.1 Feed Superheater WH-101

This unit consists of a coil box type superheater placed in the internally insulated
reformer Flue Gas section. The coil is designed and fabricated in accordance
with ASME code section B31.3. The coil is Inconel 800HT.

7.3.2 Economizer WH-103

The fin-tube heat exchanger performs heating of the boiler feed water using
waste heat in the reformer flue gas. The unit will be of carbon steel construction.
The unit will be designed and fabricated in accordance with ASME Code, Section
VIII, Division I per ASME Code requirements. The tubes are SA-179 seamless
carbon steel.

7.3.3 Export Steam Superheater WH-107

The export steam superheater is a helical coil type. The coil is placed in the
internally insulated reformer Flue Gas section. The coil is designed and
fabricated in accordance with ASME code section B31.3. The coil is Inconel
800HT.

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7.4 STEAM GENERATORS

7.4.1 Flue Gas Steam Generator WH-102

This fire tube type steam generator is designed and fabricated from the inlet code
division point in accordance with the ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1. The
inlet and outlet plenums would be internally insulated with eight pound density
refractory blanket. The shell is externally insulated with calcium silicate and
wrapped with an aluminum jacket.

A manway and/or inspection openings are provided as required per the ASME
Code. Incorporating flanged end closures provides access to the tubes.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA516 Gr 70 CS
Tubesheets SA516 Gr 70 CS
Tubes SA178 GR A CS
Plenums SA36 CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts SA193-B7

Design Conditions:
Shell side temperature 254C
Shell side pressure 42 barg
Inlet Plenum 829C
Outlet Plenum 482C
Tube side Pressure Neg. 500 mm H2O
Tube wall temperature TBD

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.4.2 Reformer Effluent Steam Generator WH-104

This shell and tube steam generator is designed and fabricated from the inlet
code division point in accordance with the ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1.
The channels are internally insulated with fiber blanket and protected by a
stainless steel metal liner. The inlet tube sheet is protected by the block
insulation and inlet ferrules. The inlet and outlet heads are internally insulated
with ceramic fiber blanket protected with a SA240 TP304 H metal liner. The
outlet temperature is controlled using an internal by-pass and two dampers in the
outlet bonnet.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA516 Grade 70 CS
Inlet Bonnet SA240 TP304H SS and
Incoloy 800HT
Outlet Bonnet SA516 Grade 70 CS with
Internal insulation
Front Tubesheet SA516 Grade 70 CS with
4 High temp vacuum formed board
Ferrules TP304 SS
Tubes SA178 Grade A CS
Bypass tube SA106 Grade B CS
SA240 TP304H SS
Rear Tubesheet SA516 Grade 70 CS
Gasket Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts SA193-B7

Design Conditions:
Shell side temperature 254C
Shell side pressure 42 barg
Inlet plenum 843C
Outlet plenum 460C
Tube side pressure 31 barg

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD Registration provided.

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7.4.3 Shift Effluent Steam Generator WH-105

This shell and tube heat exchanger is designed and fabricated in accordance with
ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1. This steam generator is post-weld heat
treated in accordance with ASME Code requirements. The shell is externally
insulated with calcium silicate and wrapped with an aluminum jacket.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA516 Gr 70 CS
Tubes SA178 Gr A CS
Tubesheets SA516 Gr 70 CS
Inlet Bonnet SA-240-304 SS
Outlet Bonnet SA516 Gr 70 CS
Gasket Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts SA193-B7

Design Conditions:
Shell side temperature 254C
Shell side pressure 42 barg
Inlet Plenum 432C
Outlet Plenum 288C
Tube side pressure 31 barg

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD Registration provided.

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7.5 VESSELS

7.5.1 Hydrotreater V-100

This vertical pressure vessel is designed and fabricated in accordance with


ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1. The vessel is equipped with one loading
nozzle and one cleanout nozzle. A bucket screen is attached to the outlet to
prevent catalyst from entering the piping system. The vessel is insulated with
calcium silicate and wrapped with an aluminum jacket. Loading and cleanout
nozzles are insulated with blanket covers. A skirt with an inspection port and
vents supports this vessel. Manways and/or inspection openings are provided as
required per the ASME Code.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA516 Gr 70 CS or SA106 Gr CS
Heads SA516 Gr 70 CS
Nozzles SA106-B CS
Skirt SA36 CS or SA106 Gr B CS
Support screen 304 Stainless Steel
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts SA193-B7

Design Conditions:
Temperature 427C
Pressure 37 barg

Corrosion Allowance, mm 1.6

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.2 Desulfurizers V-101 A/B

This vertical pressure vessel is designed and fabricated in accordance with


ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1. The vessel is equipped with one loading
nozzle and two cleanout nozzles. A bucket screen is attached to the outlet to
prevent catalyst from entering the piping system. The vessel is insulated with
calcium silicate and wrapped with an aluminum jacket. Loading and cleanout
nozzles are insulated with blanket covers. A skirt with an inspection port and
vents supports this vessel. Manways and/or inspection openings are provided as
required per the ASME Code.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA516 Gr 70 CS or SA106 Gr CS
Heads SA516 Gr 70 CS
Nozzles SA106-B CS
Skirt SA36 CS or SA106 Gr B CS
Support screen 304 Stainless Steel
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts SA193-B7

Design Conditions:
Temperature 427C
Pressure 37 barg

Corrosion Allowance, mm 1.6

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.3 Shift Converter V-102

This vertical pressure vessel is designed and fabricated in accordance with


ASME Section VIII, Division 1. It is equipped with one loading nozzle and one
cleanout nozzle. A bucket screen is attached at the outlet to prevent catalyst from
entering the piping system. The vessel is insulated with calcium silicate and
wrapped with an aluminum jacket. Loading and cleanout nozzles are insulated
with blanket covers. A skirt with an inspection port and vents supports this vessel.
Manways and/or inspection openings are provided as required per the ASME
Code.

Materials of Construction:
Shell 304 SS or SA 387-11 Cl 1 1.25 Cr
Heads 304 SS or SA 387-11 Cl 1 1.25 Cr
Nozzles 304 SS or SA 387-11 Cl 1 1.25 Cr
Skirt SA36 CS or SA106 Gr B CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts SA193-B7

Design Conditions:
Temperature 441C
Pressure 31 barg

Corrosion Allowance, mm 1.6, (nil if 304 SS)

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.4 Hot Condensate Separator V-103

This vertical vessel is designed and fabricated in accordance with ASME Section
VIII, Division 1. This vessel is supported by a skirt, with an inspection port and
vents.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA312 TP304 SS
Heads SA403 WP304 SS
Nozzles SA312 TP304L SS
Skirt SA36 CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts SA193-B7
Demister SS 304L

Design Conditions:
Temperature 288C
Pressure 31 barg

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.5 Cold Condensate Separator V-104

This vertical vessel is designed and fabricated in accordance with ASME Section
VIII, Division 1. This vessel is supported by a skirt, with an inspection port and
vents.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA312 TP304 SS
Heads SA403 WP304 SS
Nozzles SA312 TP304L SS
Skirt SA36 CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts SA193-B7
Demister SS 304L

Design Conditions:
Temperature 288C
Pressure 31 barg

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.6 Vent Drum V-105 (Linde)

Vent Gas Drum is provided by Linde AG.

Vent Gas Drum is made of Carbon Steel (A516 Gr-70 or equivalent) and is
complete with

Vessel skirt
Internals
Clips for fire-proof insulation on skirt
Process safety valve
Earthing lugs
Tailing lug and lifting trunnions
1 Vessel template
Davit for manhole cover
Anchor bolts

Design conditions:
Temperature 66C
Pressure 2.1 barg

Corrosion allowance, mm 1.6

ASME U-STAMP is provided.

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7.5.7 Deaerator V-106

This unit consists of a horizontal vessel with a vertical stripping column supported
by 2 saddles. The vessel is designed and fabricated in accordance with ASME
Section VIII, Division 1. The stripping column contains either a packing distributor
or a spray nozzle and a support plate. The internals are accessible through the
flanged top. The vessel is insulated with calcium silicate and wrapped with
aluminum jacket. Manways and/or inspection openings are provided as required
per the ASME Code.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA516 Gr 70 CS or SA106 Gr B CS
Heads SA516 Gr 70 CS
Nozzles SA106 Gr B CS
Saddles SA36 CS
Stripping column SA240 TP304 SS or SA312 TP304 SS
Stripping column nozzles SA312 TP304L SS
Stripping column internals SA240 TP304L SS
Gaskets Blue Guard 3200
Bolts SA193-B7

Design Conditions:
Temperature 150C
Pressure 3.4 barg / Full Vacuum

Corrosion Allowance, mm 3.2 for CS parts

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.8 Steam Drums V-107A/B

The horizontal pressure vessels are designed and fabricated in accordance with
ASME Section VIII, Division 1. Internal mechanical baffling and an outlet demister
are provided. An 18 (600mm) manway will be provided as a minimum. These
vessels are externally insulated with perlite and wrapped with an aluminum
jacket.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA516 Gr 70 CS
Heads SA516 Gr 70 CS
Nozzles SA106 Gr B CS
Support Saddles SA36 CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts A193-B7

Design Conditions:
Temperature 254C
Pressure 42 barg / Full Vacuum

Corrosion Allowance, mm 1.6

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.9 Blowdown Drum V-108

This vertical separator is designed to separate flashed vapor from steam system
blowdown. The vessel is designed and fabricated in accordance with ASME
Code, Section VIII, Division 1. This vessel is supported by a skirt, with an
inspection port and vents. The vapor outlet nozzle has an exhaust head to
ensure that any entrained liquid does not vent with the vapor. The liquid flows out
by gravity through an external seal loop. The vessel is insulated with calcium
silicate and wrapped with an aluminum jacket.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA106 Gr B CS
Heads SA234 WPB CS
Nozzles SA106-B CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Skirt SA36 CS
Bolts SA193-B7

Design Conditions:
Temperature 221C
Pressure 3.4 barg / Full Vacuum

Corrosion Allowance, mm 1.6

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.10 Naphtha Buffer Vessel V-110

The vessel will have 20 mins holdup from normal liquid level to empty.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA516 Gr 70 CS
Heads SA516 Gr 70 CS
Nozzles SA106-B CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Skirt SA36 CS
Bolts A193-B7

Design Conditions:
Temperature 66C
Pressure 3.5 barg

Corrosion Allowance, mm 1.6

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.11 CO2 Absorber V-111

This is a packed column complete with the internals such as packing, packing
support, and liquid distributors.

Materials of Construction:
Shell, Heads, & Nozzles CS
Internals 304 SS
Skirt CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts CS

Design Conditions:
Temperature 100C
Pressure 31 barg

Corrosion Allowance, mm 3.2

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.12 Absorber Overhead KO Drum V-112

This is a vertical vessel and is provided with a demister.

Materials of Construction:
Shell, Heads, & Nozzles CS
Internals 304 SS
Skirt CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts CS

Design Conditions:
Temperature 100C
Pressure 31 barg

Corrosion Allowance, mm 3.2

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.13 CO2 Stripper V-113

This is a packed column complete with the internals such as packing, packing
support, and liquid distributors.

Material of Construction:
Shell, Heads, & Nozzles CS/Top 10 Ft 304 SS
Internals 304 SS
Skirt CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts CS

Design Conditions:
Temperature 150C
Pressure 3.5 barg

Corrosion Allowance, mm 3.2

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.14 Reflux Drum V-114

This vessel contains a demister pad to minimize carryover of liquid in the gas
stream.

Material of Construction:
Shell, Heads, & Nozzles 304 SS
Internals 304 SS
Skirt CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts CS

Design Conditions:
Temperature 66C
Pressure 3.5 barg

Corrosion Allowance, mm 3.2

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.15 Amine Filter V-115

The vessel is equipped with 1 loading nozzle and 1 cleanout nozzle. A bucket
screen is attached to the outlet to prevent carbon from entering the piping
system.

Materials of Construction:
Shell, Heads, & Nozzles CS
Support screen 304 SS
Skirt CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts CS

Design Conditions:
Temperature 71C
Pressure 35 barg

Corrosion Allowance, mm 3.2

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.16 Amine Storage Tank (V-117)

This is a vertical vessel.

Materials of Construction:
Shell, Heads, & Nozzles CS
Skirt CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts CS

Design Conditions:
Temperature 66C
Pressure 3.4 barg

Corrosion Allowance, mm 3.2

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.17 Feed K.O. Drum V-123

This vertical vessel contains a demister pad to minimize carryover of liquid in the
gas stream.

Materials of Construction:
Shell, Heads, & Nozzles CS
Skirt CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts CS

Design Conditions:
Temperature 66C
Pressure 28 barg

Corrosion Allowance, mm 1.6

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.18 Flare K.O. Drum V-130

This is a vertical vessel.

Materials of Construction:
Shell, Heads, & Nozzles CS
Skirt CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts CS

Design Conditions:
Temperature 427C
Pressure 3.5 barg

Corrosion Allowance, mm 1.6

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.19 Naphtha K.O. Drum (Hydrocarbon Collection Tank) V-201

This is a horizontal vessel.

Materials of Construction:
Shell, Heads, & Nozzles CS
Skirt CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts CS

Design Conditions:
Temperature 66C
Pressure 3.5 barg

Corrosion Allowance, mm 1.6

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.20 Amine Collection Tank V-202

This is a vertical vessel.

Materials of Construction:
Shell, Heads, & Nozzles CS
Skirt CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts CS

Design Conditions:
Temperature 66C
Pressure 3.4 barg

Corrosion Allowance, mm 3.2

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.5.21 PSA System (Linde) X-101

Five bed PSA system is provided by Linde AG.

The PSA system is made of Carbon Steel (A516 Gr-70 or equivalent) and is
complete with:

Vessel skirt
Adsorbent bed support
Inlet / Outlet nozzle screens
Clips for fire-proof insulation on skirt
Earthing lugs
Tailing lug and lifting trunnions
Anchor bolts
One common lifting device for all adsorbers for erection at site
One common vessel template for all adsorbers

Design Conditions:
Temperature 66C
Pressure 31 barg

Corrosion Allowance, mm 1.6

ASME U-STAMP is provided.

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7.5.22 Pre-Reformer R-100

The vessel is equipped with 1 loading nozzle and 1 cleanout nozzle. A bucket
screen is attached to the outlet to prevent catalyst form entering the piping
system. The vessel is insulated with calcium silicate and wrapped with an
aluminum jacket. Loading and cleanout nozzles will be in insulated with blanket
covers.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA387 Gr 11, Cl. 1, 1.25 Cr
or 304SS
Heads SA387 Gr 11, Cl. 1, 1.25 Cr
or 304SS
Nozzles SA387 Gr 11, Cl. 1, 1.25 Cr
or 304SS
Skirt SA36 CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts A193-B7

Design Conditions:
Temperature 566C
Pressure 37 barg

7.5.23 Lean Amine Filter F-113

Cartridge type, 5-10 micron, filters to remove any suspended solids from the
circulating amine.

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7.6 HEAT EXCHANGERS

7.6.1 Naphtha Feed Vaporizer HX-100

This shell and tube, BKU type exchanger is designed in accordance with TEMA
class C, and ASME Section VIII, Division 1, as applicable. The shell and bonnets
are insulated with calcium silicate and wrapped with an aluminum jacket.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA 106 CS
Tubesheets SA 516-70 CS
Bonnet SA 234-WPB CS
Tubes SA 178A CS
Tie Rods SA 36 CS
Baffles SA 36 CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts SA193-B7
Impingment plate 304 Stainless Steel

Design Conditions:
Shell side temperature 260C
Shell side pressure 37 barg
Tube side temperature 254C
Tube side pressure 42 barg

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7.6.2 Feed Heater HX-101

This shell and tube, BEM, or multi-tube double pipe exchanger is designed in
accordance with TEMA Class C and ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, as
applicable. The shell and bonnets are insulated with calcium silicate and
wrapped with an aluminum jacket.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA 312 TP 304 SS
Tubesheets SA 240 304 SS
Bonnet SA 312 TP 304W SS
Tubes SA 249 TP 304W SS
Tie Rods SA 479 304 SS
Baffles SA 240 304 SS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts SA193-B7

Design Conditions:
Shell side temperature 441C
Shell side pressure 31 barg
Tube side temperature 427C
Tube side pressure 37 barg

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.6.3 Boiler Feed Water Exchanger HX-102

This shell and tube, BEM or multi-tube double pipe, exchanger is designed in
accordance with TEMA class C and ASME Section VIII, Division 1, as applicable.
The shell and bonnets are insulated with calcium silicate and wrapped with an
aluminum jacket.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA53 B CS
Tubesheets SA240-304 SS
Bonnet SA312 TP304-W SS
Tubes SA249 TP304-W SS
Tie Rods SA36 CS
Baffles SA36 CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/Flexicarb Filler

Bolts A193-B7
Impingement plate 304 Stainless Steel

Design Conditions:
Shell side temperature 260C
Shell side pressure 45 barg
Tube side temperature 288C
Tube side pressure 31 barg

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided

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7.6.4 DA Exchanger HX-103

This shell and tube type BEU exchanger is designed in accordance with TEMA
class C standards. The unit shall also be designed and fabricated to the
requirements of ASME Section VIII, Division 1, as applicable. The shell and
bonnets are insulated with calcium silicate and wrapped with an aluminum jacket.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA312 TP304 SS
Tubesheets SA240 TP304 SS
Bonnet SA312 TP304-W SS
Tubes SA249 TP304-W SS
Tie Rods SA 479 304 SS
Baffles SA 240 304 SS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/Flexicarb Filler

Bolts A193-B7
Impingement plate 304 Stainless Steel

Design Conditions:
Shell side temperature 288C
Shell side pressure 21 barg
Tube side temperature 160C
Tube side pressure 31 barg

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided

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7.6.5 Process Cooler HX-104

This shell and tube, BEM exchanger is designed in accordance with TEMA Class
C and ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, as applicable. The shell is insulated
with calcium silicate and wrapped with an aluminum jacket.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA312 TP304 SS
Tubesheets SA240-304 SS
Bonnets SA 234-WPB CS
Tubes SA249 TP 304 SS
Tie Rods SA479-304 SS
Baffles SA240-304 SS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts SA193-B7
Impingement plate 304 Stainless Steel

Design Conditions:
Shell side temperature 288C
Shell side pressure 31 barg
Tube side temperature 71C
Tube side pressure 21 barg

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.6.6 Compressor Spillback Cooler HX-108

This shell and tube, BEM exchanger is designed in accordance with TEMA Class
C and ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, as applicable. The shell is insulated
with calcium silicate and wrapped with an aluminum jacket.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA106 B CS
Tubesheets SA516 Gr 70 CS
Bonnets SA 178 Gr A CS
Tubes SA106 B CS
Tie Rods SA36 CS
Baffles SA36 CS
Gaskets Spiral Wound 304 SS/
Flexicarb Filler
Bolts SA193-B7

Design Conditions:
Shell side temperature 160C
Shell side pressure 37 barg
Tube side temperature 66C
Tube side pressure 25 barg

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.6.7 HDS Start-up Cooler HX-109

This shell and tube, BEM, exchanger is designed in accordance with TEMA
Class C and ASME Section VIII, Division 1, as applicable.

Materials of Construction:
Shell SA106-B CS
Tubesheets SA516 Gr 70 CS
Tubes SA178 Gr A CS
Bonnets SA106-B CS
Baffles SA36 CS
Bonnet Gaskets Blue Guard 3200
Bolts A193-B7

Design Conditions:
Shell side temperature 427C
Shell side pressure 37 barg
Tube side temperature 66C
Tube side pressure 25 barg

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.6.8 Amine Lean/Rich Exchanger HX-111

A plate type exchanger is designed in accordance with ASME Section VIII,


Division 1, as applicable.

Materials of Construction:
Plates 316 SS
Gaskets EPDM with peroxide cured
Nozzles SA106 Gr B

Design Conditions:
Hot side temperature 150C
Hot side pressure 3.5 barg
Cold side temperature 130C
Cold side pressure 31 barg

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.6.9 Lean Amine Cooler HX-112

This shell and tube, BEM, exchanger is designed in accordance with TEMA,
Class C, and ASME Section VIII, Division 1, as applicable.

Materials of Construction:
Shell 304SS
Tubesheets 304SS
Tubes 304SS
Bonnets CS
Tie Rods & Baffles 304SS
Gaskets Blue-Guard 3200
Bolts CS
Impingement Plate 304SS

Design Conditions:
Hot side temperature 105C
Hot side pressure 3.5 barg
Cold side temperature 66C
Cold side pressure 7 barg

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL BOARD registration provided.

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7.6.10 Stripper Overhead Condenser HX-113

This shell and tube, BEM, exchanger is designed in accordance with TEMA,
Class C, and ASME Section VIII, Division 1, as applicable.

Materials of Construction:
Shell 304SS
Tubesheets 304SS
Tubes 304SS
Bonnets CS
Tie Rods & Baffles 304SS
Gaskets Blue-Guard 3200
Bolts CS
Impingement Plate 304SS

Design Conditions:
Shell side temperature 130C
Shell side pressure 3.5 barg
Tube side temperature 66C
Tube side pressure 7 barg

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL Board Registration provided.

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7.6.11 Amine Reboilers HX-114 A/B

The shell and tube, BKU type, exchanger is designed in accordance with TEMA
Class C, and ASME Section VIII, Division 1, as applicable. This exchanger has
two tube bundles one for process gas and the other one for steam. The shell is
insulated with calcium silicate and wrapped with an aluminum jacket.

Materials of Construction:
Shell CS
Tubesheets CS/SS
Tubes CS/SS
Bonnets CS/SS
Tie Rods & Baffles CS
Gaskets Blue-Guard 3200
Bolts CS

Design Conditions:
Shell side temperature 150C
Shell side pressure 3.5 barg
Tube side temperature 204C/160C
Tube side pressure 31 barg/5 barg

ASME STAMP and NATIONAL Board Registration provided.

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7.6.12 Blowdown Cooler HX-118

This exchanger is not designed according to ASME Code due its small size. If
required, the shell is insulated with calcium silicate and wrapped with an
aluminum jacket. Blowdown discharge from this exchanger will be below 38C.

Shell CS
Tubes CS

Design Conditions:
Shell side temperature 221C
Shell side pressure 3.4 barg
Tube side temperature 66C
Tube side pressure 7 barg

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7.6.13 Naphtha Slop Cooler HX-119

This forced draft fin-fan air cooler is designed in accordance with ASME Section
VIII.

Headers CS
Tubes CS
Fins By Vendor

Design Conditions:
Process side temperature 427C
Process side pressure 3.4 barg

The design is based on cooling the naphtha vapor discharge from PSV's on
desulfurizers.

The unit will be located on pipe rack with access by platform.

7.6.14 Nitrogen Heater (Electric) HX-135

This unit heats the nitrogen required for startup of the pre-reformer. The heater
will be an electric flange type heater designed for use in a hazardous area.

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7.7 COMPRESSORS, PUMPS AND FANS

7.7.1 Natural Gas Feed Compressors C-101 A/B

Two 100% compressors are provided; one operating and one 100% standby.
The unit is a screw compressor complete with a TEFC electric motor.

7.7.2 Recycle Hydrogen Compressors C-103 A/B

Two compressors are provided. One operating and one 100% standby. The
machines are single stage, oil-free, reciprocating type, driven by an TEFC
electric motor. The motor terminals will be suitable for connecting aluminum
cables. Each compressor is supplied with a distance piece, a suction block valve,
suction strainer, discharge check valve, discharge block valve and local stop-
start push button station.

7.7.3 Naphtha Feed Pumps P-100 A/B

Two pumps are provided. One operating and one 100% standby. The pumps are
single stage, centrifugal type, driven by a TEFC electric motor. The motor
terminals will be suitable for connecting aluminum cables. Pumps are furnished
with mechanical seals. Each pump is supplied with a suction block valve, suction
strainer, discharge check valve, discharge block valve and local stop-start push
button station. Pumps are supplied will meet API standards and specifications.

Materials of Construction:
Casing Carbon Steel
Seal Housing Cast Iron
Impeller/Inducer Carbon Steel
Shaft AISI 8620
Shaft Sleeve 316 SS
Mechanical Seal Vendor Standard
Bearings Ball

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7.7.4 Boiler Feed Water Pumps P-101 A&B

Two pumps are provided for this service: one operating and one 100% standby.
The pumps are single stage, centrifugal type, driven by a non-overloading, TEFC
electric motor. Pumps are furnished with mechanical seals. Each pump is
supplied with a suction block valve, suction strainer, discharge pressure
indicator, discharge check valve, discharge block valve and local stop-start push
button station.

Materials of Construction:
Casing CS
Seal Housing Cast Iron
Impeller/Inducer 316 SS
Shaft 316 SS
Shaft Sleeve 316 SS
Mechanical Seal Vendor Standard
Bearings Ball (if applicable)

7.7.5 Lean Amine Pumps P-113 A&B

Two pumps are provided for this service: one operating and one 100% standby.
The pumps are single stage, centrifugal type, driven by a non-overloading, TEFC
electric motor. Pumps are furnished with mechanical seals. Each pump is
supplied with a suction block valve, suction strainer, discharge pressure
indicator, discharge check valve, discharge block valve and local stop-start push
button station.

Materials of Construction:
Casing SS
Seal Housing SS
Impeller/Inducer 316 SS
Shaft 316 SS
Shaft Sleeve 316 SS
Mechanical Seal Vendor Standard
Bearings Ball (if applicable)

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7.7.6 Reflux Pumps P-114 A&B

For each service, two pumps are provided: one operating and one 100% standby.
The pumps are single-stage, centrifugal-type, driven by a non-overloading TEFC
electric motor. Pumps are furnished with mechanical seals. Each pump is
supplied with a suction block valve, suction strainer, discharge pressure indicator,
discharge check valve, discharge block valve and local stop-start pushbutton
station.

Materials of Construction:
Casing 316 SS
Seal Housing Cast Iron
Impeller/Inducer 316 SS
Shaft AISI 8620
Shaft Sleeve 316 SS
Mechanical Seal Vendor Standard
Bearings Ball

7.7.7 Process Condensate Pumps P-140 A/B

Two pumps are provided for this service: one operating and one 100% standby.
The pumps are single stage, centrifugal type, driven by a non-overloading, TEFC
electric motor. Pumps are furnished with mechanical seals. Each pump is
supplied with a suction block valve, suction strainer, discharge pressure
indicator, discharge check valve, discharge block valve and local stop-start push
button station.

Materials of Construction:
Casing SS
Seal Housing SS
Impeller/Inducer 316 SS
Shaft 316 SS
Shaft Sleeve 316 SS
Mechanical Seal Vendor Standard
Bearings Ball (if applicable)

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7.7.8 Amine Charge Pump P-117

One pump is provided for each service. The pump is a single stage, centrifugal
type, driven by a non-overloading, TEFC electric motor. The Pump is furnished
with mechanical seals. The pump is supplied with a suction block valve, suction
strainer, discharge pressure indicator, discharge check valve, discharge block
valve and local stop-start push button station.

Materials of Construction CS

7.7.9 Hydrocarbon Pump P-201

Same description as 7.7.8.

7.7.10 Amine Pump P-202

Same description as 7.7.8.

7.7.11 Flooded Pump P-203

Same description as 7.7.8.

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7.7.12 Induced Draft Fan F-101

This induced draft fan is single width, single inlet designed and constructed in
accordance with vendor standard. The fan is all welded heavy gauge steel
constructed, designed for 250C max operating temperature. The fan is supplied
with:
(a) Balanced wheel
(b) Housing side braces
(c) Low point drain
(d) Clean out door with gasket
(e) Two pillow block ball bearings
(f) Shaft and bearing guard with extended lubrication limits
(g) Shaft cooler with guard
(h) Motor heat shield
(i) Direct drive
(j) TEFC electric motor
(k) Motor slide base with jack screws
(l) VFD control (by Purchaser)

7.7.13 Forced Draft Fan F-102

This forced draft fan is single inlet designed and constructed in accordance with
Vendor Standard. The fan is all welded heavy gauge steel constructed, designed
for 66C max operating temperature, and supplied with:

(a) Balanced wheel with curved radial blade


(b) Housing side braces
(c) Low point drain
(d) Shaft and bearing guard with extended lubrication limits
(e) Direct drive
(f) TEFC Electric motor
(g) Motor slide base with jack screws
(h) VFD control (by Purchaser)

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7.8 MISCELLANEOUS

7.8.1 Boiler Chemical Injection X-102

The package includes the equipment needed for the chemical treatment of boiler
water. These chemicals maintain the pH of the boiler water, prevent fouling in
the boiler, and remove dissolve oxygen. The chemical injection equipment
includes:

(a) Two storage tanks sized for 7 days of storage


(b) Containment basin
(c) Two pumps

7.8.2 Flue Gas Stack STK-100

50m stand-alone flue gas stack is provided.

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8.0 MECHANICAL DESCRIPTION
8.1 INSTRUMENTATION

8.1.1 General

Hydro-Chem will provide the control system and instrumentation to operate the
Hydrogen plant. The instrumentation design and supply is per Hydro-Chem
standards / Praxair standards.

Hydro-Chem will supply the following:

A NEMA 12 Enclosure with the following components:


ControlLogix PLC with 500 total I/O points, 30% Al, 20% AO, 30% DI and
20% DO. This includes 20% spare.
Capability to communicate with either another ControlLogix or Siemens
S7-300 PLC.
Managed Ethernet switches
Power supplies
All miscellaneous material including protection for devices, terminal
blocks, etc.
All I/O wired to terminal blocks.
All Analog inputs, Digital Outputs, and Analog Outputs have a group fusing
programming.
Training (Praxair stds) of HC programmer.
30 minute UPS backup for PLC (CPU & IO)

All electric wiring is general purpose. Instrument air tubing is stainless steel.

Control valves, flow and pressure transmitters, and other instrumentation are
supplied by the vendors specified in the Vendor List.

Local start/stop switches and remote stop function in the PLC are provided for
the rotating equipment.

Units of measure for the PLC and plant mounted instrumentation is as follows:
Pressure barg
Differential Pressure mm H2O
Temperature C
Flow, Gas Nm3/h
Flow, Steam kg/hr
Flow, Boiler Water m3/hr
Flow, Cooling Water m3/hr
Heat kcal
Dimension m / mm
Weight kgs

Drawing dimensions (e.g. layout, foundation loading) will be provided in feet /


inches.

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8.1.1 CONTROL SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE DRAWING
(Attached)

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8.1.2 Major Control Instruments

The instrumentation design and supply is per Hydro-Chem standards.

8.1.3 Plant Safety Shutdown

Plant safety shutdowns are designed to prevent costly damage to catalyst and
reformer furnace. The shutdown logic is as follows:

1. If the burner pilot goes out and if the firebox temperature is below 1,400F
(760C), plant automatically shuts down except steam to reformer.
2. High and low fuel pressure to burners will automatically shut plant down,
except steam to reformer.
3. In case of steam failure, plant shuts down and burner goes to low fire.
4. In case of high reformer temperature, burner goes to low fire, feed gas to
reformer shuts down and steam flow continues.
5. In case of high shift converter temperature, plant shuts down, burner goes to
low fire.
6. Failure of fan shuts plant down.

8.1.4 Burner Controls

Standard NFPA Burner Controls are provided consisting of:

1. High and low fuel pressure


2. Fuel to burner - one magnetic reset gas safety valve
3. Fuel to burner - two solenoid double block and vent sized in accordance with
IRI standards
4. Solenoid valve for PSA vent gas to burner
5. Protector relays for burner
6. Solenoid valve for burner pilot system
7. Spark ignitor for the pilot
8. Ultraviolet flame detector for burner pilot

All flame failure relays, ignition transformers, indicating lights and push buttons
are mounted in a free standing NEMA 4 enclosure, which is mounted in the
reformer area.

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8.1.5 Analyzers

The following analyzers are supplied by the Purchaser:

1. Two (2) Oxygen in Flue gas analyzer.


2. One (1) CO / CH4 in PSA feed analyzer.
3. One (1) CO in Hydrogen product analyzer.

8.1.6 Portable Testing Devices

The following devices are supplied:

1. One MSA Orion Multi-Gas Analyzer that measures both LEL and Oxygen
2. One MSA portable Pump Analyzer with twenty detector tubes for each of the
following:
(a) Carbon Monoxide 2-300 ppm
(b) Hydrogen Sulfide 0.5-25 ppm

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8.2 CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL

Structural items for the plant are designed and supplied in accordance with applicable
Hydro-Chem specifications and AICS codes for civil/structural.

Structural design is based on the wind velocity and earth quake zone listed in Section
2.6.

Structural skids are designed to be filled with concrete in the field. No grating is provided
on the base level of the modules.

Hydro-Chem shall do design of the grounding requirements within skids and equipment.
Grounding connections will be supplied on the equipment/skids. Praxair shall perform
underground design and site installation.

Hydro-Chem will provide center of gravity locations for skids when drawings are issued.

8.3 PIPING

Piping for the plant is designed and supplied in accordance with applicable Hydro-Chem
specifications.

Piping for all skid-mounted equipment is provided, installed between pieces of


equipment. Termination at skid edge is with a standard ANSI pipefitting. Some skid
piping and equipment may be dismounted for shipping because of height limitations.
However, this is minimized.

Interconnecting piping between skid, reformer and other off-skid equipment is supplied.
Interconnecting piping 1 and smaller is provided as bulk for field fabrication and
installation. All valves within skid limits are supplied.

All bolts and gaskets for on-skid piping and ship-loose piping are supplied. Purchaser
supplies bolts and gaskets for customer tie-ins.

Hydro-Chem will design and supply the flare header upto the B/L based on Purchaser
spec and input during project execution.

Hydro-Chem will provide all the instruments and associated piping and valves ISBL even
if they are off-skid.

Hydro-Chem provides pipe or tube routing to BMS skid. Supports for electrical will be
supplied by the Purchaser.

Hydro-Chem will supply pipe racks in 40ft sections and piping with flanged ends.

Hydro-Chem will provide utility drops / stations for instrument air, nitrogen and water.

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8.4 PAINTING

Painting for the plant is specified and supplied in accordance with applicable Hydro-
Chem specifications.

All un-insulated, skid-mounted equipment and piping, supplied by Hydro-Chem, are


provided with finish painting.

Equipment such as pumps, fans, compressors, motors and electrical and


instrumentation housings are supplied with the manufacturer's standard finish, unless
otherwise specified. No field painting is required on manufacturer finished surfaces,
except for repair of damaged, painted surfaces.

Ladders and small platforms are galvanized.

8.5 INSULATION

Insulation for the equipment and piping is specified and supplied in accordance with
applicable Hydro-Chem specifications.

No winterization is provided.

Hydro-Chem will provide insulation and wiring for field installation. In the case that the
quantity of materials sent by Hydro-Chem is not enough to satisfy the field insulation
requirement, it will be the responsibility of the Purchaser to supply the remaining
material. Purchaser is responsible for providing and installing off-skid insulation.
Reformer and the ducting (on-skid and ship-loose) are insulated in Hydro-Chem shops.

Purchaser is responsible for providing and installing insulation for the pipe rack.

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8.6 ELECTRICAL

Electrical components are designed and supplied in accordance with applicable Hydro-
Chem specifications and American standards NEMA and ANSI.

Except the reformer area, all equipment and materials are suitable for installation in an
area classified as Class 1, Group B, Division 2, except the reformer area. The reformer
area is general purpose.

All the motors have TEFC enclosures and are furnished with local pushbuttons on both
the skids and on the remote control system operator interface. Selector switches are
provided for all the motors. For motors off-skid, Hydro-Chem will provide the selector
switches for field installation by the Purchaser.

Each skid has junction boxes for instrument and control wiring. Junction boxes for all
modules are pre-wired in the shop.

Field wiring consists of wiring from terminals in the motor control center to motors and
terminals in the control panel; wiring to terminals in the junction boxes of each module;
and wiring from control panel terminals to off skid instruments, controls and control
valves. The field control wiring is supplied and installed by the Purchaser. The field
power wiring is supplied and installed by the Purchaser. Wiring between thermocouples
and the control system is supplied and installed by the Purchaser.

The 4160 volt, 3-phase, 60-cycle power feeder from motors to the motor control center is
supplied and installed by the Purchaser. The motor control center is supplied and
installed by the Purchaser. Wire number adequately identifies all terminal points.

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9.0 INSTALLATION

9.1 Hydrogen Plant Equipment Installation Requirements

Installation Scope

The Purchaser will provide the necessary materials, construction equipment, labor and
supervision to install the hydrogen plant and make it ready for operation. Purchasers work
items are summarized below:

Work Items

1. Provide all field excavations required and remove from job site any material not
designed to be kept.

2. Design and install all equipment foundation required.

3. Provide temporary construction office, telephone service and toilet facilities for
construction crew.

4. Furnish transportation for all equipment and skids from the point of manufacture to
the job site.

5. Unload and set skids and off-skid equipment on their foundations and grout (if
necessary).

6. Furnish and install pipe rack, piping, and supports, where required, to battery limits.

7. Install all field instruments. Supply and install all wiring from instruments to control
system.

8. Install all crossover piping between skid units and reformer, where required.

9. Install platforms and ladders, as required.

10. Supply and install control and instrumentation electrical wiring and cable tray to
control panel and between skids, reformer, and off skid wired devices.

11. Supply and install motor control center. Furnish and install conduit, wiring and
tagging between the motor control center, the skids and the reformer.

12. Fill skids with 8 of stone and cap top with 2 of concrete.

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13. Pressure test plant.

14. Calibrate and check all controls, instruments and safety devices.

15. Install all catalyst and adsorbents. Initial column intervals in absorber and stripper.

16. Complete field insulation.

17. Remove all rust preventives, oils, bracing, etc., used to protect the equipment
during shipping and construction.

18. Conduct all flushing, blowing, purging and cleaning operations required.

19. Complete all field painting or touch-up, where required.

20. Provide insulation where required for shortages.

21. Pressure test and NDT of field installed piping.

22. Provide area lighting. Lighting level to be approximately 50-ft. candle at working
levels. Hydro-Chem will provide skid lights, wired to the junction box, but will ship
them loose.

23. For shop fabricated spools (with field fitup welds) and all field fabricated spools will
by hydrotested in the field by the Purchaser. Hydro-Chem will pressure test skid
piping and rack piping in the shop.

24. Provide inspection of the facility to assure erected plant conforms to flow diagrams,
construction drawings, vendor prints, specifications, etc.

25. Perform final punch list and correct all items required before and after startup.

26. Supervise startup and debug Hydrogen Plant.

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10.0 SCOPE OF SUPPLY
(See attached Excel sheet)

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11.0 PLANT LAYOUT
(Preliminary)

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12.0 PROJECT SCHEDULE
(Project deliverables are shown in the Schedule)

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13.0 EXCEPTIONS AND CLARIFICATIONS

The following exceptions and clarifications are based on the recent Praxair jobs which are
applicable to this project also. However, Hydro-Chem will have to review Praxair specifications
thoroughly and advise you about any other additional items.

1. Praxair is responsible for supplying and installing the MCC.


2. Hydro-Chem takes exception to providing electrical design drawings for:
a. Above ground conduit/cable trays and routing
b. Wire, cable, conduit, cable tray sizing - Hydro-Chem will provide cable schedule
including cable sizes and terminations.
c. H-Cs shop installs the above items without drawings - Hydro-Chem will provide
as built wiring diagrams internal to skids.
3. Reformer tubes shall be cast from no less than 90% virgin materials.
4. Praxair to supply all catalysts including reforming / pre-reformer.
5. During low fire the NG will be set via a hand valve. The furnace temperature will not be
controlled.
6. Heat tracing is not included. PSA feed line will require heat tracing to maintain 38C
temperature.
7. The DA hold-up time will be 15 minutes.
8. Hydro-Chem takes exception to deaerator control strategy. Hydro-Chem prefers to use
a standard pressure control for the Deaerator. Continuous minimum flow requirement is
provided. Steam control valve shall have mechanical stop.
9. HC has included chemical addition equipment for the steam system that is rated for the
area classification.
10. Praxair is responsible for all safety showers and eye wash stations.
11. Natural gas compression, including spillback cooler, is by Hydro-Chem. Praxair to
confirm the scope.
12. HC takes exception to designing the fans for high start-up flows as the fans will be
equipped with VFDs (supplied by Praxair).
13. Adsorbents shall be installed by Praxair in the field with Linde supervision. Linde startup
supervision is included in the equipment price.
14. HC will provide a flame scanner that meets Class 1, Division II, Group B.
15. HC wiring diagrams connecting to MCC will show typical connections as HC is not
providing the MCCs, actual connections may be different.
16. HC shall provide this electrical design as per the Altamira, Mexico project per NEC.
17. PLC panel is located remotely from hydrogen plant.
18. HA panels are not included because there is no building.
19. Permit use of standard supply for fasteners for Fisher control valves. Hydro-Chem will
comply with SS studs.
20. Pressure regulators used for compressor purge gas do not require spring loaded relief
devices as these are not for instrument gas to automatic valves.

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21. HC to takes exception to not having any connections less than 3/4". Many instrument
connections are 1/2". Hydro-Chem will provide minimum 3/4" process piping.
22. HC takes exception to painting SS piping. SS piping insulation material does not contain
chlorides.
23. Hydro-Chem takes exception to supply complete fire alarm system.
24. Hydro-Chem offer is based on Linde 5 bed PSA system.
25. Hydro-Chem offer is based on TEFC motors per NEC.

Hydro-Chem has included the following items:


26. NG strainer with blocks, bypass, and local dP.
27. NG knockout drum package.
28. Product dust filter with blocks, bypass, and local dP.
29. Instrument wiring drawings.
30. Local furnace draft gauge
31. Two extra temperature probes in the HTS.
32. Inconel sheathes for the flue thermocouples upstream of WH-101 / WH-107, and one
added thermocouple for the furnace temperature.
33. Inconel 800HT WH-101 box / WH-107 coil.
34. Process cooler designed for a steam to carbon ratio of 0.5 greater than the design steam
to carbon ratio.
35. Separate steam vessel to prevent carryover.
36. Automated blowdown on waste heat boilers.
37. Stainless steel tubing on instruments or internals in hydrogen or flammable service.
38. Three water sample coolers on the steam system.
39. Positioners for all automatic valves not in on-off service.
40. Firesafe automatic shutdown valves for natural gas inlet naphtha, refinery offgas, and
hydrogen product lines.
41. Removable flange covers insulation.
42. Two full size relief valves with diverter on steam drum.
43. 8 spacing on reformer insulation studs.
44. Grounding grid design.
45. Chemical injection system for boiler feed water.
46. Praxair to supply all the catalysts.
47. Praxair to supply all the analyzers.
Hydro-Chem Exeception to Praxair Standards

Refer to Praxair Standard Specs Exception Listing 2013-12-19 Document

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14.0 VENDOR LIST

The typical vendor list is shown below.

The underlined vendors are the basis for Hydro-Chems bid. Any Purchaser requested deviation
from these vendors will have to be evaluated for their cost impact. Hydro-Chem reserves the
right to use alternate suppliers listed with no impact.

Skid Assembly
Hydro-Chem, Multi, SOPC (Suzhou Oxygen Plant Company), Wonil, LPP, Baroda
Equipment and Vessels Pvt. Ltd.

Reformer Fabrication
Hydro-Chem, Castagna, SOPC (Suzhou Oxygen Plant Company), SC Uton SA, LPP,
ZBACH

Reformer Tubes
Manoir Electro-alloys, Kubota, Metaltek International (Wisconsin Centrifugal),
Paralloy, Duraloy Technologies, Centromet, Schmidt & Clemens Gmbh & Co.

Reformer Burner
Lanemark, Callidus, Zeeco, Hamworthy, WS Wrmeprozesstechnik GmbH (Flox
burner)

Waste Heat Recovery


LPP/Hydro-Chem, Aerofin Economizer (ML), Exothermic-Eclipse,
Des Champs, Industrial Heat Transfer, Inc, Kreuger Engineering (ML), Thermotec, M. E.
Energy (IBR)

Plate Heat Exchangers


APV, ITT, Alfa Laval, Uno Heat Exchanger Co. Ltd, Vahterus, Caloperm GmbH

Heat Exchangers
Hydro-Chem (ML, KGS, & PED), Brown Fintube, Heat Exchanger Design, Inc. (ML,
KGS, & PED), Hamco, Smithco, Industrial Heat Transfer, Inc. (PED), ITT Standard
(ML), ALCO, RW Holland, GEA Rainey, Cataract Steel Industries (ML), Southern Heat
Exchanger (ML), Aerofin (ML), Kreuger Engineering (ML), Funke, Thermotec, M. E.
Energy (IBR), Cataract (ML, KGS)

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Vessels
Hydro-Chem (ML, KGS, IBR, & PED), Arrow Tank & Engineering CO., Beaird
Industries (ML), Kreuger Engineering (ML), Suzhou Oxygen Plant Company (China),
Xebec, Linde, McAbee Construction, Budget Industries (Shiotook, OK), American
Fabrication Inc., SabaWerk GmbH, Wolf GmbH, M. E. Energy (IBR), Baroda Equipment
and Vessels Pvt. Ltd.

Fans
New York Blower, Twin City Fan & Blower Company, Chicago Blower, Robinson,
Buffalo Forge, Lampson, Reitz Ventilatoren, Woodcock & Wilson

Pumps
Sundyne/Sunflo, Corken, Goulds, Flowserve, Grundfos, Sulzer, MTH

Methanol Pumps
American Lewa Inc., Milton Roy, Grundfos

Coalescers / Filters
SW Filter, PALL, Perry Eq CO., Winston, Indufil

Feed & Product Compressor


Frick/York, Corken, Ariel, Gardner-Denver, Rix, Knox-Western,
Norwalk, Green Field (Sulzer), Blackmer, La Roi, Neuman-Esser, Mehrer, Howden,
Hycomp, GEA Refrigeration North America Inc.

Recycle Compressor
Corken, Rix, Blackmer, Hycomp

Catalysts
Sud Chemie, Johnson Matthey, Haldor Topsoe, Unicat

PSA Adsorbents
Alumina = Coastal Chemicals, UOP, ZeoChem, Linde, Xebec
Carbon = Calgon (Barnabey & Sutcliff ), Norit, Linde, Xebec, Donau Carbon
Molecular Sieve = UOP, ZeoChem, Arkema, Linde (is required for LG projects), Xebec

Variable Area Flometers (Rotameters)


Brooks, ABB Automation (Formerly Fischer & Porter), Krohne, Yokogawa

Orifice Plates/Flanges/Annubar
Flow-Lin, Red Man, Aitken, Dieterich, Intra-Automation, Fluidic Techniques, Rosemount,
Air Monitor Corp.

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January 7, 2014
Vortex Flowmeters
Rosemount, Krohne

Thermal Dispersion Flow Meter


FCI, FOX, Sage, KURZ 2

Control Valves
Globe Valves: Fisher, Metso-Jamesbury, Valtek / Kammer, Fisher / Baumann, Samson,
Valtek

Butterfly Valves: Metso-Jamesbury, Grinnell, Keystone, Valtek, Samson, Fisher

Ball Valves (including V-Ball): Fisher, Metso-Jamesbury, Valtek, Velan, Triac

Burner Shutoff Valves: Maxon, Metso-Jamesbury, ASCO, Eclipse, Burkert

PSA Valves
Valtek (piston actuated), Fisher, Samson

Relief Valves
Farris, Consolidated, Crosby / Tyco

Pressure and Differential Pressure Gages


Dwyer, Orange Research, Meriam, ITT Barton, Wika, Ashcroft, US Gauge

Pressure Reducing and Back Pressure Regulators


Fisher, Victor (calibration gases), Samson

Temperature Indicators
Ashcroft, Wika

Thermocouples
Pyromation, U.E., JMS, Moore, WIKA

Pressure Switches
United Electric, Barksdale, SOR, Ashcroft

Transmitters
General: Siemens, Honeywell, Rosemount, Yokogawa

Level Transmitters (dp Type): Siemens, Honeywell, Rosemount, Yokogawa

Flow Transmitters (dp Type): Siemens, Honeywell, Rosemount, Yokogawa

Flow Transmitters (mass & other): Rosemount, Micromotion, Yokogawa

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Pressure and Temperature Transmitters: Siemens, Honeywell, Rosemount, Yokogawa,
Moore

Level Switches
Bestobell-Mobrey, Magnetrol, Kayden, Endress & Hauser, Siemens

Level Gages
Jerguson, Inferno, Penberthy, Intra Automation

External Level Chamber Magnetic Indicator / Transmitters / Switches


Magnetrol, KSR Kuebler, ProMag, Kenco, Quest-tee, Krohne

Automated On/Off Ball Valves (small)


Flow-Tek, Sharpe, Nibco, Metso-Jamesbury, Fisher, Velan, Triac

Actuators
El-O-Matic, Fisher

Valve Limit Switch


Fisher, Valtek, ASCO, Westlock, Stonel, Go Switches

Solenoids/Shutdown
ASCO, Brkert, Samsomatic

Vibration Switch
Metrix, Assem-Tech Europe, Sensonics (ATEX)

Hand Valves
Apollo, Hills-Mccanna, Milwaukee, Metso-Jamesbury, Quartrol, Watts, Worcester,
Contromatics, KF, Marpac, Velan, WKM, Dezurik, Durco, Keystone, Norris, Posi-Seal,
Vanessa, Crane, Nibco, Powell, Walworth, ITT Grinnell, Eagle (KF), Mission, Stockham
Marlin, DSI, Kitz, Newco, Pacific, Prince, Aloyco, Cooper, Ladish, OIC, RP&C, Vogt,
Bonney, Smith, Anderson-Greenwood, Hex Valve, PGI, Dragon, Tufline, Mueller

Pump Min Flow Auto Recirculating Valve


Yarway, Atlantic Group Inc Specialty Valves

Flame Safety Detectors


Honeywell, Fireye

Electrical Components
Crouse-Hinds, Cutler Hammer, Allen-Bradley, Siemens, Westinghouse,
Square D, Hoffman, GE

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HYDRO-CHEM
January 7, 2014
Intrinsic Safe Barriers
Pepperl & Fuchs, MTL, R. Stahl

X-Y-Z Purge Systems


P&F / Bebco, Exloc

Positioners
PMV, Siemens, Fisher, Valtek, Samson (The manufacturer of the I/P Positioner will be
the same as the selected Valve manufacturer)

PLC
Allen-Bradley, Siemens

Motors
GE, Reliance, Siemens, Teco-Westinghouse, Baldor, ABB
CE Stamped: Siemens, Loher, Weg, ABB

Selector Valves
Anderson Greenwood, PGI, Dragon, Hex

MCC (Components mounted in an IEC or NEC certified panel)


Siemens, Cutler-Hammer, Westinghouse, Square D, Allen Bradley, GE, Telemecanique

Control Cabinets
STEP, PCS, T & G Controls, Pro-Panel, Siemens

Analyzers
O2 Servomex, Rosemount, Ametek
NOx California Analytical, Servomex, Siemens
CO Siemens, ABB, Horiba, Servomex

Portable Analyzers
MSA, Drager, General Monitors

Area Monitors
MSA, Sensidyne, Teledyne

Hot Oil Heater Package


Thermal Fluid Systems Inc (TFS), Sigma Thermal, CEEF

Hot Oil Pumps


Dean, Allweiler, Kontro (Mag-Drive)

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HYDRO-CHEM
January 7, 2014
Chemical Injection Packages
Arthur E. Jones, Nalco, ProMinent

Blowdown Air Coolers


Industrial Heat Transfer

Sample Air Coolers


Industrial Heat Transfer

Sample Water Coolers


Crane Environmental

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HYDRO-CHEM
January 7, 2014
15.0 EXPERIENCE LIST
Date: July, 2013

Hydro-Chem, a division of Linde Engineering North America, Inc., and a member of Linde AG Engineering Division,
received the first order for a hydrogen plant in January 1976. Below is a list of installed and completed projects to
date. Ninety (90%) percent of the plants were fully constructed at our facilities, broken down into individual skids and
trucked to the jobsite, if domestic, or shipped overseas with a minimum of difficulty. As this list shows, many different
sizes of plants have been compartmentalized for easy shipment, giving Hydro-Chem exceptional experience in
module building..

HYDROGEN PLANTS

Pars Vegetable Oil, Tehran, Iran 20,000 SCFH (535 NCMH)


Hunt-Wesson Foods, Fullerton, CA 15,000 SCFH (401 NCMH)
Aceites Grasas, Guadalajara, Mexico 10,000 SCFH (268 NCMH)
Hunt-Wesson Foods, Chicago, IL 25,000 SCFH (670 NCMH)
Cargill Corp., Gainesville, GA 33,000 SCFH (885 NCMH)
Shiraz Vegetable Oil, Shiraz, Iran 30,000 SCFH (803 NCMH)
Safeway Stores, Denison, TX 30,000 SCFH (803 NCMH)
HumKo Products (Kraft) Buena Park, CA 20,000 SCFH (535 NCMH)
Shiraz Vegetable Oil, Shiraz, Iran 30,000 SCFH (802 NCMH)
C & T Refinery, Charlotte, NC 20,000 SCFH (535 NCMH)
Inland Steel Co., E. Chicago, IN 30,000 SCFH (803 NCMH)
A.D.M., Decatur, IL 90,000 SCFH (2,412 NCMH)
A.D.M., Lincoln, NE 90,000 SCFH (2,412 NCMH)
Bunge Edible Oil Corp., Chattanooga, TN 30,000 SCFH (803 NCMH)
Quaker Oats, Memphis, TN 55,000 SCFH (1,473 NCMH)
Polibasicos S.A., Guadalajara, Mexico (PSA System Only) 25,000 SCFH (607 NCMH)
Bunge Edible Oil Corp., Ft. Worth, TX 30,000 SCFH (803 NCMH)
Modular Engineering, Houston, TX 20,000 SCFH (535 NCMH)
A. E. Staley, Des Moines, IA 42,000 SCFH (1,125 NCMH)
Cargill Corp., Wichita, KS 33,000 SCFH (885 NCMH)
Procter & Gamble, Cincinnati, OH (PSA System Only) 35,000 SCFH (935 NCMH)
Bunge Edible Oil Corp., Bradley, IL (PSA System Only) 40,000 SCFH (1,070 NCMH)
Monsanto, Anniston, AL (PSA System Only) 27,000 SCFH (725 NCMH)
Southern Union Refinery, Lovington, NM 90,000 SCFH (2,412 NCMH)
(PCI Engineer, Inc. Houston, TX)
Industrial Aceitera S.A., Tlalnepantla, Mexico 20,000 SCFH (535 NCMH)
C. A. Facegra, Valencia, Venezuela 5,000 SCFH (134 NCMH)
Aceites Grasas, Guadalajara, Mexico 33,000 SCFH (885 NCMH)
Polibasicos, S.A., Guadalajara, Mexico (front end only) 25,000 SCFH (670 NCMH)
Aceites Industriales, S.A., Mexico 35,000 SCFH (940 NCMH)
Brown Industrial Gas, Salina, KS 5,000 SCFH (134 NCMH)
Louisville Edible Oil, Louisville, KY 30,000 SCFH (803 NCMH)
Cargill Corporation, Sioux City, IA 35,000 SCFH (940 NCMH)
Air Products, Sacramento, CA 2.5 MM SCF/DAY (2,792 NCMH)
Mallinckrodt, Inc., Raleigh, NC 33,000 SCFH (885 NCMH)
Union Carbide/AT & T, Norcross, GA 35,000 SCFH (937 NCMH)
Humko Products, Memphis, TN 70,000 SCFH (1,875 NCMH)
Liquid Air Corp., Dallas, TX 40,000 SCFH (1,070 NCMH)
Sherex Chemical Co., Mapleton, IL 2.64 MM SCF/DAY (2,950 NCMH)
Clark Oil & Refining Co., Hartford, IL 2.52 MM SCF/DAY (2,792 NCMH)
Hidrogenadora Yucateca, S.A., Mexico 15,000 SCFH (400 NCMH)
E.I. Dupont de Nemours, Memphis, TN (PSA System) 1,200 SCFH (32 NCMH)
Keumkang, Ltd., Seoul, Korea H2 6,000 SCFH (160 NCMH)
Vidrieria Argentina, Llavallol, Argentina - H2 5,000 SCFH (130 NCMH)

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HYDRO-CHEM
January 7, 2014
HYDROGEN PLANTS (Continued)

AG Processing, St. Joseph, MO 50,000 SCFH (1,341 NCMH)


Permea, Inc., Decatur, AL PSA 372,850 SCFH (9,961 NCMH)
Lapolar, Mexico City 10,000 SCFH (270 NCMH)
Thai Peroxide Co., Ltd., Bangkok, Thailand 33,570 SCFH (900 NCMH)
Grasas Vegetales, Guadalajara, Mexico 15,000 SCFH (400 NCMH)
Lone Star Gas Liquids Processing, Inc.,Bakersfield, CA 20,834 SCFH (559 NCMH)
Riceland Foods, Inc., Stuttgart, AR - PSA 34,210 SCFH (917 NCMH)
Acidchem SDN BHD, Malaysia 11,200 SCFH (300 NCMH)
Copsa, Lima, Peru 22,400 SCFH (600 NCMH)
Aga-Fano, Cartagena, Colombia 7,500 SCFH (200 NCMH)
Indo-Rama Chemicals (Thailand), Ltd.,
Bangkok, Thailand 11,190 SCFH (300 NCMH)
Malaysian Oxygen, Pasir Gudang, Malaysia 18,650 SCFH (500 NCMH)
L'Air Liquide, Sicily (Purification) 0.6 MM SCFD (670 NCMH)
Big Three Industrial Gas, Ingleside, TX - PSA 29,317 SCFH (786 NCMH)
Liquid Carbonic, Inc., Sarnia, Canada - PSA 79,200 SCFH (2,100 NCMH)
Dupoint E.I. de Nemoues & Co., New Zealand 50,700 SCFH (1,458 NCMH)
EKA Nobel, Bohus, Sweden 74,640 SCFH (2,000 NCMH)
EKA Nobel de Venezuela, S.A.,
Caracas, Venezuela 55,980 SCFH (1,500 NCMH)
Western Gas Processors, Wright, WY 10,000 SCFH (270 NCMH)
Air Products, (FMC) So. Charleston, WV 3.6 MM SCF/DAY (4,022 NCMH)
Air Products, (Am. Cyanamid) Hannibal, MO 40,000 SCFH (1,070 NCMH)
Foster Wheeler, (Cabot) Reading, U.K. 25,000 SCFH (670 NCMH)
Pan Century, Malaysia 18,650 SCFH (500 NCMH)
Union Carbide/Linde, Mexico 12,000 SCFH (322 NCMH)
Conoco, Inc., Billings, MT 5.0 MM SCF/DAY (5,583 NCMH)
(Sold & moved to Great Lakes Chemical, Memphis, TN)
Flora Danica, S.A., Argentina 16,000 SCFH (430 NCMH)
WGI, Indonesia 7,500 SCFH (200 NCMH)
Frico, Iran 56,000 SCFH (1,500 NCMH)
Keumkang, Korea 18,700 SCFH (500 NCMH)
Praxair, PA 80,000 SCFH (2,144 NCMH)
Sisecam, Mersin, Turkey 9,330 SCFH (250 NCMH)
BOC Gases, Weirton, West VA 45,000 SCFH (1,205 NCMH)
BOC Gases/Nucor, Crawfordsville, IN 45,000 SCFH (1,205 NCMH)
Praxair, MI 60,000 SCFH (1,605 NCMH)
Praxair (PSA System & Misc. Equipment) 31,700 SCFH (849 NCMH)
Kemira, Sweden 149,280 SCFH (4,000 NCMH)
BOC/SPI, New Castle, DE 62,500 SCFH (1,673 NCMH)
EKA Nobel, Alby, Sweden 224,000 SCFH (6,000 NCMH)
Praxair 40,000 SCFH (1,070 NCMH)
Praxair (PSA System & Misc. Equipment) 31,700 SCFH (849 NCMH)
EKA Nobel, Bohus, Sweden 224,000 SCFH (6,000 NCMH)
AG Processing, St. Joseph, MO 50,000 SCFH (1,341 NCMH)
STG-FCB Pty Ltd, Brisbane, Australia 9,330 SCFH (250 NCMH)
Angus Chemical Company, Sterlington, LA 3.5MM SCF/DAY (3,908 NCMH)
Praxair, IN 4.5 MM SCF/DAY (5,024 NCMH)
Linde Gas/Solutia, Decatur, AL 9.9MM SCF/DAY (11,053 NCMH)
Chiyoda/Chevron, Saudi Arabia 3.7MM SCF/DAY (4,131 NCMH)
Praxair (PSA System & Misc. Equipment) 31,700 SCFH (849 NCMH)
Praxair (PSA System & Misc. Equipment) 31,700 SCFH (849 NCMH)
Karbomont, Montreal, Canada Offgas Treatment Plant
Praxair, IN 7 MM SCF/DAY (7,815 NCMH)

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HYDROGEN PLANTS (Continued)

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, India 7,840 SCFH (210 NCMH)


Linde TG, Berghausen, Germany (ex PSA) 2-3.31 MM SCFD (2-3,700 NCMH)
BOC/BP, Lima, OH 12.7 MM SCFD (14,179 NCMH)
Nirma (LPT/UHDE), Alindra, Gujarat, India 1.97 MM SCFD (2,200 NCMH)
BOC/Roche, Scotland 37,320 SCFH (1,000 NCMH)
Praxair, GA 130,000 SCFH (3,482 NCMH)
BOC Lienhwa, Taiwan 261,310 SCFH (7,000 NCMH)
BOC/Magnola, Asbestos, Canada 6.7MM SCFD (7,500 NCMH)
Degussa, Mobile, AL 5.37 MM SCFD (6,000 NCMH)
BOC/Solutia, Pensacola, FL 7.8 MM SCFD (8,708 NCMH)
Millennium Specialty Chemicals 60,000 SCFH (1,608 NCMH)
HPAS, Turkey 75,640 SCFH (2,000 NCMH)
Fabrica Fortaleza/Fortaleza, Brazil 26,120 SCFH (700 NCMH)
BOC / Hong Kong Oxygen, China 22,392 SCFH (600 NCMH)
BOC Lienhwa, Taiwan 74,640 SCFH (2,000 NCMH +30 MT/D CO2 Gas)
Sisecam, Turkey 9,330 SCFH (250 NCMH)
Borcelik, Turkey 5,598 SCFH (150 NCMH)
BOC / Citgo, Lemont, Illinois 15 MM SCFD (16,747 NCMH)
Chevron Phillips Chemical, Puerto Rico 4 MM SCFD (4,466 NCMH)
Alicorp, Peru (PSA System & Misc. Equipment) 22,392 SCFH (600 NCMH)
Praxair, Italy 22,392 SCFH (600 NCMH)
AG Processing, Hastings, Nebraska 80,000 SCFH (2,144 NCMH)
HPAS, Turkey 75,640 SCFH (2,000 NCMH)
Lukoil, Romania 186,600 SCFH (5,000 NCMH)
Peroxidos, Brazil 373,200 SCFH (10,000 NCMH)
ACH Foods, Champaign, Illinois 60,000 SCFH (1,608 NCMH)
Yihai, China 18,660SCFH (500 NCMH)
Materia Oleochemicals, Argentina 14,928SCFH (400 NCMH)
MHI, China (MeOH Feed) 13,062 SCFH (350 NCMH)
BOC, China 37,320 SCFH (1,000 NCMH)
Confidential, China Confidential
Eka Chemicals (reformers & WHB only), Bohus, Sweden 223,920 SCFH (6,000 NCMH)
Confidential (reformers only), Finland Confidential
Sisecam, Bulgaria 9,330 SCFH (250 NCMH)
Praxair, Italy 167,940 SCFH (4,500 NCMH)
BOC, Korea 44,780 SCFH (1,200 NCMH)
Confidential (reformers only), Holland Confidential
Confidential Confidential
Tezcan, Turkey 5,598 SCFH (150 NCMH)
Hess, Port Reading, NJ 5 MM SCFD (5,583 NCMH)
EASTMAN, TN Confidential
BOC, China (Duplicate of previous project) 37,320 SCFH (1,000 NCMH)
FCFC, Taiwan 14,928SCFH (400 NCMH)
Sisecam, Turkey 7,464 SCFH (200 NCMH)
Sasol Yihai, China 111,960 SCFH (3,000 NCMH)
Ergon, Newell, WV 3.5 MM SCFD (3,908 NCMH)
Linde Gas, Linz, Austria 67,200 SCFH (1800 NCMH)
Linde Gas / Shell, AL 10 MM SCFD (11,165 NCMH)
VVF, India 65,310 SCFH (1,750 NCMH)
Lion Oil, El Dorado, AR 10 MM SCFD (11,165 NCMH)
Ergon, Refining Inc, MS 7.5 MM SCFD (8,374 NCMH)
Yihai, Dongguan, China 18,660 SCFH (500 NCMH)
Borcelik, Turkey 9,330 SCFH (250 NCMH)
Montana Refining, MT 5 MM SCFD (5,583 NCMH)

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HYDROGEN PLANTS (Continued)

MCPI, India 16,794 SCFH (450 NCMH)


Key Industries 5,971 SCFH (160 NCMH)
Lukoil, Ploesti, Romania 186,600 SCFH (5,000 NCMH)
ADM, Decatur, IL 7.5 MMSCFD (8,374 NCMH)
Praxair, Mexico 11,190 SCFH (300 NCMH)
DC Chemical, Korea 93,300 SCFH (2.500 NCMH)
PT. Sorini, Indonesia 123,156 SCFH (3,300 NCMH)
Confidential (reformers only), Germany Confidential
LG Vietnam, Vietnam 37,320 SCFH (1,000 NCMH)
LG, Germany 171,672 SCFH (4,600 NCMH)
BOC Australia, Australia 27,990 SCFH (750 NCMH)
DC Chemical, Korea 186,600 SCFH (5.000 NCMH)
PT. Nubik Jaya, Indonesia 27,990 SCFH (750 NCMH)
Solvay, Australia 149,280 SCFH (4,000 NCMH)
Delta Wilmar CIS Ltd, Ukraine 18,660 SCFH (500 NCMH)
Praxair, MT 40,000 SCFH (1,072 NCMH)
Petro Star, Valdez Alaska 3 MM SCFD (3,349 NCMH)
Praxair, Brazil 22,392 SCFH (600 NCMH)
Clear Fuels, CO 42,200 SCFH (1,130 NCMH)
Wilmar, Indonesia 56,000 SCFH (1,500 NCMH)
LG, China (Plant 1) 111,960 SCFH (3,000 NCMH)
LG, China (Plant 2) 111,960 SCFH (3,000 NCMH)
LG / Corus, Holland 37,320 SCFH (1,000 NCMH)
LG/LWART, Brazil 111,960 SCFH (3,000 NCMH)
BOC LH, Taiwan 74,640 SCFH (2,000 NCMH)
LG (Cabot) Yongxiu, China 97,032 SCFH (2,600 NCMH)
LG, Romania 11,190 SCFH (300 NCMH)
P.T. Wilmar, Indonesia 186,600 SCFH (5.000 NCMH)

UNITS UNDER CONTRACT

Drever / MMK, Russia 11,190 SCFH (300 NCMH)


Viz Steel, Russia 3 x 56,000 SCFH (3 x 1,500 NCMH)
Praxair, Mexico 37,320 SCFH (1,000 NCMH)
LG, China 18,660 SCFH (500 NCMH)
FMC, Canada 4.4 MMSCFD (4,912 NCMH)
Azoty, Tarnow, Poland 298, 560 SCFH (8,000 NCMH)
LG (GISE) Nansha, China 37,320 SCFH (1,000 NCMH)
Promtech, Novokuibychevsk, Russia 535,725 SCFH (14,355 NCMH)
LG, China (Plant 3) 111,960 SCFH (3,000 NCMH)
LG, China (Plant 4) 111,960 SCFH (3,000 NCMH)
LG, Korea 11,190 SCFH (300 NCMH)
Adani Wilmar, India 56,000 SCFH (1,500 NCMH)
LG/Sterlite, India 22,392 SCFH (600 NCMH)
LG Chengdu, China (Plant 1) 111,960 SCFH (3,000 NCMH)
TPCC, Taiwan 302,292 SCFH (8,100 NCMH)
LG, Brazil 44,780 SCFH (1,200 NCMH)
LG, China 48,516 SCFH (1,300 NCMH)
LG, Tennessee 152,340 SCFH (4,082 NCMH)
Praxair, Tennessee 186,600 SCFH (5,000 NCMH)
Opal, India 40,306 SCFH (1,080 NCMH)
MOX LG, Malaysia 224,000 SCFH (6,000 NCMH)
Cross Oil, AR 312,500 SCFH (8,374 NCMH)
Hansol Chemical, Korea 149,280 SCFH (4,000 NCMH)
Bromine Compounds, Israel 56,000 SCFH (1,500 NCMH)
BOC / Asian Peroxide, India 75,640 SCFH (2,000 NCMH)

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January 7, 2014
LG, Turkey 11,190 SCFH (300 NCMH)
LG, Singapore H2-123,156 SCFH (3,330 NCMH)
CO2-45,157 SCFH (1,210 NCMH)
CH4-184,734 SCFH (4,950 NCMH)
Hyundai, Saudi Arabia 37,768 SCFH (1,012 NCMH)
LG, Alabama 166,671 SCFH (4,466 NCMH)
LG, Romania 559,810 SCFH (15,000 NCMH)
LG, Malaysia 126,888 SCFH (3,400 NCMH)
PT Ecogreen, Indonesia 223,920 SCFH (6,000 NCMH)
LG, China 97,032 SCFH (2,600 NCMH)
BOC, Taiwan 74,640 SCFH (2,000 NCMH)
CVR Energy, Oklahoma 416,678 SCFH (11,165 NCMH)
PT Energi Sejahtera Mas, Indonesia 272,436 SCFH (7,300 NCMH)
Calumet Montana Refining, USA 15 MM SCFD (16,747 NCMH)

H2/CO PLANTS

Union Carbide/Dupont, Deepwater, NJ 39,000 SCFH (1,045 NCMH) CO


6.0 MM SCF/DAY (6,700 NCMH) H2
Ultra Systems 3.6 MM SCF/DAY (4,020 NCMH) CO
3.9 MM SCF/DAY (4,355 NCMH) H2
Linde Gas/McNeil Specialty, McIntosh, AL 15,525 SCFH (1,150 lbs/hr) CO
SYK, Korea 31,722 SCFH (850 NCMH) CO
Linde Gas/Tate and Lyle 31,000 SCFH (831 NCMH) CO

CO2 PLANTS

Phillips Petroleum Co., Beatrice, NE 300 Tons/Day Liquid


Hylsa, S.A., Puebla, Mexico 220 Metric Tons/Day
Fluor Daniel, Inc., Bellingham, MA 350 Tons/Day

N2 PLANTS (Cryogenic)

Vidrieria Argentina, Llavallol, Argentina 50,000 SCFH (1,350 NCMH)


Keumkang, Ltd., Seoul, Korea 60,000 SCFH (1,600 NCMH)
Humko Products, Memphis, TN 40,000 SCFH (1,070 NCMH)

METHANOL PLANTS

Methchem Corporation, Hennepin, IL 300 Tons/Day


Unico, Lakewood, CO 250 Tons/Day

COMPANIES IN WHICH WORK HAS BEEN DONE ON EXISTING H2 PLANTS:

Durkee Famous Foods, Louisville, KY


P.V.O. International, St. Louis, MO
A.D.M., Lincoln, NE
Glidden-Durkee, Joliet, IL
A.D.M., Decatur, IL
Anderson-Clayton Co., Mexicali, Mexico
Swift Oil Co., Kankakee, IL
Hunt-Wesson Foods, Harvey, LA
Hunt-Wesson Foods, Savannah, GA
Anderson-Clayton Co., Monterrey, Mexico
Hunt-Wesson Foods, Chicago, IL
Humko Products (Kraft) Champaign, IL
Central Soya, Ft. Wayne, IN
Polibasicos, Guadalajara, Jal., Mexico

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Humko Products (Kraft), Buena Park, CA
Cargill Corp., Hartsville, SC
Hunt-Wesson Foods, Memphis, TN
Central Soya, Chattanooga, TN
C & T Refinery, Charlotte, NC

REFORMER FURNACE WASTE HEAT BOILER ADDITION TO EXISTING UNITS

Glidden-Durkee, Joliet, IL
Humko Products, Champaign, IL
Humko Products, Buena Park, CA
Central Soya, Fort Wayne, IN
Hunt Wesson, Fullerton, CA
SCM Corporation, Hammond, IN

PROCESS FABRICATION

De Smet U.S.A. (Deodorizing Tower)


Fluor Daniel (Xerox Toner Plant)
Fluor Daniel (Pellet Water Skid)
U.O.P., Inc. (Merox Units)
Keumkang, Ltd. (Blending Skid)

OXYGEN PLANTS (Cryogenic)

Odyssey Enterprise 200 TONS/DAY

PROPELLANT HYDROTREATERS
3
Esso, The Netherlands 2 M /HR Liquid Propane
4 M3/HR Liquid Butane
BIOGAS PLANTS

Biogas Energy, Kalamazoo, MI (CH4 Recovery) 4.5MM SCF/Day (5,017 NCMH)


Biogas Energy, Wayne, MI (CH4 Recovery) 4.5MM SCF/Day (5,017 NCMH)
Biogas Energy, Dayton, OH (CH4 Recovery) 4.5MM SCF/Day (5,017 NCMH)
Biogas Energy, Canton, OH (CH4 Recovery) 4.5MM SCF/Day (5,017 NCMH)
Biogas Energy, Compressors for above 4 projects 4.5MM SCF/Day (5,017 NCMH)

Hydro-Chem operates a 76,000-square-foot production facility on 17 acres of land, which is one of the most
modern and efficient of its kind. Our key personnel have extensive experience, which results in the highest
quality product and support service available worldwide. As a result, we proudly display our customer list
because we believe no one does a better job in the Skid Mounted Modular Plant field.

We would like the opportunity to meet with you to discuss, in detail, our qualifications and performance. We
also invite you to inspect our facilities so you can judge for yourself our workmanship and material quality.

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January 7, 2014