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Introduction
Introduction
Our group’s vision is to create a rocket that can reach the length of the target
Our group’s vision is to create a rocket that can reach
the length of the target assigned ...
Process ...
Rocket Body
Tube - Too narrow and carry lots of weight
Water Bottle - Perfect size, easy to find and much lighter
Launcher
Adjustable - Kept the 45° but can still be able to rotates 360°
Convenience - Easy to carry around; lightweight and can be handle easily
Durable - strong; withstand the strength of the rocket’s movement
Good Base - Gain a stable balance
Unique - Different design incorporating creativity
Objective
Objective
Concepts’ Objectives - Velocity - Acceleration - DIstance - Time - Principles of Aerodynamics What this
Concepts’ Objectives
- Velocity
- Acceleration
- DIstance
- Time
- Principles of Aerodynamics
What this project covers ...
-
Design a rocket from theoretical principles
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Experimenting with rocket launching
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Analyzing results
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Drawing conclusion
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Identifying points for improvements
Hex head lag screws Materials - Launching Blast Pad Foam Sheet ½” cross PVC Multi-Purpose Glue
Hex head lag screws
Materials - Launching Blast Pad
Foam Sheet
½” cross PVC
Multi-Purpose Glue
½” 90 degrees elbow PVC
½” fender washer
x 12”
Long PVC tube ½”
½” tees PVC
Spray Paint
½”
PVC cap
½” x 2” PVC
½” 45 degrees elbow PVC
Duct Tape
Stockings Spray Paint Baking Soda Materials - Rocket Body Multi-Purpose Glue Clay Block Feature Board Cutter
Stockings
Spray Paint
Baking Soda
Materials - Rocket Body
Multi-Purpose Glue
Clay Block
Feature Board
Cutter
Tapes
Cork
Empty water bottle
Scissor
Pencils/Pens/Rulers/Eraser/Stickers
Vinegar
Methods (assembling rocket) Launch Rocket Rocket : The Launch Path: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Connect
Methods (assembling rocket)
Launch
Rocket
Rocket :
The Launch Path:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Connect all the pvc to make 3 face of hexagon for
the both side
Connect both side together by using the long tube
connect at the upper middle
Connect the Pvc to produce the Y shape
Connect with the base that we have done before
this will make the base for the rocket.
Paste the launcher path which is the form sheet at
the middle of the Y shape and then glue it to the
PVC
1) Putting clay inside the rocket head.
2) Using tape to hold the cone with the bottle.
3) Cutting the future boards to make wing.
4) Using duct tape to stick fins with the bottle.
Procedures
Procedures
During the experiment : 1) Filling rocket with vinegar. 2) In a stocking, insert baking soda
During the experiment :
1) Filling rocket with vinegar.
2) In a stocking, insert baking soda inside.
3) Put the stocking inside the bottle.
4) Insert cork at the mouth of the bottle.
Discussion of Design 2 main goals we’re trying to achieve: - Aerodynamic Features - Exterior Appearance
Discussion of Design
2 main goals we’re trying to achieve:
-
Aerodynamic Features
-
Exterior Appearance
We’ve talked about the shape,
materials, sizes as well as other
factors that may affect the movement
of the rocket, these includes distance,
height and angels.
Discussion of Design
Discussion of Design
- 45-degrees angle with the ground - Launcher head : Adjustable 360-degrees - Strong base to
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45-degrees angle with the ground
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Launcher head : Adjustable 360-degrees
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Strong base to resist the power of the
rocket when it burst
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Portable
-
Light-weight
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Creativity
-
Possible to Assemble
Questions
Questions
What happen when vinegar react with baking soda? - Baking soda is sodium bicarbonate and the
What happen when vinegar react with baking soda?
-
Baking soda is sodium bicarbonate and the vinegar is Acetic acid yield Carbon
Dioxide, the carbon dioxide will produced by adding water with the sodium
bicarbonate and the Acetic acid together. The carbon dioxide will escape the solution
as bubbles. The carbon dioxide will produced to filled up the container.
Questions Discuss what cause the error from this experiment chemistry term? - The error occurred because
Questions
Discuss what cause the error from this experiment chemistry term?
-
The error occurred because the reaction is not complete. Some of the
reagent was left over and also some of the product which is the carbon
dioxide gas was leaked, so the rocket can’t fly as far as the theoretical
calculation.
Suggest how to improve your accuracy.
-
In order to improve the accuracy, we need to use a cock that is best fit
to the bottle in order to make sure that there will be no gas leaking out
of the bottle, so that the density of the gas in the rocket will produce at
the point where it will perfectly lands on the target, and we can make
the chemical reaction more accurate.
Discussion
Discussion
“Newton’s Three law of motion” 1 st law - A rocket will remain in its place
“Newton’s Three law of motion”
1
st law - A rocket will remain in its place until the external force
acting on it.
2
nd law - The amount of force depends upon how much the
reaction take place . You can increase the reaction by adding more
baking soda and vinegar, which increase the mass of the rocket.
3
rd law - The action force of the carbon dioxide inside the bottle
rushes out creates an equal and opposite reaction force propellin g
the rocket upward.
Discussion Linear motion (freefall) - After rocket has launched and reached the highest point it will
Discussion
Linear motion (freefall)
-
After rocket has launched and reached the highest point it will begin
a free fall which the force will depend of the gravity.
Projectile
-
Rocket flew in the air creating a parabola which mean that the
rocket move in the projectile motion .
Impulse and momentum
-
Momentum is amount of mass in motion. It is usually given the
symbol p. By definition p=m x v. Impulse is a term that quantifies
the overall effect of a force acting overtime.
Discussion
Discussion
ENERGY! - Work is done whenever a force moves something. It can be found by multiplying
ENERGY!
-
Work is done whenever a force moves something. It can be
found by multiplying the force with the distance .
-
Power is the rate at which work is done. It is work/time ratio.
-
All moving object will have the energy called kinetic energy (KE) .
The KE of an objects is depends on its mass and speed by the
equation ½ mv^2 .
-
Potential energy is the stored energy of position possessed by
an object. It is given in the form of PE=mgh (mass x gravity x
height)
data
data
data
Analysis of Data
Analysis of Data
Analysis - There was only one trial that landed inside the target and the rest aren’t.
Analysis
-
There was only one trial that landed inside the target and the rest aren’t. Some flew over
the target and some didn’t reach the target.
The Error
-
Not enough solution in order to make it place directly on the target, this is the main
problem Example trial 1, 2, 10, and 11
-
some error in adjusting the degree Example trial 9 (The rocket change for a long time and
it went really far)
-
The wind blew strongly, or it might happen because some trial the angle of the rocket is
too low or too high
-
The rocket body might resist to the wind and this will cause resistance to the moving of
the rocket.
Setting up the rocket
Setting up the rocket
Setting up the rocket
Video
Video
Video
Conclusion
Conclusion
Expectations: - Landing on the Target - Using reasonable amount of chemicals Importance: - Cork -
Expectations:
-
Landing on the Target
-
Using reasonable amount of chemicals
Importance:
-
Cork
-
Tighten it
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Too Loose: Leakage of chemicals
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Too tight: Difficulty in launching
What did we learn?
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Learn through the mistakes we’ve received
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Planning
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Building
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Collaborating
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Shooting
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Incorporating Stoichiometry
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Be a “TEAM” and never give up
because
the best is yet to come
ESLO #6) #6) Leaders for the Future Leaders for the Future THE FUTURE LEADER
ESLO
#6)
#6)
Leaders for the Future
Leaders for the Future
THE
FUTURE
LEADER
References
References
(n.d.). Retrieved January 24, 2017, from https:// spaceflightsystems.grc.nasa.gov/education/rocket/ rkthowhi.html (n.d.). Retrieved January 24, 2017, from https://
(n.d.). Retrieved January 24, 2017, from https:// spaceflightsystems.grc.nasa.gov/education/rocket/
rkthowhi.html
(n.d.). Retrieved January 24, 2017, from https:// spaceflightsystems.grc.nasa.gov/education/rocket/
BottleRocket/historyofrocketrypostconfact.htm
Sky-high science: building rockets at school. (n.d.). Retrieved January 24, 2017, from http://
www.scienceinschool.org/2012/issue22/rockets
0.
(2015, August 29). How To Make A Rocket Launching Blast Pad. Retrieved January 24, 2017, from
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8a85ntmwbNU
0.
(2015, November 21). How To Build A Rocket (From Scratch). Retrieved January 24, 2017, from
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r2lDXoW78u0
C. (2016, July 06). How to Make an Airsoft Rocket Out of Plastic Bottle (Water Rocket) - Tutorial.
Retrieved January 24, 2017, from https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=56v6cJryLvQ